A CHRONOLOGY

MARTN~

CORPS, VOLUME

OF THE UNITED

177S-1934

'STATES

I

by

Colonel William M. Miller. and Major John H. Johnstone,

USMC

USMC

Printed: 1965 Reprinted: 1970

Historical Division Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps Washington, D. C. 20380

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
HEADQUARTERS UHITED STATES MARINE tORI'S WASHINGTON. O. C 2.0380

PREFACE
This is the first volume of a chronology Corps activities, Marines, published derived which covers the history records of Marine

of the U. S.

from official works.

and appropriate of

historical

It is the compilation published

five pamphlets 1961-1962. interested 1775-1934

which were previously

during of all

It is published in Marine

for the information

Corps activities

during the period who partici-

and is dedicated

to those Marines

pated in the events listed .

Lieutenant G neral, U. S. Marine Corps Chief of Staff, Headquarters Marine Corps

.w. I~~f~;~~ Y -:.
vAi'l ¥..zIN

Reviewed

and Approved:

24 November

1970

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I:

American Marines in the Revolution Sources • • • ....• • .. .. .. .. .. .. Introduction ....... • • • • .. .. The Years: 1775-1777 ... • • • • • • • • • 1778-1785 .... • • • • • • . . •

(1775-1785) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
••••••

3
4

1

.' • • • . .. 21

Part II:

Early Days of the Marine Corps (1786-1819) Sources .. Introduction The Years: 1787-1811 1812-1819 .. .. .. .. .... • ............ ........ .. .. .. .... 35 36

.. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 36 .. • . • • • • • • . .. • . . • 48 Corps at Sea and On Shore (1820-1859)

Part III:

The Marine
The Years:

Sources .................... .......... Introduction •• •• • •••••••

1820-1846 1847-1859

• • • • • • • • • • • • • ........74

~

............

::::

~~

........64

Part IV:

American Marines from the Civil War to the Era of Caribbean Interventions (1860-1903)
The Years:

Sources ..........• • ................ .. ......83 Introduction • .............. ..• • .... ......85 1860-1884 1885-1903 · • • • • . . . . . • .. • • • . . 85 . .. • . . . • • • • • • . . . . • 96

Part V:

American Marines in the Era of Expanding Responsibilities (1904-1934) Sources ...... ......................• ...... 107 Introduction .. 108 The Years: 1904-1917 .. 108 1918-1934 .......................... .. 119

v

A CBROWOLOGY OP THB URI'l'ED STATES lWlIllE -....;..;, .................... by

----

CORPS

Colonel W. N. Miller, USMC

Part I
A1aer1can Jlar1nes in the Revolution (!I1.2-~)

ohronology i8 presented in several parts aa a compilation of historioal date. concerning Marines whioh have been prev10u.ly set forth by various autbors a. tactual. Mo olata i8 aade that all p08sible sources have been used. The tollowing souroe8 have been used in Part I ot this chronology:
Tbi.

Alleb, Gardner W. A Haval B18to~ ot the American Revolution. 2 vols. Boston and Hew York: oughton Miftlin CO&I 1913. (C1ted as nAllen"). B1;raph1cal Memoir ot the Late COlIIDodore Joshua Barne~. {ted by Miry Barney:--Boston: Gray and Bowen, 183. (C1ted •• I-a&rney"). Clark, William B. George Washington I 1~. Baton Rouge: Louis1ana State University Pre88, 1960. -----(C1ted as "Clark"). Clark, W1lli .. B. Gallent John §!££Z. Co.,1938. (Cited 81 "Clark (2}").
Co1 IlDl , JllaJ Rlchard
Hew

York:

The

lilacllillan

~.

--rrconwa n ) •
Oa.ette
j

Hew York:

S.

L. R. Hammer81y Co., 1903.

HistorY.2l.

~

Un1ted ~

Marine (Cited 88

Ellsworth,. Engllab,

Vol 19, No.4,

H. A. "Calendar

Nov 1935.

of Important

(Clted

Events,"

as t~11s.ort

Marine

atljPB
.

River Mo.:

Villi .. H. Conguest ot the iio, .!.'l:m-ll§l. Inc11anapoli8Country Horthwest ot the Ind., and KansasCity, e Bowen-JIIerr1llCo., 1896. 1 ~Citec1 a. "English"). New York:
Ch1oago:

Maolay, Edgar S. A History of American Privateers. D. Appleton 41: Co-:, 1899. "(C11tedas IiMaclayil)~
MaBon, Edward 0., ed. garlf Chioago and Il11nols. ~ergu8 Print Co., 189. Cited a8 ~.onH).

1

McClellan, MaJ Edwin N. History or the United States Marine ~. 2 vols. Washington: Historical Section, Headquarters ~ Marine Corpa, 1925-37. (This exceptionally well-dooumented work had limited distr1bution due to restrioted printing. Volume 2 is 1nco.II.Plete.For further intormatlon reter to Historical Branch, G-3 D1vision, Headquarters Marine Corps). (Cited a. I'JCcClellanll). Metcalf, LtCol Clyde B. Hi.torY ~ the United State. Marine ~. Ne. York: G. P. Putnam's 1939. (Cited aa ~altn).

sona,

Middlebrook, Louis F. HistOP: of' Maritime Connectiout the American Revo~ut10n.vOlS. Salem: The Essex fiiatrute,

durm

~925. (Cited as lMiddlebrook").

Morgan, William J. Captains to the Northward. BarreGazette, 1959. (Clte~a~ ROrlson, Samuel J. John Paul Jone8. & Co., 1959. (Cited a8~ri8on"). Boston:

Barre, Nass: Little, Brown

Neeser, Robert w. Historical and Chronological HistorY or tbe Jl. s. Navy, 1175-l.9.Q1_. Vol ll. New York: The JktXillan Company 1909 . (CIt'ed a8 "Keeser II • )
JI

Paull1nJlCharles O. The NeVI of the American Revolution. Cleveland: The Burrows o, ,19~ (Cited as "Paullin'l) Penns~lvan1a Archives, 2d Ser, Vol 15. Arc lvee"). (Cited as "Penn.

..

0

Steward, Robert A. The H1sto~ or V1r~1nia I s I!!!z or the Revolution. Riohmond: RIc ond , 19 3. (Clte-d-asl'Steward").
Many other sources were investigated, suoh 8S, Ben Franklin's Pr1vateers, The Seoret War of Independenoe, Historical Register ot Virginians ~ the Revolution, art1ole. 10 the Naval Inatliute Prooeedings, etc., but unless there was a posit1ve sta emant or evidenoe of the participation ot Amerioan Marine. in a particular event, no entry was made. Some sources used, such as, Maclay!a Histo~ ot ~r1can Privateers ShOlfmany other naval engagemena in whiob one strongly suspect. the involvement of MSrine. but ag81ft positive evidence 18 lacking.

2

!!!:! 1-

A."Il~J£.!n. Marines in the Revolution

(!1I2-178S)

Introduotion Three general classeB ot American Marinep served during the Amerioan Revolut1on--Continental or regular Mar1nea~ Marines ot the colon1al or states' navies and Marines ot the privateers.
j

There were a variety of other types of Marines wbo do not clearly tit into the three general 01a88e80 For example, tbere were Marines who served with Waab1ngto~~8 fleet (!everal vessels ordered by General Washington to be f1tted out to interoept supplies inbound for the Brit1sh around BOBton)0 Theile vessels were ordered by a Continental offieer manned in a large part trom a state regiment (G1GVer~8 Massachusetts Marine Regiment)j and acted as prlvateeramen.
j

The Marines who served with Arnold on Lake Champlain were strIctly speaking "irregulars" who were later given status by acticn ot the Continental Congress. Moat of the Marines who served with John Paul Jonea aboard the Bon Homme Richard were actually Fren~h but in thoBe days, many served as Americans who were not native born. Who can say dogmati= cally tha t all of the ae type B were not u American II _Marines? In any event, they aoted a9 Mar1ne~ ~nd 8S part or American oommands engaged in operations against the ene~o Although no organization 8e ot Marines wa~ author1zed pr10r to 10 November 1775, ~wa8 common pra~t1ce to bave Marine detachments aboard warships of all types. American privateers entered the struggle at an early date~ Their orficers, seamen, and Marines were ~ome ot the earlleBt Amerioana to participate in the war. Before there were &~y Continental warships numerous Marines were serving on ve8aels be~ longing to the colonial or state nav1eao All states had navies except Hew Jersey and Delaware Which only sent out privateers. gun--one Marine" although ships often oarried larger Marine detaohment80 The exaot number of cff1cer3 and men se~ving in the Marine. during the revolution is not known. However.\'5n e.t1mate or their number (total of all types) would be between 12,000 and 15,0000 (MOClel1an~ Vu I Chap IV~ p. 25)~
j

~!f

The rule

of thumb for

assigning

Manlnea

to I!!Ih1~8 wsa "One

3

Date

:ITI2
BATTLES OP LEXDlGTOH AND CONCORD. Existenoe lished by ot 1 July The first
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OPENED WITH THE

19 Apr

of Amerioan Marines 1s estabthe payroll tor the Enter~ri8e which starts with this da e. known Marine offioer waa Lieutenant James Wataon, identified trom this payroll. (MCClellan, v. I, 1st ed •• 2d Sar, Chap III, p. 6). (See entries tor 10 Jun and 1 Ju1). 9
May

At Skenesborough, Lake Champlain, a small Britisb sloop was taken by men trom Arnoldi. rorces. renamed L1bert3' manned with Ballors and Mar1nea~ and aal1e to Ticonderoga. (MCClellan, v. I, 1st ed., 2d Ser, Chap III, p. 4).
TICORDEROGA WAS TAKEH BY IIEI UNDER ETHAIf AU,D ABD BDEDICT AlUJOLD; CROVlf rOllT VAS TAKEI BElT DAY. (MoClell&n ..v. I, lat 8d ... 2d Ser. Chap III, p. 4).
At St. John on Lake CbalIlpla1n,Marine. fro. tb. Liberty under B. Arnold participated 1n the oapture ot a Brit11h sloop whioh waa rell8lledEnterprise and manned witb seamen and Marines trom. the expedition. (NCClellan ..Y. I ..1st ed., 2d Ser ..Chap III, p. 5).

10 IIay

18

Jllay

I.

25 May

The first recorded mention or American Marine. 18 Cited in an aocount which describes e1gbt Conn@cticut Mar1nes escorting .oney tor troopa to AlbanyJ New York, tor further shipment to Ifioonderoga. Theae Marines are otten referred to &8 the "Original Eight. II (MCClellan, v. I, Chap III ..p. 3). A resolut1on ot the Continental Congress brought all Amer1can forces (including Marines) operating at Crown POint, T1conderoga, and on Lake Champlain under control ot CongreB8 and provided that the men would be paid trom 3 Nay. (Metcalf, p. 7). Marines particIpated in the aotion between the ~ty and W.sh1n5ton (Rhode Island WaTT) and e armed tender of the BrIt1sh fri,.t. Rose. (McClellan; v~ I, Chap III, p. 5).
4

10 Jun

15

Jun

1 Jul

The oldest existing record of Continental Marines 1s on a payroll of this date tor period trom 3 May tor the Ent8Mrriae wbioh lists 1 Marine officer and 17 ririea. (Metoalt3 p. 6). The payroll tor the L1bertz has not been found • Marines participated in the oapture of the Tory brig Baney by the §Rl. (Conn. lavy). (Mlddlebrook, VG I, pG 29). The Hannah, the first sh1p in IIWashington'a Pleet," went into continental employ. (Clark, po 3). General Washington ordered troops aboard the Hannah to serve aa offioers, blueJaokets, and Marines on the ship fitted out and equipped at Continental expense. (McClellan, v. I, Chap III (rev),

.lul

24 Aug

p. 7).

7 Sep

Marines pa~tlclpated in the recapture of the unarmed sh1p up1tr by the Hannah (Wash~tont8 fleet) of the Massachusetts coa8t~ (Clark, p , 7). t:lIaethe Continental Congress mentioned Marines was when it directed General Washington to give orders tor the ·Proper enoouragement to the Marines and leamen" who served on two araed vessels under "Continental risque and pay~1I (McClellan, Y. I" Chap III, pG 7). Marine. participated in the action between the ~h (washington'S fleet) and the Brit~loop Hautilu8 ott the Mas.aobusett. coast. (Clark, p. 11). Congress directed two vessels for the regmar lavy be aoquired and fitted out. Perlonnel were also authorizedi since Marines were a normal part of shipe' complements" this i. f1rat authorizat1on or Continental Marinel. (RCClellan, v. I, Chap III, p. 11). Marinea participated in the cafture of a large Brit1.b ship by tba ru!l. Conn. lavy). (Paullin, p. 357).
The tirst

5 Oat

10 Oct

13 Oct

Oct

5

5 Nov

Marines participated in the capture of the British provision vessels POll? and Industry by the Harrison (Washington's leet) otr Boston. (Clark, p , 44). Marines part1cipated in the recapture of the sloop Ranger by the Lee (Washlngton;t fleet) in Massachusetts Bay. (Clark, p . 58),
An organizat1on of Marines was authorized when the Continental Congress made the following reBolutlon~

7

Nov

10 Nov

"Resolved, That two battalions of Marines be raised consisting of one oolonel, two lieutenant-oolonels; two majors, and other officers, as usual 1n ether regiments; that they consiat of an equal number of privatee with other battalions; that particular care be taken that no persons be appointed to ofrice, or enlisted 1nto said battalions, but such as are good seamen~ or 80 acquainted with maritime affairs ao to be able to Berve to advantage by sea when required; that they be enlisted and commiSSioned to serve for and the colonie8~ unless dismissed
of Congress;
and

during the present War with Great Britain that they be distinguished
by

order
by

names of First and Second Battalions of American Mar1nes, and that they be considered as part of the number whIch the Continental Armt before Boston 1s ordered to consist of." was designee to be in addition to Marine ship detaohme~s and was planned for exped1tIonary purposes. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap III~ po 13). 11 Rov Marines part1cipated in the action between the Defence (So Co Navy) and the British ships Tamar and Cherokee at Charleston Soutb CarolIna. {McClellan, v. I, Chap V,
j

It appears that this organization

p. r).

17 Nov

Marines trom the Hanoock and the Frank11n (Wash1ngton B fleet) particIpated in an unopposed landing at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. (Clark, p. 51).
I

6

19 lov

In anllWer to order. trOll. Congre •• to supply personnel tor the Marine organization authorized 10 Hovember General Waahington objeoted that since they il lmuat be aoquainted with marl t1ae afta1rs he would bave to disrupt m&DY organization. in pioking and choosing. (McClellan~ v. I, Chap III (lat Rev), P< 18).
II

in & raId by the Hancock and the Franklin (Waah~ton's fleet) on CanBo Harbor, lova Scotia. (Clark, p. 55).

Rarine. participated

24 Iov

Marines from the Harrison (Washington's fleet) participated in the boarding of a brig within view ot three British warships who subsequently
p. 82).
engaged the Barrillonl' in Boston Bay.

(Clark,

27 IoY
28 Nov

Marines participated in the capture or the sloop Polly by the ~ (Washington's rleet) ort ••E. coast of U. S. (Clark, p. 60). Samuel Nicholas or Philadelphia was commissioned a Captain or Marines by the Continental Congress. His commiaaion was confirmed prior to that ot any other officer ot the Contiaental naval service. (NCClellaD, v. I~ Chap III, p. 10). Rarinea partiCipated in the capture or an ordnanoe transport, the brig RancYJ by the Lee (Washington's fleet) in Massaohusetts ~. (Clark, p. 60). Marines pa~tieipated in the capture ot the ship Concord by the Lee (Washington's fleet) about 30 ~les ort Boston. (Clark p. 61).
J

28

Kov

1 Dec

4 Dec

NBrines were aboard the Washington (washingtonla fleet) when she waB captured by the British frigates Powey and Lively in Massaohusetts Bay. (Clark p. 86),
j

8

Dec

Marines participated in the capture ot the British Bhl~ Jenny and brig Little Hannah by the Lee (Washtngtonia fleet) in Massachusetts Bay. (Clark, p. 91). Marines participated in the capture ot the sloop Betsy by the Lee (Washington'S fleet) 1n MassachUsetts BaY:- (ClarkJ p. 94), 7

17

Dec

24 Dec

Marines participated (Clark ..p.

in the reoapture ot th! sloop BaIly bf the Warren (Washington'. fleet).

96).

Dec

The first Continental

such was a regular Marine detachment placed on board the Cabot. (Metcalf, p. 12).

Marine unit formed aa

25 Jan

Marines participated 1n the capture ot the British ships Happy Return and Norfolk by the Hancock (Washington1s fleet) 1n Massachusetts Bay. (Clark, p. 112). At New Providence Island in the BahamasJ Capta1n N1cholas and a battalion ot Marines and sa1lors landed from Commodore Hopkins' squadron ..seized the fort, and captured stores tor Washington's Army. This was the first amphibious landing by Continental Marines. (McClellanJ v. I, Chap V, p. 8). Marines participated in the action between Manle~'8 squadron (tour sh1ps ot Washington's fleet) and the British brig ~)pe in Massachusetts Bay. (Clark, p. 12 •
Marines partic1pated in the capture of the British ship Susannah by Manley1s squadron (Washington's fleet) in Massachusetts Bay. (Clark, p. 126).

3 Mar

5 Mar

6 Mar

10 Mar

Marines participated in the capture of the British ship Stakesby by ManleylB squadron (Wa8h~tonls fleet) off Cape Ann. (Clark, p. 127>Marines from the Defence (Md~ Havy) assisted in dr1v1ng ott boats from the Brit1sh ship Otter in the Patapseo River. (McClellan,

Mar

v.

I,

Chap V, p. 10).

2 Apr

Marines in three ships ot Manley's qquadroD (Washington's fleet) participated 1n the capAnn.

ture of the British brig Elizabeth oft Cape
(Clark ..p. 130).

4 Apr

Marines participated in the action between the Columbus (Hopkins' squadron) and the British 8ohooner Hawke otf Long Is1and. (Morgan, p. 43) .. (Reeser, p. 24). 8

5 Apr

Marines participated 10 the act10n between the Alfred- (Hopkins' squadron) and the British bomb brig Bolton oft Block Island. (Morgan, p. 43), (Heeaer, p~ 24).
Harmel participated in the oapture ot a British brig by the Columbus (HoPkina~ squadron) otf Long I.land~ (Morgan, p. 43).

5 Apr

5 Apr 6 Apr

Marines participated in the capture or a British Iloop by the Cabot (Hopkins' squadron) otf Long Island. (Morgan, p. 43). Marines partioipated in the action between the Alrred and Cabot of Hopkins' squadron and the British frigate Gla8gow ofr Long IBland; 17 Marine. were killed or woundedo The r1rst officers ot the Continental Marines to be killed in action met their death during th1s naval engagement. (McClellanJ v. I, Chap V, p. 9), Marines participated in the action between the Lexington and the British tender Edward orf the Virginia Capes. (MCClellan, v. f,
Chap VJ p~ 11)"

7 Apr

7

Kay

Rarines participated in the oapture of tbe British brigs Jane and Wl11iaa by the Hanoook (WaBh1ngtonls fleet) in Masaachusettl Bay. (Clark, p. 143) ~ Marines (Penna. British Delaware p~ IS}" from the Reprisal and the Monttomery Navy) in small boats attacked ~e ships Roebuck and Liverpool in the Rlver~ (MCClellan, v~ I, Chap V,

8

May

9 May

Marines participated in the capture ot the Br1t1sh brig Betsef by the Waap at Christiana Creek, Delaware? Mee.er, p. 284). Marine. participated in the capture or the armed BritiRh transport Hope by the Frankl1n (Waah1~ton~8 fleet) ort Boston. (Clark,

7 lIay

p. 144) ~

3

May

Ma~1nes partIcipated in the aotion between the Franklin (Waah1ngtonfs tleet) and boats ot tbe British shipe Renown and Experiment in Massachusetts Bay" (Clark, PQ 148). 9

20 May

Marine. participated in the captu~e or the sloop Lite Guard by the Defenoe (Conn. Wavy). (lUdd.lebrook, v, I, p. 4;-Y:--MariDe. participated in the capture ot two British brigs and one sloop br the Andre •. Doria ott Providence, R~ I. (Keeser, p. 284). Marinea part1cipated in the capture of the Br1tilb ship True Blue by the Cabot otf Nantucket Shoals. -rMQrgan, p. 60), (Nee.er,
p. 284).

21 "1'

30 May

Marines ~rtlcipated Carberus.
the

m (Conn.

(Middlebrook, v. I, p. 29).

Jlavy) and the British

in

the action between
sbip

3 .Tun 6 lun 9

Mar1ne8 part1cipated in the capture or two Britilh transports by tbe Andrew Dorta ott Jfewt'oundland. (Keeser, p. 281i). -~Marines participated 1n the oapture ot the British tranaport Anne by three ship. or Waah1Dgton'a tleet ott Boaton. (Clark, p. 155). Marine. part1cipated in the aotion between the BaDoock (WaBb1DgtoR'S fleet) and two British transports otr Boaton. (Clark, p. 158). Rar1ne. part1cipated 1D the aotion between a ship or Washington'. tleet and the British transport Mermaid o~rBoston. (Clark, p. 158). Marines part10ipated in the action bet_eeD tbe ~a.nnioide (Mase , lavy) and. the British ~ooDer Despatoh. (Macl~, p. 140). Marines partioipated in the action between the Detence (Conn •• avy) plus tive shipe ot Washington'. tleet and the Br1t1.h transport George and in the capture or the British br1gant1De Annabella 1D Ma••acbu.etta Ba7.
(Clark, p. 162).

Jun

12.Tun

13

Jun

16

Jun

18 JUD

Marine. partioipated 10 the oapture ot the Br1ti.b transport Lord Howe ort Boaton by the Derenoe (Conn. lfavy) aDd t1ve .b1~.or Washington'. rleet. (Clark, p. 164).
10

25 Jun

V, p. 20).

Captain Samuel R1ohola. was p~amoted to rank ot II&Jor of Marine.. (JlcClellan, v , I, Chap otficers are liated on the ap~o1nt1ng order ot th1s date. (COllua, p. 23).
Sixteen other Continental Plarirlil

27 lun
1 hl

Marine. participated

in the aet10D be~ween the Hancock and the Br1tisb frigate Fox ott the I.Wtoundland Banks. (Oollua, p."25).

Marines partioipated in the oapture ot the brig John by the Defence (Conn. Navy). (M1ddlebrook, v~ I, p. 45).
DBCLARATIO)f OF IHDEPENDElfCE.

4 lul 6 luI

Marines part1cipated
p. 46) ~

in the aotion between tbe Saohem and a Brit1sh letter-ot-marque ott Delaware Bayo (Beeser, p. 24), (Barney,

11 Jul

Marine. partICipated in the capture of the Briti8h ship Nathaniel and Elizabeth by tbe Andre. Doria in the· Atlant1c Ocean. (Hee8er, p. 284) • JariDe. participated 10 the capture ot the BrltlBh brig Friendship by the Repriaal. (Heeser, p. 284). Marines partiolpated in the oapture 01' the B~t18h schooner Peter by the Reprisal. (Keeser, p~ 284). Marine. partioipated 1n the action between the Repr1sal and the British ship Shark oft Martinique. (MCClellan~ v. I, Chap V~ p. 35)~ (lleeser,p. 4).
Marilles partiCipated in the oapture 01' the ~1t1Bh ship PeggY by the Hancock and the

11 luI 13 hl

27

Jul

21 Jul

Pranklin (Washington's fleet) eaat of Cape AftftQ (Clark, po 176)~ 29 Jul Marines partiCipated in tbe action between the Lex~ton and the Britisb sloop ~ Susan o the Chesapeake Bay. (Clark (2),
p ..

99).

11

Jul

Marines part1cipated 1n the Warren (Washington's armed British transport Isle of Sable. (Clark,

the action between fleet) and the Unity south ot the p. 177).

Jul Jul Jul 3 Aug

Marines participated in the oapture ot the British vessel Neptune by the Reprisal. (Reeser, p. 284). . Marines partiCipated in the oapture ot the Iriah vessel Duchess of Lelnster by the Reprisal. (Heeser, p:-284). Marines partioipated in the capture ot the British ship G1a8gow by the Tyrannioide (Masa. xavy). (Maolay, p. 140). Marines partiCipated in the aotion between three row-galliea (Conn. Navy) and the British ships Phoenix and Rose in the Hudson River. (McClellan, v. I, Chap V, p. 13). Marines participated in the capture of the Britiah brigantine Perkins by the Hancock and the Franklin (Washington's fleet) about 600 miles east of the Virginia capes.
(Clark, p. 178).

4 Aug

6

Aug

Marines participated in the capture of the British ship Ni11f Frigate by the Hancock and the Frankl n Waahington's fleet) about 600 ~les east ot the Virginia capes. (Clark, p. 179). Marines partiCipated in the capture of five British sugar-ships by the Columbus orf the N.E. coast of the U. S. (MOrgan, pa 64). Marines partiCipated in the capture of the British ships Hannah and Klizabeit and the HOPi by the ~ (Conn:-Wavy). (~ddlebroOk,
v.
,p.

10 Aug

22 Aug

29).

26

Aug

Marines participated 1n the action between the Warren (Washington'S floet) and the British frigate Liverpool oft Mass8chuaetts Bay. (Clark, p. 180).

12

27 Aug

Marines participated in the capture at the British brigantine Br1tannia by the sloop Prov1dence off the H.E. coast of the U. S. (Morison, p. 62), (Heeser, p. 284) Marines partioipated in the capture of the British ship Royal Excree by the COJ.umbus off the N.E. coast of t e U. S. (Morgan, p , 64). Marines participated in the capture ot the British ship by the Andrew Doria off the I.E. coaa 0 the U. S. (Reeser, p. 284).

29 Aug

Aug Aug Aug

rOI~

~~~~iy~ fn8)Tiir-arin1clde ~~

Marines participated in the capture or the Br1tish br~ St. John and the schooner Three
(Mass< Navy).

(Near the end of August) Marines part10ipated in the capture of the Br1tish sloop BjiSY by the Lex~ton NoE. of Cape Charles. eeser, p. 284), Clark (2), p. 101). Marines participated in the action between the Bloop Providence and the British frigate Solebay otf Bermuda, (Morison, p. 62), MBrines partioipated in the recapture or the sloop Betsey by the Lee (Washington'S fleet) south ot Cape Sable~--rClark, p. 181). Marines partiCipated in the oapture of the Br1tish brigantine Sea ~ by the Providence ott the H.B. coast or-the-UG S. (Morison, p. 63).
By

1 Sep
2 Sep

3 Sep

5 Sep

order of the Marine COJllDli ttee.. a uniform for Marine officers was adopted: "green coat faced with white ••••" (COllum ..p. 24).

6 Sep
20 Sep

Marines part1cipated 1n the capt~re ot the British brigantine Favourite by the sloop Providence. (MoriDon ..p. 63).

Marines partioipated in the aotion between

the sloop Providenoe and the British trigate Milford. (Allen ..p. 119). Marines partiCipated in a raid by the sloop Providence on Canso Harbor, Hova Scoti •• (Allen, p. 120), (Ror1aon, p. 64).

22 Sep

13

22 Sep

MMr1n •• part1cipated in the oapture ot tbe Br1t1ab .hip Sally by the Detence (Oonn. Ravy). (Middlebrook, v. If p. 45). Marines trom the sloop Provldenoe partioipated in a raid on Ie1e Mad ... , lava SCotia. (Mor110n" p. 65). Marinel participated in the oapture ot tour Jama1camen by the Cabot ott the West Ind1e ••

23 Sap

27 Sep

(Morgan, p~ 01).

2 Cot

V.at Indie..
:3 oct 4 Oat 5 Oot 9 Oct
11 Oct

ill the capture Br1t1.h brig Clarendon by tbe Cabot

Marine. participated

(leeser, p. 284).

ot the oft t~e

Marille. partloipated in the captureot the schooner Sall{ b~ the Le~ (Waahington's tleet) ott X.E. ooaa of the U. S. (ClarkJ p. 182).
Jllar1nell participated in the capture ot a British ship by the ~8E ott the H.E. co.st ot the U. S. (Meeser, p. 284) •

.. rae. partioipated 1Jl the capture or the British brig Georgiana by the Cabot ott the West Indies. (Morgan, p. 61), (Neeaer, p. 284). Mar1aes participated in the capture ot an unknown v•• sel b7 the §RZ (COIm. "V7). (JI1d41ebrook, v. I, p. 30).

Marine. partic1pated in the action between t1eet and the British Oft Lake Champlain (Battle ot Va10our ISlarad). (NOC1ell&D, v. I, Chap VJ p. 19).
Arnoldi.

13

Dot

Marine. partiCipated in tbe action betw.en Arnoldls tleet and the British on Lake
Champlain (Battle

tinued.)

(MCClellan, v. I, Chap V) p. 19).
in the oapture ot til. by the Hancook and the

ot

Valcour

leland

con-

Pranklin

Karmes partioipated Br1t1ah brig L1~e1Y 16g) .

(v•• hington's fleet).

(Clark,

p.

Oot

Marine. partioipated in the capture or the brig Elisabeth by the Lee (Wash1ngtonta tIeet). (Cla~k, p. 1$9). ---

14

Oct

Franklin (Wfih1.ngt~tlI8tieet)~ 189) •
10 Xov

brigantine

Marines participated in the capture ot the TrIton by the Hancock and tbe

(Clark, p.

Marines participated in the oapture ot the British brig Active by the Alfred and the sloop Providence ott Ca~e Breton~ (Morgan, p. 58), (XeeBer, p. 284). Marines participated in the capture ot the British br1g Mellish by the Alfred and the sloop Providence ott Cape Breton. (Morgan,
p. 28).

12 Hov

16 Rov

Marines partioipated in the capture o~ the British anow Kitty by the Alfred and tbe sloop Providence orf the HoE. coast of'the U. S. fNeeser, p. 284), (Mor1.on, p. 80). Marines participated in • raid on Canso Harbor and the capture ot a British transport b~ the A1fred. ,.eeser, p. 284), (MOrison, p. 80). Marines partIcIpated in the capture or the British ships Surprise" BetfY" and PDll~ bf the Alfred at Isle Royal. Meeser, p.84},

22 Roy 24 lov

eXorlaon" p. 81).

.

25 Rov

MariDes participated in the oapture ot the British letter-ot-marque John by the Alfred ott 18le Royalo (MOrleon" po 81). Marines participated 1D the oapture or the BrItish ahip 8aa by the Independence. (Meeser, po 2BOTo Marine. participated 1n the capture or • British yr1vateer by the Alfred orr Iale Ro,yal. MeeBer~ po 286).
Br1t1ab brigs by the Re~r1.al en route to France. (Keeser, p. 28 ).

26 Mov
30 Roy Boy Xov

Marines part1cipated

in

the capture

or

two

Marines partio1pated in the action between the III and a British sh1p or ships ott the New Jersey ahore. (Morgan~ p. 56).

15

9 Dec
12 D~~

~t"1ne" p&l"tio:'t;/Itit.ea in thft 8ot1on between t;he Alf'redTI:~'ld L;h.e Br:'.i.tish frigate .Ml1torG. (jYiOL,i_uoy;':- p. eft) ,.

Marines laz~('"ed from the .lJancoak (Penna.
a~ _~U;lingto~{ New Jersey. CbB) II, p. 2.3J.
8.f3.

(MCClel1illl,

Hav,y ) v. I,

25 Deo Dec
Dec

'h-Aj~lton

Marine. participated 1n the 1st Battle ot (~~Clellan, v. I, Chap V, p. 25).
v81'1't of 'Washington f 8 foroes.

~~r1n~B participated in the act10n between the !nd~_ Doria and the British _hip Ra~horae. ott Puerto Rl·oo. (Barney, p. 47T.

British snow by the Aadrew Dor1a orr the coast of the U. S. (Beeser, p. 286),
(Barney,
p. 47).

Marines partIcipated

in the capture or a

Dec

Ma.r1neu partictp .. r.ed in the capture ot two British Ba'h.coner~ by the ~~8p oft the X.E.
0088t

of ·the lJ.

b~

(Neeser,

p. 286).

1777
2 Jan Marine battalion under Major Samuel Nioholas plua other Marine co~ie8 participated in 2d Battle of Trenton (~SBaDP1nk)as part or Washington's torces. (McClellan, v. I, Chap

V, p. 28).

3 Jan

Mar1ne battalion under Major Nicbolas plU8 other Marine companies partioipated in Battle ot Princeton as part of Washington's rorce8.
(MCClellan~ v. I, Chap V, p.

29).

5 Feb

Marines participated in the action between the Reprisal and the British sh1p, Swallow Chap V, p. 31), (Neeser, p. 286).
1n

the

Bay

ot

B18cay~

(MCClellan,
Army

v. I,

20 Feb

Mar1ne8 with Washingtonls Marines participated
.
in

and returned to their ahips. v. I, Chap V, p. 30).

(McClellan,

were w1thdrawn

8 Mar

frigate Levant.
p. 34).

the Montgomery(Penna.

the act10n between and the British (McClellan, v. I, Chap V.
Navy)

16

12 Mar

Marinee; partio1.pated
bark ~d:t!l

(Middlebrook,

by

v , !? p .. ~5).
by
VO

the ~

1.n the aapt.i.!J.:",,* of the (CQA':J'L 18\"Y')
<

16

Jlar

Marines part1c;lpa-ted

scnoonerim.ne

(Middlebrook,-

the
I,

,-:'-45-l:--

1,:'0 'the 1~:;a~t1.ll"e pi ~~t! J)~j--'!'jt.1Qe (CO!Ul. 1'8.'''-'71.

20 Mar

Marines part1cipated L-:~ the action between the Defeqge (Corm H.~7:r) and t,h~ UT,\\tt~:rl'.Jh1p 2£2s.. (MoCt;)llan, v . Ib ctd;i~ V p. JO)~ (~ddlebrook, v. I, p. ~5).
j

23 Mar

Marines part.:t(~ j"pa tf""~'-' ~ th'f'!' ~) t-l "':~.bat<);·~, :,;'): the CapEt al>J.G t:}:te ,-:'; :< ,-,:Lli~;' ';,_';:i','-' J.f •. H·(L

brook~ v. II, ~, 153J

(~cClellan,

'1_

I., {)h"~';''ii~ pu

:

-'·t~idd..L

Mar
Mar

Marines partIcipated
West ·Indies

snow John

by

:L:}. the caJ:lttt:I'~ Got r~he the Mosquito (VI:L N':a,vy) inti:Ae
(Ste-.ra,rd .• p. 35).

0

Marines part:tc ipa ted 1:r;,the capture 0:(: '~h~ Br 1.t1Bh tl"a~apoT'~~.&_0 r!1: by ~~e. t5P8~U:t ~~ : Navy) in th .....We" ... jJ~Oj_-.=1. 1 \ ••• ~wa1" , V • ,oJ ) Marines participated

,t:'!.a.

"

13 Apr

schooner
(Clark)

po

Hawke

211)"

by

tbe J.'!..e (waa~.1ngtr;,j.·J'.~ :t"loe'?t).
in the

in the ~~:r~;'\1re 'Of' ~.;·he

15 Apr

Marines

British t:lhip Terrible;, Chap V, p~ 34)0

the American p~lvateer RtRlnz ~
:1.93. ted

partIcipated

.s-.I::.t1on betw:a~n
and thp v. I.~

M,cCle11an,

19 Apr

armed transport.!S by th~ ,~rrtlffibu.ll,,, (~C Le 1.1an, v. I, Chap V, p. 34), {Morgan; pc 77}o
Marine!! participated in the C.8pt;uC'e 01" the snow Swlft by the Q_~;fenoe (Con-~., Nary) ~

Marine B partie

in th~

-::a 'Ptllr~e ~,f t·.,o

20 Apr

(M1ddlebrook) v~ I, p:-45).
eWf'oundl.and Banks

3

Nay

on the 11 May

lIarlneB participated in the captur"e of the sloop ,taey by the Lee (wall}ingtonis fleet)
0

!Clark,

p. 211L

fleet) on the Newfoundland Banka~
p. 211).

Marines participated 1n the cayture of the brigantine Charles by the ,~ \Washingt"n's

(Clark,

17

19 JIa7

Jllar1ne. were aboard the ~ (Wash1DgtoD t • tleet) when ahe was ·captUiea-by the British ship Beudroyant in tbe Bay ot Biscay. (Clark, ,. 200). Rarine. participated in the capture of a ...11

29 Jlay

brig

(lierle, ,.

by

tbe ..,coo~

31

"7

88,.

and

~'}OD ott "as.abuaetta.

Marine. partioipated in the oapture ot two Britisb br1gant1ne.J the Capelin and the Indu~~by tbe Lee (Washington'• fleet) on the Wewtoundland Banks. (Clark, p. 211).
when ahe valli c.vt~Jrad by the Bri t1.b Ariadne. ( SttliWl"4 J P~ 37).

JllarinefJ w~r~ aboard the ~Jigulto (va. :wavy)
ab1p

7

Jun.

Rar1nes partieipated in tbe action between tbe BABcock and the ~aton and tbe Br1t1ab frigate Pox ott the • s. coast. (ROrsan~ p. 88). IlATIOMAL ,LAG.
COIORBSS ADOPl'ED THE STARS AlID STRIPES AS 'l'RB

14 Jun 19 Jun

MariDe. participated 1D the capture ot three Br1t1sh sh1ps by the Reprlsal, Lext::ton, and Dol~b1n oft the coaat ot Europe. ..eaer, p. 136).
Jlar1nea participated in the capture at tour British sblps by tbe Re,rl.al, LextlrtODJ aD4 Do11h1n ott tbe coaat 0 Europe. ee.er, p. 86).

20 Jun

21 J'un

Marines particlpated Brit1sh bark John ~ EUrope.
Leltington

in

r

Xesaer, p. 286) •

anTD'Olpli-in

~.

0

the capture or the by the Reprllal,
the co.st
0

22 Jun

....r1ne8 partic1pated in the capture ot the British brigs Oraystoak and Favorite by the Reprisal, Lexington, and Dolph1n ott the coaat

ot Europe.

(xeeser, p. 286).

23 JurI

p.

Mar1nes participated in the oapture ot three British ships by the Re~r~l, Ltxtngtqp, and Dol»h1n ott tbe coaat 0 opec Reeser,

286).

18

Jua.

"riDea participated in the aotion bet.en the .loop Providence and four Britisb .a1pa ott S&ndJ Book. {MOrgan p. 81)G
l

6 lul 7 Jul 8 Jul 19 Ju1

MariDe. partic1pated in the capture of an old ooal Bloop by the Hancock oft the coa.t

ot the U.

Sd

(Morgan, p. 90).

Karin •• participated in the action bet.een the Hancock and tt~ British sh1p Rainbow otf tbe U. So coast. (MOrgan, p. 90). Marines partie 1pa ted 111 the t3t\pture of the brigantine Honour by the 011v~~ Cr.Qmwell

(conn. NavyY.

(MiddlebrOOk,

v. II p.

80).
G

Marine. part10ipated in the capture ot t~e British ship Restoration by the 011ver
Cro_ell

p. 86). 27 hI
Jlarine.

( COJUl. Navy ) •

"(JUddlebrogk "-v

I ..

partioipated in the capture ot the ship !ferguson by the A2z (Conn. Navy). (Riddlebrook" v. II p. 31).

28 lul Aug
29 Aug

Marine. part1cipated in the capture or tbe ship Werro~h b7 the Dllver Cro.. el~ (Conn. "vy). N1ddlebrook~ v. I, p. 86). Narinea participated in the capture of a ..all achooner en route to Ha11fax by the Raleigh and the Alfred. (JIorgan , p. 98).
BritiBh

Banks.

Marine. participated in the oapture ut the brig Industr10us Bee by the 14!. (WaShington'. fleet) eaat ot the Hewroundland
(ClarkI p. 213.

30

Aug

Mar1ne. participated in the capture or the British SftOW Lively by the Lee (Wa8h1ngtonf~ tleet) eaat of tbe Rewtoundland Banks.
(Clark" p. 213).

2 Sep

Marine. participated in the capture ot the BritiBh anow laney by tbe Raleigh and the Altred. (.ee.er~ p. 286). Mar1n~a partio1pated in the act10n between tbe Rale1gh and tbe British Ship, Druid. (~Cleilan, VO I, Chap VI p. 34).

4 Sap

19

... 8ep

South Carolina Navy ott Charleston. p. 286).
10 Sep JlariDea partioipated Dol¥h1n b7 the ~ Y. , p. 31).

Marine. partioipated in the capture ot six abip. by the Randolph and tour ships ot tbe

(Neeaer,

in the capture ot the (Conn. lfavy). (Middlebrook,

_

14 sap

Marine. were aboard the Reprisal wben ahe .ailed from St. lalo, Prance, and was never heard ot again. (MaClellan, v. I" Chap V, p. 35). Marine. parti01pated in the action between the Lexington and the British shlp Alert and were captured with the Lex1ne;ton. (MaClellan, v. I" Chap V, p. 34), (Morgan, p. log). Marines participated In the capture ot two Brltish ships bf the Raleigh and the Allred. (Morgan" p. 101). Marine. part1cipated in the ca~ture ot the brigantine Dolph1n by the Lee (Washington t I!I tleet). (Clark, p. 214). --Marines were aboard the ~ when she returned to llarblehead, ending the last cruise ot a sbip of Waahington's tleet. (Clark, p. 214). Mar1ne. aboard sh1ps ot the Continental fleet under Capta1n Robinson, USN, partioipated in the deren~e or Fort M1ttlln, Pennsylvania, Which action began 1 Oct and was oul1m1nated in attacks this date. (CollU., p. 31). Marine. partic1pated in the oapture ot the Brit1sh brig ~ by the Ranger. (Reeser,
p. 286).

22

sap

Bep
1 Oct

26 Oct
15 Rov

23 NOT 25 lIov

Marines participated British brig George
p. 28610

in the capture by the Ranger.

of the (Heeser,

Rov
Dec

Marines participated in the action between the sloop Prov1dence and a British prlvateer ott Charleston. (Morgan, p. 82). Marines partiCipated in the capture ot a Br1t1sh ship by the Resistance ln the Atlantio Ocean. (Morgan, p. 112).
20

lUS
10 Jan

A ooapany ot Marine. under Captaiu Ja.e. Willing lett 70rt Pitt (Pitt.burS) in the armed boat Ratt1etr:f tor an expedition to Ifew Orlean.. (lOcI. lan, v. I, abap VI, p. 30). (Betora 15 Jan) Jlar1ne_ part10ipated 1D. the capture ot & British pr1yat ••r _loop b7 tb. Resistance ott Soutb Carolina. (Morsan".

118).

27 Jan

Chap VI, p. 1).

At New Prov14once I.land in the Bab· ... , Marine. and. seamen !rom the .lol)p Pl"ov!deMe landed and ae1ze4 the rort.~ fbi •• a. tbe--t1rDt time the "starn and Stripe." appeared over a tore~ stronghold. (NOClell&n, v. I,

3 reb 4
liar

Marine. partioipated in the oapture b, t.."t1'1 Rattletrap or two Frenoh trading vem~el. near Port Gage on the Ohl0. (~.on~ p~ _02).

Marines partioipated in the aatlon between the R.Distance and a British letter-or- .. rque in the West Indie.. (Morgan, p. 118). Marine. partioipated to the action between the Randolph and the Briti8h ship Yaraouth.

7 Mar 7 Nar

(Mcclellan, v. I, Chap VI, p. 4).

Jlarinea of the sunken Etringham Joined Barry in amall boata in a spectaeular oapture ot two BritiSh ships Merma1d and Kjtt{ and later the Britisb schooner Alert ott or Penn near Philadelphia. (McClellan, v. I, Chap VI, p. 4), (Clark (2), p. 148). Marines partioipated in the aot1on between the Alfred and the Rale1gh and the British ships Ariadne aDd Ceres. (McClellan, v. I,
p. 5) ~

9 Mar

Chap VI, 11 Mar

Marines part101pated in the aotion betweeD the poston en route to Prance and the British ship Martha. (McClellan, v , I, Chap VI, p. 5). Marines participated 1n the capture ot • Briti8h ship by the Warren ott Bermuda.
(Mc~gan, p. 127).

Mar

21

Mar
Ilt Apr

Marines part1cipated 1n the oapture ot • British,anow by the Warren ott Beraw1a.. (Mo~ganJ p. l27). Marines partic1pated in the capture or the Brit1sh brig Dolphin by the Ranger ott Cap.
Clear~ (Morison, p. 135).

15 Apr

Marines part1c1pated in the action between the 011ver Cromwell (Conn. Navy) and the British letter-ot-ma~ue Admiral ~Rel and between the Defence (Conn. Wavy) £be British letter-at-marque C,ruS. (NOelellen, v~ I, Chap VIJ p. 7).
Marines part1cipated in the capture ot the British ship Lord Chatham by the ~ 1ft St. George'. Cb8nnel. (Morilon, ~).

18 Apr
19 Apr
20 Apr

Marines partioipated

in the act10n between the ~er and the Britisb ship Hussar ott the r ish Isles. (Mor1son, p. 137).

Marine. partic1pated in the capture and .inking ot a British 8chooner by the Rapger ott the ooast ot Ireland. (Mor1.on, P. 138).

Marines participated 1n tbe capture at a British sloop by the Ranger orr the co.at at Ireland. (ReeBer, p. 288).
Marines participated in the oapture or the British ship ~ by the Detence (Conn. Navy). (Middiebrook, v. I, p. 45). Marines from the Ranger JOined Captain John Paul Jones, USN, and sailors in a landing at Wh1tehaven, England. (MoClellan, v. I, Chap VI, p~ 9). Marines and aailora t'roa the H!!E!r. land.ed. at St. Mary 18 Isle, ~land. - (XC-C-lellan,

20 Apr

22 Apr

23 Apr

v. I, Chap VI, p. 10).

24 Apr

Marines participated in the aotion between the Ranger and the Sr1 tiah sloop Drake ott the coast of England. (Collua, p. 34).

22

25 Apr

Marin •• participated in tbe capture of tbe Brltl.b brig Patience by the BIB&!£ ott tbe ooa.t or Ireland. (Ie er, p~-26BT. •• Marine. partioipated in the aotlon bet•• en the frigate Providence and the Br1t1sb tr~.t.
Lark in Maragan8ett

30 Apr Nay 31 May

Ba,...

(Morgan, p. 129).

(Betore 26 Kay) Marines partic1pated. in the capture ot a British br1g bf the Providence while eD rout. to Franc'e. (Xorgan, p. 129). Nar1ae. participated in tbe actioD between the Amer1can privateer ~eliC. and the Brltiab
p. 14).

tr1Sate

Andromed.a.. (Il10

ellan,

Y ..

I .. Chap VI,

19 .lun
21 Jun

Marine. partioipated in the oapture of the Britlab brig John and aebecca by the ~ ott the British Is1.s. (MOrgan, P. 133J~~ Marin •• part1cipated 1n the capture ot the Britisb S100~8 TO~S ReveOfe and Ranger bJ the Detence (Conn~ avy) .JU.ddlebrook, v. I,
p.

45).

23 J\UI 25 Jun
Jul.

Marine. participated in the capture ot • British brig Britann1a by tbe Boaton ott tb. Brit18h 181e.. (Heeser, p. 288). Jllar1nea part101pated in the eapture o~ a Br1tish brig Elizabeth by tbe Boston ott the BrItish Isle8~ (Ieaser, p. 288). Marines partioipated in the capture or • British brig by the General Oatesa (MOrgAD,
p. 141).

7

AUB

Rarlnea part1cipated 1ft the action between the .loop Providenoe and an armed Br1t1ab transport ott lova SCotia. (Jilorgan, •• 118). Whipple.' .~uadron partioipated in the capture of the Brit1sh brig Sallr nile en route fro. France to Amer1oa. (Ii.ser, p. 288), (MOrgan, p. 136).
Marine.

24 Aug

or

28 Aug

was captured

Marine. were aboard the Resistance when abe by Br1t11h ldiIrai squadron ott the U. S. coast. (Morgan, p. 121).

low.-.

23

:liug

fik,r1nea

partioipated 1.a the oapture of' a Br1t1.h schooner b,v the General Oat ••• (MO'rgan, p. 141).

Aug 9 Sep 16 5ep

Marinel partioipated 1ft tbe actlon between the General Qatea and • Brltl&b letter-otmarque brtg MOntague. (Morgaa., p. 141). Marine. participated in the capture of the Briti8h brig Fr1ends by Vblpplel •• qua4roR.
(Heeler, p.

288).

Marine. participated in the capture ot the Br1tlah snow Adventure b.Y Whipple's squadroft.
(.Jlae ii~'t', P • 2"Bd1 :'~

.

?7 Sep

M6r1ne~ partlelp.te~ 1~ the action bet•• en the Raleigh and tbe Briti.h _hip. ~icora and Exper~nt ort Penobscot Bay. Clark (2), p. 1 5 •

Oct

Marine. participated in the capture ot tbe British br1e M1d.a~bY the Oliver Cro.. ell (Conn. Kavy). (M! lebrook, v. t, p. 86).

1:11!l
Mar (Betore 16 Mar) Capta1n Robert George, with ~ compa~ ot 40 Marines, prev10usly Willing's Company (W1lling having remained in Rew Orleans), arrived at Kaskaskia to Join George Rogers Clark in his campaigns against the Indian •. (English, p. 356, 576). Marines partlc1pated in the capture ot a British privateer by Hopkins' squadron orr Cape Henry. (Neeser, p. 288). Marines part10ipated in the action between the American privateer Hampden and & British letter-ot-marque. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap VI,
p. 14).

Mar

Mar

31 Mar

r

Marinea participated in the aotion between the Tn"ann1oide (Mass. Navy) and the British rivateer brig Revenge. (Paullin, p. 345),
Maolay , p. 140).

24

6 Apr

Marines participated in the capture ot the armed Brit1sh schooner Hibernia by Hopkins' squadron off cape HenryG (Morgan, p. 157), (Beeser, p. 288). Marines participated in the capture of seven British vessels by Hopkins' squadron otf Cape Henry. (Morgan, p. 157)0 Marines participated in the capture of a British privateer by the General Gate. and a Massachusetts Hav,y brig. (Morgan, p. 162). B1rat known marksmanship tra1ning exeout~4 by Marines at Nantasket Beach. (Ellsworth). Marines partioipated in the aotion between the frigate Providence and the British br1gantine Diligent otf Sandy Hook. (MaClellan,

7 Apr
Apr

Apr
7
May

v. I, Chap
25 JIay

VI, P. 15), (Morgan~ p. 162).

Marines participated in the oapture ot the British sohooners St. Georee, ~, Bazard~ and the sloop York by the liver Cromwell (Conn. Navy). -rM1ddlebrook, v. II, p. 86). Marines partioipated in the aotion between tbe American privateer General Arnold and the Britisb privateer Hanny. (Metcait, p. 24).

3 .TUn

Oeorgefs Marines apparently disbanded and dispersed among George Rogers Clark's torcesa (Penn. Archives, p~ 658)0 Marines partioipated in the aotion between the Oliver Cromwell (Conn. Navy) and a superior Br1tish forceo (Paullin, Pg 370). Marines part1cipated in the oapture or three British ships by the Boston and the Confederacy off the ~d-Atlant1Q coast of U. SG (MOrgan~ p. 164), (Keeser, p. 288). Marines part10ipated in the capture or ten British ships by WhiPflel& squadron orf the
Kewtoundland Bank.. Morgan, p. 167),

5Jun
6Jun

18 Jul

(Reeser, p. 288).

24 Jul

Marines

tl"om the !Yrannic1de (Mass. Navy) landed on Fox Island in Penobsoot Bay J' Maine, tor reconnaissance purposes. (McClellan, v. I,
Chap VI, p.

20).

25

26 Jul

Jfar:1neAl tt"t)l\~rJ.t}.Yl

Brtt'J

Continent~l Yia",,~r ;p<~ ,"i:i:' "I,"-"I! on Etl¥1!;::~:r~j_"J'''_d" -"'~1,
i,_O;

.'1fe~m~lfl1,iP~1ieJlt
:1 '",.

~1>;"

P,l"GlaLtl;,.',

Cb,up VIjI p.

]h:t":t~li)lan4.4 Habit, ac.iaat
21}.

(botla

28 luI

Marines and Army troops landed on Ma.1arb1guyduce Peninsula on the ma.tnl.and in operations against the Br-l tish at Peno bsc D t 'Pay Maine (MoCIe 1180,
I
$

v , T, C'n? 'n vI."

p"

,:,)1

~

14 Aug

~.r-. 7.h~-·9f.1-"~~b~i"~'f,;-i:, ~v CI'o~ .•.
~~l:r~.:C; ..

*)}:Li1.H'~~;·.l itt 'ff:I' "', ""'-4'"' v,,,,~~~!t)arked. U1d retreat" >J:;':-:~_-.':~::" '--"~ ..•..~~.~~ fl-.t .Q~'-, 1:·1 <!1b ;~.i Lt~_ :!-~·,t::_., ,,_,,,.,, I->.f,', :hq!j}~" "1 ~ I_, Chap 'ttl ~ ~~. ,-: .',
-t~l,..;:;':~_,;J ...
~.:I':".

,.'!I-.'."

.'

' ..

,....,..

1iiJ

21 Aug

~1'1:,"tef'

;',,','_.%

"

," .,;~" t;!i ):""

Ert tlah
th;f;;

Q (HI!I. ,~t

-J'-' \~~C~;

(~f,:t,{~ ~!~~,~,:~,

!j)~}~t',

;'

:_ '>;'i~'~'l"'~:. ;:'

,_., ....~. :

'.'}f 1~he ~HKn·HdI"Ou. 9ft 20Rl).

31 Aug

Nal'lne~

Brit:t~ll
the

~h1pBet.~~, ,r;.? QoeJJ~. n_1" ~Q";"'''t)~.f;".

pJ;j,('!~;1t):t.r;at;0:(!> tl!t"l capture :In

~l'~~!!!i i IIctua4rcm. "~~i:!:S~!',..,~ 288).

ot the

orr

1 Sep

'-":ft'l, '~',' ';, ;--- ""

-«.

'-, ';,: ','

-.

t"

~.,.

..

.-._

·r:

!.;;.~

fi,!f'~:~.,~.~·~ .. -~~J.,

;.:,

_-

6 3$p

?'4fll,)j;;ti' i!'~'}'~-:t~·:l \\'~ ~ ;r,:! :6rJ ·~~J.l~~·~ .. ~.t!1. ~,-;."5. ::: "f..;>
l-,:;:

'£'hi;;

WIlPi-\ril

&YH'H:/3!j4,!?

-fi"
• >.

;"

'"l'(n1!l1Jo in vIl10Jt
0~1.~.:';;;'U~l';'

, ,~t;b~:

\'1,

of fttsbt ..3_

'fi, -3D'

:-; pr:tva tef!l!.· .tj_:.i!t:l~""

}_"!':i ,.,.... r, ~

-~;

·tu::·\;, v>

.....•

".

'I,

,) ~,;;;:.s'i.'1c&a
VI,

Cba,

21 Sep

Marines trom the ABerlcan privateer Wr't 'lorida participated in the oapture 0 a ...il British Bettlement CD the north a1de ot Lake Pontobartra1Ja..La (JicClellUlJ v , I.. Chap VI, p. 30).
a

22 Sep

Jlar1ne.

partioipated in the capture of' two British .hl~.by the Bonbomme Richard oft Scotland. lMOrlson, p. 223).
JlariDe. in the tOPlI ot the BonhollB\e Richard contributed .. terlally to Captain ~obn Paul Jone.' victory OYer the Britiah .hip 8erapi. ott tbe Brltl.h Ialea. (RcCle11aD, v. I, Chap VIJ p. 27)~

23 Sep

30 Sep

Marines partic1pated 1n the act10n between the Aaerican privateer J•• on and the British ship Surprise. (Maolay, p. 201), (MOClellau, v. I, Chap VI, p. 18). Marines participated in the oapture ot a Britiab privateer brigantine by Whipple's .quadron ott tbe Va S. coast. (MOrgan,
p. 190).

5 Deo

1780
8 Jan 12 Jan 23 Jan 29 Jan Rarinea partic1pated in the capture ot a British brig by the Alliance in the Atlantia. (Weeaer, p. 290). Rarinea participated in the capture of a Briti.h ship by the Allianoe 1D the Atlant1a.
(.ee.er, p. 290).

Marine. participated in the capture of a Brit1.h brig by the Providenoe and Ranger ott CharlestoD, South Carolina. (Morgan, p. 193). Jlar1Des partic1pated in tbe capture ot two British aloops by the Providence and Rapser ort Savan"l&b. (Jlorgan, p 193).
a

5 Peb

Marines particlpated in the oapture ot & British bark by the Alliance in the Atlantic. (Xee.er. p. 290).

27

Pab

Continental Marines and harbor pilots destroyed the l1ghthouae and other navigat10nal aid~ preparatory to defending Charleston from British attacks. (Morgan, p. 195). Marine. from aeveral ships of Whlppl~'s nquad~ ron were part of defending force serving ashore at Charleston, South Carolina, when British

12 May

attacks began 9 Apr)~
2 Jun

attacked and captured the city. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap VII, p. 2). (Morgan, p. 195 says

Marines participated in the action between the Trumbull and the British privateer Watt.

(McClellan, v. I, Chap VII, p. 3).

----

9JW1

Marines

partioipated in the actlon bet1lt!'een the Protector (Ma884 Navy) and the British privateer Admlral Duff off Maine. (~cClellall, v. IJ Chap VII, P.~ (PaullinJ p. 345).

27

Aug

While guarding workmen cutt1p~ mast. tor the NavYJ Marines pursued Indiana near Reading, Pennsylvan1a. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap VII,
p. 6). the ~

7

Sep

Marines ~rt1clpated
(Mass.

an armed cutter otf Belle Isle. v. I, Chap VII, p. 4). Dec

Navy) and a Bri tinh

in the action between

(McClellan,

!Sh1p and

(Atter 18 Dec) Marines participated in the action between the Ariel and the British rlvateer Triumph in the Atlantic Ocean9 Morison, P9 307).

f

1781 5 Jan
Feb Marines participated in the capture of two British ships by the Confederacl in the Atlantic Ocean. (Heeser, p. 290).

Marinea participated in the capture or a British ship by the Confederacy, Deane, Saratoga, and the American privateer Fair American in the West Indies. (Morgan~ 211).
Marines participated in the capture of the Br1t1sh privateer Alert by the Alliance in the Atlantic Ocean. (McClellan, VO I, Chap
VII, p. 8)"

4 Mar

28

2 Apr

partioipated in the capture ot the British privateer brigs Mars and Minerva by Marines the Alliance off the coaet of France. (McClellan, v. IJ Chap VIIJ p. 9), (Clark (2) J p. 213).

14 Apr

p.

Marines participated in the action be~ween the contederaCf and the Br1tish ships Roebuck and ~heU8. McClel1anJ v. I, Chap VII,

9.

Apr

Mar1neapartlelpated in the capture of the British ships Charming Molly and two brigs by the Saratoga in tbe Atlantio Ocean. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap VII, p. 7).
Mar1nes participated in the action between the Saratoga and the British ship Intrepid ott the Delaware Capes. The Saratoga ellc'aped but was never heard of again. (McClellan, v. IJ Chap VII, p. 7). Marines participated in the capture ot the British brig Adventure and a snow by the Alliance in the Atlantic Ocean. (McClellan, v, I, Chap ~IJ p. 9), (Clark (2), p. 217). Marines participated in the action between the Protector (MaSI. Navy) and the Britisb ships Roebuck and Medea. (Allen, p. 562). Marines participated in the action between the Alliance and the British sh1ps Atlantia and Trepassy in the Atlantio Ocean. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap VII, p. 9). Marines participated in the action between the Thom and the British ship Hind. (McClellan,

Apr

2 May

5 May
28 May

luI

v. I, Chap VII, p , 5).

-

9 Aug 25
Aug

Marines part1cipated in the action between the Trumbull and the British Ship Iris. (MCClellanJ v. I, Chap VII, p. 9). Marines Br1tiah Navy). participated in the capture of a cutter by the South Carolina (S. C. (Heeser, p. 290).

6

Sep

Marine. participated

1n the aotion between the Congress and the British sloop-or-war Savage. (MCClellan, VO I, Chap VII, p. 9).

29

1 Sep 21 Oct

Rarine. participated in the capture of'a Brit1.h, privateer brig by the South Carolina (S. C. Havy). (Reeser, p. 290).
BrIt1.h

Marine. particIpated 1n the captureot the brig Velma by the South Carolina (s. C. Xavy). (Keeser, p. 290).

1782 9
liar

1782 until 9 Sep 1782 sbows .ervlce or Capt Jacob Pyatt" co~any or Marine. with Gen George Rogers Clark in his campaigns against tha Indians. (See folder Early Recorda ot lat Marine Company in M. C. H1storical Fc'h1ve.).

Parroll (dated 12 Aug 1783) tor period 9 Mar

8 Apr

VII, p. 12).

Marines part1c1~ated 1n the aetion between the ~der Ally (Penna. Navy) and the British sh1p eneral ~nk. (MeClellan, v. I, Chap

Jll&rinea trom the South Caro11na (S. C. Jfavy) part1c1pated 1n a landing at jew Providenoe &ltd the subsequent capture of the Bahamas tor Spain. (McClellan, v. I, Chap VII, p. 13).
lIIa1

Mar1nes partic1pated 1D the action between the General Washington (Penna. Navy) and a heavily armed British vessel otf Turk's I118n4. (McClellan, v. I, Chap VII, p. 12). Marine. participated in the reoapture of the brigantine Adventure by the Alliance orr .e. London. (Clark (2), p. 271). Marine. partiCipated British .~hooner Ber.uda. (Clark 2,

4

Aug

10 Aug

fotlYp. 271). All1ance by the

in

the capture of the

ott

25 Aug

l&riDea participated in the reoapture ot the sloop Portuna by the AllIance ott Bermuda~

(Clark (2), p. 273).

30 Aug

Marine. partiCipated in the capture of the sbip Bunter by the COM. privateer Maraball. ,(Middlebrook, v. II, p. 155).

30

l"Ilu;'1~,i~;'~~ 1i,;t.f;:';~I,i i,,'b;(,'?; l~i~ig ,~f:.!).$" ,,"~ '5",L~\'.
Cv~.'l1L ":::~"',>,i.'

;;,'

r

.;;,h't~)apt~n:'@ the of }~>,;,,< /;- .. 1. ~~!:i. by the
;' ;'-4iddlift.rocK,

\·;'A~';h:;"'.

v ..

7 Sep

:~:(..~t )~,~. "d _', ,t.i ~;J- ': !l'!'Uf\" ';,..I,J ,;.

All1l~i,;;:' ;~; ;:_; 'r~r'~;~~--i:'-::, <::,',

*\~1n~~ r;;:, ", ",., ..~. ,L:<~ :'..0 CflE"1' Q:f!:t-:vture f the o t'Jto Et'; t..' i" ',',' =. L:";' ,';: .;'c.i; :: '~'.<~l.~3"'; td ,~"'lg~, by the
<"

'i<rwfL.

;)(i

1. '),i:\

l:A;U(.'-:'~"

(

ClaI;'k

27 Sep

Itt:. l".1n~ f< 'Srt ';; i:t;

r),n:·- .: .. ' "
F ,,'
.,_

"'~15 )
••• •

"to

,';:,
~:

30

No';

M;f.i!:",,;-:;,,:~

~S r'o!} 1. t D;!'· ~~..,;~:.:~ t ".
"

..~ t~, _"' .t ., :n. .~
L

1"·

::.~,:: ~~ t, .~.' r. ....~ .. ~,;
;/,:~~~!;. .~: ".'

W!,"'i ~j'''-l'l r. ¥.~ H ~t .Y_"

v.:~:

~) f~(~;.~;~ a ay t ~~.rld ;.jt·s t ~ I

- .': :. ~:_'

.

~lj:"1 1J," 1 li__ ~
l"'AHif

':'$f'_
:j.'

;1,;,'",-,

, . ,_

oa:nt

litH" l~

"',:0, J~a&l.~~L,
t, j; ~!.grl tf
:j~:~;(' ;'_ .:,

or t,ne

pr;'r.<
:~

",'
..

.F·.~'j · (.- ~~ 1.J.i~ V ,.~.

~

.~

;..

,·::.n

1-

\

".

. -. ~-~.

~:

.

>-.-

.: . ~ ,)

-.:...~.

2 Apr 11 Apr

Marine. participated in the capture or the small br1gant1ne HSpe by the Conn. privateer Marshall. (Middle rook, v. II, p. 156).
THE BIGRDlG OF 'THE TREATY or PARIS BIDED HOSTILITIES II THE AMERIOAR REVOLUTION. (Reeser .. p. 2). ONLY THE SHIPS ALLIABCE .. DEAlE .. OBllERAL WASBDGTON .. DUO DE AJID !DuBox wKRB LEiPT IN THE ifEGTJIlii VY •

LAUftH'

(MCClellan..v. I..Chap VIII, p. 1).
(Keeser, p. 2).

3 Sep

TREATY OF PEACE COIICLUDED WITH GREAT BRITAIN - -THE u. S. ACDI'OWLEDGED SOVEREJO. AlU) A

INDEPEMDEHT STAU.

1784
26 Apr The last known recorded mention of a CODt1nental Marine is that or Private Robert Stout who waB serving in the Alliance. (Netoalt, p. 27).

1785 3
Jun COlIGRBSS AUTHORIZED 1'HB BOARD 01' 'l'REASURY '1'0 SELL THE ALLIANCE, TIlE LAST VESSEL OF THE

P. 2).
25 Jul

CO!ITDIBlITAL HAW.

(McClellan,

v. I,

Chap VIII,

ALa IBRS COMMBHCBD OPD HOSTILI'1'IES AGADS'!' THE COMIIERCE OF THE t:JJO:TED STA'l'ES, TBB LAT'l'ER BBIlfG ENTIRELYDESTITUTE OP A IAVY. ()leeBer,

p. 3).

32

Conolusion "At no period of the naval history of the wor14 is it probable that Marinea were more 1aportant than during tha War of the Revolution. In many instanoes they preserved the vessels to the country by suppressing the turbulence ot 111aS80rted crews, and the effect ot their t1re .•.has been singularly cred1table to the1r stead1ness and discipline .. " (Collum, p. 41).
was allowed to dwindle away atter the fighting was ovel'o

The Navy ot the Revolut1on, and, consequently, the Marine.,

The last entry for 1785 given intimations or troubles ahead for the youthful country. These troubles will develop in the next part with the Marines again playing an active role in the defense ot their country.

33

A CRRO.OLOGY OIl '!'HB U'JiIITBD S'l'A'!R8 JlARDfE CORPS
by

Colonel V. M. M1ller. Part
II

USMC

Earll ~

ot the Marine Corp.

(1786-1819)

Th1. chronolQIY 1. presented in aeveral part. a8 a comp1lation ot historical ates ooncernin8: Marines wh1ch have been previously eet torth b1 var10ue author. a. taotpal. claia 1a .. de that all poa8ible Bouroes have been u.ed.

.0

'ftMt tollowing

Bources have been u8ed in Part

II ot thie ohronology:

AU ... , Oerdller V. Ou.r!!!l. and. the Barbati BoUlhton 1I1t1'11n 1905-.- (lfffetf a.

ro:-.
5th

Coraaira. nen (2 f")

.

Boeton and Ne. York:

AnDal. ~ 1961.

Congreaa, (CIted a.

Ccmgre...

(Cited

a.

"AC") • Seattle: Oniveraity ot Washington, 1938.
J...

Brook., CUrlea
Chrk,
(Clted ••

B.

Tbe Sl~,e ot Iflt. Orleans. "BrOok. . - -o..llant

V1l11aa B.

"Clark

(2)").

--

JOM~.

!fe. York:

'rhe Maolll1llan Co.,

Ooldaboroucb, CUrle a V. Tbe 1JIl1ted stat.. '111.011, 1824. (Cited 8a'""""lJOldsboroUjhh).

Maval Chronic 1e • --

Waab1ng:ton:

~Cl-=Min'£a")
Los.tleet,

ao.e ot

the Ce

'ndante.

W.ahington: (Cited..

Leatherneck Aeeoc1at1on, 1956. "LoS It) • Privateers.

(Cited as

Hilltorioal (Cited as

:Branoh.

IIMlQ'. B4car S.

1899.

.l Hiatog

""'01&7 )-.

ot '-erloan

Ne. York:

D. Appleton & Co.,

"r1na ~ Statt pmtZ.tion. V.IIb~ton: Hi.torioal Branch, 0-3 DivleIon, Heidqij:ilOUri";"lT:" • JlariM Corp., 1961. (C1ted a. "IIc Statt"). JIoC1ellaa, JlaJ Bdw1D.. Waab1agtODI Hi.torIaal Statea Jlar1ne~. 2 vola. U. S. Mirine-COrp 1931. •• (!bI. exoeptionally well-docuaented work had It.1ted dIstr1bution due to r..tr1oted prlDt1Qg. Volu.. 2 1s inoomplete. POI' further intormation reter to lI:btorloa), Branoh, 0-3 Dividon, Headquarter., Ila.r:1ne Corpe). (Cited. a'. "IIoCle!laD. ") • Ili.t~¥a

seo~on~quart.ra.

ot the united

• tqalt', Ltcol Clyde B. lI1.tof3 ot the tftl1ted Stat .. KarlDe ~. 0. P. Put... ', Son., 1939. ltid. a. "Mitealt It)

IYoIi:
.... 1 ___""'ola.
..... 1',

....

1

"9!!!!"!!£ n) •

Doo,t.

H.. York:

aihqtolu

Related

OOVeru.n

'1'0 '!'he

Qrg-war Betw.en 1iitIni Ottio.:-I935-1938.
.I!!!.Qa ~

e

'!'he l1rIitec1

State. anti hance. (Cited all
(Cited

"Barbarz !!!:!") .

Y:!'T.t. Related Gove~n !!ted Stat ••OtHCi, With 'l'he Barbarz to l:b!. War. a~tOJl: PrintiDC 1939-1945.
Robert W. Bi.torloal and Cbro;lHiaal Vol II. Ie. YorlC": TbiolOlan Co.• 1909. JCeDD81ib. "ftae Privat.er Yankee in the Ver ot 1812. vol In, 1lO. 1 (.TaD 1961). (Cited a. "Soott").
II

Power •• a.

~-~,

the U. S• .!!.Yz, ~lted- .. ")fau.r").

8o0tt,

u.,"tIme,

'!'he AM-rioan -

v.

S. JlartM Corp.. "JIIar1ne Corp. Strengths." Peraonnel DCJB-2200bJt, 26J1oY54. (C1ted. all "Strength").

Account1ng SectIon,

35

Many other louron .ere lnvelt1g:ated, auch aa Truxton ot the Conltellation, 'l'he Proudelt ~, '!'he !Plrat AMrlcana 1D Borth Urioa, art1ii'Iei'1D tIii IiVal Iii8tltute Procee41iiiiJeto:" ~~tlOD conta1ne4 there1n 1. toUDriJ.IO In the lourcel .hown. lJiiIell there wal a poln1ve' ,tate_nt or evidenc.ot tbe partiolpatlon. of Marinell 1n • particular event, no en.try wal ... 4••

Intl"oduction

Tbe rat1tioation· ot the ConltitutiOD in 1789 ••tabiiabed the legal bali. tor armed rOl"O •• tor tbe n.w United State. but It waa not until 1794 that Congr ••• took actlon to reactlvate the Jlavy. In an act paased. that year lhip. were authorized, 8a were the peraonnel to .an thea including, a. waa cuato.ar,y tor the perIod, Marines. The p&saage ot thb Act urked. the beginning ot a period ot" great actlvity tor Marines.
We tind that there were now only two general cla •• el ot Marine.--U. S. or regular Karines and Mar1nes ot the prIvateers. The proteotlon ot the Stat••• a. a funotion ot the Pederal Government and the atate. no longer .. inta1n.d their navies. Also, w1th a strong centrU governaent the -1lT tJl)eI ot Q.uaal-Xar1De1 ot the Revolutionary perIod tound no reaeon for exl.tenoe.

The Becond part of the chrono1og opens wIth the even.t. l.ading up to tbe eatabliahment of the Marine Corps on a pel"lMnent baalB. The "Early Da71" were bu.y one8 tor the Corps aa tbey aaw aotion 1D IIaD7 parts ot tha slobe.
nate 1787

18 .lul

War., v. I, p. 6).

'l'RBA1'r

WI'l'B MORQCCORA'l'IPIBD

B!' 'l'BE tJBITED StATBB.

(Barbary

1190
27 Aug

MaJor s..ue1 Rlabala", len10r Marine ott1car in the RevolutIon aDd oonsidered the fir!t Ca.aandant, dled in Philadelphia and ... buried in tbe Pl"1end. Burial Ground in that c1t7. (CCGIIII.n.d.n~ p. 50).
~
By the Act ct 1'(94, Consren 'eatabUahed the .transth ot Marines aa 6 ottioerl and 310 enli.ted aen, whioh .aa the Jlla.r1ne oODWl8lHnttor 6 tria.te. author1zed. (Barbal7 War., v. I, p. 69). -

21

}liar

.!W.
5 Sep OR 7 MARCH 1796). 8 Hov
THEA'I'Y 011' PEACE AND .AJII'l'Y CO.eLUDED AJiID 'I'D DEY OJ' ALOlER.S AT ALGIERS.

BE'l'WEEIf THE UlfI'RD
(RATIl'IBD

(Barbary~,

v. I,

p. 107).

BY

n,

S.

:rrATBS SDATE

TRUCE AGREEIIKN'l' SIGNED WrrB p. 121).

TUHIS.

(Barbary

wars,

v . I,

20 Apr

Legislat10n of Congreoe authorized continuation of conBtruction oC only 3 frigates with the same Marine complements-thuB, new authorized strength of Marines was 3 officers and 155 enlisted men. (McClellan, v. I, Chap IX. p. 6), (Barbarz Wars, v. I. p. 150).
TRUCE SIGHED WITH TUNIS FOR 6 MOIfl'BS. (Barbary p. 159). ANDWASRATIFIED BY U. S, ON 10 JUJf 1797. v, I. p. 177).

15 Jun 4 Nov

War..!,v, I.

TREATY OF PEACE WAS CONCLUDED WITH THE BASHAW 1791

(Barbary Wars. --

OP TRIPOLI

4 Jan

The exact date of the first commission given a Marine officer or the date of the first Marine enlisted 1s not known. However. a letter from the Department of War to captain John Barry, commanding the U. S, frigate United States. of th1s date shows Marines attached to the United States. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. IX. p. 7). President John Adams approved legislation whdch detailed the size of Marine complements for sh1pe authorized and set forth :ty sca1ell. regulations. enlistment terlllB. and retirement regulatlons. The total strength now allowed for the 3 frlgatea waB 5 officers and 161 enlisted. This Act also authorized the President to increase the number ot men employed on Revenue cutters "not to exceed 30 Marines and SB&lllen.rr (MCClellan. v. I. Chap. IX, p. 8). (Quasi-~, v. I. p. 7).

1 Jul

24 Aug

The uniform to be worn by Marines was prescr1bed by Secretary of War Jamea MoHenry as "... blue ooats ••.red l_pele ... " (MOClellan~ v. I. Chap. IX. p. 15).
TREA'l"Y OF

28 Aug

10 JAIl 1800,

PEACE

(Barbary Wars, v. I.

SIGHED

AT TUlfIS

AND RA'l'IPIED

p. 210) .

BY U.

S. ON

.lli§
9 Apr 30 Apr '!'he SecretaI1, ot War recommended to CDngre8lllthe rahlng of an additional 'regiment ot infantry ...to act in the double capaelt7 of Marines and Infantry." {Ooldsborougb, P. 83).
A SEPARATE D!PAR".l'MFJIT

(Barbary Wars, v. I, p. 246).

OF THE NAVY WAS ESTABLISHED

BY CONGRESS.

Leg1slation was introduced in House or Representat1ves raise ". battalion, to be called the Marine Corps." (AC, p. 1784). 28
May

to

'lHE If AVAL

UPON THE COMMERCE or PRANCE.
30 Jun

BEGAN WHBIf COMMAHDERS STATES WERE DlS'l'RUCTED

WAR (ALSO CALLED THE "QUASI-V AR "l WITH Jl'RAHCE
os (Heeaer. p. 4).

PUBLIC ARMED VESSELS OF' THE UNITED BY THE 1'RESIDEH'1' TO MAKE REPRISALS

The active duty strength ot the Marine Corps and 58 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 1).

waB 83; 25 officers

1 Jul

Marines participated in the firat capture of a Frenoh shlp, the ArIM4 scbooner La CrO~ble, by the D. S. doop Delaware ott the 3e1'881' coaet:' (Me lehan. v. I, Chap. III. p. 8). (Qua.1-War, v. I, p. 175).
'!'be Act ot 11 July 1798, IIE8tabl1abJ.Dg and Organizing a Marine Corps, wall approved by President John Ad_s and provided:
N

11 Jul

37

Corp8

"Seotion 1. •••there shall or Jllarine ••••

be

raised and organized

8

Seotion 2. '" the Major or Co-.ndant (McClellan, v. 1, Chap. X, P. 15i 19).
12 Jul

or

the Corps ..."

Prelident John ~ caa-i ••ioned William Ward BurrOW8 a8 a Major and Coamanc1ant o~ the U. 3. Marine Corps. (McClellan. v. I, Chap. XI, p. 2).
Marine
An

2 AUS

Adjutant ... added to the Beadguartera
COrp8,.

(III. C.

starr,

p. 1).

starr ot

the

23 Aug 5 Sep 20 Wov

Marines participated in the capture of the French privateer La SaDs Pare11 by the U. S. frigate United States otf the north coast or Puerto Rioo. (Quas1-War, v. I, p. 331).

Marine8,participated in the capture of the Frenoh privateer Jalouae by the U. S. fr~ate United States off the nortb ooast of Puerto Rioo. (Qua ai-War v. I, p. 377).
J

Marine. were aboard the U. S. scbooner Retaliation when she was captured by the !'rench ~r1gate8 L'Inaurtente and Volantaire ott Guadeloupe. (Quasi-war, v.I, p. 42). 1199 A Quarter.aster was added to the Headquarters Marine Corps. (M. C. Statt, p. 1). statf of the

11 Jan

3 :reb 9 lPeb

Marines participated in the sinking of the French privateer LI~ de la Patrie b,f tbe U. S. tr1gate united States ott Jlarmitq'Ui.-(C1ark (2), p. 439L (Quaai-War, v. II, P. 304). Karine. participated in tbe aation between the U. S. frigate Constellation and the French frigate L'InBUl"gente (and its BUbsequent capture) ott the island or-Hevis. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XII, p. 13), (Qua.i-War, v. II, p. 326). Marine. participated in the recapture ot the British ship Cicero (previously taken by a P1-enoh privateer) by the U. s. -rriiate United States ott Mart1nQue. (Clark (2), p. 441). Marines participated. in tbe capture of the French brig Le. Aaia by the U. 8. Bloop JIontezua 8OUthea.t ot St. Cro:li7"" (Quasi-Val', pp. 418-419). 1b. President approved legi.lation whicb establ1Shed the authorized 8tr8nsth ot the JlariDe Corp. 815 1 Major 40 otber otfloer., and 1,044 enlisted. (MaClellan, v. I, Chap. XII,
J

26 Feb
1 liar

2 liar

p.

15).

5 JIar
14 Mar
26 Mar

MarineB participated in the capture of the lPJ"eDOhschooner Karsouin b:{ the U. S •• loop Delaware in the Strait. ot 'loriaa. lQuaa1-~, V. IIi p. 421).

Marines partiCipated in the oapture of the PreDOh privateer schooner Doion by the U. S. frigate Constellation ott the aouthwest co&at ot Ouadaloupe. (Quaal-war, v. II, p. 463). Karinea participated in the capture ot the Prench privateer L'Tartutfe and. the recapture or the .loop Vel"!lOJ)t y the b lJ'. S. tr!gate United States 10 the West Indus. (Clark (2). p. 445).
by

27 liar

Marinea partiolpated. 1n the recapture

or the .chooner llllaria the U. S. trigate United States in the Caribbean. (Clark (2), p. 445).

38

5 Apr 17 Apr

Marines partIcipated 1n the oapture of the French sloop I.e Bon Pere by the tr. S. revenue cutter brig Eagle o~t Antigua. TQUa'ir-War, v. III, map p. 494). MBrines participated in tbe capture or the Frenoh sohooner LeDlligente by the U. S. trigate Constellation and the U. S. ?Flgete L11naurgente otf Guadeloupe. (Quasi-War, v. III, p. 63). --Marines part101pated iD the capture ot the French schooner Louie by the U. S. brig Rlchlllond. revenue outter Eagle~ aDd schOoner Virginia east or Puerto Rico. (Quas1-Var~ v. III, map p. 494). -A Paymaster was added to the Headquarters Corps. (M. C. Statf, p. 1). start ot the Marine

26 Apr

2 lfay

29 May

p,

Marines partic1pated in the capture of the French schooner Sz!!n by the U. S. sloop Baltimore and U. S. revenue outter br1g-~ in the We.t Indies. (QUasi-War. v. III, map

li9ltJ--=--

16 Jun
28 Jun

Mar1ne. partioipated in the capture of the Frenoh schooner L'Esperance by the U. S. frigate Ganges ott St. Chrlstopher. "[QuaS1- War, v. IV, p. 248).

~as 30
Jun

MariDes partioipated in the capture of the French schooner I.e :tiCienne by the U. S. trigate Jllerr1naacktf Guadaloupe. o

-War, v. III,

p.

423).

The active duty strength ot" the Marine Corps was 368 (25 o1"fieers, 343 enlisted men). (Log, 24 Nov 1954). Marines part10ipated in the capture at the French schooner L'Eaperance by the U. S. frigate Ganges otr St. Christopher. TQuaal-war~ v. IV, p. 248). Mar1nes partIoipated in the action between the U. S. revenue cutter brig Pioker~ and the French privateer achooner ~IEgypte Conqulse ~ Ouadaloupe. (Quasi-War, v. IV, p. 295). Marines participated in the oapture ot the French privateer brig L'Ocean by the U. S. sloop Delaware oft St. Christopher. (Quae"I-~, v , IV, p. 337). Marines participated in the Bction between the U. S. brig Norfolk and a Picaroon barge off the northweat point of auihinl, HaitI. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap XII, p. 24). Mar1nes participated in the capture ot the Frenoh lugger Re!tbllcan by the U. S. brig Nortolk at Cape .. ioola MOle, Bai i. {MCClellan, v. I. Chap. XII, p. 24}. MariDe. partiCipated in the capture ot the French privateer sohooner Le Ooze Vendem1aire by the U. S. frigate Adams ott Martinique.- (QUad-War, v , IV, map p. 560). --

2 Oct

18 Oct
29 oct 31 Oct

a ..v o
15 "OV 7 Dec 14 Dec
20 Dec

Marines part1cipated in the capture of the French privateer Pickering-ott St~&rlstopher. GEORGE WASBIHQIlOX, THE FIRST PRESIDEH'l'DB THE DIED. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XII, p. 20).
1DfI'1'ED

.cheoner La Voltigeuse by the U. S, revenue cutter brig (Quasi-War, v. IV, p. 501).

STATES,

Marines partioipated in tbe capture ot the Prenoh brig L'Eaperance by the U. S. sloop Balt~re oft Guadaloupe. r~-War, v. IV, p. 559).

39

30 Dec

Marin•• participated in the action between tho U. S. fr1gate Connecticut and the French privateer L'lta1ie CjR9U~ff QUiaaioupe. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. tIl. p. 25 ,( al-War, v. VI, p. 28). ---

1800
1 Jan Marine. partlolpated in the aotlon between the tr. 8. sohooner ~er1meDt and ten Plcaroon bargea at the island of Qonaive. ~I. (IOC1e11an, v. I, Chap. XII, p. 24), (Quasi-war, v. V, p.1). -Marinea participated in the capture ot the Yrenoh privat.er 8ohooner Le Bri11lant Jeune.8e by tbe U. S. 8100p Baltimore e.at of tuirto R1oo. (QUisi-war, v. V, p. 69). Marines partioipated in the oapture La Mut1ne by the l}'. S. aloop Herald llir. v , V. p. 111). Jlar1nu partlc1pated in the oapture Lea Deux ~ by the U. S. frigate (QUad-war, v. V. p. 230).
of the French privateer

12 Jan

21 Jan

off Puerto

Rlco.

(Q;uaI1--

27 Jan
Jan

of the JPrenob privateer Boaton off SUlto Dc:a1ngo.

(Atter 24 Jan) Narines partioipated in the capture of tbe Frenob privateer Le Gambeau by the U. S. fr1gate ~a 10 the Weat Ibd1ea. -rQUaa l-War , v. V. pp. 258. 563 )-.-Marines participated

I Feb

Constellation the rrenoh ~Ip La Vengeanoe off Guadeloupe. (MCClelle, v. I, Chap. XII, »-:-28).

in the aotion

between the U. S. frigate

22 Feb

Marines fo~ a part of the parade held in Philadelphia on tbe ocoaaion of the firat publio oelebration ot WaabiDgton'a Birthday. (~ClellanJ v. I, Chap. XII, p. 31). Marinea partIoIpatated in the capture ot the French privateer L'Heureuae Reoontre by" the U. S. frigate Ad.. in the Veat Incl1es. (Qua.i-War. v , V. pp. 258, 563).Marines participated 1n the oapture of the Frenoh privateer General Maaaana by the 11. S. tr1gate Adama in the We8t Indies. (QUid-Val', v , V, pp. 258, 563). Marinaa particIpated in the capture ot the lI'ranch sloop La }fortune by the U. S. tr1&at. Bolton oft Cape Tiburon, BaR1. (~-War, v. V, p. 271). Marinea partIclpated 1n the action between the U. S. trigate Boaton and. nine Picaroon bargea ott Ka1ts.. (Quad-War. v , V, p. 211). ---lllar1nes partioipated. 1n the oapture of the French sloop L'Heureux by tbe 11. S. frigate Boaton ott Cape TIburon. Haiti. {Qua.i-War, v. V, p. 271). Marinea arrived in Waah1llSton to guard. the Navy Yard. aDd. eat.b11sb~d a Marine Barracka there. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XIV, p. l). XBrines partloipated in the aot1on between the U. 3. aobooner Enterpriae and a S~lab man-or-war br1g orf Nona Pa•• age in the Wiat Wi... {Reeaer, p. 34). Marines partiolpated in the capture ot the Frenoh privateer I.a Jason by the U. S. tr1gate.l2lm AdSIU near Mart1nIque. 11icC1eUan, v. I, Cbap. xrrr, p:-4).

Peb

Peb

4 liar

11 Mar

26 Mar

31 Mar

1 Apr

3 Apr

40

22 Apr

Congress authorized the rank of Lieutenant Colonel Commandant for the com.and1ng officer of the Marines. (McClellan~ v. I.
Chap. XIII, p. 2). in the capture of the li'renchprivateer L'ActlVe by the U. S. revenue cutter brig Plckeri~ otf GUadeloupe. (Quasi-War ~ v , V ~ p. 443).

24

Apr

llarines partioipated

1_
5 JIIay

Apr

Marines participated 10 the capture of the Frenoh schooner Pelix by the U. S. revenue cutter Bchooner Seammel. (Qua,lWar, v. V. p. 563). Major W11li .. Ward BurroJfs, second CollDlllld.ant the Mar-ine of Corps, proaoted to rank ot Lieutenant Colonel COmmandant.
(Ccaaandanta. p. 1).

Marines partlciR8ted in the capture of a French letter of marque by the U. S. schoonel' Enterpr18e ott St. Croix. (Quasi-War, v. V. P. 480). Marine8, from the U. S. frlgate Constitution, embarked 1n the tender Amphitheatre par~loipa£ea in tbe capture of the Prenah schooner Esther oft Cape FranCOiS, Baiti. (Qu88i-War, v. V~ p. 496). -~ -At Puerto Plat •• Santo Damingo,capta1n Daniel Carmick and his detachment of Marines from the U. S. fr1gate Constitution together witb a detachment of seamen transferred to the sloop Sa}lY and captured the Sandwich a prIze of a French letter 0 marque; then Carmick and Marines landed, captured the shore battery, sp1ked its gUlls and returned to ship. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. XIII, p. 5). (Quasl-War~ v. v, P. 500). Marines partiCipated in the capture of the French privateer schooner I.e ,~ by the U. S. frigate Connecticut off Quadaloupe. __!!-War, v. VI. p. 28). Marines participated in the capture or the two French aehooner-e La Victo~ and La Jeanne by the U. S. brig Augusta ot~acmel, iti. -rQuasl-War. v. VI, p. 8). Marines partiCipated in the capture ot the Prench prlv.teer schooner La Unite by the U. S. frIgate Connecticut 1n the We8t Indies. ---rQjiasi-War. v. VI, P. 29). Marines participated in the capture ot the French privateer acbooner La Decede by the U. S. frigate John Adams otf Guadaloupi:' (QUa8i-War. v. VI p. 45). -~-J

9

JIIay

11 Nay

1 Jun

3

Jun

5 Jun 13

J\Ul

17 Jun

Marinee particIpated in the action between the U. S. schooner Enter-prise and the French privateer La ~ oft Guadaloupe. (Quaa1-War~ v. VI. p. 57). Marinee participated in the capture of the ~rench schooner ~del1ne by the U. S. revenue cutter br~ ~ in the est Indiea. (Quasi-war v , VI. P. 276a).
J

17

Jun

21 J\Ul

Marine8 particIpated

Emmanuel

in the capture ot the French pol.ere the U. S. eloop Balt1l1ore off Guadaloupe. (QUasi-War. v , VI. P. 66).
by

23 .Tun

Marines partieipated in the capture of the French brig LIE8coir by the U. S. trigate Boston and U. S. bri$ Augusta 1ri t e West Indies. (~-war, v , VI~ map p. 566). Marines participated in the capture of the ~rench ship Dolphin W the U. S. revemle cutter brig Eagle in the West Indies. (Quad-war, v , VI, P. 276&).

25 Jun

30

Jun

The active duty strength of the Marine Corps was 525; 3B officers and 487 enlisted men. (Strengths~ p. 1.)

41

4 Jul

"'e IIILr1ne BaDel, aponsored by the Society or the Cincinnati, t1rlltallpeared in vubllc at an enterta1mDent at the city tavern ('!'Un -Tavern 1 in Phil_de Iph1a. (Me Cle 11an. v. I • Chap. XI, p. 31). Marinell participated in the action between the Frencb privateer 11~e and the U. S•• chooner Enterprl.e ott Ouadaloupe. lellan, v. I, Chap. XIII, p. 5), (Qua.i-war, v. VI, p. 129 • -The L1eutenant Co lone 1 Cc.undant at hi8 ataft reacbed the new capital at established a te.porary headquarters Georgetown. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. the Marine Corps and Waahington, D. C., and 1n a private houae in XIV, p. 7).

9 Jul

15 Jul

15

.Jul

Jllar1ne. partIcipated in the oapture ot the Prench ketch Le Chou-Chou by the U. S. tr~te Conneotiout orr Quadaloupe: (QUisi-War, v. VI, p. 155). Marines participated in the aotion between the U. S. sohooner ~rIse and the Prench privateer Le Flambeau ott Nevia. ( • -War, v. VI. p. 172 ). Marine. partioipated in the capture or the French privateer echooner La Fortune by the U. S. rrigate Ganges ott Matanzaa, Cuba. (QUad-War, v . VI. p. 197). Mar1ne_ partioipated in the capture ot the French privateer schooner Vengeance by the U. S. sloop Trumbull off Jeremle, Balti. (QUaii-~. v. VI, p. 541). Marines participated in the capture ot the Frencb _hip Cullie by the U. S. 8loop Trumbull orr Haiti. (Quasi-war, v. VI,
.. p p.

23 Jul

29 Jul
3 Aug 4 Aug 7 Aug

566).

----

Marines participated in the oapture ot the French privateer Bchooner Dorade by the U. S. sloop Patapaco in the West Ind.ies. (QUA.i-War v. VII. p. 59).
j

13 Aug

Marines partIoipated in the oapture or the Frenoh privateer sohooner La Paulina by the U. S. schooner Enterprise ott Quadaloupe. (QUisi-war, v , VI, _p p. 566). Marines participated in the capture ot the French ahip La 'fourterelle by the U. S. revenue outter brig ~ in '£lie We s t Wie e . ( Quad-War, v. VI. ...p p. 566). Marines partiCipated in the capture ot the French shIps by the U. S •• choonar Experiment "'iii"t1ie1iJ'i'a Indie.. (QUid-war, v. VI, p. 566).
Orand Rlvau and St. ~ohael

22 Aug

27 Aug

1 Sep

Marines participated in the actlon between the U. S. schooner Exp]:r1llent and the prIvateer I.e Deux AIIIi. ott St. Bartholomew, W. . (MCClellan, v. I, Chap~ p:-B). Marinee partlolpated in.the recapture or the American Ship Aerial by the U. S. _loop Maryland ott St. Thous V. I. (QUaei-var, v. VI, p. 312).
J

2 8ep

1 Sap 13 Sep

Marines partIclpated in the capture ot the French privateer lugger Ouadaloupean by the U. S. schooner Enterprise ott Antigua, W. I. (QUasi-War, v. VI, p. 334). Rar1nes partiolpated in the act10n between the U. S. schooner Bx~r1ment and the Prench privateer La Diana north or St. BarbO 1omew • W. I. (He.ser. p. 34 L \Kc Cle llan v. I. Chap. XIII, p. 8).
J

23 Sep
24 Sep

Marines participated in the aotion between the U. S. sloop Patapsoo and Frenoh manned rorts 1n the harbor of Wl11emstad, Curacao. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XIII. p. 12). Marines trom the U. S. sloop Patapsco landed on the island at Curacao to asslst 1n the defense of the town by the Dutch against the Prench. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. VIII. p. 12). Mar1nes partlcipated in the action between the U. S. trlgate Boston and the French ship Le Berceau 1n the Atlantic Ocean. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XIII, p. 10), (Quas1-War, v. VI. p. 456). ---Marines participated in the capture of the French privateer brig Phoenix by the U. S. frlgate Merrimack off" St. Christopher, W. I. (QUisi-War, v , VI, p. 525). Marines partIoipated in the aotion between the U. S. schooner Bxper1ment and the British schooner Louisa Bridger which oocurred by mistake northeast ot St.~olomaw, W. I. (MCClellan, v. I. Chap. XIII, P. 9). Marines participated in the capture of the Prench privateer La Levrette by the U. S. frigate Philadelphia ott Dominica, W. I. (QLUlat-War, v , VII, p. 8). Mnrines participated in the cspture of the French privateer schooner LIAmour de la Patrie b~ the U. S. schooner Enterpri.e north of "St~tatlus. W. t. (Qua.i-War, v , VIII p. 16). Marine. participated in the recapture or an American schooner by tbe U. S. frigate united State. in the Caribbean. (Clark (2)~ p. 474).
1801

12 Oct

20

Oct

16 )fov

----

4

Dec

24 Dec

30

Dec

1

Jan Jan

Marines partioipated in the capture of the French privateer LeJeune Creole by the U. 5. rrlgate Chesa,eake northeast of Barbuda, W. t. (Qu$sl-Warl v. VII, p. 42 . Marine Band played tor the first Kew Year's recept10n ever beld at the Pres1dent's HouBe in Washington. (McClellan. v. I, Chap. XVI. p. 2).
The

1

18 Jan 3 Feb

Marines partic1pated in the capture of the French lugger Marra by the U. S. frigate Con.tellation east of Antigua. W. I. (QUa.1-War, v. VII. p. 108).
THE TREATY OF PEACE WITH FRAJlCE. WHICH ENDED '1'lIE SO-CALLED "QUABI-WAR" OR nNAVAL WAH Wrru FRANCE". WAS RATIFIED BY THE SElf ATE .AlII) PROCLAIMED BY THE PRESIDENT ON 18 FEB. (MCClellan,

v. I, Chap. XIII~ p. 14).

3 ~.ar

Congress approprlated $20 000 fOr tbe building ot a Marine Barracks in WaahIngton. l~Clellan, v. I, Chap. XIV, p. 10). THE UlflTED S'l'ATES BAVY WAS PLACED UPON "A PBACE ESTABLISHMENT," BY AC'f 0lI' CONGRESS # AND ALL BUT FOUR'l'EENVESSELS: SOLD. (Quasi-War, v. VII, p. 134).
In Washington. D. C. J LtCol Burrows related: tilhave be en ell this morning engaged riding with the President LThomae Jerrereonl look~ for a proper place to fix the Marina Barracks on.n (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XIV, p. 11).

3 Mar 31 Mar

14 Kay

THE WAR WITH 'l'RIPDLI BEGAB WJIEJJ THE BASBA'W OF 'l'RIPOLIDECLARED WAR OK THE UJrlITED STATES. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. XV, p. 6), (Barbary 'Wars, v. I, p. 454).

1

.run

Harinee lfel'eaboal'd eaoh of the tour ships of Conmodore Delets Squadron when it sailed rot' the Mediterranean. (MoCle11a~, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 8). In Washington, D. C., at what ie now 8th and ~e Streets, S.E •• Square No. 921 W8spurobaaed for $6247.18 for use 8S a site tor Marine Barracks, Washington. lMOClellan, v. I, Chap. XIV. p. 9).

21 Jun

30

Jun

1 AUIli

The active duty Btrength of the Marine Corps was 351; 38 offioers and 319 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 1.) Marines partiolpated 1n the aot1on between the U. S. sohooner

Enterprise and the Tr1po11tan polacra Tripoli in the Mediterranean Sea. (MaClellan, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 9). (Barbary Wars, v. I, p. 538). ~ in

The Marine Band played at the first inaugural parade Washington. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. XVI, p. 2).

29 Sep

Marines partic1psted in the action between the U. S. frigates Ph11adelphia and Essex and two Tripoli tan gunboat e off Tripoli. ~rbary Wars, v. I, p. 587). 1802

30 Jan

The Secretary of the Navf reported that the annual expense of the Marine Corps was $99.109.23. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XV, P. 10). WAR WAS DECLARED BY THE UHITED STATES INSTRUCTIONS FORWARDED ON THE 18TH TO RON Dl THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA TO BEaDf BASHAW AND HIS SUBJECTS. (Heeser, p.
COMMODORE DALE I S SQUADOPERATIONS AGAINST THE

6 Feb

AGAINST TRIPOLI,

AND

4).

16 May
22 Jun

Marinas participated in the action between the U. S. frigate Boston and several Tripolitan gunboatB off Tripoli. (Barbary Wara, -v. II, p , 154).
MOROCCO DECLARED The aotive WAR ON U. S.

(Barbary

~~r IJ' v. II,

p. 185).

30 Jun
22 Jul

officers

duty strength of the Marine Corps waB 359; 29 and 330 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. I.) the U. 8. frigate off Tripoli.

Marines partioipated in the action between Constellation and nine Tripolitsn gunboats (Barbary Wara, v. II. p. 204).

1803 9
May

Marine. participated in the action between the U. S. frigate John AdUle and seven Tripol1tan gunboats off Tripoli. T8irb~sr •• v. II. p. 401). Marines and s811arll from Rodgers' squadron ing toroe to burn ships in Tripoli harbor. Chap. XV, p. 15). MartneB John ~ ~bary partioipated in the action between end several Tripolitan gunboat. Wars, v. II. p. 421). _de up the land(McClellan, v. I,
the U. S. frigate off Tripoli.

20 May

23
27

May

May

Marines part1¢lpated in the aotion between John Adams and several Tripolitan gunboats TB&rbary-wars, v. II, p. 425).

the U. S, frigate oft Tripoli.

2 Jun

Marines and sailors from Rodgers' squadron made up the raiding force to burn boats on shore at Tripoli. (Barbary Ware, v. II, p. 436). --~Marines partioipated in the .ot~on between the U. S. frigate John Ad ... and the Tripolitan .hi~ Nt.houd. near Tripoli. ~lel1.n, v. I. Chap. XV. p. 15 J, (Barbary War.. v ; II, p. 465).

22 Jun

30 Jun
26 Aug

The active duty strength of the Marine Corps waB 342; 25 officers and 317 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. l.) Marines Mirboka Spain. v. III, partioipated in the capture of the Moroccan ship by the U. S. frigate Philadelphia near Cape de Gatt, (McClellan, v , I, Chap. XV, p. 16). (BarbaIT Wars, p, 2).
WITH MOROCCO AF"TEH RECIPROCAL ACTS OF (Neeser, p. 4), (Barbary Hars, v. III, p. 129).

12 Oot

HOSTILITIES.

PEACE REESTABLISHED

23

Dec

Marines partioipated 1n the capture of the ketch Mastico hy the U. S. schooner Enterprise ofr Tripoli. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 17).
1804

21 Jan

Marines were given preparatory orders to proceed to New Orleans in Implementation of the Louisiana Purohase. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XVII, p. 2). Lieutenant Stephen Decatur, USN, and some 60 volunteere ino1uding 8 Marines, embarked in the ketch Intrepid entered Tripoli harbor and burned the U. S. frigate Ph11adelphia, which was grOunded_on the rocks there. (MoC1ellan, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 10), (Barbary Wars, v. III, p. 414). Lieutenant Colonel Commandant Burrows for personal reasons, principally those of health, submitted hie resignation whioh was accepted by the Seoretary of the Navy on 7 Maroh. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XVI, p. 7). Marines participated in the capture of the Tripolitan brig Transfer by the U. S, brig Siren off Tripoli. (Barbary Ware, v. IV, p. 41). -_. -Marines partiCipated in the capture of the polacre Madona C8tagrliani by the U, S. brig Siren off Tripoli for violatIng lockade. (Neeser, p. 294~
By Act of Congress, the Act of 3 March 1801 was amended by providing that there should be plaoed on board the fr1gatee in ordinary "suoh Marinee as in the opinion of the PreSident shall be deemed neceasary;" but that the number of Marines should not be greater than that authori~ed by the latter Act. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XVI, p. 7).

16 Peb

7 Mar

H Mar

22

Mar

27 Mar

30 Mar
1 Apr

Marines participated in the capture of a small sloop by the U. S. brig Argus off Tripoli. (Allen (2), p. 191). Captain Franklin Wharton was named the Lieutenant Colonel Commandant of the Marine Corps wIth pay to 'f;lommence Mar¢h. 7 (MoClellan, v. I, Chap. XVI, p. 7). The active dut~ strength of the Marine Corps was 389; 25 officers and 364 enlisted men. (Strengths, p, 1.) Marines participated in the bombardment of Tripoli and a naval aotion with Tripol1tan vessels by Preble's squadron, conSisting of the USS Constitution, Siren, ArfMci' Soourge Nautilus, Enterprlee, and several gunboats. Clellan,' v. I, Chap, XVI, p. 7). Marines participated In another bombardment of Tripoli hy Preble's squadron. (~Clellan, v. I. Chap. XV. p. 22). Marines partioipated in another bombardment of Tripoli by Preble's squadron. (Allen (2), p. 203). Marines participated 1n another bombardment of TripolI ~ Prable's squadron~ (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 23). Marines participated in another bombardment or TripOlI by Preblets squadron. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 23).

30 3

Jun Aug

7

Aug

25 Aug 28 Aug

3 Sap

45

10 Sep

Marines participated In the capture of a Tripolitan zibeck off Tripol1 by the U. S. frigate Constellat1on. (Keeser. p. 294). Marines partic1pated 1n the capture of two Trlpolltan vessela by Barron's squadron off Tr1poli. (Neeser. p. 294). Marinea part1cipated 1n the oapture of a Tr1polltan z1beck by the U. S. frigate President off Tr1poli. (Neeser, p. 294). Lieutenant Presley K. O'Bannon, USMC, with William Eaton, M1dshipman George Mann, and seven Mar1nes landed at Alexandria, Egypt~ and set out for Cairo. (MoClellan, v. I, Chap. XV,
p.

12 Sep Oct

29 Nov

27 J.

6 Mar

William Ward Burrows, former Commandant of the Marine Corps, died at Washington. He was buried in Presbyterian Cemetery, Georgetown and was later reinterred at Ar11ngton on 12 May 1892. (McClellan, v . I, Chap. XVI, p. 8). Q'Bannon and party started 600 mile trek from Arab's Tower (40 miles west of Alexandria) for Derne, Tripoli. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 29). Marines part1c1pated in the capture of a small Tripolitan boat by the U. S, brig Argus off Tripoli. (Barbary Wara,
v. V, p.

8 Mar

22 Apr 24 Apr

529).

--

-

- --

Marines participated 1n the capture of a Tr1polltan pr1vateer and her two pr1zes b¥ the U. S. frigate C~ress off Tripoli. (Neeser, p. 294}. ---~ Supported by Amer1can warsh1ps, all under Lieutenant O'Bannon, ress or Deme arter completing Alexandr1a, Egypt. (MCClellan, (Barbary Wars, v. V, p. 554), Greeks, Arabs, and Marines stormed and captured the forta 600 mile march from v. I, Chap. XV, p. 30),

27 Apr

10

May

Marines participated 1n the capture of a Tripolltan ketch by the U. S. frigate Constitution off Tripoli. (Barbary Wars, v , VI, p. 9). ----Marines partiCipated in the successful defense of Derne agsinst attack1ng Tripolitans. (Allen (2), p. 242), (Barbary Wars, v , VI, p. 14). Mar1nes part1c1pated in the successful defense of Deme against attacking Tr1politans. (MCClellan, v. I, ChaP. XV, p. 32), (Barbary Wars, v. VI, p. 58).
A TREATY OF PEACE WAS SIGNED WITH THE BASHAW OF TRIPOLI. p. 62).

13 May 28

May

4Jun

(McClellan, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 33), (Barbary Wara, v. VI,

10 Jun

Marines participated in the successful defense of Derne against attacking Tripolitans. (Allen (2), p. 243), (Barbary Wars, v. VI, p. 62). -Marines and the remainder of the lnvaaion forces were withdrawn from Derne, Tripoli. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XV, p. 34), (Barbary Wars, v. VI, p. 116). The act1ve duty strength of the Marine Corps was ~78j 22 officers and 556 enlisted men. (Strengths. p. 1.) The Secretary of the Navy direoted Lieutenant Colonel Commandant Wharton to place a Sergeant's Guard of Marines at the residence of the Tunisian Ambassador (~8rd was discontinued 24Dec05). (Barbary Wars. v. VI. p. 315).

12 Jun

30 Jun
2

Dec

1806 The aative duty atl"ength of the Marine COl"pa wae 318; 11 officel". and 30T enli.ted ~n. (Strength., p. 1).
15 Aug

Mar1nes partioipated
Va

and • numbel" of Spanish

I,

in the aotion between the U, S. schooner 6unboats in the Straits of Gibralter. ChaP. XV, p. 37), (Barbary Wars, v. VI. P. 475).

Entel"fl"iS8 (Mcc e11an,

27 oat

Seoretary of the Navy dil"eoted the Commandant to organize a detaohment of 4 officers and 74 enlisted Marlnes "to reinforoe or take the place of the 8.rri80n at He." Orlean. with a view to Spanish operations.1I (MoClellan, v. I. Chap. XVIII, p. 6). Seoond Lieutenant Bloop Hornet. was death In previous (McClellan. v. I. Charles D. Coxa. commanding the Marines of the U. S. assigned aa Charge D'Affaires to Tun1s due to the October of the resularly a.signed incumbent. Chap. XVIII, p, I), (Barbary Wars, v. VI. p. 491). 1807

8

Deo

22 Jun

Marines partioipated in the action between the U. S. frigate Cheaapeake and the Brit1sh frlgate Leopard in the Chesapeake Bay. (Barbary War •• v. VI, p. 537). The act1ve duty strength of the Marine Corps was 40); 11 ofticers 392 enliated men. (Strengths. P. 1). and

)0 Jun 2 Deo

The aotual strength of the Marine COl"pe on this date was 26 officere and 722 enlisted Marines. (McClellan. v. I. Chap. XVIII, P. 30) • .!§Q§_

8

May

A Marine Barraoks was established v. It Chap. XVIII" p. 4).
The actlve

at Charleeton,

S. C.

(McClellan.
and

)0 Jun

duty strength of the Marine COl"p. WBa 872; 11 offioere 861 enll.ted men. (Strengths" P. 1) •

.!§.Q2 3 Mal"
An

Act ot Congress authorized 46 orflcel"e and 1823 enlisted for the Marine Corps. A180. the period of enlistment was changed trom 3 yea~s to 5 ye.re unle.s sooner discharged. (McClellan" v. I, Chap. XVIII. p. 7 and 12). Ball held In Wash1ngton. and

The Marine Band played tor the fIrst Inaugural (McClellan, v. It Chap. XVIII, p. 6).

30 Jun

The Bctive duty strength

513 enli.ted

men.

of the Mal"ine Corpa was 523; 10 officers (Strengthe, p. 1). 1810

2~ Jun

Marinee Britieh

XXI" p. 2).
)0

were In the U. S. brIg Vixen when she was fired into by the sloop of war Moae12near-tne Bahamas. (McClellan. v. I, Chap. and

lun

The actIve duty etrength of the Marine Corp. was 449; 9 officera 440 enliated men. (Strengths, p. 1). Marines from the U. S. s100p Wasp assiated In flghtlng a fire at Charle.ton. S. C. (McClellan. v. I. Chap. XVIII, p. 5).

7 Oct

IBn
Jan Major Daniel Carm10k led a detachment of Marines from New Orleane against Negro insurgenta. (McClellan. v. I. Chap. XVII, p. 10). Marinea were direoted to proceed to CUmberland Island (ott aoutheaat coast of Georg1a) and to establish a post where they arrived on 4 May. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XIX (1st I"BV]. p. 1).

47

16..,. 30
Jun

Marine. partlcipated in the aotion between the U. S. frigate rre.ideDt and the BritiBh Bloop Little Belt oft the eaMt ooast ot the O. S. (MaClellan, v. I, Chap.-XVI, P::Z).
The active duty strength or t~ Ma~ine Corp. wa. 542 enlisted .. n. (Strengths, p. 1). 1812

556; 14 officer.

and

17 Mar

'l'he Secreta17 of the Navy reported that Kt.rine Barraokl. washington, and all ~roveaentl had cOlt $5.571.16 le•• than amount appropriated, or a total of $25,415.49. (comaandant.,
p. 34).

18 Mar 18
JWl

The "Patriot'. Warn began when Ml.r1ne. and AnIIy troopB cro,lB.d St. Mary'. River into Florida and raiaed the American flag. (NOClellan, V. I, Chap. XIX Lf.t r.i7, p. 6).
PftE8IDEH'l' KADlSOIf APPftOVBD AB ACT A STATE OF WAR EXISTED BE'l'WEElf U'. S. AlW QUAT BRI'l'AIlf. At thll time the atat.tory strength of the Marine Corp. we. & total ot 1869 officer. and en1iated.
OP COMOHBS8 WHICH DECLARED THAT

THE WAR OP 1812 BEIlA!f WlIIDf

(McClellan, v. I. Chap. XX, p. 14).

Jun

(Atter 18 Jun) Marin •• captured a Britlllh MariIW otfloer at Nortolk Where be was attempting to escape atter the declaratlon of .. r and trom hU re.oe1ved the firat Brit1ah sword delivered a in the War ot 1812. (MOClellan. v. I. ChaP. XXI, p. 6). Marine. partioipat.d in the action b.tw.en the O. S. frigate Pr •• ident and the Britlah trigate Belvidere 1n the Atlantlc, (MCCiellan. v. I. Cbap. XXI, p. 10). Marine. partioipated in the capture or the British .choaner Niagara by the U. S. brig On.ida on Lake OntariO. (MCClellan, v. I. Chap. XXI, p. 6). -Th. aotive dut7 titr~th
483

23 JWl

Jun 30 Jon
2 Jul

enliated men.

of the Marine Corp. waa 493; 10 olTio.ra (strength., P. 1).
---~~

and

Marine. partioipated in the o.pture of the Britiah brig Traveller by the U. S. frigate Presldent 1n the North Atlantic.
(ilii eaer , p. 294). Marinea partioipated in the oa.ptuI'eof the Brit1ah brig Duohaaa at Portland by the 'D'. S. frigate rr..1dent in the Horth At~antlc. (Ree •• r. p. 294).
RarinG.

4 Jul
9 Jul
11

participat.d in the capture of the Briti.h crts Dol~hin by the U. S. sloop Hornet in the Atlantic. (Xee&Or. p. 94).
and

Jul

Marine. partiCipated in the capture of the Briti.h hrll Samu.l by the U. s. frigate Ss.ex in the Atlantio. (Aie.er,
p. 2

Styah .

13 .Tul

Marine. partioipated in the oapture at the Brlti.h br~ Mra~ by the U. s. rr1ga te Z:aBex in the Atlantio. (lfee •r , • p. 94. Marine., aal10rs. and 801dier • .anned the fort in the flr.t battle of Saokett'a Berbor in Lake Ontar10. (NOClellan. v. I. Chap. XXI, p. 7). Jl&r1De. partlclpated in tlM oapture ot the Brit1ah .. ip ~ h tef by the U. S. fr1c&te Pr•• 1d.nt in the Korth lilant c. ••••• r. p. 296).

19hl

24 Jul
26 Jul

at

LaDi••

Marin •• partto1pated in the oapture of Leand.r by th. U. S. lriaat. E••ex ott (Reeeer. p. 296). --

tile Bl"1ttah brig 1f• .rOUDdland.

27 Jul

Marin." partlo1P11ted in the oapture at the Brltlab br1c Alh'e4 by the V, S. private.r br1;aQt1ne Yankee in the Harth Atliitl0. (Scott, p. 18).

29 lul

lIar!ao& and Benry ott

_rin •• part10ipated

in

the oapture Newtoundlan4.

Of Scott, ,. 18 bria. the Britlab) •

30 Jul
1 Aug

Marin •• partioipated in the capture ot the Brit1sh br1& Kary by tbe-U. S. pr1vateer Yankee ott Newfoundland. (Scott,
p. 18).

Marines partic1pated 1n the aotion between the U.S, privateer Yankee and the British ship Royal Bounty oft Newfoundland. (Scott, p. 18), (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XXIV, p. 22). Marine8 part101pated. in the oapture of the British brig Hero and the British shlp Hanoy by the U, S. frigate X.sex o~ New1'oundland. (Hee aer. p. 296). -Mar1nes partioipated in the action between the Amerioan rivateer ~ and the British ships Pursult and Planter. McClellan, v. I. Chap. XXIV. p. 22).

2 A\1&

3 Aug 3

f

Aug

Mar1nea parti~pat.d in the a.pture at the British brig Brothers by the U. S. frigate Essex in the North Atlantic. (Jieeser, p. 296). -Marines partIoIpated in the oapture of the American ship Eliza Ann, loaded with British ,ooda. by the U. S. privateer 'YiiiiICie--riiNorth Atlantio. (Scott, p. 19), the Marines partioipated in the capture of the Britiah brig !!n& Geor&e by the U. S. frigate Ease~ 1n the North Atlantic. (lleuer, p. 296). -p.

7 AUS 8 AUS 9 Aug
10 Aug

by the U. B. frigate Essex in the Morth Atlantic.

Marines partioipated in the oapture of the Brithh 296). --

brig Mary (~eeser,

MarineB partioipated in the capture of the British brig Lady Warren by the U. S. trigate Conatitution off Cape Race. (NeeBer, p. 296). Marine. participated in the capture of the BritIsh brig New L1ve{t0ol by the U. 3. privateer Yankee in the Morth Atlantic.

10 Aug

tseo ,

p. 20).

11 Aug

Marines participated in the capture of the BrItiBh brIg Ad.ona by the U. 3. trigate Constitution in the Gulf of St. Lawrenoe. (NeeBer, p. 296). Marine. part1oipated. :In the capture of the BritiBb brig Argo by the U. S. fr~at. President in the Morth Atlantic. (Xeeser, p. 296). Marines part10ipated in the action between the U. S, frigate E ••ex aDd the British sloop of wsr Alert in the Atlantic. ~ellan, v. I, Chap. XXI, p. 10)-.-Marinea participated in the capture of the British bark Harriet by the U. S. frigate Constitution oft Cape Race. (Ree8er, p. 296). Marine. partIc1pated in the reoapture or the ~rican brig Adeline by the U. S. frigate ConstitutIon off Cape Raoe. (Ree.er, p. 296). Marine. participated in the capture of the British sohooner Adeline by the S. frigate President in the Horth Atlantio. (R •••• r. p. 296 •

12 Aug

13

Aug

l5.lus 16 Aug l7.lus

y_

19 A118

Marines participated in the action between the U. S. frigate Constitution and the British frigate Guerriere in the Atlantio. (MCClellan. v. IJ Chap. XXI, p. 10).

49

25 Aua

Marines partioipated in t~e reoapture ot the ~rioaa sohooner BetseY by the U. S. tr18ate President in the North Atlantio. (HeeserJ p. 296). Marinea partioipated in the capture or the Britiah-Ita.need Amerioan ship 7rancil by the U. S. pr1vateer Yankee in the Korth Atlantio. (SCott. p. 20). While e.oorting wagon oonvoys, a detachment ot Marines was ambushed by the Ind1anlJ' (Battle of Twelve Mile Swamp). and the ooumand1ng otticer. Captain John Williams. was mortally wounded in Eaat Florida. Se died on 29 September. (MCClellan. v. I, Chap. XIV {lat rev], p. 11). Marines participated in the ~capture of the American .hip Mandarin by the U. S. frigate United States in the North ltlantic. (Neeser. p. 296). Marines particIpated in the recapture ot the AIlEIrican 8hlp Ariadne by thB U. S. brig Argue in the Horth Atlantio. (ReBBer, p. 296). Marines participated in the oapture of the British paoket SWallow by the U. S. frigate Pre.ident in the Atlantic. {MeCle11an, v. I, Chap. XXI, p. 12}. . Marines participated in the action between the U. S sloop ~ and the Brltia~ brig Frolic in the Atlantic. (~ClellanJ v~ I. Chap. XXI, p. 12). --~. Marines participated in the act10n between the U. S. fr1gate United States and the British frigate Macedonian in the Atlant1c. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XXI, p. 13). Marines part1clpated in the capture of the British brig Fly by the U. S. brig Argue 1n the North Atlantio. (Keeser,--p. 296). Marine. participated 1n the capture ot the Br1t1sh brig Hazard by the U. S. 'sloop Waep in the Atlantic. (NeeBer~
p. 296).

29 Aug
12 SaP

11

Oct

16 Oct 17 Oct
18 Oct

25 Oot

28 Oct
Oot
1

--

Kov

MarineB partioipated in the capture or the British ahip ~ by the U. S. tr~ate Congress off the Western Ialande. (Heeaer. p. 296). Marines partiCipated in the action between the U. S. prlva~ teer Grand Turk and the British DA11 packet H1nohinbroke in the Atlant1c.--(MaClellan. v. I. Chap. XXVI. p. 4). Marine. partiCipated in sortie by ChaunoeY'e squadron froll Saokett IS Barbor, Lake OntariO, whioh resulted in a naval engagelllent with the Brit1ab sloop Royal Oeorle. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XXI, p. 10). Marinas part10ipated in the oapture ot the Britiah-licensed American brig South Carol1na by the U. S. frigate Constitution in the Atlant10. ("ee.er, p. 296). Marines part101pated in the oapture of three Britiah veasela by Chaunceyls 8quadr.on on La.k. Ontario. (Neeser, p. 296). Marines and seamen Joined Arrq troop., cro..ed into Can.a.da. and captured the Britiah tort at Red House. (McClellan, v. IJ Chap XXIJ p. 8), (Naeeer, p. 44). Marines partic1pated. in the oaptur. ot the Brltl.h brig RrOTen b;ythe U. S. brig ~ in the Borth Atlantio. ( .... p. 296). r, ,50

5 Kav

9 Hov

9 Hov
10 Hov

28 Hov
2 Dec

6 Deo
12 Dec

Mar1nee partIcipated in the capture or the British-licensed American sohooner Dorothy by the U. S. brig ~ in the North Atlantic. (Heeser, p. 296). Marines participated in the capture ot the British packet Nocton by the U. S. frigate Essex in the Atlantic. (MCClellan, v , I. Chap. XXIII, p. 3&). (lfeeser, p. 296). . Brazil.
Marines participated in the action between the U. S. frigate Constitution and the British trIgate Java ott tbe coast at

29 Dec

(MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XXI,~l4).

29 Dec

Marines participated in the oapture of the British .chooner Elizabeth by the U. S. frigate E•• ex off Rio de Janeiro. (lIfeeaar, 296). p. --1813 Marines participated in the capture ot tbe British Bchooner Ellen by the U. S. Bloop Hornet oft the coaat of Brazil. {Rieier, p. 298). Marines participated 1n tbe oapture or tbe Britisb ship Volunteer b¥ the U. S. fr1sate Chesapeake in the Morth Atlantic. {Neeser, p. 298). Marine. partioipated in tbe oapture of the British-licensed Amerioan brig Julia by the U. 8, fr1gate Chesapeake in the North Atlantio:--tieeaer, p. 298).
Marines partioipated in the capture or the BritiBh brig R~.olution by the U, S, 8loop Hornet off Peme.buco. (Nee8er, p. 29B). Marine. participated. in the capture of the British br1.g Earl Percy by the U. S.. fr1gate Cben.peaka in the :North Atlantic.. \lrii.er, p. 298). Marines and .oldier. attacked and burned on successive days the Indian town. of Payne and Bowlegs in Ea.t Plorida. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XIX [1st rev], p. 15). Marine. partiCipated
and the

6

Jan

12

Jan

1 Feb

4 Peb

5 Feb 9 Feb
24 Feb

Chap. XXII" p. 2).

Bri tiah brig P~ac ock in the Itt lantic • {MoCIe 1.1.0,

in the aotion betw~en the

U.

S •• loop Hornet ". I,

25 Mar 5
Apr

Marine. participated. in the oapture or the Peruvian privateer were,:_ by the U. S. fr1gate 'Ijex in the Paoirio off Chile. ( Clellan, v. I, Chap, XX ,p. 35). (Neeser, p. 298).
Kar1ne. part10ipated in the recapture of the .AJle1"ioanBbip Barolay by tbe U, S. trigate Be.ex ott Callao, Peru. (Beuer, p. 298). --

1 Apr
16 Apr

Jllar1nes l[I'at"t1oipated the capture of the B1"1tish schooner in Valeria lor Faabad) by the U. S. fr1gate abe •• peake 1n the
Borth Itlant o. ('ee.er, p.

298).

Marines were .erv1D& aboar4 gunboat. supporting J.%wy troop. in preparation tor the attack on Mobile. A .tor.1ng detacbllent UDder ... .1orCara10k was in poa1tion when the 8panhb C~t wrrendere4 Port Charlotte. (McClellan, v. I, Cbap. XIII, p. 1).
Marin •• participated in the expedition by General Dearbornla tore .. a.barked. ill Chaunoey lquadron w"bicb 1&Dd.ed. nd a .eized. York ('l'9I"Oflto). JlcClellaD, v. It Cbap. lXII, p. 3). ( (..... p. 46). r,

27

Apr

I.

51

Mar1ne1 participated 1n the capture of the Br1.tish ship MOntezuma with an attaok by boats from the U. S. frigate !!!!! In the Pacific. (MCClellan. v. I, Chap. XXIII. p. 35).

Apr

Marine. p'rt1.cipated in the capture ot the Britieh 8chooner Ellen by the U. S. trigate Che.apeake in the North Atlantio. 1iH'ier, p. 298). Marin •• partio1pated in the oapture of the British ship Eliza by the U. S. privateer America in the Atlantic. (McClellan. v. I, Chap. XXIV, p. 23).

3 May

6 Kay

List Re!7. p. 17).
19 May
22

'I'H8 "PA'l'lUOT'S WAR" ODED WHEIf THE LAST 01' AMERICAN TROOPS WERB Wl'!HDRAWlJ FROM 'LORIDA. (McClellan, v. I, Chap XIX

Marinel! part10ipated by the U. S. trigate

P. 296).

in the capture of the British brig Jean Congress in the Atlantic. (Neeser ,-.

May

nreeier. p. 298). 27
May

Marines particlpated in the capture of the British brig D1ana by the U. S. frigate Congress 10 the Atlantic. -

Marines of Chauncey's squadron landed with Armw troops of Colonel McComb'. regiment and took Fort George on Lake ontario. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. XXII, p. 4J. (Neeser, p. 46). ~1ne8 partiCipated in the capture of the British letter-ofmarque Atlantic by the U. S. frigate Essex in the Pacifio. (McClellan. v , I, Chap. XXIII, p. 35)-.--

30 May

Marines partlcipated in the capture of the British 8h~p Greenwiob by the U. S. frigate Eseex in the Pac1tl0. The GreenwIch was manned by Amerioana and placed under oommand ot Lieutenant John Gamble, cOlllll!UUl.der Marine guard on ot the the 8811ex. {McClellan} v. I, Chap. XXIII, p. 35).
p.

Marines participated in the oapture of the BritiSh schooner Salamanca by the U. S. brig Argus in the Atlantic. (Beeser,

300).

1 Jun

Mar1nes part1cipated in the actlon between the U. S. frIgate Chesapeake and the British trigate Shannon in the Atlantic. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XXII, p. 8). Marines participated in the capture of the British brig Kitty by the U. S. frigate Pr~sident between the Azores and England. (Heeser, p. 300). Marines partio1pated in the ospture ot the Br1tish packet brig ~ of Montroae by the U. S. frigate President between the Azore 8 and England. (Neeser, p. 300). Marines part1cipated in the capture of the British letteret-marque brig Maria by tbe U. S. frigate President between the Azores and ~nd. (Heeser, p. 300). Marines partlcipated in the capture ot the British sohooner Palcon by the U. S. trigate President between the Azores and EDgland. (Beeser, p. 300). Marines and sailors frOB the U. S. frigate Constellation repulsed attempte4 British landing on Craney Island {5 Irl. below Rortolk Havy Yard). (McClellan, v , I, Chap. XXII,
p. 11).

9 Jun
10 Jun

11

Jun

12 .lUn

22 Jun

30 Jun

The active duty strength of the Marine Corps was 591; 12 off ieer. and 579 enlisted. men. (Strengths. p.

n.

S2

12 Jul 14 Jul

Marines participated in the oapture of the British brig ~ and Ann by the U. S. frigate President oft North Cape. (lleeller p. 300). I Marines participated in the action with and tbe capture of the British ship. Ser~8patam, New Zealander, and Charlton by the ehips under Cap ain Pcrterls command in the Pacifio. The Greenwich under Lt. Gamble of the Mar1nes took a conaplo1ous part in the victory. (McClellan, v. I, Chap.
XXIII, P. 36).

14 Jul

Beginning this date end during the period to 14 August Marine. participated in the oapture of 20 British vessels by tbe U. S. brig Argua in the Br1tish Channel. (Heeaer •
J

p. 300).

18 Jul
24 Jul
29 Jul

Marines part1c1pated in the capture of the British brig DaPhne by the U. S. frigate President in the Irish Channel. (Heelier p. 300).
I

Marines partIcipated in the capture of the British ship Eliza Swan ~ the U. S. frigate President in the Irish Channe~(Heeser. p. 300). Marinea participated in the capture ot the British brig Alert by the U. S. frigate President in the Irish Channel. (Reeser, p. 300).
XXII, p. 16).

31 Jul
2 Aug

Marines and soldiers landed at York. Lake OntariO. and burned stores and barraoks of the British. (McClellan. v. I. Chap.

Marines partlcipated in the oapture of the British hark Lion by the U. S. frigate President in the Irish Channel. (Neeser,
p. 300).

5

Aug

Mar1Dea partic1pated in the capture of the Brit1sh schooner Do~ic8 by the U. S. privateer Decatur in the West Indies. (McClellan. v. I. Chap. XXIV. p. 24). Marines tram Wash~ton Were sent to ~polis for defense agatost British. (MCClellan, v. I. Chap. XXII, p. 15). Milt-toes were aboard the U. S. brig ~ when ahe was captured by the British ahlp Pelican. (McClellan. v. I, Chap. XXII ..p. 17).

12 Aug

14 Aug

20 Aug

TV" eeer, p. U. S{ by the 300J.

Marines participated in the capture of ths BritiBh schooner brig:Enterprbe off Portsmouth, N. H.

30

AUS

Marines partio1pated in the capture ot the Br1ti8h brig Shannon by the U. S. trigate President in the Atlantic. (Ree.er, p. 300).
Mar~1I partioipated in the action between the U. S. brig Enterprbe and the Brit1eh brig Boxer :in the Atlantic. (IIcC1ellan, v. I, Chap. XXII, P.l7").

4 Sap

9 Sap

War~a

by tbe

p. 300). 10 Sap

partiCIpated in the capture of the British brig Fly U. S. frigate Prea1dent in the Atlantic. (Heeaer.

Mar~s served aboard 8hlpa under Commodore Ol1ver Kazard Perr,y during the BattIs ot Lake Erie. (McClellan, Y. I,
Chap.

XXII.

p.

19).

S3

14 Sep

Marines partlcipatad 1n the capture or the British letteror-marque Sir Andrew Hammond by the U. S. rr1~ate Essex in the Marque.as Islands in the South Pac1fic. {MoClellan, v. I, Chap. XXIII, p. 38). Marines part1cipated 1n the action between the U, S. frigate President and the British schooner Hig~ F£~r, tender to the BrItIih ahip-or-the-l1ne St. DomingO, n Atlantic Ocean. (Neeser, p. 52). -Marines partioipated in the action between Chauncey's squadron and several British shipe on Lake Ontario. (MoClellan, v. I, Chap. XXII, p. 17), (Neeser, p. 52). Marines partioipated 1n the aotion between tour ships of Chauncey's squadron and tour British shipe on Lake Ontario. (Naeaer, p. 52). Marines participated 1n the capture of the British schooner t;dY Oore by the U. S. schooner Sylph on Lake Ontario. ser, p. 302). Marines partioipated in the IlMaddequeeham.Fight" between the U. S. pr1vateer Prince of Neutelatel and boats of the British trigate EndYfion otf Tom-Nevers' Head, Nantucket. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. IV, p. 24). Marine Barracks e8tablished at Navy Yard, Portsmouth. N. H. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XXII, p. 24). Marines participated in the capture of the British ship Rose by the U. S. frigate Congreae in the Atlantio. (Neeser,-p.302). Marines partic1pated in the action between the U. S. privateer Globe and two British brigs. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. XXIV, Marine. partiaipated in the capture of the British brig Atlantic by the U. S. frigate COngress 1n the North Atlantic. (Keeser, p. 302). Marines partio1pated in the recapture of the American 8chooner Comet by the U. S. rrigate President off New York. (lfeeaer, 'P."""102). Marines partio'ipated in the action between the U. S. privateer America and a Br1ti8h ship in the Atlantic. (McClellan, v. I. chap. XXIV. p. 23). Island in the Marquesas Islands. Lieutenant Gamble 10 charge ot three shipe at Porter's command landed a part at bis torce, and by a show of a~8. 1nttm1dated th~ native. and regained the property pilfered previously. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XXIII, p. 38). 1814 Marines partic1pated in the capture ot the British ship Wanderer by the U. S. frigate President orr Barbados, W. I. (Neeser. P. 302). Marines partic1pated 1n the capture of the two British ships Edward and Jonathan by the U. S. trigate President oft BarbadOS, W. t. (Reeser, p. 300).
At Nookaheevah

23 Sep

28 Sep

5 Oct 6 Oct 11 Oct

24 Oct

25 Oot
3 Nov

-p:-2li") ,

5 5

Dec

Dec

14 Dec 24 Dec

5 Jan

9

Jan

54

---_._--_._-------------------------------------------

18 Jan 20 Jan

Marines_participated in the capture or a Br1t1sh pr1ze, the Spanish brig Isabel1a,by the U. 3. schooner Enterprise and the U. S. brig Rattlesnake in the Atlant10. (Keeser, p. 302). Marines partic1pated in the oapture or the Swedish sbl~ S1noer1ty whioh had British merohandise aboard, by the U. S. schooner Enterprise and the U. S. brig Rattlelnake in the Atlantio. (Reeser, p. 302). Marines participated in the action between the U. S. sohooner Alligator and six boats ot a Br1tish tr1gate ott Colels Island, Stone R1ver, S. C. (Reeser, p. 52). Marines partlclpated in the capture of the Brltish schooner Prince Regent by the U. S. sloop Adams in the North AtlantIc. (Keeser, p. 302). -Marlnes participated in the capture of the British brig Rambler by the U. S. schooner Enterprise and U S. brig Rattlesnake in the Caribbean. (Reeser, p. 302j . Marines partiCipated in the capture of the BritiBh schooner Industry by the U. S. sloop Adams in the North Atlantic. (HeeseI', p. 302). -Marines participated 1n the capture of the British ship Lovely Ann by the U. S. frigate Constitution ott the coast of Gaina. (Neeser, p. 302). Martnes part1cipated in t~e action between the U. S. frigate Constitution and the British schooner Pictou in the West Iridlel!l.(Neuer, p. 52). Marines participated in the capture of the British sohooner Phoenix by the U. S. frigate Constitut1on east of TrInidad. (Heeserl p. 302). Marines partiCipated in the capture of the British brig Catherine by the U. S. frigate Constitution east of Tr1nidad. (leeser, p. 302). Marines participated in of-marque schooner Mara schooner Enterprise-aDa Caribbean. (Reeser, p. the capture of the British letterand the schooner Eliza by the U. S. the rr. S. brig RaI£Iiinake in tbe

29 Jan
29 Jan
7 Feb

9 Feb 14 Feb
15 Feb

18 Feb
19 Feb
23 Feb

302).

4 Mar

Mar1nes partiCipated in the action between the U. S. privateer Snap Dra!on and the British ship Llvergool otf Dutch Quiana. (McC ellan, v. I, Chap. XXIV, p. 2 ,. Marines participated in ~he capture of the British sloop Naynt1ne by the U. S. sloop Adams off the coast of Africa. eeserJ p. 302).

4 Mar

fAiry

11 Me%'

Marines participated in the capture of the British brlg Roebuok by the U. S. sloop Adams off the ooal!lt Africa. of (Neeser, p. 302). Marines participated in the capture ot the British brig Little Fox by the U. S. sloop Frolic in the Weet Indies. (Xee8er:-p. 302). the capture of the British ship sloop Adama in the North Atlantio.

17 Mar

25 Mar

28 Mar

Marines particIpated In the action between the U. S. frigate ~ and·the British sloop Cherub and frigate Phoebe ott the Pacifio coast of South America, (McClellan. v. I. Chap. XXIII, p. 41), Marines participated In the capture of a British privateer schooner by the U. S, sloop Prolle in the West Indies. (Neeser. p. 302). Marines participated in the action between the U. S. sloop Peacock and the British ship Epervler in the Atlantic. (McClellari, v. I. Chap. XXIII, p. 2). Marines participated in the capture of the British ship Barton by the U. S. brig Siren oft the coast or Africa. (Neeser, p. 302). -Marines partioipated in the capture of the Britiah bark Neptune by the U. S. sloop Wasp in the North Atlantio. (Neeser. p. 302). Marines participated In the capture of the British brig John by the U. S. brig Rattlesnake off the coast of France. (Neeser, p. 302).
A battalion of Marines under IstLt Samuel Miller a&rched St. Leonard's Creek (about 12 miles above the mouth of the

3 Apr 29 Apr
May

2 Jun

9 Jun Jun

12

from Headquarters Marine Corps

in

Washington, D. C., to (McClellan. v. I.

Patuxant River) arriving on 17 June. Chap, XXIII. p. 9). 13 Jun 17 Jun

Marines partlolpated in the oapture ot the BritiBh brig William by the U. S. sloop Waap oft the British IBles. (Keeser~ p. 30Q). Marines participated in the capture of the British brig Sea Plower by the U. S. sloop Peacock otf Grand Banks. (Reeiir~ p. 304). Marines participated in the capture ot the Br1tiBh brig Pallas by the rr. S. sloop Wasp off the entrance to the English Channel. (Reeser, p. 304). Marines partiCipated in the capture ot the BritiBh brig Crown Prince by the U. S. brig Rattlesnake in the North 7it!iiitic (He 88 er. p. 304). • Marines partioipated in the capture of the Br1t1Bh sh1p Henrietta by the U. S, sloop Wasp in the North Atlant1c. (Reeser. p. 304). Marines partioipated in the capture of the Br1t1sh brig Hunter by the U. S. sloop Adams In the North Atlantic. (Reeser, p. 304). -Marines participated in the oapture ot the British ship Orange Boven by the U, S. sloop Wasp off the coast of Prance. (lfee8er~304) • -Marines and 80ldiers assIsted Naval torces 1n driv~ off blockading British ships at St. Leonard's Creek. (MCClellan, y. I, Chap. XXIII, p. 11). Marines participated in the action between the U. S. sloop ~ and the British ah1p Re1ndeer in the IOrtb Atlantio. (MCClellan, v. I. ChaP. XXIII. p. 4).

18 Jun
22 Jun

23 Jun 24 JWl 26 Jun 26 Jun

Msrtn.. partioipat.d 1n the oapture of the british brig the U. S •• loop Adam. in the Horth Atlantio. (Nleser, p.
!be

Ma§e4by ).

and 519 .n111 ted lI..n.

aotlve duty 8treng~ of the Marine Corps wa. 648. 11 offioers (Strength., p. 1).

MaI"1nu p&rtlc1pated in the oapture ot the Bri ti.h brig R•.ulator b7 the U. S •• loop Walp 1n tbe North Atlantio. (R....

r, -Po 304).

5 rl'u.l 6 Jul
11 J'ul

Marin •• partioipated in the oapture or tour Br1t1ab veee.le by the U. S •• loop P••cook ott the Britieb Ielea. (Heeser, p. 304). Marin •• part101pated 1n tbe oapture of the Britiah schooner ~ by the U. S. sloop Wasp oft the ooaat or Franoe. (Nee eel" p. 304).
J

Mar1nes were aboard the U. S. brig Rattle.nake when she surrendered to the Brit11h frigate Leander in the Atlantio. (MaClellan, v. I, Chap. XXIII, p. 7). Mar in. a part101pated in the oapture of the Brit1sh brig Adventurer by the U. S. brig ~ off the ooaat of Afrioa. (Heeaer, p. 304).
Marines and soldiers landed at St. Joseph on Lake Huron to destroy the fort and barraok.. (McClellan. v. I, Chap. XXIII, p. ~3). Marine. partioipated in tbe oapture of the British schooner Pavorite by the U. S. sloop Ad... off the ooast of England. (Neeeer, p. 30~). -----

12 Jul
20 Jul

28

Jul

1 Aug

Marines partioipated in the oapture of the British sloop Leith Paskat qy the U. S. eloop Peaoook off the Shannon. (R•• eer, p • 30~) • Marines partioipated 1n the oapture of the British sloop WIl11 .. and Ann by the U. S. sloop Peacook off Ennia.
(lfiner.T.~) .

2 Aug

3 Aug

Marines partio1pated 1n the oapture of the BritIsh sloop ~ and Jane by the U. S. sloop Peaoook off Tory Island. (He .. er,-p:-1'04)• At Michilimaokinae Island in the Great Lake., Marine. and Boldiers landed and fought a bloody battle but were repulsed. (McClellan, v. I, Chap. XXIII. p. 43). ' Mar1nes participated in the oapture of the British ship Pari. by the U. S. sloop Adame off the coast of Ireland. (Heeser, p. 304). -Marines and soldie,rs embarked in Sinclairla Squadron landed at the aouth of the Hautauwasaga River in 14ke Huron and captured a blookbouse. (MeClellanl v. I. Chap. XXIII, P. 44).

4 Aug

7

Aug

14 Aug

14 Aug

Marin •• participated in the capture of the Brit1sh bark W1lli .. by tbe U. S. Bloop P'Bcook off north coast of Ireland. (ae•• er. p. 30~). Marines partiCipated in the oapture of the Brit1sh sbip S1r Edward Pellen by the U. S. Bloop Peacock off the north C08st of Ireland. (Heeeer, p. 301).
~).

15 AU@:

16

Aug

Marines participated in the oapture of the British schooner Maria by the U. S. sloop Adams in the Atlantio. (Neeser,

--

57

11

ac

liar 1M I paP1i101pat.cl 1n tbe oaptur. filOM .b7 tbe \1. So Iloop "aoock

.I.r,

P.

304).

ot tbe Bri tllb brig ott Oape Ort1Cal.

III.r:lne. p&l"tlo1pat.d 1Jl the oapture ot the :81'1 t18h br1@: triton b~ the Ut S. l100p P•• cook ctt Oape Pin1.terre. (Hi ••• rp p. 304/.
!fb. Br1.tlab burned \la.b1nlton

A Marini battalion partiolpated

(MaCl.llan, v. I, Chap. XXIII, p. 22).

in the Battle of Bladensburg. and. wltbdrew 25 AUSU.t.

Marinll partlo1pate4 1n the o.ptur. at the BritiDh brig Latt10e b7 the 11. S. Iloop W •• p in the Bnlll.b Chann.l. (R•••• r, p. 306).

31 Au,s
1 sep 1 sep

~

Marine. partioipated in the oapture ot the British brig Bon by the 11( S •• loop wasp in tho Englieh Channel. {lIilaer, p. 306/.

Mar1nl. aM l!Ieuwn at Wh1te Bouie, Virginia, IIhelled attacking Br1tl~ &hlp. on the Pot08&c. (NOClellan, v. I, Chap. XXlII, p. 29).
}fA!2 and.

~,
1 Sap

Marine. partioipat.d 10 tbe aotlon between tbe U. S, .100p tbe British br1& Avon 10 tbe Atlantl0. (McClellan,

Ohap. XXIII, p. 53).-rRi.l!ler,p. 56).

Mar1Dl. participated 1n the oapture at the Brltl.h brig ~ b7 the 11. S •• 100p ..... in tbe En&lll!1h Channel. p (Heuer, p. 306),
Marine. partloipated. in tbe o.pture ot the Brl t1.h brig Itu.ck by the U, S •• 100p '.aoook ott I.land ~orteventur., (Meeser, p. 306),
and. ae n tro. tbe U, S. 8loop.M!m! and 1I111tl. d.erended the Ad dur1na .. land attaok b7 British at Baapden, Ma1oe. (McClellan, v , I. Chap. XXIII, p. 45).

2' Sep

3 Sep
12 Sep

Marinu

Mar1ne. and. se.. n Joined. Arrq troop. in entranohaent. at Baltt.ore, Maryland, to detend again.t Brlt1eh attacking. (NOel.ll8ft, v. I, Chap. XXIII, P. 3~).

12 Sep

\Riiier, p. 306}. 14 Sep 16 Bep 16 Sep
21 Sep

Mar1n •• partlclpated 1n the oapture of the Brltllb brig Three Brotberl by the U. S. I!Iloop •• p in the North Atlantio. W

Marlne. part10ipated in the o.pture or the Br1tlsh brig Baoohu. by the U. S. doop Vasp in tbe )forth Atlantl0. (Bee.er, p. 306). Nerine. e.tabli8bed whiah Cancre.,.

_t.

a guard. over the ta.porary chamber. in (MoCle an , v. I, ChaP. XXIII, p. 33). 11

Marine. were part ot landing party to W1pe out the pr1ate .trODghold .t GrBD4 ~erre I.land, Lou11!11an&. (McClellan,

v. I,

ChaP,

XXIII, p. 52).

Mar1De. partiaipated. in the o.pture ot the :Br1tish brig Atlanta D7 the U. 8 •• loop Wa.p 1n the Horth Atlantio. (Reeaer, p. 306). Marine. partioipated in the aotion between the U. S. privateer General Arsatro¥: and the boat. of the Br1tiah br1C Carnation and the tr .tea Rot. and. PlaDtag,ne't in the port ot 1I'~.1. bore. Ialand.. (MoClellan, v. I, Chap. XXXV,
p. 25J.

26 Sep

S8

12 Oot

MariDe. partIcipated 10 the oapture ot the British sh1p ~ by the U. S. Bloop Peacock oft Barbuda, W. 1. (Heeser, p. 3(6).
Marine. and
pun1ah

17 Oct
13

Beamen again landed on Gra.nd Terre I.land to pirate •• (MOClellan, v. I, Chap. XXIII. p. 53).
-

Wov

XXIV, p. 26).

Marine. partlcipated in the capture or a Br1t1sh brig by the U. S. privateer Leo in tbe Atlant1c. (MaClellan, v. I, Chap.

15

Dee

Marines Berve<! aboard. the five gunboatB under Lt. A. C. Jonas on the Lakes betore !lew Orleans when the Brit1sh attacked in tbe1r drive toward. Rew Orlean.. (McClellan, v. I. Chap. XXIV', p. 5), (Brook., p. 93).
Jlar1Dea

22 Dec

trca tbe U. 3. frigate C~e .. aeeiBted in righting. tlrtt in Porta.outh, H. H. (Me lellan, v , I, Chap. XXII, p. 24).

rrom the Marine Barraoks

and the

Marine Detachment

23 Dec

Marinea aboard the U. S. achooner Carolina participated in the bombardment or the British oamp prior to the attack by Jackson'. toreea. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XXIV, p. 7), (Brook.. p. 138). A c~ JaoksODls Orleana.
ot Marines participated in a night attack by Gen. torcea on Brltlab camp about 9 1I11eB below )few

23 Dec
24 Dec

(McClellan,

v.

I,

Chap. XXIV'. p. 4, 8).

'I'D WAR 01' 1812 WAS ENDKD BY THE SIGHDfO 011" THE TREA'1'Y Q]P PEACB Wl'l'B BmLAllD AT GHENT (HEWS WAS RECEIVED IX u. 8. TOO LAD '1'0 PREV'EII'1' BAftLB Q]P NEW' 0RLEAIf8). (McClellan, v. I. Chap. XXIV. p. 3), (BrookB, p. 160). Jlar1Dea participated in the oapture or the British brig Lord. Helson by the U. S. fr1.gate Constitution east or Bermuda--:-(lieser, p. 306). Marines particIpated in the duel between British ahore batterleB and the gun. of the U. S. sohooner Carolina barore Jfew Orleana. (MaClellan, Y. I3 Chap. XXIV. p. 12), (BroOks. p. 119). Marines were part or Oen. Jackson's rorce which repelled BritiSh attack on ~rican derenses before Hew Orleans. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XXIV. p. 14), (Brooks, p. 191).

24 Dec

27 Dec

28 Dec

the

1815 8 Jan
Mar1ncts part1cIpated. in the bloody repulse of a -Jor British attack on detenses of Hew Orleans. (MCClellan, Y. I. Chap. XXIV, p. 17). (Brooks, p. 232).
Marine.

15

Jan

ana Tenedoe
16 Feb
20 Beb

participated in the action between the U. 8. rrigate Pres1dent and the British rr1gatea EndY!don, Majest1c, Pomona,
otf Long I.land. in

(McClellan,

v. I,

Chap.

nv,

p. 1).

Marine. participated
Marine. partIoipated MideIra Island.

SUaannah by the u. S. f'rlgate Portugal. (Heeser, p. 3(6).
in the

the capture or the BritiSh ship
Conatitut1on ofT Lisbon,

Con8titution and the ~lt1Bh

action between the U. S. frigate Bloop. Cyan! and Levant near {McClellan, v , I, Chap. XXV. p. 3J.

59

26 Peb

Marines participated in the action bet••• n the U. 8. privateer brig Chasseur and the BritiBh schooner St, Lawrenoe ott Havana, CUba. (McClellan. v. I, Chap. XXIv. p, 21). (Maclay, p. 296),
PRESIDENT JlADISOH APPROVED All ACT OF CONGRESS AU'!'HOftIZING Ji'ORCE AGAIJfST THE DEY OP ALGIERS. (MeCle l1&n, v , I. Chap. I. p. a).

3 Mar

23 Mal" 13
17

Marinee participated in the action between the U. S. sloop Hornet and the British brig Pe~1n ott Tristan d I !cunha. (MCClellan, v. I, Chap. XXV. ~~). (K.e~er, p. 58). TReeier. p. 306).
union by the U, S.

Jun

Marines

partioipated

in the oapture or the British ship sloop Peaoock in the Straits at Sunda.

Jun

Marines partlcipated in the aotion between Decaturts squadron and the AlgerIan Cr1gate Mashuda off Cape de Oat. (Allen (2). p. 282), (McClellan, v. II, Chap. I, p. 6). Marines participated in the capture of the Algerian brIg Eatedio by Deoatur's squadron orr Cape Palos. (~Clellan~ v. II, Chap. I. p. 6). Marines part1cipated in the capture at the Brit1.h ship Venus by the U. S. sloop Peacock in the Straits ot SUnda. (Reeser, p. 306). Marines partioipated in the capture ot the Brlt1ah ship Brio de Mar by the U. S. sloop Peaoock in the Straits of SUnda:- (Heeser. P. 306). Marines partioipated in the action between the U. S. sloop Peacock and tbe BritiBh brig Nautilus in the Straits ot SUrida {between Sumatra and Java}. (McClellBD, v. !. Chap.
p.

19

Jun

21 Jun

29

Jun

30

Jun

XXV,

9).

30

Jun

'l'REATYOF PEACE CONCLUDED WITH DEY Chap. I, P. 1), (HeeseI'. p. 7).

(J!

ALa

IERS.

(McClellan, v , II, and

30 Jun

The active duty strength of the Marine 680 enlisted .en. (Strengths, p. 1). TREATY TREATY
OF' OF'

Corps was 688; 8 ottioers (Neeser. p. 7).

31 Jul 9
Aug

PEACE COIIDLUDED WITH THE BEY OF TUllIS. PEACE CONCLUDED WITH THE BASHAW

OF TRIPOU.

(Neeaer', p. 7) ..

1816
Apr Marines partieipated in the capture or the pirate schooner Camet the U. S. brig Boxer. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. II, p. 8). -The active duty strength ot the Marina 451 enlisted men. (Strengths. p. 1). Co:rps was 472
j

by

30

Jun

21 offioers and

27 Jul

Marines on board gunboats # 149 & 154 partioipated 1n the destruction and capture ot a tort Banned by Negroes and IndIans on the Appalachlcola River in Plorlda. (Keelellan, v. II, Chap. II. p. 15). Marines were aboard the U. S. sohooner Firebrand when she was tired upon by Spanish warShips ott Vera Cruz. (MCClellan, v. II. Chap. II. p. 9).

21 Aug

1817
3 Mar Peace Establishment Act pa8sed by Congress set strength ot Marine Corps at 50 officers and 942 enlisted. (MCClellan, v. II. Chap. II. p. 3).

60

3 Mar

Inspection duties were added to thoBe of Adjutant on the etaff of Headquarters Marine Corr,a with the establishment of the office of "Adjutant and Inspector' and the appointment of' Captain Samuel Miller as firBt incumbent. (M. C. Staf'f. P. 3). The active duty strength of the Marine 652 enlisted men. (Strengths. P. 1). COrp8 was 666; 14 officers and

30 Jun
23 Dec

Marine detachments from six naval vessels participated in Jo1nt Army and Navy o~rations to force surrender of' Amelia IBland. Plorida. by pirates. {Metcalf, P. 88).

1818
30 Jun
The active

duty strength of the Marine 536 enlisted men. (Strengths. P. 1).

Corpo waB 560; 24 officers

and

19

Aug

Marines from the U, S. Bloop Ontario participated in the flag raising ceremony at a landing in the ColUlDbla River which WBS made to strengthen the claim of' the U. S. to the Oregon Territory. (McClellan. v. II. Chap. II, P. 42). The third Commandant of the Marine Corps, Lieutenant Colonel l'rankl1n Wharton, died in New York City while still in office. He was buried in Old Trinity Chur<::hYard in New York on 3 September. (McClellan. v. II, Chap, II, p. 49).

1

Sep

3 Mar

Brevet Major Anthony Gale was appointed Lieutenant Colonel Commandant of the Marine Corps, Major Samuel Miller was BCting CMC fro. death of Colonel Wharton on 1 September until 15 September; Major Archibald Henderson was acting from 16 September unt11 the appointment of Gale. (MCClellan. v. II~ Chap. II, P. 53). The active duty strength of the Marine 664 enlisted men. (Strengthe, P. 1). Conclusion Corps was 685; 21 off~cerB
and

30 Jun

The Quaai-War accustOllled Mar1nes to fighting, helped theJl perfect their organ1zat1on, and solidly established Marine traditions of steadiness, reaourcefUlness and courage. The Tripolitan War of 1801-1805 gave birth to a mdssion which in the future would becoae paramount for Marinea--the providing aC expeditionary forces ~d1ately available for employment with the fleet. At Tripoli, naval blockad.es~ bombardments, and offers of ransora proved ineffectual until an exped1tionary force brought the BaIlMW to terms. By the time of the War of 1812, the Marinea had established their usefulness. McClellan in Chapter XX oC his firat volume evaluated their service as 1'ollowa: "There never has been a war when the Marines did IDDre~ in proportion to their numbers, than in thilB war. The credit belongs to Lieutenant-Colonel COlII:Q8.lldant Franklin Wharton. He solved the problem of placing Marines upon about aeventy naval vessel.; of providing a strong battalion that partic~pated in several land engagements including the Battle of Bladensburg; of having an efficient company at New Orleans ready for Commodore Daniel Todd Patterllon and M&jer-General Andrew JaCk80n to use in the defence of New Orleansj of developing a seasoned "expeditionary f'orce" to aupport land operationa ot the COlllnOdore Isaac Chauncey' a Squadron in the Lake Ontario theatre of war; and of l118.inta1n1ngsuff:1aient forces throughout the United States to carry on the usual naval and militsry m:1asion of the COt"J)B." The conclusion of the War of 1812 allowed the Marine. a short breathing spell although anti-pirate operations still were active. J'rQIII. this time on. however, there will be few years when we ~on·t find Marines active in 8ame part of the worl~.

61

~ CHRONOLOGY

OF THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS by

Colonel W. M. Miller. USMC Part III The Marine Corps at Sea and On Shore (1820-~)

This chronology is presented in several parts as a oompilation of historical dates concerning Marines which have been pre~ou81y set forth by v8rious authors 88 factual. No claim 1& made that all possible souroea have heen used. The following sources have been used in Part III of this chronology: salem, Mass.: Essex (C1ted

Allen, Gardner W. Our Navy and the West Ind1an Pirates. Institute, 1929. \Cited a"B""'Al1en~rl). American State Papers, Naval Affairs. ae iiASP""1~ Bauer, K. Jack. diseertation," Washington: Oales

& Seaton. 1860.

United States Naval Operations During The Mexican War. Indiana University, 1953. (Cited ae "BaUer"). -J

"PhD

Collum, Capt Richard S. Histo~ of the United Statee Marine Corps. L. R. Hamersly & Co 1890. ited"'"'iiCollum "). "
II

Philadelphia:

"Coumandant· s Letters Sent, 1837·1841. vol. 12, pp. 276-7 (Reoord Group 127. National Arohi ves) • (Cited as "CMC Letters"). Elleworth, H. A. "Calendar of Important Events." Marine Corps Gazette, Vol. 19~ no. 4, \Hov 1935). (Cited aa "Ellsworth"). Ellsworth, Capt Harry A. 1800·~. Washi~ton: i8"E1I &Worth (2)"). One Hundred Eighty Landlngs of United States Marines, Historical Sect1on. U. S, Marine Corps, 1934. (Cited

Emmons. Lt George F. The Navy of the United States Gideon &: Co .• 1853. -rcited as"Emmons"). 18th CongreSfl, 1st Beasion, House DocWllent 131. Foote, Cmdr Andrew H. Afrioa and the Amerioan !!!g. 1854. (Cited 88 "Foote"). --

(1112-!§2J).
88

Washington:

(Cited

"H. Doc 131"), D. Appleton &: Co.,

New York:

Hensel, W. V. The Christiana Riot ~ ~ r,;eason ~.2l. Sketch. Lancaster, Pa .• 1911. (CIted as Henssl"), Rome of the Commandante. --.rcoiiiiiiandantali )• Washington: Leatherneok

l.e.5.l; A HlItorioal
1956. (Cited.a

Association.

Knox, Dud ley W. ! Hi8 toq .2l. !hi united Stat II Na vy . Hew York: Son8, 1936. (Cited a8 Knox"),

G. P. Putnaill'.

McClellan, MaJ Edwin N. H1story of the United States Marine~. 2 vola. Washington: Historioal section, Headquarters U. S. Marine Corpa, 1925-37. (This exceptionallY well·dooumented work had limited distribution due to restricted printing. Volume 2 i8 incomplete. For further information refer to Historical Branch, 0-3 Division, Headquarter. Marine Corps). (Cited ae "MaClellan") •

......

_ __ ._-_._--------------------------------..

McClellan, MaS Edwin H. uniforms of the American Marinas. Waah1ngton: Section, U. S. Marine Corps, 1932. -rGlted SIS "McClellan (2)"). Metcalf, LtCol Clyde H. History of the United StatelS Marine CO~p8. G. P. Putnam'8 Son8. 1939. (Cited &8 "Metcalf").

Historioal

New York:

Muster Rolla of Marine Detaohments Aboard U. ~. Naval Vessals, Record Group # l27~ National ArOliivea. (Cited aa "MR."). Nalty, Bernard C. The Barrier Forts (Marina Corps Historical Reference Seriee # 6). WaBhington: Historical Branc~3, Headquarters, U. S, Marine Corps, 1958. (Cited as IlNaltylt).

!!!:!Z Register of ~

united States (Utle variesL

l820~1859.

(Cited as "NR").

Neaaer. Robert W. Historical and Chronological HistorY of the Y. ~'"Bavy, !1121907. Vol II. New York: ~MoMl11an Company, 1909. {Clteo as ee8er~.19th ---Congress, 1st Se8910n, House Document 138. Re~lations For The Uniform & Dress of EheNNavy and Marine co~s of the United tates. PnIIaaiIphia: Prln~or-t e avy Department by ,~ana-p. a. Collins, 1852. (Cited ae "Uniform Reg s 1852").

---

-----

---

(Cited

8S

"K. Doc 138").

Refglations For The Uniform and DrelSB or the Marine ~ of the United States( I 59. PhiladelPhia: Charles Desllver,l8"59. (Cited aa--n'Uniform Rega 1859" J. Sprague, John T. as "Sprague").
U,

The Florida War.

New York:

D. Appleton

and

Co., 1848.

(C1ted

s. Marine Corps. "Marine Corps Strengths," Personnel Aooounting Section, OOB-2200-bjf, 26Nov54. (Cited as "Strengths").

Many other sources .ere investigated, such as additional years of Secretary of the ~ R~ort8, Suppression of the ~ Trade by DuBOiS, Articles in the Naval Initltute __oceed1ngs, etc., bUI unless there was a positive statement or evidence ot the participat10n of Marines in a particular event. no entry was made.

Introduction Aocording to the hi.tory books. several decades of peaoe tollowed the War of 1812. The Marine Corps of that d87 would not subscribe to that premise. Although the Corps was small in numbers, Marines were active throughout the world. Early In the period covered by this Part. a vibrant personal! ty tOOk cOlllll&lld the ot Marine Corps. With Arohibald Henderson as Commandant, life would not be calM and restful and he remained at the head of the Corps for nearly 39 years. Date
5 Apr

1820 Marines partioipated in ~e capture of five 8lave 8chooners by the U. S. oorvetteAFr!ne off Cape Mount and the Oa111nos River on the .eat co.at at rca. (NeeBer, P. 308). (MR. Jan. 1820). Marinee participated in the capture of t.o .lave schooners durIng the period 7-12 April by the U. S. oorvette Cyane orf Cape Mount and the Oall1ncs RIver on the west ooast of AfrIca, (Neeser~ P. 308). (MR, .lan. 1820). The active duty .trength of the Marine Corps .aa 571; 19 officers and 552 enlisted men. (Strength., p. 1). Brevet Major samuel Miller became acting Commandant due to the arrest tor t~lal by court martial at Ld.utenant Colonel Commandant Gale. (MCClellan, v. II, Chap. II, p. 72).

7 Apr

30

Jun

30 AUS

16 Oct

Lieutenant Colo~el Anthony Gale, the 4th Commandant of the Marine Corps, wae found guilty or charges preferred against him at a general court-mar~ial on 18 September. He waa sentenced to be dismissed from the Corps and on this date the sentence was executed. (McClellan. v. II, Chap. II,
P. 72).

Oct

Marines were aboard three of the U. S. ships stationed off the west coast of South America until May 1822 to protect Amerioan commerce during the revolt against Spain. (Knox. p. 143). (MR.). 1821

2 Jan
.~,

The President appointed Brevet Major Archibald Henderson as Lieutenant Colonel COI'IIll8ndant the Marine Corpa with date of of commission of 17 Octoper 1820. (MCClellan. v. II. Chap • II, p. 73). The active duty strength of the Marine Corps vaa 879; 35 officere and 844 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 1).
SPAIN CEDED THE FLORIDAS TO THE UNITED STATES.

30 Jun

17 Jul
16 Oct

(Sprague, p.

2).

Marines partioipateq in the ~apture of five pirate vessels by the U. S. brig Enter~rise at Cape AntoniO, Cuba. (EmmonS, P. 76), (McClellan, v. I. Chap. III, p. 4). Marines partIcipated in the capture of a pirate schooner by the U S, br~ Enterpriee at Cape Antonlo Cuba. (Emmons, p. 76j , lMcClellan. v. It, Chap. III, p. 4 ).
1822

21 Dec

7 Jan
8 Mar

Marines partIcipated in the recapture at a Dutch sloop, pri~e of pirates, by the U. S. brig s~ark in the West Indies. (Emmons, p. 76), (MR, Jan. 1822 . Marinee and seamen from the U. S. brig Enterprise landed in pursuit of pirates at Cape AntoniO, Cubs. (MCClellan, v. II, Chap. III, P. 4), (Heeser, p. 310). Marines participated in the capture of two pirate sohooners by the U. S. schooners Shark and Grampus in the West Indies. (Neeser, p. 310), (McClellan, v. II. Chap. III, p. 5). The active duty strength of the Marine Corps was 731; 23 officers and 708 enlisted men. (strengtbs, p. 1),. Marines partic1pated in the action between the U. S. schooner Gram~us and the pirate brig Pa~ in the West Indie •• (ACe e1lan, v. II. ChaP. III. ~. (Heeser, p. 310).

Jun

30 Jun
16
Aug

285ep

Marine. participated in the capture of & pirate vessel by the U. St Bloop Peacock weat ot Havana. Cuha. (Allen (2), p. 35), (HR, 1823/.

9 Nov

,
1, Peb

Marine. participated in the act10n between the U. S. schooner All~ator and eever.l pirate 8cboonera in the harbor of Matanzas, Cuba. (Me tell.n. v. II. Chap. III. p. 5). (Hee8er, p. 310). 1823
The Secretary of the Navy ordered that a Naval Station and a Marine Barracke be establi.hed at Key West. Plorida, Crom which base Commodore Porter'e squadron was to operate aeainat the pirates 1n the West Indies.

(MCClellan, v. II. Chap. III, P. 9).

B

Apr

MBrtnee and seamen !rom the sloop Peacock and the heavy harges Galllnlpper and MoS~Uito landed in pur8uit of pirates east of Havana, Cuba. (MeClel an. v. II, Chap. III, p. 14), (Allen (2). p. 46). Marine. participated in the capture of a pirate schooner by the U. S• •loop Peacock ott Cuba. (Allen (2), p~ 46), (McClellan, v. II, Chap.

16 Apr

III. p, 13).

30 Jun

The

681 enlisted men.

active duty strength of the Marine Corps was 701i 20 officers and (Strengths, p. 2).

(Early in Jul,) Marinee partioipated in the action between the U. S, sloop Sea Gull and the U. S. heavy barges Gallini~er and Mosquito and a plra~schooner off CUba. (Allen (2). p. 51), (~Clellan, v. II. Chap. III. P. l7).

22 Jul

Kar1ne. and .eamen from the U. S. schooner. Grefhound and Be~e to attack pirates near Ca~e Cruz, Cuba. (HcCle lan, v. II,p. P. 18), (Allen (2). p. 53). 1824

lan~ed

III.

12 Mar
30 Jun 14 Bov

Marine. fram the Boaton Navy Yard subdued a riot at the Massachusetts State Prison in Boston, Massachusetts. (COllum, p. 6l).
The sctive duty strength

890 enli8te~ men.

of the Marine Corps wae (Strengths, p. 2).

940;

50 officers

an~

Comnodore Porter landed with Marines at Fajardo, P. R •• to avenge an 1n.u1t to the American flag. (MCClellan. v. II, Chap. III, p. 26),
(Allen (2). p. 68).

12 Yeb 4 Mar

Marines and seamen fro. the U. S. schooner Grampus went ashore to help right a tire on St. Thomas. V. I. (McClellan. v. II. Chap. III. p. 29). MarInes participated
and a pirate sloop
The

in the action between the U. S. schooner Gr~U8 off the southern coast of Puerto Rico. (MCCI~an, v. II. Chap. III, p. 29). (Allen (2), p. 82). active duty strength ot the Marine Corps was 781; 35 ofticers and (Strength., p. 2).

30 .lun

746 enlisted men.

I...,.

1826
~e Mameluke hilt was ~re8orlbed tor Marine otticera' swords. (MCClellan, (2), p. 89).

The active duty strength of the Marine Corp. va. 835; 39 officer. and 796 enli.ted men. (Strength., p. 2),

66

1827
30
Jun

The active duty strength of the Marine Corps was 946; 43 officers and 903 enlisted men. (Strengths, P. 2). Marines participated 1n the capture of two pirate vessels by the U, S. sloop Warren in the Cyclades Ialands off Greece, (Neeser, p, 312), (MR, Nov. 1827). Marines participated in the action between the U. S. schooner por~oise and 200 Oreek pirates in the Doro Passage in the Aegean Sea, (AS, v. III, p. 176).
and several pirate vessels

4 Oot

15 Oct 16 Oc:t

Marines participated Islands off Greeoe,

in the action between the U. S, schooner Porpoise off the island of Andros in the Cyclades (Neeser, p. 312), (ASP. v, III, p. 37).

25 Oct
29 Oct

Marines participated 10 the capture of a pirate brig by the U. S, Bloop Warren off Greece. (Neeser, p. 312), (MR, Nov. 1827). Marines participated 1n the capture of an Austrian brig, prize of p1rates, by the U, S. sloop Warren in the Cyclades Islands oft Greece. (Keeser, p. 312), (MR, Hov. 1821). Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Warren landed and burned Miconi a pirate town _in the Cycla.des Ialands. (Neeser, p. 60), (MR~ Nov. 1827L Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Warren landed on Andros, Greece, 1n the Ae~ean Sea. to capture pirat1cal vesaela. (Kaeser, p. 60), (MR. Nov. 1827J~ 1828 The active duty strength at the Marine Corps was 932; 40 officers and 892 enlisted men. (Strengths~ p. 2).
by

1 Hov 7 Nov

30 Jun Dec

Marines participated in the capture of the Argenten1an pr1vateer Pederal the U. S. sloop Eric at St. Bartholomew Island. W~ I. (McClellan, v. II. Chap. III. p~). The Center House at the Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C., whera Marine Corps Headquarters was located, caught fire and vas destroyed, burning many t.portant records containing evidence of brave deeds and acta of valor. (Ellsworth).

20 Peb

30

Jun

852 enl1sted men.

The active duty strength of the Marine Corps (Strength., P. 2).

.a. 895; 43 officers

and

1830
5Jun 30 Jun Mar1nes participated in the capture of the slave brig Penix b~ the U. S. schooner Grampus otf Cape Haitien, Haiti. (ASP. v. III, p. 866). The active duty strength of the Marine Corp. was 891; 31 officers and 854 enlisted men. (Strengths, P. 2).

1831
30 Jun
The act1ve duty strength

780 enlisted men.

of the Marine Corp. wae 815; 35 officers and (Strengths, p. 2).

1832
1 Jan

Mar1nes and sailors from the U. S. aloop Lex~ton went ashore in the Falkland I.lands to protect American lives a property. (Ellsworth (2), p. 76).

67

7 Feb
30 Jun

Marines and seamen landed from the U. S. frigate Potomac at Quallah Battoo (Kuala- battee ), Sumatra, to punish natives f'or a piratical attack on an American vessel. (Ellsworth (2.), p. 152), (Neeser~ p. 62). The active duty strength of the Marine Corps was 898; 38 officers and 860 enlisted men. (Strengtha, p. 2).

31 Mar
10 Apr

The Treasury Building in Washington, D. C •• was partially destroyed by tire and Marines were called out to furnish protection. (Ellsworth). President Andrew Jackson ordered that blue and scarlet be replaced by green and buff as the colora of the Marine Corps uniform. (CMC Letters, 22 Apr 1839). The active duty strength of the Marine Corps was 896; 43 officers and 853 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 2). Marines and seamen from Commodore Woolsey's squadron went ashore at Buenos Aires, Argentina, to protect American lives and property. (Ellsworth (2). p. 10).

30 Jun 31 Oct

30 Jun

"An Act Par The Better Organization of the United States Marine Corps" was passed by Congress. Among the provisions was one which stated that Marines were under Ha~al Jurisdiction unless detached by the Pres1dent for serv1ce with the Army. (McClellan, v. I. ChaP. XI, p. 5). The active duty strength of the Marine Corps wss 915; 46 officers snd 869 enlisted men. (Strength, P. 2). 1835 The active duty streD$th of the Marine Corps was 1,417; 68 officers and 1,349 eniisted men. {Strengths, P. 2}. During a large fire in Hew York City. a detachment of Marines from the Brook1Jn Navy Yard, was dispatched to the 8cene to guard public property and prevent looting. (Collum, p. 66). Four Marinee from the U. S. frigate Brandywine went ashore at Callao, Peru, and proceeded to L1ma to protect the American consulate. On 17 December, the remainder of Marine detachment was sent sshore where the Mar1n~e remained until 24 January. (Ellsworth (2). p, 137). IKDIABS MASSACRED AN ARMY COLUMN' EN ROUTE FROM FORT BROOKE ON TAMPA BAY TO FORT KDW IN FLORIDA. THIS IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE BEOINNING OF THE FLORIDA INDIAN WARS. (MCClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 3). 1836

30 Jun

30

Jun

19 Jul

10 Dec

24 Dec

22 Jan

Marines from the U. S. frigate Constellation and the U. S. sloop St. Louis (part of Commodore D811sal squadron) arrived at For~Brooke-to reinforce the fort against expected Indian attacks. (McClellan, v. II~ Chap. VI, p. 8). Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Vandalia participated in a boat expedition up the Manatee Rlver-8nd around the Keys of Tampa Bay, returning 28 March. (MCClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 17) Marines from the U. S. frigate ConstellatiQn and the U. S. sloop St. Louie acoompanied an Army expedition from Fort Brooke-,-returning 4 April after Beveral skirmishs with the Indians. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 18).

17 Mar

22 Mar

68

31 Mar

Marines Bay to up the v. II.

and seamen from the U. S. sloop Vandalia proceeded rrom Tampa Charlotte Harbor where they Joined Army troops 1n an expedition Myacca R1ver, returning to Tampa Bay on 27 April. (McClellan, Chap. VI, p. 19).

21 May

President Andrew Jackson accepted Colonel Commandant Archibald Henderson's offer of a regiment to assist in the fighting against the Indiana 1n the Southeastern United States. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, P. 22). Colonel Commandant Henderson reported to the War Department for duty in compliance with General Order # 33 of the War Department which directed "all the disposable force on I!Ihore •••to proceed to Alabama ••• " (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI~ p. 22).

23

Jun

Colonel Commandant Henderaon with the 1st Battalion of Marines after a march of 22~ miles in 14 days arrived at Columbus, Georgia, to fight against Creeks in that area. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 28). The active duty str~n~th of the Marine Corps waa 1,341; 43 officers and 1,298 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 2). The 2d Battalion of Marines under Lieutenant Colonel Wm. H. Freeman Joined Henderson'S command near Columbus, Georgia, to fi~ht against Creeks in that area. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI~ p. 29). A Marine detachment from the U. S. schooner Grampu.!lwent ashore to pro~ect the Rancho at Tampa Bay, Florida. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 37). force of Marines and seamen.from Commodore Dallaa' squadron who were embarked in the U. So aloop Vandalia left the ship at Key West in boats on an expedition to Gape Florida, up the Miami River, and to New River, Florida, in search of Indiana. returning to the ship on 9 December. (McClellan, v. II, ChaP. VI, po 47).
A

30 Jun 1 Jul 25 Aug

13 Oct

12

:NOY

A detachment of mounted Marines waa sent out from Tampa Bay, Florida, in search of Indians. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 41). Marines and Army troops were involved in action aga1nst the Seminole8 at Wahoo Swamp, Florida. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, P. 42), (Sprague, p. 165).

21 Noy

3 Jan

Marines under Colonel Henderson and Army troops left Fort Brooke for the interior of Florida in search of Indians and continued in the field until 18 May 1837 when they returned to Fort Brooke. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 50). Or4ers Ho. 34, January 8, 1837, of the Army of the South reorganized the A~ into two brigades, the Second Brigade to be commanded by Colonel A. Henderson, USMC. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, po 51). Colonel Henderson led Marines and other troopa in attacks on Indians in battle o~ Hatchee-Lustee, Florida. (Sprague, p. 174), (MCClellan, v. II, Chap. VI. p. 55).
AN AGREEMENT WAS SIGNED BETWEEN SEMINOLE CHIEFS AND GENERAL JESUP I COMJIWIDING GENERAL. ARMY OP THE sotmr, AT CAMP DADE, FLORIDA. WHICH PRESIIMABLY ENDED WAR WITH THE SEMINOLES. (McClellan. v , II, Chap. VI, p. 65).

8 Jan
27 Jan

6 Mar

26 Mar

The Marine detachment of the U. S. sloop Concord returned aboard rram Port Foster, Flor~dB, a8 it was assumed the Indian Wars were over; the U. S. sloop Vandalia reoeived her Marines fro. Fort Brooke on 19 May; and the U. s~ sloop st. Louis received her Marines from the Withlacoochee on 29 May. (McClellan, v:-rr, Chap. VI, p. 67).

69

16 Apr

Marines part1c1pated 1n the capture or a Mexican brig-or-war by the U83 Natchez oft BraaoB de Sant1a~0 tor 1l1egal seizure at two American mercHantmen. (NeeBer, p. 62), (MR, Apr. 1837). Colonel Kenderson and part of hia etatt left Florida to return to Washington leaving Lieutenant Colonel Miller as the S.en10r Marine Officer. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 70). The active duty stre~th of the Marine Corpl wa. 1,561; 37 officers and 1.524 enliated men. (Strength., P. 2).

23

May

30 Jun

1838
30
Jun

The active duty 8tre~th ot the Marine Corp. waa 1,095; 28 officers and 1.067 enllated men. (Strengths, p. 2).

23 Jul

The rema1ning Marinee serving with Arnw in Florida returned to Washington. A number of Marines, however, were stll1 serviDf, with the Navy in the Florida Squadron, known 8S the "Mosquito Pleat,' (McClellan, v. II, ChaP. VI. p. 90).
Marines were serving aboard the U. S. sloops Vinc1nnes and Peacock and the U. S. brig Porpoise when the ships sailed trom Kimpton ROBOS, V1rg1nia, 8a part of the Wilkes Exploring Exped1t1on which did not return until 7 July 1842. (Neeser, p. 62), (MR, Aug. 1838).

19 Aug

1839
2 Jan

A land1ng party from the U, S. sloop John Adams went ashore at Muckie (Hucke), Sumatra, to protect American-rIVea-inQ property and to demand retribution for previous acta by the nativesj at 1235 on the 8ame day, Marines and seamen rrom the U. S. frigate Columbia went ashore to reinforce the prev10us landing party. (Ellsworth (21. p. 154). The act1ve duty strength of the Marine Corp. was 950; 34 otficere and 916 enlisted men. (Strengths, P. 2). 1840

30 Jun

16 Apr

A detachment of Marines and seamen trom the U. S. sohooner OtSegO had a skirmish of about three hours with a group of 50 to 80 IndIans on the east CaRat of Florida. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 95).
The active duty .tre,th ot the Marine Corp. wae 1,269; 46 officer. and 1,223 enlisted men, Strength •• p, 2). The Marine Corps uniforDl was chanced from green to blue with scarlet trim 1n acoordance with orders issued by Colonel Co.mandant Arcbibald Henderson. (Uniform Reg., 1852). Marines from the U. S. sloops Vinoennes and Peacock and a detaohment of aeamen landed in SURlib Bay, piJI tiland., to avenge attack by natives on shiP.- boats. (Ellsworth (2), P. 78). Marines and seamen trom the U, S. sloops V1ncennea and Peacock landed in the 'iJl Islands and attacked Sua11b to avenge attack on ihips' parties. (Ellsworth (2). P. 79). Marine. and seamen from McLaughlin's "Plorida Squadron~ in cooperation with the A~ Bet out on an expedition into the Evargladea to surpr1se Indlan town.. (~Clellan. v. II, Chap. VI, p. 99).

30 Jun

4 Jul

12 Jul

26 Jul
31
Deo

1841 25 Feb A landing party of 70 Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Peacock landed and burned three villages at Upolu, Samoa, to avenge murder of an American seaman. (Ellsworth (2), p. 1~5l.

6 Apl:' Marines and seamen from the U. S. aloop Peacock, part of the Wilkes Expedition. landed on Drummond's Island (TsbIEeuea), Gilbert Ielands, to rescue a miso1ng seaman from natives; meeting opposition they burned towns of Utirod and Alta and returned to their ship without reeovering the seaman. (Ell 6worth (2), p. 73).

30 Jun 3 Hov

The active duty

stre~th of the Marine Corps WBa 1,200; 44 officera and 1,156 enlisted men, {Strengths, P. 2).

Marines were part of a naval brigade from the Plorida Squadron which Joined an Army force in an expedition into the Everglades. Florida, in search of Indians. The expedition returned on 24 November after having encountered no Indians. (Sprague. p, 333), (McClellan, v. II. Chap. VI, P. 102). A naval brigade of Marines and seamen from McLaughlin's Florida Squadron made an expedition into the Everglades in Florida in search of Indians. (Sprague. p. 358). (McClellan, v. II. ChaP. VI, p. 103). 1842 Marines were part of naval br1gade which made an expedit10n into the Everglades in Florida in search of Indiana, The expedition returned on 11 April. (Sprague, p. 385). (McClellan. v. II, Chap. VI, p. 104). Marines and seamen from McLaughlin's Plorida Squadron made an expedition 1nto the Everglades, (McClellan, v. II, Chap. VI, p. 106), The Secretary of the Navy ordered the Florida Squadron disbanded and Marines and seamen of the command returned to Norfolk. (McClellan, v, II, Chap. VI, p, 109). The active duty atreneth of the Marine Corps was 1.289; 46 offioers 1,243 enliated men. (Strength8. p. 2). and

27 Nov

15 Peb
2 May

20 Jun

30 Jun 9
Aug

A TREATY WAS SIONED AT WASHINGTON WITH OREAT BRITAIN WHICH REQUIRED EACH NATION TO MAINTAIN ON THE COAST OF AFRICA NAVAL VESSELS FOR THE SUPPRESSION OP THE SLAVE TRADE. (Neeser, p, 8), THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE INDIANS IN FLORIDA WAS OFFICIALLY (MCClellan, v, II. Chap. VI, P. 112). TERMINATED,

14 Aug

21 Oct

Marines and seamen from the U. S. frigate United States and the U, S, sloop Craneulanded at Monterey, California, arid aeized the town under impress an • S. was at war with Mexico. When this was found to be untrue, they withdrew. (Metcalf, p. 94), (Bauer, P. 317). 1843

6 Mar

Colonel Commandant Archibald Henderson W8S awarded brevet rank of Brigadier General as af 27 January 1837 tor ~erviee ~ainat the Indiana, (McClellan. v. II, Chap. VI. p. 61), (Sprague, p. 552). The aotive duty stre~th of the Marine Corps WBS l,08~; 43 offioera and 1.041 enlisted men. (Strengths. p. 2). Commodore Perry with 75 Marin •• and .eamen trom his lquadron went a.hore on the ooaat of Arrioa at what is new Greenville, Liberta, to aeek re· drea. for previous orimes and to put an end to alave trade and plraey in the area. (Ellaworth (2), p. 4),

30 Jun

29 Kov

71

1 Dec 5 Dec

Commodore Perry w1th Mar1nes and se8Men of his 8quadron went ashore at Blue Barra (near Oreenv111e), for further negotiat1ons with natIve chIefs. (Ellsworth (2), p. 4). Commodore Perry with Marines Bnd seamen from his squadron went ashore at Settra Krul LiberIa. for further negotiations with native chIefs. (Ellsworth (21, p. 4), Commodore Perry with Marines and seamen from his squadron went ashore at Caval (now Harper), LiberIa, for a conference with the King. (Ellsworth (2). p. 5). Commodore Perry with Marines and seamen from his 89uadron went ashore at Caval for a conference with King Ben Crack-O. (Ellsworth (2), P. 5). Commodore Perry with some 200 Marines and seamen landed at Little Berrlbee. Ivory Coast. for oonference with King Ban Crack-D. When treachery ocourred on the 15th, Crack-O was ahort by a Marine and the town was burned, (Ellsworth l2), p. 6). A ahort distance froll Little Berrlbee, Marine. and seamen frollPerry' 8 squadron landed and destroyed seven villages in ratrlbution for previous crimes and treaohery. (Ellsworth (2), p. 1). 1844 Marines from the U. S. sloop St. Louis under Captain Tilton went aabore at Canton, China. to protect lmerican lives. Stayed until 20 July. (Metcalf, p. 92), (SNR. lB44~ p. 644). The active duty stre~th or the Mar1ne Corps was 1.086; 40 officers and 1,046 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 2). 1845
The

8 Dec
9 Dec

14 Dec

16

Dec

18 Jun 30 Jun

30 Jun

actlve duty strength of the Marine Corps was 1,028; 42 offioer. and 986 enlisted men. (StrengthB~ p. 2).

18 Oct 30 Nov

Lieutenant Archibald H. Gillesp1e, USMC. reoeived order. to be ready to go to California on a aecret miss10n for the President. (Metcalf~ p. 139). Marines partici~ated in the capture of the slave bark Pons by the U. S. sloop Yorktown off Kahenda. Africa. (Heeser. p. 3l2).-rPOote. p. 243).
(MR.

Jan. 18"'"6).

~ 17 Apr

L1eutenant Arohibald H. Glllespie, USMC, arr1ved at Monterey~ Celirornia, and delivered to the ~erlcan Consul. secret 1nstructiona from the Preaident and the State Department. (Bauar, p. 341). Lieutenant Arohibald H. Gilleapie, USNC. carryinB a cont1dent1al .esaage from President Polk, contacted Captain ,JohnC. PrelllOnt. USA, near n..... th Lake. Oregon. after a hazardoua Journey through Indlan-infuted countr,-. (Metcalf. p. 139). Karine" and seamen frma HOllle Squadron occupied Port Isabel, 'l'exaa~ to defend fort if MexloBna attaoked. (Metcalt, p. 110), (BauerJ p. 35). FORMAL DECLARATION OF WAR BY THE UlflTED STATES AGAINST MEXICO.
p. 8).

7

May

B

May May

12

(Jleeaer.

p. 111).

Nar!naa and Beaman froa the U. S. frigate Cull.berland and.Poto.ao went up the Rio Grande and lancled on the south side or tbi river thea. were the f1rst U. S. forces to Bet root on the so11 ot Mexioo). Metcalt,

l

72

Marines participated in an attempted cutting-out expedition and in the ahelling of Tanpico, Mexico, by the U. S. sloop St. Mary'. which drew return fire. (Heeser, p. 64), (Bauer, p. 66), (HR, Jun. 1846).

30

Jun

The aotive duty strensth of the Marine Corps was 1,167i 41 officers and 1,126 enli.ted men. (Strengths, P. 2).
Marine. and seamen fram Sloat'. squadron (Savannah. cyan~. and Levant) landed at Monterey, California, and occupied the town. alitorn{a .a. proclaimed part of the United statea. (Metcalt, p. 140), (Bauer, p. 372). Marines and aeamen from the U. S. sloop Portsmouth landed in the ~ San Francisco and occupied the town of Yerbi Suena (San Pranci.co). without opposition. (Metcalf, p. 141), (Bauer, P. 319). of

7 Jul

9 .Tul

9 Jul
20

Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Portsmouth ooou~ied the town or Sonoma, California. without OPposition. (Reeser. p. 64" (HR, 1846). Marines were aboard the U. S. ship ot line Columbus and the ~. S•• lopp VincenneB when the squadron under Commodore Biddle anohored at Yedo Bay. Japan, the initial attempt to open negotiatione for a treaty with Japan. (MoClellan~ v. II, Chap. XVIII, p. 3).

Jul

rn

29 Jul

Marines and I)e&m.en from the U. S. sloop ~~ne landed and took pone.eion of the town of san Diego, California. ( oalf. p. 144). Marines ~~d seamen from the U. S. frigate Co~reBs landed and took OBseSBi<>..of the town of Santa Barbara, Cal ornIa. (Metcalr~ P. 142). Bauer. P. 396).

4 Aug
6
Aug

f

Marines from the U. S. frigate COngress landed and took possesslon of the town of San Pedro, California. (Metcalf. P. 143), (Bauer, p. 391). Marines participated in an expedition to Alvarado. Mexico, by Commodore Connor's squadron. The expedition WBe withdrawn the next morning due to the imminence of bad weather. (Bauer, p. 81). Marines partiCipated in the oapture of the Mex1can brigantine Juanita by the U. S. sloop Czane at Sen D1ego, Californ1a. (Neeser, p. 312). (HR, 1846). Marines partiCipated in the capture of tbe Mexioan brig Prima Vera the U. S. aloop Clane at san Diego, California. (Nesser~3~ 1847) •
by

7 Aug

9

Aug

10 Aug
13 Aug 2 Sep

(HR.

HarineD and seamen plUB volunteers marched into the town of Loa Angeles with no opposition. (Metcalf, p. 143), (Neeser, p. 64). Marines participated in the capture of the Mexican .loop Solita by the U. S, Bloop Cyane off San BIas, Calirorn1a. (Kaeser, p. 312), (NR~ 1847). Harines participated in the capture of the Mexican brigantine the U. S. sloop Clane off San Blaa, California. (HeeBer~ p. 1847) •

3 Sep
7 Sep

312', {HR.

SUsana by

Marine" part10ipated in the oapture of the Mexican br1g Malek Adhel by the U. S. sloop Warren at Mazatlan, Mexioo. (Heeser, P.~~~ Jan.

1846).

14 Sep
I

Marines participated in the capture of nine Mexican veBsels b~ the U. S. sloop Cyane off La Paz, Lower California. (Keeser, P. 312), ~HR, 1847}. Beginning with this date and during the month of October, Marines participated in the capture or 12 Mexican vessels by the U. S. sloop Cyane ott the coast of Lower California and Mexico in the Pacific. (Heeser. P. 312).

Qat

(HR, 1841).

7 Oct

Mar1nes and aeamen from the U. S. frigate Savannah joined Oill ••pi.'. company f'rol!. the American Me~bantman Vandalia to land and r.cl!pture tJM, town of San Pedro. Ca11fornia. (Metoalf. p. 141). (Bauer. p. _20). Marines from the U. S. frigate Savannah were part ot a land expedition from San Pedro to take Lo, Angele,. The expedition tailed and returned on 9 October. (Bauer, p. 423). . Marinea of Connor IS squadron participated in the aecond exped1tIon against Alvarado, Mexioo. The expeditIon wIthdrew atter 1he111nK the eneray. (Heeaer. p. 66). (sauer, p. 108). ' In the Firat Expedition up the Tabasco River. Marines fro. Commodore Perryls squadron landed and captured the town of Frontera, Mexioo. (Metcalf, p. 115), (Bauer, p. 116). As Perry'. squadron continued up the Tabaaco River. Marine. landed below Fort Aooachappa (a few miles down river from San Juan Baut1sta) and advanoed to capture the fort; whereupon, they reembarked and the exped1tion proceeded up river. (Metcalf, p. 115). (Bauer. P. 116). Perry's squadron arrived at San Juan Bautista, Mexico, on the Tabasco River where Marines landed and captured the town. (Metcalf, p. 115), (Bauer, p. 116). Marines again were part of landi~ force in taking of town of San Pedro. California. (Metcalf, p. 148). (Bauer, P. 427). Mar1ne8 and seamen from Commodore Connor 18 "quadron landed and seized. the town of TampIoo, Mexico. (Metcalf. p. 117), (Bauer. p. 131). Marines and seamen from Commodore Connor's squadron proceed.ed up the Panuco River where they landed and oaptured the town ot Panuco. Mexico. (Metcalf. p. 117)~ (Bauer, p. 136). Marines took part in the Battle of San Pascual. California. p, rrs). (Matcalf,

8 Oct 15 Oot
23 Oct 25 Oct

25 Oct 27 Oct

14 Hov 19 Hov
6 Dec

21 Dec
27 Dec

Marines frGm Commodore Perry's squadron participated in the landing and capture (with op~oeltion) of the town of Carnen, Mexico. (Bauer, P. 148), (Metcalf, P. 135}. Marines partiOipated 1n the oapture of the Mexioan schooner Amelia and the Spanish sohooner Iitbe} by Commodore Perry1a squadron ott Alvarado, Mexico. (Neeser. P. 3 J. (Bauer, p. 149). Commodore Stooktonls expedition left San Diego 6n route to capture Los Angeles. Mar1nes from the U. S. frigate co~reas and the U. S. Bloop. Portsmouth and Cyane were formed into the P~st Division under Captain J. 2el11n, USMC. aa part of the force. (Bauer. p. 453). 1847 Marines from the U. S. sloop Dale were part of foroe which defeated foroes of Franoisoo Sanohez ac-sinta Clara. (Metcalf. p. 151). (Bauer.
p. 476).

29 Dec

2 Jan

8 Jan

Marines under Captain Zeilin were part of the combined forces under Commodore Stockton who defeated native CaliforniaDs at the Battle of San Gabriel while Stockton was en route to capture Los Angeles. (Metoalf, p. 153). (Bauer, p. 457). Marinea participated in the Battle of La Mesa when Commodore Stockto~j8 forces defeated native Californians during the march to seize Lol!·\~i~le (Metoalf, p. 154). (Bauer, p. 464).
••

9 Jan

10 Jan

Marines partlcipated in the reoapture of Los Angeles by Stookton'e foroe8. (Bauer, p. 467). (Metca1t. P. 154).

74

A Marine ba t tal10n (from Connor IS Squadron) a ttao ked. to the Third Artillery, part of the A~IS First Division, went a.bore and partici~.ted in the .lege of Vera Cruz, Mexico. The city surrendered on 29 Mac',lli. (Metcalf, p. 120), (Keeser. P. 68).
11 Mar

Marines participated in the capture of the Mexican schooner Jose Eliza by the U. S. sloop Portsmouth near Mazatlan, Mexico. (Nesser, P.~, (NR, 1847). Marines participated in the capture of the British blockade-running achooner William by Commodore Hull's squadron off Monterey, upper Call:rornia. (Neuer, p. 314). Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Portsmouth San Joae, J.Iexico. (Metcalf. p. 156). landed and captured

22 Mar

30 Mar 1 Apr

Marines from Commodbre Perry's squadron partioipated in the landing and destruction of forts, at Alvarado, Mexico. (Bauer, p. 242), (Metcalf, P. 121). Marinas ana seamen from the U. S. sloop Portsmouth San Lye8a, Mexico. (Metcalt, p. 156), (Bauer, p. landed and captured 121),

3 Apr
7 Apr

Karinall participated in the capture of the American ship AdJni ttance by the tI. S. sloop Portsmouth otf San Jose, Lower Calif"ornia. (Reeser, p. 314). (HR, 1847J. Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Portsmouth landed and captured La Paz, Mexico. (Metcalf', P. 156), (Bauer~ p. 493). Edaon's battalion waa part of a naval landing force brigade in the landing at Tuxpag~ MeXiCO, and the capture ot the town. (Metcalf P. 122), (.eeser, p , oa).
7

13 Apr 18 Apr 9 May 15

Marines participated in the capture of the Mexican IIhlp Correa by the U. S. razee Independence in the Pacific Ocean. {Neeser, p. 31~}7 (HR, 1847) • Marines f'ram the U. S. steamer Mi811issippi were part at the landing force Cram Commodore Perry's aquadron Which landed and again took pOSllelllllon of the town of Carmen, Mexico. (Bauer, P. 257), (Metoalf. p. 136). The Seoretary of the Navy directed the formation of" 8 Marine regiment under Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Watson for servioe with Scott'. a~ in the Mexican War. (Metcalf, P. 126). Captain Edson's battalion of Marinell was part at the landing force tra. CoJlllllOdore Perry's Squadron whioh prooeeded. up river and. landed to capture the town of San Juan Bautiata, Mexico, during the 2d Tabasco Expedition. (Metcalf, p. 123), Bauer, p. 273). Marines garrisoning (Bauer, p. 280) ~ Tabaaco, Mexico, repelled attack. on the town.

May

21 May

14 Jun

24 J'un

ao

Jun

Harinea participated in a 8ki~18h with Mexican .aldiera while part of the expedition to Tamultay, Mexioo. (Neeaer, p. 70), (Bauer, p. 281). The active duty 8tre~th of the Marine Corps waa 1,832; 15 officerll and 1.757 enlisted men. (Strength., p. 2). Marines under ~eutenant Colonel Watson arrived at Puebla, Mexico. and joined General Soott'a a~. Due to lack of men the regiment waa reoraanized into 8 battalion. (Metcalf. p. 128), (Bauer, p. 288). A Marine battalion waB part of General Quitman'. Army Diviaion in the at Chapultepec. Xexic o , A detachment or Mar ines under Captain Terrett and a detachment of Army troops under Lieutenant U. S. Grant combined torces to take the San Cosme gate. thereby being the fl~8t U. S. forces to enter Mexico City. (Metcalf, p. 131).
Ba ttalion

30 Jun 6 Aug

13 Jep

75

14 Sep

The Marine battalion WAS with Quitman's DIvision aa it marched into Mexico City where the Marines .ere 8saigned as guard8 at the National Palaee - called the "HallB of the MontezWll88." (Metcalt, p. 134). Marines participated in the capture ot the Mexican achooner Magdalena by the U. S. sloop Dale 1n the river at Muleje, Mexico. (Weeaer, p. 314),
(MR, 1848). --

30 Sep
1 Oct

Marines and 8eamen fram the U. S. Bloop Dale landed and drove Mexioan torces frOG the town of MuleJe, Mexico. -rKitcalt. p. 162), (Bauer, P. Marines participated 1n the capture of the Chilian brig sloop Portsmouth 1n the Gulf of Mexico. (Beeser, P. 314,

503).

10 Oct

1r'(lRby

the U. 8. ,1848).

20 Oct

Marines from U. S. sloop Portsmouth and Marines and Beamen fram the U. 5. frigate Congreos landed and seized the town of Guaymas in Lower California. (Metcalf. P. 157). (Bauer. p. 508). Marinea paY"tic1pated 1n the capture of the Mexican the U. S. sloop Portsmouth in the Gulf of Mexico. (HR, 1848). schooner Caroline (Reeser, p. 314),
by

29 Oct

1 Nov

Marines took part in the unopposed expedition to Todo! Santos in Lower California which returned to san Jose on 7 November. (Reeser, p. 70). Marines were ordered to garrison p. 521). San Joee in Lower California. (Bauer,

7 Nov
11

Nov

Marines and Seamen from the U. S. Bloop ~ne, the U. S. frigate COngress, and the U. S. razee Independence landed a seized Mazatlan, Mexico. (Metcalf, p. 164). (Biuer, p. ~4). Marines and seamen trom the U. S. sloop Dale repu18ed a Mexican attack on the town of Guaymas, MeXico. (Metcalf, p:-I58), (Bauer, P. 512),

17 Nov 19 Nov

U, S. sloop CJ~

At San Joae

Lower Calitornia, a oombined Marine detachment frca the the U. S. fr1gate COngre88, and the U. S. razee Independence t oft Mexican attackers WhIch laated until 21 ioveaber. (Metcalf, p. 160 , (Bauer, P. 530).
in

13

Dec

A Marine detachment

and routed them.

BUrpr1sed a Mexican (Bauer, P. 528).

force at Paloe Prietos, Mexico,

1848
22 Jan 30 Marines were part of garrison at San Jose in Lower California, which was be8ieged by Mexican forces until the siege was raised on 15 February. A number of 8kirmi8hs occurred during this period. (Bauer, p. 535). Jltarine and seamen from the U. S. sloop Dal e landed and captured s town of Cochon, Mexico. (Metcalf, P. 15sr;-(Bauer, p. 513,. GUADALUPE
TREA'lY OF PEACE COBCLtJDED the

Jan

2 Feb

HIDALGO,

MEXICO.

BE'IWEEJ(

(Nee ser, p, 8).

THE UNITED

STATES AND MEXICO, A'f

13 Feb
15 Feb

Jlarines and seamen frOll the U. S. aloop Dale landed at Guaymas and _rched to Bocaehlcacampa, Mexico, which was captured after a small 8kirai8h. (Bauer, P. 514). Marines and seamen tro. the U. S. Bloop ~n~ landed and fought ita way through the enemy to relief of beai8$ed r can forces st San JOBS in Lower Cal1fornia. (Heeaer, p. 70), lHR, l848)~ Marine8 arid aeaman fro. the U. S. sloop Dale again landed and captured town of coehen, Mexico. (Metcalf'. p~ 15YT";""'"(HR, 1848).

15 Mar

76

9 Apr
30 Jun

Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Dale landed at Guaymas, Mexioo, and marched 12 miles inland to capture tne-townj on their return, they had an engagement with the eneQY. (Neeser, p. 72), (Bauer, p. 515). The active duty atre~th of the Marine Corpa wss 1,751; 42 officers and 1,709 enlieted men. (Strengths, p. 3).

1849
17 Apr Marinea were aboard the U. S. sloop Preble when she became the first American ship of war to visit Okinawa. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. XVIII, p. 7). The active duty stre~th of the Marine Corpa waa 1,076; 46 officers and 1,030 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 3).

30 Jun

6 Jun 30 Jun

Marines partici~ated in the capture of the American ship Martha (loaded with slave food) by the U. S. brig Perry off Luanda, Africa. (SNR, 1850, P. 374), (Foote, p. 287). -The active duty strensth of the Marine Corps was 1,101; 46 officers and 1,055 enlisted men. {Strengths, p. 3). 1851 The active duty stre~th of the Marine Corps wss 1,193; 43 officers and 1,150 enlisted men. (Strengths, P. 3). While the U. S. sloop Dale was an anchor in the harbor of Johanna Island (now AnJousn of the COMora Islands near Madagascar), Marines were sent to the kmerican bark Paulina to put down a mutiny. (Elleworth (2), p.
107) •

30 9

Jun Aug

Sep

MarInes from PhIladelphIa aeeisted authorltlee In ChristIana, PennsylvanIa, in apprehending those responsible for murder ot persons involved in s riot. (Hensel. p. 40).

8 Jan

Funeral party ot Marines fram the U. S .• teamer Saranac went ashore at San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua, to bury a comrade. (Ellsworth (2). P. 120). Marines from Commodore McKeeveer'a squadron went sshore to protect lives and property of American citizens In Buenos Aires, Argentina. (Ellsworth (2), p. 11). Marines and seamen Crom the U. S. sloo~ Albany went ashore to assist 1n fighting a fire in San Juan del Norte {Greytown)J Nioaragua. (Ellsworth
(2), p. 120).

3 Feb 5 Peb
30
Jun

The active duty atre"8th of the Marine Corps was 1,168; 47 officers and 1,121 enlisted men. {Strengths, p. 3). Marines trom the U. S. sloop Jameatown went aahore In Buenos Aires, Argentina, to protect Aaerican interests. (Ellaworth (2), P. 13).
The Marine guard from the U, S. aloop Cyane went ashore at San Juan del

17 Sep

11 Mar 26 May

Horte (Graytown), NIcaragua, (Ellsworth (2), p. 120).

to protect American live. and property.

Marines were aboard ships ot Commodore Perry'a squadron when it arrived at Okinawa. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. XVIII, p. 12).

77

6 J"un

Commodore Perry eacorted by a torce ot Marines and aeamen went aahore at Naha. Okinawa, where he WBe entertained hy local dignitaries. (Ellswortb (2). p. 99). The active duty 8tre~th or the Marlne Corps waa 1,254; 1~205enlisted men. (Strength •• p. 3).

30 .Iun

49 ottlcera and

B

Jul

Marines were aboard $hips at Comnodore Perry's squadron when it arrived at Uraga, Japan. (McClellan, v , II, Chap. XVIII, p. Ill). Commodore Perry with an escort of Marines and seamen went ashore at Uraga. Japan, to deliver PreSident PUlmore's letter. Major 7ei11n who commanded the Marines was the second DlSn to land. (McClellan, v , II,

14 .Iul

ChaP. XVIII. P. 16).
11 Sap

At Blenheim Beach, in the Canton River about 60 mile. from Hong Kong, Commander Lee, C. 0 •• of the U. S. steamer Mis.issippi, and 10 Marines ot the Marine Guard, boarded a Siamese vessel In answer to a request fro. her captain and put down a mutiny. (Ellsworth (2), P. 150).
Marines participated In the capture ot the slave achooner Gambrill by the U. S. frigate Con8tltution off the river Congo on the weat C08St of Africa. (poote~ p. 252). (SNR. 1853, P. 672).

3

Dec

1854
8 Mar Commodore Perry with all the Marlnea of hia squadron that could be spared a. well as many seamen went ashore at Yokohama. Japan, for conferences with Japanese commissioner8. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. XVIII, p. 25). A tuneral e800rt at Marines went ashore at Yokohama, Japan, to bury a deceaaed Marine, Private Robert William8. (McClellan, v. II, ChaP. XVIII. p. 26). Marine. partiCipated in the capture at the American brig Glaaorgan by tbe U. S. brig Perry ott the west coast ot Africa In connection with .upprelslon at the 81ave trade. (Keeser, P. 316). (SNR, 1853. P. 673).
A coapany of Marines went ashore at Yokohama,

9 Mar

10 Mar

13 Mar
31 Mar

tor present. aent to the Emperor.

Japan, to act as e8cort8 (McClellan, v. II, Chap. XVIII, p. 28).

A TREATY OF PEACE, COMMERCB AND NAVIGATIOK WAS SIGNED WrTH THE JAPANESE AT KAHAOAWA. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. XVIII~ P. 30).
Marines and seamen from the U. S. 8loop Pl~outh went ashore at Shanghai, China, to protect American lives and prope~y. (Ell8worth (2). p. 22). Marines and 8eapen trom the U. S. 8loop Plymouth .ent ashore and with British troops drove Chinese out of Foreign Settlement at Shanghai, Chlnal In order to protect Amerlcan lives and property. (Ellsworth (2), p. 22).
The active duty stre~th

4 Apr 5 Apr

30 .Iun 6 .Iul

1.312 enlisted men.

of the Marine Corpa was 1~361; 49 otficers and (Strengths, p. 3).

Captaln Rohert Tansill, oommanding the Marines at the U. S. steamer Powhatan, and 20 men went ashore on Okinawa as a show ot .orce to demand PGnlshment at per80ns who murdered an American. (McClellan. v. II, Chap. XVIII, p. 37). Commodore Perry with an e.cort at Marine8 .ent aahore on Okinawa to engage in treaty negotiationl. (~CleI18n. v. II. Chap. XVIII. p. 37). A landIng party ot Marines and leamen tro. the U. S. sloop cYgne went a8hore at san Juan del Norte (Grey town), Nicaragua, and seize weapons and powder in retributlon for an earlier attack on AMerican consular attic lal.. (Ellsworth (2). P. 121).

11

.Iu}

12 J"ul

78

13 Jul
24 Sep

Marines and seamen from the S. sloop Juan del Norte in a punitive expedition.

U.

CY(~iaga1n went ashore at 18worth (2), p. 121).

San

The U, S. steam&r ~u8quehanna lett Bimoda, Japan, for the United Statee. On board waB a Marine, Jonathan Goble, who later returned to Japan a8 a missionary. He is credited with the invention of the Japanese Jin-ric-.ha. (MR, Sep. 1854), (MoClellan, v. II, Chap. XVIII, p. 10)_ Marines and seamen trom the U. S, sloop Vincennes went a.hore on Oktnawa to enforce treaty provisions. (McClellan, v. II, Chap. XVIII, p. 40).

17 Nov

1855 19 May
30 Jun

The Marine guard of the U. S. steamer Powhatan went ashore at Shanghai, China, to ~rotect livRS and property of American citizens. (Ellsworth (2), p, 23). The active duty etreneth or the Marine Corp. was l,~: 1.552 enlisted men. (Strengths, po 3).

52 officers and

4

Aug

Marines and seamen from the U. S. steamer Powha~an Joined with British in attacking ~irates in Ty-ho Bay near Hong Kong, China, in a punitive expedition. {Ellsworth (2J. P. 23). Marines from the U. S. sloop Ge~ntown went ashore in Mont~video, Uruguay, to protect American livea and property. (Metcalf, p. 154). Marines and aeamen from the U, So sloop John Adams went ashore at Nukulau, Piji Island8, to seek reparations for wrongs agaInst American citizens. (Metcalf, p. 177). Marines and seamen from the U, S. sloop John Adams Ment aehore at Viti Levu, Fiji Islands, to capture the native-kIng:--{EllBworth (2), p. 80). Marines and Beamen from the U. S. sloop John Adams went ashore again on Viti Levu and partici~ated in a heavy engagement with the natives. (Ellsworth (2), p. 81). Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop John Adams Ment ashore on Viti Levu. Fiji Islands, in a punitiVe expedltTOn ~roe natives to honor a treaty. (Ellsworth (2), p. 81). The Marine guard from the U. S. sloop Germantown went ashore in Montevideo, Uruguay. to protect American lives and property. (Ellsworth (2), P. 160). (Metcalf. P. 184).

28 Aug 12 Sep

22 Bep

3 Oct
28 Oct

25 Nov

26 Jan

Marines and seamen trom the U. S. sloop Decatur went ashore at the village or Seattle to protect settlers .from Indians. The Ind ians were attaoked the same day and were driven off. Since 29 October 1855. Marines had been going aahore each evening to garrison the blockhouse. (Metcalf. P. 186). The active duty strensth ot the Marine Corps was 1,471; 57 ofticer8 and 1,414 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 3). Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop St. Mary's and the U, S. razee Independence went ashore in Panama to protect American lIve. and property. (Metcalf. p. 180). Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloop Portsmouth .ent ashore at Canton. ChIna, to protect American lives and property during a Chinese religious war. They were later reinforced by Marines and seamen from the U. S. steamer San Jacinto and the U. S. sloop Levant. (Malty, p. 2). A Marine aboard the U. S. sloop Portsmouth Mas wounded when Chinese fort. (the "Barrier Forts") fired on the shIp at Canton, China. (Nalty, P. 5).

30 Jun
20 Sep

23 Oct

16 Nov

79

20 Nov

Marines and seamen from the U. S. sloops Portsmouth and Levant and the U, S~ steamer San Jacinto landed on the right side of the rive~ at Can~n, Chinaj~ ave~e the insult to the American flag, and captured the first of the four Barrier Ports," (BaIty, p. 6).
China, Marinee and ae8Jllenembarked 1n slll811 boats early 1n the NOrntng and moved upstream where they landed on the left aide of the river and captured the second of the four ''Barrier Forts," and a Chlnese battery. (Hal ty. p. B). At Canton,

21 Nov

21 Nov

Atter capturtng the second fort and the battery, Marlnes and seamen reambarked in small boata, and moved up the river where they landed aga1n on an island 1n the ~ddle of the river and captured the third of the four "Barrier Ports." (Hal ty, P. 9). At Canton, China, Marines and Beamen croased the river from the lsland to the right side (Canton side) where they captured the fourth and last ot the ''Barrier ]forts." (Nal ty, p. 9J.

22 Nov

1857
IJun

Two oompanie. of Marines eestored order during rioting bf "Plug-Uglies" at election sites in WaBhington, D. C. (Metcalf, p. 1871. The active duty strength of the Marine Corps was 1,751; 57 of ricera and 1,694 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 3).

30

Jun

1858
2 Jan

Marine detachment went ashore at Montevideo, Uruguay, from the U. S. frigate St. Lawrence to protect American lives and property. (Ellaworth (2)~ p. 101), (Xeeser, P. 9). The Secretary or the Navy ordered out 20 Marines to help restore at the District of Columbia jail. (Ellsworth). order and

16 Jun 30 Jun

The active duty 8tre~th of the Marine Corps was 1,607; 52 eericers 1.555 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 3).
Marines

2 Sep

CroID 'Ii. Y. Navy Yard Marine Barracks and from the U. S. steamer Sabine oocupied government buildings (yellow fever isolation area) on Staten Island and protected them against mobs aeeking to burn them. (Metcalf, p. 188).

8 Sep

Marines participated in the capture of the American ketch Brothers, laden with slave food. by the U. S. sloop Marion off the southeast coast of Africa. (Neeser, p. 316), (SNR, 1858, p. b85). Marines and seamen from the U. S~ sloop Vande11a, transhipped in the Mechanic went ashore at Waya, Fiji Islands. to avenge murder of American. engaged the natives in a fierce conflict. (Ellsworth (2), p. 82),

6 Get

(Heeser, p. 72).

17 Oct

Marines were aboard ships of Commodore Shubrick's expedition to Paraguay (which laated until February 1859) to demand retribution for firing on a U. S. warship. (Heeser, p. 74), (SNR, 1858, p. 685). 1§2

6 Jan

Brevet Brigadier General Archibald Hender.on, Fifth Commandant of the Marine Corp •• died in office at the age ot 76, in WaBblngton, D. C., atter .erving as COJIID8nd.l:lJlt nearly 39 yesr.. for He 1(88 buried in Congresaional Cemetery in Waah1ngtan. (Commandant., p. 63). Lieutenant Colonel John Herrle, USJIIC.wa. apPOinted. to the rank or COlonel Commandant to 8erve a. the Sixth Commandant ot the Marine Corpl. (Metcalt, p. 190).

7 Jan

80

21 Apr

Marines participated in the capture of the Amerioan bark Orion by the U. S. sloop Ma~ion near the Congo River, Africa, 1n connection with suppreosion of the slave trade. (Neeser, p. 316), (SHR, 1858, p. 685). Marinea participated in the capture of the American bark Ardenneo b,y the U. S. sloop Marion near the Congo River, Africa in connectIon with Buppression of the slave trade. (Neeser, p. 316). tSNR, 1858, P. 685).

27 Apr

30 Jun

The aotive duty streD$th of the Marine Corps was 1,851; 47 officers and 1,804 enlisted men. (Strengths, P. 3).
Mar1nes and Be8men from the U. S, steamer Mississippi went ashore at Shangha1, China, to proteot American lives and propert¥ and to assist 1n restortng order~ where they remained until 2 August. lEllsworth (2), p. 28). Marines under Marine Firat Lieutenant Israel Oreene and Ar~ Colonel Robert E. Lee recaptured the U. S. Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, and the insurrectionist, John Brown. (Metcalf. p. 189). New uniform regulations were prescribed for the Marine Corps. The "nw.meluke" sword previously worn by officers was abandoned in favor of the foot officer's sword. (Uniform Regs, 1859).

31 Jul

18 Oct
Oct

Conclusion SuppreSSion of slave trade, anti-piratical operations, Indian fighting, the Mexican War, and the various landings around the world to prot~ct American lives and property cover the general activities of the Marine Corps from 1820 to 1860. Although still few 1n numbers, Marines were involved in most of the events by which our country was be~oming respected throughout the world. There 19 a story In almost every incident at which this Chronology can only hint. Colonel Commandant Archibald Henderson, the "grand old I08n of' the corps," instituted many reforms in the administrative features of the Marine Corps snd pushed tra1ning to a high level. The Marine Corps was ready for employment 8S the Civil ~ar loomed on the horizon.

81

!

CHRONOLOGY

OF THE

UKl'1'ED by

STATES MARINE CORPS

Colonel Willia. M, Miller, USMC and Major John H. Johnstone. USMC Part AMrloan
~ IV

Nar1n •• ~ !!!! B!!!! ~ to !!!! ot C.rlbbean Interven.tion., ~-l903

'rhis ohronology 1a preaented 1n _everal part. &8 & oQNPllatlon ot ~l.\erlG.l date. ooncerning United Statea MarineB which have previously ~een set forth by various authors as faotual. No claim is made that all possible sources have been u.ed. The followiog sources have been used in Part IV of this ohronology: Aldrioh, M. Al~. Hlstor~ of the United States Marine Corpa. Shepard. & Co •• 1815. ( i"'£"idB"iAldrich"). "
Boyldn.

Boaton:

Henry L.

Coa.pany.

Edward. Ghoat ~lP 1957. ea.

--rcrr

of the Confederaoy. "'noY"Kfn").

New York:

Funk and Wagnall. Doubleday
and

Catton. Bruce. A Stillnea. at ApSomattoX. Garden City, New York: and Company, Iiic 1953. ~ite •• as "catton"). Catton, Bruce. Mr. Linco~n's~. Garden City. New York: Company, Ino ..l953. (Cited aa "Catton (2)"). Cortin. Charles, Drum-Beat ot the Nation. 1888. (C1ted ae~ffIil"')-. New York:

Doubleday

Harper and Brother •• Charles Scribner'. New York:

Colby. Elbridge. Diotionary ot American,Kiatory. Sana. 1946. vo l, 11, (Cited as "Colby ').

New York:

Collum. MaJ Riohard s. The Hiatory of the United States Marine Corps. L. R. Hanmeraly Co.. 19151". (CltedaB ~oUum") •

Ellsworth. Capt Harry A. One Hundred Eighty Landings of United States Mar1nes. 1800-~. WashIngton: Hi.torical section, Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps, I934. (C i ted as "Ellaworth" )•
----.'I(f oiiiiiiandan t s ") •

Ho~e of the Commandants.

Washington:

Leatherneck

ASSOCiation,

1956.

(Cited

8.

Johnstone, MaJ John H. A Brief Hlt3tory of the 1st Marinet3---Marine Corpl!! H1etorical Reference Series Number 2. Washington: Historical Branch. 0-3 Diviaion, Headquartera, U. S. Marine Corpt3, Revised 1960. (Cited •• "Johnstone"). Knox, Dudley W. A Hlato~ of the United Statet3 Navy. Son., 1936, (Cited a8 Knox~ New York: G. P. Putna.'.

Leonard. John W. and Chitty. Fred 11'. The Story of ~ United State.Jllar1nea, ~-~. Washl~ton: Historioal Division. U, S. Mar1ne Corp •• 1919. {Ci ted 8S "Leonard" J • Logsheet of Historic Marine Corp. Date., Historical quarters, U. S, Marine Corpa. (Cited aa "Log"). Branoh. 0-3 Division. Head-

Long, Ric hard A. "Send Me Thirty Marine 8 ••• " Leatherneck. v ; 44, no. 4 (Apr6l) pp. 16-21. 72i no. 5 (May61), pp. 41-53. (Cited 88 "Long'!). Mlioprtney,

0

company, 1956.
1899.

Clarenoe

(Citedas

E.

Mr. Lincolnl"

Admiral". "Maoartney").

New York

I

Funk 8nd W'agnalla

Maelay,

Edgar S. ! Hieto~ of Amerioan (Cited aa "Maclay).

Private"rs.

New York:

D. Appleton & Co ••

){oCleUan, Maj Edwin H. H18tory of the United States Marine corpe. Vol. II. Washington1 Historical Sectlon;-Heedquarters. U. S, Marine Corp8, 1931. ~i8 exceptionally well-documented work had limIted distribution due to restricted printing. Volume II is incomplete. POI' further information refer to Historical Branch, 0-3 Division, Headquarters Marine Corps). (Cited 88 nMoClellan") • Metoalf.

e. e,

Putl\8lllS

LtCol Clyde H. Hi8to~ Sons, 1939.

of the United II States Marine ~. ilid&i "MOtcaU ). History.

New York: New York:

#~ntr068. Rinehart

Lunn.
<'I:

!be Un1ted Statea Marinell; a Pictorial Co. ;1959. (ei ted u "MOntrolll!").

!Ie ty. Bernard C. The Un1ted Sta tee Mar1ne 8 1n the C 1vll War- --Me r ine CorP 1 Historical Reference Seriell NUmber 2. WaehIngtan:--uIitorical Branch, 0Dlvlslon~ Beadqu&rtersl U. MarIne Corp". 1961. (Cited aa "Naltyn).

s.

3

HAl ty-, Bernard C. The united Sta tee Marine II in the War wi th Spain ---Mar ine Corps Historical Reference Series Humber J. Wa8hington:~iatorlcal Branch. G-3 Dividon. Headquarters. U. S. Marine Corp8. 1959. (Cited BI! "Halty (2)").

!!:!z

Reghter

of the United

statee.

1860-1903.

(Cited

811

"BR",).

Heeeer~ Robert Wildan. Statistical Sta tee ~, .ill.5.-.l2QZ. vol. 2. (Cited.. Neeser")~

and .Chronological History Rr ~ United New York: The Macmillan Company. 1909. New York: Charles Henry Holt and Company. Son8, 1934.

Pratt. Fletoher. Civil War on We.tern Water.. 1956. {Cited •• "Pr.t~.__' Thomason, (Cited

a.

John W.o JrO( Jeb Stuart. '~omaBon'!J.of the
Army.

New York:

Scribner!a

U. S. Department

Arm1es in the War of the Rebellion. (Cited 'ii """lrmy--ri"ecords")_

OUicial

Recorda .2l. Q llWJm Wa.hington, 1~-190l,

4D!1 Confederate
Serie.

to

Vol.

35.

U. S. Navy Department.

Offioial Reoorda ot the Union and Confederate Navl.8e in the War of the Rebellion. Washing ton, ilJ91j:":}922. Serie a I, vol. 4. ( C1ted.e """lIivYl£eoOrdi") •

U~ S. Department or State. ~to Protect Citizen • .10. Foreign Countriee ~ Landing Porees, Memorandum-or-tne Solioitor. 5 October 1912, Third Revised Edition with Supple~ntal A~pendlx up to 1933. WaShington. 1934. (Cited as ''R1ght to Protect Citizens"). 0". S. "riDe COrpll. !'JIarlJle Corp. Strength. ,II Per.onnel DOS-2200-bJt. 26aov5~. (Cited ae "StrengtbsW).
Account1n& Seotion. the ~

'ftle aeoorde ot x;tv1iig tsrrIiera of the fiVl iiid.... r1ne ~, etc.. uni ••• -mere nil a po.ltlve Iltiti8iilt Or 'iVYdenoe or-the partYCIPitlon 01' Marin •• in partioular e.eDt~ no entr;r .... Md ••

articl••

IIaJI1' otber llourcell wen 1nvellt1gated •• ueh •• Seeretail at in the U. S. Waval In.tltute Prooeedings ana tbirIne

CO~Be

ReHrte,

e,

Introduction through the years to the era of Caribbean interventions. With Marine Corps strength at no more than 3.800 officers and enlisted .en during the era ~C the War Between the States, Marines were molltly deat1ned for duty with the fleet, providing the core of the landing forces, manntng the secondary guns in battle, and nainta1ning order and dIsciplIne among the ships' crews. For aOll.e 40 years foll0.i08 the war, In spite of leeeer numbers on the rolls, Marine activities continued to be extended to varIous areas throughout the world, wIth up to two-thirds ot the Corps' strength at times deployed abroad. Date
1 Mar

in the War Between the States and their operations

Pa~t IV of thie Chronology ie concerned Kith the partioipation of Marines

1860
Porty Marines and seamen trom the sloop USS Marion landed at Kiesembo, Jngola, Portuguese West Africa, to protect American lives and property during a period of local unrest. (COllum. p. 112).
A Marine detachment, commanded by CaptaIn Algernon S. Taylor, from the Navy Yard. Waehingtan, D, C., participated In the ceremonIes welcoaing the first Japanese Embassy personnel to Washington. (Log, 5Mar53).

14

May

30 Jun 27 Sep

The active duty stre~th of the Marine Corps was 1,801; 1,755 enlisted men. lStrengths, p. 3).

46 offIcers and

The Jllar1ne' ,guard frca the sloop USS St. Ma~' 8 landed at Bay of Panama, ColombIa, to proteot the railroad anU-Amer~an lives and property from those engaged in civil strIfe. (Ellsworth, p, 46).

1861

5 Jan
5

Pour officer8 and 250 enlIsted Marines boarded the chartered steamer Star of the West at New York Citr, bound for the relief of Fort Sumter. 'BO\ith """"C"arol1na=(Leonard. p, 51 J ' Forty Marines, commanded by Captain Algernon S. Taylor, from the Navy Yard at WaBhtngton D. C., garrisoned Port Washington, Maryland. (Navy RecordB~ p. 09).

Jan

4

9 Jan

Thirty Marines, oommanded by First LIeutenant Andrew J. Hays, rrOM the Navy Yard at Washington, D. C., ~rrlsoned Fort McHenry, at Baltimore, Maryland. (Jfavy Reoords, p. 263). Thirty-eight Marines. commanded by Captain Josiah WQt8on~ surrendered with Washington Navy Yard, Penaacola, Florida. (Navy Recorda, P. 78). Marines manned howitzers preparatory to the defense of the Navy Yard, Wa8b1ngton, D. C. (Navy Records, pp. 411-413).
The Marine guard. at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn, P. 116).

10 Jan

14 Jan
22 Jan

arma in ease of an organized attack

by

)few York, was placed under Confederate sympathizers. (Collum,

1 ~eb
12 A~r

Marines ot the Navy Yard, Washington, D. C., were assigned the defense of the .. in gate. (Navy Reoorda, p. 413). One hundred and ten Marines, conmanded by Second LIeutenant John C. Ca8h, ~rtieipated in relief operations at Fort Pickene, Pensaoo1a, Florida. l Collum , p. 196). Thia date marka the officIal openIng oC the War Between the States, wherein. the greater part of the Marine Corps was to serve aboard shIp, (Matcalf. p. 197).

15 Apr

20 Apr

,1tty Marinea, c~ed by Captain Hiram Paulding, fro. the lfavy Yard. Wa.bington. D. C.~ .ailed on the sloop USB Pawnee to reinforce the Go. port Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia. (Maoartney, p. 114), Po~y Marine. and sea.en from the .Ioop usa Pawnee landed at White Houae, Virginia, to protect a survey party. (Lo" USB 'awnee).

6 Jun

30 Jun
21 Jul

The active duty atrensth of the MBrine Corpa waa 2,386; 48 offic.rs

2,338 .nliated men.

{Strengtha, P.

3).

and

A batt.lion of 12 officera and 353 enliated Marine., oommanded by Major John C. ReJDold., .sa part of the Union A~la Pirat Br1gad. P1rat Division, during the Pirat Battle of Bull Run. (Colluu. Pp. 118-121).
J

25 Jul
19 Aug

An Act at Congreaa 1ncreased Marine Corps author1zed cera and 3,074 enllated men. (Collum, P. 121).

atrength to 93 offi-

Two hundred Marines t1'Ollll Navy Yard at Washington, the

D•. C" were detailed to aerve with the Potoaac flotilla which waa Dearohing tor DUIpeoted Confederate depots In Maryland. (Navy Records, pp. 625-628).

28 AUI

Marine. tro. the tr1gate USS Mlnneaota, the sloop USS Cumberland, the fr1Kate USB Wabash, and the .loop USS au.~ehanna JOined soldiers or General Benj .. 1ri P. Butler in landing attteres Inlet, North Carolina, resulting in the oapture Porte Clark and Hatteras. (Callum, pp. 121-122).

or

3 8ep 14 sap

Thirty Marinea tro. the Kavy Yard, washington, D. C., were ordered to re1ntorce the ,arrlson a~ Port BIlsworth, Alexandria, V1rginia. (Xavy Reoords, p. 655). TWenty-nine Marine. and aea.en, ca..anded by Captain Edward M. Reyno1da. trom the frigate USS Colorado, rowed into the harbor ot Pensacola, 'lorida, to board and burn the Contederate privateer, Judah. (Xa1ty, p.

4).

2 Ifov

A Nar1ne 'battaUon ot 300 _n, ca.w.nded by Major John C. Reynold., whUe e.barked aD the ohartered ate... r Governor tor Port R07al, South Carolina, waa forclKi to tranater to the trigate US! Sabine a. the OO'Yernor sank, with all the equipment at the Marines, in a gale ott Cape RBtteras, Korth CaroliDa. (Metoalf, P. 200).

7 Bov

Karin •• and seamen tro. the frigate USS Santee, after being repulaed by the Confederate .t.... r General Husk, eucceeded in seizins and sinking the Confederate shIp R07al Yacht~Galveston Bar, Texa.. (Co11ua, PP. 124-125). ---and seaaen, comnanded by Major John C. Reynolds, landed tram the frigate USS Wabash at Bilton Head, South Carolina, to ocouPY Fo.t Walker on Hilton Read, and fort Beauregard on Bay POint until Arsw Oenersl Tihomaa W. Sheraan could bring 1n A~ troop.. Collum, pp. 125-128). Six hundred and titt) Mar1nea

8 Nov

l

Marine. and .eamen USS ~ Jacinto boarded the British steamer Trent, east of Havana, Cuba, ~oarrlea otf the Confederate diplomata-:06li Slidell and ~a.e. Maaon. (Collua, pp. 128-131). 5 Deo 8 Deo Rar1nes tro. the .teaaers USS Ottawa, USS Seneca, and USS Pe.mina aaslated in the oCCUpatiOD of Wasa8h Island, Georgia. (Callum, p. 131). Marinea troa the aioop USS Savannah landed on Tybee Island. Georgia, in a tutlle .tt~t to •• 1ze the tort protect~ Savannah. (Xetoalf, p. 201). Naribea fra. the sloop USS landed at Fenwick's Is~ purpo.e., and l.ter burned Junct1on, Harth Carolina. Dale boarded the ateaaer USS Isaac Smith, J'cFf, Harth Carolina, for reconnal.iinCe Contederate building. at Moequito Creek (Col1u., p. 131),

12 Deo

86

26

Dec

Martnes fro. the sloop USS Dale ~ki~Bh&d with Confederate troop. at the mouth of the South BdiB~iver, South Carolina. (Collum, p. 132). 1862

13 Jan
31 Jan

Marine. tr.a the steamer USS Hattera. landed at Cedar Keys~ Plorida, to burn Confederate atores. (Collum, pp. 132-133). One ofticer and 27 enlisted Marinea .ere aas1gned to the river gunboat USS St. Louie, flagahip ot the flotilla which later supported ~ General Uljiiea S. Brant'l attack ot Forta Henry and Donel.on on the Tennessee and Cumberland Riverll, respectively _ . (Metcalt, p. 210). Karine. aasi.ted ~ troop. in the seizure ot Confederate Roanoke Island. Horth Carolina. (Leonard, p. 56), positiona on

7 Peb
10
:feb

The Karine detachmentl at 14 United States vee.ele took part in the pursuIt ot • Confederate naval fleet up Oroatan Sound fra. Roanoke leland, North Carolina, and 1n the occupation ot Port Cobb and Elizabeth City, Harth Carolina" (Collum, p. 134). The Marine detachments of ships of the AtlRntic Squadron took part Battle of Winston, Korth Carolina. (Collum, p. 125).
A battalion ot Marines,
in

19
4

Feb
)liar

the

the transport MCClellan (Collum. p~ 136).

co...snded by IllaJor John C. Reynolds. landed to occupy the town at Pernand1na, Plorlda.

l'roII.

4 Mar

A coapany of Marines and seamen tram the sloop USS Mohican occupied Port Clinch, Georgia. (Collum, p. 136).

8 I'IIIar Twenty-five Marinea tr~ the sloop USS Mohican and the stea.er U5S Pocahontas landed at Brunswick, Georgia. (ColIna. P. 136). 8 Mar Marines were serving aboard the frigate USS c~re.a and the sloop Cuaberland .hen they .ere attacked by the Co~erate ra. Merr1aack HaiPton Hoad., otf Nortolk, V1rginia. (COllua, p. 137).

usa

in

9 Mar

Marines were serving aboard the frigate USS Minnesota when She ••• taken under tire by the Confederate ram Merr~ck. 1ri Riapton Roads, otf .orfolk. Vir&inia. (Xalty, p. 7).
The

12 Jlar

Marine detachments ot United States gunboat. took part tD a ca.b1ned expeditIon up Slocum's Creek, Morth Carolina, to capture the towns of Mewberne and Washington. North Carol1na. (Cottin, PP. 81-82).

A~lMavy

11 Mar 25

A detachment at Marinea and seamen tram the sloop USS MOhican and the rrigate USB WabaBb landed and occupied the town of St. Augustine, Plorida. (Metcalf'. p. 202). The Marine detachaent at the eteamer USS New London partiQlpated 10 action with the Confederate atea.era Oregon and ~lco at Paaa Chriatian on the Oult ot Mexico. (C011U., p. 142). The Marine detacm.ents ot the .tamers USS Mercedita and USB Saga.ore took part in an expedItion against Contederate ves.ela and storea at Appalachicola, Weat Florida. (Collum, P. 132). Marines tram the steamer USS Pocahontas and a detachment Dr the Third Ha. &a.pBbire Volunteers reconnoitered Seabrook Island, Edisto Rlyer, SOuth Carolina. (Wavy Records, pp_ 742-743).

liar

2t; lilat'

20 Apr

Marine. served aboard the tlotilla supporting ~ General John Pope's capture ot New Madrid, Ml.souri. and IBland Ruaber 10. (Metca1C~ P. 210).
.anned

24 Apr

in ships ot Adairal Davld O. Farragut'. Bquadron secondary guna in aotions against Porta St. Ph1li~ and Jack80n and Confederate gunboats below lew Orleans, Louhiana. (CollUJI, p. 147ft.),

The Marine detachaenta

87

25 Apr

The Marine detachment ot the sloop USS Pensacola landed at New Orlean., Loui.lana, seIzed the gusrant1ne atatlon arid holated the unIted State. tlag.. (COllWII, p. 148).. -

25 Apr

USB State ot ~. Chlrpewa and the bark USS Gemabok par Ie pated In~riQuctTOn-and occupat on of Port Macon, Georg1B. (Collu., p. 135).
and
USB

The Marine detaohments of the .teamers USS Da{ll~t~

29 Apr

Two hundred Marine., commanded by C4ptain John L. Broome, occupied New Orleans, Louisiana, until relieved by Army troops on 1 May. (Collua,
p.

14g).

8

May

The Marine detachments of USS St .. Lawrence, and usa uss ~mlnole took part in with Rortolk surrendering

the steamers USS Susquehanna, USB San Jacinto. Motmt Vernon, and the sloops USB DakOta ~ombarament of Sewell's PoInt, VirginIa, two days later to the Army. (Collum, p. 141).

ana

9 May

Three armed boat. of Marines from the .teamer USS Iroquois landed at Baton Rouge, Louiaiana, took p08seaaion ot the United States arsenal, and raiaed the American flag. (Navy Records, p. 473). Marines aanned secondary gtmS aboard the Union flotilla which repulsed an attack by Confederate ships o~~ Port Pillow, Missouri. (Metcalr, P. 210).

10 May

15

May

Mar1ne Corporal John Mackie was the first Marine to receive the Medal of Honor, while serving aboard the USB Galena during an engagement with Confederate shore batteries at Drewry's Bluf~, Virginia. (Collum, P. 142).
Marine., commanded by Captain Charles O. McCawley, reoccupied the Navy Yard at Gosport, Norfolk. Virginia. (Metcalf, p. 207). Rarines served aboard ships of the Un~on flot~lla which deatroyed three Confederate ships on the Kissis&ippl River, diSfersed the reaa1nder, and obtained the surrender of MemphiS, Tennessee. Metcalf, p. 210). Sixty Marines trom the steamers USS J&me! ~, USS Keystone State, and USS Albatross boarded the gunboats ~ana Anarew to act 8S ahirPibooter. in raids up the santee and Wahamau River., South Carolina. (Collum, p. 143). The Marine detachments aboard the UBS Hart~ord. the USB BrOOkl~, and the USS Richmond served secondary guns in action against Conredera~ batteries at Vlckaburg, MiSSissippi. (Collum, pp. 150-151). The active duty strength ot the Marine Corps was 2,406; 51 ofticers and 2,355 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 3). The Marine detachaents aboard Union ahips manned seoondary guns in action aga1nat the Confederate ram ArkanS8S above Vicksburg, MissisSippi. (Collum. p. 151). Twenty-eight Marines boarded the steamer USS GeBY Cloud to Join the steamer USS New Lpndon in an expedition to cap ure-or-aestroy Confederate vessels loadea-with cotton at Pascagoula, Mississippi. (Kavy Records,

25 May

7 Jun
24 Jun

28 Jun

30 Jan

15 Jul
17 Jul

p. 703).

8

Aug

B1nety-five Marines, commanded by Pirst Lieutenant H. B. Lowry, tro. the USS Wabash and the USS New Ironsides took part in setting up guns on Morris Island, South Carolina. (COllum, p. 144). A force of Marines, commanded by Captain David M. Cohen, from the Navy Yard at Brooklyn, Mew York quelled a riot among Army recruitB ot Genf~ral Spinola •s "Empire Brigade." (CO. Brooklyn Ba vy Yard 1tr to CJIId t Barr 1s, dtd lSep62). M&rtoe8 reoocupied the Ravy Yard at Pensaoola. Plorida. p. 240). (Havy Hecor.~a,

23 Aug

25 Sep

8B

4 Nov

Three orficers and 75 enlisted Marines oooupied the new naval atation at Cairo, 1111no18.. (Navy Records, p. 464). The Karine detachments of the ateamers USS Ottawa, US3 Seneca, and USS Pembina part1eipated in the oooupation ot an abandoned Confederate tort on WaBaah Ialand, Georgia~ (Collum, p. 131). A battalion at Marinea, commanded by Major Addison Garland, en route to Mare Island, California, aboard the schooner Ariel, was captured when the-Ariel was seized by the Confederate ra1der-AIibaaa. (Collum, P. 151). A detachment ot Marine8, commanded by Capta1n MoLane Tilton, garrisoned Pilot T¢wn, Lou1s1&na. (Collum, p. 152). A company ot Marines, commanded by Major Addiaon Garland, arrived on the USS ~apende~c~ as a garrison tor Mare Island. California. (Collum.
P. 1 •

5 Dec
1 Dec
20 Dec

27

Dec

10 Jan

.!86l The IS-man Marine guard at the usa Wachusett took oharge of the captured
Confedera~e ir~n-clad ste~~ Virginia Yucatan, NexiC0 to Key West, 'lorIda. 4 2. pp. 5-6, 40- 4).

to s8il her from MaJore8 Island, for disposal. (Navy Recorda, Vol.

31 Jan 14 Mar

Marines .ann~d secondary guna on sh1ps of the South Atlantic blockading 8quadron when two Confederate ironclads attaoked Union ahips off Charleston, South Carolina. (Malty, p. 9; Leonard, p. 66). The Marine detachment. of the USS Hartford, the USB Rlchmon4~ the USS M188i8Bl~1, and the USS Monongahela took part in the attack on Port HUdson, uiBiana. (Collum. p. 153). The Karine detachment aboard tbe aloop USS Hartford pal'ticipated in the b0mbardment of Orand QuIa, Mlsei8aippl. (Collum. p. 153). The Marine detac~nt. aboard ahipa ot Adairel DaVid O. Farragut'. Union squadron took part in engagement. with Confederate batteries at Warrenton. below Vicksburg, Mi8!laaippi. (Capt John L. Broome Itr to Cmdt HarriS, d.td 27Kar63), The active duty atreD$tb ot the Martne Corps was 3.000; 69 officer. and 2,931 enlisted ~n. (Strength •• p. 3). A battalion of Marines, serving aboard ships trom the South Atlantic Squadron, reinforced Army troops operating on Rorris Ialand, South Carolina, 1n an uraucce8.ful attempt to take Port Wagner. proteet1ng Charleston, South Carolina. (Metcalt. p. 201).

19 Mar
25 Mar

30 Jun 6 Jul

13 Jul 16 Jul

ordO;!rduring draft riots

A battalion or Marin •• waa part of a naval brigade .hieh helped in He. York City. (Collta. p. 154).

rastore '

The Marine det.e~nt at the sloop USS WY~ took part 1n the action wben the W~O.~ waa tired on by .hore bi~es and wa! attaoked by .hip. oC t 81008 ot .agato in the Strait. of Sht.onoaek1, Japan. (KnOX, pp. 294~295). A Marine b~tt.lion, commanded by MaJor Jacob Zel11n. Joined Marine. fra. the South Atlantic Squadron on Worr1. I.land, South Carolina, to provide artillery support for toroes aabore, {Collum, p. 154). A detaobaent ot Marin •• froa Rorri. Island~ South Carolina, c~nded by Captain RcDanald Reynold., and additional d.taca.ent. ot Marine. fro. &hlps ot the South Atlantic Squadron, oa..anded by Captain Charl •• O. weC •• ley. took part in an 1ll-fated attack on Port su.ter, South Carol1na. (Co11ua. Pp. 155-158; laIty, p. 10). A detaobmant of Marinea and •• .-en fro. the steamer USB MArblehead landed South C.ro1tna. to capture and d•• trQ1 • Contederate supply depot. Leonard, p. 68).

10 Aug

a

Bep

28 Doo

2t Stono

l

1864
I

Jan

A detachment or 30 Marines 'and Beamen trom the South Atlantic Squadron landed at Murrell's Inlet, Charleston. South Carolina, and sank a Confederate .cnooner. (Haval Records, Vol I, ch 15, PP. 156-157). Forty Marines, commanded by Firat L1eutenant Richard S. Collum, reported to guard ordnance stores at Mound City, Illinois. (Collum, pp. 168-169). Mar1nes were serving aboard the steam rrigate USB Wabaah off the Carol1na coast, when ahe was attacked by a boat carrying a spar torpedo. (Collum,
p.

20 Feb

18 Apr 5
May

161).

Marines aboard the USB Metabesett, the USS ~alu8~, the USS Sa.sscus, and the USS Whitehead took part In the action ega at the Confederate raa Albemarle in the coastal watere otf Horth Carolina. (Leonard, p. 69). Colonel John Harris( a1xth Commandant (Co~ant., p. 67). of the Marine Corps, died in africe.

12 May

9 Jun
10 Jun 30 Jun

Major Jacob W. Zeilin WBS ap{lo1nted as the seventh COIIIDBndantor' the Marine Corps. (BaIty, p. II). Marinea were serving aboard the Bteamer USS Kearssge when she sank the Conrederate raider Alabama off Cherbourg, France. (Collum, PP. 161-162).

The active duty atre~th of the Marine Corps was 3~139; 64 officers and 3,075 enlisted men. {Strengths, P. 3).
Thirty Marines, with two light hOWitzers, took part in an Army with Confederates on Dawho River, White Point, South Carolina. Reoords, Series I, Vol 35, Part I, pp. 408-409). skirmish
(Army

3 .luI
11 Jul

A Marine battalion, commanded by Captain James Forney, was part ot a naval brigade from the Philadelph1a Navy Yard which reopened the WaahingtonBaltimore railroad at Havre de Oras, Maryland. (Metcalf, p. 211). The ~rine detachments aerving aboard ships or Admiral David O. Farra~~t's squadron partic1pated 1n the bombardment or Forta Morgan, Gaines, and Powell on the shores of Mobile Bay, Alabama. (Navy Recorda, Series I, Vol 21, Index). TWenty-rive KarineB, commanded by Captain Charles Heywood, rrom the USS Hartford and the USs Richmond occupied Fort Powell, Mobile, Alab8~. (Navy Recorda, Series I, Vol 21, pp. 786-788). Marine. from the frigate USS Wabash were credited with Baving the ship atter she had grounded ofr FryIng Pan Shoala, Virginia COBst. (Collum,
P.

5 Aug

6 Aug

lOot

168).

10 Nov

Marines, commanded by Capta1n David M. Cohen, from the steamer USS Lancaster assisted in the capture of agent. attempting to seite the Union steamer Salvador ofr the coast of New Oranada, Colombia. (Collum, P. 177). A Marine battalion. eommanded by First L1eutenant George G. Stoddard, was part of the naval brigade which. with Army troops, waa repulsed at Boyd's Neck in an attaok on the Charleston-Savannah rail 11ne, Honey H11l, South Carolina. (Metcalf, PP. 212ft.). A Marine battalion, commanded by First Lieutenant George O. Stoddar'~ ~a8 part of the Federal rorce wh1ch attacked Conrederate troops at Tull1finney Croasroad. and Derang'a Heck, South Carol1na. (Metcalf, pp. 213-214). Karine. were serving aboard ships of the South Atlantic Squadron, seoondary gun. in the bombardment ot Fort FiBher, North Carolina.

28 Rov

6

Dao

23 Deo

pp. 174-115).

manni~ (Collum,

90

13 Jan
26 Peb

Pour hundred. Marinell trOll Admiral David. D. Porter IIIUnion squadron .ere part or the naval brigade whioh reinforoed ~ troop. in the eapture or Port Pisher, W i1ming'ton, North Carolina. (Collua. pp. 181-181).

ot Mar inea, e cmmanded by Pirst Lieutenant Georg. G. atod4ardi, occupied Georgetown. South Carolina. (.avy Record., Saria. I. vol. 16, pp. 273tt.).
Six companies

9 Apr

di.ease. 15 Apr

United Statell Marine Corps ea.ualt1e. in the Civil War a.ount.d to 551. including those killed an action. died at wound., 10.t at eea. died of
and those wounded in action.

(Log, 23Ian52).

Marine •• couaanded by Captain Prank Monroe, trOlllthe .avy Yard at Washington. D. C., took over the guard ot those aocu ..d at eon.piraoy in the assassination at Prea1dent Abrahu Lincoln. (t.onard. P. 81).

30 Jun

The active duty stre~th

3.173 enlisted men.

ot the Marine Corp. was (Strengtha, p. 3).

3.860; 87 ofticer. and

1866
30 Apr
The Marine guard. of the doop

Panama mail steaaer USS Golden City. quell a riot. (Log. 23JanS2).

uss st.

a

rBis request Caribbeancaptain. to in the boardecl the e ot her

20 Jun

Pll'ty Harlnell and aeUlan trolD the ateamer USB Wachu.ett landed. at Hew Cbwang. China, to a88ure punishment of tho.e whO attacked an ~rioan Consular offioial. (EIl.worth. Pp. 28-29). The active duty strensth of the Marine Corp. wa. 3.337; 19 offioers and 3.258 enlisted aen. (Strength •• p. 3). caamanded by Lieutenant Colonel Jame. B. Jone., trom the Havy Yard at Porta.outh. Bew Haapahire. arrived 10 Portland, Raine. to ald in relltoring orde~ atter a tire. (Co1Iua. p. 195).

30 Jun 7 J"u1

Two oompanies or Marines.

14 Jul

One hundred Marina. and lIe..en fro. tbe .teamer USS Wachuaett landed ~t Tung Chow Poo, China. to guard dIplomats consulting wIth local authorltle •• (Ellsworth. p. 29).
One otticer and 46 enlisted Marines and seamen tro. the .tea.er usa Waohusett landed at Shangha1, China. to asai.t in fighting a tire. (Ellsworth, p. 29). Colonel C~dant Jacob Zeilln ••• umed the newly oreated rank ot Brigadier General Caamandant. (Collua. p. 195).
Pour oa.panies ot Marine •• c~ed by Lieutenant Colonel John L. Brooae, fr08. the Kavy Yard st Br<>OklJft, Me" York, a •• l.ted. revenue offil1 oers 1n raid. on illegal "Iriabtown d18t1118rl •• in BrooklJ'1l. (Leonard, p. 82).

9 Aug

2

Mar Apr

1 May

'l'be 11&1"10. guard. tt"Oll the .te~r. uss WY~ vided an eaoort tor the Aaerican M1Di.t.r ~aka in ~apan. (Bll.worth, p. 103).

and

dur1ni

usa

Sbenandoab proa elv1! war

13 Jun

One hundred and eighty-one MarLneB and seamen fro. the ateaaera USB Hartford. and USB WYOlll~ landed in southern Pormo .. on a punitive expeditiOn again.t savage. ('I bad aurdered the crew ot tbe United State. _rchantm&n Rover. (CollWl. P. ~96).
The

30 Jun

active duty .treD4th of the .arine Corp. wss 3.511; 73 ofticer. 3,4)8 enIl.ted .. n, (Strength., p. 3).

and

91

6 Sep 18 Oct

Narlnn

landed

and ocoupied raised

Jlanagua the

and Leon,

Si(lIll"'qtUl. tor

(I.og.

1"'052).

Sitka.

Marin •• 0~fial.11y

Al •• ka.

(Log, l.lun53).

stare and Stripe.

the first

tt.e at

1868
19
Jan

Yok~.

A Marlne

suard waa posted at the re~idence ot the Aaerlcan
Japan, during a pe .. od l

or

civil .trite.

Mini.ter in (EII.worth, P. 104).

1 Peb

Marine, and '.&llen troll the steamer trss Oneida landed at Biego, .Japan, to proteot ~rioan li ••• and property during a period ot bo.tility toward.. foreigners. (Metcalf. p. 2' 31) •
tlar1ne. aDd sea.en frOIl tbe .teaae1'8 USS Querrte ... , USS Shamokin. uss w•• ~, and USS Kan ••• landed at MOntevideo. ~rot.ot ~riaan ivee and property during a reYolutionar,y (Metcalt, P. 228).

7 Peb

9;j1nn.baUS,
rlJgUQ'.

to outbreak.

USS

8

Peb

Marines and .eaDen from the ote8Ber {JSS Shenandoah landed at .qaaak:l. Japan, to protect the Amerioan consulate durIng a period of hostility towards tor*1gnerB. (Ellsworth, p. 104). F1tty

19 Peb
Mar

at Montevideo, Uruguay, revolutionary outbreak.

Mar1nea and lIeaaen 1"roA the to protect

• teamer a USB Kanan p. 163).

(Ellsworth,

A.erican lives ana propel~y

and USB W~'P landed.

ur1ng a

llarlnea

t.. . the lfaV7 Yard at Brooklyn~ Wew York •• elzed and de.tro;yed a • nUJllber 1111cit diat111erie. of in IIlr1shtovn, II a<lJo1n1n& the .a"7 Yard. (Metcalt. p. 247).

4 Apr

Marines tra. the &tea.era USB Monoeaey and USS I~Oi8 landed at YOkoha.a~ Japan, to proteat American liVes and pro 7 'ur1D& III perIod or hostIlity towards tor61gners. (Ketoalt, p. 237).
Twenty-tlve

12 Jun

One otticer and tare. enli.ted Marines fro. the steamer USB Iroquo1a board..d tbe J.pane •• ship Kangi 110Kaa1 at Yok~, JaPilIl, 't"oprftvent her 4eparture in violation-or-lhe-neutrality lav. (EII.worth. p. 104). rba active duty atrength at the Mar1ne Corps v •• 3,060; 2,979 enli.ted .en. (Strength., p. 3).

30 .run
.OT

Jfar1na. frca the lfaY'7Yard. at Brooklyn, New York••• siatad. revenuu agents in the entorceaant at distillery (Metc.lt. p. 247).

1....

81 o~ticera an4

1869

30

Jun

'!'be .c ti

VB dutT .tre~th ot the Marine Corp. was 2,384; 2,314 enlisted.en. (Strengths. p. 3).

16 .luI

Pitty

JIa .. tn•• tra the .. ..". Yard at Brooklyn.. Ifew York, boarded the revenue cutter usa landed. on Garolner IJ;larad. &lid seiZed. 125 lNIIben ot a CUban t bustar1Dg expedition. (Lecmard. p. 84)_

JIobonm'

I.

'TO atrIa era and

1870

Jan 28 Mar

A detaobaent at 3 oftloer. and 60 enli.ted Marine., coma·nded ~ RaJ or George P. Houston. aui.ted. in the survey of the Darien route, the ColOlibian location of the proposed :Inter-oceanic canal. (Leonat'd.. P. 84). One hundred and t.enty-nine Marines, commanded b;y Lieutenant Colonel John L. BrOOlle, trca the :levy Yard at BrooOklyn, Xew York, and the US! Veraona ••• ioted revenue autboritie. in aeizing and deatro7tng ~ever.l illioit distilleriea in ftIrlabtown. II Brooklyn. (~OD&rd, p. 82).
JIar1nea and ae...,n f'roII. tne ate ... r USS Mohican landed at Booa '!'eacapan, Jlex1co. to destroy the pirate .hip Porward. (Collua. p. 199).

17 lull

92

21'469 .ftl.1ated ..

'I'M

&0101'1. u~ d

.trenc:th ot the Marin. Corp. w... 2.546; 77 otfloers and ft. (S1orensthe~ p. 3).

"riDe. trca the aloop USS J.... town landed at Honolulu, Hawaii, and hall'...ted ~ ~rloan flag .10 tbi united st.t•• oonaulate in reapect for the death of the queen ot the ieland.. (KIIsworth. p. 92).
11

Oot
)10.,

by Capt. 1ft J.... 'orne,.~ trom the Kavy Yard at Pb11.d.lphla~ Penn.7Ivani., helped quell dl.turbanoe. in the 01107when n-.roe. G.lt thelr tlr.t vote. under the 15th ~nt. (LoS, IJun53). L. ~. rro. tile H.v;y Yard at Brooklyn. ... nte in raid. 011Ulegal dht111erl •• in (LeODai'd. p. 83). 1871 Marin •• rro. the xavy Yard at Brooklyn. New Yo~k, oooupled 14 legltimate di.tl11erie. to protect wor~n troa attack by worker. trom illegal dlstilleri... (Collum. p. 200).
!Wo huDdre4 and torty-tive Marin•• , oommanded _, Lieutenant Colonal John

Marin .. , o~ed

2

New York, a••lated.revenue "Irl.htown.," rooklyn. B

23 10

May J'Im

"rin.s fra. the Aaiatio t1eet ••oorted the American Miniater from Nasa.aki. Japan. to Seoul, Korea, to .xeoute a treaty. (Log, 5Mar53). A ba~t.lion 01' Marinea, oommand.d by Captain MoLane Tl1ton, was part at a naval brigade fro. .hlpe ot the A.iatio aquadron whloh exeouted a punitive expedition againat torta on the Sale. River, Korea. (Ell••orth,
p. 57). !be

30 J\m

aotlve duty .tr.~th ot the Marine Corp. was 2,513; 74 01't10era and 2,439 enli.t.d men. (Strength., p. 3).

Marin•• , oa.u.nded by Lieutenant Colonel John L. Broome, trOllthe Navy Yard at Brooklyn, Hew York. w.re oalled out to break up utreet fightlng during raid. on illegal distl11erle. in "Irillhtown," Brooklyn. (COllUll, p. 201).
Sep

Jlar1ne.,coaunded by Lieutenant Colonel John L. Brooae, trOll the KaV7 Yard at Brooklyn, Kew York, boarded the tugboat USS Catal~ to aa.llt revenue agenta in the s.izure ot v•••• l. bearing oontraban whi.kay in N.. York barbor. (Collu., p. 202). Marine a, com.andad b7 Lieutenant Colonel Jobn L. Broome, from the Navy Yard at Brooklyn. Hew York, eatabli.hed a guard over seized illioit dlstillerleI!I in "Iriah.town. Brooklyn ~ (C011'WI, p. 202). II 187r The active duty atrength ot the Marine Corps .a. 2,203. 77 otficere and 2.126 enliated men. (Strengths, P. 4). Karin•• , co..anded by Captain Rlchard. 8. C011WI , froID. the Navy Yard at Boston, " ••achuestte, alded in re.toring order atter & tire In Baston. (Leonard, p. 87). 1873
TWo hundred Marin •• and .eamen froID. he ateamer. USB Pen.aoola and t
USS

17 Oct

30

J'un

10 )fov

Tusoarora landed at Bay 01'Panama, Colombia, to protect Aiirlcan 11v•• ana propert7 durlng a perlod of political unreat. (Metcalt, pp. 230-231).

Slxtl-e1ght MarInes, command.d by Captain RIohard S. Co11ua. from the Wavy Yard at Bo.ton, Mas.aohu ••tt., plua 15 Marines from the USB Ohl0 and 21 Marine. frQa the USS Powhatan aided In restoring order atter a tlre in Be.ton. (Collua, P. 212).

25 JWl
30

Twenty-two Marine.. O(8IDnded. by Capt. in Pero iva 1 C. Pope. troll tile USB St. Ma~ra ..a1ated in putting out a tire aboard. the Italian .erohant i6'ip b8 aide in the harbor of Callao. Peru. (Leonard. P. 88). The aotive duty .treh6th of the Marine Co~. waa 2.762; 87 offioer. and 2,675 enli.ted .en. ~Strengtn.p p. 4}o
One hundred and thirty Marine. and lIelUHn. later iDorealied to 190. trOlil tbe IIte.. r. USB Peneacola and usa Benicia landed at Bay of PanaBa, . Colombia, to protect the railroad ana Amerioan lives and property during a political upri.1ng. (Aldrich, p. 221).

Jun

24 Sep

1874
24
Jan

The Marine detachment. of Bhip. of the Atlantic Squadron, a•• embl~d oft Key Weat, Plorida, beoaua. ot trouble in Cuba, part10ipated in battalionabed exeroise. under the c~ ot Lieutenant Colonel Charlee Heywood. (Aldrioh. PP. 222-223). Marine. and a detaohment of aeamen tram the USS Ports.outh the USS Tusoarora landed at Honolulu. Hawaii. to a88i3t in ~re8ervlng order during the lriiuguration of a new king. (Ellsworth, p. 92).
and

12 Jl'eb ~1rtl-s.ven 6Jun

Tbe rank of brigadier genersl was abolished for the Marine Corps, with tbe Commandant being given the grade and pay ot a oolonel and belilg .elected and appointed by the PreB1dent. (Collo., p. 215).
The

active duty Btre,th of the Marine Corp. was 2.269; 85 offioer. 2,184 enli,ted .en. Strength •• P. 4). 1815

and

30

Jun

Th. active duty .trengtb of the Marine Corp. wa. 2.113; 76 or~ioer. and 2,037 enli.ted men. (Strength •• p. 4). 1876 A Marine detachment waa part ot a ... 11 foroe landed tram ANerlcan ship. at the requeat or the United State. Consul in Matamoro., Mexioo, to protect Aaerloan lives and property after evaouation of t.e c1ty by revolutionl.t. and before government troop a arrived. (Right to Protect Citizen8,
---

p.67).

~e aot1ve duty stre~th of the MBrine Corp •• a. 1.980. 76 officer. and 1,904 enllsted men. (Strength •• P. 4). 25 Oat 1 Moy I Nov
"Per Mare. Per Terr .. " authorized by the Kavy Departaent as the Datto tor the Marine Corpa t'lag in oozae.oratlon of tne .erviee of the Marine CarpI w1th tbe ~ durIng 'he war with Mexico. (LoS. 1.1un53).

Co.Dandant Jacob Zeil1n retired tro. ottioe.

(Ca..andant., P. 71).

Colon.l Charl.a O. MOCawley waa apPOinted the .1&hth Commandant of the Nel"iDe Corp.. (Leonard, p. 89).

1877
30
.Tun

Th. activ. duty Itrensth at the Rarlne Corp. w•• 1.897; 73 ofticer. and 1,824 enlisted.an. (Strength., p. 4). Marines, oo..an<led.by Lieutenant Colonel Chal"les Heywood., aoved to BaltiJlol"e.Maryland. to protect railroad property durIng labor riot1ng. (Colluap P. 216),
troll the "vy Yard at Waehington. D. C. J and later to Philadelph1a, Penn a7Ivania,
01'

21 Jul

A batta110n

94

26 Jul

A battalion at Mar1ne.* aommanded by Lleutenant Oolonel Ja.e. Porn~. organlz&d tro. ~r1ne. at lfortolk. Vlrgin!a, and fro ..... ral IIhlp. ot the Atlantto Squadron a.aumed guard ot the V.ahington, D. C., Araenal and., later, guarded ra1lroad property in Balt1Dtore, xaryland, and. in we.tern Virg1nla. (Collua. PP. 224-231).

1878
3 Apr Twa otfloere and 25 .nliated Marinea, ea..anded by L1eutenant BenJaaiD R. Russell, .rrived at La Havre. Prance, aboard the USS Constltution. to guard ~rican exhibit. at the Univeraal Expo.ition 1ft 'ari•• (Ell.worth. p. 85). The active duty Itrength at the Rar1ne COrpl wae 2,334; 17 otfioer. and 2,251 enlisted aen. (Strength., p. 4).

30 Jun

1872
The aotive duty strensth at the Marin. Corp. wa. 1.968; 62 ottic.r.

1,906 .nlisted .en.

(Strength •• p. 4).
1880

and

8

JWl

bent. 30
Jun

An Act ot Congre.. provided. tor the 01'1'101 at Judg. Advooat. OeIM"l or the Havy, with Capta1n Willi.. B. R... s, USIC, appointed it. tirat !Deu.-

(Lag, 1_53).

The activ.

1,870 .nli.ted ..n.

duty .trength ot the Marin. Corp. wa. 1,939; (Strength., p. 4).

69 oft10.r.

and

18 )fov

oaneral Jacob Za1lin, Nt1red. C~ant at the "'riDe Corp., d1ed. in Washington, D. C. (Commandant., p. 71).
~

Mar
30
Jun.

Twenty-tour Marin•• fro. the USS Allianoe gained extan.1ve experieao. tn the Polar .e•• al an .tt... t wa... de to looat. Arcttc explorer. l08t north ot Monay. (Leonard, p. 91).
Th.. acttv. duty .tre,1:h or the Jlar1De CGl"J)' 1,902; 10 ol'Uc.r. ... 1,832 enl1.ted aan. Strnstha, p. 4). and

1882

30

J\m

The aetiv. du~ atrenctb ot the Marine Corp. wa. 1.869; 63 ot1'10.r. and 1.806 .nUsted _no (Strtlngthe, p. 4). Marin •• and. .... n troa the .t.... r. USB Lancaster, VSS Qu1Jmeba~. and USB Hirate lan4ed at Alexandria, BgJpt, to prataot ~r1e .. II.e and proper 1 during an upr1e1bg again.t foreigb 1nt1uence. (00111111, PP.
232-234) •

1883
12 hb Marin •• tr.. tIM .t.... r. USS LaGkawaama and usa WaobuaeU land" at Honolulu~ KawaU, to take part Iii the Inauguration eere.,n1•• tor D.nc hl.keua. (Los, 2Dec52).
Tbe

30 Jun

1,'24

act1v~ dut,. strenctb ot the Jlar1ne Corp .... enli.ted ..n. (Strength., p. 4).
1884

1,784) 60 ottl0er.

and

The

Ilar1nedet&clhMnt ot the usa Alert took part in the .. 11.t .xpe41tlon ...rahinS tor --.bar. ot the dreeley Bzpedltloa ... t ot Greealaa4. (MetcaIt, p. 225).

30 Jun

'!'1M aotb.

dou', 1,822 .. lilted....

.,"",tII ot the ......1M Corpa n. (Strencth., P. 4).
95

1,888; 66 ott10.... aDIl

18 .Jan

The Marine guard of the steamer USS Alliance landed at Colon, Panau, Colollbia',to guard the railroad and to proteot AlIIericanlives and. property during a period of poll.ieal unrest. (Collum, p. 234),

Xarinl!lll fr~ the IIteam. ark USS Galena landed at Colon, Panaaa, Colombia, b to guard the United states conluIite during a political uprising.
(Bllaworth. p.

48).

31 Mar

A Marine battalion was part of a naval brigade which landed tram the .tea. bark USB Oalena at Colon. Pana.a, Colombia, to guard American 11ve. and prop~y during the extended period ot political diaturbanoe •• (Leonard, p. 94).

8

Apr

Marine. and ••..en fro. the .teamer USS Shenandoah landed at Panama City,
Cola.bla. to protect Amerioan livea and property political unreat. (Bllaworth, p. 51). during a period ot

11 Apr

Uss Tenne •• ee
(Metoalt, p.
A

A Marine battalion ot 10 offioers and 212 en11eted .en trom the steamer. and USS Swatara landed at Colon, Panaaa, Colombia, to proteot Amerioan live. and property during a period of political uprising ••

223).

12 Apr

battalion ot Marine., oo_nded by Lieutenant Colonel Charles Heywood., landed traa the USS City ot Para at Colon, Panaaa. Colombia, to guard the ra11 line to Panaaa Cffy:--TLeonard, P. 9~). Six hundred and eighty-tive Marine., commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Char Ie IS Heywood t moved 1l'Ito Pan8118 City, Colomb 1a. to ma!ntain order. (Leonard~ p. 95).
The

25

Apr

30 J'un

active duty .tre,th ot the Marine Corp. w•• 1~884; 65 oftioer. and 1,819 anll.ted .an. Strength., p. 4). 1886

30 .Tun

Tbe

Bctive QutJ .tre~th ot the Marine Corp •• ae 2,000; 66 otfioer. and l,93~ enli.ted men. {Strengtn., P. 4). 1887

30 .run
19 "un 30

The aotive duty .tre~tb ot tbe Marine Corp. we .. 1,931; 61 otfioer. and 1,870 .nliated .en. ~Strengtba, P. 4).
aeaman trom the ate.. bark USS Essex landed at Che.ulpo. Korea, and _rched to Seoul to proteot tn. American consulate during a period of political unre.t. (Ellsworth. p. 59).
and.

Marine.

1888

.Tun

Tbe active duty .tr8nsth ot the Marine Corp. was 1,901; 72 oftioer. and 1.829 enlisted aen. (Strength •• p. ~).
Mar1ne. from the stes. bark USS Hlpaio landed at Apia, Samoa. to protect kal!iricanlives and property during a period of polItical unrest. (Bll.worth, P. 1~6). Marines were serving aboard the ste.. barka USS Galena and. USS Yantio at Port-au·Prtnoe, vbAn the ships secured the relea.e an ~rioan .teaaer which had been seized by the Haltian Repub11c. (Netoalf, P. 229).

14 110'1

20 Dec

or

1889
15 Mar pp. 254.258).

Marine. were .erving aboard the USS T8enton and the USS Vandalia they were lo.t in • typhoon while in the barbor ot ApIa, 3.-0&.

wben

(Co11WD,

96

21 Apr 30
JuJI

nlirty

Prance.

Mar1nel~ oommanded by Captain Clay Cochrane. landed at Le~vr to guard AIlerlcan exhlblt1!1 1n Paria. (Leonard, P. 1(0).

••
and

fbe aotive duty .treneth ot the Marine Corp. was 1.112; 54 otCicer. 1,118 enlisted men. (Strengths, p. 4). Hawaii, to proteot Amerioan (BII.worth. p. 93).
'l.'be Mar:lne guard trom

30 Jul

the stea-. bark USB ADa.IIla landed at Honolulu. live. and property during election di.turbanc •••

1890
8 'eb
30 .Jun Marines and saWIeD trOll the ate. bark USB Omaha landed at Japan. to a.sist local authorities in t1ghtIng;i tire near (E118Warth. p. 104). The active duty streJl6th or the Marine Corp, 1.986 enlisted menJ (strength •• P. 4).
wei

.odog.,.a , Kanasawa.
and

2.047;

61 otUcers

30 Ju1

Marines tro. the .chooner USB Tall:EaOO•• landed at Bueno. Air ••• Argentina, to protect the American con.ulate the residence or the Aaerican Minister during a period ot polittcal unrest. (Ellsworth, p. 13).

1891
29 Jan

Colonel Coamandant Charles O. )llCCawleyretired 64. ( COIIIIII&ndan p. 74). ts, the Marine Corp..

upon reachilll!'i the age at

30 Jan
1 JIIQ"

Lieutenant Colonel Charlefl If'eywodd.all appointed w
(Commandant p. 76). ••

the ninth CDIIIII&ndant at

The School of Appl1cation, the first otficers' Ba.ic SchoOl, wafl founded a t Marine Barraoks, 8th and Eye Street. S. E., in Wuh1ngton r D. C.

(Coaaandants.

p. 43).

2 Jun

Baiti.
The

The

Marine guard ot the steam bark USSKear.a~e landed on Hava.fla I.land, to help ma1ntain order. (Metcalt, p. 2 6).
known

26 .Jun

Marine Corp" post. later Port Royal. South Carolina.

(Log,

lUI

lMay53).

Parris

Island,

"as e.tabli.hed

at

30 J'Un 2 Ju1

~e active duty IItreD6tb of the Marine Corp. 2,092 enlisted JIen. (Strength., p. 4).
Five ottioer.

vaa 2,158. 66 ott~ara and

Coast

f
28 Aug
13 Oct

and 113 enlisted Marines were serving aboard the PaoitlO Ste ... bip Ca.pany'. ve.llel Al-ki, the USB Thet1S. the USS Mohican. the USB Alert. and the USS Jilarion"WhlCh arrived. iri £hi Bering Sea to revent 8ea1 poacbing by varlou. nationalitie., ohietlT British. BU.worth,pp. 14.. 5). 1

the

Marinefl, coaaa:nded ~teot

usa

{Ellilworth,

Aiirlcan 11ve. and propert7
p. 17). Ca.umdant

by Captain W1111am S. Muse, landed with seamen troll San l'raneisco and. the USS Baltimore at Valparaiso, Cblle, ~o

durlri8 a period of polltieal

unreat.

Retired

at

(Oa.aandanta,

ao.eaont.

of the Marine Corps, Colonel CharI •• O. 1IIc0.vl.,..died Pennlylvania; he va. buried at Abb1ng:ton, Penne:Vlvania.
p. 14).

1892 30 .Jun

1"

~ aotive duty Itrensth at the Marine Corpe "a .. 2.039l 66 ofticer. 1.973 eul1sted. .. n, (strensthe. p. 4).

and

Bep

A Ma1'1De battalion, c~ed. bl'" MaJ01' Robert V. Huntington. tr_ vlU"ioue •• et co&a1o Jlar1nll barracks and the ree.iv1Dg lIbip usa VenIIOnt. the USB Atlanta, and the USS X1nnellota guarded. tbe 1Ia1grant cup at Sand7 Hook, .. York. d.ur~ an outbNak ot cholera a.ong the s..usrants. (Collua~ P. 299).

97

1§.2J
16
.Jan

Marines trOll' the sohooner USS Boston landed at Honolulu. HawaH. to proteet Amerlcan livea and property atter the deposition ot Queen LtlluokalaDl and. the fDI'lUltlon of a provll11onal govemMll"t. (Leonard. PP. 102-103).
Nurpby,

6

May

Sixty Mar1nes~ oollll&llde4 Captain. BenJamin R. RU88ell and Paul StC. by SUarded exhlbits loaned by the Department of Stat. and various foreign govern.ent. at the World's Colu.bian Expo.ition in Chioago. Illinois, (Collum, Pp. 304-308).

30 .Tun

Tbe aot1ve duty stre~tb of the Marine Corp. was 2.133: 63 offioer. and 2,070 enlhted 1I8Il. ( Strengths, p. 4).
Detaehbent from Marine Barracks, Port Hoyal. Soutb Carolina. ••• isted In pre.erving lite and property after a tidal wave. (Leonard, P. 105). Tbe Marine guard ot the USS Monocac provided the honor guard tor the fir.t v1.lt of the Chine •• Viceroy 1 Hung Chang to the Aaerloan consulate at Tient.in, China. (Log, 12Jan53).
The Karine

27 Aug

25 Mar 30

t

Jun

Tbe active duty .tre~th or the Marine Corps waa 2,376: 67 officer. and 2.309 enliated .. n. (Strengths, p. 4).
Marine d.et.ohllenta frOB! the Mare leland .avy Yard., the USB Ind.e~nd..nce. the USS Charle.ton. the USB Monterey. and the USB Thetl. aa.l.t~ Xiii troop. in guardlrii the malls during railroad 8trik" 1ri Calirornia.

Jul

(Callum,

pp. 308-310).

6 .luI

Kar1ne. and .eamen, ca.manded by Lieutenant Franklin J. Noeea. landed fro. the USS Colombia at Bluefie1da. Nlcaragua. to protect Amerioan 11ve. and property during a per10d at political unrest. (Ellaworth,
p. 122)~ Fitty Marine. and. ae8Jlen tram the USS Bal t1Jlora landed at Chemulpo. Korea~ and. I18robed to Seoul to protect Aiirloan Uvee and. property wben. war broke out between China and JaJl&ft. (Ell.worth, P. 59).

24 .luI

31 Jul

and a ccnapan.y or aeamen tro. the steam bark USB Marblehead landed at BluefIeld., Nicaragua, to protect Amerioan. 11ye. property during a period ot pol! tic al unrest. (Meta alt, P. -236).

The )lar1ne guard

ana

6 Dec

Marine., co.manded by Captain Charle. P. Blliott~ landed at Taku, China, and proceeded to ~1ent.in to proteot AmerIcan live. and property during a period ot political disturbance. (Collua, pp. 310-322,. 1895 A Marine detaoheant trom the USB Yorktown assumed. guard ot the United Stat". Legation at Seoul. Korea. (COllua, p. 321). Marinea and seaman troll the USB CinCinnati, the USS Ifew York, the USB Columb1a, the usa Raleigh. the USB M1ririea~l1s. and. 1Iii ~JIontgOlleI,j liildid at Port au SpaIn. Trinidad, to a .. at author1t1es in t tLng a fire. (Ellewortb, p. 156).

I

Mar

4 Mar

roo.l

8

lllar

Colombia, political
'ftle

Marin ..

and

seamen troa tbe schooner USS Atlanta to protect Aaerican lives and PrOperty disturbance. (Ellsworth. p. 52).

landed. at Boca del '!'oro. during a period or
and

30

Jun

active duty .tre~th of tb. Marine Corp. wae 2,885; 71 offioer. 2,814 enl1.ted -.t. (Strength., p. 4).

98

2_
3'0
Jun 27 Apr

Marines and aeamen fram the USS Alert landed at Corlnto, Nicaragua. protect A.erican live. and prope~ur1ng a period of political disturbanoe. (Ell.worth. p. 123). !be Marine Corp. wa. authorized (Metoalf, p. 253). a .trength

to

or

93 officer.

and

3,574 ..n.
and

The activ. duty .trength of the Marine Corps wa. 2,217; 72 otficera 2,145 enli.ted ~n. (Strengths, P. 4).

!be Jlar1ne Band and two batt.l.l1ons of Plar1nee took part in dedioation oeretlOniea ot Grant'. Tomb, Ri venide Drive, Hew York C i tJ" • (Log, 23Jan52).
'!'be active

30 .Jun

3,735 enli.ted

duty

-.n.

atreD4tb

(Strength.,

ot the Jlarina Corps was 3.806; 71 otticera
p.

5).

and.

28 o.c

A Jlar1na guard •• a e.tabliahed at the Navy Yard, Pensacol •• Florida. (Log, IJun53).

1 Jan

Marines were serving aboard the varioua shipa ot the Horth Atlantic Squadron which aasembled off Dry Tortugas, Gu~f of Mexico, during the ~riod 1 through 12 January because of political dlaturbances in Cuba. (Leonard. P. 107). Karin.a and seamen trOll the USS Alert landed. at Ban Juan del SUr. HIcaragua, to protect American l~and property during a period of political unrest. (Ellsworth, p. 123). TWenty-eight Marines lo.t their lives when the battleship USS Ma1ne was .,..teriou.ly Bunk 1n the harbor of Havana, Cuba. (Leonard, P.""""I071. !he Spaniah-.AlaerlcanWar ofUcially began. (Metcalf, pp. 254-255). ~. let Marine Expeditionary Battalion ot 24 ofticer. and 623 enli.ted aen~ ou.manded by Lieutenant Colonel Robert W. Hunj 1ngton , sa1led trom :Mew York aboard the USB Panther via Key veat, Florida, tor Cuba. (CollWl, p~ 341).
DewQ"e Marine',

7 Peb 15 Peb 21 Apr
22 Apr

I

Mar

Mar1ne ... nned the aecondary batteries aboard squadron durin,g the Battle at Manila
ca..anded. by J'irst

Bay.

shipe

of Admiral Geo~e (Malty (2) I p. 9).

BaltiDore

tli8.

Lieutenant Dian V1.11laaa. fro. the USS landed at Manila. Ph1l1ppine I.land •• and raised the Amerioan (.alty (2), p. 11).

A Naval Appropriation Aot prov1ded tor the addItional enli.taent ot 473 tor permanent eervice to bring the Marine Corpe up to ita authorized atrength at 3.073 lIeD; tor 43 lieutenant., 80 corporala, and 1.500 .. n tor .. nioe dur1ns: the Span1eh-Amer1oan War. and, that the rank at the Caa.andant be raised to brigadier-general. (Collu.. P. 357).
lIeD

11 JIa7 12_

Marine.

Cleatuegos.

and

CUba.

'.8IMHl

trOll the USS Marblehead

(Malty (2), P.

11).

cut

the tranaoceanic

cable

ott

Ilar1ne. served. the secondary batteries aboard ablpa ot the Jlarth Atlantic Squadron during the ~.rdment at San JuaJI d. Puerto Rico. (Oo11U11., pp. 329t't'.).
Nar1Des .ervin,g ~tb Admiral Will1aa bDMbardJlent at tbe Spaniab to[ltre.aat (Leonard, P. 110). p. Sampson1a tleet

Morro C.,Ue,

a •• lated in the Sant1ago-de-CUba.

99

6 Jun
7Jun 7JWl

Marines manned the secondary batteries of ehips of the North Atlantic squadron engaged in the 'boa'bardment of sant1ago, Cuba. (Collum, p. 324). The 1st Marine Battalion, fro. its temporary camp at Key west, Florida. embarked on the USS Panther for Cuba. (Collum, p. 343). Marines from ships of Adairal William p. Sampson's tleet landed at Playa del Eate. Ouantanamo Bay Cuba. and destroyed a cable station. (Nalty (2). P. 19). The 1st Marine Battalion. cOlIIDanded b7 Lieutenant Colonel Robert w. Huntington. landed at Guantan&mO, Cuba. together with the Marine guard of the USB Oregon. (Collum. p. 325). The Marine guard at the USS Texas reint'orced Marin8B aBhors .t Ouantanamo Bay. Cuba, and assisted in tne-aifense of Camp MCCalla. (Collum. P. 326). TWo companiea ot Marine., commanded by Captain George P. Elliott. and 50 Cubans defsated a Spanish force at Cuzoo, near Guant&naao. Cuba. and de. trC>f8d the only Spaniah wa ter source near Ouantanaao Bay. (ceri ua, p. 343). Marine. served the sacondary batteries of shIpe of the North Atlantio Squadron during the boubardment of Santiago, Cuba. (Collum. PP. 326ft.). of Marine" and ae81118nfroID.the USS Charleston landed at San Luil! de Apra Guam. to take pos.ession of the ialand tor the United States. (Nalty (2), P. 29). The active duty atre~th of the Marine Corps was 3.579; 98 officera 3,481 enli.ted men. lStrengths. p. 5). and
It. detachment

10 JWl

12 Jun

14

Jun

16 Jun 22 Jun

30

Jun

3 Jul
7 Jul

Marines manned the aecondary guna aboard ahip. of the Atlantic fleet when the spanish fleet waa sunk oft Santiago, Cuba. (Collum, pp. 324ff.). Four officers and 114 enliated Mar1nes, Commanded by Colonel James Forney. comprised the Marine guard at Ca.p Long, Seave,-'s I.land, PortslDOuth. Mew Haapah1re, establi~hed to detain Spaniah prisonars. (Collua, p. 33~). The centenary at the Marine Corp., which lUrked the Act of Congrese e.tabliah1ng the Marine Corps as a permanent branch or the national aervioe, was appropriatel7 noted by the Seoretary of the Havy. (Collua,
p.

11 Jul

356).

27 Jul

Marinea. ccmaanded by Pirat Lieutenant H. C. Baine., landed trOll the USS Dixie at Playa del Ponce, Puerto Rioo, and, for the first t1me. raised ~rican flag over the i.1and. (Nalty (2). p. 30). The lat Marine Battalion. c0m.an4e4 by Lieutenant Colonel Robert Huntington, .. iled fro. Quantanama Bay, Cuba. on the USS Heaolute ManzanillO, CUba. (Collum, P. 353).

9

Aug

w.

tor

10 Aug

Thirty-.even Marin •• , ca.aan4ed by Pirat Lieutenant John A. Lejeune. landed fra. the USS Cincinnat1 at Cape San Juan, Puerto Rioo. to protect • lighthouse prev1ou.ly .eIzed by United Stat •• torces. (W.lty (2), P. 32). Karin •• fra. the USS Mohican and the USS Ph.iladel~la partiCipated in ceremonies at Honolulu, Hi•• ii. incident to the 1~iDd8 beoaatng a territory under the Jurisd1ction ot the United States. (Log, IJun53). The l.t Marine Battalion on the USB Ruolute wa. in the ))1"ooe at lan4•• 1ng to take the town ot Kanzanillo, tuba. When word of the ara1.tio. en4ing the Spani8h-Aaer1oan War ••• received. (Collua, P. 353). Marine. rUurn1ng f'l'oa OuantanaJlO Bay, Cuba. _rched to th. White Hou.e to b. reviewed by the Pre.1d.ent. (C~anh, p. 44).

12 Aug

13 Aug 22 Sep

100

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