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Al-Islam - Its Fundamental Principles & Teachings

Al-Islam - Its Fundamental Principles & Teachings

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Published by: AbdulHujjah on Feb 03, 2011
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Allah – Immaculate and Most High – is free of all shortcomings:
He is not matter, nor is He a composition [of other constituents].
He does not occupy any space.
It is not possible to see Him, neither in this world nor in the
He is not subject to effects, changes, or developments. So He does
not feel thirsty or hungry, He never ages, ceases, sleeps, or is
oblivious or unaware.
He has neither partner nor peer, but He is One and Singular,
Unique and Absolute, who takes neither spouse nor offspring.
His attributes are the same as His Essence, they are not secondary
to Him.
Thus, He is Omniscient, Almighty, along with all His other
attributes, since eternity, unlike us who were ignorant at times and
then acquired knowledge, or were weak at times and then became
He is not in need of anything or anyone. He does not need any
consultation, or helper, or assistant, or any troops, and suchlike.


2. Divine Justice

Divine justice means that Allah does not do any injustice to
anyone and does not do anything that would be contrary to
wisdom. Therefore, whatever He has created, or whatever amount
of sustenance He has given to someone or withheld from someone
are all on the basis of wisdom and on good grounds even though
we do not know the reasons for. It is like a physician prescribing a
certain medicine for a patient; that we consider is good and useful
even though we may not know all the evidence for its usefulness.
If we see that Allah has granted someone wealth and He did not do
so for someone else, or He made one to have certain qualities and
not the other, or He caused someone to become sick and has kept
another person healthy, and suchlike in all such cases we must
believe that all such cases are based on some kind of benefit and
wisdom even though we may not be aware of their benefit and
It is stated in a hadith, or tradition, that “Moses (A) asked Allah to
let him know something about His Justice, which looks otherwise
on the surface. Allah ordered him to go to a certain water fountain
in the wilderness to monitor the events that would take place
therein. When Moses (A) arrived at the fountain, he saw a
horseman who had arrived at the fountain to freshen up. When the
horseman left the scene, he forgot a bag of money behind.
Afterwards, a boy came to the fountain, saw the bag by the
fountain, with all eagerness and happiness picked it up and
hurriedly left the scene. Then a blind man came to the fountain to
wash himself for prayer, and at this time the horseman came back
searching for his bag of money, and when he did not find it, he
accused the blind man of taking it. Consequently a dispute flared
up between the horseman and the blind man, and eventually the
horseman killed the blind man, and left the scene.


Moses was astonished at all this. Allah then revealed to Moses (A)
that the horseman had stolen the bag of money from the father of
the boy (who had found the bag of money left behind at the
fountain by the horseman.) In this way the property was returned
to the rightful owner. The blind man had previously killed the
father of the horseman and therefore the horseman at the end
punished the killer of his father.”6
This is how Allah’s justice and wisdom works, even though it may
look some how far from the conventional rules.

3. Prophethood

When Almighty Allah created man, He wished him happiness and
prosperity in this world, and felicity and paradise for the hereafter.
And this cannot be achieved unless mankind has a programme that
coincides with his mind and nature, and a course that is in
harmony with his body and soul. And such a comprehensive
programme that addresses all the requirements of the mind and
nature, and the complete course that attends to the entire needs of
the body and soul may not be perfected except by the creator of
man who is well aware and knowledgeable of all his needs and
And since Almighty Allah wished happiness for man when He
created him, it is necessary for Him to perfect this comprehensive
programme to bring about happiness to him, and to send this
programme to the masses by those of his creation and servants
who are trustworthy, who are immune to error, negligence and
forgetting, purified from deficiencies and sins – who are none
other than the prophets and messengers, peace be upon them.
Thus, a prophet is the human being whom Almighty Allah reveals
to. And so a prophet conveys from Almighty Allah without the


Needless to say many cases of poverty, disease, and suchlike are due to
mankind’s inappropriate dealing and management.


intermediary of any human being. The prophets are of two kinds
of status:
(1) The Mursal Prophets
The mursal or dispatched prophets were those who were
commissioned to guide people out of darkness to light, out of
falsehood to the truth, from myths and superstition to reality, and
out of ignorance to knowledge.
(2) The non-mursal Prophets
They were those prophets who received divine revelations for
themselves only and they had not received orders to preach such
revelations to people.
In total there were one hundred and twenty four thousand prophets
but the mursal prophets among them were just a few.
The first of the prophets was Prophet Adam (A) and the last of
them was Prophet Muhammad (S).
The mursal prophets are in two categories,
1. Olul-Azm prophets,
2. non-Olul-Azm prophets.
The Olul-Azm prophets are universal prophets whom Almighty
Allah had sent to the east and west of the Earth, and to the whole
of mankind. The non-Olul-Azm prophets are those who have been
sent to limited areas, or specific territories, particular groups or
The Olul-Azm prophets are five:
i. Noah, (Nuh}) peace be upon him,
ii. Abraham, (Ibra>him) peace be upon him,
iii. Moses, (Mosa>) peace be upon him,
iv. Jesus, (Esa>) peace be upon him,
v. Muhammad, peace be upon him and his pure progeny.


Bih}a>r al-Anwa>r, vol. 61, p117.


The followers of Moses (A) are the Jews, and the followers of
Jesus (A) are the Christians, and the followers of Muhammad (S)
are the Muslims.
However, Islam has abrogated and superseded all the previous
religions, and therefore one may not persist on them, and it is
imperative upon all to follow the Teachings of Islam, as Almighty
Allah says:
Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be
accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the
losers 7
Therefore Judaism and Christianity are false and Islam remains the
Law of Allah until the Day of Judgment and will never be
abrogated or superseded.

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