Solid Waste Management Writers Aileen de Guzman Joyce Reyes Editors Chay Florentino-Hofileña Giselle Baretto-Lapitan Project Management Amihan Perez Ateneo Center for Social Policy and Public Affairs (ACSPPA) Technical and Editorial Team Rene “Bong’Garrucho, LGSP Mags Maglana, LGSP Merlinda Hussein, LGSP Gemma Borreros, LGSP Myn Garcia, LGSP Orient Integrated Development Consultants Inc. Art Direction, Cover Design & Layout Jet Hermida Photography Gil Nartea

Solid Waste Management
OPTIONS AND SOLUTIONS AT THE LOCAL LEVEL

. Nos.org.lgsp. 1600 Pasig City. adaptation and copying of this material for noncommercial use. (632) 637-3511 to 13 www. Philippines Tel.ph Ateneo Center for Social Policy and Public Affairs (ACSPPA) ACSPPA. Philippines Published by: Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program (LGSP) Unit 1507 Jollibee Plaza Emerald Ave. Arrupe Road. ISBN 971-8597-07-7 Printed and bound in Manila.. 1108 Quezon City This project was undertaken with the financial support of the Government of Canada provided through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). the publisher and/or contributor and/or editor can not accept any liability for any consequence arising from the use thereof or from any information contained herein. Social Development Complex Ateneo de Manila University. Fr. translation. with appropriate credit given to LGSP. Although reasonable care has been taken in the preparation of this book. Loyola Heights.Solid Waste Management: Mapping out Solutions at the Local Level Service Delivery with Impact: Resource Books for Local Government Copyright @2003 Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program (LGSP) All rights reserved The Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program encourages the use.

fcm.A JOINT PROJECT OF Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) Canadian International Development Agency IMPLEMENTED BY Agriteam Canada www.ca Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) www.agriteam.ca .

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CONTENTS FOREWORD ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS PREFACE ACRONYMS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1: OVERVIEW OF THE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR The Social Imperative Guiding Principles of Solid Waste Management The Hierarchy of Solid Waste Management Functional Elements of Solid Waste Management Implementation of an Integrated Solid Waste Management Program CHAPTER 2: LGU MANDATES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT CHAPTER 3: POLICY & IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND CONCERNS LGU Awareness of Existing Policies Policy Issues Financial Constraints LGU SWM Plans and Ordinances Technical and Organizational Issues Community Involvement CHAPTER 4: GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Good Solid Waste Management Practices in the Philippines Good Practices in Solid Waste Management Outside the Philippines i iii v vii ix 1 7 7 8 9 11 12 19 31 31 32 33 34 36 37 41 41 86 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .

CONTENTS CHAPTER 5: REFERENCES AND TOOLS Study Tour Sites References Technical and Funding Assistance for LGUs in Solid Waste Management ENDNOTES 143 143 152 162 165 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .

Solid Waste Management. proactive and creative in addressing the real problems and issues in providing and enhancing services. taking into account increased community participation and strategic private sector/civil society organizational partnerships. LGUs will be better equipped with new ideas. One of the biggest challenges in promoting responsive and efficient local governance is to be able to meaningfully deliver quality public services to communities as mandated in the Local Government Code. Service Delivery with Impact encourages LGUs to be innovative. By providing LGUs with practical technologies. create new structures.FOREWORD T he Department of the Interior and Local Government is pleased to acknowledge the latest publication of the Philippines Canada Local Government Support Program (LGSP). Faced with continued high incidence of poverty. it is imperative to strengthen the role of LGUs in service delivery as they explore new approaches for improving their performance. and undertake innovative programs that are more responsive to the needs of the communities and develop linkages and partnerships within and between communities as part of an integrated approach to providing relevant and sustainable services to their constituencies. people’s participation. We hope that in using these resource books. Water and Sanitation. a series of books on eight (8) service delivery areas. Watershed and Coastal Resource Management. Service Delivery with Impact: Resource Books for Local Government. There is also a need to acquire knowledge. Agriculture. Health. which include Shelter. tested models and replicable exemplary practices.term results. tools and inspiration to make a S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T i . environmental sustainability and economic and social equity for more long. comprehensive resource material with which to take up this challenge. Service Delivery with Impact: Resource Books for Local Government offer local government units and their partners easy-to-use. Strategies and mechanisms for effective service delivery must take into consideration issues of poverty reduction. the promotion of gender equality. Local Economic Development.

Secretary Department of the Interior and Local Government ii S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . transparent and accountable governance. congratulates the Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program (LGSP) for this milestone in its continuing efforts to promote efficient. LINA. The DILG. JOSE D. JR.FOREWORD difference by expanding their knowledge and selection of replicable choices in delivering basic services with increased impact. responsive. therefore. HON.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T iii .

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .

Solid Waste Management. issues related to poverty persist and improvements in effective and efficient service delivery remain a challenge. The devolution of powers as mandated in the Local Government Code has been a core pillar of decentralization in the Philippines. Health. tested and appropriate technology. Service Delivery with Impact provides practical insights on how LGUs can apply guiding principles. Water and Sanitation. These include Shelter. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T v .” Service Delivery with Impact features strategies and a myriad of proven approaches designed to offer innovative ways for local governments to increase their capacities to better deliver quality services to their constituencies.PREFACE S ervice Delivery with Impact: Resource Books for Local Government are the product of a series of roundtable discussions. critical review of tested models and technologies. specifically to clarify the understanding and optimize the role of local government units in providing improved services. With LGSP’s work in support of over 200 LGUs for the past several years came the recognition of the need to enhance capacities in service delivery. Agriculture. Not a “how to manual. This gap presented the motivation for LGSP to develop these resource books for LGUs. Local Economic Development. Yet despite opportunities for LGUs to make a meaningful difference in the lives of the people by maximizing these devolved powers. and case analyses of replicable exemplary practices in the Philippines conducted by the Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program (LGSP) in eight (8) service sectors that local government units (LGUs) are mandated to deliver. and lessons learned from exemplary cases to their organization and in partnership with their communities. Watershed and Coastal Resource Management. Each resource book focuses on highlighting the important areas of skills and knowledge that contribute to improved services.

PREFACE This series of resource books hopes to serve as a helpful and comprehensive reference to inspire and enable LGUs to significantly contribute to improving the quality of life of their constituency through responsive and efficient governance. Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program (LGSP) vi S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .

Education and Communication International Environmental Technology Centre Implementing Rules and Regulations Integrated Solid Waste Management S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T vii . Inc. Inc. Governance and Local Democracy Government of the Philippines Institute for the Development of Educational and Ecological Alternatives. Information. Inc. IEC IETC IRR ISWM Australian Agency for International Development Associated Waste Administration and Recycling Enterprise Balik Inang Kalikasan. Balik Amang Pabrika Build Operate Transfer Carmona Ecology Center Coastal Resource Management Civil Society Organizations Department of Agriculture Design Build Lease Department of the Environment and Natural Resources Department of the Interior and Local Government Department of Trade and Industry Environmental Clearance Certificate Philippine Environmental Governance Project Environmental Impact Statement Environment and Natural Resources Council Environment and Natural Resources Office Foundation for a Sustainable Society.ACRONYMS AusAID AWARE BIKBAP BOT CEC CRM CSO DA DBL DENR DILG DTI ECC EcoGov EIS ENRC ENRO FSSI GOLD GOP IDEAS.

ACRONYMS JBIC LBP LGSP LGUs LOGOFIND LRPs MaCEA MAT MRF NCR PASTT RA RTD SFM SWAPP SWM SZWAT UNEP USAID WMO Japan Bank for International Cooperation Land Bank of the Philippines Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program Local Government Units Local Government Finance and Development Project Local Resource Partners Makati Commercial Estates Association Municipal Action Team Materials Recovery Facility National Capital Region Philippines-Australia Governance Facility Republic Act Roundtable Discussion Sustainable Forest Management Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines Solid Waste Management Silang Zero Waste Action Team United Nations Environment Programme United States Agency for International Development Waste Management Office viii S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .

WHAT LGUs HAVE TO DO Solid waste disposal is proving to be a complex and controversial issue and LGUs are faced with limited options to address it as the mandatory provisions in the law already spell out what they have to do. it is estimated that one person can generate as much as half a kilo of waste a day. The most comprehensive piece of legislation is the Republic Act (RA) 9003. Not only is there an increase in the amount of waste. LEGAL FRAMEWORK The Philippine government has recognized the severity of the garbage problem and has prioritized the establishment of appropriate measures to address it. reuse. It emphasizes the importance of minimizing waste by using techniques such as recycling. The continuous stream into the market of new products that use the latest packaging technology further heightens the problem because new kinds of garbage are produced. With S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T ix . there is also an increase in the variety of waste. With today’s lifestyle. resource recovery. known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY THE SITUATION IN THE PHILIPPINES Rapid population growth and industrialization have turned the Philippines’ waste situation into a huge problem. which assigns the primary task of implementation and enforcement to LGUs. Their biggest challenge is to come up with solid waste management and pollution control strategies that would reduce the waste released to the environment. LGUs can start the development of the required 10-year integrated solid waste management program with waste appraisal to determine waste generation and the “waste profile”of their community and to assess the solid waste management practices and systems already in place in their communities. and composting.

for instance. Some LGUs have concentrated on social preparation and networking. in compliance with the law. LGUs will need to support the engineering component of their SWM programs with education and enforcement interventions.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY the analysis of such data. particularly in the early stages of SWM planning and implementation. x S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Bulacan and the city of Manila. They have to provide the organizational support and systems for the efficient and effective implementation of the SWM plan. Other LGUs have focused on composting and recycling activities. which require the establishment of the necessary facilities. LGUs need to be in touch with the problems and demands of their communities. The municipality of Bustos. WHAT SOME LGUs HAVE DONE There are many types of projects on solid waste management that an LGU can initiate. came up with solid waste management projects that focused on social preparation and networking to improve the knowledge of their constituents and win the support of the community. They need to immediately address urgent SWM issues with projects that meet their needs yet match their resources and capabilities. LGUs should then be able to identify their waste management options and draw up specific SWM measures. (even as it is yet developing a long-term SWM plan). including the design of waste disposal facilities. Still others have started to work towards the upgrading of their waste disposal facilities.

and good practices on solid waste management that can be studied. and agricultural waste. Much of the information and lessons herein are derived from the experiences of two USAID-funded projects: Governance in Local Democracy (GOLD) and the Philippines Environmental Governance Project or EcoGov as well as information shared by the Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines (SWAPP). non-hazardous and non-toxic institutional or industrial waste. and 3) guide LGUs in identifying sources of references. The resource book puts together the work of many solid waste management advocates and practitioners.INTRODUCTION M unicipal solid waste refers to food. and assistance that can help them improve the delivery of the service. LGUs need to continually review and map out shortterm and long-term solutions to effectively deal with them. that it is the responsibility of local government officials to reduce and control the solid waste problem. construction debris. street sweepings. The problems of solid waste management confronting local government units are becoming more complex as population and local economies grow. The development of this resource book on solid waste management thus aims to: 1) provide local government units (LGUs) and local resource personnel information on the development challenges. paper. tools. rubbish. packaging and ashes discarded by households and commercial establishments. 2) enhance LGUs’ understanding of the mandates that govern solid waste management to help prepare them for more effective work and identify opportunities for further policy development. solid waste is anything that is considered “basura”and there is expectation. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 1 . working models. addressed. To the ordinary Filipino. especially in the more urban areas. and replicated where appropriate.

INTRODUCTION

The book consists of the following chapters: Chapter 1: Overview of the Solid Waste Management Sector. This serves to introduce key concepts, guiding principles, the hierarchy and functional elements of solid waste management. The chapter also provides an outline of the steps or processes that should be undertaken to come up with an effective waste management program. Chapter 2: LGU Mandates on Solid Waste Management. This section presents a list of policies that relate to waste management, particularly those that are relevant to LGUs, with a brief description of each. Chapter 3: Policy and Implementation Issues and Recommendations. This chapter contains issues and concerns, as well as recommendations in implementing LGU-run, private sector-managed, and NGOinitiated programs. Chapter 4: Good Practices in Solid Waste Management. This presents various projects that have been successfully implemented here and around the world. It covers LGU experiences and concerns, as well as good practices pertaining to waste management for residences, commercial and recreational areas, and health care facilities, among others. The private sector in particular and civil society organizations (CSOs) to a certain extent have a hard time finding options and workable models for solid waste management. LGUs can share information in this chapter to their constituents coming from the private sector and CSOs.

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INTRODUCTION

Chapter 5 - References and Tools. This section provides a list of available financial windows that can be tapped to provide funding for various solid waste management projects. It also lists reference materials to better understand solid waste management and lists LGUs and groups that have successfully implemented solid waste management projects in their localities. Much has been accomplished in sustaining the world through proper solid waste management schemes. But much more remains to be done. LGUs need to do their part in their own localities to help sustain the earth’s life support system. There have been apprehensions about the readability of material on solid waste management offered to LGUs in the past. This resource book tries to overcome this problem by selecting cases that are clear, interesting, and relevant to real life situations and experiences on solid waste management in the country. It is hoped that this resource book will help shape an efficient process of service delivery in the community.

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CHAPTER 1 OVERVIEW OF THE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR .

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nonhazardous and non-toxic institutional or industrial waste. With today’s lifestyle. Not only is there an increase in the amount of waste. but finding landfill sites has been difficult due to economic constraints. they can be carried by rivers to the sea and adversely affect fisheries. most agricultural waste are a waste stream all to themselves and are generally not handled as part of the municipal waste management system.OVERVIEW OF THE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR CHAPTER ❙ THE SOCIAL IMPERATIVE Rapid population growth and industrialization have turned the country’s waste situation into a huge problem. Landfills are being promoted as alternative means of disposal. and the health of coastal communities. and social acceptability issues. are breeding grounds of vermin and insects. it has been established that the waste generation rate is 340 grams per day per person. Waste disposal is thus a major issue confronting LGUs. Garbage piles. rubbish. which commonly cause infections. tourism. There is a need. It has become a high priority due to the health and environmental risks associated with waste. Solid waste disposal is proving to be a complex and controversial issue—with LGUs facing limited options for addressing this concern. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 7 . paper. In some localities. and agricultural waste. street sweepings. besides being foul and unsightly. therefore. Improperly discarded waste can contaminate sources of drinking water. for other solid waste 1 Municipal solid waste refers to food. which carry human diseases. packaging and ashes discarded by households and commercial establishments. In Olongapo City. it is estimated that one person can generate as much as half a kilo of municipal solid waste a day. public health concerns. Waste likely contains pathogens. construction debris.1 The continuous stream into the market of new products that use the latest packaging technology further heightens the problem because new kinds of garbage are produced. there is also an increase in its variety.

2. toxic. hazardous—and each requires specific handling and disposal methods. Stopping waste from being produced is much better than trying to manage it after a lot has already been generated. It emphasizes the importance of minimizing waste using techniques such as recycling. aesthetic and other environmental considerations. non-biodegradable. it retains its value as a resource. When it is used or put in the right place. An integrated SWM system will best achieve SWM goals. non-recyclable.There are different types of waste—biodegradable. There is no single management and technological approach to solid waste. recyclable. The most comprehensive piece of legislation dealing with this problem is Republic Act (RA) 9003. engineering. economics. 8 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . 3. Waste is a resource. It assigns the primary task of implementation and enforcement to LGUs. Incorporating these principles into one’s way of thinking is a good starting point when embarking on any solid waste management initiative. Waste prevention is better than waste regulation. processing. management and pollution control strategies that can reduce waste released to the environment. conservation. transfer and transport. reuse. known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. When waste is thrown away.1 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Solid Waste Management (SWM) includes all activities pertaining to the control. 1. ❙ GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Solid waste management practitioners have come up with seven guiding principles in SWM planning2. and disposal of solid wastes in accordance with the best principles of public health. resource recovery. it does not disappear but ends up somewhere else or in some other form. and composting. Chapter 3 further describes the important features of RA 9003. The government has recognized the severity of the garbage problem and has given priority to establishing appropriate measures to address it.

OVERVIEW OF THE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR 1

4. All elements of society are fundamentally responsible for solid waste management. Although LGUs are primarily responsible for providing SWM services to their constituents, their success requires the support of the national government and the involvement of the private sector and the general public. 5. Those who generate waste must bear the cost of its management and disposal. Households have enjoyed local government subsidy for garbage collection and disposal for far too long. This subsidy has not helped develop a sense of responsibility among citizens for their habits. Those who produce the waste should shoulder part of it, if not the full cost of waste management. 6. Solid waste management should be approached within the context of resource conservation, environmental protection and health, and sustainable development. SWM has evolved into a multidisciplinary effort requiring the expertise from the fields of engineering, economics, sociology, bioscience, and environmental management. 7. SWM programs should consider the physical and socio-economic conditions of the concerned communities and should be designed according to communities’ specific needs. Communities vary in character and, thus, have different solid waste problems. SWM programs should correspond to the unique needs of these communities.

❙ THE HIERARCHY OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Experts agree that there will be no simple, single solution to the municipal solid waste problem as long as there are physical and socio-economic differences among communities. There is, however, an accepted hierarchy of waste management strategies that local governments can conform with. This hierarchy represents an integrated approach to solid waste management that is more efficient in terms of money, time, and disposal space.

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1 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

SOURCE REDUCTION

RECYCLING

Turning something old into something new. Food and yard waste can be composted. Aluminum cans can be melted and pressed into new sheets that can be reused. Used papers can be turned into pulp for making new paper. Glass bottles can be crushed and melted to make new glass products.

TREATMENT OR RECOVERY

Materials that cannot be recycled are processed to generate energy and other sources. Biodegradable wastes can be converted to soil conditioners or organic fertilizers through composting. Energy can be recovered through incinerator systems that produce steam, or through pyrolisis to extract methane gas.

DISPOSAL

Reducing the amount of waste and the toxicity of the waste that is produced. Manufacturers may come up with products containing fewer harmful materials and requiring less packaging. Consumers may choose to buy more durable and non-disposable products. Discarding solid residues—ashes and slag—that result from treatment.

WHY RECYCLE? 1. It saves natural resources. All things used by humans have materials that come from the earth. The earth does not have a never-ending supply of these precious materials. 2. It saves energy. Making new materials through recycling uses less energy than creating them from raw materials. 3. It creates less pollution. Making new materials through recycling produces less pollution than creating them from raw materials 4. It protects wildlife. The destruction of forests, rivers, and fields is reduced. These are the habitat of wildlife. 5. It helps out communities. By producing less garbage, the cost of garbage disposal is reduced. The money saved by an LGU can be used for other essential facilities and services to communities.

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OVERVIEW OF THE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR 1

❙ FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Solid waste management planning requires that LGUs recognize the functional elements of a welldesigned SWM system. Each element entails several basic requirements that have to be taken into account.
ELEMENT THINGS TO CONSIDER Information has to be gathered about the sources of waste, the nature of waste produced by these sources, and their corresponding amounts. Current practices at the source also need to be determined. The resulting baseline information is critical in the design and planning of an integrated SWM system. Solid waste must be stored first before they are collected. A good onsite storage facility must have the following features: a. Keeps waste properly contained to avoid health hazards (e.g., does not tip over easily with contents spilled out) b. Makes collection easy c. Is aesthetically pleasing This entails the regular and systematic gathering of waste from various storage sites and pick-up points, hauling them to transfer stations, processing and recovery facilities, or to final disposal sites. Collection is the most expensive SWM element, usually accounting for 40 percent to 80 percent of waste management costs. Intermediate collection sites called “transfer stations” are usually recommended if the final disposal site is located far from the waste collection points. They are also often more economical. These transfer stations involve smaller collection trucks that haul waste to transfer stations where they are then loaded into larger vehicles. These large trucks convey waste to either processing and recovery facilities, or to the final disposal site.

Waste Generation


On-Site Storage


Collection


Transfer and Transport

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In Canada and the United States. Based on collected information. density separation. and size reduction. ❙ IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM The implementation of an integrated SWM program should start with waste appraisal to determine the waste generation and “waste profile”of the community and assess the solid waste management practices systems already in place. Examples of the latter are magnetic separation. or procedures that transform waste to heat or electricity. France. sanitary landfills—currently defined as engineered landfill sites—are a relatively new phenomenon. in the Philippines. However. The generated data will also help LGUs in the design of the recovery and disposal facilities. Sweden. sanitary landfills are the most common and most widely accepted of the final disposal methods. Before the use of sanitary landfills. The LGU can convene a task force that will undertake this study. energy-from-waste is the most common disposal option in Japan. It is useful for LGUs to look at good practices of other LGUs because by doing so. uncontrolled or controlled dumps used to be more prevalent. they familiarize themselves with working modes and approaches that can be applied to the community. 12 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . In addition. The nature and amount of waste should be considered when deciding on an appropriate disposal method to avoid secondary environmental problems such as groundwater contamination and air pollution. the task force should be able to identify and assess their waste management options (that are allowable under RA 9003) and then outline more concrete and doable action steps and plans with corresponding budgets.1 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Processing and Recovery ▼ Disposal This element refers to procedures that are designed to recover usable materials such as raw materials for compost. Denmark and other European nations.

Local participation during the planning and design stage cultivates a sense of ownership. in turn. the strategies and first steps to address the problem. It is crucial that an LGU designates an SWM officer at the planning stage and formally lodges SWM responsibility with an office of the municipal or city government. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 13 . strengthens the commitment to the program and increases the chances of its success. local leaders and citizens agree on a vision. Process Flow for Developing a City/Municipal Integrated Solid Waste Management Program3 WASTE APPRAISAL Local government and volunteers conduct surveys and determine the waste profile and existing solid waste management operations of a community. IMPLEMENTING THE DOABLES The local government and citizens implement designated roles to use SWM techniques.OVERVIEW OF THE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR 1 The LGU should encourage the broadest participation from the local citizenry. VMGO SETTING With the help of a workshop facilitator. the local government and its citizens can work together to formulate a common vision regarding their solid waste situation and design strategic action plans to address the issue. which. During planning. MULTISECTORAL PLANNING AND ORGANIZATION A multisectoral task force consisting of leaders and volunteers further reviews technical options and draws up plans and budgets for “doable” actions. The officer should oversee the development of the SWM program and ensure that action steps are set into motion in plan implementation.

it is equally important to begin a plan to sustain the waste management program. EDUCATION is the information-dissemination component of any SWM system where all sectors of society are informed of their roles and responsibilities in waste management. manageable activities. It also refers to the establishment of operating systems and procedures—collection routes. ordinances should spell out the policies and procedures for each SWM functional element. and necessary equipment. and speakers’bureau are some other examples of how solid waste management can be promoted to the public. Successful experiences at this pilot level may then be tried by other barangays or replicated at the municipal level. workshops. 14 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . and print media). disposal sites. and disposal facility operations. While initial activities are underway.1 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT LGUs are usually constrained by limited funds and personnel. Ideally. and specify sanctions for violators. provide the mechanisms and administrative structures to implement the program. The ENFORCEMENT component ensures that the integrated SWM program can only be sustained if a legal framework supports it. Seminars. Public awareness about SWM can be triggered by the tri-Media (TV. These small worthwhile activities allow waste management methods to be tested for practicality and suitability. waste segregation requirements. radio. SWM practitioners have outlined five components. called the 5 Es for achieving this objective: ◗ THE 5 Es ENGINEERING component refers to the hardware requirements of any SWM system—collection trucks. garbage receptacles. and should thus start with small. transfer stations.

Executive will also ensures allocation of adequate resources to the program. The ideal scenario is for the LGU to create a SWM division under the Environment and Natural Resources Office. a structure that “houses”the SWM program. GOLD Occasional Papers (OP No. 98-06). in the execution and implementation of a successful solid waste management program. A sixth E may be added to stand for EXECUTIVE WILL. The EQUITY component pertains to the financial. Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. Sources: Philippine Environmental Governance Program (EcoGov). LGU Solutions and Benefits from Good Integrated Solid Waste Management practices (Briefing material for the EcoGov Interactive Assemblies with LGUs). n. Executive will stands for the local executive’s ability to lead his colleagues.p. as well as local expertise and citizen cooperation and involvement. which seems to be the most important among all these components. is important. 2002. technical. as well as his ability to coordinate all involved agencies. and manpower resources—required by the other components. n. Local Governments and Citizens in Integrated Solid Waste Management. The program must be assigned to an appropriate office or department within the local government’s institutional machinery. LGUs may invite into the Board other national government and private organizations.1998 .p. The law requires the creation of an SWM Board that has multisectoral representation. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 15 . This includes local funds or outside financing.OVERVIEW OF THE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR 1 The creation of an ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATION.

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CHAPTER 2 LGU MANDATES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT .

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and municipality). within a period of five years from the time RA 9003 takes effect. The salient features of RA 9003 that apply to LGUs include: Preparation of 10-year solid waste management plans by all LGUs (province. Such plans should: (a) place primary emphasis on the implementation of feasible and environmentally sound techniques of minimizing waste (such as re-use. Chapter III. A provincial Solid Waste Management Board will likewise be formed by each province to develop a comprehensive provincial SWM plan.LGU MANDATES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT CHAPTER ◗ THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES 2 Article 11 of the Constitution provides that the State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. recycled. city. or composted. Article 1. The content of solid waste management plans is outlined in Section 17. Creation of a Solid Waste Management Board in every city and municipality to prepare and implement a plan for the safe and sanitary management of solid waste. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 19 . ◗ REPUBLIC ACT 9003 (2000) AND DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. and composting programs). The law mandates that 25 percent of all solid waste must be diverted from disposal facilities. taking off from the municipal/city SWM plans. 2001-34 Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations This Act empowers local government units to actively pursue their respective solid waste management systems by providing them the needed policy and technical support. recycling. and (b) identify the amount of landfill and transformation capacity needed for solid waste that cannot be re-used.

with support from the Departments of Trade and Industry (DTI). and recycling before non-recyclable wastes are transferred to a storage or disposal facility. types of collection services. Implementation of recycling programs. composting. The DA is to publish an inventory of existing markets and demand for compost. Agriculture (DA).. Promoting the establishment of multipurpose environmental cooperatives and associations that will undertake SWM activities or projects. The DTI is to prepare an inventory of existing markets for processing and purchasing of recyclable materials and implement a coding system for packaging materials and products to facilitate waste recycling and re-use. 20 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Sanitary landfills shall be developed and operated as final disposal sites for a municipality or cluster of municipalities. The collection and transport of solid waste must conform to the minimum standards and requirements for collection of solid waste (e. segregation. tax credit and duty exemption to individuals and private organizations. LGUs are to evaluate alternative roles for the public and private sectors in providing collection services. Existing open dumpsites are to be converted into controlled dumpsites within three years from the effectivity date of the law. non-spillage of waste within collection vicinity. and grants to LGUs). Encouragement of LGUs to impose fees sufficient to pay the cost of preparing and implementing their solid waste management plans. LGUs are also to adopt specific revenuegenerating measures to ensure the viability of their plans. separate trucks/haulers or compartmentalized collection vehicles). and Interior and Local Governments (DILG).2 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Mandatory segregation of waste. The law provides guidelines for controlled dumps and criteria for the location and establishment of sanitary landfills. Provision of monetary and other rewards and incentives to entities that have undertaken outstanding and innovative SWM programs (e. use of protective equipment by collectors. The law encourages LGUs to consider the setting up of common solid waste management facilities. separate collection schedules for specific types of waste. or a combination of systems that best meet their needs.g. Setting up of a materials recovery facility (MRF) in every barangay or cluster of barangays..g. Prohibition of open dumpsites as final disposal facility. MRFs will receive mixed waste for final sorting.

LGU MANDATES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 2

Creation of a local SWM fund from donations, collection of fines and fees, and allocation from the development fund. This fund is to be used for activities to enhance the SWM program: research, information, education and communications, and capability building. Definition of prohibited acts, penalties, suits and other legal actions concerning RA 9003.

◗ REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7160
Local Government Code of the Philippines (1991) This Act enjoins LGUs to enforce sanitation laws, prepare a solid waste management program, and other environmental functions. Section 17 mandates barangays and municipalities to provide services for solid waste collection and management. Section 3, Article 1 encourages the participation of the private sector in local governance.

◗ DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 98-50
Adopting the Landfill Site Identification and Screening Criteria for Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Facilities This order defines the site selection criteria for sanitary landfill facilities, including screening methodology.

◗ DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 98-49
Technical Guidelines for Municipal Solid Waste Management This Order provides the guidelines for the development of new municipal solid waste disposal sites, and a phased schedule for the conversion and upgrading of existing dumpsites into more sanitary and environmentally acceptable sites. The AO includes technical norms, environmental quality requirements and operational standards, and timeframe for implementation.

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2 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

◗ DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 97-28
Amending Annex A of DAO 94-28 This Act includes used oil (spent oil such as waste oil or oil residues) as a separate category. It further provides that no importation of tanker sludge will be allowed.

◗ DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 94-28
Interim Guidelines for the Importation of Recyclable Materials Containing Hazardous Substances This AO requires all importers of recyclable materials containing hazardous substances to register with the DENR. This also sets the registration and importation requirements, as well as the right of the DENR to require the testing and sampling of the imported recyclable materials.

◗ REPUBLIC ACT 6969
Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 This Act regulates, restricts, or prohibits the importation, manufacture, processing, sale, distribution, use and disposal of chemical substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk and/or injury to health or the environment. It also prohibits the entry, even in transit, of hazardous and nuclear wastes and their disposal within Philippine territorial limits for whatever purpose.

◗ DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 92-29
Implementing Rules and Regulations for RA 6969 This AO provides for an inventory of chemical substances and the classification of hazardous waste; sets the limitations regarding their use, transport, storage and disposal; sets exemptions from the nuclear waste requirements; prescribes the fees for registration, permitting and transport; and establishes penalties for the violation of prohibited acts. An Inter-Agency Technical Advisory Council is created to oversee the implementation of these IRR provisions.
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◗ RA 6957 AS AMENDED BY RA 7718 (BUILD-OPERATE-TRANSFER LAW)
This law states that infrastructure and development projects normally financed and operated by the public sector (such as that for solid waste management) may be wholly or partially implemented by the private sector.

◗ MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 88
Amending Memorandum Circular No. 39-A, dated January 19, 1988, by Reconstituting the Presidential Task Force on Waste Management This identifies the members of the Task Force on Waste Management and defines their functions and responsibilities.

◗ MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 39-A OF JANUARY 19, 1988 FROM THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
This enjoins local governments to establish integrated solid waste management systems that include: management of waste generation; handling and on-site storage; collection, transfer and transport; processing and recovery; and disposal.

◗ MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 30
Creating the Presidential Task Force on Waste Management (November 2, 1987) This creates the Presidential Task Force on Waste Management for identifying an effective collection and disposal system or technology that can be effectively sustained on a long-term basis. The Task Force is tasked to identify the most appropriate government agency that would assume the lead role in waste collection and disposal management with the corresponding accountability. It is also tasked to identify the supporting and cooperating agencies, both public and private; and to define their responsibilities.

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secretariat. 1981 This proclamation defines the scope and coverage of the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) system.2 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ◗ SECTION 2388. ◗ EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. identifying the lead agencies. ◗ EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 1586 1978 This Decree establishes an EIS system. 825 Providing Penalties for Improper Disposal of Garbage and Other Forms of Uncleanliness (October 23. 1990) The Order calls for the strict implementation of PD 825 and designates the Barangay Tanod as sanitary officers. REVISED ADMINISTRATIVE CODE This sets the general powers of city and municipal councils to enact ordinances and make such regulations on health and safety for the comfort and convenience of the community and the protection of property. 432 Ordering the Strict Enforcement of Presidential Decree No. management and sources of financial assistance. 24 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . and penalties pursuant to PD 1151 (Philippine Environmental Policy). ◗ PROCLAMATION 2146 December 14. rules and regulations. It mainly provides that infrastructure and solid waste disposal projects are considered environmentally critical projects and thus subject to the EIS system. 32 This Order establishes national and local beautification committees to undertake beautification and cleanliness campaigns. ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO.

1160 Vesting Authority in Barangay Captains to Enforce Pollution and Environmental Control Laws and for other Purposes (1977) The Decree gives authority to barangay chairmen and the barangay council to enforce pollution and environmental control laws.” ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 1151 Philippine Environmental Policy (1977) This PD declares that it is government’s continuing policy to ensure an environment that is conducive to a life of dignity and well being. project or undertaking that significantly affects the quality of the environment. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 25 . Sec. firms. The policy requires all agencies and instrumentalities of the national government. including government-owned and controlled corporations.LGU MANDATES ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 2 ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. and enforcement and guidelines for waste management. ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 1152 Philippine Environmental Code (1977) This Decree establishes specific environment management policies and prescribes environment quality standards for air and water. cities and municipalities. land use management. The Department of Local Governments and Community Development shall promulgate guidelines for the formulation and establishment of waste management programs. and that it is part of government policy to ensure the people’s right to such an environment. private corporations. and entities to accomplish and submit Environmental Impact Statements for every action. 23 particularly states that the “preparation and implementation of waste management programs shall be required of all provinces. natural resources management and conservation.

among others. processed. Sec. heads of Authorities. ◗ THE IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR CHAPTER XVII OF PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 856 Code on Sanitation.” ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. Art. commonly known as the Pollution Control Law (1976) This Decree provides for the strengthening and reorganization of the National Pollution Control Commission. transporting and disposing of refuse in their areas of jurisdiction in a manner approved by the local health authority. 82a prescribes that “solid waste shall be stored. transported and disposed of in such a manner as to control dust emission. 2. city and municipal mayors. windblown material. 588 This enjoins the commissioner of the National Pollution Control Commission. Sec. It defines the scope of segregation. 82 of this Decree states that “cities and municipalities shall provide an adequate and efficient system of collecting. recycling. 26 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. heads of government-owned or controlled corporations to appoint their respective pollution control officers to enforce the rules and regulations implementing PD 984. collected. public health laws and regulations.” Sec. and collection activities to support segregation. 83 further provides additional requirements for refuse storage and disposal. Chapter IV. The solid waste shall be sorted in such a way that it is not a health and safety hazard. 3931. odors and prevent harborage for vermin and insects. 856 Code on Sanitation in the Philippines (1975) This Decree includes. 984 Providing for the Revision of Republic Act No. unsightly and cannot be considered a public nuisance. Chapter on Refuse Disposal These rules provide specific guidelines for integrated solid waste management.2 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ◗ LETTER OF INSTRUCTION NO.

appropriation. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 27 . exploitation. ◗ COMMONWEALTH ACT 383 Water Pollution This Act provides punishment for the dumping of refuse or substances of any kind that may cause the rising or filling of river beds or the blockage of streams. 67 Water Code This PD revives and consolidates laws governing the ownership. development conservation and protection of water resources. utilization. ◗ REPUBLIC ACT NO. 552 The Decree prescribes sanitation requirements for the operation of establishments and facilities catering to the traveling public. draining. commercial and industrial establishments. or disposition into Philippine waters and/or atmospheric air any matter or substance in gaseous or liquid form that shall cause the pollution of such waters or atmospheric air. running. 3931 Pollution Control Law (1976) This Act penalizes the throwing. ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO.OVERVIEW OF THE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR 2 ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. institutions and their immediate premises. 825 Providing Penalty for Improper Disposal of Garbage and Other Forms of Uncleanliness and for Other Purposes (1975) This Decree provides rules and penalties covering sanitation of residences. ◗ PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO.

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CHAPTER 3 POLICY & IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND CONCERNS .

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Although the IRR took effect in January 2002.CHAPTER ❙ LGU AWARENESS OF EXISTING POLICIES POLICY & IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND CONCERNS 3 ◗ LOW LEVEL OF AWARENESS OR KNOWLEDGE OF LGUS OF RA 9003 AND DAO 2001-34 (IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS) To effectively implement and enforce RA 9003. Unfortunately. LGUs had only until July 2002 to create the boards. The boards need to be constituted within six months from the effectivity date of the IRR. who are directly responsible for solid waste management. For these reasons.and second-class LGUs. RA 9003 provides that segregation and collection of solid waste shall be conducted at the barangay level. The said law also provides for the establishment of a materials recovery facility (MRF) in every barangay or cluster of barangays. Many LGU officials and even LGU staff. LGU officials need to know or be familiar with the law’s provisions and IRR. a Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee is to be created. remain unfamiliar with their responsibilities because of insufficient or inadequate information dissemination. RA 9003 requires LGUs to perform this initial act. this is presently not the case. they comprise only a small percentage and are often first. Specific provisions of RA 9003 that are not commonly known by LGUs comprise the following: Establishment of Solid Waste Management Boards. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 31 . Creation of the Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee. specifically for biodegradable and reusable waste. While there are a number of LGUs that have actually established their respective boards.

manufacturing. and that no controlled dumps shall be allowed five years after the said effectivity (Section 37). every LGU shall convert its open dumps into controlled dumps. by the year 2006. city. and municipal levels shall include the following. RA 9003 provides that the Solid Waste Management Boards at the provincial. recycling.3 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ POLICY ISSUES ◗ THERE ARE PROVISIONS IN THE LAW THAT DO NOT APPLY TO MANY LGUs An example would be the establishment of the Solid Waste Management Boards. Therefore. among others. 32 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . ◗ THERE ARE PROVISIONS IN THE LAW THAT ARE DIFFICULT TO COMPLY WITH WITHIN THE GIVEN TIMEFRAME The law provides an insufficient period for the closure of controlled dumps. with the prescribed membership. many LGUs believe they will be unable to comply with the law. Due to the technical and financial requirements of these measures. or packaging industries exist within the jurisdiction of some LGUs. can these boards be established even without these representatives? RA 9003 and its IRR are silent on this matter. in accordance with the said provision. In particular. RA 9003 provides that within three (3) years after the law takes effect. even controlled dumps shall be prohibited and these will be replaced by sanitary landfills. Note that RA 9003 took effect in year 2001. all open dumps should have been converted to controlled dumps by the year 2004. Given this situation. Furthermore. as members: A representative from NGOs whose principal purpose is to promote recycling and the protection of air and water quality A representative from the recycling industry A representative from the manufacturing or packaging industry The reality is that no such NGOs. questions arise regarding the composition of the board.

more often than not. LGUs are largely unaware of the concept of integrated SWM— its scope and the range of options they can consider. In most cases. if not all. which. in small quantities (i. in countries such as Canada and the United States. RA 9003 requires a post-closure procedure for closed dumpsites and sanitary landfills. these ordinances deal with a single concern. Methane gas. waste is collected from waste generators such as households and businesses and disposed at disposal sites.POLICY & IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND CONCERNS 3 ◗ THERE ARE GAPS IN THE LAW THAT COULD POSE SERIOUS PROBLEMS TO LGUs AND COMMUNITIES. There will also be significant differential settlement of the landfill cap. ◗ MANY OF THE LGUs’ SWM-RELATED ORDINANCES ARE PIECEMEAL AND GENERALLY NOT ENFORCED. However. Examples of these are antilittering and anti-dumping ordinances. That is. 5% of air) is explosive and could be dangerous. are open dumps.e. Current solid waste management services being delivered by most LGUs are mainly the “collect and dispose”type of system. Most. They do not address the solid waste management concerns of LGUs in an integrated manner mainly S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 33 . LGUs have existing ordinances that deal with solid waste. Consequently.. Some LGUs are already planning to develop their closed dumpsites into parks and aviaries. the biodegradable waste in these dumpsites will generate methane gas for 30 to 50 years after closure. ❙ LGU SWM PLANS AND ORDINANCES ◗ MANY LGUs POSSESS LIMITED UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONCEPT OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT. but there is no prohibition on their potential use. a closed landfill site cannot be used for 30 years after closure.

acquire and maintain equipment. or even contract out solid waste management services to private contractors. Consequently. maintain disposal sites. except perhaps for the highly urbanized LGUs. therefore. RA 9003 requires LGUs to undertake the following: (a) Establish a Solid Waste Management Board (b) Formulate and/or develop a solid waste management plan (c) Implement the plan 34 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . LGUs are unable to provide the necessary and appropriate solid waste management services. Worse. ❙ FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS ◗ INSUFFICIENCY OF FUNDS TO IMPLEMENT AND ENFORCE RA 9003 Most LGUs allocate minimal budgets for solid waste management services. Section 4) to legislate appropriate ordinances to aid them in the implementation of their plans. A basic requirement for these ordinances. primarily due to the lack of enforcers and funds. ◗ MANY OF THE EXISTING LGU ORDINANCES ARE STILL INCONSISTENT WITH RA 9003 LGUs are required under the IRR (Rule XIX. Thus.3 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT because these ordinances are formulated without an overall framework for the management of solid waste. many LGUs have yet to review their existing ordinances and legislations. LGUs are unable to hire the necessary personnel. Since RA 9003 came into effect only in 2000 and the IRR was issued only in January 2002. these ordinances are seldom strictly enforced. is that they should be consistent and in accordance with the provisions of RA 9003.

by MRFs or sanitary landfills. as illustrated by the municipality of Midsayap. (Section 47 of RA 9003 and Rule 17 of its IRR authorize LGUs to collect solid waste management fees. Most LGUs lack the skills and expertise in generating or sourcing funds to undertake the above actions. others entail disbursements of big amounts by LGUs as required. This perspective dampens their enthusiasm in delivering SWM services. ◗ LGUs VIEW SWM AS A COST CENTER Many LGUs think that solid waste management services are a cost center that will take away resources that could be used in other endeavors or projects. While some of these procedures may require small amounts. be an economic venture or enterprise as some have begun to earn revenue from delivering these services. LGUs can also see to it that there is strict compliance with the law—they can slap erring establishments and residents with penalties. Only a few LGUs have realized that SWM can. in fact. as did the province of Bulacan and the city of Puerto Princesa in Palawan. LGUs can tap private enterprises to help set up and fund specific activities. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 35 . The money collected from penalties can then be used to fund other SWM projects.POLICY & IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND CONCERNS 3 (d) Establish a materials recovery facility in every barangay or cluster of barangays (e) Convert open dumps to controlled dumps and subsequently close controlled dumps (f ) Establish acceptable waste disposal facilities such as sanitary landfills All these measures require funds. for instance. Cotabato and the cities of Silang in Cavite and Makati.) To address the financial aspect of implementing SWM activities.

such as the preparation and development of solid waste management plans. 36 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .3 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ TECHNICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES ◗ LGUs’ INADEQUATE TECHNICAL CAPABILITIES A number of the requirements of RA 9003 require a certain degree of technical expertise or knowledge. One noteworthy example for LGUs is the experience of Sta. finger pointing commonly occurs. Often several departments such as Engineering. Sadly. General Services. Bulacan. but also several offices. and the delivery of solid waste management services is regarded as a secondary or added activity. Each office has its own principal function and priorities. and Municipal Planning and Development are involved. This affects the effectiveness and efficiency of the delivery of solid waste management services for several reasons: (a) The principal or main function of each office is not the delivery of solid waste management services. To address technical capability problems of the town. the entire operation is affected. (c) The coordination of activities among the different offices becomes a problem. most LGUs are not technically equipped to undertake such activities and lack the information on sources of technical assistance. if one office fails to perform or has different priorities. (b) The delivery of the services depends on not just one. Thus. OFTEN ON AN AD HOC BASIS Most LGUs lack a single office in charge of solid waste management services. ◗ SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICES ARE ASSIGNED TO MULTIPLE LGU UNITS. Maria. The town forged a partnership with NGOs and private enterprises to set up a waste management scheme. (d) When questions of responsibility and accountability arise. the group tapped the expertise of the Department of Science and Technology. and the setting up of materials recovery facilities and sanitary landfills.

Bulacan. Social preparation should thus be an important element of an SWM plan. Negros Oriental helpful in addressing the issue of community involvement in solid waste management. Unfortunately. education and communications activities of Bustos. Dumaguete City. “Good Practices in Solid Waste Management.POLICY & IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND CONCERNS 3 ❙ COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT ◗ SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IS MISTAKENLY PERCEIVED AS A FREE SERVICE UNDER THE SOLE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE LGU. Guimaras Province.” S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 37 . Negros Oriental. Iloilo. Manila. and Sibulan. LGUs might find the information. Passi City. Communities and businesses maintain this perception. this attitude affects the effectiveness and efficiency of SWM. which is reinforced by the belief that electing officials and paying taxes makes the problem of solid waste the sole concern of LGUs. However. (b) they have important and necessary functions and responsibilities in solid waste management. These activities are briefly discussed in the next section. and (c) they have to pay for the service. communities need to realize that: (a) solid waste is a concern of all.

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CHAPTER 4 GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT .

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examples of good practices are given for the various aspects of solid waste management. and technological solutions to the problem (e. as well as business establishments. These good practices can inspire and motivate LGUs. particularly in Asia and the United States. recycling plants and composting). in preparing their own solid waste management programs. The first part presents examples of good practices in solid waste management in the Philippines. such as social preparedness and public awareness.g. networking activities for fundraising.. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 41 .GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT CHAPTER T his chapter is divided into two parts. 4 In both parts. The second part provides examples of good practices done in other countries. The sources of these good practices as well as contact information people responsible for these programs are also supplied in this chapter.

(4) planting vegetables. has two major components: social preparation and actual implementation. No. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Bustos.” as one of the Top 10 Outstanding Programs. launched in 1993. An extensive information and education campaign on proper waste disposal and management prepared the community for the different waste management activities.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ GOOD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE PHILIPPINES ◗ LGU-MANAGED PROGRAMS Social Preparation and Networking THE BUSTOS SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM The Bustos Solid Waste Management Program. trees. Bulacan Tel. and flowers in gardens. (3) maintaining cleanliness in yards and streets. These activities included the following: (1) construction of compost pits. October 1999.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. (2) construction of storage bins for recyclable wastes. The municipality received the 1997-1998 Galing Pook Award for its “Community Mobilization for Zero Waste Management Program. (044) 766-2176 42 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Source: “The Bustos Solid Waste Management Program. and (5) motivating other residents to join the movement.

GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Social Preparation and Networking THE DALAW KALINISAN PROGRAM The Dalaw Kalinisan Program is an outreach type of information and education campaign on solid waste management. 2002. (033) 311-5686 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 43 . Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. people’s organizations. (033) 311-5087 Acting CENRO City Agriculture Office Passi City. and training. It seeks to bring information to different generators through visits. subdivisions. barangays. and big business establishments. fora. Iloilo Tel. No. No. Iloilo Tel. seminars. “Dalaw” targets are schools. institutions. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Passi City.

Organic materials are being composted and sold as soil conditioner. and the Department of the Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). non-biodegradable materials are sold for recycling. and many concerned individuals attended. (02) 5279636/9638 The problem was compounded by an unreliable waste collection system and the lack of sanitary infrastructure in the city. the Vendors cooperative. No. Community meetings were held. local waste collection and segregation was organized. Source: http:/www.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Social Preparation and Networking MANILA ECOLOGICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT The Ecological Waste Management Project of Manila was modeled after the Santa Maria.com. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Manila City Tel.asp 44 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . a waste collectors’ cooperative was established. To be effective. and the rest from uncontrolled dumping upstream. Subsequently. A study on the origin of the waste conducted by a university-based NGO showed that 40 percent of the waste clogging the canal came from the local market. the LGU. The project’s major feature is its strong emphasis on training and community participation.unilever. No. will own the composting plant currently being set up. which number over 1. another 40 percent from local low income and squatter communities. Members of the cooperative. It was designed and implemented by a partnership of organized hawkers and vendors in cooperation with the government and the private sector.000. Bulacan experience. Unilever Philippines initiated the project when it became concerned about the clogging up of the Paca Canal that runs through its facility. (02) 5274931/0980 OIC Department Services Manila City Tel. (02) 527-4920 Telefax (02) 527-4991 City Planning and Development Office Manila City Tel. As a result. Today. meetings were organized in all areas of work and residence. initial drafts on improved local environmental management were formulated.ph/env-external. Unilever. which included the Hawkers Associations.

Finally.Project participants have gained an appreciation for the value of teamwork. The project is an innovation Guimaras Province in three ways. this was the first time that an initiative proactively addressed a concern before it became unmanageable.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Social Preparation and Networking GUIMARAS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECT In 1997. it integrated the planning and implementation aspects of solid waste management for the island. Besides gaining knowledge on waste management. which they could not address if working independently. participants have also learned the power of participation and partnership on matters that affect their lives. they could now effectively deal with pertinent concerns. And third. First. While an integrated approach to planning already existed. Second. Source: “Creating a Clean Environment: Engaging Communities in Waste Management Project (downloaded from the Internet).” S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 45 . the provincial government of Guimaras developed a project that Contact Information would integrate all solid waste management initiatives on the island by Office of the Governor involving the communities and business sector. Participants have said that with teamwork. the project showed an unprecedented partnership between government and business. integrated implementation was an innovation. community groups and provincial businesses have used their newly acquired knowledge by starting small-scale community recycling and composting projects that yield income.

and Valencia decided to work towards an inter-LGU solid waste management program. (035) 225-0386 A coordinating office for solid waste management was created and an Action Officer was appointed to oversee the implementation of the program. 46 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . No. October 1999.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Social Preparation and Networking METRO DUMAGUETE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM The cluster of Dumaguete City. Contact Information Metro Dumaguete Solid Waste Management Program Secretariat City Planning and Development Office Dumaguete City Tel. Sibulan. The cluster aimed to: (1) develop. through citizen collaboration. Bacong.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. Source: “The Metro Dumaguete Solid Waste Management Program. an effective and workable waste management program. (2) identify and implement strategic “doable” actions that LGUs and citizens can immediately undertake while long-range investments were being arranged. and (3) promote an inter-LGU sharing of resources and capabilities under the sponsorship of the Metro Dumaguete Development Council.

October 1999. Following the suggestions generated from the workshops.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Social Preparation and Networking SIBULAN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM In 1996. and Dumaguete City) in a series of “sharing workshops” that eventually gave birth to the Metro Dumaguete Solid Waste Management Program. Secretariat Municipal Planning and Development Office Dumaguete City Tel. (035) 225-0386 Metro Dumaguete Solid Waste Mgt.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 47 . No. Source: “The Metro Dumaguete Solid Waste Management Program. The MAT set the stage for key program actors by preparing training modules for market vendors. Sibulan formed its Municipal Action Team (MAT) and Integrated Solid Waste Management Program. and communication (IEC) campaigns of the education team made people aware of their role in an integrated approach to solving the garbage problem. (035) 225-0386 The program is integrated in the sense that it is geared toward enhancing and complementing other municipal projects like sanitation and health. No. teachers. and households. Valencia. Negros Oriental Tel. Sibulan joined the other towns that make up Metro Dumaguete (Bacong. The program enabled barangay leaders to take up the crusade against trash. The information. education. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Sibulan.

Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. No. through the Laoag City Agriculturist Office. City Agriculturist Office. required all farming barangays to set up their respective composting facilities. (077) 773-1992 48 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Ilocos Norte Tel. 2002. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility THE OPLAN DALUS TASK FORCE The Oplan Dalus Task Force. Composting is hastened by the application of trichoderma. a compost fungus activator produced at the Trichoderma Laboratory. and reduction of waste. (077) 773-1767 City Agriculturist Office Laoag . The benefits of composting include the production of organic fertilizer for the use of farmers. Recycling. protection of soil from excessive application of chemical fertilizers. No. Contact Information Project Manager Oplan Dalus Task Force Laoag. (077) 772-0954 Action Officer Oplan Dalus Task Force Laoag. Ilocos Norte Tel.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ GOOD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE PHILIPPINES ◗ LGU-MANAGED PROGRAMS Composting. Ilocos Norte Tel. No.

DOST provides the Tel. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 49 .GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Composting. October 1999 “Helping Citizens Earn from Solid Waste.” Local Governance Technical Notes 4-1999. which eliminates foul odors and hastens the decay of biodegradable wastes.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. (044) 711-3142 technology for producing a composting activator called trichoderma. Trucks collect biodegradable waste on Marilao. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility MARILAO ECOLOGICAL RESOURCE RECOVERY SYSTEM The municipality of Marilao produces organic fertilizer by adapting and Contact Information improving the basic technology used in the Ecological Resource Recovery Office of the Mayor System of Sta. Bulacan. The mayor has also identified a point person responsible for managing the composting facility. 1999. No. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. Sources: “The Marilao Solid Waste Management Program. Maria. Bulacan separate days from the non-biodegradable materials. Recycling.

50 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . MARIA ECOLOGICAL RESOURCE RECOVERY SYSTEM The LGU forged partnerships to work out a viable waste management scheme for the town with a nongovernment organization. 98-06. Maria. The LGUs waste processing and recycling plant processes biodegradable materials from public market waste into organic fertilizer. Later. (044) 641-0000 Fax: (+6344) 641-0000 Email: stamaria@mozcom. Recycling. Source: “Local Governments and Citizens in Integrated Solid Waste Management.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Composting.com The municipality received the 1995-1996 Galing Pook Award for their “Ecological Waste Management Program. and a private enterprise. Maria Economic Foundation.” GOLD Occasional Papers No.” as one of the Top 10 Outstanding Programs. The sale of organic fertilizers and recyclable materials provides funds for the plant’s operations. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. the partners invited the Department of Science and Technology to provide technical support for the project. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Sta. the Sta. the Associated Waste Administration and Recycling Enterprise (AWARE). Operations of Materials Recovery Facility STA. 1998. Bulacan Tel Nos.

Recycling. is also used as fungus activator for rapid composting. No. Manure from the slaughterhouse is used to enhance the decomposition of biodegradable wastes. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility SAN FERNANDO CITY COMPOSTING CENTER The local government of the city of San Fernando. Trichoderma spp. (072) 961-5577 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 51 . Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Composting. No. Pampanga established a composting center for processing waste from the slaughterhouse and two public markets in the city. 2002. (072) 961-4054 Officer-in-Charge Composting Center Del Pilar San Fernando City. Pampanga Tel. Pampanga Tel. Contact Information City Agriculturist Action Officer City Solid Waste Management Board San Fernando City.

(046) 430-3004 Fax No. a waste processing facility using a low-cost. Cavite Tel. BALIK AMANG PABRIKA (BIKBAP) PROGRAM After the closure of the Carmona landfill. Activities of the BIKBAP Contact Information Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Officer Rm. house-tohouse campaigns. eco-tours. These volunteers actively participate in all EWM activities. Loyola St. Half of the fine is an incentive. and other institutions. No. Balik Amang Pabrika (BIKBAP) Program. (046) 430-1001 Massive educational campaign through barangay seminars. The Sangguniang Bayan has enacted a municipal ordinance imposing penalties on those violating solid waste management ordinances.. slogan-making contests. J. low-technology and modular system to produce high-quality compost from biodegradable waste. Carmona. the LGU took bold steps to address its worsening garbage problem and came up with the Balik Inang Kalikasan.M. Creation of livelihood projects based on recycling such as paper crafts and other indigenous materials.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Composting. Enforcement of sorting biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes at source. 208. the SWM system is implemented in 10 out of 14 barangays in Carmona. At present. 52 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . etc. while the other half goes to the local treasury. which goes to the person who apprehended the violator. Operation of the Carmona Ecology Center. Organization of a BIKBAP Volunteers’ Group from different NGOs. regular collection of sorted waste. Recycling. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility BALIK INANG KALIKASAN. Enforcement of the Comprehensive Ecological Solid Waste Management ordinance. religious groups. recovery and selling of recyclable waste to junkshops and recycling factories.

Ma.. Paper presented during the August 6. private institutions. nongovernment organizations. Various LGUs from different parts of the country. The harvested organic compost is given to local farmers and sold to the public. Coconut shreddings are added to control the moisture and minimize lycheate.000 kilograms of materials for composting daily.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 The Carmona Ecology Center (CEC) The Carmona Ecology Center (CEC) houses a composting area that processes biodegradable waste collected from all the 14 barangays of the municipality. has also hosted international and local trainings. The LGU of Carmona. an organic demo farm has been set up by the LGU and managed by the local Agriculturist’s Office. The composting process takes approximately two to three weeks. It is equipped with four units of two-tonner composters and a shredder. 2002. Guinto. showcasing the operation of the center.As an offshoot of the CEC. Sources: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management.” the CEC receives about 3. and individuals have visited the center for a series of eco and lakbay-aral field trips. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 53 . This farm uses the compost produced in the CEC and the produce is sold in the Carmona public market. 2002 RTD. Bella A. Manned by four “ecoboys. The CEC uses Happy Soil to hasten composting.The CEC has become a major learning site in Cavite.

vegetable presser. Contact Information Citizen’s Brigade of Dasmariñas Dasmariñas. No. salaries. Recycling. April 2002 54 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . and redemption center for recyclables. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility DASMARIÑAS ECOLOGY CENTER The Dasmariñas Ecology Center is a public-NGO-community partnership started in February 2001. (046) 416-4457 CBD’s counterpart covers the use of the site and the infrastructure costs. The Ecology Center houses a composting facility with two units of two-tonner rotating drums. operating and maintenance costs of the center. the Homeowners’Association of the subdivisions. The LGU counterpart includes the equipment. The pedicabs used for waste collection were donated by the LGU. The Citizen’s Brigade of Dasmariñas (CBD) spearheaded project. a shredder. Cavite Tel. by making use of LGU resources. as well as food allowance for the center’s three full-time workers. Source: CBD Brochure. and the barangay.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Composting.

Cavite Tel. a people’s organization. (046) 4140202/414-0201 Executive Director IDEAS.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Composting. the Institute for the Development of Educational and Ecological Alternatives.. The program provides for the segregated collection of solid waste in the poblacion’s barangays and the public market. Inc. Silang. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility SILANG WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Started in 1997. 3/F CI Main Building 192 J. the Silang Zero Waste Action Team (SZWAT) and the local government of Silang. Rizal St. The local government manages the residual facility. No. Source: Silang Waste Management Program brochure. April 2002 Contact Information Office of the Mayor Silang. Recycling. Inc. Cavite Telefax: (046) 414-0297 E-mail: ideas@philwebinc. Inc. while the NGO manages a materials recovery facility where biodegradables are composted and recyclables are stored.com S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 55 . the PO helps in information dissemination among community members. (IDEAS. the Silang Waste Management Program is a public-private collaboration between an NGO. Composting is done in a fermenting tank with a capacity to hold 100 cubic meters of biodegradables.).

4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Composting. Lipa City has demonstrated that discipline can be inculcated and reinforced among the city’s residents. 1998 Contact Information Office of the Mayor Lipa City.” GOLD Occasional Papers No. Surprise visits to participating barangays and monthly meetings by recycling movement groups of barangays ensure compliance with the program. and dumpsite management improvement. Source: “Local Governments and Citizens in Integrated Solid Waste Management. 98-06. Lipa City collects substantial fees and demands strict enforcement of its program. (043) 561-1453 56 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Operations of Materials Recovery Facility LIPA CITY SIPAGLAKAS PROGRAM The Sipaglakas Program of Lipa City evolved from mere street sweeping and cleaning the public market to household-level waste segregation. barangay-level waste collection. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. Recycling. The city established an inter-agency working committee on sanitation and environment protection system as the body responsible for program management. By achieving modest successes in collection efficiency. Batangas Tel No.

No. The “3-in-1” EcoCenter inside Sto. Tunasan. Recycling. Niño Village. Muntinlupa City Tel. Niño Village in Barangay Tunasan features not only a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) but also a livelihood component (paper crafts and composting). It minimizes waste through segregation. Brgy. recycling and composting.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Composting. Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility BRGY.TUNASAN ECO-CENTER The establishment of Eco-Centers is a community-based project set up by the Muntinlupa City Eco-Waste Management Board in 1999. (02) 773-4914 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 57 .2002 Contact Information Chairman Committee on Health and Sanitation Muntinlupa City Telefax (02) 543-0759 ECO-CENTER Sto.

Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. The facility. No. 2002 Contact Information Office of the Mayor Caloocan City. located in Barangay 171 District 1 shows how segregation. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility CALOOCAN CITY MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITY Caloocan City’s Materials Recovery Facility was launched by ECOSERVE in cooperation with the Environmental Sanitation Services. Recycling. and recycling of waste can be done on a large scale. Metro Manila Tel.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Composting. composting. (02) 364-9852 58 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .

No. Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. (035) 225-4875 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 59 . The Municipal Engineer’s office held initial discussions on establishing a materials recovery center and setting collection systems and schedules for recyclable materials. NEGROS ORIENTAL The municipal government organized and trained barangay trainers on livelihood opportunities in waste recycling. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Valencia. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility VALENCIA. Recycling. 2002. Negros Oriental Tel.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Composting.

street lighting. (085) 225-2671 Butuan City has a pilot project for a barangay-based MRF in Barangay J. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility BUTUAN CITY BARANGAY-BASED MRF Contact Information Barangay Captain Brgy. P. Rizal. urban greening. (085) 342-3205 Environment and Natural Resources Office c/o CARBDP Building. No. J. Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. No. Butuan City Tel. The project aims to minimize waste and generate income with the planned installation of five MRFs. Doongan. and incentives for Eco-aides. Butuan City Tel. Recycling. Rizal. 2002 60 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Composting. Income from the sale of recycled materials is used by the barangay in road repair and maintenance.P.

Recycling. and processing of compost in the center. is equipped with a conveyor system. hammermills/shredder/decorticator. 2002 Contact Information Department Head City General Services Office Zamboanga City Tel.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Composting. and mechanized baggers. Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. (082) 991-3221 Telefax (082) 991-3095 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 61 . composter drums. Operations of Materials Recovery Facility ZAMBOANGA CITY MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITY In compliance with RA 9003. No. the city government of Zamboanga established three MRFs to cover communities within a seven-kilometer radius. which handles about 10 metric tons of biodegradables a day. segregation. rotary screeners. These MRFs include facilities for segregation of non-biodegradables and composting of biodegradables. The composting center at the Sta. Cruz market. Forty-four contract workers do the unloading.

(047) 223-4528/ 224-9346 Fax No. Citation tickets were issued if premises were unclean. No. 62 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . it has been generating a surplus from its operations.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ GOOD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE PHILIPPINES ◗ LGU-MANAGED PROGRAMS Garbage Collection OLONGAPO CITY INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM Launched in 1989. Olongapo City’s waste management system is self-financing and is thus. professionals. No. (047) 222-4777 A social pricing system was adopted for the service fees: charges were based on the ability to pay so that businesses. and the billing and payment of garbage fees together with electricity charges. the distinctive features of the Integrated Solid Waste Collection System are the required use of prescribed plastic bags for collection. The city received the “Award of Excellence. The Waste Management System operates on garbage fee collections. and other higherincome groups paid more than ordinary residents. the use of public address systems atop garbage trucks to air a program jingle. 1998. Source: “Local Governments and Citizens in Integrated Solid Waste Management. Garbage fee collection was kept simple by synchronizing billing and collection with the electricity bill. sustainable. strict collection schedules. in fact.” GOLD Occasional Papers No. (047) 222-2565 Environmental Sanitation and Management Office Olongapo City Tel. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Olongapo City Tel. 98-06. National Winner for the Cleanest and Greenest LGU” (city category) in 1997 and the “Galing Pook” Award in 1994 for its waste management program.

the city also placed second in the search for the “Cleanest and Greenest Municipality in the whole Philippines. The city has at present 18 compactor and Office eight dump trucks. The waste is then transported to a garbage transfer station where large dump trucks wait to transport the garbage to the sanitary landfill site presently situated in San Mateo. 1995. These trucks collect garbage from 14 barangays on a Marikina City regular twice and week schedule.marikina. resulting in reduced costs of garbage collection. The use of a garbage transfer station enables Marikina to boast of a garbage collection efficiency of 98 percent.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Garbage Collection MARIKINA CITY WASTE MANAGEMENT OFFICE Contact Information The Waste Management Office (WMO) administers the solid waste collection Waste Management and disposal operations in the city. and thus placing it in the Hall of Fame for the same contest. Apart from this recognition.com. earned Marikina the championship in the “Search for the Cleanest and Greenest Municipality in the National and Capital Region”in 1994. (02) 948-1205 wastes are separately collected by compactor trucks. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable Tel No." Source: Marikina City’s website ( www. Rizal. The city’s initiatives on waste management.ph ) S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 63 . The operation of a garbage transfer station substantially reduced the breakdown of equipment and increased the number of trips of garbage compactors. and 1996.

Contact Information Chairman Commission on Environment and Ecology Sangguniang Panlunsod Naga City Tel. 1 No.Waste Matters Vol.Naga City launched the “Cruzada Laban sa Basura” campaign and inaugurated a Materials Recovery Center and Composting Area in Barangay Bagumbayan Sur. 2002. The city entered into a joint venture agreement with a private company for the processing of biodegradable waste into organic fertilizer. (054) 473-2051 / 1898 Telefax: (054) 811-1286 City ENRO Naga City Tel: (054) 473-1479/0775 Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. 64 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Makati.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Garbage Collection CRUZADA LABAN SA BASURA The City ENRO was able to collect and dispose garbage efficiently by modifying schedules and rerouting all garbage trucks. 1 (November 2001): 4. This move resulted in reduced fuel costs and avoidance of traffic congestion because collection in the main streets was done at night up to early morning. This campaign is in line with the program to protect the environment through an effective and sustainable garbage disposal program. Official Publication of the Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines.

GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Garbage Collection AMLAN WASTE SEGREGATION The municipality of Amlan started implementing waste segregation at source in 1999. Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. To support segregation at source. It seemed impossible at first because of resistance from the residents but the implementors encouraged them to adopt the scheme. 60 percent of the residents in three pilot barangays began practicing segregation at source. Contact Information Municipal Planning & Development Coordinator Municipality of Amlan. 2002. Negros Oriental Telefax (035) 417-0034 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 65 . After two years. collection and disposal of biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste are done separately.

Contact Information Office of the Mayor Tel No. The new procedures on garbage collection also reduced waste collection trips (from six trips to two or three a day). (083) 553-5042 Source: “Moving Towards an Integrated Approach to Solid Waste Management. 66 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . The city government also improved the management of the dumpsite while preparing a new landfill.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Garbage Collection GENERAL SANTOS GARBAGE COLLECTION Strategies for improving garbage collection in General Santos included modifying routes and reducing the crew to a maximum of three. (083) 553-5042 Solid Waste Management Council General Santos City Tel No. 1999. excluding the driver.” Local Governance Technical Notes 1-1999. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. This improvement was complemented by simultaneous campaigns for segregation and recycling.

By virtue of Provincial Ordinance 98-03. (044) 791-6365/ 791-0209 loc. LUNTIANG KAPALIGIRAN The provincial government of Bulacan launched “Sinop-Kalat. Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. Contact Information Department Head Provincial ENRO PENRO. 110 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 67 .GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ GOOD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE PHILIPPINES ◗ LGU-MANAGED PROGRAMS Enforcement SINOP-KALAT. Province of Bulacan Tel. The ordinance penalizes littering with fines and/or imprisonment. provincial grounds and all lands owned by the provincial government were declared green zones. No. Luntiang Kapaligiran. 2002.” one of its environmental management initiatives.

and involves volunteers in various components. Anti-littering ordinances were enacted with sanctions for violations. .4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Enforcement OPLAN LINIS PROGRAM The Oplan Linis Program was set up to promote among its citizens a sense of urgency. Enforcement efforts are truly serious—even the mayor and a visiting senator were fined. 1998. No. The city has repeatedly been adjudged the “Cleanest and Greenest Components City in the Philippines. Contact Information Oplan Linis Project Manager New City Hall. Palawan Tel. 68 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . The program all its citizens in program monitoring and evaluation. Sta. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. (048) 433-2028/ 433-2249 ”Source: “Local Governments and Citizens in Integrated Solid Waste Management.” GOLD Occasional Papers No. and responsibility for the cleanliness of the community. concern. Monica. Puerto Princesa City. 98-06.

especially among market vendors and other groups. No. and disposal. (063) 341-5345 ENR Officer Province of Lanao del Norte Tel. No. Ordinances in the municipal levels have been passed and adopted. 2002. Source: SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. (063) 341-524 Fax No. Contact Information Office of the Provincial Governor Province of Lanao del Norte Tel. Continuing campaigns on waste segregation efforts have been sustained. the framework on SWM was widely adopted in three coastal municipalities. (063) 341-5925 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 69 .GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Enforcement LANAO DEL NORTE INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM The Integrated Solid Waste Management Program of the province aims to reduce and minimize its garbage problem. collection. Through a series of workshops and consultations. The implementation of the program has met standards in terms of waste generation.

Bukidnon government.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Enforcement OPERATION PULOT BASURA Kibawe observes strict implementation of an anti-littering policy. It has been a consistent regional winner/finalist and national finalist in the “Search for the Cleanest and Greenest LGU in the Philippines. cleanliness Contact Information program. for its part. Office of the Mayor Locals have made “Operation Pulot Basura” a way of life.” 70 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . has installed sanitary rest rooms and has started to privatize comfort rooms located in public places. The municipal Kibawe. and the proper collection and disposal of domestic waste and garbage.

Contact Information Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office Kiamba.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Enforcement KIAMBA SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Waste appraisal was a major factor in shaping the integrated solid waste management program of the local government. Previously perceived as a purely government action. Sarangani Source: “Appraising the Nature of Solid Waste in the Locality. “Improving Dumpsite Operations with Limited Budget.” Local Governance Technical Notes 2-1999. solid waste management of Kiamba has now become a concern for all. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. clarify pick-up points for solid waste. 1999.” Local Governance Technical Notes 7-1999. Citizen’s participation helped the local government make waste receptacles user-friendly. and challenge the lack of enforcement of pertinent legislation. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 71 . The municipality’s proactive approach also sustained the participation and support of the private sector through payment of a polluters and garbage collection fee from each household and business establishment. 1999. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project.

Enforcers were chosen from the ranks of nominees submitted by NGOs. market code.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Enforcement LINAMON INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT TASK FORCE In 1999. Linamon’s “Basura Atras. All households are given a complete list of penalties and fees imposed for every type of SWM violation. and the business sector. jeepney terminals. market vendor associations.e. these are put in public places. 02-25 Series of 1999. market places. One measure in place is the integration of a three-hour Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) orientation into the pre-marriage counseling seminar in barangays. Engineering – One example is the non-placement of garbage cans along highways. 72 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . and the municipal revenue code. commercial areas). PNP officers detailed in these areas served as backup to the teams in implementing SWM ordinances. By virtue of Special Order Office of the Mayor No. the Order enhanced Tel No. (063) 227-0221 multisectoral people’s participation in law enforcement of the integrated solid waste management ordinance. the Integrated Solid Waste Management Task Force was formed in Contact Information Linamon to seek solutions to their garbage problem.. inland and coastal barangay captains. education and communication campaign (IEC) for the LGU to mobilize its constituents. good organizations. Linamon Abante Program”basically follows the 5 Es of solid waste management: Education – It took years and an aggressive information. Billboards were also put up in strategic locations. Instead. Enforcers were made to attend a workshop before being deployed as teams to specific areas within the municipality (i. issued by the municipal mayor.

2 M for the implementation of the program. October 1999. 6 RTD. Source: “The Linamon Solid Waste Management Program.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Enforcement – About 140 enforcers have now been deputized. Equity – The LGU has allocated P1. For instance. Presentation of Mayor Cherlito Macas during the Aug. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 73 .Environmental organization – The LGU has created a Municipal Environment and Sanitation Office to manage its SWM program. households that do not have compost pits are fined and their domestic garbage are not collected until they have constructed their own compost pits.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project.

Source: Official website of the City of San Fernando.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ GOOD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE PHILIPPINES ◗ LGU-MANAGED PROGRAMS Disposal Facilities SAN FERNANDO CITY SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM The City of San Fernando improved its solid waste facility while simultaneously promoting simple waste segregation among its citizens to ensure widespread acceptability. airports.” October 1999. the ground is clayish (and will thus minimize the contamination of the groundwater and the aquifer caused by leachate). and composting opportunities. A seven-hectare land was transformed from a dumpsite to a covered garbage disposal in 1998. The city provides information and technical assistance on waste reduction through reuse and recycling. (072) 888-2003/ 242-3931 74 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .com) The San Fernando City Solid Waste Management Program: “Practices That Work. The city has to maintain its ongoing clean and green program. (072) 252-5601/ 242-5605 Fax Nos. Contact Information Office of the Mayor San Fernando. The greening program is planned not only for parks and other green areas but also for the city’s major thoroughfares.sflu. La Union (www. and it is far from geologic faults. Nos. A program to educate the community and thus facilitate its active participation is also planned. The present site has been recommended because there are few residents nearby. La Union Tel. It is expected to provide the city with a sanitary landfill for the next 15 years. and natural and historic areas.

1. Romblon Source: Waste Matters Vol. 1 (November 2001): 7. Makati. The Odiongan’s Ecological Waste Management Program also includes the setting up of a composting facility and a redemption center for recyclables. No.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Disposal Facilities ODIONGAN DUMPSITE A four-hectare controlled dumpsite in Odiongan. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Odiongan. Official Publication of the Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 75 . Romblon is serving eight poblacion barangays that generate 80 cubic meters of waste a day. The controlled dumpsite includes a leachate collection system and uses natural clay as liner.

a bulldozer regularly pushes and covers the trash with a thin layer of soil or rice hull and then compacts it. A green buffer strip was installed and is being maintained jointly by the local government and the families engaged in waste recovery.” Practices That Work! Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. (048) 423-1141 to 43 Source: “The Brooke’s Point Solid Waste Management Program.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Disposal Facilities BROOKE’S POINT DUMPSITE The open dumpsite of Brooke’s Point was converted into a controlled dumpsite in 1999 with the help of the GOLD Project. October 1999. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Brooke’s Point. The area was fenced off and scavengers are not allowed to live in it. Palawan Tel. After waste is delivered. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. Palawan Environmentally Sustainable Development Office Brooke’s Point. 76 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . No. Squatters on some portions of the land within the dumpsite were even asked to move out.

the city’s Solid Waste Management Office has integrated several innovations in its management—using carbonized rice hulls as cover. Telefax (02) 293-4592 Solid Waste Management Office Valenzuela City Tel. Source: Waste Matters Vol. Makati. No. (November 2001): 7. spraying the site with deodorizer and insecticide whenever necessary. 294-4856 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 77 . 1. Official Publication of the Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Disposal Facilities LINGUNAN CONTROLLED DUMPSITE The 15-hectare Lingunan Controlled Dumpsite in Valenzuela City was opened in 1998. and monitoring illegal dumping activities. regularly cleaning trucks.. No. 1. Since then. Contact Information Office of the Mayor Tel. (02) 2921311/0211 Fax (02) 292-93-49 Planning and Development Coordinator Valenzuela City. maintaining a nursery for greening the controlled dump and the city. No. reducing waste in every barangay.

No. with ornamental plants and trees planted in the aviary’s surroundings.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Disposal Facilities DUMAGUETE CITY DUMPSITE The city government worked with various civic groups to improve the dumpsite by converting it into a controlled dumping facility with a park and nursery. Josephine M. the existing dumpsite is scheduled for closure.No. and other non-government agencies. An integrated solid waste management ordinance was enforced.) Contact Information Office of the Mayor Dumaguete City Tel. resulting in the establishment of composting and barangay materials recovery centers. Project 1999 Duran. Antonio of the Dumaguete City Government. At present. In compliance with RA 9003. improved waste collection routes. (035) 422-6336/ 420-1274 City Planning and Development Office Dumaguete City Tel. No. (035) 225-1601 ENRO Dumaguete City. The plan is to close the open dumpsite and convert the whole area into an ecological park once an alternative disposal site has been established. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD). the city government. Negros Oriental Tel. waste segregation and recycling at household and residential subdivision levels. (035) 225-0386 Environment and Natural Resources Management Division Provincial Capitol Tel.htm 78 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Elvira D. On Pollution:http://mozcom.” Local Governance Technical Notes 1-1999.com/~mels/2/pollution. (With reports from the office of Engr. (035) 422-6336/ 420-1274 Source: “Moving Towards an Integrated Approach to Solid Waste Management. An aviary was constructed in the site through the Environment and Natural Resources Council (ENRC). This integrated solid waste management program won a Galing Pook award in 1999-2000. the existing dumpsite is undergoing surface rehabilitation. and imposition of more realistic collection fees.

Organic fertilizer was produced after shredding and mixing the different materials. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 79 . health. vegetable and peanut vendors in the market. with technical and financial assistance from the Foundation for Sustainable Society. coconut farmers in the barangays of Midsayap. Cotabato was jointly undertaken by the ADDEF and Likas-Kayang Kaunlaran Foundation. Waste materials came from the slaughterhouse. and economic dimensions of development. banana cue vendors. Inc.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ GOOD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE PHILIPPINES ◗ LGU-MANAGED PROGRAMS Private And NGO-Initiated Programs AMADO DIAZ DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION (ADDEF) An organic fertilizer processing plant in Midsayap. banana cracker producers. and the Philippine Business for Social Progress. and restaurants. The project aims to improve on the environmental.

a basic requirement of the Solid Waste Management Program being implemented by the Makati Commercial Estates Association (MaCEA). Contact Information Makati Commercial Estates Association Mini-Park. (02) 813-2446/ 810-3054 Center for Social Development Ayala Foundation. Legazpi Village. Makati Tel.The condo-residential donor beneficiary scheme of Ayala Foundation organized people’s organizations to collect recyclable materials.” Local Governance Technical Notes 3-1999.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Private And NGO-Initiated Programs AYALA FOUNDATION/ MAKATI COMMERCIAL ESTATES ASSOCIATION The commercial and residential establishments in the Central Business District of Makati set up compartmentalized garbage depositories and receptacles to ensure waste segregation at source. Recyclable materials are collected from residential areas and business establishments and sold to junk shops. Source: “Organizing Joint Action on Integrated Solid Waste Management. No. Materials such as paper and glass bottles are sold to recycling plants of paper mills and bottling companies. Inc. 3/F Garden Square Building. SWAPP Inventory of Exemplary Practices in Waste Management. Households are encouraged to segregate at home. Greenbelt Drive cor. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. (02) 8945620/92-4141 80 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . 1999. Makati Tel.. No. 2002. Legazpi St.

S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 81 . Contact Information the Zero Waste Program began as a simple segregation of biodegradables CELL and non-biodegradables. its final disposal facility for items with still unclear recycling value. Cavite truck. (046) 8651140 the “Basura Ko. April 2002. At present. 70 percent of its discards are recycled or reused in the farm. Source: CELL Brochure. But after the Payatas garbage slide tragedy in July 2000. it has achieved and maintained its goal of 100 percent solid waste diversion. No. Pananagutan Ko”principle. Cavite. CELL adopted Tel.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Private And NGO-Initiated Programs CENTER FOR ECOZOIC LIVING AND LEARNING (CELL) The Center sits on a 1. Biodegradables were recycled in the farm and nonBarrio Malaking Tatyaw. Started in July 1999. Since then. while 10 percent are kept in the central warehouse. biodegradables were either sent to the junk shop or given to the garbage Silang. 20 percent are recycled outside the farm.2-hectare farm in Silang.

The Balikatan Movement organized President scavengers into teams of “eco-aides” to collect recyclable materials from 123 Domingo St. Leonarda Camacho of the Women’s Contact Information Balikatan Movement in Metro Manila. Source: “Organizing Joint Action on Integrated Solid Waste Management. Cubao. At present. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project.. Linis Ganda Project was initiated by Ms. Eco-aides are provided a daily capital to allow them to purchase recyclable materials and earn P100 to P300 a day as compensation. households. 1999. Each junkshop received green-painted Tel. INC. 82 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . green T-shirts for the eco-aides and ID cards for both the junkshop owner and the eco-aides. No. there are thousands of eco-aides under the supervision Quezon City of more than 800 junkshop owners. (02) 725-7232 pushcarts or bicycles with sidecars.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Private And NGO-Initiated Programs METRO MANILA LINIS GANDA.” Local Governance Technical Notes 31999.

operates a recycling plant in Marilao. Inc. (044) 7112236/711-2262 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 83 . Nos. Bulacan that can recover lead metal and plastic from spent batteries.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Private And NGO-Initiated Programs PHILIPPINE RECYCLERS. Inc. INC. (PRI) Philippine Recyclers. Recyclers. Its “BalikBaterya” Program offers fund-raising opportunities to organizations or communities that set up collection stations from where PRI can pick up and buy junk batteries. Source: Phil. brochure Contact Information Balik-Baterya Hotline Tel.

given that paper constitutes a large percentage of academic. through its livelihood program. UP Diliman. has employed five out-of-school youths since 1998 with collection routes in select establishments within the university. and residential waste in UP Diliman. AKKAP. Area 2. cor. commercial. Contact Information AKKAP Center for Solid Waste Management Balagtas St. Quezon City 84 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Private And NGO-Initiated Programs UP AKKAP CENTER FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT The entry of the University of the Philippines AKKAP Center for Solid Waste Management into paper recycling is both a positive and timely initiative. Laurel St.

Novaliches (Quezon City). Makati. Source: “Organizing Joint Action on Integrated Solid Waste Management. A cooperative was organized to operate the redemption center and oversee livelihood activities such as papermaking and crafts. It organized community volunteers to collect waste daily with Tel No. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. To address a booming demand for recovered recyclable materials.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Private And NGO-Initiated Programs ZKK FOUNDATION ZKK Foundation started with the Dagat-Dagatan Polymedic Foundation’s Contact Information Zero Kalat sa Kaunlaran Project. Reusable and recyclable waste is stored in the redemption center where junk dealers buy them. ZKK has set up other recovery centers in Taytay (Rizal). S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 85 . No. Biodegradable waste is shredded and composted. 1 (November 2001): 4. which encouraged households to segregate President their waste. Compost is used in vegetable gardens and nurseries that are part of the project. (02) 285-3278 the use of pushcarts.” Local Governance Technical Notes 31999. 1999 Waste Matters Vol. 1. and San Jose del Monte in Bulacan. Official Publication of the Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines.

a non-profit organization.org 86 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . 112.000 (at $1. Closing the loop. Fifth Ave. which have been banned from the landfill.120.mi.00 : PhP53) per year from the sale of compost and mulch.000 or PhP2. Ann Arbor.ci.org Web site: www. Ann Arbor (pop. The city-owned compost site generates $40. yard trimmings collection and composting. the Ann Arbor has adopted policies to encourage the use and purchase of recycled content products. RAA also runs a drop-off station. City crews collect curbside grass. RAA picks up 23 different recyclable materials weekly on the same day the city collects trash.us/framed/solw ste/index. City crews provide yard trimmings collection and composting services. MI 48107 (313) 994-6581 Solidwaste Department http://www.annarbor. MICHIGAN In fiscal year 1996.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Residential Programs ANN ARBOR. Recycle Ann Arbor (RAA).000) achieved a 52 percent recovery rate of residential waste through curbside recycling.html Recycle Ann Arbor E-Mail: info@recycleannarbor. Contact Information Recycling Coordinator City of Ann Arbor 100 N. April 1 through November as well as collecting Christmas trees in January. runs the city’s recycling program. and the state’s bottle return law. leaves and brush.recycleannarbor.

#2.belchertown .339) does not provide curbside collection services for either trash or recyclables. The town also provides chipping of brush at the transfer station and a composting area for leaves. milk. Residents who choose to participate are required to purchase a permit to use the town’s transfer station and recycling center. The town has a pay-as-you-throw system for trash disposal. and #3 plastic bottles.htm S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 87 . juice.org/departments/Select men/solid_waste_transfe r_station_and. aluminum trays and foil.belchertown . 2.org/departments/dpw/d pwhome. Residents must pay a per-bag fee for trash disposal and a per item fee for special items such as tires and appliances.htm Solid Waste/Transfer Station and Recycling Center http://www. and #1. cardboard. Materials collected include mixed paper. Belchertown’s reported 1996 waste reduction was 63 percent. steel and aluminum cans. Source separated recyclables can be left at the transfer station. and drink cartons.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs BELCHERTOWN. Contact Information Director of Public Works Town of Belchertown 290 Jackson Street Belchertown. MA 01007 Tel (413) 323-0415 Fax (413) 323-0470 Department of Public Works http://www. glass bottles and jars. MASSACHUSETTS Belchertown (pop.

WASHINGTON Bellevue (pop. 62 percent of served households subscribed to the trash service of one 30gallon-can or less of trash per week.us/page. and composting services.O. Residents have responded to the incentive programs so that in 1996.000) instituted recycling in 1989.ci.asp?view=1057 88 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Residents receive weekly curbside collection of recyclable materials and year-round collection of yard debris. Suite 320 P. recycling. Bellevue residents recovered 60 percent of their discards through recycling and composting in 1996 (26 percent through recycling and 34 percent through composting). WA 98009-9012 Tel (425) 452-6964 Fax (425) 452-7116 Utilities Department http://www. Contact Information Solid Waste Program Administrator Resource Management & Technology Utilities Department City of Bellevue 301 116th Avenue Southeast.w a. Box 90012 Bellevue.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs BELLEVUE. A contractor provides trash. 104.bellevue. The following year the city restructured trash fees to provide an incentive to lower disposal levels.

and promotional materials to support the communities with their efforts. financial assistance. The area is largely suburban and home to many individuals who commute to New York City. Box 9 Foot of Mehrhof Road Little Ferry. household hazardous waste collection. the most recent year for which data are available. The Bergen County Utilities Authority provides technical assistance.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs BERGEN COUNTY. Contact Information Recycling Program Manager Bergen County Utilities Authority Department of Solid Waste Planning and Development P. Each community in Bergen County administers its own waste management program. educational programs. waste reduction. 845. heavily populated municipalities in northeastern New Jersey. was 62 percent. marketing assistance.O.189) consists of 70 small. vermicomposting. New Jersey 07643 Tel (201) 641-2552 x5822 Fax (201) 641-3509 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 89 . Areas of assistance include backyard composting. NEW JERSEY Bergen County (pop. and business waste audits. Bergen County’s reported municipal solid waste recycling/composting rate for 1995.

ONTARIO The Bluewater Recycling Association is a non-profit organization serving Contact Information more than 125. The co-collection program uses a three-compartment vehicle http://www.org designed by the Association where waste is kept separate from paper fibers and mixed containers. processing at its 43.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs BLUEWATER RECYCLING ASSOCIATION.” 90 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . and the latest co-collection program serving 19 (519) 228-6678 communities. The Association has achieved a diversion rate of as high as 73. backyard composter sales and Association troubleshooting support. Director The Association offers several services to its members including an expanded Bluewater Recycling blue box curbside recycling program.bra. waste days. promotional materials. educational curriculum. household hazardous P. Box 547 Huron Park.O.8 percent in some of its 28 communities on “user pay.000 people in some 60 municipalities in Southwestern Ontario.000 square feet Ontario N0M 1Y0 material recovery facility.

Recycling participation is voluntary but a volume-based fee is Solid Waste Manager charged for waste disposal. cardboard.bowdoinha recycling and trash collection in 1994. Material for recycling is also collected m. Trash disposed at the Bowdoinham landfill PO Box 85 dropped by 50 percent in the first six months after introducing the volumeBowdoinham. 2. available free to residents. books. An area of the recycling center is also used to display reusable materials. Materials accepted include food discards.htm at the town’s drop-off center.192) recovered 62 percent of its municipal solid Contact Information waste. Bowdoinham introduced municipally contracted curbside (207) 666-3228 http://www. and brush are collected free of charge at the town landfill. and all plastic resins. glass. grass clippings. such as furniture. newspaper.com/recycling. Leaves. aluminum and ferrous cans.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs BOWDOINHAM. Bowdoinham (pop. ME 04008 based fees in 1989. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 91 . MAINE In 1996. wood waste. and clothing. magazines.

brush. Leaves.00: PhP53) for a 15-gallon bag for trash collection.85 (at $1.00: PhP53) per household per year for solid waste and recycling services.289) residents achieved a 65 percent recovery rate in 1996. The borough imposes an additional charge of $1.75 (at $1. metal clothing hangers.45 or PhP76. and mixed paper.75 or PhP39.00: PhP53) for a 30gallon bag or $0. The Chatham recycling program accepts a wide range of materials including cereal boxes. aerosol cans. Contact Information Administrator/Clerk Borough of Chatham 54 Fairmount Avenue Chatham.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs CHATHAM. NEW JERSEY Chatham (pop. Chatham charges a base rate of $75 or PhP3. NJ 07928 (201) 635-0674 x108 Public Works Department http://www.chathamnj. 8.com/ 92 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . and other yard debris are diverted through composting and account for 66 percent of the material Chatham residents divert. paper juice and milk cartons.975 (at $1. The change to a per-bag charge was a hard sell for town officials but the program has worked well.

brush. and steel cans once every Department of Public three weeks. 71. Businesses are required to recycle and are provided technical assistance by the recycling coordinator. NEW JERSEY Through Clifton’s mandatory recycling programs for residents and businesses. and Recycling Guide aluminum plates and trays.cliftononline garden debris are collected seasonally by the curbside and account for 32 . Clifton’s drop-off recycling center accepts Fax (201) 340-7049 additional materials such as cardboard. City of Clifton magazines. aluminum cans. glass. leaves.742) diverted from disposal 56 percent of its municipal solid Recycling Coordinator waste in 1996. Even glass is sorted by color. Residents must segregate and place each type of material in Works 307 East 7th a separate container at the curb. Small businesses are eligible to receive city trash and recycling services. and other yard and http://www. mixed paper. NJ 07011 allows Clifton to deliver materials directly to market without having to pay Tel (201) 470-2237 an intermediate processor. Residents are offered curbside collection of old newspapers. This method StreetClifton. Grass clippings. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 93 .GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs CLIFTON.com percent of total materials recovery. but large businesses privately contract. #1 and #2 plastic bottles. Contact Information the city (pop.

All residents have weekly. Crockett.html Crockett requires all residents to recycle 22 categories of materials and collect four others for composting. In 1996. http://163. recycling.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs CROCKETT. No materials were recovered for Solid Waste Director recycling or composting. and composting services at a lower 200 North Fifth cost than it had been paying for trash collection and disposal. City staff do not collect improperly segregated materials. TEXAS Prior to 1992. TX 75835 Tel (409) 544-5156 Crockett recycled 20 percent and composted 32 percent of its residential waste Fax (409) 544-4976 stream. composting. The use of clear bags allows city staff to readily identify trash that contains recyclables and improperly prepared materials for recovery. year-round collection service for recyclables and yard debris. weekly curbside recycling and composting Texas Commission on programs and the use of clear bags for trash. Crockett’s mandatory.106/in dex. 94 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .20.234. The city took over trash management in 1992 in the City of Crockett belief that it could provide trash. and recycling Environmental Quality have contributed to the city’s high diversion level. Through a local ordinance. Crockett contracted with a private company to collect and Contact Information dispose of all waste generated in the city.

aluminum and steel cans. tires.htm S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 95 . HDPE. glass beverage containers. PET. This strictly voluntary recycling program and the pay-as-you-throw trash system resulted in the town’s residents recycling 52 percent of their residential solid waste in 1996. and yard trimmings are collected for composting at Dover’s drop-off recycling station.dover.500 tons of residential waste was disposed. corrugated cardboard. Contact Information Recycling Coordinator Solid Waste and Recycling Division City of Dover 288 Central Avenue Dover. In 1996. Leaves. NEW HAMPSHIRE Dover (pop. used motor oil. 27. The next year it started curbside recycling and a month later a pay-as-you-throw system for trash collection.000) did not offer any recycling program to its residents until 1990 when it opened a drop-off recycling center.u s/community/Environme ntal/talking.nh. only 4. Before the beginning of these programs.ci. and aseptic packaging. Dover residents are offered the opportunity to recycle mixed paper. Dover’s residents disposed approximately 11. clean wood. batteries.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs DOVER.000 tons of solid waste. NH 03820 Tel (603) 743-6073 Fax (603) 743-6096 Talking Trash In Dover: Community Services Department http://www.

The city’s 100 volunteer recycling block captains deliver a quarterly newsletter to residents. The city provides collection of magazines. Falls Church diverted 31 percent of its residential waste through its leaf program. Contact Information Coordinator Recycling and Litter Prevention City of Falls Church Department of Public Works Harry E. Wells Building 300 Park Avenue Falls Church. approximately 2. corrugated cardboard. VA 22046-3332 Tel (703) 241-5176 Fax (703) 241-5184 Northern Virginia Regional Commission Northern Virginia Waste Management Board http://www.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs FALLS CHURCH.novaregion. other yard trimmings.htm 96 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . and delivered back to citizens upon request. and appliances. VIRGINIA In 1996. 9. #1 and #2 plastic bottles. phone books. processed into mulch.000 tons of leaves are collected curbside. brush.org /waste. cans. newspaper. leaves.845) recycled 65 percent of its residential waste through its curbside and drop-off programs. glass. catalogs. free of charge. In 1996. Falls Church (pop. both of which are voluntary. Each fall.

and yard trimmings drop-off. Contact Information Project Manager Public Works Department. and 21 percent through composting. weekly collection of recyclables. began in 1988 and has evolved into a program that is both cost-effective and efficient. 15. wi. Fitchburg’s waste management program includes volume-based trash collection fees (begun in 1994). City of Fitchburg 2377 S. WISCONSIN Fitchburg (pop.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs FITCHBURG.fitchburg. monthly collection of reusable items. the city diverted 50 percent of its residential solid waste—29 percent through recycling. WI 53711 Tel (608) 275-7141 Fax (608) 275-7154 Solid Waste and Recycling Program http://www.city. subsidized sales of home compost bins.htm S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 97 .us/SolidWaste/sw&r. the first in Wisconsin. In 1996.648) borders Madison to the north and contains both rural farmland and urban areas. Its mandatory recycling program. Fish Hatchery Road Madison.

phone books. 116.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs LEBANON COUNTY. corrugated cardboard. metals. magazines. aluminum and bimetal cans. and yard trimmings. the county recycled over 43. and public and private organizations and citizens who have all enthusiastically embraced recycling. ext.htm 98 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . office paper. The county accepts newspaper. voluntary recycling coordinators in each community.789) recycled 51 percent of its solid waste in 1995. PENNSYLVANIA With 13 curbside collection programs and seven drop-off centers in its 26 municipalities.state. glass.000 tons of material.pa. five have mandatory recycling while eight have voluntary programs. plastic milk.dep. 307 Fax (717) 867-5798 Greater Lebanon Refuse Authority http://www. tires. soda. and detergent bottles.us /dep/deputate/enved/go_ with_inspector/landfill/Gre ater_Lebanon_Refuse_Aut hority. In 1995. car batteries. County officials credit its high recovery rate to waste haulers’cooperation in picking up recyclables on their routes. PA 17046 Tel (717) 867-5790. Lebanon County (pop. Contact Information Lebanon County Recycling Coordinator Greater Lebanon Refuse Authority 1610 Russell Road Lebanon. Of the 13 municipalities with curbside collection.

steel cans. glass containers. textiles. auto and button batteries. waste oil. composting. Tel (413) 367-9683 Fax (413) 367-9683 mixed paper. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 99 . paint. Leverett’s total solid waste management budget has decreased as a result of its waste reduction programs. Residents pay a flat fee for recycling and a per-bag fee for trash pick-up. 1. leaves. clothes. MA 01054 for recycling and composting are: aluminum cans. plastics. and Recycling Coordinator deposit container redemption. The total waste stream has also decreased. called “Take it or Leave it. and bed frames. MASSACHUSETTS Leverett. tires. recycling. scrap metal. paperboard. residents bring Town of Leverett Town Hall their recyclables to a local drop-off station. Among the materials accepted Leverett. Recycling is mandatory.965) in western Massachusetts. The town sells home composters and reports that almost everyone composts on their own. and other yard debris. Leverett has an active swap shop.” where residents can leave and/or take reusable items such as books. a rural town (pop. has achieved Contact Information a 56 percent recovery rate through reuse. egg crates.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs LEVERETT.

Contact Information Solid Waste Superintendent City of Loveland Solid Waste Division 500 E.htm 100 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs LOVELAND. April through November.loveland. the community collects yard trimmings from residents for a nominal fee. Since the initiation of these programs.300. per household waste generation has dropped and much of the material is now captured for recycling and composting. per household disposal levels were less than half of the 1989 levels.us/PublicWorks/SolidWas te/SolidWasteMain. Third Street Loveland. In 1996.ci.00: PhP53) per year in avoided capital and operating costs. The city’s waste diversion program.000 or PhP5. 46. saves it more than $100.940) diverted 56 percent of their residential solid waste from the landfill. CO 80537 Tel (970) 962-2609 Fax (970) 663-8047 Recycling/Trash Services http://www. Loveland residents (pop. carried out through dual-collection of recyclables and trash.000 (at $1.co . Loveland offers residential curbside recycling coupled with a volume-based rate for trash disposal. COLORADO In 1996.

In 1992. WI 53705-1423 Tel (608) 226-4681 City Environmental Initiatives http://www.madison.6 percent through recycling). or below. Contact Information Recycling Coordinator City of Madison 1501 W. the city has sold almost 5. newspapers. Since then.6 percent through composting and 16. WISCONSIN The curbside recycling program in Madison (pop. 200. In 1996.w i.htm S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 101 . #1 and #2 plastics. large items such as tires and white goods. glossy magazines. leaves. except for appliance pick-up for which residents must purchase a sticker. cost. the city began a home composting program and distributed composting bins to residents at no charge.ci.000 bins to residents at.us/Environment/default . Residents pay a flat fee for waste management. the city recovered 49 percent of its residential waste (32. corrugated cardboard. Badger Road Madison. metal cans.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs MADISON. The city’s goal is to have one-third of residents in single-family homes composting their food discards. brush. and phone books.814) collects glass.

444.990) surpassed New Jersey’s statewide recycling goal of 60 percent.mcmua.85 or PhP45.com/s operates a recycling consolidation center for materials. Box 370 Morris Plains. by recycling 63 percent of its total solid waste. Small businesses pay $5. Most municipalities operate both a curbside recycling program and their own drop-off site. and asbestos. recycling collectors. Morris County mandates 15 materials to be source separated and recycled by the residential.00 : PhP53) per household per pick-up. Many of its municipalities likewise promote these programs and. antifreeze. some are eliminating curbside collection of yard debris. The county promotes a “Cut It and Leave It” program for grass clippings and backyard composting for other vegetative waste. est. Contact Information Recycling Specialist Municipal Utilities Authority County of Morris P. yard debris. Morris County (1995 pop. Currently 12 of 39 municipalities and approximately 70 small Utilities Authority businesses in the county subscribe to these services.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs MORRIS COUNTY. NJ 07945-0370 Tel (973) 285-8392 Fax (973) 285-8397 102 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .00 or PhP265 (at $1. NEW JERSEY In 1995. Drop-off is free.05 (at $1. and institutional sectors.00 : PhP53) per pick-up for “back door” Morris County Municipal service. commercial. in addition to the “traditional” recyclables. pesticides. This center accepts olidwaste source-separated materials from municipalities. and small businesses and processes the material for market. Morris County also http://www. The county offers a curbside recycling collection program to municipalities for a cost of $0. white goods and stumps. Four times each year. as a result. tires.O. The list of materials includes mixed paper. the county sponsors Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Days and collects items such as paints. batteries.

Plans are in the works to also process the wet waste for composting.000) implemented a wet/dry curbside collection program in its 15 municipalities. 80 percent is captured and recycled. Northumberland County (pop.northumberl and. Four municipalities have implemented variable rates for discard collection. 75. Contact Information Director Northumberland County Waste Management 860 William Street Cobourg. Collection costs have been cut in half and the county is diverting more material.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY. Currently the dry waste is sorted at a materials recovery facility (MRF).ca/cgibin/Colours/colourChang e. Ontario K9A 3A9 Tel (905) 372-3329 Fax (905) 372-1696 Waste Services http://www. while the wet waste is landfilled. About 43 percent of the residential waste stream arrives at the MRF as dry waste. The trucks keep bags of wet discards separated from bags of dry discards. ONTARIO In April 1996.cgi?category=7&level=2 &subcat=1000208&positi on=1000213 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 103 . About 57 percent of their residential waste is coming in as wet waste. Of this. The county uses 10 split dual-collection compactors.

pcnjwaste. Contact Information Solid Waste Programs Coordinator Passaic County Planning Board Office of Recycling and Solid Waste Programs 1310 Route 23 NorthWayne.060) met its 60 percent recycling goal for overall solid waste.” a program aimed at reducing waste at the source by encouraging citizens to make environmentally sound decisions. NJ 07470 Tel (201) 305-5738 Fax (201) 305-5737 Office of Recycling and Solid Waste Programs http://www. a yard debris program which encourages composting and the use of mulching mowers.893 pounds) on average. 453.com 104 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . The county documented recycling 48 percent of its municipal solid waste in 1995. NEW JERSEY According to preliminary 1996 data. and the implementation of “Wiser Ways. key elements of Passaic County’s waste reduction success include an information packet about source reduction and recycling distributed to new county residents. Aside from mandatory recycling. Passaic County (pop.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs PASSAIC COUNTY. According to 1995 data. Passaic County residents each recycled almost a ton of material (1.

est.state. glass bottles and jars. located 20 miles from the nearest permanent drop-off site. The county operates drop-off sites. The cost of collection.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs PEPIN COUNTY. Materials collected for recycling by Pepin County residents are corrugated cardboard. and a weekly mobile collection station in Albany township. appliances. hauling. curbside pick-up of recyclables in its three incorporated communities. The county’s residents achieved 53 percent residential waste diversion in 1996. The county’s recycling success has depended largely on source separation and proper preparation and handling of solid waste by citizens. 7. and processing of recyclables was $49/ton in 1995. Kraft paper. hauling. motor oil. Yard and garden debris are also composted. and scrap metal. WISCONSIN Pepin County (1996 pop. us/org/aw/wm S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 105 .180) is a remote sparsely populated rural county in the Big Woods of Western Wisconsin. aluminum and steel containers. and disposal of the remainder of the waste stream. newspapers.wi. chipboard. compared to $96/ton for collection.dnr. #1 and #2 plastics. Contact Information Coordinator Pepin County Recycling and Solid Waste PO Box 39740 7th Avenue West Durand. WI 54736 Tel (715) 672-5709 Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources – Waste Management Program http://www.

600) revamped its trash collection service in 1992 to respond to public demand and state requirements for increased recycling. OR 97204-1972 Tel (503) 823-5545 Fax (503) 823-4562 Bureau of Environmental Services http://www. Private companies franchised to serve areas of the city offer waste management services to Portland residents.W. OREGON Portland (pop.htm 106 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . weekly curbside collection of a wide variety of materials.org/index. a bottle bill. the residential disposal rate of 1. Contact Information Solid Waste & Recycling Specialist City of Portland Environmental Services 1120 S. 497. and mandatory commercial recycling resulted in a total municipal solid waste recovery rate of 50 percent in 1996.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs PORTLAND. Fifth Avenue.cleanriverspdx. According to Portland Environmental Services. Room 400 Portland.468 pounds of solid waste per household is the lowest among large American cities. yard debris recovery. Volume-based trash rates.

CALIFORNIA In its fiscal year 1996.363) diverted 43 percent of its municipal solid waste from disposal: 45 percent of its residential waste stream and 41 percent of its commercial/ institutional waste stream.org S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 107 .sjrecycles. 849. The city contracts with two private companies (the Green Team of San Jose and Western/USA Waste) to provide residential trash and recycling services on a weekly basis to 186. In all. Californa 95112-6311 Tel (408) 277-5533 fax (408) 277-3669 Environmental Services http://www.000 multi-family dwellings.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs SAN JOSE. Two other contractors collect yard trimmings once a week on the same day as trash and recycling pick-up. the city collects more than 24 different categories of materials for recycling and composting. Suite 450 San Jose. Single-family households pay volume-based rates for trash service. This provides a direct economic incentive for businesses to recycle and reduce their solid waste. First Street. The city encourages waste reduction in the commercial/institutional sector by assessing fees on trash collection but not on recycling or composting collection. Contact Information Program Manager City of San Jose Environmental Services Department Integrated Waste Management Program 777 N. The diversion level for single-family households was 55 percent.000 single-family dwellings and 79. San Jose (pop.

co. As a last resort.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs SARASOTA COUNTY. FL 34236 Tel (941) 364-4663 Fax (941) 364-4377 http://www. the county programs serve residences only. Successful recycling in Sarasota County’s commercial sector has been achieved through aggressive education campaigns aimed at local businesses. workshops. presentations. 50 percent in the commercial sector and 38 percent in the residential sector.sarasota. and other educational information to encourage commercial sector recycling. the county’s Code Enforcement has the authority to make sure that businesses comply with the mandatory recycling program.528). Businesses must contract independently for trash and recycling collection services. training. technical advice. awards programs. The current recovery rate is 43 percent. Contact Information Recycling Manager Sarasota County Solid Waste Department 1660 Ringling Boulevard Fourth Floor Sarasota. The county has offered on-site waste assessments.us/solid--waste/ 108 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . 301.fl . FLORIDA Recycling is mandatory for both residents and businesses in Sarasota County (pop.

Businesses contract privately for their Seattle Public Utilities trash and recycling services. WASHINGTON Seattle (pop. 534.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs SEATTLE. The city’s total waste diversion level was 44 percent. Seattle’s multi-family recycling program serves 60 percent of households in this sector. Businesses and residents can also choose to selfhttp://www. rejecting traditional disposal facilities in its long-term planning. waste diversion levels in Seattle were 47 percent in the residential sector. net/util Seattle set a goal of recovering 60 percent of its municipal solid waste stream by 1998 as an alternative to building an incinerator. No other large US city has centered its waste management approach on material recovery. City Seattle. In 1996. and yard trimmings to city-owned transfer stations. recyclables. The city continues Solid Waste Utility to lead in waste diversion and has provided its residents with a convenient 710 Second Avenue #505 recycling system and a financial incentive to encourage its use.cityofseattle. and 17 percent of self-haul materials.700) was a pioneer in charging variable rates for trash Contact Information disposal. 49 percent in the commercial sector. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 109 . WA 98104 contractors provide residential curbside recycling and yard trimmings Tel (206) 684-7808 Fax (206) 684-8529 collection (by subscription). haul trash. with the city’s program implemented in 1981.

At the same time. Citywide implementation of the dual collection program started on 1994 and was completed in April 1996.ci. This pilot was completed in 1992.us 110 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . CA 93292 Tel (209) 738-3569 Fax (209) 738-3576 Public Works Department Household Hazardous Waste Collection http://www.792) began its first pilot route in 1991 to test the feasibility of implementing an automated dual-collection of residential trash and recyclables. the city also implemented separate curbside yard trimmings collection. Visalia’s residential diversion rate has climbed to 50 percent. Visalia staff attribute their success to their aggressive public education program and the partnership with Heil that allowed them to determine equipment needs before making large equipment purchases.ca.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs VISALIA.visalia. CALIFORNIA Visalia (pop. Contact Information City of Visalia Solid Waste Fleet Services 366 North Ben Maddox Way Visalia. 91. The city formed a public/private partnership with the Heil truck company to study equipment configurations and improve service productivity. In the few years since the program began.

office paper. OR 97068 Tel (503) 656-6081 Fax (503) 657-3237 Department of Public Works Environmental Services http://www.or.htm S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 111 .ci.557) recovered 52 percent of its municipal solid waste.us/PublicWorks/ht mls/Environmentalperce nt20Servicespercent20te rtiary1. Yard trimmings are accepted at the drop-off center and collected curbside. Box 4 SWest Linn. glass.westlinn.O. plastics. Residents can recycle in the city’s curbside collection program. 16. tin. milk cartons. cardboard. The city collects newspaper. OREGON In 1996 West Linn (pop. Contact Information West Linn Department of Public Works 4100 Norfolk Street P.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Residential Programs WEST LINN. and magazines. aluminum. or they can bring materials to the city’s recycling center.

wellesley. jars. mixed paper. beverage cans. corrugated cardboard. ma. paperboard.us/dpw/rdf.ci. and all plastic bottles.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Residential Programs WORCESTER. MASSACHUSETTS Worcester’s curbside recycling program began in November 1993 along with a pay-as-you-throw system for the collection of trash. glass bottles and jars. and microwave trays/containers. tubs. milk and juice cartons.html 112 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . which are then composted. 165. Although the program has only been in effect a short time. Worcester Street. Worcester. aluminum trays.387) achieved 54 percent diversion of residential solid waste in 1996. Worcester (pop. MA 01604 Tel (508) 799-1430 Fax (508) 799-1448 Department of Public Works Recycling and Disposal http://www. Materials collected for recycling include newspapers and inserts. Contact Information Assistant to the Commissioner Department of Public Works 20 E. food cans. The city also offers a drop-off site for yard debris and leaves. drink boxes.

GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Multi-Family Residential LEISURE WORLD RETIREMENT COMMUNITYLAGUNA HILLS.179. CA Leisure World is a retirement community of 18.000 (at $1.00 : PhP53) for recyclable materials. As a result of these programs. The Leisure World management runs a green waste composting operation and construction PO Box 2220 debris and metals recycling programs. and aluminum.000 residents.000 or PhP18. The residents Contact Information of this community recycle newspaper.197.000 or PhP13.00 : PhP53) in tipping fees and received revenues of $343. They have also changed landscaping Laguna Hills. glass. CA 92654 Tel (714) 597-4652 techniques to reduce the amount of green waste produced. Leisure World diverts more than 50 percent of their waste.000 (at $1. They have saved nearly $249. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 113 .

4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Multi-Family Residential VILLAGE APARTMENTS. and packaging store. food bank. farmers’ market. CA 94960 Tel (415) 459-6370 114 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . CA The recycling in this apartment complex is not the result of the installation of expensive recycling equipment but rather the result of an education program about the environmental and financial benefits of recycling. #9 San Anselmo. Recovered items are donated to a thrift store. Contact Information Village Apartments 36 Ross Ave. dry cleaner. Resulting waste sent to a disposal facility has been reduced by 65 percent (by volume). SAN ANSELMO.

newspaper. fine paper. glass. TORONTO. Ontario Tel (416) 532-1152 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 115 . Each store in the mall also has a blue box. The Mall is diverting 42 percent of the waste it generates. polystyrene. Contact Information Dufferin Mall Toronto. Preconsumer food discards are collected from the loading dock of the Food Court restaurants and are composted. Corrugated cardboard. and coat hangers are collected through 64 common area receptacles and specially designed containers in the Food Court. ONTARIO The Dufferin Mall recycling program began in 1992.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Retail Shopping Complexes DUFFERIN MALL. cans.

fixtures. mixed paper.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Retail Shopping Complexes PLAZA CAMINO REAL.00 : PhP53) in hauling and tipping fees annually. with five major department stores and 150 specialty shops. has decreased waste by more than 60 percent and saves more than $42.226. This 1. and plastics. CA The Plaza Camino Real started recycling in 1993. construction metals. CARLSBAD.000 or PhP2. Suite 100 Carlsbad. Contact Information Plaza Camino Real l2525 El Camino Real.000 (at $1. food discards. Currently its recycling program captures cardboard. green waste.com 116 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .12 million square feet enclosed shopping center. cans. CA 92008 TEl (619) 729-6183 Fax: (760) 729-0497 Email: plazacaminoreal@westfi eld. bottles.

S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 117 . Individual trash cans are removed and replaced with small. The new Maximum Green Program attempts to reduce waste by a further 50 percent with the introduction of the following new programs: Contact Information The Green Workplace 900 Bay Street. Some buildings divert 90 percent of their solid waste stream. As of spring 1998. ONTARIO The “Green Workplace” program was introduced to Ontario government offices in 1991. Recyclable material is source-separated. b.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Office Buildings THE GREEN WORKPLACE MANAGEMENT BOARD SECRETARIAT. This program set waste reduction targets of 35 percent by 1992 and 50 percent by 1995. TORONTO. food discard collection is established. Ontario M7A 1N3 Tel (416) 585-7541 a. c. Where possible. more than 70.000 Ontario Provincial civil servants in 760 buildings recycled approximately 4. desk-top receptacles and a large centralized trash bin. Room M2-59 Toronto.326 tons per year.

California. Waste disposal costs are included in the building lease so Wellings reaps no direct benefit from reduced tipping fees because of recycling.. The company has realized an 80 percent reduction in trash through recovery of white and colored papers.wellingscpa. The company also works to “close the loop” through the purchase of recycled content office products. glass. and toner cartridges. The company aggressively recycles as part of its commitment to create a better environment. Contact Information 770 Menlo Ave.com 118 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . newspapers.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Office Buildings WELLINGS & COMPANY. cardboard. CA Wellings & Company is a full-service accounting firm in Menlo Park. aluminum cans. CA 94025 Tel (415) 321-0622 http://www. com/bio. magazines.htm Email: bruce@wellingscpa. MENLO PARK. #100 Menlo Park.

S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 119 . shipping Boston Park Plaza Hotel pallets.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Motels / Hotels BOSTON PARK PLAZA HOTEL BOSTON. bottles. MA 02117 Tel (617) 457-2274 dinnerware with china. and glass. cardboard. replacing plastic disposable Plaza Boston. MASSACHUSETTS The Hotel instituted a comprehensive environmental program in 1991. Waste reduction efforts have included eliminating Arlington Street at Park individually packaged toiletries in guest rooms. glass. It Contact Information has recycling programs for cans. white paper. and flatware in the employee dining facilities. The hotel also directs an educational program for guests. switching to rechargeable batteries from disposables. employees. and recycling of printer cartridges. and vendors to make sure that everyone is involved in waste reduction efforts. plastics.

In addition to recycling. CA 93921 Tel (408) 624-3801 120 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . CALIFORNIA The Highlands Inn and Pacific’s Edge Restaurant strives to be a green hotel.000 (at $1. the hotel has maintained 100 percent room waste recycling.00 : PhP 53) annually. Contact Information Highlands Inn PO Box 1700 Carmel.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Motels / Hotels HIGHLANDS INN CARMEL. saving $4. the hotel and reduced hauling costs by chipping its landscape waste and using it. In the past year. Waste reduction is also hotel-wide in the offices and restaurant.000 or PhP212.

GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Motels / Hotels ITT SHERATON HOTELS & RESORTS WAIKIKI. HAWAII The ITT Sheraton Hotels and Resorts group operates the largest recycling program in the Hawaii hotel industry. Food discards are either donated to charitable organizations or sent to farmers. The hotels recycle corrugated cardboard.com S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 121 .sheratonwaikiki.com Email michael. Contact Information Tel (808) 922-4422 http://www. and glass. the hotels also buy from local producers and buy recycled materials when possible. paper.troy@sheraton. In their resource conservation program.

4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Recreational and Cultural Facilities AUTRY MUSEUM OF WESTERN HERITAGE LOS ANGELES. Contact Information Autry Museum of Western Heritage 4700 Western Heritage Way Los Angeles. CALIFORNIA The museum’s recycling program recovers traditionally recovered items and unique items such as trees and waste water. CA 900271462 Tel (213) 667-2000 122 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . The money raised from recycling is used to fund an employee recreation program. Trash pick-up has been reduced from five times a week to just once.

food discards). concrete/asphalt. using double-sided copying. refilling printer toner cartridges. The financial benefit of this waste reduction program was calculated to be $863. Fax (619) 755-7820 Source reduction activities at Del Mar include using electronic mail. mixed paper. plastics. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 123 . cardboard. glass. CA 92014-2216 Tel (619) 755-1161 animal bedding. Boulevard white paper.976 in avoided disposal fees and revenue from material sales. Del Del Mar Fairgrounds Mar Fairgrounds estimated a waste reduction rate of 86 percent.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Recreational and Cultural Facilities DEL MAR FAIRGROUNDS DEL MAR. metal. newsprint. In 1995. This was 2260 Jimmy Durante achieved through aggressive programs to recycle (aluminum. Del Mar. CALIFORNIA The Del Mar Fairgrounds hosts more than 200 events a year including a threeContact Information week Del Mar County fair and the 49 day Del Mar Race Meet. and reusing shipping and storing supplies. wood) and compost (landscape trimmings.

and composts huge amounts of organic waste.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Recreational and Cultural Facilities SAN DIEGO WILD ANIMAL PARK SAN DIEGO. CALIFORNIA The San Diego Wild Animal Park works to preserve not just endangered plants and animals but also their habitats. The Park reduces the use of natural resources derived from wild areas such as trees. The Park’s staff practices wise use of office supplies.00 : PhP53) in tipping and hauling fees each year. Contact Information Buildings and Grounds Supervisor 15500 San Pasqual Valley Road Escondido. Waste disposed at landfills represents only four percent of the Park’s waste stream. This saves over $1 million or PhP53 million (at $1. CA 92027-7017 Tel (619) 738-5054 124 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Park visitors can use recycling containers located throughout the facility. recycles containers and paper products. and water. mined ore.

Contact Information Vice President Community Environmental Management. a 1. waste costs at the facility have dropped 63 percent. The compost is then used to enhance soil at Corrections farm operations. the Georgia Department of Corrections has expanded the program to other correctional facilities.html S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 125 . GA 30305 TEl (404) 355-8770 Fax (404) 355-8799 http://www. The facility implemented a combination of recycling and composting to reduce the waste it sent to the landfill. The compost program combines food scraps from the prison kitchen with local yard trimmings and cardboard. NW Atlanta. was chosen as a solid waste management pilot project for the Georgia Department of Corrections in 1992. Monthly trips to the landfill have been reduced from 13 to three. Inc.dcor. GA The Georgia Diagnostic and Classification Center. Because the pilot project at this facility has been so successful. 770 Wesley Drive.600-inmate facility. us/default.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Government Facilities GEORGIA DIAGNOSTIC AND CLASSIFICATION CENTER JACKSON.state.ga.

Contact Information New York State Eastern Correctional Facility Sullivan.gov/epaoswer/non -hw/reduce/food/food7. office and computer paper. Participating facilities recycle.ushttp:// www. In 1997. 47 sites were composting 6.pdf 126 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .epa. and styrofoam. including compost. In addition. cotton from used mattresses is used as a bulking agent in the compost.state.ny. 80 percent of their solid waste. The facilities also recycle corrugated cardboard. bi-metal cans. or 90 percent of their food discards.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Government Facilities NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS The Department of Corrections began its composting project in 1990.docs. newsprint.200 tons per year. plastic containers. NY Tel (914) 647-1653 www.

plastics. IN Tel (616) 457-2413 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 127 . The Medical Center eliminated the use of single use food service items and instituted electronic office procedures. paper. and X-ray film. Contact Information Saint Joseph Medical Center Fort Wayne. Recycled materials include cardboard. glass. aluminum.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Health Care Facilities SAINT JOSEPH MEDICAL CENTER FORT WAYNE. INDIANA The Saint Joseph Medical Center has achieved an 80 percent reduction in waste through source reduction and recycling. bi-metal cans.

energy savings. These efforts have resulted in job production. CA 95525 Tel (707) 668-5409 http://www. and reduced waste management costs. and recycling efforts.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Manufacturing MAD RIVER BREWING COMPANY BLUE LAKE. remanufacture. CA Mad River Brewing Company’s commitment to the principles of conservation has allowed the company to grow at an annual rate of 50 percent a year while reducing its potential solid waste production by 97 percent. The company engages in diverse reduction.madriverbrewing. Contact Information Mad River Brewing Company 195 Taylor Way Blue Lake. com 128 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . reuse.

Box 5000 Conway. tires.htm S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 129 . and newspapers. three types of plastics. In 1994 Virco won the prestigious NRC Fred Schmitt Award for Outstanding Corporate Leadership. Materials recovered include corrugated cardboard. hydraulic oil. Virco also sponsors recycling programs with many area schools. The company has reduced that to only 30 cubic yards daily. wood scraps. a reduction of 88 percent. ARKANSAS Eight years ago. mixed office paper.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 VIRCO MANUFACTURING CORPORATION CONWAY.virco. The company closes the loop by purchasing recycled content items whenever economically feasible and available. AR 72032(501) 329-2901 http://www. SouthP. batteries.com/ Pages/set7. Highway 65.O. Virco manufacturing generated 260 cubic yards of waste a day at its Conway plant. Contact Information Virco Manufacturing Corp. foam rubber. ferrous and non-ferrous metals.

crankcase oil. pallets.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Wholesalers JC PENNEY CATALOG FULFILLMENT CENTER MANCHESTER. glass and metal food containers. CONNECTICUT The JC Penney Manchester Catalog Fulfillment Center. and magazines. scrap metal. and has environmental action council monitors who constantly work to maintain and upgrade the recycling program. which began its recycling efforts in 1982. CT Tel (680) 647-4280 130 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . is currently diverting 87 percent of its potential waste. catalogs. buys many recycled content supplies. The facility recycles 13 items (eight mandated by the state: white office paper. Five additional items: low-density plastics. and storage batteries. newspapers. polystyrene. Contact Information JC Penney Catalogue Fulfillment Center Manchester. leaves.) The Center also incorporates recycling into all maintenance and construction projects.

or used in livestock and agricultural applications.html#tires are handled through the state’s management and recycling system. Agency estimates that 98 percent of all scrap tires generated in Minnesota us/industry/tslinks.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 ❙ BEST PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OUTSIDE THE PHILIPPINES Specific Waste Streams MINNESOTA POLLUTION CONTROL AGENCY. 14 million tires have been Website cleaned up from 320 sites.state. used as fill material in road and building projects. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 131 . TIRE RECOVERY PROGRAM In 1990 the state began giving grants to clean up tire piles and spur Contact Information development of markets for used tires. Currently. The remainder are processed into crumb rubber. the Minnesota Pollution Control http://www.pca. Since then.mn. Seventy-five percent of these are used as tire-derived fuel.

4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Specific Waste Streams DEL MAR FAIRGROUNDS.O. CALIFORNIA In 1996 Del Mar Fairgrounds. DEL MAR.219 per ton composted. diverted 38 tons. CA 92014 Tel (619) 792-4218 Fax (619) 792-4236 http://www.epa. vermin-composting of food discards from its Satellite Wagering Facility. Box 2668 Del Mar. or approximately 75 percent of its food discards from landfill. In 1996. The fairgrounds achieved this through a comprehensive waste reduction program that includes off-site composting of food discards from its annual 20-day fair (1996 attendance was over 1 million). a 375-acre site.gov/epaos wer/nonhw/reduce/food/food1. Vendors at the fair are contractually required to participate in the waste reduction program. Del Mar Fairgrounds realized a net savings of $17 to $23 or PhP901 to PhP1.pdf 132 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Contact Information Concessions Coordinator Del Mar Fairgrounds 22nd District Agricultural Association Concessions Department P. and sending used cooking oil to a rendering company.

Hospital kitchen staff at the 585-bed facility prepare 4. A rendering company picks up used kitchen grease.000 hospitals in the United States. Fletcher Allen Health Care staff regard composting as part of the hospital’s mission to provide for the health of the community. 90 tons in 1997.000 meals a day for cafeteria patrons and patients.gov/epaos wer/non-hw/reduce/food/ food2.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Specific Waste Streams FLETCHER ALLEN HEALTH CARE As part of a total waste reduction program. In turn. Contact Information Waste Specialist Office of Community Health Improvement c/o Fletcher Allen Health Care Community Health Improvement UHC Campus Arnold 4410 Burlington.epa. Fletcher Allen also donates edible fruit and vegetables to a local food bank. which in total produce one to two percent of the country’s solid waste. the hospital receives organic produce at wholesale prices from the farm. the Medical Center Hospital of Vermont (MCHV) Campus of Fletcher Allen Health Care delivers approximately 90 percent of its food preparation scraps and steam table leftovers. to an off-site composting facility. VT 05401 Tel (802) 660-2825 http://www.pdf S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 133 . The hospital housekeeping staff’s waste team collects food discards Monday through Friday and takes them to a farm where they are windrow composted. As one of 6.

NY 12725 Tel (914) 985-2291 Fax (914) 985-0056 http://www. From 1990—when Frost Valley began its comprehensive waste reduction program—to 1997. Contact Information Executive Director for Programs 2000 Frost Valley Road Claryville. as waste disposal costs steadily rose.200 annually and provides a unique educational opportunity to thousands of visitors per year. the facility reduced its total solid waste by 53 percent (by weight). NEW YORK In the late 1980s. When a waste assessment found food to be the greatest contributor to the waste stream. Frost Valley now realizes a net savings of $5.gov/epaos wer/nonhw/reduce/food/food3.pdf 134 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Frost Valley sought alternatives to landfilling its waste. CLARYVILLE.epa. This 6.000-acre residential educational and recreational facility in the Catskill Mountains now composts 100 percent of the food discards from its kitchen and dining room. Frost Valley decided to implement a composting program. Through food recovery.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Specific Waste Streams FROST VALLEY YMCA.

Staff and clients from a local detention center collect food discards and bring them to an invessel composter at the Ontario Science Center.gov/epaos wer/nonhw/reduce/food/food4. the Government of Ontario created the Green Workplace Program (GWP) to facilitate waste reduction.pdf S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 135 . and environmentally responsible purchasing in provincial facilities.epa. As an integral part of the GWP’s waste reduction programs.S. The Toronto Parks Department uses finished compost instead of buying fertilizer. Contact Information Manager The Green Workplace Program Ontario Realty Corporation 777 Bay Street.650 U. CANADA In 1991. Toronto. tons) of food discards from landfills in fiscal year 1996.and post-consumer food discards from four correctional facilities and three government office buildings and restaurants are composted. 15th Flr. Canada Tel (416) 585-7541 Fax (416) 585-6681 http://www.500 metric tons (1.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Specific Waste Streams GREEN WORKPLACE PROGRAM ONTARIO. Seventy percent of pre. Ontario M5G 2E5. resource conservation. composting diverted approximately 1.

The college composts both pre. and supplies.000 or PhP1. Recycling other materials cost $145 or PhP7.gov/epaos wer/nonhw/reduce/food/food6.261 (at $1.431.00 : PhP53). Contact Information Environmental Coordinator Service Building Middlebury College Middlebury.00 : PhP53) per ton.00 : PhP53) per ton.685 (at $1.and post-consumer food discards as well as waxed cardboard in on-site aerated static piles.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Specific Waste Streams MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE. trash. it composted approximately 288 tons (an estimated 75 percent of the college’s total food discards) from its five dining halls and three snack bars. fuel.226 (at $1. composting cost the college $42 or PhP2.000) has been composting since 1993. Middlebury realized a net savings of $27. $137 or PhP7. labor.pdf 136 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .00 : PhP 53) in 1996. As a result of its high food recovery rate.000 (at $1. In 1996.epa. In 1996. VT 05753 Tel (802) 443-5043 Fax (802) 443-5753 http://www. Middlebury also composts food discards from special events. including trucking. VERMONT Middlebury College (student population 2.

representing 90 percent of their food discards. NEW YORK In fiscal year 1997. They collect dining room leftovers and kitchen preparation scraps for windrow composting. NY 12458 TEl (914) 647-1653 http://www.pdf S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 137 . Three facilities offer technical training in composting to inmates.823 (at $1. and provides neighboring communities with free compost as a community service.902. The composting program allows DOCS to save an average of $91 or PhP4.00 : PhP53) per ton on disposal costs.600 (at $1. inmates in 17 facilities haul their discards to one of these 30 sites.200 or PhP29. Thirty facilities have on-site windrows.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Specific Waste Streams NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES. inmates and staff of 47 correctional facilities in the New York Department of Correctional Services (DOCS) composted 6.00 : PhP53) in avoided disposal costs. the 47 facilities realized a net savings of $564.gov/epaosw er/non-hw/reduce/food/ food7. DOCS uses finished compost in inmate horticulture programs and prison landscaping.Napanoch. Contact Information Resource Management Director NY State Department of Correctional Services Eastern Correctional Facility 601 Berne Rd.200 tons. In fiscal year 1997.epa.

non-edible produce that the Food Bank does not collect has been windrow composted at a nearby composting facility. the San Francisco Produce Contact Information Recycling Program donated and composted 1.epa. CALIFORNIA From June 1996 through August 1997. over /non37 tons per month.500 tons of food. to member service agencies. CA 94121 edible produce discards from the San Francisco Produce Terminal and Tel (415) 554-3423 from area supermarkets. which he uses as animal feed or sells to other farmers.gov/epaoswer average of 60 tons of food a month and distributes the edible food.Suite 410 San Francisco. The San Francisco Food Bank collects an http://www. A local farmer takes hw/reduce/food/food8.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Specific Waste Streams SAN FRANCISCO PRODUCE RECYCLING PROGRAM. As of Organics Recycling Coodinator fall 1997.pdf the remaining non-edible produce. a collaborative Solid Waste Management effort among government agencies and private companies in and Program around San Francisco. SAN FRANCISCO. The program recovers both edible and non1145 Market Street. Since August 1996. 138 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . over 40 businesses participated in this program.

000 (at $1.gov/epaos wer/nonhw/reduce/food/food9.000 to PhP2. staff in each department collect compostables in waxed corrugated cardboard boxes and put the whole box in an on-site compactor.120. soiled paper products. of their organics discards. depending on store size and location.000$40. or 3. Typically. food spills. The stores compost floral and produce trimmings and spoils. The nutrient-rich finished compost is screened to remove contaminants and sold to farmers.000 tons per year. and people involved in land reclamation.00 : PhP53) in disposal costs per year.pdf S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 139 . A hauling company takes the compacted organics to a composting site where they are ground with yard trimmings and windrow composted. and out-of-date dairy and deli products.000 or PhP795. old seafood. out-of-date bakery items. Contact Information Manager Environmental Affairs Wakefern Foods Corp/Shop Rite Supermarkets 33 Northfield AvenueEdison.epa. golf courses. NEW JERSEY Since 1995. NJ 08818 Tel (908) 906-5083 http://www. Through diversion. each store avoids $15. 25 of the New Jersey Shop Rite Supermarkets have composted 80 percent.GOOD PRACTICES IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 4 Specific Waste Streams SHOP RITE SUPERMARKETS.

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CHAPTER 5 REFERENCES AND TOOLS .

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The Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines (SWAPP) has suggested these study tour sites. Sorting.REFERENCES AND TOOLS CHAPTER ❙ STUDY TOUR SITES 5 There are already a number of LGUs. Waste Collection. and CSOs that are successfully applying solid waste management. Solid Waste Management Campaign Project Technical and Capability Building Training. LUZON IMPLEMENTOR / SITE Batangas City AREAS OF INTEREST Garbage Recovery Program. Manila Tel (02) 563-3156 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 143 . Processing and Recovery. businesses. Provision of Facilities and Equipments. and Disposal CONTACT/S Executive Assistant/ Designated City ENRO Tel (043) 723-8844 Fax (043) 723-1558 Pandacan Shell Petroleum Corporation Pilipinas Shell Petroleum Corporation Pandacan Installation. Information and Education Campaign. Garbage Recycling Project. communities. Interested LGUs may visit these identified sites to expand their know-how. Zero Waste Management.

. Makati City Waste Segregation. Makati City Tel (02) 814-6313 Building Administrator The Urdaneta Apartments Ayala Avenue cor. Collection Building Administrator The Makati Twin Towers Ayala Avenue. Makati City Waste Segregation.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTOR / SITE Barangay Guadalupe Nuevo. Composting. Salcedo Vill. Ayala Avenue. Waste Collection and Disposal Ayala Life – FGU Center. Makati City Waste Segregation. EDSA Tel (02) 844-5319 Building Administrator Ayala Life – FGU Center 6811 Ayala Avenue cor. Collection and Disposal The Urdaneta Apartments. Makati City Segregation and Systematic Waste Collection 144 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Makati City Tel: (02) 883-1771 or 72 The Twin Towers. Makati City AREAS OF INTEREST Recycling CONTACT/S SWM Officer MMDA-SIDA-Jaakko Poyry Tel (02) 882-0902 Barangay Project Coordinator Brgy. Makati City Tel (02) 813-3035 / 843-9132 Shell House Building 156 Valero St. Ayala. EDSA Tel (02) 728-0170 /729-7040 /887-1812 The Shell House Building. Guadalupe Nuevo.

Intramuros. Makati City AREAS OF INTEREST Composting. and Recycling Miriam Public Education and Awareness Campaign for the Environment (PEACE) Recycling. Quezon City Tel (02) 920-5093/ 435-9240 loc. Makati City Barangay Chairman Brgy. Composting.org.net. Segregating. Pasig City Segregation.ph President Miriam College Katipunan Avenue. Paranaque City Tel (02) 823-0230 Barangay Captain Ugong Hall. Recycling and Garden Waste Management Composting CONTACT/S Gardener 18 Ipil Road. Ugong. Sun Valley. and Composting S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 145 . Legaspi St. Recycling Sagip Pasig Movement (SPM). F.. Barangay Forbes Park. Pasig City Waste Segregation. 348 Fax (02) 920-5093 Email eerc@psdn. Muralla St. Ugong Pasig Tel (046) 416-4479 Fax (046) 416-4481 Executive Director 2/F Far East Bank Building 3. Diliman. Segregation. Paranaque City Brgy.REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 IMPLEMENTOR / SITE Forbes Park. Manila Tel (02) 527-4339Fax (02) 527-4186 Email spm@pacific..ph Barangay Sun Valley.

Recycling. Cavite AREAS OF INTEREST Composting of Chicken Manure CONTACT/S Golden Egg Farm Barangay Balubad. Rizal Controlled Waste Disposal Facility 146 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Cavite Vermicomposting Eco-Center. Cavite Tel (046) 419-2287 Fax (046) 419-2307 Bureau of Plant Industry Los Baños. Silang. Composting. Trece Martirez City. Cavite Tel (046) 419-0124 Municipal Mayor Rodriguez. Laguna Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital. Los Banos.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTOR / SITE Golden Egg Farm. Cavite Recycling Bureau of Plant Industry. Trece Martirez City. Cavite Mobile 0917-9770988 Cavite Aluminum Recycling Plant Barangay Orsorio. Trece Martirez City. Hospital Waste Management Rodriguez. Silang. Rizal Tel (02) 649-1187 Fax: (02) 941-6785 Cavite Aluminium Recycling. Laguna Provincial Health Officer Provincial Health Office Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital Trece Martires City.

Rizal Tel (02) 649-1187 Fax: (02) 941-6785 Antipolo City Controlled Waste Disposal Facility Mayor Antipolo City Tel/Fax (02) 697-1021 Head City Environment Office Antipolo City Tel/Fax (02) 697-1021 International Rice Research Institute Clark Field. Laguna Field Officer Metro Clark Waste Management Corporation Clark . Pampanga Recycling. PampangaTel/Fax: (045)5996317/18 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 147 . Los Banos. Segregation. Hazardous Waste Management Sanitary Landfill The Deputy Director IRRI.REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 IMPLEMENTOR / SITE AREAS OF INTEREST CONTACT/S Head Landfill Project Rodriguez.

PasigTel 671-4071 Owner Constant Batteries Tel (02) 363-8832 Los Banos. Ugong. Ortigas Avenue. Material Recovery Facility CONTACT/S EVP and COO Basic Environmental Systems and Technologies 8/F Ortigas Bldg. Inc. Quezon Memorial Circle Tel (02) 924-3395 Zero Waste Recycling Movement of the Philippines Brgy. Laguna Tel (049) 536-0050 / 536-827-0583 Quezon City Parks Development Foundation. Laguna Collection. Pasig City Tel (02) 633-4372 Fax (02) 633-4143 Municipal Mayor Los Banos.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTOR / SITE Pasig-Mangahan Material Recovery Facility AREAS OF INTEREST Recycling. SWM Ordinance Quezon City Memorial Circle Recycling.. Composting 148 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .

City Hall.REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 VISAYAS IMPLEMENTOR / SITE Siliman University Medical Center AREAS OF INTEREST Waste Segregation. Bais City ENRMD Capitol Area. Dumaguete City Tel (035) 422-6985 Fax (035) 225-5563 Province of Negros Oriental Waste Management in Coastal Resource Management S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 149 . Barrier Precautions. Dumaguete City Tel (035) 225-3066 Bais City ENRO City Hall. Transport. Waste Collection. Pretreatment of Wastes. and Disposal Waste Collection and Disposal CONTACT/S ENRO 2nd Floor.

philcom. Surigao del Sur Schools and Offices Waste Paper Recycling Davao City Composting Davao City ENRO City Administrator Tel (082) 224-2028 / 228-2029 / 2274526 150 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT MINDANAO IMPLEMENTOR / SITE Misamis Oriental AREAS OF INTEREST Waste Segregation. Surigao del Sur Tel (086) 853-6089 City Planning and Development Coordinator Tel (086) 853-2452 Fax (086) 853-5355 Email bispaic@panabo. Collection CONTACT/S Provincial Administrator Province of Misamis Oriental Tel (08822) 729-898 Fax (08822) 721-112 Program Action Officer City Health Office Dipolog City Tel (065) 212-3400 City Mayor Bislig City.com.ph Dipolog City Sanitation and Waste Collection Bislig City.

Recycling. Collection. Bukidnon “Operation Pulot Basura”. Bukidnon S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 151 . Disposal Municipal Mayor Kibawe. Sarangani Province City Mayor Garden City of Samal Island Fax (082) 227-0964 City General Services Officer GSO. IGaCoS Tel 0917-7008826 Fax (082) 227-0964 Garden City of Samal Island Kibawe. Sarangani Waste Segregation and Recycling Segregation. IEC Municipal Mayor Maitum.REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 IMPLEMENTOR / SITE AREAS OF INTEREST CONTACT/S Officer-In-Charge CENRO Davao City Tel (082) 227-2655 Fax (082) 225-0744 Maitum.

Inge and Christine Furedy. al. Zero Waste Disposal “Walang Basurang Itatapon”: Conceptual Framework on Solid Waste Management Vol. Sourcebook on Community Resource Management for Sustainable Development. March 2000. DENR-Environmental Management Bureau. the Philippines. Ecology Learning Center for Waste Management. 1999. Book 6 of Technical Publication Series.1998. International Source Book on Environmentally-Sound Technologies for Municipal Solid Waste Management. Book 1 of Technical Publication Series.p.. International Environmental Technology Centre/United Nations Environment Programme (IETC/UNEP). DENR-EMB. 152 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Clemente. n. 1998. I. Series I. n. Brazil. 1997. Haan. 1995. Municipal Solid Waste Management: Involving Micro.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ❙ REFERENCES ◗ BOOKS Bureau of Environment. International Environmental Technology Centre/United Nations Environment Programme (IETC/UNEP). Abel R. and SIRD. Source Separation of Household Waste Materials: Analysis of Case Studies from Pakistan. Development Academy of the Philippines. Environment Protection in Tokyo. Hans Christian. Book 7 of Urban Waste Series.1996.p. n. . Solid Waste Management for Local Governments. Argentina and the Netherlands. April 1995. et. 2nd Edition. Lardinois. . Training Needs in Utilizing Environmental Technology Assessment (ETA) for DecisionMaking. Manila.and Small Enterprises – Guidelines for Municipal Managers. Manila. Tokyo Metropolitan Government.p. India.

US Environmental Protection Agency. City of Charlotte. Landfilling. 1999.p. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Solid Waste Association of North America. April 1998. An Analysis of Composting as an Environmental Remediation Technology. November 2000. Part 1 – Case Study on Improved Routing in Getting More or (for?) Less: Cost Cutting Collection Strategies.. Papa.REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Texas Water Commission. November 1992. Papa. North Carolina. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1998. and Jose C. . . Municipal Solid Waste Groundwater Protection Cost Study. Pacific Consultants International. Best Practices for EPA’s International Capacity-Building Programs. March 1999. Recycling. Solid Waste Association of North America. Inc. Polystyrene Packaging Council of the Philippines. Plastics & the Environment. 1998. Final Report. Manila. A Swedish-Asian Forum on the Future of Asia’s Urban Environment. Composting. November 1993. Ministry of Environment of Sweden. September 1991. Manila: Mary Jo Publishing House. US Environmental Protection Agency. Ana V. n. and Other Means of Managing Garbage in Barangays. US Environmental Protection Agency. Business Guide for Reducing Solid Waste. July 2000. Waste Management: The Swedish Experience. November 1999. Compendium of Solid Waste Management Terms and Definitions. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 153 . From Waste to Wealth: On Reducing. Main Report 1 (Main Report) in The Study on Solid Waste Management for Metro Manila in the Republic of the Philippines.

February 1993. Does Your Business Produce Hazardous Waste? Many Small Businesses Do. December 1999. January 1990. March 1993. Getting More for Less: Improving Collection Efficiency. October 1997. Compost – New Applications for an Age-Old Technology. September 1998. 154 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. December 1998. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Management of Selected Materials in Municipal Solid Waste. Full Cost Accounting for Municipal Solid Waste Management: A Handbook.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT US Environmental Protection Agency. September 1997. Criteria for Solid Waste Disposal Facilities: A Guide for Owners/Operators. November 1993. September 1998. November 1999. Disposal Tips for Home Health Care. US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. Catalogue of Hazardous Waste Database Reports. Don’t Throw Away That Food. Full Cost Accounting in Action: Case Studies of Six Solid Waste Management Agencies. US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. Collection Efficiency: Strategies for Success. US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency.

Technical Resource Guide. March 1993. 2001.Anne Scheinberg. Integrated Sustainable Waste Management: A Set of Five Tools for Decision-Makers (Experience from the Urban Waste Expertise Programme 1995-2001). Micro. Trash and Climate Change. July 1999. US Environmental Protection Agency. . S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 155 . October 2000. In Situ. . Safer Disposal for Solid Waste: The Federal Regulations for Landfills.al. Park and Recreation Products Containing Recovered Materials. et. Safer Disposal for Solid Waste: A Quick Reference Guide.REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. National Source Reduction Characterization in the United States. US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency. The Organic Waste Flow in Integrated Sustainable Waste Management. 2001. Organic Materials Management Strategies.Nadine Dulac. November 1996. US Environmental Protection Agency. July 2000.and Small Enterprises in Integrated Sustainable Waste Management. US Environmental Protection Agency. Managing Used Oil: Advice for Small Businesses. Arnold. July 1999. July 1996. Van de Klundert. 1999. November 1999. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Recovery Seminar. 1999 Update. Treatment of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated with Chromium.

2001. Vogler. Suggested Guiding Principles and Prectices for the Sound Management of Hazardous Wastes. May 1998. . . Sector Assessment Report. Great Britain: Intermediate Technology Publications. Action Plan for the Development of National Programme for Sound Management of Hospital Wastes. World Bank Organization. Integrated Sustainable Waste Management – The Concept. World Bank. Jon. 2001. Work From Waste: Recycling Wastes to Create Employment. Survey of Hospital Wastes Management in Southeast Asia Region. and Oxfam. November 1996. Ltd. Waste and Recycling Management of Tokyo 23 Cities. World Bank Organization. 1981. Financial and Economic Issues in Integrated Sustainable Waste Management. 2001.Arnold van de Klundert and Justine Anschutz. Waste Management Council of Tokyo 23 Cities.Anne Scheinberg. World Bank Organization. Solid Waste Ecological Enhancement Project. 156 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T .Maria Muller and Lane Hoffmann. January 2001. September 1995. Community Participation in Integrates Sustainable Waste Management.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT .

Luz E. Canada.d. Silang.REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 ◗ HANDBOOK/SOURCEBOOK/BROCHURE/PRIMER/SPECIAL REPORTS The Canadian Construction Association.. Institute for the Development of Educational and Ecological Alternatives. and Caritas Manila. Recycling Movement of the Philippines. for households. for schools. No. n. Manila. Malabon. Sabas. The Makati Central Business District Solid Waste Management Program. n. Santiago. : Associates in Rural Development – Governance and Local Democracy Project (GOLD). Inc. Integrated Solid Waste Management Sourcebook. Cavite. Solid Waste Management for the 21st Century. A Report on Waste Management for the Construction Industry. Implementing a Solid Waste Management Program in your Building. How to Handle Polystyrene Plastic Waste: A polystyrene plastic waste management primer. n. Polystyrene Packaging Council of the Philippines.. Handbook on Zero Waste Technology Featuring the “Four-Fs” – Total Recycling Scheme for Domestic Solid Wastes Vol. Manila. n. Copyright 1992. 1993. 1. n. Ecological Waste Management Series (for community-wide implementation. Basurang Yaman: Isang Praymer. Polystyrene Packaging Council of the Philippines. Makati. Quezon City: Department of Environment and Natural Resources. 1 in Zero Waste Management System. August 1992. Metro Manila: Sahara Heritage Foundation. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 157 . for offices. for markets).d.d. November 1999.d.p. Understanding “Styro” Recycling: Q & A. Lina Araneta. Inc.. Sahara Foundation for Shelter and Environment.

1. Manila. Tao-Kalikasan. ◗ NEWSLETTERS/NEWSPAPERS/MAGAZINES Balikas: Balitang Kabuhayan. Waste Matters Vol. ◗ OCCASIONAL PAPERS “Waste Matters: Towards Local Government Excellence in Solid Waste Management”. 158 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . No. 98-01. 1. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. 1 (November 2001). A Publication of the Philippine Business for the Environment. Kalikasan at Pamayanan sa CALABARZON. Manila: Department of Environment and Natural Resources. n. Special Issue on Solid Waste Management Program. Manila. SWAPP Notes Vol. 1 (November 2000). 3 (December 2001). 2 (Year 2001). Makati. Business and Environment. 9. Official Publication of the Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines. No. 1998. GOLD Technical Notes No. Mag-Recycle Tayo: A HowTo Guide for Recycled Products. 1999. Babilonia Wilner Foundation. Industry Environews Vol. Pasig City. No. Official Newsletter of the Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines. Environmental Management Bureau-Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Makati. MACEA News Vol. 5. Inc.d.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT World Bank and the Metropolitan Environmental Improvement Program. Newsletter of Lingkod Tao-Kalikasan (Secretariat for an Ecologically Sound Philippines. Official Publication of the Makati Commercial Estate Association. No.

” Philippine EcoGovernance Program: 2001 (Prepared as reference material for the LGU Interactive Assemblies). “Moving Towards an Integrated Approach to Solid Waste Management. 1999. “Introducing Measures to Improve Garbage Collection Efficiency.” Local Governance Technical Notes 5-1999. 1999. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 159 .” Local Governance Technical Notes 8-1999. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project.” Local Governance Technical Notes 3-1999. 98-06. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project.” Local Governance Technical Notes 4-1999. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project.” Local Governance Technical Notes 6-1999. “Local Governments and Citizens in Integrated Solid Waste Management. “Preparing for a Sanitary Landfill: The First Steps. “Helping Citizens Earn from Solid Waste. 1999. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project.REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 “LGU Solutions and Benefits from Good Integrated Solid Waste Management Practices. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. “Organizing Joint Action on Integrated Solid Waste Management. “Promoting Programs to Convert Solid Waste to Organic Fertilizer. 1999. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. “Appraising the Nature of Solid Waste in the Locality.” Local Governance Technical Notes 7-1999. “Improving Dumpsite Operations with Limited Budget. 1999.” GOLD Occasional Papers No. 1999. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project. 1998.” Local Governance Technical Notes 1-1999. 1999. 1999.” Local Governance Technical Notes 2-1999. Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project.

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“The Brooke’s Point Solid Waste Management Program.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project, October 1999. “The Bustos Solid Waste Management Program.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project, October 1999. “The Linamon Solid Waste Management Program.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project, October 1999. “The Maitum Solid Waste Management Program.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project, October 1999. “The Marilao Solid Waste Management Program.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project, October 1999. “The Metro Dumaguete Solid Waste Management Program.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project, October 1999. “The San Fernando City Solid Waste Management Program.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project, October 1999. “The Sibulan Solid Waste Management Program.” Practices That Work! Makati: Governance and Local Democracy (GOLD) Project, October 1999.

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◗ ARTICLES
Lumbao, Lisa Kircher and Stacy Bonnaffons. “The Garbage Crisis: Everyone’s Responsibility.” Manila Women’s Forum. February 2001. Aftab, M. P. “Plan for Solid Waste Collection and Disposal.” Municipal Management Issues in South Asia. VanDoren, Peter M. “Time to Trash Government Intervention in Garbage Service.” Policy Analysis No. 331 (January 21, 1999).

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❙ TECHNICAL AND FUNDING ASSISTANCE FOR LGUS IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
◗ TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
Programs/Projects/Institutions Philippine Environmental Governance Project(EcoGov) US Agency for International Development Type of Assistance Available to LGUs Technical assistance to LGUs on three sectors sustainable forest management (SFM), coastal resource management (CRM), integrated solid waste management (ISWM). The project highlights the importance of governance elements thus the emphasis given to enhancing the transparency, accountability and participatory decision-making mechanisms in the various planning and implementation processes. The ISWM component seeks to improve the delivery of services of LGUs. The focus of the assistance will then be on: 1. Strengthening LGUs’ ability to implement ISWM (planning to implementation) 2. Improving ISWM systems for procurement and contracting Participating LGUs will be provided technical assistance, which will include training, cross visits, and technical advice. Local service providers will be tapped to provide LGUs with the required assistance. Requirements/Availment Procedure The project is limited to the following regions: Mindanao: ARMM, Region 9, Region 12 and Lanao del Norte. Visayas: Central Visayas Luzon: Northeastern Luzon

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Executive Director RMPI21 Sao Paulo St. San Miguel Ave. Metro Manila Tel. Training and information services on waste management systems especially on biogas production and composting. Interested LGUs are to submit a Letter of Interest. Inc. Recycling Movement of the Philippines. training and publications Executive Director G/F DAP. Inc. Recyclers. buys junk batteries for recycling in its plant. environmental technology referral.Pasig City Tel 635-3670. clearly indicating the particular sector of their interest and their commitment to provide counterpart resources.Better Living Subdivision. Assistance in organizing a Balik-Baterya collection station. 711-2236. (02) 824-1117 Phil. Liaison Officer Tel 711-2220. Paranaque City. 711-2262 Philippine Business for the Environment Environment information (for business and industry).REFERENCES AND TOOLS 5 LGUs are invited to attend Interactive Assemblies on the different themes. 635-2650 Fax 631-5714 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 163 .

com. Phil. 638-5070 to 72 Email: aprep@info.. 245-247. Makati City Tel 631-7351 to 56631-7357 (Fax) 164 S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T . Pasig City Tel 637-9537. Pioneer St. Tektite Towers. Cityland Pioneer.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Pollution Control Association of the Philippines President Rms. Forbes Park. Mandaluyong City Philippine Pollution Prevention Roundtable President PPPR1901-A West Tower. Stock Exchange Center. Ortigas Center.ph Ecological Society of the Philippines (ESP) Executive Director 53 Tamarind Road.

Windsor and Olongapo are partners in the FCM International Partnership Program which links Canadian and Filipino cities for them to work on common municipal governance issues. The Local Governance Technical Notes: Moving Towards Integrated Approach to Solid Waste Management. Notes 1 (October 1999). 3 Governance and Local Democracy Project. Pepper. 2 Governance and Local Democracy Project. S E R V I C E D E L I V E R Y W I T H I M P A C T: R E S O U R C E B O O K s F O R L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T 165 . General Manager of the Essex-Windsor Solid Waste Authority. Associates in Rural Development. Final Report. Final Report.ENDNOTES 1 Based on input from Todd R. Solid Waste Management Manuals and Workbooks (2001). Mr. This program is funded by CIDA. Pepper is involved in a solid waste management project in Olongapo on behalf of the City of Windsor. Associates in Rural Development.