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CARACTE:R. DEl., AL.GEiHtA 'f 5U DIFERENCIA CON LA ARITMHlCA ',~11 eoncepto de 1:1c.'ultidarl en Algebra ,1:5 IIUH::.fiO "!JI:h amplio qu,.:: en il.!.'itmet~(.a. En Adtni1!Hca Ias Cllutidades SI? repre.!il!iit<iII po,r. no.'lJlt.'l1iiS 'I ,§~t(l;!iI::K· l)Jl?!ial~..!i~tnn delirl:tlill.Jlr]o~. An:, 2Q expresi un siJ]o V<l~'ti'l:: ·vehWl={ pilr~ exprcsar lUI '",illar' tIlfl)'Qr:o meaor qllf. eSEe ha)tlcl 'que e!1[;nbir 1~1Jnumero di~titUJton de :2(1, En .i1.1gebr.l,. pam 1Iih>f,i.l1' la" genClfiill!u.n:i.ti:n, las cintidrld~ I>C represen[<II) pm- uiedio de J~tr.IS\" ills cualcs p'ullden OOPl',G5['llI'.Il: l:odOli! lillY, :v.-il.oft"-ii. A~f, Il: l"epresellt.'l d. vrum- que'.nIl5f1tru~.]e: ·lUig,IJ:('!m.Il~, :IXlir tanto pll.te~eN;: Y preaenmr ;gO 0 m iI.~de 20 o !'!l(~D.~ de 2(t,.~, HiI.l~~trti 'ele-cdnn,. 2l1:U:1ql:le. <XiJ}'_ ~·it.."Ile advercir que {:l.I<1f1do !!'i!l1; UI!! problema [lsigU1I1(1Cl.1 ;]j una letrn un \'l1.!or lI'l!~~mli,n"do,. '1":5~ Ietra puede repn:!Sc,I1't;iL1", cit c1 iill.!~m!) 'problema, otro 'I'a 10r d!~ti ntp ad ql1C It! hcmcs <is:ig;~~.do. "

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MU l TI PlICA CJ ON

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il -·:li(~-!-~)-[? .. ~-~+2~ -'-";'!'~-~-~-y-l~] ~2:rr:,. !_)SUPRIFSION DE SI~NOS Dil AGtlU~ACION CON IiJtODU CTOS I NDI CADOS.

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C#!.5!O~ .bE LA. DIVISION

,E$t.lI!cli...'[!211tOll, tres C!i!~: 1) I~itd i~1; rmlio iXJ1i :u:n ftl!(!\_11: Octn~ 0. i

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DI VISIOM i?1 P4?UNOMIOS FRACCIONARI05,

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M.UC'HI

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DJVI510N DE POLiNOMIQS POI E C:OllfiC I EMT£S SEJlJ.UDOS

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He.if.!e.~ d'~ell~do. !.u ~H>i:je.~il; ser el: prr~l!!K M~-l!iiloo dd ~~idllla.' :2'Jli1~Q alii iii'" eu til I, I'a :il:il 'I~~I~ til!! eitpMI!;IIII!!! 1 It"li!!!I'II'rfl~ que ..~ ~~ iPrfu;~1}G' bl$;f,IIT!!I11Q ;i;le!~~l'llijg~ I ..J . j _ '.:J _t! m 1IDr!o ,,!Ill ~IliIUl~B .' 2' Y' ~_OMM. g;!l.c;d '"00. (I~ roti81\!'e '!!ol q!J!?'b_P:l'do (J['UQ "Il!j' I Bflffoo lPfI.l!lieiW!lCl,~fIi'li"it!il1eoo.doF io!!1icltlflo y PW' de.n6n~il'li:itfu:,r ~I' ~iii'r:!iCr-_

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ill. l1I~ml!l"<i) I oo~unn
<!!!il(j, li'ri~~~i:i

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(]Iii...·ii.sible exact'a'm~lt.(; pm' el
f.:'l{:'ii~:t::!lm~~~'.1:! pO:i"

!:ii'l!tOOr" CU:il.IlQ;Q 1;.'"1ivi.doenoo uo es d~vhi:Mc'. d el div:lwlf', kll, di.~4ton no' ~ e.x,IJjCt.'lo, nos. d:=., un n-..s.id.tl.<O ~ esio ,r.l\I:igina Los codelil:~ ,m!lxoolli, ;;l'SI' IhillllJl.d.oo. p;u:r-q!iI:i."; (:om£<lill de emeITv"''V quebrado,

. E~l ~'fJlcl!U!.iloscases

de' div4~6!f1, ettLl!rll:tiI.dus h"st ... :dliQT,iil d, di.... ~deooo era

E.U!RCI'C 10 ", ~I~!lill'" d (;Q(;itl:1,tt! mixto': iik1. 1- ti,~+b~clitu'i:: o!Ii~. '~, .!i~+Z~~ (,j_a,_ :$, ~\;I;:a+!ii~~1·7!t:liltr'l: 3Ji:~. ... 01" '~,!l.l~~-20(~~Ij.+8(.!~'~1i-1$.h~ ~tim! olf.i~"
~,
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+'~

CUiilJ~rllo lAl: di'ilisi'~)n :li.H 'i!S exaera debemos d~Uf,:Tla ~:tl:iiJniCD, .:::,1iL',Uu:ter p t~nni.nlJl .dd ;n",riLhro. ~ de ,g~j[1.o inK~:or .lJ1. pri:rn~'1" ~til'ffl[no'del dhiwr (l.on i:.ebu::ion:a una mlsl!ll!~ [e~T~", '0 ,~ei'li,W.iI!l'l-t;lD d' ,e:N:p;j)nen te de 1l!n~ ~c~m (''TI €I,
1I@kh.H)es
~ml~, a] m:c.iI1q1" qUE: el CX:.Poiit.'me d~ misma [etraen e] dh'l~C!r :r Hl,ma." ·CQ(.ieil,t.e ·e~ quei!1radlo q ue iii: r:L')l1'11ill~;, ,pOlliUL[,k~ pOJ" 'il'j;j]lilJ:eraOOl' el reHdiLIU Y Pili" dienQl'l!Il:n."1dQ~; d d'iv,!~[~r.

~a

®

V~ lO~ H U MER I'Co 0 ~ ~)( PRES IONES A lGEP RA ICAS, CO"'-l IHfiPO NENTES EHTE HOS PARA VAL,ORE5 POSI T iVO$ Y N E~AT~ VOS COrliQil:;Ltild)o. ys kH5·o:ptil"il:dll';iiil:~~ fml!d:i~mcIlla]1C5i cot! mnti(~des· n~!,!.. 'l,i'lin, ~~,~ceme 'I.u;, :~s~as ditl, hi~ ~i;b"l:l~ !l!1°uh i:~ilillti,pHt;.;HJ6il, j" dIv:~~i(i.i·~,prw;Le' mf:~, 'h~"llM'" IC'I,"l!i1IIl}l' die iiJl.kpr.c:s:jjOlliil~.f llJgt'l:iIrui(iltij, :p~m c.ll.llilet1~ u.ie1',i"j '\i01lilJ~ de II _ f!:ilrn~, Il~r:~imdo l'I'e--JClUU)!l': si8IIioo~!g~' Ill:! _

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ALGEB-RA

POT!NC l).

lAS bJ3 CANTID;!\D.fS
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eqwvak

en qiie enrra WI, mrmero )l3l' de f<i.e~ife.s il!t.,gat~vm, AM; (..... )~ ~ + ~ potqLi(!' (~12)~::::; (--2.) x (- 2) = +-4~ ~ {-':W ~+ :16 pOrt~1I.loe {~2)':::::; {- 2)':;: x (~2)~ = (+ 4) x; {+ 4):;;:;0 -I- JlG. (-~r~ ~!i,'p6rqur; (~'2)ll ~'(=2)~ X (~'2)~={+1~~ (+4) 'n;; + '64+ X (~2r ,= + 25~ ,potq;U\~ (~'2)6 = (~2)~ X (- 2p::::; {+ 64)'.)( ('1'- 4) 0:;; + 266.
.

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I Ejemplos
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~ I;JJ.lIII'!J&.rioo de 'c!i -

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PROPUCTOSi
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NOTABUS:
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de. ;\;:~+i:1;:.;~-4!.. -~,2..Entre . '

.

21, :s.umpii!~citr' ,.j;.~~-'~8x-(1!:2-4+;r.:),~+[~L~~·H-~)}1 J~'L',:1: x ... ~2'.

y

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t.~dt»:t:i(lil.;~!~I~ :!I, c-:i:c~Ltr.i f'Jll cdc ~,e:r (!~(:iI"dO ~I!n '!/r.'f~(k':lL~'.til<. m'L1~dplk::lcion.
;1''!"I'i!i"S Ilooii!

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i.::!:;

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,I))! i.r.~I,~ este hi,uZYl1l.ia

a + I) cquivalc ,a u~LLlti.~;f rn i~'I~~:r. i:'(!ii{t:r,~'m'l»i: 'T
!"l" -1-

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UER,C~CJO "11. uaJilir;. 1),Q~ :5- :WIlJt: iimpecd6i11,. ' a·'·2·....bl~ . .n~+,;'" ~+)',a. ~IJS (~OI+,l/!·
4,

e.~
7.

(lrj-denme IJi·'~~I·l

de= 10,
1!;.::!!l....-:>.:i.1'I

~ 4~

K(lllklif

el

<CDO~'1T!8' ell!)

61Inn

729fl).l

Eml·.r~ ':&I

<11';$+&1.

Como;;;. 6<k:1~ = ~ 2::i~' 'f 7.l9f.J~

= H~'lfl'r

tL':llldl'I!'JIIC<5l

.

0';,

.

I'1H_;r.;:I~

~- .
(~u_;(!Il

mt+l~
,ro:i'f.l-1~1{l
rp,J-rl,l.

J,('lI+--]~
m:ioL+I~~1

Ja
ld•
~\I til

8.
g,

.11,
12,

..
:-----y
I_nl'i
---;,

.~4fl!l - 7'&~" _~1aJI.i~ (:l15)l'2c -j- 3b
"'" ~:2~Ii; ~l'2o!l
"

m~+t!~
;~u-l ~i;-1

,t

m:LII-_nI~

_ (·Mr'~3.bl
- 4l!:o:Lb

-I:- 1.20 f(:3h f -

+

.,~"1~f~g

(':larP61~-I- paH3.!J) I - _~!:\!:.)l~ -lC(kI'1!1fI -+ 1bk!f;!<'~ - 2.13bn, F",
J; i'7-J~.g
1i:~

{f"'~--~'~~
MIISCELA.NU

6.

K~~+.Ji~
~~+}'~

.

al>l-b1B

.iil~+J:;.~ "

.

UI!RC !'C:IQ, "3. furilbir
e::I
'm~fm!ll:

EJER:CH::Ul
H;~U;I.•'~, fll)

"n
:s:i.U)P]iC' imjpi!:{icioi,!:,

(:J eoclcnte 18,

sin

d£CtIU31'

l;A d["'iliion.

!-;n

il.

a'~m'

fj+~:tL 't+~1.

-I- ~

6.
g, 10.

-6i.3-l;iiJ

IJ-,rn

Iii4,

---" .I-ti,
~, ~-I.i

t-,:r
2U,

,:;,:~+2q,:J;i~

x+3y'
2{i-:36
2m+:ln

I.
~I

~. "'-1
~'"

I-t~"
1+1'l.7

.tHo9

20-

.(~r.+:H$

]lIJf.!~-BiLb'l El4m(:~'T29,"I;

Sn;r."-I-n<CJ
li!1J\l+]~2

,

a.
13--

1. --'" :I-I-il i 6·,:;,: y'-25 !i
,.;...2J·-+1.2]·

1-1;-(~~

qrn¢
14,

9&

·1·248yr.,

2=,>+Zy

19,
~I).

-g·H
j{~II_~1I

J +x:ll

zj-(~I+lf
r;+(o.-I-j}
.l_~.i!! j,-xt 64;,:(I._~4a}l~

x.1{l_);l{l

x-~
tit:D+,tD

:U, --, l+a
l~, :17:
1S.
i--rj'la

2a.
2-2,
23.
:[l.1'1:.

r.+~l ~[:-'j29

·i:o::,';;;+::i.J'!l~~ x
'f'~

.

~-X'-q

21.,
23-.
2.{i,

--

~I.

-,
l-(~ij
]-1[

":"-,.- •
1-i3~:I(1

1ft Hi, 17, J~;

~1~2.

l-:)'~ H)' "-hi:!
I~II

(J.~~_;.;:I

lO!:!ll:'o!M'~ii.
21>: l !;J 2Ii'-I-i)'f.

,:;;;1I-17y3
~,

m.-!-~~
~n'l!_j~lj

'I·+m
;.;4-16
i(,-~.

.\+f~
miL2;:f:.6

J(;7:_,:i1y

I.},

'1~2T+y~1'
I~il'+~o\l!

;;H(b!n .,'il~-ru;ti
,:0;:-4

.. .

txL7}"a
QUI-flo!:::
{l'iI+I~,.I: •

.,

lL.
12,

It~-'~ ~1I)_~~'l'

tn-2
._,
X'IIi_j
;to;-)

2,jf.+i~
,~i'l-7~'

It

:...t-.~!lY'· f ,:;;:1l·1-7:rJ1
i1I~ ~1J'~4

.U"

!J~b~-6!:1:;fI:~

.:I~t'~-I-:flll!J· •

r+),~
~,.j')'

xO~I1i* ~I'~

12-1->1

30,

_T-~

n,

aiI-IJ,~•

l2',

J!,-u.~b~t#
l~~ll~t.:<! '

(~·I·;'('):.!-)I,:: (o!l:"!I x}.-)I

Si ·,ahor.~, en el cl:tv~de'J,rlcki! ;;b:(!'m,f~=
~i1 ~

x~-' JX~' + l7.x

-;fii

:l(Sy + l~'1T,3} -

,8 =:l:!'i ~

163

+ 01 - ti. '::; '!II

s~lstitllii!L()'~,

:~:11.:~pCl'lt ~
.

l!!l'n.

Y 'i}.~l'noo 'ql~e!el r.6~I.d:l!m de di",~oil:i:r r:l PQHiIl,zyLl1ilQ d:.ti~o cnrre !Uli'iid~u-}'eirlililll eu eo__]pillhwmio dmAiw In x pen".;!- EL
kl"!it
.i(

::-..; 'Ws¢ tlb:I1'''HoI.!: _

.:;0 VamlDl>.t hClilt.-u e] .residuo + 2,

de l"~ d:~y~~iim' de '3~~ -:2!L"~:-:I.SX ~1 en~j;_::.::~ -

EIoccue-mos l:r}.,d1.visut..n.: .

~~'-1LS~ =."i:
~~~!

I

4

-_['_2_'

_

- 3x,~ -

1:l~~ ~,gx '--"2'

- Bx~ ~.'I;Bx
,8,;;,;;8

+ 16-x.
ZX+'ol!,

~-~-l

a

Si ,;11)oi'i:!l, en el di'l,l"!(! 8i1!(I;O .:l;il;:~ -'~:,;.:~ - J.8x _. I. Solt.sluW.imos
tf,! tdJ'~~J~oo: ~( :_

~t'.- ~ !l:(

2);': -, i8( - ~).-1.:= ~-'2.;J,' -'S
POIiHOlll..ro,

+ 3~'~ = 3 ., 1
@rJ.uit·X

la ~ ;p.Ql' -!I.::.
se '!lb~illllf'l

t fEORIMA DU R[SI Dna

1'(!I!1()s,

'qu,1I: l tffidu(!i e

-de {]i''l!idi't el

dado

@ rouN~M~O, - Un po]

~lIn.Ihwrenf1o en f.'l po:li'n_j)i~'!lo, ~;a;du 'k;i_ x" :POT - 2, Lu C'X[Jll-t!-Stri '~l1t.tri-onnr::ni!:'~ se ptueb.a: en el
~t'l L _ ~E.~I DUO _ ,.
J',C~U:l~I!l)rJe !l!l~Yld"I' uu t!mCHJ "): racional

+ 2i

"i _R~(iONAl _",_ .. - "Bx + 1 es (;TlilJero. pmq~l:C fm~i5m1.0 de 3,"l.LS t";l."lnin{l~, i:leuo; letras ell. ·['t .Jen{Jo:in~i"la{l!or Y 'IE'S If,mdQiL'nd P{JJ.'lllL!:! .nin;f,·ll ao de S(l:;' t~i:iniil()~ t-ien·~ ]".,d t. ~n exuc •. ~, E~[(::. 015 u:h poHru)fO.~(I ,enEiem. r !r.i1t;IOIIL.d ~1I i x 'I :i.U: g~:f!~-(~ iL {;.5 :t::.1 r~illl uomio ~;"-I- ;ff{1'1 -;!!tr 'I" :~~ -I- il:\;l!: -l- 3 es Ur!I. rol.i.I1:.I:~lnl(l;. entero }' l';licim.11}J. '1li"l]J f.I: r:m gn;litlo (:5, :::!_. '
~NTERO,
m.CiIHl 0 como xl!.

+ 5x~

Co-

@ TE'OIl~MA VI
III

p~l.illD~m!O

nn I r,

1'1.1;

1.;Jj ~(~l:"ma - ~ se ~

0 h~Lt!nol! .511:>.ti~urol.!"n.}o en e] oj. _j;l:X~'-'1 ...!..

f!!IJ. f.r!. pq.- lIm hi. polil:'lonmiolli d.lJ.:1i I( 11'1

S(!;1. d poHnilJift1io A":;("' Illi~'
iI..~

Cxm-~

.

+ "'" ..... + M.x: + ,N',

,

Q
ire

'=)

I:tI5SIDUO
RAe ~QN AL

OE

i;N

LA. _D_lV1SICN
:if

POR.

riQU~CMIO ENTE-FlO UN [;11 O.MR0 DE LA t=OIlMA x - a N dt! lw ...;:1. iili~i6.L1I de :!I;Y - 7 ",~....l.. l'l\...: -1~~

OE UN

Y
I1i

1)
N. ,-

V:~~l),i).5.. ~

h;!i !ln r el ..

l,'E'EtthL\1)

~n-

D_[;'i/,hl.ml~];~' C...-ICC ~"'.I,)HI1Q.mi() po):'· X ~ a 'If Offi1iil:IDi[i:etn,(!l> 10l:,opetiJdtr~ih~r~I.1 rL'"Ii:i-tlno Jts.!,,"~li.Ll!dq')~'1~9i~TIi:~de;.i .. S.e 'Q ,~~ .. n cocienee d,~. t~~It.iL d.i"'~Mn., C,,!Q~'nben toda d:i:"j,~~(IJ"I,in I,}~ct" el ,i;IlhildC:_n(!:o es ig~'LI.i~l.r:rathi'Clti'. d~l , -, 'I· ~ '~ , e r'~IIl:K!I' IJ>l.Y.!: c· 'COCI:~:llc.c m,a~ 1i,1 lf~~l{lll.o., 1~"fll'~'LO~:, ..1....,.. +lj..'ii'·~~l.+,,",'n-~:+,, , , , ",,+M~ , c
IlAt<!. j~"fI:~i.I!Mftd:
i

R Jl~0Gwe:rTIo-s

j,!I, ~~h'j$LQI:l!:

~~I

-:.;~+ i3.i!;~ ,,___.,....._.r __

+ ,1'1:K,' -

(i.

L~ __ -_"'-;~.,.-;.'I;:~'-Jl;x

+ ill = fX -f,~)Q.+.R,._
:S:IJA~~lhJl}'illjfL'~!iI,
~

,- Jx"'+ 17.x,
4x~~ l~x.
[;;jt-

+.5

cs cl.~~tlil, pi1l.1'~, ~OOos· i~
a,+'-

~,i.d'01'1::!~ '·dol!~.

~

Hfl!' ~r

f l'cIH;I!remQ"s::

~'.......r'

... ,!.!~---

m-t

+ C.a-"'~' + .....
m __~

\,!"'). " + ~s: + l", - (' -;(.1/:0<, ,~~a~ ,~~ "a -

T . L.

1'"

I!!i.:[I(Ji {(~- a~= D- ~ (a - t.j:)Q. ;;;;;;:.0
f:i '\ l~n'ilill!l'l ~
1!'I,~

-

.}x.A..~'!J1
11

,I'. ii, .r.II1~

+

x Q,,;::; 0;
_1_ ., •• , ,. ,

hl}i:::~u" la i:)Ju:~dtlad .tute-rim
.1 .. ,! " " ••

Sf:

Ir.;. lj Z'. ,iQ1~. ~j_ .L. ~.. {J,,i:I-~ 1-

".1,-.iI]

.1. J,\f -- ,f~, .'"
,~!

j"'~lrl ~dp!dtllil~ :p:w.ld.lm~J c
\I~IH
I ,~

t[,iQTC!1H~t pU~,5.

f~~

r,n, ~:\ "'1 I~L~il~

.r\i(;t;;,

{l~Ue

I ;~ 10

I, ' fj Ulili se .1;l!1l,I'll-f,!rr~

, .,l ~UI~J~H'llvenIL.lfil' {!",!:U

1r@1 til, I r,'1 U;!! ~~ni~a

~I jC' ~i ~ ~Icr

• 'I'L~ e l' po.]' ,~'!liQQiI U!j"j C~~H_
1

el r~sich~o (k
-

~:! i.d

~ 1;1

riuim.l1i: d(.!.r.nCiilll::1T,

..
~.I.A

Sl!lER:(JCtO '74
1,

II~
n:@<tli;!"J'

Un pOlinomIo 'Uo.;rdi:::I1.I,~b;;ve\\ iii. s.).:~eit! (~pitt'S<u·~~ "tibn:viailrl!lnr.:nt~· pOll' 1-;~ n{tij:ilJci4(!JJ P{x) 'l ;;.:11[·.r::mbbdo de slll$timir ,en esie .po:1ii~Uit~i{]; HOix .JHl:"i' ~. se
~rib-e

lu inyi~t&J:I" d ,~-Jl. ~- i~:1~3.~2t2:'C-'2 '~I;"tt~ if+ 1.
H~nrl:r.~i,tl! efel~wlir'
1!=:Ll:!1;;.+:lt
.l;"'I'_;'I:"B+

eutre

del P(J]in~fiii L0 Q['(~e}1~d<l) en:::..,;:, ~~t"ictr.c + lit ;.;; ~iH!:.iIm:LD dilor~fl. la x ~pcill"',- a..0;1'

Si ~i·ivlsor d

'.P(a)"

,!l.

its.~:+- (I.~ t:mil{r~: + l,j:

;:;;;,~-

B!lT:i~mos q"Li<e :re-bLcl.U() de ·iI!ividi:t" lUiI.pO'l tll(iiJ11~iD' '!3-'t(l-::.rI:cido· ~n entre d ,.~ ~ - I'l'. 6 :[~. s.se 'Q:1:J;d~LlIe Hl~tituye'11t1o lil! x .POl' {~, (I :Se.,!-, 1'. d n~~~fJ:t'l;j) d~: ~Hv.i(~i:rJo e:tltn:~.:x; -I- a ,0' l.x""" a ee ()b~ie1"e- s~uituvcncl.{]; ~~1.." P'Oil· - ,g:.• G
".. ,r" '"

~n los Cil1s{l~<J.~i t:t.':J:iOf~4 ,ei. il:9~fkk~~ biilom .~ds,.1"'";.hli1~r.le1Y" 5::x:rtD·h-;5!l~ ~i·" tIt .j.-"{:L. . ...

lx -

tr

a)1 e~ resi(1y.o de b: d:rvr~iQn Ii(.~ 'o·btii2:~llC:; .S'~~sti·'nJ:reJ.1d.D; -en d :podoe x ("[1 s: - .(~ ~' iff:'" a es t,. :RHos
{-

C~
~'

d- ,g;<'-{~Q~+'iilti!~--:6L";tJ:~. tJ.+:li'13. i.!j:l+m:~"""m~·Hi t:n~n,:~·m~, ,~, 1;:~+a;.;:~~2~~+4j,!L2\~+2: efli~'.x+:1.!<,

a ent~

1!;:~:2,

,10.
n,

'Ill"

!.ok ".H''fidtr. ~'_ '~~"":'·Rfi8+~(,!-:;;4;l1!ii1Ill'o!: ~'""~ it· e;.;-!+~~-:I-a;flj:-.I--~I ~~r~' "... ~ t-~,

12I!:Ji-2t~+,gl]i ~!l'.ih~,~~l6 1:jj,:~-'1l] x41[l~-.,;:~..ja< (m~re ~JH 'J.,

12- aQ+f.!L8i2~+1P+: .:@m!: !I'J ... Dl'rjU~·ION S I NTE'f1 CAl.• U:Gl.,~_ P_RA~ICA p~U tlA'l.!_.AR. CO~! I;:~_TIEY El lttES 1ilWO . l.A DI vis p~, UN fOll NOM ~O ENTEso 11: ..... :If Il'PR ~ - il~ ,~~.~ 6,."t·.~ ~ 1-'- ~8 ::J~

5~0~121o:"+'!Ii:..:2-.'22:r.!..L.m 1ll11i1-'l'... 1'1

~o.....

¥L.

"[1
n

a

I

l

r~I)1'!
.--

=

;;,:a

+ ·a'iil~
zq. -

;t;"'!J,- ~

-

~ gx~ + 8:.."\:
2::;;:2,._

.(~.

..

r

'

s.e-a. -

frio
B-~ +..1"4 ::"!;i,i£I'

:rIinT'"

r-'-

--

'1
~C!l!

~'f:!n~Q! uando ,Id divisor c i'"(!t.o.fu:k'"lu~~ i», es ch~~ijHf) de ll, de
,1'0;1:

it

,UX - (1., ·cl,~nd~ I~; crne es el rc.skh~l:;' '{~ii:' ln di-.i:i:!:iO!l, ~e ob[kne susJ!Ii
f(lr,n1i~.

-

'~itu:fe.ido
,~0Tllla hx

~n: eJ' po~'~nOIn]O cl;:id.o

la

x.

["nr

b ,E!J'~, ;:g':':-H(:nid, et ;r~jj'~'d'l;r.o ilti¥-I4i{· I..I~. 11Iolinomio ,otdenJt.do -.en K 1,)0[" nL'I! de '~i:tltl)jjfl£o de lIT f~~l['_m~. ~,i!:. - a ~e ob~ic-m.!: ~USUtU.}I~1i1!d;1) en eJ. ,tl!CJoJ[nunjLtI 1I1m10 ,!~ i't. IlOt el tIllt:l,ii,rmlo q'ue, ~1i'.:~1I1~:;.de diy..idir d si:!!;llIl1!do t..~~:,miill.!I)I dcl bluA),!1i1:lo. CO,~[ ,~l LJ,i';;l1i} ~~n~.bi~~d,1l)~~.lL"r,e hei~ oocjjcieli;t~ did pl:,ilfL'II~!i1: il'r~r-:~~];lI1)d('J 'biull)mlo..

po!' ~.'-,.

~:

-I-!J. el residue ae ubtiien-c:
,

:.J'

CllLiild~, ,d
,.

'(H~·.b'l~· 4.;~.!::l; sr:~~

~ iJ

5u~;IJ~l!rYef.!d'Ci~1\ >1:1, pOHIJDlll~{1 ,(tllldn 1.1-.'!!

G!'j])cl!!."J

.A~uj' 1,\'t:I:rins que Il:"t roc~"entc:;',,,,2~ ~x ~. j; es m:i pol ~!riIO'mio' ~1 ?!- ~ !l;1~~f1 ~ ~5 1. Jm.!no:i ,[]tl:f d, ·gmdo ,cl!el ~,ividcndo: 'qUi:: e] ~~fidefl:~.e ide]. r-:~htl'~I' I~rmimj del ,(iQ.L":!.-e.fite es igtl,<Ill ':;11. wdii:ir£:nte tlcl ·prhn.:.:r tCtm]~l-o~dc,r di'\ll~

C~J[,'I~dQ ',/

qu,e

'81

.residuo es s, .

..

..

Shl
~iI,

cif.";[;[mll'

~jg:ni,,",nt~
1)

iL~lj~

111 cod~!fli!"~ 'CS

J.liI I[]lvmO:n", el coci>l!'.mt!' '! el residuo i-~rnl'l[ii(:;jt nill!m~I~-:l", l.·'b~~'i'l;I;:i~l~~~ ~~j ~e[~:
li.l} )1Qiir!lIl)mio
,elJ;
!(.

pll.!ledl!!u.t ·ha,mm~l!!I~m t:3.

!:!l}'Q

gr.'!!(10

"1

J)leftOS '1111111:

"!i;~

I

Ejentpl.Js]
~2.~'
!'f""llInr,

(I).

Ha,lie.t, sln d~~~lIctlr ~Q ~jo.'isi6n,.,!?j r!?sidoo dl! dividir .!o;.~ h +,6 cn!re .;.:~,4..
SIt.>Htiry~I.QI:i·b
;0;-

PQ~ ,1, 'l~n(:h"IJIlil"ioo~

.iI~ - {,(-d,] '1- ,.;1. ~
1"'Qf' In:;:P0Grnf!,

-aJ ,.e;idvo, de- cl~i'jdir
,::;,. I~,!dr~o.'(".i,~

(jX

+ :5.:.

10,-

i?I!' 'T 6, ==
-I~olJ
-

,-

6,
~

1;:,

2

1

o!,!rii"r~

-I-

:S,

-SliI!lti.I~i"'~l'icl'" liili

'Il: :Relf -

(-5P';+.5{-.5P+

1~:51-'!,~

-12:;;+ j25-;5-,~

~.,-('i'. "c[-Ilre

H:, 2:( -I- I.

~3 ~ Irl'all-a~,.per i"I~RlJit'Ci6r-)', ,el residue
~1I~HtlJi:rof"ir,!o

~~ 2:t·~

+ fu:~ ~

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ill I:un es "( pOl'Q ue h:Otdendo _~';::;;: Sol! tieue I

8

5(7) ~ ""~ 80) + 0$, Q sea 2'!)::::; 29. donde vemos ,que' 1 s..'ui.~f;a.oo .I~.ecuacion. La!5 eeuaelenes r~ p:rTm~' ~orndo (_"QI"I una ,ilnOOgIi.h<'i tienm-w R,~50lVER U~A EC~ACION es ]MU:irr ;"'idul~ de las m(l6~rut.L1.S qll~ S;ltmsb!f"CIl!
FU H DAMENTAL
:;c

rmmld vemos 'l.1t:i'l! - U, quecsteoa -'::!Il cJ _~cgUrrtd.o m.i.embrQ Ir~"lit, hil pasado al primer n~tem.b~'1) (:(1([1, Si~il4) +"
)!Il"~ ~

d,~

r.r,

raiz,

:3') Sea l,t ,~Rt!!J:Iii: 2)1' Y

Ct:"1l!iI1d6n .8x"", Q ~~. 'J;

SUG;' ~\~t~J;

(.II

~.r,-a

el ':Villo:ir (lim

R~t!'ndo to

les dos ll'liem lJrn:m de

'i!;51iJ. CCUl~d(Hli;.

l~ !g:IJ:,'!:liI:i1)d
'

HlbsiSl~

t,':;Jid!l"EI;Iil()~:

~ilI. (':(:)ti.i:liClDrI.

ax + b.- Ii. -=' ~(l-.b
(J,mJ~~!!!"'t~b.'!:

@ AX IOMA
.m

DE LAS

ECUAC IONES
~mnqd,
4

am c;]nlliJa(h"'~ iWIllJ e'
I ir:!;Ulll

t·t!rjH~'l np(:mciolJei igu ales I 9 eutltn.

'V

me

'que

0,

..!t,L~ r,l!,"Jm

-s,

!Ild , b.1I.P3~

'I ~ • I ~egufid ,~ iembrn con i'iih"l:lD -=,

en ,"'" prfme

mi imbro- de JiI:' eeui:llhn
.

8

126..

"'~(!IjJ;Il.""

1- Cril]1J~~05

'i.g;u.~~e~ c~n. :!;i~r~.®~ it'im}~,1!S eu
$1'11.)[I',mm.lil)ie.

d[$c..'ijI~L!ljJ

m:E~!mbr~ de

WItt

L"C!.maOB" .r~u~~!en

~tr5(]rmo 1!. (j~ pril"'~ miambre bilir.rd6.I;:::~ 1;;1';; &)gFlfll,; !~ilA~rnrn;r

y -.5
:j~ -

'r::rli
:r;:'=

'~Qiui!lcl~i

3: "I-

;;QtrJ..-

~,

eeuemos d t.t!rmluo ,b' con ~jgn(1; +: en los dn:o;. m D.:!lil:bl:{~.. lst.e lk'm ~nj}puedc
·ul).l'lmh!iC, ""I!

quedando

jr;~2il

pi)fq!lrt A!oq ru iV.'I,te'. ,~: ·:rf;t;.!t,~lI·IJ ~t ,l~~ dos lt~iem

, En la «u"d6n

br~
jr_:~

s ... ~:! ~'" - ..

= 4x ,

['"11<1Z,n'!(j;$ cl

t.Cl"FIi [nO ;o;:a'

01.0)1.

~,ighn~~

eli ]

-

+ .5
'dQ8 lni~mHT(l~.

D!:;

~Q v'rllrificdd6~ OOrFo!!cb,

~:

f"'-

,(;tj'"treba

,J!!!

q,II,IG cl ~'r::Ji\or abh'.liflid'o;r

para

1r;Ji )~lcWn.iriil

In

Pod.emo~ .suprin i:ido, .}' q'ne:c].1I.

8

doo(l'

La ';hiNif~~dQ,I1 ~(I' Feo li:zo ,Jr!itlil\l}'C"oo("> -e(( loe: dos !'!1,i~rnbro~ d~ dr::rd"" 1(1 in~a!;)riita ",01" ,e:1 'Icir;rr ob~ei1;idD; 'I '~i ~~o'. es. ";:flr~k!r Q!;!d.:Q ,SI!'. ~DIl ... "t!I1i'~] "<fir ia€!lrlidad, , 3(~) As!, em d tlJ~ CfI1r!1lior, ntr.d~IiJr.h::r, ~ = 4 'BFI 10 .e:<:uGti;;'n 12
l'el~~"il.o.~: ./'

II:!' r;tr,mtl15m
li:r, r:Kiu:ool~1'I

- $'=' ~ fo i3 - 5.....11"" :;J )

sin que 'Ii!! eOlJ.!&i>!i;Qn 'Lrad,!" po:rque n~ i~'.'I;.'1 :;I mLll£ipht:~!l' ~~ d !'I ~'.H!mhrOii. Ui e cli<: 1" 'ct;Il:lllcihili 'p'OT ,- 1" I;;(!ot'! k~ (~1;l:iL igtl;iild;ld no '('..:til:'.:ll. (R.egla SJ\, ],3:

CAMatO DE S~GNOS ,. ,..'. '. . Lns !:'..i g!lOS, ~me t.ndo.~ lru;. '~crmin,{;i~::de' Uil~ ecu~.c~,~Ti se PLleUC!1 ~'m,llu~ .

7, -= '.

EI '...-olct"

x = ~,!frJi~fr;rw 101 0GI,lI[:lC1b·il..

fZ ~ Jt.~DIw.r fog Ela!a(:i£rn~ ,l5 - ~iro: + ,0 .:_, 18x. ee ], - 30,.,.;'+ 3;j?" fQ;!;r;md~ ,- ,~x. oill'p'rifTl~r mlarnhre y 3D :'1 d, '!;II ~r;:.!3I}Rd.(J, .
,Ml!rd~r.rdgo

A;;,l. SL
m uhiplicamos
pHCiiJ' por

,En.

lit, ,!!' "uad6Jil
3mlJ.r»

,...2t.;:

-11. '"" se :_

~

- 22M ~ 'Hi:t -I- 30:;;-~ ,~ ~ 'U)~ ~j,
p~ '- 53
1(

+ l-2 -35

'-,6,

-],

miem 1:t-1;"(JS pnr.- I. pam '10 CIW I h~I';' ~~l n' ul [L" UC" wdos los mil:!:l'm inos de eada miet'nhro-, tendremos:
2~

Di'iirdicndo
1D~~pcr.jdg

~Joi

~-1.
_'

+ is = - ~ + 1:5.,

pom ~-o ,e~o~1 ,cltvidi""tr~'ariTl'bo~ mlie-rll1m::rs PI¥.J" 2;

que ~S· la ccmLeiufi

dil"ldr:.

«1)1,l!

los !:!l!ln ~ de todO$ :5L1i'i"te:t'JiL; S Cltmb~iii;rlo~, n

n.~OlUCIO""
CON

D:E .£CUAC moNes ENTEiIlAS Of PR1MEll GP.:A00

i-ig,~i~ml8< ); = -! ~S-

1!i1:

11'r::r *~cuc:ci~

;;!i{ldal,

~

1[1!f'le~

U;NA I ~~C'QGN~ A T

22 [-i]-['-

SS + '11 + 6 + '9;:::;;].4

t - U!; I~1~ ~',..., -Jo'I'-iiJ
61 ~{a,

+ 15 <I- ~

+- ~2
.

(16) REGLA
2) t'i;Klos

G EN ER.Al 'll~WQ:'i.;

............. Se e(,ectU;{n, b.s o]H!ir.Lcio.ues imli~da~, ai, Iru:; ~ily: )

los t~ino;s

Sc

OOC>f! '1a t[lIIn5~t):n

Uri!

ql!liI~ 1;(m.tL"ng.1.tJ la

:iurom1it.'l y

'rCtl!!l:ic:J.11Jllu em d

otro

eli

~tlcn

m~elllJb:ti-n
't'!Xiali

ResolveI'

~;3~

;f!C!U.~oi:imlil:~';

IDJC(t1:l:bm

]:19 rnll~:iiliL(tes 3)<

wnocliliit!il.

1, ~~,~ ~8~- ie. :2. 4;:r;·I·,t=2.

&rerture~

t~r.~nirlrl)~ :!;emej~"'iCS

e't1 ,pada,'

m.itmb:!:'Q.. ·mit!!i'n'boo~ de

a.. :6, 'I!!~ndi~u
iI'L,

M Sil:!'dd!'p~ja l.ia,bl~,gQ~~Rtlh',id:ieJ:1;r:]o 'PQJ~ 'el ,~udell:1ie ~1~ L"lI'i:m:-.tib"D:iiiu.

i'il~"~~

1-i:i ~~;JI~~<J" [!.'Ii! +tl=;l;(j~+ 5, :rry-J ] = -.1.0..;1. Uy.

(" V'

21-,!J;rr; 27-f0t.. ~ U,'\1'k~-i~ ',j;!;.1-trtJ,

~ -4t~.::;:.7.'i:'h'H14. S~-H)-' 'lh.",=4k-13-.'}<>;, lilli, .try+~i;.'-'~1~7lHJ O:2+. ~).', G .. 11. 16-f-7.x~!'H x~~,l~-3-... " j 2:. ::ix-I-lm ~4,;r.,""'3.~~lCl8~lG:!r."-1.rl)D, J S. Iii -'l:2:-.;:+:1!1I;;':-1~xi:::2:~,I}=·(ilix·~~37x" 1 t4:- '!Iii'!: ':"!m!;'-i31~::::53t;::+~b'~1 72, 8.
'(t

'12S

ALliEUJ:t.

RESOt.W::::~ON, DE 'E£.UACION.E5 DE PRIMER eON :sHiHOS DE AGR.O FA,Ci OH

G'RAbD

8
.

~!!J.1o.el.~MI~, 1~"iIl,o;~

1M'

"R IMti\

1W

ItESgLUC;_IO~'

_D~

IlC'UAC~O~ ES DE PJUMfR

GRADO

(OM

P~ODUC"'05

IN D ICAbOS
,( R;L'"3t!lv~[ Ii;l ~~iJQ]'QITi' I~
'liJ~:(-

Ejemplo~~

~1} l!i!i;;!scglv.,t :1;( -.[1.11 -'1 ,~''"" ,?jf-I~'-SX) +~=;~r+:;.t~l S\J~ilF.iiendo· i:o,~,~ijgfiO~de ;a!3r~l?aci01li1
j:t. -

Ejl!ntPIOSI
S'!Iw'irmii!iooD
mi~.li'lb.ftls' p~

91·...,::, 9:·I§'="6!tJ=

~ f4x; ......i ~+S I~+ :2\!').-

!5f~r.t'J(!~d'o Ios
10J.! ~ 10...:.
~r
c!",!

2~ +"~;~=:a<

+ :5x ~,1(.+' _2,j!"
',.

-:m:- 4.5 i· :5'.:j~,=:(4 ,- 2 + 5 + ·w~

Prod!u(1M 'jndi~fj~k

3t-:2J,:

-I'~;_:SX

+ x·='-,1j + 2i1!-

."."lOx;:::;; 2D

I!3L,1i:!h::~,
di5Mii"lf,I)~

00"'

flhiL'\in:ilfc$_,

~i91~Ci 'i0cia]~, .')tll 9,l!,IeQ(!;..::....___?

~Qnli.t""rJ8~,

tlltn~:;';ts

-;yO -115 + :54.,;0:
81>: -,.

8'~:::;;~2 +5 ...f;_~

~

a~ 2 +.';5, ~

,j!i,

1I6_:("'" 138'

!2i

~o~lV'll~

:5i'l"+ ~ ,-:2:.r.j. (-.;.:""" 6]

~:::::::; - ~- 1':1.:0" la

+ 6,~- \3\( - 2-~,1}
~
{2}

Haeienr16
~~I;!i;arin'

Sw,pr,m'ielli!ljj

los. par&::M~is int.:;r16ro!.

3 ¢I~ 1(J di;:"~"'", ~01 "t~!!ilf@.1 ~ ~
)11::::::

lOp- 9~ 9(:5 ~ 100 ~ 2f)2·-' W~-,(~,- 9'1- t3] ;:::. [H ~ §[7F 2 = ,W -I· 117= :22 ·1· $S, ~1~~,.· .

+

n+ ;5i~+ &~

;~~+~-?~ -~~.6 ~,=]:I!i.= ~-'f·x,-~,-.3>:'+'bI
:SliJI1~:irni'{indo k:I~ l,ti;l'>'lX'):
~x -

'2'.0: ~;.

5;
Ml,jI~if}licando, Di.... idiel1iclo

.

-:i);" -::t-1x
~;'

+ 6 = Hi +"7):" + t-li- ~
-8~~~';s.. a~-6.,
01:(.=3"
.0:--.;('

~~'4'

1R~!io.lv~~ ,4,!0; -, ..
"

- :3'.0: = 18 -I:- 6-''24'':'''-&'

Ekoeh!!:Indo kos

(~.I: + 3,~ 13)1: - :51::;; 4;9'~' I;i~i~ ] ) 1)( .. ~ . -:2 J. f~.I: + :Ji.13:o:- - 5~ = 6i~-":( -15,..
pl\Od,-,dD~ ihdi=d",,.: _,

~6:t- II~,,:- 2,1 ,~,(1.~~

.

-

'!:J~ -f.~"

p>l)f ,-

pO'!" :2.

,..-·s '"
"'"

Bl ::iigl~o - d'~I~il~~ d~ Ilc~ pm,hu('1o-s iIId!i'cad65, tin e.~d(j 1~I\iO!!f!lbto 1£0(0. UiJ ctiic~ ~iCn nns dice 'q~~ 'lay qlJe ~~ec~u(ftrfd~,prod)uCli;ls y" ~17I'.nb.i;;ri .~1- ~gniJ o ~QOO' uno· de ~Ij~ ~1~.m~ji'JM7, 1r1l1'i!!j6 rij·ng '...~ d!X=hmloo~ Ilo~ prco1u~lo.i iCi~iJi.'Jroo'licilt:id~ t!11I ("'IIC'~!i ~~did'Q~ ~ ·dlf} ~igll?'·-' 'I ~enJrern~!, que ,Ifi' .~c.liJd[jr'! di;lt!rJ.;;1I; 00 mrfJ3 rI€I' om .;:;:.:- ~&;~ - }(,~ l[i;·j::::;..-1.9 -1:6~~ ~ .

1$:or "1- :~rf
15" ... A9'-,6.;.:~

~);-ti:x~+:.;:+
ReSIJJ'~~· I~
~~~o~J'l."~t{·~ et~£.iJjt<imL<e~;,

1I..:-!.1' - I$,~ ~,4? ~ 2'-1:5

+ 1a~"-:2,

-14'~~~
,x-= ~

l. x-(2!.;: +1);;:;"3;-{3 ",t{!;). 2. :t5i1;'-10=6i.:'-(~+2)'+'( -, .... -Hi)., s. (~,~-3:j,!)-(-~~+6)={8~+11}-(3,.;-'S). ..j,. 3IJ1I:-,('~,~+6)+( :J~~hl)= "'::"t5~:"Hli.)+( -S+3t~} ~ ~. 1;;].J;;,('-13.'(+:!!i{=2."-{-.~:H:;)=' -('rl:ci-.~1-~-i-(8=2..I:)\. S. ~+ [-Il:IC-(iJ."'t'aJ};;;;S1!:'+ (~;51!i~9)" 'l. ~,(t\:-'[$;t:_~(fj-9~'l;]'=J~Qio:+r.._:'(:!IX+2}~tx+a)J. 8- j(~[5+S:~~~ ~~(6+:Io:) H~ ~3'0. O~-(5i'f+l)=~ ~~~p·..II:-5) ~+fk,!:=(j 10. il+1-~'H"__"2~.1~8)]~~<J-~~{8~+dJ)-(1~+~)~. 11. -~fl'.~;HS~E~'Ul'+ G:;.:'-( ~~-f.'2)-(:Jio;"+m-OO ~,;:::;;;-it.

lI.

R.

(:!iJ

Jl~~I',;;~r

r.i: -H

1 (;.;:

Ef.jj('11J(jr..rlt!

!~

prcdu-o;;lm,

-:2!- [.1x -1 J tb +5)il"tli';;j,:rol)~,

Q,=iJx -,-

H (;,,; -

.:m;.:; +? I:

~'~x-'
SiJprinl~:~ndg, ~!,
Jo:~ -); [II

2- P:2x~+ li7x ~-Ij:l
~r4:nj1D.~~;:

~~~,~
0

-]1 [>i~'+ 1x - 21'1

-:2 - T:2'x'3= If.!:

+5 ):_~ ~'Ii:

=~

-lb2

~.~~

+ ~)]1~

021 F!~~lIflr.r. !11i~Ill1!::lIr~ 1GIlIE;;I""."t ~·12~

clo~ do:m- IT;.:~; ooljiliJ ~r; ,e~ ,!!!!~lI1r.idl;i It'!iijll~'bfg Ii~y olro ,= 11.!l~, !oJ. '~li!l'iril1'iim(t! ~
'''Il;)flilIfI~ . /'

!iiI~

r

q,t!o -rOO!J·.:'j.

2 - 1"Ix --t' 5 - 6 :;;;; 8:;: - .d4~ ,z:n 17,~- Bi -r 1I4~' 231 -t. :2 - :S -l- Q.

1Q; =~

=

+

~iH

~ -'!~: -1.3.

R:

~ ~().

A~~I(!'H.tI,

(41

~~wi'l>llr p;( - 11i- ~(2); + :JP:+42 == ~);~ - ~ ~S.) 1 )2, ~:.~:mqJk!!l1db !Q:;; i;\Ig;;:l~I;i~. dq 11;I!i ~iriQril~S~ 5i~f!.-,6.:': + 1i ~"3,~4.:.:~:!- '~':b+"9~+ .'ii2'='"1>:t-:r; -:5~- (~~ -'2',; SlJpnml0.00"o 10:;' :p!::lrCmre:;h;
~~'1( -

+ 1)
'i

9);",,; = 6)!

.

"I" 'I -

12~ ~ J6~ - 2l. ..j\~ = s; J;r(~- 'jlox -:- /i;~ -,49; ~;3'6i"~ 1~ ,-,·2x:;;;,...., 1 -, 1 -f,-Il? - <12 ~'~Ji = - 17' ..

+

+ 2~

:1!~\!oi = i:t ,
'If
~ IT

=,,;t =s R,
:L,

E~ERC~CIO 80
Rcml",l:!:l' 'hIS ,lj~ni~~U!s

~u:1Jc!.im1i:!~~

2.
4.

1- .x+~{~,-:lL)~I'::i~~{:il;.;'+:3)- .. ... ,

a

~(~-l~+16(~+~~~3(~-7}.-1!i,

s,
6

:2(::t~'~~)""':::l(E!K-~.!=~(fO::-~}-X{x+~) .. 1184-"N:1 .. 'HO))=:':::@1+6(~"'1}-6.

'7

Hi.

10~HI
1,7_

ii1:-

:i!.3.

11I~.

;: ~:~~;~!~:!~~~fO;~'~)(7:'~'~)f.l>+ D(:2j{+6}~(2X+ ~~){", ~)+fi.,
(1.:'-'ap~~('j -~J~':=.~, l~,-(~ - ].)(2~+31:::=1 ,?'-(1~+ U{ll.!-'IJj· . (;.:·-2l~+:t(~-::~)~3~1;; i"4){~--:3)-(;.:+2)~-1.)+Z. ("~i'(-J l-!ii(.... -f.i:)_;::-_(2:r.:+$~~-(;&.:'I!~~)(~'~;t');:=o .. 2{1!;'--;3):'--:"<·N~+~X+{x-S).~~,--a:)"t'4(1<~,-:-~o;+ l}=il·~til.. (:i(j('~2f-,,;(.;o;:+.:~)~+(~-lH5(.'H2;)~.!.~t"'i-~!}., ;o;:'L[5!t+l~=1i.'{:'>."~Hl);-14t~ 5(~~2)+:';j~13'-:2i..'}. $(,"j~~'~~(3i;;+"'2)-,~{;~r;;.:+l.I:)(.j,:'-l}-::~(iI<x+ 1 K),\~,i,t):::;Ij· 1('"(-iA)~~3(.'i.:+iJ;)2~(.:-.:·,i·1H,... J.)-.'1l.., ~ . !)~],,~~')~~'t.[;.;:'L'B1!:'-7)=;.: (;\:,:.....3)- ;;:~(.~-I-fi)-2.

1( L6-i),-6(,3-[Ui:)= -{~:>;,+8),-3(2x+;'i}- 12, $~{f-3}+!)(1o!+11-':"'(i;+1}-2(};:~.1.7}+;1=t), -B{21o:+7}+( -5;:.; +,1})-~1-~;:.:')-f.;.:'-3)=~.

PH IM~R GRADO (ON UNA [NCO GNI r A

rU)l'~U.MA'S seBRI leU ~'~ON,E$ ENTERAS DE
l..i~ S'Ull1 _ ~I"H~ A,
I-iC",;t ~

(J i])

(,!I.:',

2-0,

~S. 1!ll'.

its]ls:r

J~ ~d."!d~ de- ~~ :'1' B Ie.~tN:,
l!I'l.'tlih~,;;cd~;cl:c!.~. ;;1'-

:iU':'~!J:oi', ,.

n.

·tf~i:t!j.'

8, il.i~l~

if!f~e!!Q)S

se

= .j,'Xbd de
ticne _,_.__
'OCi

EJlIRCI'C:IO' ;5~ MlSCELji;HEA;,
ReS€l~~["
liJ,"S'

(;nnio B ~!1~!1~J.:'j <jlne A;

F; a C~n5

-_/

~...rL.... :!M:;L d!l." iiimb;~~ U

.:.ibdes "-'~ ~l.I!!()S' :,;~,
;':+1(:=:ll;l1+S 2,'{ = 9:2
.'I!.

1~U'W~, tenemos l:~ ~!g!Jl'et1i~S 'e-r.Ii:1.d(.lI:u!~=

~~I(.'kllit~

1- 14~-(~~~}=[5~A"2-(;;;:=J,) ]:=:;0, ~t (3~_'j'}'L5(:'21!; +1)(.~-2~i='--."i:::L'[-:-(~.;(-i-:~)] '. 3., 6.iI.'-(z..,...-H)~ ,~~ ~;)};;"I·[-,(-21!;'-lm·
.ii"
15;.

3(21.:'r-l)~ ~~+j)_(~+5}.1;= -[-{ ~R(~+ 5} ~.+lD~~l "(. {!R+1}(~+2;i(!i:";-":I!)~(};; (;0; +l}(,:o; 1). -2} + g, (:'f·i·2-)(,:o;+3'}(....,:-I);:;;;(~+;i}'(,\'-H~H~'f,~&)+r7.
1).

21('43(~iI:~1)::;:: -~,3x~+2(x'-1)~;3(x+~)~, ;r,:L~ ~x.+{i:\~+ 'I.) ·h4.(;;.'.~~ ll~41;;9};;;:;;d'.

=~ ;::: ·1~

:il.f~O~"

(..'d;l:d {le ,A. lot_

It,

. ..

Lit l..'dZid, .u",:· H s!::.'r.l; LO}
~1 ;;'~i:,i(i1:l'It:il!il[l, en

:"!! -

A ='i!(I.

~

a ~ :-~t-i~i:j.(~~.

li1Js

l)l"'!l)<hLf::f.fI~i:50 Q)l1ii-is~c tJfII, ..,("[:d

Uo.s n~LLlt.:;Lt101;

,I}b~~·

100,

1).

~()i-~).~(o';;.""6:). .

(:'!i+ 1}~~(~~1)~~Gu(!("-3,l. ~i('+ 1)~(,!1::-1)+8.

hl~1~ Ut~~'U:Cili !i,;1:'i'I,u!ki,OIllC~, ell;:! :pro' ~lt:~Jl!l, ~J ~i4i'
,I\~

!~ A Ij8 ••

I,. i::.'U t.'~i:~ C;_LS~i. ll!l!mm I!lhi.t:i I.Ud~J tl'I.I,~ :~~ i.!cl~.tl, ,Llili.' Eo il:!l 33 'rli1l'~ Y 1;) .Ul!l)s; ~'nl~! se t"~1 UI ~~~c ct.lutH ~~n ... b lOldi~ ~n ~! p'['nhlll:!ll~il d,~ ~l~iI.." L

:fli. tlene

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E'J'ERCIICIO 82.
1.

B
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l~ ·H!:iI~,lt~.do~roht~l1ido;~ ~atiMac~n I:ils,OJlldi~icm~ ,de1l·uoh,Lem._.

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n1;3;YClI:' .

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'I

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v

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t"u~j}lIeliosl.

I"olgg~ $~'l por H~ W)~'I n ~"]e }' !1m ~mbre:~'~. ,EI. _~omiLnel!,'Q cosr~~ S'f:m~s. que el .!ihn} }'.~~.)ll~'nru qpe el tl;'iI!j('!. >!(J'itI~l1I.tO [)8~,c. pAr'
,(:usa? St.0.8,
iii;;;;;

La S'l!I!m~ d~ d.lo!>i"u\m~Ct!I es .5~iO)' ~!JJ ~~1el'ei"!i6"" :~:;:, Hallar io~ mirnaO' ]Entre A' }' 8.. t~~~ .. 11M: hoU.v'Jl"~·'Y.B U}e1"W 006 mlmilJ5 q,u.c' A,.~ cC!1IIl'Llilo

'ro8~ que ,r::! Iibr.o:

('.oJ-T!!O-

precio: d~'E ltbr!), ,,:! wllJ.br~w cosec
il;i;ti'ito.

~j. -=.:;<.

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+ ~- pvc?Ja = f'~!i5~

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del Mlrni:h.-el'Jl_

,[1 :li-001Jblle-m

$'20i

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qlie ,el -sn.r,n~re:ro:· _. ---.-' Co'mo, HKi;11 '{':'[}f;t6,' ¥@:'(" h"HU:tJ~~ {If [00 P .ectos rdk:~ lihI: o, ·tt.i;LJeY s:crt:tl1nci'o ~!~J]e q~~.G~ .. igmd ,")j , l8i: luego. tf!~H~m(l~ la rL"t:lLiU:i("lIi; Rcsohdendo: ·S;.;: + ~O = 157
jx=fl.1-30 ~~;r.:-~57

el 'u',iJI}e; '1;~,l:cja tr'Lje d

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PJ:15(!io tiel

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d tic:nr:: .,c-"da IU:to1}~ . R,e-P:iIUi!· 1000 solea entre A ']I If (Joe'm04.(j qne IJ reciba l03,!i :t1l!~~ ~.ru~ JJ. 'O·l;)H3IiI' &5. numcru~ en [~m:5. ~.O'I.'l~~cU'th\Q5 Il.;I;!Y.1. suma ~e:1 Ji.b3. "l"i::s 11lU1i1ll!::m~' Il!ntl!:ros c.oIJS·If(;~f~,b'liOO, ~ii~mjlill. g.(J4- HIliIl.m: 'l~~ nih~~{Jl!. : H al].lIl" euarre m!!JID::l1X~' n!i:I!L'oel consecutivos 'witj'~ :l;1,i.1'i)i~ :M!3: 14e -... . -. Hallarr ,u.0.5, mhn'er-oo, e!1li:,I!.L'OOpar{!5 OOIIS'tt;u~hll;."t.!:i (:1;1,,),,::1 mhl3i !'ll!:a·,19 '
I~ '

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'eJII

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= S:J,;,1), p.1:"!l;t:io. ,del li:'bro, n. +.1 ::;:; i~i S ~,";jo1il' prccio del' ~,Qm brere, ~ + 2'; ~ 19T:~3=H!l" ~}1,"cdodel [ra.j.:!. R.!
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$325 poor un C.i;Ll.J.:;tUo. ij~~ ecehe :,;' !iUS ~l1."(!C!'?i. £1 oti~iJ'l~h}~K1' l~CJi Inlis. queel j.iadr.e'~' tlJ.3 arirC&,ti25 met rn. (inc, -el enehe, HaJhu loa pL'~itld
1!L[ITiem
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100,

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+ 1 = nemero

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'ki ~lI.m:1:.qt;! Ies .edades de tres I~f::iQ!I1Io"l:~ es 88 :1noo. La, ,mny<ll' ti~:ihe :!Ji;JI .-fw. moil> .ti~LIt 1,1, t1:loi:!1l0r 'I' 1:.1: del medio 18 MRlt:. fl1; t.11~ qiLlI!!' 1Ili marrOl" ,
HiIIIJI~r 111.& Cdl~dl'S J"t:"p,!'!Cdv"3~J)ivi(lir ,G42:'en des partes t~k5 qu>c
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de ]B" y ambas eW3,d:e.!i,!iU.11UUl 85. :tlIjoo;

~+ 11- EiJI. 1 ~ 52, +~+ :2;;::;.51 -I- :2 = 58,
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la ;~~u ~i tl41

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