01_Jan 2011

taxmuftuljyK vpOfxkwfpmapmif

twJG (13)? trSwf(1)? toif;awmftwGif; uefUowfxkwfa0onf/ Zefe0g&Dv? 2011ckESpf/

vltoD;oD;wküYd wpfO;D ESihf
wpfOD; qufoG,fajymqkd&mü oHk;
EIe;f aom a0g[m&Sd pum;toD;oD;
&SMd uygonf/ tcsKUd aomvlrsK;d wku
Yd
bk&m;udk azmfusL;ac:qkdMu&mü
tvGefyif ½kdaoav;pm;tjrwf
xm;í jrwfpmG aombk&m;ocif[k
azmfjyMuonf/ xked nf;wl rdbESpf
yg;udk ac:qkq
d ufo,
G rf jI yK&mü t
csKdUaomvlrsKd;wkdYu ½kdaoav;pm;
í tar? taz[k oH;k EIe;f Muaomf
vnf; tcsKUd aomvlrsK;d wküYd rdbudk
eif? ig[k oHk;EIef;Muonfvnf; &Sd
ygonf/ þonfudk tcsKdUaomol
wkdYu tjyiftoHAvHu ta&;r
BuD; twGif;cHpm;rI\odrSwfav;
pm;rIuom ta&;MuD;onf[k qkd
Muygonf/ ,aeY uREyfk w
f t
Ydk av;
*&kjyKoifo
h nfrmS oAÁnKw bk&m;
&Sifa&SUawmfütwGif; ESvHk;om;\
av;pm;&dak oaom ESv;kH \wkejYf yef
rIu ta&;MuD;ovkd? jrifEkdifaom
vltcsif;csif;a&SUwGif azmfjyajym
qkad om a0g[m&\toH;k tEIe;f u
vnf; ta&;ygvSygonf/ (zd? 2;68)wGif ocifa,½Ionf bk&m;o
cif\o@mefawmfEiS hf jynfph akH omf
vnf; avmuokYd <uqif;vm&mü

tapcHuRef\o@mefudk aqmif
,lvsuf vluo
hJ aYdk omtjzpfü bGm;
jrifjcif; cHcJhygonf/ xkdYaMumifh
(1965-1970) 0ef;usifwGif t
aemufEidk if w
H uúov
kd rf sm;ü {0Ha*
vd c&pf,mefrsm;Ekd;xrIjzpfcsdefü
bmomjyefxm;aompmtkyfrsm;ü

ay:okdY <uqif;vmcJhonf/ udk,f
awmfonfvnf; vlyifjzpfí c&pf
awmfa& eifaeaumif;&Jhvm;[k
ajymí&onf [k azmfjyMuygonf/
xkdtcsdefu a0g[m&pum;r&Sdí
r[kwb
f J vJrG mS ;pGm awG;ac:rI 0if
vmonfrmS 0rf;enf;p&mjzpfonf/

yif yrmPrjyKbJ w&m;udk ESvHk;
oGi;f aeonfukd awGjY rif&onfrmS
pdwfESvHk;ü auseyfp&m? yDwDjzpf
p&maumif;vSayonf/,aeYc&pf
,mefrsm;rSmrl bk&m;ESifh&if;ESD;rI&
í rdwaf qGaumif;onf a,½Ijzpf
onf[q
k u
dk m ud,
k af wmfukd ½kad o
av;pm;xkdufonf[laom tod
aysmufNyD; rdwfaqGuJhokdY wef;wl
oabmxm;ajymqkd oHk;EIef;onf
rSm 0rf;enf;p&m aumif;vSay
onf/

; ;&

jzpfap? qkawmif;onfhtcgüjzpf
ap?aumif;uifbükH &Sad omtuREyfk f
wk\
Yd bk&m;ocif[k qk&d mü bk&m;
ocifu aumif;uifbükH &SNd y;D uREyfk f
wkdYu ajrBuD;ay:ü&Sdaeum a0;
uGmjcm;em;vGef;aeonf/ xkdokdY
r[kwf? uREkfyfwkdY ESifheD;eD;uyfuyf
aevkdí ocifa,½Iu ajrBuD;

tcsKdUuvnf; oHk;EIef;aompum;
u ta&;rBuD;? ESvHk;om; cHpm;
csufuom ta&;BuD;onf[k qkd
Muygonf/ uREfkyfwkdY jrefrmvlrsKd;
rsm;u ESvHk;om;ygNyD; twGif;tm
½Hku cHpm;onfhtcg w&m;pum;
udk Mum;emae&mü cgcsOu
f u
kd o
f nf
udk tav;rxm;? yltkdufonfudk

avmuynm todu
wuúokdvf ausmif;om;jzpfaomf
vnf; xkdtcsdefu oGefoifrIrSm;
í 0wfjyKpnf;a0;? rdwfo[m,
tpDtpOfrsm;ü ½kad oav;pm;tm
½HkjyKrIo@mefr&SdMubJ 'l;axmif
xkid f olxidk ?f vSNJ y;D tdyo
f u
l tdy?f
tcsKUd u usr;f pmtkyf zifcx
k ikd Mf u
onf/ rdrdwkdYu bk&m;ESihfeD;uyf
&if;ESD;onf[k yHkazmfusL;um bk
&m;ocifudk ajymqkq
d ufo,
G &f mü
vnf; rdrdwkdYoli,fcsif;rsm;ESihf
pum;ajymouJhokdY rav;rpm;t

page 1

oHk;tEIef;rsKd;ESihf ajymqkdMuonf/
xkt
d ouf&iS rf rI sK;d onf wzufpeG ;f
aomcH,lcsufjzifh jyKrlajymqkdae
Mujcif; jzpfonf/ vlvcl si;f yif &if;
&if;ESD;ESD; ae&onfhtcsdef&Sdonf/
tjyeftvSeaf v;pm;jy;D wm0efod
pdwfjzihf qufqH&onfhtcsdef &Sd
onf/ om;orD;u rdbudk &G,w
f l
ajymovkd ajymqkq
d ufqí
H r&yg/
xkdYtwl tvkyf&Sif ola|;ESihf 0ef
xrf;onfvnf; wef;wloabm
xm;NyD; rav;rpm; qufqHajym
qkí
d r&yg/ oli,fcsi;f tcsi;f csi;f
ykc;kH zufavQmufomG ;ouJo
h Ydk bk&m;
ociftay:ü vlom;wkdYu xkdokdY
jyKrlaqmif&Gufí r&yg/ xkdokdY jyK
tyf? rjyKtyf odem;vnfEidk af om
twGif;MowåyÜpdwfoabm uREkfyf
wkdYü &Sdygonf/ bk&m;ocifonf
uREyfk w
f EYdk iS t
hf wl&adS om {rmaEGv
bk&m;&Sifjzpfí ukd,fawmftay:
ü uREkfyfwkdYonf ½kdaoav;pm;í
OD;xdyfxm;aomESvHk;om;jzifh t
ouf&iS Mf uzkYd ta&;Bu;D ygonf/ okYd
jzpfí uREkfyfwkdYonf oGefoifrI
wpfckckudk Mum;&onfhtcg vlwkdY
xGiaf om0g'vm;?EIwu
f ywfawmf
ESifhnDaom Mo0g'vm; [lí qif
jcifNyD; ESvHk;om;rS rSefuefpGm cH,l
rdzYdk vkt
d yfygonf/ jrefrmvlrsK;d u
a,mu©rudk tar? a,mu©xD;udk
taz[k cH,lí av;av;pm;pm;
ajymqko
d ;kH EIe;f qufqMH uonf/ t
csdKUaomvlrsKd;rsm;url av;pm;o
rI&Sdaomfvnf; oHk;EIef;aompum;
u eif? igponfjzihf ajymqkdMuí
xkdvlrsKd;wkdYtwGuf jyóemr&Sdo
a,mifawGY&aomfvnf; trsm;t
jrif ywf0ef;usifü rwifhw,fyg/
Mum;í em;0ifrcsKdyg/
vG e f u sL;pG m rajzmif h
]]vG
rwfESifh/ vGefusL;pGm ynmr&Sd

ES i f h / tb,f a Mumif h ud k , f t
usKd;udk zsufcsifoenf;/ vGef
usL;pG m rqk d ; npf E S i h f / rrk d u f
ESihf/ tcsdefra&mufrSD tb,f
aMumif h aocsif o enf ; }}
(a'? 7;16-17)/
tm'HESifh{0tm; bk&m;
ocifu aumif;raumif; oduRr;f
&mtyif\toD;udk rpm;ESifh? pm;
ygu pm;aomaeYwiG f {ueftrSef
aornf[k rdefYawmfrlygonf/ okdY
aomf pmwefu oifwkdY{ueft
rSeaf ornfr[kw?f xkt
d oD;udk pm;
aomaeYwGif rsufpdyGifhvif;í bk
&m;ocifuJhokdY jzpfvwHå[k qdkyg
onf/ ,aeY pmwefonf vlt
oD;oD;tm; bk&m;pum;udk em;r
axmifrdap&ef vSnhfpm;vsuf &Sd
ygonf/ txufusr;f csuu
f kd qif
jcifygu rnfow
l pfO;D wpfa,muf
rQ bk&m;ocifa&Sw
Y iG f vGev
f eG u
f sL;
usL; rajzmifrh wfEidk yf g/ qkv
d o
dk nf
rSm vlonf bk&m;ocifa&SUawmfü
wpfO;D csi;f taeESihf ajzmifrh wfEidk f
oavmuf BudK;pm;í tpGrf;ukef
ajzmifhrwfjcif; toufwmü t
ouf&SifEkdifygonf/ okdYaomf rdrd
ajzmifrh wfpmG touf&iS Ef idk jf cif;udk
olrsm;ESihf rwkid ;f rdMuzkYd vkyd gonf/
rdrdyifvkyfEkdifonfjzpfvQif xkdol
tb,faMumifh rvkyfEkdifoenf;/
olEiS hf raygif;bl;[k qkyd gu xkt
d
oufwmonf vGefusL;pGm ajzmifh
rwfjcif; jzpfonf/ ,aeY xkdokdY
aomtoufwmonf udk,fusifh
w&m;udk OD;pm;xm; &Sifoefae
aomolrsm;ü &SdwwfMuygonf/
uk,
d u
f siw
hf &m;OD;pm;xm;touf
&Siaf eaom,HMk unforl mS ;ovm;/
rrSm;yg/ okdYaomf pmwefvSnfhpm;
rIaemuf rygoGm;rdzkdY owdjyKyg/
pmwefu ud,
k u
f siw
hf &m;tav;

rxm;olukd vufnK§d ;xk;d jyNy;D olEiS hf
raygif;ESi?hf ud,
k t
f em;ruyfapESihf
[k qkdwwfonf/ xkdokdYpmwef\
aoG;aqmifrIudk em;a,mifNyD; jyK
rdygu vGefusL;pGm ajzmifhrwfjcif;
jzpfonf/ wzufvu
l 0dnmOfouf
Ekaeao;í? EIwfuywfawmfrod
ao;í ajzmifrh wfjcif;w&m;ü r&Sif
Ekdifao;jcif;jzpfygu axmufxm;
NyD; az;ray;wwfzkdY vkdygonf/ xkd
olukd vufnK§d ;xk;d í pD&ifzYdk r[kwf
yg/ xkt
Yd wl vGeu
f sL;pGm ynmr&Szd Ydk
rdeaYf wmfryl gonf/ ,aeY,MkH unfol
rsm;todw&m;?ynmrsm;vSonf/
EIwu
f ywfawmfukd teufziG q
hf &dk m
ü t*Fvyd u
f xko
d q
Ydk o
dk nf/ bk&m;
&Sio
f nf vlZY mwduckd í
H avmuokYd
<uvmonf/ uREkfyfwkdYESifhtwl &Sd
onf/ xkdaMumifh &if;ESD;pGmaexkdif
ajymqkdzkdY jzpfonf[kqdkum oHk;
EIe;f aoma0g[m&pum;udk oli,f
csif; rdwfaqGajymouJhokdY ajymMu
onf/ rnfonft
h vkyo
f rm;u t
vkyf&Sifudk rif;ESifh ig[k ajymqkdMu
ygovJ/ tvky&f iS f a&SUa&mufygu
acgif; armh&ifaumh raeyg/ ½kdusKd;
pGmjzifh vufukd aemufypf&yfMuo
vkd ,Ofaus;aompum;udo
k m a&G;
oHk;Muonf/ xkdYtwl bk&m;ocif
a&SUawmfokdY vmí pum;ajymqkd
onfhtcg bk&m;ESifh ywfoufí
rdrv
d rl sK;d pum;ü a0g[m& r&Syd gu
&Sdonfh a0g[m&pum;xJrS tBuD;
jrwfqHk;aompum;udk &Smí oHk;
oifhaMumif; owdjyKoifhygonf/

;

rMumrDu ajymif;vJvmcJh
aom vli,fav;wpfOD;\ouf
aocHcsufpum;u rdrdonf c&pf
,mefrsm;udo
k m Munfch rhJ yd gu c&pf
,mef w pf O D ; jzpf v mzk d Y rvG , f

aMumif;? c&pfawmfudkcspfaomvl
enf;pkudk MunfhrdjyD; c&pfawmfudk
toufwmü&&Sv
d mcJah Mumif;ouf
aocHygonf/ ,aeY c&pf,meft
rsm;u c&pfawmfu&kd Ny;D aomfvnf;
tvif;udk awmif;Zvm;atmufü
tkyfxm;Muygonf/ rdrdwkdYZmwd
oabmtwkdif; vkdufí avmuD
om;rsm;uJhokdY touf&SifaeMu
onf/ bk&m;ocifonf ,HkMunf
olrsm;udk EIwfuywfawmftwkdif;
vkdufavQmufapvkdygonf/
,HkMunfaomtm; jzifh
]],H
aus;Zl ; awmf a Mumif h u,f w if
jcif;okdY a&muf&\/ ukd,ftvdk
tavQmuf a &muf o nf r [k w f /
bk&m;ocifoem;awmfrl&mjzpf
ownf ; }}
({? 2;8-9)/
xkdusrf;ykd'fudk c&pf,mef
trsm;BuKd uMf uonf/ xkad e&müyif
&yfaeMuonf/ xkdae&müom &yf
raeMuzkYd owdjyKoifyh gonf/ xko
d Ydk
&yfvu
dk yf gu aus;Zl;awmfaBumifh
,HMk unfjcif;tm;Nzifu
h ,fwifjcif;
udkom cHpm;&rnfjzpfonf/ xdkokdY
Nzpfygu touf&aomfvnf; t
vif;½H;I aeol jzpfayrnf/ u,fwif
jcif;&NyD; tvif;½HI;aeygu 0rf;
enf;p&m jzpfygonf/ ola|;om;
jzpfNy;D tusu
Ð pkwjf ywfaeNy;D pm;
p&mr&Sdjzpfaeygu &HI;aeaomt
oufwmjzpfonf/ xkdokdYr½HI;MuzkdY
&ef aumif;aomtusifhwkdYü usif
vnfz&Ydk ef bk&m;ocif tvkad wmf
&Syd gonf/
tb,f a Mumif h enf ;
]]tb,f
[l r l u m;? igwk d Y o nf aumif ;
aomtusif h w k d Y u d k u sif h & rnf t
aMumif; a,&Ic&pfü jyKjyifí
zef q if ; awmf r l & m jzpf M u\/
xkdaumif;aom tusifhwkdYü ig

page 2

wko
Yd nfusiv
f nf&rnftaMumif;?
bk&m;ocifonf igwkdYudk jyif
qif a wmf r l E S i f h j yD } }
({? 2;10)/
,HMk unfojl zpfNy;D rS aumif;
aomtusifhwkdYü usifvnfygu
uREkfyfwkdYcHpm;&rnfhtusKd;u BuD;
vSayonf/ (u? 5)udk Munfhygu
{aemuf trnf&adS omolwpfO;D udk
awGY&onf/ {aemufonf bk&m;
ocif\O,smOfawmftwGif;ü r&Sd
yg/ odkYaomf {aemufonf bk&m;
ocifESihftwl oGm;vmaMumif;
azmfjyxm;ygonf/ wzef (u? 6)
wGif aem{udk xyfí awGY&jyef
onf/ aem{ESihfywfoufí EIwf
uywfawmfu
aem{onf ajzmifhrwf
]]aem{onf
aomol? rdrdtrsKd;üpHkvifaom
oljzpf\/ bk&m;ocifESihftwl
oG m ;vm\}}
(urÇ m ? 6;9)/
aem{onf O,smOftjyif
bufü &Sdaomfvnf; bk&m;ocif
ESifhtwl oGm;vmol? ajzmifhrwf
aomoljzpfaMumif; rSwfwrf;wif
xm;ygonf/ uREkfyfwkdY ,HkMunfol
rsm; bk&m;ocifa&SUawmfü ajzmifh
rwfEkdifoavmuf ajzmifhrwfpGm
touf&Sifjcif;udk ukd,fawmfESpf
oufygonf/ tjcm;olwpfOD;ESifh
rdrt
d oufwmwkid ;f wmjcif;udo
k m
bk&m;ocif tvkdawmf r&Sdyg/
O,smOftjyifbufü &Sdaeygaomf
vnf; bk&m;ocifESifhtwl oGm;
vmygu vlrsm;tjrifü t½l;[k
ac: aumif;ac:Ekdifaomfvnf;
bk&m;&Sifa&SUawmfü bkef;&Sdaom
toufwmjzpfygonf/ xkaYd Mumifh
uREkfyfwkdY ,HkMunfolrsm;onf xkd
toufwmud0k ifpm;vdyk gu bk&m;
ocifEiS t
hf wl oGm;vmzk?Yd tvif;ü

usifvnfMuzkdY vkdygonf/ uREkfyf
wkdYonf tvif;ü ravQmufMuí
avmu"Hw&m;\zdpD;rIatmufü
&Sad eNy;D toufwmü tarSmifvrT ;f
aeygu bk&m;ocif0rf;enf;awmf
rlygonf/ ,aeY 0wfjyKcsiaf ,mif
aqmifjyD; rSbk&m; 0wfjyKudk;uG,f
jcif;\wefcdk;ESifhtusKd;udk vspf
vsLaeMuaomolrsm; urÇmBuD;ü

rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;udk cHawmfrrlyg/
rdrw
d pYdk u
kd o
f nft
h wkid ;f jyefí &dwf
&rnfjzpfaMumif; azmfjyxm;yg
onf/ þae&mü usr;f wwfrsm;u
bk&m;0wfjyK&if 'l;axmufzkdY rvkd?
vuftkyfcsDzkdY rvdkyg/ ESvHk;om;u
tav;xm;vQi&f Ny[
D k qkMd uonf/
tdyfaevnf; &onf/ xp&mrvkd
yg[k qkdMuonf/ tcsKdUuvnf;

rsm;pGm &Sad eMuygonf/ xko
d aYdk om
olrsm;udk tar&duef EkdifiHuJhokdY
aomtaemufEidk if MH u;D rsm;üvnf;
rsm;pGm awGaY e&onf/ xkEd idk if BH u;D
rsm;ü vufwpfqyk pf mrQom&Sad om
olwkdYom tvif;ü usifvnfí
bk&m;ocifxHrS tusKd;udk cHpm;
aeMu&onf/

bk&m;udk r½dkrao rjyK&[kqdkum
twif;xckid ;f Muonf/ 'l;emaeí
rxEkid [
f q
k ydk guvnf; r&? bk&m;
udak v;pm;yg[k qkMd uonf/ xkt
d
rI t &monf v nf ; vG e f u sL;pG m
ynm&SMd ujcif; jzpfonf/ uREyfk w
f Ydk
,HkMunfolrsm;onf EIwfuywf
awmfukd qifjcifonft
h cg wzuf
rpGef;rdMuzkdY owdjyKoifhygonf/
tcsKdU ,HkMunfolrsm;u pdkufonfh
twkid ;f &dw&f rnfqydk gu uREykf w
f Ydk
awmif;yefvQif tjypfciG v
hf w
T rf nf
qko
d nfh (1a,m? 1;9) EIwu
f ywf
awmfpum;udk rnfokdYem;vnf&
rnfenf;[kqMdk uonf/
udk,ftjypfwkdYudk azmf
]]ud
jyawmif ; yef v Qif igwk d Y t jypf
rsm;ud k v T w f í 'k p ½k d u f & S d o rQES i f h
uif;pifapjcif;iSm bk&m;ocif
onf o pö m w&m;ES i f h 4 if ; ?ajzmif h

0

]]tvJ
tvJ G r ,l M uES i f h / bk
&m;ocif o nf r xD r J h j rif j yKjcif ;
udk cHawmfrrl/ vlonf rsKd;aph
BuJ o nf h t wk d i f ; toD ; tES H u d k
&d w f & vd r f h r nf } }
(*vm 6;7)/
EIwfuywfawmfu tvJG
r,lrMd uzkYd ,HMk unforl sm;udk owd
ay;aeygonf/ bk&m;ocifonf

rwf j cif ; w&m;ES i f h 4 if ; jynf h p H k
awmf r l \ }}/
xkdEIwfuywfawmfpum;
u 'kp½du
k u
f kd tav;rxm;rSm;Ny;D rS
&ygw,f/ bk&m;ocifonf 0efcs
awmif;yefygu cGifhvTwfrnf[k
*wdxm;onf/ bk&m;ocif\cGifh
vTwfjcif;arwåmudk rxDrJhjrifo
abmxm;NyD; 0efcsygu *½kPm
awmfESifh cGifhvTwfjcif;udk cH&rnf
r[kwfyg/ rdrdpdkufonfhtwkdif;
&dw&f rnfjzpfonf/ okaYd omf rrSm;
csifaomfvnf; rwwfomí rSm;
aerdjy;D xkt
d rSm;udk rdrcd eG t
f m;ESihf
ra&SmifEidk í
f bk&m;ocifrpygrnfh
taMumif; rdrdtrSm;twGuf ppf
rSefaomaemifwESifh 0efcsawmif;
yefygu tBudrf(490)jzpfygap
udk,fawmf\*½kPmawmfESifh cGifh
vTwfjcif;udk cHpm;&rnf[k *wd
awmf&Sdygonf/ tcsKdUaom usrf;
wwfrsm;u 0efcsawmif;yefb&Ydk ef
yifrvkyd g/ xm0&twGuf cGiv
hf w
T f
NyD;NyD[k qdkMuonf/ xdkoGefoif
csuu
f kd BuKd uaf omolrsm;uvnf;
ud,
k v
f yk cf siw
f m vGwv
f yfpmG vkyf
cGi&hf í BuKd uMf uonf/ xko
d eG o
f if
csuo
f nf EIwu
f ywfawmfEiS hf qefY
usifaMumif; ,HkMunfolrsm; owd
jyKrzd Ydk vkyd gonf/ rdrzd cifpum;udk
em;raxmif? rxDrJhjrifjyKjyD;aom
rnfonfo
h m;orD;wpfpw
kH pfa,muf
rawmif;yefbJ zcifa&SUokdY &J0hHpGm
rsufESmjyEkdifoenf;/ rdrdtrSm;t
wGuf 0efrcHrjcif; zcifa&SUokdY
MowåyÜ pdwMf unfvifpmG csn;f uyf
Ekdifrnfr[kwfyg/ ocifbk&m;u
,HkMunfoltm; awmif;Muavmh/
awmif;vQif&rnf/ taMumif;rSm
crnf;awmfonf om;awmftm;
jzifh bkef;xif&Sm;zkdY jzpfonf[k
rdeaYf wmfryl gonf/ ,aeY uREyfk w
f Ydk

page 3

awmif;í r&Mujcif;rSm bk&m;o
cifu uREyfk w
f u
Ydk kd rcspí
f r[kwyf g/
uREfkyfwkdY tusKd;enf;rnfpkd;í jzpf
ygonf/ uREyfk w
f Ydk awmif;aomqk
onf uREkfyfwkdYtwGuf tusKd;jzpf
rnf/ bk&m;ocif\bkef;xif&Sm;
rnf/ tjcm;aom ,HkMunfolrsm;
twGuf aqmufwnf&mjzpfrnfqdk
ygu trSeyf if &&Srd nfjzpfaMumif;
pdwfcsEkdifygonf/ qkawmif;oHudk
tajzay;onft
h cgüvnf; tcsed f
aemufrusyg/ bk&m;ocifrprnfh
taumif;qHk;aomt&mudk uREkfyf
wkYd vkt
d yfaomtcsed üf &&Srd nfjzpf
ygonf/ bk&m;ocifu vGeu
f sK;pGm
rajzmifhrwfESihf[k qkdí zJav;eJeJ
½dkufvkdufOD;rnf/ bD,mvnf; eJeJ
csvu
dk Of ;D rnf[k rqdyk gESi/hf bk&m;
ocif\EIwu
f ywfpum;udk uREyfk f
wkYd tvJrG ,lrzd Ydk owdjyKyg/ bk&m;
ocifonf uREyfk w
f t
Ydk m; raumif;
aomt&mudk rnfonfhtcgrQr
ay;yg/ eHeufwidk ;f *½kPmawmft
opfudk cHpm;apygonf/ (jrnf? 3;
23) uREyfk w
f Ydk ,HMk unforl sm;onf
nDtpfudk\odk;? EGm;vrf;vJGae

onfudkawGYygu MunfhraezkdY? nD
tpfux
kd o
H Ydk qufqufjyefyzYkd Ydk ajym
ygonf/ nDtpfuu
kd a0;a0;ü ae
í ok;d EGm;aysmufaMumif; rodvQif
uREyfk w
f u
Ydk ud,
k t
f rd o
f Ydk ,lvmNy;D
Munfh½Iay;xm;zkdY&ef bk&m;ocif
u rdeaYf wmfryl gonf/ (w&m;? 22;
1-2)okjYd yKygu xkt
d oufwmonf
ajzmifhrwfpGm &Sifoefaeaomt
oufwmjzpfonf/ taMumif;rSm
bk&m;ocif\pum;awmfudk em;
axmifaeíjzpfygonf/ xkdokdY t
ouf&Sifaeaomoludk udk,fawmf
u rpí oufaoxlrnf jzpfyg
onf/
vl q k d ; wk d Y taMumif ;
]]vl
aMumifh pdwfrylESifh/ rw&m;o
jzih f j yKaomol w k d Y u d k r jiLpl E S i f h } }
(qm? 37;1)/
bk&m;ocifonf uREkfyf
wkdYtm; vlqkd;wkdYaMumifh pdwfrylzkdY?
rw&m;ojzif h jyKaomol w k d Y u d k
vnf; rjiLplzkdY rdefYawmfrlygonf/
taMumif;rSm olwkdYonf rdrdwkdY 'k
p½kdufjyKjcif;\tusKd;twkdif; pdrf;
aomysK;d yif ½kww
f &uf ndK§ ;EGr;f o

uJhokdY cHpm;&rnf[k azmfjyxm;yg
onf/ uREkfyfwkdYrlum; xm0&bk
&m;udk ckv
d í
IH aumif;aomtusihf
wkdYü usifvnfaezkdY vkdygonf/
xkdYjyif bk&m;ocifaeapvkdaom
EkdifiHawmfxJü aeí vlvlcsif;ESifh
qkdifonfh jyKtyfaom0wf? bk&m;
ocifESihf qkdifaom0wfwkdYudk jyKí
aeMuzkdY bk&m;ocifu rdefYawmfrl
ygonf/ xkdokdYtouf&Sifaeygu
uREkfyfwkdY\ajzmifhrwfjcif;touf
wmudk tvif;uJhokdY? rGef;wnfhae
a&mifjcnfuJhokdY vlwkdYa&SUü bk&m;
&Sifu azmfjyrnf[k *wdawmf&Sdyg
onf/ uREyfk w
f o
Ydk nfaeYpOftouf
wmü Ekid if aH wmfEiS ahf jzmifrh wfjcif;
w&m;awmfudk&Smí xkdvrf;ü &Sif
oefaeygu atmifjrifolrsm;jzpf
ayonf/
tMuifolonf atmif
]]tMuif
jrif \ / xk d o l o nf ig\bk & m;
ocif y&'dok O,smOfü&Sdaom
touf y if \ toD ; ud k pm;ap
jcif ; iS m igtcG i f h a y;rnf } }
(Asm? 2;7)/
atmifjrifolonf ,ck

b0ü c&pfawmftaoG;ESihf a&G;
0,f í wnf a qmuf x m;aom
avmuxJ&dS ud,
k af wmfwidk f tkypf ;kd
aom bk&m;ocif\EkdifiHawmfü
ae&aomtcGiEhf iS t
hf wl pm;zk?Yd 0wf
zk?Yd aezkv
Yd t
dk yforQ ylp&mr&S?d ud,
k f
awmf\ rpyHhydk;jcif;oufaoESifh
aumif;Bu;D udck pH m;&rnfjzpfonf/
xkdokdYaomtoufwmü&Sdaeoludk
ywf0ef;usiu
f Munfyh gu tvif;
udk jrif&rnfjzpfonf/ xkdokdYaom
tvif;tm;jzifh bk&m;ocif\bke;f
xif&mS ;aomolrsm;jzpfz&Ydk ef rdrw
d Ydk
toufwmrsm;udk tav;*½kjyKí
touf&SifMuzkdY arwåmESifh tod
ay; a0iSvkdufygonf/

uREkfyfwkdY udk;uG,faom
bk&m;&Sio
f nf t&mcyford ;f udk zef
qif;awmfrlaomxm0&bk&m;jzpf
ygonf/ xkdbk&m;&Sifonf jrifEkdif
aom½lyt&mESifh rjrifEkdifaom
t&ly t&mcyfodrf;udk zefqif;
awmfral omt&Sif jzpfygonf/ xdk
odkY zefqif;awmfrl&mü bk&m;o
cif tOD;qHk; zefqif;awmfrlaom
t&mxJwiG f vlrY suaf phEiS hf rjrifEidk f
aom t½lyt&mjzpfonfeh 0H n
d mOf

aumif;uifwrefrsm;jzpfonf[k
usrf;wwf"r®yg&*lrsm;u qdkMuyg
onf/ (a,m? 1;3)wGif
xdkEIwfuywfawmf
]]xdkEIwfuywfawmf
onf cyf o d r f ; aomt&mwk d Y u d k
zef q if ; awmf r l \ / zef q if ;
awmfrljcif;ESifh uif;vGwfvsuf
jzpfaomt&mwpfpHkwpfckrQr&Sd}}
[k azmfjyxm;ygonf/ ,aeY xkd
aumif;uifwrefrsm;taMumif;udk
twlwuG pOf;pm;qifjcifvkdyg

onf/

onf/

bk&m;ocifonf aumif;
uifwrefrsm;udk zefqif;awmfrl
&mü t a&twGurf nfrQ zefqif;
awmf r l o enf ; / ta&twG u f
twdus rnfrQzefqif;onfudk
or® m usrf ; pmu razmf j yaomf
vnf; twkdif;rodrsm;pGm zefqif;
awmfrlaMumif;udk azmfjyxm;yg

]]xd
xd k t cg igMunh f v Qif ?
yv’ifawmfrSpaom owå0gwkdY
ES i f h touf B uD ; ol w k d Y \ ywf
0ef ; usif ü ? uk a #oacsF r ut
wk d i f ; rod r sm;pG m aom aumif ;
uifwrefwkdY\toHudk igMum;
\}}
(Asm? 5;11)/
þaumif;uifwrefrsm;
udk bk&m;ocifu tb,faMumifh

;

;

emrawmfjrwfü
nDtpfuBkd uD;DrwifarmifxeG ;f

page 4

zefqif;awmfrloenf;/
]]aumif ; uif w ref o
&yfwkdYonf yv’ifawmfwbuf
wcsufü &yfaeMu\/..olwkdY
uvnf ; ? aumif ; uif A k d v f a jc
t&S i f x m0&bk & m;onf oef Y
&S i f ; awmf r l \ / oef Y & S i f ; awmf r l
\/ oefY&Sif;awmfrl\/ ajrMuD;
vH k ; onf bk e f ; awmf E S i f h j ynf h
av\}}
(a[&Sm? 6;3)/
bk&m;ocif\*kPfawmf
udk csD;rGrf;zkdYjzpfonf/ xkdYjyif? bk
&m;&Si\
f tapudk cHz&Ydk efvnf; zef
qif;jcif;jzpfygonf/ "r®opfum
vü aumif;uifwrefrsm;onf
rm&dESifh a,moyfqDokdY vmonf/
"r®a[mif;umvüvnf; 'Ha,v
qDov
Ydk maMumif; awG&Y onf/ tm
'HESifh{0 jypfrSm;NyD;aemuf {'if
O,smOfudk apmifah &Smufz&Ydk efaumif;
uifwrefrsm;udk csxm;awmfrlyg
onf/ bk&m;ocifonf aumif;
uifwrefrsm;udk zefqif;Ny;D aemuf?
xkdtxJrS vl p D z m? rda u©v ESifh
*gajAv
*gajAvwkdYukd tBuD;tuJtjzpf
cefYxm;onf/ xkdoHk;yg;teufrS
vlpDzmtm; aumif;uifwrefrif;
tjzpf bk&m;ocif cefYtyfwm0ef
ay;ygonf/ okdYaomf? aemufykdif;
wGif vlpDzmonf bk&m;ocifudk
qef Y u sif y k e f u ef a wmf r l a Mumif ;
awGY&onf/ xkdokdY vlpDzmazmuf
jyefNyD;aemufwGif rdau©vtm;
aumif;uifwrefrif;t&mü csD;
ajr§mufaMumif; awGY&onf/ xkd
aumif;uifwefrif;onf tem*wf
ü ,HkMunfolrsm;odrf;qnf;onfh
tcg toHay;jcif;jyKrnfholjzpfo
vkd? twdwfumvu arma&St
avmif;udk xde;f ay;&mü wm0ef,l
xm;aMumif; awG&Y onf/ (,k'? 1;

9)/ aumif ; uif w ref vl p D z m
azmufjyefNyD;aemuf aumif;uif
wrefrif; rdau©vonf uka#
oacsFruaom aumif;uifwref
rsm;tay:ü tkycf sKyaf &;ESiphf rD aH &;
wm0efukd ,lxm;aMumif; usr;f pm
t& od&onf/ "r®a[mif;usr;f pm
a[mif;usrf;ü aumif;uifwref
wpfyg;onf[k az:jywkdif; trSef
aumif;uifwrefrsm;udk qdkaeNyD;?
bk&m;ocif\ aumif;uifwref

Asm'd w f ½ l y g&H k u d k em;vnf a p
jcif;iSm teufudkjyefajymavmh
[k OvJ jrpfem;Mum;rSm vlt
oHESifh[pfí ajymqkdonfudk ig
Mum;\}}
('H? 8;15-16)/
usr;f pmteufziG ahf om ol
rsm;\azmfjycsuft& 'Ha,vjrif
aomyk * d ¾ K vf r S m rd a u© v jzpf j yD ; ?
rdau©vu *gajAvtm; xkdoljrif
rufaom tdyfruf\teufudk

onf[k az:jyygu a,½Ic&pfudk
&nfneT ;f az:jyjcif;jzpfaMumif; em;
vnf&onf/ aumif;uifwref *g
ajAvonf vlESifh ywfoufonfh
today;p&m owif;pum;rsm;wdYk
udk vma&mufo,faqmifay;ol
tjzpftjrJ awGU&ygonf/ "r®
a[mif;usrf;pmü 'Ha,v\tdyf
rufteuft"dyÜg,f? tjcm;bk&if
rsm;\ tdyrf ufteuft"dygÜ ,frsm;
udk azmfjyay;&mwGif *gajAv\
yg0ifrIudk awGU&onf/
ig'H a ,vonf xk d & l
]]ig'H
yg½Hkudk jrifí teufudk &SmazG
aomtcg? vl o @mef & S d a om
ol w pf O D ; onf iga&S U wG i f &yf
ae\/ tjcm;aomol u td k * g
ajAv? xkdolonf ,ckjrifaom

&Sif;jyay;yg[k apckdif;onf[k qdk
onf/ "r®opfusrf;udk uREkfyfwkdY
qifjcifygu (vk? 1;26-27)wGif
rm&dxo
H v
Ydk nf; *gajAvudk bk&m;
ocifapvTwo
f nfukd awG&Y onf/
xkaYd Mumif?h bk&m;ocifzefqif;xm;
aom aumif;uifwrefrsm;onf
bk&m;ocif\tvkdawmfESifhtnD
apckid ;f rItwkid ;f vlwEYdk iS q
hf ufo,
G f
owif;pum;ykdYjcif;? tusdK;jyKtdrf
rufteufudk zGifhjyjcif;rsm;udk jyK
í bk&m;ocif\tapudk cHMu
aMumif; em;vnf&onf/

;

xkduJhokdY bk&m;ocif\t
apudkcHvmcJhaom aumif;uifw

reftMuD;tuJwpfyg;jzpfonfh vl
pDzmonf urÇmBuD; rzefqif;rSD?
azmuf j yef o G m ;ygonf / xk d t
aMumif;t&mudk (a[&Sm? 14;1214?a,Z?28;14-16) wd k Y w G i f
awGY&onf/
oif u vnf ; ? aumif ;
]]oif
uifay:okdY igwufrnf/ bk&m;
ocif \ Mu,f w k d Y t ay:rS m igh
yv’ i f u d k igcsD ; ajr§ m uf r nf /
ajrmuf r suf E S m buf ? Asm'd w f
awmf a wmif a y:rS m igxd k i f r nf /
rk d ; wd r f x d y f a y:od k h i gwuf r nf /
tjrifhqHk;aom bk&m;uJhokdY ig
aernf [ k pd w f t MuH & S d a vjyD } }
þok d Y j zif h ? vl p D z monf
bk&m;ocif\ae&mü rdru
d ,
kd rf rd d
csD;ajr§mufí ae&m,lzkdY&ef tm;
xk w f y gonf / ig...ig[l í
(5)Budrf wkdifwkdif? bk&m;ocifudk
qeYfusifykefuef&ef tm;xkwfyg
onf/ þonfrSm vlpDzg\rlv
tMuHtpnfjzpftif jzpfygonf/

;

;

vlpDzmonf xkdokdYtBudrf
Burd f rdru
d ,
kd rf rd d bk&m;t&mü ae
&m,lzYdk ajymqkjd y;D (5)Burd af jrmufü
bk&m;ocifonf olYtm; pum;
ajymygonf/ oifonf þokdYjyK
aomaMumifh aumif;uifwreft
Bu;D tuJ wpfyg;jzpfaom rdau©v
ESifh ppfwkdufNyD;rS ½HI;aomoludk
aumif;uifbHkrS qJGcsjcif;cH&rnf/
aemufqHk;aomaeYü i&JodkYxyfrH
qJGcscH&rnf[k rdefYawmfrlygonf/
(þtcsuw
f iG f pmwefjzpfvmrnfY
vlpDzgu oabmwlxm;onf[k
teufziG x
Yf m;onf)/ bk&m;ocifh
pum;twkdif; vlpDzmonf rdau©
vESifh ppfwkdufjyD;aemuf ½HI;ojzihf

page 5

rdC
k ;f aumif;uifEiS hf ajrBu;D ay:odYk
qJGcsjcif; cHvkduf&onf/ aumif;
uifbHk (wwd,aumif;uifbHk) ü
aecGirhf &awmhyg/ xko
d v
Ydk pl zD m qJG
csjcif;cHonfhtcg bk&m;ocifzef
qif;awmfrlaom uka#oacsFru
twkdif; rodrsm;pGmaom aumif;
uifwrefrsm;rS oHk;pkwpfpkonf
vlpDzmaemufokdY ygoGm;onf[k
usr;f wwfy*k K¾d vrf sm;u or®musr;f
taxmuf txm;rsm;t& qdkMu
ygonf/
vl\tjrD;onfaumif;
]]vl
uif M u,f o H k ; pk w pf p k u d k qJ G i if
í ajrMuD ; ay:ok d Y csvk d u f a v
\}}
(Asm? 12;4)/
vlpDzmonf bk&m;ocif
\cs;D ajrm§ ufae&may;rIukd tav;
rxm;? bk&m;ocifukd qefu
Y siyf ek f
uefojzihf aemufqHk;ppf½HI;NyD;? bk
&m;ocifpjH ref;awmfro
l nfah umif;
uifbrkH S qJcG sjcif;cH&onft
h cg ol
ESifhtwl aumif;uifwrefoHk;pk
wpfpv
k nf; xdo
k yYkd goGm;cJ&h ygonf/
xko
d w
l o
Ykd nf ,cifu bk&m;ocif
csD;ajr§mufcefYtyfae&m ay;xm;
onfYt½kduft&mESifh tcGifhta&;
tm;vHk;udk qHk;½HI;oGm;MujyDjzpf
onf/ vlpzD monfvnf; ,cift
rnfemraysmufNyD; pmweftrnf
&vmovdk? {'ifO,smOftwGif;&Sd
vlwkdYudk aoG;aqmifzkdY a>rtwGif;
0ifonfhtcg a&S;a>ra[mif;qkd
onft
h rnfemryg &vmonf/ ,
aeY vlwkdYudk trsKd;rsKd;vSnfhpm;jyD;?
n§Of;qJojzihf rdpämya&mzuf[k
vnf; ol\vkyfazmfaqmifzuf
rsm;tygt0if ac:qdkjcif; cH&yg
onf/ xkq
d cGJ sjcif;cH&aomaumif;
uifwrefrsm;udk avhvmonft
h cg
av;rsK;d uJo
G mG ;aMumif;awG&Y onf/

xkad v;rsKd ;rSm ewfq;kd ? ewfaumif;?
jAr®pKö &?f aemufq;kH wpfcu
k xde;f r&
odrf;rEkdifqdkovdkjzpfonfh tcsKyf
aESmifcaH omaumif;uifwrefrsm;
[k awGYMu&onf/ aus;Zl;awmf
umv ,HMk unforl sm;udk tvGet
f
usK;aESmuf,u
S rf cH&atmif bk&m;
ocifu olwkdYtm; arSmifrkdufoH
BudK;ESifh csnfaESmifjyD;? csKyfaESmif
xm;aMumif; awGU&onf/ (,k'? 1;
6)/ xkdokdY azgufjyef oGm;olxJu

pD;yGm;usjyD; tqifrajyjzpfoGm;
onf/ ,aeYxkdokdYaom ewfrsdKl;udk
udk;uG,fylaZmfyoonfhvkyf&yfu
rsm;pGm acwfpm;vmaomtcsdef
umvjzpfayonf/ taumif;vkyf
onfjzpfap? tqkd;vkyfaeonf
jzpfap xko
d rl sm;onf ewfaumif;
rsm;jzpfaeMuonf/
rkdCf;aumif;uiftmum
oü wG,fuyf jAr®pöK&fbHk[lonf
um; oHk;q,fhwpfbHkü tjrifhqHk;

ewfq;kd rsm;onf vifr,m;&ef jzpf
atmifvkyfonf/ rdcif&ifcGifü &Sd
aom uav;wpfnvHk;idkjyD; tdyf
r&atmif vkyw
f wfonf/ wpfEidk f
iHEiS w
hf pfEidk if pH pfrufjzpfymG ;atmif?
&efbufjyKatmif vkyfonf/ vl
rsm; zsm;ematmif? pD;yGm;usatmif
vkyo
f nf/ xkt
d &mwko
Yd nf ewfq;kd
jyKvyk af omt&mrsm;yif jzpfonf/
ewfaumif;rsm;rSmrl tqkd;rvkyf/
olwu
Ykd kd taumif;vkyaf y;ygu t
usKd;jyKonf/ rdrdtdrfwGif;ü ae&m
ay;Ny;D ylaZmfyoxm;ygu oabm
usESpfoufjyD;? pD;yGm;tqifajyzkdY
vkyfaqmifay;onf/ okdYaomf? xkd
okdY jyKay;aeNyD;rS oloabmrus
ygu xGufoGm;jyD;? xkdtdrfonf
,cifuvkd pD;yGm;rjzpfawmYacs/

aombHk [kqo
kd nf/ or®musr;f pm
ürl bHkoHk;bHkukdom awGY&onf/
urÇmESiyhf wfoufaom pMumF 0Vm
txdonf bHw
k pfbjkH zpfonf/ þ
urÇmBu;D ü tjct
H &Hrsm;pGm&So
d nf/
,if;wdk rh mS ae? v? Mu,fwjYdk zpfí
av[mjyifü oGm;vmvSnyhf wfMu
&m yxraumif;uifbHkjzpfonf/
xkdt&mwkdY\txuf 'Hk;ysHrsm;udk
yifvTwfwifae&onfh rkd;aumif;
uifwefqmwk&Yd MdS uonf/ (a[&Sm?
45;12? 2ay? 2;10-12)/ xdkrkdCf;
aumif;uifwdkYüvnf; wefqm[k
ac:onfh tjcHt&Hrsm;pGm &SdMu
onf/ vlYrsufaphESifhrjrifEkdifaom
pukdif;vufrSwpfqifh avhvmae
&onfhae&mrsm; jzpfonf/ odyHÜ
ynm&Sirf sm;\&SmazGazmfxw
k cf suf

t& N*dKvfaygif; (489)vHk; awGUjyD
[k az:jyMujy;D ? tck ig;&meD;yg;jzpf
vmNy[
D k qdo
k nf/ azmufjyefí qJG
cscHaomaumif;uifwrefwpfcsdKU
rSm xkdrkdCf;aumif;uiftmumo
(wpfenf;tm;jzif)h 'kw,
d aumif;
uifbHkü wG,fuyfrSDcdkaeMuonf/
yxraumif;uifbükH &Sad omaumif;
uifESifhajrBuD;? ae? v? Mu,frsm;
onf ajrBuD;ESifh ajrBuD;wefqm
rsm;jzpfjyD;? 'kwd,aumif;uifbHk
jzpfaom rdC
k ;f aumif;uiftmum
oüvnf; N*dKvfrsm;pGmonf tjcH
t&Hjzpfaeygonf/ xkt
d &yfü&Sad e
aomazgufjyefonfh aumif;uif
wrefrsm;udk odyÜHynm&Sifrsm;u
yef ; uef y sH [ k ac:qd k M uonf /
eu©wåaA'ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh owå
N*Kdvfom;rsm;
aA'ynm&Sirf sm;uN*Kd
[k ac:qdo
k nfukd od&onf/ or®m
usr;f pmwGirf ]l ] Mu,fysH}}}[kac:yg
onf/ (,k'?1;13)/ odkY&mwGif
xdt
k &mcyford ;f wdrYk mS bk&m;ocif
zefqif;cJh&aomt&mrsm; jzpfMu
í tem*wfumvü wpfaeYzsuf
qD;jcif; cH&rnfjzpfaMumif; azmfjy
xm;ygonf/
xk d a eY ü rk d v f ; aumif ;
]]xk
uifonf BuD;pGmaomtoHESifh
wuG ? aysmuf o G m ;vd r f h r nf /
avmu"mwf w k d Y o nf yl t m;
BuD ; í ysuf M uvd r f h r nf / ajr
MuD; udk,frSpí ajrMuD;ay:rSm
jyKvk y f o rQaomt&mwk d Y o nf
uRrf ; avmif M uvd r f h r nf / ..
...rkd;aumif;uifonf rD;ESifh
ysufí avmu"mwfwkdYonf yl
tm;MuD ; vsuf t &nf B ud K jcif ; ud k
cH&aomaeYwnf;[laombk&m;
ocif\aeY&ufa&mufvdrfhrnf}}
(2ay? 3;10-12)/
bk&m;ocifonf aemuf

page 6

qHk;aomaeYü ajrBuD;ESifh ajrBuD;
wefqm? rkd;aumif;uifESihf rdkCf;
aumif;uifwefqm&So
d rQwu
Ydk kd t
yl"mwfESifh zsufqD;awmfrlrnf[k
twdtvif;azmfjyxm;jcif; jzpfyg
onf/ okjYd zpfí xkrd C
kd ;f aumif;uif
wefqmü wG,u
f yfaeom Mu,fysH
rsm;? ajrMuD;ESifh pMuFm0Vmü usif
vnfaeaomewfq;kd ? ewfaumif;
rsm;ESifY csKyfaESmifcHaumif;uifw
refrsm;tm;vHk;onf tem*wfü
zsufqD;jcif;cH&rnfjzpfonf/
xk d M u,f y sH w k d Y t bk d Y w
]]xk
cJ e uf a om xm0&arS m if r k d u f
ud k od k x m;vsuf & S d \ }}
(,k ' ? 1;13)/
okdYjzpfygí cspfrdwfaqG?
oifonf aemifwrvGefrSm rnf
onfah e&mokYd oGm;rnfenf;/ ,ck
pOf;pm;jyD; jyifqifzkdY vkdygonf/

,aeY uREfkyfwkdY jrifawGYae&aom
&lyt&mrsm;? rsufaphjzifh rjrif&
aom t&lyt&mrsm;xJrS azguf
jyef o nf h a umif ; uif w ref r sm;
onf wpfaeY bk&m;ocif\pD&if
zsuq
f ;D jcif;ukd cH&rnfjzpfonf/ xkYd
aMumifh? tem*wfü jzpfysufMuHK
awGY&rnfh tajctaersm;udk BudK
wifod&SdcGifh&Muonfjzpfí aemif
wrvGeüf aumif;uifbkH (wwd,
aumif;uifbHk? 2aum? 12;2) okdY
0ifpm;EkdifzdkY uREkfyfwkdY BudKwifjyif
qifMuzkjYd zpfonf/þyxraumif;
uifbEkH iS phf yfqidk af omt&mrsm;ESiYf
'kwd,aumif;uifbHkESifh pyfqkdif
aomt&mrsm;tm;vH;k wdo
Yk nfzsuf
qD;jcif;cH&rnftrSef jzpfonf/ odYk
aomfvnf;? bk&m;&Sif udk,fawmf
jrwfpjH ref;awmfr&l m?wwd,aumif;
uifbHkum; tpOfxm0&wnf&Sd

aernfjzpfygonf/ ,aeY aus;Zl;
awmfumv&Sd ,HkMunfolrsm;bkef;
0if p m;rnf h a e&mwnf ; [l a om
aumif;uifopfESifh ajrMuD;opf[l
onf xdw
k wd,aumif;uifbykH if
jzpfygonf/ usrf;pmu aumif;
uifopfESifhajrMuD;opf[k ac:qkd
oHk;EIef;jcif;rSm ,aeYtxdwkdif?
rnfonfhvlom; wpfpHkwpfOD;üu
rQ r0ifpm;ao;aomaMumifh jzpf
onf/ xkdYaMumifh? cspfaomrdwf
aqG? oifonf xdak umif;uifopf
ESifh ajrBuD;opfü bkef;0ifpm;cGifh&
Ekdif&ef a,½Ic&pfawmfudk rdrd\
u,fwif&SifESifY toufocift
jzpf ,HMk unfvufczH v
Ykd o
kd nf/ rdwf
aqGu uREkfyfonf a,½Ic&pfudk
,HkMunfvufcHNyD[k ,aeYaojcm
ajymEkid Nf yv
D m;/ ,aeYywf0ef; usif
jzpfysufaerItajctaersm; udk

&Siaf ,m[efc&pf0if usr;f
onf £oa&vvl? ,k'vlwkdYudk
A[dkjyKjyD; wrefawmfBuD;&Sifa,m
[efu a&;om;azmfjyxm;jcif; jzpf
ygonf/ xku
d sr;f udk a&;om;jcif;rSm
,k'vlrsm;udk bk&m;ocif tvkd
awmfESifh EIwfuywfawmfudk odzkdY
owday;oGeo
f ifaejcif;jzpfygonf/
,k'vlwkdYu u,fwifjcif;&zkdY&ef
ynwfawmfudk vku
d af vQmuf&rnf
[k cH,lMuonf/ ,aeYwkdif xkdokdY
,HkMunfcH,lvsuf vkdufavQmuf
Muonf/ ,k'bmomonf tjcm;
aom bmomw&m;rsm;ESifh uGm
jcm;jcif; r&Syd g/ tcsKUd aom bmom
w&m;rsm;u uHuH\tusKd;udk ,Hk
MunfMuonf/ uHuH\tusKd;u

rdrv
d yk o
f nft
h wkid ;f rdrad qmif&u
G f
rI\tusKd;udk rdrdjyefí cHpm;&
rnf[k ,HkMunfjcif; jzpfonf/
aumif;aomtrIujkd yKyguaumif;
aomtusK;d udk cHpm;&rnfjzpfovkd
raumif;aomtrIjyKyguraumif;
aomtrI\tusKd;udk jyefí cHpm;
&rnfjzpfaMumif; ,HMk unfMuonf/
uHonf usL;vGefjcif;jzpfonf/
raemuHonf pdwfxJu usL;vGef
aejcif;jzpfonf/ vlwpfa,muf
udk pdwfxJu rausreyfjzpfEkdif
onf/ pdwfxJu owfEkdifonf/
usdefqJEkdifonf/ xkdoljzpfysufcH
pm;aeonfudk wzufvlu odyif
rodyg/ 0ZDuHrlum; EIwfESifhazmf
xkwí
f rauseyfcsuu
f kd odapjcif;

jzpfonf/ um,uHru
l m; ud,
k x
f d
vufa&mufusL;vGefjcif; jzpfyg
onf/ ,k'vlwkdYvnf; xkdenf;wl
yif jzpfonf/ bk&m;ocifay;aom
usr;f udv
k u
dk af vQmufMurnf/Oykof
aeYü jidrf0yfpGmae&rnf/ tvkyf
rvky&f ? c&D;rjyK&ponfjzihf w&m;
twkdif;emcHí ynwfawmfq,f
yg;udk tav;xm;vkdufavQmuf
vQif NyD;jyD[k cH,lMuonf/ trSef
wGif or®musrf;pmü bk&m;ocif
azmfjyxm;aom ynwfcsufonf
(10)yg;ruyg/ rsm;pGm&Sdonfudk
&SmazG rSwfwrf;jyKxm;olrsm;u
azmfjyxm;ygonf/

Munfh½Iwwfygu? a,½lc&pfudk
rdwfaqGtaejzifh ,HkMunfvufcH
zdkY tcsdefodyfr&Sdoavmuf jzpfae
ygonf/ okjYd zpfí jzpfysuaf eonfh
tajctaeay: rdrdb0ajrmygr
oGm;bJ?a,½Ic&pfawmfu,
dk af wmf
wkid f pHjref;aom xdw
k wd,aumif;
uifbx
kH o
J Ydk 0ifpm;Ekid &f ef ,aeYyif
wpfO;D csi;f u aojcmpGm ajymEkid zf Ykd
rdrdwkdYpdwfESvHk;toD;oD;udk pDppf
jyifqifEidk Mf urnft
h aMumif;arwåm
ESifh today;a0iSvkduf&ygonf/

emrawmfjrwfü
nDtpfuOkd ;D uyfcefcY yk f

,

,k'vlwkdYonfxkdokdYynwf
csufwkdYudk vkdufavQmufjcif;tm;
jzifh u,fwifjcif;&rnf[k ,HMk unf
aomfvnf; "r®a[mif;usr;f azmfjy
csuft& u,fwif&Sifar&Sd,<u
vmrnfukd ajrm§ v
f ifMh uonf/ a[
jAJbmomtm;jzifh ar&Sd,[k azmf
jyaomfvnf; "r®opfa&mufvm
onft
h cg ar&S,
d udk c&pfawmf[k
azmfjyygonf/ c&pfawmf[laom
pum;onf*&dbmompum;rSqif;
oufvmjcif; jzpfonf/ ,k'vlwYdk
onf ar&S,
d udk ajrm§ v
f ifMh uaomf
vnf; c&pfawmf <uvmonft
h cg
olwkdYapmifhajr§mfaeaom ar&Sd,

page 7

r[kwf[kqkdum r,HkMu? vufrcH
Muyg/ ,aeYc&pf,mefrsm;u ud,
k f
awmfukd a,&Ic&pfawmf[k ac:Mu
onf/ a,½I[laom trnfemr
t"dyÜg,frSm aumif;uifwref *g
ajAv\ azmf j ycsuf t & om;
a,musfm;zGm;jrifrnfjzpfaMumif;?
xkdom;onf rdrdvlwkdYudk tjypfrS
u,fcRwfrnfholjzpfí a,&I[l
aomtrnfjzifh rSnhf&rnf[kqkdyg
onf/ (róJ? 1;21) xkdYaMumifh
a,&Ic&pfawmfonf vlwkdYudk t
jypfrS u,fcRwrf nfu
h ,fwif&iS [
f k
t"dygÜ ,f&ygonf/ xkcd &pfawmfukd
,k'vlwkdYu vufrcHaomaMumifh
wrefawmf&Sifa,m[efu olwkdY
tm; today;azmfjyjcif; jzpfyg
onf/
]]tptOD;üEIwf uywf
awmf & S d \ / EI w f u ywf a wmf
onf bk & m;ocif E S i f h t wl &S d
\/ EIwfuywfawmfonfvnf;
bk & m;ocif j zpf a wmf r l \ /}}
(a,m? 1;1)
wrefawmfMuD; &Sifa,m
[efu ,k'vlwkdYtm; EIwfuywf
awmfonftptOD;uyif&adS Mumif;?
xkdEIwfuywfawmfonf bk&m;o
cifESifhtwl &SdawmfrlouJhokdY xkd
EIwu
f ywfawmfonfvnf; bk&m;
ocifjzpfawmfrlonf[k azmfjy
ygonf/ xkdEIwfuywfawmfonf
vlZmwdudkcH,lí avmuokdY <u
vmcJhaMumif;udkvnf; (a,m? 1;
14)wGif today;cJhygonf/
]]EI w f u ywf a wmf o nf
vnf; vlZmwdtjzpfudk cH,lí
...crnf;awmfü wpfyg;wnf;
aom om;awmf\bke;f uJo
h Ydk ol\
bke;f awmfukd igwko
Yd nf jrif&Mujy}D }
(a,m? 1;6)wGif a,m[eftrnf
&Sdaomolwpfa,mufudk bk&m;o

cifapvTwfawmfrlonf[k azmfjy
xm;ygonf/ xkda,m[efonf
AwdåZHq&ma,m[ef jzpfygonf/
wrefawmf&Sifa,m[efr[kwfyg/
AwdåZHq&ma,m[efonf c&pf
awmfavmuokdY <urvmrD (6)v
BudKwifí apmpGm arG;zGm;jcif; cHcJh
ygonf/ xkdolonf tvif;awmf
wnf;[laomc&pfawmf\taMumif;

vl r sKd ; wk d Y o nf ol U Y u d k vuf r cH
bJ aeMu\}}
(a,m? 1;10)/
ocifc&pfawmfonf þ
avmuudk zefqif;awmfrlonf
omru rdrda'ot&yfokdY <uvm
aomfvnf; rdrdvlrsKd;awmfwnf;
[laom ,k'vlwu
Ydk ud,
k af wmfukd
,HkMunfvufcHjcif; r&SdMuyg/ ol

udk oufaocHz&Ydk ef <uvmjcif;jzpf
ygonf/ tvif;onf c&pf,mef
toufwmü tvGefta&;BuD;yg
onf/ tdrüf rD;ysuo
f mG ;ygu ½kwf
w&uf rx&J? roGm;rvm&Jyg/
oGm;ygu [kw
d u
kd 'f w
D u
dk x
f cd u
dk jf y;D
'gPf&m&Ekid yf gonf/ tarSmifxüJ
&Sad omolonf prf;w0g;0g;ESio
hf mG ;
&onf/ c&pfawmfukd r&ao;aom
olonf tarSmifxJüyif &Sdaeyg
ao;onf/ xdkolütvif; r&Sdyg/
AwdåZHq&ma,m[efonf ,k'vl
rsm; a,&Ic&pfawmfudk odzkdY&ef
nTejf ycJyh gonf/
]]xkdolonf þavmu
ü &S d a wmf r l j yD / þavmuud k
vnf ; zef q if ; awmf r l j yD / ok d Y
aomfvnf; þavmuonf xkd
ol u d k r od / ol o nf rd r d a 'ot
&yf o k d Y <uvmaomf v nf ; rd r d

wkYd apmifah eaomt&Siu
f ar&S,
d
u,fwif&Sif jzpfonf/ c&pfawmf
r[kwf[kqkdum c&pf,mefwkdYudk
tvGefrkef;wD;ovkd c&pfawmfudk
vnf; ar&Sd,tjzpf vufrcHyg/
]]xkdoludkvufcHorQaom
olwnf;[laom udk,fawmfudk
,H k M unf a omol w k d Y t m; bk & m;
ocif\om;jzpf&aomtcGifhudk
ay;awmf r l \ }}
(a,m? 1;12)/
,k'vlwo
Ydk nf a,½Ic&pf
awmfudk ,HkMunfvufcHjcif;r&Sd
aomfvnf; a,&Ic&pfawmfukd rdrd
\u,fwif&iS t
f jzpf ,HMk unfvuf
cHaomolrsm;rSmrlum; bk&m;o
cif\om;jzpf&aomtcGiu
hf kd &Mu
aMumif; AwdåZHq&ma,m[efu
oufaocHazmfjyygonf/ c&pf
,mef[lonf a,&Ic&pfawmfudk

,HkMunfvufcHjyD;rSom jzpfvm
jcif; jzpfygonf/

;

&;

;

]]xk d o l w k d Y o nf wpf E S p f
ywf v H k ; toif ; awmf E S i f h t wl
pnf ; a0;í vl r sm;taygif ; wk d Y
tm; qHk;rMo0g'ay;Mu\/ w
ynf h a wmf w k d Y o nf v nf ; c&pf
,mef [ l a om ac:a0:ork w f
jcif;udk tEdåtkwfjrdKUü tOD;cH&
Mu\/}}
(wref? 12;25-26)/
c&pfawmfudk rdrd\u,f
wif&iS t
f jzpf ,HMk unfvufcaH om
wynfah wmfwo
Ydk nf tEdt
å w
k Nf rKd Uü
c&pf,mef[kac: a0:orkwfjcif;
udk yxrOD;qH;k cH&Muygonf/ c&pf
,mef[lonf c&pfawmfudk u,f
wif&iS t
f jzpf pdwEf v
S ;kH ESihf ,HMk unf
í toufwmü vufcHaomol
jzpfonf/ (a&m? 10;9-10)wGif
pdwfESvHk;ESifh ,HkMunfjcif;ESifh EIwf
jzif0h efcjH cif;\ta&;Bu;D rIukd azmf
jyxm;ygonf/ c&pfawmfukd rdr\
d
u,fwif&Sifjzpfonf[k pdwfESvHk;
ESifh ,HkMunfonfomru xkd,Hk
Munfjcif;udk vla&SU? bk&m;ocif
a&SUwGif EIwfESifh0efcHzkdY vkdygonf/
okjYd yKro
S m u,fwifjcif;okYd a&muf
rnf[k azmfjyoGeo
f ifxm;ygonf/
xkdokdY,HkMunfvufcHaomolonf
bk&m;ocif\om;jzpf&aomtcGihf
&aMumif; awGY&onf/
]]xd k o m;wk d Y r l u m;? vl
rsKd ; ES i f h p yf q k d i f í bG m ;aomom;
r[k w f / arxk e f o H 0 gotm;
jzifh bGm;aomom;r[kwf/ vlY
tvk d t avQmuf b G m ;aomom;
r[k w f / bk & m;ocif b G m ;awmf
rl a omom;jzpf o wnf ; }}

page 8

(a,m? 1;13)
bk&m;ocif\om;[lonf
rSm vlrsKd;ESifhpyfqkdifí bGm;aom
om;r[kwf[k OD;pGm owday;azmf
jyxm;ygonf/qkv
d o
dk nfrmS u&if
vlrsKd;u arG;ygu u&ifuav;
arG;vmovkd? tom;jzLaomAdkvf
ESifh Akdvfru arG;ygu tom;jzL
aom Akv
d u
f av;om arG;vmrnf
jzpfonf/ ,aeYtcsKdUu u&ifvl
rsK;d [kqv
dk Qif c&pf,mef[k xifMu
onf/ csif;vlrsKd;[kqdkvQif c&pf
,mef[k xifMuonf/ xko
d Ydk vlrsK;d
ESifhqkdifí bk&m;ocif\om; jzpf
onf r[kwyf g/ c&pf,meftrdEiS hf
tzrS arG;vmívnf; bk&m;om;
rjzpfyg/ 'kw,
d taeESihf arxkeo
f H
0gotm;jzifh bGm;aomom;r[kwf
[k qkdxm;ygonf/ qkdvkdonfrSm
udk,fhZmwdqE´jzifh udk,ftpGrf;?
udk,fhtaoG;tom; obm0tm;
jzifh bk&m;om; vkyfí r&yg/ rdrd
oabmqE´tavsmuf 'DuaeYu
pNy;D ? bk&m;om;vkyaf wmhrnf[q
k dk
um vkyí
f r&aMumif;ajymvkjd cif;
jzpfygonf/ wwd,tcsufu vl
tvkdtavsmuf bGm;aomom;r
[kwf[k azmfjyxm;ygonf/ qkdvkd
onfrSm vlwpfOD;wpfa,mufu
c&pf,mefvyk v
f í
dk oif;tkyq
f &m
xHomG ;Ny;D rdrt
d m; c&pf,mefjzpfzYdk
&ef vkyfay;yg[kqkdí oif;tkyfq
&mu ESpjf cif;ay;Ny;D olo
Y abmESifh
c&pf,mefjzpfatmif vkyfay;Ekdif
aomfvnf; bk&m;om; rjzpfyg/
bk&m;om;jzpfjcif;wnf;[laom
ppfreS af om c&pf,mefwpfO;D jzpfzYdk
&ef rdro
d abmqE´t& vkyí
f r&
ovk?d tjcm;vlwpfO;D wpfa,muf
u vkyaf y;ívnf; r&yg/ aemuf
qH k ; tcsuf u bk & m;ocif b G m ;
awmf r l a omom;jzpf o wnf ; [k

azmfjyxm;ygonf/ bk&m;ocif\
om; jzpfzkdY&ef bk&m;ocif udk,f
awmfwidk u
f jyKay;jcif;tm;jzifo
h m
&ygonf/ bk&m;ocif\om;orD;
jzpfzkdY&ef ESpfcgarG;zkdY vdkygonf/
(a,m? 3)wGif edaum'iftrnf&Sd
aomusr;f wwfzm&d&w
JS pfa,muf
onf c&pfawmfxH ntcg a&muf
vmaMumif; azmfjyxm;ygonf/ ed
aum'ifonf zm&S&d jJS zpfojzifh "r®

pum;udk usr;f wwfBu;D edaum'if
em;rvnfyg/ uREkfyfonf þt
&G,fa&mufrS wzef trd0rf;wGif;
ok0Yd ifí arG;jcif;udk rnfocYdk EH idk yf g
rnfenf;[kjyefíavQmufygonf/
xkdtcg ocifa,½Iu ]]a&ESifh
0dnmOfawmf rarG;aomolrnf
onf u m; bk & m;ocif \ Ek d i f i H
awmfudk r0if&[k igtrSeftuef
qk\
d }}[k jyefírdeaYf wmfryl gonf/

a[mif;usrf;udk ausnufpGm od
aomfvnf; "r®opfukd vufrcHyg/
okdYaomf c&pfawmfudk teD;uyf
avhvmonfhtcg udk,fawmfjyK
aom tHhMobG,fedrdwfvu©Pm
rsm;udk jrifvQif raeEkdifojzihf n
tcg vmNy;D ud,
k af wmfjyKaomt
rIonf bk&m;ociftcGifhr&SdvQif
tb,f o l r Q rjyKEk d i f o nf u k d
axmufí ud,
k af wmfonf bk&m;
ocifxHrS <uvmaomq&m jzpf
onfudk uREkfyfwkdYodMuygonf[k
qkdygonf/ xkdtcg udk,fawmf
onf edaum'iftm; ]]'kwd,arG;
jcif;udk rcHaomolrnfonfum;
bk&m;ocif\EkdifiHawmfudk rjrif
&}} igtrSet
f uefqo
dk nf[jk yefí
rdefYawmfrlygonf/ (a,m? 3;3)
ocifa,½Ic&pf rdefYawmfrlaom

(a,m? 3;6)/ ocifa,½Ionf ed
aum'iftm; 'kwd,arG;jcif;[l
onf a&ESifh 0dnmOfawmftm;jzifh
arG;jcif;jzpfaMumif; jyefírdeaYf wmf
rlygonf/ a&onf EIwfuywf
awmfudk ajymvdkjcif; jzpfygonf/
oef&Y iS ;f aom0dnmOfawmfuv
kd nf;
qkv
d ydk gonf/ oef&Y iS ;f aom0dnmOf
awmfudk udk,fpm;jyKaomazmfjy
csuu
f kd or®musr;f pmüawG&Y onf/
a&? av? qD? rD;ESifh*sKd;iSufwkdY jzpf
onf/ ocifa,½Ic&pfawmf\jyef
ajymcsuu
f kd edaum'ifonf usr;f
wwfBu;D wpfa,mufjzpfaeygvsuf
em;rvnfaMumif; awGY&onf/
a,½Ionf c&pfawmfjzpfonfudk
xkdtcsdefu ,k'vlwkdYonf vuf
rcHMuyg/

,

;

;

(a,m? 9)wGif ocifa,½I
c&pfonf vrf;üoGm;pOfwGif trd
0rf;wGiu
f yif rsuaf phuef;aomol
wpfa,mufukd awGaY wmfryl gonf/
xdo
k t
l m; rsuaf phjyefjrifz&Ydk ef ud,
k f
awmfujyKay;cJhygonf/ xkdolrsuf
aphjrifoGm;onfhtcg olonf ,
cifu rjrifbJ ,ckrS rsufaphjrif
onfudk ,k'vlwkdYu r,HkMuyg/
]]xk d o l o nf txuf u
rjrif ? aemuf r S r suf a ph j rif o nf
uk d ,k ' vl w k d Y o nf r,H k M unf
Muojzif h ol \ rd b ud k ac:í}}
(a,m? 9;18)/
xkdokdYr,HkMuojzifh ol\
rdbrsm;udk ac:í þolonf oif
wkdYarG;puyif rsufaphrjrifaom
oifwkdY\om;jzpfoavm[k ar;
vQif rdbrsm;u rSefyg\[k ajzMu
ygonf/ okdYqkdvQif tb,fokdYrsuf
aphjrifoenf;[kar;vQif rdbrsm;
u rod[kqkdNyD;aemuf olonf t
ouft&G,fESifhjynfhpHkí oludkar;
ygu ud,
k w
f idk af jzygvdrrhf nf[k qkd
Muygonf/ olwkdYom;rnfokdY rsuf
aphjrifonfudk rdbrsm;u rodí
r[kwfyg/ odvsufESifh rajzjcif;rSm
tb,faMumifhenf;/ xkdtcsdefu
a,½Ionf c&pfawmfjzpfonf[k
0efcHaomolonf rnfolrqdk w
&m; Z&yfrS ESifxkwfcH&ygonf/ xkd
okdYESifxkwfcH&rnfpkd;í rdbwkdYu
rajymjcif; jzpfygonf/ (a,m? 9;
21-23) ,k'vlwkdYu a,½Ionf
c&pfawmfjzpfonf[k r,HkMunf?
vufrcHMuyg/
]]a,½I o nf c&pf a wmf
jzpf a wmf r l o nf u d k , H k M unf a om
ol r nf o nf u m;bk & m;ocif j zpf
bG m ;apawmf r l a omol j zpf \ }}

page 9

(1a,m? 5;1)/
a,½Ionfc&pfawmfwnf;
[laom rdrd\u,fwif&Sif jzpf
aMumif; ,HkMunfí vufcHaom
olonf bk&m;ocif\om;jzpfyg
onf/ uREkfyfwdkYonf bk&m;ocif
om;orD;jzpfvkdygu ESpfcg arG;zkdY
vkyd gonf/ yxrwpfBurd u
f vlt
rdtzrSarG;bGm;aom tjypfom;
tjzpfEiS hf arG;zGm;jcif;jzpfNy;D tyg,f
i&JoYdk oGm;&rnfjzpfonf/ 'kw,
d
tMurd af rG;jcif;um; bk&m;ocif\
om;taeESifh azG;zGm;jcif;jzpfNyD;
xm0&toufESifhtwl aumif;
uifbo
kH Ydk jyef&rnfjzpfonf/ ,aeY
tcsKUd aomolrsm;ukd bk&m;ocif\
om;orD;jzpfNyv
D m;[k ar;onft
h

cg tbkd;tbGm;acwfuwnf;u
c&pf,mefjzpfvmjcif; jzpfaMumif;
ajymMuonf/ okdYjzpfygu ,ck
avmurS pkawhvQif aumif;uif
bHo
k mG ;zkYd pdwcf sNyv
D m;[k ar;onfh
tcg raocsmaMumif;? rodEkdif
aMumif; ajymMuonf/ xkdtcGifh
onf bk&m;ocif\vufxJü &Sd
aMumif; bk&m;ocif oem;ygu
a&mufrnfjzpfNy;D ? bk&m;ocif oGef
ypfyguvnf;cH&rnfjzpfaMumif; r
aocsm? ra&&majzMuonf/bk&m;
ocif\om;orD;jzpfjcif;onf um
,uH&iS yf *k K¾d vEf iS o
fh m qkid yf gonf/
ynwfawmfwkdYudk apmifha&Smufí
aumif;aomtusifhudk rnfrQusihf
apumrl? a,½Ic&pfawmfukd rdr\
d

u,fwif&iS t
f jzpf ,HMk unfvufcH
jcif;r&Sdygu bk&m;ocifom;o
rD;rjzpf½HkrQru? aumif;uifEkdifiH
awmfov
Ydk nf; 0ifpm;&rnfr[kwf
yg/ uREkfyfwkdY bk&m;om;orD;jzpf
jcif;onf c&pf,mefro
d m;pkrS arG;
zGm;vmí r[kwf? bk&m;ausmif;
rSefrSefwufí tvSLaiGay;vSLí
vnf; r[kwyf g/ c&pf,mefrb
d ESpf
yg;rS arG;vmcsed w
f iG f yxrarG;jcif;
omjzpfí tjypfom;wpfa,muf
taeESihf arG;jcif;om jzpfonf/
tm'H\pum;em;raxmifraI Mumifh
tjypfom;b0a&muf&jcif;onf
avmuom; tm;vH k ; tay:ü
vnf; oufa&mufvmygonf/
tjypfom;b0 tqHk;owfzkdY&ef

ocifa,&Ic&pfukd rdr\
d u,fwif
&Sit
f jzpf ,HMk unfvufcjH cif;rS vJG
í tjcm;enf;vrf;r&Sdyg/ a,½I
c&pfawmfuu
kd ,fwif&iS t
f jzpf ,Hk
Munfvufcv
H u
kd o
f nft
h cg bk&m;
ocif\om;orD; jzpfNyD; 'kwd,
arG;jcif;udk &ygonf/ xkt
d cg uREykf f
wkdYonf tjypfvTwfjcif;udk &½HkrQ
ru toufwmxJü tvif;udk&
NyD; xm0&umvüvnf; bk&m;o
cifEiS t
hf wlae&aomtcGiu
hf v
kd nf;
&aMumif; arwåmESihf today;a0iS
vku
d &f ygonf/

urÇmBu;D ukd Munfyh gu vl
wko
Yd nf arwåmpdwaf cgif;yg;pGm t
ouf&iS af eMuonfukd awG&Y onf/
vlwkdYonf tcsif;csif;rcspf Mu½Hk
rQru?rdru
d ,
kd rf rd v
d nf; rcspw
f wf
Muawmhyg/ xkdrQru rdrdukd,frdrd
epfreG ;f atmif? ysupf ;D atmif jyKae
Muonf/ tpm;taomuftm;jzifh
jzpfap? pdwt
f vdq
k E´ukd rxde;f csKyf
awmhbJ aexkdifjyKrlMuojzihf a'g
opdwf? arm[pdwf? twåpdwfrsm;
ydkrkdjyif;xefvmMuNyD; ESvHk;a&m*g?
aoG;wkd;a&m*g tygt0if a&m*g
a0'emtrsK;d rsK;d udk cHpm;Mu&Ny;D rdrd
udk,frdrd owfaoaomtrIrsm;
vnf; urÇmBuD;ü ykdrkdrsm;jym;vm
aeonf/ xkdtcsdefü vlom;wkdYt
wGuf vkdtyfaeaom t&monf
aiG? atmifjrifr?I &mxl;*kP&f edS rf sm;
r[kwfyg/ vlom;wkdY\t"du vkd

tyfaomt&mu arwåmomvQif
jzpfayonf/ ,HMk unfocl &pf,mef
rsm;onf bk&m;ocif\arwåmudk
trsKd;rsKd;aom yHkpHjzihf azmfusL;Mu
onf/
]]bk&m;ocif\om;awmf
udk ,HkMunfaomoltaygif;wkdY
onf ysuf p D ; jcif ; ok d Y ra&muf ?
xm0&touf u d k &apjcif ; iS m
bk&m;ocifonf rdrdü wpfyg;
wnf;aomom;awmfudkpGefYawmf
rlonfhwdkifatmif avmuDom;
wk d Y u d k cspf a wmf r l \ }}
(a,m? 3;16)/
xku
d sr;f pum;udk uREyfk w
f Ydk
i,fpOfuav;b0uyif uav;
rsm; Oykopf majzoifwef;ü Mum;&
í &if;ES;D aeMuNy;D jzpfonf/ tcsKUd
utvGw&f Muonf/uREyfk w
f o
Ydk nf
xku
d sr;f pum;udk qifjcifusurf w
S f

í tvGw&f Muonfxuf xku
d sr;f
pum;tm;jzifb
h &k m;ocif\arwåm
awmfudk od&Sdem;vnfcHpm;NyD; xkd
arwåmudk axmufí wqifhwuf
vsuf jyKrl aqmif&Gufapvkdaom
bk&m;ocif\tvkad wmf&ydS gonf/

wu,f oabmaygufem;vnf
onfjzpfvQif xkad rwåmudk axmuf
ítcsi;f csi;f wkt
Yd ay:üc&pfawmf
enf;wl arwåmESijhf yKral jymqkq
d uf
qHMuzkdY ukd,fawmf tvdkawmf&Sdyg
onf/ tdraf xmifrsm;ü cifyeG ;f ESifh
ZeD;onf? rdbESio
hf m;orD;? tvkyf
&SiEf iS hf tvkyo
f rm;wkt
Yd jyeftvSef
arwåmxm;EkdifzkdY&ef tpjyKMunfh
Muyg/ c&pf,mefrsm; ,aeY bk&m;
&Si\
f arwåmtaMumif; rsm;pGmajym
qkdMuonf/ okdYaomf xkdarwåmudk
vufawGYoufaorjyEkdifMuonf
rSm 0rf;enf;p&m jzpfygonf/ trI
awmfaqmifrsm;vnf; bk&m;&Si\
f
arwåmawmftaMumif;udk rsm;pGm
ajymqkdoGefoifaeMuaomfvnf;
ukd,fwkdif arwåmoufaoudk rjy
EkdifbJ touf&SifaeMuonf/ t
csKUd aom trIawmfaqmifq&mrsm;

]]c&pf a wmf o nf igwk d Y
tbk d t vk d Y i S m touf a wmf u d k
pGefYawmfrlonf t&mudk igwkdY
onfaxmufí arwåmawmfudk
od&MuNyD/ igwkdYonfvnf; nD
tpfudkcsif;wkdYtbkdYtvdkiSm t
ouf u d k pG e f Y & Mu\}}
(1a,m? 3;16)/
uREkfyfwkdY ,HkMunfolrsm;
onf c&pfawmf uREkfyfwkdYtay:
üxm;aom arwåmawmfudk trSef

emrawmfjrwfü
nDtpfudkOD;wifarmifñdk

page 10

onf pum;udk rSefuefpGm ajymzkdY?
rkom;roHk;zkdY oGefoifaeMuaomf
vnf; udk,fwkdifu rkomü usif
vnfaeMuonf/ (,m? 1;22)wGif
uREkfyfwkdYonf EIwfuywffw&m;
awmfudk em½HkrQomjyKaomolrsm;
r[kwb
f J EIwu
f ywfawmftwkid ;f
vufawGYusifhoHk; touf&Sifae
aomolrsm;jzpfzYdk owday;oGeo
f if
xm;ygonf/
]]tb,faMumifhenf;[l
rl u m; igwk d Y t m;ay;awmf r l
aomoef Y & S i f ; aom0d n mOf a wmf
onfbk&m;ocif\arwåmawmf
udkigwkdY\pdwfESvHk;xJokdY nTef;
avmif;awmfrl\}} (a&m? 5;5)/
0dnmOfawmfonf bk&m;
ocif\arwåmawmfudk uREkfyfwkdY
pdwfESvHk;xJokdY oGif;ay;NyD;jzpfyg
onf/ bk&m;ocif\arwåmonf
uREyfk w
f t
Ydk xJü &Sad eNy;D jzpfygonf/
uREyfk w
f u
Ydk vufawGv
Y yk af qmifzYdk
om jzpfygonf/ arwåmonf cHpm;
csuo
f ufoufomr[kwyf g/bk&m;
ocifonf uREkfyfwkdYavmuDom;
rsm;tm; cspfonf[kqkdNyD; xdkif
aeonfr[kwyf g/aumif;uifbek ;f
pnf;pdru
f kd pGeí
Yf ESrd chf spmG avmu
okYd qif;<uvmcJyh gonf/ xkrd Qru
avmuDom;rsm;\tjypftwGuf
um;wkdifü taocHí touf
awmfudk pGefYcJhygonf/ q&m,k'
óefonf rdrt
d rdjynfjzpfonft
h
ar&duefEidk if u
H kd pGeNYf y;D jrefrmjynf
ü bk&m;ocif\tapudk cHzkdY&ef
a&mufvmcJyh gonf/ jrefrmEkid if üH
qif;&J'ku©trsKd;rsKd;udk cHNyD; tzkd;
tcay;ítouf&iS cf yhJ gonf/ t
b,faMumifh xko
d Ydk touf&iS cf yhJ g
oenf;/ bk&m;ocifxHrS cHpm;&
aomarwåmpdw\
f vHUI aqmfraI Mumifh
jzpfygonf/ bk&m;ocif\arwåm

pdwf uREyfk w
f üYdk &Sv
d monft
h cg cGef
tm;&Sdvmonf/ ay;qyfcsifvm
onf/ tepfemcHcsifpdwf&Sdvmyg
onf/
]]tMuif o l o nf a vmuD
pnf ; pd r f O pö m &S d v Quf y if ? rd r d n D
tpf u d k q if ; &J j cif ; ud k j rif í o
em;jcif;*&kPmpdwfudkcsKyfwnf;
\/xk d o l ü bk & m;ocif \ arwå m
awmfonf tb,fokdYwnfrnf
enf ; }}
(1a,m? 3;17)/

onf[k qkjd cif;rSm vSnphf m;jcif;om
jzpfonf/ (urÇm? 18)wGif wJtrd üf
&Sdaeaom tmjA[H&Sd&mokdY bk&m;
ocif<uvmaMumif; awGY&onf/
,aeY vltrsm;u tdrfBuD;tdrf
aumif;ESifhae&rSom bk&m;ocif
<uvmrnf[k xifMuonf/ bk&m;
ocif<uvmonft
h cg tmjA[Ht
wGuf aumif;BuD;r*Fvmygvmyg
onf/ ,aeY ,HMk unforl sm;tdro
f Ydk
trIawmfaqmifrsm; a&mufvm
onft
h cg &So
d nft
h &mESihf {nh0f wf

uREyfk w
f o
Ydk nf teD;tem;
ü&Sad om nDtpfu\
kd qif;&J'u
k u
© kd
awGYjrifae&ygvsuf rnfokdYrQrcH
pm;&bJ rodrjrifouJo
h Ydk vspv
f sL
½IaeEkid yf gu uREyfk w
f Ydk ESv;kH om;xJ
ü bk&m;&Si\
f arwåmtrSew
f u,f
&Sd&JUvm;[k owdjyKzkdY vkdygonf/
bk&m;ocifxm0&bk&m;udk pdwf
ESv;kH t<uif;rJh OmPf&o
dS rQEiS hf cspf
jcif;?ud,
k Ef iS pfh yfqidk af omoluu
kd ,
dk f
ESit
hf rQ cspjf cif;onf ynwdu
å sr;f
ESifh tem*wdåusrf;wkdY\ tcsKyft
jcmyifjzpfygonf/ (róJ? 22;3740) ,aeY c&pf,meftrsm;u
bk&m;ocifudk cspo
f nf[q
k adk omf
vnf; vltcsif;csif;udk rcspfEkdif
Muyg/ xko
d rl sm; bk&m;ocifukd cspf

jyKyg/ xkd{nfh0wfjyKjcif;\trIESifh
tavQmuf xm0&bk & m;jyef í
qyf ay;rnfjzpfygonf/
]]tMuifolonf wynfh
awmf \ rsuf E S m ud k a xmuf í þ
oli,fwpfpHkwpfa,muftm;a&
wpf c G u f u d k r Qay;\/xk d o l o nf
tusd K ;uk d r&bJ r ae&m}}
(róJ ? 10;42)/
uREkfyfwkdYonf rsKd;aphwpf
aphudkpdkufygu rsm;pGmyGm;vmrnf
jzpfonf/ tmjA[HtdrfokdY bk&m;
ocif<uvmonfhtcsdefwGif tm
jA[Hü om; r&Sdao;yg/ okdYaomf
om;&rnf[al om*wdawmfukd tm
jA[Htm; ay;ygonf/ tmjA[H\
r,m; pm&monf xkpd um;udMk um;

vQif r,HkEkdifojzihf wdwfqdwfpGm
&,fryd gonf/ taMumif;rSm pm&m
ü rdef;rwdkYOwka&mufjrJ&Sdonfht
wkid ;f ra&mufawmh? vlt
Y aeESihf t
csdefvGefaeNyDjzpfygonf/ okdYaomf
bk&m;ocifred aYf wmfro
l nft
h wkid ;f
tcsed w
f efonft
h cg om;£Zufukd
tmjA[H &&Sdygonf/ uREkfyfwkdYt
oufwmü bk&m;ocif <uvm
onfhtcg vlYtaeESifh rjzpfEkdif[k
xifrw
S &f aom tHMh obG,t
f rIrsm;
jzpfvmygonf/ tmjA[H\wJtrd f
okdY bk&m;ocif<uvmonfhtcg
olwrYdk o
d m;pküvkt
d yfaeaomom;
udk tHMh obG,&f ½Hrk Qru xko
d m;£
Zuftm;jzifh vlrsm;pGm yGm;vmNyD;
urÇmay:ü vlrsKd;BuD; jzpfvmyg
onf/ ,aeY xkdrsKd;qufrsm;onf
urÇmEkid if t
H oD;oD;ü&Sad eNy;D ola|;
ol<u,frsm;? odyHÜynm&Sifrsm;? pD;
yGm;a&;ynm&Sirf sm;jzpfaeMuonf/
£ZufrSqif;oufaom *sL;vlrsKd;
rsm;onf tjcm;vlrsm;u remvkd
jzpf&avmufatmif bk&m;ocif
\aumif;BuD;r*Fvmudk cHpm;&NyD;
yGm;rsm;vmMuygonf/ xkdt&m
onf wJtdrfav;twGif;rS rsKd;aph
av;wpfaphtm;jzifh bk&m;ocif
yGm;rsm;apjcif; jzpfygonf/ uREyfk f
wkdYonf bk&m;ocifudk xkdokdY ,Hk
MunfMuygu wJtdrftwGif;üyif
aumif;Bu;D r*FvmjyefyY mG ;jcif;ouf
aoudkcHpm;Mu&rnfjzpfonf/

&;

\

(urÇm?18;16-33) xm0&
bk&m;onf tmjA[HxrH x
S u
G o
f mG ;
NyD;aemuf aom'HkESifh a*garm&NrdKU
tm; tjypftavQmuf zsuq
f ;D rnf
jyKonfhtcg xkdtrIudk 0Sufrxm;
bJ tmjA[Htm; azmfjytoday;

page 11

ygonf/ bk&m;&Sio
f nf tHMh obG,?f
wkid yf ifbuf[q
k o
dk nft
h cg uREyfk f
wkdYuom bk&m;ocifudk wkdifyif
bufjyKMuonfr[kwfbJ? bk&m;
ocifuvnf; uREyfk w
f EYdk iS w
hf idk yf if
bufjyKvydk gonf/ xkaYd Mumifh ocif
a,&Iu wynhaf wmfrsm;tm; ,ck
rSpíoifwu
Ydk kd uRe[
f rk ac:? uRef
rlum; ud,
k o
f cifjyKaomtrIukd r
od? oifwu
Ydk kd taqG[í
l igac:\
[kqydk gonf/ taMumif;rlum; t
aqG[lonf ocifodorQwkdYudk
jyefí od&aomtcGifh&Sdygonf/
tmjA[Honf bk&m;ocifjyKrnfh
trIudk odonfhtcg bk&m;ocif
ud,
k af wmfonf ajzmifrh wfaomol
wkdYudk rw&m;aomolwkdYESifhwuG
zsuq
f ;D awmfrrl nfavm/ xkNd rKd UwGif
ajzmifhrwfaomol ig;q,f&SdvQif
zsufqD;awmfrlrnfavm/ ajzmifh
rwfaomolwkdYudk rw&m;aomol
wkEYd iS w
hf uG uGyrf sujf cif;trIonf
udk,fawmfESifha0;ygapaom[kqkd
ygonf/ tmjA[Honf wJtdrfu
av;xJü&Sdaomoljzpfaomfvnf;
bk&m;ocifEiS hf taqGcifyeG ;f uJo
h Ydk
qufoG,fajymqkdcGifh &ygonf/
xm0&bk&m;onf tmjA[Hpum;
twkdif; aom'HkNrdKUü ajzmifhrwfol
ig;q,fawGYvQif igrzsufqD;[k
rdefYawmfrlygonf/ tmjA[Honf
xm0&bk&m;tm; ig;q,frS av;
q,fih g;? av;q,fih g;rS av;q,f
ponfjzifh wjznf;jznf; avsmhí
aps;qpfvm&m q,fa,mufodkY
a&mufvmaomfvnf; aom'HkESihf
a*garm&NrdKUü ajzmifhrwfaomol
q,fa,muf r&Sdojzifh xkdNrdKUukd
bk&m;ocifzsufqD;zkdY jzpfvmyg
onf/ xkdtcsdefü aom'HkESifh a*g
arm&NrdKUü tmjA[Hwlavmw&dSyg
onf/ avmwonf tmjA[HESifh

twl xGuv
f mcJah omfvnf; pD;yGm;
wufvmonfhtcg rdrdOD;av;udk
pGecYf mG xGuo
f mG ;cJyh gonf/ okaYd omf
tmjA[Honf wlavmwtay:ü
arwåmrysuf½HkrQru olESifhwuG
olaeaomNrdKUrS vlrsm;twGufyg
xm0&bk&m;xHü awmif;yefay;yg
onf/ ,aeY c&pfawmfusdef;0yf
aom tdrfaxmifrsm;onf xkdokdY
aomtdrfaxmifrsm; jzpfygonf/
rdrw
d rYdk o
d m;pkta&;omru tjcm;

onfxo
dk abmobm0udk aumif;
pGm em;vnfygonf/ xkaYd Mumifh rdrd
wlavmwESihf rdom;pkomru xkd
NrdKYrS vlrsm;twGufvnf; bk&m;
ocifa&SUawmfü t,lcH0ifay;yg
onf/

aomolrsm;\ rdom;pkta&;udk
vnf; pOf;pm;ay;Ny;D qkawmif;ay;
Muonf/ ulnDrprIjyKMuonf/
þavmuBuD;ü bk&m;ocifwef
bkd;txm;qHk;rSm rdrd\o@mef
awmfEiS t
hf nD zefqif;xm;aomvl
jzpfonf/xdek nf;wl ,aeY,MkH unf
olrsm;onfvnf; bk&m;ocifenf;
wl vltcsif;csif;tay:ü wefbkd;
xm;wwfMuzkdY vkdygonf/ tdrf
axmifrsm;ü cifyeG ;f u ZeD;tay:?
ZeD;onfu cifyeG ;f tay:? rdbu
om;orD;tay:? tvkyf&Sifu t
vkyform;tay: wefbkd;xm;NyD;
qufqHvmygu urÇmBuD;ay:ü
bk&m;ocif tvdkawmfESifh tnD
arwåmjzihf qufqHaygif;oif;rIu
yGm;vmrnfjzpfygonf/ tmjA[H

vmonfudk awGY&onf/ avmw
onf c&D;OD;BudKjyKvsuf {nfh0wf
jyKz&Ydk ef rdrt
d rd o
f Ydk 0ifzYdk awmif;yef
onfhtcg aumif;uifwrefwkdYu
r0if? wpfnOfhvHk;vrf;ü aeawmh
rnf[k qdak omfvnf;?avmwonf
usyfusyfaoG;aqmifaomaMumifh
avmwtdro
f Ydk 0ifMuygonf/ nOfh
tcsdefa&mufvQif xkdNrdKUom;wkdYu
avmwtdrfudk 0kdif;í ,aeYn
oifhtdrfokdY 0ifaomolwkdYtb,f
rSm &Sdoenf;/ igwdkYonf xkdolwkdY
ESihf qufqv
H o
dk nfjzpfí xkwaf y;
[kqdkMuygonf/ xkdtcg avmw
u t"r®trIudk þrQavmufrjyK
MuygESi/hf tuREyfk üf a,musmf ;ESihf
rquf q H & ao;aom orD ; ES p f
a,muf&ydS g\/ olwu
Ydk kd oifwx
Ydk H

;

;

(urÇm 19)wGif avmw&Sd
&mokaYd umif;uifwrefEpS yf g;a&muf

okYd xkw&f aomtcGiu
hf kd ay;yg/ ol
wkdYü jyKcsiforQudk jyKMuyg/ þvl
wküYd tvQi;f rjyKMuygESi[
fh ak wmif;
yefaomfvnf; olwkdYu vufrcH
Muyg/ xko
d q
dYk ;dk 0g;aomtouf&iS f
rIESifh pm&dwåysuf,Gif;rIwkdYaMumifh
aom'HkNrdKUESifh a*garm&NrdKUwkdYudk
aumif;uifwrefwkdYu zsufqD;
rnfjyKonft
h cg avmwonf zifh
EJGYaomaMumifh aumif;uifwref
onf avmwESirhf ,m;? ol\orD;
ESpaf ,mufwu
Ydk kd NrKd UjyifoYdk twif;
qJx
G w
k yf gonf/ bk&m;ocifonf
rdrcd spaf omom;orD; avmuxJü
epfaeonft
h cg arwåmESihf qJx
G w
k f
ygonf/ xkdokdYxGufvmNyD;aemuf
olwkdYtm; csrf;om&jcif;iSm ajy;
avmh? aemufov
Ydk n
S rhf MunfEh iS [
hf k
qdak omfvnf; avmwr,m;onf
vSnMhf unfo
h jzihf qm;wkid jf zpfomG ;
onf/ avmwESio
hf rD;ESpaf ,muf
udkvnf; ajrnDaomt&yfü rae
ESifh? awmfay:okdY ajy;yg[k qdk
aomfvnf; avmwu awmifay:
okdY rajy;Ekdifyg/ xkdNrdKUeD;yg\/ajy;
omyg\/ i,faomNrdKUvnf; jzpf
yg\/ xkt
d &yfoYdk ajy;yg&ap[k qkd
ojzifh avmw\awmif;yefpum;
aMumifh tvkdawmf r[kwfaomf
vnf; tcGiahf y;íajy;apygonf/
avmw awmif;yefpum;aMumifh
aZm&NrdKUonfvnf; zsufqD;jcif;
ab;rS vGwfí avmwESifhorD;
ESpfa,mufwkdYonf xdkNrdKUü aeMu
onf/ avmwaeaom aZm&jrdKU
onf bk&m;ociftvdkawmf r&Sd
aomt&yfNzpfojzihfxdkt&yfwGif
orkid ;f ü tvGeq
f ;dk aomjzpf&yfjzpf
cJyh gonf/ avmworD;ESpaf ,muf
u igwkx
Yd o
H Ydk 0if&aom a,musmf ;
wpfa,mufrQr&S?d igwkt
Yd btrsKd ;
tEG,fudk apmifhzkdY[k qkdum tb

page 12

udk t&ufr;l atmifwu
dk Nf y;D nDtpf
rESpaf ,muf tbxH wpfnOfph 0D if
Muojzifh olwkdYrSarG;vmaom u
av;rsm;tm;jzifh armbtrsKd;ESifh
trÁKeftrsKd;om;wkdY jzpfvmcJhyg
onf/ bk&m;ocif\tvkad wmfukd
qefu
Y siaf omolrsm; yGm;rsm;vmcJh
onf/ ,aeY bk&m;ocif\vlrsm;
onf bk&m;ocif\arwåmudk ra0
iS? bk&m;ociftay:üvnf; cspf
jcif; r&Sad omaMumifh tr*Fvmrsm;
jzpfyGm;vm&ygonf/ bk&m;ocif
onf uREkfyfwkdY ta,mufwkdif;udk
cspfí wefbkd;xm;ygonf/ uREkfyf
wkdYtjypftwGuf um;wkdifü t
aocHcyhJ gonf/ ,aeY xkad rwåmudk
axmufí ,HkMunfoltoD;oD;wkdY
onf tdrfaxmifrsm;ü cifyGef;ESihf
ZeD;? om;orD;ESifhrdb? tvkyf&Sif
ESifh tvkyform; tjyeftvSef

arwåmESihf qufqMH uzkYd bk&m;ocif
tvkdawmf&Sdygonf/ wrefawmf
BuD;&Sifaygvkonf wcsdefu bm
omw&m;\tusifhwkdYü usifhMuH
tm; xkwí
f usiv
f nfojl zpfonf/
c&pf,mefwu
Ydk kd taoowfjcif;iSm
jyif;pGm touf&iS cf o
hJ l jzpfygonf/
okdYaomf 'rowfNrdKUokdY oGm;aom
vrf;ü xkda&Smvkonf BuD;rm;vS
aom bk&m;ocif\ arwåmawmf
ESifh xdawGYjyD; ajymif;vJcJhygonf/
(1aum? 13;4-8) ,aeY xkad rwåm
onf uREkfyfwkdYü&SdNyD;jzpfygonf/
udk,fawmfu ay;xm;NyD;jzpfyg
onf/ uREkfyfwkdY qHk;jzwfcsufrcs
aomaMumifh xkad rwåmü toufr
&SiEf idk jf cif; rvkyEf idk Mf ujcif; jzpfyg
onf/ ,aeY ywf0ef;usifu vkd
tyfaeonfrmS xkad rwåmjzpfonf/
urÇmBuD;u vkdtyfaeonfrSm xkd

arwåmjzpfonf/ bk&m;ocifxHrS
xkdarwåmudk &&Sdxm;aom uREkfyf
wkdYu ra0iSvQif rnfolu a0iS
rnfenf;/bmomw&m;üxkad rwåm
r&Sdyg/ arwåmtm;jzifhom wkdif;
jynfudk jyefí wnfaxmifEkdifyg
onf/ urÇmBuD;udk jyefí wnf
aqmufEkdifygonf/ urÇmajrMuD;
ay:ü bk&m;ocif wnfaxmifcJh
aom tzJGYtpnf;ESpfckom &Sdyg
onf/ wpfckrSm tdrfaxmifjzpfjyD;?
aemufwpfcrk mS toif;awmfjzpfyg
onf/ (urÇm? 2;18? 21-22)ü
bk&m;ocifonf tdrfaxmifudk
wnfaqmufcJhonf/ (róJ? 16;
18)ü c&pfawmfonftoif;awmf
udk wnfaqmufcJhygonf/ bk&m;
ocifonf toif;awmfudk wnf
aqmufjcif;rSm toif;awmftm;
jzifh urÇmavmuBuD;onf bk&m;

ocif\xlqef;aomynmawmf
udk odzjYdk zpfygonf/ bk&m;ocif\
ynmawmfü teufeJqHk;ESifh wef
bkd;t&SdqHk;onf arwåmyif jzpfyg
onf/ uREyfk w
f o
Ydk nf or®musr;fpm
udk rsm;pGmodMuonfxuf tenf;
i,fodNyD; odoavmuf usifhoHk;
vku
d af vQmufaeaomolu omí
r*Fvm&Sdygonf/ ,aeY uREkfyfwkdY
onf xkad rwåmudk od&cdS pH m;&&Sx
d m;
aomolrsm; jzpfMuonfhtwkdif;
ywf0ef;usifü xkdarwåmudk jyí
touf&SifMujcif;tm;jzifh bk&m;
ocif\tvkdawmfudk jynfhpHkap
aomolrsm;jzpfMuzkdY&ef arwåmESifh
tm;ay;a0iSvkdufygonf/

,HkMunfolrsm;ESifh bk&m;
ocif\trIawmfaqmifwdkY\t
oufwmwGif tvGefta&;BuD;
aom qifjcifp&maumif;vSonfh
usrf;ydk'fESifhwuG owdxm;&ef t
vGev
f t
kd yfonft
h aMumif;t&mudk
azmfjyvdyk gonf/ yxrOD;qH;k (ok?
13;13)udk qifjcif&ef wdu
k w
f eG ;f vdk
ygonf/ ]]EI w f u ywf a wmf u d k
rxD rJhjrifjyKaomolonf ysuf
pD;vdrfhrnf/ynwfw&m; awmf
udk cefYnm;aomolrlum;? csrf;
om&vd r f h r nf } } [laom azmfjy
csuu
f kd txl;owdjyKapvdyk gonf/
rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;ESifh yufoufí
qifjcifp&m usr;f yd'k u
f v
kd nf; azmf
jyvdkygonf/ ]]bk&m;ocifonf

wefc;kd Bu;D awmfr\
l / odaYk omfvnf;
rxDrJhjrifjyKawmfrrlwwf? tpGrf;
owåd? OmPfowdåESifh jynfhpHkawmf
rlaombk&m;jzpfNyD; rnfolwpfOD;
wpfa,mufudkrQ xdkt&mrsm;udk
trSDjyKí rxDrJhjrifrjyKaMumif;udk
azmfjyxm;jcif; jzpfygonf/
]]tvGJr,lMuESifh?bk&m;
ocifonf rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;udk
cH a wmf r rl ? vl o nf rsd K ;aph M uJ
onfhtwdkif;toD;tESHudk &dwf
&vd r f h r nf / }}
(*vm? 6;7)
bk&m;ocifonf rnfol
udkrQ rxDrJhjrifrjyKovdk? olYtm;
rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;udkvnf; cHawmfr
rlaMumif;udk azmfjyxm;jcif; jzpfyg

onf/

udkvnf; awGY&ygonf/ bk&m;o
cifonf rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;udk rcH
aomaMumifh 'g0dwfudk toHk;jyKí
a*gvswfudk ESdrfeif;cJhjcif; jzpfyg
onf/ (1&m? 1;7)wGiv
f nf; bk&m;
ocifudk tvGefcspfaom[Eéudk
&efoo
l nf aESmuf,u
S af Mumif;udk
awG&Y jyefygonf/ xdaYk Mumifh bk&m;
ocif\vlrsm;udk rxDrjhJ rifjyKjcif;?
aESmuf,Sufjcif;udk r,HkMunfol?
bk&m;ocif\&efolrsm; jyKvkyf
wwfojzifh ,HkMunfolrsm;tae
jzifh xdktrIt&mudk a&Smif&Sm;&ef
txl;vdktyfaMumif; owday;vdk
ygonf/ bk&m;ocif bdodwfay;
aomolrsm;udrk xDrjhJ rifjyKíaESmuf
,Sujf cif;onf bk&m;ociftm; jyK

vlwdkYonf rdrdwdkY\OmPf
ynmtpGrf;owåd? xufjrufrIESifh
tiftm;BuD;rm;rIwdkYudk toHk;jyKí
rdrx
d ufOmPFynm edru
hf so?l tif
tm;enf;yg;olwdkYudk rxDrJhjrifjyK
wwfMuygonf/ "r®&mZ0ifyxr
apmif(17)wGif a*gvsufonf ol
\tiftm;BuD;rm;rIudk tajcjyKí
xm0&bk&m;ESifh xm0&bk&m;\
vlwdkYudk Budrf;yvsuf &Sdygonf/
(1&m? 17;10) xdkrQru bk&m;o
cif\bdodwfudk cH&ol 'g0dwfudk
vnf; rxDrJhjrifjyKaMumif;udk awGY
&ygonf/ (1&m? 17;42) xdaYk Mumifh
rxDrjhJ rifjyKjcif;onf r,HMk unfol
rsm; jyKvyk af omtrIt&mjzpfonf

emrawmfjrwfü
q&mOD;atmifoufñGefY

page 13

onfESifh twlwlyif jzpfygonf/
(a&m? 13;1-2)
quf v uf í trI a wmf
aqmifrsm; txl;owdxm;&rnfh
bk&m;ocif\EIwfuywfawmfudk
rxDrjhJ rifjyKjcif;\tEå&m,fBu;D rm;
yHkudk txl;azmfjyvkdygonf/ ,Hk
Munfolrsm;ESifh trIawmfaqmif
rsm;\toufwmwGif EIwfuywf
awmfrmS r&Srd jzpf tvGet
f a&;Bu;D
ygonf/ bk&m;ocif\tvdak wmf
ESifh tMuHtpnfawmfudk od&SdNyD;
atmifjrifaomtrIawmfaqmif
wpfa,mufjzpfEdkif&ef EIwfuywf
awmfudk tajcjyKí emcHvdkuf
avQmuf&rnf jzpfygonf/ xdkY
aMumifh ,HkMunfolrsm;ESifh trI
awmfaqmifrsm;onf bk&m;ocif
\EIwfuywfawmfudk aumif;pGm
od&&dS ef vdt
k yfvyS gonf/ xko
d q
Ykd kd
vQif bk&m;ocif\ EIwfuywf
awmfqo
kd nfrmS rnfonft
h &mudk
ajymaejcif; jzpfygoenf;/ þae
&mwGif tydkif;ESpfydkif; &Sdygonf/
uREyfk t
f aejzifh yxrydik ;f jzpfaom
a&;om;xm;onfEh w
I u
f ywfawmf
*&dbmompum;tm;jzifh ]]logos}}
[lí ac:NyD; todw&m;zGHYNzdK;rIESifh
qdik af om ynwfcsurf sm;? "r®ynm
ydkif;qdkif&m tawG;tac:rsm;udk
azmfjyaom EIwfuywfawmfudk r
azmfjyvdyk g/ a&;om;xm;onfh EIwf
uywfawmfrSm or®musrf;pmtkyf
taejzifh uREyfk w
f \
Ykd vuf0,fwiG f
&Sad eNyjD zpfaomaMumifh tqifoifh
zwf½IavhvmEdkifygonf/ pmay
wwfajrmufolwdkif; a&;om;xm;
aom EIwfuywfawmfudk zwf½I
avhvmEdik yf gonf/ uREyfk t
f aejzifh
,HMk unforl sm;ESihf trIawmfaqmif
wdt
Yk wGuf tvGet
f a&;ygonfh *&d
pum;tm;jzifh ]]Rhema}}[k ac:

aomtouf&SifonfhEIwfuywf
awmftaMumif;udkom txl;azmf
jyvdyk gonf/ þtaMumif;t&mudk
&Siaf ,m[efu (1a,m? 1;1)wGif
azmfjycJhygonf/ &Sifa,m[efu
]]a&S;OD;pGmuyif jzpfí igwdkYonf
ud,
k w
f ikd Mf um;vsu?f ud,
k rf supf Ed iS hf
jrifvsuf aphaphMunf½í
I vufEiS hf
prf;oyfcJhNyD;aomt&m wnf;[l
aom touf&SifaomEIwfuywf
awmfESifhqdkifaomt&mudk oifwdkY
tm; jyoMu\}}[lí azmfjyxm;yg
onf/ touf&iS af ombk&m;ocif
\EIwfuywfawmfrSm todw&m;
oufoufr[kwfbJ rsufpdESifhjrif
Edik ?f em;jzifh Mum;Edik ?f vufjzifh prf;
oyfEdkifaMumif; ,HkMunfolrsm;\
toufwmwGif vufawGYcHpm;&
EdkifaMumif;udk azmfjyxm;jcif; jzpf
ygonf/ a&;om;xm;aomEIwu
f
ywfawmf(logos)udk zwf½Iavh
vmNyD; od&Sdem;vnfaom OmPf
ynmudk OD;aESmufxw
J iG f &&Sv
d mNy;D
xdkt&mrsm;udk pdwfESvHk;xJwGif cH
,lvsuf toufwmwGif vufawGY
emcHvu
kd af vQmufjcif;jzifh touf
&Sifaombk&m;ocif\EIwfuywf
awmf(Rhema)udk cHpm;&rnfjzpf
ygonf/ ,HkMunfjcif;jzifh emcH
vdu
k af vQmufjcif;udk jyK&rnfjzpfyg
onf/
,HMk unfjcif;jzifh emcHvu
kd f
avQmufcJhvQif touf&Sifaom
bk&m;ocif\EIwfuywfawmfudk
toufwmwGif rnfuJhodkY cHpm;&
rnfudk qufí azmfjyvdkygonf/
(3&m? 12;25-33)wGif £oa&v
&Sib
f &k ifa,a&maAmifonf ol\
jynfoljynfom;rsm; ,k'&Sifbk&if
a&maAmifbufoYkd ygoGm;rnfukd pd;k
&drfojzifh a&TEGm;oi,fESpfaumif
udk jyKvkyfNyD; ol\vlrsm;udk a,½k

&SvifNrKd UodYk oGm;&ef cufcv
hJ o
S jzifh
tJ*w
k K¦ jynfrS oifwu
Ykd kd EIwaf qmif
cJah ombk&m;wdu
Yk kd Munf½h aI vmh [l
í aAovNrdKUwGifwpfaumif 'ef
NrKd UwGif wpfaumifxm;&Scd yhJ gonf/
av0dom;r[kwfaom omref vl
wdkYudkvnf;,Zfya&m [dwft&m
wGif cefx
Y m;Ny;D rdrv
d yk af oma&TEmG ;
oi,fwaYkd &SUrSm ,Zfyal Zmfítjypf
'kp½dkufudk jyKcJhygonf/ xdkYaMumifh
a,a&maAmifudk qHk;r&ef bk&m;
ocif\vlwpfa,mufudk bk&m;
ocifapvTwcf yhJ gonf/ (3&m? 13;
1-10)wGiaf ,a&maAmif,Zfyv’if
em;rSm ,ZfylaZmfaepOf bk&m;o
cif\vlonf ,k'jynfaAovNrKd U
rS a&mufvmygonf/ xm0&bk&m;
\EIwu
f ywfawmftwdik ;f ,Zfyv’if
wpfzufwiG f a<u;aMumfvsuf (;2)
'g0dwrf if;\trsKd ;xJrS a,m&St
d m;
jzifh oift
h ay:wGif eHomaygif;udk
rD;½IUd í jrifah omt&yfü ,Zfya&m
[dwfvkyfaomvlwdkYudkvnf; oifh
tay:rSm ylaZmfí vlaot½dk;wdkY
udk rD;½IdUvdrfhrnf[k ya&mzufjyKcJh
ygonf/ bk&m;ocif\vlonf
]]EIwfuywfawmftwdkif;}} ya&m
zufjyKcjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif; owdjyKyg/
bk&m;ocif\vl ya&mzufjyKaom
taMumif;t&monf tem*wf
umvwGif trSefjzpfysufrnfudk
azmfjyaom ykyeÜ rd w
d u
f v
kd nf; ay;
cJyh gonf/ xdyk yk eÜ rd w
d rf mS ,Zfyv’if
uGí
J ,Zfyv’ifay:rSmjyK,u
kd srnf
[lí jzpfygonf/ bk&m;ocif\
EIwu
f ywfawmfrmS touf&iS o
f nfh
EIwfuywfawmf (Rhema) jzpf
aomaMumifh tem*wfumvwGif
trSefjzpfysufrnfudk twnfjyK
aomedrdwfvu©Pmvnf; yg0if
ygonf/ trSefqdk&vQif bk&m;o
cif\EIwfuywfawmfonf tem

*wfwiG f jzpfysurf nft
h &mudk azmf
jyouJhodkY ,ckvuf&SdumvwGif
vnf; vufawGYedrdwfvu©Pm
tm;jzifh cHpm;Edik af Mumif;udk awG&Y
ygonf/ touf&iS af ombk&m;o
cif\EIwfuywfawmfjzpfaMumif;
xif&Sm;onfhoufaotaejzifh
,Zfyv’ifuí
JG jymvnf; ,du
k schJ
aMumif; (;5)udk awGY&ygonf/ ,Hk
Munforl sm;tm; txl;owday;vdk
onfrSm vl\oGefoifrIESifh bk&m;
ocif\EIwfuywfawmfudk cGJjcm;
Edik o
f nfrmS vl\oGeo
f ifrrI mS vuf
awGYrusbJ bk&m;ocif\EIwfu
ywfawmf\oufaorSm vufawGY
usaMumif;udk awGY&ygonf/ xdkY
aMumifh trIawmfaqmifrsm;tae
jzifh ]]EIwu
f ywfawmftwdik ;f }}oGef
oifa[majymjcif;?emcHvu
kd af vQmuf
jcif;tm;jzifh tHMh ozG,f EIwu
f ywf
awmf\oufaoxljcif;udk cHpm;&
rnfjzpfygonf/
bk&m;ocif\thHMozG,f
oufaoudk Zmwdyuwdvlonf
rcH,lEdkifouJhodkY a,a&maAmif
onfvnf; cH,lEdkifjcif;r&SdbJ bk
&m;ocif\vlukd wm;qD;&ef vuf
udk qefí
Y xdo
k u
l kd brf;qD;&ef t
rdefYay;aomtcsdefwGif vufonf
aoGaY jcmufí jyefvnfí ½kyo
f rd ;f
r&awmhaMumif;udk awGY&ygonf/
(;5) aoGYajcmufjcif;onf bk&m;
ocifudk trSDrjyKol? r,HkMunf r
ud;k pm;aomolw\
Ykd toufwmwGif
cHpm;&aomtr*Fvmjzpfygonf/
(a,&rd? 17;5-6)wGif ]]xm0&bk
&m; rdeaYf wmfro
l nfum; vlukd ud;k
pm;í vlowå0gudk trSDjyKojzifh?
pdwfESvHk;xJü xm0&bk&m;xHrS
xGufoGm;aomolonf usdeftyf
aomoljzpfí aumif;usdK;a&muf
aMumif;udk rod&/ tb,folrQ r

page 14

aeaomqm;ajr? aoGaY jcmufaom
vGijf yifü ae&vdrrhf nf}}[lí azmf
jyxm;ygonf/ (qm? 107;33-34)
wGiv
f nf; jrpfwu
Ykd kd vGijf yifjzpfap
jcif;iSm4if;? prf;a&xGuf&mt&yf
udv
k nf; aoGaY jcmufapjcif;iSm4if;
jyKawmfr\
l / ajraumif;aomjynf
udk jynfoljynfom;wdkY\tjypf
aMumifh qm;ajrjzpfapawmfrl\}}
[lí azmfjyxm;ygonf/ xdaYk Mumifh
aoGYajcmufjcif;onf bk&m;ocif
pum;udk em;raxmifjcif;aMumifh cH
pm;&onfukd awG&Y ygonf/ oif\
0dnmOftoufwmaoGYajcmufae
vQif rdrdonf bk&m;ocifudk udk;
pm;jcif; &Srd &Sjd yefvnfppfaq;oifh
ygonf/ a,a&maAmifrif;\vuf
onfvnf; bk&m;ocifukd ykeu
f ef
jcif;? bk&m;ocif\vludk wm;qD;
&ef qefYxkwfcJhjcif;aMumifh aoGY
ajcmufomG ;&jcif;jzpfygonf/ xdt
k
cgwGif a,a&maAmifonf bk&m;
ocif\vltm; ol\a&m*gaysmuf
&ef bk&m;ociftm; awmif;yef
ay;yg[k qdkojzifh bk&m;ocif\
vlonf awmif;yefay;ojzifh t
ema&m*gNird ;f jcif;udv
k nf; jzpfay:
apcJyh gonf/ (;6) touf&iS af om
bk&m;ocif\touf&iS af omEIwf
uywfawmfonf bk&m;ocif\
vltm;jzifh tHzh ,
G af omedrw
d v
f u©
Pmrsm;udk jzpfay:apEdkifaMumif;
udk awG&Y ygonf/ cspaf om,HMk unf
olrsm;ESifh trIawmfaqmifwdkY t
ouf&Sifaombk&m;udk udk;uG,f
aomolonf touf&iS af omEIwf
uywfawmfudk ,HkMunfemcHaom
tcgwGif rnfuo
hJ Ykd cHpm;&onfukd
awGjrifem;vnfNy[
D k xifygonf/
þae&mwGif toufwmtwGuf
tvGet
f a&;Bu;D aomtaMumif;t
&mudk azmfjyvdyk gonf/ (;7)wGif t

ema&m*gaysmufomG ;aom&Sib
f &k if
u igESifhtwl vdkufí tm;jznfh
yg/ vufaqmifay;rnf[k zdwf
ac:vmygonf/ xdktcg ]]bk&m;
ocif\vlu eef;awmfw0ufudk
yif ay;ygaomfvnf; oifEiS t
hf wl
igrvdkuf/ þt&yfü rkefYudk rpm;?
a&udkvnf; raomuf&/ xm0&
bk&m;\EIwu
f ywfawmfu rkeu
Yf kd
rpm;ESi/hf a&udk raomufEiS /hf vm
aomvrf;jzifh rjyefESifh [k ightm;
ynwfawmfrlNyD[k &Sifbk&iftm;
ajymqdk\/}} (;8-9) [lí awGY&yg
onf/ bk&m;ocifonf tb,fh
aMumifh bk&m;ocif\vludk xdkt
&yfwGif pm;aomufaexdkifjcif;udk
wm;jrpf&ygoenf;/tb,fah Mumifh
qdkaomf xdkae&monf ½kyfxkudk;
uG,faomae&m? bk&m;ocifudk
ud;k pm;jcif;r&Sad om r,HMk unfow
l Ykd
\ae&mjzpfaomaMumifh xdkuJhodkY
wm;jrpf&jcif; jzpfygonf/ bk&m;
ocif\vlwo
Ykd nf r,HMk unfow
l Ykd
ESihf rdwo
f [m,zGí
YJ r&aMumif;udk
(2aum? 6;14-18)wGif twdt
vif;azmfjyxm;ygonf/ xdaYk Mumifh
bk&m;ocif\vlonf tjcm;ol
rsm;udk oGefoifvrf;jyay;&onf/
EIwfuywfawmfudk cH,l&ouJhodkY
rdr\
d toufwmwGiv
f u
kd ef m&rnfh
EIwfuywfawmfvnf; &SdaMumif;
udk awG&Y ygonf/ (;10)wGif Munfh
vQif bk&m;ocif\vlonf aAo
vNrKd UrSvmaomvrf;udk a&Smifít
jcm;aomvrf;jzifh jyefomG ;aMumif;
udk awGY&ygonf/ (;11-19)wGif
aAovNrKd UwGif toufBu;D aomy
a&mzufwpfa,muf&NdS y;D xdyk a&m
zuf\om;rsm;u olwdkY\tbudk
&Sib
f &k ifEiS hf bk&m;ocif\vlw\
Ykd
tjzpftysuw
f u
Ykd kd ajymjycJyh gonf/
bk&m;ocif\vljyefomG ;aomvrf;

aMumif;udk ar;jref;NyD;rS jrif;jzifh
vdu
k o
f mG ;&moydwyf ifatmufwiG f
xdkifaeaom,k'jynfrS vmonfh
bk&m;ocif\vlESifh awGYqHkcJhyg
onf/ toufBuD;aomya&mzuf
u igESit
hf wlvu
kd í
f ightrd üf rkeYf
udpk m;yg[k zdwaf c:aomfvnf; olY
tm; bk&m;ocif azmfjyxm;aom
trdeaYf wmftwdik ;f rvdu
k Ef ikd yf g[k
ajymqdck yhJ gonf/ toufBu;D aom
ya&mzufu ]]igonf oifuJhodkY
ya&mzufjzpf\/ oifonf rkefYudk
pm;í a&udak omufapjcif;iSm oifh
udk ightrd o
f Ykd ac:&rnftaMumif;?
aumif;uifwrefonf xm0&bk
&m;\EIwfuywfawmftm;jzifh rSm
xm;NyD[k rkomudk oHk;í ajymqdk
\/}} (;18)/ (;19)wGif bk&m;ocif
\vlonf xdkya&mzufESifhtwl
vdu
k v
f mírkeEYf iS ahf &udpk m;aomuf
aMumif;udk awGY&ygonf/ (;2122)wGif bk&m;ocif\EIwfawmf
xGuu
f kd em;raxmif? xm0&bk&m;
rSmxm;awmfrlaom ynwfawmf
udk rapmifhaomaMumifh oif\t
avmif;onf bdk;ab;wdkY\ocsKiØ f;
odrYk a&muf&[laom xm0&bk&m;
\trdefYawmfudk cH,lcJh&ygonf/
(;23-25) bk&m;ocif\vlonf
jcaoFhowfí aoqHk;cJh&ygonf/
þusrf;ydk'fudk w&m;a[mq&m
awmfawmfrsm;rsm;u bk&m;ocif
\vlaoqH;k &jcif;rSm toufBu;D
aomya&mzuf\vdrn
f mrIaMumifh
jzpfonf[k rSm;,Gi;f pGm teufziG hf
a[majymcJhygonf/ þae&mwGif
EIwfuywfawmfudk rSefuefpGm t
eufziG &hf ef vdt
k yfygonf/bk&m;o
cif\vl aoqHk;&jcif;rSm touf
BuD;aom ya&mzuf\rkompum;
aMumifh r[kwb
f ?J olu,
kd w
f ikd f xm
0&bk&m;\EIwaf wmfxu
G jf zpfaom

EIwfuywfawmfudk rxDrJhjrifjyKNyD;
olYtm; &Sif;vif;jywfom;pGm azmf
jycJhNyD;aom bk&m;ocif\EIwf
awmfxGufpum;xuf vl\pum;
udk ,HkBunfrdaomaMumifh ao
qHk;&jcif; jzpfygonf/ þaqmif;
yg;tpwGif azmfjycJah om (ok? 13;
13)wGif ]]EIwfuywfawmfudk rxD
rJhjrifjyKaomolonf ysufpD;vdrfh
rnf } }[l a om EI w f u ywf a wmf
onf rSeu
f efaMumif; oufaoudk
xif&mS ;pGm azmfjyvdu
k jf cif;yif jzpf
ygonf/ ,HMk unforl sm;udv
k nf; t
xl;owday;vdkygonf/ bk&m;o
cif\EIwfuywfawmfudk emcHjcif;
xuf vl\pum;udk ,HkMunfjcif;
onf tvGet
f Eå&,fBu;D aMumif;udk
awGY&ygonf/ pmwefonf r,Hk
Munforl sm;udk toH;k csNy;D bk&m;o
cif\vlwu
Ykd akd oG;aqmifaESmuf,u
S f
ygonf/ xdkuJhodkYjyK&mwGif atmif
jrifrIr&SdvQif toufBuD;aomy
a&mzufuJhodkY bk&m;ocif\EIwf
uywfawmfr[kwfbJ vdrfnmí
a[majymolrsm;udk toHk;jyKwwf
aMumif;udk txl;owdjyKyg/ t
oufBuD;aom ya&mzufonf rk
omtm;jzifh bk&m;ocif\vludk
azmfjycJo
h nfh EIwu
f ywfawmfukd r
xDrJhjrifjyKcJhjcif; jzpfygonf/ xdkY
aMumifh touft&G,f Eke,faom
bk&m;ocif\vlonf ysupf ;D qH;k ½I;H
&jcif;jzpfygonf/ toufBu;D aom
ya&mzufuo
hJ Ykd EIwu
f ywfawmfukd
rxDrjhJ rifjyKí rkomjzifh a[majym
rIonf Eke,faomolwdkY\0dnmOf
a&;&mudk ysupf ;D apEdik o
f nfukd o
wdjyK&rnf/ bk&m;ocif\trI
awmfaqmifrsm;taejzifh rdrdwdkY
a0iSonfh EIwfuywfawmfonf
tppftrSef [kwrf [kwf ppfaq;&
rnf/ a&;om;xm;aomEIwfu

page 15

ywfawmf? ocifa,½IESifh wref
awmfrsm; a[majyma0iScJhonfh
Mo0g'rsm; {0Ha*vdw&m;wdEYk iS hf nD
ñGwfpGm a[majymjcif;omvQif
ppfreS af omEIwu
f ywfawmf jzpfyg
onf/ (*vm? 1;8)wGif ]]odkYaomf
vnf ; igwd k Y a [majymaom{0H
a*vd w &m;rS w yg;?tjcm;aom
{0H a *vd w &m;ud k igwd k Y o nf
a[majymaomf4if;?aumif;uif
bH k r S v maomaumif ; uif w ref
a[majymaomf 4 if ; a[majym
aomol o nf usd e f a wmf r l j cif ;
udk cHap}} [lí &Siaf ygvku owd
ay;cJhygonf/ (*vm? 1;10)wGif
]]taMumif ; rl u m;? ,ck w G i f
igonf vl\tvdkodkY vdkufo
avm/bk & m;ocif \ tvd k a wmf
od k Y v d k u f o avm/ vl w d k Y p d w f u d k
El;ñGwfapjcif;iSm&SmMuHoavm/
vlwdkYpdwfudk El;ñGwfapjcif;iSm
&SmMuHao;vQif c&pfawmf\t
apcH u Ref r [k w f N yD } } [lívnf;
azmfjycJhygonf/ xdkYaMumifh bk&m;
ocif\EIwu
f ywfawmfrmS vlrsm;
udk pnf;½H;k odr;f oGi;f &ef vl\tvdk
vdkufía[majym&rnfr[kwfyg/
ed*;kH csKyt
f aejzifh ,HMk unf
olrsm;twGuf bk&m;ocif\EIwf
uywfawmfxuf vlukd Munfjh cif;
\tEå&,fukd azmfjyvdyk gonf/ t
csKd Uaomolrsm;u vlukd rMunfEh iS hf
bk&m;udk Munfyh g [lí oGeo
f ifMu
ygonf/ þoGeo
f ifcsurf mS EIwu
f
ywfawmfESifh nDnGwfrI r&Sdyg/ t
b,fah Mumifq
h akd omf vltm;jzifh bk
&m;ocif azmfjyvdak omtaMumif;
t&mrsm;&Sad Mumif;udk or®musr;f pm
xJwGif awGY&ygonf/ (a,m? 13;
35) wGif ]]oifwdkYonf tcsif;
csif; cspfMuvQif vltaygif;wdkY
onf xd k a rwå m ud k a xmuf í

oif w d k Y o nf ig\wynf h j zpf
onfudk od&Muvdrfhrnf[k rdefY
awmf r l \ }}[k azmfjyxm;&mwGif
vltcsif;csif; cspfjcif;tm;jzifh o
cif c &pf a wmf \ wynf h j zpf o nf h
oufaoudk azmfjyí odaponf
udk awGY&ygonf/ odkYaomf vludk
Munfhonfhenf; &Sdygonf/ r,Hk
Munforl sm;udk Munfo
h nfeh nf;? ,Hk
Munfoltcsif;csif;udk Munfhonfh
enf;? bk&m;ocifceft
Y yfxm;aom
q&mwdkYudk Munfhonfhenf;rsm;rSm
EIwu
f ywfawmfxw
J iG f azmfjyxm;
ygonf/ (róJ?14;14) a,½Ionf
xGuf<uí vlrsm;taygif;wdkYudk
awGjY rifawmfrv
l Qif oem;jcif;pdwf
awmf&Sdí vlemwdkYudk csrf;omay;
awmfr\
l }} ocifa,½Ionf avm
uom;rsm;udk awGYaomtcgwGif
oem;aomaMumifh olwdkY\qif;&J
'ku©wdkYudk ulnDrpcJhaMumif; awGY
&ygonf/ avmuom;rsm;onf
u,fwifjcif;r&aomaMumifh xm
0& jypf'gPfpD&ifjcif;udk cH&rnf
jzpfNy;D cPomcHpm;&aom atmif
jrifjcif;? csrf;omjcif;wdkYudk om
cHpm;&ojzifh oem;p&maumif;
aMumif; ocifa,½Iuo
hJ Ykd ½Ijrifyg/
(zd? 2;2-5)wGif ]]oifwdkYonf t
csif;csif; cspfMuí? pdwfruGJjym;bJ
wvHk;w0wnf; MuHpnfjcif;ESifhw
uG oabmwnDwñGwfwnf;&Sd
aomtm;jzifh ig0rf;ajrmufp&mt
aMumif;udk pHkvifapMuavmh/ &ef
awGYvdkaompdwf? tcsnf;ESD;ausmf
apmudwu
d¦ kd wyfrufaompdw&f í
dS
tb,ftrIudkrQ rjyKMuESifh? olw
yg;onf udk,fxufomí aumif;
jrwfonf[k ESdrfhcsaompdwf&Sdí
wpfa,mufudk wpfa,muf xif
rSwfMuavmh/ udk,ftrIt&mudk
om r½IrrSwfbJ? olYtrIt&mudk

tcsif;csif; ½IrSwfMuavmh/ a,½I
c&pfü&Sdaom xdkpdwfoabmudk
oifwdkYüvnf; &SdapMuavmh}} [k
azmfjyxm;onfhtwdkif; ,HkMunf
oltcsi;f csi;f Munf&h rnf/ bk&m;
ocifceft
Y yfxm;aomq&morm;
rsm;ESifh yufoufí (a[jAJ?13;8)
wGif ]]bk&m;ocif\EIwfuywf
w&m;awmf u d k o if w d k Y t m;a[m
ajymí oifwdkYudk tkyfaomol
wd k Y u d k atmuf a rh M uavmh ? ol
wdkYonf tb,fodkYusifhMuHjyKrl
í pkawhonfudk aphaphqifjcif
vsuf ol w d k Y \ ,H k M unf j cif ; ud k
rD S a tmif v d k u f M uavmh } }[laom
azmfjycsuft& q&mwdkY\quf
uyfrIESifh bk&m;ocifay:wGif &Sd
aom ,HkMunfjcif;udk Munfhí rSD
atmif vdu
k Ef ikd &f eftwGuf Munf&h
rnf/ 0dnmOfydkif;udkom t"du
xm;í Munfhyg/ (a[jAJ? 13;17)
wGif ]]oifwdkYudk tkyfaomolwdkY
\pum;udk em;axmifí ESdrfhcs
vsuf a eMuavmh / ol w d k Y o nf
ud k , f w k d i f p pf a Mumjcif ; ud k cH &
aomoluJhodkYoifwdkYpdwf0dnmOf
tusdK;tvdkYiSm apmifhaeMu\}}
[k azmfjyxm;ojzifh ppfrSefaom
bk&m;ocif\oif;tkyfwdkYrSm ,Hk
MunfolwdkY\pdwf0dnmOftusdK;udk
om OD;pm;ay;vkyfaqmifaMumif;
udk awGY&ygonf/ 0dnmOfa&;&m
wdk;wufrIudkom OD;pm;ay;vkyf
aqmifaom bk&m;ocif cefYtyf
aom oif;tkyfwdkY\vkyfaqmifrI
udkom Munfhyg/ aemufqHk;tae
jzifh &Siaf ygvk\azmfjycsuu
f kd azmf
jyvdyk gonf/ (1aum?4;6)wGif nD
tpfudkwdkY oifwdkYonf usrf;pmudk
vGefí olwyg;udk r½dkaotyf[k
igwdu
Yk kd axmufí em;vnfapjcif;
iSm4if;?rmepdwaf xmifvmT ;onfEiS hf

wpfa,mufudkrSD0Jí wpfa,muf
udk jiif;qefjcif; r&Sad pjcif;iSm4if;?
ig qdck NhJ y;D aomtcsuüf oifw\
Ykd
tusKd ;udak xmufí igESihf tmayg
vkukd yHak qmifvsuq
f o
kd wnf;[k
azmfjyxm;aomaMumifh EIwfu
ywfawmf\oGeo
f ifru
I kd vGeí
f r
jyKvkyf&efESifh rmepdwfjzifh wpf
a,mufuv
kd ufcí
H wpfa,mufukd
jiif;y,fjcif; rjyKvkyfoifhaMumif;
arwåmjzifh a0iSvdkufygonf/

emrawmfjrwfü
nDtpfuOkd ;D wifarmifMunf

rmwdum

Page

r tvif;tm;jzifb
h ek ;f xif&mS ;apzdYk

nDtpfudkBuD;DrwifarmifxGef;

1

r zefqif;cHaumif;uifwrefrsm;4

nDtpfudkOD;uyfcefYckyf
r

bk&m;ocifzmG ;awmfral omom;

nDtpfudkBuD;OD;wifarmifñdk
r

7

toufpGefYonfhwdkifcspfaom
10
arwåm
q&mOD;atmifoufñGefY

r

EIwfuywfawmfudkrxDrJhjrifjyK
jcif;\tEå&m,f
14
nDtpfudkOD;wifarmiffMunf

page 16

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful