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GAELIC. AND DEFINED. FRENCH. SWEDISH. NEW YORK :»CINCINNATI •:• CHICAGO AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY . AND THE ENGLISH WORDS DERIVED THEREFROM ACCURATELY SPELLED. SMITH. DANISH. OBAMKAP OF "the little SPELLER." " THE JUVENILB DEFINEB. AND GREEK ROOTS. ACCENTED. ITALIAN. DUTCH. WELSH. GERMAN. GOTHIC." AND THE "DEFINEB'B MANUAU" Hig sprecad niwum tungum. LATIN." "THE 8CH00L BPELLEB.A COMPLETE ETYMOLOGY OP THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE: CONTAININO THE ANGLO-SAXON. BT WILLIAM AUTIIUU W.

with less extensive lists. A complete School Die iionary containing 14. Dutch. /rom whatever source.The Sources of Lanftuajfe. Gothic. W. grouped with SMITH'S GJIAMMAII-SCHOOL SPELLER. 189s. Their predecessors shut themselves up with the Latin and Greek only. to teach Orthograraphy and Definition.000 words. sys . orthography. The selections in Smith's Etymology are made solely with reference to tl e importance of the words in our own dialect. SMITH. embracing the really essential words only. Danish. while French. The same author has given us the following very valuable works First SMITH'S LITTLE SPELLER. reference to the sameness of sound of syllables differently spelled. Swedish. Round in the Ladder of Learning. Smith's Complete Etymology. differ from all others in being etjonologies of the whole language. Welsh. Lessons composed of familiar words grouped with reference to similar signification or use. by A. P. compendiousness. and Italian. Anglo-Saxcu famishes nearly one-half of our more common words. Both contain valu able introductory exercises to drill the pupil in the perplexing coincidences and general conformation of the language. and exerciees in false SMITH'S SPELLER and Exercises. Smith. tern. Barnes & Co. defined. variety. Also definitions. EI^iGiiSH By ETYMOLOGY WILLIAM W. Thus. by various methods of grouping and classification in several grades. elegance. divide the rest with Latin ci d These works Greek. S. and Etymology. Gaelic. and ignore a wide field. Copyright. words and pictures. AND nEETXER'S MAKVAL. Definition. by Elizabeth S. and Familiar words. Smith's Condensed Etymology. SMITH'S ORTHOGRAPHICAL WORKS. with various other usefal matter in the way of Rules Making a series celebrated for adaptation. Copyright 1867. accented. and correctly spelled. Siuple SMITH'S JUVENILE DEFINER. complete rules for spelling and formation of derivatives. Germfir. 2 . The Condensed Etymology exhibits all the excellent features of the parent volume. eclecticism and embracing Orthography.

: . naturally express itself in words of corresponding strength and tone. but the thoughts of his mind. The Anglo-Saxon is the Mother Tongue of the English Language. * Anglo-Saxon is a general j>ame given to the Teutonic settlers in the island of Great Britain. about four-fifths of t':ie v/ords in actual use being from this source. . mother^ father^ sister^ 'brother^ wife^ home^ &c. and warm social feelings. . Dutch. is a mere modern language. he formed words to express them. A robust conformation of the bodily frame. Greek. sun^ moon^ earthy Jire^ day^ nighty &c. contributions from other languages German." The Englisli Language is eminently a composite language. or rather. words expressive of our strongest emotions and actions in all the most stirring tcenes of life. and which recall the most vivid conceptions as. and great energy of mind. Latin. Those sounds would be selected which were adapted to the frame of the organs. till by the creative power of his mind. . who would not only convince the under. man was endowed with exalted mental powers. With the faculty of speech. our language of humor. the parent of the modern Dutch. as well as their influence on grammatical forms. These are the features which distinguish the languages of Gothic origin. such as it is necessary to teach at home or in school. and once spoken extensively between the Rhine and the Elbe. the market. but in their peculiar character and importance. and colloquial pleasantry the most energetic words we can employ. Not only in the number of words. and of every-day life our national proverbs. from the same copious fountain have sprung words designating the greater part of objects of sense the terms which occur most frequently in discourse. of the shop. with the gleam and sparkling of burnished steel. naturally take that shape which would best represent their mental and physical powers. " As words were formed to convey. " are the creation of mind. satire. (the English Grammar being almost exclusively occupied with what is of Anglo-Saxon origin). made up of Anglo-Saxon. vSS? PREFACE. they would in the first production of a language. and could not be communicated. with its immediate descendant. Celtic. especially the' Anglo-Saxon. not only the thoughts of the mind. the modern English whicli has the strength of iron. but the feelings of the heart. and the feelings of his heart lay hid within him. and words expressive of the dearest connections. from the cradle to the grave. from our earliest days as. " Words. then. The language of business. Saxon constitutes its principal strength. are derived from the Anglo-Saxon. therefore. French. It is a very ancient language.— . Every speaker or writer." says Bosworth. The Anglo-Saxon is a branch of the Low German dialects. rv[f^/i^ AiiL ^he Etymologies of the English Language heretofore published have been confined merely to the words derived from the Latin and Greek the present one has embraced all the words of the language. and resembles the old Frisic. the strongest and most powerful feelings of nature. . and some others. . . At the same time that our chief peculiarities of structure and idiom are essentially Anglo-Saxon. its origin being completely lost in antiquity the Latin in comparison. and the feeling expressed. whether of kindness or invective in short. Anglo. would.* Danish.

To the Greek the English Language is indebted for most of its terms in physical science.— The Saxon Chroniclb A. by various annalists. the proceedings of Parliament and the courts of justice were in that language. D. and indeed for a great part of the terms employed in all the arts and sciences. Very trivial and uncertain are the accounts left us of the conquest of Great Britain by the Jutes. and upon several small islands in the From their geovicinity of the mouth of that river and of the Eider. An analysis of the language shows that the Norman French element enters very largely into its composition. are Danish. a literature sprang up in which the two languages became more or less intermixed. which from early use. whose descendants now occupy the Kingdom of Saxony. Note. is a series of annals of A. especially those used as names of places. and the United States of America. Norman French was spoken by the superior classes of society in England from the conquest to the time of Edward the Third (1327). graphical position as far west as the Atlantic coast. affairs. excite emotion. This element. from the earliest times to compiled by the Monks.. in A. but toucli the affections. In the eighth century these petty kingdoms were consolidated into what is known as the Saxon Heptarchy. D. Saxons. standing. . Many hundred words in the language. was first introduced (1066) by the Normans under William the Conqueror. IV PREFACE. 141. which is composed of the Celtic. In the thirteenth century during the progressive mixture of the two races.-S. and for more than a century the prevalent literature of England was either in Latin. the Lusatian districts of Prussia. by which the Celtic population was either expelled or enslaved so that in five or six centuries the eastern half of Britain was ruled by numerous petty kings. to indicate a branch of the German or Teutonic race. it seems probable that Ihey were among the first of the Teutonic tribes which passed across from Asia into Europe. The laws of the realm. It is certain that the invaders came over in small bodies each with a captain at its head. to tJie year 1154. Latin. Saomi is a name first used by the geographer Ptolemy. 11&4. In the fourteenth centui*y the Anglo-Saxon principle seemed to liave gained the upper hand. the old Circle of Westphalia. but the proportions still continued to vary until it became fixed in the age of Queen Elizabeth. and Scandinavian. In the fifteenth century the Anglo-Norman element seemed to be gaining the preponderance. the British Islands and Colonies. but the " Saxon Chronicle" had been carried on in obscure monasteries. or Anglo-Norman. and affect the heart. who. dwelt on the north bank of the Elbe. The contributions of the Latin Language to the English are next in importance and amount to those of the Anglo-Saxon these contributions come cliiefly through the medium of the French or Norman French. who became the petty king or chief of the new settlement in Britain. the Circle of Wittenberg. but to enrich its vocabulary witli many necessary and indispensable words. introduced during the incursions into and occupation of England by the Danes. in con . The Norman conquest almost abolished the use of the Anglo-Saxon language in writing. The Saxons mentioned by Ptolemy were a small tribe. sequence of the Norman Conquest. should adopt Anglo-Saxon expressions. The Latin has served not only to refine and polish the English. and Angles. and the dearest associations.

Bowmen. A ticket for voting. n. i. n. n. n. v. v. Increases. Adze. n. |). Boring instrument. "" Adherence. Helpers. A passage. A bundle. Bawl. n. Adherents. n. Bandied. Assent. Anti. n. Tossed to and fro. Advise. n. Adds. v. United. counsel. n. Permitted. Archers. Augur. To change. To predict. Acclamation. t. Axis. Isle. Devoured. Bait. One who inherits. Food to allure. to trouble. Ere. What is given the poor. t. Annalize. Bale. ??. Bald. n. malt liquor. n. Arches. t. To make rough. Severe. Awl. v. An instrument. adv. To record. n. Ail. A part of a circle. n. Ark.! Plural of the verb be. Security. a. Ascent. Before. Becoming inured Acts. BUT HAVING DIFFERENT MEANINGS. Heir. With Bawled. n. . Alligation. Air. Before. v. To separate. Are. The line on which a thing Bate. Help aid. t.WORDS OF SIMILAR PRONUNCIATION. n. a. A kind of cloth. n. t. Act of rising. Counsel. A dance. Opposed to. n. Attendance. pp. Constancy. Auger. [laid. Ant. To breathe upon. A poet. to a climate. Alms. t. Performances. To To pain A A A Aspiration. n. n. To lessen. plause. great noise. A A round body. n. pp. To put in order. n. n. Barred. Altar. Acclimation. t. small island. Banded. v. v. a. Assistants. v. A shout of ap. A man's name. Parts of a circle. Ale. n. Ball. pp. . n. The whole. t. Tying together. Oyster. passage. Without hair. Ante. Those who attend Ate. Alley. n. A father's or mother's sister. Followers. n. n. Waiting on. Bail. v. — Baize. ^ Ballad. 71. Contraction of " I will. Able. A genus of insects. A shell fish. Advice. v. n. n. Act of making rough. n. A kind of boat. n. t. . n. To accuse. Ballet. Asperate. Twice four. n. Allowed." Abc. A friend. v. Allegation. Ballot. [turns. v. t. Strong skillful. To cry aloud. Axes. Arrange. n.p. n. n. Bays. Fastened with a bar. A kind of axe. Consent. n. pp. n. n. n. The limbs from the hand the shoulder. n. A song. A chopping instrument. n. * Aunt. Arraign. All. Bard. Cried aloud. pp. t. a. Aloud. ^ Analyze. n. t. n. An ardent wish. Abel. n. n. The fluid we breathe. Eight. Attendants. AsPERATioN. I'll. «. a. Aspirate. Axe. n. Affirmation. d. place where offerings are Alter. Austere. Assistance. Arms. i. Ally. Portions of the sea. Aisle. to Chopping instruments. a.

A float to indicate shoals. - Breach. Calender. t. Been. «. . The pod of a plant. Naked. n. n. w. The bottom a. n. An instrument for a horse. To puff up.t n. t . A bound. n. of dress. Beau. n. Call. A hole made by boring. t. Carried. Beer. The lowest part of harmony. The bark of a tree. Boy. Bass. n. Board.t n. Yeast. n. A vocal address. n. n. A fluid. BASS. n. n. n. A kind of spar. n. a. i. Bite. A degree of nobility. The trunk of a tree. n.tw. Cane. A baron's wife. Bye. Borough. Bow. re- To solicit*. Beet. n. n. A stroke. t. t. A plant balsam. n. Bruise. Bread. Bowl. n. CANON. Caul. [in two. act of respect. n. Cain. A malt liquor. A Turkish title. Bury. Bloat. Balm. pp. A net for the hair. j9^. Candied. Canvas. Chimera. To noise abroad. Bear. n. i. One who has food and lodging with another for a ward. Breech. . A branch of a tree. n. n. Baroness. n. A great gun. Mean. The sea-shore. Cannon. Cache. A hole for rabbits. n. Baron. Fair open. Bm. w. a. Berry. Belle. The outer edge. n. €auk. n. . n. One who lays wagers. n. n. v. n. A hole for hiding goods. At in near. n. a. n. Beech. n. year. n. t. Bee. pp. n.t n. To part . Callous. n. n. Coarse cloth. Mixed and fermented. t. A creature without reasoa But. Bole. A walking-stick. Barren. n. A dwelling. Superior. v. Beat. ^ Border. Burrow. Bred. A gap a break. Brute. Butt. Barrenness. A man's name. Belonging to a wedding. A plant and its root. Bore. n. v. Blew. cell v. Except yet. n. n. An instrument. . A young woman. Boarder. or chest for grain. Boll. To carry. A kind of ship. Buoy. To have a bubbling motion. A large barrel or cask. A male chiid. con. Canon. prep. a. Drove by the wind. An insect. v. To dry by smoke. dead. broad and thin. Born. n. Barm. Bourn. Perforated by an auger. t. Calendar. Sterility. v. pp. n. n. progeny. ^. n. n. To stop leaks. n. Callus. n. Camera. Brought up from infancy. Bight. Food made of flour. n. An optical machine. An opening v. n. Money. A kind of fish. pp. Berth. t. v. v. Bough. n. A tumor. v. i. Bridle. n. Birth. A drag put to wheels. n. perfect participle of the verb be. a. Cork. A register of the A hot press. n. - By. Insensible. Brews. Cash. A gorge a gully. Bruit. . Base. The male swine. dc^^ ^<* Barque. n. Bat. Bettor. Blue. A carriage for the A small fruit. Boar. The act of coming into [life. The rind of a tree. n. An examination v. To crush with the teeth. n. Makes malt liquor. The hard edge of a wound Calk. Incrusted with sugar. Bark. Blote. To cover with earth. Canvass. Better. t. n. n. a. . A room in a ship. Not productive. A portion of the sea. Bile. Animal t. n. Borne. Brewed. n. A man Bow. n. Bey. A color. Bow. n. An act of respect. Be. Come into life. . Bored. BoiL. To crush by a heavy blow. v. idle fancy. n. n. n. Beach. The hinder part of a gun. . n. n. Brake. Offspring. 3iER. n. v. n. n. A hollow vessel. A tree. An A town. . A vessel to hold liquids. To exist.» SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. To purchase. Bridal. Break. Buy. A rule in churches. n. a. A vain. t. n. Timber. Candid. A The Brood. Babe. The bend of a rope. . Bell.

Collar. Sense. n. t. Close. v. n. n. drink of wine. . The cries of crows. A hundred years. Sings. A cottage a sheep-cot. To ascend. Castile. Cell. n. Claws. A dead body. room under a house. Garments. Site. n. v. Champagne. n. Cough. in the field. t. n. n. a frame for small bottles. Seeking to please. n. n. . n. Of long duration. /f Carrot. Salary. v. Anger. a. A musical entertain^ ment. Feeling perception. Caused to go. Twentj^^-four sheets. Cast. Culler. A n. Annual payment. To cover with wax. n. The skin of a fish. Hue tint. Sealing. Capital. t. Route progress. A One who coughs. n. Situation. Senses. * Chance. t. . The seed military officer. A mark in writing. To select to prefer Choir. n. a. Ceiling. Satisfaction. Compliance. Chews. n. n. Coffer. n. A sparkling wine. n. The upper surface of a room. Clime. . n. . n. n. Coaled. Coffin. n. coin. Caste. v. Color. . n. A helmet. Complaisant. n. n. Having full belief. Seer. The nails of a beast or bird Cleave. n. Cold. A town in Spain. Compliment. t. Cellar. The upper part. Session. ^^. Crushes with the teeth. A companion. Complacence. Campaign. n. To throw. j9p. . Choose. . To part with for a price. t. Coat. A chest for live fish. n. a. Cite. n. A A Seller. A root. Corse. Caudal. Cote. n. Civil. n. A climate. To yield to give up. Chagrin. n. One who chooses. Ill humor. n. The reproductive part of a plant. Century. n. n. n. Copper coins. The time an army is Complacent. v. Clothes. Accident. t. Act of giving away. An outside garment. n. Act of sitting. Scent. One who foresees. A ring around the neck Chord. A body of managers. Sear. v. That which produces. Caws. From the time that. n. Cents. CouGHER. a. Modest virtuous. Consort. t To burn. d. Act of fastening. n. Confined compact. n. A chest for money. Centaury. A musical sound. Condescension. n. . Champaign. Courtesy politeness. A plant. v. t. n. Not hot frigid. Qaudllj. Close. pp. Colonel. . n. v. n. Cord. A plant. x. n. To divide to split Climb. n. A complete set. n. Coarse. n. n. An edifice.WORDS OF SIMILAE PRONUNCIATION. . Confidant. Percej^tion by the eye. Odor. rage. A . Concert. in a nut. Choler. A band of singers. Cere. n. Complaisance. v. Dry «. Chaste. box for the dead. A small rope. n. n. n. Dedicate flattery. A history. t. hollow wooden vessel. Kumbering the people. Kernel. n. a. n. v. To shut to end. Comity. n. n. . Pursued. A weight of four grains. To summon to answer. n. a. t. . Capitol. hunted. Refined steel. n. Sell. To adhere to stick. Clause. Shagreen. Chased. Chronicle. Cause. a. n. Sight.t a. Relating to an animal's tail. Expelling from lungs. Complement. ff^rnfj n. A part of a sentence. Committee. n. n. Census. . i. Chants. Celery. Casque. [crets. n. Cent. One trusted with seConfident. Chronical. . Cleave. a. Cask. n. Cession. Seed. Caqte b^. Cast-Steel. n. a. The faculties. n. Assent. n. t Supplied with coal. n. SiNCE. Course. Quire.! n. One who sells. v. A hundred a Sent. n. Castor. A warm t. An efibrt of the lungs. n. An open counlry. Not fine rough. th< Coughing. A class of people. a. small room. . Caret. Cakat. n. Cede. A beaver. n.

Do. Prudent. Crews. Progress downward. Deign. Land. A vain girl. n. To perform. coloring liquor. Doom. t. Deprivation. n. n. Demean. Symbol. n. n. Daunts. The offspring of an . Confined by banks. Divisor. The quantity given. n. A forest tree. Dose. n. n. n. of letters. A cupola. n. Dome. v. n. Device. Cousin. Cyprus. n. Dual. A number. Diverse. To move with music. Coward. A bill. Dane. Dun. Demesne. A native of Denmark. t. Coquet. One without courage. Descent. n. Expressing the number two. A contriver. To lose life. to one. n. Doe. That which belongs . A phial . a. To contrive. i. n.! n. A thin black stuff. v. Coral. n. n. n. Dreadful. v. n. n. Disagreement. A hard substance found Descendant. Interchange Discord . Dissension. A she-deer. v. small quantity. verb do. Diffuse. Deer. Of a dark color. A relative. n. a. Dire. DcuGH. Discrete. lows. Decease. Dam. i. Die. Dew. in the ocean. n. n. Doomed. Creek. n. Correspondents. d. v. n. One who dyes. To cheat. i-ng n. Correspondence. a cruet. A representative of some- thing. Cypress. n. Core. Cruise. A corolla. A light sleep. Corpse. n. The men who manage ships. v. Disease. of Algiers and Tunis. n. Discourages. To make a harsh noise. Damned. n. ^jw. nuns. n. To behave. 7i. To deceive in love. Dammed. Divers. A voyage. A body of monks or . . Dissent. n. Dost. Draught. a. To call before a Coquette. n. Advice. n. n. Sickness. a. Discreet. Devise. Corps. A Dyer. n. i. i. t. n. n. A seal. v. t. A young swan. Death. Beloved costly. V. Cygnet. d. Cozen. Design. t. Currant. Concord. Animals of the stag kind. Letters which are Dear. Performed. Those who Council. Convent. To condescend. Drachm. A part of the n. Cruse. t. a. The inner part. v. n. Cymbal. t. n. HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Due. judge. t. Loss. Consonance. a. n. Courier. Different. Dance. jt?p. jojo. The time between the and setting of the sun.8 Consequence. Dust. t. A part of an ounce. Dye. n. To condemn. v. n. A messenger. n. n. Moisture from the air. n. Counsel. v. fol- That which Day. n. n. BMITH'S n. Corruption. t. Done. . pret. n. a. A bird with a long beak. Current. n. Doze. A fruit. A kind of pencil. a. ancestor. n. A small inlet. Descent. To spread. A body of troops. Signet. of the verb dare. v. More than one. n. Crane. A potion. pp. n. strife. Separate. «. a. A dead body. n. Deductions. Descendent. Diffuse. Creak. A running stream. Convent. n. n. To doom. Consonants. n. n. sounded with a vowel. A musical instrument. Cowered. Paste of bread. ris- Dey. Crayon. n. n. Deviser. Descension. Damn. a. Earth reduced to powder Durst. Copious. An assembly. CoROL. Stooped. Duel. A combat. n. A preparer of leather. A bank to confine water. The title of the governors Consequents. correspond. A Draft. n. Falling sinking. Dram. Currier. Depravation.

Liberal generous. Flee. To gain by labor. Fourth. n. Gala. Bad in a high degree. A false appearance. The end of a house. To emit a hissing noise.t w. n. Delightful. n. ARRANT. Overlay with gold. Stinking rancid . To . Ceremoniously. a. The person spoken Yew. Part of a sentence.1 n. a. Flew. a. . Gill. A prison. n. Gate. .t n. adv. pp. n. Fore. Division. A young deer. t. FETE. Flea. Fated. n. Phrase. * Fir. n. pro. To pretend. A load of lead. A temple. A crime. Errant. n. The act of staining. n. Twice two. Flower. Dying. n. passage for smoke. Felloe. food. Military punishment. In a gay manner. conj. n. n. Foul. Glare. Gauge. Fellow. Not clean. Phiz. Gentile. flesh. n. t. adv. n. Frees. Freeze. n. a. Forth. Fine delicate. You. mild. To play for money. Color tint. n. A show. . n.t n. A negative particle. Fillip. Formerly. A class of things. A corporation. Forte. n. GAOL. v'. prep. n. Urn. A To run from A Flour. Quarrels. The organ of respiration in GiLL. Gait. Distant. Gamble. One or the other. The Nice. A fortified place. To abjure. Eruption. A woodland deity. A blossom. A female sheep. A peculiar talent. n. n. A species of granite. n. Philip. n. n. v. n. A deed. Feign. Because of. bite off by little. v. [race. 11.i. . Fawn. A winged animal. a. A measure. Gantlet. Nor. A skip a hop. v. [fishea Guild. Fain. adv. Not behind. To obtain by searching. Errand. The unctuous part of animal a. An iron glove. Fowl. Guilt. n. Gneis. One not Jewish. t. Fort. a. The plural of foot. The rim of a wheel. A feast a festival day. A man's name. Fur. n. Gage.t n. t. An element supposed to bo rarer than air. n. v. n. . n. t. A companion. Gable. The white of an egg. Price of conveyance . j9^. The Gnaw. A kind of door. n. adv. Glad pleased. A dazzling light. n. The preterit of fly. Father. Exercise. a. Expiring. A sudden invasion. n. v. n. Gold laid on the surface. Farther. small agile insect. n. v. v. Further. n. A coarse woolen cloth. t. Far. The ordinal of four. finer hair on animals. a. n. Exorcise. . Fined. A tax. n. n. Fane. a. Gambol. An evergreen. Goal. Feet. a. Dyeing. FoTHER. Either. Act of rising out. Immersion. n. Earn. Punished with penalty. n. Glair. A cistern. Gilt. n. Feint. Grain reduced to powder. Fetid. . FoibiALLY. A jerk of the finger.WOEDS OF SIMILAR PRONFNCIATIOlf. A vase. Fat. Gayly. 71. Emersion. Sets at liberty. Genius. Soft . n. a. Frank. Ether. Gauntlet. Elision. n. Languid. n. n. n. Faun. Fair. n. Elysian. n. Frays. A message. The fourth part of a pint. v. Gentle.1 Fizz. Frieze. t. remote. • Gild. n. i. Act of bursting forth. Labor work. Manner of walking. Ewe. n. danger. For. Decreed by fate. Being in a fluid. ddv. n. n. n. Flue. Feted. Honored. Franc. A pledge a pawn. and n. a. An evergreen. i. Forward. Find. Irruption. a. Four. face. a. n. Intellect talent. n. Vat. A male parent. Genus.t n. n. A French silver coin. Feat. To congeal with cold. v. Faint. Wandering. v. Fare. to. HuE. n. . Gabel. a. n. The mark set to bound i . i. Beautiful just.t a. In times past. .

. Accused. Ingenuous. Having the voice rough. The organ of vision. Guest. n. Huzza. a. «. v. t. To restore. n. Imprudent. n. n. Hart. n. pp. Halo. Horde. To perceive by the ear. Groan. An image w^orshiped. A falling dictate. Guessed. Hymn. A horse soldier. A plant. pp. n. on. t. High. j9^. An exclamation. Color tint. n. Wages paid for service. God. Action of sentiment. . The person speaking. Rough severe. Ina'"eighed. Lofty tall. n. The hind part of the foot. n. Heard.T. Hare. n. Inn. a. n. n. Hey. Greater. Grocer. n. n. To conceal. pro. n. «. An animal. Hay. n. Here. One who goes. intj. An instrument. «. Ho. Composed. t. Grosser. n. t. . a. n. Harsh. n. Grater. Hyperbole. In this place. Inditer. A shout. t. A store laid up. Gourd. A dealer in tea. Indict. n. a. v. n. Not separated. n. Designs. Heel. n. A circle round the sun or In. n. A song of adoration. t. n. . Indicted. n. n. n. Advanced in growth.! 71. A conserve of fruits. . Idle. Ingenious. To cut with an axe. Hied. Completely. Extreme. Indicter. . Heart. A kind of coarse file. A stick for driving beasts. Intense. An excellent manure. Hail. Hall. Hussar. Heal. Hole. n. HoE. . pp. Whole. To pull to draw. To hasten. Imposture. Him. Incidents. t. Instruments for farming. Uttered censure.' An Important.tw. A cavity.10 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. All of a thing. A visitor. intj. pp. To search by feeling. Jamb. Healthy hearty. Horse. a. prep. More impure. Hew. Blood v. a. t. . Hoop. v. Hoard. n. Wholly. n. a. One who indicts. The side of a door. . HoES. artless. sacred. More lofty. a. Goer. Jam. Hose. a. Greece. a. circular binding. The objective of He. Deception fraud. intj. Conjectured. loud shout. The skin of an animal v. adv. Gore. n. n. n. Hire. n. n. Minced meat. n. A figure of speech. &c. Hue. Hyperbola. n. n. Eye. n. A wharf. . n. Hair. To make holy. Hallow. Larger. An assembly of figures. . Intents. Quay. Hoarse. n. j^. Grease. a. n. A farming instrument. t. A disease of the head. Hie. A large room. Did hear. Indite. n. n. a. The seat of life. A number of beasts together. Guano. Group. Doing nothing. Key. Holy. Sixty minutes. v. t. Frozen drops of rain. Hastened. The covering of the head. n. To To Events. Impostor. A kind of rabbit. Hear. a. Jester. A lizard. Hour. n. Open . v. Hale. Grate. n. . Pure A Whoop. Hide. a. n. One who pretends. Noting time. GREA. n. n. n. A Our. Stockings leather pipes . Indited. n. Guana. I. Invade. Catarrh. moon. Grope. Gesture. n. A deep sigh. A stringed instrument. adv. n. [horn. Animal fat. a. Indiscrete. Belonging to us. v. pro. A country of Europe. A he-deer. Indiscreet. t. n. Herd. Idol. Witty inventive. Stop cease. To infringe. Incidence. Pierced with a horn. One given to merriment Higher. iron frame for fire. n. pp. declare guilty. to conduct water. One who composes. A conic section. A hotel. i. HoA. v. Dried grass. To pierce with a Gored. n. pro. n. . An expression of joy. Grown. jop. The Supreme Being. A clan a tribe. n. Haul. Guitar. Hash. GoAD. . n.

Lead. To unite closely. t. The word of refusal. ti. Understands. Lyre. adv. To have knowledge of No. n. t. A piece of Convex glass. A task. v. Language of the Romans. A wash. Kill. Leap. Loan. ti. Lee. LowER. adv. Feature. A hole which lets water in . a. A legal claim on property. Male. n. n. An animal remarkable for sharp sight. A soft. «. Launch. t. Leave. Gnu. A fine kind of brass. ashes. To extol to praise. The back of an animal. Knot. Form method. A rich vegetable mold. To quit. The Supreme Being. n. heavy metal. Lineament. Nose. Loin.t V. t To diminish. n. Principal chief Mane. n. Placed produced eggs. Knows. t. Lax. Maize. Knit. Manner. n. Lean. t. t. v. Lain. Wants needs. Leach. Least. small horse. v.t n. Lens. A A . Nag. To draw. t. A military attendant. To feel nausea. Know. v. Guided. 2>P. One who lives.! «. n. t. Limb. n. Lanch. Nit. An instrument. n. Knag. Links. Leech. Knew. Night. The green part of plants. None. n. v. . n. n. t. Lien. To collect. v. To guide by the hand. LooM. t?. v. A large landed estate. . XiLN. A plant. Lesson. a. An unmarried woman. 11 To deprive of life. n. To filtrate. The hair on the neck horses. n. ti. To bring lovr. n. One who tells lies. Leased. Kneed. n. t. a. To dart to let fly. NoTT. Main. To load to freight. a. n. n. The beam of a fireplace. a. 71. t.W0BD8 OF SIMILAR PRONUNCIATION. see. Mantle. t. . . Liniment. A meadow. n. Necessity want. ti. Line. t. Lose. n. Solitary. A kind of cloak. d. Unbound. Loose. A French coin. Made. n. Let or hired. Led. n. ti. Loath. v. n. Maze. n. n. LivRE. Manna. A place of perplexity. ti. Lore. v. v. Lo. n. One of the United States. Rested horizontally. One who lies down. Knead. A denial a. . ti. To appear dark. A narrow way. The body in a State which makes the laws. ti. ti. Mantel. 7i. . A substance given by the Lord to the Israelites. To slide into the water. Water mixed with wood- New. iTitj. Divisions of a chain.t n. Leak. Had knowledge of. Any thing lent. Laid. Loose slack. Lief. Knight. ti. Lynx. Not fat. . n. A musical instrument. Limn. Lye. Loathe. t To work into a mass. . Lead. A lawgiver. Loch. JJnwilling. Mail. A sheltered place. n. Lacks. The time of darkness.Created formed. of Leek. n. n. Lone. Learning. a. Laud.t n. A frame for weaving. Levy. Maid. The he of any species. Indian corn. n. a. Permission v. n. Lane. n. pp. n. ti. t. v. Lier. A branch. v. A falsehood. Manor. a. . n. A term for lake in Scotland. stove or furnace. Not old. fjEGiSLATOR.n. t. A term for lake in Ireland. knot in wood. Having knees. v. v. ti. A Lessen. v. . conducted. 71. Not. Lower. a. An animal of Africa. . To miss any thing. Lends. n. n. Grants for a time. Heed. . A worm that sucks blood. Smallest. pp. Latin. t. A proper name. Lie. Levee. v. A coat of steel network. A part which is tied. v. Lade. 71. ti. • Legislature. That which has length without breadth. t. Liar. 7^. . Willingly. 71. pp. Maine. Lea. Loam. Not high mean. LoRD. Lough. t. Look Low. Latten. LrvER. t. a. v. The organ of smell. The Qgg of an insect. [or out. A ceremonious visit. n. . . n. Lock.

Failed in aim. The intelligent faculties. conj. v. 0^-KE. Mare. Flour and water mixed. n. To come to. n. To be bound by duty. One employed in mining. n. Makk. The chief magistrate of Mourning. Ottar. n. v. or of some performance. . Minds. M:s::ed. A house and land. Moan. A chief officer.Naive. n. Morning. One. Martial. t. Warlike. A pole with a broad blade. t. Missile. 71. Cement for bricks. n. Wanting dignity. n. a. . Mews. A large kind of weasel. strength. n. A genus of plants. To cut down. Spirit courage. . n. The center of the abMedal. Dung filth. pp. v. pp. Deep thought. Oh. Neigh. A fine. w.t V. Miner. Ordnance. n. A small particle. Ore. Millenary. n. To interfere. «. n. To measure. n. pp. Nun. Reward. t. adv. t. v. To cry as an infant. Grief. n. Mewl. A female horse. t. Nether. i. v. d. 71. One who cuts grass. Ought. At no time. Look aspect. n. To make a sharp noise. Morn. Mist. Not either nor. Meet. a. A sort of swallow. n. n. Mesne. n. Martin. The first part of the day. Mourn. [gether. Any thing to be told. The oil of roses. An amphibious animal. JIetal. Ne'er. Cannon. n. . n. Won. a. n. Method. v. Moved slowly. n. a. n. Mien. n. Mule. Otter. The first part of the day. n. ?i. Places where money is Owed. Middle. . Muse. Mite. A running knot. pp. pp. Nap. Knave. More. A measurer. Order. . Any thing. Makque. n.. A greater quantity. A singing bird. Moat. a city. Mustard. A compartment for hay. i. NoosE. sorrow. t. n. Paste. A single person a unit. . i. n. intj. n. IVIiNOR. No. A visible line. Messuage. To rest on the knee. thin rain. [domen. n. i. Flesh to be eaten. n. A mineral insoluble in waNear. n. n. Mean. Ordure. Maritime nautical. n. Ode.^ prep. Owe. Mustered. Mow. Missul. Mete. a. n. a. a. To cut into small parts. Goods of a milliner. n. n. . To be indebted to. Off. A mineral body. Neal. A lamp or light. n. a. The mass book. Above. n. n. One under lawful age. n. n. Measure of verse. n. sand. Suitable d. A female devotee. No one. Consisting of a thouOar. Cut down with a scythe. jop. n. Marten. ter and fusible by heat. Lower. Gained by conquest. A kind of drink. n. n. Naval. Mote. Navel. Meddler. An animal of mongrel breed. across. prep. 'v. a. Neither. Audible sorrow. Mower. Fresh account. Cries as a cat. Millinery. A short sleep. i. Mayor. MoRTER. Meter. Meat. Denoting pain. A decree law. n. The center of the wheel. A weapon thrown. v. A piece stamped in hon. A license. To grieve to lament. A tree. Meed. i. Having insect mites. Mow. n. Noting separation. Kneel. Mints. a.12 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Mince. n. Mighty. Nave. n. Mity. A lyric poem. A petty rascal. ]\Iedlar. n. n. The voice of a horse. Paced. t. IFnder obligation. Op. Power. None. n. . Subterraneous works. Artless. n. Meter. n. Belonging to. Message. To temper by heat. a. Aught. small insect. Mettle. Mown. A Might. Powerful. Missal. n. Meddle. Mead. Nay. Mortar. adv. . Ordinance. n. n. Mines. A ditch round a castle. Marshal. coined.Knap. One who meddles. .Assembled. a. n. News. d. n. ad'v. Not far distant. a.

. n. Passages for perspiration. n. ppr. n. To inspect closely. . . n. n. Belonging toiman or lever. n. n. The smallest fire-arm. i. A slight resentment. n. State of being present. Preys. A key moved by the foot. i. a. Bound Pact. The persons in a Pries. v. Pencil. Popular. Plait. n. Presents. pp. stance found in a kind of oyster. Piece. a. To let out of a vessel. Pensile. A request entreaty. Personnel. Sending as a fluid. Pride. Passable. Pale. Pour. A tree of the aspen species. The son of a king. Pillar. Pray. n. A harbor. a. A Plain. Precedent. A part of the whole. Please. Pool. n. Passible. Rapine plunder. v. Pause. Self-esteem. n. n. Pilot. v. A clergyman. Pendant. Praise. A square of glass. a. President. Pear. The Turkish court. t. i. Place. plaint. A flat surface. A feather a crest. A measure a long stake. One who presides. n. n. Prince. The organ of taste. n. Going before. A fruit. Persons under the care . [head. Anguish agony. Peak. Poll. PLUME. A fruit. n. n. Suspended. n. Full of people. n. n. Pole. n. The habit of doing. Pillow. n. Populous. The stakes played for. n. n. Something under the Pint. Pastor. Prize. Practice. A guide. A passage for perspiration. Pistil. A painter's board. Pistol. v. Palate.t Two things suiting one an- . To exercise. n. t. A wooden vessel. Peace. hard. a. Practise. Pique. One who seeks justice. n. n. Pain. Entreats j)etitions. A small brush. i. «. public office. To give pleasure. Pleasing to the people. Pried. n. Petition. Pedal. Pall. n. n. Partition. Half a quart. n. n. Belonging to the feet. Porte. A fold. ppr. t.t n. Portion. n. PouLE. n. Pair. To supplicate. [other. n. in a bundle. The people. Plate. A column a wharf. a. Plum. Gifts. n.WORDS OF SIMILAR PRONUNCIATION.t n. n. a. A small collection of water. v. Poplar. Smooth . Expressive of sorrow. Pilate. n. Pare. a. a bargain. v. a. n. The top of an eminence. n. Packed. prey. Part of a flower. clear. Presence. [woman. Commendation. pp. Plaice. n. Not ruddy. n.i72-. n. A draught of medicine. a. n. A flat piece of metal. n. PoRES. Freedom from war. . Poring. of a doctor. Prints. A contract . Pleas. Peer. Hanging. bodies. i). A succession of loud sounds. That may feel. Impressions made. n. To flow with a gentle noise. The fore-feet suspense. Pallet. Palette. Personal. The head. n. Pore. The covering over the dead. That which divides. n. n. n. n. n. sort of flat fish. . n. A reward gained. n. A part a share. v. Tolerable. To jDeel. Land grazed by cattle. smooth subPrays. Peddle. Suffering without com. Pouring. Plaintive. Panel. To carry about to sell. Peal. n. A kind of saddle. Peel. a. n. . v. A man's name. Paul. An equal. A perpendicular. Pendent. n. Precedent. n. n. Pane. n. Pasture. A man'^name. Moved by means of 9. i. Looking intently. Patience. Patients. of a beast of . n. The sharp end. Pail. n. t. n. Plumb. Plaintiff. A rule or example. Port. Pearl. n. n. A small bed. Populace. Purl. Plane. Pier. A square between other PoTioN. 13 n. Locality situation. Arguments. Paws. Something which hangs. Pedal. t. n. A stop n. Pannel. n. A white. PoiNT. The skin or rind. n. Feeds by violence. n. A column. n. . Prey.

v. Rowed. To ramble. Impelled by oars. An esculent root. Rhyme. watery matter. Rabbet. That which is foretold. Read. pp. Rigor. Rain. Those who reside in a Resign. One who raises. Rays. A linen ornament. n. t. Sailer. Raisin. Rote. Quartz. Canvas of a ship. n. Prophesy. n. Wrapping. n. ii. Sail. Rite. n. Resign. Prophecy. To demolish. A step of a ladder . n. A blows. t. To give up. True. A workman. Relic. pp. a. Rung. n. To have royal power. . Rapine. Prophet. . Rime. To stir up to provoke. ii. Rhomb. n. Rapping. Wrote. Rice. A competitor. Sale. Impels by oars.! n. . Rabbit. A species of grain. Traveled in a vehicle. t. The rational Rancor. Raiser. Receipt. n. Raise. a. Coarser. n. Restoration. ^j9. A quadrilateral figure. A riotous noise. Ruff. Riotous disturbances. 71. To express by letters formed with a pen. One who foretells events. n. Demolished. n. v. n. Rout. n. Water from the clouds. Road. A joint. t. Razed. . n. a. pret. n. Razor. t. An element. Lifted. A species of deer. n. Residence. Having the color like blood. Rows. 'D. Wry. n. Female deer eggs of fishes. n. [place. Rheum. A city in Italy. . Roes. n. n. Twisted. . Striking with quick a. n. A vertical circle. i. Rough coarse of manners. A part of a seed. To . Red. Rose. Rhumb. n. n. An esculent grain. 11. A seaman a mariner. n. ^jo. Wrest. a. n. t. t. Not smooth rugged. One who rigs. disperse. Relict. n. To cry as a lion. j9pr. Roam. Perused. n. Spirituous liquor. Ranker. Rood. Raze. V. elevated. Radical. Right. To peruse. A well-known flower. Rude. Principal. A hollow. v. t. . . Wright. Profit. Prier. Ascent «. Road course. . n. i. Queen. Quiet «. Direct proper. A thin. To . Principle. One who manages an oar. Restauration. Rye. a. To seat again. v. Rode. Read. Rigger. n. Rum. quick. Previous former. A kind of gun. Recovery. Rise. . Row. Room. n. n. Rifle. . Roar. n. Space. n. . t. t. A small quadruped. Fourths of a gallon. pp. A written acknowledgment. A worthless woman. To sign again. twist n. Write. Reel. faculty. Quean. . . Reason. Raised. n. n. v. Real. n. One who inquires closely. n. n. Rock crj^stal. Reign. cover. by violence. To lift to erect. The wife of a king. A Reed. Wrap. n. Rouse. Malice hate. n. Ceremony. Reddish. Rest. n. important. Radish. An evening party i). n. Place of abode. t. n. a. n. a. To roll together. Chief. Plunder. v. t. v. Severity strictness. That which sails. n. n. Crooked. Route. pillage. t. [Sounded. Hoar frost. Rower. To ascend. A machine for winding. To impel a boat by Row. n. Rows. n. Prior. Reseat. ??. That which remains. [tell. v. Rap. RiYAL. t. A dried grape. The strap of a bridle.! /i. Rome. pp. n. n. n. To predict to foreQuARTS. Act of selling. Of first principles. n. A widow. Restoration. An open way. «. n. Sailor. n. Beams of light. n. of write. Radicle. 7i. An instrument for shaving. a. Wrung. Roe. oars. . n. Gain benefit. n. The fourth part of an acre. n. Rough.t n. Somewhat red. i. Residents. Harmpnical sounds. j9jo. knotted stalk. ease.J4 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. smart blow. Rein. n. n. v.t n. Memory of words. a.

WORDS OF SIMILAR PRONUNCIATION. n. Sooth. v. pp. Surge. v. «. Begone. The number five. SiT. t. To turn about. Supported. upon the shore. n. Soul. Smelt. Side. t. Seamed. v. To join by the needle.1 n. short oar. A county. Saver. «. n. To kill. n. To scatter seed. Son. SouLED. Sea. In this manner. n. n. More or less. Sower. of slay. Surf. SwARD. v. eyes. a i^ainful part. Sees. Skull. n. n. n. letter in the alphabet. Slue. Cinque. To bum. Having a mind. To allay. Seize. Shoe. To go to the bottom. The name of a line. v. Seer. See. Condensed smoke. One who uses a needle. V. body of salt water. A slave. Sheer. Sew. n. «?. To exhibit to view. t. To perceive by the eye.>. Sore. Seem. n. The case of the brain. A A small post. Solder. To repose on a seat. Sober grave. SiGHER. Soar. t. Not swift. inPj. n. n. •». A small sea-fish. To appear. An engraved stamp. n. Slough. To exhibit to view. Sheathe. Sighed. Shew. A sylvan God. Neglect a. v. Sewer. . The swell of the sea that beats Slow. n. A Father. pyp. Truth reality. t. n. n. 71. One ti. To melt pp. Size. . jt>/?. Sley. ti. n. Sighs. Exhibited. One older than another. n. Sum. . Ceil. miry place. ti. SoLDiER. ti. A kind of woolen A rising billow t. sighs. One who foresees. Bodies of salt water.! v. Sine. 15 Shone. A vehicle for snow. 'b. v. To place. Perceived by the nose. Seam. Having viewed. t. n. A juncture.^. Serf. A fruit. Scene. i. Ridicule sarcasm. Seel.t n. pp. i. pjh Disjiosed of for a price. Soothe. Shoo.^ Stake. n. The distinction between male and female. 71. t. pp. n. i. Sun. t. pp. .t 71. A token a signal. n. Slay. Edge margin. v. Stare. i). cloth. Deep respirations. The case of any thing. Seignior. v. n. Sleight. Shown. n. ti. . Senior. Seen. jt?jo. n. Soared. t. Ascended. . Smelt. Steak. n. Sear. Scull. » Show. The spirit of man. n. Perceives by the eye. j9. ti. Savor. i.t n. To close the eyes. To emit breath audibly. A view. A net used in fishing. Set. adv. v. t. ti. Some. A weapon for cutting. Seine. Slight. Stayed. Sign. n. 71. Sects. Satire. ti. To cover the upper surface. fixed A j^rotection for the foot. . a. Metallic cement. Serge. n. A title. To fall off. Suit. n. Slough. Sleigh. magnitude. Sire. The whole. 7i. Sloe. shears. So. v. n. Slew. The luminary that makes the day Soot. A warrior. Sink. n. A scent taste. t. Joined together. A grassy surface. One who saves. To look with in a flight of steps. C. t. . To fly aloft. Suite. The bottom of the foot. One who sows. n. Bulk 71. Small. An ulcer A water and filth. n. A weaver's reed. a. To inclose in a case. Shear. Stair. Sole. A A Seal. a. To clip with To deviate. A deep. n. n. n. n. Emitted rays of light. a. Shire. «. n. t. pret. Suet. t. Seemed. ti. n. n. v. t. Sex. . v. . . a. n. A set of things. To take hold of. slice of beef.Furnished with soles. Sword. Satyr. A hard fat. Religious denominations. Sheath. Staid. Artful trick. One who . n. Soled. passage to convey off SEWER. Appeared. Seas. Sow. Sold. Dry v. A male child. 71. A train of followers. n.

V. n. From end Throe. . Through. . a. Drawn along. n. The definite article. A discourse. aromatic plant. Toed. One of the planets. To. Vane. Two. The claws of a bird. n. Steel. Tract. Like tin. A bird. A refined kind of iron. n. a. v. Vial. The. ink. n. Space between hills. Treatise. Taught. Tide. taste. Vail. A circuit. n. n. To be full. n. paper. Tact. To allure. Having TowBD. a. A tax upon travelers. Tents. harass to annoy. The different kinds of tea. &c. hurled. v. Voracity. Duration. Venal. n. Motionless. Tier.t n. Tenure. Mentioned. Evergreen trees. Taper. Stream. A shoot of a plant. Money given to servants. To labor with pain. finger of the foot. A small bottle. Allured. a. a. n. Toe. A monument over a grave. A blow. Toll. An animal. n. «. n. n. A weed. Swop. A narrow pass. Tinny. . A region a small pamph. i. Movable lodgings. Tale. Female sheep. Viol.. adv. a. To take by theft. V. n. Throw.t V. Trey. n. n. n. Venial. pro. . t. Thrown. Veil. . Act of holding. n. Stationery. n.t n. Tapir. Straight. «. Habitual truth. n. Agreements between governments. n. Thyme. Pleasing to the Tacks. Extreme pain. Followed by marks. A weight 20 cwt. A shallow vessel. n. n. n. Relating to the veins. Went. To pull in pieces. related. Threw. VALUE. Stationary. Noting excess. n. In that place. Veracity. An animal. n. Tray. One and n. A narrative. To draw along. ToLED. v. Sweat. Drawn tight. Vent. n. V. pp. Venus. Travail. Noting motion toward. A building. Tracked. n. Taut. a. Tax. That may be forgiven. Sounded slowly. Perspiration. t. Toad. A blood vessel. . n. Talents. Little . Tomb. of go. one. Vile. A three at cards. Tower. pro. n. pret. n. A small bottle. Their. To hurl. j9/>. n. Not crooked.^. Too. pp. Swap. n. ^j9. The seat of a king. a. Treaties. The last end. let. Tun. A large cask. Ewes. UsE. n. n. 7i. v. Teas. A small nail. «. n.^. n. i. To rate at a certain price. Tight. The stem of a plant. Ton. A hollow between hills. Base wicked. n. to end. Strait. Steal. a. Tow. To Tense. A volume a book. Sucker. Travel. n. . o. ii. A musical instrument. Aid relief. . Tease. Phial. Stokk. prep. t. Told.16 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. An Tied. t. Abilities. . Small nails. Vain. Rapacity greediness. To barter. n. n. n. A thin cover over the face. Tome. . Venous. Mercenary base. Moisture from the eyes. Tail. n. n. small. Teem. Valley. Tack. A tribute. pp. n. Tenor. General course. of throw. A t. n. The objective case of thou. n. i. Tear. Stalk. TEAR. Time. t. n. adv. n. Sweet. A row a rank. Belonging to them. Instructed. Team. To make journeys. A hole for air to escape. a. Vale. a. Talons. Skill. Tiny. a. t. The water from the eyes. A weather-cock. toes. pp. t. Meanly proud. Pens. n. n. n. Tare. n. n. pret. A wax candle. n. Tour. Bound. Service. ToLE. Succor. Two or more horses. There. Tear. Tolled. n. Throne. Vein. Cast. n. prep. Yews. n. Thee. a.

n. Heaviness. v. n. n. i. Vie. n. having ing the warm air. Retch. Part of the body. n. adv. Wanton destruction. To encircle. n. To strive. Wade. Way. and living in the sea. i. Blame reproach. Made To of twigs. v. v. n. Dissolution . pro. Ewer. adv. n. A mark left by a stripe. A tumor. v. [sphere. Thought. v. a. ti. Wig. n. Waist. A a. v. To which place. n. . Seven days. Week. i. v. Wheal. Which of two. Wen. n. Wile. In which place. Weigh. Weasel. pro. The state of the atmoYolk. Vioi*A. The name of a party. Unfermented beer. n. delicate flower. adv. Weight. Wreck. v. Waste. Wight. v. Reek. A vessel for water. Water moisture. The substance which forms Wrapped. n. . The yellow part of an egg. At what time. knew. 17 n. i ^ Which. Balanced. v. Vicar. Yoke. A miserable person. of the verb be. the cells of beeS. Wicker. n. n. n: To turn round with fish. adv. To sharpen. Wheel. n. Instead of V. Whit. . n. t. Whine. n.t n. To know. n. Heavy blows. on the neck of oxen. n. What. n. Reck. . ! Were. Wave. A very small part. The thin part of milk. Wist. A circular body. | Weighed. Weather. t. i. . A game Whither. n. Whet. To execute. Wart. a. pp. t. transgress. Wit. n. Wet.. t. The substance of trees. pret. Wreathe.plu. Belonging to you. To heed to care for. n. Was willing. Wear. by violence. A plaintive noise. Whale. A circle sound.WOEDS OF SIMILAR PRONUNCTATION. n. t. vomit. Wether. A spot or defect. . Kapped. Wretch. n. n. The second person x>f the Your. n. pp. White. Whir. Wine. Whig. While. at cards. n. n. An animal shaped like a ViNE. A deceit a fraud. . n. Woolen yam. Custom habit. The flesh of a calf. To desire. j9jt). n. Wale. To fade to dry up. False hair worn on the head. Whist. v. Violet. A small animal. substitute. A Virtu. To relinquish. Weak. blood. n. Wait. To walk through water. Wot. . p^. Vice. n. WoBT. . A road a passage. t. A sorceress. to curl. Unfermented beer. n.TE. VEAL. A pustule. Wither. Not strong. Worsted. Defeated. n. n. and breath- i noise. n. adv. n. n.t n. Weezel. A person a being. Witch. Wont. ^^'R^^-\pret. A ram. n. Would. t. Ring. Worsted. n. Weal. v. A pronoun. Wound. Commodity. v. n. Happiness welfare. To moan to lament. Ware. Any thing curled. To emit vapor. Wood. pp. but . Whacks. The color of snow. Why. Vice. Wreath. A love of the fine arts. Struck with a quick blow. Wort. To turn with violence. n. v. pro. Wring. To impair by use. Quickness of fancy. To stay for. v. t. During the time that. The juice of the grape. A hard excrescence. plu. Wert. From the verb be. That which. n. To what reason. Whey. Waive. t. Wail. Whether. Wax. n. Wreak. To make an effort to v. v. Any plant that trails. n. v. To examine by balance. A wooden bandage placed When. v. n. n. Moral goodness. adv. t. t. verb BE. WiTE. Virtue. A moving swell of water. Thin weazen. . Where. . Want.

The shoemaker said his awl was all that procured him a living. He gave his assent to the proposition for their ascent of Mount Washington.. Each one of the crews was provided with a cruse for the cruise. The haroness was surprised at the barrenness of the country. His choler having clioir sent for a quire of music paper. to Him above. with the assistance of his assistants. He commenced to hawl. She made 2. but not to gambol. his errand. The bee must he busy in order to lay up his winter store. The fore parts of the four animals were put aside for eating.^ he wished to cozen him. He said the dey was a day too late. The hair of the hare of a brown color. non. Three scruples make a drachm. The I gu£st guessed that they would make a fire in the great grate. The landlord gave us fair fare. Upon his The disease caused his decease. The dy&r dyes daily. because he had lost his hall. the swallow fiew from the He fain would feign to go to the fane. have heen to the Inn to get some grain. ^y father said I should go no farther. From the s:ite of the house a magnificent sigJit opened to our view. They barred the door against the hard. DICTATION EXERCISES. After passing through the canon the canon was read amid the roar of canWhile one brother was ceiling the room the other was sealing a letter. while on He can earn the urn by dyeing. sailed the harque laden with Itarh. . The errant knight. The fit of coughing which caused the colonel to be laid in his coffin was produced by his eating a Icernel. The hussar When who was our hour shall come. he seized his opponent by the collar. The artist made a sketch of the crans with a crayon. feint to faint. The Dane did not deign to notice him. A majority is of the guild wished to gild the sign. proved to be an arrant coward. The leader of the risen tained by the council. tic gunnery. the He performed a great feat with his feet at the fete. Tou must not frighten the ewe which is lying by that yew of beautiful hue. and yet keep from dying. Upon smoke ascending. It is wicked to gamble. The wind caused the bou^Ji to how. Notwithstanding he was his cousin. The man was bred to his calling. The captain. hymn heard the lowing of the hsrd. He strode to the gate with a lofty At the fort his forte is gait. The how of the boat was made of the hough of hored a hole in the hoard. Pll go through the aisle of the church which is on the Isle of Wight. The His counsel was asked and obcolor of the culler was raised by the insult. but many persons take a dram without a scruple. The hass drum was taken by a base fellow.. After taking the census he lost his senses. The servant was sent with a cent to get some scent. we will sing & in the inn cried out huzza. The domesfowl was killed by a foul domestic. signet was engraved a cygnet. I He Two weeks after the child was bom it was borne to that bourn whence no traveler returns.18 smith's hand-book op etymology. Beer brought him to his Mer. but his calling was not bread to him. yet he dies not. the heech which grew near the heach. flv^. The seller lives in a cellar.

The pirate has determined to seize every vessel he sees upon the seas.DICTATION EXERCISES.. Tour eicer was broken at the fountain. for be not meet to mete out such meat. He was in to lessen the lesson.a. That miner minds the minor mines. As soon as he ceased running the perspiration began to pour from every pore. To bathe in the surge he had a dress made of serge.. The praise which his rival received preys upon his spirits. He did not know wh/en the wen would heal. He siglied because of a pain in his side. liniment for his bruised lineament. He asked him . Without his son the sun had no light for him. The piece of ^. This is the spear which he threw through the fence. I hnow no Tcnight who will go there in the night. He laid down to rest having a broken pillar for a pillow. O man. vial. He wrote a treatise on the principal treaties recorded in history. 19 The reason why bakers hnead their bread is because they need it. He rode home by the road. ordinance of parliament Does the Can you pare a pear with a pair of scissors ? He placed his palette upon and went to gratify \ns palate. The rows in the street caused him to rouse from his stupor. He did not know whither to carry the flower which the witch said was commencing to wither. She went over the way to weigh the whey. The body has lain in the lane is not a liar. He said it was right to write to the wright about the rite. Of the patients none had j9rt^^e?^c«. The only use he had for his yews was to shelter his ewes. The principal principle of a student should be uprightness. a valuable mare from the mayor. Every Her He bought some The martial marshal received wore a coat of mail. By an None but a nun can enter a nunnery. The mle man injured the viol by means of a the lane with his wicker basket. neigh of a horse mean nay ? the^aZZc^. to waive his claim. The resideid^i had changed their residence. had missed the place in the mist. He not whether it was whist or !lot. why did he not eat it ? The jester by his gesture showed his intense intents.?e in the wound caused great pain^ therefore he had no peace. down him wi^it A wave of The vicar his brother's was walking hand caused whether the weather was favorable to the young wether. The rigor of the climate caused the death of the rigger. kill a mite ? is mow no more. The bread earned by the »weat\ of thy brow is sweet to thee. The serf sighs at the size of the surf through which he is compelled to go. The pupil endeavored for three clays. If the gnu hnew that the hay was new. after he had rowed to the place of meeting. There their horses stand. It requires tact to tach through the straight strait. though he can perform on the lyre. You Does it require the might of a man to The mower could The noise of the oar comes the ordnance was increased. His relict kept the razor as a relic. The m£ad was the m£ed which he required. It should not meddle with the medal. The male a maze amidst the maize. oV the water. So you sew when you ought to sow.. He told his friend that he was toled to the church by hearing the bell toUed. Why do men vie with each other ? We endeavored to wreathe a wreath.

n. n. v. majestic. A companion. «?. n. Commune'. To keep away. masons. a. To lead. on. Convert'. n. A joint plot. v. Consort'. Console'. -d. quality. For shooting with. To find guilty. Con'sort. A nunnery. Cruise. n. An agreement. To form a plot. n. To dispute. v. A district in France. Compress'.20 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. 'd. To ill use. Affix'. n. The general series of a discourse. An agreement. Accent'. A cupboard. Con'fine. n. 'y. Context'. short prayer. Colleague'. v. Collect'. n. Con'duct. To gather Com'ment. v. ^. Au'gust. v. n. n. To traffic to trade. Com'plot. Con'jure. Con'vict. n. Ab'stract. ^. Convict'. Char. n. To change. n. ^. A criminal found guilty. BUT DIFFERENTLY PRONOUNCED AND APPLIED. n. To converse. v. To draw from. A partner. 'o. Con'voy. give a contrary Com'press. To suit. A pad used in surgery. 'o. To practise charms. Behavior. (abuce). n. «. n. «. «. n. At 'tribute. together. id. other. t). n. n. n. 'c. Com'mune. A To contrary order. To set in opposition. a. An exposition. syllable added. Con'test. 'o. «. A Coun'termand. «. Contract'. A musical entertainment. To make larger. . Not present. To harangue. To talk together. Con'sole. ti. n. Buf'fet. n. To add to the end. To restrain to im. Ill usage. Con'vert. Aug'ment. n. Attrib'ute. To burn partly. a. Ac'cENT. Comment'. «. Stress of the voice. To unite with an- Col'lect. To agree with. n. xi. n. Conserve'. Opposition of things. One changed. Cruise. Confine'. To associate with. Compound'. To give the accent. Char. Com'pact. n. Gom'port. n. To assign as a cause. Con'crete. A voyage. Con'serve. Complot'. Abstract'. n. A contest. v. Con'cord. To comfort. Con'trast. prison. Con'verse. Behavior. Concord'. To entreat. Solid. A protecting force. Contest'. is. n. To make remarks up- Com'merce. Absent'. Buffet'. n. To preserve with sugar. Convoy'. n. Bow (bo). To press together. Converse'. Des'cant. To plan together. To mix. n. Com'pound. A boundary. Grand. . Concert'. A small bottle. An abridgment. n. . Ab'sent. Commerce'. n. WORDS SIMILARLY SPELLED. "d. Con'tract. A struggle. Col 'league. Compact'. «. mixture. n. To accompany for protection. A small job. ?). Con'text. The eighth month. Augment'. Comport'. To get smaller. n. Descant'. Contrast'. Con'vent. Convent'. To call before a judge. n. Interwoven. To dash. n. Countermand'. n. A n. 'o. Con'cert. A song a discourse. A truss or bracket. Conduct'. v. 'o. Agreement. n. a. Bow (bow). n. Increase. (abuze). A Con'flict. n^ A mixture used by Abuse Abuse A Concrete'. August'. Conflict'. To bring into one mass. A bending of the head. A stroke of the fist. «. The opposite. Conjure'. A sweetmeat. v. Af'fix. order. Trade between nations.

To make an impression. n. n. Small very little. Ferment'. In'timate. Outwork'. Purpose or design. stomach. v.-' Instinct'. Using many words. n. v. v. a. Min'ute. In'sult. n. v. surpass at work- i O'vERCHARGE. Inlay'. [mice. Fragrance. n. n. 21 Im'print. Outgo'. To grow larger. n. To set in motion. Alive. v. Gout. Gout n. The name of a publisher. Dis'couNT. | Out'work. Ob'ject. A measure. To smear with oil fat. In'terchange. Imprint'. Minute'. n. v. v. Ord'inary. To insert. Third person of do. Meaning a commodity brought into a country. The place for entering. a. To mean to bring into a O'vERTHROW. v. Forecast'. Impress'. v. Brave. Overcharge'. A forethought. n. A house of entertain. Gal'lant. . v. n.WORDS SIMILARLY SPELLED. v. Im'press. Escort'. v. n. n. A Invalid' (-eed). d. v. House. n. Misconduct'. To foresee. To excite to wrath. Des'ekt. n. Gallant'. v. To make an impression. v. To attend and guard. v. (liv). n. Ex'poRT. To behave ill. Desekt'. n. Or'dinary. Common plain. n. v. Discount'. Lead To send to a foreign (leed). v. (greeze). To spread abroad. disease of blood. Lower (lou-er). Not'able. En'trance. Something inserted. Does Does Es'coRT. A sandy waste. Essay'. [try. A man attentive to ladies. 'y. To conduct. A metal. Digest'. Fore'taste. Increase'. Taste relish. A short space of time. Miscon'duct. Animated. Remarkable. Frequent'. . To put in a house. To make an apology. A . Too heavy a charge. Foretaste'. . n. The lung of a fish. n. A heap of hay in a No'table. a. Diffuse'. To forsake. Object'. n. To disrespect. n. n. v. In'stinct. Excuse' (excuce). Entrance'. In'cense. v. Mouse (mouze). v. To visit often. Inval'id. Not legal. Di'gest. dissolve food in the A To sum deducted. . v. 71. Fre'quent. country. A person in a sickly state. In'terdict. a. To let down. Natural impulse. v. v. Pei^FUME'. fire. A commodity sent out. n. Often done. Im'port. Exile'. v. cloudy. A growing larger. To draw out. n. Work done To outside. To fill with delight. An affront. a. i | . House (houze). v. A dwelling. v. Fore'cast. A body-guard. v. To hunt after Mow. To charge too much. v. (doze). Fer'ment. A Gill {g soft). In'lay. person banished from Ex'iLE. v. (dus). An To a treatise. (goo). To oppose by words. To make odorous. w. An apology. To exchange. prohibition. v. v. n. An impression. a. Expenses of living. Import'. v. ^ . d. Thrifty careful. Diffuse'. [barn. Lead (led). deduct. In'crease. ment. To exist to enjoy life. country. Live Lite (live). a. Perfume exhaled by A collection To of laws. Overthrow'. Export'. To prohibit. n. n. Out'go. n. a. Lower. v. . a. Defeat. n. v. v. Anticipation. Friendly familiar. n. his country. Mutual change. Ex'tract. Es'sAT. n. 71. To send out of one's coun- Incense'. Mow Grease Grease or (greace). n. a. n. v. v. (mou). Oily matter. ing. A small animal. To cut grass with scythe. Internal motion. To taste before. n. Bad conduct. n. attempt try. Insult'. To defeat. Mouse. Something extracted. The plural of doe. Interchange'. n. Excuse' (excuze). n. In'timate. Gill {g hard). Extract'. Per'fume. To surpass. n. n. To grow . Interdict'. a. n. To hint.

Repent'. . v. v. n. To torture. Progress'. To scatter seed. n. a hurt. Reprimand'. A syllable placed at the beginning of a word. A design. Onward movement. v. To sell in small quantities. Lying lazily on the back. Creeping. n. Pres'ent. v. Trans'fer. Re'print. Prog'ress. To gather again. A censure. Record'. Survey'. n. Underwork'. scuffle. a. «. v. giance eration . a brawl. To call back to memRe'-collect. labor. n. A gift. To place before. . v. n. v. v. Rec'reate. n. n. Something that foreshows an event. i\ To turn as on a reel. v. n. Retail'. A rent . The feminine of boar. Read. n. Re'-create. Lands. Prece'dent. . v. To give formally. . n. v.. To peruse. Present'. Full of tar. Un'dress. serpent The cast skin of a foul matter from a sore. person who . To exile to enrapUndress'. Sub'ject. A A sews. To place on record. n. (so). Rebel'. n. Tar'ry. To print again. a. Sale by small quantities. n. 7i. To measure to view\ Tar'ry. v. n. v. Row (rou). To begin A Slough Slough A large drain. A flesh-cut Did wind. Trans'port. n. v. n. attached to a house. Did read. v. contrivance. HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Rec'ollect. [ory. Wind. Use (uce). Prod'uce. v. ture. Rep'use. . n. v. Be'pent. . Torture pain. Sow Sow Premi'ses. [ture. written authority. a. Pro'test. v. Transport'. A A second printing or To Prec'edent. To propel with oars. To plan to cast forward. The family name. (soo-er). To brighten. Sewer v. the thing under consida. Torment'. n. Protest'. Prefix'. Un'derwobk. Presage'. Reb'el. [sion. . Example. Prem'ise. Surname'. That which is left or reRefuse'. p. A miry ditch. To blame. v. v. To take off the clothes. A participial noun. n. A state of partial clothing. . (red). Any thing introductory. n. Tear Tear (tare). Air put in motion. with. n. Prelude'. To foreshadow. n. n. v. To regret . n. (sluff). the eye. 71. v. Ra'rity. v. to v. Unusual joy rap. v. n. n. Prel'ude. . Read. Pertaining to Poland. v. n. decline compliance Rep'rimand. Subordinate labor. Occupation utility. State of thinness. To censure. Rar'ity. To proceed onwards. To stop to delay. Something very scarce. To work at lower wages. Transfer'. Po'lish. (slou). Does premise. n. Sur'vey. n. n. n. To employ to make use Wind. To reduce to submisSu'piNE. a. Subject'. v. Row (roe). Project'. Rec'ord. A register. v. v. A line v. Prem'ises. Wound. n. Pol'ish. Wound. to be contrite. [with. Re'tail. Going before. One who owes alle(sou). allow. n. To add another name. Premise'. Drops of water from . To form anew.SMITH'S Peb'mit. . v. Proj'ect. A declaration against. To declare against. v. To refresh after Tor'ment. Pre'fix. Liable to. Permit'. proposition in logic. Pres'age. To explain beforehand. &c. To rise against and resist the law. v. v. To yield to bring forth. [of. v. Produce'. The act of transferring. Reprint'. Sewer (sow-er). Use (uze). A view a measurement. To rend. One who rebels. n. What is produced. n. Sur'name. (teer). jected. Supine'. n. v. . edition. To make over to another. n. . n. n.

lively man. v. Mean worthless. n. . Bat'ter. Arch. A speech. a. A high Obtuse steep bank. Arch. A bank of sand in a river. a. n. . Blow. n. n. v. n. Bee'tle. Bat'ter. n. The mouth-piece of a A note. Seeming not real. n. Bank. Blow. n. 11. Bank. Bait. n. To accost. n. Bay. n. To A rough savage animal. n. Deportment. of eggs.??. Bil'let. An animal. Bar. Bear. n. Coarse in manner. A kind of ship. Bar. The fur of the beaver. To assume without proof. Bill. An unmarried man. A small To bridle. n. Baste. n. Bea'ver. A ray of light. Blade. A game . n. Bark. A color a kind of brown. n. meat. Bit. Bluff. Chief. Air. superior. v. Address'. v. A part of a curve. Bee'tle. Bait. A railing an enclosure. n. Bear. puff. A heavy mallet. To press. To hold up. n. v. n. Baste. Beam. The rind of a tree. n. n. Bark. v. To produce. v. n. Bit. n. a. Bait. A heap of earth. Become'. Blade. Arch. Bark. To sew slightly. . blossom. A hollow A tree. A mixture to crush. n. v. Appa'rent. bark. The fluid we breathe. Air."WORDS SPELLED AND PRONOUNCED ALIKE. quarter soldiers. An'glb. n. v. An'gle. A globe. To beat with a stick. Art. The noise of a dog. An insect. n. log of wood. v. Direction of a letter. v. Bat. A rail to stop a passage. Beam. v. in the coast. v. To be suitable to. . v. n. Bear. Blade. A small. 71. Bluff. Baste. A corner. d. n. To overhang. A boring tool. The cutting part of a tool. Address'. A melody. Bear. n. Bear. Beam. To n. To ask for with humility. Manner look. Base. v. Bluff. The beak of a bird. Bill. Ball. v. scales. n. v. Bach'elor. at cards. n. n.i. Sly shrewd. The lowest part. To put food upon. a. v. Dexterity. Beg. a. A small piece. Ball. iBat. An account of money. winged anim^. A sharp. Bluff. Plain visible. Bee'tle. 71. n. n. Beg. To be changed. Bat.. a. To take refreshment. A bench for rowers. Bay. n. n. Address'. In an attitude of defence. A club for striking a ball. Bach'elor. Air. d. To beat . Bar. n.L. A leaf A To To of grass. lature. To pour fat on roasting . Become'. . A sheet of cotton for quilting. Bay. Bear. BUT OF VARIOUS MEANINGS AND APPLICATIONS Address'. n. Bel'let. Appa'rent. blunt. a. Art. Address'. n. n. Skill. n. n. Blade. Part of the verb to be. An entertainment of dancing. 23 WORDS SPELLED AND PRONOUNCED ALIKE. A kind of axe. n. n. Bill. To fish with a hook. Blow. To worry with dogs. n. Part of a carry. Bay. v. Bea'ver. v. Bit. The shoulder bone. Base. Bea'ver. An act before a legia- Bank. n. n. Bn. A heavy ]jiece of timber. stroke. n. n. n. kept. Part of a helmet. n. A place where money is A kind of barley. n. . . Bil'let. . Bay. ifec. A junior graduate.

n. A limit. To move with haste. Command. v. Can. n. To form in a mould. v. Calf. Board. To throw. Bolt. Did bind. n. n. n. v. . Variation of nouns. v. Brush. v. n. Charge. Cast. Charge. A leap. Check. n. Bore. n. A stop restraint. n. A waterfall. Bowl. A round hole. A pan to hold coals. Bound. n. Bore. motion of wheels. n. An instrument for clean[ing. n. Charge. bushes. n. v. Carried. A headland. To endure to suffer. n. v. Box. Profit advantage. Brush. n. Cap'ital. . v. n. a. A trust to defend. Butt. n. Bolt. v. An action at law. Bowl. Check. Brace. To be able. Brush. The line wliich joins the two ends of an arc. Cleave. To adorn by raised work. n. Bore. Affecting the head or life. A person who is the object of jests. v. A machine to retard the [brass. Check. Brake. flax. A stream of water.24 BoARix n. A metallic vessel. Charge. Brush. n. n. v. sustained. 71. A case or chest. v. Bowl. Hunting field sport. A printer's type frame. A piece A To comb of stiff" paper. Bore. n. An To accusation. To adhere to stick. To pursue. SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. n. Cat'aract. «. Board. A pair a couple. Bra'zier. v. The thing given in addition. Harmony of sounds. Covering for the foot and leg. Cast. To enter a ship by force. 1). A disease of the eye. . To fight with the fists. The thick part of the legi Can. n. kind of advertisement. n. v. . A round mass or ball. chief city. Cashier'. n. n. Bound. v. To separate. Case. A collection of twigs or . Brace. Brook. State of things. v. A hollow dish. Boot. . An influx of the tide. v. One who has charge ot money. Case. n. n. Chord. Chase. To vex or weary. attack. A large cask. Bore. Cape. n. Case. n. Cap'ital. Brake. Cost expense. n. v. Cleave. A thing that annoys. . A reprimand. Bound. Cast. . _^. Cape. Cast. Card. Case. Chase. n. To make a round hole. Cashier'j duct. Charge. n. A council. To dismiss for malcon- firm. n. n. Cleave. A mark. n. a. Part of a coach. The bud of a plant. n. n. Ca'per. n. n. v. To live -with for a price. n. Calf. An article of dress. v. A thin plank. Brake. n. n. To strengthen to make . A kind of hinge. wool. The young of a cow. To rub with a brush. n. A moulded form. Chord. A covering or sheath. Card. n. Box. Brush. n. To sift. To strike with the head. To split off". Boot. n. Money invested iu A business. First in importance. Card. n. n. Cat'aract. Charge. n. Brush. One who works in Bra'zier. v. To roll along. Chase. n. To touch lightly on the Chord. n. v. v. Board. To load to burden. Check. Cap'ital. Brook. Box. A kind of cloth. The handle of a pump. Brake. A slap on the ear. An instrument for dressing . n. Box. The bar of a door. Chase. Butt. To compute to reckon. A tool. A thicket. «. n. v. n. Bolt. Ca'per. Butt. Butt. A rude assault. . Cap'ital. n. Boot. Bore. Ad order for money. strument. Check. n. v. n. n. The string of a musical in surface. A kind of tree. Boot. To leave or desert suddenly. To skip and jump. v. n. Brace. n. n.

A substitute for money. To comply with. n. To proclaim loudly. Consist'ency. Colla'tion. Crib. a. From side to side. Residence of a prince. n. n. A point in an indictment. n. n. n. An engine for launching . v. Cross. Date. Cock'le. n. Fir timber. Thickness. n. One who counts. To roll over as a wave. v. Cross. Commit'. to exult. v. Craft. n. A single seed. Deal. Cross. v. Hearty . n. Concord'ance. n. To cancel. Crick'et. Club. . A rod used in billiards. n. Concord'a^tce. v. n. n. Cord'ial. Crib. game with bat and Crick'et. Cue. The name of a card. To confine in a small space. Deal. Quantity. To ornament to cover. To traffic. To thwart. n. Space before a house. v. Crow. A shell fish. one's self. v. . v. A child's bed. Desert'. Trial of patience. A foreign title. n. n. Corn. A society. n. n. n. Cop'y. Dear. Corn. A moro8« person. Cry. Count. Crib. Comb. n. Cord. Agreement with Crop. n. a. n. v. n. Crab. v. weights. Crit'ical. The cells in which bees put their honey. A valley. Deck. n. Inclined to find fault. tl Sailing vessels. n. Dear. n. n. Crit'ical. Cop'y. The craw of a To cut short. Crop. The time of an event Date. Count'er. imitation. n. Crow. Corn. A weed. ships. Dam. Cry. n. Crane. The harvest. Cue. a. That which is deserved. . An insect. n. To do to perpetrate. iron. A bar of To boast To make . To make like. Cbab. To intrust. n. To forsake. n. [point. Commit'. Consist'ency. Deal. Opposite contrary. Count. Desert'. A bank to confine water. n. model to be imitated. Court. A rack or manger. Cross. v. Club. n. v. Cross. Deal. foot. Relating to turning A n. To send to prison. n. n. Expensive. To salt. A suggestion a hint. a. n. A long legged bird. n. Colla'tion. A machine for lifting . n. n. Conform'. n. Cord. An index to words in the Bible. Crop. 26 A heavy stick. Seat of justice. Cord'ial. n. n. Crib. To number. A n. Crane. n. bird. v. Comb. . A crooked pipe. n. v. n. v. [ball. Court. Discerning. A gibbet. v. v. n. Club. n. n. Crit'ical. Court. A little street.WORDS SPELLED AND PRONOUNCED ALIKE. Crane. Crow. Comb. The floor of a ship. Trade manual art Craft. n. a. A small rope. Cross. a. Court. Craft. Count'er. n. Dam. . a. n. . Crow. Agreement. A fruit. A braid of hair. To woo to solicit. n. A wild apple. Comb. To distribute. Commit'. Crib. n. sincere. v. To pass across. Comb. a. n. A turn of mind. n. . n. Contrary to. Court. a noise like a A hard substance on the cock. Cock'le. Ill-tempered. A bird. Count'er. v. n. Comb. The mother of an animal. Cue. v. An a. Count. v. n. To adjust with a comb. n. Count'er. v. The call of an animal. n. Cross. Beloved prized. prep. A table in a shop. To lament aloud. A small house. n. Cue. An instrument for the hair. Comparison. Conform'. Corn. Any thing that comforts. A measure of wood. Grain. Cry. Cunning. The crest of a cock. v. v. Crab. Cross. A slight repast. A shell fish. Crab. To steal. Deck.

Down. Ear. A fine rasp. a. Draw. Fig'ure. A trustee of a college. course of food. tape. [put. Fell. v. stamp. n. a. Engross'. n.v. ^. To let out a liquid. weaving. i). Egg. A humming noise. The name of a partnership. n. Entertain'. Perceived by the touch. v. Firm. Fer'ret. E'vEN. Engross'. A speedy conveyance. a. n. n. who plunge un- DiVers. Draw. Express'. n. n. Fig'ure. a. guess. «. Fel'low. The name of a shrub. n. v. Ellip'sis. Divine'. A statue. v. a. Abstinence from food. Fine. Fare. To put to death. . Food for the table. A wire on which papers arc File. v. A sluggard. Fell. Dark-colored. Dock. Down. To live in idleness. n. Dun. A kind of narrow To . Die. To incite. A body laid by birds. To give dru^^s to. Fair. To bore holes. Level equal. An associate. n. Older. Fast. n. Several. A kind of weasel. Di'et. n. Fast. . A large market. n. A To to predict. n. a. n. To drag along. v. Fel'low. Divine'. Dun. a. a. To amuse. Fel'low. . v. . to conjecture. Fig'ure. n. Fair. n. drive out of a lurk> ing-place. Fil'let. Accurate. Clear pleasant. n. v. . Drill. . To cut down. To court servilely. n. v. n. . n. n. Di'et. Fel'low. Dock. a. v. A small band on the hair. To give food to. v. Part of a leg of veaL Fine. Pleasing handsome. Drug. n. a. An omission of words. Exact'. A number. «. Despatch'. a. Drone. n. File. n. To demand to extort Express'. Splendid. Drone. A kind of hood. n. a. An oval. n. a. Did fall. To place on a file. Cloth formed without . A criminal. Soft feathers. File. v. Draw. E'ven. -«. The organ of hearing. n. Those der water. Drug. Egg. Ear. An open plain. . To copy writings. Die. A place where ships lie. A medicinal substance. n. n. Drone. «. Firmly Swift. n. n. To exercise recruits. v. Eld'er. i). Fil'let. n. plant a weed. To call for payment. SMITH'S n. To read in a dull tone. To squeeze out. Paid. A place in court. rewarded. n. To occupy the whole. Strong steady. A flat piece of ivory dotn. n. Fawn. Fig'ure. ad. n. Fer'ret. Fell. ' Fare. One of a pair. A A A A pass from life. n. Dom'ino. The male honey bee. To utter to declare. v. n. v>. Drug. a. Fer'ret. Entertain'. Fel'on. A form of speech. u. v. Not up. ted like dice. n. v. n. Dock. x. little cube. . A painful tumor. A mean wretch.26 Despatch'. Drone. Just honest. foretell . n. HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Express'. n. Feed. To delineate. n. Firm. E'vEN. T). Fair. A barren hill. * To n. Divine'. A young deer. Hasty execution. n. Cruel barbarous. . Truly likewise. Godlike A To To heavenly. n. Express'. A line of soldiers. . n. An unsaleable thing. File. Exact'. Fine. The evening. A spike of com. adv. Fast. n. Not coarse. a. n. Dock. Feed. a. n. Drone. Plain clear. Di'vEES. A forfeit. theologian. Felt. Down. n. Ellip'sis. fixed. Fair. Fel'on. German parliament. To attract toward. Felt. Eld'er. Fawn. . v. Form shape. Dom'ino. n. Divine'. Down. To hold in the mind. Drill. cut off. n. Draw. Die. ^j?. Fell. A sand bank in the sea. Price of passage. v.

v. Green. Flag. a. a. Foil. X). Game. A small weight. To fill with water and Gross. comment. v. n. v. n. n. n. To cook in a pan. A machine for clearing cot« A A A A I ' Foot. ii. Fuse. One who moulds metals. Flag. Gull. v. Colored like grass. Soft fur or down. n. v. n. «. author. Fit. n. Gross. pp. Gross. An enclosure for sheep. n. FtjAG. A cleanser of cloth. n. n. An excrescence on the oak. I Hab'it. Ground. An interyal. Graze. To cut triangularly. 71. Flue. Animals taken by hunting. To counterfeit. single match of play. \ j Gall. v. n. Grain. State of a thing. Found'er. a. To hang loose. To rub on a rough surface. A measure. n. Foil. smooth shining surface. Ground. Gal'ley. Found. A water plant. Grate. a. Fit. One who establishes. To trick to cheat. Maker. v. A single seed. n. Grave. WORDS SPELLED AND PRONOTTN^CED ALIKE. coarse. Grate. Gust. Clotted blood. For'tune. «. A passage for smoke. Found'er. A swarm of young fishes. n. to defeat.. n. Gall. A sea-bird. To base to establish. v. To carve figures. suitable. . n. A n. Proper. a. . For'mer. Grain. Corn. pp. n. Before in time. n. . Agreeable pleasing. Fry. n. Gust. Graze. d. n. Fold. A printer's frame. is Form'er. n. n. n. Indelicate rude. i gether. Found. v. To compel. n. Gall. v. v. Foot. To form by the hammer. Large . v. n. n. . To baffle Fold. Did find. Frieze. v. More flat. n. A combustible tube. w. v. A coarse cloth. i Ground. v. n. n. Sense of tasting relish. To run aground. Custom. a. Fleet. Gal'ley. v. Full'er. . v. . double. A triangular piece. a. n. An thin plate of metal. n. a. v. Gin. To cast. Frieze. Ground. Gloss. Game. paroxysm. in a ship. ' Fret. A A blunt sword. Flag. . To establish. sink. v. The weight of all parts Twelve dozen. n. Fret. Gore. A range of bars. v. n. Forge.. Raised work in architec[ture. n. One easily cheated. Fry. Force. Grate. . n. ! Gin. To praise falsely. I a. Any minute particle. Ground. n. An alcoholic liquor. FouyD. n. . Fresh new. Gull. A snare. Forge. n. a. To touch lightly in passing. a. Green. Found'er. Fit. Grate'ful. n. n. The place of burial. n. Hab'it. Dress. Malignity. . n. Grain. Flat'ter. 27 Gal 'ley. n. A sudden. Gore. n. A company of ships. Gore. Solemn serious. An ensign or standard. n. Strength. The base. To be peevish. v. v. n. n. n. To liquefy by hea<^ Fuse. Gloss. violent blast. Chance luck. Gore. Fleet. Wealth riches. Game. Grain. Green. Foot. Nearer full. Flag. Hab'it. To suit. n. n. For'tune. . A term in architecture. Reduced to powder. To grow spiritless. Fit. Grave. Flue. . Foil. Forge. n. v. ton seeds. n. z. The extremity of the leg. a. n. A broad flat stone. Full'er. Force. to- n. Flat'ter. To pierce with a horn. A boat. To wear away by rubbing. Sharpened by grind[ing. Grave. Fret. Grain. To make a harsh noise. The earth the soil. Moving rapidly. I Gull. Gin. Thankful. A furnace where iron heated. To represent the veins of wood. n. . n. The kitchen amusement. A secretion of the body. Gross. Grate'ful. Unripe immature. To feed on grass.

Hail. n. Frozen rain. n. n. «. Hob'by. A bird of prey. To produce young from Ken'nel. Host. n. A voluntary cough. A song. Lay. Light. Lap. Not heavy. To assist to aid. Rif :ht. n. One who limps. n. a. Hop. A spout of water. n. a. a. good. n. n. n. A female deer. To endure. To offer for sale by out. v. A dog house. To forsake. n. Ixactly. Host. Jour'nal. adv. Hide. flesh Hue. n. Urgent immediate. n. n. n. n. «. Lap. Key. Lay. A conserve of fruits. n. In'stant. n. in a sitting posture. a. The sewed border of a garLast. Leave. A rattling sound. Leave. Ham'peRjTi. n. "Water surrounded by land Lake. n. A peasant. Species sort. n. Let'ter. v. Departure. To place down. n. That by which objects arc rendered perceptible to the sight. A climbing plant. Partaking of iron. v. An open [woods. Hawk. a. Hail. Lie. v. That which solves a diffi- culty. Halt'er. v. To lease. n. To clash to shake. Jam. Lie. v. n. Leave. Fine net work. Just. n. The mould on which shoes Hide. v. A daily register. n. The part formed by the knees Help. Let. Light. n. In'stant. v. n. Muscular part of Lean. . A moment. v. Help. a. The master of a feast. To jump on one leg. Last. A species of falcon. The sky. Lawn. A half door.jj. a large packing basket. Ham'per. To perplex. n. . A black fossil. . To lick up. n. n. An earthen vessel. Hem. Light. To wedge in. Jar. The eternal abode of the Lap. Lay. Light. An instrument to open lock. Not clerical. n. n. An outcry. Permission. Lay. Hind. . To avoid to prevent. Did lie. To incline. The part of a shaft which revolves upon a support. Not fat thin. are made. n. . Hem. n. To suffer to remain. Just. cry in the streets. Lay. n. v.2S Smith's hand-book: of etymology. pp. n. To fold over. A pacing horse. Ready to confer favors. To conceal. n. Lace. Color. v. Mockery. Kind. Hatch. Lawn. Lean. Host. n. Kite. A bird. Jour'nal. v. n. Leave. Let. v. A written message. To To rest. Landlord of an inn. A string. n. nearly. Kind. Host. Trivial frivolous. A paper toy to fly. To wager. n. v. Jet. Left. a. To refer for decision. Kite. n. Let'ter. . Lie. a.Lace. v. Hail. Ken'nel. To set on fire. To call to from a distance. n. Pertaining to the left hand. Hindrance. I'rony. A rope to hang criminals. A color. v. Hal'ter. A mark used in writing^ Let'ter. The skin of an animal. Leave. A favorite pursuit. Jet. Hue. [eggs. V. a. n. Not taken. Hawk. Heav'en. One who lets. n. Hatch. v. To permit. n. Left. v. Latest. Jam. «. Hop. v. To force up phlegm. . v. Hind. space between A linen fabric. n. n. ment. a. n. The gutter of a street. fiction. Jar. n. Heay'en. n. To salute. Lean. An army. To project. I'rony. v. Hob'bt. v. Hob'by. n. Hawk. Let. Light. Last. Lake. a. n. utter falsehoods. n. n. a Key. To settle on. Any great number. v. . Hind. Backward. v. A Jet. Jar.

v. Meal. Mean. v. To bellow as a cow. A pamphlet. A field. The continent. A A A Lock. A meadow. Mail. n. n. Man'ifest. Man'ifest. Lot.. v. Meet. n. May. Mean. To walk in procession. A Mole. Lot. v. n. A mixture. Mall. Mat'ter. Mead. n. A limit a bound. a. Mean. Moor. Armor. Match. To come together. Plain . a. A large open boat. Mint. show. a. n. Match. «. v. Belonging to me. Link. n. Material substance. not Manifest. Mew. To be able. Moor. A . n. The inflection of a verb. n. a. n. An inclosure in a canal. Mew. n. A mound. Lit'ter. A contest To equal . little animal. A public* walk. March. v. n. The spar to which the sails of a ship are fixed. a. Long. Magazine'. To fill with light. Lime. 71. n. v. v. A kind of spice. Main. Mat. v. A repast. Line. Low. A tuft of hair. Mace. To crush. Protracted. n. To shut up. A torch. n. Mint. To cover inside. Light'en. n. The fifth month. . Mood. Like. v. number of things in disorder. One that suits with an. A cavern dug for minerals. Honeywine. Match. n. 29 Man'gle. n. n. w. Lit'ter. v. Mace. Mat'ter. adv. spot on the skin. Moor. The linden tree. short record. Light'er. Mead. To intend to signify. Meal. n. ii n. A roll or catalogue. n. v. To listen to hear'ken. Light'en. n. • Main. . n. To flash as lightning. Long. A sea fowl. n. Lot. n. List. Straw laid under animals. A storehouse. Mat'ter. To wish to choose. To sort to portion. n. n. As. a. Match. pro. Lime. Mood. An ensign of authority. The fruit of forest trees. List. . a. Lot. n. Mash. n. n. A single ring of a chain. n. A heavy beetle. v. n. n. Fortune chance. n. Line. Mine. n. Chief. n. List. n. Lit'ter. Lock. V. Mall. Subject of discourse. A marsh or fen. Any thing that fastens. A Mole. A post bag. Proper suitable. To connect. Mail. Mew. con- cealed. To cry as a cat. a. v. The inclination of a ship to one side. Like. mals. Min'tjte. n. n. Mole. n. . Magazine'. portable bed. Line. One who lights. n. Link. A middle state. n. n. Consequence. List. A calcareous earth. To make appear to March. v. Min'ute. strip of cloth. n. Temper. v. List. Main. n. a game. LiGHT'EN. A list of the cargo . Link. Meet. A native of Barbary. v. To smooth linen. n. n. Mash. List. n. To make less heavy. . Not high humble. Resembling. The third month. To cut and tear. That which has length without breadth. A to suit. brood of young aniLit'ter. V. Mean. Mast. n. . in- n. A quantity of goods. Mine. A n. n. Middle moderate. Man'gle. A plant. thing that easily flames. n. . v. n. n. A species of lemon. other.WORDS SPELLED AND PRONOUNCED ALIKE. Like. . v. n. Lock. Light'er. Low base. Strength. v. To desire earnestly. Low. a. of a ship. . A place where money coined. Lime. n. A string. 71. n. The flour of com. Te anchor a vesseL Sixty seconds. To approve. Mast. . Main. The ocean. n.

n. Pile. Not any. A skin or hide. long lance. Ounce. Or'gan. n. Peck. A mantle of state. A command. n. A measure of cloth. Pal'let. Palm. v. Pack'et. adv. A measure. A musical wind instrument. a. To strike with a pointed instrument. finger [tip. n. n. Perch. n. A A . A road. n. New wine. d. Peer. n. Pan'ic. Mor'tar. n. a. n. n. Nerv'ous. Pine. A soft saddle or cushion. An inclosure. The down on cloth. n. a. n. Pa'tient. n. Fruit baked with paste. n. One who shapes. n. A natural instrument of Or'gan. To be compelled. Pal'let. Pelt. beam driven. Inclined to favor. Pine. To become insipid. n. kind of tree. A texture of twine. Nail. A shape To form. Pike. A vessel in which substances are pulverized. cleanly. Par'tial. Strong vigorous. Pen. v. n. An animal like a panther. Pat. An instrument to write with. Or'der. wing. Mor'tar. To compel. Pet. Oblige'. n. Pie. Pet. n. A small enclosure. The gate of a turnpike. Mould'er. To languish. Having weak nerves. Pile. A roosting place. To please. Pap. N'ap. Pall. A small board A nipple Sudden . n. Pan'ic. n. A person under the care of a doctor. n. A class. n. n. Pad. To strike lightly. A A . Pike. Pelt. A hand's breadth. Ounce. n. Nerv'ous. n. Paste. Par'tial. A a. A tree. a. Must. [sense. Peer. n. A s'harp spike of iron. The inner part of the hand Palm. n. n. n. Cement for bricks. n. An equal. n. A plant. Mould. n. n. Must. Net. n. The liead of an arrow. An ox or cow. A board on which a painter holds his colors. n. set in a Mould. Nap a hairy surface. n. n. Types unsorted. n. n. grow. n. n. Or'der.30 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. To turn into dust. A A Paint 'er. Pall. To strike with something thrown. Palm. a. n. Peck. n. Elegant . v. A slight passion. n. A short wide cannon for bombs. n. A small or rude bed. n. Pan'el. A small bundle. Pen. Must. Or'der. NiEAT. ti. a. Pa'tient. Enduring calmly. n. Mor'tar. Neat. Net. Oblige'. n. v. Soft food. heap. To impose upon by fraud. on bodies Mould 'er. n. Pile. Palm. Wanting color. A nobleman. n. n. n. Victory triumph. A boat. in a I or model. v. No. Exactly suiting. Pile. v. Pie. A quarter of a bushel. One who paints. The ground in which plants Pan'el. v. Mould. ! frame. n. n. v. A narrow board. To mould. n. n. A kind of fish. n. A list of jurors. Peer. Pike. n. A favorite. v. v. Perch. v. a. To look narrowly. Nail. Pale. kind of fish. Pin'ion. Fetters for t\iQ arm*. Imitations of precious stones. To pick up food with the beak. A mixture of flour and water. A rope us'^d to fasten Pale. n. n. Pale. Pack'et. . n. ji. The word of denial. • Paste. Peck. A covering for the dead. a. Affecting a part only. Regularity. A substance which gathers damp place. Palm. Pap. a teat. The covering of the short sleep. fright. Perch. Nail. n. A small weight. n. Clear after all deductions. n. n. Pat. Kap. No. Pall. Pad. v. Mould. . n. n. [a boat. n. Pin'ion. Paint'er.

n. Port. Pounce. ^. Punch. v. v. Pound. n. A A Pitch. n. n. &c. Pu'piL. Post. . Precipitate. A long piece of timber. n^ A small opening. To throw. Poke. n. Pound. Pri'or. Carriage demeanoft Port. Ofiice . n. Pur'chase. A shallow dish. To sharpen. Pink. To aim to show. [grow. Pound. Pitch. A harboro Port. The gun hole in a ship. Preceding in time. n. Pump. n. A fine powder. To represent falsely. Plane. Point. Pulse. A prison for stray beasts. Quail. Pin 'ion. A A n. To tread soft ground. A vegetable. Pitch'er. . n. Pretend'. 'v. Quail. Pu'piL. n. A n. The chief monk of a convent. V. i\ To decorate with fringe. Pore. A weight. n. To promote. Prune. The best part. Por'ter. Pounce. A sediment. Prime. Prime. Post. To push forward. in the teeth of a larger wheel. a A gate. n. n. . v. Degree of elevation. The motion of an artery. A piece of timber set upright. Port. A pouch a pocket. To push with fist. Plant. d. v. Pitch. To quake . Cloth with eyelet holes. A lazy. First in time. To buy. Prime. First-rate highest. Headstrong Point. Pri'or. a. To throw headlong. Pounce. Purl. dawdling person. A measure. An instrument for cut mixture of bran and ting holes. To set. Thickened tar. Beans. Pol'lard. Point. n. Pole. v. Prune. The left side of a ship. a charge. n. To put j)owder so as to fire . v. Plane. Twenty shillings. . n. To To travel quickly. A flat piece of metal. Prime. To flow will] a gentle noise. To apply a first coat of paint. n. Port. n. Plant. v. v. A mixed liquor. A carrier. 71. Post. Pink. A carpenter's tool. n. Pulse. To tumble head[hasty. Por'ter. Pole. Port. 31 To confine by binding Post. Pore. n. To fix to set up. v. Pm'iON. v. transcribe into a ledger. Plate. Punch. Pounce. . Precip'itate. the arms. An earthen vessel. n. n. 7i. n. A station. To put in the ground to Plant. Plate. Purl. n. malt liquor. To fall on suddenly. A kind of wine. n. A tree having its top cut off.. scholar. To steal game. Convenience for us* ing force. A messenger. v. n. Poke. v. Poke. Point. n. . meal. way. /?. A small wheel working employment. Pol 'lard. One who pitches or Pitch'er. The claw of a bird of prey. Strong. n. v. Poach. Level even flat. Purl. v. Post. Poach. n. ?i. The apple of the eye. v. Prime. Por'ter. v. Pound. long. v. n. Pur'chase. The sharp end. Prefer'. Post. v. To look earnestly. v. n. peas. To cut off branches. n. To lay claim. n. n. n. a. n. To grope. A light shoe. A dried plum. beer. v. color. The summit of excellence. . The extremity of an axis. v. ard. v. Plane. A door keeper. n. Poach. n. or push one's n. A native of Poland. n. Pitch. Pink. v. Pole. feel. Pole. . A bird. Pretend'. n. xin engine to raise water. a. n. n. Prefer'. to tremble. Pu'piL. WORDS SPELLED AND PRONOUNCED ALIKE. a. n. To beat heavily. Wrought silver. n. flower. n. A level surface. v. To boil slightly. n. n. v. [throws. To choose before another. Precip'itate. Poke. A Pump. n. n. Pitch. Place station. Punch. a. v. n. n. d. Plate.

An eruption. n. v. n. n. To regret. n. «. Not left. Roe. Right. A vicious man. a. v. n. Ren'der. v. Overgrown. To move forward with vioSa'ble. A Rash. Remainder. n. Ring. Rend'er. n. to jeer. Sack. A portion of a sail. To undermine. To drive in violently. Divided into four I equal parts. The right of choice. The eggs of fish. n. A farming instrument. a. Correct. A species of firework. The juice of plants. Just claim. To translate . ^>. Sage. n. n. n. n. A bar. n. v. Refu'sal. Place from which stones are dug. v. Row. n. A proverb. Repose. To raise up. A way. Rig. n. n. A particular region. n. A puzzling question. Ram. To make many holes in. n. Rock'et. a. n. n. Rank. A generation. 'd. v. n. Quiv'er. Rush. Ray. n. n. Reef. To use insolent language. Rid'dle. Right. Saw. a. n. Things in a line. n. To plunder. n. Rancid. v. n. A plant. «j. i Right. v. A kind of coat. Race. ©. Rear. n. n. n. Sack. Mercy shown by a con. Sack. A denial. To restore. Rue. Did see. One who tears. 1). n. a. Sa'ble. A plant. Ren'der. Thinness. Quar'tered. Rest. forward. Heef. Rank. v. Sage. Rash. n. n. &c. bird. A vast mass of stone. Dignity. n. A chain of rocks under water. Acting without caution. A trick. n. SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Rake. n. a. To educate. To lodge soldiers. n. Rout. n. To sound. pp. n. To torture. to con- Saw. Rake. A large bag. Rack. n. Rack. A n. Rest.32 Quar'ter. rings. Eight bushels. Rear. Right. j Fourth part. Justice. A plant. a break. To draw off from the lees. A fish. Ray. Rose. Quar'tered. A clamorous multitude. n. A row. n. [lence. Rank. A toothed instrument for cut' ting. Rig. The game flown at by a hawk. Rack. Row. Ring. Rid'dle. Quar'ry. Saw. A kind of wine. Wise prudent. A female deer. v. Straight. Rar'ity. A kind of weasel. Rail. scarce thing.Rent. Sack. V. A belt. Rock. Rid'dle. «. A case for arrows. Quar'ter. A circle. Rout. n. v. Sash. Sap. To defeat and disperse. Quar'ter. Stationed for To dress. To fit with Road. n. Rose. Rent. Right. Quiy'er. Rank. A flower. v. Rock. Quar'ter. A liquor. Ram. Sash. Roe. To impel with oars. . n. To banter. n. A frame. n. x>. n. Black dark. . Quar'ter. Rear. n. n. Rail. a. lodging. t. Rush. The hinder part. n. n. n. n. A contest in running. Rbn'der. To move backward and Rail. n. Did rise. A window frame . A beam of light. v. To come back to order. Ral'ly. To go or pass freely. for holding a Money paid queror. Rbfu'sal. v. Rar'ity. may anchor. a. strue. n. A place at sea where ships Rack. A sieve. n. A plant. n. n. pp. 'd. To shake or tremble. Rue. Ral'ly. Rock'et. A male sheep. Road. Quar'ry. Sap. «. n. Ring. thing. A tear . Race.

n. Scut'tle. Sheer. n. Sound.. Sba'son. Sen'tence. A small sea fiah. Entanglement. narrow perpendicular Shaft. Single. in order to sink. A bar of a wheel or ladSpoke. A stamp. Spring. Sound. Spell. n. n. A charm. Spring. n. Sea'son. Shore. Saliva. n. A great multitude. To prepare for use by time. v. n. Smack. A bush. Scale. n. Sole. Souse. n. n. A vehicle with low wheels. v. n. n A shallow sea. n. To doom. Very thin. Scut'tle. or come forth. Sole. . to hide. smart blow. v. The soul of man. n. Spring. To indicate the proper ters of a word. a. n. n. Bulk. Sheer. Remarkable. deck. v. Scut'tle. building. A drain. A sand bank under water. n. Spring. Size. Sin'gular. n. A rope. n. v. Smelt. v. n. Smelt. . 71. Smelt. Spring. Scale. n. Set. See. The pole of a carriage. n. a. n. A broad piece of cloth. n. Sheet. A To To kind of protect sift . a.dth a A A spade. Temper courage. Spit. A loud kiss. . n. . a. A probe. Sound. of speak. A small sea fish. An assemblage of sense. [pit. A leap. One of the four parts of the year. Sea'son. Something that affords Size. Smack. n. v. To bring to a fine edge. To peel off in thin pieces. v. A diocese. To eject from the mouth. Spell. n. To perceive by the eye. A quick. on a fish's Scale. Spit. A sticky substance. n. To plunge into water. Spring. . [der. A utensil for coal. v. a. 33 The A little shell dish of a balance. long iron prong. Shoal. To growl. number of things suited to Set. A fit time. A regular gradation. Shed. «. n. Screen. Sink. ». Sig'nal. An elastic body. Set. To turn aside. Pickle made of salt. Spar. v. Splr'it. Sen'tence. Unusual odd. Spar. A short time. a. v. A turn of work. Souse. SEAii. n. Shoal. A [haste. n. v. To turn up ground . n. Spit. The coast. n. Slug. v. Spir'it. Fret. To climb. sieve. n. n. Unmingled pure. a. n. n. To give a relish to. n. Scale. n. v. A sign to give a notice. skin. n. v. A slow. To make dirty. shelter or concealment. Screen. Shrub. To rise. n. Spell. v. Snarl. Snarl. The ground land. Sig'nal. Shed. To sink below the horizon. To melt ore. Sound. Did smell. Sea'son. n. Sin'gular. Eminent: Spoke. n. n. A prop under a building. v. n. To place. v. v. to separate. Uninjured. n. Single only. distilled liquor. n. Shaft. Spell. n. An arrow. v. each other. Shallow. lazy fellow. A piece of metal. Shrub. . See. n. v. 71. Screen. words making complete Set. To make holes in. a.Spar. To dispute. Shore. n. n. Soil. n. n. n. Shaft. A fountain. Scale. Sledge. v. Screen. An alcoholic mixture. To go down. To run with affected Scut'tle. Sole. Smack. A A lat* A . Slug. Shoal. Spit. To cause to flow. Sheet. «?. n. A noise. n. Seal. Sledge. Sheer. Sink. Spir'it. a.WORDS SPELLED AND PRONOUNCED ALIKE. One of the seasons. Soil. The bottom of the foot. To leap to jump. hole in a roof or The sea calf. n. n. A heavy hammer. A mineral. v. A fishing vessel. . Sin'gular. n. A mast or boom. n.

«. Tap. This time. An acid salt. To prevent to delay. v. n. A piece of tiniber. n. A district of country. Tack. Notwithstanding. n. Strand. a. A cover for the leg. t?. One of the parts of a Stroke. Stud. n. Ta'ble. A nail. Stake. Severe. . n. Stem. family a race. Succeed'. Tar'tar. . Tart. Suit. To endure to bear. n. number of officers. n. Still. n. «. v. n. An anecdote. Stocks. a. set. State. Fixed firm. Settled. The wooden part of a gun. To calm. To break in pieces. ®. Sta'ple. Stalk. n. n. Quiet. v. n. A small To change the course of a ship. Stocks. To prosper. place of punishment. n. Stud. Tap. Stoop. n. A A . An iJ-natured person. An An article of furniture. . vessel for distilling. Staff. ^jt?r. n. Strain. a. n. n. Steep. n. Stick. n. n. Tare. n. c. To To To filter. Sta'ble. A prop a support. A blow. A tree. n. n. To follow. n. force. Stock. Strain. n. State. State. Strain. Stave. . a. n. To pierce a cask. v. A weed. Stoop. A Swal'low. To support. To make known. To direct a course. v. Stalk. A rule of measure. [rope. A stick. Sto'ry. grandeur. To continue in a place. n. v. Stock. n. A bench on which any thing is exposed for sale. Stock'ing. The stem of a plant. a. Stud. n. Tare. n. Staff. To take dova\ the throat. Stay. adv. Dignity Condition. Steer. To pierce to stab. Steer. A principal commodity. Stick. v. A kind of pie. n. Suit. Stock'ing. Tack. A kind of button. n. n. Still. A small light. Precipitous. A narrative or history. sprain. Stock. n. To walk with lofty steps. Sty. v. n. n. a. Stay. Succeed'. SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Stand'ard. Suit. To permit to allow. Stud. v. v. n. Tart. The public funds. Sta'plb. Supply provided. Stock. v. v. Stern. Sour sharp of taste. Stave. A hog pen. n. To bend forward. Steep. Stocks. Still. Sty. n. Sto'ry. n. Tack. To stand still. A crib for an animal. Strain. A passage of music. To soak. Stem. v. Sto'ry. a. Stall. Neat without elegance. State. A . n. Stave. A piece of wood. Ta'ble. v. index . n. n. . Courtship. n. v. State. Stroke. Stoop. Stem. n. Staff. Suf'fer. n. Stern. Suit. Stand'ard. n. Still. n. Sta'ble. a list. A drinking vessel. . The capital of a merchant. Stat. Stick. n. Style. To grow smaller towards [the end. The stem of a tree. To strike a very gentle blow. n. Ta'per. A stanza. n. nail. n. To join to fasten. v. n. v. n. The hind part of a ship. n. Filling. n. v. A stick. Stay. A civil community. A thing at hazard. v. n. v. A floor of a building. An allowance. n. To adhere. A house for beasts. Sta'ple. A stalk. Still. Stall. Stock. A loop of metal. Tar'tar. To bear up against. tumor on the eyelid. «?. A bird. Sta'ple. Swal'low. Strain. n. To fit. Sto'ry. «. n. Prosecution. The fibre of cotton. Spruce. A young bullock. . The steps to a door. Sup'fer. &c. A falsehood. .34 Spruce. A collection of horses. To rub gently. Ta'per. Strand. a. The frame on which ships are built. conj. A narrow piece of wood. n. «. The fore part of a ship. A flag. n. A A Stake. n. v. n. n. . A shore or beach.

v. v. . v. . v. n. The handle of a rudder Tilt. Tick. a. A musical instrument. To behave towards. v. Rightly properly. To n. n. Wound. To sound with slow strokes. A little insect. conj. Tick. Sound. adjv. Vault. v. Verge. To twist. Treat. n. To discourse on. A n. Wear. Elasticity. To run or step lightly. A toy. Treat. Treat. A kind of dam. n. v. Wear. A friendly encounter. A deep narrow pit of waxer. Trap. A To attendant. Top. A posture master. Tick. Troop. One who cultivates. of. 71. Wax. Tone. n. Toll. v. To carry upon the person. n. n. n. Top. Horse soldiers. n. v. strike the foot against. To smear with wax. Yard. Trump. n. The mace of a dean. Whist. To go towards. The iron band of a wheel. To fatigue. Whist. n. To leap. Wax. An awning. To thrust a weapon at. Tattoo'. A tax for some benefit conferred. n. n. A winning card. Wa'ges. n. Tend. v. A long piece of timber to extend the sails of a ship. To the time. Trust credit. n. Treat. . n. a snare. Tum'bler. Ten'der. Till. n. Brink edge. Trip. n. v. Vault. Wickedness. n. a. v. v. In the place n. An excursion. A net . Trip. Vice. Verge. n. Well. n. n. n. Treat. Pay for services. 71.WORDS SPELLED AND PRONOUNCED ALIKE. Tire. v. Tum'bler. . Trip. company. Twine. A hurt. v. v. v. To tend towards. An instrument for catching. A drum beat. n. n. n. Vice. Ush'er. Trap. n. The case of a bed. v. To A n. The highest part of any thing. v. Be silent be still. To negotiate. TiLT^ V. The substance of which honey comb is formed. Wear. Wax. Did wind. To grow to increase. Toil. n. v. n. v. n. . v. Twine. Vice. To set in a slanting position. Carries on. Being in health. Wound. n. Toll. To watch to guard. A shaft in a watch. Well. 36 Tend. Trump. v. An enclosure of ground. A n. To cultivate. A machine for griping. v. Troop. . A head dress. Trump. To adorn. Tattoo'. Yard. To mark the skin. Tend'er. v. Tilt. The act of wearing. Well. A small cord. To impose upon. v. Verge. Tire. A game at cards. n. Wear. Till'er. stumble. offer. v. A measure. To impair by friction. Trip. Tilt. n. Soft. A cellar. money box. n. Till. ToNB. Till. v. Till'er. . A feast. Tire. n. An introduce. intj. Ten'der. To make a small noise. the n. Tick. underteacher. Verge. Wa'ges. Toil. A drinking-glass. Yard. n. n. To work hard. n. Ush'er. To entertain with food or drink without charge.

I. RULES FOK SPELLING Unle Words double the of one syllable ending with /. or «. preceded by a single vowelj as. . final letter .36 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. I.

confer'. double their final letter before a suffix that begins with a Words . — Trav'-el . X. accented on the last syllable. the same as if it were a single vowel. Abet' Beget' Beset' abet'-tor beget'-ting beset'-ting Inter' — — Prefer' Refer' inter'-ring prefer'-ring refer'-ring Compel' Excel' compel'-ling excel'-ling Concur' concur'-ring Demur' demur'-ring Rule VI. and k are never doubled in English words. remains single on the addition of a suffix. changed. when they end with a single consonant preceded by a single vowel. Note 3. The final consonant of a word. The final vowel is doubled after a vowel preceded by g-w. or when the accent is not on the last syllable. Bag Chap Dig Fib bag'gage chap'ping dig'ging fib'bing Let let'ting Man Rob Stab man'ned robl^er stab'bing trod'den Gab gablDle Trod Rule Words gins with a vowel. rererence. when not preceded by a single vowel. 37 Rule IV. and fer'. Words derived from gas have only one s. preference. — Note 2. prefer. y. The accent of the derivative must continue on the same syllable as in the thus. when they end with a single consonant preceded by a single vowel. vowel as. refer' with ihle gives refer'rible ^double rr). as gases. when a syllable was added commencing with a vowel but it evidently accords with the analogy of the language. though not accented on the last syllable. double their final letter before a suffix that be- Note radical is . of one syllable. . It has been the practice to double the I in all words ending in I preceded by a single vowel. but in referable the accent we have single r. 1.RULES FOR SPELLING. V. also. that all such words should conform to the rule. conference re . Note.

Words ending with any double tional termination not beginning letter. Rule VIII. with the same letter as.3S SMITHES HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. preserve it double before any addi. Woo .

The following words. ending with e preceded by fore a suffix commencing with a vowel. Space c. ao Rule XI.RULES FOR SPKLLTNO. change the e into i be- .

Ra'-cy .

Words ending with the letters 5 A'-ble Sta'-ble Li'-a-ble ble. the singular ends with a sound which will unite with that of «. a-bil'-i-ty Mu'-ta-ble Pra'-ti-ca-ble Sep'-a-ra-ble mu-ta-bil'-i-ty prac-ti-ca-bil'-i-ty sep-a-ra-bil'-i-ty sta-bil'-i-ty li-a-bil^-i-ty Ca'-pa-ble Du'-ra-ble ca-pa-bil'-i-ty du-ra-bil'-i-ty Ad'-mi-ra-ble A'-mi-a-ble ad-mi-ra-bil'-i-ty a-mi-a-bir-i-ty Rule XX. for d. Words ending with the suffix ly. the generally formed by adding s only. le preceded by a consonant. the regular plural adds s to final e. 41 Rule XVII. and forms a separate plural is . change the d into s in the annexed euphony de-fense' of-fense' De-fend' Of-fend' ^ de-fen'-sive of-fens'-ive ' Ex-pend' In-tend' Pre-tend' • ex-pense' in-tense' ex-pen'-sive in-ten'-sive Dis-pend' pre-tense' dis-pense' * Ex-pand' ex-panse' pre-ten'-sion dis-pens'-ing ex-pan'-sive . y of a radical word. The plural number of nouns is regularly formed by adding 8 0T esto the singular. —When syllable. final The «. is generally omitted eq'-ui-ta-ble Pu'-n-ty Fe-lic'-i-ty pu'-ri-tan fe-lic'-i-tous Eq'-ni-ty In-iq'-ni-ty in-iq'-ui-tous Gra-tu'-i-ty Ne-ces'-si-ty gra-tu'-i-tous ne-ces'-si-tous Ca-lam'-i-ty Fa-tu'-i-ty Grav'-i-ty ' ca-lam'-i-tous fa-tu'-i-tous U-biq'-ui-ty u-biq'-ui-tous grav'-i-tate Rule XVIII. The following words ending with derivatives. upon taking the suffix ity or iUes. when preceded by before a suffix beginning with a or o. take i between and I.: BULE8 FOR SPELLING. Note. and the number of syllables is not increftsed but when the sound of s cannot be united with that of the primitive word. and es to other terminations. drop the Peace'-a-ble le upon receiving Nim'-ble nim'-bly peace'-a-bly Hum'-ble No'-ble Doub'-le Peb'ble hum'-bly no'-bly doub'-ly peb'-bly Mov'-a-ble Af'-fa-ble mov'-a-bly af'-fa-bly Laugh'-a-ble Blam'-a-ble laugh'-a-bly blam'-a-bly Rule XIX. Mob Pen Bed Lid Babe mobs Rule XXI.

change the t into s.si ve re-mis'-sive ad-mis'-si-ble em'-is-sa-ry Com-mit' 0-mit' Per-mit' Li-ter-mit' com-mis'-sion-er o-mis'-si-ble per-mis'-si-ble in-ter-mis'-sive The above words double the is because the a-ver'-sion final consonant of the accented syllable a-verse'-ly preceded by a single vowel. A-vert' Sub-vert' Ad-vert' Re-vert' Di-vert' In-vert' sub-ver'-sion ad-verse' re-ver'-sion sub-ver'-sive ad-vers'-i-ty re-ver'-si-ble di-ver'-sion in-ver'-sion di-ver'-si-ty in-verse'-ly Con-vert' Per-vert' con-ver'-sion per-ver'-sion single con-verse'-ly per-ver'-si-ty An-i-mad-vert' an-i-mad-ver'-sion s. . when the word ends with by adding an apostrophe only. «. The .: 43 Pro-pend' Re-spond' Sus-pend' Dis-tend' SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Eule XXIII. preceded by a consonant. The following words ending with derivatives for t. possessive case of nouns is formed in the singular number by adding preceded by an apostrophe and in the plural. pro-pense' re-sponse' sus-pense' dis-ten'-sion ex-ten'-sion de-scen'-sion as-cen'-sion ab-scis'-sa re-scis'-sion pro-pen'-si-ty re-spon'-sive sus-pen'-sion dis-ten'-sive Ex-tend' De-scend' As-cend' Ab-scind' Re-scind' ex-ten '-si ve de-scen'-sive as-cen'-sive ab-scis'-sion re-scis'-so-ry Rep-re-hend' rep-re-hen'-sion Com-pre-hend' Ap-pre-hend' Con-de-scend' Cor-re-spond' com-pre-hen'-sion ap-pre-hen'-sion con-de-scen'-sion cor-re-spon'-sive Rule XXII. The above words have but lable of the radical is because the final consonant of the accented syl-. ». in the annexed euphony sub-mis'-sion de-mis'-sion re-mis'-sion ad-mis'-sion e-mis'-sion com-mis'-sion o-mis'-sion per-mis'-sion in-ter-mis'-sion i Sub-mit' De-mit' Re-mit' Ad-mit' E-mit' sub-mis'-sive de-mis'.

that letter is doubled if unlike. Rule XXVI. Act'-or Ar'-bi-ter act'-ress ar'-bi-tress in er or or. Mistakes are often made in spelling words commencing with prefixes.: : RtlLES FOR SPELLmG. Words ending with a vowel. and add 8 in their . retain the /. Com'-pa-ny Cus'-tom Join Grieve Mis'-sion ac-com'-pa-ny ac-cus'-tom ad-join' ag-grieve' two " c's one d two " " g's Re-spond' Com-pose' Sat'-is-fy com-mis'-sion cor-re-spond' de-com-pose' dis-sat'-is-iy m's r's one c two " s's Solve No'-ble Leg'-i-ble Lib'-er-al Mor^-tal dis-solve' en-no'-ble il-leg'-i-ble il-lib'-er-al two " n'8 I's " im-mor'-tal two m's The following words ending their plurals Plurals.—The Safe Grief verbs formed from the following words ending with : / or /e. K . often drop the e or <? before a suflEix commencing Ad-ven'-tur-er Am-bas'-sa-dor Ben-e-fac'-tor ad-ven'-tur-ess am-bas'-sa-dres9 ben-e-fac'-tress Au'-di-tor Chant'-er Con-duct'-or au'-di-tress chant'-res9 con-duct'-ress Foun'-der En-chant'-er foun'-dress en-chant'-ress Eule XXV. letter of the primitive word is the same as the last letter of the prefix. consider whether the first inserting or omitting a letter. / or fe. have the f changed into save grieve be-lieve' Strife strive Proof Re-lief prove re-lieve' Be-lief The following words ending with plurals Rule XXVII. and add e% Plurals. by To avoid errors. in / or fe. change / into Leaf Beef Calf Elf Self Life «>. th«y be alike. Sheaf Loaf Thief Half Shelf sheaves loaves thieves leaves beeves calves elves selves lives halves shelves Wolf Knife wolves knives v Wife wives Note. 43 Rule XXIV. they remain single.

.44 Chief SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.

to. to make dear. to make into an act. J^-bod'y. in. ^-head'. Be-CAi. in sleep sleeping.Kwi-bel'lish. Saxon prefix a signifies on. ad. . ad. ad. (beau*). daub . is in. . ID. En-KCT'^ V. v. deck to adorn. to make dim. to put in a bottle. jB^poul'. . EiUf for En» Signifies to make. Be.^-dan'ger. ^-far'. to put in a circle. to put in danger. to V. which means on Board. ^-stern'. A. «. wa^calm.S??i-BOT'TLE. . to make numb. or <U. — . V.^'. to give a body to. Be-DATTB'. . v. * Note. the at. to. to the stem. on board in a ship. ^^^-fee'ble. ^-cir'cle.. v. ox on . to make foul. on fire.— — PART SECOND PREFIXES OF SAXON OR ENGLISH ORIGIN. though in general the meaning is indicated where the root is used. Be-DiM'. V. V. to to over.—when combined they form the word aboard. to make beautifuL Mn-FOW^KB. -E^ti-dear'. JE^-CAMp'. V. at a distance. to give. v. ^-fire'. The words in parentheses are the roots from which the English words are derived. —a-b-o-a-r-d. to the head furtliir on. —aboard. Be-DKCK'. . t).4-board'. V. Signifies on. Board a primitive word. ad. jBe-NUMB'. to make feeble. into. The pupil will find the meanings of the roots under their respective heads. ad. ' Signifies in. to make. V. ^-SLEEp'. to give power to. '0. Signifies to maJce. . FORMULA. . to form into a camp. Aboabd. ad.

0»er-RUN'. wrong conduct. Un-YOKE'. Signifies not. Out-SRUSE'. JPbre-DOOM'. V. Jlfi«-BELiEF'. Un-BEMj'. n. V. Fore-SEE^ v. to run t???^/' or above. ^(TT-e-RUN'NER. to flow over. to take off of the hinge. to shine more than. moke bitter. 1). 0»^-val'ue. «. Vn-csAiN'.ow'. to take V. to take off the yoke. Jtti-brown'. to guide wrong. Jm-pov'ERiSH. (k>er-ijOAT>\ 1). Jm-PEARL'. to spread over or a&cwe. to apply wrong. Signifies beyond. Signifies 'before. 71. to run beyond. «). to live beyond.4:6 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Ow^-run'. not active. Signifies to make. V. to make like pearls. to see beforeh&xid. Over-Fi. a. to doom beforehsiXid. one who Funs before.\ V. 3fzs-GUiDE'. Signifies ahatie or ov&r. Signifies wrong. v. ?i. «j. t). to take out the pin. the part of the day 'before noon. ^(?re-TELL'. a. Out. . v. to tell J^g/brehand. Jfi«-PLACE'. off the chain. JIfzs'-coNDUCT. Out-JjiYB'. n. to take JJtlf before an Adjective. off the bar. v. Im. to Mis. to burden too mwh. Over. Out-BiT>'. Over-SFB. P^a'ble. V. wrong belief. iTW-BiT'TER. too great. 71. «). Jlfis-cAL'cuLATE. Fore. «?. v. too much. to bid beyond or more than anothe?. to take off' the seal.M>re'-siGHT. Z7w-hinge'. J*^<?re'-NOON. Oper-BUR'DEN. not able. to reverse the act of. to place wrong. to load too mioch. Un-FiN'. Un-BAB. «. tnore than. to value mwc^. v. to Calculate wrmig. JTw-AC tive. v. a seeing Je/brehand. to make poor. to v. V. .EAD\ V. Signifies to take off. ^ Uflf before a Verb. make brown. V. V. Jfis-APPLY'.

a. Signifies 'beneath^ less than. v. V. V. (equus). ^&Vent. .4^-duce'. AU-t-ract\ v. (ruptum). ^&-rade'. ^&-ject'. -4<^here'. 47 a. a.4-voca'tion. WitTir-HOijit'. (verto). {luo\ a washing away. (jungo). less than another. to hold from. to lead to. Jid-AFT. WitJi-STAND' . not certain. (duco). V. Under. a. to draw from.<^-ja'cent. A. to turn . {jaceo). Ct^-cer'taln. draw from or away. ^&-lu'tion. word averts which means to turn from or away. not broken. to hold from.-vert'. V. is verto^ tji« . Vhder-SB:En'iFF. turn from. Signifies J. to rub away. nsfiT. n. «. to loose from. (solvo). . to suck from or uj>. . -4&-RUPT'. V. v. an officer under another. Signifies Abs. — —avert. vert derived from the Latin word —the Latin prefix a signifies from or away — when combined. AbS'TAm'. Under-BiD'.4-vul'sion. . Ab. Signifies from or away. iT/i-JUST'. FORMULA. equal to. Ad'-^qjjATE*a. Charmed'. v. to bid n. one who is unxier the sheriff Under-YAJj'uE. (jado). «. they farm ^a-v-e-r-t. from or away. v. {vello)j a tearing away. to from or away. (aptus)^ to v. Avert.— — LATIN PREFIXES. (ens). (voco). lying to or Ad-30is{\ V. n. from or against. ^&-sorb'. a calling away. LATIN PBBFIXES. Under-OF'FiCBn. Signifies With-jyiLAw'. broken from or off. v. Qimred). v. a. J. to cast away. Ad. not just. (teneo). n. to stick to. a. {traho). not armed. With. a. to to stand against. {rado). a being away. ^&-solve'. to rate under its value. to join to. fit to. C>2/-bro'ken. n. (sorbeo).

to make great tOc ^^-GREss'. v. (cedo). J. to. to take to. Alf for Ad.48 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. for a<^venue. n.r-RANGE'. for Ad. to sprinkle to or upon. a flowing to. (venio). . Signifies (scando). An. to make t^ nothing. V. -4-sperse'. Signifies to. JLc-CESs'. for Ad. v. for Ad. V. the way of coming to (a place). (nullus). to pertain to. ^/?-nounce'. approach to. (spargo). to make heavy to. to make light to. . (ludo). a. n. to write or impute to. V. ifltio). V. ^^-pend'. (levis). AVf J. (luo). V. ask or assume to (one's self). (cedo)^ v. play or advert to. to strike to or at. (ligo). to <4p-PERTAiN'. * For the sake Is D. to or in order. Af. 4/>-PR0x'iMATE. to yield (capio). V. Signifies ^^'-GEAVATE. to. to (rogo). to ^-v'enue. (scribo). to reduce to nothing. -4c-cept'. v. Signifies (pend). v. (pa/reo). of frequently changed. (an agreeable sound in language. &c. v. Signifies to. to. ifligo). v. ^^-le'viate. ^?-Lu'viAL. . «. to vow ACf to. to. {votwn).* to. A-YOw\ V. ^^'-GRANDizE. n. to. for A. V. to tell to. t).Z-LUDE'. v. for Ad.-SPIIIE'. becoming hang to. Ag. ui^-PA'RENT. to. we have ascend. ^/-FIX'. {gvandis). to go to ov against. An-^xiij'. for arfscend avenue. to. to put ^r'-ROGATE. washing to bind to. to. to v. Signifies ^c-cede'. AI-JuY'. to fix v. Signifies (rang). (nectd). (prope). to. for Ad. (nuncio). {gradior). ^-scribe'. to climb to. Af J. (gravis).d.-SCEND'. ^w-NEx'. {nihil). J. to a. (spiro). . Af-vtjICt'. euphony. v. V. come near to. breathe to. v. A/'-fJjTJX. -^dsible to. (JlXUS). for Ad.) the form of the prefix Thus. Ap. Signifies to tie wdri-ifi'HiLATE.

V. is on the south side . (stmwy^ to build together. oh this side of the Alps. Signifies to. to breathe together. At-TB. (jaceo). - Atf for Ad. to stand to or h/. (socio). a. -4^tend'. to join to. v.LATm PREFIXES.' v.* a. At-HMs'. to leap upon or against. (Jligo). to draw to. to stretch -4^test'. . to take to. Am. (cedo). to strike together. looking round. Transalpine. to. to touch to. An'te-noo^. (trihuo). Cis. on this side of the Alps. before midday. (diluvium). v. to tie together. on the north side of the Alps. ^m'-puTATE. n. C7i8-ATLAN*ric.Sf for A. -4^trib'ute. (eo). to bear witness to. 49 A. to V. -4w^-merid'ian. to write round. (meridies). Ante. v. V. Signifies 'before. v. (necto). (testis). n. ConrCJTR^. (siato). to mark or allot to. (salio). a. v. Signifies round or about. (puto). Signifies round or about. to inclose Ctr'cww-SPECT. in regard to Rome. Ijdng round. V. (curro). «>. n. (tango). before the flood. Signifies on this side. to make like to. Circum-NAY'iGATK. /Is-sim'ilate. ^7W-bi'tion. Signifies to. /4«-sign'. a. (scribo). tj. «. to give or ascribe to. to cut Tound or off. to date before. * Cisalpine. to navigate round. cautious. a. a. ^8-sume'. V. Circum. a flowing together. (datum). Con. (similis). a. (sumo). (Cum. ^Ti^DiLu'viAN. a room before the main one.J a' CBT<iT. that of the A\ps.d. ^wfe-DATE' «?. Circum-^cniBE. a. (signum). Ctm'-FLUENCE. ^w^mun'danb. (7(m-FLiCT'. Coti-struct'. (specio). befoi^e the world. (mundus). Cm-al'pine. run together. (traho). (fluo). V. <48-sist'. 4«-so'ciATE. v.ACT'. a going abrnd. (tendo). v. going before. Clm-NECT'. V. ^«-8ArL'. on this side of the Atlantic. ilri^CE'DENT. V. (spiro).) Signifies together or uyith. (7<w-spire'.

(rodo). V. (pono). of tlie same (7(9-exist'. a. (clino). to hang from. J)e-T>TJCE'. for Con. Gol'-ijOquY. (7o-hetie'. Conti^a. 7i. (premo). v. equal with. (mercor). v. for Con. (jacio). v. one v. to strike down. who is heir with another. Gom-PRESs'. to Con'tro-YEUT. ((mum). to stick together. to bring together. (moveo). «. Col. to put down. Co. CoI'-IjOCAte. Co-tleir'. (pendeo). speak against or contrary to turn against. for Con. v. relative with. lead from. Signifies together or with. (7(??-Lu'siON. Coc-IjEct'. De-vo^E'. to ». to balance against. Cor rode'. Com-Mix'. to exist together. Signifies together or with.' v. v. for Con. a trading together. 'd. Signifies Decline'. n. Com-PBJj'. (7(?^'-NATE. Counter. for Contra. to place together. (hwreo). V. v. (opera). to drive ?/)i^^. Counter-M-A-RCB. a speaking together. (loquor). [pono). (pello). v. work together. De-FE^D'. (fendo). to put together. Com. n. . a. Signifies together or with. to gather together. (latum).. Coo-late'. (nascor). (7(9-op'erate. V. De. (ludo). Signifies together or with. {locus). age tcith. (verto). born together or with. n. (lego). to bend down. Co-e'yaij. (robur). to make strong together. CWi-Mo'TioN. to march in an opposite direction. ®. a falling together. (7(9r-ROB 'orate. «. Signifies against. Cbm'-MERCE. a. to mix together. Be-JECT'. down or from. a moving together. C^br-REL'ATiVE. De-FE^i)'. to press together. to gnaw together. to cast down. (7<?Z-liApse'. v. v. Signifies against. Go-iE'qvAJj^ a.50 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. V. 71. v. (7(?m-posE'. to Cog. Cor. Signifies together or M)^^A. (duco). to. . n. a playing together. for Con. Counter-BAL'AT^iCB. (labor).. Contra-T>rcT'. V.

(gradior). ^a. (jacio). 2?^-spER8E'. iW-LUTE'. to pour apar^. [claudo)^ to shut oi^^. Signifies out or <>w^ (t/I ^-face'.-PEL'. of.\ V. (tew/o). j^-rase'.Exclude'. to take <>wif the ^'-FLUX. (rado). Signifies out or out ^'-DiCT. to talce away arms. Di8-rBi. X>i. i>M-TRACT'. ?). to cut apart. to go apar^. «?. v. a going 6>t^^. (fundo). to (cito). n. V. Mo-fotlt'. «. to render not able. v>. {fades). ^-duce'. not to bcUeve. {capid). •Ef. ??. Dis-soLVE'. i>i«-TORT'. Ex-kct\ v. to drive out of. (^M<>). ®.»-pand'. £^. . i>w-HON'EST. (dico). v. (damo). 7^. to turn «par^. Signifies out or ow^ of. (solvo). Signifies apart. for Ex. to stretch a^flw^. face. a flowing owi. (tortum). 2>i/*'-FER. V. \fiuo). E. to lead (??^^. (porto). «. n. i>i8-L0Y'AL. (duco). to call out. i>i«-ARM' V. to choose <?^^. to wash apart. J^ject'. Ex. V. V. ®. ^. {spargo). Dis. take or force out take out. J^-lect'. v. Diff for Dis. 7W^ honest. of. IHs-sbct'. a. ^-claim'. V. i>i-GRESs'. to carry out. (lego). c. riot.forEx. to bear apart. V. v. off. «). Signifies afoH. (pello). 7K9i loyal. i>i«-TEND'. Signifies apart. ^'-GRESS. i>is-BELiEVE'. (pando). to twist aj9«r^. (seco). (gradior). v. (ago). i^i/FUSE'. to £Jx-ceft\ v. «. JHs. (traho). Di-VERT'. what is spoken out. (verto). to rub c»^^. «. to sprinkle apari. (pello). Signifies to take ^l from^ away.LATIN PREFIXES. v. i>i5-BUR'DEN. to loose apart. ^-cite'. . to toke off a burden. V. to spread ot^i. «. to cry ot^^. to drive apart. 7>w-a'ble. {vergo)^ to tend ajoar^. i>i-vERGE'. (fero). for Dis. to cast out. to draw a/var<. or out.

a. /?-le'gal. beyond the world. (lego). Signifies not. Signifies in or into. m Ir. for In. Ifl. {pono). a. Signifies in or ^Tife. {curro). ir-RUp'TiON. on or -m^?*?^.. a. {pendeo). J/i-CLUDE'. J^r^^ /or Jii. In-AN'iMATB. (porto). for In. (halo). im-PEND'. 11 f for In. «. a flowing m^. to put in anger. V. In-A&TivE. Extra.'. i/i'-FLUX. on or wp<w. a. to drive 07i. igf-No'BLE. a. /^lib'eral. Signifies in or into. (ludo). to plunge m^. v. a. /ti-com'petent. to strike ^^o^. «. Signifies not. not active. {mergo). Irif before an Adjective. to run '^^p6>?^. ^. {nomen). /^Lu'siON. //i-cuE. /m-PRis'oN. to put -mjowz. U. a. ^-nomin'ious. /Z-leg'ible. {mundus). D. a. 7?. i?w-MERSE'. «. (clino). {claudo). //i-FLiCT'. to lean into. not liberal. iTi-CLiNE'. to breathe m. a playing ^^o/i. to hang ?^^o?2 or oner. ??. beyond ordinary. nx>t competent. Signifies in or mi5<?. a breaking into. Signifies 'beyond. to carry i?i^<?. not legal. Signifies not. «. n. im-poRT'. life. to shut in. on or up(m. not permitted . a. to put prison. {lumen). -fife^a-MUN'DANE. to put light wto. (ruptum). ». /^-lu'minate. that can not be read. (Jligo). /m-posE'.53 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. not noble. {pello). iJliM). «. ir'-KiTATE. a. not cautious. a. J^Lic'iT. not having /?i-cau'tious. «). (^m). before a Verb. not having a name. Jfe^ra-OR'DiNAKT. for In. Jm-PEL'. Ig. oti or up<m. Jt^-hale'. «!. 71. a. (animd).

a. v. Inif for In* Signifies noU iw2-M0R'AL. (curro). Op. to {fendo). for Ob. (verto). V. O^-pose'. //•-reput'able. Inter. V. (loquor). to take up. v. JTi^r-FERE'. (trvdo). v. not partial. Jnter-nvFT' v. Ob. something standing in the way. Of. {via)y to put out of the way. Inter'-ROQXT^^ v. a. a falling in the way. X). Oc-ca'sion. Signifies not. //•-reg'ular. ©/'-FER. a. not mortal. 53 /w-pa'tient. to put in the way. Signifies in the way. not moral. way. to run in the way. D. a. (pono). Inter-SKCT'.. C^)^ugn'. to lead within. to strike against. Oc'-cuPY. (ferio). not patient. v. V. against. Signifies in the way. Ir. 0/*-fend'. ir-RA'TiONAL. 0&-TRUDE'. bear in the way. Oo-cur'. Signi^s in the for Ob. Signifies in the way. a. for Ob. In'ter-i. (sto). n^t perfect. (seco). iw-PER'FECT. out. (duco). O&'-viATE. not rational. C^-PRESs'. not to be refuted. to strike hetween. to press against. (fero). to cut between. for In. n. 6>&'-STACLE. Intro. r. (ruptum). n. a. ir-RESisT'rBLE. (pouo). /m-PAR'TiAL. to break between. (ludd)^ part letween plays. .LATIN PKKFIXES. down. (premo). something spoken against. /wfer-POSE'. not to be resisted. not regular. up. a. (cado). /w^o-vert'. (rogo)^ to ask between. n. (capio). v. {pugna)f to fight against. to thrust against.vT>E. Intro-Dvc^'.. a. against. Signifies within. to turn within. Ti. Signifies 'between or among. O&'-LOQUY. V. Oc. to place between. a. against. . Jtw-mor'tal. V. n. v.

(Jixus). to lead forth. {clino). {moved). forward. Pe-CLiNE'. to He. n. n. «. «. to sit before. of going 5acfe going backward. Pro-ChAJM'. to put after or ojf. to lean 5«c^. to call &acyfc. Pre'ter-iT. v. Pfe^o-CEs'siON. Pre'-Fix. to move forwa/rd. v. forth or out. ife-voKE'. Pre-VENT'. ??. Pe-rusE'. (voco). 71. Pe-CLAiM'. V. v. to bear or esteem before. V. P^-spire'. Preter. {Jiuo). Signifies baclc or bachwards. Signifies through or thormigKl/y. P<?s^pone'. anew. Signifies after. (traho). a flowing &<zc^. Signifies for. to draw out. a. Pro-DVCE. v. (clamo). (sedeo). V. Pre-FEB. to go 5acj5. (cedo). 71. Ter. {mdo)^ to go through. (dueo). to pour 5«c^. Pw-ceed'. ?). gone past. (pello). {spiro). something written after^ Pre. Met'ro-BTECT.'. the act (gradior). (usum). Signifies beyond or past. Pro-PEL'. Post. P^cede'. V. Pe-FUSE'. (cessum). to foretell. to read through. Pro-MOTE'. V. (eo). v. to go before. (venio). Pw-tract'. Per-VADE' 'c. to call out. n. to call &ac^. (fundo). Pe'-FLUX. (dice). Pe^Vo-GRADE. (pono). v. Signifies back or again. v. Pre-siDE'. Pto-voke'. (clanw). n. Signifies before. Pre-CBDB'. Preter-HAi'viLAijj a. . (cedo). Pre-T>iCT\ '&. (cedo). 7). to breathe through. to cry out. beyond natural. v. (specw)^ a looking backwa/rds.. drive forward. P<?sf-SCRIPT.54 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF EtYMOLOGlT.\ V. something fixed before. Pro. to come before. to go forward. a. (scribo). ifero). {fado)^ made thoroughly. P<er'-FECT. {wco).

to press under. to lean under. to add over and above. (plica).' v. Super-BCBiSE. Signifies aside or apa/rt. Sup. Buper-ABOXTST)'. . V. Suf'-F^n. Signifies under. (cera). (fades). (curro). to write upon. to live over or after. (vivo). V. n. a situation withmtt cart. n. {Fr. «. (porto). Super-Yi'son. without fold. /8wJ-scribe'. ?). lying under. Sup-FB. Super. Stiff for Sub. to oc^abound. upon the face. Sine. (fundo). v. Signifies (ibove or over^ upon. 55 /Secede'. (itum). /SW-'YEy'. Sur-M^ojmi:' V. £iuf-FVSi^\ V. to mount aI>ove. Signifies under. a going aside. (scribo). Se-DVCE. 8uc-cwEJ>'. (video). ifero). {cura). /Si<J-marine'. to go under or a/i5^. to look upon. SuTf . «. /SiVcERE'.'. to bear under. 8uper-ADD'. /S'^clude'. (scribo). <Smc. Sur-YiYB'. ^S^di'tign. under the sea. to pour under. 8up-FOS^'. Signifies under. up.LATIN PREFIXES. upon. without wax. for Super. to write under. {cedo)^ v. an overseer. v. V. «. n. to run under. V. (cubo).^m'-PLE. n. v. Si'ne-CJTRB.) Signifies cdxyoe. v. Super-FUfE'. (pono). .'. {claudo)^ to shut up apart. overdue. Suc-ctjmb'. Signifies under. to go apart. for Sub. V. (jaceo). v. Super-SFiyB'. (cedo). V. (premo). a. (trahd). Su^coB. to draw wri^Z^ or /tywi. a. a. Sub-THACT'. {mare). . to sit above. {duco)^ to lead aside. Sup-PORT'. Signifies without. Se. /or >S>/«6. V. to put under. /8w&-ja'cent. up. over. to bear up.BBs'. (video). Sur'-FACF. (sedeo). V. V.

(argilla). a.). V. is derived from the Latla batting or rekiti tg or per- taining to the hand. Ac. (teneo). ELEGi'ac. v. or belonging to. n. Car'dmc. an aXlowanee for. to look under. 'BA. n. V. Act/. ecoming .'. a. a. CGBD'age. Trans-ijATB' v. a. (pendeo). Signifies being. belonging to elegy. Signifies of. Ultra-Mus'BAiiE. a. (herba). v. UVtra-i^T. {mundus). office of. consisting of sand. like or resembling. (gpecw). one who is beyond. v. Aceous. a. YAiXTSia'ceous. HERB'a^e. a. which means al of. to carry over. OB'sTTNacy. manu word manixs. to hang up. Cv'nacy. the office of a curate. state of being. Manual. they form the word manual. a collection of bags. (fa/rina). —when combined. Kc'cTTRocy. (mons). Signifies collection of. /Su8-tect\ Sus-fbkd'. Signifies 'beyond. Gr. n. beyond the mountains. ^ Signifies of or consisting of. a being delicate. a. Age. n. Tra-DTJCE. to lead across. hand — the suffix signifies relating or pertaining to. beyond the world. DEMo'Niac. (duco).— 56 smith's — hand-book of etymology.a'ceous. Ultra. a being obstinate. consisting of clay. Signifies across. n. - AnBTsa'c^ous. (elegia. (cardia. th/rou{fh. consisting/ of herbs. FORMULA. JSus-TAUi'. jy-EJj'icacy. n. to hold up. state of being in bonds. (latum). lS. Trans-MIT'. ARGiJji. the . {mitto). {fero). — belonging to the heart.i&nwi' ceous. for Sub. or state of being. a collection of cords. Trans-¥ER'. a. . upwards. . Gr. .—m-a-n-u-a-1. f/^iro-MON'TANE. consisting of meal. a being accurate.).—manual. to send over. v.Or'Ocage. (arena). belonging to a demon. over or beyond. n. BoND'o^e. n. Trans. Signifies under. STIFFIXJES. to carry over. up. n. a collection of herbs. Sus.

attend^?^^. wlw assists. ATTEND'«/i^. Ance. Depend W#. accompanyzTi^. n. (sisto). having. a. relating or pertaining to . Fi^o'nal. continuance of action.'RT'man. {mens). somidi7ig together. A. or the penon thai. YiQt'iLance. a. Chris 'Tm/2. one who believes in Christ. (circulua^ in the form of a circle. one who lives in Europe. n. Signifies one who. form of. * Ing has a participial meaning. Qyriller). OBSERv'aw^. relating or pertaining t4. hangw^ down. one who is skilled in an art. a. AsBiST'aTice. or condition. EuROP-e'aw. Ant. Co^'^o^ant. {ager). Signifies in the a. lejitting or hecoming. 1*lebe'i<z^. a. a standiTi^ to. n. a. . a. n. a. relating to the fields. one who assails. Signifies belonging. n. a. ^ming. Ar. a. ing* Coin' STanct/. AttfkdW^. be- . relating to the people. state of being constant. n. (pendeo). An. Fil'i«Z. one Ant. n. one who claims. Com'bat«7?. relating to or becoming a son. n. pleas^7^^. Ian. state of being ignorant. CLAiM'a^i^.SUFFIXES. Signifies one who. Ig'nor«wc<3. CiR'cuLar.AN'ual. Ment'oZ.ove'an. (Jilius). HiST0'Ria?i. Cimis'Tian. relating to the mind. a. (sonus). a. one who writes history. Ancy. 'Eixm. like . relating to Europe. {globus). state of being vigilant. relating to . Depend'^ti^. n. (manus). KmAnJant. Absist'«/^^. one who combats. n. a. n. a. observing. relating to Christ. n. An. relating to flowers. AGRA'Ria/i. n. a. PleasW^. Ean. relating to the hand.^. n. (Jlos). BRiLL'iaTii. Ian. a. and is defined by the expression continuing to cause it denotes primari^. M. one who attends. GLOB'uLar. 57 AL Signifies of. Signifies being or state of being . one who depends on another. or the person that. in the form of a globe. Signifies ing.

(spero). a. relating. Mis'siON^r^/. one Ary. the place where grain is stored. Signifies one who or #^^ person that. . iN'sTTLar. n. relating to the eyes. relating to the throat. (anima). ons who is a miser. being. n. one who is sent. Signifies having. Gc^Ks'ary. n. n. (oculus). (jugulum). one whose mind is impaired. one who is sent from. (posse). n. Signifies belonging. having a body. or pertaining to. a. BEG'Gar. one who goes to school. n. place where bees are kept. not having life. n. a. a. MiL'iTary. one wlw begs. the thing that gives light. one who has power. HoN'oR^r^/. At. Qxj'iLate. LiT'ERfl^?/^ ^. the Ary. l£iM. Signifies the place where. Ate. n. one who tells lies. a. Signifies one who. (gradior). Do'T«r^. not having a will. or the thing that. one who takes a degree. Po'TENTa^. (lumen). PuL'MONarg^. (euro). DBii'BQate. Li'brot^/. one who is adverse. iNTEs'T^ife. (mitto). one wlw has the care.'i^Bary. n. (granum). n. CoR'v&Rate. Oc'uL<zr. n. (testis). GrRKD'Tiate. CEL'LULar. (liber). ScHOL'ar.58 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a. one who pays tribute. a. n. a. n.(Jitera). Signifies one who. Ary. pertaining or relating to letters. (miles). "hi'ar. 'DBJTSTK'a/rd. A-'-piary. n. (lego). n. Jiaving cells. (corpus). {apis). TBiB'jJiary. pertaining or relating to the lungs. Nig'g6W<^. pertaining or relating to soldiers. relating to Ju'GULar. {cello). who gets drunk. AdVers^t"?/. n. being out of hope. one who is sent out. SLUG^Gar*^. (insula). iNAN'iMa^e. Lu'MrNarg^. DEs'pERa^ «. a. Signifies one icho or the person that. Ard. n. a. the place where books are kept. n. an island. (pulmo). one who is sluggish. pertaining' or relating to honor. n.

Fast'^??. a. little Signifies or small.SUFFIXES. one who has charge of an engine. n. one to whom anything is assigned. Reg'ul«^6. WooL'^^i. Si^ifies Deep'^w. worthy of. Blam'«5Z^. the place where a king reigns. n. Signifies mxiy l)e or can 'be . {fugio). a. n. one who is guilty of mutiny. v. mM. {decor). WooD'dw. n. to give ornament. 'KiSiQ'dom. a. make deep. Wis'dom. HEMp'^Ti. made of wool. En. n. a little flower stem. (faeilis). who or the person that. to make hard. n. a. Signifies mMe of. RefuG(S€'. to make new again. Ren'ov^^^.e of brass. ENGiN^er'. to FACiL'iTfl!^. Ee. Ble. DmCEB. AssiGNe^'. {frustra). a. Inhab'itoJ^. v. {pes). (rego). a.E:K'dom. the place where a duke reigna. n. mxide of hemp. . to make glad. Hahd'^/i. state of 'being. Signifies the place where . a little song. MouNTAiNd^r'. the state of being wise. Trusts'. make feeble. MuTENeer'. YB. to «).. n. Ihle. n. n. v. Cle. to put. n. one to whom a trust is given. or one to whom. Eer. (cano). Frus'tr^^. PED'icfe. Contempt '*5fe. a. V. Able. to give. that may ie blamed. that can le inhabited. a. n. Signifies one who. (novus). to make fast. AucTioN^er'.i>i'ible. n. to give rules. BRA'zezi.'dom. one who is absent. n. Ate. make easy. Can'tic^^. Signifies one En. V. that can he discerned. I'cicle. one who lives on a mountain. one who flies. to D^c'onate. to make vain. «. Doiti. 'DxTKE. 'D'ERTL'Tsate.. or to take. Signifies to make. {dehilis). . Absent««'. one who sells at an auction. worthy of contempt. the state of being free. n. a small stick of ice. made of wood. to mxike. GLAD'De?i. v. V. -0.

60 smith's hand-book of etymology. Signifies state of growing or becoming. one who inquires. . n. a. iNQUiR'er. (pudeo). (luBreo)^ one who sticks to. {pend. full of hope. Pa'tk/?^. PendVw^. n. n. to make great.vies'cent. Signifies to make.z^. Co'NYAJjes' cence. A'oent. one who acts. FiEAnfal. PREs'iDe/i^. a. a. one who sufiers. Ent. n. v. HopEyW. a. Signifies ing or 'bein^. Co:^CJm. n. full of doubt. v. n. Eul. a lowing together. n. Rec'ti/^. Yon'Tifp. Coif'Fijvence. n. (putris). becoming quiet. state Escent. (valeo). one who buys. (loquor)^ a speakm^ out. (hcBfeo)^ sticki?z^ together. Ency. Adhe'r^ti^. or the person tMt. shinm^ forth. Signifies full of. 'Fo'nent.'iience. Q. BuiLD'^r. one who presides.^. n. (rego). full of care.eo)^ hangi. one who fishes. Cohe'r^w. a. a. n. {potens)^ being powerful. (patior). to make strong. Ence. to make pure. (ago). a running together. Signifies growing or becoming. Signifies one wTio. growing well. Er. jM'FJTDence. a. Mag'ni/2/5 ^. Ent. ifulgeo). state ofbeing without shama. (purus). V. BuY'er. Signifies one who or the person that. full of fear.es'cence. Pu'ri^/. (fortis). (Jluo). a. Escence. n. of becoming rotten^ 'PvTB. Efful'g^ti^. a.(magnus). FisH'er. n. (quies). one who builds. state of growing well. Bjj'oqjjence. ing. n. n. (curro). Signifies heing or state ofbeing. CoTSY Aloes' ce?it. to make right. Care'/i^Z. a. DouBTy^^Z.

state of being . the state of being animate. belonging to an infant. Anima'tzwi. the thing that makes known. (nosco). the act 0/ driving out.SUFFIXES. Ine. a. a spread^?^5r out. > > Fbag'*^. belonging to * • God. Yiv'id. Serv'^c^. a. (splendo). n. n. (male). .'mne. belonging to youth. Ton'md. Ic. Ice. a. of or pertaining to the ocean. n. n. Ocean'^c. n. the state of a boy. being cold.^(specio). a l>eing just. Knight 'Aoo^. Signifies the act of. (frango). a. ExpuL's^07^. parching. belonging to a fever. or thing that. the science of manners or moraUk Op'im. n. CwLLD'hood^ n. MAL'ice. (frigtis). n. the state of being corrupt. n. n. a. (pello). (pando). lie. . Signifies of 'pertaining to^ like. n. ConnvF'Tion. HEBo'ic. the state of a child. the thing that is served. a. may or can be. belonging to woman. a. les. belonging to an enemy. (torreo). n. H. a. Juv'EN^^. a. n. Signifies being or ing. n. iN'FANTiTi^. Signifies belonging to. ( febris). Signifies tlie state of. leal. the science of seeing. like a hero. pertaining to an academy. Is^p^c'iion. the act of looking into. a. a being evil. Hying. a. shining. a. No'Tice. Angel'^o/Z. Signifies the science or art of Eth'ics. QiKL'hood.os'Tile. (vivo). Signifies JvsT'ice. FE'snile. « Id. the state of a knight. ing. Fem'inw. Ion. SPLEN'D^<^. ExpA^'s^(?^^. n. belonging to dogs. BoY'Tiood. (canis). a. of or pertaining to an angel. a. a. (juvenis). Signifies of or belonging. QA. 'DTvin£'. n. 'PnBCis'ion. a. easily broken. AcADEM'*m?. (divus). the state of a girl. 6J Hood. "Fisia'id. (femina). easily. (hostis). the state of being precise. a being.

Signifies to mxike. n. n. Na't^v^. Ite. GREEN'^s^. 'Foo'L'ish^ a. one who practises an art. (ftigio). state of being able. . somewhat black. Ciy'ihise. Signifies being or state of being. V. n. Ish. or Ty. Ise. one who studies botany. n. doctrine of. Hu'MORis^. n. somewhat green. lik§. FA'voR^Ye. a. (nascor). Black'^sA. 'belonging to Scotland. one who works. state of being a captive. Signifies one who^ or the person that. n.. «. n. to make fertile. to Ism. n. Le'gal^s^. a. one who flies. n. v. Pub'l^s^. n. belonging to Spain. a fool. MoD'ERmg!^. Signifies one who^ or the person that. (vulgus). V. CAT'Tive. Bot'an2s^. Signifies somswhat . Q)eau). Signifies one who^ or the person that. one who is favored. one who is fond of humor. a. id. to make an end. n. a fop. state of being a fanatic. one who is bom. n. one who is descended from LeTl. iD'iOTzm. EMBEL'L^s^. n. Fer'til^s^. state of being fertile. n. a. ART'ist. Yi^'ish. Chbr'M. one who is taken. make beautiful. Span'M. Ive. LEV^^ one who dwells in Canaan. belonging to. state of being a hero. . n. like like Fop'pM. one who cultivates flowers. n. 1). n. Op'ERATi^e. DociL'ity. {carus)^ to v. make dear. to make public. to make legal. Signifies state of being . ABTL'ity. (Jinis). {opera).82 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. state of being docile. a. to make civil. to make modem. Ity. 1st. state of being barbarous. CA'NAAmY^. state of being an idiot. Fanat'ic^s???. Ish. n. Scot'tM. BAR'BAR^8m. an idiom . (capio). 'SiER'oism^ n. Signifies to mdke^ to give. v. Ize. Flor'^'s^. (fos). CAPTiY'ity. Ftf'GiTZ'pe. FBRTrL'%.

n. stick^ri^ to. GiuAJi)' ness. LoRD'ZiTi^. WAR^i^. the thin^ inherited from a father. a. Like. Mofiy. Less. man. Tow'ERless. like or resembling a coward. act of. a. n. M-AT'iiimony. CB-AaTiSEi'm^nt.STJFFIXES. QoD'liTce^ a. Signifies a being or "BASE'ness. a. like or resembling the world. a. {hoereo). of be^ng base. without fruit. n. Correct'*??^. . a Z^'^^Ze or yown^ lord. (mater\ the state of being a mother. Ling. . Fruit7^s8. ?zY^Ze dear. act of chastising. PRiNCE'Zy. Signifies liJce or resembling. the state of being glad. n. thing that. Ze^ or resembling war.7i. the thing that is aflirmed by a witneia. having power to invent. Lpf Cow'ardZ^. a. without power. a. Ac'mmmiy. TEs'Timony. Signifies Je^Tz^ or state of being . attractiVz^. n. n. Signifies state of being . 63 Ive. a Zi^^Z^ or young duck. Z^^ or resembling a father. like or resentbling MAN'ZiZ. n. n. a. BoiJ)'n£8S. a. Signifies ZzW^e. AcQUiRE'm^Tiif. Signifies without. YoisD'ness^ n. without art. n. Asu'less. the state of being bold. Fa'therZ^. 'ExciTE'ment. INVENT'^®e. witTwut a child. n. Signifies Jiamng powers or ing. state of being excited. a. Retire 'm^^. a. a. {testis). n.^. n. like or resembling God. a. Zi^ or resembling a prince. ATTRACT'i«?e. (acris). a Zz^^Ze or young goose. TAT'nimony. Coojj'ness. Gos'ling. young. the state of being sharp. the thing that. state of being retired. a. having power to correct. . Signifies like or resembling. Ment. the thing acquired. (pater). ADH:E'8^«e. a jyjjCT^'ling. n. n. the state of being cool. DAu'ling. n. CwTLD'less^ a. for Like. the state state of being. the state of being fond. Ness. WoRLD'Zy.

the office of a horseman. relating to a farewelL ExpLAN'ATory. {vale. jy^vo^'iTory^ n. a. a place where persons sleep. Signifies full of. me who directs. or the person that. a. the place where things are deposited. one who inspects. Signifies office of. a. full of frolic. QrLo''Rious. Ri'vALsAi^. (jocus). Ry. MEM'ory. murderiw^. Pbef'atot^. DoB. Dan'gerows. Ose. a. n. one icho predicts. Signifies of . the office of a clerk. DrRECT'or. 'belonging or relating to a preface. somewhat glad. who collects. the state of a rival. &ATiSFAc'Torj/. in^. one PbedictW. full of jokes. Inspect'ot*. (verbum). the art of. n. a. CooK'Ery. somewhat weary. Some. n. the art of a surgeon. a place where articles are made. Ship. Verbose'. a. consisting of. a. one who imitates. "DjLKK'some. n. n. ike thing or faculty that remembers. ing. BuR'Gimry. Ous.vrory. QiiAD'some. somewhat dark. Tnoij'icsome. Signifies one who. n. Signifies full of. full of words. n. SLA'vEry.64 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a. n. one CiiEA'T(?r. FAG'iory. Or. . a. iM'iiA-Tor^ n. the art of a cook. of glory. thing that. VALEDic'Tory. belonging or relating to. a being brave. QniEv'ous. n. n. full of danger. (dormio). a. Labo'ri<??^s. BSLtisfying. BRA'vEry. explaming. Jocose'. Horse 'M:AN8A^jp. n. a. ¥mMST>'ship. a. Ovy. n. OiSERK'ship. WEA'Ris6>m^. a. dico). full of.'M. Signifies a being . a. n. Signifies the place where. state of. full of labor. full Mur'derows. who creates. ifacio). Signifies somewhat . n. CoLLECT'<?r. a being a slave. n. the state of a friend. full of grief. n. the place where. Ory. n.

CLAY'ey. n. 7i. (loquor). the state of l)eing composed. HoN'ESTy. a. (alius). consisting of clay. full of brine.c'Titvde. state of being modest. act of. n. H0ME'M?ar(?. one who is young. full of blood. n. 8ong'«^.BT'wa/rd. n. Expo'st^re. state of being master. n. n. DEPART'wre. Gban'm^. brave.SUFFIXES. Mas'ter^. state T. the state ofhein^ a slay*. n. {rectus). EA. {granum). a. WiND'i^arc?. n. CoMTo'sure. Ster. in the direction of the east. n. one n. Mod'est?/. (servio). ad. AnJMAij'ciUe. DewV. ad. consisting 9f rock. a animal. the thing that is enclosed. state of teing . Young's^. ScRip'T^re. the thing created. Ule. AiJiitnde^ n. Signifies little or small. n. n. Signifies Tilde. Ret'icm^. HEAv'EN?/?ar^. Signifies in the direction of or looking towa/rd. the state ofhein^ right. . in^f. n. QjjOi&'ule. a. BloodV. Signifies one who. a little grain. n. n. loohing towa/rds home. consisting or made of. ad. 66 Game's^. Idng or state of heing. ad. one who sings. a. CoL'LOQuy. who games or gambles. n. full of dew. n. looking towanrds the wind. Signifies full of. the state of being . a. CuBA'Ture. of being honest. Y. the state of being high. a little net or bag. (scribo). the ac^ 0/ departing. n. n. in the direction of heaven. the state of being exposed. Signifies the being . Ude. a little globe. n. consisting of flesh. BKi'Ny. (fortis). the state 'RE. a. the thing written. RocK'y. FoTi'Titiide. ENCLo'swre. Flesh'^. little Signifies the thing . ofMng ^nnR'Yitvde. a talk^'rz^ togethtr.

ilBTSs'. (dvri. Aph. DiMii'B8i8. not. (Kara. Signifies (uTTo. (Nlis). n. n. -4'theist. (crypto). (uva. Ana. AntiBTL'iojjB. n. AntAnc'Tic. (pathos). n. a. living both -4wMdex'trous. Signifies down. Dia. (stello). n. {pathos). Cat'aijOQVE. want or witTwut. Catannn'. the point farthest from the sun. through the angles. AphB'jjiON. -4p'athy.) Signifies through. n. writings concealed from. and ambo.. (gonia). (p\ano).) Signifies both or double. want of government. v. against bile.) from side to side.. (theos). Di. Cat. i>iaM'ETEii. Antir'ATBY.) Signifies through. a. or none like. n. (logos). (rheo). opposite or opposed n. a. a cutting through or up. affirmative to a negative sense. to make sounds from side to side. (arcJie). or a^ain. n.) from or away. one without a God..ti6 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. (arctos). feeling against. Antif Ant. a. Anajj'Y&is.. one who stands from or away. a loosing back or again. Lat. (^ta. Apo. (sto). AUf Signifies {a Privative. up. both. {dufL. asunder. n. Apoc'-RTPTiK. A. a taking asunder or separately. opposite to the north. (byssos). (omalos). Cata. -4^8'tate. (ceresis). on land and in water.*) of. Anon' ALT. the measure through. words or names written down. a. (ecTieo). (bios). (metrum). n. * Privative. JDi'aPH'ANOUs. want of feeling. IHog'otskl. back. Cat'BCHisis. Amphi. using both hands. appearing tb/rough. AnaT'oMYj n. n. (lysis). not n. one sent from. Signifies against. n. GBBEK rBEFIXES. a flowing down. (tomos). a letter or syllable prefixed to a word. n.) to. ^^os'tle. n. n. without a bottom. Ambif AmphiB'iOTJB. (dexter). ^TyAKCHY. which changes it from an .

a good sound. a. like^ . Met'aFKOiL. upon one who is buried. n. Enrujj'siAST. one who believes that God is in him.GREEK PREFIXES.K^dem'ic. n. Peri. Met€l. n. beside one another. (theos). n. like or simila/r. what is placed under.) Signifies round. n. PmCRA'NiUM. Meth'oD. a good word. {logos). (/xera. 71. (angelos). a shooting beyond the mark. word Para. a {aw. the science of things beyond nature. Ep'iLOOrJm. (metrum). (logos). n. (demos). a song or poem Mice or imitative of another. a. (physis). %nON'YMOUS. according carried beyond ita ordinary meaning jr<?toPHYs'ics. a.) Signifies under. i^'^GRAM. Par'ALLBL. n. n. n. n. (phone). n. what is spoken upon or after. n. way or coming together. (demos). Eu. good tidings . about. HyperBo'uKATif.) Signifies together. (odos). -Sw'pHASis. n. (nepi. i^'PHONY. Par'ODY. Syn'oiD. a. HypercB.) Signifies beside. (phrasis).) HypeVf Signifies aJxxoe. a stress of voice on. Signifies good. named together or 8yno-p'sm. (vno. (onoma). (taphos). oc^'critical. (odos). {irapa. PmM'ETER. a. the gospeL Hypo. Par. (pJiero). a looking together. a.) Signifies upon. n. Syn'TAx. (ode). J^'iTAPH. upon the people. over. a Signifies beyond. Syn. (phano). n. 67 Em.). (ev. Hyper'BOijE. something written upon. n. or 'beyond. (grapJio). (opto). according to a way or plan. the measure round. (thesis). beyond the north. . a phrase beside or like another. (bole). (cranium). . {em. Epi. arising in or among the people. Par'oPHRASB. J^dem'ic. (allelon). HypoTK'BBiBy n. n.) to'. JEn. (tactos)^ a pulling together. (boreas). JE^an'gel.^lo'gium. round the cranium. Signifies in or on. n.Tr'iCAii. (vTCEp. with. or Ev.

a taking together. %wi'metky. (metrum). Spl'ijASL^. Zeta. for Syn. Sf/ni. d-dL AC th i Theta. n. Beta. Sym'FATWY. (stasis). Phi. K A k 1 - X fju M N S O m n X o as in not V ^ Kappa. Signifies together. with. Signifies together. (labo). Nu. Sys'T-EM. Psi.68 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Sigma. a measuring together. E Z Epsilon. n. n. Xi. /%s'tole. with. n. Signifies together. C rj H e 1 e as in we Eta. Iota. n P 2 p r s t p a. a feeling with. Sy. for Sy^i. A B r A a /3 a 6 Alpha. o TT Omicron. Letter. a sending together. Chi. Upsilon. with. {pathos). . {stello). n. a standing together. 7 6 e b g d e as in met z : Gammao Delta. Tau. T T * i' r V u or y ^ ph ch ps . Sound. GREEK ALPHABET. Syly for Syn. Pi. X X ^ w P as in wo Omega. Mu. Nama. Lambda. r final Rho.

Abidan—to Stay . a-hoard. ad. a. v. Abaft'. alive. Beat'en. Unbat'ed. v. to wish evil to to afliict. n.ANGLO-SAXON BOOTS AND DEBIVATIVE8. Bod'ing. Above'ground. | I time. ^ft—Behind. Sceftan—Behind. here and there. Abod'ing. ad. to Ctirsian . v. to doom to misery. doomed execrable. to Dwell. an omen. Bode'ment. perception beforehand. de- ing. v. behind towards the stern . Bide. Around. n. a. Cursed. near to. Abroad'. ad. and ii/«t«—Aloft. Foretell. one who abets. Abufan. to Promote. made smooth by tread . . Accursed'. Above'. breast. Forebod'ing. one who forebodes. . more I I —^ Abreast'. ad. a. Abide'. . Beat. Abate'. v. in I a Place . to strike to bruise. n. an omen. in another country. Abutan—About. deserving a curse. in the first place. «. stay. to foretoken. n. | About'. in open sight. giving no omens. Forebode'. a. n. v. a. ad. Abate'ment. —to Push Forwabd to aid. Behind. a dwelling-place. diminution. Curse. . a ship. in arrears backward. prep. | . not abated. v. a. ad. —to Curse I 1 . Doom. Unabat'ed. ad. v. Betan Abet'. within . crease. behind astern. round . Unforbod'inq. Bodian —to Command to foreshow. n. not lessened. Bate. n. Bate. in a higher place Above'all. presentiment. at the back of. | Abid'ing. . ad. ad. a. Abode'. continuance. than. Abode'. Abet'ter. brc^. from home . Aboard'. Aft. Above'board. to Announce to n. v. ^e—By. to lessen to grow less. to lessen to diminish. p. to dwell to wait for. a. About'. Beatan . Behind'hand. Forebod'er. to foretell. . Aft'eh. — ^to Beat . Accurse'. to wait [for. to encourage . prep. to stay in a place. 69 ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. following in place or . a. Bode. j of a ship. prep. side by side. n. v.

v. an aeriform fluid. Bar'nacle. n. n. Past. . come. cold n. v. a. a. Forearm'. . n. Non'age. (afered. Ago. one who goes. a person of weak in- I Ad'dle. Forego'. not feeling pain. Afore 'named. Went. n. A'cRE. a passage. to walk to move to proceed. in front of. minority under age. barren . a Spirit. Go'by. n. paleness frightful Gas. ege —^Fear. 4840 square yards of land. of Go. like a ghost. Age. relating to the soul. Outgo'. Ghost. aferan^ to frighten). . a. aspect. oaktown. n. n. a. manner and air of walking. Aged. . trouble. i). unfruitful. n. . named before. | A'cred. Gone. a. prep. Ad'dlepate. . a passing by evasion. n.) belonging to the stomach. v. tellect. A'gue. Note. to surpass to go beyond. struck with horror. Ache. ad. Ghost'ly. . v. —Gastric. Before'hand. a. . prep. to surpass. possessing acres. a. Gad'der. v. . . n. . a. . AEge. ad. a troop a band. Ghast'ly. | Unach'ing.— 70 SMITH'B HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. bustle. having the form of gas. Gast. to frighten to terrify. Ac'ton. made of oak. the soul the spirit. n. Gan—to Go. Gang'way. ad. n. Overgo'. one who goes about idly. in time past. Gast—^the Breath . a. previous provision. Gang. unnecessary turmoil. Fore. Afore'. a. Agan— Gone Gang—a Going a Journey . fits. Go. . Undergo'. struck with fear. a. — I ^ Ado'. shivering. of Go advanced. Go-TO. ACf aac Oak. n. ad. . Mcer—a Field. an intermitting fever with I A'gued. t. Go'er. before sooner than Afore'hand. n. Gas'eous. any period of time. do. previously. V. old. Ago'ing. n. a Path. . ppr. n. n. —an Oak. n. Fore. . Before'. shell[fish. . n. n. to suffer to endure. Gad. in time past. {corn^ grain). to quit to give up. Aghast'. pret. a. to ramble about. (beam^ a child). said before. Adl—Diseased Corrupted. A'coRN. ad. Agone'. a. — Afraid'. a forest tree. Afore'said. to prepare for attack. a. the seed of the oak. coming or going first. (comes from the Greek gaster. Gait. in motion. Ghast'liness. a continued pain. pp. come. a Oak'en. Foran—Before. int.

Eld Age. : El'derly. El'der. old age old people. a. Allay'. v. to dec^. to admit to permit.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND BERIVATIVES. . . Mislay'. v. a house for the poor. what is given to the poor. — advanced in . Hlot Lot. . notwithstanding. Ail 'ma. n. Eald— Old n. Eale. Permit. Al'derman. Forelay'. oldest. a stratum one that lays. Uplay'. to insert other substances. n. rope. Allur'ing. . a stratum. I | Allow'able. v. one who gives &hxm. n. Overlay'. Co-el'der. although. likewise. one wllo gives alms. in the same manner. swa. n. it. ad. . n. to Trouble. an account book. | Allot'ment. Leg'er. v. —Lot. n. — Time. 71 Eglan A-iL. n. the act of allaying. X). to refuse permission. ad. bordering upon old age. years one more advanced in a church officer. n. n. v. enticing. Olden. Eld. v. n. to cover to smother. Inlay'. to Inflame. every one. old ancient. Bold. a. that may be allowed. a. v. n. Lecgan Lay. to place to put to calm. a. n. v. 'Alms. the whole . . fortune chance portion. Ledge. Out'lay. I EeU—All. Almes— Alms. p. --•^LD. n. n. a. Al'moner. a. a magistrate. all. Allay'ment. I 1 Alms'giver. be. Allow'ance. v. ad. permission sanction . Led'ger. a. disease. Lay'er. . . Disallow'. a resident. a. sickly. — | to Betray. v. to give by chance. n. years. to trouble. expenditure. n. to lay up. to pain . Acerran — to Turn. — ^to Lay. from JElan Ale'house. Ajar'. . half or partly open. Al*bo. Lot'tery. to quiet to soothe. that which is allotted. ppr. a house where ale is fermented malt liquor. Belcewan Allure'. ^ Albe'it. — to Pain I . n. Ail'ment. n. a game of chance. | All. to entice . Lyfan —to Allow'. n. an officer with. — to I Kindle Ale. not placed. . a layer . a. Alms'house. Belay'. Unlaid'. Allot'. El'dest. v. I . v. to block up to fasten a . to lay in a wrong place. to lay beforehand. n.

Along'side. Am— Main. n. a. ad. | Lop'tt. . Read'iness. middle rank or size. Leng—Length. . Unamazed'. with a great noise. . a. chief. force of sound. equally distant from the a. «. ad. slender . so as to be heard far. Ma'zy. «. Aloft'. Lyft . perpetually . the principal mast. all. winding perplexed. Long. Lin'ger. n. a. p. Distant. Hlanc—Lank. a. ad. a. ad. noisy . Main'land. Main'mast. Amain'. side by side. Lin'gering. Loud. . with force . . n. Mcegen Power. perplexity. air. Whirlpool. a. the hig-hest floor. quickly. to make longer. the Heavens. to. a. ^ Read't. ^tlie person singular of the verb to Bb. a. Mid'heaven. n. middle of life. Loft. principally chiefly. I Read'ily. Length't. v. hlewan —to Low ""^ . without exception. Hlowan. ad. n. Main'sail. extremes. I Loud'ly. extent from end to end. a. ful. perplexed. Strength. slimness to . solitary. Hraed—Prompt. — ^ AijTOGeth'er. Ambas'sador. Em'bassy. Atnheht —a Servant I I . Middel—^Equally Mid'dlb. Length'wise. ad. Midst. ad. Main'ly. ad. Lof'tiness. uncertainty. a. first way. thin . long. in the direction of the length. n. . I Loud'ness. . a. on high in the Alone'. Length.72 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. n. spare. wonder- Bemaze'. Ama'zing. a. leanness. Ma>'DLiNCt. single . elevation . pride. the message of an am bassador. Amazed'. Along'. a. all. all. Hlud— Loud. astonishing . noisily. at length. promptitude. gather. ad. n. a. high proud. the principal sail. to loiter. ad. continent. prepared willing. violently. the middle. at this time. Main. slow. n. 71. n. middle of the sky. promptly . v. I Alread'y. —the Air I . . extended. a labyrinth. Lang—Long. Al'wats. n. completely . Aloud'. — force. Mase — a Maze'. Bellow. to delay Lank'y. a person sent from one power to another. Length'en. to bewilder. not perplexed. ad. a. Lank. ad. Amaze'. mighty. constantly. Lank'ness. Mid'dleaged. now . a. to astonish to perplex. tall and thin. principal. a Message. n. n. one. the principal land the .

— | ^to Miss. middle of the summer. winter. in any place. like oil greasy. in one . silly. v. to wake from sleep to excite. improper. — Amang. Oil. caosA general contention. prep. ^pl—Apple. r Any. n. perfect order. faulty. wrong. Amid'. Amongst'. I I A'pish. I . fishing with a rod and line. | Aj?'y. v. Apple of Discord. v. n. whoever. Anneal'. . comes from the Greek dy/cvAj. n. an. Missian *[iss. An'gle. v. Note. prep. — Anoth'er. Answarian. the fruit of the apple tree. to imitate. a. any thing bent. a comer. one who anglet. a. the pupil of the eye. A'pishness. to speak in return to I reply to. to mimic. n. n. middle of the stream. n. Amidst'. Rouse. An'gling. v. from niengan—to r Mix. . n. An'swer. at —Apple of the Eye. Apple-Pie Order.. a. in the middle. . Ape. pace. to fish with a rod and hook. n. otiier. v. to temper by heat and oil. to fail in aim. ad. . An'ywhere. . an unctuous animal matter. in the middle. An'gler.— ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. soon . n. Apa—Ape. middle of the night. to Smear. ad. and cool slowly A'non. «. to get up to grow. Mid'way. the middle of the Mid'stream. every. not to succeed. and Swaran—to Sweab. Arisan —to Arise'. ad. 3Iid'summer. a. Amiss'. to get I Eise. Ape. ATid'night.o. ^l— Oil. And—Against. . to mount upward Arouse'.—Angle. I An'swer. to heat Oil'y. n. | Note. a. in oil. Arise. mingled with. the diaphragm. n. an. to wake from repose. a reply. j^lan —to Oil I I . a. . Mid'riff. n. admitting a reply. | Ap'ple-jack. Ap'ple. a. v. v. not the same some other one more. 'Among'. in a short time. Apace'. cider brandy. quickly. quickly . hastily. like an ape . n. An'swerable. up. a kind of monkey. prep. mimicry. on. the middle of the way. 73 Mid'winter. Neal. Angel—a Hook.

n. | Awa'ken. 74 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Arm'pit. n. n. I Unasked'. to rouse Awake'. ft. —to Ask. ^sp—Asp. inelegant. I n. I Ar'rowy. a. a tree or its wood. the cavity under the shoulder. — j to twist . made of ask. straight. I Acsian Ask. to predict. to ques- Ask'er. Awake'. a tree with trembling I As'pen. a petitioner a. n. n. like ashes . Ege—Fear. wrong.SP. Awk'wardness. Aspen. «. n. Awe. v. asleep. Asca— Dust. comes from the Latin n. —Awk. is from the Latin (armo). n. leaves. the pointed weapon shot from a bow. | Ash'en. an inquirer. Dread. a. a. Arewe —Arrow. a. (aspis). As'pen. a. Note. reverential fear. Arm'ful. dread. not from sleep. asquint. Ash'es. I tion to beg . Awacian— Awake. the remains of any thing burnt. Ar'row. . a hole made by an Au'ger. . a suflix signifying direction oi Writhan Writhe. A. n. trembling. Writhe. impressed with awe. | Note. | clumsy . ad. not asked. like an arrow . clumsiness. I Ash'y. and ward. v. . Awry'. is from the Latin {augur). —Arms. Note. . a. Arm. a. | —^AuGUB. a serpent. a tool for boring holes. weapons of defence. the limb from the hand to the shoulder. obliquely .. pale. left-handed. ungainly tendency to or from. Awk Awk'ward. Ash. Nafegar—a Nave Borer. tJ. Ward. to demand to inquire. to rouse from sleep. auger NoTB. Au'ger-hole. . Awe'struck. JEarm — an Arm. —^Asp. a. swift I ^se—Ash. to distort. n. | Aw'ptjl. what the arm can hold. that strikes with awe.

Back'ward. a sack a pouch. the part of anything which Bag. n. 75 —the Back. leap. n. to confine with bonds. a boat. &c. Balk. to warm by laying in the sun. hog's fles'i dried in smoke Bak'er. of a travBilge. n. n. a baker's workplace. A banner is a hand^ bond. . Bind. Bal'last. v. it steady. I Bulge. a limit that which . without bound. a flag a standard. unwilling. an instrument for blow. dow. n. Back'bone. Ban'dit. a mark or token of distinction. Bcec . to speak ill of the . Back'ground. n. to from the French (jbondir^ — . Back. . n. d. n. ] i i ing a fire. Bound'less. Beag—a Crown Badge. to disappoint to frustrate. to place on the back. Back. Bacan—to Bake. a musical instrument. a gallery before a win- 1 I Balk. the quantity baked at once. the part of a ship's bottom eler. made fast by a band confined. Batch. n. Bak'eby. Bond'age. n. v. anything which binds. to jump. slavery. | Proclaim. to put meat on a trap as a lure to give refreshment on a journey. i Bag. a Ridge. Bel 'lows. n. a swollen wave. . anything that binds. to apostatize. n. which swells out. with the back forwards. v. v.—Bound. n. Bindan—to Bind. and hlcest. ad. proclamation of marriage. n. to swell out. pp. gird. n. a limit. Backslide. n. to dry and harden by heat. an outlaw. swells out. Bag'gage. n. n. n. BehlcBstan —to Load a Ship. Bale—a Beam Bal'cont. n.. Bound. From bat. . the trunks. a public notice. the bone of the back. a great beam a ridge of land. heavy matter put at the bottom of a ship to keep Bannan—to Ban. re- strains. n. Back'bite. Band. to maintain to move back. absent.Bil'low. v. Bag'pipe. Band'age. Bound 'art. n. the ground behind. Bel'ly. . the hinder part behind. n. . Bound. Ban'ner. Fish with Food on a Hook. a load. Ba'con. n. n. a Garland. Bask. n. Baelg— a . n. v. Batan—to Lure Bait. Bake. or sign of union. that which bind^ Bond. n. v. a. is Note. Bound'en. one who bakes. Bans. to .ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. obliged. a. u.

Imbank' v. n. a place for barley. Bar'renness. Bend. to make a noise like a bull. comes from the French (aboyer). . Embay'. Strip Off. Bank. an animal. comes from the Danish eomes from the French {barque). Bow. — and Bark. with the head bare. to bend towards an act of ren. from the Greek a brown (fiaion). Bel 'lowing. «?. barley. and ern^ a place : ^eor^Urt— Barm. (bark). Note. n. Bark. IBana —Destruction. —Barn. color. a club. . . Bar'ren. n. a window bending outward. a. n. v. nakedly merely. Bar'ley. a. an arm of the sea bending in. a vessel. Bellan Bawl. unfruitful. to inclose in a bay. Bare'ness. Bight. Bat. Bay-win'dow. Note. Embow'. Bare'ly. a. cannot pay money. comes from the Latin (badius) Bay. . Bugan—to Bay. n. . shameless impudent. n. a. containing barm. jBere-^BARLEY. n. yeast. Bane'ful. n. a hunting-horn. I Beer. to bark. the rind of a tree. Bel 'low. -». clothes. Batf heatan — to Beat. a staff. (em. n. n. Beorcan — to Bark. Bat. to bathes. nakedness. to inclose with a bank. v. a bend of a rope. v. poison. a heavy stick. a liquor made of malt and | hops. Ba'ther. Note. a mass of cotton for quilts. for n. . a JBanc a Bench a Hillock a Bank. | Bane. his debts. . n. Bare'faced. n. to make the noise of a dog. n. Note. Bat'on. a species of grain. mound or ridge a place Bank'rupt. Bu'gle. n. n. Abarian— to Bare. ad. a house for farm produce. | to cry aloud. | Bath. n. n. Barm. comes from the Danish (bakke). — to Bawl. — . a species of barley. a. Bar—Naked. wash in a bath. one who . one who v. | —Bat. a.— Bat. a place to bathe in. a long seat. the laurel. Barn. | Barm'y. n. sterility. Bark. a place). n. Bare'headed. Here. Bathe. naked without . Bench. Bceth —a Bath. v. from bere. [spect. a loud noise. poisonous. to bend to arch.76 smith's hand-book of etymology. comes and Bay.

Bar'row. to enUpbear'. the same word aud Beacen— a Bea'con. a small hand carriage. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Bear'ish. be suitable to. to support. graceful seemly. Birth'right. to make a sign with the head. bid). a. to cease from to abstain. a little ball. n. a. Bead. heard. Misborn'. n. Birth. Beam. which Berth. v. a. Unbear'able. to exist . ©. n. to repress. confined to bed by 1 I age or sickness. not to become. Bear'like. not to [er. n. to become. to support . {ofer). the materials of a bed. Birth'place. the day of one's birth. Beck'on. v.. a ray of light . v. Bear. to en- dure. I^orbear'ance. v. n. a. Borne. brought forth. v. to oppose to the face. • Bed'ridden. something to sleep on. w. to bear down the place of one's the rights to in a ship . Bea'ver. | Beam —a Tree. not to be borne. patience. mien. ^. . n. . Sign. n. v. [ Beard. to make a sign to. —Be. unsuitable improp- « Bed—to Lay i j Bed. a piece of timber. as &?/. . not to become a. a. (mis). v. Unbecoming. a petty officer in a parish. Birthday. command of tem. is | Be'ing. Born. n. to shine I Beam. resembling a bear. the coverlets on a bed. 7i. 77 Seon — to Be. n. I Beck. the act of coming into life. birth. born to evil. a. n. from Uddan. having the quality of a bear. a room a place Bera — Bear. n. forth. one is bom. Bed'clothes. to carry . to raise aloft. per. Forbear'. to I — down n. signifies about^ before. Misbecome'. heofeVf an animal. (h/del. Bear. the hair on the lips and chin n. Bead — a Bea'dle. because one was dropped a string every time a prayer was said. [dure. a. v. the time to go to bed. Note. I Beran—to Bear. Bed time. . or Spread. the frame of a bed. Bed 'stead. . Bed'ding. an animal. carried. Prayek. to suit to befit. as a prefix. n. . to Befall. something to give notice I or to direct. Bear'ing. Becom'ing. Underbear'. gesture. . Becuman—to Happen Become'. n. Be. existence. Unbecome'. n. -pp. v. n. v. Overbear'. x). v. n. n. Biddan to Pray.

Beginnan— to Begin'. one who beholds. n. Bee'tle-browed. p. I Book. a. n. the wood bark hav upon. Hilt. n. houses. Hold'er. profit . to hold back to refuse. the stick by which a rudder is Behold'. unseen. v. a forest tree. I Bee'hive. one who controls a helm. a box for holding bees. Withhold'. . n. — . turned. Behefe Behalf'. an insect that makes honey and wax. n. v. Behold'en. a volume in which or write we read Bytl— a Mallet Bee'tle. sake. to grasp to keep to retain. the handle of an axe. . of this tree or its from 6oc. nent brows. Uphol'sterer. n. favor cause . int. Helve. to act. to support to sustain. n. Behoof'. . prediction. stupid. v. a. — Gain. to Be Necessary. n.. hinderance restraint.— Boc. Begone'. n. a command. Beech'en. Beo—Bee. Bee'tle-headed. v. n. Uphold'. Begin. n. to be necessary to want. . . Book. n. to commence. Bee'tle. Behold'er. Hold. | to conduct . to jut out to hang over. a. n. Unbeheld'. conduct . that which holds. a handle of a sword. the first part. I Sece Note. Hold'back. 78 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. demeanor. | n. promise . Bee. a. go away . to eject wind from the stomach. Heave. Helfna —a Helve or Handle. hence. «. Bealcan— to Swell Belch. a. Beech. one that holds. v. n. Be Behave'^. ing been used a book to write . n. n. or hoc —Beech. one who furnishes . to view to see. having promidull . v. Behest'. Healdan—to Hold. Uphol'stery. Helms'man. v. Behav'ior. n. | Begin'ning. • Behofian Bbhoove'. or advantage. Helm. n. a heavy wooden mallet an insect. . furniture for houses. bound m gratitude. n. v. he. . to Want | . Forehold'ing. Hold'fast. Behaes—a Self-command. a beech tree. made of beech. n. lidbhan — to Restrain. gone.

v. something left by will. Believ'er. seeking. . a mixture of copper bell. Ber'ry. Stow' AGE. . a band. n. n. . to entreat to beg to . to leave by will to an- I Bequest'. not sought. . to lay up. to make crooked to Bend.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. to Believe. Bendan—to Bend. n. quitted deserted. bells. Forsake'. to sprinkle over. t. in place. erroneous belief. or dignity. the act of bestowing. . ^estrew'. a hollow sounding vessel of n. a sheep which carries a he. under. . and tin. n. Below'. p. incredulity infidelity. 1). Best. any small fruit containing seeds. a. looked for searched for. Give by Will. J- to Stow. side. n. Unbeliev'er. oy^. v. Stow — a Place ^. Bestow'al. to deprive of. | to scatter . hung. — Bell. 79 —to Trust . hereafan. v. I Bent. n. p. to give to confer. belt. a broom. ad. n. other. be. n. to take away from. n. fixed I purpose. to believe erroneously. i | Streowian Strew. Besought'. Secan . n. . to spread. Bell'founder. one who makes metal. Belief'. Unbelief'. deserted left. the place where a bell is Bell 'metal. one who believes. v. Besides. to credit to put confidence in. state incline. n. —to Seek. Strew'ed. Forsook'. for laying up. one who bestows. Sought. over and abrve. best. n. to place n. Bend. opinion faith. v. Forsak'en. v. n. entreated . Unbelieve'. Seek. . bema. n. implore. not to believe or trust. n. Bell'wether. an infidel. a curve a crook. . at the side of. I Bereave'. Beseech'. a girdle . jyrep. v. low. bestn. . . n. —to Strew. Geliefan . n. Beside'. good in the highest degree. of being curved . to Becwcefhan —to Say Bequeath'. to look for to search for. without . Misbelief'. implored. scattered. to leave to desert. Believe'. a. Belt. n. . p. v. v. Unsought'. Bel'fry. a. Misbelieve'. time. Bell Bell. . Bestow'. room Bestow'er. p. Be'som.

n. on the farther side of. Unbid'. Witch'craft. Bewitch'. —Witch. for the dead. n. ^ bin. Forbid'ding. a. | Bet'tor. Note. to prohibit a. a. in the intermediate space. Between'. permitted. to Command. &c. to charm to enchant. [ Big'ness. . wine. n. . to bid more. repulsive. a long step. stroedan STRroB. n. —Bill. geond. enchantment sorcery. prohibited. like the beak of a bird. offer of a price. Bile. side. I Note. Bier. not invited not commandUnforbid'den. Bil'let. | Bill. I Bill. to Pray . command. Build. a carriage Byggan—to Big. great . t. ing. —Bill. . comes from the French Bin. Forbid'den. to offer a higher price. n. {billet). n. n. a sore. to caress . Beyond'. to wager. comes from the Latin Bile 61LL. I I —to Spread. Bewitch'ery. to walk with long steps n. large . a written paper. . fascinating enchant. Overbid'. bile is n. the beak of a fowl. in a pustule. one . Outbid'. bets. he. a woman given to unlaw.^80 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a manger . betriafif to improve to advance superior. . n. huge. v. v. ByI—Bile. al. Bil — Steel. prep. v. Stridan. painful is tumor terminating spelt hoil. Bewitch'ing. Bestride'. Bbt. to command to offer. haer. [ed. Witch'ery. one who bids. v. . «. ful arts. a hatchet with a point. Bid'der. tivegen. V. prep. Wicce Witch. Forbid'. a. —This word in now more commonly its although the orthography of more accordance with etymology. n. . p. the practices of witches. who a. «j. lowed. Bile. Bet'ter. to oppose. . n. v. a small log of wood. {hilis). Bid. a wager . n. fascination charm. to place a leg on each Bad—Bet. bulk size. a cell or chest for grain. Biddan—^to Ask . n. n. to fondle. Bid'ding. n. be. an animal fluid. v. a.

Black'smith. name for the feath- Bird'catcher. Black. • a white spot. n. seen from above. v. felI Bleak. a. —Bitter. Embla'zon. sorrow. pictures on shields. comes from the Dutch {blouwer). Bleak'ness. the cutting part of an instrument. n. n. Bleach'ery. Bit. calf. a bitter taste. —to Puff skin. n. v. a. birds in. I | Bite. to crush with the teeth. Bleak'ly. to make public to make a white mark on a tree. a sudden calamity. Blcest. bellowing as a the cry of lambs or sheep. Bleat'eng. BiBD. Biter . wicked low. to adorn. v. a stroke. of the color of night. | to cry as a sheep. Note. n. in a bitter manner. n. n. 81 Bird—BiBD. . the part of a n. Bloat. Embla'zonry. v. make ors. Blcetan Bleat. to roar as a storm. a sore caused by frost. n. to make a current of . ad. n. bridle to put into a horse's mouth. n. v. the act of biting . to make black. dreary. coldness. — a Blaze. a place for bleaching . the wound made by the teeth. Bla'tant. a small piece . ii. the motion of the wind. Blast. an inclosure to keep Bird LIME. Blade. n. Blcese Blaze. Black'guard. blcestan Blast. Blus'tering. . a. v. v. to injure. a stream of light . n. Bla'zonry. a pustule . dreariness ad. Bite. to Blow. Blcecan Bleach. a mean. n. Bit'terly. air. Blus'ter. d. biting to the taste sharp. to swell to puff up.—Blow. Black'en. n. Blaze. v. a smith that works Bleak. a blotch. Bitan—to Bite. cold . Bird's'-eye. Blast'ing. a. a. a spire of grass . to split rocks. n. Blow. n. to public. . in iron. a. Blis'ter. destruction explosion. pale . —Bleat. Bla'zon. hlaed. birds. a general ered kind. I Bit'ter. n. in a cold situation. . malice | Blcec or Mac—Black. —to Fade j to Whiten. to display. n. v. to make ^hite. —a Blister | . a Blain. n. one who catches Bird 'cage. Blegen Blain. n. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. sharp severe.. to deck in glaring col- a flame . Blow'ing. . Bi'teng. . the art of blazoipng. a gust or puff of wind an explosion of gunpowder in rocks. to wither. a glue to catch birds. Bit'terness. v. a thin bladder on the . . n. noise tumult. Chil'blain.

a. Blowth. Bliss'ful. to purposely evade. a running of blood. —to Consecrate to wish I . cruel. n. Blow. . blossom. of belicgau . ad. Blood'y. n. —Joyful 1 . rance. — Blue. Seliethf Sdper. Blood. Blood'yessel. v. Blos'som. Bleo Blue. without sight. a. —to Shine I I . filled with blood red. Blood'thirsty. n. a. to wink quent winking. comes from the Dutch (blmoe). the quality of being blue. | Bleed ing.indk blithe manner. igno- blind. to cause to wither or de- Blight.—Blow. to lose or draw blood. a. . a. Blessian Bless. Blind'ly. n. and vigor. beauty.82 smith's hand-book of etymology. Bloom'ing. ad. to bloom . sing. Bledan—to Bleed. Blican Blink. to make Blind'ness. Blosma— a Flower. I —to Destroy. Bloom. v. bloody. Merry. desirous to shed . Bloom. . . . Bliss'fully. Bleed. Blue'ness. v. p. in a blissful manner. to hinder from seeing. V\ . a vein or artery. bloom . to Dazzle. Blithe. wanting sight . blue in a small degree. the state of being Blood'shot. gay joyous. Blood 'iNESS. cay. thriving in health. Blue'-eyed. a prayer for happiness. to mingle together. Bless'ing. happy holy. n. Bliss. Blithe'ly. a. one of the primary colors. the highest happiness. «. n. n. to look with fre- Blink. a. to Bless. a. ad. n. want of sight . a. Blithe'some. Blowan —to the flower of a plant. stained with blood . a blossom. I Bless'ed. blossom. «. Blind'fold. a stroke. gay cheerful merry. having blue eyes. | Blod—Blood. a. . decree. blendan. n. to make happy happiness to. v. a pestilence mildew. n. a. «. happy in the highest | Blithe . I Blind — Blind. v. «?. blood. Note. Blu'ish. I Gladness. n. Blend. Blind. among plants Blight. the red fluid that circulates in the bodies of animals. to flower n. Blis —Joy. n. n.

Bat—a Boat Boat. —Any Round | Vessel. Imbor'der. v.^ Slinnan —to Bltjnt. not blushing destitute of shame. Note. v. a. —Boil. without a blush impudent. to bound. n. a sore. shame or Bar—Boar. and was formed merely by placing a board upon was designated simply by ihc name of board. an officer in a ship. . a — a Pillow.ANGLO-SAXON KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. to exceed in rosy color Unblush'ing. a. ad. a Side wood . with boards. open vessel. tres- Note. a guard to protect the person. . Boil. en tirely. | Bold'faced. in a bold manner. Bodig—Body. muscular fleshy hard. . or Boil. ad. Brawn'y. food. n. want of edge . Blush'inq. n. n. n. impudence. . hold liquids. brave. n. a flat piece of table. painful tumor. to be agitated by heat. rude. Boar'ish. or Ship. one who boards. n. the male swine. one who manages a boat. | Boat'man. dull on the edge or point rough. Byl—Bile Bile. impudent. a. Boar. . [face. Blush'less. . n. I . Bod'ice. Bod'il n. Bor'der. Brawn. . n. the outer part or edge. courage. strength hardness. Boat'swain. Brawn'iness.— Bowl. Bod'yguard. the material part of an ani a. long pillow v. I I Stop. n. the reddening of the Outblush'. swinish brutal cruel. Bod'y. I . comes from the Latin Bald—Bold. relating to the body . having a body. —to Blush. (JyulUo). a. Audacious. Bolla Boll. Bold. . a Board. Bord—an Edge Board. n. mal. Blunt'ness. a.— The Anglo-Saxon tles at the time of eating. . a. to support . Bolster Bol'ster. impudent. a vessel to a round pod or capsule. n. Note. 8. | Bold'ly. n. to redden with confusion. short stays for women. n. Bold'ness. ruptness. a. a. n. n. comes from the French (boule). Bod'ied. al> Blunt'ly. the flesh of a boar . n. to roll. Bowl. v. to live table it Board'er. to lay at for a price. daring. to hold up. the muscular part of the body. n. a small. v. f . Ablisian Blush.mdi blunt manner.

84

SMITH'S

HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.

Bolt
Bolt, Bolt,
n.
«.

—a House
I

;

an Akrow.
v.

the bar of a door. to leave or desert suddenly.

an arrow

;

Bolt,

to fasten with a bolt

;

to

|

spring out suddenly.
{beutdn).

Note.

—Bolt, to

sift,

to separate

from bran, comes from the Ger.

Ban— Bone.
Bone, n. the firm, hard substance an animal body.
in
I

Bo'ny,

a. full

|

Bone'ache,

n.

of bones, pain in the bones.

Beom— a Beam.
Boom,
Note,
low.
n.

a pole used to extend a

sail

;

a bar across a harbor, &c.
to

—Boom, a deep hollow sound, comes
Bene—a Prayer
Boon,
n.
;

from the Dutch bommen^
a Petition.
a favor.

sound

hol-

a gift

;

Note.

—Boon, gay, merry, kind, comes from the Latin (bonus).
Gebiir

—a Countryman or Farmer.
soil
;

Buan —to

Till.

Boor, n. a cultivator of the rude peasant.
Boor'ish,
a.

a

Boor'ishly, ad. in a boorish manner. Bur'ly, a. (boor-like)^ big; tumid;

clownish

:

rude.

Bur'liness,

n.

bulk
;

boisterous. bluster.
;

Bote — Compensation
to profit ; to advantage. Boot'less, a. useless unprofitable.
i).
;

Satisfaction.
n. spoil
;

Boot,

I

Boot'y,

plunder.

|

To Boot,

ad. over

and above
('otte).

;

besides.

Note.

—Boot, a covering for the foot, comes from the French
Bof'ian

—to Bore.
[

Bore,

v.

to

make

a hole by turning.

Bore,
;

v.

to vex or weary.
;

Biirh
Bor'ough,
n.

— a City.

Beorg—a

Hill

a

Citadel
n.

a Refuge.

a corporate town. Burgh, n. a corporate town. Bur'gess, n. a freeman of a burgh. Bur'gher, n. a freeman of a burgh. Bur'gomaster, n. a magistrate of a
city.

Burg'lar,
a house.

a thief

who

breaks into

Burg'lary, n. housebreaking. Burg'larious, a. relating to housebreaking,

Bur'row,

n.

a hole in the

[rabbits, &c. ground for

Borglan —to Borrow
Bor'row,
a time.
V).

;

and
I

Bohr— a
n.

Pledge.
the act of taking a

to take the use of for a

Bor'rowing,
loan.

|

Bor'rower,

n.

one

who

borrows.

Bosuni — Bosom.
Bo'soM,
n.

the breast

;

the heart.

|

Bo'som,

a.

confidential

;

intimate.

Both,

a,

ba^ twa, the two; the one and the

other.

ANOLO-SAXON BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES.

85

Botm— Bottom.
Bot'tom, n. the lowest part. Bot'tomed, a. having a bottom. Bot'tomless,
I

Bot'tomby,

n.

borrowing money on

a.

a ship. without a bottom.
I

Boga — Anything Curved

;

a

Branch.

Bugan —to Bow;
a.

to

Bend.

Bough, n. a branch of a tree. Bow, n. an instrument for shooting arrows any thing in the form of a
;

Bow'legged,
Bow'sTRiNG,

n.
n.

having crooked legs. the string of a bow.
the

Bow 'sprit,

spar projecting

curve.

Bow'wiNDOW,

n.

from the head of a ship. a projecting window.
;

Bur—a
;

Dwelling

a Cottage.

Bow'er, n. a retired chamber; a shady recess. Bow'ery, a. having bowers shady. Neigh'bor, n. (neah, nigh), one

Neigh'borhood, n. a place near. Neigh'borly, a. becoming a neighbor; kind;
civil.

Unneigh'borly,
neighbor
;

who

lives near.

a. not becoming a not kind.

Box,

n.

a case

Box-^Box. made of wood

;

a chest.
tree

a blow with the or shrub, from the Latin (fiuxtts).

Note.—Box,

fist,

comes from the Welsh (bock\ and Box, a

Boye—BoY.
Boy,
n.

a male child.
Boy'ish,

|

Boy'hood,
a boy
;

n.

the state of a boy.

a. like

childish.

Bredan—to
Braid,
v.

Braid.
n.

to

weave together.

|

Braid,

a texture

;

a knot.

Brcegen
Brain,
the soft whitish mass inclosed in the skull.
n.
I

—Brain.
BrAin'less, a. silly thoughtless, Bbain'sick, a. disordered in the brain.
;

|

Breinbel
Bram'bled,
bles.
a.

—Bramble.
1

overgrown with bram-

Bram'ble,

n.

the blackberry bush,

Braes —Brass.
Brass, n. a yellow metal composed Braze, v. to solder with brass. of copper and zinc. Bra'zenfaced, a. impudent shame" Bra'zier, n. one who works in brass. less. Bra'zen, a. made of brass impudent.
;
;

Bread
Bread,
n.

or

breod

—Bread.
com
;

food made*of ground

support of

life.

Breed —Breadth.
Breadth,
n.

measure from side to

side.

g6

smith's

hand-book of etymology.

Brecan
;

or

hracan

to

Break

;

to Bruise.

Break, ®. to part by violence. Broach, v. to tap to let out liquor. Brack, 71. a breach a crack. Brake, n. an instrument for retarding
;

Breach,
Breech,
thing.

n.

a

gap

;

a quarrel

;

an

in-

fraction.
n.

the hinder part of any-

motion.

Crake, n. a thicket. Bray, «, to grind small Break'past,
Note.

Out'break, n. a bursting forth. Break'er, n. a wave broken by a
rock.
n.

the

first

meal of the day.
{braire).

—Bray, the noise of an ass, comes from the French
JBreost

—Breast.
Breast'pin,
breast.
n.

Breast,

the fore part of the body. Breast 'bone, n. the bone of the breast. Breast KNOT, n. a knot worn on the
n.

an ornament for the
n.

Breast'work,
the breast.

a

work

as

high as

breast.

JSrceth

—Breath.
Breathe,
the
a.
air.
v.

drawn in lungs. Breath'ing, n. respiration.
Breath,
pelled
n.

the air

and

ex-

to

draw

in

and expel

by the

Breath'pul,

a. full

of breath.

Breath'less,

out of breath.

Bredan—^to
Breed, Breed,
«.

Nourish.

JBrod

—a Brood.
;

to give birth to n. a race a kind.
;

;

to bring [up.

Breed'ing,
nurture.

n.

education; manners;

Brood, v. the number hatched at once. Brood, v. to sit as on eggs to think long and anxiously about. Bred, jy^. brought up; nourished.
;

Sriwan—to Brew
Brew,
®.

to

Mix.

to
n.

make malt
a mixture.

liquor; to

mingle.

Brew'er, n. one who brews. Broth, n. liquor in which flesh has
been boiled.

Brew'age,

Brew'ery,

n.

a place for brewing.

Bryd—Bride.
Bride,
n. a man about to be married, or newly married. Bri'dal, a. a wedding belonging to Bridesmaid, n. she who attends on the bride. a wedding. Bride'man, n. he who attends on the bridegroom.

n.

ried, or

a woman about to be marnewly married.
;

Bride'groom,

Brycg—Bridge.
Bbidge,
n,

a building raised over water for convenience of passage.

Bridl
Bri'dle,
is

—Bridle.
I

n.

governed

the reins by which a horse Bri'dle, v. to hold up the head in pride or resentment. a restraint. Bbi'dlb^ V, to restrain to control.
;
I

;

ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIV^ATIVES.
Srcer
Brt'er,
n.

8t

—Brier
|

;

a Prickle.
a. full

a prickly slirub.

Bri'ery,

of briers.

Beorht
Brighi, a. clear; shining. Bright'en, v. to make bright.

or

bryht
I

—Bright.
;

Bert,

a.

bright

;

Bright'ly, a. with lustre. Bright'ness, n. lustre glitter, a suf&x used in forming names.
I

Brymnie—Brim.
Brim, n. the upper edge of a vessel. Brim'ful, a. full to the brim.
I

Brim'less,

a.

without a brim.
the top.

I

Brim'ming,

a. full to

Byrnan—to
Burn,
??.

Burn.
to

Brun — Brown.
Brown,
n.

to

consume with

fire;

the
a.

name of a
n.

color.

wound with fire. Burn, n. a wound caused by
Burnt,
p. a.

Brown isn,
fire.

somewhat brown.
deep thoughtful-

Brownstud'y,
ness.

consumed
;

;

scorched.

Burn'ing, n. fire flame. Outburn', v. to exceed in burning. Unburned', a. not burnt. Brin'ded, a. streaked, as if burnt. Brin'dled, a. streaked spotted. Brunt, n. the heat or violence of an
;

Au'burn,
color.

a.

brown; of a dark tan
;

Brand, n. a burning piece of wood a mark of infamy. Brand, to mark with a hot iron. Brandish, v. to wave to flourish.
«?.
;

onset

;

Note.

—Burn, a brook, used in Scotland,
».

shock.

Brim'stone, n. sulphur. comes from the Gothic {brunna).

Bryne — Salt
Brinb,
salt.

Liquor.
;

water impregnated with

I

I

Brin'ish, a. saltish like brine. Bri'ny, a. salt; like brine.

Bringan —to
Bring,
v.

Bring.
;

to fetch from

to attract.

Bristl, hyrst
Bris'tle, n. the hair of a swine
hair.
;

—Bristle.
v.

stiff

I

I

Bris'tle, Brist'ly,

to stand erect.

a.

thick set with bristles.

Bryttian
Brit'tle,
a. easily

—to Break.
|

broken.

Brit'tleness,

n.

aptness to break.

Brad, breed— Broad.
Broad,
a.

wide
id.

;

extended from side
broad.
;

Broad 'ly,

ad. in a
n.
n.

broad manner.

to side.

Broad'cloth,
to

Broad'en,
^

make

Broad'side,
to

a fine woolen cloth. the side of a ship.

Brucan—to Use
v.

Employ

;

to

Bear.

Broke,
others.

to transact

business for

Bro'ker, n. an agent or negotiator. Bro'kerage, n. the pay or reward of
a broker.

Bro'kage, n. profit gained by promoting bargains. •

Brook,

v.

to bear

;

to endure.

8S

SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.

Broc— Bbook.
Brook,
n.

a stream

;

a rivulet.

^rowi— Broom.
Broom,
a brush with a n. a shrub long handle for sweeping.
;
I

|

Broom'stick, broom.

n.

the

handle of a

Brother Brother.
Broth'er,
parents.
n.


I

one born of the same

Broth'erly,
tionate.

a.

like a brother

;

affec-^

I

Broth'erless,

a.

without a brother.

JBrceiv

—Brow.
1

Brow,

n. the ridge over the eye forehead.

;

the

Bro w'beat,
looks.

v.

to depress

by stem

I

Brysan—to
Bruise,
«.

Bruise.

to crush or mangle

by blows.

Bucca — Buck.
Buck,
mals.
n.

the male of certain ani-

I

I

Buck'skin, n. leather buck's skin.

made from

a

Buck'et,

n.

hue, a

vessel for

drawing water.

Byldan—to Confirm
Build,
v.

;

to Establish.
n. n.

to raise an edifice

;

to con-

I

Build'er,

struct.

I

Build 'iNG,

one who builds, a fabric an edifice.
;

Byndel— Bundle.
Bun'dle,
n.

a

number of things bound

together.

Byrthen Burden.
Bur'den,
n.


|

what
v.

is

borne

;

a load.

Bur'densome,

a.

heavy

;

grievous.

Burst,

herstan,

to break or fiy asunder

by

internal force.

Birgan
Bur't,
v. to cover with earth into a grave.
;

or

hirian
I

—to Bury.
;

to

put

I

Bur'ial, n. interment, Bur'ying, n. burial.
to Bustle.
v.

Brastlian

—to Brustle
I
I

Bus'tle, v. to be busy with quick motion.

Brus'tle,

to rustle

;

to crackla

Biseg
Bus'y,
a.

—Busy.
I I

employed with earnestness

active.

Bus'ily, ad. in a busy manaer. Bus'iness, n. employment trado. Bus'y-bod'y, n. a meddling person.
;

;

;

ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.
But,
c(m.

89

hutan, except
;

;

except that.

Bocsum—Flexible boga—a
Bux'oM,
a.

Bough, and

sum— Some.

gay

;

lively

;

brisk.

|

Bux'omly,
;

ad. wantonly.

Byegan—to Buy
Buy,
v.

hoht

—Bought.
n.

to obtain for

money

;

to pur-

I

Buy'er,

one

who

buys,

chase.

|

Bought, pp. purchased.

Be
By, prep, denotes the

or hi
]

—By.

way

or means.

By, ad. in presence or passing neai^

Cealf—QAJJF.
Calf, n. the young of a cow
fellow.
;

a stupid

I

Calves,

n.

I

Calf 'skin,

the plural of calf, n. the skin of a cal£

Caeggian
Cage,
n.

—to Lock.
Cage,
v.

an enclosure for birds or

I

to shut up.

beasts.

|

Cunnan—to Know
Can,
KJEN,
v.

;

to

Have Powbb.
a. artfully deceitful.

to

V.

to have power. to see at a distance to know.

be able

;

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Cun'ning, Cun'ning,

n.

fraudulent dexterity,

Canna—Can.
Can,
n.

a vessel for liquor.

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Can'ned,

a.

preserved in cans.

Car— Care.
Care, n. anxiety caution charge. Care'fully, ad. heedfully. Care'ful, a. anxious watchful. Care'lessly, ad. without care. Care'less, a. having no care heedless.
;

;

I

;

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Carl
Carle,
n.

—a Male.
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Ceorl
a.

— a Churl.
n. a surly harsh.

a strong, rude man.

Churl,
rude
;

man

;

a miser.

Churl'ish,

Ceorfan
Carve,
to cut meat at table into elegant forms.
o.
;

—to Carve.
I

to cut

Carv'ing,

n.

the

act of

carving

1

sculpture.

Cartel

— Castle.
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Gas'tle,

n.

a fortified house.

Cas'tellan,71. the governor ofa castle,

Ceaf— Chaff.
Chaff,
n.

the husks of grain.

Chap'finch,

n.

Chaf'fy, a. full of chaff. a bird said to like chaff.
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Chew'ing. I Cearig. Chill'y. a. —Circumvention. n. Cele Chill. Cicen Check'en. . person. — Cheese. the bone of the cheek. a. v. having a low price. &c. or face to face.'ly. . n. «. an infant . Cheek'bone. Ceac. cowardly. cautious. I a. a. Chap. Cyse Chees'y. coal made by charring wood. I having the nature of Cheese. n. —Chest. ad. Cheap. Child. to crush with the teeth. is from A. Check by Jowii. to bum to a cinder. | cold . a boy Chaf'per. I Cyst Chest. to find fault. cearian Cha'ry. a. v. in a reproving manner. to treat about a barto baggie. I a very young Child'hood. lowness of price. ad. a. Chap. n. n. geypped. the side of the face. a. .-S. n. box . Cheap'en. to lessen value. n. n. — ^to Take Care | . NoTB. opened. Chap'man. to Bur. without children. mastication. . Chap. n. . n.— 90 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. one who practises fraud. the pressed curd of milk. Chick'enhearted. coldness shivering. Ceat Cheat. Child'ish. xi. frugally. cold. warily. | to scold Chid'ing. Cha'riness. a. ad. . careful. an old expression signifying closeness. ceowan I | — ^to Chew. a large the thorax. cheese. n. to Note. the state of children.. scolding Chid'ingly. to barter to exchange. —to Chide. a dealer. Cha'rily. v. somewhat cold. gain . dull. — become bot9 Cerran—to Burn. Char'coal. Cheap. Child'less. Chew. . at a small price. an inferior person. n. Chtl'liness. | the young of a hen. Cheat'er. Cheap'ness. —Chill. Cheek. Cidan Chide^ v. like a child. to break into small clefts or gapings by heat or by clefts. n. n. I Char. n. to Be Anxious. | to defraud to impose upon. rebuke. caution nicety. —Chicken. . Ceapf ceapian —to Babgaln : to Trade «. n. aid—Child. .

I Clay'pit. — ^to Cleave pret. pull. the whooping cough. chalky clay Clcen — Clean. CloVen-footed. Clapperclaw. opening in narrow clefts. foot . Clean. vile. a gap. a tenacious kind of earth. Clean'ly. Choice. like clay. as full as possible. not clean dirty. a. to stop up. to strike together with quick motion. Clbav'er. neat. split ting. pick out. —to Turn. — ^to Glue 1 to Smear. v. a pit where clay is dug Clay'mabl. Aceocan Choke. n. n. the lower part of the face. I . Chink'y. to clog with glutinous mat- I Clam. Cleanse. v. n. Ceosan —to Choose. —to Suffocate. Cina Chink. Choice'ness. Claw. I . the v. | crack . free from dirt. Clappan —to Move with Beats Like the Heart. nicety particular value. v. divided. | to suffocate . n. the name of a Clam'my. a whitish. Choke'full. an opening made by . Cleafan Cleave. Dlay'ey. Cleft. a vessel used in butter. Choose. n. pure.. a. a. . to free from dirt n. n. n. ter. Clceg Clay. selection choice. a. freedom from dirt Unclean'. I Viscous. . neatness. divided parted. v. free from dirt. . v. v. . shell fish. n. a butcher's axe. making I Churn'ing. CloVen. rify. n. a. n. Clean'liness. to take by preference to Choos'ing. — Sticky. 91 Cyn— Chtn. a. n. n. a. to re- I Claw— Claw. «. | Chin'cough. n. having the divided into two parts. the power of choosing. n. or tear with having hooked I nails. the act of purifying. to scratch. Chut. I Claw. v. Clem. to pu^ Cleans'ing. Clove. to scold . n. glutinous . ter. I Clap. cyrran Chtjbn. sticky. to jingle. AKGLO-SAXON BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. the foot of a beast or bird nails. Chink. a — a Fissuke. a. a. to split to divide. the act of making but- I Clcemian Clam. .

skill . . a hook to hold anything short. v. dexterously ingeniously. . n. close. . . Clot. . I n. . to cover to dress. Climan —to Climb. n. Cling'stone. an instrument to measure Clock'work. a lump of earth. garments dress. well adjusted work. Clifian —to Cleave. Cloak. Clot'ty. to hide . dexterous in- I Clev'erness. one who climbs. one who clips. Cleave. . . n. Clod'dy. n. ve* Cloth'ibr. sailing vessel. the machinery of a clock. a Hillock. ®. v. a. v. to guide as by a thread. a kind of peach. Clip 'per. Clyppan —to Embrace Clip. Clev'erly. to ascend with labor mount.>fZ SMlTH"'rf HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Climb'ing. to I I Climb'er. —The thread unwound from a clew used to guide one in a labyrinth. a knife into the handle. . n. a loose outer garment. Clew. v. a. any thing woven. a fast Clasp'knife. full matter. consisting of clods. which folda Lach—a. broken . ad. a guide. in I Cliwe Clew. skillful n. n. n. . n. ] a ball of thread . to cut Clasp. n. genious. n. — a Bell I . «. dexterity genuity. dress garments . n. . of clots. Climb. Cloth'ing. a concretion of soft or fluid a. cloth. | Clipf'y. —a Ball of Thread. Clothes. ai/—Cliff. Clock. n. Clod. Clever. Clingan Cling. Gleaw — Skillful Clev'er. . Clothe. a steep bank. to cut with shears. craggy. | to hang upon . n. Clucga Clock. Clath Cloth. time. Note. n. the act of ascending. | Cloak. Clud —a Stone . n. to mask. n. Cliff. Clod'poll. — Cloth. Garment. to adhere. n. v. —to Shrink Up. a. a dolt a blockhead. to adhere to hold to. a maker or seller of ture.

without clouds clear . . want of heat . is of doubtful etymology. a heavy stick. Coal'miner. a bird of the parrot kind. without heat or passion Cool'ness. a serpent. to Catch. n. bright. cern. a. Cloud'iness. the state of being cloudy. a digger of coals a coal merchant. —Club. Coal'ery. n. early gar- n. Coal pit. a Bunch. ret. Cock'ateice. —This word n. Cloud. a. . a bunch . Cold'ness. to seize . a ribbon worn on the [hat. v. to grasp. a pit in which coals are . n. a species of trefoil. a. a common fossil fuel. n. Cock. of war. a collection. topped with clouds. n. without Cool. to collect in buncbea. a mine in which coals n. Cock'atoo. without passion. ANGLO-SAXOX ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. indiffer ence. I meets. Ge-lwccan — to Seize Clutch. ad. a bludgeon. not hot frigid chill. 93 Ge-hlod— Covered Cloud. n. covered with clover. . uncon' Cool'ish. Clus'ter. n. Cleofan Club. . somewhat cold. a place where coals are dug. want- Cool'headed. a. Col — Coal. the dawn . the room over the Cock'pit. a. Clf^fer-wyrt Clo'ver. Cock'ade. Cold'blooded. n. | Clov'ered. a room in which a club each contributing his share. Note. n. a. Collier. Cold'hearted. Cloud'less. v. covered with clouds. v. feeling. [dug. indiflf(^ent . Coal. morning. rather cool. n. | Clutch. Cock LOFT. are dug. . —to DrvroE. Coll'iery. Cold. Cool'ly. Cold'ly. black in the highest degree.. n. a. grasp. — Small Cloveb. Clus'ter. a place where coals are Cocc . Coal'mtne. n. a. a. Clauster — a Cloister | . the male of birds a small heap of hay to set erect to strut. Coal BLACK. ad. gentle cold. Note. a collection of visible vapor in the air. n. without heat without . n. the lower deck of a ship Ceald—CojA). n. Cloud'capt. dug. n. concern. . . n. — Cock. comes from the Danish {Hub). a. n. a. n. Cloud'y. gripe . Cock'crowing. ing passion. one who works in a coal mine. I an association of persons Club.

Crab. seeds which n. to do clumsily. n. Comft-Raleigh. to divide. Camh —a Valley. is Cuman—to Come. nity. Come'liness. n. peevish . irons with a knob at the end. . | Colt. n. or the Head. — 94 iSMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. —Corn. graceful : decent. which bees deposit honey. n. n. the head strong pony. approach. n. a cover for the head or top. a shel- Cof'fer-dam. corn. Sometimes 6 is . n. Cof—a Cave Cove. n. a field where com growing. and ad-just the hair. to mend coarsely. Corn'heap. to contend. . as. n. Cob'-irons. — Cope. one who Corn. Cop. a water-tight case fixed in the bottom of a river. Cot'tager. Comb. n. a horn. is is Note. to sprinkle with salt. n. a. a shell fish . tage. a chest. Overcome'. to conquer to subdue. Cwenian — Comply. one who lives in a co^ : Cot'ter. Com'ing. n. the dry part of a valley. n. generally for keeping money. Oop'pED. to draw near. ad vancing near. Corn'chandler. . to advance «. Chelcomb. n. a. v. in order to keep a space dry to build upon. Note. as Comptou. Cota . Bas Oomfe-Bassett. a. n. Cobble. n.. Top. «. — Cot. frisky wanton. Cote. the top or cover of a wall. dig- I Come'ly. a young horse. ter. Come. like a colt . a cottage a sheep fold. Corn. comb. clean. ofer. . n. a store of com. an excrescence on the foot. grow in ears retails grain. a small house a hut. . anything round a n. n. I Cop —^the . Cop'fer. Colt —Colt. . morose. | Crab'bed. Crabba — Crab.. Cob'ble. I | . comes from the Greek. a small creek or bay . one who lives in a cot. beauty . towards. Cob. Comb. from the Latin cornu. Cope. n. grace . Comb. a peevish person. a Repository. the head the top. Cot. —Hence the names of places situated in valleys end in comb as Alcomb. the cells in Comb. Colt'ish. a. Co'piNG. n. . —Boswokth. arrival. Note. a roundish stone. n. rising to a top or head. comes from the Danish Corn — Corn. Sometimes the name of the owner annexed changed into p. an instrument for the hair. Cot'tage. {kobler). Corn'field. v. to struggle. n. n. a small house a hut.

neck. a. I Crceft —Art. to confine. a confused multitude to press close. to thrust in by force. —a Stick. a manger . n. a small a cove. n. —a kind of Heron. cunningly artfully. Cow'ardly. the vaccine disease. Cow'sLip. to stuff completely full . n. to move worm . Ask . n. a machine for raising heavy goods. . —to Crave . an . n. . Crib. n. — Cradle. 96 Cu— Cow. resembling a cow. a scythe for grain. to I Creep'ingly. . to ask earnestly to long n. ad. a species of primrose. cunning stratagem. Cram. to depress with fear. ad. Cow'like. I a coward one who implores for his life when vanquished. 1 who are kept. cunning artful sly. a child's bed . Implore. v. a tuft of hair turned up as if licked by a cow. slowly tile. I a bed in which infants Cra'dle. . like a rep- I Cread Crew. V. Cradel Cra'dle. cunning. fearful mean. to n. trade a. n. . n. a keeper). Cratnmian— to Cram. or cruth I I —a Crowd. . pany. Cow'ardice. the ff A»ale I Cow'herd. n. Cow'house. a bird . tends cows. ball. Cra'ving. {hyrde. . Cow'pox. fraud . dhicc Crick. Craft'y. a house in which cows Cow. one Cow'lick. . v. n. of the bull. n.4KGL0-SAX0N ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Cryb — Crib. a support used by the lame. a ship's company . I a painful stifl&iess in the Crick'et. Creek. Crafts'man. Cra'ven. to I Crafian Crave. I | Skill. n. n. n. unreasonable desire. Cow'ard. n. d. move as a slowly or feebly. crecca. v. a play with bats and I CRifrcn. Craft'ily. n. . Trade. . Creopan—to Creep. Craft. (from cowherd)^ one destitute of courage. n. Craft'iness. n. . inlet . a. n. n. n. are rocked. want of courage. Cow. for. Cran Crane. Creep. a com- Crowd. artificer a mechanic. v.

| Crow. n. Cupp — Cup. n. CtfP. famine. . Deorc—Dark. a case with shelves for Cup'bearer. ad. the stomach of a bird. an attendant at a feast. Dear'ly. a flower. cups. a bird the cry of a cock. Dearth. | Crimp 'ing. Deor a. to cut comes from the Dutch krappen^ off. | Dam. a. | Cun'ningly. . n. ad. ad. Dear '-bought. Dear'ness. v. v.. a. n. . Note. favorite. the act of crimping. boldly courageously. &c. skilful . Top . Dark'ly. Crumb. Craiv — Crow. a. a. . . Dark'ness. Ge-erympt— Curled. Dark. Cunnan—to Know Cun'ning. . n. the mistress of a family. to have courage. —Croup. fondness . comes from the Italian (groppa). with fondness at a high . Dar'ingly. n. v. —Dam. Crimp. price. Dark'en. the harvest to cut . v. scarcity . Dark'some. off. Cunning. approaching to dark. a. Ear op Corn. Hreopan — Croup. v. I | Dar'ing. produce. Crocca Crock. . a drinking vessel. beloved to make dear to make beloved. Endear'. n. beloved precious costly. wanting light gloomy. ^the Crock'ery. n. artful . the wrinkles under the eyes. or e?yre—Precious . Criifna —Crumb . n. I Cup'board. Dar'ling. —Crop. ad. Dearran —to Dare. v. . Note. . Croup. n. n. n. to challenge to defy. Dear. to make dark. —a Pot | a Pitcher. gloomy obscure. bold fearless. . n. purchased at a high . Dark'ish. n. ment. a small particle a frag- Crum'ble. skilfully . Beloved n. | Crop. absence of light. a female parent. to I Gnaw or Break. to break or fall into 1 small pieces. Crow '-foot. which comes from the Latin domina. . a disease in the throat. a. Note. obscurely. Crow's'-feet. from Dame.96 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. an earthen vessel. to pinch up in ridges. artfully. an earthen ware. . Dare. a. the rump of an animal. price. detnmarif is to confine water. Cropp— Crop. costliness. . n. sly. Dare. «.

to Dismay. to cover to adorn. X)augh'ter. Death'like. to deprive of sensation. coward is the least reproachful. a vision to the waking . n. Note. want of power to hear. a. n. 1 Daugh'terly. they are all n. . the first appearance of light dawn. AlfGLO-SAXON BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. I . a. dull still. i cowardly . n. a flower. n. . n. mean. to judge. a. v. the time from sunrise to sun- Day'light. Dagian—Dawn. but. distribute.. I Demati Deem. sorrow. . Deal. Day'time. Dole. I>ced . not decked. the break of day . | Dcel-^a. Decan—to Deck. n. v. Undecked'. happening every day. . Ikeg—Day. Das'tardly. . Dead —Dead. Poltroon. destructive mortal. a part a thin plank. Dai'ly. Dohtor— Daughter. Dead'en. Dawn'ing. a. a female child. Deal. helpless. v. and used as terms of reproach . n. a. 97 Adastrigan —to Fkighten Das'tabd. Fore'deck. Dcelan— to Deal'ing. deprived of life. Cover. Dead'ness. a. Note. 71. Deed'less. to make deaf. v. n. Deck. n. without action without exploits. to think . the lifting of a thing at the utmost disadvantage. of the four words. to deal to mutual dealing traffic . Deal'er. Craven signify one wanting courage. Deap'ness. extinction of life. cowardliness. Das'tabdy. Dead'lift. n. Dead. a. * Deed.— Dole. n. to n. n. Deadly. . break of day morning. n. comes from the Latin {doleo). full of daisies. the time in which there is light. Dai'sied. Day. Divide. Dawn. !vnd . the light of day. n. like a daughter. Death. n. an exploit. to divide to distribute. —Deed. a. ad. —Coward. traffic. . n. ship. . n. n. Day'break. Deaf. an action . the floor or cover of a Deok'er. a coward. intercourse In'terdeal. senses. one who deals a trader. the fore part of tb« deck. wanting the sense of hearing. Part. one who adorns. . Dea/—Deaf. v. n. Day'dream. {cUiy^s-eye). • — Deem. loss of life. resembling death. a. v. grief. action . Dai'sy. set. to begin grow light. Deaf'en. n. Dastard.

a pJate. one who digs. a Dale . n. one who digs. not clearly obscureljDim'ness. profound. 98 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. to moisten gently. —Dew. n. a I Table n. a. n. JDenu Den. Dynt—a Stroke . dig. to mark by a blow. Dint. Deep'en. a. a Plain. n. . n. n. ad. to Deliver. Delfan DeIjP. obscure . a bank a mound a trench dug in the ground. to make deep. a termination in the names of places. a vessel for serving up food or reading. v. —to Dig. duhiess of sight. set with dimples. i\ I to cloud. Dike. n. Disc — a Plate . having weak eyes. Din'ner. —a Dike. Dew'y. Dish'water. . Dish. a. a. n. n. to Dine. Deep. 9 d^op of dew. measure from the surface downwards. Deop—Deep. 1 Deofol Dev'il. Deep'lt. Die Dig. a fallen angel an evil . to a great depth. .. the fiesh which hang» from the throat oi ac ox. wicked. Dyne —Noise. n. Desk. Dynan—to Make a Dm. to stun with . a. —Den. Dm'PLKD. v. Dinnertime. — Devil. extending far below the sur face. Dev'ilish. a Blow. n. a. n. ad. to ex- . n. Delte. v. to claim a debt importunately. full of dimples. n. a . the room for dining. the time for dinner Dun. v. I 1 up the earth n. ] mine a pit earthenware. Dim'ply. Dew'dkop. v. n. to eat or give a dinner. not seeing clear . Bedew'. to turn cavate. like a devil . Depth. n. water in which dishes are washed. Dint— a Hole. Di'ningroom. JDeaw Dew. I Dim'ly. the chief meal of the day noise. a —Den . Dig'ger. Dim—Dim. n. Dim'sighted. Note. Dim'ple. Noise . . Dew'lap. a ioud noise . cavern the cave of a wild beast. «. n. a mark force. a small hollow in the cheek or chin. Dim. signifies a valley or woody plain. . | spirit. moisture from the atmolike dew. . v. «. sphere. Ditch. Dine. a. an inclined table for writing Dish. n. Dint.

^to n. to put into any liquor . valor . the entrance into a house or apartment. I Duru—Door. to en- I Dive. I | —The dove n. n. noble. a. Deman—to Think Dooms'day. Down. prep. . a. like dough Dohtig — Brave. a blockhead a dolt. dull. . Dove'tail. Good. judge . executed performed. a descending ^ on the ground. n. n. surface. n. 99 Dyppan —to Dip. I . . I Door'case. Noble. | Doings. a house for doves. n. Sink. . a species of pigeon. (cota). brave . v. and innocence. n. . Dove. ter slightly. to condemn. . giddiness . stupid . sluggish blunt. whirling. Dove'like. deawian—to Moisten ] . course. is the emblem of love. Note. Dove'cot. Door. Dough'y. v. to . purity. ruin calamity plain open direct. | Dahf Dough. Diz'zY. the soft feathers of a bird. valiant . Down'cast. Dun—Down. a joint in the form of an expanded dove's tail. Done. ment. v. the past participle of . bravery. Dull'head. . a. Dol— a Dolt. a heavy. . n. stupid fellow.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DEBIVATIVES. Down. Down'fall. hilly land. a bank of sand thrown up by the sea . to practise to perform. v. \ Dough'tiness. a. a. resembling a dove. n. performed. a. vertigo. to the day of final judg- I Doom. the past participle of to a lower flat dufian— to ad. v. Dolt'ish. Down. stupid Dul'ness. simplicity. a tract of poor. V. the frame of a door. . or any Dovof 'right. dejected. to plunge under the water. Dolt. place. soft. Wet. Note. I Dull. Dough'ty. n. stupidity heaviness. n. to Judge. in Adune. Did. ad. —Down. I Do. I Dysi —Dizzy. | Diz'zmESS. Don— Do. comes from the Danish {duun). n. from a higher Down'ward. . executed n. a. n. a. Dip. . things done transactions . wet flour unbaked paste. Duva—Dove. giddy .

n. drlnc. -to Drag. . sleeping lightly. II. the act of drawing the quantity drunk at once. to Drink'able. v. v. v. a. Drag. Drown. to make the sight dim by lustre. [ful. 71. DraganDrag. n. Drop. a. Draw'bridge. n. to swallow liquors. n. Drear'y. Drib'let. striking with splendor. Drygan— n. Drib'bling. a. to overpower with light. Drib'ble. DwcBScan— to ExTrNGUisH. dismalness. Drunk'en. intrepid. n. «. Dray'horse. to draw off gradually to I Drain. or table. Stupid. a man who attends a Drawl. dry n. sleepiness. Dread'less. an idiot . Draw'er. to Strain. that may be drawn. a dotard. a. Do'ziNESS. Dropian—to Driv'el. Drunk. . v. to attract. a. intoxicated with liquor. off. Drink. a small quantity or sum. a horse which draws a dray. terror. a child.100 SMITH IHaces—Bvi-ij S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Drencan—to Give to Drink. n. dismal gloomy mourn. a low cart. Dray'man. Daz'zle. fearless ad. Drunk'ard. Drawn. dismal gloomy. or | Drugothf drygan Drought. n. dray. w«'^ither. v. want of rain. v. Drop. any loss of advantage. that may be drunk. n. intoxicated with liquor. terribly. to wet thoroughly. one habitually drunk. fall Drip. dolgftn — to Dry. v. Draught. manner. a. tedious Draw'ing. ppr. n. to pull along by force. Draw 'able. sleepy drowsy sluggish. delineation. Drehuigetin Drain. to blind by too strong a light. n. terrible awful. n. to let fall. . . Dreorig Drear. 'd. n. to sleep lightly. ^to Dry. Draw'back. n. Dread'fully. Dreed —Dread. v. a sliding box in a case a. a globule of liquid. n. Drink. . n. having equal advantage. v. Do'ziKG. a. . Doze. Daze. in water. n. a. . a long continuance of Drouth. —to Drain . Draw. v. Adrencan—to Drown to Plunge or Overwhelm. n. Daz'zling. Bedaz'zle. liquor to be swallowed. Drear'ily. to pull along. . Drear'iness. soak. to fall in drops. v. ad. Drench. — . v. to overwhelm Drlopan —to Drip. whatever serves to retard. Dredge. p. n. Dredge. Dread'ful. Dread. be opened. Droop. great fear . Do'zY. to sink or hang down. dismally gloomily. a bridge which may Dray. a falling in drops. . a channel for water to flow exhaust. to speak in a slow. . to let the spittle like Driv'eler. v. a. . v. Drear. a drag for takmg oysters. to fall in drops. to gather with a dredge. Drop. a. n.

somewhat dark obscure. Dry'shod. not able to speak. «. to put suddenly under water. Dumb'ness. Dusky. . any sub* Dry'ness. an instrument. grain. ad. to bore and make a hole by turning an instrument to teach and train by frequent exercise. moderately dark. I Drud'gerYjW. to fall in small drops. hard work. . tending to darkness. confuse. impelled or moving without direction. Gedufian—to Duck. Drive. .. want of moisture. n. Wind or Twist. Drow'sily. DrugCf from dreogan — to Act Drudge. to Suffer. Duck. twilight Dusk'tsh.in. Drow'sy. without moisture coldly. mute n. v. silence. Duck'legged. v. Driz'zly. to live in idleness. the male of the honey bee . r-^. n. . v. t« . —Dumb. a. Driz'zle. Drif drig Dry. a passage in a carriage.. to pierce . to dry). n. Drow'siness. Drill. sleepiness. Drug'gist. . Adrift'. a. labor. Obscure. Driz'zling. n. to feel a sharp. or dryg—Dry. not wet. by a curcattle Drive. a row of Thrill. a. . Drone. stance used in medicine. Drone. Dum'found. Dreosan —to Fall . Duck. z. v. one n. Drove. Drowse. . Drift. ad. to Drop or Droop. IMinih a. a. worthless foul. who jDroduces nothing humming sound. . n.:m Drifan —to Drive. Thirllan Drill. . mean labor. n. a number of driven. draf. without wet feet.-Dark. v. . ppi\ falling in small drops. lazily.. to make heavy with sleep. a. Dusk. n. to labor in one employed in mean I Drudge. sleepily n. mean offices. ward. idle indolent. to be driven along rent of water. v. incapacity to speak make dumb. . n. | Duck'ling. a. a. one who deals in drugs. v. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIYATIT^S. to urge for- Drift. anything driven at random. a. to Dumb. to Precipitate Dross. n.. a.. n. DusK. n. {drigau. —to Turn. a low Dron'ish. free from moisture Dry'ly. a young duck. a water fowl. a. n. to force along . Drug. or ad. the scum of metals any worthless matter. short-legged. . sleepy heavy dull. Dran—Drone. . a. shedding small Dross'y. shivering sensation. Thystre. .

warmly . . every one of any number. Eorl Earl. I Dust. quiet . before this time. ad. tains the seeds. first at first formerly. | Leader. earth.102 8. ad. . an insect a whisperer. a. Ere-now'. Ea'sy. to pine away . to gain by labor. some time ago. the matter which composes the globe. littleness of stat- I Dwarf'ish. Ere-while'. Ear'ly. n. earth or other matter reduced to powder. the dignity of an earl. n. . n. | Dweorg—Dwarf. to decline. Earl'dom. Earth'y. consisting of earth. n. — Chief. to shrink .aj:iTH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOC^Y. Deagan—to Dye. Mrest— First. Every. Dwinan—to Fade Dwm'DLE. a. an ornament for the ear. n. belonging to the eai-th. Earth'quake. ad. Dust'y. Dwarf. n. soon being in good time. that part of com which con. «. to Vanish. | Earn'ing. Ear'nest. | Dye'ing. a title of nobility. Mr—Before.7i. Erst. a convulsion of the Earth'en. n. made of earth or clay. to tinge . zealous . a. below the natural . . Earth'worm. Earth'ly. a. that which is earned. ad. Ready. the state of being covered with dust. I not diflicult quiet 1 Ea'silt. before sooner than. a. eagerly. a. before long. eager. . without difliculty. or covered with dust. to grow less. JElc Each. Eorthe Earth. JDust —DiTST. n. v. Ear. Dye. a mean. size. . . (O^ f' Eath Easy. ad. n. —Each. to color . rest facility. v. n. ure. — Ease. n. v. a. ad. Eornest Earnest. n. sordid wretch. Gentle. n. the quality of being easy. a person below the usual I Dwarf'ishness. Ear'nestly. n. n. —Earth. Earnian—to Earn. filled Dust'iness. a. to stain. Ear'wig. size. n. Eare—Ear. Deserve. a. Ear'ring. Ear. — | ardent . | Dwine. the organ of hearing. Ere-long'. Ea'siness. Ere. ad. the art of coloring cloth.

Ed —Again Ed'dy. a. Eat'able. n. relating to fairies. . the act of chewing and swallowing. I the edges of the roof of a house. one who under the windows. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES 103 East—East. n. that may be eaten. n. a jDlace where birds of prey build their nests. | Edge 'less. ecan. the ordinal of eight. a. that from which the young of some animals is produced. v. to chew and swallow a. Aehta—^Eight. hair. to lengthen . a. cline. ad. Etan— to Eat Eat. twice four. the going out of the tide . v. I I Easterly. — a Brim. ad. n. I Eaves'dropper. I water running back or con. El'bow. a. Eight'score. one that eats. blunt. Eighth. towards the east. the joint of the arm below the shoulder. Ey'ry. a sudden or abrupt turn. Elf—Ei. Egg. . eight times the quaneight times twenty. to take food. a. obtuse. a. . v. Eggian— to Egg.. Eat'ing. listens Ehhe—EB^. n. d. | Elf'lock. a. room or space for exertion. a knot of hair twisted. n. v. circularly. eight and ten. the cutting part of a blade the brink. a. with the edge forward. a. east. being in the east.¥. to entangle the I Elf'in. n. I Edged. coming from the East'ern. to push one's way. Efese Eaves. n. n. . the quarter where the sun rises. a. Elf. Eke. to prolong. n. . Ea—Running Water. a. a fairy . de- | Eb'beng. n. Ebb. tity. Back. flowing out. Edge'wise. n. Eat'er. n. p. | Ed'dy. Eight'een. Eight'fold. East. El'bow. w. n. East'ward. n. to move Ecg— Edge. El'bow-room. ^g—Egg. sharp keen. n. n. whirling. Ed'dying. Edge. moving circularly trary to the current a whirlpool. — El'bow. Eight. Elhoga Elbow.

ad. the . ad. Everlast'ing. to v. at all ad. . ad. ^^/<er—Ever. n. a play of children Leap'year. a boy to deliver I ^fen—Even. | E'venly. n. conclusion. OuTLEAp'. times without end. abounding with . | El'my. . Eowu—Ewe. — Sufficiency. . Run. in another place. ad. E Ven. Efel or I/c?—Evil. | Emp'tiness. se- cretly. Leapfrog. | one besides. Evermore'. n. aelc. n. which is intrusted I Er 'rand-boy. to leap over. n. E'ven.104 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOaY. 1 I End 'less. E'venness. Forev'er. I jErend Message. . the time of the evening. n. not good bad E'viL. a. state of being empty. Ev'ery. desire. to run away privately. Ev'ergreen. smooth equal. Ellm —^Elm. the close of the day. ad. each one. equally. Care. . Hleapan—to Leap Leap. to spring. conclusion termination. ad. every fourth year. a. a forest tree. n. level . Ev'er. ad. a. Eve. always eternally. pr(m. E'ventide. . a running away Overleap'. n. a. a.Xri. to leap beyond. a. Ende—End. V. in a sufficient degree. n. n. a female sheep. | E'vilness. that to a messenger. JEJm#i— Empty. to Jump v. . other . Elm. n. containing nothing. wicked. E'yilly. . Elope'. n. n. v. without end. Else'where. a. —Else. n. that satisfies I Enough'. End'ing. at any time always. ad. Genoh Plenty Enough'. End'wise. . badness . Emp'ty. sufficient . to jump n. a. messages. . Er'rand. wickedness. lasting without end . | Efen—Even. always green. state of being even. not well. Ev'ery WHERE. elm-trees. Ewe. Elope'ment. n. Elles Else. — Business. every place. on end erectly. E'vening. End. the close of the day.

Eye'-service. gaudy. an instrument for agitating I Fan. v. forced . to put an eye in to inocu. a. Faint '-hearted. to pass away quickly. Eye'less. ad. v. {dayh-eye)^ a flower. n. Fyllan —to Cut Down . . Fengan— to Take to seize . First'born. the tusk of an animal. serve. ad. . glad. pleased. the act of falling autumn. Fell. one of the extreme parts of the hand. a. «. Eye'sight. ad. comes from the Latin {forum). n. to superintend . Far'most. Eye 'beam. a. Dai'sy. . Eye'lash. late. Afar'. Fan'gle. a. First. gladly. delighted. ad. «. . n. the hairy arch over the eye. n. a. n. earliest produce. n. . the eldest child. white clear. to Seize. 105 Eage Eye. Ineye' v. air. n. a. remote. Eye BROW. . most distant. n. Fain. . very desirously. to happen to. a small hole for a cord. a. the organ of vision. Eye'lid. a. Fan'gled. Fair'ness. openly beauty honesty. left to rsst after tillage. Fyrst — Superlative of Feor. without eyes. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. . at or to a distance. Fang. earliest in time. a. First'fruits. | Fain. I to Decay. Feor—Far. n. Far'thest. a swoon. —Fair. distant . t?. Fealo Fal'low. more remote. a. n. n. strained. to affect by air put in motion. n. ploughed but not sown pale red or yellow . Fan. service performed only under inspection. Fin'ger. eye. justly. Far'ther. n. a silly attempt. the apple of the eye. most distant or remote. | Faint'ly. Faint'iNg. the hair that edges the Overeye'. Fair'ly. n. to watch. v. . Fytiigean — to Become Musty Faint. n. I Feallan —to Fall. v. —Fair. Note. a. a.. Eye'let. to Fall. v. to ob- F(egen—QijAi>\ Joyful. to cause to fall to cut down. the n. the membrane that shuts over the eye. Fall. Fceger Fair. to | Befall'. FAr'fetched. the sight of the eye. feebly. n. Fann— a Fan. . n. Newfan'gled. a. -Eye. timoroua. Eye'ball. | beautiful . to drop down to sink. v. a stated market. —Fallow. to catch. formed with affec- tation of novelty. Fall. Fell. | Cf Fang. showy. sew or hem. ridiculously n. a glance from the eye. T'ar.

—^Fawn. faru. an expression of abhorrence. a. Fcehthy past Faugh. gross or low flattery. having the qualities of fat. n. n. Fat'ten. one who cultivates a farm. Fa'therless. ^. . that which fastens. Farm. passable on foot. fleshy . n. price of con- veyance. Fer'ry. Feeder Fa'theb. n. to abstain from food. Feormian—^to ?i. Fcestan— Fast. let. in n. Misfare'. speedy. compliment. to travel . Fat'ty. to make fast. n. —to Nourish. ^to Hold | to Stop. passes over. n. n. . . the parting . boat. n. Fcethem Fath'omless. like tender. Supply with Food. a young deer. a father . Fast'en. full fed. from fccstnian . ®. a boat to pass over in. to Flatter. Farewell'. a shallow place in a river. v. is from the Welsh Fwtt. a large cistern. Ford. firm strong fixed. 1^(CBS*— Stopped Fixed. a. fedan Fat. . Feorm—Provisions. court servilely . n.?^. Note. strength a strong place. i). Fast'ness. Farm'ing. to happen Fer'ry. Fast. . n. the clenched hand. blows with the fist. I to lease or I Farm'er. food ad. Fawn'ing. I Note. to be in a bad state. to pass a river by walking on the bottom. Fawn'er. n. v. Fare. leave departure. . n. a light. Fast'day. «j. —the Space of Both Arms Extended. one who fawns.?^. (fest). to carry over water in a Ford'able. to Note. adieu. plump . the place where a boat well or n. Wher'ry. firm. cultivation of land. a. Faran—to Fare. land under cultivation. Go n. Farewell'. —Fast. Fat'ness. n. . Fyst. happiness prosperity. int. a measure of six feet. —Begetter. a. ill. comes from the French (Jaon). a. the quality of being fat. Fcegnian Fawn.—Fathoms marked on lines and used measuring the depth of water. without a father. Vat. to make . v. n. n. Fat. to make or grow fat. the unctuous part of animal flesh. /[ a. — to Rejoice | . Fasten'ing. 1 that cannot be fathare Fath'om. to Travel to go . v. sharp rowboat. part. a. | the male parent. Fis'ticuffs. Fist. —to Seize to Fasten Upon. Fa'therly. omed. quick.106 smith's hand-book of etymology. Fer'ry-boat. . Ford. to cringe. Fmr—a Journey. Wel'fare. n. a day of religious fasting. of the verb fian —to Hate. ti.

Fellow-feel'ing. (from fedan. Feath'er. . a. Fcelga. Reward. cruel. v. Food. Foda. Fod'der. one who makes felt. a piece of felt. not affording food. n. &c. ^e. — to Feel. awe. feather. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.. Feed'er. I to bribe to hire. the act of nursing. a child nursed by one who is not its parent. foster Food. . n. n. Fee-simple. n. sympathy. and lag Fel'ly. to strain. . Fos'terchild. or Fel'loe. fceran— to Terkift. Feed'ing. n. one that feeds.^—Felt Felt. wooden rim of a wheel. n. Cattle kind of property. companionship. terror . | to perceive by the touch. the outward Felag. Feel'ingly. Note. a. Feer.) food for — Fedan—to Feed. Fcela n. and which is transmissible to his heirs. ' first one of the oldest in all the European languages. IFel'ony. id. Felt'maker. a companion an equal. tenderly. in American law. n. through which liquids are passed to clear them. v. Fe — Faith. n. called simple (i e. 107 Pear. Food'less. n. n. — " This word feoh was the general. cattle. having no Feath'ery. to supply with food. one guilty of felony. limitation. —Much. n. n. n. Fos'tering. n. n. Fee. I | — Feath'erless. Felan Feel. any thing that nourishes. pure). n. a hide or skin cloth made without weaving. C/ ' Feelian. Fos'terbrother. because clear of any condition. Feath'ered. a. to feed to cherish. n. Felo'nious. v.. I crime whi«h incurs the forfeiture of life or property. a. the act of feeding. the plume of birds. one nursed at the same breast. free Fear'ful. ad. timorous from fear. dread . | — Bound. Fos'ter. . Feed. is I Fee'-simple. a. and by bartering. Feel'ing. Fil'trate. . | a. Fbe. Filtra'tion. . a. a tenure to property an absolute estate of inheritance. an estate of inheritance of which the holder has the entire disposal without condition. Fel'lowship. clothed with feathers. this word eame to signify money in '— Bosworth. resembling a a Stipend or feathers. reward . or restriction to particular heirs. and fjan— to Go. Fel'low. Fee. • . Feoh— Cattle Monet . n. n. the act of filtering. recompense. n. a Fel'on. the sense of touch. n. Fil'ter. Fear'less. fcellan —to Offend. n. afraid. Fyther Feather.

Find'ing. shooting and huntField'-marshal. to hew or cut down to sew or hem. a piece of land.Field '-piece. «.n. | Fid'dler. n. | Fylth. the commander ing. a fiend. composed of films. the'T^eous element. Fell. Fire. Fyr—Fire. wood for fuel. a hill. Fithele—FiDTHM. the art of catching fish. fiend. n. Fid'dle. discharge of died. n. n. n. Feld. n. fire- n. a. small in number. to contend in battle . Fish'ing. a deadly quarrel. n. Note. n. comes from the Latin {feudum). inconstant. n. n. fuel n. I Filth'ily. n. I a thin skin . changeableness. The word or cut down. discovery . &c Fisc Fire'wood. a deadly enemy. . a. Few. Field'sports. Feawa—Few. . Ficol Fick'lb. afylan Filth. n. Fir'ing. a. having the qualities of Feud. Fish'ery. of the verb fellan — to Fell. Fiend'like. materials used I by shoemakers. n. Fell. dirt nastiness. Find'ings. . n. Findan—to Find. v. flan. n. n. Fick'leness. muskets. the place of fishing. a right Fight. battle. — field properly means a clearing. Fish. v. Filth'iness. Fire'brand. the past part. smallness of number. or I feon —to Hate. guns. n. to obtain by searching. —Fickle. n. a piece of . where the trees have been felled Feond. nasty foul. a contest. I — to Defile. n. nastily foully. nastiness foulness. a violin. n. wood kin home. . a thin skin. an animal that inhabits water. the hearth Fire'arms. Thin. Fiend'ish. to try to take by artifice. ». n. not many . n. a. Find'er. . — I | ^FlSH. | Few'ness. one who plays on a fiddle. verdict of a jury. resembling a Note.108 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OI^ ETYMOLOGY. v. ground. a small cannon. to land on condition of military service. a. the tools and I Find. Field. n. FiSH. of an army. n. n. changeable . Fiend. ad. . to cover with Film'y. | —Feud. | Crafty. Filth'y. . Light Coat. feoTitan. Film —a Film. Fire'side. a discoverer. arms.

I Fleet 'ness. Un'fledged. . Jlean^ to flay. Flight. Floh. qtietry. . Flear^iati Flirt. Fledged. Fling. fleogan^ to fly. cruel. un- Flea. the wool shorn from one to strip ofi" the skin. swiftly. n. to cast from the hand. n. to run from danger.-S. Fleet'ing. n. from I flean — ^to Flay. Flesh'less. n. company of Note—Fleet. n. A. n. v. rapid swift quick. tuate. full of flesh plump. v. a sudden Unflag'glng. swift of pace. flat stone. Flesh'iness. to pass swiftly. n. comes from the A. n. a. I a. l^^m*—Flint. Flick'er. Flag'gy. a small insect. v. fish. n. I to throw with a jerk . without flesh. . or flys. . ships. a. the staff upon which the flag is elevated. a small fish which Flag. . a. Fleece. . n. passing away rapidly. Flying flies. Flag'on. stone for paving. a broad flat sheep. a. . hang loose to grow weak. a. t). n. . co- coquet. Flit. Note. Fleax — Flax. v. «. a.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DEKIVATIVES. . n. n. | Flax'en. a flbrous plant. a broad. n. Fleet. the seed of flax linseed. a water plant. Flax. Fleet. Fleos Flay. a crack . n. fleogan Fly. a. Flint'y.-S. Flight'y. ti^ a drinking vessel. fleeting wild. consisting of flint . —Flag. a . v. v. I Flag. Flota Fleet. Flaw. Fleet'ly. n. . a hard stone. Flinch. a. to move with wings . —to Trifle. . | kmd of bottle. Flag'staff. made of flax. Flaxe—& Flask. act of flirting . swiftness. not fledged young. . the act of flying or fleeing. I Flibt. to flap or move the wings without flying to waver to fluc. v. feathered able to fly. Fleec'y. a. a. v. to fly swiftly to haste away. Flee. a. a sudden jerk a coquette. the muscular part of the body. not drooping. hard . j). Flax'seed. I Flent. Flask. plumpness fatness. weak lax. an ensign to . to fly rapidly. Flag. n. n. . . l03 — to Fly or Cause to Fly. or fliet a —a Ship. ad. n. I I Flesh'y. like a fleece. comes from the Flcesc Flesh. — Flesh. tiring. gust. a defect . nimbly. to withdraw from. to Flirt a'tion.

a great flow of water. 1 I Floor. I Fond'le. fian Fob. to swim on the suiface. track mark. n. a chain for the feet. tenderness. | Flocc Flock. to Flitan Flout. n. | to mock Flout. a to double one part over an- I Fold'ing. I loving ardently. v. n. ofer. Fleotan. a thick mist. Overflow'. Folgian Fol'low. one who follows. trace Foot'stool. V. to run over. . a. that by which anything is supported. Fool. —to Flow. | Fol'lower. ad. folc. — to Hate. Fonne—a Fond. Flout'ingly. a bridge for foot . Fog'gy. n. a. n. Foot'ball. — to Follow. to sneer. Fond'ness. n. v. Flood. v. n. passengers. I Folks. doubling. to distinguish herd or drove of larger cattle. from flowan Float. a company beasts. Flow. Fold. I Floe. in an insulting manner. foolishly a. we the part of a room on which walk. dull. Floor. Foh. to go or come after. v. — to Dispute. to bind to chain. ground for the foot. v. n. an enemy. to cover with a knock down. I of birds or small Flock. v. ®. Flock is often limited to a collection of sheep. to run as water. Fet'ter. Foot'ing. Fegan— to Fog. to come together in num a I Note. — them from jP^or— Floor. «. —Flock. 1 Fog — Collection. n. j Foe'man. Foot'bridge. Fond. Fet'ter. v. people . . n. foolish Fot Foot. floor . other. n. v. —a Foot. . an enemy in war. Collect. . tender and loving. bers. Fet —Feet. multitude. a ball driven by the foot. n. to show contempt. with great tenderness. n. Foot 'step. n. n. misty . a mass of floating ice flod. n. n. n. a stool for the feet. ad. to treat with tenderness Fond'ly. Fealdan —to Fold.110 smith's hand-book of etymology.

Foot}— Fox. a. ad. . a. . slanderous. artfuL Fremman— Frame or Form. I a. Ill Getan— to Get. of old. Fowl. before another in time . anything n. n. straight In'ward. gefylan. comes from the Latin and JUum. to pollute. . Befoul'. the fourth part of a Fugel—Si Bird Fowl. a. n. that which supports I else. a cunning animal. a. n. Fowl'er. language. the ordinal of four. v. before. to lose memory of. cunning . n. apt to forget. loss memory . from. Foul'mouthed. Foul'ly. Four. Get. an army movement. four times as much. the act of shooting birds. to fit one thing to an. using scurrilous . ad. neglect. In'wardly. 1 Frame'work. I Forget'. filthily not fairly. to procure v. n. to make foul. eagerness. a thread. For'merly. a. For'ty. n. a. Fork. hindered from motion. to make foul. birds. Forget'ful. front. a vdnged animal a sportsman . a. a. Towards. I Weard—Motion For'ward. Fox'y. i^orc— Fork. a gun for shooting birds. ^to Frame. Foul'spoken. n. other. penny. a. opening into two or mora parts. Far'thing. who pursues Fowl'ing. an instrument divided at Forked. n. Four'score. v. a. Fowl'ingpiece. —Dirty . the end into prongs. v. of Forget'fulness. —Defile'. Note. I Beget'. internal. a. twice two. Feower — Four. Fir'kin. Ful. Impure. Fox. Foul'ness. nauseous offensive. a bird. to obtain. Four'fold. n. Defile'. toward n. Fore For'mer. v. sides. off. place in bold- For'wardness. in time past . to produce. v. and tnwr I —^Mobe. Four'square. ad. foul Foul. four times ten. For'wards. a.ANGLO-SAXON KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. ad. n. internally. past. four times twenty. dirty . a. <fe. filthiness. Ful'some. the fourth part of a barrel. filthy . having four equal JTouRTH. a narrow pass. two or more points or Forma. .

Free'dom. Fulfill'. n. a. completion. Fright'ful. the state of being full. Fersc . n. to Full'ness. Fullian Full. Freed'man. Fro'zen. rest. day of the week. fear. Frihtan— to Alarm Fright. a. Fulfill 'ment. t). or absence. Fra—Fno. . Frost 'bitten. Fill. From. to favor to assist. Friga — the Goddess of Love n. . dreadful. to make fresh. n. Fuller' s-earth'. a.112 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. v. wearing away vexing. terrible dreadful. n. p. ad. —Fresh. backward. Frost'ed. liberty independence. to terrify. a. Freeze. ^. weard. n. to Terrify. full of wild gayety. . v. | Free'stone. Fresh'en. worked. nipped by the frost. a slave manumitted. . Frol'icsome. Frost' WORK. a. Fret'ting. n. work resembling hoar frost. n. p. Fyllan— to Fill. Pure. a. or food . property held in perpetual right. «?. Friend'ly. make full . with freedom. Freo— Free. n. to rut. a. Fresh'et. sudden terror. Frost— Fhobt. a. peevish. fulls cloth. openness . . kind favorable. reviving. n. noting privation. an intimate acquaintance. as if covered with hoar frost. newness vigor spirit . having no empty space. or a. personal kindness. Fresh'ness. . v. peevish. in a mill. to occupy. the sixth . Ful'ly. terrible . Fret'ful. v. Refresh'. . tance. Fro'ward. —to Whiten. Hoar-frost. Frost. n. cool new not salt. n. without friends. n. to cool . completely. n. a. ppr. Free. Affright 'ful. dis- Frani — From. a. n. Fro'wardness. a kind of stone easily Friend'less. to | Gnaw. to satisfy . perverseness. dceg —a Day. Full. Affright'. Fri'day. ad. I to cleanse and thicken cloth Full'er. to vex. Free'ly. to harden into ice. n. Frol'ic. wear away. from freon —to Free to Love. to impress Tvith sudden a. to relieve after Refresh'ing. form. ad. Befriend'. frozen dew. Free'ness. Fright'en. a. . Friend. t>. one who n. producing frost. . Frost'y. perverse. Fro. prep. fatigue. a kind of clay. to terrify n. disposed to fret. a. a. having liberty. . Sweet. Frig-dwg. the power of freezing. liberality. Friend'ship. fveond. an inundation. n. Freosan— to Freeze. . to accomplish to per. n. Fresh. . Free'hold. v. n. t. a wild prank a scene of gayety and mirth. congealed by cold. Refresh'ment. Fretan— to Eat FreTjIJ. Freond.

immediately with. ad. ad. . to be in motion. sport . plough. ad. n. is a part of the verb Wend. Fur'long. | Fun'ny. a. Gasp. v. v. . comical. staring vrith open mouth. — Long. I Gain. . v. FoRTH'coMrNG. to rove about . n. Fus—Ready. Game'ster. Gynan—to . stick to idly. Sport . mile. n. animals pursued m the field. the bile . . Furlang. now used as the preterit of Go. scornfully. n. anything very bitter. drive Note. Gib'ber. Gall. v. a. one who gains. a pointed oxen to incite. n. comes from the Latin {gaUa). one who plays for one addicted to play. . Fuss. Gab'ble. Note. ad. comes from the Italian (gamba). v. ad. —the Gall. a greater distance. merriment. Geapan—to Open . n. Gahhan — to Mock Gab. Forth'with. a.—Went. a. droll . Gad. ad. l^i/san—to Hasten. n. loquacity. . v. besides. forward abroad. Gape. Jab'ber. I and lang n. to vex. to open the mouth to catch breath. to sneer to taunt to deride. Gealla Gall. ? Gam'ble. . made by a the eighth part of a Fur'row. . v. to skip. to dance. comes from the French {galer\ jind Gall. v. —a Jest . v. I Oa Go. to talk without meaning. sport jest a match at play. a heavy whip. Gam'bler. Goad. Forth. Gad. t). I unprofitable. Agape'. at Faran—to Go to Advance. to Gape. Gap. FiJN. an excrescence on the oak tree. n. n. Fur—a Fukrow. a. Gain'fully. to fret by rubbing the skin. to Jest. — Gatnen . Gewinnan—to Win. a fly that stings cattle. to talk idly. to speak rapidly and inarticulately. Game. to talk idly. to frisk. Fur'thermore. ®. a tumult a bustle. money. Gibe. Fur'ther. Gib'ingly. Game. Gain'less. to play for money. 113 Faegen— Glad. out delay. . Gain. an opening a*hole. Game. n.ANGLO-SAX'^N BOOTS AND DEKIVATIVE8. n. attain. to obtain to win to Gain'eb. ready to appear. the mouth. n. n. Gad'fly. Note. profitably. Quick. n. to open the mouth wide to yawn. . moreover. a trench I Feor—Far. at the greatest distance. talk without meaning. I Gib'berish. —Gambol. n. or Gan— ^to Go. Fur THEST.

garden. . . &c. Engild'. v. lection. « to bestow to confer to yield. n. to remit. Gold. gate. n. Surround. | gaudy Gear. a precious metal of a bright a. light. n. . Giv'er. a cuckoo . //^ a. a Branch. Gifan . Geldan Gild 'ing. Gyrdan—to Gar'den. n. Glad'dbn. the way through a I Gaderian —to Gather. . n. Give. a col- I Gath'er. Gold 'en. Begird'. v. n. Girth. v. Misgive'. an assembly . furniture Gar'ishness. Gird I | or Enclose. a twitch a pang. showy. with gladness. Gird. —Glad. joy cheerfulness. the thing given. ad. awkward . to pardon n. n. | Gawk. See. giddy. a fool. Gift. a. SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. . to de. I n. v. a. one who gives a donor. Gate. Gid'dily. n. n. a piece of ground enclosed for flowers. endoM'ed with powers. | Gaze'ful. Forgive 'ness. v. I Gid'dy. the art of overlaying with gold. Forgive'. Gird'er.Gid'diness. v. a. n. to bind round. showy ornaments. v. Gawk'y. Girt. Qearwian —to Prepaee. Gldig — Giddy. Gipt'ed. n. Gar'dener. Gilt. ^j . to overlay with gold. — Golden. disposed to forgive. made of gold. Glad'ly. a. to assemble. to make glad. to look intently. Glced Glad. pleased gay.114 /y// Gab'ish. Gild. ing in the head. n. Gyrdan—to Gird . Glad'some. the principal timber in a floor. v. n. a. cheerful pleased. yellow color. carelessly. n. looking intently. n. ungainly. one who cultivates a Geat— Gate. a. I Gcec — a Cuckoo. Gird. n. to brighten. fruit. pardon. Gyrd—a Twig . finery. . to . having a sensation of whirl. to collect . . — . n. a frame which opens or closes a passage. gold laid on the surface. a circular bandage. n. the state of being Gold Yellow Gold. Gesean—to Gaze. a. v. I Gate'way. Gir'dle. a band a belt. . to fill with doubt. Gath'ering. —to Give. ad. a circular bandage. n. . Glad'ness. . to surround. FoRGiv'iNG.

to look sullen. . the teeth. presentation. transparent substance. clotted blood with a horn. Gog* Goth'am. one who glazes windows. Gnarl'ed. Scrape I to Gnaw. light. n. obscurity. v. n. GlcBS 115 — Glass. Gloss'iness. Gore. shining surface. n.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a. a. C?to/— Glove. Glum. a. to palliate by specious re- Note. t?. id. n. Glaze. n. ad. choly. Glowan—to Glow. brightly . Gloom' Y. glass. to coyer with Gla'zier. 'd. . n. one who lives in Gotham. like glass. n. of knots. Glow. a. an opening). Glass Y. to Mud. v. — Gleaj I v. Goat. n. a. a hard. Glee'some. Go'thamite. . joy . Gore. n. Gnar'ly. Goat'herd. GrLOSS. merriment . CoMPLAmmG. Glove. | Knurl. Music. n. to bite or scrape off with Gnaw'er. Glomung—Twilight. | Note. Gloss 'y. a. . having knots knotty. n. v. melan. a shoot of light suddenly. with paa- I Crfiorne — Sorrowful I .—Gore. comes from the W. shooting as rays of I G^ie— Sport. to shine Gleam'ing. merry cheerful. a triangular piece of cloth. . a sort of I song. partial darkness. n. dimly dismally. v. . I — bloody. brittle. obscure : dismal. to feel I Glow'ingly. polish. n. Gloom. {gor. a smooth. . cover for the hand. sion. to be red with heat passion. full Gnarl. to snarl. old Germans called Amber ^^s. to gnarl. Gloss. Gleatn Gleam.—The Glass. I Glee'ful. Glee. choly. n. Gnagan— to Gnaw. a Cleofen —Cloven. one that gnaws. {goats' home)^ a name sportively applied to the city of New York. smooth and shining. | Gat— Goat. with a sheath for each finger. fiill of merriment. to growl a. a. Gloom'iness. v. an animal. n. Split. . melan Gloom'ily. wound Go'ry. one who tends goats. ad.

serious. Gos'pEL. . Grass. comes from the Latin (granum). Note. good. the same word thus signifying the Deity and his most endearing quality. Gos'sip. but Man is used to de- note mmt and wickedness. «. n. Goods. good. Gos'lestg. tattle. n. and spell f history or tidings). the Supreme Being. n. a. Good. The Saxons call him (?o(Z. a. Grave.. God'less. property merchandise. fields. Good'ly. . | Geese. Grenian— to Grow Grain. . to lay fast hold of Geap'nel. and sib. a running about to n.. {god-spell . not bad. n. a. n. n. to search by feeling. Gos'sipiNO. happy. Grave. Note. n. kind. Note. which is literally. Good'ness. . ners. a water-fowl. a channel cut with a tool. God—God. God'child. God'head. Groove. n. the common herbage of the Grag — Gray. God'ly. {god. to Dig trench). to insert a shoot of one tree into the stock of another. a young goose. {graef. —Grain. a seed. V. black. Goose. n. one who raises cattle. God'father. Gripan — to Grapian—to Touch with the Hands. divine. excellence kindness. n. . not the tUcket itself. Dem'igod. the plural of goose. is of trees. white with a mixture of I Gray'beard. n. a sponsor an idle tattler. useful. cheerfulness of mind. beauty grace. — I ^to to eat grass. a. . an avenue gravis. graef. Grain. Graze. piety. a small anchor. Gray. God'dess. Seize. . relation). . a dit^h. half a god. — " In Anglo-Saxon God signifies both God and good Gos — Goose. n. Goodbreed'ing. . . n. mild kind. a corn. n. comes from the Latin is Grove cut out. the Good . Graz'ier. t. God. n. God'like. hollowed out of a thicket of trees it' heavy. n. wholesome. pious religious. n. n. n. n. a female sponsor at baptism. to write on hard substances. a male sponsor at baptism. . God— Good. to Sprout . n. a. an old man. n. a. elegance of man. the evangelical history of our Saviour the word of God. . proper. 116 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. —Grave. a. Grws —to Shoot Forth Grass. . beautiful graceful. solemn. . Goodhu'mor. one for whom a person becomes sponsor at baptism. to hold hard to grasp. n. Grafan—to Carve Graft. Grasian Graze. God'mother. n. the direction of the fibers temper. n. a a pit for a dead body Grove. a female divinity. Goodna'tured. the divine nature. Grope. . GnAP'PLE."— Boswobth. God'leness. n. god. impious wicked. I | Gripe. v. v. v. Good'liness.

Guar'dian. a. fresh. ravenous eager to obtain. wishes. ad. increase Geomrian—to Grum'ble. Grieve. to place or fix to run . n. ad. v. v. to protect . sand Grit'ty. pain. v. Greed'y. . a. to reduce to powder. Grcedig . aground. —Fierce. the surface of land. . n. . | Great. hideous. tent. n. I Grunt. increasing. — Sand. Grim'ly. I I . | Grow'ing. product. to defend. as a hog. ad. Earth. ad. Guard Watch. to salute . I I Dust. • I Weard—B. a. frightful . Gnash. Ground'lessly. a. Ground. Growth. containing grit. Aground'. n. n. Grind'stone. to rub to oppress. to murmur a deep sigh. a. or grain to be ground at one time. Flourishing. on which Grist. | Gretan— to Go to Meet Wishing Peace. Groan. addressing with kind I Greet. Grow. d. stranded. n. cautious . green. large . void of reason. | Covetous. the state of being plants. or gravel. Ground'less. ppr. to increase in size. Greet'ing. in a great degree. G^eot Grit. . vast important. to welcome. . without reason or cause. a stone tools are sharpened. Grene— Green. the coarse part of meal . Grim'ace. Bottom. Granan—to Lament Mourn Weep. Ground. v. to Grindan —to Bruise Grind. n.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DEldVATIVES. the state of being great. Growan —to Grow. Crveat 117 — Gkeat. Great'ness. com n. G^und—Ground. n. distortion of the face. n. v. n. a. . | Ferocious. . v. to murmur with discon- I Grum'bler. n. of the color of growing I Green'ness. • v. —Greedy. Greed 'iness. • | Guard'ed. one who grumbler. . a. ardent desire. Green. Ureat'ly. to breathe or sigh as in I Groan'ing. Guard. I Grifn Grim. horribly sourly. n. a protector. . circumspect.

a. the concrete juice of certain trees a tree. Beguile'. . Halt. falling. a rope for confining an Hal'ter. . n. Guilt'y. and wiglian — ^to Deceive. Hol'iday. the Jaw Gum. n. wily a deceit a trick. Wi'ly. Guilt'iness. free from guile. Ho'liness. v. v. two equal parts of a Halig —Holy: Hallow. Hal'idom. free from crime. n. Guile'ful. Ge Guile. —Hack. . Note. Gum'my. a. good religious pure. — a Holder | . v. cunning guile. . | Hack. a. n. fraudulently. . n. Hcegl Hail. a festival day. a small filament issuing from the skin. consisting of gum. two equal | Halves. sanctity piety. . to stop. the state of having committed a crime. n. n. . Goma —the Palate Gum. Half. n. Wi'liness. Hcelfter Hal'ter. a stop in a march. to chop . cunnmg. tance. crippkd. Guilt'less. a. | to limp . holy. a Debt. craft . Hair'cloth. a. . animal. a horse let out for hire. Wi'lily. Wile —Guile. a single ball of hail. n. n. «?. an adjuration by what . Halter. Guile'less. I drops of rain frozen while Hail'stone. covered with hair. Healf—RMuT. n. a. justly chargeable with a crime. Healtian Halt. n. Hal'low. parts. Wile. n. a rope to hang criminalB. I Hcer Hair. a. ad. a small cut. cunning sly insidious . Hair. cloth made of hair. Ho'ly. Gylt —a Crime . to divide into thing. is I Halve. Guilt. —to Hold and to Stop. Hack. Halt. n.118 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ElYMOLOGY. one part of a thing which divided into two equal parts. the state of being guilty. n. a. Ho'lyday. I Haccan — to Hack. is n. «. to deceive to amuse. . artful. holy. a. a very small dis- Hair'y. is from the French {haqueme). I . n. n. to make . lame . n. i — I Hair'breadth. —Hail. to cut clumsily. n. a religious festival. n.

{syllan. Hare. that part of a thing . a. a divided upper lip. and beorg—a Refuge. a. n. 119 Hamer—Hammer. Hard'ly. Ham'mer. Hand—Hand. hard. Ham'mer. n. as much as the hand can hold. . beautiful . a. Unhand'. Unhan'dled. v. to fasten to something above so as to leave without support below. Hang'ing. not handled. hurtful. a few nails. a. skill. n. a forerunner a precursor. to let go. «. the cloth which n. with difficulty . Habp'ing. a Harm'less. to jut over to impend. like that of a hare. I I Note. Hand'iwork. to take from the hinges to displace. Hand. or Har'borer. toil fatigue. which is held in the hand. a continual dwelling on. . n. Hand'ful. Hard'ness. not hurtful unhurt. a. n. Handsomely. Hand'ily. a gift. turns. I a place of refuge. Here—an Army. dextrously. n. ad. Hard'ship. n. Hearni — Grief. Harm'fut. to beat with a hammer. Hand 'some. Hare'lip. Han'dle. Hang. Hurt. to give to lead. v. a. &c. to make hard. ANGLO-SAXON K00T8 AND DERIVATIVES. musical instrument. Offence. death by a halter. giddy wild. Hand'y. with skill with dex. not punished by hanging. a.. a fetter for the wrist. . Harm. the quality of being . before to provide Aarftor of lodg- Note. . n. Unhinge'. firm not soft difficult. ready convenient. work done by the Hangian—to Hang. crime. ready. n. hand n. | . dextrous . Heard—Hard Hard. n. n. injury . id. n. Han'dle. Hand'sel. Hara— Hare. n. to dwell on. n. n. Hand'cuff.. scarcely. to give). v. the primary sense is Pressed. HAM'MERCiiOTH. one who shelters an- — I Har'binger. an instrument for drivcovers a coach-box iug or beating. . a. a. ad. with terity. n. first Hand'some. a. a small quadruped. the palm with the fingers. not touched. to touch to manage. Unhanged'. . other. safety. v. . suspend. —The coach box was formerly used to carry a hammer^ pincers. Hard'en. . Hearpe— Harp. Hare'brained. the act of using any thing . a joint on which a door v.—Harbinger is properly a person who goes ings for those that follow. v. graceful elegant. Here-beorg Harbor. v. n. Har'bor. | . Hinge. Harp. Hand. ^ Harp. to Overhang'. n.

to conduct. the a cap nut. n. Note. contains the brain the chief Behead'. Hahhan—to Have Hold . ®. v. a. t). | Hav'oc. to enjoy. the part of an animal which Head'ache. a. Hmca—a Hatch. n. Har'vest. a shrub. . Hat'ter. . a. Hcerefcest Har'Vest. act. to repeat to Rehears'al. . . n. ttolor. Rehear'. to sell by crying out in the streets. a pain in the head. Hazel. Myran. Hea. to possess. Hear. to listen to attend. v. Hav'ing. | ering the harvest. hwg—a Hedge Haw. Hate. n. Head'long. n. Heab'say. a cover for the head. odious. one who makes hats. Ha'tred. conduct. report . having no head. —Harvest. Hate'ful. an Inclosure n. n. n. n. to perceive n. . comes from the German {Jiauch\ and Hawk. Railing I . n. Heark'en. the haw. odiously. Cover | . v. possessions goods. to hear again. — Hcesl Ha'zel. a light I Ha'zelnct. to force up phlegm. the way through {hecken). I Hafoc— a Hawk. n. a half door in a ship's deck. n. the time of gath the crops. rumor. a thorn thorn. Forb'head. —a Hat or Cap brown I . repetition. n. Gate . Haw. I | Behave'. Rehearse'. great dislike enmity. «. Have. . to gather in. the part of face which is above the eyes. n. v. Detain . heran — ^to Hear Hearken. v.??. . Hmt—a Hat. of the hazel Heafod—Head. Count. which bears the berry of the hedge- I Haw'thorn. Head. to hold. Hawk. n. by the ear. waste . devastation. n. n. Head'less. the | Note. n. n. ad. rashly hastily. from the German {hocken). Hawk. recite. a bird of prey. the openings Hatch'way. to Behav'ior. fruit n. Haga. Hat. to dislike greatly. I | Hate'fully. I Autumn. .120 smith's hand-book of etymolooy.r'ing. to deprive of the head.—Hatch. the season of gathering HarVest-home. perceiving by the ear. Hatch. . . eggs. . to produce young from comes from the German Hatian—to Hate. hatches. .

n. Heav'iness. total complete. v. a sort of voluntar/ cough. n. . x. Hedge. contributing in a to Whole'somely. watchful cautious . Hedge. about. anguish. Health'pul. v. or around. Helpan—to Help. Hehban—to Heave. Hefig —Lifted with Labor. the regions lift . Hem. n. Raise. a. a. with great weight. n. . to assist to aid. healthy a. Hege—Protection. is from the Dutch {hemmeii). Heav'ily. . 6mZ. . weight depression. a. Heft. hearty. Help'er. Whole 'soMENESs. the quality of Whole. n. v. | Hedan—Heed. Healing. n. . ^. curing. . a. negligent careless. High. ad. . ppr. to border to edge. a. n. to raise to throw. supremely excellent. . the edge of a garment doub led and sewed. a. — . to enclose to environ to confine. sincerity eagerness. to mind a. . with Heart'iness. above. giving help. Heft. . . a. a rising a swell. Heart less. Health. sorrow . weight heaviness. sale in large quantia. heofon. . or hcelu 1^1 . at- Heed'less. v. freedom from sickness. elevation loftiness. Heav'enly. n. . Henti —a Border.* n. Heed'lessness. n. a fence made of thorns. carelessness. . from the heart. towards heaven. health. n. to regard. tentive. 1). Hal—Healthy Sound Whole. Heav'enward. Help'less. elevated exalted lofty. . Hbm. . Heal. Height'en. . n. to encircle for defence. to try the weight by lifting. Whole'some. n. to I Hedge'hog. High'ly. Whol'ly. —Health. ad. I Help'ful. ad. to Heav'inq. cordial ad. . embrace closely. Hem. Health'y. Hale. one who helps. n. Heofon — Raised Elevated. n. void of affection Heart 'iLY. sound . Health'iness. Mcel. . n. seat of life. Heav'y. an animal set with prickles. n.AKGLO-SAXON EOOT8 AND DERIVATIVES. enjoying health. totally Heorte— Heart Heart. a. a. Hihtho — Height. the muscle which is the Heart'y. . To Hem m. . completely. Whole'sale. Hedge. wholesome the state of health. Heed. to make higher. Hug. sincere. Note. in a great degree. out courage. weighty dejected. Heart'ache. So called because the ground was raised to form a dry path. a public road. ti. n. «. High'ness. a. n. manner. to grow well. ties. free from sickness. a. signifies. all . space measured upwards. Heav'en. I Help. . ad. . Height. being wholesome. without help. Heed'pul. High'way.

of hills. the emphatic form of He and Him. —Hill. n. to store secretly. in time to come. the objective case of Hb. Hebe. Hen—Hen. a place where poultry roost. Herself'. who serves for pay Hider—Hither. a. v. Hord—Hoard. Har— Gray. frost. | Hith'erto.* * So called from appearance. one who tends herda Horde. a little hill. white or gray with age. n. n. a clan of wandering people.. Hen. Hoar. 1 an elevation of ground. Hire. a. Hoar'y. ad. a female which subject of discourse. n. is the I Her. the female of birds. n. having the voice rough. n. ad. ad. Herds'man. Hoarse. Hereaf'ter. belonging to a female. wages paid for service. 1 about this place. n. n. n. Hen'bane. pro. I Him. to this place . full Hill'ock. Hill'y. n. Hire. a quantity laid up in secret. dew frozen. Hith'er. n. poison). a number of beasts together. . ad. ad. Has—Hoarse. a plant. I | Hire'ling. Him—Him. Hen'roost. Herd. n. ad. an Assemblage. to engage for pay. Here'abouts. its I Hoar'frost. I Henceforth'. nearer. I Heard— a Collection | . | Hoard. from this time iov time. Her— Here. Heona— Hence. [ Hoarse'ness. I Hyre—a Reward. or white | Hoar'hound. (bane. Himself'. from this place from this . ad. a. n. 122 smith's hand-book of etymology. one a mercenary. a onous plant. pro. I Hyre— Her. Hence. ad. Hoard. to this time. roughness of voice. ward. pro. n. a. v. Hill Hill. governed by a wife. white or gray with age. pro. in this place. pois- Hen'pecked.

Ham'let. a. n. one who hops a box into which corn is put to be ground. n. Hoppan—to Hop. Horn'pipe. a leap a meeting for dancing. n. spun at home. to blind to deceive. the first month aftel Hon'ied. Hop 'per. n. Hon'ey. «. Hood'wink. Hole. made at home. a case for a horseman's pis- Hol'lowness. n. n. {heolster.* n. or country Home'liness. n. a plant used in brewing. Hoax. a small village. Hunig—Honey. a. one who sells stockings. a. • | Hos'ier. I | * So named from its shaking. Horse. a. a. n. on one leg to dance. a. plain Hani a House a Village. Home'ly. Hope'less. to reach forward. tol. Horn—Horn. a trick played off in sport. Sul—Hole. I Hope'fulness. n. n. —Hop. covered with honey. without a home. a sweet juice collected by Hon'eymoon. Note. n. . v. Hope'ful. a covering for the head. comes from the Dutch. Hose. . Note. state of being hollow. n. pointed substance growing on the heads of some animals. a cavity a cell. Horn. Home. own house. Hop. n. Hod—Hood. one's Home'less. full of hope. a. 123 Smcx—Irony. I Hope. . n. . II. n. like horn. n. Hos—Hose. Hop. — not elegant Home'spun.AJ5^(JL0-SAX0N ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. to walk lamely. wanting hope. Hors — Horse. the art of riding. Hob'ble. a lively tune. n. a hiding- place). promise of good. Home'made. . . to deceive in joke. a hard. to leap . expectation of good. a. n. by covering I Hood. a well-known quadruped. the eyes . I Hopa —Hope. marriage. plainness. n. Hol'low. | Hoax. containing an empty space. Horn'y. v. stockings. Hol'ster. | Horse'manship. bees. honey. n. —The primary sense is.

fury. in whatsoever man- Howbe'it. having heat fiery. | Howev'er. Hunt. . at all events. n. Is Ice. a dwelling-house. to chase to search Hunt'er.124 SMITH'S HAND-BooK OF ETYMOLOGY. n. nevertheless yet. man. a shed a mean habitation. v. a. Hurt. a I'cy. Howl'ing. . a house separate from Hus'bandman. a shouting. the mistress of a family. Ice'berg. to hoot). n. a violent. Hat— Hot. one who tills the ground. . a House . color . n. I made of ice. ad. famished starved. harmless. human House'wife. Out'house. I Hurt 'less. a place where an election is held. n. ad. ad. n. in what manner. n. Hot'ness. with a keen appetite. to harm. Hurt. one who chase. Hun'gry. wound. Hun'gered. n. Hyrt—Wounded. I Hunt'ing. I . Huntian—to Hunt. a mountain of ice. Hunger— Hunger. ad. Hus'tings. uttering the cry of a wolf or dog. n. a Covered Place. full hanging shoot of of ice . I Hurt'ful. Hus— a House. How. abode. 1 Howl. of food. Yiellan— to Howl. a. Pent'house. for. desire of food pain felt from fasting. v. Note. House'less. I Howsoev'er. n. n. ad. Hot. ad. a. Su—How. I Hot'spur. to injure. ice. a family living toplace of gether. without a house. comes from the French {hUer. n. the diversion of the | Hunts'man. one that hunts. a man joined to a woman by marriage. Hun'gbr. a. n. : feeling pain from want Hun'grily. —Hue. n. practises hunting. 1 Siw—Color Hue. a. an alarm. n. Hot'ly. tillage. n. —Ice. . n. injurious. v. heat . Hus'bandry. Hov'el. n. Hus'band. . a. water or other liquid solid by cold. House'hold. precipitate n. n. I made I'cicle. . n. with heat violently. ner. tint dye. n. harhi . Form. Bonda —a Master. . . a council. Hurt. a shed hanging aslope from the main wall. to cry as a wolf or dog. a.

sharply . with good will. wearisome . icaille). comes from the Greek (eiron). Idel 125 —Vatn. n. to to tremble. to dry in a kiln. comes from the French Cyln a large stove or oven. quake. . a. piercing . not good . | —a Furnace or Kitchen. Waerc—Ache. 1 Empty. v. . I'ron. disposed to do good to others. a. to hold . eagerly. the state of being idle. n. I Note. Irk. Keep. a mode of speech in which the meaning contrary to the words. . Kin. Unkind'. tedious. n. gard. n. n. I Keep'sake. Kind. Quail. —to Kill. a. a lazy person. K^nd'ness. Keen. I sound Jar. a rattling vibration of discord. sickness. comes from the French (jarre). Kin'dred. to quarrel. a.ANGLO-SAXON EOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. III. a. to weary. the most of the metals. . n. to fail in spirits. good will . a man of the same family. —Irony. | Eager. v. natural congenial. . I I'rony. Note. Kind. | Idly. I'dleness. allowing that. race sort nature. Keen'ly. n. to retain. Cyn—Kin. —Idol. relations by birth. Ill. v. relation by blood. | «. . a. v. sharpness eagerness. I enmity. n. I'dler. Kind'ly. I Quell. made of is iron . a. Ill'well. an image. to deprive of life. gif. ad. Relation. —^Angry. comes from the Greek If. . sharp . Iren common and useful —Iron. {eidos). Keen'ness. bad temper. doing nothing. eager. —Jar. a bird. an earthen vessel. «. Kind'i y. n. to clash . Kins'man. Kiln'dry. Note. —Quail. ad. n. Kind. like iron. a gift in token of re- I Cwellan Kill. Irk. Kiln. n. a. n. ad. . not kind not obliging. | Irk'some. Yfel—EYiL. Cepan— to Keep. v. supposing that . I Ill'nature. I Note. favor. Cene —War'like. n. con. Pain. lazily I'dle. Ill'ness. . Yrre Jar. to crush to subdue. bad . sick. n. carelessly.

. to weave without a loom. and lastly a rogue. n. | Kiss'er. —a Top a Button.. uniting by needles. Knuc'kle. n. in the sense of knowing or skiUfu\ Note. is n. Know'ing. Knop. Cy fling— a Chief KrNG. I a Leader. n. deceitful fellow. . —to Know . v. a. learning. to yield . v. Knot. knight. I I a. confession. n. . to understand clearly. . . . a joint of the leg. to Knit. Note. n. Knowl'edge. a false. full of knobs. skill. dishonesty. not previously a.—Cunning. | Knit'ting. Cnucl—B. to rest on the knees. n. I Kneel'ing. then a servant. difficulty. to Be Able. | Knuc'kle. 126 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. . belonging to a king. Kiss. a. Knave. a. n. made by Knot'ted. Cncep Knap. n. not owned. Knot'tiness. not known. —a Boy I I . Unacknowl 'edged. intelligent. full of knots. thing a protuberance. a joint of the finger. dishonest. | King's-e'vil. the dignity of a Cnytan—to Tie Knit. | Kna'very. ppr. a knot a tufted top. scrofula. act of resting on the | bent knees. a Servant. . Cun'ning. Knob'by. Cnapa—a Boy Note. Foreknow'. a round ball at the end of a a bunch. a title of honor. to salute with the lips. v. n. . the dominion of a king. Kjng'dom. a. n. skillful . full Knot'ty. d. one who kisses. Acknowl'edge. n. n. a. v. artifice deceit. the joint of the neck behind. known. n. Kneel. Cnott— Knot. a monarch a sovereign. recognition Unforeknown'. . Kna'vish. . Knob. Citnnan Know. Nape. n. . n. to know before. Cneow —Knee. a. artfully deceitful crafty. n. of knots difficult. Cun'ning. Cyssan —to Kiss. which was formerly much used now commonly used in an ill sense. Unknown'. Joint. a complication knitting or tying. Knee. King'ly. a. to own to confess. a Knave. Acknowl'edgement. to submit. Knight'hood. —Originally a boy or young man. n. implying art or craft. Cniht Knight. n. a. —Knuckle formerly signified any joint of the body. a Servant . a. n. n.

to handle. Hladan—^to Draw Out La'dle. Lamb'like. a. . Empty. . coming behind . | Last'ing. . a string or cord for tying. Latest Last. Load. n. n. n. Lamb'kin. Lam—Lame. becoming a lady ele* I Lang—Long. in the last place. a young man. Lethrian Lath'er. a. v. to take a load from. n. Lag. lord. . froth to form a ft)am. I hindmost. Latch. JLanib Lamb. | the young of a sheep. or foam. Lath'er. . La'dylike. Land'mark. to set or come on shore. | Lag'gard. the solid matter of the earth. n. v. Overload'. the state of being lame. continuing durable. Unload'. a mark to designate boundaries. . to fasten with a string passed through opposite holes. to Lade. Last. the string that fastens a shoe. Land. n. a little a. one who lags. contracted from Latest. v. in a lame manner. mild. ad. like a lamb . I Hlcefdie Note. a fastening for a door. —Lady. remove a cargo from a vessel. p. a youth . n. I Lame'ly. n. wanting the natural power I or strength. n. a place to land at. Land'ing. to burden too much. Last'ly. a woman of high rank. Lace. to v. lift. a picture of a portion of country. . the mold on which shoes are formed. v. —Last . v. n. a People. Laste^si Footstep. Lame'ness. LcBccan —to Catch . a girl a young woman. Last. to remain to continue. one raised to the rank of her husband or I La'dy. . n. «. gant. Load. n. n. a. n. n. i. Load. Hladan—to Unlade'. —Lamb. a burden a freight. . Land'scape. ad. n. Lace. — to Anoint I to Lather.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Hlad—a . a. Lame. v. e. n. | Lass. to Seize. 127 Leode—a Nation Lad. a large spoon with a long 1 Lade. latest v. lamb. ^atch'et. . Land. sluggish. —From hliflan^ to n. a. throw out by dipping. Land—^Land. to load to freight.

one who leads. —Leaf. agreeably to law. principal chief. ut. Lagu— Law Law. Leabn'edly. | ad. science. made of leather. Lmran—to Teach. a rule of Law'giyer. v. exciting laughter. flat. n. a. full of leaves. to conduct. . the thin. a. the state of being out not early slow recent. to guide . Leornian —to Learn. Law'maker. «. Laugh'ajble. to desist . Law'fully. a grant of liberty . Lead. heavy. left behind remnants. Leav'ings. n. Lead. a little leaf Leaf'y. dressed hides of ani- 1 Leath'ern. a. Lease. Law'less. one to whom a lease la | Lether — Leather. n. n. . to make that noise which sudden merriment excites. lege —to Lay. Lead'ing. a. &c. ad. | Lead'er. ad. a process in law. ad. of time. Lcet. held by lease. justice. n. Laugh'ingly. Out 'law. destitute of leaves. Learn. a. n. I | —The original signification seems to be hroad. permisthings I Leave. to be- queathe. Laugh'ter. Lead'en. learning. I to ». Law'yer. Lcefan—to Leave Leave. a professor of law. Leath'ery. .128 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. n. . agreeable to law. Leafe Note. a. a. Late. one excluded from the benefit of the law. a metal. Leath'er. resembling leather. n. Law'suit. from lecgan. after the proper season. Note. n. with knowledge. a. made of lead . v. a. one who makes laws. given. n. . Lead. ad. Lesati —to Let Go I to Loose. | HUhan—Laugh. a. to quit . Leaf'let. sion. Leaf. «. extended part of a Leaf'less. to let for a limited time. a rule of action . in a merry way. n. skill in languages or Lore. Dials* I n. latian —to Delay or Retaed. n. to gain knowledge of Learn'ed. Iced | —Lead. v. one who makes laws. Lease'hold. Learn'ing. . . having learning. n. not restrained by law. n. Lessee'. n. —Generally supposed to be formed from the sound. a. I Late. Law'ful. not long ago. n. Late'ness. Permit. Xe«/—Leave. convulsive merriment. I Laugh. . Late'ly. Lcedan—Lead. tree. n.

n. look an oblique Lcenan Lend. licgan) only by grammatical use. n. Lev'elbr. n. v. an aquatic worm which Leech'craft. Li'ar. to supply on condition of Lend'ing. —a Loan. . . or set — differs from Lay down. ad. Reli'ance.) to rest horizontally. n. Leer. . a place sheltered from the wind. lecgan. (A. n. — Smooth. the act of lending. | Even. who utters lies. I Lcen Loan. I Lengiun Lent. v. —to Lie. repayment. | . the act of raising. Hleor—a Face Leer. v. Lee. sucks blood. Rely'. v. . v. v. wicked. lief is vulgar. Lief. v. to put I Out'let. a passage outwards. a fast of forty days before Lent'en. gladly Note.-S. with to turn the eye and cast a I look from the comer of it. . a. to elevate.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES 129 Hleo — a Shelter. willingly. the wind. Lewd. Mislead. ad. to Soar. a Leech. Belie'. ut. | Lcefel Lev'el. Level. n. Idg. n. towards the lee . the art of healing. Lift'ing. ad. — to Arise | . Let. Lewd'ness. one to slander. so called | from the lengthening of the day. LcBwd. v. from I Lcece Leech. to lay. relating to Lent Easter. «. Leof—LmF. to utter a criminal falsehood. Lcetan—to Let. v. ligan Lie. — to Lend. Hlifian Lift. flat. —to Lengthen .-S. —a Physician | . n. trust to lean or rest with confidence. wickedness. one who to levels. to allow out to hire. even . Lie. past participle of Icewen | —to Delude n. | lAcgan Note. Lib (A. | Leer'ingly. I Lee'ward. the act of making a loan. put. —lAeve for to raise . —to Lie Down. to permit . a. confidence. a. n.

J to hearken. to Like. v. . Lights. from lesan. a roll . Light'hearted. Lie — Resemblance. v. Glis'ten. compare. n. n. Light'ning. Limp. «. one who listens. shining brilliant. —Light. Light'ness. to shine to sparkle. a. to dis- | mount. «. to come down . I v. a furnace for lime. not heavy active nimble. to fall or come by chance to settle from flight. Note. that may be . . a. Light'en. a species of lemon. and the same radix. Alight'. . resemblance form. a. Like'wise. n. . . Lime'burner. a. —to Listen. n. gay merry . Like'ly. stones to lime. . . 'Like'lihood. thoughtless giddy. resembling similaj. Light 'some. —to Glittek. Lik'ing. Gelihtan LeoJit Light. to make less heavy. Lician. Note. n. a large open boat. t>.130 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. may be from the Lihtan Light. n. . a border. 'V. . lysan List. the stone of which lime is made. Like'ness. . lae — a Gift | . —Limb. desire pleasure. Glit'tering. Hlystan Lis'ten. What . . Lim—Limb Limb. * This word accords with Light. to be pleased with. the lin- den tree. od. the lungs of an animal. Lime'stone. cedes thunder. | Limb 'less. Pleases. pleasing. to represent as like Like'ly. the flash which prevision. from Like. n. . —to Alight. . cheerful. Glit'ter. probable. a member. to illuminate to shine. Light'er. Lik'en. . Lis'tener. wanting light. . n. wanting limba. —to Collect or Assemble. one who bums Lime'kiln. probability. n. liked a n. Lime —Lime. luminous gay airy. n. n.* a. n. . lie. to walk lamely. one who lights. v. the agent which produces . Member. Light'headed. «. a branch . a strip of cloth. —to Lighten. comes from the French (lime) List. the fluid in orthography. want of weight levity. Dislike'. v. . to regard with some aversion. to sparkle with light. Lime. in like manner. a. n. Light'less. n. a calcareous earth n. a catalogue a limit . a. a. comes from the Latin {Umbus). n. Light 'en. —^Lime. Light'er. Leohtf leohtan Light. a. a.

Lodge. of the face . void of life. brisk vigorous. | Lum'ber. v. Live. to direct the eye. . Loom. a. n. a. Loma— Utensils. vivacity. I Leasan. n. Less. long in passing. p. n. a. the act of lodging. n. n. Lijian —to Live. to JLeoman Loom. Laird. Live'lihood. Loos'en. n. to Detest. an exercise. . . n.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. . to place I Lodge'ment. means of living. n. quality of raising disgust. dignity pride. to read). Loath'ful. to feel disgust Loath. Life. Lq4f. a bulky piece of wood. n. Logian—to Place Lodge. unwilling. n. v. a. a. Loath'some. to reside. n. disgusting. proud haughty. —Lesson. Life'time. —to Shine I . Lord'ship. | n. to Put . a ruler a nobleman. . ^to Lathian Loathe. continuance of life. a. Live'long. to make or grow less. to relax to free. a. a. vitality existence. Live'liness. a. is from the Greek (Aeyw. Loose 'ness. 131 Lif—Life. n. befitting a lord. Loath'ing. Lord'ly. because | it lies unmoved or n. . a. the lord of a manor. to remove from a place. a small lock. v. n. Lord. Lock'et. I I . not firmly. Note. like a living person. Loose'ly. n. . Lord'liness. abhorring. v. Live'ly. Live. . Lock. anything useless timber. aspect. . — to Lie . . Less'en. a weaver's machine. smaller. and forcl — to Supply . «. state of being loose. id. lAggan Log. large. Life'like. appearing indistinctly real dimensions. to free from any fastening. Hlaford— Lord. Loc— an Enclosure Lock. as baked. air a blockhead. n. Loose. n. at. Loath'someness. Locian— to Look. a mass of bread. an instrument to fasten a door a tuft of hair. Loom. . ad. Loom. a. n. con. Lest. Lord'like. ^ Hla^—a Loaf . . v. inert. . to gather. the address of a lord. that not for fear that. disgust. n. v. | Look. t). — Hate . to Put or Take Away. lysan —to Loose . to appear larger than the Loom'ing. Log'gerhead. a small house at a gate. to be in life to exist. a. a task. n. Dislodge'. Life'less. to Lodge. Look. not so large. not dead active.

Los'ing. Make. strain or compel. humble. bold Man 'hood. in Mind . Mak'ing. a. Mad'den. . that incurs loss. v. [ a.132 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Mceden —Maid. like a maid. having evil desires. to drag . Love'liness. n. Mad'dish. n. courageous. en- raged. Note. Lust— Desire. .—The primary sense is. the cry of cattle. Loss. anything cumbrous to be carried. Lov'er. n. : to forfeit. a male Mankind'. the state of a man a little man. Lust. Gemced—Troubled Mad. . n. Note. V. Forlorn'. ppr. . n. not high. beings. . n. Man'ful. . forsaken by one's love. love. a. a. Losian—to Run Away Lose. a lock of hair. an unmarried woman. distraction fury. n. Man. Man'like. pp. a. . v. Lug. to press. disordered in to the mind . Man'liness. Love. a. . Lus'ty. to desire to wish to choose. Mad'ness. Will. a rash. kind affectionate. to create to form. vigor of body. a. destroyed. hot-headed person. worthy of affection. Maid'en. Macian—to Make. . 71. . mislaid . Lost. —Low. a man void of i^ason. eagerness to possess or enjoy Lust'ful. a. Lovely. n. d. a | Humming n. not to win to mislay. n. ad. n. to Be Lost damage a. forsaken . .-Man. stoutly with vigor. Hlowan—to Low Low. form structure. . Make. Power. like a man. to cause. Love'lorn. Mad 'man. stout vigorous. helpless. Lus'tily. Noise. Love'lock. a. somewhat mad. Mak'er. the race of human to furnish with men. Lov'iNG. a. dignity bravery. v. a. v. to pull. a. a. waste. Lug'gage. drive. make or become mad. Gelugglan— to Drag by the Hair. like a man. or mori. n. n. exciting love. Lufian— to Love. Man'ikin. . n. is Low'ing. a. to bsllow as a cow. p. . amiableness. a human being a. n. Maid'enly. . Man'ly. from the Dutch (laag). Lorn. Maid. n. stoutness. n. List'less. v. to regard with Lov'able. List. Mad. one who is in love. forming causing. Man Man. lost forsaken. n. n. Mad'cap. Lus'tiness. . indifferent heedless. one who makes. v. to act or do. a young woman. .

v. a term in chess. Overmatch'. that cannot be matched. v. n. n. . fold. work Man'tle. contest. Note. Marked. n. n. Mart. a. . terror . bones . to strip . comes from the Latin {Maius). —Mat. a. oily 1 | Mar'rowy. . . substance in the best part of a thing. May to be able to be possible. Morass'. n. UliGHT. . v. n. Mar'rowfat. fear. a public place for buying and selling. borders. full n. Unmatched'. from the Latin {Mars\ and March. Match. n. n. had power or liberl^. Unmatch'able. n. Note. having no match or equal. a | ^Mark is . n. having Comate'. matched. same house. ad. . Mar'row. v. a. Maca — an Mate. one of a pair. n. Man't. n. a companion. May. to impress to brand. March. In'mate. Manig— Many. comes steps. often. pret. a token known. Note. double). Man'ttimes. Man'tle. not discouraged. Fellow or Companion. . a. Undismayed'. kind of pea. tory. . many in number. n. no equal. Marsh. a. I Much. 133 Mentel—^Mantle. a brawling woman. an equal a . Equal. n. that cannot be —Match. of a country. a. to spicuous. one who dwells in the Match'less. a Sign . Market—Market. separation of terri- Mark. Mar'ket. to spread . (rneche). to deprive of strength of mmd. . n. n. a watery tract of land.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Demarca'tion. noted prominent con- Marks'man. a. . a. v. Mearh — Marrow. Ter'magant. to Disman'tle. fires. | Marsh'y. . a kind of cloak before a chimney. Mismatch'. Dismay'. v. swampy boggy. p. Mearc— a Boundary March. to divest. a place of public traffic. IMantelet'. n. {feald. a of marrow pithy. tofrom the French kill). a. or fron- Mark. a. that may be sold. . Mersc—Marsh. I | Mar'ketable. move by from the French (marcTier). I Man'ifold. to join. from the Spanish {mate comes —mater. . a small cloak. the fifth month. a. numerous a great number. Dismay'. a marsh a bog. Cloak. the name of a month. —March. to match unsuitably. a soft. one skillful to hit a mark. to cover rush to the face. limits. Immatch'able. a combustible substance for lighting Magan—to Be Strong or and Mate. by which any thing . Able v. to conquer. to border March'es. tiers «.

melo — Meal. t?. to intend . intention . gay of heart jovial. Meed— What Is Mown . resembling meadows. cheerless. Mean'ness. a. soft with ripeness. merry gay. Note. basely . . Mea'gerness. Melu. eive —"WAtER. Mirth. | Mea'gerly. to purpose. Mirth'ful. a measurer. gaily with mirth. ad. n. d. poorly. in a merry manner. signification. to reduce to n. Bad. Me'ter. Flour. } | Meal'y-mouthed. —The n. v. n. ad. . Mcenarif Mean. want of excellence rudeness. Mead'owy. a coming together. tbin. a. Mcel Meal. v. Mead. . n. to Meet'ness. Mead'owlark. to Compare. made of melted metal. Mean'ing. joyless . a. . n. Mer'riment. Mea'ger. fit proper suitable. a. a. Dissolve . moist land covered with grass. Mere—the Mer'maid. Mer'rythought. | Mean'lt. a bird. n. Mirig—Merry. of the softness of meal. the male of the mermaid. . Mean. comes from the Latin (medius). softness ripeness. . primary sense seems to be. Mel'lowness. fabulous sea woman. come together. . Meet. Piece'meal. mirth gaiety. —to Melt Sea. a. Note. a. coarse. n. Mer/man.— 134 SMITHES HAKD-BOOK: OF ETYMOLOGY. Mead'ow. n. . the middle. Mirth'fully. using soft words. Mceger— Meager. the breast of a fowl. . the act of softening. ad. 1 Meal 'time. and . the time for eating a meal. I a portion of food taken at one time. soft. a. a. propriety. the edible part of grain. n. a. to measure. measure. of low rank . in or by pieces or fragments. n. . to Cook. —a Part or Portion. poorly. n. n. to Find . n. . merriment hilarity. smooth. thinly scantiness. Mcedewe — a Meadow. ad. Meal'y. a mceden —Maid | Mermaid. Mel'low. to I Meltan Melt. Pleasant. to make Melt'ing. n. . Mer'rily. leanness ad. to melt or fuse ore. . a forked bone in . moist grass land. Mete. —Mean. Mer^ry. n. Meet. 1 Molt'en. Metan—to Meet . manian—to Have | in the Mind. Smelt. n. Meal. Mlrth'less. base . n. to Measure v. a. Mcene—False. n. or become liquid. fitness . lean . Meet'ing.

to unite with numbers. | Mill 'race. had power or liberty. giving milk. gentleness softness. Commin'gle. Intermin'gle. v. Might'iness. n. an error. . —From the ancient Gaelic word meil. dust. kindly . a. p. Minsian Mince. power. Milk'y-way. Milled. to put in mind. n. n. v. n. Note. —to Diminish I I . Mill. Mind'ful. . v. not mixed pure. Might. one who attends a mill. Mistake'. to a cat. Min'gle. n. | Mild'ly. n. Milk'y. a sea fowl.—Mew. ad. from confine. a. —Might. powerfully strongly. kind . stamped on the edge. one who mingles. or thousandth part of a dollar. a pie made of minced meat. Note. a soft. Milk. . a white fluid with which animals feed their young from the a. a stone for grinding i com. n. is the preterit of the verb may. Min'gler. 136 Mcew—Mew. Note. to cry as Miht—Might. Milk'iness. n. a. Milch. —to Misteach to err. comes from the French {mue)y and Msw. I I Might'ily. strength power. n. . v. gently. to mix into one mass . Note. n. powerful. n. . of a mixed breed. Mill'stone. greatness. . to Lessen. i Mild—Mild. n. breast.ANGLO-SAXON BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. 71. attentive. the intelligent power in man. ad. Mylen—Mill. Mild'ness. Remind'. to mingle together^ Mon'grel. Might'y. Mild. Immin'gle. like milk. the channel in which the water of a mill-pond is conveyed to the wheel. the Latin {mille. strong. the galaxy a luminous zone in the sky. n. a machine for grinding. Unmin'gleb^ 3Iistcecan Mistake'. effeminate person. v. resemblance of milk. Meolc—Milk. a dam by which water is collected for turning a mill. Mew. . to half pronounce with affected delicacy. Mill'dam. v. to take wr^ng . Mill'er. Mince. n. I ' | n. to chop into very small Mince'-pie. pieces. Milk'sop. heedful. a. . comes from a thousand). ' to Misinform. «). a. Mind. the Icelandic (miaua). a. to cage. . a.— Mill. the tenth part of a cent. tender soft. to mix to blend. JTengan—to Mingle. v.. to act Getnytidf getnunan | —to Remember. n.

ing. n. — Greatest. watery ground. not enlightened by the n. large in quantity. — Motian —to Meet for Conversation I . the moon. — words express. to Mcenan—to Lament Moan. the heavenly body which revolves round the earth. Complain. these . | Moan'ful. Moor. Moor. ad. the moon. from the Dutch {mol). lunatic. I Moor'land. happening every month. a. and animal. the exercise of disput- I Morgen—Dispersed. a dyke. as clouds or darkness. v. Moon'beam. a. n. — Mole. comes from the Latin {modus). Mcest. n. Jkfist —Mist. chiefly. a. peevishness. viz. n. a ray of light from Moon'shine. to secure by two anchors. Moon'struck. n. greatest in quantity or num- Much. out of humor. a tract of poor land overrun with heath. n. the first part of the day. dissipated. Mood. comes from the Spanish (amarrar). Mist'y. overspread with mist. Mor'row. n. Mole. a. super of mycel Most. and | Note. n. the second day of the week. I a thick vapor. Disposition. More. whose dispersion. Morn. n. ad. Note. or the time when they are dispersed. n. a. v. a natural spot on the skin. Spot. Moon'less. n. or Blot.136 smith's hakd-book o^ etymology. a. ber. angry . Passion. a. a small Mod— Mind. Moon'liqht. one of the twelve divisions of the year. a native of northern Africa. | Note. Mood. . moon. Mon'day. Mood'y. from the Latin (Maurus). a. Morn'ing. Moot'ing. Morrow and Morn have the same meaning. Mood'iness. besides. n. to deplore audibly. Note. . comes from the Latin (moles). Mai— a Mole. Mor—Waste Land. the variation of a verb to express manner of action or being. Most'ly. — 3Iona— Moon. for the greatest part. the first part of the day the day after the present day. the light given by Month'ly. Moot. to Discuss. Mist. n. n. Mistiness. not plainly. the state of being misty. a. n. ad. Moor. Month. dispersed. | temper of mind humor. a mound. Moon. the light of the moon. n. expressing sorrow. | Mist'ily. . morning . Moreover. greater in quantity. Mark. to argue or plead on a supposed cause. over and above.

causing sorrow. to mak< mouldy. to utter with a loud.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. others. a. Mould 'iness. Mouse. —to Become Soft I . ?i. that in which anything is cast or receives its shape. Mould. to be obliged. Moth'erly. Mow. inOf to cut with a scythe. Note. Mould't. Nail'er. —Death. n. n. Mouth. cutting with a scythe. n. n. Mice.— Mould. Nail. soft . guilty of murder. Mourn'fully. Moth'erless. mouldy. Cut Down . half-rotten Morther. earth a substance like down on damp bodies. man the act of killing a hubeing unlawfully. . straw. Mouth. much one as the moutl foi Mouth'piece. having lost a mother. the state of being one Note. p. n. der. cut with a scythe. Mown. a thick. . one who makes nails. to be sorrowful. I Mur'derous. — Molde—EAB. a. a small animal. comes from the German (momud). . the cavity between the jaws. overgrown with mould. a Little a. Dust. straw «. a language to which another language owes origin . Murnan—to Mourn Mourn. fine. Mulch. a. Mawan—to Mow. tenderly. Must. new wine. n. who speaks fected voice. n. sorrowfully. 137 Modor— Mother. the dress of sorrow. a manu&ctory of nailft . Mus. inot. as n. to grieve n. n. Mow'ing. from tlie French (moisir). — Wmgel—:N^ail. to cover with half-rotten Mulch. n. v. a loft in a bam. a female parent. n. Moth'er. v. af- Mouth'ful. n. in the manner of a mother. Mother. Mourn'ino. and Moulder. Note. a. n.TK Powder. v. Heap. sorrow plural | Mourn'ful. to turn into dust. Mow I . can hold. inys | —Mouse. n. ad. Milescian Mulch. v. | n. the plural of mouse. I Mourn'er. slimy substance in liquors. an opening by which anything can be filled or emptied. ®.. Nail'ery. | Must. a matrix). Mould'er. a. nioiv. . a horny substance on the human fingers and toes a piece of metal for fastening. who casts or shapes. inorth Mur'der. comes from the Spanish (rndde. its one's native language. 3Tu th — Mouth. one who mourns. a. comes from the Latin (irmstum)^ and Must.

n. comes from the L. that a. one who has the same name. Nigh'ly. wicked sinful. . . the part between the head and the body. the nose the beak. nearly. very clean. 11. n. of or pertaining to ships. v. n. Nacod—Naked. NaVel. threadbare. Nib'ble. Nafu—the Middle Centre Nave. n. n.138 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. ad. closely . | Nap'less. and I wuht—a Whit a. —Cattle. a. Neat. almost. Naht—Nafght. cattle. a. nafelf the point in the middle of the abdomen. Neigh'bor. a. wickedness. n. vavg\ a ship. n. want of covering. one that nibbles. Nap. want of breadth. Neh —Neb. Nama—Name. . the foot of an ox. a. Nib'bler. Well-nigh'. Name'ly. ad. n. n. 1 Neck'lace. to bite by little at a time. near not distant. Near'ly. ] Nar'rowness. NearoWf nearwian Nar'row. . Name'sake. wickedly. Nave. the point of anything. cow. not far distant . . ad. Nick'name. nigh. an ornament for the | . n. Nigh'ness. Anything. worthless bad. Neat. a name given in contempt. the piece of timber in the Nave. Name. &c. neck. Nib. I | a Note. n. nearest in place. one who takes care of . by name particularly. ad. nyten Neat. comes from the Latin {niteo). n. nearly. Near. Naught. without a name. the down on cloth. Next. not covered. n. at no great distance. Naught'y. Nought. pure. Nar'rowly. not broad or wide. neahbur. a. Naught'iness. Hnoppa—Nap. n. ad. Neb. Ne — Not Naught. Neah—Near. Near'ness. | Naught 'ily. —Naval. n. ad. Ka'ked. n. cattle oxen. n. —to Make Narrow. closeness. a. | Na'keidness. church. nothing. n. time. . . n. elegant. n. Neat's-poot. Hnecca—Neck. Name'less. the bill of a bird . Neck. &c Nigh. n. . by which a person or thing is called. navU (Gr. a. the middle or body of centre of a wheel. . one who lives near. nearness. Neat'herd.

work in the form of a meshes. entirely). a. pointed instrument for sewing. Nes'tle. Tender. necessary. discovered. notwithstanding at no time. n. freshly. —Net. n. being in a lower Beneath'. Need'ily. a. n. New'ness. all deductions. Nest —Nest. a. recent account. n. Night'mare. Neother. Niht—Night. from ne — Not. ad. ad. ^TcecW—Needle. place. Need't. I . or dignity. want necessity. nest. n. n. Nice. ^OB/re— Never. in want. —Neigh. exactly. i n. done every nigh^ Night'ingale. under . - NiGHT. I a texture of twine with Net'work. [ties. the voice of a horse. n. produced or News. Nevertheless'. and ead Happiness — . n. freshness. work executed I Hncegan Neigh. Bbnight'ed. Nice'ly. a. n. to make anew or again. Nev'er. to lie close. comes from the French (ne<. | Nice'ness. Anew'. unnecessary. n. Nead—Need Need. Ne— Not. a. neothan Neth'er. Need'less. dain. the place in which birds hatch and rear their young. n.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. . Fort'night. ad. want . ad. n. . delicately . n. n. the close of the day. with a needle. v. Neigh'ing. — Beneath. Renew'al. 1 Nee'dle-work. lower . Needs. of two weeks. Need'ful. the act of renewing. rank. | the voice of a horse. net. a small. ad. I Note. Net Net. not ever . minute accuracy pi. poverty. Nest. . over again. delicacy. n. ad. v. delicate fine. I and cefre —Ever. that. ad. I Niwe—NBW. New'ly. 139 Prosperity. involved in darkness . I Downwards. Hnesc— Soft. a young bird in the left in Nest'egg. clear after a. Renew'. the time of darkness. n. necessarily. poor necessitous. Need'iness. lower in I place. n. prep. ad. n. —Net. {fourteen)^ the space Night'fall. n. Nest'ling. an egg the nest. a bird which sings at night. New. Night'ly. Ni'cety. lately made. a sensation of distressing weight on the chest during sleep. Nee'dle. n. v.

end. On'slaught. a considerable distance from the shore. . a. Nos'tril. the | Nose 'gay. n. a naze. and thing). i>. {naht . towards the north. deprived of sensation. Oil— On. an attack. n. Sheer/iess. a grain. not only so. (all. mid-day. —Nose. O/— Of. ad. Alocf'. n. the organ of smell. Nut. Oats. North Vard. Nut 'meg. No. a bunch of flowers. n. Off'spring. Off'ing. a. Not. the nose . I Noz'zle. an excrescence of th« n. Noon'tide. and an. mid-day. Noon. n. Oat. n. Nor'thern. to make torpid.140 SMITH*S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. one). the snout . torpor. None.-S. Noon'ing. ad. n. n. not. n. upper part of any thing. or ness common a termination to the names of projecting headlands. a fruit consisting of a kernel covered by a hard shell. . n. ad. a. or out of Off. Note —Nose n. Opf'scourtng. Kon—Noon. off)^ at a distance. Of. Nut'gall. (na. Oat'meal. a cavity of the nose. ne. Noth'ing. Not. wees. a particle of denial. I | Noon 'day. ad. n. n. a dunce. made of meal made of oats. a kind of aromatic nut Ata — Oat. Foee'noon. n. being in the north. n. n. being in contact with the On'ward. prep. n. a sprout. as Dungewess. not any thing. from. . mid-day. a. a. repose at noon. I Num'skull. n. | . JETnut —Nut. refuse. not one not any. n. a. forward. children. one of the cardinal points. n. prep. Off'set. Nut'brown. no. —to Take Away I . ad. Nay. North — North. not on from. 71. brown like a nut long kept. prep. n. (nan. ought). the latter so is of the same origin with A. a. Numb'ness. On. but more. the wind which blows from the north. | oats. Na —No. Nor'therly. Kiiynan Numb. I | Ncese Nose. Benumb'. oak. Nobth. 71. and auht. the time from morning to mid-day. towards the north. Oat'en. not. Numb. ne. a word of denial or refusal.

n. the right of possesOwn. n. Pad. shall(fw vessel. a soft saddle or cushion. a broad. . ad. Panne— a Pan. i Out'er. a. . Out'wardly. Pan. Path'less. a. a highwayman who robs Pad. sion. Disown'.-S. Ort —an Herb I . plainness. extreme. trees. to Flatten. ad. to unclose to unlock. Utterance. n. ad. UtfBrre . Was. Pad. Utter. . Ow'iNG. Oo'zy. — Outward. v. Ought. n. Be Manifest. [ Ut'most. or a gate opening to a path. pears. . agan^ by softening the guttural g' into w). n. . a v. geard— Garden. JPcethian—to Go . a. . earth so wet as to flow gently. an easy-paced horse. ppi\ due imputable to. duel . . plete. Ut'terly. one time singly one alone. 'g. n. a. an aperture. one who cultivates I Note. . not within Ut'ter. road . formerly. orchards. v. ad. Foot on * foot. n. ad. . n. Foot'path. . the greatest degree com- to eject a. aw Own'er. O'pBNiNG. wees —Wetness. gcucrous . One. Ooze. I Out. Openness. | Ooze. [gers. clamorous. any severe test experiment. A lock for a pad-gate. external visible. n. a thin cake fried in a pan. a narrow way. to be bound in duty. ravenous. peaches. Pad 'lock. —owe. n. PAD. 141 An. Openly. Ut'termost. and trial . From or n. to deny to renounce. Once. n. candid. a. to a. «. | Pan'cake. to be indebted. a. a. Or'chard.7i. — Owe is formed from the A. Ut'ter. . publicly plainly. —Apples. n.ANGLO-SAXOX ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. O'pEN-HEARTED. to pronounce. clearness. Open-mouthed. Own'ership. to possess to avow. n. Agan — Own. being on the outside. arte | — One. a way a road.* n. . to travel gently. to expel. — Great. having no path. Path'way. longs. and cherries are the fruits OrdaeL Ut principally cultivated in orchards. Ort-geard. . n. externally. n. an assemblage of fruit Or'chardist. the act of speaking. on the outside V. fully completely. | ! Out'ward. one to whom a thing be«. a path for foot passen. Path. — Out. Or'deal. the most that can be. On'lt. Openian —to Open O'pen. JPceth. n. miry . a single person or thing. muddy. to speak . Note. to Tread Flat . a lock hung on a staple. Owe. n. —Judgment. . v.

Pain'fully. v. ^ —The penny was . Pains'taker. Repin'ing. Shut In I . n. v. originally an inclosure in a park. Pock'et. | —Paddock. Puck'er. v. and Poach. Pen'ny. n. Note. an instrument for writing. a.142 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Pocca Poke. Pouch. pieces. n. the fourth part of a bushel. JPinan— to Vms. like pearls. n.. little —They who ^utpatcJies on a n. to hide it. are careful that the color resemble that upon which they put I it. thence "called fourthings or farthings. a small bag in a garment. thence called half-pennies. that it might be easily parted into halves. comes from the Latin {penna). Impound'. the act of murmuring. JPearroc —a Pabk. n. a wasting away. — Penig—Penny. Poach. ti. an inclosure for cattle . n. Pang. n. a. with pain. n. to make . Pine. a small inclosure in a pasture for a sick animal. Pin'fold. a bag a sack. for cattle in trespass- Pin. Note. full of pain. to gather into plaits oi folds. to steal game. breach. boil —Poke. It was struck with a cross so deeply sunk in it. t). n. to inclose to confine. an uneasy sensation •Pain. oysters. from the French to thrust. to Pyndan—to Pen. wanting money. v. Pains. Pain. a coin. n. Peb'ble. shall nearly as possible —to Deceive by False Appearance. n. Pceccan Note. . a. Pound. | Pen'niless. from the Welsh {pin). Pen. n. n. a piece of inclosed ground. a small lake. Repine'. I Pearl. formerly a silver coin. a white body found in Pearl'y. to inclose. an instrument for fastening. n. to Pen. a small book for the pocket. for hounds to run matches Pin— Punishment. and Pin. : a. Park. slightly. n. careful toil trouble. | Peb'bly. v. a laborious person. in. n. an inclosure which have been taken ing. n. a. Note. a eharp and sudden pain. Pain'less. n. free from pain. a small bag. to waste away with pain or uneasy. to fret to be discontented. Note. ad. Pin'ing. n. to put in a pound. v. Pock'etbook. from the Swedish (poka). —a Bag Poke. I Pahoh — Pebble. n. a piece sewed on to cover Patch'work. comes {pocher). . I Pad'dock. n. Torture. . distress of mind. an inclosure for cattlePoND. Pain'ful. roundish stone. work composed of a hole. or into four parts. I JPcerl —Pearl. Peck. full of pebbles. first struck in England by the Saxons. a small. Patch.

small collection of water. n. From the leaves of the pine which resemble pins. n. Pick. to pull with quick motion. Plight. Plight. n. Pit'saw. Pit'coal. with force. . n. Com'plot. never applied to property or goods. n. a. ad. a. Pit 'fall.* Pine. Pill'ion. JPlegan Play. n. «. in the centre of plants and trees Pith'y. n. Pyt— Pit Pit. stripped courage spirit. anything JPyle Pil'low. n. Pith'iness. off. a bird. . a cushion for a to ride on. Play'mate. a pit dug and covered over. . Beak. to strike . strength force. the top of . condition Plot. to sport to toy. n. the bill of a bird ending in a point. —to Pluck | . to Peck n. ad. Plight. v. n. n. a —a Pillow I I . . Play'thing. to pledge. n. v. a Cushion.. Plihtan rity. strength. for in certain games. comes from the French (poule. a point). Pick. spoi-tive. to pick up food with the beak. a hole in the earth. Play'fully. —Plight. •Pol— a Pool. . — . an axe with a sharp one who steals from another's pocket. a confederacy in crime. Pickaxe. Pick'pocket. Coun'terplot. n.— Pool. a (peac. a large saw used by two men. a small pool of dirty water. the stakes played A chicken). Play. Playful. to Pull Off. a. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. . the soft spongy substance Pith'less. Peak. Note. Peck. hill. . to strike with a pointed instrument. in a sportive manner. Pith. is Un'derplot. a fruit resembling the cone of the pine tree. without pith. n. coal dug from the earth. force Pith'ily. Pitha—Kernel. v. n. | Pine'apple. 143 Pycan—to Pick . Pluck'ed. — to Joke . a clandestine scheme. a. a companion in amusement. a forest tree. . to Play. a scheme. I abounding with pines. n. Pi'ny. n. n. a. n. woman Pinntreow— Pin-Tree. a plot opposed to a plot. n. sport game. * n. n. . Wood 'pecker. Pith. . v. a conspiracy Note. to pull of with the fingers to choose. n. v. a toy. [point. Pluck. cushion to support the head in bed. n. a Pool. • | Pud'dle. to pledge to give as secustate. to Expose to Danger to Pledge . containing pith forcible. n. JPluccian Pluck.

Quean. offices. full I Prick'le. n. Qualm. Squeam'ish. attitude. shaking.144 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. | evidence. | a sudden fit of sickness. Proof'less. . esteem. JPreon Prong. the resembling a priest. a. neat . — Contagion. Prid'ingly. v. sharp point. Preost Priest. nity. Pull'back. that which keeps back. ?i. JPryt — Pride. I one who officiates in sacred Priest'ess. . full of pride insolent. n. a. | silences. ad. n. n. | bog or marsh. n. n. a pointed projection the tine of a fork. Pestilence. ad. a the wife of a king. a. | to draw forcibly . | worthless woman. Priest'hood. a.—Pose' {po-za\ posture. Prove. . . Pose. Pret'ty. to pierce with a small puncture. trial. ad. unreasonable self-esteem. I Prick. neatly pleasingly. Gepose Pose. arrogantly haughtily. n. having inordinate Pride'less. having a taste difficult to please. argument. Prick'ly. Cwacian —to Quake. Proud. a. . n. comes from the French Prmte —Pretty. to tremble. without pride. mire). n. to pluck. v. test. . n. to show by testimony Proof. beauty without dig- dignity. of sharp points. Priccian—to Prick. Quake. I Pret'tily. Priest'like. n. v. a. Note. to JProfian —to Prove or I to Try . Prong. n. I Quag'mire. (^-w?^. —to Pull. Qualm'ish. beautiful without I Pret'tiness. self- Pride. Pride'pul. a shaking Quak'ing. a. I a female priest. Civealm Qualm. Cwen—a Woman Queen. —a Bodkin . n. office of a priest. n. a. a. sick at the stomach. a small. to puzzle or to a stand Fos'er. n. Pullian Pull. . Judge. wanting evidence. Queen. —Priest. with pride. —Heaviness put Stuffing of the Head I . v. something that puzzles or by asking difficult questions. to shake. . Proud'ly.

comes from the French to v.Rap. Rail. lime unslacked. living swift speedy. comes from the French {rente). a Garment. Rebellious.. n. a Ragged. Ranc—Proud Haughty . Note. v. to make alive to hasten. one raft. Rag.— Rail. n.— Render. . n. a line. class. raft is Reeve or Sew. to strike with a quick blow. a bar of wood or iron extend. I Meafian | — to Raft. Quick'witted. n. Hracod—Naked. {rang). Quick'sand. n. Quick'lime. Rent. a torn piece of cloth. to Rap. to dress to fit out. . exuberance. from wrigan— to Put On or Cover to Clothe. pieces of timber together. moving sand.. to fester to be inflamed. a woman's upper garment. n. having ready wit. 145 €wic—Alive. I Rank'ness. a fluid metal. strong . clouds. comes from the Latin {re. to n. Rmgel. to affect jrith ecstasy. Rend. a break I . a float made by fastening Rafts'man. Quick'ly. v. comes from the Dutch {raUen. who manages a Note. n. a certain profit in money issuing out of lands. . mean fellow. n. v. n. fall in drops from the the Rain'water. abounding in reflection of light by the clouds. a breach a tear. water fallen from the rain. rcefteVf a roof-timber. | uneven. a. Note. n.— Rank. do). Note. a to use insolent language. lieaf—fjk Robe . in return for use. . to chatter). and Rail. n. Minan— to Rain. Touch | . [a ship.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Rain BOW. speed. ad. rent in paltry. to rave in violent language. . v. . Hrepan— to Rap. n. Tear. Rap'per. Rant'er. Rent. n. . a bow formed by Rain'y. x>. Living. one that raps. Quick'en. a. soon speedily. Quick'ness. {rapio). ad. comes from the Latin . Rig'ging. Rig. Rendan— to Rend Rant. Rag'amuffin. luxuriant gross coarse. n. . luxuriantly coarsely. to tear with violence. a. &c. clouds. n. n. Quick'silver. to give back. Rank. . ing from one support to another. to give up. n. a row. bird. v. one who rants. a. Quick. Raf'ter. Rank'ly. from the French {rale).— A made by lashing logs together by withes. n. a. . | Ran'kle. tatters . Note. Rain. Quick.Rail'ing. Ragged. . scent. the sails and tackling of . a fence or barrier. Rail.

Rack. . comes from the Latin (ratus. mean vile . a. Cruel. little flesh. Fierce. a. v. v. not covered a. Reach. Rav'ening. v. Worthless Deer. n. Rat'ing. Rid'dle. devour. v. to Advise . Fume. a. Raw'ish. n. mean dishonesty fraud . . Read' ABLE. heated to redness. Retch. Reck'lessness. Rath'er. somewhat raw cold and . Rav'in. I Ras'cally. n. having Rare. more willingly in . Hrefen. something to be solved by conjecture. I mean fellow . a. 71. by Readying. Rear. thin. to seize by violence . steam . .. a. n. rcedelse. a. n. Heocan— to Smoke Reek. n. Red'hot. carelessness. price. to make or grow red. lead calcined. Rascal 'itt. Destroy. a. to Regard. effort to vomit. preying with rapacity. —Rate. to reach. to Extend. the state of being raw. ad. to care to heed. to furiously voracious. to Guess. degree. Rack. n. plunder. Note. V. n. that may be read. prey. a. | Reek. to number to calculate. to ®. Headf reod. Hascal RAs'cAii. smoke . Rath. somewhat red. Reck'less. to v. Reck'on. n. careless heedless. rud Red. Rud'dy. one who reaches. or a. Raw'ness. an engine of torture a frame. v. quick. Unrid'dle. to peruse to understand characters. to solve. state of being ruddy . not cooked. . base. — Rare. a color resembling blood. Mecan— to Say Reck. to smoke . . with skin. vapor. comes from the Latin (rams) Mwcan — to Reach . —a Lean. v. I Hasty. . Reck'oning. Number . to reckon). uncommon. Hrethian Rate. v. calculation. v. to make an . n. . . a. p. Red. . n. to Read . n. to Rate. . — the quality of being red. to chide vehemently. n. — to Find Fault | . a drel. Note. Rcethe —Quick. Red'den. to Scold n. perusal of books. Mcedan— to Appoint Read. . a chiding a scolding. to stretch or torture to draw off. Red'ness. n. not dense. HreoWf hrere—UAw. to a. learned. Red'lead. pref- I erence. early . | Reach'er. nearly raw cooked damp. 146 SMITH'S HAITO-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Rath. a scouna. value. . of a red color. a. to extend . Rav'en. Rud'diness. to steam. Red'dish. imperfectly Raw'boned. from reafian — to Plunder Rav'enous. Raw. Read.

—to Seize or Take Away. Mic Rich. comes from the German Hri/mpMle— a Rumple . (rcedaii. Rest'lessness. v. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. unsettled. Hidan — to Ride. a fold. to split . . . Rid'dance. Enrich'. Rich. having ridges. Reckoning. . the top of the back top of a roof or slope. deliverance. quiet.^. n. Rest'less. to cease from motion or labor. . rabble. uneven motion. theft by force. to travel on horseback or in a vehicle to be carried. Rid'dle. prevalent . —Great. sto). Mest Rest. — Rest. the surface of water slightly agitated. n. Deliver. comes from the Latin geriin — a Number | . v. bishopric. n. n. a. a cleft : a fissure. the I I a Ridge. Rov'er. Note. cessation 147 —a Quiet. to I make many holes in. Rift. Repose. as a termination Hriddelf hreadan Rid. right. n. a coarse sieve. Rob'bery. Rim'plb. v. an excursion on horseback or in a vehicle. wealth. to separate to free . a place of rest. Rim'pling.Rip'pLiNG. a. Note. . Srr or I Rest Upon. . | . destitute of rhymes. to make rich..— Riddle. a Fold. by a sieve . Rip'ple. Rife'ly. Rife'ness. I to groove). n. . —Rifle. (re. —to Rid. or a Lying Down quiet. a wrinkle. Rive. Ripe. a robber. Hric— the Back. to guess). Rhyme'less. a. a. v. v. n. as AlfriCy Frederick. Rich'ly. Rid'gy. ad. of motion or labor quiet. n. . Noble. n. v. to take by force without Rob'ber. Rich'ness. rich or powerful. Powerful. a. n. n. Ride. the remainder. n. is left. ^y/—Rife. Note. frequently. n. JReafian Riff'raff. Rich'es. n. v. ' ^rcac— a Ridge. n. n. opulent. Rick. Rest'ing-place.-S. prevalence abundance. a wanderer {reifeln. want of rest or Rest. . ad. ^Ric as a termination denotes jurisdiction of names. a. n. I | wealthy . refuse . to be solved by guessing. sweepings the Ri'fle. Rob. Rick. I to v. to cleanse to rend. to rob to plunder. a kind of gun. — as. a pile of corn or hay. n. I . n. abundantly. Rhyme. that which Kim. comes from the A. wealth abundance. prevalently abounding. n. to deliver. Rest'ful. something to read. . a thief. Rid'dle. i Note. correspondence of sounds at the ends of verses. the noise of ripples.

for the fruits. Note. pp. n. Hringan— to Ring. the cover of a building. and are torn or plucked the place where they were brought to perfection.7z. Enlarge. a disease. split. ness. Map—Rope. and the English rip. an open way . | Rook'ery. maturely. . n. wide . I Rung. the sound of metals. correctness Right. honestly. HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Room. v. n. lawful. ad. Ripe. Iti2> a step of a ladder. . spacious to wander about to stroll.. to cause to sound. to ruffle to disorder. v. causing to sound. n. a large cord. V. a round line or Ring'leader. is n. a. ring. Ruf'fle. Crow. one who reaps. to cut grain with a sickle to gather to obtain. to . . a. just virtuous. space . straight up Right'ful. at the time of their maturity. Ri'pEN. Ripe. a circle. a. Room'y. n. I Hrof—RooF Roof. n. Ring'worm. honesty integrity. . tenacious . the leader of a riot- course. . a plaited ornament worn about the neck. Reap'er. just. brought to perfection in mature. a. . n. properly. Ruf'fle. [ornament. Myman—to Make Way | . plaited linen. ad. a public Road'stead.— Rung. Right'ness. Space. ppr. n. n. to put out of form to disorder. Had— a Riding Road. Right'eous. v. from the Mum— UooM. a Road. large. just. Right'fully. for Hroc— Rook. | Ro'pY. a Raised Part v. straight- . did staff. Rook. can anchor.-S. Note. wanting a roof. Up'rightness. . — Rook. n. ad. Note. extent. ous body. glutinous. ad. n. Up'rightly. to tear to separate. —a Harvest. I Ring'ing. just proper straight. to grow npe. to Wrinkle. n. Ruff. . a. Bosworth. Ring. a castle in the game of chess. Italian (rocco). growth I Ripe'ness. a species of crow. a. . Ring'let.— 14S SMITH'S . Roof'less. a. a spar). Up'mght. Reap. Hope. n. n. a. Ruff. from is related to the A. rippan^ to reap. Hiht —Right. .— Ripe to tear . &c. «. . a heavy comes from the Gaelic is (rong. according to right. Ring. . Roam. . Hring—Ring. n. a place where ships passage. state of being ripe. v. Ring. Rip. a nursery of rooks. . Ripjxin j —to Take what . the Top . a I Way . to separate. just. honest . a curl. Ripe'ly. n. Right'ly.

Hreosan— to Rush Shake Water. ad. Rough'work. JEfreo/— Rough Scabby. Rash'ness. I a plant. the state of being rusty. is * Probably from the rashness or haste with which the cookery despatched. a. Rash'er. anything that guides ol ing a vessel. Mother Rud'der. n.* Note. p. Note. a. like a rush . to slice. — n. Rush'candle. Rue'fulness. to Lament. n. acting without caution. putrid . a.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Rot'ten. a crust which forms surface of metals. a. n. Run'ner. the instrument for steer- Rud'der. Rug'gedness. a thin slice of bacon for frying. Hreowan —to Repent Rue. a bitter herb. Ruth'fully. one who runs. want of pity. Rough'ly. . to be sorry for to regret. n. Rustic. . comes from the Greek Rennan—to Run . the act of moving swift before. . the itch). unevenness. to Flow. Run'away. Rust—Rust. v. Rough'hewn. to form rudely. to work coarsely. Mies Rush. Rash'ly. Rue'ful. Rush'ing. Rust. v. n. or Fall. Forerun'ner. Rudder. Rough'cast. Rust. n. n. n. Note. . comes . merciful. unsound. sorrowful. a. a. a messenger Run'ning. mournfully. | a. v. —Eue. Ruth. a taper made of Rush'y. Rough'ness. . harshly. vio- lence. to n. v. ^n the Rust'iness. a. a sketch. . ad. a. 71. Rash. comes from the Italian (raschiare) . sadly sorrowfully. v. Rough'en. | to putrefy . n. an inhabitant of the country. Itotian Rot. 149 —to Rot. . n. Run. Rush. a. inconsiderate haste. Rough'draught. v. governs. Rug. state of being rug. an eruption. weak. n. . to move swiftly to flee. covered with rust. Rash. Rue'fully. moumfulness. unpolished rude. Rug'ged. —an Oar I I . to decay. —Rush. trova —Rash. pitiless. n. a coarse coverlet for a bed. a. n. move forward with a violent course. n. . a. ad. harshness. cruel Ruth'lessness. Rust'y. the Italian {rascia. . n. Ruth'less. one who deserts. n. n. ged. Rough. rough uneven. abounding with rushes. Ruth'ful. relating to the country from the Latin {rusticus^ rus^ the country). having inequalities on the surface. ad. . [ly. v. to gather rust to become dull from want of action or exertion. . Overrun'. mercy pity sorrow. hastily. to make rough. v. . rush. to run or spread over. n. (/iuvr/). «. Rush'like.

Note. a. S^nd'ed. yellow . Sacc Sack. salt is Note. to be carried along by pressure of wind upon sails. n. Sail'-loft. a kind of wine. Salt'less. «. a. the state of being salt. n. Sand—Earth Sand. I to give for a price. a. at to sink in the middle when supported both ends. for sale. the act of selling. Rustle. Hristlan — I to Rustle. n. a loose. Rye'grass. I Sale'able. to plunder a town. friable kind Sand'iness. a. —to Fall Segel . a place where sails Sail. —Salt. Sand'stone. sickly paleness. salwig Sal'low. a. a place where made. n. n.— Sack. — Swarthy. one who makes saddles. Sale. one who salts. a vessel which sails. Sealt Salt.150 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOOY. the noise of that which | JRige —Rye. a seaman. ai'e made. to Sink. of stone. Salt'cellar. . Sadel Sad'dle. fit 7}. | Dark. rye. Salt'ish. the state of being sandy. | Rye. to make a noise like the rubbing of dry leaves. {sec). {sacar). Salt'ness. n. from the French the kind of wine now called sherry. n. n. n. salt. of sand. — Saddle. n. n. niter. Rust'ling. pale. a jump. n. ti. n. comes from the Spanish and Sack. n. a kind of grain. v. the Shore. a. — Sail. Rye'bbead. as much as a sack can contain. Sack'ful. — Salt. Salt'er. bread made of n. — Sack. n. back. Band'y. —to Sell. 1 a seat placed on a horse's Sad'dler.thQ sheet by which the wind impels a ship. small particles of stone. n. v. Sail OR. 11. Saltpe'ter. full . a small sack or bag. not tasting of salt. 1 a large bag. Sail'er. a leap. a vessel for holding . I Sigan Sag. n. Syllan Sell. Sail. Sal'lowness. rustles. n. a mineral salt Salt'work. comes from the Latin (saltum). covered with sand. n. Satch'el. a kind of strong grass. somewhat salt. one that Salowig. n. n. n. sells. a substance used for seasoning and for preserving from corruption. Sales'man.

n. D. destroy. Scarp. to speak . Saw. —to Say. Scateran —lb Pour Out 1 | . . without harm or damage. n. a. Scathe. n. a saying a maxim. Note. comes from the A. v. meanly. a. . Shell. j I Scarp'skin. to damage . Scab'by.-?T. Same. n. a. ness. n. Scale — a Shell a Husk. — Sap. the act of dispersing. a. a crust formed over a sore. mean palfry. Saw'pit. n. ad. Scath'less. n. . n. Saw. segan Say. a small shell or crust Scalb'less. v. toothed edge. n. meanness. the outer skin of the Scathian — to Injure ScATH. | a maxim.-S. Scat'ter. . Note. Sceahh Scab. Scale.scow. Scath'ful. a ladder). Scearfe—2. . the last day of the week. one who saws. . I Sap. the hard covering of anyScale. Shab'by. — Saturn's Day. an expression Saw. n. the dish of a balance. n. the vital juice of plants. a.-S. —Sap. . to undermine.—Scale. to climb as by a ladder. Note. I I Secgan. v. dust made by aawing. to see. — . a. Juice. body. many pieces. a pit where wood is sawed. n. saga^ a saw. diseased with scabs. Say'ing. n. v. Seep . | Same'ness. Saga—%A. Shel'ly.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a piece of dress that hangs loose upon the shoulders. Damage. is from the A. a. . Fragment. — Scab. . ragged- Shab'bily. covered with scales. | Sap'ling. to utter in words. a. the state being the same. a. 151 Same— Alike As Well. n. n. n. a cutting instrument with a Saw'yer. the preterit of the verb s«e. Sap'less. Scat'tering. to damage to destroy. {saper). a young plant or tree* Sap'py. wanting sap dry old. Shat'ter. Saw'dust. to n. injurious destructive. separately. abounding with shells. to belu)ld. not different. Shab'biness. to throw loosely about. a cutting instrument. to Disperse. abounding with sap. to break at once into Scat'teredlYjO^. to waste a. to I | . n. comes from the Latin {scala. destitute of scales thing. Sca'ly. . loosely. Saw. comes from the French Sceter-dceg Sat'urday.

a notch. a hole in the deck or side of a'ship. — Scurf. Score. a. n. Shut'tlecock. a utensil for holding coals. .. vile mean n. n. Shal'low. a cork stuck with feathers. a small piece. Scrap'er. conclusion end. / —to Shoot. —School. vilely basely. Dart or Rush. Note.. «. Shut'tle. . . rubbing. n.— Scuttle. n. to rub hard with something Scour'ing. Shout. i). Shot. and reclconed by the number of separated pieces. n. School. Scowl-Eyed — Scowl. ad. to violence. cork. an instrument for scraping. n. to run with affected haste. Aloud. v. . a. n. n. d _!. like scurf. Scrap. 1 | Seam'stress. Hrceman—to Cry Scream.ISd SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. showing the seam. a.•_. to I Scowl. Horne Tookb. Scud. to Cut ./before a gale Shoot. quick. off the surface —to Scrape. a weaver's instrument. cut off the piece or tally containing them. . — Seam. a disease Scur'vily. a shrill. School. n. the act of cleaning by Sculj in Scul-Edged. n.. a great multitude assembled a crowd. n. a place where instruction Scot. a. loose. look angry or sullen. having no seam. and afterwards counted the scores or pieces cut oflf. I | a dry. of pain. Shoal. to rub an edge. Seam'less. reason or motive._. I Screopan Scrape. from sceran n. Score. difficulty or trouble. Shoal. Score. not deep. Sceorfa Scurf. a woman who sews. a frowning look of anger. the act of shooting. v. _. is given. of is little Note. «. —to Sheab a stick . Up'shot. a place where the water depth. Sceol — Shoal. —a Scouring I I . the joining of two edges. make fly with speed or with no sail. | to flee to pass over quickly. n. n. n. . . n. I Sceotan Scud. mealy crust. or mark cut on twenty Note. a driving i. . Seam'y. comes from the Latin {schola). or by scores. Scurf'y. loud cry 1 Scream. when used for twenty. v. . Scour. «. Seafn Seam. when they had made twice ten notches. to contract the brows . vapory clouds driven swiftly by the wind. . n. a shoal or multitude offish. has been well and rationally accounted foi by supposing that our unlearned ancestors. Scut'tle. Scowl. comes from the French (ecou t%Ue\ and Scuttle. Crowd. n. n. Scud 'ding. n. Scour. Scur'vy. scud. to avoid the embarrassments of large numbers. a. 1. from the Latin (scutilla). to cry out shrilly. to utter a loud cry. — — Scur rough. I I by Scrape.

the sea coast. a vibratory motion. the season of sowing. n. full of seed. p. a seat. a^that shocks offensive. a marine quadruped found in cold latitudes. make Sceal — I AM Obliged | . exactly the same. Sea'oirt. «. * Should. opening . regular fixed firm. to decoct in hot Sod'den. adjustment . See'ing.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. . Set'tlement. Sea'board. a. a large seat with a back. n. n. « Shak'ing. Sylf. interest. v. to surround. a. wanting sight. v. Sea'farer. Shock. sight. to place to plant to regulate. . sighd. Set'tee. each other. —to Seethe | . Seothan Seethe. ad. to agitate ter or tremble. poor and miserable looking. a large body of salt water. — ^to Set. to boil . Boil. Seal. Note. «. towards the sea. Self'samb. n. a sailor. Seed. — Sight. Seen. the quality of being selfish. Note. Beset'ting. -to Shake. regarding only one's own a. encircled by the sea. n. a. the edge of the sea. . a. S(B. Seed'ling. n. Sowing. Beset'. a. a kind of dog. a plant just sprung from the seed. Set'tle. ony. an auxiliary verb denoting duty or obligation. habitually attending. n. See. fit to go to sea. wind blowing from the sea. a. Selfishness. n. to fix in any place or way of life Set 'ter. own person. The preterit perfect of see was anciently written sigh. to sit). n. the substance from which new plants spring. Self'ishly. Seed 'time. Out'set. Sight'less. I Ought. v. Seer. a. beginning. soaked and softened in water. seal. Sea'worthy. —to See. a. SceacanShake. 'd. n. . comes from the Latin sedes. one's a. Sea. Shock'ing. — makmg unpressions. beheld observed. Gesiht Saw. n. or Cook. p. v. v. sight vision. n. Sea'coast. se. a Seon . a violent collision. a seaman. n. Self. the preterit of Shall. n. See. Sea'ward. Seal. sawofif did see. 153 slew — Sea. a col- . n. Sight'ly. Set. seo//— Self. a prophet. n. pleasing to the eye. (from sedeo. to perceive by the eye. — Seed— Seed. a stamp for it tie image or figure). comes from the Latin (sigUlum. the sense of seeing. n. Shall. n. n. Seed'y. v. Set. liquor. n. in a selfish manner. Sea'breeze. Settan Set. n. whence sighed. Sight. pp. to to tot. p. a diocese. a number of things suited to . Self'ish.

to make sharp. a thin slice pared oft'. well-formed. Note. Shame. a. Shape'less. n. land bordering on water. Sheath. n. Shire. destitute of regular Shape. a. to throw a shadow over.154 smith's hand-book of etymologt. n. Seafan —to Scrape Shave. v. bashful. — Seearp Sharp. darkness. a person pare close to the surface. Sham. sheltered from light and n. j | to Make Smooth. the chief civil ofl[icer of a Shore. one who shears. shireShare. Sheathe. n. a. having a keen edge or 'V. the under-garment worn by men. pure and unmixed very Shear'er. a. Shad'owy. to shear). a false pretence a fraud. form or figure. to Shave to Divide a Shire. to put into a sheath. to make. Shame'paced. Shear. hungry . to make smooth to cut or Scav'enger. —Shed n. to let fall to pour out. Shade. contracted from ashamed Seyppan—to Form . to a. a figure formed by the Sheath'less. to deviate or turn aside. n. eager. touched with shame. comes from the Dutch (schoor). . clean the streets. . n. to shelter or screen from light or the rays of the sun. v. Note. v. flowing out casting. n. the case or cover of any heat. Shape. a. large scissors. modest. from scer- -a Share . thin. . v. destitute of shame. reeve). Ashamed'. Sher'ifp. employed to . Shed'ding. keenly acutely. point. a. interception of light. a slight covering to shade Shad'ow. face. Shirt. a. ppr. v. Overshad'ow. ti. keenness of edge or . . I Shape'ly. Shears. full of shade. — — — — . Overshade'. a county. to cover so as to cause Shed. Shore. i). Shade. . ad. Sceadan to Diyide to Shade to Cover. Sheer. Shame'less. . fine Sharp'en. to part among two or more. n. . is used in composition in the sense of effusion as hloo^-shed. to clip or cut from the sur- Sheer. point. n. . Scedan to Pour Out to Shed. Shape. or by the exposure of what ought to be concealed. p. . to shorten. a. (from sceran. n. a tricky fellow. the part allotted. Share. Sharp'ness. —Also the superintendence of a share. thing. v. Note. a piece of timber to prop with. to I Create . a. Shed. Scama— Shame. county. Sharp'er. Shame'ful. v. —to Shear . n. n. n. —Sham. Sha'dy. interception of light. Shav'ing. . — Sharp Sharp'ly. a. the emotion excited by the consciousness of guilt. to form . Scead Shade. {seir-gerefii. to mould n. «. Sharp'set. n. form. a. Seed a Shade. Shirt comes from scirtan. Sceran Note. having no sheath. n. disgraceful.

a modest. Scyld Shield. Seinan Shine. n. Barclay.— ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. 155 Sceaf—a Sheaf Bheaf. glittering. Sheaf. . saildan. visiting shops to buy. Scyte Sheet. Seip Ship. n. Shi'ny. ppr. . p. — sail. . . slope. act of changing. v. «. —to Divide . a. NoTB. Sceoppa — a Treasury . p. . — to Shine. Shelv'ing. n. Shel'ter. a. Shel'terless. . to cover to protect. cloth for making I Note. to change place to move. . —to Cover . to | Verge to Decline. or dignity . n. Sheen. Sheep'ishly. a rope listened to the lower comers of a French {eccnde). n. a | a bundle of stalks. preteand past participle shielt. the wheel in the block of a pulley. d^iotes state. to make sheaves. friendship. comes from the Scylfe — Shelf. Shep'herd. a. a large vessel for sailing. brightness splendor. n. to glitter. Shin'ing. — Sheep. Sheaf (sometimes called Sheave). Shep'herd's-crook. a shelf) Shop. v. splendid. a Storehouse j . — Ship. the act of loading a I Ship'wreck. . SHEET'mG. n. n. diffident look. rit Shel'ter. Ship'ping. the destruction of a ship. build. n. — Sheet. • Note. bright Sheen. to . like feel. —Ship. n. destitute of shelter. — Seep Sheep. Shipt'less. n. a. . n. an animal. to be bright a. Shep'herdess. 1 n. Scyldan . a place where tjiings are sold. ships collectively.. I Sceone | —Beautiful. . bashfully. n.-S. Seyftan Shift. Note. — Shield. (But. bright bright splendid. to protect. tion. a board fixed on supporters Shelve. Shift'ing. sheets. as. Shelter is formed from to shield^ A. ad. comes from the Dutch (schij). office. destitute of energy. n. I Ship'ment. I Shelf. to Protect. I I . a. like a sheep bashful. defence shelter proteca. n. a cover a protection. Sheep'ish. hyrde. I . as a termination. ship. Sheet. Shop'ping. Bundle of Cobn. sloping inclining. v. to place on shelves for holding anything. one who tends sheep. n. felt. built. Sheeps' eye. a female who tends sheep. schap. to cover. n. a broad piece of linen or cotton cloth. . v. — . an implement to secure a sheep by the legs without disturbing the flock.

artful. v. having the with shoes. Note. . Shrimp'net. Shove. n. Scort — Short. . when boiled. Shod. ously. to make short. not long in time or space. —Shower op Rain I I . n. Shup'fle. v. is —Casket. Shoe'less. a small crustaceous animal. Shroud. a. Enshrine'. Shrink. n. ropes extending from the masts to the sides of a ship. to push or press along. cid. Shrew'ishness. splendid gay. to throw into disorder. Short'nesb. a strip. mischiev- Shrewd. a spectacle. 'v. I n. Short'ly. a. n. —Shrimps. one who makes shoes. feet covered Shoe'maker. dead. a. I | Shoht. . Sceawian —to Look Show. less Shrimp. quickly. v. in a showy manner. . petulance. a fall of rain of short Show'ery. soon. I Syrwan—to Ensnare Shrew. I I a case in which something deposited. n. —to Cut Off. the quality of being short. Scrincan — Shrink . duration. Show. sly cunning. to contract itself Shrink'age. v. I Shred. a. contraction into a compass. a. the dress of the Shrouds. Scrtid — Clothing I . to cut into pieces narrow and long. brawling wo. I or See . n. to preserve as sacred. sly cunning . Shaft. to Entrap. destitute of shoes. Shrewd'ness. contract or draw together in a roundish shape. n.156 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. to present to view. a Storm. a covering for the foot. I | Shoe^ n. to View. ad. an instrument with a handle and broad scoop. Shov'el. Scufafif sceofan— to Shove Thrust . cunningly . anything straight. Shrew'ish. Serin Shrine. pp. raining in showers. v. sacred n. ad. Shrewd'ly. Chest. a net for catching shrimps. n. Cast . n. n. Shroud. Put. Sceo — Shoe. Scur Show'er. n. to Contract. . man. n. v. a peevish. Screadian Shred. Short'en. peevish petulant. to Wither . a cover . a. I Show'y. a fragment . Show'ily. n. n.

a vessel with a bottom of net work. and sugar. v. Syn— Sin. a fine. the state of Sick'en. a Groan. sylfor Sil'ver. | a bush . I Sigh'ing. to go side foremost. Sin'ew. Sil'liness. n. n. . ad. on one side. soft thread spun by Silk'en. n. Since. a. audible emission Sigh. a. Note. Sieve. stt-ength. Sick. powerful. — Side. weakness. because that. weak in intellect . . Side'ways. n. n. n. foolish. 157 — Shrub. n.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Sin. wicked. n. not healthy. Side'long. Silk'iness. guilty of sin . ad. Sin'ful. SitJi —After • | . I Sel'ly. like silver. Siftan—to I Sift. Sick'ness. n. Sick'liness. soft tender. I Sife. Seoc — Sick. folly. v. acid. comes from the Ara- bic (sharab). a. I I . n. I Si'dle. disease. a. Silk. a plantation of shrubs. | — Silver. I | Sin'less. a small tree. the broad and long part of a thing. a. to separate by a sieve. breath. v. a. to inhale and expire a long breath audibly. or become sick. n. Sil'very. being Sick'ly. on the side. ad. Since. I Siccet—a Sigh . | Sin'ewy. a tendon . Sift. a.?i. Sin'ner. a. from the time that. sickly. —Shrub. free from sin. made of silk. strong . and thcenne —Then. a liquor composed of spirits. v. conj. Silk'y. harmless I Seolfer. Shrub'bery. softness smoothness. one guilty of sin. a precious metal. a violation of the Divine law. somewhat sick. Scelif/ — Happy. to make. the silk-worm. Side Side. afficted with disease. Sick'ish. Scroh Shrub. of Seolc—BiLK. I Sican —to Sigh. n. n. a. SitJithan. Sinu — Sinew. a.

158

SMITH'S

HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.
Sifigan

—to Seng.

Sing,

Sing'er, n. one who sings. Sing'song, a. bad intonation. Singling, n. the utterance of melo- Song, n. that which is sung. Song'ster, n. one that sings. dious sounds. Song'stress, n. a female smger.
v.

to modulate the voice to

melody.

Sink,

to fall substance.
id.

Sincan down through any

—to Sink.
I I

Sink, n. a drain, Sink'ing, j9;?r. a. falling; declining.
Sip.

Sipan
Sip,
v.

—to
|

to drink in small quantities.

Sip'pet, n. a small sop.

Swuster
Sis'ter, n. a female parents.

— Sister.
Sis'terhood,

bom

of the same

I

I

SisVerly,

a.

n. a society of females, like a sister.

Sittan
Sit,
v.

—to Sit.
I

to rest on the lower part of

Sit'ting, n. the act of resting
seat.
flat fish.
(schaats.)

on a

the body.

I

Skate,
Note.

n.

sceadda, a
ice,

—Skate, a shoe for sliding on the
Scylan

comes from the Dutch

^to

Distinguish

;

to

Separate

;

to Scale.
;

Skill, n. familiar knowledge of any art or science. Skill'ful, a. knowing; dexterous. Skill'fully, ad. with skill.

Skilled, a. knowing dexterous, Slate, n. a kind of stone which readily splits into plates.

Slaty,

a.

resembling slate

Scin
Skin,
n.

— Skin.
I

the natural covering of the

flesh.

I

Skin'ner, n. one who skins, Skin'ny, a. wanting flesh.
;

Skin'deep,

a. slight

superficial.

Scitan
Skit'tish,
a. easily

—to Throw Out
;
]

;

Skittish.

frightened timid.

Skit'tishly, ad. shyly.

Sleac,
;

slaw
;

— Slow

;

Idle

;

Lazy

;

Remiss.

Slack, a. loose not hard drawn. Slack'en, «. to loosen to relax. Slack'ly, ad. loosely remissly. Slack'ness, n. looseness. Slouch, n. a lazy, idle fellow. Slouch, v. to have a downcast clown
;

ish look.

Slow'ness, n. want of speed. Sloth, n. slowness laziness. Sloth'ful, a. lazy sluggish. Slug, n. a piece of metal shot from a gun. Slug, n. a slow, lazy, sleepy fellow. Slug'gard, n. a slow, lazy person.
;

;

Slow,

a. not swift not ready. Slow'ly, ad. not speedily.
;

Slug'gish, a. lazy dull slow. Slug'gishly, ad. lazily slowly.
;

;

;

ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.
Slaughter, from slaught, past
Slaugh'ter,
violence.
n.

«

159

part, of

destruction of
a.

life

by

Slay'er,

slean—to Slat to Beat. n. one who slays.
;

Slaugh'terous,
Slay,

destructive

;

mur-

derous. v. to put to death

Sledge, n. a large, heavy hammer. Sleet, n. sliht, a fall of hail or snow with rain.
Sleet'y,
a.

;

to kill.

consisting of sleet.
loads,
is

Note.
{slede.)

—Sledge, a vehicle with low wheels for conveying
Sliht, past participle of A.-S.
slean.

from the Dutch

Slith—SMOOTU
Sleek, a. smooth glassy. Sleek'ly, ad. smoothly softly. Sleek'ness, n. smoothness. Slick, a. smooth slippery glossy.
; ; ; ;
I

;

Slippery.
trick.

Sleight, n. an artful or adroit Sly, a. meanly artful crafty. Sly'ly, ad. with secret artifice.
;
;

I

Sly'ness,

n. artful secrecy.

Slapan— to
Sleep,
sion
v.

Sleep.

to take rest by the suspenSleep'lng, n. the state of being at rest. of the bodily and mental Sleep'less, a. having no sleep. Sleep'y, a. disposed to sleep. powers. Sleep'er, n. one who sleeps, Sleep'ily, ad. drowsily lazily. Sleep'iness, n. inclination to sleep.
;

Slyf—a Sleeve.

Slefan
|

— to Clothe
Sleeve'less,
to Slice.

;

to
a.

Cover.
sleeves,

Sleeve, n. the part of a garment which covers the arm.

having no

Slitan
Slice,
v.

—to Slit
thin
I

;

to cut into

broad,

pieces.

|

Slic'er, n. one who slices, Slit, v. to cut lengthwise.

Slidan

—to Slide.
Slide,
to move along v. stepping. Slid'ing, p. a. gliding.

Sled, n. a carriage with runners used on snow. Sleigh, n. a carriage with runners used on snow.

without

Slim
Slime,
n. moist,

— Slime.
|

adhesive earth.

Slim'y,

a.

consisting of slime.

Slingan— to
Sling, n. an instrument for throwing
stones.
1 I

Sling.
v.

Sling,

to

throw

;

to

hurL

Slipan
to slide; to glide. #Lip'pER, n. a loose kind of
v.

—to Slip.
I

Slip,

sho*

Slab,

n.

Slip'pery, a. smooth, like ice. Slip'knot, n. a knot easily untied. a plane or table of stone.
^
I

Slumerian—to Slumber.
Slum'ber,
v.

to sleep ifghtly.

|

Slum'bering,

n. state

of repose.

;

1^0

,

SMITH'S

HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.
Slog

— Slough.
I

Slough, n. a place of deep mud. Slough'y, a. miry muddy.
;

Sludge,
Sludg'y,

n.
a.

mire

;

mud.

|

miry.

Sniceccan
Smack, v. to kiss with a sharp noise to have a taste. Smack, n. a loud kiss a quick, smart
;

—to Taste.
Smat'ter,
v.

to talk with but little

knowledge of the subject. Smattering, n. suj^erficial knowledcje.

blow.

Note.

—Smack, a fishing-vessel, comes from the Dutch (smak schip.)
/S»wt<TB?— Small
;

Thin; Slender.
|

Small,

a. little

;

minute

petty. Small'ish, a. somewhat small. Small 'ness, n. state of being small.
;

Smeortan —to
Smart,
v.

Smart.
;

to feel sharp pain.

Smart'ness,

n.

Smart'ly, ad. sharply quickness briskness.
|

briskly.

;

Smyrian, smere —Fat; Grease.
Smear,
«.

to overspread with any|

Besmear',
I

«).

to

bedaub

;

to

soil,

thing unctuous.

Smitan —to Strike
Smite, v. to give a blow to. Smi'ter, n. one who smites. Smith'craft,
I I

;

to

Smite
n.

;

to

Dash.

Smith,

any one who strikes or smites with a hammer.
the art of a smith.

n. {crceft,)

Sfneoc
Smoke,
the visible matter which emitted by burning substances.
n.
is

— Smoke.
I
|

Smok'y,

a.

Smok'er, n. one who smokes. Smoke'less, a. having no smoke. emitting smoke.

Smethe — Smooth.
Smooth, a. even on the surface. Smooth'er, n. one who smooths.
1

(

Smooth'ly, ad. not roughly. Smooth'ness, n. evenness of surface.

Smoran—to
Smoth'br,
ing
air.
v.

Suffocate.

to suffocate

by excluda.

Smoul'dering,

Smoul'der, v. to bum and smoke without flame or vent. burning and smoking without vent.
I |

Smugan—to
Smug'glb,
lawfully.
v.

Creep.
n.

to import or export un-

I

Smug'gler,

one

who

smuggles,

I

Sncegel
Snail, n. a slimy, slow creeping reptile.

— Snail.
|

Snail'like, ad. as a snail

;

very slow.

;

ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.

161

Smitta
Smut,
coal.
n.

— Smut.
Smut'ty,
scene.
a.

a spot

made with
Smutch,

soot or

black with smoke; ob-

Smut,

n.

obscene language.
v.

Besmut, v. to soil with soot or smoke. to blacken with smoke.
to

Snican — to Move Softly
Sneak,
v.

;

Sneak

;

to

Creep.

to
a.

privately.

Sneak'ing, Snug'ness,

n.

Snug, «. to lie close, as in bed. Snug'gle, v. to lie close and warm. servile mean. Snug'ly, ad. closely. state of being snug. Snake, n. a kind of serpent. Snak'y, a. like a snake
creep
or steal
;

away

Snora
Snore,
v.

—a Snoring.
I

Snort, v. to blow through the noae the nose in sleep. so as to utter a strong sound. Snort'ing, n. the act of blowing through the nose.
to breathe audibly through
I

Note.
{snoer,

Snore, a string or cord with which a boy spins a top comes from the Dutch a string or cord.)

Snaw— Snow.
Snow,
n.

frozen vapor which falls in

I

white

flakes.

I

Snow'drop,

71.

Snow'y, a. white like snow, Snow'ball, n. a round lump of snow. an early flower.

Seohgend — Complaining.
Sob,
t).

to sigh with convulsion.

I

I

Sob'bing, p. a. sighing with a heaving of the breast.

Seft

— Soft;

Meld; Quiet.
Soft'ness, n. the quality of being soft; mildness.

Soft, a. easily yielding to pressure. Soft'en, v. to make or grow soft. Soft'ly, ad. gently mildly.
;

Selan
Soil,
v.

to Soil

;

Smear
|

or Stain.

to

make

dirty

;

to stain.

Soll'ing, n. the act of one

who

soila

Note.

—Soil, the ground, earth, land, comes from the Latin {solunu)
Sol

— a Sole or Sandal.
|

Sole,

n.

the bottom of the foot.
single
;

Sole,

n.

a

flat fish.

Note.—Sole,

only

;

comes from the Latin

(solus.)

Sum — Some.
Some, a. noting a quantity of § thing but indeterminate. Some'body, n. a person unknown. Some'how, ad. in some way not yet known.
Some'thing, n. a portion more or less. Some'time, ad. at one time or other.

Some'what, ad. more or less. Some'where, ad, in some place or
other.

162

SMITH'S

HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.
Soth—SooTB.; Teuth.

Sooth,

n.

truth

•,

reality.

|

Sooth'say,
n.

v.

to foretell.

Sooth'sayer,

a foreteller.
to

Gesothian
Soothe,
flatter.
v.

—to Flatter
;

;

Assert

;

to

Soothe.
flattery,

to calm

;

to mollify

to

|

Sooth'ingly, ad. with

Sar, sorg
n.

—Pain

;

Care.
a.

a tender and painful place. Sore, Sore'ly, ad. with great pain. Sore'ness, n. the state of being sore. Sor'row, n. pain of mind grief.
;

Sor'rowful,
Sor'ey,
a.

mournful

;

sad.

grieved for the loss of
;

some good; mean; worthless.
Sor'rily, ad. meanly wretchedly.

Sot—SoT.
Sot, n. a habitual drunkard.
|

Sot'tish,

a.

drunken

;

stupid

;

dull.

Sawl—Life;
Soul,
n.

Soul.
a.

the immortal spirit of man.

1

Soul 'less,

without soul

;

mean.

Sund—Healthy.
Sound,
a.

whole

;

healthy.

|

Sound'ly, ad. heartily
health
a
;

;

rightly.

Sound'ness,

n.

truth.

Sund—
Note.—Sound, anything

Si

Swimming
I I

;

Shallow
a.

Sea.
that cannot be fath-

Sound, n. a strait, or a part of the sea between two headlands.
audible
;

Sound'less,

omed.
;

a noise

comes from the Latin

(sono.)

Sur— Sour.
Sour, a. acid; tart; harsh. Sour'ish, a. somewhat sour.

Surelice
its

— Surly.
named from
morose
;

Sor'rel,
Sur'ly,
civil.

n. a plant, so acid taste.
a.

Sour'ly, ad. with acidity. Sour'ness, n. acidity; harshness of temper. Sur'liness, Note.

gloomily

;

un-

n.

Sur'lily, ad. in a surly manner. moroseness.

—Sobbel, a yellowish brown color, comes from the French (saure.)
Suth—SovTH.
n.
j

SoFTH,

the point in which the sun is at noon to the inhabitants of the northern parts of the earth.

South'erly,
south.

a.

lying towards

the

i

South'ward,

ad.

South'ern, a. belonging to the south. towards the south.
I

Span, spannan
Span,
the
n.

—to Measure
Span,

;

to
v.

Clasp

;

to Join.

the space from the end of to the end of the little .finger extended; nine inches; a brief period.

to

measure by the hand exn.

thumb

tended.

Span'ner,

that which spans.

;;

ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.

163

Sparran — to Bar
Spar,
a crystallized
v.

;

to

Stop

;

to

Hinder.
;

to dispute

;

to fight with prelusive strokes
etc.,

to box.

Note. —Spar, a mast, boom,

comes from the Dutch mineral, from the Dutch (spaath.)

{spar, a rafter,)

and Spar,

Spartan— to
Spare,
v.

Spare.

to use

frugally

;

to

do

I

without.

I

Sparing'ly,

ad. frugally, n. leanness. ad. frugally.

Spare 'ly,

Spare'ness,

Spearca
Spark, n. a small particle of fire. Spar'kle, n. a particle of fire. Spar'kle, v. to emit sparks to shine. Spark'lbr, n. one that sparkles.
;
i
I

— Spark.
Spark'ling, a. glittering Spark'lingly, ad. with
lustre.
;

lively.

twinkling

I

1

Sprcecan
Speak,
v.

— to Speak.
Speech, n. the power of expressing thoughts by words. Speech'less, a. deprived of speech

to

express thoughts

by

words.

Speak'able, a. that may be spoken. Speak'er, n. one who speaks. Speak'ing> n. the act of expressing
in words.

dumb.
Spoke,
v.

Spokesman,
to

did speak. n. one

who

speaks for

Bespeak',

v.

speak for beforehand another. Spo'ken, ppr. expressed thoughts.
of the bars of a wheel which extend from the

Note.—Spoke, one
comes from the

hub

to the rim,

A.-S. (spaca.)

Specca
Speck,
n.

— Speck.
|

a small spot

;

v.

to spot.

Spec'kle,
;

v.

to

mark with

small spots.

Spedan
Speed,
ness.
v.

—to Speed

to

Prosper.

to
a.

make
;

haste; n. quick
swift.

Speed 'iLY, ad. quickly. Speed 'iNESS, n. the quality of being
speedy.

Speed'y,

quick

Spell
Spell, n. a words.

—History:
of
n.
I

Speech; Tidings.
Spell 'bound,
ence.
a.

charm

consisting

under magic

influ-

1

Spell'-land,

enchanted land.

Spell, n. a turn or time

Spelian turn of work
;

— to Take Another's Place.
;

a short

I

Spell,

season.

I

t>. to relieve by taking a turn at a piece of work.

Spcetan
Spit, v. to eject from the mou^. Spit, n. what is ejected from

—to Throw Out.
Spit'tle,
n.

moisture of the mouth

the
v.

saliva.

mouth.
Bespat'ter,

Spat'ter, v. to sprinkle with dirt. to spot over with dirt.
is

Note.—Spit,

a long frou prong on which meat

roasted,

comes from

A,-S. (xpiter.'

an made for beating and cooking. n. ground Spring. n being dropped. to form words with their proper letters. n. I Sprit. . is iron box in which fire fi-om the A. a. . Squajul.) . n. — to Spin. as much as a spoon can I Sprcedan Spread. wooa. n. — a Spear. the act of extending.. n. comes . n. «. n. n. . Spoil — a Chip. narrow piece of Stave. a stick used in walking. to waste. re. to break in pieces. 164 smith's hand-book of etymology. v. n. a prodigal a lavisher. Stick. I Spell. n. the season when plants begin to grow a fountain. Spend'ing. a utensil with a concave part for dipping liquids. a small quantity SCat- I Spreof Sprit. Spi'der. a small boom used with some sails. . v. pp)\ broken in as a boat or barrel.— Stove. * slender legs. an i unmarried woman. the act of laying out. n. having long. to leap to rise out of the to jump. elasticity. (stoja^ a stove a bath. stalk. v. Spring'iness. | Spread'ing. n. n. — [ Consume. one who spins. to Gyllan Squall. Wail'ing. Sjyinnan Spin. v. a woman who spins Spin'dle-legged.-d. . a. a thin. 7i. Spoon'ful. —to Spread. Spring an — to Spring. I Spoon. the pin on which the thread is formed a long. Staef—a Staff. to scatter in drops. Spring. slender . to Spendan Spend. Spellian — to Narkate. tered. Spend'thrift. — I | Yell. ti. so named.* n. id. I Sprit '-sail. Spell 'ing-book. «. violent storm. from spinning his web. elastic. a short. to scream violently. n.. I Sprink'ling. Wail. n. . n. audible sorrow. Stave. Bewail'. Sprengan —to Sprin'kle. to lay out . KoTE. Sprinkle. to lament. v. hold. Spring'y. #d grieve audibly for. Spin'dle. an insect From Spin. a book for teach- | ing orthography. to extend in all directions. Stove. a sail extended by means of a sprit. n. Spin'ster. Spin'ner. to draw out and twist into threads to protract to move rapidly round.

to guide. a. Standan—to Stand. {stearra. Stair. a Stable. 71. a quick spring. n. Star. settled. old long kept. a. Stir . a. from the A. n. Stage. to Move . a. a. a raised floor the theatre a degree of advance. n. Stace. is a bench or frame of shelves open air. (stU/elf) a set of steps for passing a fence or wall. the hind part of a boat|. n. of a ship. n. — a Prop . linen. a Stake Set in the Ground. Stalf steal . n. the hind part of a ship where the rudder is placed. stiffened Stark. a young bullock. n. to walk with and Stalk'ing-horse. {steor . Stapel cipal commodity. or Warily. Stir. Stfer. • a substance used to stiffen . having no light of stars. | Stake. v. n.from the A. the stem of a plant. 165 an—to Go . Stall'fed. lighted by the stars. n. to put into brisk action. a series or flight of steps. Note. I Stiff. n. n. abounding with s|^rs. to direct.) and Steer. Steer'age. {styran. —Rigid. {starian. chief. . Start'ing. on which anything exposed for sale. Styran—to Start. severe of countenance. a. to stir. —to Stalk lofty . a rule or measure. a. lasting. n. n. in the heavens. to Mount. n. to move suddenly . a crib for a horse or an ox. the state of being stale. n. —Steer. comes from the A. Stairs. a step by which we ascend..-S.-a Column. Stile. to take beforehand. a public coach. Stale'ness. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a stick fixed in the ground. to move to agitate. Forestall'. Star'tle. ad. to stare) and Stebk. to Ascend . a loop of metal a prin- Sta fle. to alarm. Stalk'less. n. Stale. Stern. v. v. in the Stwlcan Stalk. . I having no stem. Stage'-coach. . completely precise. v. to alarm to fright. principaL Stearc Starch. a pre- proud steps. to direct to guide. an apartment in a ship.) a luminous body . Stalk.-S. —a Place a Stand n. a halt.-S. n. to move). . to Steer. . an ensign of war . . a masK . StmgeVf stiff . v. the right hand side . Bestir'. v. Star'less. stician Stake. wholly. Star'ry. n. Star 'light. | Starched. Start. comes from the A. a. Stand. fed in a stall. that which is put at hazard. v. to steer). Stand'ard. to be upon the feet in an erect position. Stern. | Sta'ple. . Stall. to I Go Softly tence. n. Star'board. Stand 'iNG.-S. t?. a station . I Stcelff. Stand. —to Stick. the act of moving suddenly. n. {styran^ to stir. a. Stall.

a Part. Stal 'worth. ad. worth stealing. who staves. n. and rap. place a. eyes. . v. Stead 'fast. is — to Deprive riage. .— Steep. marriage. one who stares.) Stikrup. . Note. to imbue. n. n. Starian —to Stabe. Starve. secret act. silent to quiet. an obstinate contender. to take by theft. — a Step .— Stickle. a vessel for distillation. motionless. Stic'kle.166 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Steak. small piece of wood. Stick. theft . to walk to move the foot gravely. Steep. Stead'y. n. severely. Steorfan —to Die | . a Going. n. v. . a long. Stead. to Bereave. {styrne. to interpose occasionally. . n. Sticce — a Piece n.— Still. Stitvard from Icel. Steep Step. (stige rapa.) severe of counter nance harsh. Stew'ard. a father by marriage. n.) stout . Step'child. a.) The first stirrups appear to have been ropes. firmness. n. Stern. Sticca —a Stick. Stla—Won^ the I and weard—a Guard n. the office of a stew- of another. a son by marriage. I Stealth. x. affairs n. . Steele Starva'tion. to soak. from the practice of prize-fighters. a. calmness . Stir'rup. from stigan. a child by marriage only. a mother by mar- Step'father. placed seconds with Stillan Still. a daughter by Step'mother. | Note. to Perish. n. («fcei^-««?corf7A. a. •». Stead'iness. a slice of meat for broiling or frying. comes from the Latin {stiUo. Steop from steopan Step. . a prefix denoting relationship arising out of orphanage. | strong . the act of starving. room. from A. I to make . constant.) . to step or ascend. Stic'kler. —Place. —to Still. n. n. n. n. or sticks. Note. to kill with hunger or cold. silence. or Keeper. —to Steal. constancy. fast in place . Step 'daughter. firm fixed constant. one who manages Stew'ardship. his foot. ard. «. rising or descending with great inclination. Stelan Steal.-S. a rope. Stead 'iLY. with steadiness. . to contend to contest. Stern'ly. robust. v to look with fixed Star'er. firm . Still. I I Stare. Step 'son. . a. . comes from the German (stippen. hoop in a step rope a kind of which a horseman rests . silent Still'ness. n.

Straight 'forth. v. ad. an inclination forward. plenty. | to emit an oflFensive smell. Straight'ness. Stick. n. of stones. —to Stink. . v. Stupian Stoop. having no sting. —to I Sting. n. to extend. to supply to fill. the Stem of a Tree. in a right line. to make stra^ht. to make or grow I stiff. ad. rigidly stubbornly. Storm. Store. not easily bent. w. . to stab. I Stoc Stock. . adhesive glutinous. Stockade'. i Straightaway. limits. — Stone.— Stoop. Stingan Sting. | Note. Styrman— to I Assail a. Sting'less. v. Stick'y. n. inflexibility. to lay up. v. stone. full earthy matter condensed state. Rigid. n. and Sroor. n.. Stretch. to descend. to cleave or adhere. v. into a stony. anything which gives pain. Straight. v. Stintan Stint. a. v. Stiff'en. . perfectly blind. —to Stop. I to restrain within certain Stunt. . to draw out. . Stiff'ness. I bend or lean forward . Stone'blind. immediately. — a Place . 71. an inclosure. n. to hinder from growth. a. (stoppa. the steps of a door. from the A. a public road or place. not crooked direct. tempestuous. to pierce or sharp point. comes from the Dutch (sto^. Street. . Stench. to stram. v. Stieian ^TiCK. 71. i6T —to Stick. Straight'en. a. n. aliiiosphere. Stock. Vast. the quality of being a. ad. n. wound with a I Steng. a bad smell. v. a step. hard Stone'work. a. ad» directly. 1 From Streccan —to Stretch. I StraCf strcec — Straight . Stan Stone. cage n. — Great j . Ston'y. Straight'ly. state of being straight. a violent commotion of the Storm'y. to Stoop. Stiff. n. v.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DEKIVATIVES. V. work consisting of Ston'iness. /Sfi/— Stiff. to Storm — Storm. .) Stor Store. (strfPt^) a way between two rows of houses .-S. a drinkiug-vessel. a large quantity . 1 Stiff'ly. a. | to pierce . Stincan Stink. —to Stoop. I | the body of a plant a linshares of a public debt. «. Rage.

Strbngth'en. vigo . string. —Strung is the past participle of the verb to string. a pennon.^. sudden efiect of fdcible contact. n. to be dispersed. . u. Direction I Course. —a Line . n. to to Disperse. v. n. n. Sucan—to Suck. ad. n. having strings. wander . to pull or tear ofi". Stub'born. . Astray'. firmly. a youth a lad. mark Styh of Strip.. n. a. n. Suck'le. poweriul firm Strength'less. a current of w^ater or I Stream'er. to im- Strik'er. ad. to hit with force . Strok'ing. n. Stroke. a. Stijb'by. a long.. Stub. v. consisting of threads. Strong 'ly. n. short up and . Stub. . surprising strong. a. the stalk or stem of grain. the act of sucking. n. Sinew. or mark of a dif- Streak'y. to rub gently with the hand. a stream. Stri'ped. Stringed. v. Line. narrow piece. having no strings. | Straw. a. Straw 'y. to rove Strag'gler. . Streng — String.ous. one that strikes. the stump of a tree. n. Stroke. n. String'y. n. a small stream. Stray. — " A strong man is a man well strung. to make or grow Strung. v. press. left the stumps of wheat to force toes against. hard to be moved . Spread. a blow a sound. Stream 'let. n. —to . placed on a wanting strength. to draw with the mouth. ob- Stub'bornly. out of the right way. a young child or ani mal. with strength.^^ Bestrypan—to Strip. to strike the in the ground. Astrican Strike. a. . String. the act of rubbing . a. stinate. firmness. Streow — Straw. a. Stream'y. a. n. n. STR^NviTH. Stub'ble. v. Strip'ling. Cord. n. n. or color. . any thing that sucks. ferent color a stripe. or steh — Stub. one that straggles. to stray about. v. etc. a. — to Strike. to wander away. Stroll. Strik'ing. n. Note. Strong. band. Suck'er. force. like n. a. a. Suck. having stripes. a line. like straw. gently. I Stream — Stream. String'less. strong. ad. striped. Strica Streak. a line . Stripe. v. Stream. an ensign other fluid. Suck'ling. a.168 SMiril'8 HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. strong. pp. to nurse at the breast. Straegan Strag'gle. Stroke. a small rope or cord. v. Strip. Suc'tion. obstinately.

several more than one. v. Swag'gerer. the state of being Sud'denly. sullen . v. a ray of the sun. n. close of the day. hot and close . « I with water as a boa! low. swole Sul'tky. to a. Sweart— Swart. Swef/an Swaq'qer. Swarth'y. vide. to confine. . n. to bind . | Sup'per. sudden. to di- I I Sun'dry. wanting sun. moderately ^lack. a. Asun'der. a. Sun DAY. a. n. n. morose. binding in tight clothes. n. without notice. n. Sun'rise. several things. the state of being sultry. a. to sever . aSo^cw— Sudden. wet I Swamp. Sundrian. Sun 'set. a. n. . Solcen Sul'ky. Sup'perlebs. soft. a. a. 169 happening without pre- vious notice. Swart. a turbulent fellow. Swam —a Fungus or Mushroom. Sivmthe I — a Track n. ing. syndrian — to Sunder. —Heat. a Path. to bind . —to Sound or Rattle. dark of complexion. — Sulky. Sup. Swath. clothes. Swolath. the evening meal. Sud'den. Supafi Sup. discolored by the sun. v. fill . n. n. ad. v. Sun'less. a band a fillet. a. Swamp. a. n. Sun'beam. Sun'dries. to discolor by the sun.. n. Sun'ny. Sun'dried. an instrament which shows the hour by a shadow on a plate. the first day of the week Sun. n. silent sullenness. Sun'burnt. Swamp'y. v. sour . | to bluster . Sun'burn. without supper. Sun'shine. '0. ppr. I Sunne— Sun. dried in the rays of the Sun'light. I to take or drink by mouthfuls. to part . damp. — to Sup. n. Sun'der. the light and heat of the sun. exposed to the sun. sun. ad. spongy land . Sulk'iness. tight with Swathe. | Slothful. n. even- the Sabbath. Sud'denness. apart separately. | down a line of grass or grain cut by a mower. light Sun'dial. n. ground. the luminary which gives and heat to the planets. Swathe. Swad'dling. to eat the evening meal. a. a. warm and I Sul'triness. . wet and spongy. n. Swethel Swad'dle. ®. anglo-saxon roots and derivatives. . the light of the sun. to bully. — to Swaddle. morning. v.

Sweep. Swift. Swimman—to Swnf . Sweet. Swine. things swept away. to to sweat profusely. Hweorfan —to Turn Swerve. — ^to Turn . . to wave in the to I Swat. Die . ate. v. tress. to make or grow sweet. speed. Sweet'brier. Swim'minglt. | . n. v. to fall on at once and seize. covered with sweat. to swoon to swelter. ad. a. ad. n. | swiltan —to «?. gross . a. n. issues I Sweat't. increase a morbid tumor. n. n. n. quickness. the moisture which from the skin. Swel'ter. .170 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Swipt'lt. power rule. Swim. ad. to grow larger. in a sweet manner. Swell'ing. Swab'bing. smoothly . —to Swear. a ring which turns upot< a staple. Wcege Swat. Swellan — to Swell. Sweat. . . Swoop. hand . ^. . v. . v. n. the quality of being a fragrant shrub. Sweet'lt. deviation from rule oi I Swiftf from swifan . somewhat sweet. | Swin'ish. to turn aside . Swet — Sweet. Swapan—to Sweep. to Perish. a pig. Sweet'en. v. V. Swift'ness. Swell. fruit preserved with sugar. n. to Whirl Round. cleaning with a mop. a. moving rapidly quick. Warp. brutal. Forswear'. a. v. —to Swelt. like swine . sweet. . Wceg >i. to float Swim'ming. n. | to utter an oath. | Swin—SwmB. Sweet'ness. Gothic. act of floating. n. Swell. a billow. to devi- I Swerv'ing. d. a hog. Sweet'meat. n. I Swerian Swear. n. agreeable to the taste or smell pleasing to any sense. Sweet'ish. 1). to be dizzy. staked. ppr. —a Wave. n. Swat— Sweat. Swiv'el. to brush with a broom carry off with a long stroke. the whole money SwEEp'iNGS. duty. a kind of mop. govern. to swear falsely. with great success. rapidly quickly. . Sweltan Swelt. n. n. —a Pair op Scales. to Sweep'stakes. Swab.

to receive what . officiously Tattle. to drink grossly or greedily. a bird. Tatn Tame. n. n. Swurd— Sword. n. v. | Tack. Talkative. a. comes from the French (taper. a. n. an idle talker. n. ^to Broach. wild untamable. n. Tacan —to Take. v. v. Tale Tale. to change the course of a ship. —Tame. Tak'ingness. I Swords'man. (swalewe^) Swengan^-to Swing. a. a small wax candle. to use many words with little meaning. | . a. — to Teach. Talk'ing. one who gives information Talk'er. one who talks. n. one who draws liquor. one who Tell'tale. liquid food for swine. v. v. to faint . tells tales. Tat'tler. one who teaches. n. Tale'bearer. to join. n. v. I . Swill. . the act of fainting. n. a small nail. to pierce a cask. To. Sword. a warlike weapon. to fasten . . Swal'low. Tale'teller. Tame'able. comes from the A. v. a. v.) Taper— Taper. n.-^wALLOw. tells tales. a sword. n. . Tame'less. | Swoon'ing.— Tack. to impart knowledge. —Reproach . comes from the Danish (takke. —Tap. Swoon. v. NoTB. the principal stem of a root.) Tcecan Take. to strike a very gentle blow. Tellan —to Tell. «^ Ta'ppr. to grow smaller towards the end. | Ta'per. v. the quality of being tame. to strike. forI Swing'ing. TeaCh'able. that may be tamed. to Perish . to utter to express in words. «.-S. a Reckoning. to take down the throat. I Tame'ness. swylgan —to SwAiiLow | . . a. v. . Tap'ster. «j. Tame'ly. n. Note. given to talk. not wild subdued. ad. Talk. that may be taught. Tap'root. a fainting fit. n. n. to move backward and ward. Teach 'er.AKGL0-8AX0N ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Twppan— Tap. quality of pleasing. Tak'ing. n. aca narrative count number reckoned. I Aswafian— to Languish Swoon. one who officiously a story Tell. Note. . not wildly meanly. . a. Swing. Teach. | as a Cask. . to speak to converse. one who fights with I To-eacan —to Add Tack. Il\ Swelgan. oral conversation. Swill. pleasing engaging. is offered. n. moving to to and fro. to Swill.

Thence'forth. Than. n. I I Tar'ry. hard pull a great effort. v. Tcesan Tease. . a name given to a dog. afterward. v. . n a boat for drawing others. . Tear. Tear'ful. a. ad. n. Tug. a weed growing a fluttering rag among Tar 'get. a thick substance obtained from pine trees by heat. | Teem'ful. Tow'zER. a. There-abouts. Tow. a. for that. ad. I There-ap'ter. Then. Tart'ness. ad. Tow'-LiNE. TarSf tyr— Tab. * Tare. . from parison. to pull to tear to haul. an allowance for weight of cask. draw through the water. n. . n. sour n. v. Forth. . set (targ. Tyman—to Bring Teem. being in to separate by violence. Team—a Team. sourness sharpness. a kind of open pie. near that place. . a. to produce . as wool or Tease.. waste. ad. without tears. water from the eyes. Tug. 2J. — comes from the French (tor«. a particle used in . unfruitful.) Teart from tar Tart. Tow Pull . flax. Tug.. in that place. Thanne—Than. tarred canvas. . | Therefore. sourly sharply.. etc. a long. Tow. to be full. Tear. covered with tar. tugon— to Tug Touse.172 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.) a mark at. Thcer There. Tear— Tear. because the weed destroys the grain. two or more horses or oxeo yoked together. com Thence. from that place ad. full of tears. —There. ad. «. I to comb or card.* grain. Teon. con. or n. d. Draw To. I I . Tab. ad. a. loss. n. n. line. to pull with great effort. Tar'paulin. —to Provoke. | a. ad. brimful. Offspring. n. v. tatters. to the refuse of flax or hemp. Note Tare. Rend. —to Tear . prolific . Teem'less. a. n. to Teraii Tare. Tart. —to Pluck or Pum. n. at that time that time. a rope used for towing. Race. a number of things in a I Team. to irritate with petty an- I noyances. Tat'tered. Tear'less. n. up to be shot Tat'ter. a shield. n. I n. sharp of taste. after that. from that time. Tart'ly.

Thought. a. a close wood or copse. ad. | Thiev'ish. «. the state of being . a. having thought. Thill'-horse. to Thank.) the bone of the thigh. Thief. Theof—TmEF. the state of being thin. Though. notwithstanding. . Thick'et. n. a. a | . Thought'less. Tliurst Thirst.— This word written thrash or thresh indiflferently. a. . Still. Hiil Thill. Thin'ness. Thick'ly. Thresh'hold. n. made of thread. a. Thread 'y. v. con. a Plank. Thanks'giving. a. the shafts of a wagon. 173 thick.d'j3^re. v. thrash being preferred. Thirst 'y. n. n. attentive careful. v. v. —Wood. full of gratitude. small line or twist of Thread'en. " Thanks. to employ the mind. to j Remember . dense not thin. a. a. thick. step to beat grain out of the n. n. n. to call to mind. careless. Thyn—Tars. a. . however . husk. one who thinks. a shaft-horse. one who is thrashes. However. one who steals. n. v. Thrash'er. — a Stake | . n. n. little I I . Think'er. Thought'ful.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. . Think'ing. Thick'en. yet. the act of giving Think. ad. small puny. Thencan — . the state of being thirsty. n. not thickly. n. {theoli. densely closely. expressions of gratitude. the plank or under the door. . Note. Thank 'less. Therscan —to Beat to Thresh and wald . Bethink'. having but little extent between two surfaces. T7*ic— Thick. a. Thick'set.) the part of the limb between the knee and body. Threscwald. n. ( Although. con. Thank'ful. Thin. Thirst'iness. to steal. Thank. closely planted. {theaht. Thick. ^to Think - . ungrateful. {thich-l)one. Ti'ny. Thigh. worn to the bare threads. a.) the act of thinking the image formed in the mind. . Thki*». I Thread. I Thieve. thanks. n. to express gratitude. a desire to drink. suffering for want of Theah —Though. a. n. any fibrous substance. the act of stealing. Yet. from then" can. Thtn'ly. like thread. drink. —Thirst. n. to make or grow thick. n. Thrash. given to stealing. Theft. Thick'ness. a. Thigh'-bone. heedless . . Tiirctd —Thread. n. n.

ly. n. Thral'dom. complete perfect. Thor—the God of Thunder Thun'derclap. the flux and reflux of the sea. nounce evil. : Ti(Z— Time Tide. to laugh. to strangle. Throt'tle. amazed. I Thumb'ed. Ti'dings. completely edu. a. n. to menace to de. to touch lightly and cause Tick'ling. Tidan — ^to Happen. Thoroughbred. Throw. n. Thun'der. Through'out. Duru—a Door . prep. the act of one whn tickles. the sound which follows a flash of lightning. Overthrow'. Thun'dershower. | bondage. . ad. n. I Throw'er. . Tide'mill. Tinclan —to Tickle. der. a menace. astonish- Thurs'day. pp. . Thor'ough. Tfiurh Through. one who throws. . a passage through Door. v. a cast. ti.) the fifth day of the week. — Thrall. Betide'. n. from side to side. ning n. to suffocate . —Through. pp. Inthrall'. clean and neat. Ti'dilt. in every part. x. . I n. the short. ad. intelligence. Threat'enlng. n. v. thick finger of the hand. cated. n. v. handled awkward- I Thuner— Thunder. I I Tic'kle. v. n. a Passage. Throw. | Throt'tle. 71. n. a mill put in motion bv the tide. n. ad. news. n. . to Threaten. n. Win'dow. Threatian —to Urge . to happen to befall. n. door an opening to le<. Tick'lish. the fore part of the neck. n. {Thors-dceg . Thun'derbolt. Thor'oughf ARE. | T/i^o^e— Throat. der. Season. n. thunder. time : season . a. Reprove . to turn upside down Thurna— Thumb. full of threats. foreboding Threat'ful. . neatly readily. . to cast.174 Thrcel Thrall. n. a shower with a. a shaft of light- Thun'derstruck. or ed. the entrance into a house. easily tickled tottering easy to be overthrown critical. Ti'dy. light and wind through. a. Thumb. v. slavery to reduce to servitude. Throat. Thrawan—to Throw. or from end to end. to I bondage. n. a. the windpipe. a slave . completely. n. Thun'dering. to choke . a Gate . evi* Threat'en. Thor'oughly. . to fling . a. the emission of thun- a burst of thunn.Threat.

closeness. Tied. the outside band of a wheel. folium. (L. soon early. the organ of speech and T^ngue'tied. Tim'bered. {tol. ' 176 Tian—to Tight. Till'able. a. that may be cultivated. one who works in a tin Tin'foil. the measure of duration. 71. comes from the Welsh Vunye — Tongue. I . by receiving the wear and tear consequent to rolling on the ground. n. Timber— Timber. v. fatigued Tire'some. ble. a. . seasonable. {tiolan. wearisome tedious. v. —to Kindle. Vex. n. to fasten with a cord or string. soft. Tire. Tith'er. Tendan. close not loose. Tim'beb. v. n. closely. a. a. Time. a. Betimes'. . weary. to take the tenth part of | Tith'able. to . n. Toil'some. culture.) is to the time of. to make tight. — Teotha Tithe. to set on fire. Tin. Till'er. (<i7.) a tax imposed for some service conferred. tirian Tire. a money drawer. n. — ^to Rub Away I . a net. Tired. comes from the A. to Fail . | an iron band used to bind to weary. mine. a. Tight'en. Tongue. Tire. u. n. I Tight'ly. n. Tongue. Till'age. Tie. laborious. a manufacturer of tin. and Till. n. taste. «. one who tills. Tongue'less. Tilth. Toll Toll. n. 2^n—Tm. to fatigue and protect the fellies of a wheel. V. Note. Toil. . n. a.) Note. ad. ad. Timber. a Tin'ner.) tin reduced to a thin leaf Tin'man. Tie. Note. Thnbrian—to | Build a. . a snare. n. n. | Tight 'ness. n. of uncertain etymology. furnished with timber. . Tool. n. —Toll. I the tenth part. I . wood fit for building. Tilian to cultivate. speechless. Tithe. white metal. tynan TiND.) to work hard. a. any thing very inflamma- I Teorian. to sound a bell slowly.-S. any instrument.—Till. endless. Time'less. Till. unable to speak freelj. I Tin'der. «. one who gathers tithes. comes from the Latin {tela. is so named because it is put there to protect the wheel. a. n. a. —a Tribute. the act of cultivating. n.ANGLO-SAXON BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Thna— Time. I I Time'lt. a leaf. — to Tell. —a Tenth. ti'd—Tmwr. v. that may be tithed. Toil. to chide to scold.

Treppe Trap. V. Tot'tering. I Treat'ise. without or being brittle. Top. Tealtian a fall. Topsy-tur'vy. n. ad. v. to fall. in a tough manner. weapon. down. Tun—a Place Fenced Round. Stall. or heads in the turf. —a KocK . an entertainment. Totli—Tooth. flexible v. Tot'ter. L. wanting teeth. a. n. importance. steal. Tough'ness. a. n.176 SMITU'6 HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a. shaking as if ready Tilt. to fall forward to tum. n. n. Treat'y. a large collection of houses. v. v. Top'most. an inhabitant of a town. to make grow tough. Tres. narrow building. a knot worn on the top of the head. being of little value. Trap'stick. Top — Top. a door in a floor. n. Tough. to shake so as to threaten to to incline raise . pain in the teeth. Treat. Tough'en. the district belonging TowNs'MAN. To/i—Tough. p. a. negotiation usage. highest. | to a town. ad. a Tower. I Treat'ment. a stick for playing at Entrap'. an instrument for catching vermin or game an ambush. to behave to to use. to raise one as a end. Top'sAiL. a bony substance growing out of the jaw. Top'pLE. .7i. and point. having the top too heavy. n.) with the bottom upward. Trahtian —to Treat. Trestle. Tough'ly. the highest part of anything. to catch in a trap. and n. n. n. pleasing to the taste. «. ble a. to act or talk with levity. From Tynan—to Hedge In Town. Trifelan —to Reduce I I to Minute Parts. A. v. «. I Town'ship. n. the frame of a table a three-legged stool. v. n. the quality of being tough. a lofty. any thing of very Tri'fler. Tri'fle. n. I Tooth'less. the highest sail. . a | Peak .-S. Tor Tow'er. . management. n. Tooth'ache. Tri'fling. trap. —to Totter Tilt. a discourse. little Tri'ple. n. I Tooth 'some. Tow'er. to Inclose. —Trap. . (fop:^. . a. . Three. Tres'tle. n. a. one who trifles. Top'heavy. n. n. Tooth. Treat. . strong. Trap'door. to Tilt. to rise or fly high. Top'knot. n.

v. True. n. '' Truce. v. so called because originally be set down with any liquor in it. other. a. a Tub . Tredan-^to Tread.nything Turned.. ad. Turf— Bod. n. etc. an arched way under ground. . condition" of v. liquids into Tun'nel. belief. bed. v. to think to believe. base. n. ad. . to Confide In n. n. a. to roll along. . True. Tun'nel. True'penny. honest. . Trymiatv— to Prepare. thing. to- Turf. n. from tig or tiiisco — the Saxon Mars. treowian — ^to Trust ! . weight duty by the ton. Ton'nage. n. n. n. conformable to fact. Tum'bler. honesty. the part of a machine which is moved by the foot. a. truth . Turf'Yj . n. Trust. Strong. n. to roll about.. True'ness. Trim'ly. to turn Trun'dle. Trend'ing. Trun'dle. v. a Circle A. Ton. a. I i i I Tread'le. to the care of. Troth. sincerely reality. Sound. the third day of the week. bottles. v. . a Vat. a temporary peace. neatly nicely. Trun'dle BED. to set or put in order. Tru'ly. to suspect to doubt. Truth'ful. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. True'hearted. v. a. Trust. w. n. a large cask. full of truth. —to Tumble | Dance it . a thin layer of soil held gether by the roots of grass. Truth. Mistrust'less. to fall . a step. Treudel Trend. neat. a. n. honest faithful. to Tuntbian Tum'ble. 1 Trust'iness. n. n. a. Tbead. fidelity. —a Day. confidence reliance on an. n. an appointment to meet. 71. as a bowl . a conical vessel with a tube for conveying casks. Treoive. a. or God of War. not worthy of trust. want of confidence. ornamental append- Trim. a self-evident truth. n. a. True'ism. a race course. n. rely on to commit to Trustee'. n. a. Trim. n. true state of facts or things. a. a particular direction. . n. . like turf. . Truth'less. — a Sphere . Mistrust'fui. Tryst. Make . Trust'y. . to Trum—FmM\ Trim. . a drinking glass. dress. Tumbler. wanting truth. according to truth. Mistrust'. n. any round rolling thing. Trow. and dceg Tues'day. that may be trusted. n. Tumble. . one intrusted with any- Trust'less. of genuine birth. n. s an honest fellow. Trim'minq. of orderly form or shape a vessel. Turf. n. Tiwes-dceg. Tee AD. a weight of 20 cwt. Note. a low bed that runs on wheels under a higher or hoop. Mistrust'. — had a pointed and could not Tunne— a Butt Tun. to diverge. True'born. to set the foot. unsuspecting. doubting. v.

to torment with sharp pain. twist or wreath birth. and witan | — ^to Blame . a sudden pull. | Twice. an ki« ing light. so as to upbraid. n. path. Twelve. v. Ten— Twenty. a. Tooth. Overturn'. and tig. a moment . Two. I Tic^e^/— Twelve. to wreath round. to shine with a quiver- I Twink'ling. Twit'tingly. v. n. n. to Catch. one who turns. a. to twist so as to form one Entwine. Ed—Again. n. the ordinal of twenty. revolve. unmeaning talk . sense. . v. Tush. a gate across a road. I Twitch. Christmas. v. I Getwysan—to Twist. v. Twentig. non- I Twad'dle. Two'fold. to talk idly. Twin. a turnpike in & foot' to Turn'pike. —to Tubn. round. Turn'stile. n. to move round to Turn'er. v. | Edtvitan. to I Entwist'. n. . turnan Turn. TwincUan—to Twilkle Twin'kle. and leoht —Light . «. twi— Two. Tux—a Tusk. ad. to pull with a sudden jerk. ten and two. Tivin — Thread. Twinan —to I | Twine. to tease by telling faults. from Two. I Twelfth'tide. ad. Twad'dlb. Doubtful Light. T«^oBf^<Zmf/— a Flattering . t). Tweon—Doubt. Twiccian —to Twitch sudden I . unite by winding one thing round another.178 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a. n. to Pull . to Twit. throw down. to Glitter. Twa. the faint light before sunrise and after sunset. twice ten. Twit. to Twine. a. one and one. Twinge. stant. two times. one of two produced at a Note. double. dov. n. Twitch. Twi'light. Twentieth. a. n. Tyrnan. n. v. Twaddle. | Tweon-leoht. from twend. body out of two or more. v. n. —ThxIEAd or Twine has two or more fibers or strands twisted round each other. Twist. . a long pointed tooth. twelfth day after I Twen'ty. | a tooth of a horse. Two.

to Under. pale having a sickly hue. v. Uncut h. one move with moderate steps. I Wad'dle. standan Understand. Wakt. lowest in place.) — side. v. ing of. WALK. Wan'ness. mischievous merriment. Upbraid'ing. to en- place. From Wanian — to Decrease to Wane. a. Tumble. Uncouth'.w. . to walk through water. a. the act of reproachlarge. ing. Up'braid. wagon. Livid. comes from the A. move to Wcegen Wag'on. Up—JJT.to p. x. n. | Un'derling. a. I I — n. prep. awkward . . lacking.i. Wan Wan. —Wagon. Uncouth'ly. suffix signifying direction .—Waned. Un'dermost. to decrease to decline. a. ad. frolicsome. v. ofFensive to the sight. ad. a. Fro'wardness. . total a. want of beauty.-S. a. Falsify . a. a. | Fro'ward. past participle of Wane. Want. paleness.. Wag'gish. the capacity of knowing. n. n. Up. {wagian.. perverse peevish. aloft on high. it —Pale . to Note. an inferior agent. I I and cuth —Known. who walks. i). frolic- I some tricks. Want'ing.Understand 'ing. Want. perverseness. Ward. to move from side to and fro. a. to I Wcegan —to Deceive Wag. Understand'. n. n. wheels. Wadan—to Wade. _ 179 Oga — Great Fear Ue'Li ^ . directed to a higher place. deficient. Wag. one who plays merry. charge contemptuously with something disgraceful. higher in place. beneath . 1 Wag'gery. Note. to Cheat. not to have to lack. . . . n. I a vehicle with four Wag'oner.from a lower to a higher . weolc —to Roll | to n. abundant fruitful. n. awkwardly. . Weardf weardes— Towards. . {gebrcedan. need necessity. . v. Un'dbr. . Up per. know the mean. Wan'd. Want'less. not known . Wade. one who drives a I Wealcan .) to Up' ward. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a. Wane. Dread. Up. Walk'er. I to or from. n. jyr^P. Under— Under. below. to move from side to side in walking. clumsy. Un — Not. | Ug'liness. n.

. from waru Merchandise. I I Ware'house. a. n. . a Bank. War. Ward. one n. to inform previously. v. to take heed. Guard. Beware'. v. n. a wall. apprised conscious . . War'ranty. Aware'. n. impulse of water flowing with violence. the act of roving. cautiously prudently. caution prudence. having white eyes. promise War'ren. —Wary. a park. service. . Yigilance. Ware'less. the act of depositing goods in a warehouse. . War'fare. n. a. n. «. inclosure for rabbits. Ward a keeper. to ramble here and there. War'proof. Warn. relating to war like attack. a division of a under a guardian. martial. moderate or gentle heat. n. Ware. 71. War'rant. War. a keeper a guard. Wabm'ness. Ward'er. Waescan. able to resist a war- War'worn. with moderate heat. to defend. . a public contest carried on n. Wabm'ly. one who | Wash. n. a. Wearm—Warm. — Wares. cautious v. goods. the keeper of a warren. Wan'derer. War'ily. cautious prudent. Wandrian —to Wandeb. a. fruit raised against Wall'eyed. —At present Ware ^ is used only in composition. Ward'ship. cautiously. v. ad. one who wanders. . n. n. n. Ware. wacsan — to Wash. n. Provident. n. previous notice. . n. | Uuervef tvuer —War. I | Warm. Warlaji —to Be- ware. pi. by 71. worn with war. — a Shore I | . mern. Weard— a Guard Watch . of war . n. from tvcer a. a work of Wall'fruit. n. to guard.180 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a. Warning. War'rant ABLE. a. Ware'housing. ad. n. to authorize to justify. washes. incautious. force. chandise. War'rant. n. Wash'er. Wabmth. Cautious. justifiable. 'robe. Weall Wall. (ivarian. War'den. . v. WAR'RioR. Swash. Wa'ry. authority commission. n. Wan'deb. town . Wan'dering. . stone or brick erected as a division or defence. a. War'iness. a store-house for merchandise. Ware'ly. heated in a moderate degree.) security. Ward. or War'rener. v. a soldier. guardianship. state War 'like. TFa»'/<iai/— to Defend. a place where clothes are kept. to watch. to regard with caution. ad. military a. n. to cleanse with water. moderate heat. to . a. Note. Ware.

v. not sleeping v. n. to turn or twist out of shape Warp. peevishly . put off. to convey through the water a. a. Wagian—to Wag . Warp'ing. smooth. to rouse from sleep. of Wednes'day. Wodnesdceg. to move from side to side. . ppr. the slate of being wet. to Way'wardness. Watch'house.«. n. a. . to incite. n. . object. WaVer. n. to Ravage. the fourth day of the week. Wag. ad. «. snap< . a. to | Lay Waste | . and cicBfir—Dat. a traveler. Watch'ful. to v. . Way'less. Awake. 181 Weorpan. tlie threads which are ex tended lengthwise in anything woven. carefully observing. not sleeping. Warp. Watch'er. WayVard. n. n. being awake . Wceter —Water. Wa'terish moist. Wasp. a. resembling water. Cast . Watch. XI. Whet'stone. a house where a guard watch. alchful. Wa'tering ppr. to fluctuate. to rouse from sleep. to rub for the purpose of Wa'tery. v. to be awake. to Watch'man. a spendthrift . . Wak'ing. destructive prodigal. to stimulate. . n. Whet. a stone for sharpening. Westan — to Waste . a .. to "Warp. Warp. to diminish to squander. Woden—the God of War. fro. one who watches. like v. «. a road a passage. Way'farer. Waste. Watch'ing. Waste'fully. having no road. stinging insect. a. Wasp'ishly. Wet'ness. n. Awake. a. «. liking his own way. n. n. Wasp'ish. perverseness. or air. . f the act of turning aside. a. ad. Wacian— to Wake to rouse from sleep. rousing v. sentinels to the word given know their friends. Wave. 11. keep placed. wurpan —to Throw of a . a. n. wesp— a Wasp. to n. Way. in a lavish manner. * sharpening. without waves. water Wcetf hwet— Wet. rising in waves. 'Wave'less. v. ANGLO-SAXON KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. ppr. a. is from sleep. Waste'pul. move from side to side. a well known fluid. v. Wag'gle. Wodnes.. Whet. n. «. vigilant attentive. Way'lay. ppr. supplying with water. Waste'thrift. a n. move a vessel by means rope made fast to some fixed to n. moving to and Wa'vy.* a. to undulate to brandish a moving Waft. Wave. containing water moist. Wake. Wet. Wa'ter. excite. Wave. is Whet. to . because while rubbing the stone kept wet to Wmg—B. n. Move to and Fro. Wake'ful. n. to Arouse. Wak'en. hav pishly. guard. v. peevish petulant ing a slender shape. AVa'ving. swell of water. man who keeps to Watch'word. to beset by ambush.

having the nected by a membrane.) a tenacious sub- stance formed by bees.) . WerianHarass. toes con- ivcarp. to Tease. n. free from weeds. . Weak'en. n. a foible a failiQg. to increase. to unite. comes Weoc —Week. the substance of which honeycomb is formed. feebly faintly. the space of seven days. closely attached. . | . Waeh—Web. ) the threads n. . Weak. n. v. n. Depressed. a. crease. a. any day except the Sabbath. one who weeds. state of being weary.) Bees are constantly adding to their store of honeycomb. a. Wac—Tnfikm. n. one a who wears. Wax'en. Wor'ry. {wced^ a garment. Wea'ried. the threads which cross the the threads which cross the cloth. n. from the A. {tvcer. pond -to dam fVet'ig — Fatigued . done once a week. resembling wax. Weak. a Protection. to trouble. a. Weddlan—to Covenant Wed. . to waste by use or time . n. v. Wax'work. From wer—a Guard Wear. v. tired fatigued. n. Weav'er. a. tedious. {weaz.) to grow to in. carry on the body. a. a widow's mourning dress. Weed'less. Wea'risomeness. n. to increase. a. Week'day. Weak'side. to Promise . Wefan— to Weave. Werian —to Wear. warp. n. plant. trouble . iweaxan. Weart. son.) a. Wed'ded. ppr. clothing. joined by a membrane. to Wea'ry. abounding with weeds. to marry . to unite threads so as to Woof. Wea'risome. to grow. bearing on the per- Wear. Weak'ness. a. warp. infirm. fish n. . not strong to make weak. Weed'y. tired fatigued. feeble v. v. Web'foot. I | Weak'ly. Week'ly. to Pledge. {iveaoc. 182 smith's hand-book of etymology. a. . a. Weod—Weed. marriage marriage nuptials. Wor'ry. tediousness. thereby causing it to grow.-S. a figure made of wax. Weave. Weft. Web. form v. Wea'riness. perplexity. n. Warp. I —Weeds. ( which are extended lengthwise in a loom. . an enclosure to raise water. n. n. — Wax. a. n. . Webbed. Wear'ing. one who weaves. any thing woven. Wed'lock. p. Wed'ding. Weed. matrimony. Note.-S. n. any useless or troublesome I Weed'er. from wac—Pliable. Note. causing weariness. to Wear'er. n. Week. Wax'y. Wax. to tease .. n. want of strength. ad. WeaXy Wax. made of wax. n. comes from the A. .

a. heaviness. Weight'ily. Weg—a a. towards the west. ^ I n.) riches. v. | Weeper. v. . narrow pit dug for the purpo il from the A.-S. ad. a spring from weauan^ to boil up. to Wepan —to Cry Out Weep. -Well. «. Well. TreZ—Well. who weighs. now used as the preterit of the verb Go. to Ween a.WEEN'iNGLY. Wealth'ily. . fancy. pros- perity. Welt. a Change. n. Wend— a Turn Wend. Overween'ing. tained by (^wUit. sets. pret. Wegan —to Bear Weigh. Weight'y. heavily with force. n. Weep'ingly. the edge of a garment turned over and sewed together. —to Roll . ' Well. . Weight. v. opu- Welcome. to sew on a border. {wela. one Weight'less. West'ward. light. a good comer. to of go . Weigh'er. not ill a. Whale. Note.) — Wceltan Welt. ANGLO-SAXON KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. the region where the sun i I West'erly. /?pn rolling. Suppose or Hope ceited. happiness. heavy important. Weal. OvEE. a large animal. examine by the balance. ' . It will be observed that Went. did go. a deep. Uy to shed or drop tears. towards the west. i}. Think. has nothing at all to do with the verb Go. but belongs to the verb Wend. comes Note. lence.. ad. n. Weight'iness. a. Wel'ter. n. to think. purpose of obtaining water. | Overwhelm. {ivilcuma. a being in the west. (wyl. Wel'tering. . ad. in tears. move. Overween'. an elastic substance from the upper jaw of the whale. n. Weep. j Wendcen—to Go Went. having no weight. I Whale'bone. Welt. Well. a. v. . n. being in health. Balance.) happiness n. to cover completely. West. to crush underneath . . to Weigh. to pass . ad. Well '-being. with aiTogance.) quantity ascerthe balance. richly. one who weeps. West'ern. n. to roll or wallow in some foul matter. v. . to Comb. 183 Wenan —to Ween. elegant in manners i Wealth. Ahwylfan—^to Overwhelm. to imagine. ppr. to n. to Carry . v. Well'bred. — West—West.) kind reception. to go . Whelm. ad. . n. polite. arrogant con. Hwcel— Whale.a<Z. {welig. wallowing. to v. to think too highly. properly. .

Swcer—Whekb. to lament with a plaintive Whin'ing. a puff. Whit'tle. a. having the color of snow. Hwyrfan—to Whirl Whirl. —Whiffle-tree. Whereas'. noise. ad.—To whittle sticks. as time. Wanian—to Deplore Lament Bewail . written Whipple-tree. Whit. a short bar to which the traces of a horse are fastened. Hwisprian —to Whisper. not «. n. . v. v. correction with a lash. Whit'tle. near what or which place. n. Whip'ping. n. larly. I Hwistlan — to Whistle. . somewhat white. Wcefiafi — ^to Babble to Whiffle. Whis'per. when on the con- Where'fore. to form a kind of musical sound by the breath. . its name from See sometimes. n. I Whis'perer. advantage over. a. n. water moving circua revolving column Whirl'wind.) a knife a white cloak. Whine. to make them white. Note. . at Where. a slight blast Whif'fle-tree. . Whit'en. made to speak with the breath vocal. . v. Whip Hwil—While. one who whistles. n. Whiff. one who whispers. a toy which turns Whirl'pool. v. Hweopan—to Whip. for which reason. I fliw^if— White. {hivitelf to make white. Note. a drawling cry. Whis'tle. Hwitel I —to Make White. to make or become white. a tittle .184 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. of air. small part. ad. n. . v. to cut oflf the bark with a knife. White'ness. gets constant change of position caused by the onward motion of the horse. White. to While. ad. n. ad. but erroneously. a very I Wight. | Wiht—a Creature Whit. a being a person. While. trary. to Turn. 1 Whit'ish. n. n. Whirl'igig. | that. what place. Where'abouts. to turn or change with . complaining in drawl- ing. ad. during the time draw out to spend. the handle of a whip. plaintive tones. to strike with a lash. I Whis'tler. While. to turn n. t). Whip'fle. n. n. round rapidly. a point . . to cut with a knife. «. . Whine. a Thing n. its every wind. «. round. n. n. I | Whip. Whip 'stock. space of time. Whip'hand. n. the state of being white.

not tame. v. . n. breadth. blow. . Wild—Wild. . Win'ning. pro. ad. an uncultivated tract Weld'ly. stubbornly. Wick'ed. to gain in a contest. a. to determine. Wincian—to Bend Wink. n. lids. {lace. a. ad. | Wealdan —to Govern Wield. viciously. . Wing and Wink may be the same word differently I . any person whatever. manageable. disor derly. AVick'edness. p. One's Self eyeI . with great extent a. n. with free will. Whoev'eb. . to bewitch. n. n. pro. desert.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a. Wield. v. is united to a. who. stubborn perverse. guilt. «. v. Width. wlio remarks that " all atrocious crimes were attributed by our ancestors to enchantment.. Who. Winnan— to Win. to turn romid . Will'ingly. pro. desirous ready. v. ad. Wick'edly. a n. Will. I Whom. Will'ingness. a cord. Will'ful. to Wink. v. . Will'ing. Willa—WTLJ. Bewil'der. | far. to twist . morally bad vicious. Wild'ness. a rapid Note. a turning. Struggle | to Win. Wife'less. Wide'ness. I without a wife. the objective case of | Wicca . extent from side to side. man a woman who in marriage. Wil'der. to perplex to confound. extended far each way. Wife. relating to persons. Wind'ing. Wide'ly. n. Wil'dernes8. . is movement of the eyelids. mo. Will. a. n. Wife'ly. ready compliance. to use with full command I Wield'y. attractive charming: Windan—to Wind. Wind. or power. t). vice . I Wife'hood. and witckcrafV TTid—Wide.) a machine for raising weights. n. to make or grow wide. the power of mind by which we choose to do or forbear. I TTi/—Wife. to Nod n.w. to lose the way to puzzle. a. Wide. becoming a wife. ad. . a. I Note.— WicciAN. ®. the state of a wife. state of being wild. is adopted by Tooke. plied —It probable that —as wings and eyelids have somewhat similar motions. n. . —an Enchanter 1 Wicked. 185 Hwa— Who. a. ad. . Will 'fully. sorcery. Wild. Wid'en. sin . wild manner. to Wind'lass. and repeated ap* to close and open Ij^e Wink'ing.

limb of a bird by which 1 Wing'less. noting cause or means. Wise'ly.186 smith's hand-book of etymology. wanting understanding. Be. of wis. to move. n. back or away. diflFerent A. —With has descended to us from two and weorthan^ wyrthan.) to take v. a. ad. wehend. . it flies. n. Withal'. wise. one who sees or knows . Witan —to Wist Wit. blowing. i. Wind— WiNi). n.Wit. ad. be out. . the . the cold season of the n. to Know. n. Wist. Within'. v. join. . the quality of being witty. in motion. intellect . . in the inner part. {tviSf) . fruiiv blown from a tree an unexpected benefit. pret. not having wings. Withstand'. . likewise. Wit. Wit'ness. Wit'ticism. ciating ideas m new and unexpect- the power of asso- ed relations. Wit'tingly. full of thought desi. Win'dow. or ge-wit —Wit. to be. breath. not with or by. pose to resist. n. a. Wit'ty.. Wind 'pipe.of being windy. Wist'fully.-S. Wit'ling. pretender to wit. an attempt at wit. Wit'less. v. prep. n. n. {dragati. state. Wind'iness. (windwiaUf to wind. having knowledge making a right use of knowledge. Wind'mill. prep. the admission of light and wind. . and dom^ judgment. namely. to know. or to be known. : to op- "Withe. viz. * Skinner and others think it is so called because it is the windy season of the year. personally. the passage for the Wind'ward. n. n. ad. attentively. a mill turned by the . prep. Wise'acre. (Ger. the point from which the wind blows. Side Wing. From German wehen^ to blow. thought knew. Wit'lessly. t). . v. Wise. Wit'tiness. . Wit'tily. To. Wit. be in. consisting of wind. without judgment. ad. wind. Wis'dom. part. Join. along with the rest. {door. Withan—to With. {ivis. judiciously. grass laid in rows for Note. rous. . e. Wm'NOw. Withhold'. n. n. {withlg. Without'. full of wit ingenious. a conjurer Wot. ad. •». drying.) to separate grain from chaff by the Wind'row. to know. Wyrthan—to Withdraw'. a. contracted Wind The primary sense is. n. Wiz'ard. with wit ingeniously. a.) knowledge rightly used. Wist'ful. n. by. to think to know to wit. or to Note. a sorcerer. n. xi. by de- Wis.) a twig used for a band.) to hold back. a Corner. wishful.) a simpleton a dunce. verbs.. — Gehwinf/—a. n. knowingly sign. ad. a. n. n. rush or drive along. year.) and without. ad. Wind'fall. aagen^ to say. n. flow. (heuldan. Wind. From the latter we have the compounds {withan^ to within . n. air Wind'y.* wind. {standan^ tie with.) an aperture for Win'ter.

a. woods. and the man is given to the female. Word'ily. n. Wo'fulness. sorrowful wretched. race. astonishing. a. a. Word. to solicit in love . to have abode. ad. marvellous. Wo'fully. the female of the human Wom'anish. a. ad. accustomed Wunder— Wonder. | Wolf'ish. manner. Won'drous. grief. one devoted to this ated things. specific Wom'ankind. a. Wood'en. without words conveys an idea. practice. n. a. n. World. made of wool. a large collection of trees the substance of trees. a. v. n. with many words. Wood. .F. . . Wood'land. who cuts down Wull— Wool. Word'y. n. . Won. name Wif- Wunian — Won. relating to this world. Wifman —Woman. n. | | Woe'begone. the soft hair which grows on sheep. I | . from her employment at the woof. a. habit . made of wood. in a wonderful Won'derful. timber. Wulf—Woi. ground covered with one Wood'ed. a. ) I W.. Wom'an. t). n. Wood'y. Won'dbr. Wolf. misery. Word—Word. covered with wood. the whole system of erea I Wqrld'l Wqrld'ling. n. suitable to a woman. sorrow. . to dwell . Wood'man. a. a. Wool. an articulate sound which Word'less. Wudu —a Wood.— Man is a general term to include both sexes. Wo'ful. full of words.orld'ly. a beast of prey. Wool'ly. n. 187 WoB. n. consisting of wool. like a wolf. Woo. a. | Woo'er. n. far gone in woe. ad. silent. n. sorrowfully. to court. n. Wont'ed. misery calamity. Wom'anly. a. custom usual. the female sex. n. one who courts a woman. a. becoming a woman.. Won'derfully. n. I I Wool'len. the emotion excited by anything strange and inexplicable. a. I I a. Wogan —to Woo. | Wont. Wmruld—World. ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Note. savage. world. abounding with wood.

v. Wrath'y. anger rage. to do for a purpose of I Wreak'ful. a. Writan — to Write. injury. Labor. Worm. employment. merit . value a. a. the place where work is done. {ivyrhta. lence. | Worst. honor. n. very angry furious. well performod Work'manly. any thing written. a judicial writiag. Wound. a plant. Work. a. Turn. Work'man. Wyrse—Worse. Worm'wood. Wreck. n. labor. Wrath'ful. n. slowly and se- Worm'y. a. a. worm anything spiral. to adore to honor. miserable worthless. a reptile to . — an Exile . performed by work. skillful. a. Wor'ship. writs^ a letter. revengeful . n. full a. n. worthless creature. Wyrm —Worm. deserving n. ti. more hurtful. Wreak. Worse. cretly. . one who worships. Worth. n. Wrecan—to Wreak. | Wrath'less. Wor'thiness. . | Writ'er. n. manufacture. having no worth or . Work'manlike. close. bad in the highest degree. Wor'shiper. a. Weorth —Worth. a Wretch Wreck. . miserably. Writ. n. Worm. to express by letters. I . value. violent a. n. n. Wretch'ed. a laboier. extremely angry. Wor'ship. Wretch'edness. angry.) an artificer. n. n. to labor . n. more evil . one who writes. a. nity. gnawed by worms. Write. price. . Work'shop. n. Wright. a. misery meanness. n. n. destruction by sea. Wretch 'edly. . (worth and ship^) dig. very angry. v. to in- I Wrap'per. one who works. a hurt given by vio- I Wound'less. excellence. Work'er. n. «. to act. vengeance. v. ad. v. . a. ^. Wor'thy. a Wretch. AYorm'eaten. to Weorcan—to Work. Wrath. n. to roll together . Wroth. free from hurt or I Hweorfan—to Wrap. Writ'ing. Worth'less. to drive against the shore and destroy. valuable. «j. Work'manship. a. Wrought. of worms. a. Work.188 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. n. I Gothic. is that in which a thing I wrapped. n. Wund— Wound. Wrcec Wreck. Wrath—Wrath. free from anger.

) the day last I 1^ Gyldan Yield. n. a violation of right. a. twisted curled.ANGLO-SAXON ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. n. a measure of three feet. Wrong. v.^ ^\ *^^ „^n^^^„w. moves round the sun. n. Year. yeoman. n. Yearn. a twist. ppr. to twist by violence. give up. n. garland. n. one who wrestles. Wrist. Yard. being of the color of gold. n. to twist or turn around with violence. Staff . Geard.) the joint which unites the hand to the arm. —Yester. last .. the collective body of I Cryrstan Yes'ter. Gear—Year. Wrwstan—to Writhe Wreathe. v. unjustly. ridge or furrow on {wrlncle. a. Wry'ness. Wres'tler. I I . n. n. Yes'terday. emotion of tenderness I Gelew —Yellow. concession. to afford Yield 'ance. happening every year. n.po« ««« ^^"^^ P*^ «^ ^° ^^^' I Gemtene — Common. a. anything a v. . Wran'gle. v. Wrench.i. Wreath'y. Gyard—a Yard. v. v. Wres'tling. . Yield'ingly.«. to Twist. Wringan—to Wring Wring. to Twist. ad. n. a Rod . Gearn—Desirous Eager. n. {dceg. to feel a strong desire. v. . n. a small piece of enclosed ground. land. to strive who shall throw the other down. a. to to I Restore I . (from gyrdan. twisted. to pull with Wrung. one who wrings. or pity. n. with compliance. to Render. an animal a year old. to Gird)— Yard. somewhat yellol. surface. the time in which the earth Year'ling. a. ad. Wry. contention. n. 189 . . v. Yolk. n. I Yearn'ing. I Yel'low.' ) ^ ^. agony. a. to twist to twist with . yEo'MAN. n. twisted crooked. I last past. to dispute peevishly. Wrin'kle. a peevish dispute. a man of small estate in I Yeo'manry. the act of giving up. in time past long ago. n. . to interweave to twist. Wrist 'band. Wring'er. ad. Wres'tle. to produce . Writhe. Wrong'ly. Wreath. Yore. v. Wrest. injurious unjust. —to !^y . Wrong'ful. (from ivrwstan. the band that passes round the wrist.) a small any smooth twisted . Yelk. n. yEL'LOwisH. Yield'ing. past. Year'ly. . amiss. Wran'gle. the state of being wry. Yard. . .

You. the part of life which succeeds childhood. a. . a. being in the first part of life. live plural of thou. a. n. somewhat young. a. pro. pro. young early in Yule. .190 smith's hand-book of etymology. Youth'ful. inch I —You. Young. n. pertaining to early n. state of being life. life. Youth'fulness. Youth'ly. youthful. Geoffiith—YovTH. Eow. | Young'ish. (geol) Christmas. Youth. I Geong —Young. the nominative and objec- Your. belonging to you. iu.

Agreed'. Avaunt'. Advan'tage. the first line of an army. to dress . From a gre I — at Will . Advis'er. Butte. a station in to surprise others. . lie the place or act of lying Ambuscade'. Vant'age. to bring or put forward. a. to think or act in unison. « — In. counsel instruction. — Alert. n. 191 FRENCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. the front of an army. n. Butt. n. to strike with the head or horns. intj. 'd. I and j'oi^r— Day. giving fear in. to call to arms to excite Alarm'ing. n. Agree'able. NoTB. Abut'ment. nimble. or Bushes. in wait. I From coudre I —to Sew. . that which receives the end of a thing. Butt. comes from the A. Alerte Alert'. . Advice'. alarm. . progress. one who advises. n. gain profit. Disagree'. Aviser Advise'. Alert'ness. v. v. n. the larger and blunt end of a thing one who is the object of n. day. at Concord. to I Perceive . an abrupt hill. v. v. Alarm'. Advanta'geous. prudent expedient. to put off to another Adjourn'ment.) —to Arms. A —To. . a putting off till I Avant— Before. I being on the lookout . to counsel to consult. v. to See. — ^to Advise . —to Dress. (Ital. (buUe. | p. profitable. . another day. Advance'ment. suitable to pleasing. n. jests. benefit gain. and bois I —a Wood. | Embuche. From en Am'bush. Agree'. n. Accou'trement. Agreer—to Concur. p. sprightliness. A —To. settled by consent. . hence begone. a. n. and bout—End. military dress Ajourner. Advance'. Van'guard. to equip. . n. Alarme. aWarmi. Abut'. a. . n. . n. and arms. terrifying . a. Aboutir. Van. n. a. v. to differ to vary. Alarm'. v. n. a large vessel or cask. to end at.-S. ( Advis'able. which . J men n. a cry or notice of danger. Adjourn'.— FEENCH BOOTS AMD DERIVATIVES. Butt. a. v.) Accoutrer Accou'tbb.

act of battering a place for cannon. to give notice. that may be bailed. Beffler Baf'fle. as of goods. etc. n. to release on security given for appearance in court.. Bar'ony. Bale. I to beat with repeated Bat'ter. love. Bail. V. the lands of a baron. Badiner — to Trifle BAif^TEB. intellect | Apprehen'sive. an obstruction. Piece Piece. bucka. raillery . a tub or bucket. a. . Bat'tery. I . et. . n. | to fasten . v. 7i. to lay hold on. . —to Attach. Barre — Bar. I Apprehen'sion. a law officer. Piece. blowi. Attach'ment. to the part or share of each. Attacher Attach'. —Bale. p. artifice. in haste. «. Balle Bale. to elude by deceit Baf'fler. a^. Bail'able. Balustre Bal'uster. a v. jesting. a mixture beaten to- gether. | Ban'tering. part . n. Bar'oness. n. quick to understand fearful. n. {bailie. n. one who baffles. in or by pieces. n. n. seizure . to patch. I a bundle. balusters. trance the tribunal of justice. the handle of a pail. to mend. the title next below a baron. n. fear. an obstruction to hinder en. . Bar'on. n. n. Apprehend'. —to Befool or I to Mock. n. the sum given for security. Apiece. Bail 'iff. Bail. Apprendre —to Leabn.) to free from water. Apprise'. Bal'ustrade. . v. Bar. fondness . n. having . —B att er. to ridicule pleasantly. —Piece. Bar'rister. a row of Bal'ustered. balusters. Battre Bat'teb. n. Piece'meal. Bar'onet. Bar'rier. ad. a rank of nobility. to make up in a bale or I bundle. v. to tie . n. n. the wife of a baron. n. of a rail — Baluster. to join. Barricade'. an obstruction made a counsellor at law. n. n. v. v. to inform v. to Joke. a. ^. to Give. I | a fragment. I Sailler Bail. i | one of the supporters to a flight of stairs. —to Deliver Bail. Baron— Baron. n. 192 SMITH'S HAJSTD-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.

bargains. n. n. I Beautiful. n. —to Make White I to Grow White. profit. 71. a. or cows. I I Blame'ful. Emboss'ment. a proposed law. n. {hot. Bi'as. Blank. which pleases the Beau'tify. Blanch. not disgraced. Bat'tle. as fit for I Biais Bi'as. I. a. food. a knob. an Ox. . of making I jBafaiWe—BATTLE. a. Beau. to whiten. n. a covering for the foot and leg. n. that assemblage of grace* senses. Note. the flesh of bulls. n. I a stud . n. a division of troops. Beau'teous. n. comes from the Dutch (6<mm. Botte Boot. [ Brigadier'. a. | Blench. etc.FBENCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. rnent. culpable. —Boot. v. a. n. 1S^3 Sarguigner—to Bar'gain. a fight . Bceuf—2i Bull Beep.-S. v. a short letter. partiality. n. an army officer. an account of money due Bil'let. a division of the army. Emboss'. boughs. white without writing. Bil'let. oxen. v. Billet-doux. the act a contract or agree- I Bar'gaining. Bl am' ABLE. Bough. . to make beautiful. I Blaspheme — Blame. oxen. . Higgle. —a Hump or Knob. to charge with a fault.—Boot. without blame. Blame'less. comes from A. a love letter. inclination . ances. without branches Of Brigade — Brigade. the shoot or bough of a • I j Branch'less. v to shrink to start baCK. | Athwart. v. | Battal'ion. to quarter soldiers by ticket. n. to cause to incline to one sidau Billet —a Bill ..) Branche—Branch. v. raised work. compensation. . fair elegant. Branch. a superintendent. n. a. a man of dress a fop. Blanchir . n. a master. tree. n. Bosse Boss. Blame. Unblench'ed. . Beau—Fair.") Note. a Handbill. advantage. Brigade'. I Beeves. . Bil'let. n.Beau'ty. deserving blame. to form with protubeiv | —Boss. I . v. —Across. n. or a Cow. faulty. a. a contest.

a noisy contention a brawl. . n. to clean with a brush.«. Cabane — a Cabin I a Cottage. | slaughter. Cas'ket. n. splendor. an apartment in a ship. n. head. «). Brunettef brun Brunette'. to confuse. — a Box or Chest. a —Brown. n. n.) — . —to Burn. Italian (eassare^ to an»ul. n. n. n. Cask. | Broiled. n. —a Piece of Bread Given to a Beggar. bricks. n. Brouiller | —to Embroil. outside. splendidly. a sheath.194 smith's hand-book of etymology. who has charge of liquors.^. I Brick. a diamond of the fin- | Brill'iantly. n. n. Casque. n. Cab'in. Brosse Brush. | Boucher—Butcher. a small house or hut. to harden on the . I Brush. est cut. n. I Bri'bery. Brill'iant. ti. . Case'knife. woman with a dark complexion. to dismiss from a post or office with reproach. . Butch'er. cooked over the coals. an instrument and sweeping. Cab'inet. I a reward given to corrupt the conduct. Embroil'. . n. a closet a small room. a large table knife. a helmet a case for the a covering v. etc. n. From Brlller I —to Shine or Sparkle. n. n. to break. a close vessel for containing liquors. money at command. a. the ministers of state. one who has charge of money. n. Cashier'. Brouille —a Broil. to cook by laying on the coals. a piece of brick. JBrigue —a Little Loaf. to disturb . Bribe Bribe. Cashier. 71. for cleaning — Brush. w. Cab'in. sparkling. a. a furnace for burning | -Bri/^a^f— Sparkling. a squared mass of clay burnt. n. Brill 'lANT. Broil. ad. But'ler. Bouteillier —a Butler. one who delights in to sell their flesh. Cash. n. Case'harden. a servant From Bouteille a Bottle. n. the crime of giving or taking bribes. — . Caisse Case. Bruler Broil. Brick'kiln. shining lustre . comes from the Note. ohe who kills animals I Butch'er. a small elegant box for jewels. Brick'bat. Brill'iancy. . | Cab'inet.

ad. a commander a leader. flattery .. to form into squares of difierent colors. a portable warming utensil. v. I make angry Chaf'ing-dish. willingly. n. a military knighthood. . principal most important. Check. debt . woven colors. Achieye'. | Note. Chape. v. to intrust to accuse. n. to wear by rubbing. a frame. — a Knight. Cheer'pulness. n. ppr. to drive. expen- Charge. Charg'er. (Saxon rnis. as metals. a.. Chere Cheer. a. comes from the French ^chec— a Check. to encourage Cheer'fully. Chief. the head dress of a woman. the to pursue . Charge. n. harm Chevalier . —Chase. a large dish. in a cheerful man ner. Chief'tain. Chief'ly. . I Coat. to impute . Cheer. lively .• Chevalier'. Chiv'alry. pense. . ad. v. n. n. gayety . cheerfully. a gallant horseman. the lading of a ship. hurtful wicked. n. to perform to finish Mis'cHiEVOUS. —to Hunt pursuit . n. 195 — Cajole. a leader of a clan. | Charger— to Load. a. deceit. hunting thing hunted. n. v. to stop to restrain to curb. to comfort. . care . to I Chase Wild Animals. Cajol'ery. to Chauffer warm by rubbing to . . Ker'chief. Chef—the Head. —Coat. Achieve'ment. to Burden. I | Cheval —a Horse. gay. Check'er. n. n. . a performance. a warhorse. accusation ex- Charge'less. n. alacrity. injury. a. Chooser Chase. | to delude by flattery. to cover the outsid«. Car'go. an order for money into . n. dignity . FEENCH BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Echiquier cloth n. free from charge. v. as Charge'able. Chase. . Chiv'alrous. i. gallant warlike. Cheer'pul. the Top or Highest Point. v. ad. . Cotte Coat. entertainment. —Entertainment. sive. Chap'lng. a.) hurt. {chasse. v. an outside garment worn by men. n. Chiep. a. n. a shout of applause . gloomy. to emboss.) —a Chess-Board. . imputable . Mis'cHiEF. —to Warm. Cheer'less. v. n. . Cajoler Cajole'. . a. squares of difierent Check. principally. . heating or wearing by friction. v. Cheer'ily. c.

ad. Coquette'. couche— a Bed. n. Cour. Crush. elegance of manners. made by women. Dan'ger. Comptrol'ler. n. Coquet —a Beau a I General Lover. —to Crush. v. Oortis —a Yard or Enclosed Place . . n. I Dan'gerous. n. to break by pressure. civility Court'ier. a bed-fellow. elegant polite. a palace a hall of justice an enclosed place in front of a . full. Comhattre Com'bat. I Coquet'ry. —to Fight Against. . Crash'ing. Company of Soldiers. v. style — Custom.. restraint check. n. the act of bending. broken feeble disorder. a Fr. v. n. n. v. flatter. from L. Cra'zy. n. a lewd woman. n. loud noise. Cos'tumer. Court'like. perilously. Cray'on. Court'liness. civil. Cour'tesan. v. an officer who examines the accounts of collectors of public money. 'd. lying down squatting. Couch'ant. Controle. to oppose. n. Court. 1 Couch'ing. one who controls. n. | to fight . to lie down to stoop. a sudden. n. a vain female. Control'. n. Court. a register . . a. disorder of Craie Cray'on. a. Cour'teous. checks. a. . n. to have power over. the act of making love. polite well bred . Cra'ziness. n. weakness the mind. —to Bend. Court'ship. a violent mixed noise. | Couch'-fellow. or Register. . n. a. ] a pencil for drawing. or mode of one who prepares dress. . v. to Court'ly. Costume. Costume Costume'. trifling in love. I Danger—Danger. one who combats. a. n. to control. — Chalk. Mole — a Roll. Control'ler. . to practise deceit in love. n. I any thing that restrains or Curb. as of make many a sudden. n. Cour'tesy. practising coquetry. dress. Couch. loud things falling at Craze. Dan'gerously. once. to restrain . . one who courts favor. Coquet'. n. a. Control'. act of civility ^eraser Crash. to design with a crayon. . . v. kept to verify another account. Coquet'tish. Crash. elegant flattering. n. Coucher. loss I or injury. a. 196 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. to endeavor to please . Centre — Against. v. v. n. . Com'batant. . house. exposure to death. Courbe CuBB.of danger. n. to noise. ed in intellect. Control'. | Manners. to break to crush to disorder the intellect.

Note. curtains. a. excess . n. em- tate as security. j Entice'. v. garments. Debauch'ery. n. soberness.ofserious or pensive look. . pledge gage Wages. a female parent of beasts. draw. Finesse'. n. pledge of an es. to bind to enlist. to fit out. — | comical . to purify. affectedly modest. a. v. Debauch'. a rake. to venture. n. n. one who sells cloth. ployment. n. I Equip'ment. n. clothes . | Debauchee'. n. Fin'ery. the winning attractive. a. lewdness. Droll. to bet. Gage— a Pledge Gage. ad. n. . elegance purity. Dresser Dress. . a libertine .a. arti§. to with- Wage. n. Wa'ger. Equip. clothe. with affected mod- I Demure'ness. n. Fine. n. for service. ad. to vitiate. show gaiety. stratagem. complete outfit. to allure to evil. n. beautifully. Enga'ging. Fine'ness. 191 Dame—a Dame. a bank to confine water. to carry on as war. n. I Lady. I Demure'ly. v. DEMURE'. Engage'ment. JEnticer from the German (wagen. Dam. . v. Mort'gage. Note. hire reward . well. —to Make Straight. n. Refine'. n. tlie mistress of a house. I Drole Droll. Engage'. to cover or ornament with I I Dra'per. on old woman a hag. n. . polish of manners. a. Superfine'. | Equip'age. a. to set or put in order to I Dress. Mad'am. Fine'spun. Disengage'. odd . Fin'ical.ce . etc. n. . n. Draper—to Drape. v. merry. ». obligation . . its ac- Fin —Fine. nice in trifles. Dra'pery.) Debaucher—Debauch. p. idle jokes. to corrupt . a bet is . Clothe. comes from the Dutch (dam. esty. a. to make. n. n. n. . Droll'ery.FRENCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. v. Des mceurs— of Good Manners. minute. Entice'ment. a pledge a measure. wages. allurement. hangings. —Wage. . to separate . . n. a carriage with companiments. . Equiper —to Equip'. cloth. n. | Bel'dam. v. a term of address to a lady. —Dam. v. Refine'ment.) —to Entice. small thin not coarse Fine'ly. very or most fine.

from L. to form by furnace and Forg'er. roving in search of pro- I Forge. made weak.198 smith's hand-book of etymology. spoil. Forge. Flatter f from Flat'ter. a. Fee'bleness. v. revenue. Fourrager—to Forage. foolishly bold. open. n. n. n. n. Enfee'ble.?i. Foible —Feeble. exciting hope. — Scent. falsify. ad. a. I I Frank'lin. Fur'nished. plainness openness. Forg'ery. a. one . free Frank'ly. | Finan'cial. without Foi'ble. having a fine taste. n. n. Fool'hardiness. Fol'ly. —Mad. revenue income. Frank'ness. Flair Fla'vor. hammer. . . —Foil. . Flat'tery. visions. For'age. I Frieze. strength. n. J^ot*— a Madman. Fur'niture. n. Finance —Finance. Latin {folium. sincere. —to Foil. Fee'ble. Foolish. Fool 'hardy. to supply . p. weakly . false praise. n. a falsi- Franc—Frank. Frank. a. n.) Note. Friz'zle. want of wisdom. Ferrum —Iron. v. to counterfeit to Forge. Forge. . one who flatters. ®. gilding. a. a coarse woolen cloth with a nap on one side. Financier'. relish . a freeholder. —to Frizz. n. Finance'. —to Blow. Flat'terer. who understands L. Affoler Foil. to curl in short curls. Furnish. v. . privilege right. supplied goods in a house for use. a moral weakness. n. to wander in search of i Foraging. Friser Frizz. n. ®. pp. one of weak understanding. . n. a steward. the crime of falsifying. a furnace for heating iron. n. Flato I relating to finance. ad. v. comes from tlie Fol Fool. to baffle to defeat. . courage without Fool'ishness. Fournir—to Fur'nish. | fitted up. | fragrance . to fit up. Fee'bly. weakness infirmity. . to soothe with praises. freely. . a Fool. taste. n. n. v. Fool'ish. one who forges fier. v. Fla'vored. want of understanding. unwise. «. I n. a leaf. openly . to curl to crisp.^. a. . | Flat'tering. . weak infirm. Fran'chise. n. a.

. n. Gratter Grate. . v. n. Frown'ingly. a greedy eater. finery. the n. n. n. Glean'ing.) are from the ^ G^aisse animal fat in a soft state.FRENCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a trap engine. smeared with grease. the fruit of the vine. Frown.) Grateful is from the Latin {grains. n. . Garantir Grant. Gallant'. bravery nobleness. ad. v. Gal lantry. Grappe— a Bunch Grape. Note.7i. Gal'lantly. n. to beautify^ | Gar'ment. shot so arranged as to resemble a bunch of grapes. a Cluster. to admit. Handful op Corn Gathered. Greas'y. is made. Froncer—to Wklnkle. brave. one to whom a grant is to give . to adorn . showy. Glean'er. a snare an instrument for cleaning cotton . ladies. Genievre Gin. Frown. Grape'shot. one by whom a grant made. a covering for the body. to eat to excess. gay splendid . . v. —Gin. is a contraction of word Glaner. . a frame for holding coals and Grating. to rub hard. ad. a. n. the seed of the grape. a look of displeasure. —to Scrape. Gay'ness. 199 to express displeasure by contracting the brow. Grant'or. n. the state of being I . harsh. . . bravely : nobly. Gourmand—Gormand. Gai— Gay. merrily cheerfully. —to Warrant. Greas'ily. I Greas'iness. expressing displeasure by a frown. I . Gay. ad. a. n. a. —a Juniper Berry. a. Grape'stone. Garnir—to Furnish Gar'nish. n. rubbing . a. (crates. greasy. to gather what is thinly scattered.— Grate. . with a look of dis Galant— Gallant. Note. | Gay'ly. to Adorn. v. Grease. . . with grease. Grantee'. a glutton. cheerful merry Gay'ety. ad. (/lane Glean. Gor'mand. | to wear away . polite and attentive to Gal'lant. a distilled spirit flavored with juniper berries. cheerfulness finery. n. I | . | Gor'mandize. I | . tJ. a. cheerfulness . one who gleans. n. —a to gather what is left by reapers . Grat'ing. —Fat. n. Frown 'iNG. n. pleasure. p. Latin v. lattice work a crate a hurdle. anything gleaned.

7L a cluster . Har'diness. a. . horribly. by an unu- Hardi—Bold. Groupe— Group. Joy'ous. direction . tTuele. Jsal'ousy. ad. I abounding with juice. — Day. v. I Disguise'.200 smith's hand-book of etymology. profusely. bold. v. | Guidance. tToie —Joy. government Guise Guise. dangerous* HaineuoCf haine Hbi'nous. Daring. a. Nor. the travel of a day. I Joy. full of joy glad. Guider— to Guide. J Haz'ardous. Fr. —Jealous. a collection. — Hatred. wicked in a high degree. giving no pleasure. | Joyau—Jewel. —Juice. Fr. v. Lave. Jour —Daylight. | apprehensive of rivalship. frightful —Fright. . Jui'cY. a. Hideuoc Hid'eous.any ornament of greatvalue. Qjtoup. to collect together. jewels collectively. | Jui'ciness. to enter in a journal. n. . a. — Guise. wickedly. Joy'pul. a daily register. Haz'ard. firm. n. n. tTus Juice. Jour'nalize. v.7i. boldness. etc. ad. chance . . gladness delight. n. a. to a. v. jEW'EL. Guide. maimer . | to the sight. Jew'elrt. Laver—Lave. n. ad. dress. to expend in profusion. n. to direct or lead in a way. n. firmness courage. | Joy'less. Lav'ish. | Lav'ishly. Jour'nal. strong. danger. wasteful. day. Dread. suspicious fear. I garb . | Har'dihood. Hasard—Hazard. out. Jour'neyman. JTournee Jour'ney. a. a. | Hei'nously. destitute of juice. I Lav'ish. abundance of juice. ?i. Hid'eously. Jaloudc Jbal'ous. a. to conceal sual dress. glad merry. v. | Group. Hab'dy. . n. Juice'less. n. stoutnesa. a. n. n. a man hired by the n. the sap of vegetables. a. throw up or profuse .

L. from Mask. are dug. Loiser 201 —Leisure. n. willing to pity and n. wet in a small degree. n. . Macher— to Chew. Mascara. to sap to undermine. a plunderer. i. Maniere. to make damp. tenderness towards an of a. I . fused mass. from L. want of mercy. v. | Lki'sube^w. a mixture. courteous. . face. earth. to roveinquestof plunder. n. | Manus —the Hand. ad. an idler. a. Sp. to spend time lazily.. e. to render modem. Merci. Miaericordia. an assemblage of persons wearing masks. Longis —a Slow Fellow Lounge. peculiar way. fender. Mer'cilessness. v. that in which anything is I Mould'er. v. a pit from which minerals Mine. | Note. Modo | — Just Now. Moist. comes from the A. n. comes from the A. n. a moderate degree of wetness. n. one who casts or shaped. spare.) . the land of a lord. Marauder—to Play the Maraud'. the I — I Cara—Visage. —Mine. void of mercy. | Maraud—a Rogue. {molde. Moist'ness. Note. L. wetness in a small deMoist'en. Mano'rial. Mod'ern. n. a Lingerer. from Man'ner. Mine. Maraud'er. Mash. n. a. and Second Visage. gree. pertaining to a manor. n.-S. L. the upper or surface soil. Lei'surely.) Moderne. 2). n.-S. to mix or beat into a con- I Mash. Man'nerly. a cover to disguise Masquerade'. (mm. method . I —Mould. Mi'ner. Moite —Moist I I Damp. one who digs in a mine. v. ad. Mod'ernize. civil . of the present time. n. v. n. or a Matrix. | Maneo -to Abide. a n. Rogue. Mer'ciful. Mine—Mine. or belonging to me. freedom from occupation. | Loung'er. Manoir. n. n. a substance found in the earth. Mbr'ciusss. Moist'ure. Mas More. a. from Man'or. Min'eral. I Masque. shapes. a. Moule — a Mould Mould. m^l. of. done without hurry.FRENCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. from Mbr'ct.

Ped'dle. Pet'tiness.) Noise Noise. n. . Pet'ticoat. keen. d. as the heart. JPercer. small . Petilus Pet'it. n. n. n. a pie baked without a dish. a verbal promise. ^Nbt. . Paste 'board. to talk to converse. — Strife an outcry. Must. Pas'tel. Mus'ty. «. rapid breathing. etc. (net. n. . Quarrel | . a woman's lower garment. | Note. Noi'sY. a texture of twine. 'c. Pet'tifogger. Parole'. Petit. Mu'tinous. a. p. Pierc'er. one guilty of mutiny. — Slender . to travel about and sell goods in small quantities. a. conversation talk. trated. (mast. one that pierces. n.— 20^ SMITHES — HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Pierce. fretful peevish. new wine. Push. to thrust a pointed instrun. Delicate. n. Net. comes from the from A. Pet. from L. a sitting-room. n. JHoisir Must. (must. «. Panteler Pant. . Dispute. to discuss orally. from L. Mutiner— to Mutiny. — ^to Must I . tive council. a slight tit of peevishness. Dough. a. things made of baked paste. the British legisla- Pab'ley. Mu'tiny. comes from the A. a little favorite. Par'lance. Pertundo^ pertusus— to Beat. JPate Paste. ity. Pet'tish. n. Pant'ing. to Mould. small trifling. Pet'ty. that may be . Noise'less. v. a traveling dealer in small wares.-S. Par'liament. a.-S. spoiled with damp or Mus'tiness. | to beat.) — A. clear after all deductions. turbulent.. a. cutting PiERc'iNGLY. —to Speak. a. Par'lor. sounding loud. to do small business as a lawyer. Pas'try. a rising against author- I I Mutineer'. NOTS. smallness. n. pene- ment into. a. to be obliged. n. n. PiERc'iNG. n. Pxerce'able. a. Pet'tifog. n. an inferior lawyer. n. v. a loud sound . n. age. . ad. n. Pet. Pas'ty. little. without sound. n. a. —^Paste. sharply. or Thrust Through. l^arler Parle. JV^cf ^Entirely. a kind of crayon.) and Must. keenly. n.-S. —to Gasp for Breath. to make mouldy. n. a kind of thick paper. a. a cement made of flour and water. . id. mouldiness. Ped'ler.

a wife's pocket money. that which . from L. Peregrinus — One I who Comes from Abroad. Pietas — Dutiful Conduct. a. supporting by arguments. n. one who pleads. a. n. n. Pin'case. plunder spoil. Pincer —to Pinch. to feel in . an instrument for grip- I Piquer— to Prick Pique. place. Plead'ing. v. Pil'lage. n. to steal by petty theft. deserving pity. Peas' antry. in a piteous manner. n. n. Pilo^ to deprive of hair. sharp pungent. a pocket. Piq'uancy. a small pointed instrument. n. n. Pil'grim. n. Spina — a Prickle . from Pay. a. (pocca. I Pinch. to strip to rob to pillage. a countryman. a. Pil'ferlng. to discharge. a. n. —to Plunder. Pin'cushion. to strip of property by . pp. pleading. n. Plead. n. from L. . sharpness tartness. a case for pins. to squeeze between two sharp points. a Thorn. Piq'uantly. . Peler^ piller Peel. . ad. n. Poke. Paco^ pacare I —to Pacate . n. Pin'cers. petty theft. a cushion to stick Pin'feathered. the feeling excited by the Pit'eously. NoTB. t>. Pill..) etc. Bruise. From L. v. country people. that which is paid. n. Pin'hole. v. the . n. n.— FRENCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. JPelerifif from L. n. Pil'lage. without pity. one who pilfers. Pin. pins in. Payer. Pltie — Compassion. n. a. a. ad. as a debt. distress of another. compensation for service. ill will offence. v. that may or can be paid Pay'ment. Pok'er. n. Plea. Plead'er. is advanced in I | Pocher—to Poke. to plunder. n. to strip off. Pit'eous. ing. to argue before a court. I Epingle. as the I eyes. full of pity. v. violence. Paysan—a Peas'ant. sorrowful. Pil'ferer. | Piq'uant. Pit'y. Pay. n. . Pok'ing. Pin'money. comes from the . v. A. a very small hole. . Prr'iLESS.-S. . | Cottager. | Pay'able. an instrument for stirring | fire. one who travels on a Pil'grimage. Pit'iable. the dark t^ search for with a long instrument. I . apou«ii. a journey to a holy religious account. Plaider—to Plead. Pit'iful. sharply tartly. drudging servile. Pil'fer. 203 L. to Pacify. not fully feathered. a. to Sting.

71. a small rent reserved. one who prunes.. to treat with satirical mer- riment. to acquire. ability strength. without power. Poise. v. straight to . a. weight Coun'terpoise. a case in whicli gunpowder is kept. . Pow'dery. Note. Quieto—to Quit. 7t. —Dust. niceness. n. to forsake.j at weigh. JPoudre Pow'der. i. equivalence of weight. «. balance. Prim. Rail. fob THE Builders. —to Square. deck with great JProvtgner Prune. Prim'ness. to Seek.) . n. a dried plum. Pouvoir Pow'er. u. . n. e. . Quarrier Quar'ry. to dig from a quarry. | Pur'chaser. to order. any dry substance composed of minute particles. from L. Seek. n. a. Quitter. v. jesting language. n. Po'ny. n. Pow'derflask. —to Banter I I to Jest. and ne— Born. d. Note. n. Make Qulet. Pow'dermill.204 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. v. a place from which stones 1 Quar'ry. v. n. affectedly nicety. Quit. — ^to Layer the I Vine for PROPAaATionr.—Rally. | Pu'ny. Pow'erful. n.) Puisne. affected formality or nice. a. | Empow'er. precise . n. Quit'clatm. the release of a claim to leave . a. Pailler Ral'ly. n. Old Fr. Note. discharge. comes from the Latin (prunum. v. I Quit'tance. Pourchasser —to Pursue Pur'chase. Quit'rent. Old Fr. Puis— Since. means properly to square. Unpoised' a. to reunite. to cut off superfluous Prun'er.. n. | —Prune. to use insolent language. Prifn—Prime Prim. | —To quarry stones. one who buys. to come back comes from the French {rcdller. Outpoise'. n. a small horse. Rail'lery. . are dug. branches. not balanced. to outweigh. the game flown at by a hawk. — ^to Be Able. to buy . Peser —to Weigh. . to . small and feeble. to give power to. First. a mill for making gunpowder. . having power. v. a. free clear. Overpoise'. to n. Hew and Prepare them v. I a. I Pow'erless. dusty. Querir—to Quar'ry.

Arriere—REJLR. comes from the A. a road a way. a tumult . v. Note. turbulent. Refuse'. Reiverdon . to elevate. Old Reward'. the point. denial Refus'able. to climb to leap to sport. heedless. . without rocks. circular spherical. — a Brawl | . a. what remains. to n. a. I Riote Ri'oT. n. one who is sent privily to observe the motions of an enemy. Round. a distaff.-S. in a round form. a worthy of reward. Range. | by bending down Riv'et. in the rear (rcei-an. full of rocks. the quality of being round. n. to move backwards and forwards. to act the spy. somewhat round. River. exuberant rank. to give in return rec- I Reward'able. —Rear. ?i. v. n. a line . n. inclined to romp. Refuser. v. n. Ref'use. I | Regard ful. to play rudely. a writing signed by names in a circle. L. a. a. | Rank. Round 'robin. —Recompense. -ROCK. Romp. from to fasten Riv'et. a class.to Listen ScouT. —to Turn or Wheel Round. Regarder— to Look Regard'. n. Romp. a. Fr. a noisy. to Refute. to observe . boisterous Ram'pant. to reject with contempt. n. attention . Round'ly. Gyro Ri'otous. n. I Ckeep. Ecotfter. option.the state of being rocky. Botundus . . Round'about. Round'ness. Routine'. RoMp'isH. to Hear. Rear. | Rear. Rock. from L. may be refused.) . from tlie Danish {rok. «. a. Regard 'less. a large mass of stone. Rock'less. a. . n. Note. RocK'iNES8. a. Regard. to respect. a row . . Scout. . deny a request. Route. respect. a round or course of . v. | Rang— Row. business. a. 205 Hamper— to . an uproar. Ramp. Line. that which is behind. RocRock. n. a. from L. to place in order. Tumult. ad. hindermost. Round'ish. n. Refus'al. —Round. Befuto —to Repress | . a. a nail clinched at both ends. a. id. girl. to raise. that At.) — {rokker^) Rond. comes from the Danish and Rook.7?. attentive. ompense. a. Rota — a Wheel.FRENCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. v. Rock'y. n. indirect. d.

Sev'erally. n. n. Sea'sonable. firm Stan'chion. to grasp. a large drinking vessel. to spot to I Stain'less. a. Sauce'pan. that stoutness cannot . Surfiot Surf. the swell of the sea breaking on the shore. one who makes clothes. ad. v. v. a platter for a tea cup. n. ad. v.206 smith's hand-book of etymology. Sea'son. an impudent person. v. firmness. a Pool. a term of re- I proach or insult. a word of respect. divide. Teindre. Stagno Stagnant. Sea'soning. — to Cut. impudently. Stanch'ness. n. Sir'rah. the act of surprising. Sbv'erance. from stain. Tank'ard. Siref from L. Surprise —Surprise. discolor . a support. to Dye. v. JEtang Tank. a prop . n. —to Tinge —to Make stanched. n. a. Sea'son. | Tailleur. a father. to come or fall upon Surprise \ n. strong . imj^udence. n. L. v. n. a. SiR. Saisir Seize. Sau'ciness. n. to stop from flowing. 11. Seiz'able. a fit or suitable time. Sev'eral. separation. ( to take hold of. be. Sau'cer. n. Salstis Sauce. the act of seizing. n. that Seiz'ure. Sau'cy. n. Senior Sire. Stanch'less. — Salt. n. Stanch. free I Etaiielier. something added to Sea'son. or interj. . difi'srent separate. the act of taking unasuddenly. I —an Aged Person. a large cistern. Sea'son. food. . v. to disgrace. n. Sauce'box. sometliing to give relish to Sau'cily. I Surprise'. from L. —to Separate. . a. to give relish to. give relish. — a Pond | . to a stick with notches cut mark numbers. Surpris'al. L. separately. tailler Tai'lor. I Tal'ly. from Sauce. to prepare for use by time. n. a. may be seized. a. . n. —the Rising of Billow upon Billow. at the proper time. . n. Sevrer Sev'er. n. n. Saison — Season. insolent impudent. to j | to part by violence . sound. a small pan. a. wares. —to Seize. n. one of the four divisions of the year. Tingo . Stanch. from Stain.

| to cut or dig into ditches. a. cutting . comes from the French (tiqite. Treach'erous. n. Touch'ing. and Scindo—to Cut. Trans Trick'ster. knavish. fretfulness. one who tans leather. Tan'ninq. sharp. having good taste. tricher Treach'ery. artifice. Torche. n. I I Trav'eled. n. . having no taste. a. . a. — the Head. Trick. —to Cheat Trick'ish. Taste'ful.FRENCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Tan. Taste. | Tram'mel. Tram'mel. to come in contact with.) —Tick. in bark. w. n. fretfdl . . | TiCK'ETjW. —to Rebuke. to hamper. to Trick. I Touch. | Touch'y. of a yellowish dark color. Tater Taste. . Breviate or Bill. Taste'less. n. Tes'tiness. the astringent principle leather. v. | —Because they are made with twisted thread. n. affecting pathetic. having made journeys. artful . to shackle. a. the process of making «. —Across. one who travels. n. Trama —the Weft. hand. scoffingly. one wh o p ractisestricks. the light of a torch. credit. that may be tasted. Tan'ner. a. v. Note. or Filling of a Web. to labor to toil. n. ad. —to Feel . Trick'ery. Touch'iness. v. 7i. a. a large light carried in the Torch'ught. L. the sense by which we perceive the relish of a thing. a. Tick. from . Tan'nin. Taw'ny. to Taste. from Torch. a sly fraud.) and Tick. Torqtteo I —to Twist. Trav'ail. a. Trancher. to perceive by the sense of feeling . a. v. 207 Tanner— to Tan. words. a. trust. a. to . a small animal. peevishness. Tast'able. L. peevish irritable. faithless. n. Trench'ant. from the Dutch (tikken.atoken of any right or debt. v. L. to make a small noise. Trav'eler. impregnate with bark to make brown. I Tete Tes'ty. n. Trav'el. Travailler—to Travel. n. n. v. to make journeys. to perceive by the palate. . Toucher— to Touch. Trlcherie. v. I to reproach with insulting Taunt'ingly. breach of faith. the case of a bed. Tramail. n. from the Dutch (teek. from Trench. | peevish. Tancer Taunt.) Tick. a net a kind of shackle. Etiquette Note. — a Little Note.

L.work Door. n. in Voyage from f L. the place of. Trouhler. to vex v. to change direction. Gyro^ gyratus —to Turn in a Circle. n. —to Throw into Disordbb. a boaster. depravity. n. comes from the Latin {triurnphus. v. | Trump'ery. n. Vano. Vis Vice. n. Via —a AVay. and Ago—to Pursue. worthless finery. a Lattice. to impose upon. the act of trying . duty. 7^. . Vanter. a musical instrument. to brag. from the Latin (vVce. to turn . | to boast . a winning card. ant. fast. Tri'al. to get together by all sorts of expedients. wickedness. an iron press with a screw for holding comes from the Latin Note. To Trump up.) and Vice. Voy'ager. Turbo ^ turbatus . Guichet —a Grating n. ?). Truand— a Vagabond Tru'ant. Viver. —to Cull Out. a journey by sea. one who travels by sea. . Vaunt'er. L. Wick'et.—Vice. | Voy'age. the act of playing tru- I Tromper—to Trump.) and Trump. . Note. | Veer'ing.) (vitium. n. | to prove by experiment. a Beggar. the act of turning. one who neglects his I Tru'anct. from L. n. from the Italian {tromha. a. from Vaunt. —to Turn About to Twist. vanatum— to Utter Empty Words. I I Troub'lesome. v. a. test.208 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. disordered. Veer. . to disturb to afflict . Troub'lous. from Troub'le. giving trouble.) — Trier Try. to forge. v. Deceive. Trump. a small door made in a gate. n.

Ban'quet. comes from the French Bonder— to Thunder. to utter suddenly. to tell tales. blockade. a. dim with rheum or Blear'-eyed. n.) to shut up. I Blur. —a Pustule water. m 2k boisterous • Baas—Master. something that obscures or soils. a large row boat. Boss. to mistake grossly. noisy. to obscure by some bk>t. v. —Block. manner. violent . n. n. or stain. n.Note —This word originated in . a stupid fellow. a gun with a large | Blun'derhbad. ad. a raised footpath across a bridge. v. to obstruct. wood or stone. n. | Bois'terouslt. comes from the French {bana covered bench. having sore ey^fl. bore. Blun'derer. obliquely. Blurt. —Awry. Bancket Banquet. one who blunders.— To Block.) —a Bark. 209 DUTCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a tell-tale. BARGE'MAN. Block. | Oblique. | a Blister. Block. New York among the Dutqfe. Blaer Blear. Schuin Askance'. a. . —Furious. n. a Pustule. —Bancket. to Blab. quette. ad. to tattle . Askant'. I Blun'derbuss. ad.DUTCH KOOTS AND DEKIVATIVBS. Blun'der. Babbelen Blab. at which JBarg messmates sit and feast together. —to Prattle | . | Barge. a grand entertainment of eating and drinking. n. I stormy . Byster Bois'tbrous. among mechanics. v. I soil. thick piece of Note. the manager of a bargt. a master . sidewise . sidewise obliquely.n. — n. a. Blab'ber. . . Blaar— a Blister Blur. Banquet. {hloquer^ to a heavy. Note. n. v. in the sense of bench or table.

Brag.) so named from the seal affixed to it having raised work on it. Klinken— to Klink Clinch. Bull. v. Note. Blosen—to Blowze. n. v. —to Clatter. n. to talk freely or at ease. Blush. n. Buoy'ant. v. and ruddy sunburnt . I | Bub'ble. a boaster. Bulle Bull. a. any mass of matter concreted. n. n. v. an incessant talker. Kappen—to Chop. Chirp'ing. —Buoy. a lawyer in the time of Henry VII. was so named from Obadiah Bull. sweetened dough baked. 1 Chat'ter. n. degree. the woodwork round a vessel above her deck. a vain boaster. n. a. Clinch'er. | Blow'zy. a small piece cut oflf. n. to grasp in the hand.210 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a knob. v. v. a. rather salt. | the male of bovine animals. Brak— Saltish. Cake. i Jabber. Brag'ger. noise . n. fat a ruddy fat-faced girl. of bubbles. n. | to make a confused noise. | a floating mark. to make a small sharp sound . — Bull. noise by to talk idly . —to Chirp. to make a collision of the teeth. praising one's self. v. . Bkack'ish. Clink. the gentle noise of birds. | to make a noise like a bird. clamor. n. Bul'wark. I Bback'ishness.. Koek— Cake. v. n. comes from the Latin (bulla^ Bolwerh— Bulwark. a small bladder of water anything empty a cheat. I Brag 'g art. I Brag'ging. a boss. . | Chip. a. to cut with a quick blow. p. to boast to vaunt. a. Chop. n. Bub'ble. an edict or mandate issued by the pope. Bohhel— Bubble. I to Rivet. | n. —Bull. v. Kouten — to Chat. a gross contradiction or blunder. noted for his blunders. tending to rise or float. n. n. Bul'lock. an ox. Oircken Chirp. Chat'terbox. from an enemy. saltness in a small I Braggeren— to Brag. Clat'tering. Boei Buoy. Klatteren Clat'tee. . . n. a holdfast. | Cake. Bub'bly. a mound to protect I Bul'wark. confiisting to rise in bubbles.

. a spasmodic contraction of the muscles. Dab'ble. Encum'ber. n. Clum'siness. n. Cramp. 'v. Cost'less. I Cramp. heavy dull gross. n. harsh Creak'ing. crazy. Cur'ly. . 11. Clump. a. in a clumsy manner. . 211 Klomp—Clump. | Komberen—to C'Um'ber. one who makes Coach'man. to break partially to cause Crack'ling. . n. one who is expert at anything. derived from the sound. Lump. of a high price. . without grace of form awkward. v. Kramp — Cramp. Dab. n. a coach. to paint coarsely. a. Cost. v. Cum'brous. I to make a sharp. to strike suddenly. to form into having curls curls. expensiveness. a four-wheeled n. n. a. awkwardness. ill-shaped. I Kricken Creak. burden: hindrance. a horse for drawing carriage. a. | a ringlet of hair. . adhe« over. money for the use of Coach'maker. to restrain . pp. pleasure Coach'horse. n. v. a coach. «^. . Curl. n. coaches. to sound sharply and suddenly. burdensome. n. v. Koets — a Coach Coach. to clog to load. Daub'er. Dab'ster. n. Clum'sy. daubed . Lump'y. CoACHHiRE. into anything. a shapeless mass a. n. Clum'sily. grating sound. n. —to Curl. n. full of lumps. to dip a little or often. v. n. n. Bedab'ble. a. 71. a. burdensome. a. n. . one who daubs. Daub'ed. Bedaub'ed. to make slight and frc quent cracks. Cost'leness. a narrow breach a fissure. without expense. Cumbersome. . Daub. Cum'brance. I I Cost'ly. to oppress with a load or burden. Clump'y. one who dips slightly . Crack'le. Dab'bler. Kraek— Cback. . a clus- ter of trees. smeared with soft. Crack. v. . to hinder. the driver of a coach. shapeless . v. a. to smear sive matter. v. Crack'brained. v. a Couch. a small mass the gross. a slight frequent noise. v. . JSPruUen Curl. Cumber. Crack. a. —to Creak. Dahhen —to Dab. Kost— Cost. a. a harsh grating noise.DUTCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. to wet to (jesprinkle. LuMp'isH. price charge expense.

a fancy. 1 Dum'py. Dump. I mer. abates. a. or Decoy. a sort of pudding. melancholy. comes from the German {frec\ impudent. free from dreams. n. Dom—Dull. Dream'less. n. ad. Freight 'age. Damp'er. acts of fondness. I 1 Fum'bling. to moisten to check or . skin. to variegate to checker. | Fommelen— to Fum'ble. one who dreams. | Freight. Vlah Fleck. n. to lure into a net. Koyen.212 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. to spot to streak. a. n. . gayly. a. Damp. Troni — Drum. . Dum'pling. to feel or grope about. —Fresh. an instrument of military Drum-Major. moist slightly wet. —Freak. doing anything . v. filthy. to leap to skip. gay. n. Frisk'y. sorrow Dump'ish. . I sadness. v. v. Blunt. a whim. Droofti —Dream. sluggishly . . filthily. ad. | Dal'lt. a. | or unclean.) Vragt —Freight. a. . a. n. Damp'en. n. snare. negli- Dream'er. money for freight. . sleep. Dream'ingly. frolicsome Frisk'ily. an artifice to entrap. awkwardly. [ Frec'kle. to make damp. Debt. Damp—Damp. v. v. thoughts of a person in n. n. v. n. . Stupid. | n. a yellowish spot in the | Note. to lose time in trifles. n. Gay. Fumble. I Drek—Dirt. Damp. Damp'ness. I Lively. I Dirt'y. v. cage or I Decoy'. . Frisch Frisk. gently. «. Damp'ish. p. ad. Frisk'pul. foul nasty Dirt'ily. full of gayety. a. the cargo of a ship. sullen short and thick. —a Spot. filthiness. Dream. kooi — a Cage Decoy'. somewhat damp. n. n. a. moisture. Dollen —to Trifle. Dal'liance. bold. any thing that renders foul Dirt'iness. . that which checks or abate. Drum. the chief drum- music. sad n. Freak. . a.

—The English orthography is grossly corrupt. a. n. —Leech. —to Glare. work done by guess. letting water in or out.— Gull. notorious . the quantity that capes by leaking.) Glaren Glare. n. dazzling light. Gant'let. | to trick . a faint light . Gruff. rough in tone. in which the criminal. n. one easily cheated. iron glove.DUTCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. —to Guess. (lec^. indolently. ad. a kind of wprm. n. to shine with a dazzling Glar'ing. v. a physician. late through. v. Leak'y. bare- Glare. I Gruff'ness. Glimmen—to Glim'mer. a large cask. Huge'ly. a faint view. Ia'zy. Lek— a Leak. n. to cause a fluid to perco* Leak'age. n. I | Glimmer. n. La'zily. receives a lash from each man. disposed to be idle. to cheat. Gantelope. —to Gull. v. Guess'work. Kullen Gull. notoriously.-S. o^. an comes from the French (gantelet. idly disposition to be idle. Leach. —Husks. the covering of certain fniits.— Gauntlet. | to judge at random. Loopen —to a military punishment. running between two ranks. 213 Run. | . a. n. Note. comes from the A. Hoog—Huge. harsh. faced. Gull. immensely. v. Glar'ingly. view.) . Glim'mering. n. harshness of manner I Gissen Guess. ad. Gant — a Passage. light. enormous bulk. n. Huge. Lasigh —Lazy. Note. Note. | Husk'y. a sea bird. 1 Huge'ness. ?i. to shine faintly. a hole which lets water in es- or out. comes from the {gvrylan. bright . a short €rro/— Gruff. a bright. surly . a. Hogs'head.) Oxhoofd — Oxhead. Welsh n. Hulzen Husk. n. a. v. La'zlness. or look. Glimpse. a. a. Note. very large in size. Leak.

£14

SMITH'S

HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.
it is
I

Loopen —Because
Loop,
n.

Easily Slipped Off.
n.

a double in a string.

Loop'hole,
evasion.

a hole for escape or

Laag—Low.
Low'ly, a. humble meek mild. not high humble. Low'liness, 71. humility. Low'ek, v. to bring low; to lessen. Low'er, 'd. to appear dark or gloomy. Low'ness, n. state of being low. Low'land, n. land which is low.

Low,

a.

;

;

;

Gelnk, luh
LucK,7i. that which happens; fortune. Luck'y, a. successful by chance.
I

—Luck.
good
fortune.

Luck'ilt, ad. fortunately.
Luck'ijstess, n.

|

Luck'less,
Note.

a.

unfortunate.
or happens.
,

—The sense
v.

is,

that

which comes,

falls,

Middelen —
Med'dle,
to act in the concerns of others in which one's interposition is not necessary.

^to

Mediate.

Med'dler, n. one who meddles. Med'dlesome, a. given to meddling. Med'dling, n. officious interposition.
n.

Med'ley,

a mixture.

Moppen—to Pout.
Mope,
v.

to be very dull

and spiritless.

|

Mo 'pish, a.
Mud'dle, Moth'er,

spiritless.

Modder—Mud.
moist and soft earth. Mud'dy, a. foul with mud. Mud'dily, ad. with foul mixture.
n.

Mud,

v.

n.

to make confused. a thick, slimy substance

Moth'ery,
Note.

a. full

of mother

in liquors. concreted.
;

—Mother, the female parent, comes from the A.-S. (moder.)
-Mo/—Muff.
a cover for the hands.

Muff,

n.

Muf'fler,

n.

Muf'fle, v. to cover a cover for the face.
|

;

to conceal.

Mommelen— to
Mum'ble,
mutter.
«.

Speak Like One Wearing a Mask.
;

Mom— a

Mask.

to speak inwardly

to

I

Mum'bler,

n.

one

who mumbles,

j

Knippen—to
Nip,
«.

Nip.
n.

to pinch

;

to blast.

|

Nip'pers,

small pincers.

JPak
Pack, Pack,
Note.
n.
v.

—Pack.
I
|

a bundle a bale. to press close.
;

Pack'age,7i. a parcel of goods packed. Pack'et, n. a small bundle. Pack'thread, n. thread for packing.
etc.,

—^Packet, a vessel for conveying the mails,

comes from the French {paquet.)

DUTCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.
Piloot.
Pi'lot, n, one

215

Piil

—a Plummet Line, and Loot—Lead.
|

who

steers a ship.

Pi'LOTAGE,7i.thedutyorpayof apilot.

JPinken
Pink,
v.

to

Twinkle with the Eyes.
;
I

to pierce with small holes

Pink,

n.

an eye

;

a flower

;

a color,

to stab.

I

JPlots

—Dttll
I

;

Heavy.

Plod,

v.

to toil

;

to travel or

work

slowly.

I

Plod'der, n. one who plods. Plod'ding, n. slow motion or study.

JPloeg

—Plough.
I

Plough, n. an instrument for turning Plough'boy, n. a boy who ploughs. Plough'man, n. one who ploughs. up the ground. Plough'share, n. part of a plough.
I

Sol
Poll,
n.

—a Ball
I I

;

a Bulb.
v.

the head

;

the place of an
n.

Poll,

to lop or cut the top
off.

ofi'

;

to

election.

register, as a vote.

Pol'lard,

anything polled, or having the top cut

rot—Pot.
Pot, n. a hollow vessel used for boiling meat, holding liquids, etc. Pot'tage, n. anything boiled for food. Pot'ter, n. one who makes earthen
vessels.

Pot'herb, n. an herb fit for cookery. Pot'hook, n. a hook on whic'i pota are hung. Pot'house, n. an alehouse.
Pot'lid,
?i.

the cover of a pot.
a.

Pot'tery,

n.

the place where earthen

Pot'valiant,

courageous

from

vessels are

made.

Pot sherd,
Note.

n.

strong drink. a fragment of a broken pot
a fragment.

—Sherd, from A,-S.
v.

(sceard,)

Praaten—to Prate.
Prate,
to talk idly. Prat'er, n. an idle talker.

Prat'ing, n. idle talk tattle. Prat'tle, n. trifling talk. Prat'tler, n. a chatterer.
I

;

I

Pof—a
Puff, Puff,
n.
v.

Bounce.
I

a small blast of vrind. to swell with wind.

1

Puff'er, n. one who puffs. Puff'y, a. windy tumid.
;

Matelan— to Rattle.
Rat'tle,
to make a sharp noise rapidly repeated.
v.
I

I

Rat'tling, n. a rapid succession at sharp sounds.


Reef,
n.

Meef—Reef.
|

a portion of a

sail.

Reef,

«j.

to reduce as a sail.
{riff.)

Note.

—Reef, a chain of rocks, comes from the German

210

smith's

hand-book of etymology.

Mds—to
Race,
n.

Go.
races are run.

a contest in running.

I

Race 'course, n. the ground on which

I

Note.—Kace,

the lineage of a family, comes from the Latin {radix.)

Rot—Rout.
Rout,
n.

a clamorous multitude
to defeat

;

a

I

Row,

n.

select

company.
course traveled, road, way,

I

Row'dy,

a riotous disturbance, n. a riotous fellow.

Note.—Rout,
Route,
(rout,)

and throw into confusion, comes from the Latin (ruptum.) etc., comes from the Latin {rota, a wheel.)

Schelden
Scold,
v.

—to Rail.
Scold'lng, guage.
n.

to find fault with

rude

I

clamorous, rude Ian-

clamor.

I

Schop—ScooF.
Scoop,
n.

a large ladle.

|

Scoop,

«.

to

make

hollow.

Krabbelen—to Scrape
Scrab'ble, v. to scrape or scratch with the hands.

;

to Scratch.

Scrawl,

v.

to write clumsily.

Scram'ble, T). to catch at anything eagerly with the hands. Scraw'ler, n. an inelegant writer.

Zweemen —to
Seem,

Resemble.

Seem'ingly, ad in appearance. v. to appear; to present the Seem'less, a. indecorous. appearance. Seem'ly, a. becoming decent. Sebm'ing, n. appearance show. Beseem', «. to be cme to be fit.
; ;

Schyf, Ger. Scheiden— to Divide
Shive, n. a little piece a splinter. Shiv'er, «. to break into many small
;

;

to

Separate.
n.

Shiv'ering,

pieces.

the act of breaking into pieces. Skiv'er, n. a sheepskin split by a

machine.
Note.

—Shiver, to shudder, as with cold or
reserved
;

fear,

comes from the German

{schauren.)

Schuw—SBY.
Shy,
a.

cautious.

|

Shy'ly, ad. in a shy manner.
;

Shy'ness,

n. reserve

coyness.

Slabben
Slab'ber, v. to the mouth.
let saliva fall

— Slabber.
I

from

Slav'er,

n. spittle

running from the

I

mouth.

/S^in<fer— Slender.
Slen'der, a. thin slight. Slen'derness, 7i. thinness slightness.
;
;
I

Slen'derly, ad. slightly
bulk.

;

without

|

DUTCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.
Slecht
small; weak;
;

217

—Bad;

Mean; Worthless.
!

Slight, a. Slight, n. neglect disregard. Slight'eb, n. one who disregards.
trifling.

I

Slight'inglt, ad. without respect. Slight'ly, ad. weakly negligently. Slight'ness, n. weakness.
;

/S^o/— Careless
Slov'bn,
n.

;

Negligent.
a.

one carelessly dressed.

|

Slov'enly,

negligent of neatness.

Slordig
Slur,
v,

— Sluttish;
|

Bad.
reproach or disgrace.

to pass lightly.

Slur,

n. slight

Snappen, from
Snap, Snap,
v. v.

Ger.

SchnMe
I |

—the Beak of a Bird.
n.
a,

to bite or catch suddenly. to break suddenly.
its

Snap'per,
Snap'pish,
its

one

who

snaps.
;

eager to bite

peevish.

Note.

—^A bird snaps or seizes
n. a string

prey with

beak.

Snoer— a String
Snore,
wifh which a boy
I

or Cord.
n.
n.

spins his top.

I

Snare, Snarl,

anything which entraps, entanglement.

Note. Snore, to breathe audibly through the nose in sleep, comes from the A.-S. (snora^ a snoring.) Snarl, to growl, as a surly dog ; to speak roughly, comes from the German {schnarreti^ to speak in the throat.)
/S>*iwi/— Snuff.

Snuff, n. the burnt part of a candlewick powdered tobacco. Snuff'ers, n. a utensil for snuffing
;

Snuiven —to Snuff. Snuff'er, n. one who
Sniff,
nose.
v.

snuffs.

to
d.
;

draw

air

audibly up the

candles.

Sniv'el,
v.

Snuf'fle,
nose.

to

speak through the

snuffling

to cry as children with to run at the nose.
n.

Sniv'eler,

one

who

snivels.

Spang— Spang.
Spang, n. a shining ornament. Span'gle, n. a small plate of shining
metal.

Bespan'glb,
gles.

v.

to adorn with span-

Spar—a Rafter.
Spar,
Note.
dispute, to box,
n.

a general term for masts, booms, yards, etc.
A.-S. (sjdrian, to dispute.)

—Spar, a crystallized mineral, comes from the German (spa<^,) and SPAB, to
comes from the

Spyt
Spite, n. malice
;

—Vexation.
|

hate.

Spite'ful,

a. filled

with

spite.

Splifiter, splijten

—to Split.

Splikt,

7*.

a fragment

split off.

Split,

v.

Splin'ter, n. a thin piece split ofL to divide lengthwise.
|

218

SMITH'S

HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOaT.

Boertig
; ;
;

—Mekr*;

Joculab.
a.

Sport, n. play diversion mirth. Sport'ful, a. merry done in jest. Sport'fully, ad. in jest in mirth. Sport'ive, a. playful; frolicsome.
;

Sport'less,

joyless

;

sad.
field

Sports'man,
sports.

n.

one

who pursues

Staggeren


I

^to

Stagger.
n.

Stag'ger, v. to move from side to side in walking.

Stag'gering,
ing.

the

act

of

reel-

|

Stampen—to
Stamp,
to stride downward with the foot to impress with a mark.
v.
;
| |

Stamp.

Stamp, n. an instrument for making an impression
Stand.
p. a.

Staen
Stay,
to continue in a place prop to support. Stays, n. a woman's waistcoat.
v.
;

to

;

to

Stayed,

propped
;

;

supported.
steady. gravity.

Staid, a. sober grave Staid'ness, a. sobriety

;

;

Stoep
Stoop,
Note.
n.

—a Step.

the steps before a door.

—Stoop, to bend down, to lean forward, comes from the A.-S. (stupian^ to stoop.)
Stoppen

—to Stop.
|

Stop,

v,

to hinder ; to obstruct.

Stop'page,

n.

the act of stopping.

Stout
Stout,
a,

—Bold;
|

Stout.

strong

;

lusty

;

brave.
n.

Stout'ness,

Stout'ly, ad. lustily ; boldly. strength boldness.
;

Streven
to make efforts. Strife, n. contention discord.
B^TRiVE,
V.
;

—to Strive.
I

|

Strife'ful, a. contentious. Striy'ing, n. contest contention.
;

Stof— Stuff.
Stuff, n. any matter or body. Stuff, v. to fill very full. Stuff'ing, n. that by which any thing
is filled.

Sti'fle,

v. to stop the breath by crowding something into the wind-

pipe.

Stomp— Stump.
Stump,
n. the part which is left when the main body is taken away.
I |

Stump, v. to lop to puzzle, Stump'y, a. full of stumps.
;

Zwendelen
Swin'dle, 71. to cheat by false pretense.


|

to

Swindle.
n. a cheat; a rogue.

Swin'dler,

DUTCH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.
Tintelen
Tin'gle,
v.

219

—to Tingle.
Tin'kle,
noise.
v.

to feel a kind of thrilling sound or pain. Tin'gling, 71. a thrilling sound or pain.

to

make

a sharp, quick

Tink'eb,

71.

one

who mends

Tink'ling, n. a sharp, quick noise. old pans, etc.

Tip—TiF.
Tip, n. the end; the point.

Tip'toe, n. the end of the toe. Tip'top, n. the highest degree.
|

Tassen
Toss, «. to throw
;

^to

Heap Up.
n.

to fling ; to agitate.

|

Toss'ing,
to

violent commotion.

Tooijen
Toy, Toy,
n.
v.
; ;

—to Attire

;

Adobn.
n.

a plaything a bauble. to play to trifle.

Toy'shop,
sold.

a shop where toys are

ToY'MAJSf, n. one

who

deals in toys.

TreUen—to Draw
Trail,
a track left by anything that has passed along.
n.
I

;

to Pull.
v.

Trail,

to

draw along the ground,

I

Trappen
Tramp,
tread.
v,


I

to

Tread.
n.
v.

to

walk with a heavy

Tramp'er,

one

who

tramps.

I

Tram ple,

to tread under foot.

Trixypelen
Trip,
t?.

—to Trip.
Trip,
v.

to strikefrom under the body.

|

to run or step lightly.

Kwetteren
Twit'ter, v. to make a succession of small tremulous noises.

—to Twitter.
I

Twit'ter,

I

v. to feel a tremulous tion of the nerves.

mo

Wachten—to Watch
Wait,
®.

;

to

Wait

;

to Stay.

to stay in expectation

;

to

I

Wait'er,

n.

one

who

waits,

remain.

I

Wals— a Roller
Waltz,
n.

;

a Cylinder.
v.

a kind of whirling dance.

|

Waltz,
to

to dance a waits.

J'agten

—to Hasten
n,

;

Pursue Eagerly.

Yacht,

a small vessel for pleasure.

n. n. to assume without proof I | Beg'gar. comes from a round mass or ball of to roll as a bowl. v. 100 cents. Dog'gerel. Brave. one whose mind im- paired by age. one who plays at bowls. to be overfond. —Dog Dog's-ears. wood.) jBrav— Bold. Desire. n. great want. n. act Ban'ishment. the A. or worthlessness. Baler. Dol'lar. —to Clap. Dot'age. a coin of the United States . to act in I opposition. Tlialer. Dan. courageous . Dog. silly Dote. Note. valiant. Beg'garly. to strike against opposition. to Totter. to have the mind impaired by age or passion. Dog'ged.— Dog prefixed to other words denotes meanness. one who begs. ad. Brave'ly. n. . fondness. the hollow part of anything. to compel to leave one's country. Dog'sleep. is n. degeneracy. of banisliing. a Valley.-S. n. n. Honest. and Sw. in a brave manner. 71. v. Klatschen Clash. courage heroism. GERMAN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. meanly poorly. Beg'gary. a gentle trot. Note n. I Begehren—^to Beg. irregular kind of verse . v. n.SMITHES HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGIC. | Botteren — to Tremble . . Dut. v. Clash'ing. a. to ask for with liumility. «. Bowl'er. pretended sleep. the corners of leaves of books folded down. n. Do'tard. n. n. — Bowl Bohl'der. a vessel to (bolla. Bowl. hold liquids . a domestic animal. to follow in a sly manner. Dog'trot. a large round stone. Bannen—to Ban'ish. so called from the Ger. | . where they were First Coined. Ger. sullen sour morose. n. a level piece of ground for bowling. n. a. Bowl'ing-green. v. —Bowl. Bra'vert. n. ad. . . I>ogge Dog. Tlial—^ Dale. a round vessel. Beg. Boll Bowl. ®. I Banish.

. n. capricious. Harsh'ness. to fly oft* obliquely. haste. by crying I in the streets. Haste. Fur'ry. Glance. v. speed. | Hum'ming. a deep snarl or murmur. n. rough to the touch. Kid'napper. to make hot and rosy with confusion. Flush. n. I . n. to of wood nailed to bring them to an even surface for lathing and plastering. a. Has'ty. consisting of fur. a dealer in furs. a. with haste. Hast'ily. to utter the sound of bees.GERMAN ROOTS AND DEEIVATIVES. ear. strips Glanzen — to Glisten Glance. heated and confused. a. | Growl. | a thin slip of wood. 221 Bold. : n. v. to snarl like an angry dog. a. Freak. | . n. I FUessen Flush. ad. | Nap— Steal. early peas early fruit. to look with a rapid cast of the eye . to make Has'tings. taste. Latte Lath. . Child. Fur'ring. to offer for sale a retailer . — I | to Flow. n. Her'aldry. Sucken—to Take on the Huck'ster. | a proclaimer. . n. etc. n. I Hawk. or I Harsh'lt. Hum'-drum. | Grollen — Growl. n. a. the sound of bees. Hum. to redden suddenly. hurry v. a man stealer. quick speedy. n. Hast—Haste. stupid. dull . Growl. n. a network of laths. JETarsch —Harsh. roughness severity. fresh full of vigor. «. n. Flus'tered. «. Hummen—^Hum. the art of a herald. Back. —Herald. joists. Lat'tice. n. n. I Harsh. a. a. ^to Kind—a Kid'nap. <id. l^rec/t ^Impudent . —a Lining Fur Furring. in a harsh manner. the finer hair on animals. Futter Fur.. ®. Hast'en. Fur'rier. Flus'ter. Jferold Heb'ald. to steal a human being. . to Shine. a pedlar. v. v. I Freak'ish. — Lath. n. a sudden and causeless change of mind. a quick view. . I .

v. Odd'ness.) through the French (escran. dirtily . to protect . Nass—Wet. n. — I Rub. n. Screen. | Cunning. n. v. to separate. 7i. Punch. Odd. a frolic . ad. to move pressure. ad. v. | Pran'cing. heavy I Rum'bling. filthily. Odd'ly. comes from the Latin {pungo^ and Punch. to perforate by driving. the act of bounding. Quack. n. Nas'ty. I ity of three one that rubs games. not even strange. to fall Plump'ness. to spring to bound. to make a low. false to cry like a duck. dirt filth. a kind of sieve. Prance. | Quack'ery. —to Cover I I . n. n.222 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Heiben Rub. Rum'ble. a song to lull asleep. Ode— Solitary. Punsch —Punch. strangeness. n. n. . cunning. n.) — Schlich Sleiqht. a. . Shine I . a low continued noise. ^to pretenses to skill. to hide. inequality advantage. . LuUen—to Lull. to Protect. v. roundness. n. I . .) — Quaken—^to Quack. v. not evenly strangely. shelter or concealment. comes from the Latin {excerno. I Schirmen Screen. v. with Note. I Punch'bowl. —Rubbish. to quiet . n. heavily. [ Nas'tily. Humnieln —Rumble. Odds. Rub'ber. Punch. | Lul'laby. —Trick. Note. a major- anything worthless. n. a bowl to holrl | Note. Flump —Rude. Nas'toess. the buffoon of a puppet bhow. a. Odd'ity. along the surface Rub'bish. Coarse. from the Italian {punchinello. Sleight'pul. fullness . | . punch. n. Plump. something that affords Screen. disgustingly dirty. a. that which comes off by rubbing. singularity. Clumsy 1 full. water and sugar. Lull. a trick. to dress ostentatiously. Frangen—to Prank. n. to become calm. round. d. artful . n. Prank. a drink composed of spirits. an artful or adroit trick. . v. to Make a Show. a. continued noise.

n. Slav'ishness. Boast'er. a. a singer. to I Peck like Birds. fists. — Stor^rig Stur'dy. one who boxes. WELSH ROOTS AND DERIVATIYES. Watte— Wah. I to move from side to War'ble. Whisk. v. I Wad'dinq. comes from the Greek. one given to boasting. . Wad. strong. • n. —a Conflict alter- . | hardy . n. cation. to sing with vibrations I War'bler. to keep up a noisy Bick'ering. Boch—the Box. a skir- | Bostio Boast. Box.-S. Slave. Whisk. to exalt one's self Boast'ful. to brag . n. a kind of brush or broom. stoutness. —to Whirl. n. the state of being a slave. n. n. Sclave Slave. ad. who boasts.WELSH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n.) — . Slav'ish. bondage . is from the Slavi or Sclavi. Bicre Bick'er. I . a mass of a loose substance pressed together. hair growing on the Whisk'ing. Stur'dily. hardily hardiness. a. a blow on the head or ear. v. n. obstinately. Boxr'iNG. n.) and Box. n. sweeping along lightly. given by the hand. n. v. in its present application. one held in drudge. . (box. Wirheln Wab'blb. I | Cheek. from the A. a quarrel . — Sturdy. Stur'deness. . (Slavonians. side.) reduced to servitude by the Germans. stout . mish. cheek. a soft stuff used for 1 Wisch— a Wisp. through the Latin {buzus^ a box-tree. I n. a. v. Note. servile mean. —to Boast ] to Vaunt. n. a case made of wood. v. 223 — Slave. Whisk'er. an evergreen shrub whose wood is very useful. a Slav'ery. of tone. to sweep with a light rapid motion. a. Note. quilting. fighting with the Box'er. servility meanness.

Hap'less. one who makes . having crooked feet. {cleofan^ to divide. I to strike with the foot. n. Gun'powder. a. n. n. a heavy stick. Hap'py. . lucky in a state of felicity.— Club. one who manages guns. Unhap'py. Gun'ner. shouting . Hap'pen. a noisy quarrel. Gin. a. Hap'piness. Bun'glb. a. Gun'shot. a. good fortune felicity. Cic Kick. v. miserable unfortunate. —the Foot. —Hoot. | Club'footed. it may be. | to shout in contempt. Piece. the distance a will Gun'smith. quarreling noisily. Note. collected into one sum. n. misery . n. w. a. . Unhap'pily. Brol— Bragging. a kind of ardent spirits distilled from rye and malted barley and flavored with juniper berries. a hin- motion. Bun'gler. an obstruction .) Minsheu. Unhap'piness. . Bonglera—^to Bungle. . derance. n. to come to pass. Clubbed. n. to mend a rent or hole. I to load with so as to hinder Clog'ging. any machine. the art of managing artillery. n. comes from the to combine for one purpose A. v. Club'fisted. the powder put gun in Gun. v. Brawl. Hap. n.>. unhappy unfortunate. Gtvn — a Contraction of Engine. ad. I or Lump.— 224 SMITH'S .) to contribute to a common expense Darnio —to Darn. Chance. Note. Gin. . n. misfortune. | BRAWL'mG. to produce. Mishap'. chance fortune accident. having a large fist. I Clwpa—a Knob Club. clamor. . n. Hoot'ing. — — Sap — Luck. ad. v. man. chance accident. a. Hivt Hoot. a. . HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. . comes from the Latin {juniperus. ill Haphaz'ard. shoot. . n. Perhaps. a general name for firearms. a.the act of mending holes. Hap'ly. unfortunately. | Darn'ing.-S. n. one that kicks. n. guns. a bad or clumsy work* Clog Clog. n. n. n. the juniper tree junior^ younger. . thick adhesive. n. guns. . . perhaps by chance. Gun'nery. Kick'er. so called because it puts forth younger berries while the others are ripening. t. v. ad. —a Large Stone. and pario. to perform clumsily. luck misfortune. Clog'gy.

to shrink . n. | feathers or hair. lofty. hard fat. Pert.—Lawn. a small piece of linen over a woman's bosom. number. saucily. | W!2TCH. —Stiffening. . resembling suet. 226 — a grassy plain. NoTB. to gather into a narrow garment to shorten it. the middle part of the I Waist'band. | Su'ett. compass. . comes from the Latin {linum. Tall. lively . Moult. I I Gwasg—Pressure Waist. Lawn. Pert'ness. Chwim—Quick Motion Whim. n. or the sitting by or near.T>\ Bare. a sort of fine linen. . I I Glue. n.) formerly anything reduced to cer- Swyf—Sw^ET. to start back. ter. a court. n. high in stature . a. n. a horizontal fold made in a Tuck. n.) Leech— a Flat League. Su'et. a. T«a^—Tall. height of stature. magnitude . the band which en- I circles the waist. a sudden turn or start of I Whim'sical. n. Syth Size. . v. to cover with glutinous mat- Size. to Twist. Squeeze. n. —Size. Tuck'er. a crank or handle to turn. body. the mind.) Moel—EAi. ad. n. | Pert'ly. a. to sit tainty in respect to time. n. quantity. an abbreviation of Assize. n. n. a. Waist'coat. n. etc. V. .WELSH EOOTS AND DEEIVATIVE8. a combination comes from the Latin {ligo. Note. | Tatj/ness. the act of changing feathers. a glutinous substance. Note. l*erf— Pert. to shed or change the I Moult'ing. an alliance v. v. a coat over the waist. I Gwingo —to Wriggle WiNCB. bulk . —Leaoub. Stone. briskly . a distance of three miles. n. Llan Land. Twc—Tuck. is of a court. full of whims. Tuck. saucy. briskness sauciness. from Latin {assideo. .

226 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF KTYMOLOaY. of great a partition across a ship. a spot or stain. v. place of residence. mildly gentleness. one who casts. —to Stay. I Note. n. to cry out as in terror. to strip off bark. one who lives in a place. to comn. to limit to stint. Cast. Meek. —Dangle. | Meek'ly. v.) — A. 1 to hang loose and swing- Dan'gler. Bulk'head. the fine soft feathers of fowls. v. Skrige IScBBAK. Dwell'er. | size. n. a. Bark. Scant'y. DANISH ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. comes from the Bark. | make a shrill. n. n. a. covered with down . ®. Down. Bulk'y.) and Plet Blot. sparingly. «. mild . Spare. soft . to bark. magnitude. one who hangs about only to waste time. n. . gently. smallness. a spot upon tbe skin. Scant. Cast'away. Dvaeler Dwell. 7i. a. Dingle Dan'gle. n. n. to — Screak. {beorcan. n. Screech. to fling . Kaste Cast. Bark. Blotch. Scant'ness. a. the rind or covering of a I Bark. Bark—Bark. — a Blot. Scant'iness. . . a. n. Blot.-S. Pliable. size . . Scant'ily. a kind of ship. . Duun—Dow:n. comes from the Dutch {bark. . V. an abandoned person. gentle. to blur. the noise of a dog. Meek'ness. Cast'er. — Cast. | to live in a place. ing in the air. n. to stain . v. v. a. mildness Skaane—to Scant. | Down'y. . soft. I ! to throw . not plentiful scarce. n. pute. tree. n. a throw a mould. ad. loud noise. Dwell 'ing. Myg— Soft. [ to spot . want of fullness. Bulk. small not ample. | women n. Bolk —Bulk.

—to Cry. I to increase n. n. Trives Thrive. —a Twig. | -Ko/— Suffocation. a place where milk is I Dai'rymatd. a female servant in a I Thinsan Dance. —to Increase. dairy. taste. v. of moving with reg- ulated steps. Catarrh. one who coughi. Gruds—Loath. (gustus. n. like the sky. Out. n. n. Skt'lakk. | Daddjan—to Dai'ry. Cry'ing. and frugality. 227 Sky — a the aerial region which surrounds the earth. steps. —Gust. a sudden violent wind. a. clamor. n. act to move with regulated Dan'cing. Cough'er. n. Vigre Wick'er.GOTHIC BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. or rusll out with I I Gust. a texture of twigs GOTHIC ROOTS AND DERIYATIVES. . a bird which mounts and sings. v. n. c. to utter a loud noise. a window in a roof. Giutan— to Pour Gush. prosperity growth. Kuef—9. osiers. thriving by industry Thriv'ing. a.) blast. comes fram the Latin . a. made of Wick'erwork. to envy the possession of. Milk. Chreitan Cry. n. v. relish. Thript'y. v. Cloud. to flow violence. n. as of Note. twigs From Viger or I — to Yield. Sky'light. . frugality gain . Cough. or osiers. Thrift. kept. a convulsion of the lungs. to grow. | Begrudge. n. Grudge. Sky'ish. to grant with reluctance. — I I to Dance. «?. n. Sky.

Hur'ry. v. ^to Hurra— HuKL. JDaska Dash. —to Slip. a portion of food. n. n. SWEDISH ROOTS AND DERIVATIYES. tumult a. Table. full wet earth . uttering false reproach. a bend . Ground. Mes—a Mess. n. . Crook. n. bend . ad. V. mud. Hur'ry-skur'ry. a. a. —to Strike. I who eats at the I Klander—Infamy. p. bent not straight. Krok. u. to Bend. to thrash. n. to Move Violently. right line. a. Slinta | Mi'ry. Myra—^Marshy Mire. Hur'ly-bur'ly. n. tumulto . kroka Crook. throw with violence. . a. i | to strike or throw vio- lently. I Slant. a. —to Hit. inclining from a direct line. n.228 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. —Wire. to to curve. Slan'derous. . Slan'der. tuous. a metallic thread. a curvature. Drub'bing. of mire. confusedly. n one who slanders. n. | a beating. I>rahha Drub. —to Curve | . to hasten to drive. Mess'mate. one same table. Dbive . I Vir Wire. anything that comes witt sudden violence. 'd. | Slan'derer. inclined from a Slant'ing. n. Dash. false censure. sloping. soft. «. to beat . Crook'ed.

—Gristle. steep rock. a family . a. swampy. . rocky . Bran. ad. liveliness. lively . ill-dressed woman. | a rough. A'PBON. a. w. actively. a. an awkward. Crag'gy. n. marshy place covered I Bog'qy. Clan'nish. n. ». —Crag. Dud—a Rag. rough. | a race. —Clan. the husks of wheat or other grain. | Dow'dy. n. Apran—Apron. n. | active. Bog. Bog—Bog. a.GAELIC BOOTS AUD DEEIVATIVBS. . Brisk'lt. —a Wide Mouth I Revelry. Brisg Brisk. Bbisk'ness. noisy drinking bout one who carouses. I Bran—Bran. ». v. Carouse^. to drink freely and with I Carou'sal. a tribe. a soft. old worn clothes. the breast of an animal. n. n. rugged . 229 GAELIC ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Carous'er. a cloth to keep the dress clean. Brisgear Bris'ket. Craos jollity. disposed to unite in clans. —Brisk. a n. Clann Clan. marshy . with grass. Craig Crag. Duds. n.

Scarce'ly. treating with contempt. n. Note. RuFP'iAN. n. —a Bunch. a clumsy workman. ad. Botch. Scorn. Brezza Breeze. extreme contempt. to despise w. comes from the Latin {sagm. disdainful. v. want of plenty. from L. violent. Breeze'less. woven as brocade. Scorn'ful. J a work ill finished. buffo — Comic. Muffiano — a Pimp. Scorn'er. n. . birds. Bozza Botch. — Scorn. n. hardly culty. to disdain. \ embroidered silk. a.) Scarso Scarce. n. — . Buffone. without a breeze. Buffoon'. Scarce'ness. wise a. [ Ruff'ianly. n. . I | .230 smith's hand-book of etymology. low jests. ScARc'iTY. Breeze. with diffi- | n. n. —Sage. n. a. want of plenty. a plant. . one who scomg. brutal . ITALIAN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a low jester. I to terrify suddenly. v. I not plentiful rare. n. Scorn'ing. Brocad'ed. n. a. a brutal fellow. —to Dishearten. Scorare Scare. 2)pr. n. an image to frighten I Scherno Scorn. — Scarce.to Save. | Buffoon'ery. Scare'crow. a. prudent . Salvia. Broccata Brocade'. Salvo Sage. — | a gentle gale. —Brocade. .

Cog'itatb. and u^ and soft before e. A-GIl'ity. n. Acm'iTT. however. A&idus—Sour. to Drive. . a'cer^ a'go^ ar'lor. in the words m'Zo. A(fris Ac'rid. n. to think. *. in the words li'go^ lon'gu% and gut'tOy has the sound of gSn go. it. Ex'igency. Words of two syllables have the accent always on the first syllable 1st. to do to perform. accurate strict. Transact'. a. It is important.a. pressing necessity. | Acid'ulate. 6th. tartness. Ag'itate. So ^. to bear in mind That every vowel or diphthong in a Latin word must be enunciated word has as many syllables as there are vowels or diphthongs in Thus. . €. That e and g are hard before a.c'tuate. a. v. Enact'. . to put in action. PROD'iGAL. n. Perform . sourness . pe'na cem'ulus. «. and y thus. mare^ ma/r-e. A^gOf acftum A-CT. «. . . a person acting fir another. . a. A-c'tion. miles is pronounced mi-les . — Sharp. n. to perform to decree. in accordance with the general principles of English pronunciation. Ag'ile. That ch is always sounded like Tc. a.. 231 lATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a performance. | biting to the taste. '0. Ac'rimony. When a word of more than one syllable ends with a. to drive a ship to sail. Sour. «j. moving easily. n. forcible powerful. A'gent. i. quickness of motion. em'ulus. every as. v. That the diphthongs cb and ce are sounded as simple e would be in the same place thus. to sharp . Exact'. in. n. driving forth recklessly. A^cu-o. sharpness of intellect | Acute'. v. n. in ce'do and ci'vis it has the sound of s. 4th. a. o. fce'diis^ fe'dus poe'na. 2d. React'. Latin words are usually pronounced in this country. id. Co'gent. Navigate. «. co'lo and cu'ra^ the c has the sound of Ic. 3d. to put in motion. . PRONUNCIATION. to act back. in the words ge'ro^ gig'no^ it has the sound of j. . pointed. ill nature. —to Sharpen. to perform through. that letter is sounded as « in ah. A. Exact'. to take by force. . LATIN BOOTS AND DEBIVATIVK8. 5th. —to Do . to make slightly sour.: . . acu^t-um Acu'men.

Al'titudb. An'glican. I —to Vex. . . n. Anfgo. I I Am'plify. to transfer to another. things. . «. Am'plitude. wide. n. elevation. of England English. anx^i An'guish. friendship. Love. a. belonging to the English Saxons. n. Am'plus— Large. A'lias. estrangement. Extensive. Am'ity. —Other. Am'orous. . n. one who distributes alms. a Mound. belonging to tte English Danes. n. relating —a to lands. Coali'tion.232 bmith's hand-book of etymology. a. to Nourish. friendly. n. A'ger. the cultivation of I A^lius A'lien. an American of English descent. a. . . n. affected by love. to enlarge beyond the Field. to Pace. a. I Another. to walk through. Al'iment. large full Am'ply. Ag^ger Exag'gbrate. a foe. a. —a Heap . fields. Ainvcus — a Friend. . truth. | Anxi'ety. a. to raise up. Amplifica'tion. n. v. height . An^f/lia —England. A^mo —to Am'atory. to grow together. Am'ple. Anx'/ous. solicitude. Alter^nus Alter'nate. a lover of the fine arts. Al'imony. n. v. worthy of love. n. Plentiful. Amateur'. a'gri Aoba'bian. En'emy. n. a. I Ag'rtculture. | Peram'bulate. n. n. v. v. . to enlarge. hatred. a. An'gbr. otherwise. . to pace. a. a. n. relating to love. v. v. n. Alms. largeness. as a horse. troubled in mind. n. Inim'ical. One After the Other. food. unfriendly a love affair. Al'moner. Aliena'tion. Am^hulo —to Walk Am'ble. a foreigner. | to do by Alter'native. gifts to the poor. a. the allowance to a di vorced woman. aWtum— ^to Feed . An'glo-Amer'ican. An'glo-Sax'on. | Exalt'. largely. Am'ioable. union league. — by Turns turns. n. enlargement. a choice of two AVtus — High. <&. 7o. Lofty. intense pain. An'glo-Da'nish. I A'lienate. En'mity. Amour'. ad. Coalesce. opposed. n. wrath rage. n.7i. n. A n'glicus—English. ad. A'miable.

n. n. Anima'tion. An'imate. n. a yearly allowance. n. Bien'nial. Quad'rangle. An'nvLS'—B. AnHmus—Mind. a. An'ghlar. cowardice. quickness of apprehen- A'^qua Aquat'ic. AntVquus— Old An'tiquary. Magnanim'ity. a. Terra'queous. a right angled four- sided figure. Centen'nial. a. years. of one mind. a. 23a Anfgulus— a Corner Ai^-'GLB. v. An'cient. ancient. Septen'nial. to fit to adjust. odd fanciful. a. a. n. Annu'ity. Apt'ness. a square. n. A'queduct. to restore to life. a. having equal angles. Circle An'nals. or Ancient. Courage. a. Unanim'ity. one a. a.a. yearly records. brave noble. . n. to decide. agreement. to make alive. an Angle. An^nia—Wind Breath . Inan'imate. n. . a three cornered figure. and water. Equanim'ity. Lifb. a decider. An^imal. a living creature. n. many cornered. Animos'ity. pi re. Antiq'uity. relating to An'tiquate. a. . Ap'^tus —^Fit. An'tic. Ar'bitrate. greatness of mind. determination by an arbitrator. . —to Open. composed of land Ar^biter —an Umpire or Judge. watery. old times. a Year. a. . aper'tum Ape'rient. a. yearly. a. Animal'cule. Ap'titude. Ar'bitrator. in every two years. n. Animadvert'. a. tendency. a. . despotic. . a thousand years. a comer. a hole. Septan'gular. . n. Magnan'imous. Superan'nuate. having seven corMultan'gular. a. pertaining to water. in every third year. if Adapt'. n. having comers. n. v. a channel for water A'QUEous. fit ready. n. Unan'imous. five cornered. a. ners. lifeless. Meet. v. to impair by age. to pass censure. liveliness. EQUiAN'GULAR. in every hundred An'nual. an um* Ar'bitrary. n. v. n. n. Rean'imate. violent hatred. Ahbitra'tion. n. a. | Ap'erture. n. n. —^Water. Tri'angle. a. Apt. cient things. an opening . Rect'angle. a stated day coming once in every year. Octen'nial. Peren'nial. Pusillanim'ity. «. who studies anantia. quity. n. a minute animal. Antiqua'rian.LATIN EOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. old. «. evenness of mind. n. in every seven years. gently purgative. sion. Millen'nium. Anniver'sary. Trien'nial. Antique'. a. perpetual. Pentan'gular. n. v. Ape^rio. n. a. in every eighth year. a. to make obsolete.

made by art . Ar'son. n. a. a naval warlike Ar'mor. a hearer. n. skill . a. «. not gen nine. to Au^dio. weapons. n. | Harsh. a reason oflFered. Artic'ulate. 71. Bow. to comply with commands. ar'tis—Art. . n./i. | Fiercb. Weapons. n. the crime of house burning. not distinct. audVtum—^to Hear to Listen n. Ar'gue. ^ Ar'bor. a workman. ArSf Art. . n. Ar'denct. v. Obey. submission. eagerness heat. v. Arc^us—a. passion zeal. n. Disobey'. | Ar'borary. Inartic'ulate. a. to speak distinctly. joints. n. without Ar^tus —a Ar'ticle. a fleet of war. v. n. Ar'^bor—Si Tree. cunning . A^^ma—Arms. Art'ist. extremely wicked. | Arch'er. Artic'ular. As^per Asper'ity. . Au'ditor. a place for arms. Au'ditory. n. restraint. belonging to trees. a. unskillful . Obe'dience. that can be heard. n. n. | Ar'gument. Exas'perate. Ar'my. n. a. Abch. a cessation of hostil- Arma'da. Obe'dient. to enrage. Inert'. —Rough. Arti&ulws the —a Little Joint. to | Driye . arms. Arm. Disarm'. Au'dience. . a. Au'dit. trick fraud. n. . a. to famish with Arms. Artifi'cial. | Ar'dor. n. n. he that shoots with a bow. to deprive of weapons. —Cruel. n. Au'dible. v. . dull. to reason . Ar'mament. to break commanda not to be heard. n. Atroc'ity. cunning. Art'ful. Joint. trade. a. Ar'tifice. great wickedness. a professor of an art.234 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. force. a. ities. a. to Restrain. fraud. a number of armed men. a. roughness. n. to restrain by force. a bower. distinct jointed. Ar'mistice. n. a. hot passionate. defensive arms. n. the persons assembled to hear. Art'less. motionless. to dispute. Alfrox. obeying. to examine an account. Ar^guo — to Argue. n. Inau'dzble. an assembly of hearers Obey'. I — to Burn. Art'isan. a. a single thing. . ®. — ^to Keep . a curved structure. v. Severe. atro^cis Atro'cious. Trick. Ar^ceo Coerce. v. Skill. n. v. . Coer'cion. Ar'mory. belonging to Artic'ulate. Ar^deOf ar^sum Ar'dent.

| . Benev'olence. to foretell to predict. to lead into oflSce with suitable ceremonies. Benig^nus Kind. Imbibe'. —Happy. Well. a blessing conferred. a. a. intemperance. bold and impudent. Augur—a Au'gur. Inau'gurate. Debauchee'. a. a. legal power. n. to corrupt n. . a sale to the bidder. one who revolts. highest Au'thor. a. Benedic'tion. Bar'barism. Bar'barous. a. . Au'thorize. prediction by omens. n. actual kindness. n. n. advantage. Benepac'tor. I Sea^tus Beat'ipy. a. helping. blessedness. — generous. brutality. WmNiNG. kind . Be^ne —Good . | Benig'nity. to drink in. «. n. Bar^harus—Rude. Benign/ a. a. advantageous. ii35 Au^deo— to Dabe. v. . Au'gury. inhumanity. Barba'rian. drunken revelry. n. v. n. to ruin.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Bib'ulous. a tippler. Savage. Au^geo. BeVlum—^War. Author'ity. Dakeno. Babbar'ity. foreign rude. unfortunate. t. n. | Drink. favorable. Crubl. BVbo—to Bib'ber. Benef'icent. waging war. | Audac'ity. to smooth a. n. Auc'tion. Soothsayer. Inauspi'cious. Debauch'ery. n. n. . | Blessed. Auspic'ious. good will charity. to soften. an originator. a. oi . a. to make happy. v. to give authority. gentle mild. | Reb'el. n. n. JBa&chus Bacchana'lian. n. v. he who confers a benefit. n. Rebel'lion. . Auxil'iary. Ben'efit. a drunkard. — to Increase. Bland. . Beat'itude. pertaining to I I Debauch'. Liberal. auc^tum Augment'. to increase. n. Benefi'cial. Benefac'tion. a. Au'daoc—Very Auda'cious. winning words actions. a savage. n. n. v. —in heathen mythology. Blandus— Gentle. the God of Wine. insurrection. absorbing. I . rude uncivilized. I Blan'dishment. v. Bellig'ebent. a blessing. n. n. kind doing good. a rake . Barbar'ic. effrontery. Bland'ish.

n. move off. CaVcuius—a Small Stone Cal'culate. change a camp. Big 'amy. conclusive. of the voice. parts. n. n. the murder of a parent. v. n. . n. Encamp'. . exact strict. to determine. Decide'. accident. Incales'cence. Calorif'ic. a. . Bru'tish. Occa'sion. BVni—Tyfo by Two. a cut into . Cce^dOf cce^sum -to Cut Incis'ion. Abbre'viate. having two prongs. Concise'. n. unforeseen. n. to join or unite. v. Senseless. to cut into two ec^ual Combine'. determination. Tented Field. accidental. Calor'ic. Bi'PED. the murder of a king. warmth. a. fall . a Camp''ns. Brey'ity. Decay'. to shorten. v. v. to Kill. n. a cutting out. Bi'nary. condition state. making hot. to a brute. n that which happens In'cident. waterfall. the murder of Excis'iON. n. any thing. an abridgement. Precis'ion. v. Campaign'. «. short brief. 'd. shortness. a. Caleo. —to Fall . a. a. like unfeeling. n. n. n. Brev'iary. Su'iciDE.236 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Coincide'. a. Hom'icide. to cause. Bisect'. Abridge'. a. the west. n. concurrence. . v. n. composed of two. v. the fall . . Case. n. n. n. a. n. Calefac'tion. Frat'ricide. to compute. Oc'ciDENT. n. Excise. in every two years. Deci'sive. a. Ca^do. to agree. Ca^lor — Heat. to shorten. a tax on goods. to Camp. final. the element of heat. . Bru^tus Bru'tal. n. self-murder.) JBre^vis — Short. brother. n. the act of heating Cal'dron. ca^sum Ca'dence. a. n. to to pitch tents. | Cal'culus. n. Cascade'. v. n. a disease. v. (twice baked. n. v. . Bien'nial. a kind of bread. n. Bi'furcated. Ac'ciDENT. an event. exactness. Decamp. having two wives at once. falling dying. —Brute | . Happen. decay. to bum with a hot fluid. an animal with two feet. Infan'ticide. Bis —Twice. a. the murder of an infant. Decid'uous. . a manslayer. Brief.a Plain the ground on which an army pitches its tents. a pot a boiler. Coin'cidence. Deca'dence. n. a military year. Precise'. I I Brief. n. Reg'icide. to rot to fall away. Decis'ion. a. a Pebble. n. short concise. Scald. Cas'ual. Bis'cuiT. to be Warm or Hot. Par'ricide.

Bright or White. Intercept'. Rec'ipe. Cap'tor. n. to possess. to discourse. Accept'able. chief. the act of enchanting by singing. n. or contains. perfume burnt. n. Conceive'. Can'dle. a cheat. n. n. a light made of tallow.??. v. a. a section of a poem. v. Calum'nious. cap^tuin Accept'. . Recip'ient. to tumble headlong. to surrender by treaty. a. . . he who takes prisoners. Receipt'. capitis -the Head Life. ®. a sediment. to take beforehand. n. . a motive inducement one who sets on fire. Chant. Except. n. v. Ca'pable. Calufn^nia Cal'umny. a. to stop on the way. Precipice. io. n. Cap'ut. n. Oc'ciPUT. that which receives Eman'cipate. to repeat. a cliief comn^nder. a. Incip'ient. Can'to. capital. Descant'. Capita'tion. wide large. Capit'ulate. a. Prin'ciple. to delight highly. .— io Sing a kind of sacred music. Precip'itance. . to be Canfdeo. a rule given. . a. Oc'cuPY. Ca'no. peevish caviling. v. a. n. power of holding. fancy opinion. Glow with Heat . the hinder part of the head. notion idea. n. to take to admit. n. n. v. n. . Partic'ipate. to . to take . v. a stress of voice. a seizure. a receiving. n. Precip'itate. Decap'itate. to behead. Cap'tivate. Cap'tious. Chandelier'. to enrage to provoke. headlong hurry. Occupa'tion. principal. v. Antic'ipate. v. | 237 —Calumny. Cap'ture. n. Ca^pio. n. a song. for money paid. . Can'dor. of- ExcANDEs'cENCE. V. n. one who receives. Precip'itate. white heat. to leave out. Concep'tion. a prisoner. n. Cap'tain. a branch for candles. n. Incense'. able to do or take. Precip'itate. employment. to receive. Receive'. v. n. n. Deceive'. n. slanderous. sensitive. frankness sincerity. . Enchant. a. Perceive'. Misconcep'tion. Can'ticle. v. Pre'cept. n. pleasing. n. a. . a fraud. «. n. a covering for the head. n. Cap. to Sound. to think. r. 72-. Can'didate. counting by heads. . n. to cheat to mislead. v. n. Cap'ital. Chapter. to recall to retract. a false opinion. to take prisoner to charm. Recant'. Capac'ity. Ac'cENT. Suscep'tible. one proposed for fice. n. Prin'cipal. cart' turn. n. ®. affected manner of speech. Recep'tacle. to notice to see. Cant. commencing. — to Take . n. n. Capa'cious.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Recapit'ulate. In'cense. . headstrong Hasty. n. chief. a. n. act of deceiving. «. n. Capac'itate. n. to set at liberty. Decep'tion. Cape. to accuse falsely. v. a medical prescription. v. v. Incen'tive. a headland. a headlong steep. to share. . Chief'tain. Incanta'tion. acknowledgment . Incen'diary. cause motive. to Take into the Mind. v. a. to qualify. Cap'tive. Calum'niate. n. a division or nead. n. fair open. Deceit'. Conceit'. Recep'tion. false accusation. Can'did. . n. a headman. n.

putrid flesh. the act of yielding. Cav'ity. hollow place. v. a. n. Cabbon'ic. prudence in respect to a warning. v. n. to assent to. Decease'. n. Cel'lular. j ' Antece'dent. Excess'. the act of granting. a gem of coal. Chas'titt. n. a Small. to go beyond. Cell Cell. n. n. n. Accuse'. n. a tumor. that which produces an Because'. eflfect. a little coal . purity. j Car'nival. n. Car'rion. —Chaste. a. — a Coal. n. to Go Away. Precede'. •238 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. «. Carnel'ian. uncorrupt. to pardon. n. Recess'. to go before. death. v. a. room. n. an example. Secede'. pure . Car'nal. Car^ho. approach. Proceed'. Incau'tious. Precau'tion. An'cestor. n. a. to go between. clothed with flesh. a place of retreat. Cas'tus Chaste. n. Close Room. —to Yield . Proces'sion. to hollow out. v. a room under a house. n. Seces'sion.. n. n. An'cestry. n. Ex'cavate. Ces'sion. a deep. the essential ingredient a. «. Prec'edent. danger. Cease. to go back. to yield to grant. . Cav^us Cav'brn. a. | . n. to follow to prosper. . going before. a hollow place. to yield or give up. —to Beware i I . to n. v. Succeed'. —Hollow. A-CCess'. following in order. n. having little cells. the . —a Cause I I . a Reason. slaughter. previous care. n. a forefather. Carna'tion. Cab'buncle. an increase. n. v. Intercede'. CeVla—B. to go forward. hollow. to leave ofil Cessa'tion. a ceremonious marcli. without pause. Concede'. Acces'sion. a. n. Recede'. fortune prosperity. fleshly lustful. a red stone. «). containing carbon. Ca^veOf cau'tuni Cau'tion. . Ca'rOf caynis Car'nage. Correct. natural flesh color. a method. Exceed'. SuccEs'srvE. a. Proc'ess. v. n. Inces'sant. to stop . ces'sufn Cede. v. a stop. a small. feeding on flesh. v. v. v. for the reason that. a series of ancestors. Cel'lar. n. CoNCEs'siON. to charge with a crime. con. Oar'cass. Accede'. n. | Pure. a feast before Lent. more than enough. a. Excuse'. n. close . Take Care. carho^nis Car'bon. n. Con'cave. n. heedless. Success'. —Flesh. a. a dead body. Ce'do. to withdraw from. Incar'nate. n. Ca'veat. Carniv'orous. a. n. a withdrawing from. Cau^sa Cause.

the middle point of any the center. n. a. Ce^ler — Swift. Conceal'. the one-hundredth part of a n. to Blame. hand. to ordain or command. a. a. having the same cenv Cen'tbal. | Celeb 'iTT. n. an insect with many an officer dollar. 'o. n. occurring every hundred years. over a hun- HP CVrch—Wax. ®. ter. Preconcert'ed. Cenfseo — to Think . to affect or disturb. to Strive. tJ. to disturb. Ce'lo —to Cover 1 to Hide. Cen'sure. affairs —Secketart. feet. Ce'rate. ©. so called from the secret Cer^to entrusted to liim. to outdo . one Note. a numbering of the peo- | a. to Distinguish . Cere. one who judges. Celeb'rity. Concern'. to distinguish. CeVsus Excel'. n. . thing. renown. distinction. Centu'rion. discerning prudent. n. Con 'cert. . a musical entertainment. speed. judgment. Celfebris 239 —Renowned | . Decree'. Sec'retary. a. n. Se'cret. Discrimina'tion. Cen'tury. hidden private. Centen'nial. —to Contend. Concen'tric. Discern'ment. 'c. n. fame . blame reproach. to see n. Cenftrum — the Center. Cenftum Cent. . Accel'brate. to extol. a. true. 71. —a Hundred. n. n. Concen'trate. who writes for another. v. to cover with wax. swiftness . n. dred men. Cen'tiped. Indiscrim'inate. not making any distinction. n. n. tJ. Discrim'inate. a. . n. Secrete'. going from the center. to hide or conceal. . Discreet'. surpassing. n. u. Discern'. pure . a. apt to censure. Sincer'ity. Concert'. purity. Cer^no. a hundred years. . Ex'cellent. to bring together. a. prudence. to distinguish. Cel'ebrate. a. contrived before- # . Disconcert'. d. Cen'ter. to hide. Famous. n. Censo'rious. to praise . Cen'sor. to Decree. to hasten. relating to Eccen'tric. an ointment of wax. I etc. | Sincere'. to surpass.LATIN KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. honesty . Discre'tion. to the act of hiding. ta. to contrive together. . cveftum — ^to Sift . I Cen'sus. v. «. a. —High | Lifted Up. n. Conceal'ment. Judge pie.

impolite rude. extent round about. v. a district. Cit'y. to bring back to life. Conclude'. to Shout. Seclu'sion. Cho'rus. a. a solitary person. CVto . to urge on. n. not direct. n. to repeat to tell over. v. Recita'tion. CiRCu'iTOUs. Incite'ment. to shut in. tell. n. | Cho'ral. a small private room. Recite'. Surround. evident. n. agitation. Cir'cle. one that demands. CVvis Civ'ic. Clar'ify. Clam'orous. «). n. Civ'iL. Cir'cular. v. to make certain. to shut apart. to recall to reform. n. to reclaim from a savage . impulse. n. an inhabitant of a city. Unciy'il. . to summon to quote. Civil 'iTY. —a Citizen. to assure. a part of a sentence. . . a little circle. Exclaim'. compact. «j. Succinct'. a. Clear. Cir'cuit. to stir up. to shut before. Cer'fi**— Certain Cer'tain. n. n. v. Uncer'tain. cin&tum —to Gird I . v. n. Ciy'ilize. v. to Close . clau^sum Clause. 8ure undoubted. a ring a round space. n. to finish. . a. n. Cir'culate. Reclaim'. Certif'icate.. . a. Ascertain'. Excite'. Enclose'. politeness. Clos'et. bright v. Include. Chor'ister. n. to cry out. a large corporate town. a. Claims— Clear. to shut. a leader of a choir. n. Recluse'. —to Shut . Incite'. Cir^cus . v. . to demand. I'reclude'. disown to deny. v. . a number of singers. n. noisy. to surround. —to Cry Out Disclaim'. v. to move in a circle. n. Cir'cus. retirement. to reveal to to shut in. Sure. Cir'clet. n. Proclaim'. n. Disclose'. to purify. to CinfgOf Pre'cinct. «?. like a circle. Cir'culus —a Little Circle. belonging to a choir. ®. Clar'ion. Close. n. Bright. Cit'izen.240 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a. short . Resus'citate.' d. outcry noise. . n. v. to Finish. doubtful. id. Claim'ant. make known. to Stir Up. v. v. Clau^do. Exclude'. Cho^rus —a Dance Accompanied with Song. to publish. to . ^^ . gentle well bred. Seclude'. an open space for sports. n. v. to Declare'. a band of singers. a. a testimony in wiit- mg. a. relating to a city. v. Encir'cle. a shrill trumpet. a telling over of . a. something: learned. —to Call or Summon . state. Cer'tify. round. n. ti. v. Cite. — a Circle. v. to shut out. Claim. Cla^tnOf clania^tum Clam'or. | Choir. Excite'ment. a. v.

a. Cor'dial. a —a Body. to lean. co&tutn — ^to Boil I to Cook to Digest. v. ConciVio. . Co^rium Cur'rieb. n. Concom'itant. the heart or central part. Mind. new Co'meSf comHtis—SL Companion. concilia^ turn — ^to Unite . a settlement in a v. cultivation of the ground. to take off the skin. Friends. severe rough. an army officer. cor'poris Cor'poral. country. a. v. v. n. to lean back. a. n. a. I 241 —^Mild. n. any thing that gladdens the heart. v. v. cor'dis Core. Corpo'real. —a Skin or Hide. Cook. to win to friendship. — Something that Joins Together. a body of soldiers. | Decoc'tion. . h. n. to lean downwards. Hor'ticulture. Procras'tination. Recline'. —To-morrow. n. | two things together. Cul'tivatb. or Courage. relating to the body. to depress to deter. Com'ity. n. a. cul^ turn— to Till to Cultivate. . Exco'riate. n. Coup'let. having Discour'age. having a bulky body. I to put off. Con'cord. Co' quo. Rec'oncile. the state of heart. mercy. v. united into a body. n. a. under a count. merciful kind. n. Inclem'ent. to prepare by digesting. to register. clemen^tis Clem'bnt. n. Cour'age. Corps. v. warm hearty. verses. to improve by labor. Cras Procras'tinate. disagreement. gardening. n. bravery. Inclem'ency. to Merciful. _ . to bend . Ag'riculture. Cor. . Cor'pus. severity. n. Cli'no Incline'. . n. Corpse. | Clem'ency. Cor'porate. n. | one who dresses hides. going with. to animate. . . having a body. Encour'age. | Coun'ty. v. Decline'. n. Co'lo. a district the companion of a king. to prepare food by heat. Concoct'. Cor'dial. Cor'pulent. deferring. Cop'ula Coup'lb. n. n. kindness of manner. Record'. Col'ont. | Concil'iate. to make friends again. —the Heart. Cle^mens. —to Bend | Lean. n. I Count. .LATIN ROOTS AND DEBIVATIVES. a. Dis'coRD. n. to Make v. v. Cul'ture. a. cultivation. Cor'poral. agreement. n. two . dead body. n. a liquor in which something has been boiled.

a. . a. new Decrease'. —to Trust . to retort a charge. n. Unripe. In'secure. 'g. n. CuVpa— a Fault Cul'pable. Cred'ulous. inhumanity. to put into blame. a Crime. worthy to be blamed.Ou'rate. a. a. -». a. guilty of a crime. easiness Credu'lity. safe. n. Cul'prit. Succumb'. unripe. n. Encum'ber. | Rec'reant. Cu'tnulus Aocu'mulatb. a. Cred'it. cowardly false. Cred'ible. to repair to supply. . «. d. moon. n. a. . apt to believe. CrVmen. Cre'do. to heap up. Cu^hOf or cum'ho Cum'ber. a substitute. Cure. to burden. Cu'ro —to Take Care Of to Heat. a. v. Cu'rious. Cres'co. amusement. not safe. worthy of Cred'itor. v. Incred'lble. a. Crim'inal. Cu'rable. exactness. belief. that may be cured. Increase'. unfeeling. —Raw. a parish priest. a. . a. resting upon. . Cu'racy. crea'tum Create'. safety. Recruit'. n. Cu^ra —Care. Care. n. Discred'it. v. Cru'elty. to obtain. Cre'dence. a. prying Ac 'curate. I —to Create. Crea'turb. «. the office of a curate. of belief Cre^o. n. n. leaning. crim'inis—an Accusation Crimb. an accused person. n.242 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. the young of a beast. to disbelieve. Recrea'tion. cred/itum Cbeed. «. n. Cub. a. d. a great fault. | heaping up. unripeness. Blame. a truster. to Believb. to sink under a diflSculty. Crude'^lis I —Unfeeling. to cause to exist. a. v. ». | to clear from blame. a thing created. not to be believed. Ac 'curacy. anxiety. Incul'pate. n. inquisitive. I Excul'pate. Cruel. n. . to burden to hinder. an office of profit without employment. to cover with a crust. the Tough Shell op a Lobster. Secure'. a. . n. credit belief. Si'necure. . n. «. —a Heap. to restore to health. . to grow less. the increasing or —to Grow I I to Increase. correct. free from care Secu'rity. v. •». Procure'. . Prox't. n. raw | Cru'el. . Crudb'ness. —a Crust . Cru^dus Crude. Cu'mulative. Crus^ta Crust. | Recrim'inate. cre^tum CRBs'cEiirr. n. n. Incrust'. trust. Incum'bent. a. n. to grow larger. exact . «. belief. — ^to Lie Down Recum'bent. | an outer coat a case. . articles of belief. n. n.

a tooth doctor. observing propriety. n. Dens. Occur'rence. . career progress. v. Occur'. —a Tooth. a. Discourse'. crookedness. a notch. n. —Bent. | Cuta'neous. n. a messenger sent in haste. Cur'sory. thick. composed of curved lines. v. nice fine soft Delight'. Delec'table. Precur'sor. a forerunner. Den'tiprice. languor. n. as with teeth. inroad to happen. | Close. against. pleasant to the taste. to thicken. Hurt. Concur'. . n. Indent a'tion. n. Deb'it. n. Cou'rier. Debil'itate. Dense. n. v. to adorn. Den'tist. one who is in debt. Cur^vus Curve. propriety of manner. Recourse'. pleasure joy. —Weak. n. Niceness. n. n. to re- to happen again. to impress. affecting the skin. Indeco'rum. Condemn'. to Pass Swiftly. propriety. a bent line. Dam' AGE. debHtutn Debt. becoming fit. a gathering. . De'cency. that ought to be paid. v. pertaining to the teeth. n. n. weakness . to agree. Dam'num—Loss. Indent'. a. —to Owe. n. n. Damage. Incub'. a running stream. injury. n. conversation. impropriety. security from loss. an event. —Thick. v. v. . to charge with debt. v. loss . v. to become n. n. —Pleasures. Curtis Cu'ticle. to give sentence | n. a. a. DebHlis Debil'ity. Du'ty. tooth powder. Tri'dent. De'cent. v. Due. Indem'nity. a writing acknow^ that which is due. a. . Deco'rous. . edging a debt. a. a running to something for protection or aid. Con'course. to help to relieve. I Del'icate. n. D^cet—to . V. Deco'rum. a. that which one ought to do. Course. Debent'ure. | to weaken. n. v. Deb^eo. a. invasion. | WiNDma. 243 — ^to Run . Curv'ature. Cur^ro. liable to. n. n. n. a ramble Suo'coB. . Recur'. hasty slight. turn. be Becoming or Proper. Neptune's scepter. I Delight. n. the thin outer skin. —the Skin. n. n. cur^sum . a. denftis Den'tal. Excur'sion. a. Dec 'orate. Incur 'sign. DelVcice Deli'cious. n. Cubvilin'ear. . Cur'rent. Indem'nify. Debt'or. n. Den^sus Condense'. Career'. a. v.LATIN BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. close . I to relieve from loss. a course a race. delightful.

v. anger with contempt. n. expert . Deign. v. language style. ready. n. n. to make worthy. the decision of a jury. but denies revelation. Maledic'tion. Condign'. state. the number to divide by Divis'ible. number divided. to foretell. Set or Put Apart. Addi'tion. to show before the I>Vco. n. to accuse in writing. 11. V. a dividing. Date. . to give commands. daily. a. Dis'mal. Di'al. n. v. . to despise to scorn. a plate upon which are the hours of the day. the a shar€. —to Give . heavenly. n. Dig'nify. n. suitable merited. «. Indite'. n. v. Interdict'. to predict. to prohibit. Divide n. godlike . Indig'nity. n. —to Say . . readiness. Day. a curse. destruction. Perdi'tion. instruction. Indict'. to put into words. Do. «. to n. may be divided. —to Learn. . to Put i\ or Place. Benedic'tion. n. Ready. Ab'dicate. De'ist. In'dicate. Div'iDEND. Expebt. n. a. a. the Divine Being. a. Predict'. Dic'tate. to give up. to give forth to publish. unworthy treatment. n. to Tell. a word book. I a follower. to Speak v. foretelling. people. . to give up right. Indig'nant. to condescend.—A single person is indivisible. Dic'tion. v. a blessing. a. iNDiGNA'TiONjTi. quality. n. a proclamation. Dbx'tekous. to join to. Ver'dict. n. true honor. the act of adding.244 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. a. . sad gloomy. DVes—a Di'art. to give back. . v. that Individ'ual. n. De'ity. Addict'. v. Divin'ity. v. Diur'nal. Dic'tionary. ')ivis'iON. v. DivHdo —to -3IVIDB'. marked a daily account. Condi'tion. da'tum Add. di(ftuni . to point out. a. Dis^co )isci'piiE. Note. midday or noon. one who De'us — God. to put to Ed 'it. n. n. the nature of God. Divina'tion. DVvus believes in God Divine'. to separate into parts. v. a point of time. a single being. Dig^nus—Worthy Dig'nity. Divine'. )ivi8'0R. Deserving. . X>ed5'fer— Right-handed. Pred'ica^te. n. to devote to. —a God. n. E'dict. v. Surren'der. . n. Merid'ian. angry and disgusted. -0. n. DVcOf dicta'tum— to Devote Ded'icate. n. Dis'ciPLiNE. v. n. Ren'der. Disdain'. to devote. | Dexter'ity. n.

In'dolence. v. Traduce'. Produce'. v. Do'nor. Domin'ion. a teacher. to bring down. Do'tnus house a spherical roof Dome. to lead or tend. a thing produced. Dom'icil. v. dona' turn I —to Give Sleep. capable of produo Lf^DucE'. Lord. I Do'nuni —a Gift. Domineer'. Deduce'. Con'duct. a mansion or abode. v. a noble. n. empire estate. n. n. to calumniate. to prevail over the rest. . Doc'uMENT. Du'bito Doubt. n. relating to the back. Doc'iLE. v. v. n. v. —a House. v. one who receives a ^to Dor'tniOf Dor'mant. Doubt. Prod'uct. laziness. doc' turn U^ —to Teach. to lament with others. Dor'sum—the Dor'sal. Back. n. Domes'ticate. supreme power. n. Do'leo— to Grieve. to usher in. v. Domain'. to -^ Dii'cOf ducftum —^to Lead . a little channel. a. fitted to entice. aptness to be taught. a leader . belonging to the house or family. a. a paper containing Doc 'trine. Dom'inant. n. Produc'tive. to bring forward. uncertainty of mind. . Seduce'. to lead or guide. easily taught. Du'bious. a. to bring out. Educe'. to substract. Conduce'. n. a. v.* by motivei. Introduce'. a. —to Hesitate to Believe. 1 Domes'tic. a. to bring in. v. evidence. dormVtum — | sleeping. | Don'ative. Reduce'. to hesitate to believe. v. giving. . to tame. to rule with insolence. sorrowful. Induce'ment. Induc'tion. . to entice to corrupt. n. . Docil'itt. Do'lorous. n. to lead n. a place to sleep in. Conduct'. n. a. Bring v. a giver. gilt. a. n. a. v. Dole'ful. n. Condole'. n. v. Doc'tor. a . a. a gift. to bring forth. a motive. a water pipe. full of grief. a. Seduc'tive. doubtful. behavior. n. Con'duit. a leading in. v. A'queduct. n. arbitrary ter Domina'tion. that which is taught. a tube for conveying water. Predom'enate. Dom%nus—Master. n. to Carry Duct. ®. Ed'ucate. ritory. v. «. to write on the back. Do^no. ing. Donee'. n. power. n. | Endorse'. to draw from. . «. Deduct'. ruling. to Present. to bring up to instruct. Adduce'. Dona'tion.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVESI>o^ceo. Dor'mitory. Induct'. n. n. Duke.

n. equal to. a drunkard. | Ed'ify.24:6 smith's hakd-book of etymology. a departure. a. not present. DuPLic'iTY. DuPLi'cATE. E'quable. Duet'. double dealing. Per'isk. consisting of two. Ad'equate. -. . a. n. n. to concern. a. n. . Coe'qual. Iniq'uity. n. continuance. Pre-emp'tion. v. justice. a. a. past gone by. absolute. Equilib'rium. himself. Ambi'tion. Equiv'ocal. Es'sENCE. talking much of one's I E'gotist. —a House or Building. night. n. a passing over. n. Du'ring. Equiv'ocate. making equal. «. a piece of music. . self. Prompt. Tran'sit. before others. extent round about. Duo— Two. Eq'uity. to use words of doubtful meaning. —Drunken. a. — . . n. to free from. a. passing quickly. Sobri'ety. E'go—1. Transi'tion. n. . a. n. relating to two. Sedi'tion. n. JE'deSf ce^dis Ed'ifice. EnSf enftis —Being. lasting. E'qual. a. for JE^quus —Even and . a. of the same size or im- E'quinox. the best part. Dura'tion. Du'el. a. the time of equal day portance. a. n. drunkenness. n. n. a gomg aside. ambiguous. n. In'terest. deliverance rescue. Ductus Hard. . Ex 'it. «. . emp'tum to Buy. injustice. as long Endure'. v. v. Exempt'. one who talks much of I E'mo. — ^to Go or Pass. to buy back to rescue. v. to instruct . a. E'gotism. Redemp'tion. to make equal. a. -_ Pres'ent. desire . . Cir'cuit. ready quick. change from one condition to another. stubborn. n. n. n. within sight «. a right of buying Exemp'tion. a. not liable. a. a. prep. double twofold. — Solid. Per'emptory. n. Tran'sient. to die to decay. soberness. imprisonment. Just. | Ine'briate. a. | Es^se— To J Be. E'qualize. Ab'sent. n. n. of the same rank. . a combat between two. Equa'tion. as. — ti. Ob'durate. n. equal weight. near. n. freedom from. n. to bear. Redeem'. ^ Exempt'. to improve. Doub'le. evenness of mind. Pret'erite. equal in value. E^brius Ebri'ety. E^Of i^tum of honor. n. Du'rance. E^quus. n. Equanim'ity. Equal n. Equiv'alent. a building. Du*iiABLE. not varying. Djj'al.

I compute the value. Fah^rico. v. Fancies Face. Efface'. to show by example. I Erroneous. hard to be done. v. specimen. Equip'. to v. a. Time. a. Fal'lible. . | a feigned story. manship. easily led yielding. —a Hokse. fictitious. the utmost point. a. not true. cast . not belonging to the subject. a. Strange. computation. Exem'plar. . | Fab'ricate. of the same age. —a Feigned Story. v. Sur'face. fal'sutn False. a. to disfigure. Facil'ity. n. Falla'cious. Deface'. the outside. n. ^vum— Life Coe'val. —to Value. liable to error. I pertaining to horse- E'queky. vicious. — ^to Wander a. lying on the outside shallow. Foreign. I n. a. form custom. — to Make . Es'teem. Extreme'. to mistake. n. —the Face. a Copy. v. to make false.LATEST ROOTS AlTD DERirATtVES. SuPERFi'ciAL. 247 E'quus Eqtjes'tbian. Exte'rior. . n. of the face. Extra NEOus. outward external. Ex'emplary. an untruth. a stable for horses. v. | Es'timable. . of the age. . a. n. . n. a. Fab'ulous. a pattern of needlework. a. Fab^ula Fa'ble. to Err. worthy of imitation . 1 I Facil'itate. Strange. n. n. Sam'ple. v. n. a model a copy. | Longev'ity. Fal'sity. to make easy. foreign unusual. jE^stimo Es'timate. . n. first length of life. n. — to Deceive. to blot out. high regard. a. the surface of a thing. a. Fea'ture. . a. model pattern. something made. . . relating to the outside. a mistake. . I Err'ing. v. n. irregular a. the outside. n. FaVlp. Exter'nal. a deceitful argument. Er^ro. Fa&ilis Fac'ile. to Estima'tion. to famish to dress. a. n. Fax'sify. Er'ror. Exam'ple. erra^tum Err. utmost last. Dif'ficult. a. Fal'lacy. n. Exem'plify. Ex'terus — Outward. worthy of esteem. —Easy to Do. a. n. wrong . n. Prime'val. Extrem'ity. «. Extrin'sic. a. to make or form. fahrica^tum I'ab'ric. easiness. Exem'pluni — an Example. incorrect. Sam'pler. n. a. Frame. Fash'ion. fitted to deceive. n.

Defama'tion. love kindness. Fe'UoCf feWcis Felic'ity. Prefer'. n. —a Wild Beast. Effec'tive. the persons living in a I Famil'iar. to put off. to bear to allow. 11. to consult. Fierce. affable . n. I —Happy. Dif'fer. Circum'ference. to feed to excess. producing decisive n. n. a. of renown. bearing plentifully. regard respect. to bring together. . d. Family. Fanat'ic. n. Affect'. to slander. Profane'. to be unlike. v. savage . v. . n. well known. to present for acceptanca.248 bmith'8 hand-book of etymolooy. Suf'fer. a forgery. a fault a blemish. temple. n. a. house. a carrying round. n. scarcity of food. producing effect. 'd. to act upon. full v. . pursuit. I Fa'num—a Temple Fane. happiness. v. to like better. fa&tum—to Make to Do . Defeat'. Infect'. Per'fect. Profi'cient. la' turn Fer'tile. Fa'uvies —Hunger . a. n. . Dil'atory. Infer'. a tainting. a. Suffice'. one advanced in any refreshment after fa- . L to starve. . n. n. —to Bear . 'c. Carry . Defame'. to offer. . Profane'. | savage. . . n. Fa'ciOf . celebrity a. to Act. «. . active able. Effi'cient. to give to another for decision. Reputation. to bring to pass to do. tigue. Defi'cient. n. irreverent . In'famous. to a. Fe'vo. Infelic'ity. Affecta'tion. an eating room. openly censured. Refec'tory. Fact. Profi'cienct. v. to congratulate. Refec'tion. to pollute. tardy slow. . complete pure. n. . . . utter disgrace. Dep'erence. v. Affec'tion. Sur'feit. FamiVia—a Fam'ily. Goun'terfeit. Fam'ine. —^Fame. desertion. n. n. a. Relate'. Defec'tion. faulty wanting. an enthusiast. a. Infec'tion. n. to draw a conclusion. a thing done a reality. a. common. to make enough. n. In'ference. Transfer'. ri. a. n. «. a. Fam'ish. «. Felic'itous. Refer'. renown. a. Defer'. furious. to tell to pertain to. Of'fer. ^. to convey to remove. happy fortunate. | Felic'itate. Prof'fer. «. n. . Fefra Fero'cious. Effect'ual. cruel . calumny. n. v. v. Effect'. v. to Bring. n. Renown. to taint with disease. id. Collate'. to undo to overthrow. Fa' ma Fame. a Holy Place. a making forwards. a . . T). Suffi'cient. a conclusion. a. Scarcity of Food. a. a. misfortune. effect. making enough. Fa'mous. assumed feeling. «. Confer'. In 'f AMY. Defect'.

a Prefix'. v. to Boil. Transfix'. anything fixed to v. to make n. place or house. guard security. a sumptuous entertainment. a. hot . Con'fidence. Suffix'. Limit. . a. «. a. to pledge faith or FVgo. certain limited. to ward off. trust Defy'. joyful gay. n. n. v. to Be in Flames. n. a. treasury. Festiv'ity. In'fidel. . Fir'nius Firm.. . n. to improve to polish. Inplam'mable. v. . treachery. Offence'. a. Flame. a. a. Fis'cus Fis'cAL. Fes^tum—2. fast. «. to trust in. —a Bag or Basket. Affi'ance. Infirm'. a security. n. crime injury. v. Indef'inite. having an end. to add to the end. . eminently fine. ®. notorious. Offend'. n. Trust. . Dif'fident. . a. to complete to end. boldness. zeal. Fi'nite. n. —a Flame I . Fasten . to Pierce. faithfulness. «. «. to. I Confirm'. to pierce through. I Flam'beau. Def'inite. ardent. to displease. v. a. Defence'. to limit to explain. FVnis — the End Border . Affirm'. a. to set on fire. n. I pertaining to the public Confis'cate. Fer'veo —to be Hot | . an extensive fire. n. to shut up to limit. Confine'. a. joyfulness. | weak feeble. fen'sum— io Strike. to join to. v. burning . last conclusive. n. n. n. a. Fin'ish. Conplagra'tion. to dare. Fend. n. v. a. — Strong. I | FVdes—Faith: Fidel'ity. heat . . belonging to a Fes'tive. distrusting one's self. FbbVor. easily set on fire. to challenge . feit. Fen' do. a kind of torch. n. v. id. . Flaln'ma a burning vapor. Superfine'. a Fire. v. Feb' vent. an unbeliever. to declare positively. . fix^um—to Fix Fix. to put before. Per'fidy.LATIN KOOTS AND DEfilVATIVES. unlimited. Fes'tal. Fes'tival. a. In'finite. to seize as a for. a. Feast. Refine'. not limited. . to protect. . Fix'ture. 240 ^ Defend'. hard strong. «. . to establish. id. Fence. —to Burn | . Feast. Fi'nal. feast. Define'. «. Affix'. . a time of feasting. I Fla'gro Fla'grant. to Ward. Confide'. Inflame'.

calamity. n. to grow better. a. Flow'er. n. Fluctua'tion. turning from . power. n. even regular. n. In'fluence. a large book. a. Influen'tial. «. flowing. Afflic'tion. overflowing. n. —a Hearth | . Flo'ral. n. a thin leaf of metal. n. action work. SuPERFLu'iTY. a. Super'fluous. Fo^lium —a Leaf . Transform'. a. Formal'ity. flushed with red. n. to instruct. to Tukn. In'flux. contest . n. a flowing together.) Fo'lio. ForSf /or'iCis— Chance . a. Bend. shape . Fo'liage. a. I to n. to pain to grieve. . n. For^tna Form. Fo'cus Jro'cus. Conform'. Flo'ra. relating to flowers. wavering. 71. i). Flu'ency. a. Misfor'tune. . n. n. n.—The place of heat when a burning glass held in the sun. Con'fluence. to disfigure. ceremonious. Unfor'tunate. Fla^tus Flat'ulbnt. to cast back to think. a bending inward. •to to puff up. Flu'ent. Af'fldence. vain. v. n. FloSf flo'ris —a Flower. a Fire-Place. Reflect'. a. Inflect'. Fo'cal. to blossom. voluble. a Sheet. n. Flow'er. to beat in or on. Re'flux. a case for loose leaves. FWgo. Fluid. the place of fire. anything that flows. the act of moving. —a Blast | . v. Con'flict. Dash. a. Portfo'lio. n. readiness of speech. to make like ply with. successful. fLi&tum —to Beat Afflict'. n. 'd. Flour'ish. backward course. n. calamity. unlucky. a growth of leaves. Inflec'tion. Fortu'itous. to thrive to grow. to com- Deform'. . riches plenty. to move as waves. exerting power. flex^umCrn'ouMFLEX. fluQc^um as a fluid. a flowing in. more than enough Fluc'tuate. i). struggle. v. moving round. accidental. the true course. a. a cultivator of flowers. (as of paper. Fle&to. v.250 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Ef'flux. n. Flor'ist. the goddess of flowers. a flowing out. For'tunb. Deflec'tion. . v. n. Inflex'ible. — ^to Flow. to bend. Note. Reform'. n. Flor'id. Inflict'. Inform'. n. —a Form : Beauty. figure. to do or act. Flex'ible. chance wealth. n. . For'tunate. Flu'o. I | . is belonging to the focus. Perform 'ance. a. not to be bent. ductile pliant. a. to change. Inflate'. Luck. a blossom. t). Perform'. a. . ceremony. a. n. a. . v. windy . n. a Puff of Wind. n. Flux. Form'al. v. «j. Foil. . U'niform. n.

n. v. the act of melting. n. Fu'ming. forepart. smoking. v. Confound'. a. a denial. Sub'terfuge. n. weakness. . a. face. to confound to mix. Enforce'. n. v. n. v. Fu^mus— Smoke. v. —the Forehead I the Face. coldness. Defraud'. to cheat. brother. n. bravery. a fortified place. Fra^ter. to make the produce of a tree or plant. n. fronftis Front. enjoyment. brotherly. Fume. n. impudence. fra'tris Frater'nal. v. Fu'siON. Infringe'. Fu'giOf fu'giturn— to Fly or Flee. frau^dis Fraud. Frag'ile. «. n. Frail. n. Frac'ture. For'tipy. Confuse'. a. tection. Refund'. abundance. a violation. — ^to Pour Out Infuse'. one n. a worm medicine. Suffuse'. to cheer. the face the Affront'. Frac'tion. to smoke. n. n. fru^itiis Frui'tion. v. {f- 251 For^tis courage . to put in execution. . to break in upon. n. a broken part. n. Melt. Frag'ment. Fu'sible. fruitful. Profu'sion. v. ®. fri'goris— Cold. to pour back. a. lavish. Strong. Fu'migate. Infrac'tion. . a. deceit. to melt. n. to Ftm^dOf fu^sum Fuse. a. to cool. a. deceitfulness. FrVgus. to offend. Cheat. Fruc'tify. cold. Refrig'erator. —Beave. n. —Deceit .LATIN ROOTS AKD DT^RIVATlVES. «. running away. to deny to decline. . shelter. a. Fruit. a cooler. that may be melted. n. easily Frail 'ty. v. to spread. Refuse'. v. I Frigid'ity. n. v. v. Refugee'. strength. — to Break. Fraud'ulent. v. Com'fort. —a Brother. Ep'fort. Rep'uge. . Diffuse'. | Frat'ricidb. to mingle. v. . Frau'dulence. n. n. I Confront'. easily broken. an evasion. Fru'or. Fran^gOf fra&tum a broken part. n. to compel. Frig 'id. Force. to pour Profuse'. a poyring out. — ^to Enjoy. vapor. n. broken. Force. deceitful. Frons. n. a. n. the murder of a Fraus. smoke x. who flies for pro» Ver'mifuge. n. in. . ] 4^ Fu'gitive. to spread over. . to strengthen. n. Fume. I Refrig'erate. ^. Perfume'. to scent. Refu'sal. For'titude. raging v. For'tress. to meet face to Effront'ery. a breaking. Effu'sion. exertion.

pure real. v. «. Gva^dior. gres^sus rank degree. an animal substance resembling jelly. to dissolve. causing production. a kind of sweetmeat. Aggres'sion. basis. Degrade'. Ge'nial. v. agreeing in temper Genteel'. a. n. Grad'uate. going backward. Generos'ity. . Progress'. Digress'. Indiges'tion. Digest'. n. «. Congela'tion. n. to make furious. DiGREs'siON. to put in a lower rank. v. | mad . Honor. Con'gress. a. In'gress. a. 71. advancing by steps.262 SMITHES HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Degree'. witty skillful. public extensive. . advancing. Ge'nius. v. oflFspring race. entrance. — to Go Step by Step. ??. rage . Ge^ro. Gen'tile. —to Bear^ v. Grad'ual. depth. to hint. an attack. n. a. soft mild tame. n. Progen'itor. n. a casting house. a freezing Gbl'id. GWria—Glory. Glo'rify. Gen'erous. Gestic'ulate. to arrange . dignity of birth. n. V. a. open frank. to grow worse. n. . a. n. Inge'nious. n. n. . Ret'rograde. to Carry. Ge'lu —Frost. n. want of power to digest food. n. Prog'eny. . to give glory to. Ice. Gen'tle. wit acuteness. Progres'sive. v. praise shameful. n. n. Fun^dus — a Bottom Found. n. a pagan. Fdndamen'tal. kind sex. n. to violate. to produce. ges'tum Ges'ture. a. regular progress. Ge^mis. Grada'tion. to use gestures. . Fu'ria Fu'rious. Ingenu'ity. gen'eris —Birth Family: Race. to lay the basis of. elegant in manners. Fu'ry. mental power. Profundity. n. or Basis. a low condition. to turn aside. Transgress'. a. deep thorough. Gentil'ity. Engen'der. Conges'tion. renown. noble liberal. a. Gen'uine. . v. lying at the base. 1). a step a rank. n. n. like gelatine. —Madness. a forefather. n. Gen'erate. . . . f Con'genial. Regen'erate. . . E'gress. . frenzy. a. n. a. v. Suggest'. Gen'eral. to advance. a deviation. to mark degrees. Ingen'uous. Gen'der. to freeze. n. Degen'erate. a. n. a coming together. n. Fotjnda'tion. a. Grade. . a. Inglo'rious. Jel'ly. Profound'. raging. liberality. a. Congeal'. Infu'riate. a. a going out. a. a caiTying together. ». to renew. Foun'deby. v. action. to beget to produce. extremely cold Gelat'inous. . a and tastes. . X). I Glo'ry. Degrada'tion. n. Gel'atine.

a man of high rank. Grandee'. Grau'dis. Gill' tlo—to 253 Gulp Down. kindness. v. consisting of . Ingra'tiate. grain stone. . Aggrieve'. op Corn. to make worse. a. merciful kind. a. relish. a. — Heavy i . a. for nothing. n. Ag'grandize. Grievous. n. —a Herd or Flock. CoNGRu'iTY. Congratulate. Hab'it. n. n. n. having power. Grand'eur. n. . Con'gruous. Egre'gious. to pl( n. n.Great. a small grain. Grate'pul. . ad. given with out reward. 'g. n. to deprive of force. n. Habit' UAL. Grand. . an injury. a. a garment. great. Grat'is. n. to wish joy to. a seed of com. —Gust. Habil'iment. to mourn. Gran'ary. n. Gratd iTous. v. sorrow. Griev'ous. —Taste. . . to dishonor. «. to stuff. the act of swallowing. CrTuSf gru'is — a Crane. Glut'ton. thankful pleasing. to vex. Gra'vis Grave. a. hab'ituin —to Have . a blast of wind.• splendor. « Habit'uate. v. v. Degluti'tion. to enfeeble. Note. gre^gis Grega'rious. n. Grand. A'ble. to overfill . dislike. tasie . Disgrace'. Gus'tus Gust. Griev'ance. state v. Grat'itude. Ag'gravate. favor. v. to put or wind into favor. an excessive eater. n. mournful sad. n. into a Ag 'GREG ate. n. n. Inhab'it. a. Gra'tus . v. going together cranes in a flock. agreement fitness. unsuitable. n. v. n. n. grains. v. Disgust'. Greoc. v. a. remarkably bad. to Hold. serious . Ena'ble. v. —Pleasing Thankful. Grav'ity. a. a free gift. j ' . a. n. to forbid. customary. unthankful. an assembly. to trouble. Prohib'it. n.) Ha'heo. to empow^er. going in flocks Con'gregate. Gran'ulate. Habita'tion. to gather Ag'gregate. Gran'ite. a. Disa'ble. | Glut. Gran'ule. great high in power. In'grate. masa a mass. . . a dwelling. a. to assemble. n. to make Gra^num—a Grain Grain. v. Exhib'it. to show to display. Gra'cious.LATIN KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Grace. Grat'ify. . a storehouse for grain. an ungrateful person. Gratu'ity. v. to accustom. Congrega'tion. 1^ Have. weight seriousness. to possess. distaste . v. power. Debil'itate. weighty. trouble. grains. custom use. Incon'gruous. v. a. v. In'grate. a. comes from the Danish {gust. to dwell in. Grieve. to form into Gran'ular. n. | Relish. v. r^. Grief. Abil'ity. thankfulness. to indulge .

ILo'nor. Humane'. n. . sticking. n. . Human'ity. hos^pitis—a Host I or Guest. to possess by descent. one who inherits. a man who takes care of horses. to stick to Cohb'sive. n. belonging to mankind. v. cheerfulness. —to Draw. Hos'tile. ! Humil'ity. done in honor. to cut off from suc- Inher'it. that cannot be is left. n. — Honorable. n. shame. exhausted. v. Hon'orable. v. Disinher'it. n. n. to make cheerful. open war. a. Coheir'. a. to delay to pause. —to Breathe. . a. n. worthy of honor. to bury. v. Hos'pes. sticking together. without fraud upright. Hu'manize. dignity respect. existing in. n. any movable owned by inheritance. vapor. Hon'est. Cohe'rent. Heir. a. that has descended from an ancestor. the nature of man. an inn. n. Hummus—the Inhume'. Inhe'rent. Hum'ble. manslaughter. Hum'ble. unconnected. Ma^lo Exhale'. Hon'orary. a. n. 71. n. disgrace. an heir with another. | •44_ Sos^tis—BXL Enemy. Merry. adverse Hostil'ity. Dishon'or. | . abasement of pride. a multitude. Honest. n. unjust wicked. a. | to breathe out. ing v. Hos'piTABLE.254 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. as water. to crush . Hon'esty. Inher'itance. Heritage. Host. Hos'pital. Inhu'man. a. hau^tujfi Exhaust'. to render humane. Cohe'sion. . a. hones^tiis Hon'or. Exhala'tion. state of union. a. modest . Incohe'rent. . Dishon'est. cession. «. a. kind tender. n. Hau^rio. . Hu^milis I —of the Ground v. submissive. a. to draw out until noth- I Inexhaust'ible. Exhil'arate. Ho^^no. to breathe in. a. an army . Host'ler. —a Man. n. property inherited. Hom'icide. freedom Humilia'tion. . to subdue. to take out of the ground. n. patrimony. kind to strangers. opposite. justice truth. Hce^res. a. v. Hce^reOf hce'sum Adhere'. one who entertains another. n. n. Hered'itary. Host. a building for the sick. a. . — ^to Stick Fast Hes'itate. Ground. ®. Heir'loom. v. a. n. v. v. n. Exhume'. Hotel'. Low Hcmble. . Hilar'ity. . hcere^dis—sm Heir. from pride. barbarous cruel. | HWaris—Cheerful. hom^inis Hu'man. to Stop . a. Inhale'.

whole complete. peror. n. I internal . Iden'tify. . v. a. —Whole. purpose design. Iden'tical. . v. a a.LATIiS^ BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a. Impe'rial. a. easily provoked. 265 Fdem—the Iden'tity. Penin'sula. to throw out. 'c. to put under. v. n. n. v. n. jacftum — I j I | Throw or Cast. v. Interjec'tion. the state of red heat. a. placed by itself. Ab'ject. an exclamation. I In'timate. to set on fire. a. commanding. containing fire. a. n. —Anger. a. the dominion . to make entire. a. thrown away mean. Conjec'ture. a picture an idol. ^amk. commander Im'pero. Igni'tlble. to throw in. Ejac'ulate. I^ra Ire. a. In^sula—an In'sular.belonging to an island. existing only in fancy. ». close familiarity. a describing word. a whole number. inland. . Iras'ciblb. Project'. to oppose. ^to Ja^cio. In'tbgral. overbearing. a. on tire. I inner. Pro JEC 'tile. a body thrown forward. In'sulate. sameness. . easily . In'teger . inmost familiar. n. Imag'inary. Impe'rious. | \jr- Ig'nis Ignite'. I'soLATED. Reject'. I | Entire. . n. v. a. n. —Within. to cast down. : In'teger. Integ'rity. V. a mon Em'pire. In^tus Inte'rior. a. lowness of spirits. to guess. . fancy idea. ??. royal regal. n. Dejec'tion. by water. mind. to tease. to form an idea in the . Ad'jective. Inter'nal. to fret. ©. to utter abruptly. imag^inis Im'age. v. n. of an em- Imper'ative. Eject'. imper a' turn— to Command. arch. —FiKE. anger rage. to refuse. Subject'. land almost surrouded rounding objects. «j. n. n. In'tegrate. capable of being set Ig'neous. . Deject'. 'c. a. inward within. n. Ir'ritable. Unbroken. —an Image . the very same. Ir'ritate. n. to detach from sur Island. | | made angry. • Inject'. Inia^go. a. ia. or of a mighty nation. scheme contrivance. Imagina'tion. pjpr. to hint. v. n. Object'. real. In'timacy. to prove to be the same. Imag'ine. Igni'tion. to cast forward to plan. n. . a. Intrin'sic. n. Ob'ject. honesty purity. Em'peror. Pro'ject. In'timate.

v. n. sportive merry. lying round. n. v. n. lively.' Disjoin'. t. n. the system of courts Judge. Injust'ice. v. Abjure'. a. to join together. SubJUNO 'tive. . v. to add at the end. something joined. —Right Justice . al- . Joc'und. ( Ju'vOf ju^tum Ad'jtjtant. Con JURE. n. to set right. n. Conjoin. to direct to order. | Jun'go. slip v. n. conditional. put under the yoke. . Jurisdic'tion. a. . Joke. Ja'cent. fTo^cus Jocose'. a. Injuno'tion. equitable honest. a. Ju'ror. a. a. . union. a. merry waggish. . to treat unjustly.256 smith's hand-book of etymology. n. Con'jtigal. Jus. n. a. In'jure. Prej'udice. . pertaining to marriage. n. junc^tum Junc'tion. Just'ice. —to Swear. Conjure'. . Ja^ceo —to Lie. n. JuDi'cious. Subjoin'. a fellow helper. a. a. a Collapse'. —Young. v. a. a prejudgment. legal authority. lying next. a. . one younger. hurtful. La'hor. . Adjoin'ing. justice. to pass a sentence. Adjudge'. Per'jury. gay. I | lying at length. v. to Glide. . Relapse'. a merry trick. ^to youthful. ». Sub'jugate. to fall back again. v. Ju'ry. n. Join. a member of a jury. Law. v. n. of justice. a fault. Ju'venis Ju'vBNiLE. to unite to combine. Coadju'tor. Adju'dicate. Ju'nior. wrong. to summon in a solemn manner. Enjoin'. a — | Help or Aid. v. v. guided by judgment. major's aid. to renounce upon oath. Adja'cent. v. n. Joint. to charge solemnly. 71. to Slip . . n. judica^twm— to Judge to Decide. t. v. pertaining to courts of TuDi'ciARY. Inju'rious. to pass away. tTu^ro to unite to associate. to practice secret arts. v. to Con'jugate. Jii^dico. . —to Join. Adjure'. Adjust'. to decide. v. to try and decide. JuDi'ciAL. I | Elapse'. Interja'cent. n. a. lap^sus—to Fall Lapse. precept order. to fall inward. tTu'gufti—d^ Yoke. ju^ris Just. I Joc'ular^ a. to clear from guilt. a. v. next contiguous. Circumja'cent. —a Joke I Sport. right. a set of men sworn to give a true verdict. . . false swearing. -y. a joining a connection lowing motion. lying between. Jus'tify. Ad'junct. to separate.

v. n. to praise . Labo'rious. Laud. ease assistance. . faintness weakness. Lau'datory. applicable. La^tus Dilate'. «. Leg' ATE. n. pertaining to milk. La^pis. Alle'giance. . Lat'itude. . as bread. a partner. oestowing praise. a chemist's work- Elab'orate. Pope. to raise up. «. room. a mechanical power. a. | Lo'tion. Col'league. a. v. Relief'. a substance to make bread light. to affirm. placed by the side. Leg'acy. a. v. Allege'. «. to slacken Relaxa'tion. praiseworthy. lianfgueo Law'guid. dissolute. to ease to succor. to remit. I Broad. Laxftis Lax. La^vOf lo'tum Lave. Idcftis | —Milk. to extol. —Light. n. I Slack. I Lac. to make light. Laus. to send on an embassy. fatiguing. a. n. Lan'guish. n. affirmation. 1 La^ttLS Lat'eral. Bequeath. El'evate. Allegation. a. n. Le'ver. decay. n. a. 257 La^hor — Labob. —to Droop | . ruin . I Lau'dable. n. n. Lev'y. . La'bok. ». «. . r. ^ Leav'en.*. remission. breadth. . to make easy to. n. a deputy. | pertaining to the side. Rel'evant. . . n. a. drooping weak. —to Wash. ri. Relieve'. | Relax'. I Lab'oratort. tJ. a. a. to Languish. much labored upon. Alle'viate. • -4^ !-<''. to raise to collect. Le^vis Lev'ity. lightness . a worker in precious I Dilapida'tion. a. the duty of a subject. Leav'en. Lac'teal. an ambassador of th« Del'egate. a. v. work toil. lapHdis—a. n. lau^dis —Praise. —Loose. n. n. loosened out lengthy. Lactif'erous. Lan'guor. a gift made by will. Prolix'. v. Lapidary. —Wide. n. . to widen apart. East. to wash . . Stone. gayety. to grow feeble. bearing milk. n. ease to . n. id. — a Side.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. lega'tuvfi —to Send as an Ambassador Del'egate. a medicinal wash. . loose a. Collat'eral. to bathe. stones.

LVbra—a Pound Delib'eratb. | Equilib'rium. a. Lib'erty. . v. Leg'islate. n. . n. Le'galize. to gather together. a.Leg'ible. Li'brary. one a defamatory writing. v. Predilec'tion. a. fit to be chosen. Illib'eral. v. LVber. Ob'ligatory. a. a. the law making power. understanding. Di'alect. n. Gentle. permission. — to be Lawful or Permitted. n. Leg'islature. a discourse. of a library. free n. defamatory. a Balance. | Prelim'inary. Intel'ligence. Li' ABLE. information. . limHnis— a Elim'inate. Select'. Le'gal. n. lawfulness. lawfulness of birth. able to understand. n. LeXf le'gis—2i Law or Rule. n. unrestrained. n. lawful. 71. to gratify to corapeL Relig'ion. to grant authority Licen'tious. a. Li'bel. to pass over carelessly. duty to God. Neg'ligent. v. generous. guage. to make lawful. Neglect'. to Read . Threshold. subdivision of a lan. Le'gion. v. Libra'rian. n. Lib'eral. n. bound responsible. Le'gend. who has charge an apartment for books. LVmen. a. to make laws. a body of soldiers. Le'neent. hand. soothing. League. a. mild . binding. a. to bind by contract. freedom. v. to choose out. li(fitum Illic'it. . to Choose. a. an equal balancing. v. mean suspicious. careless heedless. a. unlawful. Ob'ligate. J/e'ms— Mild. Lec'tuke. Li'cense. industrious. Legit 'iMACY. a. n. v. n. the binding of a subject to his government. Elec'tion. n. . a. n. that can ])e read. Li'cense. n. lib^ri I —a Book. a. a liking before In'tellect. Collect'. n. to set free. choice. Priv'ilege. the act of choosing. | LVber— Free. — to Bind . Selec'tion. . «). v. lawful genuine. . to bring to mind. a special advantage. f L^gOf le&tuni — to Gather . v. a binding or union. v. a. | Len'ity. to put out of doors. introductory. Dil'igent. n. . LVceo. a. Ille'gal. Oblige'. inattention slight. Recollect'. n. to Tib. Li' go. Li'belous. El'igible. liga'tufn Alle'giance.258 smith's hand-book of etymology. mildness of temper. unlawful. n. Lib'erate. to weigh mentally. n. . n. a. Legal'ity. Legit'imate. Intel 'ligent. to. n. Neglect'. a wild narrative.

a Language. as water. a liquid substance. — a Linen Thread. n. . to pay. n. Locomo'tion. Liq'uor. V. flowing like water. Literal. —a Letter. Local'ity. speech. //. a fluid. Liq'uir ATE. to Forsake.^. . n. ing place. Lin'seed. Oblit'erate. n. and from different directions. Litera'ti. an offender. LATIN BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. something left. descending in a line. v. oratory. I Liq'uid. Line. n. Lint. one skilled in languages. a. Liq'uid. ^. Litig'ious.— Ventriloquism is the art of modifying the natural voice so to come from a greater or less distance. a. —the Tongue . Litiga'tion. blame slander. the act of speaking from the stomach. . given to litigation. n. learning. n. Dis'locate. seems . a steam engine on Lo'qifor. a speech to one's sel£ Ventril'oquism. a. v. Loquac'ity. one a suit at law. n. Flow. engaged in a lawsuit lAtfera . Lin'eage. to place to fix. . a forsaking. Relin'quish. n. men of a. t). to contest in law. down scraped from linen. Lit'igate. n. Collo'quial. a speaking together. the seed of flax. v. unlearned. a. n. n. to rub out. n. talkativeness. — to Leave . LVqueo—to Melt Liq'uefy. exact to the Literary. Delin'quent. to clear away . Lm'GUiST. LVnuni -Flax. to put out of joint. . to place together. T). Lit'igant. n. Lo'cal. to make liquid. Illit'erate. to describe. n. n. the power of chang- n. n. feature outline. a character representing some sound an epistle. Locomo'tive. v. Lo'cus—2i Place. wheels. n. letters. a circuit of Col'loquy. n. words. v. Lin'en.. having the power of • Elocu'tion. a. 259 lA'nea Delin'eate. that it Note. to forsake to . Rel'ict. a speaking out. race progeny. a. relating to conversation. Lin'eament. Interline'. LiSf Wtis — Stripe | | a Lawsuit. relating to letter. a widow. I . a. relating to place. cloth made of flax. n. to quit. failing in duty. a. learning. a rank a row extension in . n. a using the tongue Lin'go. n.. Litifgua Lan'guage. Solil'oquy. corrupt language. Col'locate. locu^tus Circumlocu'tion. Lit'erature. n. Ob'loquy. . to write between lines. n. El'oquent. —to Speak . n. situation place. length. Derelic'tion. Rel'ic. «. Lin'eal. a. n. Lo'cate. Let'ter. Lin'quOf li&tum Delin'quent. n.

LoNGEv'iTT. to lengthen out. n. a. n. a. to Cheat. a madman. a. Lus'tre. anything that gives light. Satan. transparent. Long. Lu'na —^the Moon. Lu'nacy. a deceptive appearance. length distance east . a. Illus'trate. Lu'natic. relating to the moon. to desire earnestly. —a Master . istrate. n. Lu'dicrous. a. a. n. Lu'cRATiVE. n. a. the morning star Elu'cidate. a lighting up. to lengthen. bright shining. Deceive t). d. n. that which dilutes. to deceive to mislead. Profit. — to Purify : Make Clean or Bright. profitable. v. clear. Delude'. a Luxury. to revel to wanton. Magisterial. n. v. having the air of the office of a mag- Mas'ter. . brightness splendor. Prolong'. a. Elude'. a play between. a. madness. n. or west. Translu'cent. dishonest agreement. Lu'cifer. n. to escape by deception. a. rank growth. Lon'gitude. Delu'sive. .260 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. soil deposited by waterAllu'vial. n. . I | Lu^o. . Lu'minous. a. Collu'sion. a. Illu'sion. n. to Lu^dOf lu^sum — to Play Allude'. authority. giving light. In'terlude. Pellu'cid. lu'tuTYi —to Wash.ho controls. Lu'nar. a. deposited by water. d. 'd. Ob'long. gam money. voluptuous. Lu'ciD. a reference to. v. Dil'uent. n. Allu'sion. pleasure. having length. a. n. a. n. something introductory. Lonfgus—Long. Mag'tstracy. . a. a. n. to clear up. n. very distinguished. . to Lus'trOf lustra^ turn . . . beneath the moon. Illumina'tion. Prel ude. to explain. or excessive Magis^ter Mag'istrate. to make unclean. n. Lustra'tion. Ablu'tion. n. a. growing rank. one v. n. Luxu'^ria Lus'cious. Sub'lunary. Luna'tion. to refer to. Illus'trious. to make thin or weak. Allu'vium. Dilute'. great Luxu'riant. n. longer than broad. n. a civil officer. laughable. xi. v. 'o. Lu^crum — Gain: Lu'cRE. deceptive. Luxu'rious. a month. Elon'gate. a washing. sweet to excess. v. a cleansing. n. Lu'minary. Long. —Lux ury. Luxuriate. Luxu'riance. length of life. a Ruler. n. Pollute'.

belonging to^the Mar'iner. n. of noble mind. a. — Great. produced by enchant- Maqi'cian. | Magnet'ic. Fatal to Life. a sorcerer. a call of authority. III. a. v. n. May'or. ill will. n. Mag'nify. n. Large. a. size greatness. a command. wooden hammer mall. ill disposed. a. lasting. a curse. Mag'net. n. dignity. n. Countermand'. a. n. | Rem'nant. n. Mag'netism. ad. that . Mal'leable. a criminal. . Mag'fius . a house a residence. that may be spread by hammering. Malev'olence. to Command. n. Mali'cious. Majes'tic. Malig'nant. the loadstone. Ma'jor. to ask with authority. a little Man^do. to send back. sea. a Priest. ?i. Mall. «j. manfsum—to Stay Man'sion. . to make greater. the power of a. Mal'let. a. 261 Mag'neSf magne^tis—Loadstone. v. . with ill intention. n. to commend to another. n. t Ma^neo. n. HafJitime. Command'. to stay n. MaVleo —to Beat. greater. grandeur. «. I . Demand'. — ^to Commit . Malig'nity. Ma^gus — a Divine Ma'gi. to Abide. n. Sea. a a. Magnif'icence. having malice and envy. n. the chief magistrate of city. Mag'nitude. Malefac'tor. Per'manent. splendid. Ultramarine'. Maledic'tion. under the sea. n. Submarine'.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Mal'ice. Grand. a. attractive. n. Ultramarine'. Mag'ic. a. v. Transmarine'. very fine blue. a military officer. n. hostile to life. a beetle. t?. to praise. gloomy. Magnif'icejsit. across the sea. MaVleus — a Hammer. grand. manda^tutn . durable . Remand'. ment. Enchanter Mag'ic AL. a wise man. n. a seaman. a. n. is left. sorrowful . violent hatred. across the sea. Ma'jor. Remain'. Malig'nantly. a. attraction. v. a. Recommend'. Jlalig^nus—ENYiovs Malign. enchantment. v. Magnaist'imous. 3Ia'le Dis'mal. praise. which Ma^re—the Marine'. or stately. a. n. near the sea. to govern to order. Major'ity. Maj'esty. Man'date. —Badly. to revoke a command. the greater number. a large n. desire to injure. Demand'. Commend'. n. a. to continue. a. a. Commenda'tion. n. .

Med'ical. deep thought. — a Brink or Edge. medita^tus—to Muse Medita'tion. n. a. between lands. v. Imme'diate. Me'diuisi.262 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Manip^ulus—a Handful. a. v. the faculty of recollect- . v. recollection. Med'icus — a Physician. —a Mother I a n. v. to Cure. Matron. a skillful movement.7i. instant direct. v. Memoir'. Men'tion. Reminis'cence. Me^dins Middle Between. n. worthy to be remem. n. n. n. to hold in memory. Interme'diate. . . performed by the hand. to fertilize. Man'acle. a declaration. a. Immemo'rial. Mature. tinctured with med' icine. middle rate. Reme'dial. a list of a cargo. —Ripe I . Med'icated. to handcuff.^. a. marriage. — Cleab. Matxi^rus Mature'. n. v. a. Manceu'vre. beyond memory. v. a. affording remedy. Eman'cipate. to set free. . the edge. Manumit'. anything made by art. to speak of Memo'rial. — Medioc'ris —Middling. Mediterra'nean. n. Mat'rimony. . n. a. not ripe. coming between. any substance used in curing disease. a. Manipes'to. mat'ris Mater'nal. 3Ie^ trior | Premed'itate. memory. an elderly woman. to support. n. Man'ipest. the border . I Immature'. Mar'gOf mar'ginis Mar'gin. Me'diate. Manure'.the murder of a mother.Memen'to. to Med'itor. a. giving liberty to slaves. relating to medicine. Man'age. a short account. a. motherly. Matu'rity. ripe too soon. n. Manufac'ture. the middle point. n. ripeness. Mem'ory. Premature'. ing. | Mar'ginal. to conduct. Medic'inal. put between Medioc'rity. «. n. Rem'edy. a. Manumis'sion. Commem'orate. —Mindful Keeping in Mind. 71. open. Man'uscript. to think beforehand . on the margin. something to keep in Remem'ber. Me'diate. n. ripe complete. . a. plain . Mem'orable. v. Maintain'. a memorial. to interpose. n. n. Man'ual. Manip'ulate. v. a writing. to handle. | Evident. n. Master. Ma'nus—^the Hand. n. Me'deop — ^to Heal . Think Upon. a. Med'icine. v. Ma'tron. n. I MAT'RiciDE. to set free. a cure. a. bered. a. Manifest tus Man'ifest. to bear in mind. a. a. having the power of healing.

Mer'cer. n. Dimen'sion. one who removes. merce. v. ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. to Trade. n. to deserve. One's Abode or Dwelling n. v. . to Sink. citizen soldiers. country. n. to to remove from one remove out of a place to another. Emerge'. to . n. n. Admin'ister. the state of being wholly covered by a fluid. a. Commer'cial. to Deserve. Im'migrate. Merito'rious. Submerge'. a servant of the church. to Min'istry. to measure. Mer'cantile. to put under water. things bought and sold. to make insane. Keason. fighting. Commen'surate. — Mer^go. to operate against. . n. I v. Com'ment. Minis^^er —a Servant I . Com'merce. Submer'sion. a place of sale. another. Min'ister. n. Mer'chant. government. n. n. a. the god of commerce. the act of putting be- low the surface of a fluid. Mebcury. to put under water. one who is bought actuated by the hope of gain. v. Mensu'ra Mete. Me^tior ing. . Mensura'tion. p. n force: ardor. n. Administra'tion. relating to soldiers. LATm Mens. Ve'hemence. manage or rule. a. a. to rise out of Emer'gency. a. v. Men'tal. MVleSf iniVitls Mil'itant. —to Earn | . sudden occasion. | supply to. mer^sutn Merge. travelers. —a Measure. n.. etc. n. the body of ministers. country. . v. a. trade intercourse. a writing to explain Demen'tate. Immense'. to compute quantity by a rule. a Helper. a. to remove into { Em'igrate. and the god of eloquence. 3£er^cor. n. Mar'ket. a measure. —to Meastjre. Immerse'. full of merit. Mil'itary. Migra'tion. Mer'cury. very great vast. n. bulk extent.. relating to the mind. 263 men'^tis — the Mind. n. to swallow up to sink. a trader. Meas'ure.^. vice. ?. the messenger of the gods. Mer'it. n. note explanation. Mer'cenary. v. Mili'tia. Immen'sity. —to Plunge or Dep Immer'sion. Dement'ed. MVgrOf migra^tum—to Change Mi'grate. a dealer in silks. Me'reOf mer^itum Bemer'it. — a Soldier. . v. unlimited extent. a. commerce. n. relating to com. relating to trade. Mer'chandise. Mil'itate. n. Note. n. fault. v. v. change of residence. 71. insane. Com'mentary. an ancient heathen deity. v. equal. v. the art of measur. n. Em'igrant. a. nierca^tus —to Buy . Me'ter.

Demol'ish. Intermis'sion. —to Lessen or Diminish. very small. MiRAc'uLous. n. Min'uend. v. to lessen. Mis'siVE. Omis'sion. a. a. distinction. to engage to do. death v. SuBMis'srvE. one sent out as a secret agent. JVIin'imum. a mixed mass. n. Mix'ture. v. n. a suspicion. i). n. Commit'. persons selected to examine or manage any matter. n. humble yielding. n. one sent to propagate religion. n. Min'ute. Prom'inent. AdMIRA'tION. entrance. Hang Oveb. rious things. Permit'. near at hand. v. to MVneo—to . n. . n. a supernatural event. v. supernatural. v. Surmise'. v. a portion of time. Remis'sion. one under age. . Prom'issory. discharge. to Let Go n. Per'mit. n. n. Wonderful. Mis' ceo. a sending over. Submit'. . Demise'. Mi'nor. Em'inent. Em'issary. n. Min'gle. v. n. minished. a. Mis'sionary. to mingle to blend. to grant at one's death. n. slack careless. small particulars. destruction. . n. n. 'd. 71. Dimin'utive. n. sending away from bondage. Prom'inence. ceasing at intervals. to relax to forgive. . Mis'cELLANY. small. to suffer to enter. n. n. CoMMis'sioN. concessions on each side. the number Minu'tle. v. a. n. a coUcction of va- Miscella'neous. to send over. Manumis'sion. a being sent by authority. Prom'ise. n.264: smith's hand-book of etymology. distinguished high. Minute'. v. PERMis'sroN. n. a sum sent back. n. a. number. to be di- Diminu'tion. v. a. Intermix'. . to leave out. leave granted. v. n. Transmis'sion. to state beforehand. — to Send . decease. Im'minent. Mis'siON. a small portrait. . Demoli'tion. of various kinds. v. a. Com 'promise. Mo'lior. Commit'tee. cessation for a time. moWtus—to | Heap. v. Commix'. to destroy. to release from slavery. a. mis'sum Admit'. Jut Out. Dismiss'. —to Mix . . authority given. to mingle together. esteem. to Mingle. a. that may be thrown. to mingle. Transmit'. :Mi'nus. the less n. to send away. n. Demise'. v. Mit'to. n. Mis'sn. MinfuOf ininu^tum Dimin'ish. . Min'iature. to regard with wonder or Mir'aclb. a trust. containing a promise. Dismis'sion. v. Remiss'. «. n. Remit'tance. Omit'. Remit'. a. n. a letter sent. v. Intermit'tent. a sending out. mioo'tum Mix. n. Admit'tance. n. an adjustment by . Premise'. a. a growing less.E. or Come. MVrus— Strange Admire'. a. the smallest quantity. mingled indiscriminately. Minor'ity. Promis'cuous. to mix to join. affection mingled with wonder. a written permission. n. abatement pardon. diminished by. standing out. Emit'. to intrust. a. to send forth. . to yield to authority. Emis'sion. 71. neglect failure. to grant permission. to Build. Manumit'.

LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.

£t>5

Mi'ser
AIis'ert, n. wretchedness.

—Wretched.
Mi'sERLY, a. very covetous. Mis'erable, a. unhappy.

Mi'sER,

n.

one

who

is

wretched

through covetousness.

Commis'erate,
;

v.

to pity.

Mo^dus— a Measure
Mode, Mood,
n.
n.

a Limit

;

a

Mode

or

Manner.

a manner or fashion. temper of mind. Mod'el, n. a copy to be imitated. Mod'ify, v. to alter to soften. Mod'ulate, v. to vary sound. Mod'erate, a. temperate; not do;

Mod'icum, n. a small portion. Commo'dious, a. convenient, Commod'ity, n. an article of merchandise,

Accom'modate,
ient to.

v.

to

make conven-

lent.

Mod'est,

a.

restrained

by a sense of
diflSdence.

propriety.

Mod'esty,

n.

decency

;

Remod'el,

«.

Discommode', «. to put ':o trouble. Incommode', v. to disturb to annoy. Immod'erate, a. excessive. Immod'esv, a. wanting modesty, to model anew.
;

MoVlis — Soft.
Emol'lient,
a.

MoVlio —to
I

Soften.
v.

softening.

Mol'lify,
^to

to assuage

;

to soften.

Mon'itor,

n.

one
n. a

Mo^neo, mon'itum who warns
memorial.
to

Remind

;

to

Warn.
a.

Admonition,

n. gentle reproof.

Mon'ument,
Admon'ish,

«.

warn to reprove. Sum'mon, «. to
;

Premoit'itory, beforehand.
call

giving

warning

by

authority.

MonSf
Mount,
n.

tnonftis

—a Mountain

;

a

High Hill.

a

hill.

very large hill. Mound, n. a heap or bank of earth. Amount', n. the sum. Dismount', v. to alight from a horse.
n. a

Moun'tain,

n. high land jutting into the sea. Remount', v. to mount again. Surmount', v. to rise above. Tan'tamount, a. equal in value or

Prom'ontory,

Par'amount,

a.

above

all others.

meaning.
;

Mon'strOf tnonstra^ turn— to Show
Demon'strate, v. to show plainly, Mon'ster, n. something unnatural. Mon'strous, a. unnatural huge.
;

to

Declare.
v.

Remon'strate,
against.

to present reasons

Mor'deo, tnor'sum
Mor'sel, n. a little bite. Remorse', n. a biting again
for a fault.
;

—to Bite.
n.

Mor'dant,
sorrow

any substance to hold

colors in dyeing.

MorSf mor^tis—Death.
Mor'tal, a. subject to deajja, Mortal'ity, n. death, Mor'tify, v. to lose vitality to Mur'der, tJ, to put to death. shame or vex. Immor'tal, a. exempt from death, Immor'talize, v. to make immortal.
;

26d

SMITH'S

HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.

MoSf mo'ris—Manner; Custom.
Mor'al,
a.

conformed to law and
n. correctness

Mor'alize,
jects.

v.

to apply to moral sub

rectitude.

Moral'ity,

of

life
v.

Demor'alizb,

to

Immoral, a. vicious. make immoral.

Mo^veOf mo^tutn
Move,
«. to put out of one place into another.

—to Move.
;

Move'ment,
Mo'tion, Mo'tive,
n.

n. change of place. change of place.

Commo'tion, n. tumult. Emo'tion, n. disturbance of mind. Promote', v. to advance to exalt. Promo 'tion, n. advancement to high
er rank.

n,

cause

;

reason.

Mob, n. a disorderly multitude. Momen'tum, n. force of motion.

Remote', Remove',

a. at
«.

a distance. to put from its place.

MuVtus- Many; Numerous; Much.
Multi'tude, n. a great number. Mul'tiply, v. to increase in number.
Multifa'rious,
ety.
a.

having great

vari-

Mu^fiuSf mu^neris
Munif'icent,
a.

—a Gift

;

an Office.
n. intercourse.
n.

very

liberal.

Commune', v. to talk together. Commu'nicate, v. to impart. Com'mon, a. shared by all.

Commu'nion, Commu'nity,
Immu'nitt,
n.

the commonwealth.

exemption. Remu'nerate, v. to reward.

Mu^rus—a Wall.
Mu'ral,
a.

pertaining to a wall.

|

Immure',
-to

v.

to imprison.

Change.

Mu'table, a. changeable. Muta'tion, n. change. Commute', to exchange. Mu'tual, a. reciprocal.
i).

Mu'tiny, v. to rise against authorit}'. Permuta'tion, n. exchange. Transmute', v. to change from on&
nature into another.

Nas^cor, na^tus

—to be Born

;

to

Spring
n.

Up

;

to

Grow.
quality
;

Na'tal, a. relating to one's birth. Na'tion, n. a distinct people. N a'tive, a. conferred by birth. Na'tive, n. one who is born in
country.

Na'ture,

original

the

power which produces or causes
things to grow. Innate', a. bom with us. Nat'uralist, n. a student of nature. Nat'uralize, v. to intrust with the rights of a native.
a.

Nativ'ity,

n. birth. a,

Nat'ural,

made by

nature.

Supernat'ural,
-fr

above nature.

Na^vis
Na'vy,
tion.
n.

—a Ship or Vessel.
Nau'tical,
or sailing.
a.

the ships of

war of a na

pertaining to sailors

Na'val, a. relating to ships. Naviga'tion, n. traveling by ships. Nav'igable, a. passable by ships.

Nau'sea, n. sea-sickness. Nau'seous, a. loathsome. Nau'tilus, n. tlie sailor-fish.

LATIN BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES.
Neces'se

267

—Necessary

;

Inevitable.
;

Nec'essary, a. needful. Neces'sitate, v. to make necessary Neces'bitous, a. needj.

n. compulsion want. Nefa'rious, a. wicked. UimEc'EssARY, a. not needed.

Neces'sity,

NetftOf

nexfum—to
|

Tie or Bind
Annex',
v.

;

to Kjnit.

Gonnect', v. to join together. Connec'tion, n. a joining relation.
;

Disconnect',

|

v. to sever. to unite at the end.

Nef(jo, nega'tUTYi—io

Deny

;

to

Refuse.
;

Nega'tion, Neg'ative,

n. a denial.
a.

I

denying.

I

Neg'ative, n. that which denies. Deny', 'o. to contradict to refuse.

Neu^ter, neu^trum
Neu'tral, a. of neither side or party. Neu'tralize, v. to destroy the peculiar properties of.

—Neither.
a.

Neu'ter,
neutral.

Neutral 'iTY,

neither one or the other. n. the state of being

No^ceo
No'CENT,
a. hurtful. a. hurtful.

—to Hurt;

to

Offend.
; ;

Noxious,

Inno'cent,

a. guiltless.

Obnox'ious, a. hateful offensive. In'nocence, n. purity simplicity. Nui'sANCE, n. something offensive.

Nor'una
Nor'mal,
a.

—a Rule or Square.
|

according to

rule.

Enor'mous,^. beyond rule or measure.

No'men, nornHnis—a Name.
Denom'inate, v. to name down. Denom'ination, n. a name a class.
;

No'menclature,
I
I

n.

a
;

system

of

names.

Ig'nominy, n. disgrace shame. Name, n. the term by which we distinguish things.
;

Nom'inate,

«.

to
a.

Renowned',
again.

name to propose. named again an6.

Nom'inal,

a.

in

name

only.

Nos'co, no'tum
No'ble,

—to Understand
;
;

;

to

Know.
v.

No'hilis

—Noble.
to.

a. high in rank generous. Nobil'ity, n. dignity rank. Igno'ble, a. of low birth. No'tice, id. to observe. Rec'ognize,

No'tify, No'tion,

to give notice

n.

thought

;

idea.
(in

Notorious, a. known or famous a bad sense.)
v.

to

know

agaJn.

3ro't;«*s— New.

Nov'el,

unusual. N'ov'el, n. a tale a romance. Xov'eltst, n. a writer of nojtels. Nov'elty, n. newness. Novi'tiate, n. the time of learning rudiments.
a.
;
;

new

Nov'iCE,

n.

one

new

in the business.

Renew', v. to make again. Renova'tion, n. renewal.
In'novate, v. to introduce novelties or change.

^6S

SMl'TH'S

HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY*
No^ta—B. Mabk.

Denote', v. to mark down. No'table, a. worthy to be noted.

I

No'tice,

n. observatiorii

|

No'tary,

n.

one

who

notes.

NodCf no&tis

—Night.
n.

Noctur'nal, a. nightly. Night, n. the time of darkness.
Equlnoc'tial,
a.

I

E'quinox,

the time of equal day

|

and night.

pertaining to the equinox.

Nu^hOf nup^tuni — to Marry.
Connu'bial,
riage.
a.

pertaining to mar-

I

Nup'tial,
riage.

a.

pertaining

to

mar-

I

Nu^dus—Naked; Bare.
Denude',
v.

to strip

;

to

make

bare.

|

Nu'dity,

n.

nakedness.

NuVlus—None Null
;

or Yoid.

Null,

void of no force. Nul'lity, n. nothingness.
a.
;

I

I

Nul'lify, v. to make null or void. Annul', v. to make void.

Nu^merus—a Number.
Num'ber, n. more than one thing, Num'ber, v. to count to reckon. Nu'merous, a. containing many. Numera'tion, n. the art of number
;

Numer'ical, a. denoting number. Num'eral, a. relating to number. Enu'merate, 'd. to reckon up singly. Innu'merable, a. too many to be
counted.

ins.

Nun^ciOy nuncia'tuin
Announce', v. to give notice. Denounce', v. to declare against. Denuncia'tion, n. public threat. Enun'ciate, v. to tell or speak out.

—to Bring News
ance.

;

to Tell.

Pronounce', «. to tell or speak out. Pronuncia'tion, n. mode of utterRenounce',
v.

to disown.

Nu'triOf nu'tritum
Nour'ish,
v.

—to Nourish

;

to Suckle.
n.

to support

by food.

Nu'triment,

food.

Nurse,

a person who has the care of infants or sick persons.
n.

Nutri'tion, n. the act of nourishing. Nutri'tious, a. nourishing.
;

O&ulus— an Eye
Oc'uLAR,
dent.
a.

a

Bud.

known by

the eye

;

evi

Oc'uLiST,

n.

an eye doctor.
O'leo,

BiNOc'uLAR, a. having two eyes. Inoo'ulate, v. to insert an eye or bud of one tree in another.
to

oritum —to Emit Odor

;

Grow.

Abol'ish, ». to do away with, Aboli'tion, n. a doing away. Adult', n. one full grown.

Ob'solete, a. out of use. Olfac'tory, a. pertaining to smell.

Red'olent,

a. diflPusing

odor.

LATIN BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES.

26i?

O'di—to Hate.
O'dious,
a. hateful.
|

O'dium,

n.

hatred

;

dislike.

O^merif
;

omHnis— a
I

Sign

;

an Omen.

O'men, n. a sign a prognostic. Om'inous, a. foreboding evil.

I

Abom'inate, v. to loathe extremelj Abom'inable, a. hateful.

Oni^nis

—All;

Every.

Omnip'otent, a. having all power. Omnipres'ent, a. present everywhere.

Omnis'cient, a. knowing all things. Om'nibus, n. a public coach.

O^nuSf on^eris
On'erous,
a.

—a Burden or Load.
|

burdensome.

Exon'erate,

«.

to disburden.

Op'era

—Work.
;
|
|

Opera'tion, n. action effect. Op'erate, t). to work or act. Operator, 71. one who works. Coop'erate, «?. to work together, Op'era, n. a dramatic work set to music.

OpVnor—to Think
Opine',
'g.

;

to Believe.
n. belief;

to think.

|

Opin'ion,
to

judgment.

Op^to
Op'tion,
n.
;

^to

Wish;
I |

Choose.
v.

choice preference. Op'tative, a. expressing desire.

Adopt',
self.

to choose or take to one's

Adop'tion,

n.

the act of adopting.
;

Orchis
Orb,
n.
;

—a Circle

a

Wheel

;

an Orb.

a circle a globe. Or'bit, n. the track or path of a
planet.

Exor'bitant, a. going beyond the regular path or limit enormous.
;

Or^dOf or^ dints
Or'der, n. regularity. Ordain', «?. to appoint to decree. Or'dinal, a. noting order. Or'dinance, n. a pubhc law. Or'dinary, a. common usual, Subor'dinate, a. in a lower rank.
; ;

— Order;
rank.

Rank.
a.

Coor'dinate,
Inor'dinate,
course.

holding the same

a.

excessive.
a.

Extraor'dinary,
Disor'der,
v.

beyond the usual

to confuse.

Orior—^to
;

Rise or Spring From.
I

O'rient, n. the east the rising sun. Or'igin, n. source O'riental, a. eastern. Orig'inal, a. first Orig'inate, v. to bring into being.
|

;

;

beginning. primary.

Or'no, otpna'tum
Adorn', v. to decorate. Or'nament, n. that which adorns. Or'nate, a. beaiy^iful.

—to

Deck

;

to

Adorn,

Suborn', i). to induce a person to swear falsely.

270

smith's

hand-book of etymology.

O^ro, or a^ turn
Ora'tion, n. a formal speech. Or'ator, n. a public speaker.
Or'ison,
n.

—to Pray;

to Beg.

a prayer.

Or'acle, n. one famed for wisdom. O'ral, a. delivered by mouth.

Adore', «?. to worship. Adora'tion, n. worship. Or'ifice, n. an opening. Inex'orable, a. not to be moved bj
entreaty.

Os, os^sis—a. Bone.
Os'seous,
a.

bony.

|

Os'sify,

'v.

to change into bone.

Ostium
Ease,
n.

—Ease

;

Repose

;

Retirement from Business.
|

quiet ; facility.

Disease',

n.

Nego'tiate, malady.

v.

to transact business.

(Yvum— an
O'vAL,
a.

Egg.
n.

shaped like an egg. Ovip'arous,

\

OVary,

the seat of eggs.

a.

producing eggs.
be Pale.
n. paleness.

FaVleo —to
Pal 'lid,
a.

pale

;

not bright.

|

Pal'lor,
;

JPaVlium
Pall,
n.

—Mantle or Cloak
I

a Covering.

a covering for the dead. Pallia'tion, n. mitigation.

|

Pal'liate, «. to put a cloak upon to cover with excuse.
;

PaVpo—to Touch Gently
Pal 'p ABLE,
a.

to Feel.
v.

that

may be

felt.

|

Pal'pitate,
;

to beat

;

to flutter.

Tanfdo, pan'sum— to Open
Expand', 'd. to spread to open. Expan'sion, n. a spreading out. Expanse', n. a wide extent
;

to

Spread.
a.

Expan'sive, pand.

having power to ex-

Pa'nis
Compan'ion, n. one who eats bread with another an associate. Com'pany, n. a number of compan;

— Bread.
Pana'da,
ened.
n. n.

bread boiled and sweetthe place where bread
is

Pan'try,
kept.

ions.

Accom'pany,

«.

to

go with.
;

Panfnus — Cloth
Pan'el,
n.
;

a

Patch

or Piece of Cloth.
v.

a patch or piece a piece of parchment on which the names of jurors were written a piece of board inserted into a frame.
;

Impan'el,

Pane,

to enrol as jurors. piece of thin cloth used in windows a piece or square of glass for windows.
n. a
;

iPa'riOf par" turn— to Bring Forth; to Generate; to Produce.

Pa'rent,

n. that

which produces

;

a father or mother.

a party man. to excel to exceed. a part a share. inequality. without an equal. n. Compare'. Surpass'. a way or channel. to go round to grasp. the father and ruler ent. clothing. to pass beyond. Pas^sus move . two things like each other. Patri'cian. n. a. v. n. Peer'age. n. to cause disgrace. to divide to part. to protect n. just. to take part. Parade'. visible evident. a sharer. . Sep'arate. equitable. n. v. Partic'ipate. not to be repaired. a fellow countryman. the murder of a para nobleman. Copart'ner. Pas'sage. a Step. parous— a Part a portion a share. . to support. v. Prepara'tion. Equal. n. n. Pass. to surround. Expa'triate. to separate. a spectre Appear'. — ^to Become Visible | | . Pas'senger. a protector. n. Part'ner. n. Pat'rimony. Com'pass. exact. v. dress. to . Par'itt. v. to examine together. military preparation. n. necessary instruments for any trade or art. n. a. t. Encom'pass. . Compeer'. Appara'tus. Apart'. n. Irrep'arable. Pa^reo. . Pa'triarch. to make ready. —a Pace . transgress. v. the portion or measure of one thing considered in comparison with some other thing. Appari'tion. n. LATIN EOOTS AND DEEIVATIVES. a. a sharer. n. amusement. to become visible to. Tres'pass. . Apparel. Pair. . n. to part in two. n. — a Father. v. . n. a. . v. n. to measure by steps. Peer. Par'ticle. a small package. Dissey'er. pa^tris Pater'nal. Prepare'. Par'ricide. Depart 'URE. n. Repair'. a lover of one's country. not to be parted. Impart'. n. «. an inherited Pa'triot. n. ad. n. pertaining to a part . a. . Par'ty. a. Pa'tron. Par'tisan. to mend . that can be seen through. Partic'ular. separately asunder. Pas'time. to Appear. to go away . an equal. Transpa'rent. Insep'arable. v. the rank of a peer. Dispar'age. v. many . Peer'less. n. n. fatherly. to give. n. Sey'eral. v. a. distinct. v. a. a set of persons engaged in one design. of a family. Pass'port. Par'tial. inclined to favor one n. par^itum . v. a going away. Depart'. Propor'tion. act of getting ready. a Share. n. Compa'triot. Palter. v. to leave. Impar'tial. a ghost. v. n. one who goes. v. a. Por'tion.. Part. n. to Pace. 271 Far—Like. to become Appar'ent. Pa'tronize. an equal a nobleman. n. party. Par'cel. invisible. a little part. likoness equality. to put out of one's country. estate. v. n. Dispar'ity. a. Disappear'. a permission of passage. in space to go. Pars. . to restore. n. Pa^rOf para^tum — ^to Get Ready or Prepare. Sev'er.

an eating again a meal. — the Breast | the Chest. Suspend'. a clergyman. Pend'ing. to calm to quiet. uncertainty. Calm. to hang from Depend'ence. to urge forward. Pas'sion. land on which cat>. belonging to the breast. hasty fretful. a sick person. n. easily moved to an Pa'tient. . relating to shepherds. Pas'sive. to Lean. v. n. to cough up. pity sympathy. to make poor. n. an instrument of writing. to drive out. Compul'sory. CoMPAs'siON.273 smith's hand-book of ETYMOLOaY. a shepherd Pas'toral. . Endure. Suspen'sion. | Pen'nate. n. mild gentle. v. winged. a. n. a. —Peace. n. n. a. . a. PeVlo. v. Append'ix. a. inclination. remaining undecided.— Plumb Line is a line perpendicular to the horizon. a poor person. Perpendic'ular. . n. a driving out. anger zeal. Compel'. -Peit'cieo— to Hang. Note. Repul'sive. n. id. calm endurance. a rejection. to n. to hang or join to. . a hanging up . quiet a. ger. v. force given. Perpendlc^ulum — a Plumb Impend'. . . Append'. indigence want. forcing. indigent. piiVsuniPulse. Propel'. Pas'ture. a. Indepen'dent. a. Dispel'. n. 'd. a Wing. JPax. n. 'o. a. Pacif'ic. . hanging. forbidding in manners. free. * . Impul'sive. Pen'dulum. n. . n. . suffering Pas'sion ATE. n. DisPAs'siONATE. Repulse'. a. . a. . a. the throbbing of the arte- Pulsa'tion. Pas^cOf pas^tutn —to Feed I | . Pa'tient. a. Im'pulse. Pe&tus. n. to hang to delay. Eat. n. ries. Suspense'. n. to hang over. a body to swing to and fro. wards. to quiet to still. or a line directed to the center of gravity of the earth. I Pac'ify. Impel'. . to Expec'torate. a.ie Pas 'tor. A Penfna~2. Pen'dent. «. Pov'erty. Repast'. 'o. panels Peace. Tau'per— Poor. a. to drive back. v. Pau'per. to rely on. Expul'sion. -y. pas'sus —to Suffer ance. moved by sudden thought. a. something added at the end. i). . Line. without resist- Pa'tience. Repel'. Drive to Strike or Beat. Impov'erish. n. to drive away. to Pa'tior. to force to drive. I Appease'. . n. to drive forward. a throbbing. graze. n. a. rest. . enduring without complaint. Poor. lean. . ti. trust. Impa'tient. pe&toris Pec'toral. Expel'. Propen'sity. directly down- Depend'. a stop. n. Feather Pen. n.

to paint to describe* Paint. Perpet'uate. Tinfgo. n. «. a. to do without. v. v. to Ask.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. voluntary suffering on account of sin. n. Pe'nal. to Lay Out. to Pe^to. I . 273 Ten^do. . desire. a prison. penfsunt —to Weigh . v. 1 | —to Paint. . Imped'iment. containing pictures. v. Com'petence. I Per'son. Compet'itor. n. — a Foot. Compete'. to represent by action. . Com'pensate. Perpetual. to make perpetual. pefdis Ped'al. a. ExpEN'srvE. Picto'rial. Com'petent. never ceasing. Pig'ment. Expe'dient. n. —Unceasing | . n. to strive for together. enacting punishment. a. a. Pen'sive. n. nv)t capable. hindrance. Pen'sion. costly. n. Expe'dient. Ap'petitEjW. Depict'. violent Repeat'. fit capable. Incom'petent. pic'tuTn PiCT. Bi'PED. io. suitable to. PERsoN'rFY. an enterprise on which one undertakes a journey. to hinder to retard. Perpetu'ity. . Expedi'tious. v. a. Ex'pEDiTE. n. Pedes'trian. to sorrow for sin. V. Quad'ruped. Ped'estal. . reward. «. . sufficiency. to hasten. ad. going on Ped'igree. duration to all futurity. a two footed animal. to make or regard as a person. a painting. annual allowance. hunger. • Pic'ture. Repent'. Expend'iture. n. to give an equivalent. n. a. like a picture. Expanse'. n. Compend'ium. a four footed animal. Pc^na Punishment. to do again. n. a hastening. t). — to Seek . a. a. n. to spend to lay out. fierce. amount expended. Impet'uous. a. i). Im'petus. quick. force from motion. suffering or loss in consequence of crime. — Pen'ance. contrivance. n. a. a. in person. a painted person. n. n. Pbr'sonally. n. facilitating or helping. Dispense'. a. n. JPerso^na —the Mask Worn by Players. lineage. . n. wages stated pay. an asking. Pen'alty. Picturesque'. n. n. Impede'. one who strives with another. a. n. | Pes. contrite for sin. Expedi'tion. Peniten'tiary. Perpetfiius Perpet'ual. paint color. the foot of a column or statue. to describe to color. n. . v. To dis- pense WITH. Recompense. Compat'ible. Expend'. . a key designed to be moved by the foot. Pen'itent. to distribute. cost charges. n. thoughtful sad. petVtunn Peti'tion. an abridgment. a. Per'sonate. v. Strive For . . n. Sti'pend. a human being. foot.

to fill again. Evident. relating to fishes. Pleas'ant. v. Complaint'. a. . ExPLo'siON. Transplant'. fullness. Please. a word added to fill up. Com'pliment. an act of civility. a. delights. Bemoan. to fill up to furnish.to JP^a'nws— Smooth Plain. n. Applause'. Displant'. causing explosion. to make make smooth. move and plant Plane. n. | Explana'tion. n. atoning. Deple'tion. ple^tuni— to Fill. abundant. JPlan^go. Replete'. Pleas'ure. . n. v. . an addition. n. Explain'. v.274 smith's hand-book of etymology. a. v. Plen'teous. Keplen'ish. n. Plant. Complete'. . . Ple^nus —Full. v. gayety mirth. gay agreeable. who begins a Plain'tive. relating to fishermen. full complete. n^ a level region . n. Plaint. a. n. . full perfect. a. full quantity. pleasing to one's self rene. to make angry. . n. Plu'ma— a Feather Plume. — to Praise by Clapping Hands. v. n. n. pia'tutti PVo. Plain'tiff. Planfta Plant. n. a. grow. ExpLo'srvE. n. Ple'o. | to atone for. n. n. Supply. a feather. Ex'pletive. —to Atone Fob. Pis'catory. to in another place. to murmur to lament. Plen'ty. to burst with a loud Applaud'. Ex'piatory. the one Complain'. gentle. . «. n. Sup'pLEMENT. v. feathers. i>. Im'plement. Plau'dOf plau^sum Plau'dit. v. lawsuit. ti. Accom'plish. Pleas'antry. a. —the Bottom op the Foot . Supplant'. a Plant. to put into the ground to to pluck up. | Piscato'rial. that which pleases or .. a lamentation. a tool a utensn. —to Please Displease'. abundance. a vegetable. Com'plaisant. JPis^cis — a Fish. completely full. Plaus'ible. satisfaction. to set to insert. . a. to praise to extol. to displace. Plen'itude. an emptying. . a. Ex'piATB. a Plume. not finished. n. to delight to gratify. ®. Implant'. a lamentation. desirous to please. n. Planta'tion. Ple'nary. to finish entirely. Pla^ceo Plac'id. n. right in appearance. a. . «. . a. I plain or clear. Explode'. . i). n. Com'plement. v. lamenting. act of explaining. approbation. to n. a. v. a place planted. violent bursting. n. n. loud praise. evident. report. I Plu'mage. Incomplete'. plan&tum—to Beat . Plain. a. se Compla'cence.

Sur'plus. to answer. liked by the people. n. plain artless. n. Pop'ulus —the People. v. containing more than one. Du'PLicATE. sort. Sim'ple. a. n. —Pomegranate. Sup'pLiCATE. to multiply by three. n. Tkip'let. Display'. a. Puh'licns — Common to All. n. Pub'lish. Popula'tion. t). Suppliant. to keep busy. n. a piece of lead attached to a line. . the texture and color of the skin. to yield to. pliant. . n. Treb'le. n. v. . v. unfolded plain. a knob or ball. Pop'uLOus. the common people. a. n. to make twice as much. v. tion. trusting without reserve. an apple having many grains or seeds. Lament. Note. that which remains over the necessary quantity. . black lead. n. Deplor'able. flexible . Reply'. v. I I Plum'met. n. to make known. a. Mul'tiply. n. Non'plus. n. Pekplex'. n. Imply'. a. open to ail. to search out carefully. Sim'plify. . v. Comply'. ExpLic'iT. Plum/huin — Lead. plii^ris Plu'ral. n. Explore'. . yielding Pli'able. Pop'uLAR. n. Po^wiujii Pom'ace. the thing applied. —Supplicate. to deprive of people. persons a nation. plica^tunt 275 —to Fold . Apply'. v. doubleness of inten- Applicant. v. Pop'uLACE. Pli'ant. to unfold to exhibit. JPlVco. the whole number • of inhabitants. one who applies. a. Com'plicate. to entreat. Depop'ulate. to lament about. a. v. Compli'ance. . Doub'le. Pub'li€. innocence. lMPLic'iT. full of people. easily bent. a. . a petitioner. twined or knit together. . n. — an Apple. to entangle. three together Note.ar'ity. Accom'plice. v. lamentable sad. v. to put one thing to another to seek or ask for. the greater number. n. one united with an- other in a crime. n. Com'plex. to make many fold. Plumb. Peo'ple. Simplic'ity. a great variety. a. a fruit. Plumba'go. Plumb. to Knit. a. submission. v. .a. v. Ply. to make easier. n. n. Plus. n. v. n. v. —More. CoMPLEx'iON. to involve. n. favor of the people. a. Plural'ity. a second thing of the Triple. apples.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. a. Implore'. to v. v. Public 'ity. to weep or lament to. Applica'tion. to entangle to vex. to fold or bend the knees under Plo^ro. Non'plus. three-fold. plora^tutn —to Weep I | . Pom'mel. open to the knowledge of all. DuPLic'iTY. perpendicular to the horizon. to express indirectly. to confound to puzzle. MuLTiPLic'iTY. a situation in which no more can be done. Im'plicate. V. Deplore'. a little plumb. Poput. n. v. i the substance of ground I Pomegran'ate.

an adversary. j)owerless. a putting together. n. n. Op'posite. a. Po^nOf posHiutn Posi'tion. a. a. a place for laying up . . to separate into orig- Propound'. pota^ta^n | — to Drink. one who sets types. to rest to place out of the way. «. a thing proposed. v. Proposi'tion. control. Propose'. a Pound. Pon'derous. that can be done. n. . Propo'sal. Postpone'. attitude. absurd. Interpose'. place Pos'itiv'e. Pos'ture. a fraud a cheat. Impos'ture. CoMPOs'iTOR. a witness on oath. v. . on the other sicle . a. Suppose'. to offer for considera- inal elements. n. a. facing. v. v. 276 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. to disorder to vex. n. set . n. a tax on imported goods. v. n. succeeding generations. to explain to clear. v. n. Prepos'terous. Compose'. Imposi'tion. Impos'sible. v. Dispose'. n. ponfderis Pound. Pon'der. Impos'tor.. n. Pos'sE. to outweigh. n. Decompose'. 'd. things. a boat used for making floating bridges. to act against. temper of mind. powerful. a deceiver. armed power. pot^ui —to be Able. to put down. v. n. a. n. Expose'. n. Depos'it. n. Post. . Pontoon'. a cheat. a draught . Ponfdus. tranquillity. Prepon 'derate. Po'tent. a. v. Pota'tion. tion. Pur'pose. to put between. a back door or gate. n. Note. v. Pos'siBLE. Com'post. n. a. «. «. ponftis Pon'tiff. Depose'. n. heavy. a dose. ?i. . Impose'. . —a Weight I I . v. Poten'tial. having infinite j)ower. a. Disposi'tion. aii that cannot be. Poise. a place office. intention design. to lay open. a place of deposit. one having great power.w. the pope. an explainer. Discompose'. Oppo'nent. Pos^terus t*08rE'Ri0R. management. n. v. relating to power. to offer for consideration. n. certain. JPons. —After | I Coming After. Expound'. v. n. Dispos'al. to imagine. . coming after. a high priest first . to Place. to put upon to cheat. Transpose'. n. a. . to put each into the place of the other. Im'post. v. Compo'sure. Depo'nent. Repose'. Oppose'. to put off. a. . v. Omnip'otent. Po'tion. n. n. . Depot'. JPo^tOf Post'ern. Po'tentate. to put together. a mixture. n. a drinking. attitude condition. n. to weigh in the mind. —a Bridge. Poster'ity. to weigh to balance. n. n. a weight. to lay down to place. Possum. Repos'itory. Expos'iTOR. Im'potent. an offer. to place in order. . to delay. — to Put . —The bridge over the Tiber was constructed and consecrated by the chief priest.

. to Bear v. Comport'. an undertaking. a. meaning. n. to dread or regret. Por'tico. Reprehend'. to bring in. v. Pred'atory. to subdue to conceal. a carrier a doorkeeper. rate. showing with force. to value highly. to stamp with letters. a. to respite. Comprehend'. Appren'tice. Preca'rious. n. to squeeze out . a rumor. n. seizure to give notice. v. Support'. En'terprise. 'd. n. v. with fear. n. a harbor. v. Press. a. to rob to Dep'redator. preca^tus Dep'recate. Preach. Port'able. . a. Impression. weighty. easily carried. .LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. bulky corpulent. j Price. Dep'redate. a gate a door. to include. v. a portable bag. n. Repress'. a covered walk. a. to carry out. Portman'teau. a place of confinement. to misunderstand. n. . . v. conduct. v. value . Import'. pres^sum—to clare. a. a. v. — a Price. pillage. v. n. not to be understood. For^to. of great value. . Port. to seize . to suit to bear. v. Plunder. Depres'sion. to Pra'vt*«— Crooked Wicked. not to be taken. v. dejection Express'. Pre' da Prey. v. Deport 'ment. — to Take Hold Oi . n. plunder. n. Prize. Deprav'ity. to blame. Apprshen'sion. to pray curses upon. v. n. I^re^ciutn Appraise'. n. v. Por'tal. to crush by severity. Reprehen'sible. Reprieve'. v. a. Pre'cious. Report'. n. Transport'. Port'hole. to de- by ExpREs'srvE. v. Apprise'. to force back. blame. Print. . a mark made pressure. one bound to learn an art or trade. Repri'sal. make wicked. n. 277 to —to Carry . a. a. n. Pray. Im'precate. | corruption. n. fit time. Oppress'. Export'. n. Pur'port. Misapprehend'. uncertain. Opportune'. n. v. to proclaim. v. Surprise'. I to set a price upon. Comprehen'sive. something taken or won. to understand. to confine. . to bear to uphold. v. to force togettier Depress'. to bear dow^n. to Seize.worthy. v. . a. Pre^cor. to squeeze to urge Impress'. Portfo'lio. to solicit earnestly. plundering. n. v. Imprint'. Value or Worth. well timed. n. a robber. v. to press on. to carry from place to . Impris'on. v. Impor'tant. Opportu'nity. v. Importune'. v. capacious Comprise'. «. a case for loose papers. n. Prize. Prehen'dOf prehenfsum Apprehend'. Por'ter. Deprave'. to astonish. ?j. iiit. place. v. porta'tum . a seizure in retaliation. —to Entreat I | to a. n. Bring. to imprint. to include. Impreg'nable. to suspect fear. n. Suppress'. Incomprehen'sible. Compress'. . «. JPre'mOf Press. . v. a gun liole in a ship. Pris'on. full. —Prey. Port'ly. .

nearness. to come near. n. Approx'imate. chief. original. loss absence a. n. Pug'no —to Fight I or Contend. ele- Prim'br. Fit. a private ship of war. Impugn'. n. to take for one's suitable. /I. Pro'prius—O's^^s. likely. peculiar. Approve'. JProxHmus— Nearest Propin'quity. . Proba'tion. Prime. Privateer'. Prim'itive. to confirm by experiment. «?. the act of approving. a. ad. Pri'or. or Next. n. to attack to oppose. : with. n. Reprove'. . fitness justness. n. a. a. Prim. Proxim'ity. to take from. nearest next.. n. . a. Improp'er. Pro'hus n. n. a child's first book. Prior'ity. a. Reprobate'. Prop'erty. to account deserving censure. . Reward. Appro'priate. lost to virtue. a. «. n. . a. trial. an archbishop. to draw near to. ing. formal precise. Depre'ciate. state of being first. n. rate . a king's son. unbecoming. Reptjg'nancb. a. valuable costly. to apply a coat of Prem'ier. Approach'. —to Prove . n. . to blame to chide. . v. to show to be false. one fist. Prince. an owner. the money asked or paid for anything. to Try. Approval. Improve'. honesty Approba'tion. Appro 'pRi ate. a. . Appre'ciate. Peculiar . v. v. n. Chief. to make better. a. Reproach'. to One's Self Alone. a. v. Pug^nus—the Pu'gilist. Prin'ciple. Pri'mate. n. sharing in a secret secret. integrity. original. nearness. Propi'tious. own use. n. a. Propri'ety. tit. in a secret manner. Propitiate. . n. a. «. a. a prime minister. Prove. the act of approv- Disprove'. a peculiar advantage. n. Prin'cipal. Pugna'cious. Probe. «j. quarrelsome. Priva'tion. Prime'val. v. highest. 278 smith's hand-book of etymology. Prox'imate. to like to be pleased . prin^cipis first —Original. first chief. Priv'y. Pris'tine. —Honest. Prl'mus — First. . v. Reproof'. . Own . n. a. suitable. to Priv'ilege. a. v. unfitness. Prop'er. to conciliate. ue on. paint. n. first v. open censure. to censure. Pro^pe —Near. Disapprove'. Priv'ily. who fights with his n. to set a just vaU i to undervalue. favorable. . a. Prob'able. that which renders certain. Pre'cious. Fist. JPrin'ceps. n. first . pvoba'tu^n Prob'ity. main. Proof. Price. Pri'vacy. I . Propri'etor. n. a. Impropri'ety. preceding in time. original cause ment. JPre^tiuni —Price . Prime. n. to search into. Pri'mary. Pri'vate. Pro'bo. n. v. secrecy. original. PrVvus—^mGJM Belonging secret belonging one's self alone. Deprive'. that which is one's own. opposition of mind.

severe intense. to freedom from punish- JPur'go Purge. | Quer'ulous. to contend in argument. JPu^'rus. a. Such As. to empower to act. Qua'lis Qual'ity. precise. to deduct. a quarter of a circle. que^tus Quar'rel. to fall on and seize. v. degree of excellence. Reputa'tion. Pu'rify. Am'putate. —of What Sort . Quadroon'. ment. a dance. DisREp'uTABLE. . ^. a narra- Depute'. Qual'ify. v. Qualifica'tion. Dis'couNT. Compute'. Quad'rant. Pu'trefy. Quad'ruped. free v. puta'tum Account'. exact. n. . . n. n. n. n. n. v. n. Quart. . Quad'uuple. n. from mixture. n. Square. 2). to make rotten. . Compunc'tion. Recount'. rottenness. n. v. n. pain for evil I Impu'nity. rotten. ti. one-fourth of a gallon. n. «. a. a. —^Rotten. v. Dispute'. Pure. a purging medicine. a. Poig'nant. v. Dep'utt. of complaint. pricking sharp. to cut off. to a reckoning. fitness. a. a hole pierced. character name. . v. Quefror. Pon'iard. Quar'antine. ®. character by report. Pu'trid. Pur'gative. sting of conscience. a. Squad'ron. a fourfooted animal. Ba'to. to perforate. to make pure. to rub out. to cleanse from. n. Point. part of a fleet.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. tive. Qua(Vra —a Square. Punct'ure. —to Cut or Prune . fourfold. growing rotten. punc'tum—to Prick Pun'gent. Qua'tuor —Four. Punct'ual. cleanness. Punctil'ious. the fourth part. n. a figure of four equal sides and four right angles. n. Pounce. n. n. «?. JPu'tris to relate. Think to Reckon. —to Complain. t. a. Count. v. v. a. a. n. a dagger. Fu'niOf punVtufn Pun'ish. n. ». full to contend angrily. Pu'ritt. n. to Sting. forty days. . Punch. a. Expur'gate. Pu'treo —to be Rotten. n. Point. Quadrille'. v. n. to number. n. to count or reckon. to count off. a.-Clean. to render fit. the sharp end of anything. v. to aim to direct. to charge upon. Impute'. to make clear or pure. Repute'. to conduct. dishonorable. 279 Tun'go. a person quarter blooded. inflict —to Punish. not pure . Putres'cent. Clear. Expunge'. exact to excess. Disqual'ify. unholy. Quar'ter. Impure'. —to Cleanse | . PuRE. Putrid'ity. to render unfit. one appointed to act for another.

a. ra^sum Abrade'. an inquiry. a. Con'quer. to gain by force Con'quest. Rap'id. Inquis'itive. a. v. a — ^the Spoke of a Wheel . Require'. v. to emit rays. | Ran'kle. v. Qpe'ky. n. the act of rubbing ti. to quietly assent. to Scrape. v. Acquire'. a. Enrap'ture. —to Shave I . n. something asked. a. to ask to solicit. circle. Quce^rOf qucesVtum Quest. Quo'tient. 71. to Seize . the semi-diameter of a Ray. to demand a. a — a Root ] . n. Foundation. n. Qui'etude. So Many. a. I I . Strong Scented. Rapa'cious.' Rav'enous.2S0 smith's hand-book of etymology. Rap'ture. . a judicial inquiry. «. . Rapt. to seek out. Quot —How Many re- . n. search inquiry. Request'. . a line of light. excellent fine. v. ! the thing acquired. be Stale I . | RjsI^ifica'tion. to rub or wear off. Hurry Away. Beam or Ray op Light. Abra'sion. . a. n. plundering greedy. . n. v. to root out Ma^do. off. hungry to rage. to rub out. n. . Ques'tion. a fee of office. v. to make uneasy. strong to the taste. an inquirer. —to Seek . ». seized with rapture Rav'ish. n. a. v. Ila'ilius Ha'dius. n. Inquisi'tion. n. | Raze. Que'rist. measuring without a mainder. a tool for shaving. Ra'zor. n. having a rank smell. lo illumine. malice. to Ask. to Ka'piOf rap' turn. Acquisi'tion. v. Irra'diate. Quo'ta. extreme delight. to claim. n. In'quest. a just part or share. swift. Per'quisite. victory Req'uisite. n. Ra'diance. Branch. a. — Rest . i). . Ex'quisite. the number which Quo'rum. v.— to Snatch Rap'ine. Acquiesce'. Erad'icate. «. sparkling luster. a competent number to do business. to lay waste. to delight highly. n. pertaining to the root. n. . . a hymn for the dead. n. plunder. v. n. hurrying away Rav'age. a. n. Disqui'et. a. to destroy utterly. QuVeSy quie^fis Qui'et. a branoli* Ran' ceo — to Ran'cid. Ma^mus—a Bough or Ram'ify. spite . Rad'ical. n. Ran'cor. n. n. to fester. Inquire'. to branch out. . to obtain. JRa^diQCf rad^icis Ra'diate. Erase'. Ease. Al'iquot. Rank. to take away by violence. . curious prying. still . calm. necessary. search trial. rest repose. shows how many times the divisor is contained in the dividend. Re'quiem. v.

Direct'. Re'gal. Ris'ible. the murderer of a king. to govern to control. n. v. Me^pOf rep'tum— to Creep. . Irreg'ular. Indirect'. Me^or. n. Rig'orous. . Rbp'ttle. thinness. . a. . v. . Reign. a. rection. to guide to order. a fixed allowance. n. a. Erect'. Regula'tion. v. or con. a governor. strict. I harsly. a. . vigorous. . Deride'. I to Smile. Scarce. n. Rigid'ity. to feel strongly.iess. Mefgo. aim order. . bad beyond cor. to make right. n. v. a. RiDic'uLOUs. to confirm. to laugh at n. straight. Thin. ad. one of the coats of the eye.LATllT ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Direc'tion. a. Re'gent. a. laughable. Rat'ift. Rec'titude. Reg'ular. to Rule. to appraise. n. n. Right. stiff. n. v. be Cold or Stiff. Deris'ion. n. to make sport of. n. Real'ity. n. . worthy of ridicule. n. V. to adjust by rule. royal kingly. v. Rec'tify. method rule. RVdeOf rVsutn—to Laugh. a creeping animal. Rec'tor. a. a. Ra'tion. . to rule. Direct'ly. Ratifica'tion. Incor'rigible. course of diet. agreeable to rule. MVgeo—to Rig'id. a minister of a pariah. the faculty of judging. as a king. uprightness virtue. I Re'alize. n. immediately. Ret'icule. Reg'icide. n. Robust'. 281 Ita^rus RAR'BFt. Rar'ity. not regular. just true not wrong. n. stifl&iess . a. | v. conformity to rule. v. v. to make thin. Ra'tional. n. to make right. stiffness severity. a. Rea'son. actually existing. contempt. B. re&tum—to Govern . agreeable to reason. to confirm. n. Strength. Reg'imen. having the form of a Ret'ina. net. Rid'icule. n. Reg 'UL ate. . to examine by arguments. v. vastus—to Think Rate. a. Rate. . V. Rega'lia. not direct. a. Rea'son. Right. n.es Re'al. . a. n. | Rig'or. to Judge. n. | to mock. Regular'ity. sider as real. —an Oak | .a Net. Incorrect'. Mo^bur. . ro^boris Corrob'orate. — a Thing. n. severe exact. — Scattered. freedom from error justice Rule. v. Ra'tio. like a net. . a. proportion rate. confirmation. a. upright. Correct'. a small bag. Ret'iform. Direct'. v. a fixed price. Be'te. not exact wrong. a. actual existence. ensigns of royalty. strong .

n. n. a little stream. the Lord's supper. to deduce . Mu^dis Rude. as Rota'tion. «. . a mere repetition of words Rotund'ity. to draw. rude. a competitor. a. want of refinement. wheel. Irrup'tion. depravity. — a Wheel a . ro^sum Corrode'. «. Unwrought. a. Demand to repeal to annul. Ko^gOf roga'tu7n Ab'rogate. to put off. Untaught. Desecra'tion. Ar'rogate. rn'rls Ru'ral. «. rough unfinished. an exclusive priv ilege. a large stream. Ar'rogant. —the Country. n. p. n. to offer to heaven. Routine'. Sac'ripice.CRm) Sa'cred. furrowed. a round of business. Interrupt'. — Break . n. a bursting forth. Rotund'o. a. Rus'ticate. . the a religious ofiering. haughty 1). v. 1). Arrite'. to reside in the country. n. n. Sac'ripice. n. n. Mo^ta Ro'tary. | Cor'rugated. Con'secrate. n. relating to the country. Ri'vAL. Ex'ecrate. n. v. a learning. to eat away slowly. a profaning. to come to. rup^tum Rup'ture. a. sa- cred purpose. broken off short. Saucer. —Rude. to deprave. a bursting in. v. n. to wrinkle. Erudi'tion. to make sacred. «. first principle. Derive'. conceited. n. v. to Burst. Prerog'ative. n. holy inviolable. to claim proudly. Holy. n. . . Rote. Derog'atory. v. one who cannot pay his debts. Erup'tion. Des'ecrate. a. n. Sac'rament. turning on its axis. n. a Circle. Mu'mfpo. I coarse Er'udite. a turning round. learned. Rrv'uLET. a bursting out. ». a. Abrupt'. . tending to lessen. I I Rustic'ity. to try to equal or excel. Sacerdo'tal. n. n. «. Ri'vAL. to a. a violation of sacred things. Der'ogate. Ru^ga— a Wrinkle. a. . without attending to the sense. v. Cor'rugate. Prorogue'. . to stop to hinder.282 smith's hakd-book of etymology. Hus. to make hateful. to detract. Inter'rogate. or River. a. round circular. | Ru'diment. to the act of corroding. Sac'rilege. belonging to priesthood. Corrupt'. Rotund'. sa^crl—BA. n. a round building. a. to question. a breaking. n. or Claim. Rus'tic. a. — ^to Gnaw | . «. a. a. Erup'tive. Bank'rupt. . a. — to Ask . to pervert from a . MVvus—a Stbeam Riv'er. Corrup'tion. roundness. Corro'sion. plain . n. Mo^do. to Eat Away. v.

a. . food. Seasoning. v. an assault of a fortress Scale. Result'. Sal'utary. —to Savor or have Taste Sa'vory. Salute'. wise prudent n. Welfare. v. having reason. n. to spring back. holiness. a deliverer. a. discerning quickly. Salu'brity. to attack. wisdom. — Blood. Salm'on. Salta'tion. v. sacred place. 'd. an allowance for saving goods from a wreck. a n. to Jump v. Insan'ity. Des'ultory. an exception. n. to leap upon . a leaping or jumping. n. n. Assault'. n. a. Sal'ly. a greeting. . a. like salt. Saline'. salu'tis Safety. sal^tum — to Leap .LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. free from danger. Sanc'tuary. quick discernment. Sa'pient. 283 — to Perceive Quickly . to wish health to. to preserve to rescue. San'guine. an attack. n. Healthy. n. to Foresee. n. n. n. a. disordered in mind. n. tasteless. n. n. n. Sagacious. Ensan'guine. . Salva'tion. Insane'. San^guis. soundness of mind. a. leaping projecting. taste or oder. relish to other food. healthful. wise knowing. Sa'n/cio. Sanc'tify. v. Sa'lient. . holiness. to issue out. a. jumping from one thing to another. Sagac'ity. —a Ladder I I . . Sap'id. Sal'vage. to mount by a ladder. producing taste. «. Saluta'tion. to make holy. a. a Stair. Presage'. Insult'. to san&tum—^to Make Sacred Sanc'tion. to foretell. Sa'pience. Confirm. full bloody. by means of ladders. Sarins. to Spring. . a. n. solemn. v. a. a. Insip'id. Wit. Sage. Saint. Save. to stain with blood. n. . a. sound San'ity. Wise. ii. Sal'vo. Sauce. n. raw herbs eaten as a yearly wages. Saporif'ic. smell. Sa'vor. a wise man. san^guinis San'guinary. Sa^gio Sage. — Sound. Health. n. n. ardent. . n. a leaping tish. a. pleasing to the taste or Sca'ta Escalade'. a holy person. Sanc'tity. to leap for joy. to abuse. confirmation. v. Sav'iour. an ointment. healthfulness. having taste. . Sanc'timony. —Salt. something to give relish to Sal'ary. Safe. n. Sa^liOf Assail^. Exult'. v. to be Sa^pio . Salve. n. a. a. Sal Sal ad. a. n. of blood | . Sa^nus Sane. v. madness. | Consanguin'ity. preservation from destruction. relationship.

an eminence. Rescind'. knowing. Scri'bOf scrip'tufu —to Write . n. Bisect'. scruta'tus Scru'tiny. examination. a secretary. n. a. one of a sect. declivity. v. to revoke. v. v. n. Subscrip'tion. the act of sub. the knowledge of right and wrong. Scribe. —a Scoffer | . Ascent'. n. to stoop. v. blood-letting. to cut in pieces. Sci'ence. n. Man'uscript. to rise beyond.284 smith's hand-book of etymology. n. a. v. scan' sum Ascend'. Sat'urate. a division a party. a smatterer. demn. an excess of gratification. Proscribe'. Cut to Divide or Separate. v. unsearchable. a copy. v. v. a writing the Bible. | Inscru'table. —to Cut | . Sa'tiate. Conscien'tious. n. v. Ascribe'. not to be satisfied. 71. to give a written rection. a. -to Scur'rilous. Se'co. Transcend'. Scientif'ic. Scru'tinize. ti. to divide into two equal Intersect'. . to give enough. a small writing. . to examine nicely. indecent. Venesec'tion. Descend'. to give an account Inscribe'. n. Sati'ety. a. to censure a medical receipt. something written af- Scru'tor. a small animal. Superscrip'tion. Scrip. parts. Sat'isfy. to climb or go up. Sate. n. Subscribe'. Sa'tis —Enough a. a part. v. to Draw or Paint. . v. v. a voluntary stooping from dignity. In'sect. Describe'. Con'scious. se&tufnSec'tion. Dissect'. Sec'tary. n. Scin'dOf scis'sum Scis'soBS. to examine closely. v. n. a. Circumscribe'. Scur'ra Scurrel'ity. Scan' do. Seg'ment. obedient to the dictates of conscience. n. a paper written. di- Prescription. relating to science. v. Sci'oLiST. n. to supply fully. n. a" writer. to sign to attest. terwards. n. a writing on the outside. Scrib'ble. Con'science. n. an address. v. vulgar . Sect. to write upon. n. n. Scan. to limit. —to Climb. Sci'o —to Know. n. Condescend'. to cut mutually. 71. Scien'tia — Knowledge. v. Condescen'sion. all-knowing. of. v. Omnis'cient. v. Post'script. to make or give enough. a Buffoon. n. Tran'script. . v. to Divide. n. a part cut off. Script'ure. Sufficient. n. n. a. close — to Search Closely. Inscrip'tion. Descent. to fill beyond natural desire. . abusive language. v. small shears. knowledge. to attribute to. v. Prescribe'. n. to copy. i). Transcribe'. and con- scribing. to Mount. Insa'tiable. to write carelessly. to go down.

a nobleman. . to Sen^tio. Assert'. n. Seamen. n. stone. n. a. sen'sum . Ensue'. Disserta'tion. Sub'sidy. Sen'ate. constant in applicaSubsid'iary. intelligent. n. pleasing the senses. — to Perceive . Desert'. n. pertaining to seed. «. funeral solemnities. the art of carving. sitting Ses'sion. away. Possess'. . aid in money. Ser'mon. a. a. reflective. n. Sed'iment. . a following. — to to Cakve. attendants following. to settle down to sink Sed'ulous. v. to live in a place. '0. . that which is left. semHnis Sem'inal. Reside'^ v. servilely obedient. v. n. following as an ef- Obse'quious. . to direct or control. to own. Sentimen'tal. that which settles. Suit. . n. to forsake. n. a. Pursue'. n. Sen'sitive. Se'rOf ser^tum- Knit . aiding. forehand. Sefdeo. 71. settled calm. Feel v. a petition a set. to follow to chase. perception meaning. to follow. Sen'sible. v. Light or Settle. to be angry at. a body of senators. v. sculp^tum Sculp'tob. to scatter apart. se^nis Se'nior. v. Suite. d. to Join. Se^neoc. to Think. v. to carry into effect. -to n. that which follows. sly deceitful. Sen'timent. —an Old Person. Dissem'inate. Assid'uous. inactive. tion. n. to set in or among. Preside'. m Se'ries. 285 ScuVpo. se^sum—^to . a. a place of education. n. Dissent'. Consent'. a. v. Insid'ious. Dissen'sion. Assess'. n. Sub'sequent. ?j. a religious discourse. a. Se^quoVf secu' tus Se'quel. a. a. v. a. Supersede'. v. Scent. a. Ex'ecute. a perceiving be. Sedate'. Subside'. to pursue with hatred. a. Present'iment. n. to take the place of . n. Sit . to set a tax or duty. to differ in opinion. to perceive by the smell. a. a carver of wood or | Sculp'ture. v. to prosecute by law. v. n. to yield. a. Ob'sequies. Sed'entary. strife quarrel. Insert'. Per'secute. Pros'ecute. Sense. v. a. v. —to Follow. . to hire with a subsidy. thought opinion. v. Ees'idue. a. to declare to affirm. Consec'utive. Con'sequent. Sub'sidize. following in regular order. coming after. | Sem'inary. to hold . as seed. Sens'ual. n. — Seed. a treatise. v. n. a succession of things. Sue. diligent. to follow with a view to accomplish. n. Resent'. n. easily affected. Se'quence. pertaining to old age. a sitting. Se'nile. fect. one older than another.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. . Seign'ior.

to stand to the end. n. Deserve'. n. a. to wait on. «. make Persist'. . serva'tmn Conserve'. v. a comparison. to point out. Subserve'. Resem'ble. . Preserve'. of. to Obey. to purpose to plan. servi^tum —to Serve Ser'vile. n. to give up to yield. v. «. v. .'to Desire'. n. —Like Simula'tion. | —a Stab. n. to stand agreeing together. a. slavery. Ser^vo. Fac sim'ile. . a token a mark. n. tempt. Resign'. strictness. a making over. like resembling. to watch to keep. to make like to. . to help. a sweetmeat. Assign'. harsh. —to Keep thing . v. v. v. —to Stand . a. to . Sig'nature. Ser'pentine. something needed. «. n. a. remarkable eminent. Insist'. v. Significa'tion. relating to the stars. Sei'^vio. winding. Design'. Serve. to be like. to commit to another's care. Des'ignate. n. —Severe. to preserve entire. v. a. v. SifnHlis Sim'ilar. a sign to give notice. a. v. to mark out. n. meanly submissive. Conserv'ative. n. v. spiral. a sign or mark im. v. Observe'. an exact imitation. v. . yielding. hypocrisy. request n. to be composed of. to make eminent. Insignif'icant. to be worthy v. a kind of slave. a counterfeiting. Sis^to n. a place where is stored. Sim'ile. to have being. Ser^po-to I Creep. -zj. to keep to save. Assist'. v. Consis'tent. upon to be un. v. to persist in an at- Si^dus. — a Mark or Sign. to assist . a seal. Assign'ment. a creeping animal. opposing injury. v. Con'serve. any- . Sig'nify.286 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Desidera'tum. unimportant. Ser'vitude. Consist'. v. a. Consign'. Desist'. resemblance. Sig^nuin . sid'eris Side'eeal. Sig'nalize. Dissimula'tion. pursuit. v. Sig'nal. Assim'ilate. n. harshness. Sig'net. to think of. . Consid'er. to express to mean. a. v. opposition. n. to Stop. Serf. Seve'rus Severe'. n. v. Dissem'ble. unlike. Ser'pent. constancy in a Persevere'. to cease from to stop Exist'. Reserve'. Persever'ance. to hide under a false appearance. Reservoir. Sig'nal. Sever'ity. meaning. «. to mark with one's name. n. Simil'itude. v. n. a. Sign. to Save. Sign. to serve slightly. sharp . Resist'. to wish. n. to hold back. a. Dissim'ilar. n. . v.

alone lonely. loose in morals. solu'tum Solu'tion. Sol So'lar. entreaty. Sol'dier. a. the tropical point. So'lor. relating to society. to ask with earnestness. ce. a. —Uneasy. Res'olute. n. anxiety Soridtis—BoijiD : Firm. capable of being dis. SiNUOs'iTY. . n. —Alone. sola^tus Console'. So'ciAL. a collection of persons. a bending in I . . 287 SVnus—^the Bosom Si'nus. I 4^ Solve. a comfort hopeless. to unite by metallic ment. . v. unable to pay. «. hardness firmness. Absolu'tion. to explain. a. Sor^beOf sorp^tum Absorb'. — a Companion. fixed in purpose. n. a speech to one's self. drowsiness. ^ . Somnam'bulist. single only. Sol'stice. Sol'vent. Entire. n. a. n. Sol 'ace. v. to suck up. n. a sucking up. sleep. to acquit of a crime. artfully. one who walks in I Somnif'ic. a substance. .LATIN KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Dis'solute. a Bend. without inhabitants. Solic'itude. —the Sun. n. a. ». a. Sol'itude. a. not liquid. n. to Soothe. Solil'oquy. Solid'ity. Asso'ciate. anxious. to comfort . a hint. Sol'vency. «. . —to Loose . to determine. n. Solid'ify. n. V. explanation. to cheer. a. a. a. Absolve'. acquittal. So^cius So'ciABLE. I I Soci'ety. Soluble. Sol'itary. j belonging to the sun. | and n. Consol'idate. . Insinua'tion. v. a. determination. I n. to Melt. a warrior. sad Discon'solate. Solicita'tion. Solic'itous. a fluid which dissolves Resolve'. n. unlimited. Des'olate. a bay. Sol 'id. Insin'uate. Insol'vent. Som'mis— Sleep. to unite. solved. n. familiar friendly. Dissolve'. n. I Absorp'tion. . causing sleep. to Free . SoVvo. n. v. n. a. able to pay all debts. 'o. n. — to Suck or Imbibe. So^lus Sole. a lonely place. 1 | Anxious. to make solid. a. —to Cheer | to Comfort n. to melt. a. firm . •^ . ease. to unite into a solid Sol'der. v. to introduce slowly and out. a. v.Ab'solute. hard . n. Sol'vent. Solic'itus SoLic'iT. v. a. I Som'nolency. ability to pay. Resolu'tion.

particular. Resound'. an unfailing agent. a. n. Spir'itual. the soul —to Breathe. spirit. Specif'ic. n. n. v. a view through a . a spirit. Disperse'. room . Conspir'acy. v. v. As'piRANT. a letter. Transpire'. husband. Res'onant. SpVrOf spira'turti Spir'it. Inspect'. n. I Room. a noise. Inspir'it. . «. to discourage. U'nison. a sort or kind. a. i). a. agreement of sound. prospect. Despise'. n. n. v. view within reach of Spec'tacle. clearness. n. to die. n. treason. to emit by the pores. . sor^tis —a Lot . Resort'. a companion a wife or . v. a. Sort. —to Look . Spec'ulate. a. Expire'. n. roomy to enlarge upon a subject. Expect'. worthy of regard. to look down upon. n. base mean. v. Cir'cumspect. to look for. to breathe. CoNSPic'uous. Spar'go. n. v. a. n. a. ^. a. a. a sample. Assort'. Specta'tor. n. naming the particular . Dis 'sonant. a. Spec'imen. n. x. a breathing hole. belonging to the . Sound. Aspira'tion. Spe'cies. particular. spe(ftum As'pECT. a looker on. to associate. t>. Con'sonant. the life. to breathe into. Asper'sion. v. v. to mistrust. consistent. one who aspires. Sprite. ti. the eye. n. Pros'pect. Spec'ter. Respec'tive. to pass out. Intersperse'. 11. a. to be- Dispir'it. properties. extensive. a. Spa'cious. Expa'tiate. «. Spe'cious. to refine. v. spar'stiiri Sparse. . —Space. look appearance. calumny. n. resounding. Suspi'cioN. thinly spread. a kind a species. . n. Specif'ic. Respect'able. Respire'. a. Spir'acle. «. in full view. particular uncommon. to aim at something elevated. looking back. Espe'cial. watchful cautious. regard honor Suspect'. a plot . a. extension. want of respect. Sono'rous. Respect'. 'd. Perspec'tive. Aspire'. a. Consort'. to mention particulars. Spec'ipy. Perspire'. to See. Spe'cial. n. n. to separate into classes. an apparition. to look into. to meditate. n. to scatter between. n. to send back sound. a. a show a sight. loud sounding. to scatter. Retrospec'tive. «. Spa^tium Space. apparently right. discordant. come known. n. Asperse'. . act of suspecting. Spir'itualize. a. n. to turn to. Con 'sonant. So'^nus— Si Sound. Conspire'. . Des'picable. a breathing after. Prospec'tive. n. «.288 SMITH'S HAJS^D-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. to animate. Disrespect'. Inspire'. Sors. to bespatter with cal- —to Scatter umny. . a. n. looking forward. Perspicu'ity. to combine for some evil purpose. a Kind or Sort. . Con'sort. Spe^cio. v. i).

a. to. . StiVlo. v. Stel'late. v. the Spine or I Back Bonk. — ^to Prick | to Spur. Despond'. a reply. exciting. to stir up . Ster'Uis Ster'ile. Stim'ulate. stra^tum Stra'tum. Strat'ified. n. 289 —to Hope. — ^to Drop | or Trickle Down. «. n. sx)on^suni Spon'sor. n. a husband or wife. Prosper'ity. to answer. full of thorns. something tlftt excites. | shining . answerable. rob. a. to ??. Resplen'dent. SteVla Constellation. a. a. Strat'ify. composed of layers. unfruitful. Respond'. n. n. ®. StVgo In'stigate. . lying flat. i something that ex- . n. Pros'per. stilla'tufn Distill'. —a Star. Spe^ro Despair'. plunder. n. Consternation. a. v. to fall drop by drop. Desperate.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. showy. Ster^no. n. . another. Spi'nous. n. | barren . to arrange in layers. Stim'ulative. Stim^ulus ] — a Spur. SpVna —a Thorn Spine. bone. a. v. the back bone. Spouse. a. —to Promise . n. as of earth. a spurring on. a. Instiga'tion. n. . Stim'ulus. a. elegance. Substratum. | a cluster of stars. n. thriving. reckless n. pillage. Stim'ulant. — Barren. relaring to marriage. Pros'perous. Response'. a. a star. hopeless. a. to take to one's self. success fortune. v. to spur to urge. Splen'dor. to teach slowly. Spon'deo. Instill'. —to Strew . to suit to answer. to urge. V. Espouse'. — Spoil j . a reckless villain. hopelessness. cites. a lower layer. to strip. great terror. luster . starry. very bright. I Spi'nal.to drop in. Spo'liuiti Spoil. Respon'sible. Despoil. a layer. a. n. a. Despond'ent. to lose courage. a. n. pertaining to the back Splen'deo Splbn'ded. —to Shine. a. Correspond'. barrenness. Despera'do. . Prostrate. Booty. Hope. . to be successful. n. to Lay Flat. Steril'ity. «. v. one who promises for Spon'sal. not hoping. like Stel'lar. n.

Restraint'. Pros'titute. being body. Restric'tion. utter want. «j. to fix unalterably. n. n. to Set. v. v. v. . Distinct'. to persevere. stant. to Set Up. xi. Strain. Con'stitute. a fact or event attending something else. to a. v. to stand off. able to stand. detailing all the . f —to Fix. a person studying. unvaried. the height of a person. to be. Exist'. n. n. v. severe. a short truce. I to take out the roots . now in being. stubborn. being in want. In'terstice. n. v. to mark difference to make eminent. Stud'y. — a Root or Stem. n. In'stant. compulsion. v. to establish. not near. Stu'dio. a. confused. to bind or oblige. Constrain'. something standing in the way. a. Substan'tial. to stop to seize. a. pressing urgent. v. Constraint'. a police ofiicer. Extin'guish. to set in opposition. a. to limit. exact . a. solid. limitation. Mark . n. real . put out a. Predes'tine. n. to stand upon. Estab'lish. a placing back. not plain destroyed. Extirpa'tion. Stu'pious. v. to stop. Distrain'. i). Circumstan'tial. StirpSf stir'pis Exter'pate. v. v. Sta'tion. to quench to destroy.290 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Extant. false religion. Ob'stacle. to lay hold on. a. Indistinct'. a moment. hinderance of the will. Arrest'. a. Des TiTUTE. n. n. a. Con'stable. Restrict'. Desist'. to withstand. v. n. v. Restitu'tion. n. Consist'. a. rank . Astrin'gent. to destroy utterly. urgency. In'stant. to apply the mind. Stabil'itt. Resist'. ^. separate clear.tion. n. drawing together. a. —to Bind . n. v. artist. v. State. to set or build together. . n. Dis'tant. n. n. to extend with force. n. firmness. Instanta'neous. n. to settle firmly. . a building together the fundamental laws of a na. a. Constitu'tion. Ar'mistice. Stat'ue. Stu'deo Stu'dent. Sta'tionary. to devote to a base purpose. n. to draw or hold back. n. — ^to Study. v. a standing place. a. StVnOf stina'tum Dbs'tinb. n. Supersti'tion. sta'^tufn —to Stand . Persist'. Insist'. Extinct'. to Place . space between two objects. done in an in- circumstances. n. n. a. tion or society. condi. «. to be composed of. Restrain'. devoted to study. t). . [ Ob'stinate. example. Cir'cumstance. In'stitute. v. standing still. Instance. a. n. total destruction. to foredoom. | Sto. to Draw Tight. Thrust. a purpose or end. Dis'tance. Sub'stance. Sta'ble. Contrast'. a standing image. the workshop of an . . Stat'ure. Stin'guOf stlnc' turn— to Distin'guish. a space between. Destitu'tion. . Con'stant. a. Strin^gOf strict turn Strict. Dbstina'tion.

Chief Part I . High. Pleasant. a. n. Sum'mary. a. n. costly magnificent. v. highest power. t). a. causing sweat.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVAITVES. Sum'mary. Stu'peo Stu'pid. Dissuade'. Sua^deo. Sump'tuous. a. Resume'. to put an end to. self. Su^do. — Sweet | . a. Suprem'acy. a. to Spend or Consume Assume'. —to Sweat. — to Advise. dull senseless. to Place in Struc'ture. a. having the power to | Sua^'vis SuAv'iTY. to teach . | Stupefac'tion. to take for granted. v. n. to take upon one's self Asbump'tion. I Persua'sive. v. n. One's Self. In. Sum/ma—the . n. to begin again. — to Be Dull I or Senseless. a. Presume'. highesWin degree. | Su^mOf sump^tuni —to Take . highest greatest. . a. Over. to advise against. . relating to expense. a tool. Supe'rior. to nurse at the breast. waste ruin. higher in place or ex Super'latiye. . the whole the amount. «. Superb'. sua^sum Persuade'. an abridgment. short brief the utmost height. Sump'tuary. | Sudorif'ic. stru&tuni 29i Order. Presump'tuous. SuH—of Su'iciDE. n. self-murder. 11. to build to form. to inform. overSupercil'ious. haughty . to be wondered at. a. to make stupid. that may be overcome. Suck'le. . . Sum'mit. Construct'. v. that cannot be overcome. persuade. softness. self-destroying. v. Stu'pefy. a. complete finished. Supper — Above. Consum'mate. Stupen'dous. grand magnificent. v. n. v. n. Suav'ify. v. suda^tum Exude'. Destruc'tion. to advise strongly. Instruct'. ConsuaxE'. to block up. . to sweat out. —to Build . a. sweetness . | the act of drawing in. Suc'culent. n. the act of taking upon one's v. Struma. Destroy'. In'strument. Consump'tion. bearing. a. ( Suici'dal. to draw into the mouth. a. . . Con'strue. juicy moist. a using or wasting. a building. Suc'tion. a. HiifgOf sufftum —to Suck or Draw 1 Suck. . Supreme'. a. dullness. d. . v. the Whole. «. to waste. Su'perable. cellence. Sum. n. v. . n. too bold. to interpret. v. to use n. a. Insu'perable. a. Obstruct'. to render agreeable.

Contem'porary. n. Tan'gent. Extempora'neous. n. a temporary dwelling. Contig'uous. a covering. a. ad. . implied. origin first cause. Taher^na —a Shed j or Shop . 71. constitution. Tem'perance. etc. a. a. moderate. es. n. a line touching a curve. a. Ta'ceo. Tab'ula Ta'ble. touching.?i. ] Tar'dy.peculiarskill. a. state as regards heat or cold. ta(fitu^n Tac'it. a natural covering. . I Tem'perate. I —to Cover. Surge'less. touch close union. Contigu'ity. SouKCE. Con'tact. a. that may be touched. to scorn. n. without premeditation. Te^go. a. to comply with times Extem'pore. Conta'gion. a. v. silent . n. Occasion. Tav'ern. living at the same Tem'poral. lasting only a time Tem'porize.292 smith's hand-book of etymology Sur^ffOy . Tar'dus — Slow. Contin'gent. v. accidental. whole unbroken. contact.niceperception. —a Board I . to despise .?i. Tan' go. In'tegral. honesty purity. an Inn. Tem'pero—to Temper Tem'per. Detect'. v. Tem'perament. v. TACT. smooth calm. a whole number. disregard. a a drinking place. communication of disease by touch. Tent/no. . a rising mass of water. untouched. . n. surre&tum— to Rise. In'teger. . Tem'porary. «). n. n. n. to find out. Tem'perature. | Protect'. disposition. n. . n. Gaming Table. disease. time. n. a. n. i Distem'per. a rebellion. Detec'tion. Resurrec'tion. a. whole. slow . to cover to defend. a. n. a board for holding dish- I Tab'ular. n. I]^sur'gent. a. not swift. tec'tuin Integ'ument. Tem'piiSf teni'^por is— Time. n. . Integ'rity. n. uttered without previous study. Teg'ument. Fab ERNACLE. a little table. habitually silent. Intact'. relating to time. and occasions. Insurrec'tion. n. Surge. discovery. Intemperance. Contemn'. to stay or keep back. | Tac'iturn. temp'tum —to | Scorn. Retard'. a rising again. in the form of a tabla Tab'let. n. n. n. taciturn —to Touch. a. n. Tan'gible. n. excess. Tem'per. scorn . v. Contempt'. to moderate. a rebel. I I to Regulate. a. moderation. . n. a. Entire'. — to be Silent.

] Tempt. Tend. Pertain'. Contend'. Atten'tion. Intense'. v. a. Entertain'. not pertinent. n. off. Det'riment. trr turn— to Trite. stretched to stiffness. n. Ten'sion. n. v. a. Maintain'. n. to palliate. to extend under. an occupier. . . Contain'. n. ardor . an omen of ill. satisfied. v. v. . damage. n. to feign. . v. 293 —to Stretch . Superintend'. . to foreshow. a. obstinacy. Tent. Osten'sible. Ten'ure. Extent'. seeming plausible.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. —Thin. v. n. . Deten'tion. Ten'ement. to spread to enlarge. . a. n. a. n. to keep from. a. bruised in n. to listen to regard. a. v. to the purpose. Retain'. Contin'ue. n. an effort. to belong to. Ab'stinence. to support. strained ardent. v. a dwelling. a. Abste'mious. a sinew. to move towards to watch. Inten'tion. small. support. Ten'dril. to hold up Sus'tenance. Attend'. v. Attempt'. Coun'tenance. design. the clasper of a vine. Detain'. Distend'. Content'. —to Try. . Appertain'. tenta'tum. Te^ro. to remain to last. ill mannered. Pretend'. to expand. thin I Atten'uate. v. v. Ten'ob. vain show. Ten'tative. n. to Go Towards. or teri^tiun . Per'tinent. to receive into one's house. CoNTiNu'iTY. Inten'sity. foretokening ilL Portent'. n. to gain . . n. a claim. to solicit to an evil act. n. v. look. n. Ten' to. n. to get. an opinion a principle. a. violence. v. to lessen . n. a. eager in pursuing. matter worn grind to a powder. Conten'tion. holding fast. Portentous. to belong to. meaning. n. to make Exten'uate. v. n. . to mean to design. v. to persist Obtain'. Subtend'. n. Ten'ant. continued course. having the power tc . v. . I Fine. uninterrupted. obstinate. worn out by use* Attri'tion. unbroken connection. regard care. temperate sober. «. Ostenta'tion. trying. Tenu'ity. Pretense'. n. n. . v. a feigning. a. n. v. v. Extend'. to keep back. Ten'uis Ten'uous. direction towards. a. size compass. to -ft- Te^neOf ten' turn — ^to Hold . . strife. n. loss . . n. Keep. Exten'sive. a portable dwelling. a. Ten'et. Pertinac'ity. a detaining. features . tightness. in. thinness. to strive. Con'trite. Tena'cious. Imper'tinent. Detri'tus. . Pertina'cious. to hold to comprise. v. Intend'. n. a. large wide spread. t). Ten^dOf tenfsuTtt. retain. Tense. Preten'sion. a. v. a. Abstain'. v. Sustain'. n. «. Portend'. Continual. to Wear by Rubbing. n. a wearing away by rubbing. to keep to hold. to have the direction of Ten'don. Reten'tive. a. the act of keeping from. v. a trial . n. a holding. Tend'ency. thin. Trit'urate. Intent'. to support . spirit.

a. v. a putting a stain upon. Intim'idate. . one who protests. Disinter'. can not be Toleration. Terrif'ic. n. Ter'ripy. v. n. v. ate. to Knit. Tinge. Ter^reo —to Make Afraid 1 I . Tifti^eo—to Fear. Taint. a dog that hunts under and water. n. . —to Weave I | . a slight coloring. n. Tes'tify. a. to bear witness. to declare against. Detest'. Testa'tor. v. Deter'mine. Text. Attaint'. a will. fearful. not having made a Protest'. a Limit or BouiroART. Tinc'ture. | Tim'orous.294 smith's hand-book of etymology. earthly. —an End . Ter'race. Intol'erant. an end or limit. Ter'ror. to dispute to struggle. n. v. having no end. Pre'text. Text'ure. a. a passage of Scriptur«. n. Inter'minable. Contest'. v. v. a. a stain or blemish. Terra'queous. a tract of land. to bear with that which is not approved. to bear witness. that can not toler- . the connected passages. abhorrence. Tes'timony. to unbury. the thing woven. to fix a stain upon. Ter'ritory. borne. n. a. Attest'. one who makes a will. 'd. to destroy utterly. Inter'. will. or ToVerOf tolera^tum— to Bear With Tol'erate. Detesta'tion. to bury in the earth. to corrupt to infect. encircled with Subterra'nean. v. a. ground. v. n. pretence. a. a. Ter'minate. Tin^gOf tin&tum —to Dip or Steep . v. v. causing fear. I . a. «. Terrier. Exter'minate. to color slightly. a. n. to Frighten. Con'text. n. to fix to decide. n. composed of land face of the earth. Attain'der. v. to abhor. beneath the sur- Terres'trial. n. Tim'id. Tint. allowance of that " which is not approved. to frighten. Taint. evidence. Prot'estant. frightful. make fearful. a. to stop by fear. a platform of earth. n. knit or woven together. Deter'. v. ». a. Tes^tis —a Witness. n. Ter'rible. Intes'tate. Ter^minus Term. n. n. ??. Suffer that Intol'erable. to put an end to. land. extreme fear. n. a certificate. a steeping or dyeing. n. Testimo'nial. TexfOf tex^tum Context'. to Stain. Tes'tament. to a. Mediterra'nean. | Ter'ra —the Earth or Ground. cowardly. to Dye . n. n.

Por'trait. docile. Tor'queOf tor^tum Contor'tion. Tremen'dous.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Tor'ment. n. : to discuss. a person for all kinds Tra'JiOf tracftum Abstract'. Distort'. wholly . j I Trace. to use Treat'y. v. or Torpid. Portray'. to draw together. to take a part from the rest. to give a claim to. a. . n. n. Tor'peoTor'pid. «?. twisted winding. a. n. name Enti'tle. . fearless. dried by heat. to throw back a charge or argument. «. to draw to to allure. Distract'. a claim of right. n. id. entirely. n. «. v. Trail. Tor'rent. ?j. Intrep'id. having no title. a. to draw out. an Inscription. Tortus— the Whole All. numbed. Tract'able. . a. —to Twist . • of Extract'. only. to Take. an overcoat. Tract'ile. a. of work. to draw from. n. a. a rapid stream. n. -to Be Numb I I inactive . Attract'. w. v. n. ductile. a. to draw back. Contract'. n. to wrest from one. to draw apart. a trembling. a. —to Draw . n. Ab'stract. ad. a. a footprint a path. —to Parch | . «. to draw along the ground. Distrac'tion. at Trem'ble. Tort'ure. tremor. n. . v. Treat. j Tit'ular. extreme pain. fear . n. to twist out of shape. | Trepida'tion. . Extort'. to quake to quiver. v. a. a Title I . Tor'pitude. to Tor^reo Tor'rid. n. a. to take from. —to Shake I I . Trait. id. To'tally. Retract'. sluggishness. full. extreme pain. a feature a line. Extor'tion. Roast . to draw forth or exhibit. 71. Tract. a mark left. To'tal. absence of mind. a contract or league. . to dry by a fire. 'd. a likeness. v. numbness. a twisting. Attrac'tfve. Track. illegal exaction. to Writhe. an electric fish. to Boil. n. to draw out or lengthen in time. or feared. Protract'. a. whole entire . . not trembling . having power to at. a. TrepHdus —Agitated Trembling. 295 TWulus—a Ti'tle. n. a severe reply. shaking quivering. . existing in the mind Abstrac'tion. n. Detract'. Tre^mo . Subtract'. Tor'por. to Tremble. • | I Surtout'. t>. to be trembled Tre'mor. Tor'refy. n. . Unti'tled. Retort'. t). Trem'ulous. tract. derangement reason. Torpe'do. Tort'uous. n. Facto'tum. Retort'. t. v. n. a region a treatise. relating to a title.

a. n. to deal out. v. a thickened portion of a subterranean stem or branch. Retrib'utive. n. to thrust on. Con'tumely. Tbeb'le. v. to put m a tomb. trVa —Thbee. a. difficult to be under- Intru'sion. Obtrude'. ExTRu'siON. n. to thrust down. a commotion. v. n. guardianship. Tomb. Tri'dent. Tu'telage. to thrust forward. a. n. a knob in roots. a three legged stool. . protecting. Distribu'tion. a union of three in one. n. Tui'tion. pompous. n. «. a.— Tribus. a figure with three an- n. n. v. to thrust in. tuVtus —to Watch . to give with others. . the union of three. Tribe. a giving to severaL paying tribute. Tru^dOf tru^sum Abstruse'. Obtru'sion. a. n. stood. v. Tu'mid. disorderly. a small tumor. a. as a potato. Intru'sive. unimportant. Triv'iai. having the power to discover things untaught. Note. n. swelling. Entomb'. n. a.. three. a swelling out. a tax paid to a cona. Tribu'nal. three united. n. to Pay. Tu^her Tu'ber. n. having eyes or buds. Intrude'. coming uninvited. Tuber. n. Detrude'. instruction. v. v. n. Note. threefold. Tres. bold. immediate perception of truth. act of obtruding. Tribune. —a Swelling. Tri'angle. Tu'tor. Tu'telar. a grave a burial place. TrWuOf trihu'tum—to Trib'ute. Tu'mult. Trin'ity. a teacher a guardian. Retribu'tion. Give . Tu'berous. . a court of justice. entering without right. Tri'pod. n. Intui'tion. Trip'le. a. n. — Tu^eor. Distrib'ute. | Trib'une. Tri'ad. At'hrib'ute. haughty behavior. Contuma'cious. n. a. —to Thrust . contempt of authora. n. n. threefold. an officer chosen by the common people to protect them from the oppression of the nobles. repaying. an instrument haring three prongs. Trib'utary. Obtkusive. TrVbus— a Tribe. having tubes. n. afterwards a tribe. queror. stubborn. to divide into three parta Tri'o. originally a third part of the Roman people. to Guard. the act of thrusting out. Protu'berance. swollen . three in one. n. Tu'mor. a. Contrib'ute. u^meo —to Swell. n. to Push. Protrude'. Intu'itive. Tres. n. n. n. a distinct body of people. a. Con'tumacy. gles. n. ity. to ascribe. a paying back. Tri'une. Tu'bercle. a. Trisect'. the act of intruding.SMITH S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. «. a Roman officer. Tumult'uary.

—Further. the only one of its kind. Redun'dant. of confusion.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. TJWguO) urnftum Unc'tion. to move like waves. U'nion. . the upper. to make one to join. ad. —a Crowd Confusion. concord agreement. concord of sounds. a. t). fruitfulness. as k Abound'. —a Shadow or Shade. v. Unfda— a Wave. n. in the end. Ultima'tum. a. bloated . to unite again. muddy a. Oint'ment. Disturb'Ance. to be in great plenty. Tur^ba Disturb'. n. n. full to overflowing. wave to result. . Unique'. to flow upon. of one mind. a flood. a. n. U'niverse. Tur'bulence. Ulte^rior Ulte'rior. a. Unanim'ity. tumid. a. Inunda'tion. Umbrel'la. further. pertaining to all. : dulled or blunted. n. representing the original thirteen states. a. suspicion of injury. S. and the fly is composed of thirteen alternate white and red stripes. a. TJ'nit. Unc'tuous. Redound'. things. n. Ul^timus I I — Furthest or Last. a. n. one for each State. . the whole system of . . Unite'. 297 TunfdOf tu^sutn— to Beat CoNTu'siON. n. | U'berty. . furthest final . the rest being called the^?/. n. shady. Un'dulate. full Tur'bulent. Ul'timate. a final proposition. I | — ^to Anoint. ^. Note. a. flag is a blue field with white stars. «. Un'dulatory. to be Inflated. Inun'date.—Union. . n. swelling . Troub'le. n. Umbra'geous. a shade or screen car- ried in the hands. a bruise. Perturba'tion. moving like waves. Plentiful. U'niform. oily greasy. a. Univer'sal. Alone. Un'dulating. plentiful. even regular. oneness. to Bruise. representing the confederation of the States. more than enough. n. TTnus— One a single thing. a. a. Reunite'.^niicr corner of a flag. v. n. Ul'timately. n. v. v. an anointing. offence. Disunite'. U'nison. confusion. n. v. n. —to Swell | . a. Un'guent. Abun'dant. to be sent back. to separate. a. TJmfhra Um'brage. Tur^geo Tur'gid. rising and falling. . agitation of mind. The union of the U. perplexity. Tur'gent. violence. n. Wher—Fruitful. i Unan'imous. very plentiful. Exu'berant. agreement in opinion. ointment. U'nity. a. Abun'dance. . swollen. a. Tdr'bid. last. a. a salve. . n. not clear. | Obtuse'. to disquiet. n. n.

Abuse'. a. —to Go. uselessness. to have widely existing. n. n. Inval'id. a. Invade'. Avail'. a farewell. politeness. Va'ry. to employ. to diversify. n. fleeting. as an enemy. indefinite Vaga'ry. being at leisure . . Uten'sil. Va'do. v. a. CoNVALEs'cENT. U'suRY. customary. a whim . a sick person. . v. n. —to Be Empty I . to make empty. U'suAL. Van'ish. Peruke'. a. brave strong. n. to pass through. a hostile entrance. ti. precious above mation. to disappear. n. Use'ful. . u^sus Use. Empty. v. Inutil'ity. bravery. | Sub'urbs. a caprice sive. Diverse. to read. pertaining to a Urbane'. Va'grant. U'sAGE. a. Yal'ue. a. usefulness. a. an empty space. -». Van'ity. a. to Be at Leisure. Wtor. uncertain. to treat ill. ur^his ETYMOLOGY — a City. go from or shun. a. Eva'sion. Vag'abond. 71. of full force. Evac'uate. —Wandering. a. n. to make weak or null. general existence. n. —Vain. . recess. worth price. soundness Val'or. a. . city. good in law. Pervade'. «. Prevail'. v. wasteful exces. recovering health of. I TJrban'ity. n. serviceable. that which is used. strength. Vaca'tion. excess. a. Different. . to n. to make different. n. empty 71. a worthless person. a. to Be Worth. n. civil polite . v. a. v. . Va^rius —Changeable. n. n. Extrav'agant. the out part of a city. Vague. illegal interest. T). v. n. and strength. effect. Usurp'. overcome. Disuse'. va'sum. equal in value. Va^leo — ^to Be "Well Strong . In'valid. n. refined. . Misuse'. v. Inva'sion. esti- Prev'alent. I j Va'gus Va'grant. to Prev'alence. to seize without right. EvANEs'cENT. a. to a. | Vac'uum. n. to enter. an idle wanderer. or n. v. Vari'ety. Va'riance. n. Val'id. n. Inval'uable. —to Use. empty. Vacuus Vain. Va'riegate. Uk'ban. . Util'ity. to cease to use. petty or empty pride. a. to use improperly. Val'iant. Extrav'agance. of no force. change diversity. worthless. v. a. disagreement. wandering unsettled. to take advantage be of use to. Yalid'ity. d. Equiv'alent. Va^cOf vaca'tutn Va'cant. Inval'idate.^^ "^h SMITHES HAIfD-BOOK OF JJrbs. v. an artifice to elude. Evade'. established custom. n. Valedic'tion.

ad. Veil. v. Waste. Convulse'. to unclose. Verbose'. Ve'hicle. to hide to cover. v. fume . . Convey'ance. to a drawing back. a hazard or risk. n. a carnage. v. Verba'tim. ^d'verb. v. Ven^do—to Vend. n. Circumvent'. Devel'op. Event'uate. Adventi'tious. v. VeVlo. —to Cover. n. poison. Event'ually. uttered by the mouth. to come between. Event'. Venom. a part of speech. ad. h. of words. Conceal veil . a. Envel'op. a. v. n. v. to hinder. Vas^tus Vast. Convene'. n. a. an auction. Cov'enant. to unfold . to n. a coming together. Sell. to hinder. Av'enue. a.??. Invec'tivb. to poison. happening as a result. v. to assemble. Ven'om. Revel a'tion. to Go. poisonous. Ven'turous. that which conveys. Ad'vent. a. I Ven'omous. Invent'. to Devel'opment. Evap'orate. to lay waste. discovery. fog. a passage. —Yery Large. to carry. in the event. a. ve&tutn—to Carry Convey'. a mutual agreement. to a. Revul'sion. Rev'enue.LATIN KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. word for word. Devas'tate. one who sells. angry abuse. customary. . mist . n. n. Intervene'. against. to terminate. . to devise. Ver^bum a part of speecl^ Ver'bal. n. Reveal'. v. to ardor. —to Come . Devasta'tion. a. Desert. Advent'ure. very large great. v. fit suitable. . to pass away in vapor. Enven'om. Ven'ture. a curtain. an unnecessary profu aion of words. Vene^num —Poison. — Steam. n. vuVsum—to Pull | . v. to run a hazard. n. Ve^lo Veil. Conven'tion. n. n. Conve'nient. the income of a state. an unfolding. n. bold. n. n. to carry or bring charges n. Conven'tional. Bear. Event'ual. steam . Vendue'. n. a. Ve'nal. Ve^niOf ven^tum a coming. Pluck. to draw back the make known. Ver'biage. Ve'hemence. that may be bought or sold. | Fume. to give violent motion to. —a Word. dare. 299 Va^por Va'pob. v. . a. n. accidental. n. to come round. sell. Ve^ho. n. v. t. violence. a desolate country. Contravene'. daring . full Verb. . v. Inveigh'. waste havoc. «. that which happens. n. to wrap up. to v. n. Prevent'. n. Vender.

Revert'. Perver'sion. a translation. Inadver'tence. u. censure. n. to make verse. Fear . to turn back. lying across. Rev'erence. v. a turning or falling Subvert'. to cause a circulation air. Con'troversy. Ver'tigo. . a joint of the spine. Aver'. Venftus —the WmD. to change from one con. easily turning to a Con'verse. true genuine. Rever'sion. Ver'tex. Vermicel'li. Di'vERS. Ven'tilate. n. Diver'sity. . a. Diver'sify.300 SMITHES HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. n. v. heedlessness. n. obstinately wrong. to turn the front part back. n. Ver^to. v. a. n. n. v. to overthrow. Vor'tex. Ver'satile. t. tion. -a Ver^mis Ver'min. Di'vERSE. v. Aver'sion. disputation. a passage for n. Animadver'sion. an opposite proposi- new task. Stand in ehce. to turn to. a. Verse. ad. Ver 'terra. Vermic'ular. n. an enemy. Ver'tical. overhead. over- dition to another. of worms. giddiness. n. d. brink Converge'. a. a whirlpool. Convert'. a. truth. habitual observance of truth. in truth. v. Advert'. . 71. Ver'dict. to dispute. i). Divert'. Ver'mifuge. v. . varied unlike. to turn off. to discourse with. Verge. a. . Ver'go— to Turn Verge. Controvert'. to turn away. n. to turn upside down. n. a. . resembling a worm. expressing rever« Revere'. Ve'reor —to . amusement. n. to amuse. 'g. to tend to one point. a medicine to destroy worms. a wrong use. great respect awe. v. Pervert'. a line of poetry. ! . Reveren'tial. n. to bend towards. Ad'versary. n. variety difference. v. Ver'ily. Ver'ify. of to air. —True. Ven'tiduct. Awe Of. n. to vary. Ver'sion. the report of a jury. Perverse'. Rev'erend. back. 1). n. Vera'cious. a. Vent. n. Ad'verstty. a. Avert'. «. n. a. Converse'. n. Worm. v. tending to throw. d. opposed hostile. or Tend Towards. Trav'erse. to publish a notice. Subver'sive. v. the top. Advertise'. to declare positively. Transverse'. n. a. v. Invert'. Diverg'ent. going apart. Vefrus Ver'ity. misfortune. noxious animal. to respect greatly. several more than one. a. Ver'itable. worthy of reverence. Verac'ity. n. v. n. Ver'sify. Reverse'. . dislike. an air hole. border edge. Ad'verse. a. n. to prove true. to turn to a wrong use. v. to pass over. observant of truth. n. Diver'sion. n. a paste in the form ver^sum — ^to Turn.

not real. Invest'. change. Vis'ioNARY. Prov'ident. n. a. . n. Provide'. a. a provider. n. 301 — a Footstep | . a. to remove. to strengthen. Purvey'or. Provi'so. a substitute. Ves'^tis Inves'tigate. Vi'aduct. an outer garment. Per'vious. Ob'viate. v. Revise'. n. Individ'ual. a deputy. pertaining to sight. Vis' AGE. a Garment : Clothing. tinuance. n. a mask. a public messenger. VVdiio —to Deprive Of : Part. Divest'. Vice ROY. v. to v. in Stead. cautious. Imper'vious. v. v. . not admitting a passage through. n. empty. with force. Vicis'siTUDE. v. a. a. full of strength. Prov'idence. n. a structure supporting a passage way. n. v. plain apparent. n. a track . Void. a. forethought. Prov'ender. a. food for cattle. Vig'orously. Provis'ion. Ves'try. n. a single person. to see to beforehand. Veb'ture. VVdeo. Vi'soR. Weis— a Change Vic'ar. to Supervise'. n. not to be seen. providing for. Vet'eran. to overlook. Pur'vey. vetf er is— OijD. Vis'iBLE. Pre'vious. a trace. a seeing or sight. I Vig'or. a Way. ad. penetrable. Ve'tus. wise. ^ . Vest. etc. Wsurn Vis'iON. a king's deputy govVicege'rent. to search into. to provide. a view a prospect. Invet'erate. sight. antecedent. v. destitute of. Div'idend. Vis'it. a. v. fixed by long con- rvaDe'viate. v. n. n. n. Ev'iDENT. ] Invig 'orate. a. to separate. to strip . a. victuals food. n. a. an old soldier. n. plain to be seen. to clothe m. ernor. n. n. . n. to turn aside. wandering. Ob'vious. Divide'. Avoid'. Vis'ta. to examine again. to go to Vis'uAL. v. . a. n. see. I . Review'. in a church :or the sacred garments. n. a. a critical examination. Vig'orous. Pru'dent. —to See. . strength energy. a share. n. v. v. En'voy.LATIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Survey'. to keep clear from. 11. the countenance. a Tkack or Trace. view carefully. a. a. De'vious. a garment a robe. n. VestVgitini Ves'tige. Devoid'. n. t). something that provides against. View. t>. that can be seen. Vig^or — Strength. a room to deprive. Invis'ible.

to return an injury. malignity. clearly Vic'tory. to change into glasg. n. n. Vil'ify. Revive'. to animate. —a Defender or Avenger. V. v. recompense of evil. n. a. resembling glass. Vir'ulence. a. 11. revengeful. one found guilty. the state of being convicted or convinced belief. a. sour wine. Vine. —Wine. CoNviv'iAL. v. —a Man. a blemish. 1). I Ven'geance. v. certainly. n. liveliness. ad. necessary to life. to outlive. unconquerable. Van'quish. to spoil. Inev'itably. n. . Vig'ilant. Vile'ly. to Keep Awake. a watching. a living being sacrificed. 71. n. to abuse. a fault . n. Vira'go. full of poison. . Vice Vice. . Viv'iD. Con'vict. conquest. a conqueror. Vit'reous. j Vi'cious. VigHlo Vig'il. ViVAc'iTY. n. to satisfy by evidence.«. to Overcome. Vi'tal. that cannot be avoided. sinful. . i). n. Vrv'iFY. Vict'uals. v. base mean wicked. n. ad. Vifrum—Glass. a. | to Escape. a turbulent woman. Vi'lis . vi&tum —to Conquer . n. . an article of food. to vilify again and again. a. Vi'and. Vin^co. a plantation of grape Vir Vi'rile. Avenge'. Invin'cible. a. basely meanly. a. n. Vin^deXf vin^dicis . bright. gay jovial. . Vic'tor. Vine'yard. Prov'ince. Convince'. vie" turn —to Live. to punish for an injury. Wvo. to defend to justify. . a Fault. a. Vic'tim. active . | to defame . VVrus—Poison. n. grapes. Vinous. v. Vin'tage. a. | masculine. Convic'tion. to show a subject country. to deprave . Evince . Vile.303 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. I Vin'dicate. Revenge'. —to Watch | . . Cheap Vile. ®. VVtium—B. —of LiTTLB "Worth I . | Vit'rify. having the qualities of Vin'egar. . Survive'. | Vir'ulent. n. v. V¥to — to Shun Inev'itable. v. n. wine. vines. Vindic'tive. a. XI. Revile'. Convict'. to prove guilty. a. to live again. the crop of grapes. watchful. v. food provisions. wicked . d. Vi'tiate. Vi^nurn the plant which produces a. to conquer. a division of a country. n.

n. Vol'ume. volVtU7n — to Will . V. a. a. n. a roll a book. piety Devout'. v. v. n. given by vow. relating to the voice. Vo'tary. Volu'minous. n. a calling or employment. to call back. Fly. v. n. n. Voli'tion. Invol'untary. v. v. fickle. to throw off subjection. rolling fluent. -Revolt'. a. a. prayer. Vouch. v. Vorac'ity. easily evaporated gay Vol'ley. Devote'. . a. vora'tum greedily. Avoca'tion. eating very greedily. an ancient Latin version . a. fish. Vol'uble. to Invoca'tion. a wish expressed. Convoke'. Invoke'. Vul'gar. Volunteer'. eating . Vora'cious. v. Devour'. n. a. Vol'atile. Vulgar'ity. earnest . Volup'tuart. Irrev'ocable. one who has vowed. to call together. n. doubtful. pressions. to set apart. Piscrv'oRous. n. n. a. pleasure. Evolu'tion. greediness of appetite. VuVgus the Common People. —to Roll. not willing. relating to a volcano. v. sound from the mouth. full of pleasure. Volup^tas. Vo'cAL. v. unrefined. common. acting from choice. a list of words. to roll in a circle. the power of willing. Malev'olence. Provoke'. to make public. . bulky. v. n. n. v. n. Benev'olence. Vul'garism. n. n. to irritate. to unroll . Vol'untary. Volca'nic. a business. Ossrv'oROUS. «. n. a burning Vulca'nus mountam —the God of Fire. one given up to VoVvOf volu^tuin Circumvolu'tion. sincere. to implore. Vo'tive. n. a. Revolve'. an entire change. Convoca'tion. Vul'gate. Vocab'ulary. Vow'el. to use doubtful ex- Revoke'. Divulge'. eating bones. Volup'tuous. a simple sound. to cry out loudly. eating all things. Omniv'orous. Revolu'tion. a flight of shot. ill will. n. a vulgar expression of the Bible. a. n. Volca'no. a. n. a pleader. a voluntary soldier. not to be recalled. a. to affirm. eating flesh. Ad'vocate. a solemn address or Vocif'erate. great size . 3oa Vo^cOf voca^tuni— to Call. Vow. an assembly. n. . Involve'. Vote. affection. n. Devo'tion. a.-Pleasure. n. V. Voca'tion. Evoke'. to unfold. to declare openly. yo'lo. LA. I a. a. to eat up Carniv'orous. n. to deliver over. — I i ^to Eat Greedily. a cause of anger. n. a. vola'tum— to . a rolling round. Vo^ro. v. to Wish.TIN ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Provoca'tion. Voice. to attest . n. Equiv'ocate. . Vo'tum Avow'. coarseness meanness. n. v. EQUiv'ocAii. a. Devolve'. a. to envelop. EvoLVi!}'. act of unfolding. Vo'lo.. a solemn promise. n. —a Vow a Wish. call forth. n. good will.

a factious or sedi- | Ped'agogue. {d2. n. the summit of a city Acros'tic. n. Acous'tics. relating to an academy. Acou'^Of Acous'tic. (dr/p. n. (uKjuff. a Contest. tious leader. a. Al'legory. guage. A'erolite. the alphabet. (a/w. . . relating to hearing. Acadefmia^ Acad'emy. Ac^ron. consisting of air. I . Antag'onist. n. a Jewish church. n. equidistant at all points. AVgos. unequaled.) I —to Lead. —the First Letter in the Greek Alphabet. one who A^gOf Dem'agogue. pain. Ondontal'gia. the science of sounds. a figurative narration. the toothache. v. sails in n. (aAyof. Extremity. I the letters of a Ian- Alphabet'ical. a meteoric stone. a. AcROp'oLis. to afflict with agony. a. a. (dyuv. Al^mef Ac'me. | A^er.)— Pain. Al'phabet. Ae'rial. the air.) —the Summit.— 304 SMITH'S — HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.) One Another Each Other.<pa. in the order of I . (uKpov. a schoolmaster. an opponent. a kind of poem. Academ'ic. AVlos.) Allegor'ical. a.) | — to Hear. | the headache. n. n. n. n. n.) | Another. Alle^lorif (dAAj/Awv. the top .) —a Combat I I struggle under severe Ag'onize. n. | Plato Taught a place of instruction. a citadel. a. n. | A'eronaut.) —the Air. {uKadrjula^) — a Grove near Athens. | Par'allel. where Philosophy.) — Summit . Unpar'alleled. A^gon. (aAAof. the highest point. not literal. (uKovo). Ag'ony. GREEK ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. a. Ceph'alalgy. Syn'agogue. Al'pha. n. n.

n. Archduke'. . a chief prince.— GREEK ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.) — a Man man . Government.) I —Noblest. Ar'chetype. 305 {ayyeTM^^ — a Messenger . race. n. a plant with many Helian'thus. An^thos. . n. n. Mis'anthrope. a. (dT/ioc) —Vapor. n. one skilled in the art of building. Anthol'ogy. ers. An'archy. | Aromat'ic. (dpioTog. n. southern. Ev an'gel. the science of ArithfmoSf (dpidfio^. n. «. Aris'tocrat. etc. n. dull . Mon'arch. records. Aristoc'racy. Aris^tos. relating to the at . above I I Atmospher'ic. n. a. {dvdpuTroc. the nobles. (dpKTog. the head of a family. v. good tidings the gospel of Christ. inankind. a Bring er of Tidings.) a Number. the sun-flower. n. n. Air. an author of confusion. gospel.Arithmeti'cian. Ar'chitect. (dpybf. n. flowers.) —a Bear | the North. Leth'argy. Pa'triarch. Lethar'gic. the air.—Literally relating to the constellation of the Bear. Ar 'chives. Antarc'tic. Archbishop. a. Contained in the Evan'gelize. love of the hu- man race. one who hates the Philan'thropist. gospel. Ar^c/ie. . spicy fragrant. us n. shrewd. a. n. n. n. . the chief bishop. a spiritual messenger. fragrant spices. the original. a pleasant odor. . n. Evan'gelist. want of government. n. a. hatred of the hu- Philan'thropy. Note. sluggish. a chief angel. I Anthro^pos. chief principal. Misan'thropy. Ar'gos. Ang'eloSf An'gel. northern. n. n.. a preacher of tin EvANGEL'icAii. Arc'tic. a Human Being. num. mosphere. | morbid sleepiness. Archan'gel. a. n. bers. (dv^of. a master I I — of aritb- metic. one who loves human race. Sweet Herb. n. Aro'ma.)— a I Flower. n. (dpufiay) —any Seasoning I . a discourse on flow- Polyan'thus. n. An'arch. Aro'matize. to teach the gospel to.) Sluggish. n. Aromat'ics. Inactive. (dpxvd —the Beginning . n. Arch. Aro^ma. a sovereign a king. n. Spice . v. the government of one who favors an I Arith'metic. n. Ar&tos. aristocracy. Blest. to scent with spiceai AlfmoSf At'mosphere.

Debase'. a wrestler. a sign . As'tral. n. an Ointment. a question proposed Problemat'ical. a. Au'tograph.) Ath^loSf Ath'lete. n.) — a Fragrant Resin | . a fragrant ointment. a sole ruler.) I —Life. (l3ioc. n. star-like. to the bottom. vile. a. Au^los. impiety of speech Bo'leOf (Ba?i?io).) —to Shoot to Throw. n. to speak impiously. Par'able. Emblemat'ic. | . (ad?i. to Wash. Blh'loSf Bi'ble. a. a bad or evil star. . Authen'tic. Au^tos. mis- stars. ocular evidence. chine.) — ^to genuire. v. an emblem. an exaggeration. Prob'lem.) I — a Pipe.)— One's i Au'tocrat. | Athlet'ic. a. stars. n. n. n. living in two ele- Biog'raphy. n. n. Base. {dvdevreo). Bib'lical. Blaspheme'. lik'' (doTpov. . the science of the motion and force of fluids. a mark. n. Hydrau'lic. Amphib'ious. Have Authority. | a self-moving ma- SaVsamum. a. an account of one's | Blap'tO. n.og. the science of foretell- Disas'ter. Au'topsy. ((ivrof. the Holy Scriptures. n. n. fortune. the science of th« Astrol'ogy. Baptize'. Em'blem. a. Autom'aton. Balm.306 SMITH'gi HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.)— to j Dip. Ar^trofif As'terisk. 71. n. genuineness.)—a | Book. a soothing ointment. Self. Bap' to. Ba'sis. v. . n. a star. using emblems. pertaining to the Bibla BVos. 71. a. a similitude. (/3a7rrw. n. ments. a Christian sacrament. Authei^'teo.) —a Star. relating to water I Hydrau'lics. strong of body. a. n.)— to | INJURE. a picture. to immerse. | Authentic'ity. n. (jSaaic) —the Base or Foundation. n. one's handwriting. ing by the n. Astron'omy. n. life. Base. Bal'sam. Bap'tism. a. pipes. (jSaTiaafiov. v. true. (uilog. ((3c(3Xoc. Hyper'bole. —a Combat. Blas'phemy. (/3Aa7rrw. uncertain. Sym'bol. mean degrade to lower.

n. inflammation of the Cannon. wind-pipe. (JSoTavij. Chaot'ic. —Eucharist. n.) —Distinctive Mark. n. Can'onize. a. fanciful. Cha^ris. a burning or searing. to bring together. (KevTfyw. a membrane encloa- | ing the heart. CsPHAii'ic. Eu'cHARiST. belonging to the I I Bronchi'tis. a. Characte^is'tic. a Plant. a. Concen'trate. a. a. relating to plants. burning . (Kapdia. having a common Cen'ter. a. Joy. Ch(ira&ter. Cen^trum.) | —Burning. n. n. n. Chime'ra. Cheir. irregularity. Char'acter. handwriting. Char'ity. Char'acterize. n. Chimer'ical. Hotfane. (Kavuv. a. n. Concen'tric. indicating char- Characteris'tic. Eccen'tric. wind-pipe. a surgeon. IJhirog'raphy. 71. Bron'chial. a. reputation quality. the heartburn. Cen'tral. to declare one a saint. (JSpovxog.— GREEK ROOTS AND DERXVATIVES. Bron^chos. ??. corroding. Chirur'geon. Cau'tery.) i —the Center. Car'diac. bountiful. pertaining to the head. a law. I Hydrocephalus. Cau^ticuSf Caus'tic. n. without order. n. a. Car^dia. literall}^ the act of giving thanks. relating to the center. v. (x^ip. Ot^of. Can'on. n. the science of plants.) Chimce^ra. . Cha'os. a. dropsy of the I head. n. alms. n. Cha'os.) I — the Heart. irregular. acter. wild . a distinctive mark.) —the Head. confused . to give a character. . Botan'ical. EccENTRic'iTY. (xapaKr^p. center.) | —the Hand. | an absurd notion. 1 I Cephfale. Bot'any. Cardial'gia. {xapi^^ | — Grace.) 30t — an Herb | .) | Confusion. — a Fabulous Monster. (xcf^aipa.) | — a Rule. the exact middle. a rule . . Char'itable. Pericar'dium. relating to the heart. Note. v. n. a confused mass. a. n. a. kind the Lord's Supper. {Kti^aT^rj.) —the Wind-Pipe. . (KavoTiKog. good afiection . v.

a secretaiy or bookkeeper. a wash to beautify the Cos'mical. Chron'os. Crit'icise. the deciding point. a small rope. CJior'day (xop^v. destitute of color. Hypocrit'ical. I Anger. one who falsely assumes the appearance of virtue or piety. Cle^roSf a. one Chy^mos. the science of time. a. Com'edy. v. a. a quantity of cords. nativity. . a disease. the I | chemistry. . a. Chol'eric. to judge. n. the body of divines. n. (xpovog. Cler'ical.) —a Gut I . n. I Chronol'ogy.) —a I Jovial Meeting. n. (Kufiog.308 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Chronom'eter. Mel'ancholy. like a hypocrite." Christ'mas. something to judge by. beautifying. n. reason. relating to a writer. —Bile.) I —Time. a. (xwog. n. n.thereligionofChrist Chro^ma. n. n. a. n. a. an amusing dramatic I Encomium. Chromat'ic. of long duration. Cord'age. piece. the Messiah. Cler'gy. Achromatic. a. science of the nature and properties of bodies. (K?irjpoc. Jhord. Chron'ic. n. anger rage. Accord'. a. praise. {KpiTTjc. n. Chron'icle. the festival of Christ's I CHRiSTiAN'iTY. a. Chris" tos. n. Chol'era.) —a I Lot .)—si Juice a Liquid. critical beyond Crite'rion. Cosmos. a String. Cosmop 'olite. a judge in literature or Hypercrit'ical. Chem'ist. {xo'kn^ Cho^le. Christ. a Portion. Hyp'ocrite. Cri'sis. an error in dates. gloom.) —a Judge. n. a. I Col'ic. to correspond in sound. relating to the world. . Cler'ical. (Xpioro^. irascible. | Clerk. a pain in the bowels. a disciple of Christ. ?i. (koo/lloc) —Order Ornament a. the World.?i. n. Cos'nios. relating to colors. v. Crit'ic. {xpufia^ | —Color. raising mirth. 1 Cord. n. n. . a record. n. skin. a time piece. Cosmet'ic. n. n. n. relating to the clergy.) -'' I —the " Anointed. . a citizen of the world. Chris'tian. Com'ic. the string of a musical instrument. Christ'en. a little world. Anach'ronism. Chol'er. Chem'ical. v. sadness . who is versed in Chem'istry. to censure. concerning chemistry. n. CrVteSf art. Cosmet'ic. n. n. n. to baptize and name. n. Mi'cROCOSM.

sci- Encyc'lical. like Cyn'ic. peculiar to a place. n. Diph'thong.. a. De^mos. els in .— Among . (dEanoTTjg. n.) I —a Dog. n. ruler. the ancient Komans. Decem'ber. the first month. Epidem'ic. n. which covers the the skull. ments. Cy'cle. choice. membraikj CrystaVluSf Crystal. snarling. n. n. (Sig. stance. Craniol'ogy. n. a circle or period of time. a prevailing disease. the skull. Note. March was taken as . Didac'tics. a snarler. | Pericra'nium. Cra'nium. Transparent. a. Dilem'ma. to take the tenth.) — a Circle. a. Ctl'inder. Dec'agon. (Swoc. n. n. the art of teaching. n. a. the ten commandn. n.) I —a Master or Lord. n.) I 309 —the Skttll. n. one who favors democ- Endem'ic. the twelfth month. bright. n. the circle of a circle. (kvuv. (didaoKcj. snarling. a popular govern Dem'ocrat. like a cylinder.. to part in two. a hard transparent sub- I Crys'talllne. | I a difficult or doubtful Dissev'er. | Cyn'osure. admiration. Note. a. signifies anything that attracts general notice o» jye'ca.—Cynosure. a. an absolute unlimited monarchy. Cyn'ic. Des'potism. Encyclope dia. Decalogue.and lently be ' ecember the tenth month. | Cylin'drical. (Kpaviov. n. consequently September would b the seventh.. Dec'imal. instructive. a dog. Cyn'ical. ment. Crys'tallize. racy. a surly person.) | —to Teach. ences. a tyrant . ^ Dis. . (SeKtt. October the eighth. n. satirical. clear. n. a union of two vowone sound. the science of skulls. the dog's tail. v.) —the People. Cj/on. n. number ten. Cy'cloid. to form into crystals Cy^cluSf (KVKXog. a roller. a curve. the circle of sciences. a. V.GREEK BOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. numbered by ten. figuratively. {KvXcvdpoc) -a Roller. v. a figure with ten angles. November the ninth.--. {KpvaraXkbg.. Cyclopedia. n. Dec 'iM ATE.) —Ten. Cra'nium. Democracy.)— Two.) — CONGEALED LIKE Ice I . n. in CylinfcLrus. Dec'ade. a. n. the n. | Didas^cOf Didac'tic. Despo^teSf Des'pot.

Dynam'ic. n. El'egy. n. (kprjfiog^ Lonely. a. Dys'pepsy. Econom'tcal. Paro'chial. n. Dy'nasty. Di'ocESAN. Par'adox. a. n. luxurious. opinions. —a | Sensual Philosopher. ElegVa. n. Dram'atist. relating to morals. . EatET'ic. the science of forces. words of glory to God. pertaining to power. a. Het'erodox. Eth'ical. n. n. of digestion. Elegi'ac. (dpafxa. | ELECTRic'iTY. of or like amber. n. ij. one Er^emos. a Play.)— | Power Force. a. heroic.) I — a Work. nyn'amis. in. action or activity with- Met'allurgy. n. Par'ish. n. E(feo. n. absurd but actually true. a. something apparently correct in opinion. Dtnam'ics. {kleyeia^ — a Mournful Poem.)—to Dwell. Dys. Epicure'an. who lives in seclu. correct Er'emite. n. ??. the science of morals. (jyAe/crpoj'. causing to vomit. Alone. a. Electrify. . pronunciation. Emet'ic.Her'mit. one given to luxury. a writer of plays. (dvf. narrative . a. n. . a. (edoc) | — a Custom. ((?//£w. E^meo.)—to | Vomit. frugal. Dra^fna. an ecclesiastical district. difficulty a disease. n. Orthodox. ((Jo^a. Ora'ma. ((5wa//if. a bishop's jurisdiction.310 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOaY. I Eth^oSf Eth'ics. n. Epicu^ruSf (EmKovpoc) Ep'icure. a. a subtile fluid evolved by friction. 23ertaining to a parish- Di'ocESE. a. a. a poem written for the I Dramat'ic. a medicine. a House. Electric. n.n. n. power or government. a. (ipyov. pertaining to a diocese.)— 1 Amber. Er^gon. a. Ortho'epy. En'ergy.) —an Action 1 . s^^g^- n. (knoc) —a Word | a Speech . Ep^oSf Ep'ic. holding erroneous Doxol'ogy. first observed in amber. relating to plays. a Poem. . the art of extracting metals from their'ores. mournful. . | a funeral song. frugality. Dys'entery. (olKEOi. one who I I — lives in seclu- sion. Elecftrwm.)—an Openion Glory. sion. Econ'omy. to make electric. a Household .from oUog.)—Difficulty | Pain. n. Box' a.

origin . Geol'ogy. n.GREEK ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES.) —the Earth. Etymol'ogy. n. • a figure having Pol'ygon. n.) —Milk. a figure of many angles. Gh/phOf Glyph. a. I Origin. n.) —the True Meaning of a Word. Eu'logy. n. n. angles. Peri'gee. (yevea. | Big'amy. Ap'ogee. Eulo'gium. agreeable sound. — the Belly I the Stomach. a description of the earth's surface. the science of the structure of the earth. 71. (kdvoc) I 311 — a People. Gal'axy. 'n. (krv/iov. a splendid assemblage. Pol'yglot. Polyg'amy. an account of one's Gen'esis. nearest approach to the Ge'nea. n. Ga^^neOf Amal'gamate. | Gloss'ary. plurality of wives. Go^niaf Diag'onal. I to praise. n. Et'tmon. praise. n. Geopon'ics. I ter or symbol. . (yuvia. n. {yaar^p^ Gas'tric. to commend . (h. Eu'phony. n. n. Bu. a. mankind. Trigonom'ktki'.) —a Corner an- . a. Geom'etry. (jafieo). | Glos^sa. the milky way . ing. n. angle. | I a primitive word. the measuring of triangles. earth. an Angle. n. n. Geog'raphy.) —Well. iyluaaa. EtNnoSf Eth'nical. a cartilage near the root of the tongue. v. Gas'ter. {y?iv<po). Geneal'ogy. creation. n. Eu'logize. (yu?ia^. a limited dictionary. Pen'tagon. having many languages. greatest distance from the earth.) —Birth. descent. ach. praise.) I —the ToNGUE. relating to the races of Ethnol'ogt. to mix metals. a figure having five Dec'agon. races. n. n. the science of magnitude. a mystical charac- sculpture. a line from angle to tei. Epiglot'tis. the art belonging to the stom- Gastron'omy. v. n. I Ga'^lax. the crime of having two wives at once. (yr).) —to Curve or Engrave. n. I a kind of ornament in Hi'eroglyph. a description of I Elfynion. n. . n. n. of good liv- I Ge.) I — to Marry. agriculture. the derivation oi words. n. gles. n.

a Pointer. a. (iTTTa. short-hand. Harmon 'ic.Par'agraph. Hem'isphere. n. n. Ephem'eris. n.era.) I —Naked. that Makes Known. a flow (a/^a. but a day. n. I Har'monize. (alpeaig. to the sun. one's own handwrit. a mock sun. n. Topog'raphy. .) | — an Opinion. (yvjuvoc. n. the point farthest from n.) — . the art of drawing on and printing from stone. (yvpog. Stenog'raphy. n. Graph'ite. n.) Graph' o. Ephem'eral. | Physiog'nomy. . that which foreshows. Hem^Hsus. n. n. (jpaju/ia. He^m^a. one guilty of heresy. angles. {dp/uovia. place. n. Her'esy. to mark or scratch in. Pariie'lion. a description of a the art of printing. n. —a Writing. exercises. a plant that turns Perihe'lion. a. a half circle. peaceful.)— Something I an imaginary being. n. Tel'egram. ^to Write. the science of language. Hep'tagon. Lithog'raphy. Gram'mar. Harmo'tiia. n. a figure a drawing. bleeding tumors. Harmo'nious. (v/uiavc) | —Half. Tel'egraph. n. n. Hem'orrhage.)— Blood. a government by I seven persons. exercises. (n^ioc) —the Sun. discourse. Gy'ral. He'lioSf Aphe'lion.) I — Harmony.7i. v. the sun. (yvwyuwv.) I — Seven. musical concord agree ment. a. Au'tograph. v. a. ing. pertaining to athletic I Gy'riiSf Gyra'tion. n. the point nearest the n. sun. Hem'icycle. lasting (wepa. He'liotrope. 71. false doctrine. n. a. Gram'ma.) | —a Day. whirling. Hem'orrhoids. n. Gno'mon. n. smith's hand-book of etymology. plumbago. n. n. a short. . a place for athletic Gymnas'tic. (ypactx^. Her'esis. musical musical. a figure having seven Hep'tarchy. well delineated. n. Typog'raphy. Hep'ta. Prognostic. Gyni'noSf Gymna'sium. a. the hand of a sun-dial.) | — a Circle. n. Ep'igram. half a globe. HAR'M0NY. | of blood. Engrave'. n. Gnome. a distinct part of a Di'agram. intelligence by telegraph. He'm. a machine for conveying intelligence by signals. n. witty poem. a kind of almanac.312 Gno^inon. Her'etic. n. countenance. to cause to agree. Graph'ic. n. a whirling round.

{i^. n. n. a figure of six angles. n. HeVeroSf Het'eeodox. Hydrau'lics. or symbol. imaginary. Idol'atry. a. a. relating to an hour. a water snake. Cathol'icism. zon. 71. other. a. the worship of images. adherence to the Catholic church. an instrument that the art of making time-pieces. | Different. to Fix a Limit. pipe for discharging water. Clepsy'dra. HomfoSf Homogb'neous. ment. All. v. n. n. Ide^a. Contrary. a water clock. Aph'orist. rical feet. a precept. * (Idea. Hexam'etek. the river horse. Hor'oscope.)— Water. | Hip'podrome. Hy'drant. {bpii^cd)—to HorVzOf Hori'zon. * " Ide'a. marks the hour. heretical. Hydrostat'ics. ecclesiastical (lepog. a gas which combined with oxygen produces water. n. a. Hor'ologue. n. Hy'drogen. a. a maxim . Drop'sy. n. 71. a. proportional to each Ho^ra. «. aspect of the plants at the hour of birth. a. Hex. HVeras.GREEK KOOTS AND DERIVATIVES. (iidwp. Cath'olic. the science of the weight and equilibrium of fluids. n. unlike each othei. n. Ide'alize. n. to love to excess. Hy'dra. n. a dread of water. water in the head. (ofioc) —United I I Like. Heteroge neous. Homol'ogous. (iTTTroc) —a Horse. Hi'erarchy. Hy'dor. n. an image of the mind. a writer of aphorisms.) —the Whole I I . relating (6Aof . parallel to the hori Aph'orism. I'dolize.)—Six. Hydrophobia.) —an Hour. a circus.) — a Mental Image. n. Ide'al. Hollos. a disease. the line bounding the Horizon'tal. (krepoc) 313 — Other.) I — Sacred. Horol'oqy. n. Hydroceph'alus. of the same kind. 71. . . a. a. to form ideas. the science of the motion and force of fluids. to the whole. n. 7). Bound . (uga. a sacred character I Hip^poSf Hippopot'amus. view. govern- Hieroglyph ic. Ho'ral. pertaining to an image of the mind. Hexag'onal. 71. I a verse of six met- | Hex'agon. having six angles. n. a. 71. n.

n. Leprosy. Pro'logue. the science of shells. Id'iocy. Di'alogue. a. a fool. n. printing from drawing on and stone. n. one who has Le^the. peculiar temperament. a. Lay. n. Idiosyn'crasy. Cat'alogue. a meteoric stone. hand-book of etymologv. a Martyr. agreement throughout.) the leprosy.6yog^ Ly'siSf (Ivmc) —a v. (Miof. n. a mode of speech in which the meaning is contrary to the words. Lep'er. a. n. or Description. the speech at the end of a play. man. sleepy by disease LVthos. QlvOtj. palsy. Chronol'ogy. madness. 71. which and denotes art^ science. words of glory to God. Lay'man. Syl'logism. Peculiar. a peculiarity of speech. Mar'tyr. | Lithog'raphy. Paralyt'ic. n. praise.) I —Irony. is from 2. Ma'nia. | Iron'ical. n. Eu'logize. the art of reasoning. full of leprosy. derisive. Lep'rous. n. want of understanding. a. Insanity. n. Doxol'ogy. n.) —Madness | . (Tioyoc) — a Speech. n.— 314 smith's Id^ios. Id'iot. Pal'sy. a privation of motion. a. the people as distinguished from the clergy. The termination or suflix log7j. (Tiidoc) I — a Stone. n. mocking. n. a. {jiapTvp.) Peivate. one who is not a cierg^^ Lep^ra. (jxavia. | Iro^nia. Idiomat'ical. description. (lenpa. «. Conchol'ogy. Crony. n. the science of dates. derisive Iron'ic. an entire separation of a body into its elemental parts. . j2. A'erolite. Mar'tyr. Lbthe'an. to make an analysis. An'alyze. v. n. a. Leth'argy. n. morbid Lethar'gic. is Anal'ogy. Apol'ogy. . Anal'ysis. Loosing or Dissolving. Paral'ysis. Note. n. n the death of a mar herence to a cause. the scum of lead. n. a precious stone. a disease of the skin. to commend. not clerical. (eipuveia. La^os. n. n. — found in many words. n. Oblivton. n.) | —Leprosy. an insane person. inducing forgetfulness. n. I Id'iom. n. containing an idiom. Lith'arge. Par'alyze. Lo^gos. a warding off by words. sleepinest^. —Forgetftjlness | . a conversation. n. j . a list. Account.)—& I Witness tyr. n. the ten commandments. n. n one affected with palsy. a preface to a play. La'ity. Ep'ilogue. Pec'alogue. Chrys'olite. n. Eulo'gium. Log'ic. n. Q^aoQ. one put to death for ad- Mar'tyrdom. to affect as with palsy Ma'niaf Ma'niac. n.) —the People. a form of reasoning. etc.

Diam'eter. the art of working metals. n. «. to relating to math- I Mechan^aOf (jxT/xavau. a. to engross the whole Monotony. MeVoSf (ji£?iog. tity.) —a Song or Poem. a the construction of a I Mel. a.«. measure through. Met'alloid.) —Flytng Luminous Bodies in the Air. a hard fossil substance. monks Monot'onous. tneVlis. 71.) —a Measure a.the science of machines. verse. v. (jneraV. the science of quan- Mathematical. a drama containing | MetaVlum. n. a mixture of vinegar | and honey. a contrivance. sweetness of sound. lVlECHAN'ic8. JUathemat'ics. the little world. Me'ter. a measurer. n. Thermom'eter. Met' rum. Mech'anism. Alone. I Me'teor. 71. a. a heat measurer. Meteorol'ogy.ov. a shooting star. Machina'tion. Science. • {fcovoc) — One. n. a sole ruler. Met'rical. sweetly flowing I Ox'ymel.GREEK ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. n. pertaining to Monk.?i.) —to Contrive j . Mel'odrame. 71. n. phere. measure as applied to Barom'eter. Metrop'olis. Sym'metry. Mi'croscope. Invent. the science of me- | Metier. n. (jit/tvp^) me^tros I — a Mother. Met'al. a. Me'ter. Chronom'eter. n. teors. (fie?u. sameness of sound. a gas measurer. Metropol'itan. Monas'tic. Mellip'luent* yielding honey. producing metals. the largest or chief city of any country. Metalliferous. a convent. n. bright and transient. an instrument for viewing the smallest objects. n. Machine'. n. Met'allurgy. Meteor'ic. Mon^oSf Mon'ad. Mel'ody. Mellif'i:rods. n.) — Little. Mi'crocosm. n. n. MoN 'aster Y. Mic^ros. Mon'arch. or pertaining | a metropolis. a. n. due proportion of parts. a time measurer. of. a.) —Honey. 7i. 71. I Melo'dious. {fierpov. 11. a. Wc {fiiKpog. n. one living in a monastery Monopolize. agreeable to the ear. wanting variety. Mathe'ma. machine. n.) —a Metal. 315 {jiadnfia^ —Learning I . n. a substance resembling metal. an instrument to measure the weight of the atmos- pertaining to meter. ematics. | Small. a. Meteo'rrif (jiereupa. to. an atom. Gasom'eter. a contriving. songs. . n.

n. (jiovaa. Mor'phe. I Muse. Narcis'sus. a nov- I Neutron. an amusing drama. a Sinew. n. deviation from rule. En'ervate. a recantation.)—an Ode . good management. (yde. sweerness of sound. (juop<prj. Myste'rious. the singing of sacreo . (vevpov.) —the Drink of the Gods i . using economy. Ode. Narco'sis. n. [ MVsos. n. work of fiction. Mythol'ogy. Kec'tar. a Regulation. n. (jivdoc. | Muse'um. n. {yapKTj) —Numbness. (jxi(7oc. a short poem or song. a. to weaken.)—a I Word .)—FonM I . Misan'thropy. | n. Psalm'ody. the place where the honey is secreted in a flower. No'inoSf (voiuog. melody. a. Metamor'phose.) —a Song or Poem. (veof. a Fable. something secret. n. Amor'phous. v. Mel'ody. . Enmity. to divert. hatred of mankind. the feigned drink of the I Nec'tary. 'V. the daffodil. (veKrap. to change the I Mu'sa. n. n. a a. j Secret. n. My'thos. Mis'anthrope. Amuse'. a humorous imitation. { Econom'ical. a. n. respecting heathen deities. n. v. harmony n. j Stupor. gods. Neol'ogy. form of. Com'edy. ice. stupefaction. Nar'ce. Pros'ody. soporific . sodies. n. Anom aly. an organ of sensation. v. to meditate deeply. n. a. secret. I new science or philoso- Neophyte. Econ'omy. Mu'sic. a rambling composi Rhap'sodist. to practise economy. Ne^os.)—a Law I . Parody. a diseased state of the nerves. Mys^teSf Mys'tery. . Econ'omize. (uvaTric) — Hidden. the laws of versification. Narcot'ic. n. n. Myth'ic. Neural 1 gia. a new convert. Nerve.)—I1at-rkt). n. n. Mys'tic. (oj6T]. without form. n. tion. one who writes rhap- Pal'inode. n. a. a collection of curiosities. Honey. n. Ned" tar. Shape. n. fabulous. «.B16 SMITH'S HAND-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. Myth. a Hymn. phy. Rhapsody. a hater of mankind.)— New. n. gongs. n.) — a Nerve I . a system of fables. obscure full of mystery. causing sleep.

Os^teon. n.) — a Sight | . the science of the I I Perios'teum. Ox'ys. Ox'ygen. to combine with oxygen. n. — On^oma. without speak- Pen^te. n. a manner a way. n. an optical machine. n. Meth'od. Synop'tical. the office of the pope. a viewing together. Ep'isode. n. n. Osteol'ogy. together. a temple dedicated to the gods. n. Pope. to Look. Synod. {e^odoc. n. n. the departure of the Israelites from Egypt. ing. n. Pan'theism^ n. one skilled in optics Au'topsy. Op^tOf (onTcj.) I —FrvE. Acid.) Sharp. Pa'pas. a complete view. a. the doctrine that the universe is God.. a word of the same meaning with another.— GREEK ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES O^doSf Ex'oDUS. Op'tical. Ora'tna. Syn'onym. Opti'cian. acids. n.)— Si Bone. 71. n. Moses. n. Meton'omy. without name. a. temporary violence of pertaining to sorrel. and 6db^.away. n. an incidental narrative.)—a Name. Op 'tics. and signifies a journeying or coming to meet one another. Dioba'ma. a fibrous substance which invests the bones. from aw. (ooTeov. n. Paroxysm. a church assembly. a name derived from a father. pertaining to the pope. affording a general n. papal jurisdiction. complete armor. the Whole.) or. n. n. Oxal'ic. Ox'ydize. n. Panace'a. Roman Pope'dom. n. Pas. pertaining to sight. a substance combined with oxygen. an imitation of all etc. a. a disease. Exodus. n. Thanatop'sis. ocular evidence. a Spectacle. angles. bones. Panegyr'ic. Pe'riod. n. 317 {66og^ —a Road I ! or Way. n. a. (Treure. (o|yf. Pan'theon. the five books of j . view. Pan'tomime. a universal medicine. Pan'oply. Panora'ma. Synonymous. a.) —to See . n. n. a. a change of names. Pa'pal.)— a | Father. v. kinds of action. (TTflf . a eulogy. Anon'ymous. a circuit. conveying the same idea. P(ui —All all . the head of the Catholic Church. a going out. (6vojua. (TraTTOf. Patronym'ic. a departure.) particularly. Syn'od. n. Sour. Note. a figure having five PenVateuch. the gas which generates Ox 'IDE. Pa'pacy. {opafia. a view of death. Synop'sis. the science of seeing. Pen'tagow. | n. . n.

Pa'triot. Pa'thos. Emphat'ic. v. want of feeling. Disease. Saltpe'ter. n. n. agreeable in sound. n. an inherited estate. n. Petres'cent. an apparition. a fellow countryman. turning to stone. n. Eupep'tic. n. Periph'ery. a. Syc'ophant. a foreteller. bad digestion. a fancied appearance. a. an appearance. a. Apet'alous. without petals. ((papjuaKov. (neTpa. Eu'PHONY. a lover of his country. a. Dyspep'tic. n. . the murder of a parent. Phase. n.)— to I BoiL . JPha^nOf Blas'phemy. Antip'atht. Pa'triarch. the art of preparing Pharmaceo'tic. Phar'macy. the father and ruler of a family. Phenom'enon. passion warmth. Pat'ronize. a a. relating to pbor- I JPhe^ro. {ttuttjp. a flower leaf. Phan'tasm. a. Pet^alorif Pet'al. n. n. the process of turn ing to stone.) — a Rock 1 j a Stone. having bad digestion. Expa'triate. Proph'et. agreeable sound.) —to Carry to Bring. Em'phasis. Apathet'ic. {(puvfj. n. —a Father.' Patri'cian. impious language. n. good digestion. a nobleman. Pater'jstal. stress laid upon a word. stance. {(jyaivo). Pe'ter. n. n. to banish from one's country./!. n. the science of diseases. Pep^tOf (TTeTrro). a. n. Ap'athy. Epiph'any. a. Pathol'ogt. a mineral salt. fatherly. n.) | — a Flower Leaf. . ((p€pu.318 smith's hand-book of etymology. a ^aco. n. Pet'aled. n. Phan'tom. a foretelling. Note. (Tra^of. Pathet'ic. luminous subshining. aversion. fellow feeling. v. a. | . Sym 'phony.) Pa'^ter.) I — a Medicine or Drug. a man's name. Dyspep'sy. Par'ricide. Affection . a. . n. Proph'ecy. figurative. harmony of sounds. to CoNCOCT. medicines. Pat'rimony. n.) —to ENLIGHTEN to Say or Tell. Pa'tron. a. an appearance. without feeling Sym'pathy. | Eufjp'sy. macy. n. (nsTaTiov.) — a Sound. v. n. n. n. a low flatterer. to support. forcible. n. Pet'rify. n. Pe^tra. having good digestion. having petals. Compa'triot. n. to convert into stone. the manifestation. n. circumference. the manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles JPhar^macon. n.—Epii^h'any. n. n. JPho^nCf Phos'phorus. Met'aphor. Metaphor'ical. n. a supporter. Euphon'ic. a short similitude. . n. Phosphores'cent. I Petrifac'tion. Pa'thos. a.)— Feeling . exciting emotion.

n. a poultice. brotherly love. Per'iphrase. Pneumon'ic. Pneumat'ic. Pneu'nia. the science which air. a.) I — the Mind. Philan'thropist. Phys'ical. Physiol'ogy. violently delirious. angles. {TrTiaaao). mind the science of the as connected with the brain. Philos'ophy. Philol'ogist. n. Plas'ter. a short sentence. Phys'ics. Periphras'tic. Phrase. n. natural bodily. to Smear. 71. v. relating to JPo^leOf (TTwAew. n. the science of ani- mals and plants. a student of language. n. 1 Cat'aplasm. capable of being mould- ed .) — to MouLD or Shape I .. ] Pore. n. in n. Phraseology. . I Plan'et. lime to cover . madness . a Blast. a wandering star. n. inflammation of the the lungs. expression words. a figure having many n. n. a small passage in the skin. n. {(t>pvv.) —a Saying . Nature. n. a.GEEEK ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Pol'ypus.) — a Passage or Way. Phrenol'oqy. the science of nature.) 3l9 — a Friend or Lover. Pol'ygon. having many lan- Polyne'sia. Plas'tic. n. a.) — a Breath lungs. Phra^siSf ((ppaaig. Pneumo'nia. one who loves mankind Note. a Speech. n. Pol'yglot. pertaining to the I JPlas^so. a doctor. n. Plan'etary. Phys^ls. n. n. n. many islands. the love of wisdom. a. planets. MoNOp'oLY. a more clear and am- ple explanation. exclusive sale. n. Phren. delirium. Metaphys'ics. | Fran 'tic. n. a division of the earth consisting of n. Philadel'phia. a. expressing by inore words than are necessary. (7roAi. walls. .)~MANY. feet. pertaining to a. the science of the mind. Porous. n. (<pvaig. Po^ly. a speaking round. n. | Monop'olize. a. to engross the whole.) —to Sell. having poreg. PhVloSf ((pi^-og. a. an insect having many Po''ros^(iropog.)—ai Bringing Forth. literally. Par'aphrase. Pneumat'ics. n. soft. the study of general laws. guages. — a Wandering About. (nvevfia. —Philos'ophy. treats of the air. n. Physi'cian. Fren'zy. porousness. Poros'ity. {irlavi]^ JPla^ne.

a form to teach practice. doubting. a state of doubting. Psi/^che. Pr AC 'tic ABLE. n. to Doubt. City . making Rhe^o. the Soul. JPrag'nia. the science of government. fireworks. — a Deed. —Done. a. . a cutting or tearing of the flesh. watery humor. Pol'ish. Pro'tocol. the science of the nature of the soul. Psal'ter. literally. the first oxyd. poUlUSf who stand feet (rcovg. (TtpcjTog.) I —a Sacred Song. n. | Pro'totype. Pol'itics. the chief city. n. (TToAtf .) Py^ros I | —Fire. Prax'is. Psal'tery. Pyrolig'neous. a harp. n. . Rheum. who doubts. tion of souls. {ipalfxa. | a seat with three feet. Empyr'eal. (TvpaKToc) . Pol'itic. | {ipvKT]. n. Pyrotech'nics. n. Pol'icy. a Town. n. n. a writer of psalms. Tri'pod. n. refined genteel. a flow of blood. n. (nvp. a flux a purging. to smooth to brighten. n. a. n. management of public fairs. n. af- Metrop'olis. n. a register. n. that may be done Pragiviat'ical.) —to Flow . a. n. a sacred song. the governmeut of a city. Polit'ical. a. Police'. —Sak'casm. n.)— a ro'lis. PyVf a. Protox'yd. a record or registry. art of formed of pure fire. 7i. the transmigra- Psychol'ogy. a funeral fire. Note. Prac^tos. Skep'tio. n. Prac'tice. n. Prothon'otary. the Pyre. n.) —First. Impolite'. n. {npaym^ Imprac'ticable. to feet.320 SMITHES HAKD-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. produced from smoke. a. . a. a model. rude uncivil. {^EG). one {aKeTrrofiai. a. a painful disease. a thin. Catarrh'. n. habit use. Psalm'ist. Sarx. n. Sar'casm. Scep^toniai. Pol'ity. relating to politics. . the book of psalms. n. Pro'tos. a. severe. n.) — to Look About | . Rheu'matism. that cannot be done. a singing of psalms. . a. aapKog. ipap^. prudent wise. a discharge of mucus from the nose. v. n.) —a FoOT.) —the Breath I . Aktip'odes. a. Metempsycho'sis. Sarcas'tic. a keen reproach. n. the form of government. Polite'. to Speak. n. Diarrhe'a. . Psaltn^df Psalm. Psalm'ody.) | —Flesh. Skep'ticism. n. Skep'tical. those POUS. Hem'orrhage. meddling. keen .

and equilibrium Apos'tasy. a man of learning.) Acros'tic. to disgrace. excessive joy. (areA/w. a. the love of wisdom. a kind of poem. (aTiyjua. .) Scenery. promoting schism. viewing distant objects. Food. . n. to Sco'peo. . regular method. n. the in shorthand. Spasm. Scho'liast.) I Stbnog'raphy. Scope. Observe Narrowly. Stig'matize. weight. n. | So'phia. view design space. n. a Representation. Tel'escope.^. n. Ecstat'ic. to censure. a commentator. a Row. a. a violent contraction. n. a departure from one's Hydrostat'ics. Soph'ism. a. — SnORT. a School. art of writing Stenog'rapher. Philosophy. schools. governed by bishops Epis'copate.)—to Watch . n. —a Splitting cliurcli. or favors. Scho'la^ {axo^y) School. pertaining to the 71. n. (anxog. a. n. fawning for bread come by flattery. a.)—si Stig'ma. Si'toSf (cr/roc.^pos'tle. a letter sent. Stig'tna. a division in the Schismat'ic. n. Sten'os.)—the 821 Stage | . of fluids. Ecstasy. n. n. n. n. (arevog.) | —a CONVULSION. (araaig. . a messenger. fallacious reasoning. Sce'naf Scene. Spasmod'ic. n. the science of the motion. Epis'tle. n. n. Scholas'tic.)— Wisdom.) . a fallacious argument. SteVlo. an appearance. a couplet. n. rapturous. (oKOTreo). not acquainted Hpas'tKia^ {airaaua. Scho'lar. ter. a place of instruction. a blot^ a reproach. | —to Send. Sys'tem. Unsophis'ticated. the Church. . Dis'tich. (ffo^m. | a Division in a. — Leisure I | .) — a Standing . ^ —a Line | . one who earns his wel- I Parasit'ical. a glass for Epis'copal.GKEEK ROOTS AKB DERIVATIVES. Sta'sis. with evil pure. religion. | Mark of Infamy. a. n. Par'asite.)— Wheat . a shorthand wri- | Stichos. a Weighing. a bishopric. Soph'istry. convulsive. n. (axiajua. n. n. (aKjfvjf. n. a collection of scenes. Schis'tnaf Schism.

n. I Ajos'tbophe. n. embracing many Pyr'otechny. Srrr^L. a position : ^Ep'ithet. (raKToc. a. an inscription upon % Tech'ne. n. Anath'ema. a Sound. local. n. Note.) —a Stretching Tune. Anat'omy. {aTpo<p7]. Theme. Hypoth'esis. giving tone. a Tract of Country. something placed upon.)— God. v. Topog'raphy. a cutting up. n. Hypoth'esis. (0eof. building. a section or part cut .)— a Place I . a supposition. the science of Ar'chitect. ! | TheTos. (racpoc) I —a Tomb. n. n. Dbt'onate. n.— SMITH'S HANthBOOK OF ErTMOLOGY.—Anat'omt. Top'^oSf Top'iCAL. I I The^sis. Antith'esis. {reKTuv. the art of directing movements. n. n. v. KoTE. Tac'tics. one who denies the ex. Theol'ogy. place. harmony. (twoc. Ar'chitecturb. a discourse upon Polytech'nic. a putting together. Tech'nical. a. manner of sounding Tone. Ta&tos. Syn'thesis. a. tences. an indivisible | Tome. . The'sis. Catas'trophe. Synthet'ical. Tomb. Placing or Putting. aii unfortunate ac I a final event. the arts. a figure of speech. by God. a subject of discourse.Theoc'racy. Astound'. tomb. n. particle. Technol'ogy. the art of dissecting. n. a subject.) I —a Cutting. n. Ep'itaph. —a Turning Round. sound . At'om. n. Aston'ish. a Builder n. n. a builder. Syn'tax. Ep'ithet. vigor sound. To^tnos. n. a. the science of God and divine things. (rofioc. a descriptive word. a descriptkm oi 3 I . Epit'ome. cident . 71. n. n. n. To^nos.) I —Put in Order. fireworks. off. Intona'tion. to surpnse. Attune'. the art of making Te&ton. (roTTOf . relating to synthesis. Ton'ic. belonging to an art. literally. government directed istence of a God.) Stro^pJie. n. an abridgement. a. n. a volume. to explode. n. Cbn'Otaph. A'theist. a monument for one buried elsewhere. to strike dumb.) —an Artist I . 'd. n. the construction of sen I Tii^phos. opposition of words. n. {6eaic. n. an ecclesiastical curse.)^a. to put in tune. n. Top'ic. {rexvr}) —Art arts. . a placing under. n. v.

TBB EMD. Trop'ic. Trop^os. n. a body which partakes of the nature of both an animal Zo'diac. a monument of victory. Typog'raphy. Tj/pus. . letter. an emblem. Zool'ogy. a Mark. n. symbolical. (rvTrof. n. 323 (Tponoc. (Cwov. the model or a. the art of printing Ste'reotype.)—ai Turning* a figure of speech. n. a broad circle in the and a vegetable. Tro'phy. form of a Typ'ical. n. Zo'on. n. Typ'ify. to represent by figure. n.)— a Type. Type. solid type.GEEEK ROOTS AND DERIVATIVES. Tbope. n. Zo'opHYTE.) —an Animal. n. v. heavens. the point at which the sun appears to turn again towards the equator. the science of animals.

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