P. 1
PBL Report-1

# PBL Report-1

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Published by: Valentina Fernandez on Feb 04, 2011

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02/04/2011

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# Lugo 1

INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO Y DE ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES DE MONTERREY CAMPUS SANTA FE PBL- Report Matemáticas para ingeniería II ± Prof.Francisco Pérez Biaani Cervantes Luna ± A01015566 Tania González Mata ± A01018297 Diana Lugo Piñón ± A01015694 31 de enero de 2011 PBL ± Reporte: Título Abstract The purpose of this PBL is to evaluate the funcionality of different methods, and to evaluate which one of them is the best or has the major productivity in an industrial process. For this, we need to evaluate the function for each graphic and therefore obtain the integral to see if a process has more productivity than other, in this case, machine A and machine B have different cycles and conditions. Another aspect to consider is the way in which the graphics need to be ordered and maximize productivity and the method to obtain functions for both graphics.

Introduction Parabola A parabola is the set of all points in the plane equidistant from a given line (the conic section directrix) and a given point not on the line (the focus). The focal parameter (i.e., the distance between the directrix and focus) is therefore given by , where is the distance from the vertex to

the directrix or focus.

Input data This graphic represents the behavior of the production vs. Also we know that in five days (120 hrs) the machine can work with three cycles: y Machine A (8hrs) and machine B (2hrs) with twelve repetitions in order to complete the five days. the formula of a parabola given the plot. the areas under the two curves (parabola. first. we will be able to find production rates and determine which one of the proposed methods is more effective. the major production happens in the fourth hour. time. find another method that results in a better production. and during the last four hours it decreases. y Machine A (4hrs) and machine B (2hrs) with twenty repetitions in order to complete the five days. together with derivatives. The machine¶s production has a complete cycle of eight hours. or in its case. That way. This second graphic represents the behavior of production vs. Problem definition The problem to be solved in this workshop consists on finding. in the machine B. are the fundamental objects of calculus.Lugo 2 Integral An integral is a mathematical object that can be interpreted as an area or a generalization of area. time. and second. in which production increases during the first four hours. The production is constant and it can continue working indefinitely. in the machine A. This machine can work eight hours but must rest two hours. . Integrals. line) between specific intervals making use of integrals.

in x=4 the maxim production was 1900 units and in x=8 the production had turned back to 900 units. we assumed that the function in the graphic corresponds with the parabola and it can be determined following the equation:   . We assumed that the function of machine B corresponds to y=800 Data Analysis x 0 4 8 y 900 1900 900     Byusing the points in the graphic we can determine the equation of the parabola in the following way:  As result we obtained the following equation: By plotting the equation.Lugo 3 y Machine A (6hrs) and machine B (2hrs) with fifteen repetitions in order to complete the five days. we realized that the equations are likely accurate. . Assumptions We assumed that machine An in x=0 the production was 900 units. Also.

Also.      y Machine A (6hrs) and machine B (2hrs) with fifteen repetitions in order to complete the five days. y Machine A (8hrs) and machine B (2hrs) with twelve repetitions in order to complete the five days. we have to integrate the equations.   Then. we have to evaluate the functions according with the three cycles.Lugo 4 In order to find the area under the curve for obtaining the production units.    After these procedures we searched others methods in order to achieve a major    production.      y Machine A (4hrs) and machine B (2hrs) with twenty repetitions in order to complete the five days. we can integrate them determining the range in the graphic. We found two different cycles which results in major productions: .

Because the machine A was stopped before to decrease until y=1600. Conclussions .   Results     As we can observe. in this way we can obtain a great production if we start the machine B when machine A decreases to y=1600 for avoiding the following decrease of it. with 172500 units.88 units. of the established cycles. we found this cycle:        y The second: we realized that the functions intersect themselves in y=1600. we can obtain the x value when y=1600. So. the major production was reached by the last one. And the greatest cycle that we found was: machine A (7hrs) machine B (2hrs) which results in 173388. By the plotting and by equation balancing.Lugo 5 y The first: we tried to found the cycle by random calculations taking into account that we needed to eliminate the decrease in the machine A and we have to obtain a great number of repetitions.

Lugo 6 According to the results.wolfram.com/Integral. to see it graphically and analitically. and see if the methods applied were lucrative and which one was the best. Mth. Disponible en: http://mathworld. at last. we used the hours as intervals for the integral and evaluate how much production was created after 120 hours in the cycle. using integrals was the best option to determine the area under the curve.html MathWorld.com/Parabola. (2011). (2011). we could determine the functions for the graphics assuming it was a polinomial funtcion of order 2. Disponible en: http://mathworld. and comparing the results for each methos in units sqaured. for this.html .wolfram. Mth. Reference MathWorld.

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