AGING AND THE LIFE SPAN Life Span  Is defined as the average maximum length of time an organism can

be expected to survive or last  110-115 years Life Expectancy  Average observed years of life from birth or any stated age, and depends on both biological and environmental influences Stages of Human Life Span 1. Embryonic development 2. Growth and Maturity 3. Senescence Senescence vs. Aging  Senescence is the progressive deterioration of the body and its processes  Aging can be defined as the sum of all the changes that normally occur in an organism with the passage of time. Five Characteristics of Aging Process in Mammals (Troen. 2003) 1. Increased mortality rate with age after maturation. 2. Changes in biochemical composition in tissues with age. 3. Progressive changes in physiological capacity with age 4. Reduced ability to respond adaptively to environmental stimuli with age 5. Increased susceptibility and vulnerability to disease

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