CE 68 – CONCRETE DESIGN I

STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS OVERVIEW

CONTENTS
1. Building System Primary
Functions 2. Types of Loads 3. RC Structural Systems 4. RC Structural Members

CE 68 - Concrete Design I (Structural Systems)

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1. Basic Building System Functions
Support gravity loads for strength and serviceability during: 1. Normal use (or service) conditions 2. Maximum considered use conditions 3. Environmental loading of varying intensities

CE 68 - Concrete Design I (Structural Systems)

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Vertical Deflection (Sag)
Dead, Live, etc.

Lateral Deflection (Sway)
Wind or Earthquake

Performance-Based Design: Control displacements within acceptable limits during service loading, factored loaded, and varying intensities of environmental loading
CE 68 - Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 4

2.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 5 . Types of Loads Gravity: Dead Live Impact Snow (other countries) Rain/floods Lateral: Wind Earthquake Soil lateral pressure Thermal Centrifugal CE 68 .

3. Floor Systems B. RC Structural Systems A.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 6 . Lateral Load Systems CE 68 .

Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 7 .A. Floor Systems Flat Plate Flat Slab (w/ drop panels and/or capitals) One-way Joist System Two-way Waffle System CE 68 .

Flat Plate Floor System Slab-column frame system in two-way bending Plan Elevation CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 8 .

8 kPa .5m spans CE 68 .Flat Plate Floor System Advantages: Simple construction Flat ceilings (reduced finishing costs) Low story heights due to shallow floors Typical Applications: Short-to-medium spans with light loading For LL = 2.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 9 .5 – 7. 4.5 – 9.4 kPa .0m spans For LL = 4. 4.

Flat Plate w/ Spandrel Beam System Plan Elevation CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 10 .

Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 11 . plus  Increased gravity and lateral load resistance  Increased torsional resistance  Decreased slab edge displacements Typical Applications: Same as flat plate systems CE 68 .Flat Plate w/ Spandrel Beam System Advantages: Same as flat plate system.

Flat Plate w/ Beams Floor System Two-way bending Gravity and lateral load frames CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 12 .

Flat Plate w/ Beams Floor System Advantages: Increased gravity and lateral load resistance Simple construction Flat ceilings (reduced finishing costs) Typical Applications: Medium spans with light loading For LL = 2.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 13 .4 kPa .0m spans For LL = 4. 6.0 – 9.8 kPa .0m spans CE 68 .5 – 9. 7.

Flat Slab Floor System Flat plate with drop panels.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 14 . shear capitals. and/or column capitals Plan Elevation CE 68 .

5 – 10.8 kPa .5m spans For LL = 4. 9.0 – 10.5m spans CE 68 .Flat Slab Floor System Advantages: Reduced slab displacements Increased slab shear resistance Relatively flat ceilings (reduced finishing costs) Low story heights due to shallow floors Typical Applications: Medium spans with moderate to heavy loading For LL = 2. 7.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 15 .4 kPa .

Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 16 .One-Way Joist Floor System Rib (Joist) Slab : (One-way bending) 2D gravity or lateral frames 2D lateral frames Floor joists. type CE 68 .

One-Way Joist Floor System Rib (Joist) Slab with Beams: (One-way bending) Lateral space frame Floor joists.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 17 . type CE 68 .

1:12 Slope.6m or 0. – Joists • 1.5m or 1.One-Way Joist Floor System Typical Joist Top of Slab 200-600mm for 750mm Modules 400-600mm for 1325mm Modules 350-600mm for 1650mm Modules .8m cc.9m cc.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 18 .8m cc – Wide-module joists CE 68 . 150mm or larger • 0. – Skip joists • 1. type Width varies 100mm.2m or 1.

One-Way Joist Floor System Advantages: Longer spans with heavy loads Reduced dead load due to voids Electrical. 10. 10. can be placed between voids Good vibration resistance Typical Applications: Medium-to-long spans with heavy loading For 750mm modules.0m spans For 1325mm & 1650mm modules. mechanical etc.5m – 15.5m – 12.0m spans CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 19 .

type CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 20 .Two-Way Joist Floor System Waffle Slab : (Two-way bending) 2D lateral frames Waffle pans.

5m modules. mechanical etc.Two-Way Joist Floor System Advantages: Longer spans with heavy loads Reduced dead load due to voids Electrical.9m. 1. 12m – 15m spans and beyond CE 68 .2m.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 21 . and 1. can be placed in voids Good vibration resistance Attractive Ceiling Typical Applications: Long spans with heavy loading For 0.

8 Flat Plate 2.5 Bay Spacing. m 15.0 22 CE 68 .0 10.4 Flat Slab One-way joist 7.Floor System Effective Cost (PCA 2000) Live Load.5 9.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) . kPa 4.

Lateral Load Systems Frame Overview Flat Plate (& Slab)-Column (w/ and w/o drop panels and/or capitals) Frame Systems Beam-Column Frame Systems Shear Wall Systems (building frame and bearing wall) Dual Systems (frames and shear walls) CE 68 .B.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 23 .

Frame: Coplanar system of beam (or slab) and column elements dominated by flexural deformation Planar (2D) Space (3D) CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 24 .

Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 25 .Basic Behavior Gravity Load Lateral Loading CE 68 .

2 frames 4 frames . type Space 26 CE 68 .2D vs. 3D Frames (Plan) 2 or 4 frames .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) . 4 frames Planar Floor joists.

i. parking structures where open space is required.Frame Advantages Optimum use of floor space.e.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 27 . Relatively simple and experienced construction process Generally economical for low-to mid-rise construction (less than about 20 storeys) CE 68 . optimal for office buildings. retail.

Span lengths are limited when using normal reinforced concrete (generally less than about 12 m.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 28 . Note that concrete frames are about 8 times stiffer than steel frames of the same strength. frames are flexible structures and lateral deflections generally control the design process for buildings with greater than about 4 storeys. but up to about 15 m).Frame Disadvantages Generally. Span lengths can be increased by using pre-stressed concrete. CE 68 .

Frame Lateral Load Systems Flat plate-column frame: Effective slab width Plan Elevation CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 29 .

Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 30 .Frame Lateral Load Systems Beam-Column Frame: Elevation CE 68 .

Plate element Deformed shape -Lateral load distributes to frames proportional to tributary area CE 68 . type.Frame Lateral Load Systems Diaphragm (shear) element: Carries lateral loading to the lateral load resisting system Lateral load frame.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 31 .

Frame Lateral Load Systems For relatively square plans.No diaphragm flexibility. lateral load distributes to frame proportional to frame stiffness CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 32 .e. diaphragms are generally considered rigid Space frame with square plan Deformed shape has constant lateral displacement . i.

Shear Wall Lateral Load Systems Shear wall Edge column Shear deformations generally govern Interior gravity frames Elevation CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 33 .

Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 34 .Shear Wall Lateral Load Systems Elevator shaft configuration Gravity frames Shear walls Hole Coupling beams CE 68 .

Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 35 .Dual Lateral Load Systems Wall-Frame Dual System: Lateral frames – 25% of lateral load. minimum Hole Shear walls CE 68 .

Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 36 .4. Structural Members Beams Columns Slabs/plates/shells/folded plates Walls/diaphragms CE 68 .

Beam Elements Defn: Members subject to bending and shear M L V E. E. I) (bending) CE 68 .A V M δ 1. L.Θ 2 Elastic Properties: kb = f ( EI/Ln) (bending) ks = GA/L (shear) δ b σ = My/I (normal stress) v = VQ/Ib (shear stress) = f (load.I. support conditions.Θ 1 δ 2.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 37 .

A) (normal) . support conditions.Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 38 = f (load. and axial F M L V E. L. I.A V F δ 1.Θ 1 M Elastic Properties: δ 3 δ 2. E.Column Elements Defn: Members subject to bending.Θ 2 ka = EA/L (axial) kb = f ( EI/Ln) (bending) ks = GA/L (shear) δ b σ a = F/A (normal stress) σ b = My/I (normal stress) v = VQ/Ib (shear stress) CE 68 .I. shear.

My.Slab/Plate Elements Defn: Members subject to bi-directional bending & shear z y x Mx. Θ y. and Vz Θ x. and δ z CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 39 .

Wall/Diaphragm Elements Defn: Members subject to shear y Vx and Vx x δ x and δ y CE 68 .Concrete Design I (Structural Systems) 40 .

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