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TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINR, SCOM, SCUL, SOCI, ECON, UR
SUBJECT: USSR DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS: NOVEMBER 17

1. CONFIDENTIAL - ENTIRE TEXT.

2. THE FOLLOWING NOTES ON CURRENT SOVIET DOMESTIC


POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS COVER THE PERIOD ENDING
NOVEMBER 17 AND INCLUDE MATERIAL NOT REPORTED
ELSEWHERE. SOME OF THE INFORMATION IS SPECULATIVE
AND SHOULD BE TREATED WITH CAUTION.

LEADERSHIP
/---------
3. REVOLUTION DAY LINE-UP. ACCORDING TO "IZVESTIYA"
(NOVEMBER 9), THE THREE UNIDENTIFIED PERSONS WHO
STOOD ON THE MAUSOLEUM TO REVIEW THE PARADE ALONG
WITH THE SOVIET LEADERSHIP NOVEMBER 7 WERE ALL
WORKERS: YE.K MAL' KOVA AND N.S. GLASKOV, BOTH USSR
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SUPREME SOVIET DEPUTIES, AND V.A. LUNEV. NOT ONLY


DID THEIR PRESENCE LEND A MORE "DEMOCRATIC" HUE TO
THE EVENT, AS "IZVESTIYA" NOTED, BUT IT ALSO
UNDERSCORED THE LEADERSHIP'S CONTINUING EFFORTS TO

UNITED STATES DEP ARTMENT OF STATE


REVIEW AUTHORITY: MARTIN MCLEAN
DATE/CASE ID: 16 SEP 2009 200802200 UNCLASSIFIED
,
PORTRAY THE PARTY AS A GENUINE WORKERS' PARTY. THE
MAN STANDING DIRECTLY NEXT TO GORBACHEV WAS LUNEV,
UNCLASSIFIED
ACCORDING TO A SENIOR EDITOR AT "KOMSOMOL' SKAYA
PRAVDA," WHO ADDED THAT LUNEV HAD SPOKEN AT
ANDROPOV'S FUNERAL IN 1984. NOT SURPRISINGLY, PEOPLE
ARE ALREPJ)Y BEGINNING TO ASK "WHO WAS THE MAN
STANDING NEXT TO LUNEV ON THE MAUSOLEUM NOVEMBER 7?"

4 . MASL YUKOV . ALTHOUGH MASLYUKOV WAS MOST


DEFINITELY STANDING ON THE MAUSOLEUM NOVEMBER 7, SOME
OF THE CENTRAL PRESS DID NOT NOTICE. "IZVESTIYA" AND
"VERCHERNYAYA MOSKVA" NOTED MASLYUKOV'S PRESENCE IN
EDITIONS PUBLISHED LATE NOVEMBER 7; "PRAVDA,"
"SOVETSKAYA ROSSIYA," "MOSKOVSKAYA PRAVDA," AND
"MOSKOVSKIY KOMSOMOLETS" DID NOT IN EDITIONS
PUBLISHED NOVEMBER 8.

5 . MASL YUKOV SUFFERED A MASSIVE HEART ATTACK SHORTLY


AFTER HIS PROMOTION TO FULL POLITBURO MEMBER AT THE
SEPTEMBER PLENUM AND HAS NOT YET RETURNED TO WORK AT
GOSPLAN, ACCORDING TO INFORMED SOURCES. HIS
APPEARANCE NOVEMBER 7 MARKED HIS FIRST PUBLIC
APPEARANCE SINCE SEPTEMBER 21. THE CONFUSION IN THE
CENTRAL PRESS ON HIS PRESENCE ON THE MAUSOLEUM COULD
BE A SIGN THAT HE DECIDED TO PARTICIPATE AT THE LAST
MOMENT.

6. MANA'YENKOV. IN AN INTERVIEW IN "PRAVDA"


(NOVEMBER 9) , MANAYENKOV CONFIRMED THAT HIS DUTIES AS
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CENTRAL COMMITTEE SECRETARY WILL INCLUDE PARTY


ORGANIZATIONAL AND IDEOLOGY MATTERS FOR THE RSFSR.
WHILE HE SUPPORTED CALLS FOR A SEPARATE TRADE UNION
ORGANIZATION AND KOMSOMOL FOR THE RSFSR, HE ARGUED
AGAINST THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN RSFSR COMMUNIST
PARTY. THE SIZE OF SUCH A PARTY (OVER TEN MILLION
MEMBERS) WOULD ALLOW IT TO DOMINATE THE CPSU AND
COULD STRENGTHEN CENTRIFUGAL FORCES AMONG OTHER
REPUBLIC PARTY ORGANIZATIONS, HE WARNED. MANAYENKOV
INDICATED THE RSFSR BURO WOULD NOT HAVE ITS OWN
APPARATUS; RATHER, IT WOULD RELY ON WORKERS IN THE
VARIOUS CENTRAL COMMITTEE DEPARTMENTS WHO ALREADY
OVERSEE RUSSIAN PARTY AFFAIRS.

7. POLITBURO NOTES. IN THE SPIRIT OF GLASNOST',

UNCLASSIFIED
"PRAVDA" (NOVEMBER 9-11) CONTINUED TO PUBLISH THE UNCLASSIFIED
DETAILS OF THE POLITBURO SESSION OF NOVEMBER 3. THE
THREE SEGMENTS COVERED DISCUSSIONS OF THE STATE OF
MEDICAL SUPPLIES (DEPLORABLE), DEVELOPMENT OF THE
TYUMEN' REGION IN SIBERIA (LESS IS BETTER), AND
CHERNOBYL' (HEALTH HAZARDS REMAIN EXTEMELY GRA~) .
ONE PARTICIPANT GAVE HIGH MARKS TO THE LEVEL OF
DISCUSSION AND NOTED THAT THE CENTER OF ATTENTION IN
ALL MATTERS WAS "THE INTEREST OF MAN" (INTERES
CHELOVEKA) .

8. NEW OBKOM FIRST SECRETARY. ON NOVEMBER 15, L.G.


KLETSKOV, A CENTRAL COMMITTEE CANDIDATE MEMBER,
RETIRED AS GRODNO OBKOM FIRST SECRETARY. HIS
SUCCESSOR, V.M. SEMENOV (ONE OF THE OBKOM'S
SECRETARIES) , WAS ELECTED BY SECRET BALLOT FROM A
FIELD OF THREE IN TWO ROUNDS. KLETSKOV'S RETIREMENT
COMES AS NO SURPRISE: HE WAS APPOINTED FIRST
SECRETARY IN 1972. UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT, HE WAS ONE
OF THE FEW BREZHNEV-ERA HOLDOVERS AMONG OBKOM FIRST

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DEPT FOR INR/B

E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR


TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINR, SCOM, SCUL, SOCI, ECON, UR
SUBJECT: USSR DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS: NOVEMBER 17

SECRETARIES.

UNCLASSIFIED
SUPREME SOVIET UNCLASSIFIED
j-------------
9. CLOSURE AGREED. THE SUPREME SOVIET RESUMED ITS
WORK ON NOVEMBER 13 AFTER A 10-DAY RECESS FOR
REVOLUTION DAY FESTIVITIES AND PLUNGED INTO THE
REMAINING AGENDA ITEMS, MANY OF WHICH WILL NOT GO TO
THE FLOOR BEFORE THE SCHEDULED NOVEMBER 24 CLOSURE.
DESPITE MUCH UNFINISHED BUSINESS AND MANY DEPUTIES'
EXPRESSED DESIRE TO CONTINUE, THE SUPREME SOVIET MAY
ONLY BE PREPARED TO EXTEND TO NOVEMBER 25 TO COMPLETE
ITS BUSINESS. SUPREME SOVIET DEPUTY FEDOR BURLATSKIY
TOLD EMBOFF NOVEMBER 15 THE SUPREME SOVIET HAD
ALREADY AGREED TO EXTEND THE SESSION BY ONE DAY IF
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ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY. THE SUPREME SOVIET IS


TENTATIVELY SCHEDULED TO CONVENE IN JOINT SESSION
EVERY DAY BETWEEN NOVEMBER 20 AND NOVEMBER 25 TO
COMPLETE ITS WORK.

10. LOOMING AGENDA. SUPREME SOVIET SECRETARIAT


INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS DEPARTMENT STAFFER SERGEY
CHELNOKOV TOLD EMBOFFS NOVEMBER 13 THAT THE DEPUTIES
HAD THUS FAR ADDRESSED ONLY 30 PER CENT OF THE AGENDA
ITEMS. THAT AGENDA, APPROVED SEPTEMBER 25, LAID OUT
THIRTY-FOUR ITEMS, NINETEEN OF WHICH GORBACHEV
IDENTIFIED AS HIGH PRIORITY. MUCH OF THE UNFINISHED
WORK WILL LIKELY BE DELEGATED TO COMMITTEES WHICH
WILL CONTINUE TO MEET DURING THE RECESS BEFORE THE
SECOND CONGRESS OF PEOPLE'S DEPUTIES IN DECEMBER.

11. CONSIDERING THIS WEEK'S PACE OF WORK, IT APPEARS


LIKELY THAT THE SUPREME SOVIET WILL TOUCH ON ALL
NINETEEN HIGH PRIORITY ITEMS BEFORE NOVEMBER 25. AS
MANY AS HALF OF THOSE ITEMS, HOWEVER, WILL LIKELY BE
PASSED TO THE CONGRESS OF PEOPLE'S DEPUTIES OR
REFERRED FOR NATIONAL DISCUSSION RATHER THAN DECIDED
ON THE FLOOR OF THE SUPREME SOVIET. ON NOVEMBER 15
GORBACHEV PRESSED THE SUPREME SOVIET TO PASS DRAFT
LEGISLATION ON THE AGENDA EVEN IF THE LEGISLATION
REQUIRED MORE WORK. HE ARGUED IT WOULD BE BETTER TO
ENACT LEGISLATION THAT NEEDED IMPROVEMENT, RATHER
THAN TO HAVE NO LEGISLATION AT ALL.

12. THE SPRING SESSION OF THE SUPREME SOVIET WILL

UNCLASSIFIED
LIKELY TAKE UP MUCH OF THIS SESSION'S UNFINISHED
BUSINESS. THE SPRING SESSION WILL PROBABLY CONVENE UNCLASSIFIED
IN LATE FEBRUARY OR EARLY MARCH, ACCORDING TO DEPUTY
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VIKTOR SHEKHOVTSOV.

13. CONGRESS TO CONVENE AS PLANNED. THE SUPREME


SOVIET AGREED ON NOVEMBER 13 TO CONVENE THE CONGRESS
OF PEOPLE'S DEPUTIES AS PLANNED DECEMBER 12. THE
AGENDA WILL INCLUDE THE 13TH FIVE YEAR PLAN
(1991-1995), DRAFT LAWS AND AMENDMENTS TO THE
CONSTITUTION, PROCEDURES FOR THE CONGRESS AND THE
SUPREME SOVIET, RULES ON CONSTITUTIONAL COMPLIANCE,
AND EFFORTS TO COMBAT ORGANIZED CRIME. THE SUPREME
SOVIET VOTED DOWN PROPOSALS TO INCLUDE ON THE AGENDA
A CONTINUED DEBATE ON DRAFT PROPERTY AND LAND LAWS,
WHICH HAVE BEEN REFERRED FOR NATIONAL DISCUSSION.
THE CONGRESS MAY VOTE TO AMEND THE RECOMMENDED AGENDA
WHEN IT CONVENES.

14. ARTICLE 6. THE SUPREME SOVIET, AFTER HEATED


DEBATE, VOTED DOWN BY A NARROW MARGIN (198 AGAINST,
173 FOR, 28 ABSTAINING) A PROPOSAL TO INCLUDE THE
SOVIET CONSTITUTION'S ARTICLE 6, ON THE LEADING ROLE
OF THE CPSU, ON THE CONGRESS AGENDA. GORBACHEV
CONDEMNED ATTACKS ON ARTICLE 6 AS ATTACKS ON THE
PARTY AND PROCLAIMED THAT IT IS THE CPSU THAT IS
CARRYING OUT PERESTROYKA. ATTACKS ON ARTICLE 6
THEREFORE HAD TO BE CONSIDERED ATTACKS ON
PERESTROYKA. GORBACHEV MADE THE SAME POINTS IN A
QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION WITH STUDENTS AT THE
ALL-UNION STUDENT FORUM AIRED OVER SOVIET TV NOVEMBER
16.

15. ON NOVEMBER 14, DEPUTY VIKTOR SHEKHOVTSOV,


HIMSELF A CPSU MEMBER, TOLD EMBOFFS HE WAS SURPRISED
THE PROPOSAL HAD FAILED, EVEN THOUGH MORE THAN 80
PERCENT OF THE SUPREME SOVIET DEPUTIES ARE CPSU
MEMBERS. HE CLAIMED TO KNOW OF FEW SUPREME SOVIET

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CON F IDE N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 07 MOSCOW 32316

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DEPT FOR INR/B

E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR


TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINR, SCOM, SCUL, SOCI, ECON, UR
SUBJECT: USSR DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS: NOVEMBER 17

DEPUTIES WHO BELIEVED THE ARTICLE SHOULD REMAIN.


MOST THOUGHT ENSHRINING THE VANGUARD ROLE OF THE
PARTY IN THE CONSTITUTION WAS INCONSISTENT WITH
DEMOCRATIZATION; THE PARTY HAD TO BECOME COMPETITIVE
AND STRONG WITHOUT THE PROTECTION OF THE
CONSTITUTION. SHEKHOVTSOV SPECULATED THAT MANY
DEPUTIES HAD VOTED AGAINST THE PROPOSAL TO BUY TIME:
THEY WERE STILL UNSURE OF THE PARTY'S EVENTUAL
SUCCESS AND FELT IT STILL NEEDS THE SAFETY PROVIDED
BY ARTICLE 6.

16. OTHER HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE JOINT SUPREME SOVIET


SESSIONS, NOVEMBER 13-15:

--NOVEMBER 13. NEW LAW ON NATIONAL AND REPUBLIC


LEGISLATION ON THE COURTS PASSES; INTRODUCES
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TRIAL-BY-JURY AND EQUALITY OF PROSECUTOR AND


DEFENDING ATTORNEY BEFORE THE COURT FOR THE FIRST
TIME IN SOVIET HISTORY. LEGISLATION BECOMES
EFFECTIVE DECEMBER 1, 1989. ALSO, FIRST READING OF
DRAFT FOREIGN TRAVEL (EMIGRATION) BILL ENDORSED.
BILL WILL LIBERIZE ENTRY AND EXIT PROCEDURES.

UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
--NOVEMBER 14. ALTERNATE DRAFT BILLS ON PROPERTY AND
LAND REFERRED FOR NATIONAL DISCUSSION. DOCUMENTS
WENT TO COMMITTEE AFTER FIRST READING ON OCTOBER 17
BUT HAVE SINCE BECOME FOCAL POINTS OF IDEOLOGICAL
DIVISION. HEATED DEBATE FOCUSED ON REPUBLICS' RIGHTS
TO PROPERTY/LAND. DEPUTY ANATOLIY SOBCHAK TOLD
EMBOFF HE DID NOT EXPECT A NATIONAL REFERENDUM ON THE
SUBJECT; DEBATE ON THE BILLS WOULD LIKELY RESUME AT
THE NEXT SUPREME SOVIET SESSION IN SPRING 1990. ALSO
REFERRED TO NATIONAL DISCUSSION WERE DRAFT BILLS ON
LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL
SELF-MANAGEMENT. THE SUPREME SOVIET ALSO ADOPTED A
RESOLUTION CONDEMNING FORCED DEPORTATION OF SOVIET
PEOPLES UNDER STALIN THAT FORMALLY RESTORES RIGHTS
AND MAKES PROVISIONS FOR COMPENSATION (TO BE
DETERMINED BY THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS) .

--NOVEMBER 15. FOR THE FIRST TIME THIS SESSION, THE


TWO CHAMBERS OF THE SUPREME SOVIET CONVENED
SEPARATELY, THE COUNCIL OF THE UNION TO ADDRESS A
DRAFT BILL ON SOVIET CITIZENSHIP AND THE COUNCIL OF
NATIONALITIES, A BILL ON LANGUAGE AND INTER-ETHNIC
COMMUNICATIONS. LATER, IN JOINT SESSION, THE SUPREME
SOVIET ENDORSED THE FIRST READING OF A PACKAGE OF
LEGISLATION AIMED AT A NEW NATIONALITIES POLICY.

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17. YEL'TSIN ON THE DECLINE? THOUGH RUMORS OF BORIS


YEL'TSIN'S RESIGNATION FROM THE FIVE-MAN LEADERSHIP
OF THE INTERREGIONAL PARLIAMENTARY GROUP ARE
CIRCULATING, YEL'TSIN HAS MADE NO PUBLIC STATEMENT.
YEL'TSIN EXPLAINED TO GERMAN REPORTERS DURING A
SUPREME SOVIET SESSION BREAK ON NOVEMBER 14 THAT HE
WOULD NOT BE PREPARED TO DISCUSS THE MATTER UNTIL THE
SUPREME SOVIET CONCLUDES. YEL' TSIN HAS TAKEN A VERY
LOW PROFILE RECENTLY DURING THE JOINT SESSIONS OF THE
SUPREME SOVIET. HE IS SELDOM SEEN AT THE PODIUM AND
CONSORTS WITH REPORTERS AND ADMIRERS DURING BREAKS
MORE THAN WITH SUPREME SOVIET COLLEAGUES. THERE ARE
FEW SIGNS THAT HE IS HOLDING SWAY IN THE SUPREME
SOVIET IN THE INTERREGIONAL GROUP. MOREOVER, HE
RECENTLY TOLD THE PRIVATE U.S. ORGANIZATION THAT
SPONSORED HIS TRIP TO THE U.S. THAT HE WOULD BE SOON
ASKING THE ORGANIZATION TO SET UP MORE TRIPS FOR

UNCLASSIFIED
HIMSELF ALONE. UNCLASSIFIED
DOMESTIC AFFAIRS
/---------------
18. PARTY RULES. KICKING OFF THE PUBLIC DISCUSSION
OF THE NEW PARTY RULES TO BE ADOPTED AT THE XXVIIITH
PARTY CONGRESS NEXT OCTOBER, YEo RAZUMOV, THE FIRST
DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE PARTY
BUILDING AND CADRES DEPARTMENT, AND N. ZOLOTAREV, A
CONSULTANT TO THE DEPARTMENT, OUTLINED THEIR VIEWS IN
"PRAVDA" NOVEMBER 12. WHILE CALLING FOR DEVELOPING
INTRAPARTY DEMOCRACY, THE TWO SHOWED NO INCLINATION
TO GIVE UP THE OLD FORMULAS THAT HAVE FRAMED
DISCUSSION OF PARTY ORGANIZATION AND GOALS FOR
DECADES. THEY UNDERSCORED THE PARTY AS THE POLITICAL
VANGUARD OF SOVIET SOCIETY, INSISTED THAT DEMOCRATIC

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TO SECSTATE WASHDC 5379
INFO AMCONSUL LENINGRAD

CON F IDE N T I A L SECTION 04 OF 07 MOSCOW 32316

UNCLASSIFIED
DEPT FOR EUR/SOV UNCLASSIFIED
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E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR


TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINR, SCOM, SCUL, SOCI, ECON, UR
SUBJECT: USSR DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS: NOVEMBER 17

CENTRALISM COULD NOT BE ABANDONED (ONLY REDEFINED TO


CONFORM TO LENIN'S ORIGINAL IDEA), AND REJECTED
FEDERALISM IN THE PARTY. AS GORBACHEV HIMSELF HAS
SAID REPEATEDLY, THE TWO AUTHORS ARGUED THAT ONLY A
REFORMED PARTY WAS CAPABLE OF INTEGRATING SOVIET
SOCIETY AND ENSURING THE SUCCESS OF PERESTROYKA.

19. POLL ON THE PARTY. "MOSKOVSKAYA PRAVDA"


(NOVEMBER 12) PUBLISHED THE RESULTS OF A POLL OF
18,000 MUSCOVITES ON ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PARTY.
SEVENTY-FIVE PERCENT OF THOSE POLLED WERE PARTY
MEMBERS, TWENTY-THREE PERCENT WERE NOT PARTY MEMBERS,
AND TWO PERCENT WERE KOMSOMOL MEMBERS. AMONG THE
NOTEWORTHY RESULTS ARE THE FOLLOWING.

--OVER FIFTY PERCENT BELIEVED THE PARTY SHOULD REMAIN


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THE SOLE PARTY IN THE COUNTRY AND THAT IT SHOULD


SERVE AS THE POLITICAL AVANTGARDE.

--FIFTY-FIVE PERCENT, HOWEVER, THOUGHT IT UNNECESSARY


FOR THE PARTY'S LEADING ROLE TO BE ENSHRINED IN THE
USSR CONSTITUTION AS IT IS AT PRESENT.

--ASKED WHAT FACTORS WERE RETARDING THE TRANSFER OF


POWER TO LOCAL SOVIETS, NEARLY SIXTY PERCENT CITED
THE LACK OF NECESSARY LEGAL AND ECONOMIC LEVERS FOR
MAKING DECISIONS, FORTY-FIVE PERCENT CITED THE LACK
OF QUALIFIED CADRES, AND FIFTY-PERCENT ARGUED THAT
PARTY ORGANS WERE RESISTING THE TRANSFER OF POWER.

--ONLY ABOUT THIRTY PERCENT OF THOSE POLLED BELIEVED


THE MOSCOW GORKOM HAD ANY INFLUENCE ON THE COURSE OF
PERESTROYKA IN THE CITY AND SURROUNDING REGION. THE
CORRESPONDING FIGURE FOR THE CONGRESS OF PEOPLE'S
DEPUTIES WAS EIGHTEEN PERCENT.

20. MOSCOW POPULAR FRONT. THE HEAD OF THE

UNCLASSIFIED
PROKOP'YEVSK WORKERS COMMITTEE (IN THE KUZBASS) WILL
BE IN MOSCOW NEXT WEEK TO MEET WITH LEADERS OF THE UNCLASSIFIED
MOSCOW POPULAR FRONT (MPF) , ACCORDING TO AN MPF
ACTIVIST. DISCUSSION WILL FOCUS ON ESTABLISHING
LINKS BETWEEN THE TWO GROUPS AND CREATING A BROADER
POLITICAL OUTLOOK FOR THE WORKERS' COMMITTEE.
ACCORDING TO OUR SOURCE, THE MPF LEADERSHIP WANTS TO
EXTEND ITS INFLUENCE OUTSIDE MOSCOW AND HAS SENT
REPRESENTATIVES TO THE KUZBASS AND VORKUTA TO
ESTABLISH TIES WITH MINERS' COMMITTEES.

21. UNITED WORKERS' FRONT. IN A RECENT CONVERSATION


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WITH EMBOFF, VLADIMIR NADEIN (PROTECT), A SENIOR


"IZVESTIYA" EDITOR, SAID THAT RICHARD KOSOLAPOV, WHOM
GORBACHEV REMOVED AS EDITOR OF THE CENTRAL
COMMITTEE'S THEORETICAL JOURNAL, "KOMMUNIST," IN
1986, IS THE THEORETICIAN BEHIND THE UNITED WORKERS'
FRONT. ALONG WITH "CHERNENKO CRONIES" FROM
SVERDLOVSK OUSTED BY GORBACHEV, KOSOLAPOV REPORTEDLY
FOUNDED THE FIRST SUCH FRONT IN SVERDLOVSK EARLIER
THIS YEAR.

22. ANDRANIK MIGRANYAN (PROTECT), A RESEARCHER AT


THE BOGOMOLOV INSTITUTE, RECENTLY CAUTIONED EMBOFF
THAT WHILE THE UNITED WORKERS' FRONT WAS A CREATURE
OF THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY APPARATUS, ITS POSITIONS ON
COOPERATIVES, PROPERTY, AND ELECTORAL LAWS COULD
PROVE POPULAR AMONG LARGE NUMBERS OF UNSKILLED
WORKERS. HE PREDICTED THE FRONT WOULD PROVE TO BE A
MAJOR FORCE IN THE UPCOMING REPUBLIC AND LOCAL SOVIET
ELECTIONS.

23. RSFSR WRITERS' UNION PLENUM. THE RSFSR WRITERS'


UNION PLENUM MET NOVEMBER 13-14 TO DISCUSS "THE
PRESENT AND FUTURE OF BOOK PUBLISHING IN THE RSFSR
AND THE STATE OF LITERARY JOURNALS OF THE RSFSR
WRITERS' UNION," "SOVETSKAYA ROSSIYA" REPORTED
NOVEMBER 15. AS EXPECTED, THE LIBERAL THICK JOURNAL
"OKTYABR'" WAS SHARPLY CRITICIZED FOR THE RECENT
PUBLICATION OF ARTICLES RUSSIAN NATIONALISTS IN THE
UNION CONSIDER "ANTI-RUSSIAN." THE PLENUM CHARGED
THE UNION'S SECRETARIAT WITH "RESOLVING THE ISSUE OF
REPLACING" M. ALEKSEYEV AS CHIEF EDITOR OF THE
CONSERVATIVE THICK JOURNAL "MOSKVA" AND A. ANAN' YEV

UNCLASSIFIED
AS CHIEF EDITOR OF "OKTYABR'." UNCLASSIFIED

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FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 5380
INFO AMCONSUL LENINGRAD

CON F IDE N T I A L SECTION 05 OF 07 MOSCOW 32316

DEPT FOR EUR/SOV


DEPT FOR INR/B

E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR


TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINR, SCOM, SCUL, SOCI, ECON, UR
SUBJECT: USSR DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS: NOVEMBER 17

24. TROUBLE NAMING A MUFTI. NATIONALITY RIVALRIES


AMONG THE NUMEROUS PEOPLES OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS AND
DAGESTAN HAVE COMPLICATED THE SELECTION OF A
SUCCESSOR TO MAKHMOD GEKKIYEV, THE CHAIRMAN OF THE
SPIRITUAL ADMINISTRATION OF MOSLEMS OF NORTH CAUCASUS
AND DAGESTAN, WHO WAS REMOVED EARLIER THIS YEAR,
ALLASHUKUR PASHAZADA (PROTECT), THE CHAIRMAN OF THE

UNCLASSIFIED
SPIRITUAL ADMINISTRATION OF MOSLEMS OF TRANSCAUCASIA UNCLASSIFIED
TOLD THE AMBASSADOR NOVEMBER 14. EACH NATIONALITY
REPORTEDLY IS INSISTING THAT THE NEW MUFTI BE ONE OF
ITS OWN.

REPUBLICS
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25. ARMENIA. FIRST SECRETARY ARUTYUNYAN'S


REPUTATION IS ON THE RISE AMONG ARMENIANS, ACCORDING
TO A VARIETY OF OFFICIAL AND UNOFFICIAL ARMENIANS
EMBOFF ENCOUNTERED IN YEREVAN NOVEMBER 10-12.
ARUTYUNY.AN HAS REPORTEDLY WON RESPECT BY HIS
PRINCIPLED DEFENSE OF THE ARMENIAN POSITION ON
KARABAKH AT THE USSR SUPREME SOVIET AND IN MEETINGS
WITH GORBACHEV. OUR SOURCES ALSO GAVE ARUTYUNYAN
HIGH MARKS FOR HIS SPEECH BEFORE THE FOUNDING
CONGRESS OF THE ARMENIAN ALL-NATIONAL MOVEMENT
NOVEMBER 4-6. HIS CALL FOR CONSOLIDATING ARMENIAN
GROUPS STOOD OUT AGAINST THE BICKERING OF INFORMAL
GROUP LEADERS.

26. CHAIRMAN OF THE ARMENIAN COUNCIL OF MINISTERS


MARKAR' Y.ANTS, HOWEVER, REMAINS IMMENSELY UNPOPULAR
AND IS VIEWED AS MOSCOW'S WATCHDOG BECAUSE OF HIS
REPORTEDLY CLOSE TIES TO GORBACHEV. ACCORDING TO OUR
SOURCES, HE TOO SPOKE AT THE CONGRESS OF THE ARMENIAN
ALL-NATIONAL MOVEMENT, BUT ONLY AFTER HE HAD BEEN
"SUMMONED" BY THE CONGRESS. TO HUMILIATE
MARKAR' Y.ANTS, WHO DOES NOT SPEAK ARMENIAN, THE
ORGANIZERS HAD HIS SPEECH TRANSLATED SIMULTANEOUSLY
FROM RUSSIAN INTO ARMENIAN.

27 . AN ARMENIAN MFA STAFFER TOLD EMBOFF THAT


ARUTYUNY.AN INTENDED TO COMBINE THE POSTS OF FIRST
SECRETARY AND CHAIRMAN OF THE REPUBLIC SUPREME
SOVIET. THE STAFFER PREDICTED ARUTYUNYAN WOULD
EASILY WIN ELECTION TO THE REPUBLIC SUPREME SOVIET
AND TO ITS CHAIRMANSHIP, EVEN THOUGH THE ELECTIONS
WOULD OTHERWISE PROVE A DISASTER FOR THE ARMENIAN
COMMUNIST PARTY.
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28. NAGORNO-KARABAKH. REPORTS FROM THE STRIFE-TORN


REGION INDICATE THE SITUATION IS DETERIORATING ON THE
EVE OF SUPREME SOVIET DISCUSSION OF THE KARABAKH
ISSUE.

--THE "WAR OF THE ROADS" CONTINUES;

--ETHNIC KIDNAPPING HAS INCREASED AS HOSTAGES ARE


SWAPPED TO FREE EACH SIDE S CAPTIVES;
I

--BOTH AEMENIANS AND AZERBAYDZHANIS CONTINUE TO SHOOT


AT EACH OTHER, PLANT BOMBS, ACCUMULATE WEAPONS, AND
ATTACK MILITARY PATROLS AND CHECKPOINTS.

GEORGIY TARAZEVICH, CHAIRMAN OF THE SUPREME SOVIET


COMMISSION ON NAGORNO-KARABAKH, SPENT NOVEMBER 9-11
IN THE REGION TRYING TO BRING THE TWO SIDES TO A
COMPROMISE. NOT SURPRISINGLY, HE FAILED.

29. GEORGIA. THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE (CC) OF THE


GEORGIAN COMMUNIST PARTY (GCP) MET NOVEMBER 9 TO
DISCUSS THE DISRUPTION OF THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION
CELEBRATIONS IN TBILISI, KUTAISI, AND ELSEWHERE.
ACCORDING TO "ZARYA VOSTOKA," THE CC CONDEMNED
HOOLIGAN PRANKS, VANDALISM OF GOVERNMENT SYMBOLS, AND
ATTEMPTS TO DESTABILIZE THE SITUATION AND "CREATE A
BREEDING GROUND FOR POLITICAL, SOCIAL, AND
INTERETHNIC TENSION." THE CC ALSO CRITICIZED THE
LOCAL MILITIA FOR ITS INABILITY TO CONTROL THE
SITUATION.

30. SOUTH OSSETIA, GEORGIA. ZVIAD GAMSAKHURDIYA, A


LEADER OF THE RADICIAL GEORGIAN PRO-INDEPENDENCE ST.

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H-Ol NSCE-OO NSAE-OO HA-09 L-03 TRSE-OO PM-l0
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FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW
TO SECSTATEWASHDC 5381
INFO AMCONSUL LENINGRAD

CON F IDE N T I A L SECTION 06 OF 07 MOSCOW 32316

DEPT FOR EUR/SOV


DEPT FOR INR/B

E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR


TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINR, SCOM, SCUL, SOCI, ECON, UR
SUBJECT: USSR DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS: NOVEMBER 17

IL'YA THE RIGHTEOUS SOCIETY, HAS DEMANDED THAT


OSSETIANS EITHER SUPPORT GEORGIAN CALLS FOR
INDEPENDENCE FROM THE SOVIET UNION OR LEAVE GEORGIA,
ACCORDING TO A MOSCOW-BASED OSSETIAN ACTIVIST CITING
THE OSSETIAN WRITER IVAN TSKHOVREBOV (PROTECT) AS HIS
SOURCE. GAMSAKHURDIYA IS REPORTEDLY BACKING UP HIS
DEMAND WITH FORCE. ON NOVEMBER 15 AND 16, HE LED
"200-300 BUSLOADS OF ARMED MEN" TO THE OSSETIAN
CITIES OF LENINGORI AND TSKHINVALI TO PRESS HIS
DEMAND. THE GEORGIAN AUTHORITIES HAVE REPORTEDLY
BEEFED UP THE MILITIA PRESENCE IN THE REGION TO WARD
OFF ANY WIDESPREAD VIOLENCE. WHILE WE FIND OUR
SOURCE'S FEAR OF VIOLENCE IN SOUTH OSSETIA CREDIBLE,
THE REPORTED SIZE OF GAMSAKHURDIYA'S FORCES IS
PROBABLY GREATLY EXAGERATED. IN A RELATED MATTER,
EMBOFF VISITING TBILISI NOVEMBER 11 WITNESSED SEVERAL
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HUNDRED GEORGIANS DEMONSTRATING AGAINST WHAT THEY

UNCLASSIFIED
CLAIMED ~AS RECENT VIOLENCE BY THE OSSETIANS. UNCLASSIFIED
31. DAG".ESTAN. ACCORDING TO AN EMBASSY VISITOR TO
GROZNIY, SOME SIXTY MEMBERS OF THE CHECHEN-INGUSH
POPULAR FRONT JOINED THE NOVEMBER 7 PARADE AND HELD
SIGNS WI~H SLOGANS SUCH AS:

-_nLEGAL STATUS FOR THE CHECHEN AND INGUSH LANGUAGES In


-_nFOR A UNION REPUBLIC I n
-_nDOWNWITH THE IDEAS OF THE IDEOLOGICAL MAFIA I n
-_npERES'TROYKA IS THE WORK OF EACH AND ALL OF US In
--nWE'RE FOR THE RECOGNITION OF STALINIST REPRESSION. n

32. A Rll:CENT VISIT TO MAKHACHKALA REVEALED THE


RENEWED :POPULARITY OF SHAMIL, AN AVAR LEADER WHO
FOUGHT TSARIST TROOPS WITH TURKISH AID. HIS IMAGE
GRACES CALENDAR-POSTERS AND STICKERS WHICH INCLUDE
ARABIC LETTERS AND A CRESCENT.

33. LATVIA. THE REPUBLIC SUPREME SOVIET MET


NOVEMBER 10-11 TO DISCUSS:

--CITIZE~ SERVICE IN THE ARMED FORCES. THE SUPREME


SOVIET AGREED TO ASK THE CONGRESS OF PEOPLE'S
DEPUTIES TO AMEND THE USSR CONSTITUTION TO ALLOW FOR
AN ALTERNATIVE MILITARY SERVICE. THE REPUBLIC
SUPREME SOVIET ALSO AMENDED THE LATVIAN CONSTITUTION
TO SET UP A REPUBLIC COMMISSION TO PREPARE A REPUBLIC
LAW ON ALTERNATIVE MILITARY SERVICE.

--PROPERTY RIGHTS. THE REPUBLIC PARLIAMENT GRANTED


FARMERS THE RIGHT TO OWN LAND FOR LIFE AND TO
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BEQUEATH IT.

--ELECTIONS: THE SUPREME SOVIET SET THE REPUBLIC


ELECTIONS FOR MARCH 18, 1990.

--USSR PRESIDIUM DECREE ON THE UNCONSTITUTIONALITY OF


CERTAIN REPUBLIC LEGISLATIVE ACTS: THE REPUBLIC
SUPREME SOVIET PREPARED A REPLY TO THE DECREE AND
WILL SEND IT TO THE USSR PRESIDIUM.

34. ESTONIA. THE REPUBLIC SUPREME SOVIET MET


NOVEMBER 10-12 TO DISCUSS:

UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
--ELECTIONS: THE DEPUTIES WERE DIVIDED OVER THE
ISSUE OF LENGTH OF RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS. TWO
GROUPS OF DEPUTIES FORMED AND SHARPLY DEBATED THIS
ISSUE. THE FIRST GROUP, "DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT,"
SUGGESTED RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS OF TEN YEARS FOR
VOTERS PARTICIPATING IN THE REPUBLIC SUPREME SOVIET
ELECTIONS AND TO RAISE THE RESIDENCY REQUIREMENT FOR
CANDIDATES. THE CHAIRMAN OF THE SECOND GROUP, "FOR
EQUAL RIGHTS," AND SECOND SECRETARY OF THE TALLINN
PARTY CITY COMMITTEE INSISTED THE LEGISLATORS REFUSE
TO ESTABLISH ANY RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS. E.
SAVI SAAR , CHAIRMAN OF ESTONIA'S GOSPLAN AND DEPUTY
CHAIRMAN OF THE ESTONIA COUNCIL OF MINISTERS,
SUGGESTED A 15 YEAR RESIDENCE REQUIREMENT FOR BOTH
VOTERS AND CANDIDATES, AS WELL AS THE EXCLUSION OF
MILITARY MEMBERS SERVING IN THE REPUBLIC.

--EVENTS OF 1939-40: THE ESTONIAN SUPREME SOVIET


ADOPTED A RESOLUTION DECLARING THE INCORPORATION OF
ESTONIA INTO THE USSR ILLEGITIMATE. AFTER A PROPOSAL
TO REQUEST AN ALL-UNION APPRAISAL OF THE

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FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW

UNCLASSIFIED
o

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 5382 UNCLASSIFIED


INFO AMCONSUL LENINGRAD

CON F IDE N T I A L SECTION 07 OF 07 MOSCOW 32316

DEPT FOR EUR/SOV


DEPT FOR INR/B

E.O. 12356: DECL:OADR


TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PINR, SCOM, SCUL, SOCI, ECON, OR
SUBJECT: USSR DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS: NOVEMBER 1 7

SOVIET-GERMAN NON-AGGRESSION PACT WAS REJECTED,


FORTY-SIX DEPUTIES WALKED OUT IN PROTEST. MIKK
TITMA, A SECRETARY OF THE ESTONIAN COMMUNIST PARTY
CENTRAL COMMITTEE, CLAIMED THE RESOLUTION WAS NOT A
DECLARATION OF SECESSION FROM THE SOVIET UNION,
ALTHOUGH HE DID SAY THE RESOLUTION "WILL CHANGE
RELATIONS BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC AND THE CENTER."

35. KAZAKHSTAN. THE REPUBLIC'S SUPREME SOVIET MET


NOVEMBER 14 AND:

--ADOPTED A DECREE "ON THE STATE PLAN FOR ECONOMIC


AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT FOR 1990." (DURING THE
DISCUSSIONS, THE DEPUTIES EXPRESSED PARTICULAR
CONCERN ABOUT THE REPUBLIC'S HOUSING SHORTAGE);

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--APPROVED THE REPUBLIC'S BUDGET FOR 1990;

--INSTRUCTED THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS TO DRAFT A


CONCEPT AND LAW ON ECONOMIC AUTONOMY AND
SELF-FINANCING;

--APPROVED AN APPEAL TO THE USSR COUNCIL OF MINISTERS


AND USSR PEOPLE'S DEPUTIES CALLING FOR THE CLOSING OF
THE SEMIPALATINSK NUCLEAR TESTING SITE.

36. SOVIET GERMANS. THE INSTITUTE OF


MARXISM-LENINISM, A CPSU CC THINK TANK, HELD A
TWO-DAY CONFERENCE ON "SOVIET GERMANS: HISTORY AND
THE PRESENT." VSEVELOD KUZMIN, THE FIRST DEPUTY
DIRECTOR OF THE INSTITUTE, HAILED THE NOVEMBER 14
USSR SUPBEME SOVIET DECLARATION THAT FORCED

UNCLASSIFIED
... t·

RESETTLEMENT OF ETHNIC GROUPS WAS CRIMINAL. THE


CONFERENCE DISCUSSED TWO MAIN OPTIONS FOR RESTORING UNCLASSIFIED
GERMAN AUTONOMY:

--RESTORATION OF A GERMAN REPUBLIC ALONG THE VOLGA IN


THE VOLGOGRAD AND SARATOV REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN
REPUBLIC, AND

--ESTABLISHMENT OF A REPUBLIC IN REGIONS SUCH AS


KAZAKHSTAN OR SIBERIA WHERE MANY GERMANS ALREADY
RESIDE.

HUMAN RIGHTS
j-----------
37. POLITICAL PRISONERS. AN ACTIVIST FOR JEWISH
PRISONERS' RIGHTS RECENTLY TRAVELLED TO THE PERM' 35
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LABOR CAMP, BUT WAS DENIED A MEETING WITH LEONID


LUBMAN. ACCORDING TO THE ACTIVIST, CAMP RULES ALLOW
A PRISONER THREE MEETINGS ANNUALLY WITH RELATIVES OR
OTHERS, ALTHOUGH CAMP ADMINISTRATORS MAY DENY THE
VISITS. CAMP OFFICIALS TOLD SOURCE THAT LUBMAN HAD
NOT REQUESTED A MEETING. HOWEVER, ANOTHER PRISONER
WITH WHOM SOURCE DID MEET SAID LUBMAN HAD RECEIVED
SOURCE'S TELEGRAM AND REQUESTED A MEETING. THE
PRISONER REPORTED THAT LUBMAN IS VERY ILL WITH HIGH
BLOOD PRESSURE AND HEAD PAINS. HE SAID ANOTHER WELL
KNOWN PRISONER, BOGDAN KLIMCHAK, HAD BEEN IN A
SPECIAL ISOLATION CELL SINCE AUGUST FOR PROTESTING A
CUTOFF OF CORRESPONDENCE RIGHTS. LUBMAN AND KLIMCHAK
ARE BOTH ON AjS SCHIFTER'S LIST OF "DISPUTED"
POLITICAL PRISONERS.

38. LENINGRAD MINIMIZE CONSIDERED. MATLOCK

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