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qarTuli artileria 15 wlisaa
qarTuli artileria 15 wlisaa
the GeorGian artillery Celebrates the 15 anniversary
PhotoContest “My soldier
mTavari Tema /maIn topIc mTavari Tema /maIn topIc
artileria-omis RmerTia artillery – tHe goD of War
vemsaxurebi saqarTvelos saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministros yovelkvartaluri Jurnali #1(4). 2008 Jurnali momzadda saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministros sazogadoebriv saqmeTa departamentSi. redaqtori: nana inwkirveli Jurnalze muSaobdnen: rusudan cimakuriZe, xatia yuraSvili, Tea WoniSvili, nino gogoCiSvili, Salva londariZe, daviT joxaZe, nino rusaZe, Tea kerZevaZe, mindia arabuli, malxaz Tofuria, maka gurgeniZe, Tea ivaniSvili JurnalSi dabeWdilia nina Slamovas da mixeil yelberaSvilis fotoebi.
Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilva
S TRATEGIC D EFENCE R EVIEW
"me qarTveli samSvidobo var, romelic yvelaze Zvirfass _ mSvidobas icavs" i am a georgian PeacekeePer WHo keePS tHe moSt PreciouS – Peace
samSvidobo misia PeacekeePing mission
qarTuli artileriis 15 wlis iubile 15tH anniverSary of tHe georgian artillery
serJantma qalebma samSvidobo misia Seasrules Women SergeantS Have Done tHeir Duty
saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministro
MINISTRY OF DEFENCE OF GEORGIA
misamarTi: general kvinitaZis quCa #20 tel: 911963, 910645 ISSN 1512-4891
dagegmvis dokumentebi _ winapiroba warmatebuli reformebisTvis Planning DocumentS – PreconDition for SucceSSful reformS
`imiji bunebrivad yalibdeba imiT, rasac akeTeb~ batu kutelia: “WHat you are Doing naturally createS your image”
unikaluri SemTxveva, romelic unikalur gadawyvetas iTxovs
instruqtorTa gadamzadeba inStructorS’ retraining
unique caSe tHat DemanDS tHe unique Solution
nato-s mudmivmoqmedi sabWos warmomadgenlebis viziti saqarTveloSi nato Permanent rePreSentativeS viSit to georgia
samxedro mosamsaxure brZolisTvis mzad unda iyos!
nato_s sainformacio centri 2008 wels information center on nato in 2008
tHe military Servant SHoulD be reaDy to figHt at any time
mouTmenlad veli im dRes, rodesac saqarTvelo nato-Si Tavis Rirseul adgils daimkvidrebs i look forWarD to tHe Day WHen georgia HaS earneD Her Place in nato
istoria da Tanamedroveoba past and pREsEnt
ojaxuri profesia famIly pRofEssIon
maT saqmes qveynad simSvide moaqvs
tHeir Work bringS Peace to tHe country
"krwanisis veli da Tebervali..." krtSaniSi valley anD february…
pirveli sadesanto operacia tHe firSt lanDing oPeration
tV saqarTvelos axali proeqtebi tv Sakartvelo _ neW ProjectS
mTavari Tema /maIn topIc
mindia arabuli mIndIa aRaBUlI
Artillery AlwAys hAd A speciAl plAce And function during wArs And conflicts. the effectiveness of Artillery is bAsed on its AccurAcy And speciAl trAining of its stAff, which directly Affects the consequences of distAnce combAt. this year, the georgian Artillery celebrated its fifteenth anniversary. thus, we visited commander of the “dana” division of the Artillery brigade, captain Zurab tabukashvili, to talk about georgian Artillery’s present and future perspectives and development plans. we met with the captain in the orpholo shooting range, where scheduled exercises were taking place. After step-
artileria mudam gansakuTrebuli funqciurobiT gamoirCeoda sxvadasxva drois did omebsa Tu konfliqtur dapirispirebebSi. artileriis efeqturoba sizustesa da specifikur swavlebas emyareba, rasac saboloo jamSi didi gardatexa Seaqvs distanciur brZolaSi. wels ukve meTxuTmeted aRiniSna qarTuli artileriis dRe. Tanamedrove qarTuli artileriis Sesaxeb da zogadad artileristobasTan dakavSirebiT sasaubrod Cven saartilerio brigadis _ `dana~ divizionis meTaurs, kapitan zurab TabukaSvils vestumreT orfolos sasroleTze, sadac gegmiuri swavleba mimdinareobda. sasroleTze misvlisTanave wamosulma wnevis talRam migvaxvedra, rom es ar iyo kidev erTi standartuli samuSao dRe. batono kapitano, rogorc vxedav dRes sruliad ucxo danadgarebi gaqvT velze gamotanili… diax, dRevandel swavlebaze warmodgenilia `giacindis~ sistemis rusuli buqsirebadi, 152 mm-ni qvemexi. minda giTxraT, rom dRes pirveli precendentia, rodesac qarTveli artileristebi am qvemexidan isvrian. es SeiaraReba datovebulia rusuli samxedro Zalebis mier axalcixeSi da 1988 wlis Semdeg faqtiurad ar gasrolila, Tumca dRevandeli Sedegebi sruliad amarTlebs molodins, am qvemexis Seswavlisa da saTanado gadamzadebis Semdeg yvela samizne ganadgurebulia. ase rom 27 Tebervali SesaZloa CaiTvalos kidev erT warmatebul da saintereso dRed qarTuli artileriis istoriaSi.
kapitani zurab TabukaSvili captaIn zURaB taBUkashVIlI
saerTod, artileriaSi 2004 wlidan intensiurad daiwyo momzadeba, rodesac saartilerio qve-
artillery – tHe goD of War
danayofebi sakontraqto samsaxurze gadavida. mimdinareobs gegmiuri mecadineobebi, gvaqvs savele gasvlebi orfolos sasroleTze weliwadSi aranakleb samjer, aqedan ori gasvla zafxulSi da erTi Semodgomis periodSi, am process ra Tqma unda, Tan axlavs sabrZolo srolebi. distanciidan brZolas albaT Taviseburi, gansxvavebuli emociuri foni axlavs. diax, artileria wina xazze ar ibrZvis da gamomdinare aqedan, Taviseburad sainteresoa emociuradac, radgan ver vxedavT samiznes anu mters da miuxedavad amisa vanadgurebT mas. rogorc cnobilia sizustes gadamwyveti roli ekisreba artileriaSi. brZolis dros Cven, rogorc wesi, ukana poziciebze varT gamagrebuli da realur situaciaSi Cven win Cveni fexosnebi gadaadgildebian. iq am dros daSorebis manZili minimum 400 metramde meryeobs, amitom sizuste pirvel rigSi isev Cveni qvedanayofebis usafrTxoebisaTvis mogveTxoveba. yvela samxedro specialoba sainteresoa, ratom artileria? artileristoba gadavwyvite 1997 wels, rodesac Cavabare samxedro akademiaSi. yvela unarsa da codnasTan erTad didi yuradReba eqceoda saerTod umaRlesi maTematikis codnas, sadac davagrove maRali qulebi da Caviricxe artileriis specialobaze. amasTan erTad manamde mqonda ukve mizania rom vyofiliyavi artileristi, radgan es aris samxedro specialoba, romelsac aqvs Tavisi gansakuTrebuli specifika da CemSi yovelTvis did interess iwvevda.
ping down at the range we felt the pressure wave, which was a good enough sign that it was not just another simple work day. Captain, as I realized today you brought totally different artillery armament in the field… yes, you are absolutely right, we presented “giatsind” russian tug, 152 mm. howitzer. i have to mention that this is the first time that georgian artillery servicemen fire from it. this howitzer type was left by the russian military and it has not been used since 1988. but today’s exercises met our expectations. After research and retraining, all targets were destroyed successfully. so, in the light of current circumstances we are able to emphasize that february 27 is another successful and interesting day in the history of the georgian Artillery. we started the intensive trainings in 2004, when artillery subunits moved to contract-based service. scheduled exercises and field trainings in the orpholo shooting range are organized at least three times per year; twice during the summer and once in the fall. I think that distance combat operations have a different emotional sense, do you agree? you are right; artillery servicemen usually do not fight at the frontlines, so it has some emotional sense. we do not meet our enemy face-to-face and in spite of this we still destroy them. It is a well known fact that accuracy is one of the main requirements for artillery… during the combat operations we stay on the backlines and our land forces move in front of us and the minimal distance between us is about 400 meters as usual, so our accuracy first of all is our forces’ safety guarantee.
Each military specialty is interesting in its way, why artillery… i decided to become an artillerist in 1997, when i enrolled in military Academy. besides various skills and habits it was obligatory to have knowledge of mathematics. i passed the necessary tests and became a student of artillery. since childhood i have had a goal to become an artillerist. i’m proud that i made such a decision. wise men said: “Artillery is the god of war,” and i agree. it is a very special part of military action and can bring about huge change during combat, which again is based on its accuracy as we already mentioned. i would like to add here that the Artillery servicemen’s day and probably not even any other days are as interesting or productive at the base as they are during field exercises and combat shootings at the range. March 15 is Georgian Artillery Day, what are the wishes and plans?
vamayob, rom swored aseTi arCevani gavakeTe, brZen xalxs uTqvams: ~artileria omis RmerTia~- es namdvilad asea, radgan es aris gansakuTrebuli specialoba samxedro saqmeSi da SeuZlia didi cvlilebebis Setana sabrZolo procesSi, rac isev da isev emyareba mis sizustes. aqve davamatebdi, rom artileristis samxedro nawilSi gatarebuli erTi dRe da albaT arcerTi ar aris imdenad efeqturi, radgan CvenTvis ufro metis momcemia sasroleTze yofna da sabrZolo srolebis Catareba. 15 marts artileriis dRe aRiniSneba rogoria survilebi da gegmebi? 1993 wlis 15 marts, afxazeTis omis dros, artileriam udidesi wvlili Seitana mimdinare procesebSi da faqtiurad gadamwyveti roli Seasrula im dros mimdinare operaciebisas. gamomdinare aqedan yovel wels Cven gvirgviniT vamkobT memori-
als da vixsenebT im warsul dros, rodesac Cveni biWebi gmirulad daecnen brZolis velze. wels meTxuTmete welia artileriis dRis daarsebidan da amasTan dakavSirebiT Cvens nawilSi goris teritoriaze keTdeba axali memoriali, sadac yvela im mebrZolis fotoebi da gvarsaxelebi iqneba aRniSnuli, romlebic uSualod goris raionidan iyvnen warmoSobiT da yvela maTi ojaxis wevrs da ara marto maT, saSualeba eqnebaT nebismier dros pativi miagon biWebis xsovnas. rac Seexeba survilebs, pirvel rigSi vusurveb yvela artilerists profesionalizmis kidev ufro amaRlebas, rac arc axla gvaklia. Tanamedrove SeiaraReba axal gamowvevebs gvTavazobs, rac kidev ufro did motivaciasa da meti warmatebis winapirobas iZleva. yoveldRiurad Cven gvixdeba axal danadgarebTan da teqnikasTan muSaoba, es procesi uwyvetia, rac piradad Cemi azriT, Zalze mniSvnelovan rols Seasrulebs konk-
on march 15, 1993 during the Abkhaz war georgian Artillery played a huge role in ongoing processes and dramatically changed those operations that day. since then, every year on that day we visit the memorial of georgian artillery servicemen who died in the conflicts. it’s the 15th anniversary this year and we plan to open another memorial on the territory of our main base in gori, commemorating those servicemen from the gori region who sacrificed themselves protecting their country. the memorial will have also pictures of each of them and their family members can visit the place to remember them. i want to wish all the artillerists to improve their skills and raise professionalism, though our artillerists don’t lack this. with the moderns armament we face new challenges, which itself is a precondition for new motivation and bigger successes. each day we work with new technologies and that’s a permanent process. developing and recruiting our artillery units is a nonstop procedure. stable contract service played a considerable role in
attracting the young generation to join the army. it should be mentioned that artillery exercises held in the orpholo shooting range in the summers of 2005-07 were especially fruitful. they were followed with unmatched fire exercises including combined shooting with another unit. for the future, we plan to renew the communication systems for our artillery units and that will once again ensure that the artillerists can accomplish their missions.
retuli amocanebis Sesrulebisas saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli ZalebisaTvis. qarTuli artileriis rigebis Sevseba da misi profesionalizmis amaRleba intensiurad mimdinareobs. ra Tqma unda stabilur sakontraqto samsaxurze gadasvlam didi gavlena moaxdina axalgazrdebis mozidvis kuTxiT. momzadebis mxriv gansakuTrebulad unda aRiniSnos 2005-07 wlebis artileristTa zafxulis saswavlo gasvlebi orfolos poligonze, rasac sabrZolo srolebis uprecendento, TiTqmis uwyveti procesi axlda. calkeul saartilerio momzadebasTan erTad, ukve Camoyalibebulma artileristebma, SeiaraRebuli Zalebis sxvadasxva qvedanayofebTan erTad, kombinirebuli srolebic Caatares, ramac kidev erTxel aamaRla maTi brZolisunarianoba. samomavlo gegmebSi Sedis artileristTa kavSirgabmulobis sistemebis gadaxalisebac, rac kidev ufro efeqturs gaxdis maT moqmedebebs konkretuli amocanebis Sesrulebisas.
15tH anniverSary of tHe georgian artillery
saqarTvelos SeiraRebulma Zalebma 15 marts artileriis me-15 wlisTavi aRniSna. am faqtTan dakavSirebiT gorSi, saartilerio brigadis teritoriaze, sazeimo RonisZieba gaimarTa. pirad Semadgenlobas profesiuli dResaswauli saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis mTavarsardalma, qveynis prezidentma mixeil saakaSvilma, saqarTvelos Tavdacvis ministrma daviT kezeraSvilma da SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTianebuli Stabis ufrosma polkovnikma zaza gogavam miuloces. saqarTvelos prezidentma samxedro bazis teritoriaze gvirgviniT Seamko daRupul gmirTa memoriali da qarTvel artileristebs sityviT mimarTa. The GeorGIaN armed ForceS celebraTed The arTIllery day oN march 15. The 15Th aNNIverSary oF The arTIllery day waS marked wITh a SolemN ceremoNy oN The GrouNdS oF arTIllery brIGade IN GorI. Supreme commander-in-chief of the Georgian armed Forces mikheil Saakashvili, minister of defence of Georgia david kezerashvili and chief of Joint Staff of the Georgian armed Forces col. Zaza Gogava congratulated the military personnel on the occasion of the artillery day. The President of Georgia laid a wreath at the memorial of the Georgian heroes who made the supreme sacrifice for the territorial integrity of the country and addressed the Georgian artillerists. “artillery is the most honorable and experienced part
saqarTvelos prezidenti artileristebTan pREsIdEnt of gEoRgIa WIth thE aRtIllERIsts
qarTuli artileriis 15 wlis iubile
daRupul gmirTa memoriali mEmoRIal of hERoEs
umaRlesma mTavarsardalma qarTuli SeiaraRebuli Zalebis istoriasa da qarTuli armiis ganviTarebaze isaubra: `artileria aris yvelaze damsaxurebuli da yvelaze gamocdili nawili saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebisa... erTaderTi saswavlebeli, romelic amzadebda kadrebs da erTaderTi saswavlebeli, romlidanac Cven miviReT saukeTeso kadrebi saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli ZalebisTvis, es iyo Tbilisis saartilerio saswavlebeli~ - ganacxada man. prezidentis gancxadebiT, saqarTvelos 33 000 profesionali samxedro mosamsaxure da 100 000 rezervisti hyavs: `4 wlis win Cven gvyavda 2 aTasze cota meti jariskaci, Cveni aviaciis raodenoba TviTmfrinavebSi gaizarda 2-jer, vertmfrenebSi gaizarda 3-jer, momzadebuli mfrinavebis raodenoba gaizarda 5-jer, Cveni tankebis raodenoba gaizarda 20-jer, Cveni samxedro biujeti 2004 wels iyo 30 mln dolaramde da mis did nawils iparavdnen da dRes Cveni samxedro biujeti aris miliard dolaramde da TiToeuli TeTri xmardeba saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis siZlieres da ganviTarebas~ saqarTvelos prezidentis gancxadebiT: `nato-s SemfasebelTa misiam, romelic saqarTvelos ianvris bolos ewvia, gaakeTa brwyinvale Sefaseba imaze, Tu rogor mimdinareobs Cveni samxedro reforma. es iyo Zalian didi siurprizi, maT Soris natos bevri qveynisaTvis, romelic cota skeptikurad uyurebda adre Cveni nato-Si gawevrianebis Sansebs~.
of the Georgian armed Forces... the only military school which was preparing soldiers and the only military school that supplied the Georgian armed Forces with the best military professionals was at the Tbilisi artillery School,” declared the President of Georgia. he said Georgia had 33,000 professional and 100,000 reserve servicemen. “Four years ago we had more than 2,000 troops. In aviation the number of our warplanes has doubled, the number of our helicopters has increased threefold, the number of trained
qarTul artileriaze isaubra saqarTvelos Tavdacvis ministris pirvelma moadgilem baTu quTeliam: `rogorc prezidentma aRniSna, artileria aris is birTvi SeiaraRebuli Zalebisa, romlis saSualebiTac saqarTvelos teritoriuli mTlianoba iqneba daculi da garantirebuli. saqarTvelos Tavdacvisunarianobis amaRlebis saqmeSi artilerias udidesi wvlili miuZRvis da is warsuli warmatebebic, romelic qarTul artilerias hqonia, swored amas ganapirobebs. dReisaTvis qarTuli artileria dakompleqtebulia yvelaze Tanamedrove, uzustesi sistemebiT da bunebrivia yvelas gveufleba sazeimo gancda, rodesac artileriis dRes aRvniSnavT. minda yvela artilerists, maTi ojaxis wevrebs da sruliad saqarTvelos mivuloco dRevandeli dRe. vusurvo gamarjveba da gamTlianeba.~ saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTianebuli Stabis ufrosi, polkovniki zaza gogava: `pirvel rigSi artileriis dRes Cvens qveyanas da SeiaraRebul Zalebs mivulocav. 15 marti artileriis danayofebis Seqmnis dRea. minda vuTxra Cvens qveyanas, Cvens sazogadoebas, rom saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi artileria erT-erTi gamorCeuli danayofia, romelic momzadebulia umaRles doneze, gaaCnia Tanamedrove SeiaraReba da es ar aris mxolod is wertili razec dakmayofildeba Cveni SeiaraRebuli Zalebi, dakmayofildeba artileria. isini kvlav ganagrZoben TavianTi unarCvevebis, TavianTi profesionalizmis daxvewas.~ saqarTvelos Tavdacvis ministris pirvelma moadgilem, baTu quTeliam, SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTianebuli Stabis ufrosma, polkovnikma zaza gogavam da saartilerio brigadis meTaurma, general-maiorma devi WankotaZem saqarTvelos teritoriuli mTlianobisaTvis brZolaSi daRupul meomarTa ojaxis wevrebs fasiani saCuqrebi gadasces.
pilots – fivefold, the number of tanks – twenty times… Our defence budget was up to 30 million uSd in 2004 and most of it was squandered. Now defence budget is up to a billion uSd and each tetri is used for developing and strengthening the Georgian armed Forces,” Saakashvili said. he also said that the NaTo assessment Team that visited Georgia in late January made an excellent report about the Georgia’s defence reforms. `It was a surprise even for those NaTo member countries that are skeptical about Georgia’s NaTo membership.” The First deputy defence minister of Georgia, batu kutelia, talked about the Georgian artillery: “as the president remarked, artillery is the core of the Georgian armed forces that will guarantee and protect the territorial integrity of Georgia. artillery has a huge role in strengthening the defence capacity of Georgia, and the success which Georgian artillery had in past, proves it. Today, the Georgian artillery is equipped with the most modern, precise systems and it’s natural that we are full of emotions when marking the artillery day. I want to congratulate all artillerists and their family members on this day. I want to wish them victory and unity.” chief of Joint Staff of the Georgian armed Forces, col. Zaza Gogava, declared: “First of all, I want to congratulate our country and the Georgian armed Forces on the occasion of the artillery day. The 15th of March is a day when the first units of the Georgian artillery were established. I want to say to our country, our society, that artillery is one of the most distinguished units of the Georgian armed Forces, which is well prepared and has modern armament and this is not the point where we are going to stop. our armed Forces and artillery will continue to develop and improve their capabilities and professionalism.” by the end of the ceremony, deputy defence minister of Georgia, batu kutelia, chief of Joint Staff of the Georgian armed Forces, col. Zaza Gogava, and commander of artillery brigade, maj.Gen. devi chankotadze granted presents to the families of heroes who died protecting the territorial integrity of Georgia.
"me qarTveli samSvidobo var, romelic yvelaze Zvirfass _ mSvidobas icavs"
i am a georgian PeacekeePer WHo keePS tHe moSt PreciouS – Peace
Salva londariZe shalVa londaRIdzE
sofeli zemo niqozi. am dasaxlebaSi samocdaaT komlamde ojaxi cxovrobs. rogorc adgilobrivi mosaxleoba xumrobs, omsa da mSvidobas isini Tanabrad SeeCvivnen, Tumca wynari cxovreba gacilebiT xiblavT. zemo niqozi mimdebare soflebisgan erTi SexedviT TiTqmis arafriT gansxvavdeba, rom ara erTi mniSvnelovani faqtori. am sofelSi qarTveli samSvidoboebi arian dislocirebulni, romlebic regionSi stabilurobasa da mSvidobas uzrunvelyofen. dReisaTvis arsebobs samoqmedo gegma, romlis mizani erToblivad, qarTuli da osuri mosaxleobis usafrTxoebis mxardaWeraa.
the village of upper nikozi. there are up to 70 households in the settlement. As the local population jokes, they are equally used to war and peace, though they prefer to live in peace. upper nikozi does not differ from other villages at a glance, if you do not take into account one important fact. this is the village where the georgian peacekeepers are stationed who provide peace and stability of the region. According to the existing action plan, the major goal is to support the security of both georgian and ossetian population.
not long ago, the five-cross georgian flag has been raised in the center of tskhinvali. this is the headquarters of peacekeeping forces of Joint staff of the georgian Armed forces in tskhinvali. the main function of the peacekeeping staff is to coordinate the peacekeeping process determined by the international conventions and to direct the activities of the georgian peacekeeping contingent and military observers. chief of peacekeeping forces of the Joint staff brig.-gen. mamuka Kurashvili visited the personnel of the 3rd peacekeeping battalion (42nd light infantry battalion of the 4th infantry brigade) and battalion commander, capt. merab Kiknadze. Journalists of the defence ministry accompanied general Kurashvili on his tour to the conflict zone. taking a special interest in the state of affairs on the frontline, we were introduced to the commander and interviewed the peacekeepers. As captain merab Kikabidze explained, the situation in the region was stable, though it does not give one the right to lose focus, especially when one is stationed in the conflict zone. captain Kikabidze has a good sense of humor. he reckons that being a spouse of a solider is also a profession and he considers that the best specialist in this profession is his wife. he is frankly proud of being a father of two sons. After a brief excursion we visited one of the barracks and without any obstacles we talked to the members of the peacekeeping battalion. second sergeant Zurab Kokilashvili has signed a contract with the mod and has been serving in the army for a year and a half. he thinks that he has learned a lot during this period but admits that three months of service in the peacekeeping battalion were very emotional. “i am the georgian peacekeeper who keeps the most precious – peace. so, it is a great honor for me to serve in this battalion,” says Zura, who has done his compulsory military service in the border guard. As Zura recalls, this was the period when fledgling georgian Army had just started development along with the georgian state.
arc Tu ise didi xani gavida mas Semdeg rac cxinvalis centrSi saqarTvelos xuTjvriani saxelmwifo droSa afrialda. aq saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTianebuli Stabis, samSvidobo Zalebis, cxinvalis warmomadgenlobis samSvidobo Stabia ganlagebuli. misi funqciaa koordinacia gauwios konfliqtis regionebSi saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebiT gansazRvrul samSvidobo procesebs. aseve, uxelmZRvanelos qarTuli samSvidobo Zalebis warmomadgenlobebisa da samxedro damkvirveblebis saqmianobas. me-3 samSvidobo batalionis (me-4 qveiTi brigadis 42-e msubuqi qveiTi batalioni) piradi Semadgenloba, romelsac kapitani merab kikabiZe xelmZRvanelobs, gaerTianebuli Stabis samSvidobo Zalebis Stabis xelmZRvanelma, brigadis generalma mamuka yuraSvilma moinaxula. konfliqtis zonaSi generals Tavdacvis saministros Jurnalistebic vaxldiT. mowinave xazze Seqmnili viTarebiT dainteresebulebi sul male batalionis meTaurs gavecaniT da qarTvel samSvidoboTa bediT davinteresdiT. rogorc kapitanma merab kikabiZem gangvimarta, amJamad regionSi viTareba stabiluria, Tumca konfliqtis zonaSi momsaxure samxedro pirs yuradRebis modunebis ufleba ara aqvs. miTumetes, rodesac saqme konfliqtis zonas exeba. rogorc kapitani ambobs, aq yvela samxedro mosamsaxurisTvis erTi umTavresi principi moqmedebs. am princips ki, mudmivi sabrZolo mzadyofna qvia. kapitan kikabiZes iumoris kargi grZnobac aqvs. jariskacis meuRleoba profesiaao ambobs da am profesiis saukeTeso specialistad sakuTar meuRles miiCnevs. gulwrfelad amayobs, imiT, samSoblos or vaJkacs rom uzrdis. mcireodeni eqskursis Semdeg erT-erT yazarmaSi SevediT da yovelgvari xelovnuri barierebis gareSe samSvidobo batalionis wevrebs gavesaubreT. umcrosi serJanti zurab kokilaSvili jarSi sakontraqto xelSekrulebiT weliwadnaxevaria msaxurobs. miaCnia, rom am xnis ganmavlobaSi bevri ram Seiswavla, Tumca samSvidobo batalionSi gatarebulma samma Tvem sul sxva emociiT damuxta. `me qarTveli samSvidobo var, romelic samSoblosTvis yvelaze Zvirfass – mSvidobas icavs. aqedan gamomdinare, CemTvis am batalionSi samsaxuri didi pativia~ _ ambobs zura, romelmac savaldebulo samsaxuri Tavis droze sasazRvro jarebSi gaiara. rogorc zura acxadebs es is periodi iyo, rodesac qarTuli armia, saxelmwifosTan erTad, faqtobrivad axlidan yalibdeboda.
zurab kokilaSvili Zurab Kokilashvili
swored maSin gadawyvita, rom saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi Tavis TanatolebTan erTad emsaxura da profesionali samxedro gamxdariyo. umcrosma serJantma jarSi, samxedro codnasTan erTad, megobrebi SeiZina. axalgazrda samxedros miaCnia, rom rodesac adamiani konfliqtis zonaSi msaxurobs da mowinaaRmdeges TiTqmis pirispir uyurebs, megobris Tanadgomas am dros gansakuTrebuli, didi Zala gaaCnia. misive TqmiT, samxedroebs nebivrobis ufleba ara aqvT, Tumca Tavisufali dro xandaxan mainc rCebaT da am dros ZiriTadad telekompania `saqarTvelo~-s cqeriT arian dakavebulebi. samxedro televizia aq didi popularobiT sargeblobs. gansakuTrebiT did interess ki samxedro Tematikaze momzadebuli gadacemebi iwvevs. zurabTan dialogis Semdeg Cven kidev erT serJants gavesaubreT. Cveni interesi ki, batalionis meTauris rekomendaciam ganapiroba serJanti merab muToSvili jarSi 2001 wlidan msaxurobs. savaldebulo samsaxuris moxdis Semdeg man isev SeiaraRebul ZalebSi darCena moindoma da kontraqti gaaforma. `minda profesionali samxedro gavxde da momavalSic iseve amayad vataro qarTuli forma rogorc axla vatareb.~ saqarTveloze uzomod Seyvarebul am qist biWs sakuTar Tavze saubari Zalian uWirs. fiqrobs, rom sxvebisgan arafriT gansxvavdeba. `aq yvelas erTi amocana gvakisria - davicvaT mSvidoba. Tu amas, Cems megobrebTan erTad warmatebiT vaxerxeb, madlobis meti araferi meTqmis.~ ambobs merabi, romelmac batalionis meTauri mkacr, magram samarTlian xelmZRvanelad dagvixasiaTa. Cveni respodenti ara mxolod qarTuli jariT, aramed qarTvelebsa da qistebs Soris arsebuli istoriuli warsuliTac amayobs. maT Soris, ori eris naTesauri kavSirebiTac. merabi qarTvel gogonaze ori wlis win daqorwinda da ukve eqvsi Tvis gogona hyavT. sul male ki maT axalgazrda ojaxs vaJkacic Seemateba. rodesac jarSi aseT motivirebul vaJkacebs xvdebi Znelia amaRlebuli ganwyobilebiT ar daimuxto, Tumca armia mxolod mamakacebisgan ar Sedgeba. mSvenieri sqesis erT-erTi warmomadgeneli, romelic qarTuli jaris saxea, amave batalionis eqimi serJanti nana cxadaZea.
merab muToSvili merAb mutoshvili
this was the period when he decided to serve in the georgian Armed forces together with his peers and become a professional military man. second sergeant expanded his knowledge of the military sphere and made friends as well. the young military man believes that when a person is working in the conflict zone and looks at his opponents face-to-face sympathy among friends is very important. he assumes that the military have no time to waste. still, sometimes even they manage to find some free time and spend it watching the sakartvelo tv channel, which is very popular here. servicemen usually take special interest in programs prepared on military topics. After our interview with Zurab, we talked to another sergeant recommended by the battalion commander. sergeant merab mutoshvili has been serving in the army since 2001. After compulsory military service he decided to stay in the georgian Armed forces and signed a contract. “i want to become a professional serviceman and be proud to wear the georgian military uniform in the future like i am today.” this Kist guy who loves georgia very much hardly finds words to talk about himself. he thinks that he is not different from others. “we have one common task – to preserve peace. if i’m doing it well with my friends i’m very happy,” says merab, who characterized the battalion commander as a severe but objective person.
nana cxadaZe nAnA tsKhAdAdZe
qarTul armiaSi samsaxuri man oTxi wlis win gadawyvita. axlac axsovs misi kolegebis gakvirveba, rodesac samedicino institutSi momuSave axalgazrda leqtorma gaTavisuflebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba dawera. rogorc Tavad acxadebs, jarSi samsaxuris dros uamravi codna SeiZina da miRebuli gamocdileba axla samoqalaqo cxovrebaSic Zalian exmareba. `me erT-erTi qarTveli qali var, romelmac sakuTari arCevani erTi didi ojaxis _ jaris sasargeblod gaakeTa. cota xnis win samSvidobo misiiT eraySi viyavi mivlenili. dRes ki, saSualeba maqvs sakuTar miwa-wyals amave statusiT vemsaxuro. merwmuneT, amaze didi pativi da Rirseba ar arsebobs, rodesac sakuTari qveynis jariskaci gqvia.~ es nanas sityvebia, qalia, romlis sanukvari survili samSoblosTvis patrioti Svilebis aRzrdaa.
our respondent is proud not only of the georgian Army but of the historical past of the georgian and Kist people; he also takes pride in the ossetian ties of relationship. merab got married to a georgian girl two years ago and they have a six-month old daughter. the young family is expecting a son in the nearest future. when you meet such a motivated man in the Army it fills you with high spirit, though besides men there are women in the army as well. the battalion doctor, sergeant nana tskhadadze, is one of them. she started her military career four years ago. she still remembers the surprised look of her colleagues when they learned about the decision of a young, perspective lecturer of medical university to quit her job and join the army. As she says, she gained knowledge and experience that greatly helps her in daily life. “i’m one of those georgian women who made her choice in favor of a big family – the Army.” “recently i was on a peacekeeping mission in iraq. today i have an opportunity to serve my motherland under the same mandate. believe me, there is no other greater dignity and honor than to be called the soldier of your country,” these are the words of nana – a woman who dreams of raising patriots of the country. sergeant tskhaladze speaks about the health issues of the military personnel with special sense of responsibility. most of her patients are complaining of seasonal disease influenza. in case of serious injuries the patients are transferred to gori hospital where they receive professional medical treatment. After getting acquainted with the medical service conditions, the journalists are curious to learn more about the soldiers’ nutrition: we tasted their meal ration. the menu turned out to be more diverse than in sanatoriums: bread, rice soup, chicken sauce, mashed potatoes and cabbage salad with oil. Add to this fruit and fruit juice. this is one food ration.
serJanti qalbatoni piradi Semadgenlobis janmrTelobis Sesaxeb gansakuTrebuli pasuxismgeblobiT saubrobs. misi TqmiT, ZiriTadad pacientebi sezonur daavadebas e.w. grips uCivian. seriozuli tramvis SemTxvevaSi ki goris samxedro hospitalSi gadahyavs, sadac samxedroebi umaRlesi donis samkurnalo kurss gadian. samedicino momsaxurebis pirobebis gacnobis Semdeg Jurnalistebi samxedroebis kvebiTac davinteresdiT da jariskacis ulufac davagemovneT. meniu imaze mravalferovani aRmoCnda, vidre zogierT pansionatSi: puri, brinjis sufi, qaTmis Caxoxbilis, kartofilis piure da kombostos salaTi zeTiT. am CamonaTvals Tan erTvis xili da naturaluri wveni. es sadilis CamonaTvalia. batalionSi sul samjeradi kvebis saukeTeso pirobebia. meniu maRali kaloriulobiT da mdidari asortimentiT gamoirCeva. uaxloes momavalSi dagegmilia aranormirebul kvebis reJimze gadasvlac. yvelaferi es ki firma `X- meti~-is damsaxurebaa. mas Semdeg, rac samSvidobo batalionis cxovrebas dislokaciis adgilze gavecaniT samSvidobo Zalebis Stabis ufross, general mamuka yuraSvils erTerT saguSagoze gadaadgileba vTxoveT. Tanxmoba miRebulia da Cveni korteJic erTdroulad gauval, daTovlil da atalaxebul gzas gaudga. garkveuli drois Semdeg emocia matulobs da izrdeba adrenalini. `yuradRebiT iare danaRmuli ar iyos~ _ ismis generlis miTiTebac mZRolisadmi. ramdenime wuTSi Cven saguSago koSkze varT, saidanac 400 metrSi ukve e.w. samxreT oseTis kontrolirebadi teritoria iwyeba. ramdenime wamic da ismis moxseneba: `batono generalo saguSago koSkze pasuxismgebeli leitenanti WreliZe _ Cems mier sabrZolo davalebis Sesruleb-
is dros raime gansakuTrebul SemTxvevas adgili ar hqonia.~ Tavisuflad! generalTan erTad e.w. blindaJSi SevdivarT da kapral Salva SeyilaZes vesaubrebiT jarSi yvelaferi rigzea. motivacia Zlieria, xolo sabrZolo ganwyobileba maRali. rogorc ityvian, sirTuleebis ar gveSinia. davijero mcire saxis problemebic ar gaqvT, Tu batoni generlis gerideba? rogor giTxraT... gamogitydebiT da mcire problema mainc arsebobs, ar davmalav. generlis Sewuxeba ar Rirs, miTumetes, roca saqme Seyvarebuls exeba. axla ukve gasagebia. Sen problemasTan ki ara saqme sasixarulo faqtTan gqonia. ho, sami Tve da oTxi dRea, rac aq vimyofebi. mxolod telefoniT vaxerxeb dakavSirebas da isic mcire droiT.monatrebiT momenatra, magram magaze ar vfiqrob. axla mTavari mowinave xazze biWebTan erTad yofnaa. maTi daRalateba ar SeiZleba. aqedan cxinvalamde daaxloebiT 400 metria. qalaqi SeuiaraRebeli TvaliTac ki mosCans. rogor warmogidgenia momavali urTierToba Sen os TanatolebTan? mimaCnia, rom konfliqtis zonaSi arsebuli viTareba mSvidobiani gziT unda mogvardes. amis mTavar garantad ki mxareebs Soris politikuri SeTanxmeba unda iqces. sainteresoa batoni generali ras fiqrobs amis Sesaxeb? qarTveli samSvidoboebi Cveni qveynis gmirebi arian. TiTeuli maTgani sakuTari qveynis saxelmwifoebriv interess am urTules pirobebSi, mowinave xazze pirnaTlad icavs, risTvisac maT meTaurobas da piradad jariskacebs madlobas vuxdi. jari erTi didi ojaxia. yvela wodebis samxedro piri qveyanas erTnairi mowodebiT emsaxureba. uSualod rac konfliqtis zonaSi mosamsaxure samxedroebs Seexeba, maTi misia samSvidoboa. isini konfliqtis zonaSi mcxovreb qarTul-osuri mosaxleobis Tanadgomas uzrunvelyofen. mixaria, rom dRemde piradi Semadgenloba amas warmatebiT axorcielebs. Tavdacvis saministrosa da gaerTianebuli Stabis xelmZRvanelobis mxardaWeris gareSe albaT am mkacr pirobebSi samsaxuri did sirTuleebTan iqneboda dakavSirebuli...
generali mamuka yuraSvili generAl mAmuKA KurAshvili
the battalion soldiers are offered their meals three times a day. the menu is rich in calories and the food assortment is wide. it is planned to serve meals with free regime in the nearest. this is all thanks to company “X-meti”. After getting familiar with the battalion life, we asked general mamuka Kurashvili to visit one of the check-points. on getting authorization our motorcade started to make its way through the impassable, snowcovered and muddy road. After a certain period of time emotions stir up and adrenaline rushes. “be careful, be aware of mines,” we hear the general warning his driver. in several minutes we reached the check-point 400 meters away from the so-called ossetian controlled territory. in a second we hear a soldier reporting: “sir general, lieutenant chrelidze on duty on the check-point tower – there has been no special accident during my duty.” As you were! we enter the shelter together with the general and talk to corporal shalva shekiladze. everything is in order in the Army. motivation is high as is combat spirit. we are not afraid of difficulties. Should I believe that you don’t have any problem, or you are shy of the General? how can i say… frankly, a little problem really exists. it is not worth to disturb the general, especially, when it concerns love. Now it is clear. In this case, it is not a problem, it’s a pleasant fact. three months and four days passed, since i have been here. i can reach her only by phone for a short time. i am missing her, but i don’t think about this. currently, the most important is to be on the first line together with guys. they shouldn’t be betrayed. It is almost 400 meters from this place to Tskhinvali. The city is visible with the naked eye. How do you imagine your relations with your peer Ossetians?
i think the existing situation in the conflict zones should be resolved peacefully. political agreement should be the main guarantee between the sides. The General’s position is very interesting concerning this issue. georgian peacekeepers are the heroes of our time. each of them protects the interest of his country, in this difficult situation, in the front line. for this i express my gratitude to commanders and personally to every soldier. the army is like one big family. representatives of every military rank serve the country equally enthusiastically. concerning the military servants in conflict zone, their mission is to keep peace. they provide georgian-ossetian residents with support. i am happy that till today they are providing it successfully. Without the support of the leadership of the Ministry of Defence of Georgia and the Joint Staff, serving in these hard conditions should have been connected with great difficulties… their support to us is really invaluable. i want to use the chance and express special gratitude to the minister of defence of georgia david Kezerashvili, head of the Joint staff of the georgian Armed forces col. Zaza gogava, deputy head of Js ltc. Aleksandre osepaishvili and the leadership of the procurement department. their daily attention, interest in every soldier’s fate is a big stimulus and a source of moral support for us. today every little problem which existed till now is solved. it has to do with providing lubricants, logistical support, nutrition and other important things. Mr. Mamuka, many faulty tendencies were eradicated in the Army in the last few years. Among them was violence against younger conscripts in the army. Situation in the Army is a sheer example of this. General together with personnel is in the trench at the front line. the best commander for personnel should set an example and be distinguished for his simplicity. i think the soldiers who are serving in this region are personally my companions. it is a great honor to me. some years before, in this place where we are now, ossetian gangs were raiding; local residents were terrorized. All this is in the past. it is the merit of georgian peacekeepers and police units that the existing situation has been radically changed. Maybe one of the soldiers from the trench will become a General after some days. What will be the advice of experienced General? A commander must love his soldiers and must respect his personal dignities. i am sure that in the future, when these guys lead battalions and brigades, they will adhere to these principles. during the years, the georgian side couldn’t control the roki tunnel. today this question stands in other way, this issue can be solved. how
maTi mxardaWera CvenTvis marTlac Seufasebelia. minda visargeblo SemTxveviT da gansakuTrebuli madloba gadavuxado Tavdacvis ministrs daviT kezeraSvils, SeiaraRebuli Zalebis ufross, polkovnik zaza gogavas, gaerTianebuli Stabis ufrosis moadgiles, vice-polkovnik aleqsandre osefaiSvils. aseve, Sesyidvebis departamentis xelmZRvanelobas. maTi yoveldRiuri yuradReba, daintereseba yoveli jariskacis bediT, CvenTvis didi stimuli da moraluri mxardaWeraa. dReisaTvis mTlianad mogvarebulia yvela is Tundac mcire masStabis problema, romelic aqamde arsebobda. es exeba igive sawvav-sapoxi masalebiT uzrunvelyofas, lojistikur momaragebas, kvebas da sxva mniSvnelovan mimarTulebebs. batono mamuka, bolo wlebSi jarSi bevri mankieri tendencia aRmoifxvra. maT Soris, e.w. `dedovSCina~ amis damamtkicebeli, Tundac dRevandeli magaliTia. generali pirad SemadgenlobasTan erTad, sangarSi, wina xazze imyofeba... saukeTeso meTauri piradi SemadgenlobisTvis magaliTis mimcemi unda iyos da uSualobiT gamoirCeodes. mimaCnia, rom jariskacebi, romlebic am regionSi msaxuroben piradad Cemi TanamebrZolebi arian, rac CemTvis didi pativia. ramdenime wlis win, aq, sadac Cven axla vimyofebiT osuri band-formirebebi TareSobdnen, ris gamoc adgilobrivi mosaxleoba srul terors ganicdida. es yvelaferi ukve warsuls Cabarda. arsebuli viTarebis aseTi radikaluri cvla ki swored qarTveli samSvidoboebis da policiuri danayofebis damsaxurebaa. garkveuli drois Semdeg SesaZloa am sangarSi myofi jariskacidan romelime generalic gaxdes. Tqveni saxiT, ras urCevda mas gamocdili generali? meTaurs jariskaci unda uyvardes da pativs scemdes mis pirovnul Rirsebas. darwmunebuli var, momavalSi, rodesac es biWebi batalionebsa da brigadebs uxelmZRvaneleben swored am principiT imoqmedeben. wlebis ganmavlobaSi rokis gvirabis gakontrolebas qarTuli mxare ver axerxebda. dRes es sakiTxi sxvagvarad dgas. rogor warmogidgeniaT qarTveli samSvidoboebis roli am procesSi? qarTvel samSvidoboebs unari SeswevT nebismier amocanas gaarTvan Tavi. mjera, saqarTvelo aucileblad gaimarjvebs da am warmatebis mopoveba os xalxTan erTad moxdeba.
es optimisturi nota Cveni reportaJis saukeTeso dasasruli iqneboda, magram sofel avnevis mosaxleobasTan gasaubrebis gareSe ar gvindoda konfliqtis zonidan wamosvla da vfiqrob, rom swori gadawyvetileba miviReT. avnevi swored is adgilia sidanac saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi iurisdiqcia mTavrdeba, droebiT!!! qsenia giqoSvili _ ramdenime xnis win quCaSi gasvla gveSinoda. cxinvalidan gadmosuli SeiaraRebuli adamianebi TiTqmis yoveldRiurad gvawiokebdnen. dRes sruliad gansxvavebuli viTarebaa. Tqven TviTon xedavT rogori gamococxlebulia sofeli. quCaSi bavSvebis xma da Jriamuli ismis. qarTuli jari rom ara, es yvelaferi isev sanatreli gveqneboda. daviT WiRlaZe _ jer 10 wlis var da skolaSi vswavlob. rodesac gavizrdebi jariskaci unda gavxde. mere avtomatis srolas viswavli da Cems samSoblos davicav. glaxo yazaxaSvili _ am sofelSi 400-ze meti komli cxovrobs, aqedan asze mets osebi Seadgenen. maTTan ZmebiviT varT da gasayofic araferi gvaqvs.mas Semdeg, rac am xeobas qarTveli samSvidoboebi akontroleben, mosaxleobas momavlis imedi mieca.
do you see the role of georgian peacekeepers in this process? georgian soldiers have the ability to complete their task successfully. i believe that georgia will win and we’ll share the victory with the ossetians. this optimist note would be the best end of this article, but we didn’t want to leave the conflict zone without conversation with the residents of Avnevi village. i think this was a right decision. Avnevi is a place, where georgia’s jurisdiction ends – for the time being! Ksenia Gikoshvili says: “some time ago, we were afraid to go to the streets. everyday we were startled by armed persons from tskhinvali. today the situation is different. you can see how the village is relieved; you can hear children’s noise and hubbub. it would not be possible without the georgian Army.” David Chigladze says: “i am 10 years old yet and i am studying at school. when i grow up, i’ll be a soldier. then i will study shooting and defend my country.” Glakho Kazakhashvili says: “there are more than 400 households in this village, among them, more than 100 are ossetian. we are like brothers and we have nothing to fight over with them. since the georgian peacekeepers are controlling situation, residents have been inspired with the hope for future.”
saguSagoze on thE chEck-poInt
samSvidobo misia/PeacekeePing mission
serJantma qalebma samSvidobo misia Seasrules
the third infAntry brigAde returned in februAry from irAq. in A so-cAlled red line in A plAce with men there were Also women. i hAve met some of them removed in worKing conditions right After end of their holidAy. sergeAnt KhAtunA AglAdZe, mAKA vAshAKidZe, irinA mAchArAshvili, lAnce-sergeAnt tAmAr gogolAuri And rusudAn eliKAshvili hAve mAde friends in irAq. they lived in one bArrAcKs And divided the responsibility, nostAlgiA on the nAtive lAnd And fAmily.
Tebervlis dasawyisSi erayidan me-3 qveiTi brigada dabrunda. samSvidobo misiiT mamakacebis gverdiT, e.w. wiTel zonaSi qalebic imyofebodnen. ramdenime maTgans Svebulebis damTavrebis Semdeg, samuSao garemoSi SevxvdiT. serJantebi xaTuna aglaZe, maka vaSakiZe, irina maWaraSvili, ucrosi serJantebi Tamar gogolauri da rusudan elikaSvili eraySi damegobrdnen. isini erT yazarmaSi cxovrobdnen da erTad iziarebdnen pasuxismgeblobis, samSoblosa da ojaxis monaterebis grZnobas.
Tamar gogolauri, maka vaSakiZe, irina maWaraSvili, rusudan elikaSvili Tamar gogolauri, maka vaSakiZe, irina maWaraSvili, rusudan elikaSvili tamaR gogolaURI, maka VashakIdzE, IRIna machaRashVIlI, RUsUdan ElIkashVIlI tamaR gogolaURI, maka VashakIdzE, IRIna machaRashVIlI, RUsUdan ElIkashVIlI
Women SergeantS Have Done tHeir Duty
saubars irina iwyebs. erTi SexedviT Tamami serJanti saubrisas sakmaod TavSekavebuli aRmoCnda: axlaxans CamoxvediT erayidan da ukve SeudeqiT Tqveni movaleobis Sesrulebas. dasveneba moaswariT mainc? met-naklebad movaswariT, magram Camosvlis Semdeg yvelani cudad gavxdiT. sicxis Semdeg aseT yinvebs ver SevegueT. iq piriqiT iyo - sicxeebi gviWirda. mokled, iqac da aqac aklimatizacis periodi gadavlaxeT. serJanti xaTuna aglaZe: es dReebi ZiriTadad ojaxSi gavatare. movinaxule yvela Cemi axlobeli. bavSvebs imdenad monatrebulebi vyavdi, rom erTi wuTiTac ar mtoveben martos. xaTuna ori Svilis dedaa da sxvebTan SedarebiT samSvidobo misiaSi yofnis didi gamocdileba aqvs. eraySi orjer imyofeboda, amitom rodesac wiTel zonaSi samsaxuris gadawyvetileba miiRo, winaswar gaazrebuli hqonda ra sirTuleebs waawydebda. mainc wavida, radgan miiCnevs, rom roca imas akeTeb, rac giyvars, naklebad fiqrob sirTuleze. samxedro samsaxuri mainc mamakacur profesiad iTvleba, amis fonze ufro sainteresoa qali, romelic eraySi, e.w. wiTel zonaSi 6 TviT samSvidobo misiiT imyofeboda. ramdenad rTuli iyo am misiis Sesruleba.? samxedroebs sirTuleebze wuwuni ar uyvarT, samSvidobo misiidan dabrunebuli qalebic am Temaze bevrs ar saubroben, erTs ki ixseneben _ autaneli sicxeebi iyoo da ojaxi gvenatrebodao. yvelafris miuxedavad, Cveni misia SevasruleT da yvelaze mTavari axla es aris.. adgilobriv mosaxleobasTan Tu gqondaT urTierToba da rogori damokidebuleba CamogiyalibdaT maTTan. islamuri qveyanaa da qali samxedroebis
the third infantry brigade returned from iraq in february. on the frontline, women were serving together with men. i have met some of them right after the end of their holiday. sergeant Khatuna Agladze, maka vashakidze, irina macharashvili, lancesergeant tamar gogolauri and rusudan elikashvili have made friends in iraq. they lived in one barracks and shared responsibilities, as well as nostalgia of their families and their native land. irina starts the conversation – seemingly brave as a sergeant, she appears somewhat reserved as we talk: you have recently arrived from iraq and have already entered duty. have you had the time to have a rest? we had the time to have a rest more or less, but after returning we felt some discomfort because of climate differences: it was hot there, and it is cold there, but we have overcome the acclimatization process already. sergeant KHATuNA AGlADzE: i spent my holiday with my family, met the relatives. children missed me very much and did not leave me for a minute. Khatuna has two children and has experience as a peacekeeper more than others. she was in iraq twice, and when she decided to participate in mission in the conflict zone, she knew very well how difficult it could be to perform her duty. not looking at difficulties, she went to execute the duty because she thought that if a person likes her work, difficulties could not worry her. military service is a male profession, and in this context a woman who participates in military operations especially in the frontlines in iraq during 6 months is becoming more interesting. was it hard fulfilling a peacekeeping mission in iraq? military servicemen do not like to complain about difficulties, and military women are not an exception, but all complains were made around intolerable heat and about missing one’s relatives. in spite of everything we performed our mission and that’s what the most important thing is...
Did you have any relations with the local population and of what kind? Did they have some specific reactions looking at military women because of their religion? Tamar Gogolauri: we (women) had not left the base. but georgian military servicemen often helped local people, for which they earned the population’s respect and friendly attitude. Khatuna Agladze: one Arab man had a little store near our base and Arabs visited this store quite often. when we were talking about our customs they find similarities between our traditions, except wearing the veil (purdah). we felt respect from the population. georgian servants assisted the iraqi people and they have a high opinion of us. Irina Macharashvili: we were not able to have conversations with the local population because of the language barrier, but there was visible surprise in their eyes when they looked at military women in uniforms. Why did you decide to join the military?
danaxvaze raime gansakuTrebuli reaqcia xom ar hqoniaT... Tamar gogolauri: qalebi bazidan ar gavdiodaT. qarTveli samxedroebi xSirad adgilobriv mosaxleobas exmarebodnen, ris gamoc Zalian uyvarT qarTvelebi da megobruli damokidebuleba CamouyalibdaT maTTan. xaTuna aglaZe: erT arabs Cvens bazaze maRazia hqonda gaxsnili da arabebi xSirad Semodiodnen xolme. roca maT gaiges Cveni adaT-wesebi, Tqves, rom igive tradiciebi gaqvT, oRond Tqveni qalbatonebi Cadrs ar atarebeno. amis Semdeg did pativiscemas vgrZnobdiT. qarTvelebi ZiriTadad gadiodnen adgilobrivi mosaxleobis dasaxmareblad, amitom Zalian kargi damokidebuleba hqondaT Cvens mimarT da sixaruliT gvxvdebodnen. irina maWaraSvili: adgilobriv mosaxleobasTan gasaubreba ver SevZeliT enis barieris gamo, magram imaT gamoxedvaSi igrZnoboda gakvirveba, roca qals formaSi gvxedavdnen. saerTod saidan wamovida imis survili, rom samxedro mosamsaxure gamxdariyaviT? maka vaSakiZe: adre samxedro hospitalSi vmuSaobdi, romelic Semdeg SeuerTda Cvens brigadas. dedaCemic samxedro mosamsaxure iyo. aqedan gamomdinare kargad vicnobdi samxedro cxovrebas da mec gamiCnda survili dedaCemis kvals gavyolodi. xaTuna aglaZe: amisTvis didi madloba minda gadavuxado maior zaza CxaiZes da vice-polkovnik aleqsandre osefaiSvils. es maTi damsaxurebaa. Cemi Zma TbilisSi ar iyo, roca miTxres, rom ukve SesaZlebelia mandilosnebma imsaxuron jarSio. mec didi siamovnebiT davTanxmdi. marTalia, Cemi Zma winaaRmdegi iyo, radgan Zalian momTxovnia da eSinoda araferi SemSloda, magram mivaRwie imas, rom axla kmayofilia da amayobs kidec. pirvelad muSaoba kojris specdaniSnulebis brigadaSi daviwye. eraySi gamgzavrebasTan dakavSirebiT Tqvens gadawyvetilebas ojaxSi rogor Sexvdnen? xaTuna aglaZe: ojaxi TiTqmis samxedro maqvs, amitom ar gakvirvebiaT. Zma da rZali oficrebi arian. Svili ki saxlSi ukve formiT dadis da ocnebobs, rodis gaxdeba samxedro. megobrebic yvelani samxedro mosamsaxureebi arian. rusudan elikaSvili: SiSiT, magram davarwmune, rom saWiro iyo samSvidobo misiaSi Cemi wasvla. me maincdamainc ar meSinoda. cnobismoyvareobis grZnoba ufro mqonda. profesiiT Jurnalisti var da mainteresebda, ra xdeboda eraySi. iq ufro saSiSi situacia dagvxvda, vidre megona. magram axla amayi var, rom
yvelafer amas vZlie da Cemze dakisrebuli misia Sevasrule. xaTuna Tqven orjer iyaviT eraySi. ra gansxvaveba iyo am or misias Soris? pirvelad baRdadSi viyavi, iq Cveni misia gansxvavebuli formatis iyo, ZiriTadad obieqtebs vicavdiT. maSin mxolod batalioni asrulebda samSvidobo misias, axla ki wiTel zonaSi mTeli brigada iyo dislocirebuli. gansxvaveba infrastruqturis TvalsazrisiTac iyo. baRdadSi yvelaferi mowesrigebuli dagxvda, al-kutSi ki infrastruqtura saerTod ar arsebobda. yvelaferi, yazarma Tu Stabi me-3 qveiTi brigadis jarisjacebma aaSenes da es Zalian rTuli iyo, magram kargad gaarTves Tavi. CvenTan erTad eraySi imyofeboda mama gabrieli. bazaze da sakontrolo gamSveb punqtebze eklesiebi aaSenes, sadac wirva-locva mimdinareobda. Zalian bevri morwmunea jarSi da mixaria, rom erTmaneTis mimarT Tanadgomas da urTierTpativiscemas vxedavdi. ra gamocdileba miiReT samSvidobo misiaSi yofnisas da sad SeiZleba am gamocdilebis gamoyeneba? irina maWaraSvili: samxedro samsaxurSi yofnisas yovelTvis iReb gamocdilebas disciplinis mxriv, eCvevi reJimSi cxovrebas. eraySi daZabuli situaciis atanisa da sirTuleebTan gamklavebis kargi gamocdileba miviReT. xaTuna aglaZe: didi gamocdileba miviRe, aramarto samxedro TvalsazrisiT, aramed adamianuriTac. vxedavdi rogor gaWirvebaSi cxovrobda xalxi, ra saSineli pirobebi iyo. maT fonze RmerTs madlobas veubnebodi, rom saqarTvelodan viyavi droebiT Casuli. Cven namdvilad ar gvaqvs sawuwuno. samSvidobo misiaSi yofnisas viswavleT rTul pirobebTan Segueba da didi cxovrebiseuli gamocdileba miviReT. Tamar gogolauri: iq yofnis dros miviRe udidesi gamocdileba. gavxdi ufro Zlieri da amtani. SeveCvie rTul situaciaSi muSaobas da gamiqra SiSis grZnoba srolebisa da afeTqebebis dros. am gamocdilebas iq gamoviyeneb, sadac Cems qveyanas dasWideba. kerZod risi gakeTeba gevalebodaT? maka vaSakiZe: Cven ZiriTadad kadrebis da kancelariis TanamSromlebi varT. viyaviT marTvis centrSi da vakvirdebodiT rogor gadaadgildeboda badragi. gvevaleboda ganwesSi gasvla da daZabulebi vadevnebdiT Tvals monitors, Tan gaTviTcnobierebuli gvqonda, rom yoveli gadaadgileba riskTan iyo dakavSirebuli, moulodneli ,,siurprizebi~ iq, wiTel zonaSi, arc Tu iSviaTia da vnatrobdiT Cveni biWebi mSvidobiT dabrunebuliyvnen banakSi.
irina maWaraSvili, rusudan elikaSvili IRIna machaRashVIlI, RUsUdan ElIkashVIlI
Maka Vashakidze: i used to work in a military hospital, which was added to my current brigade. my mother was in the military as well; i knew military life quite well and i’ve followed my mothers steps. Khatuna Agladze: i would like to express my highest gratitude to major Zaza chkheidze and ltc Aleksandre osepaishvili. my military carrier is their merit. my brother was not in tbilisi when i got informed that women were permitted to join the army. i have willingly agreed to become a military woman. my brother was against my choice because he is very exacting and was concerned about me. but today he is proud of me. i have begun my career in the Kojori special operations battalion. How did your family react to your decision to serve in Iraq? Khatuna Agladze: most of my family members are military servants, so they were not surprised. my brother and sister in law are officers. my child is wearing uniform and wants to become a soldier as soon as possible. my friends are in the military as well. Rusudan Elikashvili: i convinced them that it is necessary for me to participate in this mission. i was not afraid and it was very curious, because as a journalist i wanted to know what really went on in iraq. it was more terrible than what i had thought, but now i am proud that i have gone there. Khatuna, you were in Iraq twice. What was the main difference between those missions? i was in baghdad during my first tour, and our mission was to safeguard several objects. At this time only one battalion performed the mission, but on my second tour there was a whole brigade at the frontlines. differences were in the context of infrastructure as well. everything was figured out in baghdad, but in the city of Al kut there was not any infrastructure at all. All barracks and staff buildings were built by the soldiers of the third infantry brigade and it was not easy, but everything was done well. A lot of religious people are in the army and i am glad.
we had a pastor at the base and there were little churches at the check-points where our pastor delivered sermons. Could you say few words about your experience in peacekeeping mission and where you are going to use this experience? Irina Macharashvili: it is obvious that i got some experience from my military service. i got used to being disciplined. i got experience in solving difficulties. Khatuna Agladze: it was great experience for me not only in the military sphere, but also as far as the human factor is concerned. i could see the poverty of the locals. looking at their living conditions, i thank god for my georgian roots. during my participation in peacekeeping mission i realized how to figure out difficulties and gather life experience. Tamar Gogolauri: military operations gave us a lot of experience. i became stronger. i am able to overcome difficulties and fears. i will implement my experience everywhere according my country’s needs. What did you do specifically? Maka Vashakidze: we are personnel management and chanullary employees. we had been in the administration centre and had controlled guard movement. we had to patrol the area and control monitors. we knew quite well that each movement could be insecure and “surprised”. suddenness is not a rare occurrence in the red-line territory. we only hoped that our boys would return unharmed. Did you miss something special? Irina Macharashvili: everything georgian… we missed families, friends, and homeland. maka and i have children and we were contacting with them by messages. our family members worried about us, but everything was fine.
iq yofnisas ra genatrebodaT yvelaze ufro? irina maWaraSvili: yvelaferi qarTuli gvenatreboda: samSoblo, ojaxis wevrebi, axloblebi da megobrebi. me da makas Svilebi gvyavs, romlebTan kontaqtsac mesijebiT vaxerxebdiT. ojaxSi yvela daZabuli iyo da nerviulobdnen, magram yvelaferi kargia, rac kargad mTavrdeba. maka vaSakiZe: qarTuli kerZebi gvenatreboda. verafriT SevegueT iqaur saWmels. erTi Tve TiTqmis arafers vWamdiT. gavxdiT. Semdeg nel-nela SevegueT. xandaxan Tu amis saSualeba mogvecemoda baJes vakeTebdiT. axla roca samSobloSi xarT albaT gaxsendebaT istoriebi, romelic Tavs gadagxdaT, zogic sasacilo, zogic saintereso. . . xaTuna aglaZe: ki rogor ara. gogoebi roca vikribebiT xSirad vixsenebT xolme. erTxel Tavdacvis saministros delegacia Camovida JurnalistebTan erTad. maTTan erTad iyo Tavdacvis saministros sazogadoebriv saqmeTa departamentis sazogadoebasTan da masmediasTan urTierTobis sammarTvelos ufrosi rusudan cimakuriZe, romelsac dabombvis imdenad ar eSinoda, ramdenadac xvlikebis da ucxo mwerebis. mTeli Rame ar eZina, gvexveweboda, melaparakeT gogoebo, ver viZineb, meSinia saidanme xvliki ar gamoZvreso. kidev kargi, am dros ar daemTxva dabombvebi. ise Zalian mainteresebda am dros ras izamda. rac marTali marTalia erTi kviris manZilze ise davaJkacda, rom iZaxda, kidev Camovalo. erT patara incidentsac gavixseneb. erTxel sasadiloSi morige viyavi. qarTvel biWebs evalebodaT SemsvlelTa mowmobebis kontroli. erT-erTi amerikeli specrazmeli ar daemorCila da ZaliT Semovida. Sevecade situaciaSi garkvevas. gavige sad, romel qvedanayofSi msaxurobda da Sevatyobine Stabs. Cvenma meTaurma didi yuradReba miaqcia am faqts da amerikelma saTanado pasuxi ago, bodiSic ki mouxada serJants. dabombvis dros erT-erTi qarTveli daiWra. mas gadaefara samxedro policiis serJanti xaraiSvili da sanam srola ar damTavrda ar moSorda, pirveladi daxmarebac gauwia. amisaTvis mas madloba gamoucxades da axla medalzea wardgenili. rusudan elikaSvili: quveiTidan al-kutSi rom CavediT, Zalian daRlilebi viyaviT da dasaZineblad davweqiT. RamiT dabombvis xmam gamogvaRviZa. marTalia, gafrTxilebulebi viyaviT, magram mainc gamovvardiT gareT. iqve cementis bunkerebi iyo gadmoyiravebuli, SevediT am yuTSi da mTeli Rame iq gavatareT. aranaklebi SiSi vnaxeT, roca oTaxSi virTxa SemogveWra. iseTi ambavi avtexeT qalebma, mere Cven TviTon Segvrcxva. warmoidgineT Tavi
xaTuna aglaZe TanamebrZolebTan erTad khatUna agladzE WIth hER comRadEs-In-aRm
mogvaqvs, samxedroebi varT, wiTel zonaSi vmsaxurobT da virTxam gadagvria. didxans davrbodiT, vyvirodiT, samni vebrZodiT da bolos rogorc iqna movkaliT. aseTive warmatebiT vebrZodiT xvlikebs. Tavidan Tu biWebs veZaxdiT dasaxmareblad. bolos ise gavyoCaRdiT, rom qoSis erTi tyorcnac ki sakmarisi iyo da ,,mteri~ mogeriebuli gvyavda. maka vaSakiZe: erTxel morige viyavi da gadmosces, rom meTauri mofrinavs ZroxiTo. StabisaTvis mniSvnelovani iyo imis gageba Tu riT gadaadgildeboda meTauri, informacia ki me unda mimewodebina. saSinlad davibeni, ver gavbede meTqva ZroxiT mofrinavso. Tan vfiqrobdi namdvilad sworad gavige Tu ara meTqi, Tu sworad gavige kuveitidan raSi dasWirda meTaurs Zroxis wamoyvana... mokled sagonebelSi Cavvardi. sxva gza ar mqonda, rac gavige gadaveci. ufro iman gamakvirva, rom am informaciaze StabSi aranairi reaqcia ar hqondaT. mere gavige, aseTi metsaxelebi hqondaT Turme vertmfrenebs. irina maWaraSvili: erT-erTi dabombvis Semdeg gviTxres, Cveni biWebi daiWrneno. meTaurma gvTxova, mogvenaxulebina isini da gagvemxnevebina. Cvenc gavamzadeT xili da Sokoladi, romelic saqarTvelodan Camogvitanes da Zalian gvenaneboda sxvisTvis wasaRebad. lazareTSi mivediT, oTaxSi SevediT da iq mxolod erTi biWi dagvxvda, romelic Cveni stumrobiT Zalian gaocda. davsxediT da daviwyeT saubari sxvadasxva Temaze. Semdeg vekiTxebi: Wriloba rogor gaqvso? ra Wrilobao, gakvirvebulma mipasuxa. daWrili ki ar var, nevrozi avikideo. eg xom yvelas gvWirso, vuTxariT da siciliT davemSvidobeT. ase daumsaxureblad darCa CvenTvis esoden sanatreli xili da tkbileuli pacients. brigadaSi dabrunebis pirveli dRe ra asociacias badebs TqvenSi? Zalian mogvenatra samsaxuri. aq rom movdiodi, iseTi grnoba miCndeboda, TiTqos pirveli samuSao dRe mqonda. fexi Semovdgi Tu ara brigadis teritoriaze mivxvdi, raoden nacnobi da mSobliuri iyo aq yvelaferi. marTalia dasveneba yvelas siamovnebs, magram ise SeveCvieT erTmaneTs, rom Svebulebis drosac ki erTmaneTi gvenatreboda. kidev waxvalT samSvidobo misiis Sesasruleblad? xaTuna aglaZe: xSirad misvamen am SekiTxvas axloblebi. marTalia Zalian menatreba Cemi samSoblo, miZneldeba Svilebis, ojaxis gareSe yofna, magram me samxedro var da Tu saWiro iqneba arc ki davfiqrdebi, ise waval.
Maka Vashakidze: we missed the georgian cuisine. we could not get used to the local meals. sometimes we prepared georgian dishes. Now when you are in Georgia you must be remembering some more or less funny stories. .. Khatuna Agladze: of course we have some funny stories. once the delegation of the defence ministry visited our base together with journalists. head of division for public relations and mass-media of the public relations department, ms. rusudan tsimakuridze was accompanying the delegation. And she was not as scared of bombs as she was of lizards and insects. she could not fall asleep for nights on end and asked us to talk to her because she was scared that lizards and insects would suddenly appear. thanks god there were no bombings at that time. i can imagine rusudan’s frightened eyes. but it should be mentioned that during the week she became stronger. i would like to mention one more fact as well. once i was on duty in the kitchen. A georgian servant was responsible for controlling incomers’ ids. one of the American sf’s came in without permission. i tried to fix up situation and after the incident was resolved the American soldier apologized. during a bombing, one of the georgian soldiers was injured and sergeant Kharaishvili covered him until firing stopped. sergeant was awarded a medal. Rusudan Elikashvili: when we arrived in Al-kut we were quite tired, because we would wake up because of bombings. we were informed, but anyway we were scared. we found used boxes for cement and got under these boxes. we were under those boxes for the whole night. it was curious when we found a rat in our room. we finally got rid of the rat. fighting against lizards was successful in the same way. Maka Vashakidze: once i was on duty and was informed that our chief would fly by “cow.” it was very important for staff to know our chief’s flight details. i was taken aback completely; i did not know how i could inform staff about cow flight details. i couldn’t do anything though, so i repeated what i had heard. later, i found out that “cow” means helicopter in the military slang. First day after returning to the brigade, could you express your emotions? we missed our work place very much. i felt that it looks like my first working day – that was my emotion. when i came into the brigade i realized that it is my home place. it was great to be on holidays, but we missed each other. Would you like to be sent on peacekeeping missions again? Khatuna Agladze: i have been asked this question many times. i really miss my country, it is very difficult to leave children, family, but i’m a military servicewoman and if it is necessary i will go without a second thought.
dagegmvis dokumentebi _ winapiroba warmatebuli reformebisTvis
beqa aladaSvili BEka aladashVIlI
In thE fIRst qUaRtER of thIs yEaR, thE mInIstRy of dEfEncE pUBlIshEd tWo EssEntIal docUmEnts. on janUaRy 24, thE mod hEld a pREsEntatIon on UnclassIfIEd VERsIon of fInal REpoRt of stRatEgIc dEfEncE REVIEW (sdR), folloWEd By thE pUBlIcatIon of “mInIstER`s VIsIon 2008-2011” that Was sIgnEd By thE mInIstER of dEfEncE on maRch 7. thEsE docUmEnts contRIBUtE a lot to dEfInIng thE tRansfoRmatIon of thE dEfEncE systEm and thE gaf dEVElopmEnt pRocEss gEnERally.
mimdinare wlis I kvartalSi Tavdacvis saministrom ori mniSvnelovani dokumenti gamoaqveyna. ama wlis 24 ianvars gaimarTa Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilvis (Tsm) Semajamebeli moxsenebis arasaidumlo versiis prezentacia, xolo 7 marts Tavdacvis ministris xelmoweris Semdeg, gamoqveynda dokumenti ,,ministris xedva 2008-2011~. aRniSnuli dokumentebi mniSvnelovnad gansazRvraven Tavdacvis sistemis transformaciis da zogadad ganviTarebis process. saqarTvelos Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilvis dokumenti warmoadgens individualuri partniorobis samoqmedo gegmiT (ipAp) gaTvaliswinebul erTerT mniSvnelovan valdebulebas. saqarTvelos Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilvis SemuSavebis procesi daiwyo saqarTvelos prezidentis 2004 wlis 7 seqtembris #372 brZanebulebis safuZvelze. dokumenti moicavs saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis (sSZ) arsebuli mdgomareobis yovlismomcvel analizs da ayalibebs SeiaraRebuli Zalebis ganviTarebis stretegiul kurss. igi srulyofilad mimoixilavs SeiaraRebuli Zalebis SesaZleblobebis yvela komponents, adgens TiToeuli komponentis ganviTarebis mimarTulebebs da ZiriTad samoqmedo areals ZalTa dagegmvisa da resursebis ganawilebis sferoSi. arsebuli samxedro-politikuri varaudebis da SesaZlo scenarebis gaTvaliswinebiT, dokumenti gansazRvravs sSZ-s ganviTarebis mimarTulebebs grZel, saSualo da moklevadian periodebisTvis. igi warmoadgens ZiriTad saxelmZRvanelo dokuments resursebis ganawilebis, ZalTa dagegmvis, Tavdacvis prioritetebis dadgenis, da biujetis formirebis TvalsazrisiT. 2007 wlis Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilvis dokumentis Semajamebeli moxsenebis prezentacia gaimarTa nato-s Stab-binaSi. amis paralelurad, dokumenti ganxilul iqna saqarTvelos parlamentSi Tavdacvisa
Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilva
S TRATEGIC D EFENCE R EVIEW
saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministro
MINISTRY OF DEFENCE OF GEORGIA
Planning DocumentS – PreconDition for SucceSSful reformS
da uSiSroebis komitetSi. agreTve, Tsm-s arasaidumlo varianti ganxilul iqna arasamTavrobo organizaciebTanac. yovelive amis Semdeg, 2007 wlis noemberSi, dokumenti daamtkica saqarTvelos prezidentma. Tsm-s farglebSi Tavdacvis saministroSi SemuSavda ZiriTadi konceptualuri dokumentebi (safrTxeebis Sefasebis dokumenti, erovnuli samxedro strategia, ministris xedva), romelTa daskvnebis gaTvaliswinebiT xorcieldeba Tavdacvis dagegmvis procesi. Tsm-s farglebSi ganxorcielda aRWurvilobis, infrastruqturisa da personalis inventarizacia, rac SemdgomSi mniSvnelovnad Seuwyobs xels sistemaSi arsebuli naklovanebebisa da deficitebis dadgenasa da maT aRmofxvras.
georgian sdR document represents one of the important commitments concerning Individual partnership action plan (Ipap). sdR development process has begun in terms of presidential order #372, signed on september 7, 2004. the document involves comprehensive analysis of the current situation in the georgian armed forces (gaf) and formulates strategic developments course of the gaf. It thoroughly reviews all components of the gaf capabilities, determines the directions of each component and main focus area in force planning and resource allocation. considering existing political-military assumptions and possible scenarios, the document defines the main areas of gaf development over short, medium and long term periods. It is supposed to be a manual document for resource allocation, force planning, determination of defence priorities and budget proposition.
the presentation of the final Report of strategic defence Review 2007 was held at the nato headquarters; simultaneously, the document was discussed in the parliamentary committee on defence and security. an unclassified version of sdR was also discussed with ngos. In november 2007, the document was finally approved by the president of georgia. Within the framework of sdR, the main conceptual documents (such as threat assessment document, national military strategy, minister`s Vision) have been elaborated, and we implement defence planning process according to their conclusions. Within the framework of sdR, the mod has made an inventory of equipment, infrastructure and personnel. It would provide the steps towards determination and elimination of existing deficiencies and shortfalls in the defence system. In order to improve the defence systemmanagement, the mod elaborated a new planning, programming and Budgeting system (ppBs). at the same time ppBs manual has been elaborated, which describes the ppBs phases in details and defines functions/responsibilities of the mod and gaf structural units in this process. In order to support target oriented reforms, mod has elaborated various concepts, as well as mid and long term force structures throughout 2015. according to sdR, we introduced a capability-based planning methodology. capabilities-based planning focuses more on how adversaries may challenge us than on who those adversaries might be or where we might have to confront them. such planning identifies the range of capabilities and methods we may possess to contend with an uncertain future. capabilities-based planning is a transformational step in defense management that radically changes the legacy practice of focusing exclusively on known threats and structuring forces against only those requirements. after sdR approval, the mod developed sdR recommendations implementation plan. the document involves detailed, time-lined activity schedule that provides reasonable implementation of sdR recommendations. It is important to note that it is the first document of such type and scale to ever have been elaborated at the mod. also within the framework of this document, for the first time in the georgian defence system, mid and long term planning was established with accompanying elements such as elaborating various planning documents, forming force structure (regarding threats and resources) and resource calculations. the second important document is minister`s Vision 2008-2011, inured on march 7 of this year. this document
Tavdacvis sistemis marTvis srulyofisaTvis SemuSavda da dainerga dagegmvis programirebis da biujetirebis (ppbs) axali sistema, SemuSavda ,,dagegmvis, programirebisa da biujetirebis saxelmZRvanelo~, sadac detaluradaa aRwerili Tavdacvis saministros dagegmvis programirebis da biujetirebis fazebi da am procesSi saministrosa da SeiaraRebuli Zalebis struqturul erTeulTa funqcia-movaleobebi. SeiaraRebul ZalebSi mizanze orientirebuli reformebis xelSewyobis mizniT SemuSavda mTeli rigi koncefciebi. SemuSavda ZalTa saSualo da grZelvadiani struqturebi 2015 wlamde. Tsm-s farglebSi dainerga SesaZleblobebze dafuZnebuli dagegmvis meTodologia, romelic efuZneba im garemoebas, sadac mniSvnelovania ara is, Tu vis da sad SeuZlia Cveni gamowveva, aramed is, Tu ra saxis winaaRmdegobasTan SeiZleba gvqondes saqme. aseTi tipis dagegmva gansazRvravs SesaZleblobebis arCevans da meTodebs, romelTa gamoyeneba SegviZlia araprognozirebad momavalSi. Tsm-s damtkicebis Semdeg, Tavdacvis saministrom SeimuSava Tsm-s rekomendaciebis ganxorcielebis gegma. aRniSnul dokumentSi warmodgenilia detaluri, droSi gawerili RonisZiebebis grafiki, romelic uzrunvelyofs Tsm-s rekomendaciebis gegmazomier ganxorcielebas. aRsaniSnavia, rom am tipis da masStabis dokumenti pirvelad momzadda Tavdacvis saministroSi. agreTve dokumentis farglebSi, saqarTvelos Tavdacvis sistemaSi pirvelad Caeyara safuZveli saSualo da grZelvadian dagegmvas Tavisi Tanmxlebi elementebiT, rogorebicaa dagegmvis sxvadasxva dokumentebis momzadeba, safrTxeebisa da resursebis gaTvaliswinebiT ZalTa struqturebis formireba da resursobrivi gaTvlebis warmoeba. meore mniSvnelovani dokumentia ,,ministris xedva 2008-2011~, romelic mimdinare wlis 7 marts Sevida ZalaSi. aRniSnuli dokumenti warmoadgens zogad saxelmZRvanelos Tavdacvis saministrosa da SeiaraRebuli Zalebis ganviTarebis procesSi. dokumenti mimoixilavs saqarTvelos winaSe arsebul da potenciur safrTxeebs, romlis gaTvaliswinebiTac xorcieldeba SeiaraRebuli Zalebis dagegmva da maTi ganviTarebis ZiriTadi mimarTulebebis dadgena. aRsaniSnavia, rom ,,ministris xedvis~ dokumenti gasul welsac gamoica, magram igi moicavda mxolod 2007 wlisTvis Tavdacvis saministros ZiriTad prioritetul mimarTulebebs, ama wlis 7 Tebervals damtkicebuli dokumenti ki moicavs Tavdacvis saministrosa da gaerTianebuli Stabis prioritetul mimarTulebebs 2011 wlis CaTvliT. dokumentis yovelwliuri SemuSaveba da gadaxedva Tavdacvis dagegmvis ciklis mniSvnelovani komponentia. ,,mi-
nistris xedva~ iTvaliswinebs erovnuli samxedro strategiis daskvnebs da qmnis gaerTianebuli Stabis ZiriTadi saxelmZRvanelo dokumentis –,,Tavdacvis dagegmvis saxelmZRvanelos~(romelsac win uswrebs ,,Tavdacvis miTiTebebis” SemuSaveba)- SemuSavebis safuZvels. garda amisa, ,,ministris xedvis~ daskvnebi warmoadgens aucilebel safuZvels Tavdacvis programebis SemuSaveba-ganxorcielebisaTvis da konkretul etapze koreqtirebis SetanisaTvis. ,,ministris xedva 2008-2011~ gansakuTrebul yuradRebas uTmobs da umTavresad orientirebulia Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilvis Semajamebel moxsenebis rekomendaciebis ganxorcielebaze. dokumentSi agreTve xazgasmulia nato-s winaSe aRebuli valdebulebebis Sesrulebis mniSvneloba. saqarTvelos erovnuli usafrTxoebis interesebidan gamomdinare, ZiriTadi dokumenti struqturulad Sedgeba sami elementisagan – Tavdacvis sistemis marTvis gaumjobeseba, nato-Si integraciis procesis xelSewyoba da SeiaraRebuli Zalebis sabrZolo SesaZleblobebis ganviTareba. aRsaniSnavia, rom prioritetebis aRniSnuli formiT dayofa pirobiTia, isini erTmaneTTan mWidro kavSirSia da xSir SemTxvevaSi urTierTgamomdinare. dokumentSi Camoyalibebuli prioritetuli mimarTulebebi SeiaraRebuli Zalebis yvela SesaZleblobebis proporciulad ganviTarebis karg winapirobas qmnis. kerZod, masSi maqsimalurad dabalansebulia, rogorc sabrZolo SesaZleblobebis komponentebis, agreTve nato-Si integraciis da Tavdacvis sistemis marTvis komponentebis ganviTarebisTvis aucilebeli RonisZiebebi. amrigad, zemoTxsenebuli dokumentebi SeiaraRebuli Zalebis ganviTarebis mniSvnelovani gzamkvlevia. aRniSnul dokumentebze dayrdnobiT, Tavdacvis saministro gadava dagegmvis, programirebis da biujetirebis Semdeg etapze - Tavdacvis programebis ganviTarebasa da SemuSavebaze, ris safuZvelzec Seiqmneba 2009 wlis Tavdacvis biujeti.
presents a general guidance for mod and gaf development. minister` s Vision reviews potential threats that georgia is facing and, based on this assessment, discusses force planning and the main directions of the gaf’s development. It is notable that minister`s Vision was also published last year, though it covered the main priority directions of mod for 2007 only, and the same document of this year (approved on february 7) covers priority directions of mod and joint staff through 2011. annual elaboration and review of this document is a significant component of defence planning cycle. minister` s vision considers conclusions of national military strategy and prepares the ground for defence Instructions and defence planning guidance, which is the main source of guidance for mod and joint staff. Besides, minister` s Vision gives us the necessary ground in order to prepare and implement defence programs. minister` s Vision 2008-2011 pays significant attention to the implementation of sdR recommendations the document also emphasizes the importance of nato commitments implementation. due to georgian national security interests, document structurally consists of three elements – improvement of defence system management, facilitation of nato integration process and development of gaf combat capabilities. It should be mentioned that the division of priorities in such way is conditional, as they are in close interaction and are constantly evolving. priority directions given in the document create a good precondition for proportional development of all capabilities of the georgian armed forces. there are maximally balanced combat capability components, as well as necessary activities for nato integration and development of defence system management components. In conclusion, the above mentioned documents are pivotal pathfinders for the development of georgia’s armed forces. Base on these documents, mod will step forward the next stage of ppBs – Elaboration of defence programs – and this will serve as a ground for the 2009 defence Budget.
`imiji bunebrivad yalibdeba imiT, rasac akeTeb~
nana inwkirveli nana IntskIRVElI
MR. BATu KuTElIA HAS BEEN WORKING AT THE MINISTRy OF DEFENCE OF GEORGIA FOR MORE THAN A yEAR. FIRST HE WAS AppOINTED THE DEpuTy MINISTER OF DEFENCE. NOW HE IS THE FIRST DEpuTy DEFENCE MINISTER AND pARlIAMENTARy SECRETARy. BEFORE, HE WORKED AS DEpuTy MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, DEpuTy MINISTER OF SECuRITy AND CHIEF OF SpECIAl SERVICE OF FOREIGN INTEllIGENCE. HE IS VERy SOCIABlE, NEVER AVOIDS COOpERATION WITH MEDIA REpRESENTATIVES. HE IS VERy CAlM AND BAlANCED, WHIlE VERy CRITICAl AND DEMANDING AT WORK. HE BElIEVES IN WHAT HE IS DOING; HE FEElS DISAppOINTED WHEN HE SEES INJuSTICE AND INGRATITuDE. HE HAS ExpERI30
weliwadze metia, rac batoni baTu quTelia Tavdacvis saministroSi muSaobs.. jer ministris moadgilis Tanamdebobaze dainiSna. axla ministris pirveli moadgilisa da saparlamento mdivanis posti ukavia. iyo sagareo saqmeTa da uSiSroebis ministrebis moadgile, sagareo dazvervis specialuri samsaxuris ufrosi. sakmaod komunikabeluria, arasodes gaurbis mediasTan TanamSromlobas. urTierTobaSi mSvidi da gawonasworebulia, muSaobaSi - sakmaod kritikuli da ukompromiso. sjeravs im saqmis, rasac akeTebs; guls stkens usamarTloba da umaduroba. sakuTar Tavzec bevrjer gadautania, magram samagieros gadaxdaze arasdros fiqrobs.
“WHat you are Doing naturally createS your image”
ar dagzardebaT da bevrs gesaubrebaT qveynis Tavdacvis sferoSi bolo periodSi miRweul Sedegebze. ambobs ,,Cven~ da ar uyvars sakuTar Tavze saubari. yvelaferze da rasakvirvelia am Temaze sakuTari argumentebi gaaCnia. Cvens SemTxvevaSic ase moxda. danarCens masTan interviuSi waikiTxavT: daviwyoT imiT, rom jer iseTi araferi gamikeTebia, ufro sworad jer iseTi araferi gagvikeTebia, gansakuTrebiT saamayod rom gvqondes saqme. amas albaT dro sWirdeba. gasakeTebeli ki marTlac bevria. Tumca aRsaniSnavia, rom reformebis kuTxiT mniSvnelovani progresi gvaqvs. is, rom qarTuli jari sazogadoebis mxardaWeriT sargeblobs da misi popularoba dRiTidRe izrdeba Cveni mTavari miRwevaa, riTac marTlac vamayob. mis samuSao oTaxSi gansakuTrebuli araferi mogxvdebaT TvalSi. magida sakmaoze didia, romelic uamravi dokuments, samxedro da teqnikur literaturas itevs. mudam CarTulia televizori. interviu cota sxvagvarad mqonda dagegmili, mindoda oficialuri SekiTxvebi naklebad damesva, magram mivxvdi, rom amis gareSe respondentis srul portrets ver davxatavdi. Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilvis qarTul-inglisur enaze dabeWdil dokuments Sevavle Tvali. pirveli SekiTxvac am mniSvnelovanma dokumentma mikarnaxa. qarTuli SeiaraRebuli Zalebis istoriaSi pirvelad moxda aseTi mniSvnelobis konceptualuri dokumentis SemuSaveba. igi didxnian perspeqtivaSi gansazRvravs saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis ganviTarebas, mis struqturul cvlilebas, arsebuli safrTxeebisadmi adaptirebas da im konkretul RonisZiebebs, romliTac es Sedegebi unda iyos miRweuli. es sakmaod rTuli da Sromatevadi procesi iyo. natos bevr qveyanas ase warmatebiT ar dausrulebia Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilvis procesi. rac natos eqspertebmac aRniSnes. es ar
ENCED THIS HIMSElF THOuGH HE NEVER THINKS OF REVENGE. HE IS VERy VERBOSE WHEN TAlKING ABOuT THE RECENT ACHIEVEMENTS IN DEFENCE SpHERE. HE lIKES TO uSE `WE~ AND DOES NOT lIKE TO SpEAK ABOuT HIMSElF. HE HAS HIS ARGuMENTS ON EVERyTHING AND ON THIS pARTICulAR TOpIC AS WEll. yOu CAN READ MORE ABOuT THIS IN THE INTERVIEW BElOW: i’d say that i have not done anything yet; more precisely we have not done anything yet to be proud of. this probably is a time-consuming process. we have lots of things to do. but it is worth mentioning that the progress in the process of reforms is evident. the fact that the georgian Army enjoys full support of the public and its popularity is rising day-by-day is our main achievement. i am really very proud of this. you will not see anything special in his study. On the largerthan-usual table, there are numerous documents, military and technical literature. The TV set is always turned on. I have planned to take the interview with fewer official questions, but I realized that without this I could not create the full portrait of my respondent. I saw the English-Georgian edition of Strategic Defence Review document on the table. This important document dictated the first question to me. the strategic defence review is the first conceptual document in the history of the georgian Armed forces that defines the development of the georgian Armed forces in a long-term perspective, its structural modification, adaptation to existing threats and concrete ways to achieve these results. this was a rather difficult and painstaking process. many nAto countries have not yet finished their strategic defence review process so successfully. this was recognized by nAto experts as well. we have not done this to please nAto, their experts or other international organizations. this was done for georgia, for its security and combat capability. the fact that it defined till 2015 what steps our Armed forces will un31
dergo, how the army will be financed, what equipment and technique it would have, what structural changes are expected is a great achievement and key to stability of our country. this document guarantees the combat capability and security of our country for quite a long period of time. We continue our conversation about the main priority of our country – NATO integration. We have one step forward – how the final evaluation of NATO Assessment Team will impact Georgia’s move to the next stage in relationship with NATO –MAp (Membership Action plan). we have not received such a positive evaluation yet. this year in brussels, at the nAto hq at the pArp meeting, all the reforms implemented in the defence sphere and in the georgian Armed forces were evaluated positively. even those skeptical countries that were very critical of our decisions unanimously acknowledged that all the reforms implemented during the previous year complied with international standards. All this creates a favorable background for morally fair and just request for mAp at bucharest summit. it is natural that this is a political decision and depends on other factors as well, but it is a fact that defence ministry showed good results, thus creating a positive background for political decisions. Why is our northern neighbor – Russia – so touchy on the issue of Georgia’s NATO aspirations? it would take a while to discuss the real reasons. russia has to be more interested in a very safe, economically powerful georgia as its south flanks should be more secure. russia should be more interested to see georgia find its place in the global security framework. it’s very difficult to predict how russia is able to have this position. but whenever this issue will be placed on the agenda russia won’t allow this. the same situation occurred in case of the baltic states when they were seeking nAto membership. russia had a very acute reaction. According to their logic when an ex-soviet country becomes a nAto member regional stability and security is threatened. but it did not turn out that way. As for russian tactic i can see parallels with the baltic states. At first russia was categorically against these countries becoming nAto members. then, realizing that this process was irreversible, russia demanded their neutrality. when the baltic states became nAto members, russia adapted to it. the russian position towards us is the following – it demands our neutrality… maybe the next stage will come soon. What response should you give to the opponents who mention very frequently that Georgia has to concede its own conflict zones in exchange for NATO membership?
gakeTebula imisaTvis, rom gvesiamovnebina natos, maTi eqspertebis an sxva romelime saerTaSoriso organizaciisaTvis. es gakeTda saqarTvelos, misi usafrTxoebisa da Tavdacvisunarianobis uzrunvelyofisaTvis. is, rom 2015 wlamde gansazRvrulia ra etapebs gaivlis Cveni SeiaraRebuli Zalebi, rogor iqneba is dafinansebuli, rogori SeiaraReba da teqnika eqneba, ra struqturuli cvlilebebi unda moxdes, aris didi miRweva da qveynis stabilurobis maCvenebeli. am dokumentiT sakmaod did periodSi uzrunvelyofilia qveynis Tavdacvisunarianoba da usafrTxoeba. arasamTavroboTa da erqspertTa monawileoba sdr-Si Cveni saministros `Know how~-a. saubars qveynis erT-erT mTavar prioritetze nato-Si gawevrianebaze vagrZelebT. win kidev erTi safexuria - ramdenad Seuwyobs xels natos SemfasebelTa jgufis mier saqarTveloze momzadebuli daskvna Crdiloatlantikur aliansTanTanamSromlobis axal safexurze - MAp-ze gadasvlas. aseTi pozitiuri Sefaseba jer ar migviRia. wels briuselSi, natos Stab-binaSi, sadac Tavdacvis anu paRp-is Sexvedra gaimarTa, Tadacvis sferosa da saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi ganxorcielebuli yvela reforma warmatebulad Sefasda. TviT iseTi skeptikuri qveynebi, romlebic xSirad gvakritikebdnen miRebuli gadawyvetilebebis gamo, erTxmad aRiareben, rom erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi gatarebuli yvela reforma Tanamedrove saerTaSoriso standartebs akmayofilebda. yvelaferi es, ukve qnis xelsayrel fons, raTa buqarestSi moralurad gamaTlebuli iyos Cven mier MAp is - moTxovna. unebrivia, es aris politikuri gadawyvetileba da sxva faqtorebzea damokidebuli. magram faqtia, rom Tavdacvis saministrom aCvena Zalian kargi Sedegebi, riTac xeli Seuwyo politikuri gadawyvetilebisaTvis sasurveli fonis Seqmnas. Cveni Crdiloeli mezobeli, ruseTi, ratom aRiqvams ase mtkivneulad saqarTvelos natosken miswrafebas. realuri mizezebis gaanilizebas gacilebiT meti dro dasWirdeba. usafrTxo, ekonomikurad Zlieri saqarTvelo ufro unda Sediodes ruseTis interesebSi Tundac imitom, rom Tavisi samxreTi flangebi usafrTxod hqondes. ruseTi dainteresebuli unda iyos, rom saqarTvelom ipovos Tavisi adgili msoflio usafrTxoebis arqitequraSi. ramdenad da rodis SesZlebs ruseTi am poziciis gaziarebas amaze prognozis gakeTeba Znelia. magram drois raRac etapze es sakiTxi dadgeba dRis wesrigSi da ruseTi amas Seegueba. ase iyo baltiispireTis qveynebis SemTxvevaSic, roca isini Crdiloatlantikur aliansSi gawevrianebaze acxadebdnen pretenzias. ruseTs amaze mwvave reaqcia hqonda, maTi logikiT, roca yofili sabWoTa kavSiris qveyana
xdeba natos wevri, safrTxe eqmneba regionlur stabilurobasa da usafrTxoebas. Tumca integraciis procesma sruliad sapirispiro mastabilizirebeli roli iTamaSa. rac Seexeba ruseTis taqtikas, paralelebs vxedav igive baltiispireTis qveynebis magaliTze. is jer kategoriulad ewinaaRmdegeboda am qveynebis natoSi gawevrianebas, mere roca mixvda, rom es procesi Seuqcevadi iyo, moiTxova maTi neitraliteti. roca baltiispireTis qveynebi natos wevri gaxda, is amas Seegua. CvenTan mimarTebaSi, amJamad ruseTis pozicia aseTia - is Cvens neitralitets iTxovs... albaT Semdegi etapic male dadgeba. ra pasuxs gascemT oponentebs, romlebic xSirad mianiSneben imaze, rom natoSi gawevrianebis sanacvlod saqarvelos mouwevs sakuTar teritoriebze uaris Tqma, an imaze, rom konfliqtebis mogvarebis gareSe integraciis procesi Seferxdeba? saqarTvelo Tavis teritoriaze arasodes ityvis uars da saerTaSoriso Tanamegobrobac srulad uWers mxars saqarTvelos teritoriul mTlianobas.
i think that it is a cliche. if we analyze nAto enlargement stages, we will be assured that the north-Atlantic Alliance has always taken unprecedented decisions. germany became a nAto member country when it was divided into two parts. thus, western germany never conceded its second part. germany was united just after its integration to nAto. the cases of turkey and greece are also unprecedented. they became the members of the Alliance when they were in conflicts. the spanish example is also unprecedented – this country was integrated in the Alliance without any reforms and nAto interoperability system. it was a purely political decision. let’s see the example of the baltic states. russia always tried to insist that a country can’t become a nAto member if it doesn’t have clearly defined borders. but latvia doesn’t have a delimited border with russia till today and this wasn’t an obstacle for its integration into the Alliance. Actually our conflicts pose a problem within the integration process. when there is a conversation relating to membership Action plan, our argument is that when georgia moves to the next stage we’ll have political leverage or support from our european partners at that time when integration issue is on the agenda. there is a possibility of resolving the conflicts by peaceful means.
ojaxTan WIth thE famIly
After Kosovo independence there are consultations that the same precedents will be repeated in connection with Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Thus, we always hear that the Abkhazian model is quite different from the Kosovo precedent… here only one principle is the most important – in the Abkhazian model georgians are the victims of ethnic cleansing. Against this background the recognition of independence means the legitimization of ethnic cleansing. the international community never allows this. Kosovo is a unique case – justice was restored with the assistance of the international community, so the people who were expatriated by force returned to their residence places. our first and most important demand is to return everybody who lived in Abkhazia and had to leave their own places of residence. After this we’ll take care of other kind of political problems and resolve them in a peaceful manner… The parliamentary secretary is in charge of presenting the policy and position of the Ministry. At the same time, it implies contact with the media and the public. Is it all the same for Batu Kutelia what people think? Though he states that he doesn’t use special methods for image creation... if i implement my assignments well then my image should not be negative likewise. otherwise i am not appropriate for this
kiTxvis meore nawils rac Seexeba, vfiqrob, rom mainc stereotipuli kliSea. natos gafarToebis etapebs Tu gavaanalizebT, davrwmundebiT, rom Crdiloatlantikuri aliansi yovelTvis iRebda uprecendento gadawyvetilebebs. germania maSin gaxda natos wevri qveyana, rodesac is orad iyo gayofili. miuxedavad amisa, dasavleT germanias arasdros uTqvams uari Tavis meore naxevarze, swored nato-Si gawevrianebis Semdeg moxerxda germaniis gaerTianeba. aseve uprecendentoa TurqeTisa da saberZneTis SemTxveva. isini maSin gaxdnen aliansis wevrebi, rodesac maT hqondaT konfliqti. es iyo wminda politikuri gadawyvetileba. aviRoT igive baltiispireTis qveynebi. ruseTi yovelTvis cdilobda daemtkicebina, rom qveyana, romelsac ara aqvs Camoyalibebuli sazRvrebi, ar SeiZleba gaxdes natos wevri. magram latvias dRemde ara aqvs ruseTTan delimitirebuli sazRvari da es ar gamxdara gawevrianebisTvis dabrkoleba. rac Seexeba konfliqtebs, integraciis procesis daCqarebaSi is marTlac gviqmnis problemas. roca saubaria samoqmedo gegmasTan dakavSirebiT, Cveni argumenti aris is, rom roca saqarTvelo gadava Semdeg etapze, Cven gveqneba politikuri berketi anu zurgi Cveni dasavleli partniorebisa da im momentisaTvis, roca dRis wesrigSi gawevrianebis sakiTxi dadgeba. arsebobs imis SesaZlebloba, rom es konfliqti ukve mowesrigebuli gvqondes mSvidobiani gziT.
kosovos aRiarebis Semdeg daiwyo saubari imaze, rom msgavsi precendenti afxazeTsa da oseTTan mimarTebaSic ganmeordeboda. Tumca paralelurad sul ismis, rom afxazeTis magaliTi arsebiTad gansxvavdeba kosovos modelisagan... aq amosavali erTi principia - afxazeTis SemTxvevaSi qarTvelebi eTnikuri wmendis msxverplni arian. amis fonze damoukideblobis aRiareba niSnavs eTnikuri wmendis dakanonebas, rasac saerTaSoriso Tanamegobroba araviTar SeTxvevaSi ar dauSvebs. kosovos SemTxvevaSi ki piriqiT moxda - saerTaSoriso Tanamegobrobis daxmarebiT aRdga samarTlianoba, anu xalxi, vinc iZulebiT iyo gaZevebuli, daubrunda TavianT sacxovrebel adgilebs. Cveni pirveli da umTavresi moTxovna is aris, rom afxazeTSi dabrundes yvela, vinc iq cxovrobda da iZulebiT mouxda Tavisi saxl-karis datoveba. amis Semdeg konfliqtis mSvidobiani mogvareba gacilebiT martivi gaxdeba. saparlamento mdivans saministros politikis, misi poziciis warmoCena evaleba, rac imavdroulad sazogadoebis da mediis samsjavroze yofnas gulisxmobs. baTu quTeliasTvis sulerTi ar aris ras fiqrobs masze xalxi. Tumca acxadebs, rom imijis Sesaqmnelad xelovnur meTodebs ar mimarTavs. Tu Cemze dakisrebul saqmes kargad vakeTeb imijic Seabamisad cudi ar unda iyos. da Tu ara ese igi ar var Sesaferisi am TanamdebobisaTvis. Tumca urTierTobisas yovelTvis vzrunav movSalo barieri Cemsa da im xalxs Soris, viszedac gadawyvetilebas viReb. bunebrivia, vgulisxmob jars da SeiaraRebul Zalebs, xalxs, vis ukanac dgas ojaxebi da romlebic Cveni sazogadoebis did nawils warmoadgenen. vcdilob araformalur viTarebaSi Sevxvde maT, vicode maTi problemebi, Sexedulebebi. magram mimaCnia, rom es aris imis nawili, rac me mevaleba da ara imijze gansakuTrebuli zrunva. imiji bunebrivad yalibdeba imiT, rasac akeTeb da rogor akeTeb. sazogadoeba dRes sakmaod kargadaa informirebuli mimdinare procesebze. xelovnuri meTodebiT maTi mosyidva da SecdomaSi Seyvana SeuZlebelia. mTavaria gulwrfeloba. albaT, rodesac teqnikur universitetis sainJinro fizikis fakultetze abarebdiT ar gifiqriaT, rom umetesad diplomatiur samsaxurSi imuSavebdiT. amgvari survilis SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba arCevanic Sesabamisi yofiliyo. riT axsniT karieraSi aseT radikalur cvlilebas. arsdros mifiqria, rom diplomatiaSi an sajaro samsaxurSi movxvdebodi. Cemi ocneba iyo gavmxdariyavi fizikosi da gavxdi kidec. bedma ise gansazRvra, aspiraturis damTavrebis Semdeg sruliad daugegmavad movxvdi saqarvelos sazogadoebriv saqmeTa institutSi. `jipa~ axali gaxsnili iyo. me da Cemi megobrebi, anu `gepeiSnikebi~ dakavebuli viyaviT trad-
position. hence, in my relationship with others i always try to raise the barriers between me and the people whom my decisions influence. of course, i mean Army and Armed forces, the people behind whom stand their families and who are a huge part of our society. i try to hold informal meetings with them, to be aware of their problems and points of view. i consider this to be my responsibility, not taking care of my image. of course image depends on the man’s behavior – what he is doing or how he is doing everything. society is well informed about the ongoing processes. so it is impossible to mislead it using artificial methods. in my view, sincerity is the most important thing. When you were entering the Engineering-physical Faculty of the Technical university of Georgia, you could not imagine that you would mostly work in the diplomatic service. Otherwise you’d choose relevant profession. So how do you explain such radical changes in your career? i have never thought that i would ever work in diplomatic or public service. fate decreed that, when i completed the postgraduate course, i entered the gipA, the georgian institute of public Affairs that just opened then. it happened unexpectedly. my university friends and i were just sitting and talking when one of them started to speak about this institute. we decided to take the entrance examinations. when they told us that study would start in september we were a little bit lazy. however, september came and we become the first students… then one of the first graduates of this institute. Did you find any similarities between physics and diplomacy? no doubt, they have something in common and it often helped me when i was in diplomatic service. logical thinking always helps you to find the right solution to a problem and this is the main task of diplomacy. today we are in the process of bringing new equipment and armament to the georgian Armed forces. physics helps me become familiar with the specifications of each weapon. so i find physics quite useful. your lecturers would be glad to hear this from you… my lecturers who were trying to urge us to love physics always said that it was not only the subject – it was the fundamental science like mathematics and philosophy. Society sees Batu Kutelia as a serious State official. However, everyone is curious about the private life of public people. So I asked him to forget that he was the Deputy Defence Minister for a moment. He agreed and warned – “i am sure that my
stage career would be unsuccessful because i can not act. this is what i am.” And what can you say about Batu Kutelia at home… i am a usual family man. i try to spend the week-end with the family. we go skiing in bakuriani and gudauri. Is skiing your hobby? no, my hobby is physics. skiing is like attraction. Skiing is now a fashionable kind of sports. Some people even joke that it became a sport of the elite… i had already had good results in skiing when it became fashionable. i am grateful to one of the physicists for this, who is a good friend of my father and my family. certainly i teach my son this kind of sport. recently when we were in bakuriani, he was happy as he skied with soldiers. I often see you with your son Saba at military bases…
iciuli saqmianobiT, anu dros vklavdiT. saubarma moitana da viRacam sazogadoebriv saqmeTa instituts sityvieri reklama gauwia. modi vcados principiT gavediT testirebaze. roca gviTxres swavla seqtemberSi dagvewyeboda cota ki dagvezara, magram movida seqtemberi da isev vcadeT... ase gavxdiT am saswavleblis erT-erTi pirveli kursdamTavrebulebi. fizikasa da diplomatiaSi saerTo ipoveT? msgavsebebi udaod aris, rac xSirad mexmareboda, roca diplomatiur samsaxurSi viyavi. logikuri azrovneba yovelTvis gexmareba ukeTesi gamosavlis moZiebaSi, rac diplomatiis mTavari amocnaa. dRes saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi axali teqnikuri aRWurvilobisa da iaraRis SeZena-danergvis procesi mimdinareobs. fizikis codna mexmareba zustad mivxvde ama Tu im iaraRis Sinaarss. mokled, ise ar aris fizika viswavle da sadRac Taroze damrCa. Tqvens leqtorebs gauxardebaT amis mosmena. . .
swavleba “gEoRgIan ExpREss”-ze swavleba “gEoRgIan ExpREss”-ze dURIng thE ExERcIsE “gEoRgIan ExpREss” dURIng thE ExERcIsE “gEoRgIan ExpREss”
Cemi leqtorebi, romlebic cdilobdnen CvenTvis ufro metad SeeyvarebinaT fizika, sul imas maswavlidnen, rom fizika ara aris marto is, rasac swavlobT. is aris fundamentaluri mecniereba, iseve rogorc maTematika da filosofia. baTu quTelias sazogadoeba umetesad seriozuli saxelmwifo moxelis ampluaSi xedavs, Tumca yvelas yovelTvis ainteresebs popularuli adamianebis piradi cxovreba. vTxove cota xniT daeviwyebina, rom ministris pirveli moadgile iyo. dagvTanxmda da Tan gagvafrTxila - zustad vici raSic warmateba ar meqneba samsaxiobo karieraa, rac var es var. da rogori xarT saxlSi? saxlSi Ceveulebrivi var. SabaT-kviras vcdilob ojaxTan erTad sadme gavide. miyvars bakurianSi da da gudaurSi sriali. Txilamurebi Tqveni hobia? ara, hobad fizika damrCa. Txilamurebi ufro gatacebaa. TxilamurebiT sriali moduria, xandaxan xumroben ,,elitaruli~ sporti gaxdao... Txilamurebi roca moduri gaxda, me ukve kargi Sedegi mqonda. es Cemi mSoblebisa da ufrosi megobrebis damsaxurebaa. Tavis mxriv Cems Svils vaswavli. cota xnis win bakurianSi jariskacebTan erTad visrialeT. Zalian bednieri iyo. sabasTan erTad jaris nawilebSic xsirad minaxixarT. . . biWia da minda naxos ra aris jari, ra aris is samsaxuri, ris gamoc yoveldRe gamovdivar saxlidan da iSviaTad mxedavs. nuca jer pataraa, 3 Tvisaa, mere misTvisac momixdeba raRacaebis axsna. amboben mamas gavso da Zalian mixaria. . . meuRlisaTvis gixdebaT raimes axsna Tu TvliT, rom meuRleoba profesiaa? Tu adamiani profesiad ganixilav imas, rac giyvars maSin is profesiaa. meuRleoba CemTvis urTierTobaa, ris gareSe sazogadoebriv asparezze warmateba warmoudgenelia. ase, rom Tu warmatebuli var amaSi Cemi meuRlis didi wvlilia. bednierebisaTvis raime gakliaT? gulwrfelad getyviT, axla bednierad CavTlidi Tavs, es interviu rom soxumSi iwerebodes.
he is a boy and i want him to know what the army, the service is. why i leave home every day and why he seldom sees me. As for nutsa, she is an infant – just three months old, so i will have to explain something to her later. they say that she looks like me and i am happy about that. Do you have to give some explanation to your wife, or do you think that being a spouse is a profession? if you consider something you love a profession then it might be assumed to be a profession. in my view, marriage is a relationship and without this it would be difficult to achieve success in career. if i am a success, my wife played a big role in this. Do you need anything to feel happy? frankly speaking i’d consider myself the happiest man if this interview had been recorded in sokhumi.
nucasTan erTad WIth nUtsa
unikaluri SemTxveva, romelic unikalur gadawyvetas iTxovs
maka gurgeniZe maka gURgEnIdzE
prehistory of Kosovo the dispute over Kosovo territory hAs A long history. AlbAniAns Argued for being the direct descendAnts of the illyriAns - the eArliest Known inhAbitAnts of the west bAlKAn. the mAin evidence of the serbiAn side is thAt Kosovo wAs the AdministrAtive And culturAl center of the medievAl serbiAn stAte. the long-term dispute turned into a new historical stage in 1970s. After gaining internal autonomy in 1974, the Albanian population required the full recognition as a republic within the yugoslav federation. by that time, ethnic Albanians became a majority (90
kosovos preistoria kosovos teritoriul davas aswleulebis istoria aqvs. albanelebi, Tavs balkaneTis naxevarkunZulis dasavleT nawilis (iliria) mkvidri mosaxleobis STamomavlebad miiCneven. serbebis pretenzia teritoriaze ganmtikebulia istoriuli faqtiT, rom kosovo serbeTis Suasaukuneebis samefos politikur da kulturul centrs warmoadgenda. 1970 - ian wlebSi saukuneebis dapirispireba axal istoriul etapze gadavida. 1974 wels avtonomiuri statusis miniWebis Semdeg, albanurma mosaxleobam
mebrZolTa saflavebi comBatants’ cEmEtRIEs
unique caSe tHat DemanDS tHe unique Solution
iugoslaviis SemadgenlobaSi calke respublikad Sesvla moiTxova, rasac win uZRvoda demografiuli cvlilebebi eTnikuri albanelebis sasargeblod (ukve 80 ian wlebisTvis kosovos teritoriaze mosaxleobis 90%-s albanelebi Seadgendnen). oficialurma belgradma mdgomareobis ganmuxtva regionis statusis SecvliT scada, rasac kosovos parlamentis mxridan damoukideblobis gamocxadeba mohyva. 1998 wels serb samxedro - sapolicio Zalebsa da kosovos albanur dajgufebebs Soris SeiaraRebulma dapirispirebam 1500 kosovoeli albanelis sikvdili da 400 000 adamianis sacxovrebeli adgilis datoveba gamoiwvia. sakiTxis gamwvavebam saerTaSoriso Tanamegobrobas konfliqtis swrafi da efeqturi gadawyvetisken ubiZga, risi valdebulebac natos samxedro Zalebma ikisres. 1999 wels natos jarebma kosovoSi serb samxedroebze sahaero dartymebis ganxorcieleba daiwyes, rasac Tan daerTo mTeli iugoslaviis masStabiT mniSvnelovani samizneebis dabombva. sahaero omi daaxloebiT sam Tves gagrZelda. miuxedavad imis, rom samxedro Careva konfliqtis ganmuxtvas da ltolvilTa dabrunebis xelSewyobas isaxavda miznad, natos operaciebs saxelmwifoTa erTi jgufis mxridan mwvave reaqcia mohyva. ruseTisa da CineTis uaryofiTi damokidebuleba `humanitaruli Carevis uflebis~ mimarT, gamowveuli iyo im garemoebiT, rom Carevis axali principis Camoyalibebas SesaZloa isinic eqcia saerTaSoriso intervenciis obieqtebad. es sakiTxi gansakuTrebiT aqtualuri ruseTisTvis iyo, radgan CeCneTis omma adamianis uflebebTan dakavSirebiT mTeli rigi problemebi warmoSva. amdenad, humanitaruli samarTlis normis Camoyalibeba Teoriulad mainc uSvebda dasavleTis Carevas ruseTis Sida politikaSi. amas garda, ruseTi frTxilobda, rom kosovo saSiSi precendenti iqneboda CrdiloeT kavkasiuri respublikebisTvis. kosovos statusi bunebrivia, saerTaSoriso urTierTobebSi kosovos statusis irgvliv araerTgvarovani damokidebule-
iap de hoop sxeferi adgilobriv kosovoel albanelebTan jaap dE hoop schEffER WIth local kosoVo alBanIans
percent of full ‘population by ‘80s) of Kosovo population. the official belgrade drastically reduced Kosovo’s special autonomous status in an attempt to ease inter-ethnic tension. in response, the local parliament declared the independence of Kosovo. disagreements between the two governments sparked an open conflict between serbian military and police forces and Kosovo Albanian forces. the military conflict caused over 1,500 deaths of Kosovo Albanians and forced 400,000 people to leave their homes in 1998. Kosovo became the subject of warning for the international community. world known organizations have been looking for ways to avoid the conflict escalation. nAto‘s military forces assumed a responsibility to resolve the problem. in 1999, air bombing campaign initially aimed to distort only serbian military forces continued with the strategic bombardment all over the yugoslav territory. the air war lasted approximately three months. nAto had the honest mission to bring the people back to their homes and build a lasting and just peace in Kosovo. however, one
ba arsebobs. dasavleTi kosovos `kontrolirebad damoukideblobas~, xolo serbuli modeli serbeTis SemadgenlobaSi kosovos `farTo avtonomias~ uWerda mxars. 2006 wels serbiis sagareo saqmeTa ministrma v. draSkoviCma da serbiis mTavrobis Tavmjdomarem v. koStunicam dRis wesrigSi Semoitanes sakiTxi kosovos `farTo avtonomiis~ Sesaxeb, romelic iTvaliswinebda: kosovos integracias evropul institutebSi, kosovos warmomadgenlobas TiTqmis yvela saerTaSoriso organizaciasa da organoSi, gaeros gamoklebiT da xelisuflebis samive Stos Seqmnas. Tumca, imavdroulad, kosovos damoukideblobis amgvari xedva serbiis dRevandeli gare sazRvrebis urRvevobas da serbuli mosaxleobis usafrTxoebis garantiebsac gulisxmobda. am midgomis sapirispirod, 2007 wlis 26 marts gaeros specialurma warmomadgenelma kosovos sakiTxebSi martti axtisaarma sakontaqto jgufis wevrebs (ruseTi, aSS, didi britaneTi, Ggermania, italia da safrangeTi) kosovos momavali statusis Sesaxeb gegma warudgina: `kosovos uaxlesi istoriis guldasmiT Seswavlis fonze da kosovos dRevandeli realobidan gamomdinare, aseve mxareebTan molaparakebebis safuZvelze me davsakveni, rom erTaderTi sicocxlisunariani arCevani dRes kosovosTvis aris damoukidebloba, romelic sawyis etapze saerTaSoriso Tanamegobrobis mier unda gakontroldes~ axtisaari Tavis gegmaSi aRniSnavs, rom SeuZlebelia kosovo mudmivad gaeros meTvalyureobis qveS darCes. serbeTis SemadgenlobaSi im teritoriis dabrunebas, romlis mosaxleobis umravlesobasac albanelebi Seadgenen, is `uimedos~ uwodebs da daskvniT debulebaSi ganmartavs: `kosovo unikaluri SemTxvevaa, romelic unikalur gadawyvetas moiTxovs. 1244 rezoluciis erTsulovnad miRebiT, uSiSroebis sabWom dagmo miloSeviCis qmedebebi, CamoarTva serbeTs mmarTvelobis ufleba da kosovos teritoria gaeros drobiT administracias dauqvmdebara. swored CamoTvlili faqtorebis kombinacia sZens kosovos SemTxvevas unikalur xasiaTs~.
marti ahtisaari da de hoop sxeferi maRttI ahtIsaaRI and jaap dE hoop schEffER
group of countries had a different reaction to this fact. russia and china considered negatively “the right of humanitarian intervention,” since the new principles of intervention could have caused them to be the object of intervention themselves. obviously, the question was more acute for russia as a violator of human rights in chechnya. hence, implementation of humanitarian norms supposed western intervention in russian internal policy at least theoretically. besides, russia apprehended that the Kosovo case could become a dangerous precedent for its north caucasian republics. the stAtus of Kosovo Kosovo status is still controversial on the international level. western states supported “supervised autonomy” while the serbian model insisted on the broadest autonomy and the highest degree of self-government only within universally recognized borders of serbia. in 2006, “substantive autonomy” was proposed by the foreign minister vuk draskovic and prime minister of serbia vojislav Koshtunica. the model implied Kosovo integration in european institutions, Kosovo membership in all international organizations (except un) and all three branches of authority. the proposal required for maintaining sovereignty and territorial integrity of serbia as well as strict guarantees for serbian minorities in Kosovo province. on march 26, 2007 the special envoy of the secretary-general martti Ahtisaari sent the report on Kosovo’s future status to the members of contact group (russia, uK, germany, italy, france). “upon careful consideration of Kosovo’s recent history, the realities of Kosovo today and taking into account the negotiations with the parties, i have come to the conclusion that the only viable option for Kosovo is independence, to be supervised for an initial period by the international community,” he said. Ahtisaari highlighted in his plan that it was impossible for Kosovo to be permanently under the un governance. “A return of serbian rule over Kosovo would not be acceptable to the overwhelming majority of the people of Kosovo. belgrade could not regain its authority without provoking violent opposi40
kosovo da afxazeTi msgavseba Tu xelovnuri analogia `Tu vinme fiqrobs, rom kosovos sruli damoukidebloba unda mieniWos, ratom unda vuTxraT imave Txovnaze uari afxazeTs? Cven saerTo gamoyenebis universaluri principebi gvesaWiroeba~. – ruseTis prezidentis, vladimer putinis es cnobili gancxadeba im safrTxis Semcvelia, romelic ara mxolod saqarTvelos, aramed bevri evropuli qveynis da TviT ruseTis interesebsac emuqreba. sakiTxi saqarTvelosTvis gansakuTrebiT aqtua-
luri mas Semdeg gaxda, rac 17 Tebervals kosovom damoukidebloba calmxrivad gamoacxada. kerZod, kosovos gamoyofam, SesaZloa afxazeTisa da samxreT oseTis konfliqtebis mimarT rusuli politikis gadasinjva gamoiwvios. saqarTvelos mTavroba varaudobs, rom defaqto respublikebis dauyovnebliv aRiareba ruseTis interesebSi ar Sedis. amas mowmobs dsT-s araformalur samitze saqarTvelosa da ruseTis pirveli pirebis Sexvedris Sedegebic. Tumca safrTxe arsebobs da ` saxelwifo aparati seriozulad muSaobs nebismier situaciaSi sakadrisi reagirebisTvis~ (mixeil saakaSvilis 18 Tebervlis gancxadeba). miuxedavad imisa, rom dasavleli diplomatebi xazs usvamen `kosovos uprecendentobas~, oficialuri moskovi miniSnebebs `dominos efeqtze~ akTebs da kosovos magaliTiT saqarTvelos gayinuli konfliqtebis axlebur (misTvis momgebian) interpretacias cdilobs. sazogadoebisTvis interesmoklebuli ar una iyos gamovyoT is garemoebebi romelic am or konfliqts (kosovo da afxazTi) erTmaneTisagan ganasxvavebs: pirvel rigSi unda iTqvas, rom kosovoSi serbebma, romlebic mosaxleobis umciresobas warmoadgendnen eTnikur albanelebs genocidi mouwyves, maSin roca gansxvavebuli demografiuli viTarebis mqone afxazeTSi genocidi qarTul mosaxleobas mouwyves da eTnikur qarTvelebs sacxovrebeli adgilebi daatovebines. amasTanave, kosovo Tavidanve moeqca saerTaSoriso yuradgebis centrSi. eTnikuri wmendis SesaCereblad natos samxedro Zalebi Caeria, misi ZalisxmeviT daiwyo daZabulobis ganeitraleba da albaneli ltolvilebis TavianT saxlebSi dabrunebis procesi. afxazeTis omis dros ki saqarTvelo, rogorc `ar Semdgari~ saxelmwifo nakleb saintereso gaxldaT saerTaSoriso TanamegobrobisTvis, xolo qarTvelebis genocidi araTu SeCerebuli, aramed waxalisebuli iyo ruseTis mxridan. garda amisa, kosovos adgilobrivi mosaxleobis TiTqmis 90% meti mxars uWers damoukideblobas. amis sapirispirod, afxazeTSi (separatistuli da rusuli agresiuli Zalebis mxridan ganxorcielbuli qarTvelTa eTnikuri wmendis pirobebSic ki) 2007 wlis 4-18 marts Catarebuli saparlamento arCevnebis Sedegebis mixedviT, ara mxolod 200 000-ze metma devnilma mosaxleobam, aramed dRevandel afxazeTSi mxovrebma 65 000-ma eTnikurma qarTvelma absoluturi boikoti gamoucxada am arCevnebs. kidev erTi mizezi, ratom ar SeiZleba am ori SemTxvevis erTmaneTTan gaigiveba aris is, rom kosovos teritoria TiTqmis mTeli 8 wlis ganmavlobaSi miukerZoebeli Zalis - gaeros kontrolis qveS imyo-
tion. Autonomy of Kosovo within the borders of serbia — however notional such autonomy may be — is simply not tenable,” said Ahtisaari and added, “Kosovo is a unique case that demands a unique solution. in unanimously adopting resolution 1244 (1999), the security council responded to milosevic’s actions in Kosovo by denying serbia a role in its governance, placing Kosovo under temporary united nations administration and envisaging a political process designed to determine Kosovo’s future. the combination of these factors makes Kosovo’s circumstances extraordinary”.
Kosovo And AbKhAZiA similArity or simulAtion “if people believe that Kosovo can be granted full independence, why then should we deny it to Abkhazia and south ossetia? we need common principles to find a fair solution to these problems.” paradoxically, this well-known statement of russian president vladimir putin poses a threats not only to georgia but also to european countries and to russia itself. the Kosovo issue became even more important for georgia on feb. 17, when Kosovo declared independence. Kosovo’s new status may cause changes in russia’s attitude regarding Abkhazia and south ossetia conflicts. the georgian government supposes that
xelnakeTi karvebi bleis regionSi makEshIft camps In thE REgIon of BlacE
immediate recognition of the de facto republics would not be in russia’s interests. the same point was strengthened by georgian and russian top officials at the meeting on cis informal summit. however, as georgian president mikheil saakashivili stated, there are yet some possibilities that “the state apparatus is working to respond to any threat adequately western diplomats emphasize that Kosovo should not create precedent for other unresolved conflicts. but Kremlin makes references to a “domino effect” in attempts to interpret georgian conflicts into more useful cases for russia. it would be interesting to identify the main characteristics (features) that distinguish the Kosovo case from Abkhazia. firstly, Kosovo genocide was conducted by serbian minorities against ethnic Albanians. where as in Abkhazia, the majority of population, georgians, had been brutally and massively killed and displaced from their houses. secondly, there is one detail that totally divides contest of these two cases: Kosovo situation became the subject of interest among international powers from the beginning of its conflict. the dramatic deterioration of the situation prompted the intervention of nAto. And only thanks to nAto‘s efforts, refugee returning process started. on the contrary, during the Abkhazia war, georgia as “failed state” did not become the issue for the west. consequently, ethnic georgians’ genocide had not been suspended but encouraged by the russian side.
feboda, maSin, roca afxazeTis teritorias dRemde dsT-s samSvidobo Zalebi akontroleben da viTareba dainteresebuli mxaris - ruseTis mier imarTeba. istoriuli movlenis mosalodneli Sedegebi farTo diskusiis Temad iqca. aRniSnul sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT vesaubreT ekonomikuri politikisa da samarTlebrivi sakiTxebis qarTul-evropuli sakonsultacio centris direqtors baton kaxa gogolaSvils. konfliqtis mogvarebis araerTi modeli arsebobs Tanamedrove msoflioSi. SeZleba gavixsenoT igive bosniis da aCexis (indoneziis provincia) magaliTebi. magram kosovos precedentis ganzogadeba arcerT SemTxvevaSi ar unda moxdes. es ar Sedis saqarTvelos interesebSi. kosovo is unikaluri SemTxevaa, romlic mxolod kosovoze SeiZleba gavrceldes. arsebobs aresbiTi sxvaoba, kosovosa da afxazeTis konfliqtebs Soris, rac saTanadod unda iqnes ganmartebuli da axsnili. albanuri mosaxleobis eTnikuri wmenda, safrTxes uqmnis mTeli evropis simSvidesa da keTildReobas. es safrTxe dRemde ar aris ganeitralebuli. amitom, didi Zalisxmevaa saWiro imisTvis, rom mdgomareoba ar gamwvavdes, rac ara erT faqtorze iqneba damokidebuli. batono kaxa, xSirad saubroben afxazeTisTvis `farTo avtonomiis miniWebaze~, ras gulisxmobs
avtonmiis es forma da riT gansxvavdeba is kosovos `kontrolirebadi avtonomiisgan~? avtonomia centralur mTavrobasa da avtonomiur olqs Soris kompetenciaTa gamijvnas da uflebamosilebis delegirebas efuZneba. rac Seexeba im sakiTxs Tu avtonomiis ra forma unda mieniWos afxazeTs, es molaparakebis sakiTxia. farTo avtonomiis magaliTebad SeiZleba moviyvanoT baskeTi espaneTSi da flandria belgiaSi. kulturuli damoukideblobis garda, farTo avtonomiis pirobebSi SesaZlebelia regionalur organizaciebSi wevroba da regionalur proeqtebSi monawileobis miReba, saerTaSoriso daxmarebis miReba, rigi ekonomikuri programebis ganxorcieleba. Tumca aris sakiTxebi, romelic centraluri mTavrobis kompetenciaSi rCeba, magaliTad fulis emisia, Tavdacva da sagareo politika. 90 –ian wlebSi afxazuri mxare Tanaxma iyo konfederaciul modelze. konfederacia, xom klasikuri gagebiT saxelmwifoTa kavSiria. gamodis, rom afxazeTs surda konfederaciul SeTanxmebaSi saxemwifos statusiT monawileoba? diax, swored amitom, saqrTvelos interesebSi ar Sedis konfederaciuli modeli. Tumca, saqarTvelo mzad aris SesTavazos avtonomiis is formebi, romlebic uzruvelyofs afxazebis kulturuli Tvidmyofadobis SenarCubas da mniSvnelovan daTmobebs ekonomikuri da administraciuli kuTxiT. ruseTi garkveulwilad dilemis winaSe dgas, afxazeTisa da samxreT oseTis de faqto respublikebis aRiareba ar Sedis mis ineteresebSi, Tumca meore mxriv, dasavleTTan konfrontaciis fonze ar surs wagebul mdgomareobaSi aRmoCndes. rogor fiqrobT, racionaluri politikis pirobebSi ra iqneboda ruseTisTvis saukeTeso arCevani? cnobilia, rom ruseTi iracionalur politikas awarmoebs. am faqtis axsna SesaZloa ruseTis istoriul mexsierebaSi, mis ambiciebSi an im specifikur politikur amocanebSi veZeboT, romlis winaSec qveyana saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi idga. Tumca, erTi ram cxadia. ruseTs dRes ar awyobs afxazeTisa da oseTis damoukideblobis aRiareba, rac niSnavs, rom am etapze konfliqturi regionebis damoukideblobis xmamaRali deklaracia mis ineteresebSi ar Sedis. maSin, roca misi miznebi konfliqtur zonebTan mimarTebaSi ar Secvlila. afxazebi dRes damoukideblobisTvis ibrZvian da ara ruseTTan asimilaciisTvis! swored amitom, ruseTs ganzraxuli aqvs afxazebis politikuri ganwyobis da miswrafebebis sruli transformacia. am miznis miRweva droTa ganmavlobaSi SesaZlebelia Tu afxazeTTan ekonomikuri integraciis process kidev ufro gaaRrmavebs da iseT xarisxs miaRwevs, roca afxazebs sxva arCevani aRarc darkaxa gogolaSvili kakha gogolashVIlI
in addition, 90 percent of Kosovo’s local population voted for independence while 200,000 temporary displaced persons and 65,000 ethnic georgians (currently living on the territory of Abkhazia) boycotted de facto parliamentary elections in Abkhazia, in march of 2007. one more reason why these two cases (Kosovo and Abkhazia) cant’ be compared is that the territory of Kosovo had been ruled by impartial force (unmiK) over 8 years. when in Abkhazia, the situation was under immediate control of russian political and military forces. And russia is an interested part of this conflict. there is the intensive discourse about the possible results of the Kosovo case. KAKHA GOGOlASHVIlI, director of georgianeuropean policy and legal Advice center, discusses the topic. there are several methods of conflict regulation in the modern world. in this respect we should mention bosnia and Aceh (indonesia province) cases. but generalizing Kosovo precedent is inadmissible. it doesn’t meet georgian interests (and can be only spent on Kosovo). there are essential differences between these two conflicts that should be explained and cleared up properly. the discrimination against Kosovo Albanians on a massive scale became a threat to peace and security of europe. the danger hasn’t been neutralized yet completely. great effort should be expended to avoid deterioration of situation that is determined by numerous factors. We hear frequently that Abkhazia should gain a `broad autonomy~ – what does this model imply and how would it differ from `supervised autonomy~?
Autonomy is the delegation of competence between central government and autonomous region. which type of autonomy Abkhazia should gain is the question of negotiation. the examples of broad autonomy are the pais basco in spain or flandria in belgium. Apart from cultural independence, in case of broad autonomy, the autonomous entity can become the member of regional projects and organizations receive international aid and participate in economic programs. though some issues such as monetary, foreign and defense policy is exclusively in competence of central authority. Abkhazia was considering a confederal model in ‘90s. Confederation is the unity of empowered states. So, does it mean that Abkhazian side wanted to enter into agreement under the state status? yes. that’s why georgia refused this proposal. however, georgia is ready to offer to Abkhazia those forms of autonomy that provide guarantees for cultural inherent as well as high level of authority transfer with respect to economic and local governance. The Kosovo case creates a dilemma for Russia as well. Russia doesn’t want immediate recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, but on the other hand, with respect to confrontation with the West, Kremlin won’t accept the role of a loser. What do you think would a rational policy for Russia be? As a rule, russia conducts irrational politics. the explanation of this fact one can find in historical memory or in political ambitions and tasks that faced country during the centuries. the recognition of de facto republics is not in russia’s interest but it doesn’t mean that russia changed its intention towards these regions. Abkhazians are fighting for independence but not for assimilation with russia. thus, russia’s aim is to transform Abkhazian aspirations and dispositions in the way that would be more beneficial for it. russia can accomplish this goal by deepening economic integration with the de facto republic. by this means, russia would push Abkhazia to make a self-defeating decision to join the russian federation. Can we assume that Russia wants to conserve the conflict zones but in fact, stimulates the processes in economic and ideological terms? exactly, and if so russia will increase its influence and internal capacities. it would be obvious for north caucasian republics that russia is maintaining its territorial integrity and even gaining new territories. so the chances for them to continue their fighting for independence will decrease. As a result, russia will reinforce its positions on the international level too. you have drafted Russia’s possible strategy very clearly, so, what would be the expecting steps? the western world perceives russia differently. but for us, who are still tied with russia by territorial, historical and religious aspects, it’s easy to understand moscow’s real goals. And we also know that russia will do everything to get its target. i keep saying that it is only assumptions. the russian foreign policy doesn’t have any frames and is more intuitive by its nature rather than
CebaT, garda imisa, rom TviTonve moiTxovon ruseTTan SeerTeba. anu SeiZleba iTqvas, rom ruseTs surs konfliqturi regionebis `gayinuli~ formiT SenarCuneba, magram imavdroulad surs `gaalRos~ isini ekonomikuri da ideologiuri TvalsazrisiT.. diax, swore es vigulisxme. am SemTxvevaSi ruseTi bevrad ufro gaZlierdeba vidre dRes aris. CrdiloeT kavkasiuri respublikebi Sexedaven, rom ruseTi ki ar iSleba, aramed piriqiT Zlierdeba da axal teritoriebs ierTebs, rac maT mouspobs SesaZleblobas damoukideblobisTvis brZola gaagrZelon. amasTanave, ruseTi dasavleTTan konfrontaciis konteqstSic gaimyarebs poziciebs. Tqven CamoayalibeT ruseTis strategia, daaxloebiT ra svlebs unda velodoT misgan? diax, Tumca unda iTqvas, rom amgvari xedva ucxoa dasavleTisTvis. istoriuli, teritoriuli da religiuri siaxloevis gamo, CvenTvis ufro gasagebia ra surs ruseTs da ra gzebiT Seecdeba amis miRwevas. magram kidev erTxel vimeoreb, es mxolod varaudia.... rogorc wesi, rusuli politika CarCoebSi ar jdeba da ufro intuitiur xasiaTs atarebs. amitomac aris gaugebari dasavleTisTvis rusuli politikis niuansebi. demokratiuli qveynebis politikis ganmsazRvreli xalxia da maTi neba, xolo rusuli poltikis _ lideri da ideologTa viwro wre, romelTa amosavali principi aris ara mosaxleobis keTldReoba, aramed rusuTis momavali statusi saerTaSoriso urTierTobebSi. batoni putini ambobs, rom Tu kosovos precendenti Seiqmna, es universalur normad unda iqces, magram ver xsnis, ver ganmartavs, ris safuZvelze unda ganzogaddes, kosovos SemTxveva. es is SemTxvevaa, roca politikis formireba xdeba ara sxadasxva Zalebis interaqtivis Sedegad, aramed politikuri lideris mier erTpirovnulad.. Tu davuSvebT, rom ruseTi Tqvens mier navaraudevi strategiiT imoqmedebs, am logikiT rogori unda iyos saqarTvelos kontrstrategia? me mainc mgonia, rom afxazeTis konfliqtis mogvarebis yvelaze optimaluri gza ltolvilTa dabrunebaze orientirebuli samoqmedo taqtikaa. am TvasazrisiT saqarTvelos absoluturi upiratesoba gaaCnia, rogorc samarTlebrivi ise politikuri da rac mTavari moraluri kuTxiT. arc ruseTs da arc afxazur mxares amis winaaRmdeg argumentebi ar aqvT da romc hqondeT, isini Zalian ususuri da dabali Rirebulebis mqone iqneba, radgan adamianebis masiuri gaJleta da saxlebidan gamoZeveba ZirSive ewinaaRmdegeba dasavlur faseulobebs. sayuradgeboa isic, rom dasavluri xedvisTvis umTavresia regionSi mSvidobis SenarCuneba da mTavrobis xalxis
nebaze damyarebuli pozicia. saqmec eg aris, rom qarTvelebis dabrunebiT afxazuri mosaxleobis neba da ganwyoba bunebrivad Seicvleba. konfliqtis sxvagvarad mogvarebis SemTxvevaSi SeiraRebuli dapirispirebis Tavidan acileba SeuZlebeli gaxdeba da dasavleTis mxardaWeris mopovebac am SemTxvevaSi gaWirdeba. isini yovelTvis gvetyvian; ra ufro mniSvnelovania? mSvidobis SenarCuneba regionSi, SesaZlo omis mosalodneli msxverpli, konfliqtis Semdgomi eskalaciis safrTxe Tu sakiTxis droebiT SeCereba. da es `droebiT SeCereba~ SeiZleba arasdros ar dasruldes. amdenad, saWiroa wina planze im sakiTxebis wamoweva, romelic dasavlur interesebs Tu ar emTxveva, ar ewinaaRmdegeba mainc. afxazebma amgvari xedvis sapirwoned SeiZleba sabrZolo moqmedebebis ganuaxleblobis garantiebi moTxovon da qarTuli mxarec unda dasTanxmdes amas, mxolod im pirobiT Tu SeTanxmebaSi iqve pirdapir, xazs vusvam pirdapir, iqneba miTiTebuli, rom dauyovnebliv daiwyeba ltolvilTa dabrunebis procesi. `dasavluri proeqti~ serbeTis istoriulad ganuyofeli nawilis - kosovos – `saxelmwifod qceva~ dasavluri proeqtia, romlis avtorebic regionSi stabilurobisa da simSvidis SenarCunebas isaxaven miznad.
well-articulated. that’s why the western states can’t follow illogical russian politics. in democratic states policy is determined by public awareness, whereas the source of russian politics is ideology based on the country’s role and position in the international arena. vladimir putin announced that Kosovo case should lead to forming universal norms, but he does not have enough arguments to prove his position. If Russia acts pursuant to the strategy you have shaped, what would be the best counter strategy for Georgia? i am confident the best way of resolving Abkhazia conflict is a strategy of refugee return. putting forward the question of temporary displaced persons will give prominence to georgia legally, politically and morally. neither russia nor Abkhazia has the arguments against it. And even if they elaborate some arguments they would be worth nothing. As repression, displacement and tragic loss of civilians contends the basics of international values and universally recognized principles. the main goal of europe and the us is the maintaining peace and security in the caucasian region. from their point of view this goal should be reached by transparent government policy based on public will and disposition. returning ethnic georgians to Abkhazia will change population sentiments in favour of georgian government naturally. settlement of conflict by other means won’t prevent armed confrontation and if so, western support will be
put in question. they would ask us to choose among maintaining stability in the region or possible drastic results of possible war. putting off military actions in the region will never finish. so that our goal is to underscore those issues that don’t create interest conflicts with western countries. Abkhazian side may demand the firm guarantees of not restoring armed actions. but for georgians, emergence returning of ethnic georgians in Abkhazia should become the top requirement of the agreement. `WESTERN pROJECT~ the transformation of serbian historical part – Kosovo province into the state, is the “western project”, whose authors seek regional stability and prosperity. it is difficult to say whether Kosovo case can influence georgian conflicts seriously. however, there is no doubt that threats exist. for this reason we will discuss some problems regarding Kosovo. firstly, the fate of the newly independent state fully depends on political willingness and readiness of the us and eu to support the young democracy. Kosovo won’t be associated with the violation of international law but should become a successful example of conflict settlement. “the independence of Kosovo is an historic step for the balkan region. it presents an opportunity to move beyond the conflicts of the past and toward a future of freedom and stability and peace,” said president bush. Along with us, the leading european countries (uK, france, germany) should contribute to the democratic development of Kosovo. “we should admit that the balkan countries are european countries, so europe is obliged to promote peace and stability in this region,” announced david miliband, secretary of state for foreign and commonwealth Affairs. today, nAto’s military forces are the main guarantee of order and stability in Kosovo. however, taking into consideration the heavy social conditions it is clear that without considerable support from eu and the us (stimulation of trade, easing visa regime), Kosovo will never form as a state. Kosovo needs to take up the challenges such as poverty, unemployment or political extremism coming from serbia. eu should put in action the “open door” principle not only concerning to Kosovo but also serbia, since their integration into the eu will facilitate the normalization and reconciliation process. nevertheless, it is the best scenario. As martti Ahtisaari stated, “Kosovo is a unique case that demands a unique solution.” thus, the main task of georgia as well as international community is to make this case less painful for them.
iqoniebs Tu ara kosovos precendenti saqarTvelos konfliqtebze seriozul gavlenas amis Tqma rTulia, magram ramdenadac amis safrTxe realurad arsebobs, mizanSewonili iqneba SevexoT kosovosTan dakavSirebul ramdenime sakiTxs. pirvel rigSi unda iTqvas, rom axlad warmoqnili saxelmwifos bedi mTlianad damokidebulia aSS-s da evrokavSiris politikur nebasa da mzadyofnaze _ kosovo iqces ara saerTaSoriso samarTlis ugulebelyofis, aramed konfliqtis mogvarebis warmatebul precendentad. `istoria daamtkicebs, rom balkaneTSi mSvidobisa da stabilurobis dasamyareblad Cven swori nabiji gadavdgiT,~- ganacxada aSS-s prezidentma jorj buSma. StatebTan erTad pasuxismgeblobas evropis wamyvani saxelmwifoebic (didi britaneTi, safrangeTi, germania) inawileben. `Zalian mniSvnelovania, vaRiaroT, rom dasavleT balkaneTis qveynebi evropuli qveynebia. amdenad, evropam unda ikisros lideris roli, raTa uzrunvelyos regionSi simSvide da stabiluroba~ – ganmartavs britaneTis saxelmwifo mdivani sagareo sakiTxebSi david milibandi. am etapze regionSi mSvidobis da wesrigis garanti, natos egidiT myofi samxedro Zalebi da evrokavSiris sadamkvirveblo misiia. Tumca, Tu gaviTvaliswinebT kosovoSi arsebul mZime socialur fons, naTeli gaxdeba, rom mxolod dasavleTis soliduri daxmarebis pirobebSi (ormxrivi vaWrobis stimulireba, savizo reJimis gamartiveba) SeZlebs kosovo saxelmwifod Camoyalibebas – siRaribis da umuSevrobis daZlevas, aseve, serbeTis mxridan mosalodneli eqstremizmis Tavidan acilebas. evrokavSirma, `Ria karis~ principi, ara mxolod kosovos, aramed serbeTTan mimarTebaSic unda aamoqmedos, raTa maTi organizaciaSi integraciiT, safuZveli Caeyaros belgradisa da priStinas politikuri Serigebis process. Tumca, es mxolod saukeTeso scenaria. martti axtisaaris sityvebiT rom vTqvaT, `kosovo unikaluri SemTxvevaa, romelic unikalur gadawyvetas iTxovs.~ dRes saqarTvelos, iseve rogorc saerTaSoriso Tanamegobrobis mTavari amocanaa, rom es `unikaluri SemTxveva~ rac SeiZleba nakleb mtkivneuli iyos maTTvis.
Salva londariZe shalVa londaRIdzE
Tavdacvis erovnuli akademiis oficrebma kapitnis sakariero kursi daasrules. sazeimo ceremonia Tavdacvis saministroSi gaimarTa, romlis dasrulebis Semdeg kursdamTavrebulebs kapitnis sakariero kursis dasrulebis damadasturebeli diplomebi gadaecaT. oficrebs warmateba ministris moadgilem mamuka mujirma da gaerTianebuli Stabis ufrosma polkovnikma zaza gogavam miuloces. sazeimo ceremonias daeswrnen gaerTianebuli Stabisa da Sinagan saqmeTa saministros xelmZRvaneli pirebi. saswavlo kursi 18 kvira gagrZelda. oTxi Tvis ganmavlobaSi Tavdacvisa da Sss-s oficrebma manevris, saartilerio, sainJinro da lojistikis mimarTulebiT Teoriuli da praqtikuli mecadineobebi gaiares.
the officers of nAtionAl defence AcAdemy completed the cAptAin cAreer course. the solemn ceremony wAs held At the ministry of defence of georgiA. After the ceremony the officers were grAnted cAptAins cAreer diplomAs. deputy minister of defence mAmuKA muJiri And the chief of Joint stAff of the georgiAn Armed forces colonel ZAZA gogAvA congrAtulAted the officers on their success. the leAdership of Joint stAff of the georgiAn Armed forces And ministry of internAl AffAirs of georgiA Attended the solemn ceremony.
kapitnebis sakariero kursis gamoSveba gRadUatIon cEREmony of captaIns` caREER coURsEs
the curriculum course continued for 18 weeks. during four weeks the officers of defence ministry and ministry of internal Affairs of georgia were undergoing theoretical and practical trainings in maneuvering, artillery, engineering and logistical fields. Colonel zaza Gogava – Chief of Joint Staff: “this day is one more step forward for the Armed forces. the officers’ preparation level is high and is in compliance with nAto standards. the officers deepen military knowledge and experience through the captain career courses. the course gives them an option to take one more leap forward in military career and continue serving as company commanders in captain rank. we also get certain innovation. this is the first occasion when the officers of special divisions of the ministry of internal Affairs underwent preparation alongside military servicemen. the tight relationship between the law-enforcement authorities will be an appropriate guarantee for a powerful country. thus, the joint preparation had one more certain aim. i can’t exclude the necessity that police subdivisions may participate in peacekeeping operations, which needs appropriate preparation. currently, only the national defence Academy of the ministry of defence of georgia possesses such a preparation base”. After the ceremony undergraduate students celebrated the successful completion of career courses with toasts at the solemn reception. relatives, close friends and family members also attended the graduation ceremony. the captains were conversing with pleasure and freely; they were very proud as they advanced in career; they talked about their future plans:
zaza gogava, gaerTianebuli Stabis ufrosi, polkovniki: `dRevandeli dRe SeiaraRebuli ZalebisaTvis kidev erTi wingadadgmuli nabijia. oficrebis momzadebis done maRalia da igi nato-s moTxovnebs pasuxobs. kapitnis sakariero kursebis meSveobiT oficrebma samxedro codna da gamocdileba gaiRrmaves, rac maT saSualebas aZlevs samxedro karieraSi kidev erTi nabijiT win waiwion da kapitnis rangSi aseulis meTaurebad ganagrZon samsaxuri. wels garkveulad siaxlis mowmenic gavxdiT. es aris pirveli SemTxveva, rodesac Tavdacvis erovnul akademiaSi, samxedroebTan erTad, momzadeba Sss-s gansakuTrebuli sammarTvelos oficrebmac gaiares. Zalovan uwyebebs Soris mWidro TanamSromloba Zlieri saxelmwifosTvis saTanado garanti iqneba, Tumca amas kidev erTi mizani hqonda. ar aris gamoricxuli dadges imis aucilebloba, rom policiis qvedanayofebma monawileoba miiRon samSvidobo operaciebSi, rasac saTanado momzadeba sWirdeba. saamiso baza ki dResdReobiT mxolod saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministros erovnul akademias gaaCnia.~ sazeimo miRebaze, romelic ceremoniis dasrulebis Semdeg gaimarTa, kursdamTavrebulebi Wiqa RviniT aRniSnavdnen sakariero kursebis warmatebiT dasrulebas. maTTan erTad iyvnen maTi gulSematkivrebi, ojaxis wevrebi - meuRle, deda, Svilebi. kapitnebi siamovnebiT da Zaldautaneblad saubrobdnen, siamayis gancdac hqondaT rom karieraSi win waiwies, saubrobdnen samomavlo gegmebze: manuCar SamaTava, me-4 qveiTi brigadis 42-e batalionis kapitani: saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi 9 welia vmsaxurob. am xnis ganmavlobaSi, rogorc samxedrom didi gamocdileba miviRe. Tumca kapitnis sakariero kursebi codnis gaRrmavebis TvalsazrisiT gansakuTrebuli aRmoCnda. oTxi Tvis ganmavlobaSi, Teoriuli da praqtikuli mecadineobebis saxiT, uamravi ram Seviswavle. maT Soris: dokumentaciis sworad warmoeba, piradi Semadgenlobis transportireba, lojistikis mimarTulebiT jaris uzrunvelyofa, brZolis velze qvedanayofebis uzrunvelyofa da mravali sxva... saswavlo programidan gansakuTrebiT ra faqtors gamoyofdi? saswavlo programa zogadad Zalian saintereso iyo. Tumca yvelaze didi STabeWdileba mainc praqtikulma mecadineobebma moaxdines. codna, romelsac praqtika ar axlavs, srulyofili ar aris. erovnul akademiaSi ki safuZvliani codnis miReba garantirebulia.
kapitani manuCar SamaTava ojaxTan capt. manUchaR shamataVa WIth hIs famIly
dRevandel sazeimo ceremonias oficialuri pirebis garda samoqalaqo pirebic eswrebodnen. maT Soris Seni meuRle da qaliSvili, 4 Tvis elisabedic iyo... samxedrosTvis ojaxis wevrTan erTad yofna xandaxan fufunebac ki aris. colad moyvanamde, rodesac Cem momaval meuRles Cemi profesiuli arCevanis Sesaxeb vuTxari, misgan mxolod TanagrZnoba da siyvaruli vigrZeni. mas Semdeg Cven erTad varT. ramdenime Tvis win Cems axalgazrda ojaxs kidev erTi wevri Seemata. meuRlesTan erTad gulSematkivrobas axla Cemi Svilic miwevs. darwmunebuli var gulSematkivarebi arc momavalSi mogakldeba. miTumetes axla, rodesac wina wlebisgan gansxvavebiT sazogadoeba qarTvel oficers imedis TvaliT uyurebs... amis imedi namdvilad maqvs da kidev imis, rom sakuTar fesvebs male davubrundebi. 11 wlis viyavi, rodesac afxazeTidan iZulebiT wamovedi. axlac maxsovs gamovlili gza da ojaxis wevrebis dabneuli, gaognebuli saxeebi. SesaZloa ise moxdes, rom Cvens am dialogs engurs iqeTac gaecnon. axla Tu ara Semdeg, rodesac afxazi da qarTveli Serigdeba. saqarTvelos politikuri nebac xom aseTia... rogor fiqrob, SesaZlebelia Cveni Serigeba? erT istorias gavixseneb. afxazeTis datoveba ver movaswariT. ise moxda, rom afxazebma Cveni ojaxi tyved aiyvanes da mamas daxvretiT daemuqrnen. ganaCeni TiTqmis sisruleSi iyo moyvanili, rodesac moZaladeebs moulodnelad erT-erTi maTgani gamoeyo da momiaxlovda. man Tavdapirvelad damamSvida, mere moSorebiT, tyveebisken miixeda, iqneboda albaT oc kacamde da Sewuxebis mizezi mkiTxa. CemTvis dRemde ucxo kacs vuTxari, rom mas da mis Tanamzraxvelebs dasaxvretad gamzadebul adamianebs Soris mamaCemic gahyavdaT. axlac ver amixsnia bolomde ra moxda. avtomatianma kacma jer mamis garegnoba gamomkiTxa, Semdeg gamiRima da miTxra: `pirobas gaZlev mamas imaze adre naxav vidre Sen fiqrobo~. oriode wuTSi Cems win gakvirvebuli da dabneuli mamaCemi idga. Tavdapirvelad misi gaTavisufleba boroti xumroba gvegona, magram Semdeg me da Cemi ojaxis wevrebi afxazis asrulebul pirobaSi davrwmundiT - ai pasuxi Tqvens kiTxvaze. Cven, qarTvel da afxaz xalxs, erTmaneTTan misasvleli gzebi kidev gvaqvs.
Manuchar Shamatava - captain of the 42nd battalion, 4th infantry brigade: i have been serving in the georgian Armed forces for nine years. during this period i as a military serviceman have obtained huge experience. hence, the captain career course was special in order to deepen my knowledge. during four months theoretical and practical trainings taught me a lot, including: appropriate paper work, personal staff transportation, logistical provision of the army, subdivisions provision on the battle field and others… Which factor can you especially mark from the curriculum? generally, the curriculum was very interesting. thus, i found practical trainings the most impressive. Knowledge without practice is not perfect. getting fundamental knowledge at the national defence Academy is guaranteed. Besides officials, civilians also attended the solemn ceremony. Among them were your spouse and 4 months old daughter – Elizabeth… sometimes being with your family is a luxury for a military person. before getting married when i told my future spouse about my professional choice, i only felt sympathy and love towards my profession from her. since then we are together. several months before my young family added one more member. now my child also supports me along with my spouse. I am sure you won’t suffer from lack of supporters in the future. Especially now, when society looks at Georgian officers with hope in comparison to previous years… i definitely hope for this and also trust to return to my own roots very soon. i was 11 years old when i was made to leave Abkhazia. i remember the exodus and confused, astonished faces of my family members to this day. Maybe our conversation will be read even beyond Enguri. If not now, maybe after the reconciliation of Abkhazia and Georgia. Georgian political wish is this… What is your opinion regarding our reconciliation? i want to keep history in mind. we couldn’t manage to leave Abkhazia. Abkhazians seized my family hostage and threatened my father by shooting. the sentence was almost executed when one of the violators approached me. At first, he calmed me down, looked to the hostages, who were approximately twenty people and asked the reason of my hindrance. i said to unfamiliar person for me that he and his accomplices were going to shoot my father among the people they were going to execute. till nowadays i can’t explain what had happened. first the armed man asked my father’s appearance, then he smiled at me and
said: “i promise you will see your father earlier than you think.” two minutes later my astonished and confused father was standing in front of me. At first i thought his release was an evil joke, but then my family members and i believed that Abkhazians kept the promise – this is my answer to your question. we – georgian and Abkhazian people – have the way for reconciliation. What are your current plans? i have to return to my location place and serve georgia perfectly – this is my action plan. so you aren’t able to see your family members for a while. you have already mentioned your spouse is accustomed to this. but i’d rather hear personally from magdalena… A lot of successful changes have been carried out in the georgian Army over the last few years. in contrast with the past, wearing a military uniform becomes a source of pride, not shame. i want to say that i have a special sense of pride as i am a spouse of georgian officer. my brother also serves in the georgian Armed forces. As for your question, i don’t see my spouse frequently because of his work. thus, i fully understand
axla ras apireb? dislokaciis adgils unda davubrunde da saqarTvelos pirnaTlad vemsaxuro – aseTia Cemi samoqmedo gegma. gamodis, rom garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi ojaxis wevrebs isev ver naxav. rogorc ukve miTxari amas meuRle Seguebulia. Tumca mirCevnia magdalinasgan es Tavad movismino... am ramdenime wlis ganmavlobaSi qarTul jarSi bevri ram sasikeTod Seicvala. wina wlebisgan gansxvavebiT, samxedro formis tareba ara Tu samarcxvino, aramed saamayoa. imasac getyviT, rom gansakuTrebuli siamayis grZnoba mec gamaCnia, radgan qarTveli oficris meuRle var. Cemi Zmac saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi msaxurobs. rac Seexeba Tqvens kiTxvas, samsaxuridan gamomdinare meuRles xSirad marTlac ver vxedav, Tumca arsebuli realobis savsebiT mesmis. samxedros ojaxisTvis cxovrebis aseTi reJimi Cveulebrivi movlenaa. dRes Sens meuRles kapitnis wodeba mieniWa... ar davmalav Cems emocias da getyviT, rom meuRlis warmateba namdvilad gamixarda. Tumca mTavari,
zurab zerekiZe da Tornike asaTiani zURaB zEREkIdzE and toRnIkE asatIanI
axla codnis gaRrmavebaa. manuCars amisTvis yvela piroba gaaCnia. minda visargeblo SemTxveviT da mis kolegebsac mivuloco dRevandeli dRe. zurab zerekiZe, Tavdacvis erovnuli akademiis kapitani: instruqtorebis daxmarebiT, am oTxi Tvis ganmavlobaSi udidesi gamocdileba SeviZine. swored maTi damsaxurebaa, rom dRes kapitnis wodeba momeniWa da Cems samsaxurs gaRrmavebuli codniT davubrundebi. yovelTvis mindoda profesionali samxedro vyofiliyavi. profesionalizmi ki Sesabamisi codnisa da gamocdilebis gareSe warmoudgenelia. Cems xelmZRvanelobasac Tavis droze am argumentiT mivmarTe. Semdegi etapi ukve testireba iyo. warmatebuli mcdelobis Semdeg kapitnis sakariero kursebze Caviricxe. axla ukve kapitani var da miRebuli codna Zalian maxarebs. Tornike asaTiani, Tavdacvis erovnuli akademiis kapitani: saswavlo kursi Zalian saintereso iyo. instruqtaJs is oficrebi gvitarebdnen, romlebmac Tavis droze kvalifikacia sazRvargareT aimaRles. aqedan gamomdinare, Cveni codna ucxoeTSi miRebuli codnis identuria. saqarTvelos politikuri neba dakarguli teritoriebis mSvidobiani gziT dabrunebaa, Tumca es ar niSnavs imas, rom jaris Semdgomi ganviTareba ar moxdes. dReisaTvis jaris mxardaWera ara mxolod saxelmwifosgan, aramed sazogadoebis mxridanac igrZnoba, rac uTuod sasixarulo da dasafasebelia. sazogadoebis am sasiamovno aqtiurobas riT axsni? amis araerTi mizezi arsebobs, Tundac elementarul magaliTs moviyvan, rac wlebis ganmavlobaSi warmoudgeneli iyo. jariskacis vizualuri da inteleqtualuri mxare dRes radikalurad gansxvavdeba im periodisagan, rodesac jariskacs, rig SemTxvevebSi Sesabamisi formac ki ar gaaCnda. dRevandeli gadasaxedidan es ukve im jaris warsulia, romelic sazRvargareT, samSvidobo misiebSi monawileobs da nato-s aliansSi gasawevrianeblad aqtiurad emzadeba. imedi maqvs, mova dro da saqarTvelo Crdilo atlantikuri aliansis sruluflebiani wevri gaxdeba!
the reality. such way of life is usual for a military serviceman’s family. Today your spouse was granted the rank of captain… i can’t hide my emotion: i am extremely glad about my husband’s success. but the most important thing is that he deepened his knowledge. manuchar has all possibilities for this. i also want to congratulate his colleagues today. zurab zerekidze – captain of National Defence Academy: i received huge experience in assistance with instructors during these four months. through their help, i was granted the rank of captain and am returning to my work with deepened knowledge. i always wanted to become a professional military man. professionalism can’t be had without appropriate knowledge and experience. i addressed my leadership with this argument. the next stage was testing. After the successful experiment i was enrolled in captain career courses. now i am a captain and i am very glad to have this knowledge. Tornike Asatiani – Captain of National Defence Academy the curriculum was very interesting. the officers who gave us instructions had raised their qualification abroad. that is why education we have received here is identical to the education abroad. georgia’s political will is to return its lost territories in a peaceful way. but this doesn’t mean the army won’t be developed. nowadays we feel support not only from the state, but also from society. this is a very pleasant and cherished fact. How can you explain this pleasant activeness of society? there are several reasons for the activeness. i want to give a very simple example that would have been incredible a few years ago. the visual and intellectual side of a soldier is radically different from that period when the soldiers didn’t have even appropriate uniforms in some cases. today, we have an army that participates in peacekeeping missions abroad and prepares for nAto integration. i hope soon the time will come when georgia becomes a potential member of the north-Atlantic Alliance!
nino rusaZe nIno RUsadzE
5-month trAining course of the instructors of nAtionAl guArds hAs been conducted for the first time in georgiA. the 25-men group of KrtsAnisi nAtionAl trAining center provided trAining to 113 militAry servAnts on muKhrovAni 40th cAdre brigAde bAse. the course Aimed At improvement of instructors’ sKills. in order to understAnd the feeling of the instructors, whether they were comfortAble in the role of reservists or not, we decided to interview them.
saqarTveloSi pirvelad Catarda erovnuli gvardiis instruqtorTa gadamzadebis 5 kviriani kursi. 113 samxedro mosamsaxure krwanisis erovnuli saswavlo centris 25 kacianma jgufma muxrovanis me-40 kadrirebuli brigadis bazaze moamzada. kursi miznad isaxavda instruqtorebis unar-Cvevebis gaumjobesebas. imisaTvis, rom gagvego, Tu rogor igrZnes Tavi instuqtorebma rezervistis ampluaSi, Cven gadavwyviteT maTTan gasaubreba.
ufrosi serJanti, erovnuli gvardiis instruqtori First Sergeant, Instructor of the National Guards
programa Zalian saintereso iyo. bevri gavixseneT, cota ram axalic SeviZineT. swavlebaSi ZiriTadi yuradReba mecadineobis Catarebis meTodikas eTmoboda. ukiduresad rTul garemoebebSi gvixdeboda praqtikuli amocanebis Sesruleba, Tumca programa imdenad saintereso iyo, rom erTgvar azartsac ki iwvevda da miznis miRwevisas, aTmag kmayofilebas vgrZnobdiT. minda gavixseno kursis erT-erTi sintereso nawili - navigacia, rodesac mocemuli koordinatebiT wertilebis povna dagvevala. welamde TovlSi ocdaaTi kilometris gavla mogvixda, magram yvela wertilis aRmoCenisas da axali koordinatebis miRebisas siamayis iseTi grZnoba gveufleboda, rom saerTod arc gvigrZvnia sicive. am kursze Cven rezervistis ampluaSi aRmovCndiT da gaviareT yvela is safexuri, rasac TiToeuli rezervisti gadis. es ki SesaZleblobas mogvcems ufro kargad CavwvdeT maT moTxovnebsa da problemebs. CemTvis, rogorc instruqtorisTvis, es kursi sakmaod nayofieri iyo. kargad aviTvise Tematika da mecadineobebis Catarebis meTodika, sakuTari Tavis mimarT ki rwmena gavimyare. axla ki mzad var saqarTvelos rezervi movamzado. the program was rather interesting. we recalled a lot, but acquired new knowledge as well. main emphasis was made on the principles of delivering the lectures. we had to fulfill practical tasks in extremely tough situations. though, the program was so interesting that it grew us all heated and we felt huge satisfaction when achieving the goal. i would like to tell you about one of the interesting parts of the course – navigation, when we had to find points based on the given data. despite the fact that we had to walk 30 kilometers in deep snow that covered our waists, we were very proud while discovering each point and receiving new data and we did not feel the cold at all. At this course, we passed through all those steps that each of reservist faces. this will give us opportunity to have a deep understanding of their demands and problems. for me, as for an instructor, this course was very fruitful. i am a proficient in this subject and the principles of the training already, gained confidence in myself and am now ready to train the reserve of georgia.
ufrosi leitenanti, erovnuli gvardiis instruqtori First lieutenant, Instructor of the National Guards ar arsebobs iseTi swavleba, sadac codnas ver SeiZen. ra Tqma unda, arc am swavlebas Cauvlia uSedegod. magaliTad aviRoT samSvidobo kursi, romelTanac Cven, gvardiis instruqtorebs, aranairi Sexeba ar gvqonia. krwanisis saswavlo centris instruqtorebi mTeli 5 kviris ganmavlobaSi gvixsnidnen da gviziarebdnen TavianT gamocdilebas. Cveni gadamzadebis kursi mxolod erTi ramiT gansxvavdeboda rezervistTa momzadebis programisgan. CvenTan amoRebuli iyo mxolod da mxolod dilis fizmomzadeba, danarCeni ki – sacecxle, sainJinro da taqtikuri momzadeba, topografia, yvelaferi identuri iyo. Sesabamisad, gavaanalizeT kursis is sirTuleebi, rac SeiZleba rezervistebma ver gadalaxon, magram momavlisTvis aucileblad gaviTvaliswinebT.
one can learn something from any training. neither this training was the exception. let’s take the peacekeeping course as an example, because we, instructors of the national guards have never dealt with it. during the whole 5 weeks, Krtsanisi training center instructors had been explaining and sharing their experience to us. the only difference between our training course and the reservists’ training program was absence of morning physical exercises in our program, while the rest (fire, engineering and tactical training, topography) was identical. we analyzed all those difficulties of the course that the reservists might fail to overcome, but we will consider them in future by all means.
xuTkviriani gadamzadeba erovnuli gvardiis rezervistTa momzadebis bazebis instruqtorebma muxrovanis samxedro bazaze gaviareT. Cven bevri axali, saintereso da nato-s standartebTan Sesabamisi samxedro disciplina SeviswavleT. swavlebas, ufrosi leitenant vladimer naTenaZis xelmZRvanelobiT, krwanisis saswavlo centris instruqtorebi gvitarebdnen. miuxedavad imisa, rom Cven rezervistebTan muSaobis gamocdileba gvqonda, kursma didi Sedegi gamoiRo. pirvel rigSi, davxveweT is, rac vicodiT. bevri axali ram SeviswavleT, rac momavalSi swavlebis formisa da xarisxis gaumjobesebasa da maRal profesiul doneze mis Catarebas Seuwyobs xels. yvelaze saintereso taqtikuri momzadeba iyo, kerZod - zurgisa da mxardamWeri operaciebidan amoRebuli sabrZolo elementebi. maxsendeba kidev erTi dRe - 30 kilometriani marSi, romelic marto muxrovanis samxedro mosamsaxureebma gaviareT, radgan instruqtorebma CaTvales, rom teritorias kargad vicnobdiT da koordinatebiT gadaadgileba ar gagviWirdeboda. mTavari is ki ar aris, ramden kilometrs gaivli, mTavaria rogor Seasruleb dasaxul amocanas. Cven ki, erovnuli gvardiis instruqtorebi, iseve rogorc TiTeuli jariskaci, yvela davalebas warmatebiT vasrulebT, radgan vemsaxurebiT Cvens qveyanas - saqarTvelos.
paata CofikaSvili Paata cHoPikaSHvili
kapitani, instruqtorTa jgufis ufrosi Captain, Instructors’ Group Commander: instructors of the reservists’ training bases of the national guards received the 5-week training on mukhrovani military base. we learned a lot of new, interesting military disciplines compliant to nAto standards. the training was provided by Krtsanisi training center instructors under the guidance of first sergeant vladimir natenadze. despite our past working experience with the reservists, the course still had enormous positive effect. first of all, we improved our knowledge and also learned a lot more, which will help us to improve the form and quality of trainings in future and its implementation at a high professional level. the most challenging was the tactical training, particularly – combat elements taken from back and supporting operations. i remember one day – 30-kilometer long march of only mukhrovani military servants, because the instructors decided that we knew the territory very well and would have no problems in navigation. but, the most important is how to attain the assigned task not the mileage. like each soldier, we (instructors of the national guards) complete all the tasks successfully as we serve our country - georgia.
korneli sajaia korneli Sajaia givi kaxelaSvili givi kakHelaSHvili
ufrosi leitenenti, erovnuli gvardiis instruqtori First lieutenant, Instructor of the National Guards kapitani, instruqtori Captain, Instructor
CemTvis es pirveli kursi iyo. praqtikul mecadineobas rTuli meteorologiuri pirobebi daemTxva. sakvalifikacio srolebis dros iseTi qari da yinva iyo, rom xeli avtomatze gveyineboda. miuxedavad amisa, srolebi maRal doneze Catarda da kargi qulebic miviReT. am kursSi yvelaze mniSvnelovani is iyo, rom Cven rezervistebis rangSi viyaviT, ramac saSualeba mogvca sakuTar Tavze gadagvetana is, rasac rezervisti momzadebis periodSi grZnobs.
rezervistebTan muSaobis bevri axali meTodi gamovimuSave. instruqtorebma agvixsnes, Tu rogor unda SevideT pirad SemadgenlobasTan kontaqtSi advilad da rogor unda gavxadoT rezervistebisTvis momzadebis procesi saintereso. swavlebisas aseve avimaRleT codna samSvidobo operaciebis Catarebis meTodikaSi (patrulireba, Cek-pointebis mowyoba da sxva operaciebis Sesruleba). yvelaze metad momewona instruqtorTa damokidebuleba samuSaos mimarT. xuTkviriani momzadebis ganmavlobaSi, Cven ara marto vuziarebdiT erTmaneTs gamocdilebas, aramed megobruli urTierTobebic ganvaviTareT, ramac ormagad Sedegiani da saintereso gaxada kursi.
this was a first course for me. practical training was under way in quite hard meteorological conditions. there was such a heavy wind and frost during the qualification shoots that our hands were freezing to the rifles. despite this, the shoots were conducted at a high level and we received good scores. the most important was the fact that we played the role of the reservists at this course. this gave us opportunity to feel ourselves just like they feel during the training period.
i learned a lot of new methods of working with the reservists. instructors explained to us how to easily get into contact with the private composition and make the training process interesting for the reservists. we also raised the level of our knowledge in principles of carrying out the peace operations (patrolling, setting up check-points, etc.). most of all, i liked the instructors’ attitude towards the work. during the 5-week training, we not only shared our experience to each other, but also developed the friendship relationship that made the course very interesting and fruitful.
giorgi cucqiriZe giorgi tSutSkiriDze
ufrosi leitenanti, muxrovanis bazis instruqtori First Sergeant, Instructors of Mukhrovani Base gadamzadebis kursi muxrovanis bazaze 20 dekembers dagvewyo. Cven gaviareT rogorc Teoriuli, aseve praqtikuli momzadeba - taqtikis, sacecxle, samedicio sainJinro kavSirgabmulobisa da samxedro topografiis disciplinebSi. kursis ganmavlobaSi, krwanisis erovnuli saswavlo centris instruqtorebi TavianT gamocdilebas gviziarebdnen. swavlebam Secvala Cveni midgoma rezervistebis mimarT. bevri sasargeblo ram Seviswavle, rasac maTi momzadeba-gadamzadebisas aucileblad gamoviyeneb. rezervistebs movamzadebT ara marto rogorc batalions, aramed rogorc zurgisa da samSvidobo operaciebSi monawile sabrZolo qvedanayofebs, raTa saWiro dros SeiaraRebuli Zalebis aqtiuri komponentis Secvla SeZlon. the training course on mukhrovani base began on december 20. we went through trainings (theoretical and practical) – tactic, fire, medical, engineering communication and military topography disciplines., instructors of Krtsanisi national training center were sharing to us their experience throughout the course. the training changed our approach to the reservists. i learned many profitable things and will apply them later during the preparation-training of the reservists. in order to make them capable to change the active component of the Armed forces as required, we will prepare the reservists not only as a battalion, but also as battle subunits participating in rare and peacekeeping operations. vladimer naTenaZe krwanisis erovnuli saswavlo centris gadasrolis wina operaciebis kursis xelmZRvaneli, ufrosi leitenanti VlADIMIR NATENADzE First lieutenant, Head of pre-deployment Operation Course – Krtsanisi National Training Center
swavleba dilis cxra saaTze iwyeboda da saRamos eqvs saaTamde grZeldeboda. pirvel dReebSi erovnuli gvardiis instruqtorebs leqciebis warmarTvis Sesaxeb ramdenime Teoriuli mecadineoba CavutareT. Semdeg, Teoriuli masalis ukeTesad aTvisebis mizniT, Cven maT gegma-konspeqtis momzadebisaTvis saWiro yvela masala davurigeT da movTxoveT TviTonve CaetarebinaT leqcia im konkretul Temaze, rac maTTvis kargad iyo cnobili. es Temebi, ra Tqma unda, taqtikur sacecxle momzadebas, tofografias, sainJinro momzadebasa da navigacias exeboda. erovnuli gvardiis instruqtorebma yvela sirTules gaarTves Tavi da aiTvises swavlebis meTodika, rac yoveldRiuri da yovelkvireuli testirebis Sefasebis monacemebSi gamovlinda. maT maRali Sedegebi aCvenes. es ki imas niSnavs, rom maTTvis dakisrebul amocanebs isini kargad gaarTmeven Tavs.
the training began at 9 A.m. and lasted till 6 p.m. in the first days, several theoretical lessons were given to the instructors of the national guards on how to deliver the lectures. later, with the aim to have better understanding of theoretical materials, we delivered all the materials to them necessary for development of plan-summary and required to deliver the lecture on the specific subject, which was well-known for them. these subjects, of course, were about tactical fire training, topography, engineering training and navigation. instructors of the national guards overcame all the obstacles and mastered the principles of the training, which resulted in daily and weekly test assessment data. they received high scores, meaning that they will be able to fulfill the undertaken tasks quite well.
samxedro mosamsaxure brZolisTvis mzad unda iyos!
erovnuli gvardiis departaments axali xelmZRvaneli yavs
xatia yuraSvili khatIa kURashVIlI
colonel dAvid AptsiAuri is At the heAd of the nAtionAl guArd depArtment of the Joint stAff of the georgiAn Armed forces. he wAs Appointed to this position severAl months Ago. the uoung officer wAs born on december 19, 1969 in the city of rustAvi. in the sAme city he finished high school And entered the higher school of militAry communicAtion commAnd (novocherKAssK, ussr) in 1986. col. dAvit AptsiAuri served in the former ussr Army. he wAs conferred first rAnK in 1990. And After georgiA’s independence col. AptsiAuri hAs continued militAry service in the rAnKs of georgiAn Armed forces. the colonel remembers thAt he wAs growing up neXt to A militAry bAse And together with friends AlwAys wAtched with interest the life of militAries. he AlwAys liKed militAry discipline, the uniform, the sAted mode of dAy of the servicemen. he often trAined together with the militAry men. nowAdAys col. AptsiAuri is the heAd of nAtionAl guArd And willingly tAlKs to us About his depArtment: you were appointed as the Head of National Guard Department only a few months ago. What changes have you carried out at the department and have there been any personnel changes? Actually i was appointed as the head of department not long ago, but 15 years ago i served in this building a floor below, in the position of deputy chief of staff of the national guard of georgia. After fifteen years i have returned as the head of department. in the case of changes, structure of national guard department and its sub units has been completely changed. the system of base-brigades was performed under the system of brigades. identical divisions of the joint staff of the Armed forces
saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTianebuli Stabis erovnuli gvardiis departaments polkovniki daviT afciauri xelmZRvanelobs. is am Tanamdebobaze ramdenime Tvea rac dainiSna. axalgazrda oficeri 1969 wlis 19 dekembers, qalaq rusTavSi daibada. iqve daamTavra saSualo skola da 1986 wels rostovis olqSi, qalaq novoCerganskis samxedro saswavlebelSi Cairicxa. daviT afciaurma Tavdapirvelad samxedro samsaxuri sabWoTa armiaSi daiwyo. 1990 wels pirveli samxedro wodeba miiRo. saqarTvelos damoukideblobis aRdgenis Semdeg ki samxedro samsaxuri saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi gaagrZela. daviT afciauri ixsenebs, rom samxedro qalaqTan axlos gaizarda da megobrebTan TamaSis dros samxedroebis cxovrebas akvirdeboda. moswonda samxedro disciplina, forma, maTi datvirTuli dRis reJimi. xSirad maTTan erTad varjiSobda kidec. dRes polkovniki daviT afciauri erovnuli gvardiis departamentis ufrosia da departamentSi mimdinare movlenebze Cvens SekiTxvebs pasuxobs: sul ramdenime Tvea rac Tqven saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTienebuli Stabis erovnuli gvardiis departamentis ufrosad dainiSneT, ra cvlilebebi ganaxorcieleT departamentSi da axali xelmZRvanelis mosvlas Tu mohyva sakadro cvlilebebi? marTalia erovnuli gvadriis departamenis ufrosad axlaxans daviniSne, magram 15 wlis win, erTi sarTuliT dabla, erovnuli gvadriis Stabis ufrosis moadgilis Tanamdebobaze vmsaxurobdi. 15 wlis Semdeg xelmZRvanelis rangSi isev davbrundi. rac Seexeba cvlilebebs, mTlianad Seicvala erovnuli gavrdiis departamentis struqtura da misi qvedanayofebi. baza-brigadebis sistema brigadebis sistemam Caanacvla. Seiqmna saqarT-
tHe military Servant SHoulD be reaDy to figHt at any time!
New Head of National Guard Department
velos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTianebuli Stabis departamentebis identuri sammarTveloebi. es niSnavs, rom yvela sammarTvelos, romelic erovnuli gavrdiis departamentis struqturaSi Sedis aqvs Sesabamisi departameni gaerTianebul StabSi. es faqtori qvemdgomsa da zemdgoms Soris urTierTobas amartivebs. xelmZRvanelobasTan SeTanxmebiT Camoyalibda J-5-is sammarTvelo, romelic samxedro-samoqalaqo urTierTobebs daaregulirebs, saqarTvelos nato-Si integraciis sakiTxebze imuSavebs da mWidrod iTanamSromlebs gaerTianebuli Stabis Sesabamis departamentTan. Zveli gvardieli brZandebiT. ra gansxvavebas xedavT erovnuli gvardiis winandel da dRevandel departamentebs Soris? samwuxarod arc Zveli gvardielebi damxvdnen aq da arc is gvardiuli suli damxvda, romelic arsebobda. afxazeTisa da oseTis omebSi daRupuli biWebis fotoebic ki Camoxsnili iyo. arsebobda mosazreba, rom XXI sau-
were created. All divisions under the national guard structure have corresponding departments to the Joint staff. the above mentioned factor simplifies the relationship between leadership and servants. in coordination with the leadership, the J-5 division was formed, which will regulate military and public relations, work on the nAto integration issues and cooperate strongly with corresponding departments of the Joint staff. you are an experienced guardsman. Could you draw a distinction between previous and present National Guard Department? unfortunately there are not old guardsmen and guard spirit met me here. All photos of those fallen in the Abkhazia and ossetia wars were taken down. there was some opinion concerning not revering of blessed memory of deceased in war for unity of georgia in XXi century, but we are still face to face with the problem of country consolidation. i do not blame anybody, but i suppose that
someone was going to kill a guard spirit. we are standing on the frontier of fulfillment of territorial integration mission at this time. A military servant should be ready to fight to protect the unity of the state at any time in any country. i have served in georgian Armed force since its creation. the national guard was a unique combat unit, which could more or less fight with the enemy. today we have no combat sub-units; nowadays we train citizens under the obligatory reservist service. the reserve is useful for securing our rear. eighteen-day reservists’ training is not enough for supporting combat operations on the front line. in the case of georgia’s military operations, reservists will participate in mobilization operations. they should insure security and safety of state borders together with frontier guard, police, institutions of local governing and etc. before we struggled, but now – national guard provides operations for stability. Draft of citizens for reservist obligatory trainings is starting on March. How is National Guard Department preparing for this measure? with great expectations. we do our best to present excellent training program for citizens. because of this we ask the Joint staff and currently are undergoing the training for national guard instructors at the base of “Krtsanisi” national training centre. instructors have eighteen-day training for better preparation. for me it is not so important what distance the reservists will have run – 30 or 40 kilometers. that is not the main concern. the mail goal of this event is to introduce reservists to each other, to know providing operations for stabilization, who will be their mates in the battle. reservists should know shooting, help the wounded and provide first aid. Corporals, chiefs and instructors are passing recruitment trainings at this moment. This is done for the first time as I know. What is the main motivation for their training? i wanted to know how prepared the instructors were both physically and ethically. reservists’ eighteen-day training is focused on their ethical drill. the training program for reservists was written by instructors. well prepared instructors will be able to write more improved training programs. the instructors have opportunities to expose shortcomings in the program after retraining and will be able to figure this out. What kind of innovations will the reservists expect from the National Guard Department? Which age group will be given attention? the recruitment process will be carried out by territorial units. the draft law introducing changes into the law on obligatory reservist service is being prepared. therefore the distinction of recruits’ age will change and will be 40 years. military service will be obligatory for five times and citizens will be called for duty once every two years. changes will be made in the terms of recruitment. It is well known that a new base of reservist training is under construction. Would you tell about the construction phase and which
kuneSi saqarTvelos erTianobisTvis omSi daRupuli biWebis saxelebi ar unda gvaxsovdes da es maSin, roca qveyana teritoriuli mTlianobis aRdgenis problemis winaSe dgas. me aravis arafers ar vabraleb, magram albaT erovnuli gvardiis sulis Cakvlas apirebda viRaca. dRes Cven dakarguli teritoriebis aRdgenis amocanis winaSe vdgavarT. samxedro mosamsaxure nebismier dros, nebismier qveyanaSi mzad unda iyos brZolisaTvis. saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi Seqmnis dRidan vmsaxurob. im dros, roca SeiaraRebuli Zalebi yalibdeboda, erovnuli gvardia erTaderTi sabrZolo qvedanayofi iyo, romelsac mtrisTvis winaaRmdegobis gaweva met-naklebad Tu SeeZlo. dRes erovnul gvardias sabrZolo qvedanayofebi ar hyavs. erovnuli gvardiis departamenti savaldebulo sarezervo samsaxurSi gawveul saqarTvelos moqalaqeebs amzadebs. rezervi zurgis anu TavdacviTi operaciebisTvis gamoiyeneba. aravin ar unda ifiqros, rom 18 dReSi gawvrTnili jariskaci sabrZolo moqmedebebis wina xazze aRmoCndebian. Tu saqarTvelo saomar moqmedebebSi Caebmeba, rezervistebi mobilizaciis operaciebSi miiReben monawileobas. maT adgilobriv mTavrobasTan, TviTmmarTvelobasTan da policiasTan, aseve saxelmwifo sazRvrispira raionebSi adgilobriv mesazRvreebTan erTad saqarTvelos teritoriuli mTlianoba unda daicvan an aRadginon. amaSi didi sxvaobaa. maSin vibrZodiT, axla ki gvardias stabilizaciis operaciebis Sesruleba evaleba. savaldebulo sarezervo samsaxurSi saqarTvelos moqalaqeebis gawveva wels martidan iwyeba. rogor emzadeba erovnuli gvardiis departamenti am movlenisaTvis? maRali SemarTebiT. Cven maqsimums vakeTebT raTa savaldebulo sarezervo samsaxurSi gawveul saqarTvelos moqalaqeebs ukeTesi programa SevTavazoT. swored amitom, Cven TxovniT mivmarTeT gaerTianebul Stabs da ganaTlebis departamentis `erovnul saswavlo centr `krwanis~-Si amJamad erovnuli gavrdiis departamentis instruqtorebis wvrTna mimdinareobs. instruqtorebi Tavad gaivlian 18 dRian Sekrebas, rom Semdeg ukeT imuSaon rezervistebTan. CemTvis mniSvnelovani namdvilad ar aris rezervistebma 30-40 kilometriani distancia gairbinon, es prioritetuli ar gaxlavT. mTavaria maT gaicnon erTmaneTi, icodnen, Tundac stabilizaciis operaciis Sesrulebis SemTxvevaSi, visTan erTad wavlen samxedro samsaxurSi. iswavlon pirveladi unarCvevebi: mizanSi srola, brZolis velidan daWrilebis gamoyvana da pirveladi samedicino daxmareba gaweva. am etapze rezervistebis wvrTnebs serJantebi, meTaurebi da instruqtorebi gadian. rogorc cnobilia es pirvelad xdeba. gasuli wlis gamocdilebam ganapiroba maTi gawvrTnis aucilebloba Tu sxva ram motivacia arsebobs? mindoda davrwmunebuliyavi, rom is adamianebi, romlebsac instruqtorebi hqviaT, Tavad ramdenad arian fizikurad da moralurad mzad. rezervistebis savaldebulo samxedro samsaxurSi gawveva mxolod 18 dRiT
xdeba. amitom rezervistebis momzadebisas ZiriTadi aqcenti maT moralur momzadebaze keTdeba. rezervistTa momzadebis dRes arsebuli programa instruqtorebis dawerilia. instruqtorebi ukve arsebuli gamocdilebiTa da im gamocdilebis gaTvaliswinebiT, romelsac isini wvrTnebis dros daagroveben, momavalSi SeZleben ufro daxvewon rezervistTa momzadebis programebi., Tu programaSi xarvezebia instruqtorebi praqtikaSi maT ukeT dainaxaven da am xarvezebis gamosworebis gzebic ufro advili mosaZebni gaxdeba. ra siaxleebi elodebaT momaval rezervistebs erovnuli gavrdiis departamentisagan. wels romel asakobriv kategorias daeTmoba meti yuradReba? savaldebulo sarezervo samsaxurSi saqarTvelos moqalaqeebis gawveva regionebis mixedviT moxdeba. mimdinareobs muSaoba `savaldebulo sarezervo samsaxuris Sesaxeb~, saqarTvelos kanonSi cvlilebebis Setanis Taobaze. savaraudod rezervSi gasawvevi moqalaqeebis asakobrivi zRvaric Seicvleba da 40 weli gaxdeba. savaldebulo sarezervo samsaxurSi wasvla savaldebulo iqneba mxolod xuTjer da moqalaqeebis gawveva rezervSi or weliwadSi erTxel moxdeba. cvlilebebi sarezervo Sekrebis vadebSic ganxorcieldeba. cnobilia, rom Sendeba rezervistTa momzadebis axali baza. ra etapzea mSenebloba, romeli batalioni iqneba iq dislocirebuli da saqarTvelos romeli regionis moqalaqeebisTvis iqneba igi gansazRvruli? axali samxedro bazis mSenebloba xonSi mimdinareobs. es baza erTdroulad 1500 rezervists miiRebs. saremonto samuSaoebi martSi dasruldeba da dasavleT saqarTvelos moqalaqeebisTvis iqneba gankuTvnili. SarSan savaldebulo sarezervo samsaxuri eqimebisgan dakompleqtebulma batalionmac gaiara. igegmeba Tu ara wels profesiuli niSniT dakompleqtebuli sxva batalionebis Seqmna da saerTod, samomavlod erovnuli gvardiis departamenti ra mniSvnelovani proeqtebisa da RonisZiebebis ganxorcielebas gegmavs? rogorc Tqven aRniSneT, Camoyalibda samedicino batalioni. aseve Seiqmna maSvelTa batalionic. es batalionebi saomari mdgomareobis garda mSvidobianobis drosac stiqiuri ubedurebis likvidaciisaTvis iqneba gamoyenebuli. rac Seexeba mniSvnelovan proeqtebs, am etapze mimdinareobs muSaoba 2015 wlamde konkretuli koncefciis Camoyalibebaze. unda Camoyalibdes konkretuli xedva, ra sWirdeba Cvens qveyanas, imisaTvis, rom Tamamad da xmamaRla velaparakoT Cvens nebismier mezobels.
battalion will be located there? And population of which region would be able to serve there? we are building the new base in Khoni. this base is provided for 1500 reservists. repairs there will end in march and population from western part of georgia will serve there. The battalion recruited by medical persons passed military training last year. Are you planning to create battalions by professional features? And would you emphasize future plans and projects of National Guard? As you mentioned the medical battalion was created. rescuers battalion was made as well. Above mentioned battalions will solve problems during act of god in the peace time. concerning projects, at this time we work on a concrete conception up to 2015. we should prepare specific vision about country’s requirements for carrying on dialogues with its neighbors easily.
nato da saqarTvelo nato and gEoRgIa
nato-s mudmivmoqmedi sabWos warmomadgenlebis viziti saqarTveloSi
eka komaxiZe Eka komakhIdzE
nAto permAnent representAtives georgiA on februAry 13-16, 2008.
in the frAmeworK of the visit their delegAtion met with chAirperson of the pArliAment of georgiA h.e. nino burJAnAdZe, stAte minister on reintegrAtion temur iAKobAshvili, osce mission to georgiA, representAtives of ngos And the embAssies. the five-person delegation of nAto Ambassadors visited the base for special operations group in vashlijvari. the delegation was introduced to the exercise process and saw the living conditions of the servicemen as well as the infrastructure of the base. the permanent representative of latvia in nAto Janis eichmanis has positively estimated the preparation level of the georgian military servicemen and has emphasized the importance of participation of the georgian peacekeepers in international operations. the nAto Ambassadors held a meeting with first deputy defence minister batu Kutelia and deputy defence minister giorgi muchaidze. during the meeting, the sides discussed issues related to georgia’s integration into nAto and focused
Crdilo-atlantikuri mudmivmoqmedi sabWos warmomadgenlebi 13-16 Tebervals vizitiT imyofebodnen saqarTveloSi. vizitis farglebSi delegaciis wevrebi Sexvdnen saqarTvelos parlamentis Tavmjdomares, qalbaton nino burjanaZes, saxelmwifo ministrs reintegraciis sakiTxebSi, baton Temur iakobaSvils, euTo-s misias saqarTveloSi, arasamTavrobo organizaciebisa da Sesabamisi saelCoebis warmomadgenlebs. nato-s elCebis xuTkaciani delegacia vaSlijvris specialuri operaciebis samxedro nawils estumra. delegaciis wevrebi aRniSnuli samxedro bazis infrastruqturas, samxedro mosamsaxureebis sacxovrebel pirobebs, maTi momzadebisa da saswavlo procesis mimdinareobis specifikas gaecnen. Crdilo-atlantikur sabWoSi latviis mudmivma warmomadgenelma ianis eikmanisma dadebiTad Seafasa qarTveli samxedro mosamsaxureebis momzadebis done da xazi gausva saqarTvelos samSvidobo misiebis monawileobis mniSvnelobas saerTaSoriso samSvidobo operaciebSi. nato-s elCebi saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministrosac ewvivnen da Sexvdnen saqarTvelos Tavdacvis ministris pirvel moadgiles baton baTu quTelias da ministris moadgiles baton giorgi muCaiZes. Sexvedris formatSi mxareebma isaubres saqarTvelos nato-Si integraciis perspeqtivebze, ganixiles buqarestis samitis dRis wesrigiT gaTvaliswinebuli mniSvnelovani sakiTxebi. aseve, isaubres saqarTvelo - nato-s damatebiT erTobliv RonisZiebebze, romlebic pozitiur asaxvas hpovebda buqarestis samitze da xels Seuwyobdnen saqarTvelos aliansSi gawevrianebis samoqmedo gegmis miRebas.
natos mudmivmoqmedi sabWos warmomadgenlebi Tavdacvis saministroSi nato pERmanEnt REpREsEntatIVEs at mod
nato Permanent rePreSentativeS viSit to georgia
Sexvedris dasrulebis Semdeg estoneTis respublikis sagangebo da sruluflebianma elCma, mudmivma warmomadgenelma Crdilo-atlantikur alianSi, batonma iuri luikma Seafasa nato-s delegaciis viziti saqarTveloSi da Sexvedra Tavdacvis saministros xelmZRvanelobasTan. ra aris nato-s delegaciis vizitis mTavari mizani? Cven, nato-s elCebi, CamovediT saqarTveloSi raTa ganvixiloT saqarTvelos rogorc ekonomikuri, aseve politikuri ganviTarebis sxvadasxva aspeqtebi, aseve Tavdacvis sferoSi ganxorcielebuli da mimdinare reformebis pirobebi, vinaidan Crdiloatlantikur aliansSi mimdinareobs msjeloba imaze, Tu rogor uaxlovdeba nato saqarTvelos da piriqiT, saqarTvelo - nato-s. es aris faqtebis moZiebis misia, romelic warmatebiT Sesrulda da Cven Zalian kmayofilebi varT. aRniSnuli sakiTxebi ganvixileT dRevandel Sexvedraze da sxva Sexvedrebzec, romelic gvqonda TbilisSi Cveni vizitis formatSi. rogor SeafasebdiT saqarTvelos rols globaluri usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofis procesebSi? es umniSvnelovanesi aspeqtia, saqarTvelo realuri partnioria CvenTvis. Tqven bevrs miaRwieT da Zalian moxaruli varT viTanamSromloT saqarTvelosTan. prezidentma saakaSvilma Tavis gamosvlaSi miunhenis konferenciaze aRniSna, rom `saqarTvelos gadawyvetilebiT demokratia da evro-atlantikur aliansSi integracia Cveni stabilurobis, usafrTxoebisa da ekonomikuri ganviTarebis safuZveli iqneboda~. minda aRvniSno isic, rom plebiscitis SedegebiT, romelic saprezidento arCevnebis paralelurad Catarda, saqarTvelos
on topic of the bucharest summit. in particular, the sides discussed additional joint measures with nAto, which could be positively reflected at the bucharest summit and supported georgia’s getting a mAp. After end of the meeting Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary, permanent representative of the republic of estonia to the north Atlantic treaty organization Juri luiK made some comments concerning the delegation’s visit and gave his impressions about the meeting with the leadership of the ministry of defence of georgia. What is the main goal of your visit? we are here with the group of nAto ambassadors and we discussed at this meeting and at other meetings that we had in tbilisi various aspects of how georgia has developed both politically and economically. Also, we discussed defence reform because in nAto there is a debate and discussion of nAto approaching georgia and georgia approaching nAto. so in this framework we came to visit. it is a fact-finding mission and it has gone very well, we are very satisfied. How do you envisage Georgia’s role in the process of building global security? that is a most important aspect in which georgia is a real partner to us. you have done a lot and we are very happy to cooperate with you. As president saakashvili stressed in his speech at the munich conference, “georgia decided that democracy and integration into the euro-Atlantic alliance would be the basis of our stability, our security, and our economic prosperity.” i would like to note that in a plebiscite held together with our presidential election last month, 77 percent of the georgian people supported our nAto path. Could you see Georgia on the way towards NATO? What challenges and opportunities do you see on this way?
moqalaqeebis 77%-ma mxari dauWira saqarTvelos nato-Si integraciis gzas. rogor SeafasebdiT nato-sken mimaval saqarTvelos gzas da ra gamowvevebsa da SesaZleblobebs xedavT aRniSnul gzaze? vfiqrob, rom saqarTvelo ukve adgas nato-Si integraciis gzas da is faqti, rom mosaxleobis 77%-ma mxari dauWira Crdilo-atlantikur aliansSi gawevrianebas, aris Zalian mniSvnelovani, vinaidan erT-erTi fundamentaluri kiTxva romelsac nato usvams gawevrianebis axal pretendentebs aris: gsurT iyoT axlos natos-Tan, gsurT iyoT nato-s wevri? Tqven gaqvT sazogadoebis sakmarisi mxardaWera da es kriteriumi Zalian kargad aris Sesrulebuli saqarTveloSi. minda aRvniSno, rom es Zalian kargi maCvenebelia da gaTvaliswinebulia yvelas mier. nato_Si integraciis idea sakmaod gavrcelebulia axali demokratiis qveynebSi da maT Soris saqarTveloSic. ganxorcielda Ipap-is SemfasebelTa misiis viziti, saqarTvelos Tavdacvis strategiuli dokumenti asaxavs Cveni qveynis operatiul SesaZleblobebsa da momzadebis dones. Tqveni azriT saqarTvelo aris mzad imisaTvis, rom miiRos gawevrianebis samoqmedo gegma? saboloo gadawyvetileba, ra Tqma unda, miiReba Crdilo-atlantikuri aliansis mier, magram erTmniSvnelovnad - Tqven gaakeTeT Zalian bevri. yvela Sefaseba aris Zalian pozitiuri. rogorc estoneTis warmomadgeneli, romelmac aseve gaiara reformirebis procesi, getyviT, rom es ar aris ioli, Tumca, Tqven yvela es sirTuleebi daZlieT. estoneTi aris saxelmwifo, romelic mxars giWerT, rom miiRoT gawevrianebis samoqmedo gegma. magram cxadia, rom saboloo gadawyvetilebas miiRebs Cdiloatlantikuri aliansis sabWos 26 wevri. ra unda gaiTvaliswinos saqarTvelom estoneTis gamocdilebidan? Zalian bevri ramis Tqma SemiZlia, es xangrZlivi saubris Temaa. estoneTi cdilobs rCevebi mogceT ara mxolod Tavdacvis reformirebis sferoSi, aramed politikuri reformebis ganxorcielebis TvalsazrisiTac. estoneTi axlo momavalSi saqarTvelos politikuri opoziciis warmomadgenlebis miwvevas gegmavs. gvinda vaCvenoT Tu rogor muSaobs opozicia estoneTSi, rogoria ombucmenis instituti, Cveni ombucmeni Camova raTa gauziaros samuSao gamocdileba Tqvens ombucmens da auxsnas Tu rogor axorcielebs Tavis saqmianobas estoneTSi. vcdilobT gavuziaroT Cveni yvela gamocdileba qarTvel kolegebs da mxolod Tqveni gadasawyve-
iuri luiki jURI lUIk
i think you are following the nAto path and the fact that 77% of your population supported nAto membership is very important, because one of the questions nAto always asks from new aspirants is whether they want to be closer to nAto, want to be members of nAto, whether they have enough public support. clearly these criteria are very well fulfilled in the case of georgia. so it was a very good result and everybody has noticed it. the idea of nAto integration is powerful in new democracies like georgia. the ipAp assessment mission visited our country, and our recently completed sdr confirm the level of georgia’s operational capacities and preparedness. Do you think Georgia is ready to receive the Membership Action plan? the final decision, of course, is made by the north Atlantic Alliance, but you have certainly done a lot. the assessments are all very positive. i mean, you have really done an enormous amount of work, an enormous amount of reforms. As a representative of a country that has been reforming itself as well – estonia – i can tell that it is not easy and you have overcome all these difficulties. estonia is a country that supports your aspirations to gain the membership Action plan. but obviously, the final decision will be made by the 26 members of the north Atlantic council. What does Georgia have to consider from Estonia’s experience? there are so many things that i could tell you, i mean it’s a very detailed discussion and we have had this discussion for a long time. estonia has tried to give its advice not only in the sphere of defence reform, but also in political reform; we will soon receive a delegation of the georgian opposition in estonia, trying to show how opposition works in estonia. our ombudsman will come to work with the georgian ombudsman to try to explain how ombudsman works in estonia.
tia Tu raoden sasargeblo da misaRebia Cveni magaliTebi. magram cxadia, rom Tavdacvis sakiTxebSi Tqven gaiziareT bevri ram estoneTisa da zogadad dasavleTis gamocdilebidan. es aris mizezi Tqveni warmatebisa. mogexsenebaT, rom ruseTs sakuTari gaTvlebi aqvs kavkasiis regionSi stabilurobisa da usafrTxoebis miRwevis TvalsazrisiT. rogor aisaxeba kosovos damoukideblobis gamocxadebis sakiTxi saqarTveloSi arsebul konfliqtur regionebze da ramdenad daaCqarebs nato_Si Cveni integracia konfliqtebis gadaWris process? dasavluri sazogadoeba aucileblad ixilavs saqarTvelos nato-Si. unda gavusvaT xazi, rom kosovo Zalian gansxvavebulia sxva situaciebisgan da amitomac ganixileba kosovos sakiTxi, rogorc sui generic (unikaluri, iSviaTi – moraluri, legaluri da istoriuli mizezebis gamo) da es specifiuri situacia ganmartebulia yvelasaTvis. Sesabamisad yvela iTvaliswinebs sazogadoebis azrs da mSvidobianad Caivlis yvelaferi. rekomendaciebisaTvis ar CamovsulvarT, saqarTvelom gaxada dialogi intensiuri. bevri sxva procesebis msvlelobisas Tqven araerTi rCeva migiRiaT, saqarTvelo viTardeba Zalian warmatebulad, Cven gamovxatavT kmayofilebas. ar CamovsulvarT konkretuli rCevebis misacemad. CamovediT raTa visaubroT da sakuTari TvaliT vixiloT yvelaferi.
so we are trying to pass all this experience to our georgian colleagues. of course, it’s your decision whether anything is usable for you or not. but certainly in the defence sphere you have used a lot of estonian and western experience and that’s why you have done so well. russia has a special stake in the stability and security of the caucasus region. How will Kosovo affect the unresolved territorial conflicts in Georgia? Will NATO integration accelerate the conflict resolution process? the western community has emphasized that Kosovo is very different from any other situation: it is what is called sui generis (Kosovo is sui generis because of moral, legal, and historic reasons) and it is a particular situation that has been explained to everybody. so i hope that everybody takes note of that revolving public opinion and that the whole thing goes peaceful. we did not come here to give advice because georgia is on the stage of intensified dialogue. you are in many other processes where you get lots and lots of advice. georgia has developed very well, we are very satisfied with that and we did not come with particular pieces of advice. we just came to talk and to look around.
stumrad specialuri operaciebis dajgufebaSi at thE BasE of spEcIal opERatIons gRoUp
nato_s sainformacio centri 2008 wels
77.5 % of the georgiAn populAtion supports the country’s integrAtion into nAto. everybody Knows how importAnt And relevAnt our country’s membership in nAto is. hence, it is nAturAl thAt there Are A lot of unAnswered questions inside the society. nAto is the issue of discussion not only for people living in georgiA, but for georgiAns living AbroAd As well. it might sound surprising, but these people Are very well AwAre of our center’s eXistence And its Activities. we would like to show you a letter of a georgian citizen giorgi Kistauri, who lives in germany at the moment: “i want to say
saqarTvelos mosaxleobis 77,5 procentma qveynis nato_Si integracias dauWira mxari. yvelasaTvis cnobilia ramdenad mniSvnelovani da ufro metad aqtualuri gaxda Cveni qveynis nato-Si gawevrianeba. aqedan gamomdinare, bunebrivia sazogadoebaSi aliansis Sesaxeb bevri pasuxgaucemeli kiTxva arsebobs. nato_sTan mimarTebaSi saubroben ara marto saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi adamianebi, aramed ucxoeTSi myofi qarTvelebic, romlebmac ramdenadac gasakviri ar unda iyos, Zalzed kargad ician Cveni centris arsebobisa da saqmianobis Sesaxeb.
information center on nato in 2008
gvinda gagacnoT germaniaSi mcxovrebi saqarTvelos moqalaqis giorgi qistauris werili: `mivesalme bi natos sainformacio centrs da mis yvela Tanam Sromels. mixaria, rom es centri gaixsna saqarTve liSi. es aris pirveli mercxali da momaswavebeli imisa, rom dRes Tu xval saqarTvelo gaxdeba misi Rirseuli wevri. saqarTvelo marTlac Rirseulad dgas saerTaSoriso RonisZiebebSi. arCevnebze, ra Tqma unda, SemovxazeT `diax~ da sxvebsac igives var wmunebdi, vinc orWofobda. mokled sityva rom ar gamigrZeldes, amJamad germaniaSi vcxovrob da Cven aqeTa frontidan gexmarebiT propagandis dargSi. manqanazec natos simbolo gvaqvs da studenturi sacxovreblis karzec. Tqvens gverdiT gviguleT da daxmarebisTvisac mzad varT. piriqiT, pativia am istoriul saqmeSi patara wvlilis Setana.~ 2008 weli `sainformacio centrma nato_s Sesaxeb~: axali energiiTa da SemarTebiT daiwyo. centri didi xania cdilobs da kvlavac ganagrZobs mosaxleobisaTvis zusti da kompetenturi informaciis miwodebas nato_s Sesaxeb. 2008 wlis ianvar_Tebervali nato_s sainformacio centrisaTvis diplomatiur korpusTan SexvedrebiT daiwyo. pirveli Sexvedra centris ofisSi evroatlantikuri integraciisa da partniorobis direqtoratis saerTaSoriso politikisa da usafrTxoebis ganyofilebis warmomadgenelTan baton jeims meqisTan Sedga. Sexvedras centris moxaliseebic eswrebodnen. maT aliansis saerTaSoriso samsaxuris warmomadgenels kiTxvebi nato-s prioritetebze da aliansis samomavlo gafarToebaze dausves. jeims meqim aRniSna, rom saqarTvelos nato-Si gawevrianebisaTvis mniSvnelovania qveyanaSi reformebis gagrZeleba da demokratizaciis procesis kidev ufro ganmtkiceba. momdevno oficialuri Sexvedra sagareo saqmeTa saministroSi Sedga, sadac ganxilul iqna saqarTveloSi nato_s Sesaxeb sazogadoebis informirebis
hello to the information center on nAto and its staff. i am very glad that this center was established in georgia. this is the first step leading to georgia’s eventual integration in the north Atlantic treaty organization. indeed georgia is a respected participant of many international missions. during the last elections, i voted for nAto and advised others who were hesitating to do the same. to be short, at present i live in germany and we are actively engaged in popularizing nAto among georgians from here. we have a symbol of nAto stuck on our car and on the front door of our hostel apartment. you can rely on us anytime. it is a big honor for us to contribute to this historic process.” the nAto information center started the year 2008 with new energy and aspirations. the center has long been supplying the population with exact and competent information on nAto. center began January-february with meetings with diplomatic corps. the first meeting was held with the representative of euroAtlantic integration and partnership directorate of political Affairs and security policy division mr. James mackey. volunteers of the nAto information center attended the meeting. they asked the representative of the Alliance’s international staff questions concerning nAto’s priorities and future enlargement. mr. James mackey mentioned that it is necessary for georgia’s integration into nAto to continue reforms and strengthening of democracy. the next official meeting was arranged in the ministry of foreign Affairs, where the issue of increasing public knowledge about nAto was discussed. chief specialist of the information center on nAto, Anatoli Korepanov, made a presentation on the activities implemented during 2007 and the action plan for 2008 with a detailed description of future activities and main priorities of the information center. the evaluation team positively assessed the center’s activities. the final official evaluation will be available after consultations at nAto headquarters. every month during 2008 the nAto information center will arrange a “nAto day” at various universities of georgia. nAto experts and political scientists will lead the seminars on relevant issues. the main purpose of these meetings is to give students detailed information about the Alliance policy and international politics generally. georgian institute was first to host “nAto
day”. the lecture was given by the former minister of foreign affairs irakli menagharishvili. not less significant is the work done by the center’s branches in batumi and telavi. worth mentioning is a meeting organized by Kakheti bureau at telavi office of georgian young lawyers Association, where debates were conducted on the subject of nAto. georgia’s integration into nAto, its political, military and economic aspects were discussed at the meeting. on february 29, the nAto information center arranged an official meeting with the representatives of diplomatic corps at hotel courtyard marriot. the main purpose of the meeting was to represent the center’s Action plan of 2008 and summarize the activities implemented last year. the guests positively evaluated the job the information center did last year and approved of the plan for 2008. the meeting was attended by the representatives of embassies of lithuania, bulgaria, the usA, france, romania, turkey, estonia, latvia, poland, ukraine and germany, as well as nAto liaison officer in the caucasus Zbigniew rybacki, who appreciated the work of the center and mentioned that the 2008 Action plan is even more impressive. “it is very important that the center works in regions as well and has active relations with ethnic minorities. i think you can be proud of the work you did last year,” said rybacki. embassy representatives expressed their wish to continue future cooperation with the centre and to participate together in different projects initiated by the nAto information center. german defense Attaché christian farkhondeh offered to give a lecture to volunteers and students of the center. every month during the whole year the center intends to publish an insert called “nAto in georgia” in 24 hours, a top georgian newspaper. “nAto in georgia” consists of news and publications about georgia-nAto relations. the novelty of the nAto information center is an international competition “Aliante 2008”, which georgia first joined this year. the competition targets pupils between 15 to 19 years old. the national coordinator in georgia “new generation-new initiative” in partnership with the nAto information center will organize two national rounds throughout the country and send winners to czech republic to take part in the competition’s final
sakiTxi. Sexvedraze nato_s sainformacio centrma waradgina centris mier 2007 wels ganxorcielebuli RonisZiebebis mimoxilva, aseve 2008 wlis samoqmedo gegma. centris warmomadgenelma anatoli korepanovma dawvrilebiT isaubra Tu ra saxis RonisZiebebs Caatarebs centri 2008 wels da ra iqneba misi saqmianobis mTavari prioritetebi. sainformacio centris saqmianoba zogadad dadebiTad Sefasda. saboloo oficialur Sefasebebs ki SemfasebelTa jgufi briuselSi konsultaciebis Semdeg gamoaqveynebs. `sainformacio centri nato_s Sesaxeb~ 2008 wlis ganmavlobaSi saqarTvelos sxvadasxva umaRles saswavleblebSi yovelTviurad «nato_s dRes~ gamarTavs. seminars nato_s Tematikaze momuSave eqspertebi da politologebi Caatareben. saqarTvelos umaRles saswavleblebSi nato_s dReebis gamarTvis mizania studentebis ufro detaluri informireba nato_s Tematikaze da maT yvela SekiTxvaze amomwuravi pasuxebis gacema. pirveli Sexvedra centris egidiT saqarTvelos sazogadoebriv saqmeTa institutSi (gIpa) moewyo. seminari saqarTvelos yofilma sagareo saqmeTa ministrma da saqarTvelos atlantikuri sabWos Tavmjdomarem irakli menaRariSvilma Caatara. Zalian mniSvnelovania nato_s sainformacio centris baTumisa da kaxeTis filialebis saqmianoba. aRsaniSnavia kaxeTis ofisis mier organizebuli Sexvedra `saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciis~ Telavis ofisSi, sadac saqarTvelos nato_Si integraciis Temaze debatebi moewyo. RonisZiebaSi aRniSnuli organizaciis moxaliseebi monawileobdnen. Sexvedra sainteresod warimarTa. debatebze ganixiles rogorc saqarTvelos nato_Si gawevrianebis politikuri, samxedro da ekonomikuri aspeqtebi, aseve am procesis SesaZlo dadebiTi da uaryofiTi Sedegebi. 29 Tebervals, `sainformacio centrma nato_s Sesaxeb~ sastumro `qorTiard mariotSi~ diplomatiuri korpusis warmomadgenlebs umaspinZla. Sexvedris
mTavari mizani gasul wels ganxorcielebuli samuSaos Sejameba da 2008 wlis samoqmedo gegmis gacnoba iyo. stumrebma dadebiTad Seafases centris mier 2007 wels ganxorcielebuli RonisZiebebi da 2008 wlis samoqmedo gegma. Sexvedras eswrebodnen: litvis, bulgareTis, aSS_is, safrangeTis, rumineTis, TurqeTis, estoneTis, latviis, poloneTis, ukrainisa da germaniis saelCos warmomadgenlebi, aseve nato_s mekavSire oficeri kavkasiaSi zbignev ribacki, romelmac aseve moiwona centris saqmianoba da aRniSna, rom 2008 wlis samoqmedo gegma kidev ufro STambeWdavia. `Zalian mniSvnelovania, rom centri regionebSic saqmianobs, esaubreba erovnul umciresobaTa warmomadgenlebs. Cemi azriT, Tqven SegiZliaT iamayoT 2007 wels Sesrulebuli samuSaoTi~ - ganacxada ribackim. saelCos warmomadgenlebma centris sxvadasxva saxis proeqtebSi monawileobisa da TanamSromlobis gagrZelebis survili gamoTqves. germaniis samxedro ataSem qristian farkhondem nato_s sainformacio centrs moxalise_studentebisTvis nato_s Sesaxeb leqciis Catareba SesTavaza. centri mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi gazeT `24 saaTSi~ yovelTviurad aqveynebs sagazeTo damatebas _ `nato saqarTveloSi~, romelSic ibeWdeba nato_s axali ambebi, publikaciebi aliansisa da saqarTvelo_nato_s urTierTobebis Sesaxeb. `sainformacio centris nato_s Sesaxeb~ siaxles warmoadgens saerTaSoriso konkursi `aliante 2008~, romelsac saqarTvelo pirvelad SeuerTda. igi gankuTvnilia 15_dan 19 wlamde axalgazrdebisaTvis. saqarTveloSi mis Catarebasa da gamarjvebul monawileTa finalze, CexeTis respublikaSi gamgzavrebas uzrunvelyofs proeqtis nacionaluri koordinatori `axali Taoba _ axali iniciativa~, `nato_s sainformacio centrTan~ partniorobiT. konkursis mizans Crdilo_atlantikuri xelSekrulebis organizaciis, usafrTxoebis politikisa da saerTaSoriso urTierTobebis ukeT gacnoba warmoadgens. nato_s sainformacio centri ecdeba aqtiurad ganagrZos Tavisi saqmianoba da saqarTvelos nato_Si integraciis gzaze qarTul sazogadoebas kompetenturi informacia miawodos. round. the Aliante competition is centered on the promotion of a greater understanding of the north-Atlantic treaty organization, security policy, and international relations. on georgia’s way to north Atlantic treaty organization, the nAto information center will continue to be as active as always and will try to provide the population with competent information.
mouTmenlad veli im dRes, rodesac saqarTvelo nato-Si Tavis Rirseul adgils daimkvidrebs
nino gogoCiSvili nIno gogochIshVIlI
the guest of our mAgAZine is lt col nicK ridout. he is A british defence AttAche for ArmeniA, AZerbAiJAn And georgiA. nicK ridout hAs been Accredited in georgiA since the yeAr 2006. we visited his office for An interview. he shAred his impressions About georgiA, georgiA-british defence relAtions And About future prospects of development of our country. Mr Nick, you are British Defence Attache to Georgia. What were your and your family’s first reactions, when you learned about your departure to Georgia? What have you heard about Georgia before? i’ve had a long-term fascination with and interest in georgia ever since i was a teenager and i served here with the osce mission in 1995. my wife had visited then, so she knew the country too. that meant that when we were offered the chance of serving here together for a longer period, it was like a dream come true – we both jumped at the chance without a moment’s hesitation. we had not only experienced all the joys of georgian culture but also i had already read up a lot on the history and travellers’ experiences. Why did you decide to become a military? Why did you choose this profession? both of my parents had served in the Armed forces during the second world war and i grew up with their reminiscences about that time. Although neither of them pushed me towards a military career, to me it seemed natural to follow in their footsteps; i never really seriously considered any other career. Also, the british Armed forces offers a pretty good career to any young person – variety, opportunity, security, and the pay’s not bad too!
Cveni Jurnalis stumaria vice-polkovniki nik ridauti, didi britaneTis samxedro ataSe saqarTveloSi, somxeTsa da azerbaijanSi, romelic saqarTveloSi 2006 wlidanaa akreditebuli. Tavdacvis ataSem Tavisi Sexedulebebi gagviziara saqarTvelos Sesaxeb, gvesaubra saqarTvelo-britaneTs Soris arsebul samxedro TanamSromlobasa da qveynis ganviTarebis samomavlo perspeqtivebze.
batono nik, Tqven brZandebiT didi britaneTisa da CrdiloeT irlandiis gaerTianebuli samefos samxedro ataSe saqarTveloSi. ra reaqcia gqondaT Tqven da Tqvens ojaxis wevrebs rodesac gaigeT rom miemgzavrebodiT saqarTveloSi. gsmenodaT manamde Cveni qveynis Sesaxeb? saqarTveloSi, euTos misiaSi, 1995 wlidan vmsaxurobdi, Tumca keTilganwyoba da usazRvro interesi am qveynis mimarT bevrad ufro adre gamiCnda. Cemi meuRle saqarTvelos im periodSi estumra, rodesac euTos misiaSi vmsaxurobdi, ase rom am qveynis mimarT warmodgena masac hqonda. axdenili ocnebis msgavsi iyo, rodesac gavigeT, rom me da Cems meuRles SesaZlebloba gveZleoda saqarTveloSi didi xnis ganmavlobaSi erTad gvemsaxura. Cven es Sansi xelidan ar gavuSviT da SemoTavazebas uyoymanod davTanxmdiT. Cven qarTul kulturasTan bolomde naziarebi ar vyofilvarT, magram garkveulwilad ukve vicnobdiT mis istorias da ucxoel mogzaurTa Sexedulebebs Tqveni qveynis Sesaxeb. ratom gadawyviteT Tqveni samsaxuri samxedro mimarTulebiT. ratom airCieT samxedro mosamsaxuris profesia?
i look forWarD to tHe Day WHen georgia HaS earneD Her Place in nato
meore msoflio omis dros, Cemi mSoblebi SeiaraRebul ZalebSi msaxurobdnen. maTi mogonebebisa da Tavgadasavlebis STabeWdilebebis qveS vizrdebodi. arc erT maTgans ar urCevia samxedro kariera gamekeTebina. CemTvis bunebrivi iyo maT kvals gavyolodi. amas garda britaneTis SeiaraRebuli Zalebic sakmaod warmatebul karieras sTavazobs nebismier axalgazrdas _ SesaZleblobebis farTo arCevans, usafrTxoebasa da maRal anazRaurebas. rodis daiwyo Tqveni diplomatiuri moRvaweoba. saqarTvelomde romel qveyanaSi mogiwiaT samsaxuri da ra Sedarebebs gaakeTebdiT?
When did your diplomatic career start? Where did you serve before Georgia and what comparisons can you make? i haven’t had a diplomatic career as such. our defence Attachés are all mainstream officers from backgrounds all over the services, although i was defence Attaché in tashkent for nearly 4 years before coming to georgia. other than that, i have had a fairly standard Army career with tours in germany, northern ireland, belize and in the gulf for the first war, the liberation of Kuwait. All of them are very different from each other (hence my comment about variety above). my posts have alternated, like any british officer, between working in my spe73
cialisation, which is military police, and more generalised posts as a staff officer. What can you say about Georgia now, from this position? What was the most impressive for you and did you manage to become familiar with Georgian culture and traditions during this period? georgia is in a position of most incredible change. there is still a lot more for your country to achieve, but from where i stand i see an energy and a drive to get there that is highly impressive. i became well acquainted with georgian culture and traditions during my time here in 1995 and kept in touch with several friends that i made then. i even had the honour once of being made tamada at a friendly supra, although i am afraid that i made an awful hash of it – i could only do it in english (one of my friends translated in to georgian for me) and i kept on running out of things to say. i much prefer to listen to a georgian do it properly! What can you say about your assignment? What is your, as Defence Attaché’s goal in Georgia? this is a highly challenging post for me. not only am i working in georgia to help develop the georgian Armed forces, but i am also accredited to baku and yerevan, so i spend a lot of my time in Azerbaijan and Armenia too. i think that this gives me a regional perspective that is very useful to me. my primary role is to act as the military advisor to my Ambassador, but i also devote a lot of my time to helping the georgian Armed forces to achieve nAto standards by organising both training and advice. i look forward to the day when georgia has earned her place in nAto, but i also believe that the reforms throughout society that georgia is implementing in order to achieve that aim are good for the country and society at large. nAto is not just a military but also a political Alliance and all of our members share certain fundamental beliefs about freedom, fairness and democracy. Close partnership relations have been established between Georgia and united Kingdom in defence sphere. What can you say about this co-operation and future plans? our co-operation has been very close and we aim together to carry this process forwards. we in the british Armed forces who have served alongside our georgian colleagues have all been very impressed with the standards achieved so far in a very short time, whilst recognising that there is still a long way to go. for the future, i intend to do all that i can to help georgia get in to nAto and to play her full role on the international stage, both militarily and politically. we are providing more training opportunities to georgian servicemen and women and offering advice on reform at the highest levels within the ministry of defence where it is requested. Georgia is at a very important stage in NATO integration process. Security Conference on Defence policy held in Munich has finished. president of Georgia Michael Saakashvili once more reiter74
SeiZleba iTqvas, rom rogorc aseTi diplomatiuri kariera, ar mqonia. Cveni qveynis Tavdacvis ataSeebi SeiaraRebuli Zalebis sxvadasxva saxeobis warmomadgenlebi arian. saqarTveloSi Camosvlamde 4 wlis ganmavlobaSi, rogorc Tavdacvis ataSe, taSkentSi vmsaxurobdi. garda amisa, standartuli samxedro kariera mqonda, rodesac germaniaSi, CrdiloeT irlandiaSi, belizsa da kuveitis ganmaTavisuflebeli brZolis dros sparseTis yureSi vmsaxurobdi. samxedro karieris TiToeul etapze Cemi saqmianoba erTmaneTisagan gansxvavdeboda. Cemi Tanamdebobebi, tipiuri britaneli oficris msgavsad, mudmivad icvleboda. vmuSaobdi Cemi profesiiT - samxedro policielad, aseve Cveulebriv Tanamdebobaze rogorc Stabis oficeri. dRevandeli gadmosaxedidan, ras gvetyodiT saqarTveloze? ra iyo yvelaze metad STambeWdavi TqvenTvis? moaswariT Tu ara am periodSi gascnobodiT saqarTvelos kulturasa da tradiciebs? saqarTvelo amJamad warmoudgeneli Zvrebisa da cvlilebebis etapzea. jer kidev bevri ramaa gasakeTebeli, magram im gadmosaxedidan, sadac me var, did STabeWdilebas axdens is udidesi energia, mondomeba da cvlileba romelic qveyanaSia. 1995 wlidan SesaZlebloba mqonda axlos gavcnobodi qarTul kulturasa da tradiciebs. pativi mqonda qarTul sufraze Tamadadac vyofiliyavi, magram vSiSob rom saSinlad gamomivida _ me xom mxolod inglisur enaze vmetyveleb (erTi Cemi megobari ki qarTulad Targmnida). bolos mivxvdi, rom saTqmeli gamomelia. sufraze bevrad sjobs qarTvelebs mousmino. ras mogviTxrobT Tqveni saqmianobis Sesaxeb? ra aris Tqveni, rogorc samxedro ataSis saqmianobis mizani saqarTveloSi? es Tanamdeboba CemTvis metad sapasuxismgebloa. ara mxolod imitom, rom saqarTveloSi vmuSaob da vexmarebi qarTul SeiaraRebul Zalebs, aramed imitomac, rom aseve akreditebuli var baqosa da erevanSi. aqedan gamomdinare did dros vatareb azerbaijansa da somxeTSic, rac mexmareba mTeli regionis Sesaxeb garkveuli warmodgena Semeqmnas, rac CemTvis Zalian sasargebloa. Cemi upirvelesi movaleobaa elCis samxedro mrCevloba, magram me aseve did dros vuTmob davexmaro qarTul SeiaraRebul Zalebs nato-s standartebTan miaxloebaSi. britanuli mxare rCevebiTa da wvrTnebis organizebiT did daxmarebas uwevs qarTul jars natosTan Tavsebadobis miRwevaSi. mouTmenlad veli im dRes, rodesac saqarTvelo nato-Si Tavis Rirseul adgils daimkvidrebs. mjera, rom is reformebi, romlebsac saqarTvelo am miznis misaRwevad axorcielebs, warmatebuli iqneba qveynisa da sazoga-
doebisaTvis. nato ara marto samxedro, aramed politikuri organizaciacaa, romlis TiToeuli wevri aRiarebs Tavisuflebis, Tanasworobis da demokratiis fundamentur faseulobebs. samxedro sferoSi did britaneTsa da saqarTvelos Soris mWidro partnioruli urTierTobebi Camoyalibda. ras gvetyodiT am TanamSromlobis Sesaxeb? saqarTvelo da didi britaneTi samxedro sferoSi mWidrod TanamSromloben. Cveni mizania am procesis gagrZelebaa. Cven britaneTis SeiaraRebuli Zalebis warmomadgenlebi, romlebic qarTvel kolegebTan erTad vmsaxurobdiT, aRvfrTovandiT am mokle periodSi miRweuli warmatebebiT. vaRiarebT imasac, rom bevri ram kidev gasakeTebelia. samomavlod, vapireb yvelafris gakeTebas imisaTvis, rom saqarTvelos nato-Si Sesvlasa da qveynis saerTaSoriso arenaze Rirseulad warmoCenas, rogorc samxedro, aseve politikur doneze, daxmareba gavuwio. Cven qarTveli samxedro mosamsaxureebisTvis wvrTnebs uzrunvelvyofT. Tavdacvis saministros moTxovnis Sesabamisad, reformebis ganxorcielebis procesSi rCevebs umaRles donezedac vTavazobT. saqarTvelo nato-sTan urTierTobis umniSvnelovanes etapze imyofeba. dasrulda miunxenis konferencia, sadac saqarTvelos prezidentma mixeil saakaSvilma qveynis aliansSi gawevrianebis uryevi survili kidev erTxel gamoxata. rogor SeafasebT gazafxulze buqarestis samitze saqarTvelos Sansebs? am etapze Tavs Sevikaveb komentari gavakeTo buqarestis samitTan dakavSirebiT. nato konsensusis safuZvelze moqmedebs. ase rom nebismieri gadawyvetileba 26 qveynis Tanxmobas saWiroebs. me mxolod erT maTgans warmovadgen. da bolos, Tqveni rekomendaciebi da survilebi ra aris CvenTvis. amaze martivad gipasuxebT. survilebi _ yvelaferi saukeTeso, rekomendaciebi _ kvlavac gaagrZeleT muSaoba.
ated country’s firm will to join the Alliance. How do you evaluate Georgia’s chances at upcoming Bucharest summit? i would not like to comment specifically on the bucharest summit. nAto operates on the basis of consensus, so any decision requires the vote of 26 countries. i only represent one! And the final question. What wishes and recommendations would you give to the Georgian Defence Ministry? that’s easy. wishes? – all the best. And recommendations? – keep up the good work!
maT saqmes qveynad simSvide moaqvs tHeir Work bringS Peace to tHe country
saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi xSiria SemTxveva, rodesac samxedro saqmes erTi ojaxis ramdenime wevri emsaxureba. mkiTxvelis dainteresebasac swored aseTi ojaxebis cxovreba iwvevs. amitomac gaCnda JurnalSi axali rubrika - `ojaxuri profesia~. pirveli respondentebi Zmebi osefaiSvilebi arian. oTxive saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi sxvadasxva saqmes akeTebs, Tumca damokidebuleba profesiis mimarT erTnairia _ saqme, romelic unda giyvardes, iseve, rogorc Seni sxeulis nawili. profesia, romelsac mTeli guliT emsaxurebi. ase fiqroben tyupi Zmebi - aleqsandre da giorgi, SuaTana Zma murTazi da yvelaze patara – irakli. it is A frequent cAse when severAl members of one fAmily serve in the georgiAn Armed forces. reAders Are mostly interested in the wAy of life of these fAmilies. we decided to Add A new section cAlled “fAmily portrAit” to our mAgAZine. the osephAishvili brothers Are our first respondents. All four of them Are worKing in different positions in the georgiAn Armed forces, but their Attitudes towArds worK Are similAr – you must love your Job with body And soul. you must put your heArt in your profession. this is the wAy the twins AleKsAndre And giorgi, younger brother murtAZ And the Junior irAKli thinK.
rusudan cimakuriZe RUsUdan tsImakURIdzE
am adrian gazafxulze saqarTvelos monaxulebas marTlac araferi sjobs. mindoda Zmeb osefaiSvilebze dasaweri narkvevi zerele, Sablonuri ar gamomsvloda da es mizezi kargad gamoviyene saimisod, rom guriis erT-erT ulamazes sofels – dablacixes vwveodi, sadac osefaiSvilebis dedmama cxovrobs. aleqsandre, giorgi, murTaz da irakli osefaiSvilebi saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul ZalebSi sxvadasxva saqmes akeTeben. Tumca, am saqmes erTi saxeli hqvia da Zmebic mzad arian, Tu qveyanas dasWirda yvelaze Zvirfasi _ sicocxle daTmon misTvis. aq, am garemoSi daibadnen da gaizardnen Zmebi. sadac ar unda iyvnen da ra samuSaosac ar unda asrulebdnen, yvelaze metad bavSvobis dReebi, mamiseuli saxli enatrebaT. xSirad ver Camodian da monatrebul ded-mamas xumrobiT eubnebian – `Tavs rom moganatrebT ufro meti sixaruliT dagxvdebiTo~. bavSvobis mere, oTxive erTad, sofelSi TiTqmis ar yofila. bolos dedmamiSvilebi, erTi wlis win, umcrosi Zmis - iraklis qorwilSi Seikribnen. the osephaishvili brothers: Alexsandre, giorgi, murtaz and irakli are employed in different positions in the georgian Armed forces. but all their different positions have one name – Army – and they are ready to sacrifice their lives. early spring is the best season to go sightseeing in georgia. As i did not want my story about the four brothers to be ordinary and dull, i decided to visit the village of dabaltsikhe in guria region where the parents of osepaishvili live. this is the native place where the brothers grew up. no matter what they are doing or are at work, they miss their childhood and family house. however, the brothers visit their parents very seldom and they joke – “Absence makes the heart grow fonder.” the osepaishvilis have never visited the village together since their childhood. last time they all gathered at their junior brother’s wedding the previous year. mother we visited the village on mother’s day. ms. darejan meets children with usual calmness. she always tries to have a smiling face as the sons visit the village very seldom. so she doesn’t want to trouble them with her problems. ms. darejan began mother’s day with fussing in the kitchen. she did not have to be alone for a long time. upon arrival, while awaiting the guests, the four brothers started doing house work. the same situation was very common during their childhood. As their mother says, they have been independent since they were in the fifth form. this helped her greatly to take care of five men. “my children were taking care of the family since they had been in the fifth form. they helped us to prepare for the winter, to do tillage works etc… my sons have had the sense of responsibility
axlandeli Camosvla dedis dRes daemTxva. qalbatoni darejani Svilebs Cveuli simSvidiT egebeba. cdilobs yovelTvis momRimari iyos. biWebi isedac iSviaTad Cadian da problemebiT aRar unda rom datvirTos. dedis dRe dilidan samzareuloSi fusfusiT dai-
since childhood. they rented a plot of land where they grew tea. my children have always been good so are they now. i believe in their honesty.” she always misses them but ms. darejan never protests their seldom visits. she knows that her children are serving the country and is proud of that.
wyo. marto yofna did xans ar mouwia. CasvlisTanave, stumrebis mosvlamde, oTxive Zma saojaxo saqmeebis keTebas Seudga. bavSvobaSic ase iyo. rogorc qalbatoni darejani ambobs, me-5 klasis Semdeg damoukideblad izrdebodnen. sxvagvarad xuTi mamakacis movla gauWirdeboda. `Cemi bavSvebi SromaSi gaizardnen, me-5 klasis Semdeg zrunavdnen ojaxisaTvis, Tundac sazamTrod, Tundac xvna-TesvisTvis. pasuxismgebloba hqondaT Tavidanve. kargad maxsovs, Cais farTobi aiRes da TviTon uvlidnen, TviTon krefdnen. kargebi iyvnen da axlac kargebi arian. ase mjera, rom TiToeuli maTgani patiosnad movida dRemde.~ monatrebis grZnoba arasdros tovebs. biWebis sofelSi Casvlis wuTidan maT ukan gamomgzavrebaze fiqrobs, Tumca maT iSviaT vizitebs arasdros aprotestebs. icis, rom isini qveyanas emsaxurebian da es Zalian eamayeba.
fAther their father cannot hide his excitement when he sees his sons. he even couldn’t help tears during our conversation. As he says, these are the tears of happiness and pride. he is a lucky man as all four of his sons are on the most responsible and brave duties. like their mother, he never protested when they chose such a risky and difficult profession. “i could not get a wink of sleep when they were at war. i prayed to god to have them return safe and sound, i prayed for peace in each family. when the war ended i gave them advice to enter the defence Academy. i was confident they could do more for their motherland. when they arrive at first i ask how my daughters-in-law and grandchildren are getting on. i have 6 grandchildren and this makes me happy. i do not interfere in their relations. love is the most important.” now it’s the right time to introduce the brothers more closely:
gulgrili ver xvdeba biWebis gamoCenas mama. roman osefaiSvilma verc CvenTan saubris dros Seikava cremlebi. rogorc Tavad ambobs, es sixarulis da siamayis cremlebia, radgan bednieri kacia, rom oTxive Svili yvelaze vaJkacur da sapasuxismgeblo saqmes emsaxureba. dedis msgavsad arc mas dauSlia biWebisTvis aseTi rTuli da riskiani samsaxuris arCeva. `roca omSi iyvnen, dRe da Rame ar meZina. RmerTs vTxovdi, rom Svilebi damibrune da yvelas ojaxSi mSvidoba da sikeTe iyos meTqi. gancda didi mqonda. omis Semdeg rom dabrundnen rCeva miveci - radgan am saqmes mokideT xeli daamTavreT akademia, Tqvens samSoblos aqedan yvelaze kargad emsaxurebiT. Camosvlisas pirvel rigSi SviliSvilebisa da rZlebis ambavs vkiTxulob. 6 SviliSvili myavs da bednieri var. danarCeni araa Cemi saqme. mTavaria erTmaneTSi siyvaruli hqondeT~. mgoni dadga dro Zmebic ufro axlos gagacnoT:
saqarTvelos damoukideblobis Semdeg Camoyalibebul qarTul SenaerTSi igi erT-erTi pirveli gvardieli iyo. mere iyo omi, sadac tyup ZmasTan erTad ibrZoda. 22 wlis asakSi orTavem gadawyvites, rom samxedro saqmeze ukeT araferi gamouvidodaT da 1993 wels Tavdacvis erovnul akademiaSi Caabares.
`gamoviare omi, mZime omi. ris Semdegac gadavwyvite davrCeniliyavi jarSi. Cemma meTaurmac didi roli iTamaSa. mirCia oficrobiT ufro metsac miaRwev da metsac gaakeTeb Seni qveynisTviso. omis dros areuli periodi iyo. wavageT, magram Tu ar ifiqre gamarjvebaze da xeli Caiqnie, araferi gamogiva. mec gadavwyvite da Cavabare Tavdacvis akademiaSi, romelic daCqarebuli programiT 1994 wels davamTavre.~ akademiidan saartilerio brigadaSi gaanawiles. eqvsi Tve kodoris xeobaSi iyo. mere, oficrebTan erTad, aleqseevkis sadazvervo batalionis da kojris specdaniSnulebis brigadis Camoyalibebas Caudga saTaveSi. 1998 wels amerikaSi gaemgzavra, sadac armiis sainJinro skolis inJiner- oficerTa ZiriTadi kursi daamTavra. 2003-2004 wlebSi swavlobda aSS-s sazRvao-qveiTi korpusis universitetSi, sadac sakomando-sameTauro da saStabo koleji daamTavra. kvlav amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi damatebiT gaiara terorizmisa da antiterorizmis kursi. 2004 wels II qveiTi brigadis Camoyalibeba daavales. kidev erTxel didi pasuxismgebloba aiRo Tavze da Tvlis, rom ndoba gaamarTla. brigadis meTauris postidan saxmeleTo jarebis sardlis Tanamdebobaze gadainacvla. dRes, ori qaliSvilis mama, saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTianebuli Stabis ufrosis moadgilea. `roca samxedro xdebi, ar unda ifiqro, rom raRac samsaxuri iSove. es gansxvavdeba sxva samsaxurisgan, radgan Sens qveyanas emsaxurebi. mTeli arsebiT unda iyo patrioti, unda giyvardes is, rasac akeTeb. es cota Zneli asaxsnelia, radgan yvelas individualuri midgoma aqvs. Cemi midgoma aseTia _ rogorc sakuTari sxeulis nawilze, ise unda fiqrobde SeiaraRebul Zalebze.~ ojaxis wevrebis mokiTxvis Semdeg, yvelani erTad biWebis bavSvobas ixsenebs. qalbatoni darejani pataraobaSi bavSvuri gulwrfelobiT arasworad gamoTqmul sityvebs, sicelqesa da patara `danaSaulebs~ did kacebs ar axsenebs. Zmebi arc sakuTari zedmetsaxelebis warmomavlobaze saubroben. dRes ukve saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis gaerTianebuli Stabis ufrosis moadgiles, vicepolkovnik aleqsandre osefaiSvils zedmetsaxeli `bingo~-Ti icnoben. Tavad mizezs ar xsnis. Tumca, rogorc gavigeT is im droisTvis popularuli filmis `bingo-bongo~-s erT-erTi mTavari gmiris, momxibvleli qalbatonis karol bukes partniorobaze ocnebobda. meore versiiT ki mas es zedmetsaxeli omSi, TanamebrZolebma, misi energiuli bunebis gamo Searqves. Tavad arc erT versias ar aRiarebs. ufro kargad skolis periodi axsendeba,
AleXAndre he was one of the first guardsmen in the army unit established after georgia gained independence. then he fought in the war with his twin brother. At the age of 22 both of them decided to join the military. so they entered the national Academy in 1993. “i experienced all the difficulties of war. this inspired me to stay in the Armed forces. my commander had a great impact on my decision. he gave me advice to become an officer as i could do more for my country. we had to pass through the hard times of the war. we lost but if you do not think about victory and surrender you will not achieve anything. so i decided to enter defence Academy, underwent intensive courses and graduated in 1994.” After graduation, he was sent to the Artillery brigade. he spent six months in the Kodori gorge. then he stated to establish Alekseevka reconnaissance battalion and Kojori special forces brigade with other officers. in 1998 he left for the usA, where he finished infantry officer basic course in Army engineering school. in 2003-2004 he was studying at marine corps university, command and staff college. the next step in his educational background in America was terrorism and counter terrorism course. in 2004, he was given the task to form the iv brigade. once more he took on huge responsibility and considers that he has gained everybody’s confidence. he has moved from the position of brigade commander to the position of land forces commander. currently, the father of two daughters is the deputy chief of Joint staff of the georgian Armed forces. “when you become a military serviceman, you must not presume that you have a job. it is different from other kinds of work as you serve your country. you have to be a patriot with your whole body and soul; you have to love what you serve for. this is somehow difficult to explain as everybody has an individual approach. my approach is the following – you have to think about the Armed forces like a part of your body.” After greeting the family members, all of them started to recollect the boys’ childhood. ms. darejan never reminds the grown-up men of their incorrect words pronounced in child sincerity, pranks and little “misdeeds”. the brothers don’t like to talk about the origin of their nick-names either. nowadays the deputy chief of Joint staff of georgian Armed forces lieutenant colonel Alexander osepaishvili is known by the nick-name “bingo”. but he himself doesn’t explain the reason. thus, as we identified, during that time he was dreaming of being a partner of an attractive lady carole bouquet - one of the main characters of popular film “bingo-bongo”. According to the second version, his brothers-in-arm called him the above-mentioned nick-name in the war because of his energetic character. he himself recognizes none of the versions. he remembers the schooling period better. he did well at school but was a very naughty boy. his misbehavior was reflected in “torturing” the girls. once, he entered the classroom riding a horse. Just imagine what situation came up at that moment?
kargad swavlobda, magram ar iyo advili dasamorCilebeli. misi cudi yofaqceva Tanaklaseli gogonebis `wvalebaSi~ gamoixateboda. erTxel saklaso oTaxSi cxeniT Sesula. warmogidgeniaT, ra situacia Seiqmneboda?
rogorc tyupiscals, giorgis zedmetsaxelad dRemde `bongo~-s eZaxian. `bongo~ dRes erovnuli saswavlo centri `krwanisi~-s ufrosis moadgilea. giorgi saqarTvloSi TebervalSi dabrunda. is 6 Tvis ganmavlobaSi eraySi samSvidobo misias asrulebda. maiori osefaiSvili 12 welia jarSia. sxva profesiaze arc ufiqria, cxovrebam moitana rom samxedro gaxda. rogorc ambobs, guliT uyvars jaris cxovrebis yoveli wami da is saqme, rasac akeTebs, radgan yvelaze vaJkacur samsaxurSia. ori vaJkacis mamas meuRlec samxedro mosamsaxure yavs.
`baqteria~ murTaz osefaiSvilia, mesame Zma. omSi moxalised wavida, megobrebTan erTad. sxvagvarad moqcevis ufleba ar hqonda. omSi ZmebTan erTad yofna ar mouwia. sxva batalionSi ibrZoda. 2001 wels kodoris movlenebis dros naRmze afeTqda. maSin iq ufros ZmasTan, aleqsandresTan, erTad imyofeboda. SemTxvevis adgilidan Zmam da megobarma gamoiyvanes. maSin aleqsandres Zmis gadasarCenad kilometrebis gavla mouwia. rogorc vice-polkovniki ixsenebs, im dros komunikaciis problemebis gamo mTavar StabTan kavSiri ar xerxdeboda, ris gamoc operacia 32 saaTiT dagvianda. murTazs fexis amputacia dasWirda. Tumca SeiaraRebuli Zalebidan wasvla arasdros ufiqria. dRes qalvaJis mamaa da vaSlijvarSi specialuri operaciebis dajgufebis operatiuli morigeebis jgufis ufrosia.
giorgi As a twin brother giorgi is called nick-name “bongo” till the present. currently “bongo” is deputy head of national training center “Krtsanisi”. giorgi returned to georgia in february. he was on a peacekeeping mission in iraq for six months before that. major osepaishvili has been in the Army for 12 years now. he has never thought about taking up a different profession. life made him become a military serviceman. As he says he loves each minute of army life and the work he serves for as he is in the bravest work. this father of two sons also has a military spouse. murtAZ “bacteria” – murtaz osepaishvili is the third brother. he participated in the war as a volunteer with his friends. he couldn’t behave in a different way. he didn’t have to fight with his brothers in the war. he fought in another battalion. in 2001 he was injured by a mine explosion during Kodori events. then he was with his elder brother Alexander. his brother and friend took him from the place of incident. Alexander had to pass kilometers in order to save the brother. As the lieutenant colonel recalls, during that time connecting with the main staff wasn’t available because of communication problems. for this result the operation was delayed for 32 hours. murtaz lost a leg. but he has never
samxedro kariera rom airCia, gadamwyveti roli amaSi Zmebis faqtorma iTamaSa. samxedro saqme Zmebma Seayvares. dRes es cxovreba misTvis yvelafers niSnavs da sxva profesiaze fiqri verc ki warmoudgenia. meored gaaforma kontraqti Tavdacvis saministrosTan da amJamad Tavdacvis erovnul akademiaSi Carli kursze swavlobs. `vapireb swavlis gagrZelebas. mepure rom purs acxobs, is xom amiTi sxvebsac apurebs. Cveni profesiac asea, Tu saqmes gavakeTeb sxvebs unda gamoadge, marto CemTvis ra fasi eqneba.~
thought to leave the Armed forces. At present, he is the father of a daughter and a son and works as a head of vashlijvari special operations group. irAKli brothers’ factor played the decisive role to choose military career. brothers made him love military service. today military life is everything for him and can’t imagine thinking about another profession. he has concluded a contract with the ministry of defence for the second term and at present he is a student of the “charli” course at the national defence Academy. “i am going to continue learning. As the baker bakes bread he feeds other people. our profession is like this. if you do anything you have to serve others, otherwise it would have no sense.” irakli is the youngest among the brothers. As his mother says, he is grown up by the boys. At mother’s day he also arrived at the village. the family house is his weak point and he is very sad that he can’t come to the village frequently. in the very first minutes of their arrival, the neighbors and friends of childhood met the boys. only a very small number of young people remain in the village. everybody who manages gathers around the table in the osepaishvili family house. toasts are heard till late hours. one can hear so many histories here and identify some features of the brothers’ character – what frank and affectionate persons they are. And we have to leave them. they know that father sees them off traditionally with a familiar phrase: “serve your country first, not only yourselves.” A very beautiful village in guria is left behind. the feast is going on in the osepaishvilis large family. the brothers’ work will be blessed once again. their work brings peace to entire georgia.
irakli ZmebSi yvelaze pataraa da rogorc deda ambobs biWebis gazrdilia. dedis dRes sofelSi isic Cavida. mamiseuli saxli misi susti wertilis da guli wydeba, rom sofelSi xSirad ver Cadis. biWebs CasvlisTanave mSoblebTan erTad mezoblebic da bavSvobis megobrebic egebebian. xalgazrdoba sofelSi TiTqmis aRar SemorCa. vinc moaxerxa da moicala yvela osefaiSvilebis ojaxSi gaSlil sufrasTan ikribeba. gvianobamde ismis sadRegrZeloebi. erTi istoria esaa – ras ar moismenT aq. Zmebis xasiaTis bevr Tvisebasac dainaxavT – rogori uSualoni da mosiyvaruleni arian. wamosvlis droc dgeba. ician, rom mama tradiciulad, ukve bevrjer naTqvami fraziT gamoacilebs: `marto Tavs ara, pirvel rigSi qveyanas gamoadeqiT.~ ukan rCeba guriis ulamazesi sofeli. osefaiSvilebis did ojaxSi ki sufra grZeldeba. Zmebs kidev erTxel daulocaven saqmes, romelsac emsaxurebian. saqmes, romelsac am sofelsa da sruliad saqarTveloSi simSvide moaqvs.
irakli dedasTan IRAKlI WITH MOTHER
istoria da Tanamedroveoba past and pREsEnt
"...da me vyviri, afxazeTi Cemi!"
“anD i cry – abkHazia!”
pirveli sadesanto operacia
tHe firSt lanDing oPeration
nino rusaZe, malxaz Tofuria nino rusaZe, malxaz Tofuria nino rusadze, malkhaz topuria nino rusadze, malkhaz topuria
1992 wlis ivnisSi afxazeTSi daZabulobam piks swored maSin miaRwia, rodesac separatistebma afxazeTis avtonomiuri respublikis Tanamdebobis pirebze eTnikuri niSniT da rkinigzaze mimavali tvirTebis zewola da rkinigzaze mimavali tvirTebis - Zarcva daiwyes. afxazeTis avtonomiur respublikaSi saxelisuflo mmarTvelobaze kontrolis aRdgena gaxda 14 agvistos samxedro operaciis dawyebis mizezi. centraluri xelisuflebis SenaerTebi afxazeTSi ori mxridan Sevidnen - erTi mTavari gziT, xolo meore jgufma desantireba gagra-leseliZis mimarTulebiT moaxdina. es iyo erTaderTi sazRvao da amasTanave warmatebiT ganxorcielebuli desantireba saqarTvelos istoriaSi. Cven gadavwyviteT gavsaubrebodiT or pirovnebas, romlebic uSualo monawileobas iRebdnen desantis gadasxmis operaciaSi:
the tensions in AbKhAZiA reAched A dAngerous level in June1992, when sepArAtists stArted prActicing ethnic discriminAtion AgAinst georgiAn governmentAl representAtives. theft of goods coming to the region through rAilwAy becAme very frequent. in order to stAbiliZe the situAtion And restore governmentAl control over AbKhAZiA, the georgiAn government decided to stArt A militAry operAtion there on August 14, 1992. militAry force wAs divided into two groups, one of which went viA centrAl wAy And the other lAnded in the direction of gAgrA-leselidZe AreA. this successfully Accomplished seA-borne lAnding wAs the only such operAtion in the history of the georgiAn Armed forces. we decided to interview two persons who pArticipAted in the Above mentioned lAnding operAtion.
aleqsandre barbaqaZe, Savnabadas batalionis vice-polkovniki, amJamad rezervis polkovniki:
`sanam gagra–leseliZis desantze daviwyebde saubars, minda ramdenime sityva wina movlenebzec mogaxsenoT da ganvixilo rogor mdgomareobaSi iyo, im periodSi, Savnabadas batalioni. faqtobrivad, am batalionis xelaxali Camoyalibeba iwyeboda. dislocirebulni viyaviT sam adgilas: erTi aseuli foTSi idga, erTi - cxinvalis misadgomebTan, erTi ki – TbilisSi, Savnabadas bazaze, romelic ZiriTadad axalwveulebis gawvrTniT iyo dakavebuli. oseTis movlenebidan erTi Tvec ar iyo gasuli, rodesac soxumSi Sesvlis politikuri gadawyvetileba miiRes. minda giTxraT, rom omSi gamocdili oficrebis didi nawili afxazeTSi operaciis dawyebis winaaRmdegi viyaviT, radgan gvaxsovda, Tu rogori winaaRmdegoba gagviwia rusis jarma oseTSi. Sesabamisad, Cven ukve kargad SegveZlo imis gaanalizeba, ra sirTuleebTan SeiZleba gvqonoda saqme afxazeTis SemTxvevaSi. Cveni winaaRmdegobis miuxedavad, gadawyda operaciis dawyeba da 13 agvistos gagra-leseliZis midamoebSi Cveni desantis gadasxmis brZaneba miviReT. pirveli amocana rkinigzis dakaveba iyo, amis Semdeg ki - saqarTvelos saxelmwifo sazRvris gakontroleba. brZanebis miRebas ganxilva ar mohyolia. es, gamoucdelobisa da kadris oficrebis simciris gamo im periodisTvis damaxasiaTebeli iyo. brZanebis miRebisTanave Savnabadas xelmZRvaneloba SevikribeT; gadavwyviteT, rezervistebis aseuli da kide ori oceuli wagveyvana, radgan maT cxinvalis regionSi Catarebuli samxedro operaciebidan ukve miRebuli hqondaT brZolis gamocdileba da praqtika. Tumca, gagviCnda erTi didi problema - Cven im droisTvis floti ar gvyavda da Sesabamisad, ar vicodiT, Tu riTi unda mivsuliyaviT daniSnulebis adgilamde. pirveli, rac gavakeTeT, SevkribeT rezervistebi da CavediT Cvens bazaze foTSi, sadac Semkrebi punqti gavxseniT, movnaxeT samoqalaqo xomaldebi; Cvenma ramdenime oficerma manqana gayida da aRebuli fuliT ruseTis sazRvao Zalebis TanamSromlebi movisyideT, gadavuxadeT TiTo katarRaSi 40 000 rusuli rubli. ori cali patara katarRa viqiraveT imisaTvis, rom SegvZleboda teqnikis wayvana. minda giTxraT, rom mTeli omis ganmavlobaSi, Cven ZiriTadad SeiaraRebas saqarTveloSi dislocirebuli rusuli bazebidan vyidulobdiT. amas xazs imitom vusvam, rom minda dRevandelma jariskacebma icodnen, Tu ramdenad karg pirobebSi uwevT axla samxedro samsaxuri. samoqalaqo katarRebze mZime teqnikis ayvanis saSualeba ar gvqonda ar gvyavda sakmarisi mcuravi
aleqsandre barbaqaZe alExandRE BaRBakadzE
AlExANDRE BARBAKADzE, lieutenant Colonel of `Shavnabada~ Battalion in 1992, Currently Reserve Colonel “before i start talking about garga-leselidze sea-borne landing operation, i would like to draw your attention to the location of “shavnabada” battalion before this event. we were divided into three parts, one company was deployed in poti, the second in the vicinity of tskhinvali and the third one was training conscripts at shavnabada base in tbilisi. Actually, less than a month passed after the operation in tskhinvali region, when the government took the political decision to start action in sokhumi. i want to stress that most experienced officers were against the operation as we remembered the resistance of russian militants in south ossetia. so we fully analyzed what difficulties we might face in the case of Abkhazia. but despite our objections, the decision was made and on August 13 we received orders to carry out a sea-borne landing in the gagra-leselidze area. first we were to take control of the railway, then – of the georgian-russian border. unfortunately, in those times we were less experienced and we had a lack of cadre officers, so commanders never discussed and analyzed the order: they just started gathering the personnel. receiving the order we, the leadership of shavnabada battalion, gathered and decided to take a reserve battalion and two platoons experienced in military operations in tskhinvali region. one big problem arose – there was no fleet in georgia, so
saSualebebi. Cveni teqnikidan mxolod ori sabrZolo erTeuli bmp-2 da btr-80 waviyvaneT. rac Seexeba saartilerio da saaviacio mxardaWerebs, amaze laparaki xom saerTod zedmeti iyo; es xdeboda iniciativis doneze. es iyo uprecendento amocana. mzaddeboda pirveli sazRvao desanti saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis istoriaSi. Sebindebisas 120 mebrZolma Savnabadas batalionidan da `ka9~-is 30 mebrZolma kater `kometiT~ da ori barJiT gavcureT. Cvenda saubedurod, ar vicodiT ra gveloda win. Turme roca Cven daniSnulebis adgilamde mivcuravdiT, qarTuli presa da televizia intensiurad da detalurad aSuqebda am gasaidumloebul operacias - romel ricxvSi saidan gavediT, ra SeiaraRebiT iyo gemebi datvirTuli da ase Semdeg. amas ise amayad acxadebdnen, TavSi azradac ar mosvliaT, rom amiT faqtiurad CvenTvis sasikvdilo ganaCeni gamohqondaT. gamTeniisas, rodesac Cven napirs mivuaxlovdiT, ruseTis armiis sakmaod Zlieri xomaldi `Эсминец» gamoCnda. rusma mesazRvreebma uazro SekiTxvebiT daaxloebiT erT saaTze meti dagvakargines. swored drois gawelva iyo maTi mizani. sabolood, leseliZis sanapiros dRis Tormet saaTze mivadeqiT, desantirebisTvis Seuferebel dros gadmovjeqiT. Sesabamisad, mowinaaRmdege mxarem gemebis miaxlovebisTanave gagvixsna cecxli. sakmaod rTul geografiul garemoSi gviwevda brZola, radganac qviSiani, mTlianad moSiSvlebuli sanapiro zoli gvqonda gadasarbeni, xolo mowinaaRmdege tyiT
we did not know how to reach our destination. we went to poti with our reservists, opened an assembly point there and found a civilian ship. some of our officers sold their cars and rented two barges for 40,000 rubles from russian border-guardsmen who were bribe takers. it is notable to say that we usually received all the ammunition and equipment from russian bases located in georgia. i am saying this in order to make the georgian soldiers realize in what good conditions they are serving now. there was no chance to load the ordinary boat with armor-technique, so we took only one Apc-80 and ifv-2 (infantry fighting vehicle). As for air or artillery support, it was not feasible at that moment. it was an unprecedented task, we were preparing for the first sea-borne landing in the history of georgian Armed forces. it was getting dark when 120 fighters from shavnabada battalion and 30 from “KA-9” unit left poti by two barges and a Kometa motor-boat. unfortunately we did not know that the georgian media was broadcasting our covert/secret operation in details, having no idea that by doing so they were passing a death sentence upon us. when we approached the sea-shore at dawn, a russian torpedo-boat/destroyer appeared. russian border-guardsmen asked silly questions and made us waste more than an hour. As a result we reached the shore at twelve o’clock in the afternoon. of course it was not the right time for a sea-borne landing. separatists saw us and opened fire. we fought in difficult geographic circumstances, because the separatists were hiding on top of a wood-covered alp and we did not see them. so our battalion had to run across the sandy
beach in order to start contact fight. battalion spread, crossed the costal line with shooting and reached some buildings where an intensive fight started. during the first hour of the combat 4 of our soldiers died and 16 were wounded. we were lucky, as the residents of gagra-leselidze were georgians and they took them to the hospital. the fight lasted till late night. finally we accomplished our first mission – took control of the railway. but we still had another task to do, so the same day local population showed us the way to the georgian-russian border and we left. After a few shots the separatists left their positions and moved to russia. the battalion occupied the border and raised the georgian flag. our next task was to clean the alp that controls the leselidze area. if you look at the map, you will see that there is a mountain washed by the sea. this of course complicated the combat circumstances because there was no possibility to use the Apc-80 or ifv-2. certainly we needed more force to occupy the mountain. so i contacted the leadership of the national guard – general Jemal chumburidze and reported that the mission was accomplished and asked him to send additional force in order to maintain the positions. two choppers gave us fire support at dawn so the mountain was cleaned. the first task was accomplished – we prepared the beachhead, occupied the border. next day georgian military units started to come step by step. we called our company from poti, special units of the national guard, Khashuri battalion,
dafarul maRlobze Casafrebuliyo. faqtiurad, mowinaaRmdeges ver vxedavdiT; Sesabamisad marSiT unda gagvevlo sanapiro da dagvekavebina poziciebi mowinaaRmdegesTan kontaqturi brZolis dawyebis mizniT. batalioni gaiSala, brZolebiT gavirbineT sanapiro zoli da mivuaxlovdiT dasaxlebul punqts, sadac mowinaaRmdegesTan intensiuri brZola gavmarTeT. brZolis pirvelive saaTSi dagveWra 16 da dagveRupa 4 kaci. aranairi samedicino saSualeba ar gagvaCnda; vukavSirdebodiT adgilobriv mosaxleobas; maT daWrilebi leseliZis saavadmyofoSi gadahyavdaT. amaSic gagvimarTla, radgan, gagra-leseliZis adgilobrivi mosaxleoba ZiriTadad qarTvelebiT iyo dasaxlebuli. brZola gvian Ramemde grZeldeboda. saboloo jamSi pirveli amocana SevasruleT - davikaveT rkinigza. magram Sesasrulebeli gvrCeboda meore davaleba... imave dRes, adgilobrivi mosaxleobis CvenebiT saqarTvelos saxelmwifo sazRvrisken gaveSureT. gavxseniT cecxli; mowinaaRmdege maleve gaiqca; gadavida ruseTisken. davikaveT ruseTsaqarTvelos sazRvari, sadac saqarTvelos droSa avRmarTeT. amis Semdeg Cven aucileblad unda gagvewminda mTa, romelic simaRlidan leseliZes akontrolebda. Tu ruqaze naxavT, sazRvao zoli tyian mTas emijneba, rac saomar situacias kidev ufro arTulebs. swored amitom, iq teqnikas ukve veRar gamoviyenebdiT. mTis dasakaveblad Cven, ra
Tqma unda, damatebiTi Zalebi gvWirdeboda. davukavSirdi gvardiis xelmZRvanelobas - general jemal WumburiZes da movaxsene, rom brZaneba Sesrulebuli iyo avuxseni, rom gviTavdeboda sabrZolo resursi, damatebiTi Zalebis gareSe gagviWirdeboda poziciebis SenarCuneba da mogviwevda TavdacviT poziciaSi Cadgoma. ukve gamTenisaas orma sabrZolo vertmfrenma gagvikeTa mxardaWera da mxolod maTi sacecxle mxardaWeris Semdeg gaxda SesaZlebeli mTis mTlianad gawmenda. meore dRes ukve nel-nela daiwyo sabrZolo nawilebis Semosvla. pirveli operacia Sesrulebuli iyo anu movamzadeT placdarmi, davikaveT sazRvari; daviwyeT Zalebis Sekreba, gamoviZaxeT Savnabadas meore aseuli foTidan, Camovida gvardiis specrazmi, xaSuris batalioni, imedis batalioni, qarTvel SevardenTa legioni, 28–e batalioni, avaza da Telavis batalioni. momdeno dReebSi gavwmindeT mTlianad mTeli teritoria; aRmovaCineT trotilis didi sawyobi, Tumca am nivTierebis gadmosazidad ar gvyavda manqanebi, amitomac ubralod dacva davayeneT nivTierebis gamoyenebis Tavidan acilebis mizniT. sanapiro zolidan gaviyvaneT piradi Semadgenloba, ganvaTavseT skola-internatis SenobaSi. Semdeg davukavSirdiT Cven Semdgom punqt gagras, sadac mxedrioni idga. piradi Semadgenlobis simciris gamo, isini samxedro operacias ver iwyebdnen da Cvens gagraSi Sesvlas elodnen. daaxloebiT xuTi dRis Semdeg gagra ubrZolvelad davikaveT, radgan mowinaaRmdegem Tavad datova qalaqi, rogorc maTTvis ara saimedo punqti. gavediT gagris sazRvrebTan–kolxidasTan. amis Semdeg, mowinaaRmdegis mxridan patara diversiuli gamoxtomebi daiwyo, romlis lokalizebasac vaxerxebdiT. isini ZiriTadad gamTeniisas gvesxmodnen Tavs. ra Tqma unda, gagris dakavebam amocana gagvirTula, radgan ufro didi teritoriis gakontorleba dagvevala... iZulebuli gavxdiT, mamdisSxaze piradi Semadgenloba agveyvana. mamdisSxa - es aris mTa, romelic riwis tbisken mimaval gzas akontorolebs anu es iyo marSuti, saidanac Crdilo-kavkasieli boevikebi gadmodiodnen mowinaaRmdege mxaris dasaxmareblad. daviwyeT teritoriis Caketva. samxedro strategiiT aucilebeli iyo biWvinTis dakavebac. magram Cven Zalebi ar gvyofnida. imdroindel batalions mxolod saxeli erqva batalionis, sinamdvileSi ki oceuli iyo, maqsimum aseuli da ara batalioni. is rac Cven oseTSi gaviareT, gadamwyveti aRmoCnda. swored am gamocdilebam ganapiroba Cveni warmateba.
Avaza and telavi battalions arrived as well. in the next few days we cleaned the territory, found tnt cache. there was no lorry to transport this substance, so we decided to leave our soldier there in order to protect the storage. we deployed our troops in the building of a boarding school, then contacted our next point – gagra, where “mkhedrioni” units were expecting us. in the following five days gagra was peacefully taken by us. the separatists left the city as it was an unsafe place for them. our troops reached the borders of gagra-Kolkhida. there were some sabotage acts from the separatists but we managed to localize them. the gagra operation complicated our task because we had to control a larger territory. our battalions were forced to take positions on mamdisshkha mountain. mamdisshkha is the alp that controls the road to the ritsa lake. this was the road used by south-caucasian militants to enter georgia in order to support separatists. so we had to block the way. the strategy mandated that we occupy pitsunda, but we did not have enough manpower to do it. it is noteworthy that when i mention battalion, actually this was either a platoon or maximum a company-size unit, but not a real battalion. the experience that we gained in the tskhinvali region was crucial. this experience ensured our success. AlExANDRE MINDADzE, participated in the August 13 operation as a volunteer in the `Shavnabada~ battalion. He was just a student of a medical university. Now he is a Doctor of Medicine and works at a paediatric clinic as a neurologist. on August 13, we left poti by two barges loaded with Apc-80, ifv-2 and with some of our fighters. After some time, a Kometa motor-boat picked up the rest of the personnel and followed us. on our way to gagra a russian torpedo-boat/destroyer stopped us. to their question as to where we were going, we answered that we had some exercise. it was pretty strange, but they let us go. our battalion reached the coast line of gantiadi at twelve o’clock. when the separatists saw us they opened fire and the captain of the Kometa was wounded. they were probably deployed on an alp, and therefore when we reached the beach the separatists stopped fire. the beach was crowded with russian tourists, a common situation at this summer resort. they thought that we were filming some movie and did not take this seriously. of course we did not mean to make them panic. As the battalion landed far from the planned area, we decided to split into groups, one unit under the leadership of Akia barbakadze took the Apc-80 and went through the beach to the
aleqsandre mindaZe, 1992 wlis 14 agvistos sadesanto operaciaSi monawileoba miiRo rogorc Savnabadas batalionis moxalisem. maSin is samedicino institutis studenti iyo. amJamad ki medicinis mecnierebaTa doqtoria da Tssu pediatriul klinikaSi nevrologad muSaobs: `13 agvistos, saRamos, foTidan barJaTi gadmovediT, romelic datvirTuli iyo TiTo btr-80 da bmp-2-iT, aseve Cveni piradi Semadgenlobis garkveuli nawiliT. cota mogvianebiT ki ZiriTadi Zalebi kater `kometas~ gavyeviT. gzaSi rusma mesazRvreebma gagvaCeres, romlebmac gamogvkiTxes Tu sad mivdiodiT. Cven vupasuxeT, rom samxedro swavleba gvqonda. Cvenda gasakvirad dagvijeres da uproblemod gagvatares. afxazeTis sanapiro zols daba ganTiadis midamoebSi sadRac dRis 12 saaTisTvis mivuaxlovdiT. sanapiro zolamde orisami kilometric gvaklda, rodesac mowinaaRmdege mxarem cecxli gagvixsna. savaraudod, mowinaaRmdege mxare mTebidan isroda, radgan napirTan miaxloebisas isini veRar gvxedavdnen. Sesabamisad cecxli Sewyda. swored am srolisas daiWra kater `kometa~-s kapitani. sezoni iyo da napirze bevri damsvenebeli gaxldaT, ZiriTadad - rusi turistebi. maT ver aRiqves mdgomareobis seriozuloba da gadawyvites, rom filmis gadaReba midioda. ra Tqma unda, Cvenc maTSi SiSi ar dagviTesavs.
aleqsandre mindaZe alExandRE mIndadzE
railway, the other team under the command of Koba Kobaladze took ifv-2 and moved to the central road. so the first group took the railway, but unfortunately our friend Koka Kldiashvili died in the fight. As for the second group, they got ambushed: Koba Kobaladze and misha sadunishvili were wounded, and lasha dondua and sandro vacheishvili were killed. we arranged to break the ambush because the separatist force was inexperienced and opened fire early, before our whole team got into the ambushed area. our experienced reservists arranged to break the ambush. After all this our groups met in leselidze and peacefully took control of gagra.
desantirebis Semdeg, romlis cdomilebac teritoriulad Zalian didi iyo (Cven gadajdomas leseliZis midamoebSi vgegmavdiT), miviReT gadawyvetileba or jgufad gavyofiliyaviT da saxelmwifo sazRvari dagvefiqsirebina. pirveli jgufi akia barbaqaZis xelmZRvanelobiT da btr 80-iT sanapirosa da rkinigzas gahyva, xolo meore jgufi, baton koba kobalaZis meTaurobiT da bmp-2-iT gzas gauyva. pirvelma jgufma, romelsac rkinigzis sadgurTan mcire Setakebebisas Cveni megobari koka kldiaSvili daeRupa, saqarTvelo-ruseTis sazRvars maleve miaRwia. rac Seexeba meore jgufs - isini CasafrebaSi mohyvnen. swored aq daiWrnen koba kobalaZe da mixeil saduniSvili, daiRupnen laSa dondua da sandro vaCeiSvili. Casafrebis garRveva mowinaaRmdegis gamoucdelobis gamo movaxerxeT, radgan maT cecxli adre gagvixsnes anu Casafrebul teritoriaze mTliani jgufis Sesvlamde. swored aman gadawyvita im epizodis bedi. gamocdilma rezervistebma srolis traeqtoriis mixedviT gaxsnes cecxli da Sesabamisad Casafreba gaarRvies. yovelive amis Semdeg, orive jgufi leseliZeSi gaverTiandiT da iqidan movaxdineT gagris mSvidobiani dakaveba.
"krwanisis veli da Tebervali..."
krtSaniSi valley anD february…
1921 wels kojorTan daRupuli meomrebis xsovnis obeliski 89 memoriAl of soldiers fAllen neAr KoJori in 1921
februAry 1921 is one of the most trAgic periods in georgiA’s history. the russiAn 11th Army invAsion And occupAtion wAs terrible news for the country: georgiA lost the independence it hAd obtAined only three yeArs before. After this our country hAd to live under Another stAte’s directions for seventy yeArs. the declArAtion of independence in 1989 And further yeArs Allowed us to get AcquAinted with emigrAnt press And severAl booKs published in pAris. but most of them Are still unKnown in georgiA, even though it is necessAry for A lot of people to Know About thAt Awful period of georgiAn history. unfortunAtely, some georgiAns were Among the supporters of the red Army in 1921. now i wAnt to offer two memoirs published in the collection “the 60th AnniversAry of conquest”. it wAs published in pAris by the editoriAl boArd including gulnArA urAtAdZe, levAn pAgAvA And giorgi tsereteli in 1981. VAlIKO CHuBINIDzE (1891-1988) – participant of the 1924 rebellion; colleague of Georgian Embassy in France. “when i remember february 1921, i am sad, but at the same time happy. words can’t explain my feelings: my country being conquered, a lot of my brothers-in-arms deceased, then siberia, military executions in 1924 and here abroad we filled leuville brothers cemetery with georgians corpses. i am happy to have been the witness of the military execution of the georgian traitors who lead the russian red Army. here are their names, members of “shulaveri government”: fillip makharadze, mamia orakhelashvili, budu mdivani, lado dumbadze, shalva eliava, misha okujava, sasha gegechkori and Kvirkvelia. All of them, with the exception of fillip makharadze, were military executed during 1936-37. dgebuadze was exiled to uzbekistan in 1929 where he died. misha gegechkori committed suicide in 1929. on february 17, we were informed that the government dismissed general odishelidze and instead of him general giorgi Kvinitadze was appointed. this news made us glad as general Kvinitadze was commander-in-chief in 1920 during the war against russia, as if against Azerbaijan, but Azerbaijan couldn’t dare wage war against us. on february 19 the first georgian regiment under the command of colonel gogelashvili and the imereti third guard under the command of tripon labadze, under command of the chairman of the main staff v. Jugeli, Alexander dgebuadze and general giorgi mazniashvili defeated the enemy heavily. we
1921 wlis Tebervali saqarTvelos istoriis erTi yvelaze tragikuli furcelia. saxelmwifoebadakarguli qveynisTvis, romelmac damoukidebloba sami wlis win aRidgina, ruseTis meTerTmete armiis Semosvla da qveynis okupacia mZime gamodga. mas Semdeg, kidev samocdaaTi wlis ganmavlobaSi uxdeboda Cvens qveyanas sxva saxelmwifos karnaxiT cxovreba. damoukideblobis gamocxadebam 1990 wels da Semdgomma wlebma saSualeba mogvces gavcnobodiT emigrantul presas da parizSi gamocemul ramdenime saintereso wigns. magram maTi didi nawili qarTveli mkiTxvelisaTvis jerac ucnobia. arada, saWiro rom, Cveni istoriis Savbneli furceli bevrma icodes, rom kidev ar davuSvaT sabediswero Secdomebi. 1921 welsac xom wiTel armias, samwuxarod, qarTvelTa Sorisac hyavda momxreebi. amjerad gTavazobT or mogonebas, romelic gamoqveynda krebulSi `dapyrobis 60 wlisTavi.~ igi 1981 wels, parizSi gamosca saredaqcio kolegiam gulnara urataZis, levan faRavas da giorgi wereTlis SemadgenlobiT: valiko CubiniZe (18911988) 1924 wlis ajanyebis monawile, safrangeTSi saqarTvelos saelCos TanamSromeli, sdmp parizis organizaciis Tavmjdomare, partiis sazRvargareTuli biuros wevri da Semdgom Tavmjdomare: `roca vigoneb 1921 wlis Tebervals, var ubeduric da bednieric. sityvebi uZluria gadmovce Cemi gancda: Cemi qveynis dapyroba, bevri, bevradbevri TanamebrZoli maSin Cemgan daRupuli, Semdeg cimbiri,… daxvretebi 1924 welSi da aq – ucxoeTSi – gavamseT lovilis ZmaTa sasaflao. bednieri var imiTi, rom qarTvel moRalateebs, vinc ruseTis wiTel armias SemouZRvnen, imaT daxvretas moveswari. ai, maTi saxelebi, `Sulaveris mTavrobis~ wevrebi: filipe maxaraZe, mamia oraxelaSvili, budu mdivani, lado dumbaZe, Salva eliava, miSa okujava, saSa gegeWkori da kvirkvelia. eseni daxvrites, garda filipe maxaraZisa 1936-37 wlebSi. dgebuaZe gadaasaxles 1929 wels uzbekistanSi da iq gardaicvala. miSa gegeWkorma xom Tavi moikla 1922 welSi... 17 Tebervals gavigeT, rom mTavrobam gadaayena generali odiSeliZe da mis magivrad daniSna generali giorgi kvinitaZe. CvenSi am sasixarulo ambavma sixaruli gamoiwvia, radganac generali kvinitaZe iyo mTavarsardlad 1920 wels, roca omi iyo ruseTTan, viTom azerbaijanTan, magram azerbaijani Cven oms ver gagvibedavda. 19 Tebervals, pirvelma qarTulma polkma, polkovnik gogelaSvilis meTaurobiT da mesame imereTis gvardia trifon labaZis meTaurobiT, mTavari Stabis Tavnjdomare v. juRelis, aleqsandre dge-
buaZis da general giorgi mazniaSvilis meTaurobiT mteri sastikad davamarcxeT. tyved Cagvivarda 1800 jariskaci, oTxi zarbazani, didZali sxva iaraRi da gaSifruli saidumlo sabuTebi. 16 Tebervals WiaTuris sax. Gvardiis erTi gundi dagvemata, kapitan aqvsenti qurcikiZis meTaurobiT. mtris axalma Zalebma Tavi dagviara qoroRlis cixis gverdidan da Seiqna Zlieri saartilerio dueli. Cvenma zarbaznebma, polkovnik kargareTelis meTaurobiT mtris artileria CaaCuma. mterma brZolis velze gadmoyvana tankebi da rostovis saartilerio divizia. Cvenc dagvemata moxalise studentebi. mTeli Tbilisi fexze dadga. . . 17 Tebervals erevnis moedanze (axla Tavisuflebis moedani.red.) Sevxvdi iunkerTa or gunds, mouZRoda polk. CxeiZe samxedro musikiT. mTeli xalxi yvavilebs esrodaT da ismoda: gaumarjos Cvens Tavisufal saqarTvelos, mis meTaurobas-saqarTvelos mTavrobas, gaumarjos Cvens axalgazrda samxedro skola!.. iunkrebma, mesame imereTis sax. gvardiam da baTumis sax. gvardiam, aTaseulis meTauri polk. kvaSali, davikaveT 25 kilometris fronti-tabaxmela-kojorkumisis simaRleebi. 18 Tebervals mteri aCaRebs artileriis cecxls, Cvenebma upasuxes da CaaCumes.
took 1800 soldiers prisoners, captured four guns, other kinds of weapons and deciphered secret data. on october 16, chiatura guard unit under the command of captain Akvsenti Kurtsikidze added us. new enemy forces attacked us from the side of qorogli fortress, where an intense artillery battle was underway. our guns, under the command of colonel Kargareteli, beat the enemy artillery. the enemy side placed tanks and rostov Artillery division on the battle filed. volunteer students also joined us. entire tbilisi supported us… on february 17, i met two younker units at yerevan square (presently freedom square – editor) lead by colonel chkeidze to military music. people were throwing flowers and shouted: long live our free georgia, its authority – georgian government, long live young military school! younkers, imereti third guard and batumi guard, commander of legion servicemen colonel Kvashali occupied a 25 km front: tabakhmela-Kojori-Kumisi heights. on february 18, the enemy opened artillery fire; our side repelled the enemy and put them down. the front commander general Andronikashvili ordered the commander of tbilisi emergency legion servicemen colonel tsomaia to attack. colonel tsomaia allocated the first unit under the command of iliko Jugeli and followed the enemy. i. Jugeli reached the lake to the right side and attacked
saqarTvelos okupacia ruseTis mier. 1921. 17-25. 02
the enemy cavalry. At this point, Jugeli gave a battle and hurled the enemy back. but the enemy’s military legion of students hit from the left side; i. Jugeli was wounded in the leg and the whole group was taken hostage. on february 19, 20, 21 and 22 we gained victory everywhere. on february 23 the enemy aviation bombed our large arsenal and vaziani gorge. panic spread among commands. general mazniashvili and general Andronikashvili felt themselves courageous. on february 24, we crossed the railway to fetch firewood. Alpeza goguadze was ambushing at that location with amour. it was one o’clock at night; goguadze drove the enemy away. the enemy attacked us in the centre; colonel Kvashali and six guardians were killed. Kvashali’s position was taken over by senior captain of first unit dolidze. the enemy was roundly defeated. commander-in-chief giorgi Kvinitadze came out, opened the maps in the camp. generals mazniashvili, Andronikashvili and Zakariadze, colonel chkheidze, v. Jugeli were here. it was 11 o’clock in the morning, february 24. on february 25, at 4 o’clock we started attacking from Kojori-shindisi-Kororlo fortress. At 11 o’clock in the evening we received orders from the front commander: “retreat to mtskheta, take positions in orderly manner, we are leaving tbilisi.” we retreated peacefully and reached the station at midnight, where an armored unit under the command of Alpeza goguadze was located. here we met noe Zhordania; heard Alpeza’s loud exclamation: “why do you want us to leave, mr noe!” “we are getting into danger, the enemy is already in navtlugi,” was noe Zhordania’s answer. i saw two coaches tied to armor where noe Zhordania got in. After their departure our trainload, batumi and imereti third guard legion left the area. in gori i received orders to follow imereti guard third legion in the direction of sachkhere. the enemy had crossed the mamisoni pass. i called in the government coach to farewell and saw mr. noe Zhordania – somehow very tired and sad. At this time general Kvionitadze came and stated: “i have asked the members of the main staff not to meddle with the guard”. the reality was the following: vladimer Jibladze heard that the trenches were not ready on surami pass and tsipi pass. so he told this to general Kvinitadze. in response, noe Zhordania gave order to revoke all rights for vladimer Jibladze. evgeni gegechkori, having returned from europe, joined us in Khashuri. i remember and never forget when we heard that there was no assistance from europe. Alexander dgebuadze said to mr. evgeni: “let’s see how england and lloyd george benefit from this unfair policy!”
frontis ufrosma generalma andronikaSvilma Tbilisis sagangebo aTaseulis ufross polk. comaias ubrZana gadasuliyo Setevaze. polk. comaiam gamoyo pirveli gundi iliko juRelis meTaurobiT da mters daedevna. i.juRelma miaRwia tbis marjvniT da SeeCexa mtris cxenosan jars. aq, juRelma misca brZola da gareka mteri, magram marcxniT movida mtris samxedro kursantebis aTaseuli, i. juReli daiWra fexSi da mTeli gundi tyved Cavarda. 19, 20, 21 da 22-s Cven yvelgan gamarjvebuli viyaviT. 23 Tebervals mtris aviaciam dabomba Cveni didi arsenali da vazianis xeoba. emCneoda panika mTavarsardlobaSi. Ggenerali mazniaSvili da generali andronikaSvili magrad iyvnen. 24 Tebervals Cven gadavediT rkinigzis liandagze SeSis mosatanaT. aq idga alfeza goguaZe javSnosniT. Ramis pirveli saaTia, goguaZem mteri gandevna. Cveni aTaseuli, imereTis mesame gvardia da baTumis sax. gvardia, kvaSalis meTaurobiT, marjvniT meore gundi iunkrebis. mterma centrSi moitana ieriSi, mogvikles polk. kvaSali da eqvsi gvardieli, kvaSalis adgili daikava pirveli gundis ufrosma kapitanma doliZem. mteri sastikad damarcxda. amovida mTavarsardali giorgi kvinitaZe, karavSi gaSala karta. aq arian generlebi mazniaSvili, andronikaSvili da zaqariaZe, polk. CxeiZe, v. juReli. es aris 24 Tebervlis 11 saaTi dilis. 25 diliT, oTx saaTze viwyebT Setevas: kojori-Sindisi-qororlos cixe vazianidan. saRamos 11 saaTze modis frontis ufrosis brZaneba: `daixieT mwyobrad mcxeTaSi unda gavmagrdeT, Tbiliss vtovebT~. vixevT wynarad. naSuaRamevs varT sadgurSi, sadac alfeza goguaZes javSnosani dgas. aq vxedav noe Jordanias. gavigone alfezas xmamaRali SeZaxili~ `ratom gviSvebT, batono noe!~ `xifaTss vvardebiT, mteri ukve navTluRSia,~ upasuxebs noe Jordania. davinaxe, rom ori vagoni moubes javSnosans, romelSic Cajda noe Jordania. Cveni eSeloni, baTumis da imereTis mesame gvardiis aTaseulebi, gavida mas Semdeg. gorSi me miviRe brZaneba gavyolodi imereTis sax. gvardiis mesame aTaseuls saCxerisaken, mters gadmoulaxavs mamisonis uReltexili. Seviare mTavrobis vagonSi, rom gamovmSvidobebodi. vnaxe batoni noe Jordania. erTob daRlili da mowyenili. am dros movida gen. kvinitaZe, romelmac ganucxada: `me xom gTxoveT, rom nu erevian mTavari Stabis wevrebi gvardiis saqmeebSiTqo.~ saqme ase yofila: vladimer jiblaZes gaugia, rom suramis uReltexilze da wifis uReltexilze sangrebi ar yofila momzadebuli da es mas uTqvams gen. kvinitaZisTvis. mis sapasuxod, noe Jordaniam gasca brZaneba aexados yovelive ufleba vladimer jiblaZeso. xaSurSi mogviswro evgeni gegeWkorma, evropidan dabrunebulma. maxsovs da arasodes damaviwydeba,
roca gavigeT evropidan araferi daxmareba ar ariso, aleqsandre dgebuaZem baton evgenis miaxala: `navxoT ras isargeblebs inglisi da loid jorji aseTi umsgavso politikiTo!~ qristefore imnaiSvili wiTeli ruseTi Tavs dagvesxa (mogonebebebidan) `1921 wlis 11-12 Tebervals, CrdiloeTidan wamosulma Savma Rrubelam, wiTel ferSi gaxveulma, Cveni Zvirfasi samSoblo gadmolaxa. veragulad Tavs dagvesxa, sisxlSi CaaxrCo Cveni erovnuli meoba. ruseTis wiTelma armiam daipyro Cveni qveyana. 25 Tebervali aris qarTveli eris glovis dRe. moskovma Seadgina moRalate qarTvelebisagan mTavroba da daniSna `gruzCekis~ TavmJdomared kote cincaZe, romelsac gverdSi amouyena rusi da somexi jalaTebi. saqarTvelos sabWoTa xelisuflebam gamosca amnistia, rom warsulze surs ar iZieben. Cven kargad vicodiT am amnistiis fasi da saRamoobiT Tavs vafarebdiT SeumCnevel amxanagebSi. saqarTvelos dapyrobis erTi kviris Semdeg moievies lanCxuTSi didi mitingi, sadac gamovida moRalate filipe maxaraZe. mitingi moawyves noe Jordanias moedanze. Cven ki alya gvqonda Semortymuli Seiararebuli komunistebiT. mitingi gaxsna kosandile cincaZem da tribunaze adis f. maxaraZe. mTelma damswre xalxma yviriliT da stveniT SesZaxa: moRalate maxaraZe, rogor bedav tribunaze gamosvlas, rusis jars SemouZexiT, mospeT Cveni erovnuli meoba, mTeli eri SavebSia gaxveuli, glovobs didi da patara, dedebi stirian TavianT Svilebs, romlebic gmirulad daecen brZolis velze. Zirs moRalate maxaraZe! gaiyvaneT rusis jari da Semdeg gamodi tribunazeo. sityvis neba ar misca xalxma, veraviTari rezolucia ver gamoitanes. ase, rom bolSevikebi saxtad darCnen. Semdeg tribunaze gadis Cveni damfuZnebeli krebis wevri nikifore imnaiSvili. mas ar uSveben tribunaze, magram ZaliT gadis da SesZaxa moRalateebs: `DdRes saqarTvelo glovobs, rusis xiStebiT rom mouspeT ers misi meoba, gaiyvaneT rusis jari da Semdeg gamodiT tribunazeo!~ Teli damswre xalxi nikifores didi ovaciebiTa da taSiT Sexvda da erTxmad SesZaxa: `gaumarjos noe Jordanias da Cvens erovnul mTavrobaso.~ da erTxmad SemosZaxes Cveni erovnuli himni `dideba Cvensa samSoblos.~ Tu ra moeloda saqarTvelos axali mdgomareobis Seqmnis gamo, amaze xalxis azri metad Wreli iyo. farTe masaSi bevri fiqrobda, rom bolos da bolos `bolSevikebTan~ saerTo ena moinaxeboda da es saqarTvelos dapyroba ar gadaiqceoda iseT dapyrobad, rogorc es saerTod xdeba aseT SemTxvevaSi. saerTod guriaSi saqarTvelos dapyrobis win bolSevikebis organizaciebi ganadgurebulni iyvnen. ar yavdaT
KRISTEFORE IMNAISHVIlI Red Russia’s Invasion (Recollections)
on february 11-12, 1921, dark clouds coming from the north wrapped up in red color crossed the borders of our beloved country. the red Army treacherously attacked us and drowned our national identity in blood, invading and conquering our motherland. february 25 is the day of mourning for the georgian nation. moscow appointed the georgian traitors to the government and appointed Kote tsintsadze as chairman of the special security committee (cheka) who was surrounded by the russian and Armenian executioners. the georgian soviet government announced amnesty, saying that they won’t take revenge on the past. we valued the price of amnesty and in the evening we sheltered in the houses of unobserved friends. After a week of georgia’s invasion, they organized a large meeting in lanchkhuti where betrayer philipe makharadze delivered a speech. the meeting was arranged on noe Jordania square. we were besieged by armed communists. Kosandile tsintsadze opened the meeting and philipe makharazde appeared on the platform. the crowd began to shout and whistle: “traitor makharadze, how do you dare to appear at the meeting, you led the russian army in our country, destroyed our national identity, the whole nation is mourning old or young, mothers mourn the loss of their sons fallen on the battlefield. down with traitor makharadze! withdraw the russian Army and then dare to appear on the platform.” people did not let him to deliver a speech. they could not even pass a resolution. After this the member of our constituent Assembly, nikifore imnaishvili wanted to address the people but they didn’t let him on the platform. he still made his way by force and shouted: “whole georgia is mourning today; you have killed the national identity of georgian people with the russian bayonets, withdraw the russian forces and then appear in front of the public.” everyone met nikifore with ovations and applause and shouted: “long live noe Jordania and our national government!” they started to sing the national anthem: “glory to our motherland!” people were very ambiguous about the new circumstances and about georgia’s future fate. the broad mass of people thought that they could find common language with the “bolsheviks” and this incursion would not be like any other cases. generally, before the invasion bolshevik organizations were already liquidated in guria region. they had no representatives in many communities to setup the revolution committee and they brought people from other villages. generally no serious event happened in guria that might cause the repressions from the
government. but naturally there were some exceptions. those persons whom bolsheviks considered irreconcilable enemies or those who participated in repressions against bolsheviks during the years of independence were in a very bad situation. on April 29 of 1921, at about 10 o’clock i heard knocking on the door. when the door was opened, armed bolsheviks entered and told me that i was arrested. when i asked what was wrong as far as they had announced the amnesty they replied: “you don’t want to live in peace; you threw a bomb to sasha gegechkori. i was arrested at 10 o’clock and the bomb exploded at 11 o’clock in Kutaisi. so this was an artificially fabricated case needed for repressions… on April 30 i was taken to lanchkhuti revolution committee where i found all leaders detained. in the morning of may 1, standing in line, we were taken to ozurgeti via nasakirali way… we reached the ozurgeti prison at 3 o’clock where all distinguished persons living in guria region were arrested. most of them were transferred to military barracks as there were not enough places in the prison. the number of prisoners reached 2000 and there were many women among them. i remember one good georgian, priest lavrenti tsuladze. the next day, on monday, nikifore imnaishvili was arrested. (he was executed in 1939). After a week all were re-
pirebi mraval TemebSi, rom revkomi SeedginaT da sxvadasxva soflebidan moyavdaT. saerTod guriaSi ar momxdara iseTi rame, rom xelisuflebis represiebi gamoewvia. rasakvirvelia, iyo bevri gamonaklisi. Zalian cud mdgomareobaSio iyo is xalxi, visac bolSevikebi icnobdnen rogorc Seurigebel mters, an vinc damoukideblobis dros monawileoba miiRo bolSevikebis wiinaaRmdeg represiebSi. 1921 wlis 29 aprils... iyo saRamos 10 saaTi, rom karebze araxuneben. gaaRes kari. Semovidnen SeiaraRebuli bolSevikebi da miTxres datusaRebuli xaro. raSia saqme? amnistia gamouSviT da matusaRebT Tqva. mipasuxes: Tqven ar isvenebT, quTaisSi saSa gegeWkors bombi esroleTo. me damiWires Ramis aT saaTze da bombi gavarda quTaisSi Ramis TerTmeT saaTze. ase, rom es xelovnurad moawyves, rom amiT gamoewviaT represiebi... 30 aprils diliT mimiyvanes lanCxuTis revkomis binaze, iq damxvda yvela mowinave pirebi datusaRebuli... pirvel maiss diliT, aRdgoma dRes, Cagvayenes rigSi da nasakiralis gziT gagviZaxes ozurgeTisaken... mivediT ozurgeTis cixeSi sam saaTze, aq dagvixda mTeli guriis mowinave pirebi datusaRebuli. bevri gadaiyvanes samxedro yazarmebSi, uadgilobis gamo. daaxloebiT ori aTasi kaci iyo da maT Soris bevri
wiTeli armiis Semosvla TbilisSi REd aRmy InVasIon In tBIlIsI
mandilosanic. aqve iyo kargi qarTveli, mRvdeli lavrenti wulaZec. meore dRes, orSabaTs. moiyvanes nikifore imnaiSvili (n.imnaiSvili Cekam daxvrita 1939-Si). erTi kviris Semdeg sul yvelani gaanTavisufles, mxolod dagvtoves Tormeti, romlebic Cveni damoukideblobis dros iyvnen bolSevikebis daundobeli mtrebi: qr.imnaiSvili, grigol cincaZe, giorgi murvaniZe, grigol cincabaZe, evgeni imnaiSvili, isaki uruSaZe, eqvTime TodraZe (gaxuWuli mRvdeli), n.Wyonia, Sio WanturiSvili. sami saxeli aRar maxsovs. moaxlovda 26 maisi. gareT emzadebian sadResaswauloT. gvesmis xalxis didi moZraoba. ozurgeTis qalaqis moedanze moawyves didi mitingi, moismis giorgi nakaSizis patriotuli SesaniSnavi sityvebi, samSoblos moRalateTa da dampyrobelTa winaRmdeg mimarTuli. Tu rogor Sexvda xalxi TviT guriaSi rusis xiStebzed dayrdnobil sabWoTa xelisuflebas, es aSkarad Canda im faqtebidan, rasac adgili hqonda mTels guriaSi. aprilSi guriaSi Camoasvenes tabaxmelaze mokluli saxalxo gvardiis baTomis aTaseulis ufrosi, kapitani grigol kvaSali. mTeli mazra am movlenisaTvis winaswar momzadebuli iyo. aq. ozurgeTis da axlo-maxlo Temebis mcxovrebni, delegatebi sxva raionebidan, didZali xalxi SavebSi Cacmuli, didi Savi droSebiT Seegeben samSoblosaTvis Tavdadebul gmiris cxedars. usityvod, samariseburi siCumiT,miasvenes is da dakrZales ozurgeTis qalaqis moedanze eklesiis ezoSi. sabWoTa xelisuflebam Careva ver gabeda... 8 aprils, aRdgoma dRes, cixis mcvelebSi aRmovaCine erTi Cemi naTesavi. masTan gavabi kavSiri da misi saSualebiT gavediT cixis kedlebidan. gavediT nasakirali-sof. mSvidobaurSi, sadac dagvakavSires simonika gogiberiZes. simonikam mogvitana ori Tofi karabinis, Tavis vaznebiT. Tavs vafarebdiT erT miyruebul wisqvilSi da saWmeli moqonda simonikas dedas. es iyo sof. WaWieTi. Kkomunistebma yvela gzebi Sekres. am sofelSi cxovrobda Cemi da, daecnen mis ojaxs Cekistebi, Cemi Rrmad moxuci dedmama daatusaRes, Cemi oda daSales, waiRes da komunistebma daidges. dedaCemi daavadmyofda am wamebiT da gardaicvala eqvs TveSi. Cemi coli CekaSi awames, moTxoves gvari gamoicvaleo. ar gamoicvala gvari. Semdeg cimbirSi daikarga. ai, ra momitana me da ra moutana Cvens samSoblos Tebervalma~.
leased besides twelve of us who opposed the bolsheviks during the period georgia was independent. (Kr. imnaishvili, isaki urushadze, ekvtime todradze (unfrocked priest), n. chkonia, shio chanturishvili. i don’t remember the names of the rest three prisoners.) the 26th of may is approaching. there are preparations for the occasion outside. we hear people bustling in the street. A large-scale meeting was arranged on ozurgeti square. we hear the wonderful patriotic words of giorgi nakashidze directed against the traitors and conquerors. All the consequences vividly show what reaction followed the soviet army invasion in the guria region. in April, the dead body of capt. grigol Kvashali, commander of batumi legion of national guard who was killed in tabakhmela was moved to guria. the whole region was prepared for the event. residents of nearby communities of ozurgeti, delegates form other regions; ordinary people dressed in black and with huge black flags met the boy of deceased national hero. At the funeral they buried him in the ozurgeti square, in the churchyard in silence. the soviet government could not dare to interfere…. on April 8, on easter i found one of my relatives among the prison guard members. i made connections with him and he helped us to escape form prison. we went to the village of nasakirali – village mshvidobauri, where we contacted simonika gogiberidze. simonika brought two carbines with cartridges. we found shelter in one deserted mill and simonika’s mother provided us with food. this was the village of chachieti. communists blocked all ways. my sister lived in this village. chekists attacked her family and arrested my aged parents, destroyed my house, broke to pieces and the communists took it away. my mother could not bear the torture and fell ill. she died in six months. my wife was tortured in cheka, she was forced to change her surname but she refused. then she was lost in siberia. this is all february had brought to me and my country.”
tV saqarTvelos axali proeqtebi
rusudan cimakuriZe RUsUdan tsImakURIdzE
DOCuMENTARy AND FEATuRE FIlMS ON MIlITARy THEMES, INFORMATION REGARDING THE ARMAMENT AND MIlITARy EquIpMENT OF THE GEORGIAN ARMED FORCES, SOCIAl ADVERTISEMENTS – WITH THIS FORMAT A NEW TV STATION AppEARED IN THE GEORGIAN AIRWAVES IN THE lAST FEW MONTHS. THE INTEREST OF THE puBlIC TOWARDS THE MIlITARy CHANNEl MADE THE TV COMpANy’S AGENDA MORE AMBITIOuS. IT WAS AlREADy plANNED By THE END OF 2007 THAT TV SAKARTVElO WOulD START ITS OWN pRODuCTIONS AND START A NEW yEAR 2008 WITH NEW TV pROGRAMS. THE FIRST ATTEMpT WAS THE `NEWS DIGEST~ THAT WAS FIRST AIRED IN FEBRuARy. EACH EVENING IT TRIES TO SATISFy THE INTEREST OF All CATEGORIES OF VIEWERS AND OFFERS THEM ExHAuSTIVE INFORMATION ESpECIAlly FOR THE pERSONS WHO TAKE SpECIAl INTEREST IN DAIly EVENTS AND ONGOING REFORMS IN THE DEFENCE SpHERE. CONSIDERING THE RATING OF THE TV CHANNEl THE NuMBER OF THE VIEWERS IS VERy IMpRESSIVE. ACCORDING TO THE pRODuCER OF `NEWS DIGEST,~ IT IS DIFFICulT BuT AT THE SAME TIME VERy INTER-
samxedro Tematikaze Seqmnili dokumenturi da mxatvruli filmebi, informacia qarTuli SeiaraRebuli Zalebis SeiaraRebisa da teqnikis Sesaxeb, socialuri saxis reklamebi _ aseTi formatiT ramdenime Tvis win mauwyebloba daiwyo axalma televiziam. sazogadoebis mxridan samxedro arxis mimarT gaCenilma interesma televiziis ambiciac gazarda. jer kidev 2007 wlis dasasruls daigegma, rom `saqarTvelo~ sakuTar produqcias Seqmnida da axal wels siaxleebiT Sexvdeboda. pirveli aseTi mcdeloba `sainformacio daijesti~ iyo, romelic eTerSi pirvelad TebervalSi gavida. is yovel saRamos cdilobs daakmayofilos nebismieri kategoriis mayureblis interesi da amomwuravi informacia miawodos gansakuTrebiT im adamianebs, visac qarTuli armiis yoveldRiuroba da mimdinare reformebi ainteresebs. arxis reitingis mixedviT ki aseTi auditoria sakmaod didia. rogorc `sainformacios daijestis~ prodiuseri acxadebs, `daijestze~ muSaoba rTulia, magram saintereso. gadacemis formati mxolod samxedro sferoSi arsebuli yoveldRiuri siaxleebis gaSuqebas iTvaliswinebs. korespondentebs instensiurad uwevT Temebze muSaoba, xSirad dRe da Ram poligonebze yofna da yvelaze sainetero siaxlis mayureblamde mitana. swored amaSia maTi muSaobis specifikis sirTulec. axla mieCvivnen, Tumca Tavidan gauWirdaT.
laSa bliaZe _ sainformacio daijestis prodiuseri: proeqti gacilebiT adre daiwyo, vidre eTerSi gavidoda. jer kidev oqtombridan vemzadebodiT. es aris yoveldRiuri daijesti imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra xdeba qarTul jarSi, ra siaxleebia. gadacema cdi96
tv Sakartvelo neW ProjectS
lobs, jaris yoveldRiuri cxovreba sazogadoebisaTvis cnobili gaxados da albaT samxedroebis garda im adamianebisTvisac, romlebic dainteresebuli arian SeiaraRebul ZalebSi ganxorcielebuli cvlilebebiT. 4 Tebervlidan, kviris garda, eTerSi yovel dRe gavdivarT. SabaTs ukve mTeli kviris gamorCeuli siuJetebi gadis, rac imaze miuTiTebs, Tu ramdenad bevri cvlilebaa da ramdenad qmediTunariania SeiaraRebuli Zalebis muSaoba. Temebzec sakmaod bevrs muSaobT. yoveldRiuri siaxle erT sferoSi mainc ver iqneba imdenad bevri, rogorc mTliand qveyanaSi ganviTarebuli movlenebi, rasac sxva telekompaniebis sainformacio saSualebebi aSuqeben. iqidan gamomdinare, rom gadacema orientirebulia konkretuli sferos zogad axal ambebze, keTdeba Tematuri siuJetebic, romelic moicavs yvela saxeobas da sxvadasxva saqmiT dakavebul samxedroebs, gamorCeul oficrebs da a.S. anu Cven gvinda am formiT ufro axlos gavacnoT sazogadoebas jariskacis cxovreba. imis gamo, rom es ar aris Ria sistema, albaT mniSvnelovania garkveuli gamWvirvaleoba SevitanoT Tundac jariskacis cxovrebaSi, ras saqmianoben isini, ra aris maTTvis mniSvnelovani, ra problemebi aqvT da a.S. televizia sakmaod rTuli meqanizmia. rogoria Tqveni da mTlianad sainformacio gundis dRis reJimi? garda im Temebisa, romelic qarTul jars ukavSirdeba, yoveldRiurad vakeTebT patara bloks ucxour axal ambebze. es axali ambebic ZiriTadad samSvidoboebis cxel wertilebSi muSaobas, msoflioSi momxdar teroristul aqtebs da aseTi saxis mniSvnelovan Temebs ukavSirdeba. rac Seexeba dRis ganrigs, pirobebi, romelSic Jurnalistebi muSaoben, gansxvavebulia, iqidan gamomdinare, rom TiTqmis yoveli meore gadaReba
ESTING TO WORK ON THE DIGEST. THE FORMAT OF THE TV pROGRAM ENVISAGES COVERING OF DAIly EVENTS IN THE DEFENCE SpHERE. REpORTERS HAVE TO WORK INTENSIVEly DAy AND NIGHT AND SpEND MOST OF THEIR TIME ON THE SHOOTING RANGE AND REpORT ON THE MOST INTERESTING FACTS. THIS IS THE MAIN COMplExITy OF THE WORKING SpECIFICS BuT DESpITE THE DIFFICulTIES THE REpORTERS ARE GETTING uSED TO IT.
lASHA BlIADzE – producer of News Digest we started to work on the project far earlier than it was aired. we started preparations in october of the previous year. this is the daily digest of what is happening in the georgian Armed forces, what is new. the main goal of the tv program is to make the public familiar with the daily life of the army and besides the servicemen it informs the interested part of society about the ongoing events in the georgian Armed forces. we have been on air since february 4th every day except sunday. on saturday we make the weekly digest, focusing on the ongoing changes and
demonstratin the capability and efficiency of the Armed forces. you work hard on the topics as well. Daily news in just one field that can not compete with the overall number of events that are happening in the country during a day that are covered by other TV companies. considering the fact that the tv program is generally oriented on the news concretely in one field, we are also preparing thematic stories covering each service of the Armed forces, also, soldiers from various army units, distinguished officers and so on. we want to inform the public about the army life more closely. due to the fact that the defence sphere is not itself an open system we can make our own contribution to making the army life more transparent, showing what the soldiers are doing, what is important for them, what problems they face, etc.
poligonebze, samxedro bazebsa da sxva samxedro obieqtebze xdeba. anu Cven gadavwyviteT, rom agverCia es tempi, aqedan gamomdinare sakmaod datvirTuli samuSao grafiki gvaqvs. rogor fiqrobT ramdenad axerxebT mayureblamde amomwuravi da obieqturi informaciis mitanas? mgoni gamogvdis. siuJetebi, romlebic CvenTan gadis ar aris saintereso mxolod samxedro mosamsaxureTaTvis. is sazogadoebis garkveul nawilsac ainteresebs. Cveni gundiT yvelafers vakeTebT imisaTvis, rom mayurebeli davainteresoT. Tumca amiT ar vkmayofildebiT. Cveni mTavari principi obieqturoba da ukeTesis Seqmnis ambiciaa. sainformacio daijestis paralelurad `saqarTvelos~ eTerSi irakli aladaSvilis yovelkvireuli saavtoro gadacema gamoCnda. zusti monacemebi da teqnikur-taqtikuri SesaZleblobebi, sabrZolo aRWurviloba da misi gamoyenebis meqanizmebi, qarTuli jaris realuri Zala da samxedro potenciali, msoflio samxedro miRwevebi da maTi ganviTarebis perspeqtivebi _ am yvelafers mayurebeli `arsenali~-s saSualebiT gaecnoba. irakli aladaSvili aqamde samxedro Temas presis saSualebiT aSuqebda. 7 Tebervlidan ki samxedro Jurnalisti yvelaze samxedro, yvelaze SeiaraRebul da yvelaze profesionaluri armiaze `saqarTvelo~-s teleeTeriT saubrobs.
Television is a very complicated mechanism. What can you say about the daily agenda of the news program team? besides the topics related to the georgian Army we prepare a short digest about foreign news. this news is also associated with peacekeeping missions in the hot places, terrorist attacks and other important topics. As to our daily agenda, the working conditions of our journalists are different due to the fact that every other footage is done on the military bases, shooting ranges or on the territory of other
irakli aladaSvili IRaklI aladashVIlI
irakli aladaSvili _ samxedro analitikuri Jurnalis mTavari redaqtori, gazeT `kviris palitris~ samxedro mimomxilveli: `arsenali~-s mTavari mizania mosaxleobas, mayurebels gaacnos saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis aRWurviloba, SeiaraReba da a.S. mosaxleobam metnaklebad kargad unda icodes Tu ras warmoadgens esa Tu is iaraRi, ra SesaZlebloba aqvs mas. aseve didi mniSvneloba aqvs, rom axalgazrdebma, vinc xval SeiZleba jarSi wavides, an kontraqti gaaformos Tavdacvis saministrosTan, icodnen ra iaraRTan mouwevT urTierToba. es gadacema samxedro-analitikuri Jurnalis erTgvari gagrZelebaa. Tavidan samxedro Temas gazeT `kviris palitraSi~ erTi gverdi eTmoboda, Semdeg gamovida Jurnali. mixaria, rom am sferoze gadacema televiziaSic gamoCnda, rac niSnavs, rom ufro profesionaluri xdeba samxedro saqme da gadacemisgan mayurebelic sakmaod did profesionalizms moiTxovs. mivesalmebi saqarTveloSi aseTi televiziis Seqmnas, romelic ZiriTadad samxedro Temebs aSuqebs da minda, rom rac SeiZleba profesionaluri gaxdes is. bevr qveyanaSi ar aris msgavsi precendenti, zogierT qveyanaSi mxolod ramdenimewuTiani gadacemaa. is, rom saqarTveloSi samxedro arxia niSnavs, rom saxelmwifo am sferos seriozul yuradRebas uTmobs. popularoba, rac televiziam bolo ramdenime Tvis ganmavlobaSi moipova saxezea. nelnela, ra Tqma unda, igi ufro daixveweba, ufro profesionaluri gaxdeba da met mayurebels moipovebs. didi xania samxedro sferoze werT, magram televizia mainc sxva specifikaa. ra aris aq TqvenTvis saintereso? 1992 wlidan samxedro JurnalistikaSi var. momiwia yofna yvela konfliqtur zonaSi - afxazeTSi, cxinvalSi, CeCneTSi, sxva adgilebSi. erTi rame vici, rom es profesia Zalian rTulia, ara mxolod imitom, rom saxifaToa, aramed Tavisi specifikiT gamoirCeva - mosaxleobas, mayurebels, mkiTxvels unda gadasce mTeli is sirTule, rasac omi hqvia. televiziaSi gadacemis keTeba aRmoCnda kidev ufro rTuli, vidre Jurnalis. problema ara aris informaciis mopoveba, magram kadrebiT misi gadafarva rTuli aRmoCnda, radgan igive sabrZolo teqnikis kadrebi saqarTveloSi bevri ar iSoveba, omis droindeli kadrebi mcirea. amas garda, aris faqtebi, rodesac ufro metis Tqma da gakeTeba minda, magram raRaca dakavSirebulia samxedro saidumloebasTan an qveynis interesebidan gamomdinare vikaveb Tavs. ara da guliT minda mosaxleobam maqsimalurad yvelaferi icodes.
military facilities. we decided to choose this pace so we have a very busy schedule. Do you think you manage to provide the audience with comprehensive and balanced information? i think we are doing well. reports prepared by us are not only interesting for the military servicemen but for a considerable part of our society. our team is doing its best to interest the public. still, this does not give us a reason to feel satisfied. our main principle is to be impartial and have ambition to create better production. Alongside the news digest another new project – a weekly program of irakli Aladashvili appeared on tv sakartvelo. precise specifications and technical-tactical characteristics, combat equipment and their operation mechanisms, real strength and military potential of the georgian Armed forces, military achievements of the world and perspectives of their development – these are from the list of issues tv program “Arsenali” will inform its viewers about. Journalist irakli Aladashvili was covering defence issues in the press. from february 7th he uses the tv sakartvelo’s air to talk about the most military, most well-armed and most professional army. IRAKlI AlADASHVIlI, – Editor-in-chief of military analytical magazine, military columnist of the Georgian newspaper “Kviris palitra”: the major goal of “Arsenali” is to inform the public about the armament and equipment of the georgian Armed forces. to a certain extent society should be informed about the specifications of various equipment. it is also very important for the youngsters who will join the Army in the future to know what equipment he will have to use. the tv program is a kind of continuation of the military-analytical magazine. from the very beginning, the articles on military topic were placed just on one page of Kviris palitra, then the magazine was published. i’m very glad that this topic appeared on the tv screens as well. this means that the military profession is becoming more professional and the viewer demand great professionalism from us as well. i welcome the establishment of such television that mostly covers military issues and i want it to become more and more professional. the precedents exist in many countries, some have only short programs. the fact that a military channel exists in georgia means that the government pays great attention to this field. the popularity tv sakartvelo gained is evident. with time, it will become more elaborate, professional and attract more viewers. you have been writing about the military sphere for a long time, but the specifics of TV are quite different. What is the most interesting thing of all in this field?
i have been in military journalism since 1992. i had to work in conflict zones – in Abkhazia, tskhinvali, chechnya and other places. i know one thing: this is a very difficult profession, not only because it is dangerous, it has different specifics – you must bring to the public, viewers, and readers the whole difficulty that is called war. to prepare a tv program appeared to be more difficult compared to a magazine. there is no problem to get information but we encountered the problem to cover the information with sufficient shots as we have scarce archive of shots of combat equipment and war. there are also some other issues when you want to say and prepare more materials but they are connected to military secrets or i consider the interests of my country. i want to provide maximum of information to the public. TV station Sakartvelo will offer another new program about the Georgian Armed Forces to the public. Joint project of the Defence Ministry and public Broadcasting Channel `profession Soldier~ was transmitted by public Broadcasting Channel during a year and a half. The author of the program Giorgi Tskhvitava made slight changes to the program format and it will be aired by TV `Sakartvelo~. Four documentary films will be broadcast in a month. Two of them will be dedicated to ongoing development of the Georgian Armed Forces. The third one will be historical and cover the 1917-1921 period. The idea of the fourth film belongs to Shalva Shengelia. According to scenario, the film will present the life and career development of a concrete military serviceman since the very first days of joining the army. Military-political editorial group of TV Company `Sakartvelo~ works with a nine-member team. Besides the program `profession Soldier~ preparation of a new talk show is scheduled. We talked with the anchor of a new talk-show GIORGI TSKHVITAVA about the details of the program. we are preparing another program besides “profession soldier”. this will be a talk-show, where we’ll invite the guests, supporters and viewers. we’ll have open discussions on problems that exist in the georgian Armed forces though at the same time we’ll avoid to give any reasons for speculations with the problems. in reality this will be a productive discussion of existing problems. we’ll offer the public those issues for discussion that are problematic for the country and soldiers emerging from the security, threats and existing risks. we are going to discuss some chapters from sdr (strategic defence review) and other issues that will be interesting not only for the military but for the ordinary citizens as well. As a journalist working on military issues, how would you evaluate the role of this television, why is its appearance considered as positive in the TV space? At the end of the 20th century, it was decided and underscored that information is very important, and a range of western countries started establishing military oriented channels. i won’t name
male saqarTvelos SeiaraRebul Zalebis Sesaxeb eTerSi kidev erTi gadacema gava. Tavdacvis saministrosa da `sazogadoebrivi mauwyeblis~ erToblivi proeqti `profesia jariskaci~ weliwadnaxevris ganmavlobaSi `sazogadoebriv mauwyeblis~ eTerSi gadaicemoda. gadacemis avtorma giorgi cxvitavam telekompania `saqarTveloze~ gadacema mcireodeni cvlilebebiT gadaitana. arxze TveSi oTxi dokumenturi filmi gava. ori maTgani uSualod saqarTvelos SeiaraRebuli Zalebis dRevandelobas mieZRvneba. mesame filmi istoriuli Janris iqneba da 1917-1921 wlebs moicavs. meoTxe filmis ideis avtori proeqtis reJisori Salva Sengelia. misi scenaris mixedviT Seqmnili filmi samxedro mosamsaxureebis SeiaraRebuli Zalebis ganvlil gzas warmoadgens. telekompania `saqarTvelos~ samxedro-politikuri redaqcia cxrakaciani gundiT muSaobs. `profesia jariskaci~-s garda dagegmilia studiuri gadacemis Seqmna, romlis detalebzec giorgi cxvitavas vesaubreT. is axali ToqSous wamyvani iqneba. giorgi cxvitava: `profesia jariskacis~ garda kidev erT gadacemas vamzadebT. es iqneba Toq-Sou, sadac iqnebian stumrebi, daeswrebian gulSematkivrebi da mayureblebi. aq im problemebze iqneba Riad saubari, romelic SeiaraRebul ZalebSi arsebobs, Tumca Cven aravis mivcemT saSualebas jarSi arsebuli problemebiT ispekuliron da gamoiyenon garkveuli Temebi. realurad es iqneba saqmiani ganxilva im problemebisa, romlebic arsebobs. mayurebels SevTavazebT sakiTxebs, romlebic Tavisi usafrTxoebidan da safrTxeebidan, muqarebidan da riskebidan gamomdinare problemuri iqneba rogorc jariskacebis, aseve qveynisTvis. TavisTavad moxdeba `Tavdacvis strategiuli mimoxilvis dokumentis~ (sdr) garkveuli epizodebis ganxilva da sxva im sakiTxebisa, romlebic saintereso iqneba ara mxolod SeiaraRebuli Zalebis samxedro mosamsaxureebisTvis, aramed Cveulebrivi rigiTi moqalaqeebisTvisac. rogorc samxedro Temaze momuSave Jurnalisti, Seni azriT, ra datvirTva aqvs am televizias, ratom aRiqmeba pozitiurad misi gamoCena telesivrceSi? me-20 saukunis miwurulidan, mas Semdeg, rac gadawyda da gamoikveTa, rom informacia aris yvelaze mTavari, mTelma rigma dasavlurma qveynebma iseTi arxis Seqmna daiwyes, romelic samxedro mosamsaxureebze iqneboda orientirebuli. qveynebis CamonaTvals ar gavakeTeb, radgan igi sakmaod didia. Cven imdenad patara qveyana varT, rom patriot-
ul Temaze da saerTod, samxedro saqmeze aucilebelia mosaxleobas gaaCndes miukerZoebeli da arapolitizirebuli informacia. sawyis etapze am arxma Tavisi arseboba gaamarTla. Tu ki es arxi gaagrZelebs apolitikurad mauwyeblobas da mxolod SeiaraRebuli Zalebis garkveul niuansebze gaakeTebs aqcents, romelic ra Tqma unda samxedro saidumloebisgan Sors iqneba, am arxs sakmaod seriozuli perspeqtiva eqneba. TvliT rom Tqvens sityvas ityviT am arxze? Cven vTvliT, rom am arxze gveqneba imis saSualeba, rom absoluturad miukerZoeblad da damoukideblad vTqvaT da SevafasoT is movlenebi, rac xdeba SeiaraRebul ZalebSi. miTumets, rom dRemde video produqti saqarTvelos satalevizio bazarze aseTi saxiT, Tu ar CavTvliT `profesia jariskacs~, ar yofila. misi garkveuli mcdeloba jer kidev 2003 wels Cven daviwyeT telekompania `mzeze~. Tumca es iyo permanentuli xasiaTis da aseTi farTo speqtri mayureblebisa mas ar hyolia, rogorc ukve SemdgomSi SeiZina. realurad am telekompaniis garda dRes saqarTveloSi video produqti samxedro Temaze ar keTdeba. aqedan gamomdinare Cven SegviZlia Cveni produqciiT vaCvenoT ara marto samxedro mayurebels, aramed samoqalaqo pirebsac Tu ra xdeba dRes SeiaraRebul ZalebSi. am formiT gavaRvivebT garkveul interess da mondomebas, rom Cveulebrivma adamianebmac gadawyviton SeiaraRebul ZalebSi samsaxuri. miTumets, rom Tundac rezervistebis programa dRemde sakmaod popularulia. bevri adamiani midis, bevri wavida da Zalian bevrma adamianma TviTon rezervSi naxa es video produqcia samxedro Temaze. Sesabamisad es gamoiwvevs interess, Tu ki sazogadoebas swori kuTxiT miewodeba informacia. kidev erTi siaxle _ Toq-Sou, romelsac kidev erTi profesionali samxedro Jurnalisti koba liklikaZe waiyvans. mis gadacemaSi saubris ZiriTadi Tema Crdilo-atlantikuri xelSekrulebis organizacia da nato-saqarTvelos urTierTobebi iqneba. koba liklikaZe: proeqti Cafiqrebulia, rogorc garkveuli politikuri Sou. misi mTavari Tema, anu rasac mieZRvneba gadacemaTa cikli, iqneba saubari nato-ze, saqarTvelo-nato-s urTierTobebi. bunebrivia ver avcdebiT garkveul perspeqtivebs da garkveul riskebs. magram ufro koncentrirebuli viqnebiT imaze, ra gakeTda, ra gza gaiara saqarTvelom, ra saxiT monawileobs nato-s programebSi, nato-s operaciebSi, ras aZlevs es qveyanas. es aris benefici, romelic realuria qveynisTvis da misi usafrTxoebisTvis, Tu es aris kidev erTi morigi miTi, rac iqmneba Cveni monawileobiT Tu xelSewyobiT. erTi sityviT, SevecdebiT maqsimalurad
these countries, because their number is very big. we are very small country and population should have impartial and non-politicized information on patriotic and military issues. At starting stage, this channel was successful. if this channel will continue non-politicized broadcasting and will stress only on nuances of Armed forces, of course they should be far from military secrets, this channel will gain a very serious perspective. Do you think you will fully realize yourself on this channel? i think we’ll have the option to describe and evaluate events at georgian Armed forces absolutely impartially and freely on this channel. hence such kind of military product didn’t exist in georgian tv market, besides “profession soldier”. we started the first experiment on tv “mZe” in 2003. but it was aired permanently and didn’t have the large spectrum of audience that it gained later. such kind of military product doesn’t exist in georgia. so, with our product we can demonstrate the situation in the georgian Armed forces not only to the military, but also to civilian persons. we can arouse the interest and desire of ordinary citizens to serve in the Armed forces. in particular, the reservists’ program is very popular today. many people are going
giorgi cxvitava gadamReb jgufTan erTad gIoRgI tskhVItaVa WIth hIs tEam 101
to reserve; many went and saw this video product on military issues there. According to this, providing information in the right way will spark the interest of society. one more new project: professional journalist Koba liklikadze will lead new talk-show. the main subject of the program will be north Atlantic treaty organization and nAto-georgia relations. Koba liklikadze: the project is decided to be like a political show. the main subject of program will be talks on nAto and nAtogeorgia relations. it is natural that we cannot avoid certain perspectives and certain challenges. we will concentrate on what was done, what georgia passed and how it participates in nAto programs and operations, what these give to the country. is it a real benefit for our country and its security, or it is one more myth which is being created with our assistance? in one word, we’ll do our best to satisfy the interest of military audience and their families, also the parts of society that are interested in this issue, but can’t receive the answers to these questions on other channels. i will be an anchor of this program. we will have guests and an audience, which is very important, because sometimes more interesting questions emerge in audience than improvised by the presenter of the program in dialogue and in discussions. concerning the technical matter, appearance of the studio and other details are in the
davukmayofiloT cnobismoyvareoba pirvel rigSi samxedro auditorias da maTi ojaxis wevrebs; meore mxriv, ra Tqma unda, sazogadoebis sxva nawils, romelsac fokusirebulad ainteresebs es sakiTxi, magram sxva arxebze ver iRebs am kiTxvebze pasuxs. me viqnebi am gadacemis wamyvani, iqnebian stumrebi, iqneba auditoriac, rac mniSvnelovania, radgan auditoriaSi zogjer ibadeba ufro saintereso kiTxvebi, vidre es dialogSi Tu diskusiaSi Cabmulma wamyvanma, SesaZlebelia, im momentSi improvizirebulad moifiqros. rac Seexeba sxva teqnikur sakiTxebs, magaliTad, Tu rogori iqneba studia da sxva detalebi, esec damuSavebis stadiaSia. magram dominirebs nato, nato-s qveynebi, radgan vizualuri efeqtic aseTi unda iyo. Tumca gadacema ar emsaxureba aranair efeqts, is ar emsaxureba aranair piars da propagandas, radgan me vfiqrob, rom es etapi ukve gavlilia saqarTveloSi, xalxma icis, maTi udidesi nawilis arCevani Segnebulia. ubralod darCa ramdenime sakiTxi, rac am SemTxvevaSi arsebiTia da SeiZleba iyos ganxiluli. magaliTad, kosovos precendenti da rogor ganviTardeba movlenebi saerTaSoriso asparezze, avRaneTis problema ... ai, am kuTxiT Cven am studiaSi, am yovelkvireuli gadacemis farglebSi, SevecdebiT visaubroT im adamianebTan, romlebsac dasavleTSi, ase vTqvaT, gone-
koba liklikaZe koBa lIklIkadzE
bis azrTa mpyrobelebs uwodeben, romelTa azri da gavlena mniSvnelovania qveynisTvis. rogorc samxedro Jurnalistis, an Tundac Cveulebrivi mayureblis SefasebiT, ra datvirTva aqvs samxedro televizas an Tundac am Tematikaze Seqmnil gadacemas? Tavidanve mxars vuWerdi aseTi profilis televiziis arsebobas, radgan yovelTvis vambobdi da vambob, rom bulgareTSi, saberZneTSi dResac arsebobs samxedro televizia. SeiZleba sxvaganac arsebobdes, magram, me mgoni es oric sakmarisia zogadi suraTis warmosadgenad. arsebobs samxedro-samoqalaqo urTierTobebi, arsebobs samxedro profesia, arsebobs samxedro saqme, romelic saqarTveloSi yovelTvis iyo cxoveli interesis sagani, radgan meomari bunebis eri varT. bevri ram istoriidan, Tanamedroveoba, qarTuli armiis mSenebloba _ es aris is sakiTxebi, rac moqalaqeebs ainteresebT da koncentrirebulad erT arxze am yvelafris Tavmoyra aris Zalian kargi. sasurvelia meti SemecnebiTi gadacemebi iyos, radgan Cveni jaris inteleqtualuri Tvalsawieric gaZlierdeba. SesaZlebelia gaCndes samecniero programebic, radgan me vfiqrob, rom armia unda iyos erTgvari akumulatori yvela mowinave ideisa, rac samxedro-teqnikuri TvalsazrisiT arsebobs da zogadad samoqalaqo cnobierebis Camoyalibebis TvalsazrisiT is ar unda iyos autsaideri, is unda iyos avangardis rolSi. erTi sityviT, arsebobs televizia, is Zalas ikrebs da bevri saintereso proeqti SemdgomSi aucileblad gaCndeba. telekompania `saqarTvelo~ 2007 wlis seqtembridan mauwyeblobs. am xnis ganmavlobaSi arxma satelevizio sivrceSi sakuTari adgili daimkvidra. sociologiuri kvlevebis kompaniis `bisiji~-s monacemebiT gansakuTrebuli popularobiT `saqarTvelo~ 18-dan 40 wlamde mamakacebSi sargeblobs. maRali reitingiT `sainformacio daijesti~ da `arsenali~ gamoirCeva. jer-jerobiT arxis dafarvis zona TbilisiT, quTaisiT, saCxeriT, senakiTa da goris raioniT Semoifargleba. axlo momavalSi dafarvis zona mTels saqarTvelos moicavs, rac televiziis reitingis gazrdazec imoqmedebs. dReisaTvis `saqarTvelos~ yvelaze erTgul mayureblad isev samxedro mosamsaxureebi rCebian.
elaboration process. As to the visual effect and background, nAto and Alliance members dominate. but tv-show doesn’t serve any purpose like pr and propaganda, and people already know this as they have passed this way. this stage is completed and to my mind they fully realize their choice. there are the rest of some other issues which should be discussed, for example, Kosovo precedent, Afghanistan and possible development of events in the international arena. in the framework of this program we’ll discuss these issues with those experts and analysts who are called the opinion-makers in the west and their view and influence really matters for the country. What is the evaluation of a military journalist or just as an ordinary citizen of the role of the military channel and the program created to deal with military issues? i supported the establishment of a military channel from the very beginning. i always declared and reiterate now that military channels exist in bulgaria and in greece. maybe they exist in other countries as well, but i think these two examples are enough to have a general picture. there are civil-military relations; there is a military profession and a military career that has always been very interesting for georgians, because georgians have a martial spirit. thus, covering all historical, modern facts and the issues of building the georgian Armed forces on one channel is very good. existence of educational programs is also desirable, because it will increase the intellectual knowledge of the Army. the creation of scientist channels is possible, because i think the Army should be the driving force of all advanced ideas from a military-technical point of view and in terms of establishment of civil consciousness it must not be an outsider but it must be in the avant-garde. in one word, there is a television, which is gaining more power, and interesting projects will emerge in the future by all means. TV `Sakartvelo~ began broadcasting in September 2007. This channel has established its place in the TV space during this period. According to opinion poll results, TV `Sakartvelo~ is the most popular channel among the males from 18 to 40 years. `News Digest~ and `Arsenali~ are distinguished with high rating. At this stage the channel is broadcasting in Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Sachkhere, Senaki and Gori. In the nearest future `Sakartvelo~ will cover the whole Georgia, which will increase the rating of this TV channel. Today military servants are among the most devoted and permanent viewers of TV `Sakartvelo~.
maSveli - 2008
on the 1st of mArch competition “rescuer 2008” tooK plAce in gudAuri. competition wAs orgAniZed by the georgiAn border police with the support of osce mission to georgiA. georgian border police, emergency control department of ministry of internal Affairs and mod’s mountain training school of sachkhere took part in the competition. relay race started with giant slalom, where the winner became 1st.sgt. levan Kirikashvili, the representative of georgian border police. in “search and rescue” operation teams of georgian border police, mod’s mountain battalion and emergency control departments were participating. during one hour they engaged in competition with each other on separated and marked areas. After signal, groups where ordered to search and rescue persons suffered by avalanche. the imitation of suffered persons where done by handbags and peeps (signal send/receive equipment).
1 marts daba gudaurSi sasazRvro policiis iniciativiTa da euTos misiis xelSewyobiT samaSvelo Sejibri - „maSveli 2008~ gaimarTa. SejibrSi sasazRvro policiis, Sss sagangebo situaciaTa marTvis departamentisa da saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministros saCxeris samTo momzadebis skolis warmomadgenlebi monawileobdnen. estafeta giganturi slalomiT daiwyo, sadac pirveloba sasazRvro policiis warmomadgenels, ufros serJants levan qirikaSvils xvda wilad. samaSvelo „Zebna-gadarCenis~ operaciaSi sasazRvro policiis, Tavdacvis saministos samTo batalionisa da sagangebo situaciaTa marTvis departamentis gundebi monawileobdnen. isini erTmaneTs cal–calke mowyobil markirebul adgilze erTi saaTis ganmavlobaSi ejibrebodnen.
saerTo signalze gundebs zvavSi moyolili „dazaralebuli pirebis~ moZieba, maTi operatiulad amoyvana da usafrTxo teritoriaze gadayvana hqondaT davalebuli. `dazaralebulis~ imitiacia zurgCanTisa da „pipsis~ (sasignalo mowyobiloba) saSualebiT xdeboda. „Zebna-gadarCenis~ operaciaSi pirveloba didi upiratesobiT saCxeris samTo skolam moipova. Sejibris daskvniT etapze erToblivi samaSvelo operacia moewyo. operaciaSi samive uwyebis gaerTianebuli samaSvelo gundi monawileobda. scenaris mixedviT erTi gundi xeobaSi moulodnelad Camowolil zvavSi moxvda. gadarCenilebi dasaxmareblad sasazRvro policiis uaxloes postze mesazRvreebsa da maSvelebs daukavSirdnen. zvavSi moyolilTa gadasarCenad operaciaSi sasazRvro policiis vertmfrenic CaerTo. dazaralebuli pirebis evakuacia sami sxvadasxva meTodiT - sakaciT, saevakuacio CanTiTa da samaSvelo samkuTxediT ganxorcielda. Catarebul RonisZiebas kompetenturi Jiuri afasebda, romlis SemadgenlobaSi, romelsac sasazRvro policiis ufrosi, general-leitenanti badri biwaZe Tavmjdomareobda, saministros gaerTianebuli Stabis ganaTlebis departamentis ufrosi, brigadis generali samson quTaTelaZe, Ss ministris moadgile genel–maori Salva janaSvili, saqarTveloSi euTos misiis elCi teri hakala, telekompania rusTavi 2–is Jurnalisti giorgi kepulaZe da gadacema „Wadrakis dafis~ avtori da wamyvani TaTia paWkoria Sediodnen. in “search and rescue” operation, mod’s sachkhere mountain training school won the competition. on the final stage of the competition the joint operation was demonstrated. All three groups took part in this operation. According to scenario, one of the groups were buried by avalanche, people who survived asked for help to the nearby border police and rescuers, in sAr operations the helicopter was engaged. this competition was judged by competent jury, members of which were head of georgian border police lt.gen badri bitsadze, the head of educational department of Js of gAf bg.general samson Kutateladze, deputy minister of internal Affairs maj.gen shalva Janashvili, head of osce mission to georgia mrs. terri hakalla, Jounrailst of tv company “rustavi 2” giorgi Kepuladze and Author of tv program “the chessboard” tatia pachkoria.
on the 4th of mArch “competition between reservists” wAs orgAniZed with the Joint efforts of the ministry of defence of georgiA And entertAinment centre “bAo-bAbi”. According to the competition progrAm reservist fAthers with their children rAced in running, shooting And bAsKetbAll. At the first level of the competition reservist fathers had to bring the national flag of georgia to the designated place. As for the children their task was to take the flag back to the starting point. the mission of the second level was to find the flag in the labyrinth, bring it to the shooting range where their fathers were waiting for them as without the flag they were not allowed to fire. At the third level of the competition “sniper” participants contested in shooting. And the last task was to shoot the most balls at the basket in given time. members of jury considered father and his son giorgi and mamuka Japaridzes as winners. they were able to carry out all their tasks without any penalties. 4 marts Tavdacvis saministrosa da bavSvTa gasarTob centr `bao-babi~-is organizebiT gaimarTa sportuli Sejibri `estafeta rezervistebisTvis.~ estafetis programis mixedviT rezervisti mamebi, SvilebTan erTad, sirbilSi, tirSi srolasa da kalaTburTSi ejibrebodnen erTmaneTs. konkursis pirveli etapi – `yazarma~ rezervisti mamebisaTvis, dabrkolebebis gadalaxviT, erovnuli droSis daniSnulebis adgilamde mitanas iTvaliswinebda. xolo maT Svilebs droSa imave gzis gavliT ukan unda daebrunebinaT. Sejibris meore etapis amocanas labirinTSi droSis moZebna warmoadgenda. `labirinTSi~ aRmoCenili droSa monawile bavSvebs daniSnulebis adgilas SeZlebisdagvarad swrafad unda mietanaT. adgilze misvlisTanave rezervisti mama mizanSi srolas iwyebda da cdilobda erTi wuTis ganmavlobaSi maqsimalurad bevri qulebi daegrovebina. konkursis mesame etapSi _ `snaiperi~, monawileebi erTmaneTs lazerul tirSi ejibrebodnen.
comPetition betWeen reServiStS
meoTxe etapSi - `kalaTburTi~, rezervist mamasa da Svils mocemul droSi, rac SeiZleba meti burTi unda CaegdoT kalaTSi. Jiuris wevrebma gamarjvebulad mama-Svili giorgi da mamuka jafariZeebi gamoavlines. maT davalebebis Sesruleba, sajarimoebis gareSe, minimalur droSi SeZles. Sejibris dasrulebis Semdeg, gamomcemloba `elfi~ –is warmomadgenelma veriko WeliZem RonisZiebis yvela monawile sabavSvo wignebiT daasaCuqra. gamarjvebul mama-Svils ki proeqtis sponsorma kompania `yazbegma~ super prizi _ televizori gadasca. rezervistebisaTvis msgavsi saxis Sejibri pirvelad Catarda da misi mizani momavali Taobis sarezervo samsaxuriT daintereseba gaxldaT. After the competition the representative of publishing house “elf” veriko chelidze granted all participants of the competition with children’s books. the sponsor of the project company “Kazbegi” handed the winner father with his son the super prize television. such kind of project “competition between reservists” was held for the first time. the main purpose of the project was to make future generation interested in reserve service.
PHotoconteSt “my SolDier
saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministros sazogadoebriv saqmeTa departamenti, SeiaraRebuli Zalebis popularizaciis mizniT, acxadebs yovelwliur fotokonkurss Temaze «Cemi jariskaci». konkursSi monawileobis miReba SeuZliaT, rogorc profesional, aseve moyvarul fotografebs. konkursi Semdeg nominaciebSi gaimarTeba: saukeTeso portreti, saukeTeso kompozicia, yvelaze dinamiuri kadri, saukeTeso foto reportaJi. yvela am nominaciaSi gamovlindeba TiTo gamarjvebuli, romelsac gadaecema fuladi premia. garda amisa dawesebulia mTavari prizi «Cemi jariskaci», romelsac specialurad Semdgari Jiuri gamoavlens. konkursSi monawileobis msurvelebma Tavdacvis saministroSi unda warmoadginon namuSevrebis eleqtronuli versia da «A-4» formatSi dabeWdili fotosuraTi aranakleb 10 namuSevrisa, 20 martidan 20 aprilamde, Semdeg misamarTze: Tbilisi, general kvinitaZis quCa #20. sazogadoebriv saqmeTa departamenti, fotokonkursisaTvis «Cemi jariskaci». tel: 91 06 45, 91 19 63.
public Affairs department of the ministry of defence of georgia announces annual photo contest «my soldier» aimed at popularization of the georgian Armed forces. interested professional and amateur photographers are invited to participate in the contest. photo contest «my soldier» will be held in the following nominations: The Best portrait, The Best Composition, The Most Dynamic Shot The Best photo Coverage. the winners in each nomination will be awarded the cash prizes. the best photographer selected by the jury will receive the special prize «my soldier». photographers interested to take part in the photo contest can submit their entries in electronic and A4-size format, no less than 10 photos, from March 20 st to April 20 st at the following address: #20, Gen. Kvinitadze St., Ministry of Defence of Georgia; To public Affairs Department, for photo Contest «My Soldier». tel: 91 06 45, 91 19 63.
saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministros sazogadoebriv saqmeTa departamenti, Seiara Rebuli Zalebis popularizaciis mizniT, acxadebs yovelwliur fotokonkurss Temaze «Cemi jariskaci». konkursSi monawileobis miReba SeuZliaT, rogorc pro fesional, aseve moyvarul fotografebs. konkursi Semdeg nominaciebSi gaimarTeba: saukeTeso portreti, saukeTeso kompozicia, yvelaze dinamiuri kadri, saukeTeso foto reportaJi. yvela am nominaciaSi gamovlindeba TiTo gamarjvebuli, romelsac gadaecema fu ladi premia. garda amisa dawesebulia mTavari prizi «Cemi jariskaci», romelsac specialurad Semdgari Jiuri gamoavlens. konkursSi monawileobis msurvelebma Tavdacvis saministroSi unda warmoadginon namuSevrebis eleqtronuli versia da «A4» formatSi dabeWdili fotosuraTi aranakleb 10 namuSevrisa, 20 martidan 20 aprilamde, Semdeg misamarTze: Tbilisi, general kvinitaZis quCa #20. sazogadoebriv saqmeTa departamenti, fotokonkursisaTvis «Cemi jariskaci». tel: 91 06 45, 91 19 63.
Public Affairs Department of the Ministry of Defence of Georgia announces annual Photo Contest «My Soldier» aimed at popularization of the Georgian Armed Forces. Interested professional and amateur photographers are invited to participate in the contest. Photo Contest «My Soldier» will be held in the following nominations: The Best Portrait, The Best Composition, The Most Dynamic Shot The Best Photo Coverage. The winners in each nomination will be awarded the cash prizes. The best photographer selected by the jury will receive the special prize «My Soldier». Photographers interested to take part in the photo contest can submit their entries in electronic and A4-size format, no less than 10 photos, from March 20 st to April 20 st at the following address: #20, Gen. Kvinitadze St., Ministry of Defence of Georgia; To Public Affairs Department, for Photo Contest «My Soldier». tel: 91 06 45, 91 19 63.
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