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c 

Y 

͞fats are fatty acid esters of glycerol, i.e. triacylglycerols.

Fats are the most widespread form of lipids in nature.

Triacylglycerols represent the storage form of lipids.

Formulae of triacyleglycerol (from mushtaq pg 127)

¬ ½ ½ and ½ represent the alkyl radicals of fatty acids and may be same or different from each
other.
¬ arbon number 2 of the glycerol molecule is assemetric carbon because fatty acids in position
1 and 3 are different from each other.
¬ ?t is named D because carbon number 2 of glycerol part shows the configuration of alkl radical
around it similar to the ʹOH group in case of D-glycerose.

Lipids are present in human animals plants and microscopic organisms to some extent.

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‘nimal fat

¬ pgg yolk
¬ Ñutter
¬ heese

Plants origin

¬ ÿegetable oil
¬ ooking oils

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Deposition of fats in coronary arteries. Lead to heart attack

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1. Fats under skin serve as thermal insulators
2. Provides padding against injury
3. Source of energy
4. ?deal form to store energy in human body due to absence of water in lipids.
5. Present in cell membranes of nerve cells.
6. Serve as precoursers for the synthesis of complex substances such as acety .‘ is used for
synthesis of cholesterol.
7. Lipoproteins are involved in transport of lipids in blood and also component of cell membrane
8. Some serve as hormones͙fat soluble vitamins are lipid soluble.
9. Fats are essential for absorption of fat soluble vitamins
10. Fats serve as surfactants by reducing surface tension.
11. picosanoids which have performed biological action are derived from the essential fatty acids.
12. Lipids present in myelinated nerves act as insoluble for propagation of depolarization wave.
13. Some saturated fatty acids act as anti-microbial and anti fungal.