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Introduction to UMTS Radio KPI
3G network planning introduce
www.huawei.com

Huawei Northwest Africa Region RNP Solution Manage: William.chen William.chen@huawei.com
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Agenda 

UMTS Radio KPI overview  3G

Network Optimization  Case Study of KPI Optimization

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3G KPIs Principle: S.M.A.R.T
Specific
the KPI has clear and complete definition and

formula, include check point and procedure. KPIs are measurable by given condition,

Measurable

measurement equipment and procedure. all the KPIs should be reachable, it is refer to the Attainable commercial network.

Relevant Time-bound

the KPI can show the subscriber experience the KPI target should be on the base of time-bound

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pdffactory. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. The example: RRC Connection Successful Rate  formula RRCS_SRService RRCConnect ionSuccess service = RRCConnect ×100% ionAttempt service  Check point The number of ³RRC Connection Attempt´ is A1 or A2? A2 represent the effective number of ³RRC Connection Attempt´.com Page 4 . LTD.. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.3G KPIs : Specific Complete KPI definition include the formula combine with the check point or procedure.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. usually on the network pre-launch phase and initial stage of commercial launch. Data analysis Probe & Assistant is used for analyzing test data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory. LTD. Driver test route is based on cluster. Test platform Multiple test model UEs can perform different tests.Drive Test  Field Test -> Drive Test Evaluate the overall network performance.com Page 5 .3G KPIs : Measurable .. it is involved about 20 sites in one cluster usually.

pdffactory.Stationary test  Field Test ->stationary Test Evaluate the system / equipment performance. and usually used in indoor test scenario.. System KPI is suggested to be test by stationary:  Throughput KPI  Delay KPI  Quality KPI Core Network NodeB Stationary test condition is fixed.com Page 6 . Radio network planning Special environment condition Radio Network KPI test is suggested to be test by drive test  Call drop rate  Handover successful rate HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.3G KPIs : Measurable . LTD. RNC NodeB System performance Radio Network performance Equipment ability Transmission Network construct «. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

that Terminal: ordinary PC or laptop.Statistic test  Statistic Test Nastar server Monitoring & analysis center Recommended for security Essential Optimization team OM system Pre-Condition for Statistic Test Subscriber care center Local networks There must be enough statistic sample. LTD. no distance mean network traffic should be reach high limitation level. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..com Page 7 . Any corresponding dept.3G KPIs : Measurable . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.

.pdffactory.com   GENEX Assistant 3G Node B HLR/AC Node B RNS GENEX Probe WCDMA Node B wireless test data MSC/SSP/ VLR RNC PSTN PLMN ISDN GMSC/SSP CN GENEX UNet Node B Node B RNS Page 8 . LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Huawei KPI test platform comprehensive analysis of the performance. configuration. alarm GENEX Nastar 3G iManagerTM M2000 obtaining test data sharing of analysis results Node B GENEX Probe RNC  AGILENT  QUALCOMM  HUAWEI RNC multiple test data network pre-planning/planning HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 9 . Email.pdffactory.PS64k/128k/384k. MMS. Video Phone. HTTP« Service Performance Radio Network KPI AMR12. CS64k. LTD.3G KPIs: Relevant Examples of User Experience (QoE) completion of a download file End-to-end response is fast The voice and video is Clare Voice. FTP. HSDPA/HSUPA Accessibility Retainability Integrity Mobility Utilization Availability Statistic / Measurement data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.2. WAP..

Huawei 3G KPIs Architecture 3G KPIs Accessability Retainability Service Integrity Mobility Delay/Latency Availability ‡ Call Setup Success Rate (Voice/VP) ‡ PDP Context Activation Success Rate ‡ SMS/MMS Success Rate ‡ Call Drop Rate (Voice/VP) ‡ PDP Context Drop Rate ‡ PS Throughput ‡ SHO Success Rate ‡ Hard Handover Success Rate ‡ Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate ‡ Call Setup Delay (Voice/VP) ‡ PDP Context Activation Time ‡ RTT ‡ Worst Cell Rate HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. LTD.com Page 10 .pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

.56% 0. for example of CDR (Call Drop Rate) Network Planning Network Construct Transmission optimization Root cause drop-call 59.45% 10.pdffactory.68% 0.3G KPIs: It is not only a value 3G KPI is not only a value. LTD.29% 4. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.02% 7. but a system.94% cause HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.28% 11.68% 3% 2.com Page 11 .

pdffactory.com Page 12 .3G KPIs: Attainable 3G KPI is output of combination with investment include technology. cost. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.  Use the experience from other commercial network. le t AttainableCommon target for Mobilis and Huawei Technical HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..  Cooperate with Mobilis to work out a Competitive KPI. LTD. competition strategy etc. Cost Huawei KPI comply principle:  Huawei will be responsibility for every complied KPI. HR.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..com Page 13 .pdffactory.3G KPIs: Time-bound Mature Network  Drive Test KPIs  Stationary test KPIs  Network Statistics 10 90 Ongoing Optimization 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Num ber of S it es Num ber of S it es Commercial Launch Nastar Probe & Assistant  Network Statistics  Benchmark test Probe & Assistant  Pre-Launch KPI Acceptance Probe & Assistant  Drive Test KPIs  Stationary test KPIs Network construct  Site verification HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

LTD..pdffactory.Recommend test methodology Test Methodology RRC connection success rate Call setup success rate PDP activation success rate CS Call drop rate PS Call drop rate CS Call complete rate PS Call Complete rate HSPA Call drop rate R99 PS Throughput HSPA Throughput Soft handover success rate Inter-RAT handover success rate Pre-launch Acceptance Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Stationary Stationary Stationary Drive Test Drive Test On-going Optimization Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Stationary Stationary Stationary Statistic Test Statistic Test HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 14 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

com Page 15 ..pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Contents ‡ UMTS Radio KPI overview ‡3G Radio Network Optimization ‡ Case Study of KPI Optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

Optimization throughout Life Cycle Drop call Congestion Poor quality Access failure Pre-launch optimization ‡RF adjustment ‡Para.com .. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. «« Customized and differentiated services Single site verification Billing strategies Investment RF plan review DT & CQT KPI analysis Complaints Return Construction phase Troubleshooting Commercia l launch Booming phase Optimizing Page 16 Mature phase Balancing Time HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. adjustment ‡Maintenance and upgrade ‡Contingency planning ‡Network expansion ‡««.pdffactory. LTD.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD..pdffactory. analysis N N 80 sites in the cluster ready? Y Acceptance criteria satisfied? Y Acceptance HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Network Optimization Phases Optimization preparation RF optimization New site integrated Service test and parameter optimization Single site verification Routine drive test and stats.com Page 17 .

. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD.pdffactory.RF Optimization Target  To optimize coverage  To minimize pilot pollution  To optimize cell dominance  To optimize neighbor cell list  To resolve RF-related drop calls HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 18 .

pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD..com Page 19 .RF Parameters Optimization  Engineering parameters adjustment To adjust antenna down tilt To adjust antenna azimuth To adjust antenna location To adjust antenna height To replace antenna To replace site To add new cell  Radio part parameters adjustment To optimize neighbor cell list HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

. LTD.g. azimuth or down tilt) (2) Pilot power optimization Active Set Pilot Pollution HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory.Pilot Pollution Minimization Pilot pollution definition:  SHO candidates (A)  Active set size (B)  If A>B.com . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. pilot pollution exists -60 -65 -70 -75 -80 -85 -90 SC1 SC2 SC3 SC4 SC5 SC6 Not Pilot Pollution Page 20 Pilot pollution will result in: (1) low signal quality (2) decreased system capacity (3) Call drops easier Margin -62 -64 -66 -68 -69 -81 Ways to optimize: (1) Antenna adjustment (e.

com Page 21 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..Pilot Pollution: Example HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory. LTD.

LTD.. turning a corner.com Page 22 . e.g. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.RF-related Drop Calls Problems  Poor coverage  High interference  Poor UL coverage  Poor dominance  Pilot pollution  Missing neighbors Appearance Poor RSCP & Ec/Io Poor Ec/Io or RTWP UE max Tx power many SHO events many cells present Fast change of RF conditions usually causes drop calls.

pdffactory. optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Optimization Target  To reduce access failures  To reduce drop calls  To enhance service quality Para.com Page 23 ..Para. optimization is an important step after RF optimization Service quality and network resources utilization will be improved after para. LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

 Power control para.  Access power para..  Inter-RAT handover para.com Page 24 .  RL maximum power para. An effective way to reduce drop calls Seldom adjusted HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. handover para. The influence caused by the cell parameters adjustment should be analyzed carefully.  Cell re-selection para.  Intra-freq.  Other related para.pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD.Parameters to be Optimized  CCCH power allocation para.

Qqualmin Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Time Treselection.Intra-freq. Qhysts and Sintrasearch so as to have minimum ping-pong and minimum camped onto wrong cell The black dotted line is the serving cells. Sintrasearch = 0 Treselection. LTD. Qhyst2. Sintrasearch UE doesn¶t camp onto the best cells.. Re-selection Para.com Page 25 . Qqualmin The black dotted line is the serving cells. Qhyst2 Qhyst2 Qhyst2 CPICH_Ec/Io Qhyst2 Qhyst2 CPICH_Ec/Io UE doesn¶t camp onto the best cells. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. Optimize Treselection. Qhyst2. Sintrasearch != 0 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory.

com Page 26 .pdffactory. LTD.. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Contents ‡ UMTS Radio KPI overview ‡3G Radio Network Optimization ‡ Case Study of KPI Optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

.com Page 27 .pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Case study from commercial projects ‡ Example of Accessibility KPI analysis ‡ Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution ‡ Example of Throughput KPI issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

RRC.CE.Cong RRC. Other..Band: The number of RABs unsuccessfully established in a cell due to IUB resource congestion causes.RAB.I UB. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Rej.Fail e.Rej. ‡ VS.FailEstabCS.FailEstPS.RAB.IUB.Band VS.FailEstPs.com Page 28 .Other. LTD.RRC.Cong  VS.C E.Rej. RIPFail Breakdown of CS RRC failure (Counters) VS.RAB.RRC.Cell VS.R Breakdown of CS RAB failure (Counters) VS.Cong: RRC setup failure due to lack of UL CE resources HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Example of accessibility KPIs issue Trouble-shooting of RRC setup and RAB assignment problems: ‡ STEP1: Identify the counter with the highest number ‡ STEP2: Identify the Top 10 cells with the same problem VS.FailEstabCS.UL.FailEstCS. NoReply Definition of Counters L.Cell: Pre-admission control module reports a resource congestion.RRC.Rej.RAB.pdffactory.FailConnEstab.RAB.UL. ‡ VS.Cod VS.

71% 158.96% UL CE Occupation Rate 0070TO 0109TO 0111TO 120.00% 132.29% 2007-02-21 132..21% 148.88% 180.pdffactory.00% 132.com Page 29 .83% 142. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Analysis The ³worst´ sites (cells) that have been found to have both IUB and CE congestion issues: 0109TO (cell id 578/579/580) 0111TO (3882/3883/3884) 0070TO (18641/18642/18643) NodeB Name 2007-02-19 2007-02-20 132.29% 175.33% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.29% 175.29% 2007-02-22 171. LTD.

35%(256449/258126) 97.com Page 30 . the KPI would improve substantially.80%(13638/13803) PS384 RAB Assignment Success Rate(>97%) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. say.79% to 98.67%(2891/2930) 84. if excluding the problematic sites.53%(58114/59584) 97. AMR RAB assignment success rate from 97.81%(48854/49946) 99.79%(294499/301169) 98. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.09%(241127/245815) Suggested action plan: ‡ CE/IUB expansion ‡ Perform regular neighbour list check to further tune the performance 98.48%(16674/16932) 98..10%(1981/2384) 98.31%(3314/3371) 98.Suggested solution A comparative analysis shows that.93%(2462/2899) 83.17%(313992/316615) KPIs (without IUB Congestion sites) 99.09%: KPIs (including IUB Congestion sites) RRC Connection Setup Success Rate (CS)(>98%) AMR RAB Assignment Success Rate(>98%) Video Call RAB Assignment Success Rate(>98%) PS64 RAB Assignment Success Rate(>97%) PS128 RAB Assignment Success Rate(>97%) 97. LTD.pdffactory.

pdffactory..com Page 31 .Case study from commercial projects ‡ Example of Accessibility KPI analysis ‡ Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution ‡ Example of Throughput KPI issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD.

0% 2.5% 3.0% 1.com Page 32 . LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..5% 1.0% Drop Call Rate Voice(3G) Drop Call Rate Video(3G) Drop Call Rate (2G) Voice call drop rate changes over a threemonth optimization period Zone1 Solving Voice call drop rate problems in Top 3 zones Zone2 Zone3 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.2 Call Drop Rate 3.5% 0.pdffactory.Example of Call drop rate issues AMR12.5% 2.0% 0.

14-17 Feb.34%->1.2-6 1.com Page 33 . LTD.pdffactory..What measures were taken to solve the call drop problems? Zone Zone 1 Zone 2 Action time Feb.38%->1. etc. 23-25 Call drop rate reduction 1.27% 1.21% Optimization measures  Scrambling code planning adjustment  System/handover parameter tuning  Neighbour list optimization  RF optimization.10% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.57%->1. Zone 3 Mar. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 34 . LTD.Case study from commercial projects ‡ Example of Accessibility KPI analysis ‡ Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution ‡ Example of Throughput issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..pdffactory.

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Analysis: coverage problems RNC 123 RNC 122 Areas that lack dominant pilot Drive test route involves 3 Huawei RNCs and 1 Nortel RNC RNC 121 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 36 . LTD.pdffactory.. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

The impact of missing neighbours ‡ DL R99 throughput has been impacted by the interference generated by missing neighbors. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. mostly concerning the new sites that had been recently put on air ‡ Areas with low throughput corresponds to bad Ec/Io figures and HHO to 2G Low throughput UE handover to GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 37 .. LTD.pdffactory.

Other causes In addition to coverage and missing neighbour causes.com Page 38 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. the HSDPA minimum throughput problem is due to: ‡ DT route crosses the IUR area where HSDPA calls are reconfigured to DCH (H2D) ‡ UE moves from a non-hotspot to a hotspot site in HSDPA connected mode RNC 123 RNC 122 RNC 123 RNC 122 RNC 121 RNC 121 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..pdffactory. LTD.

huawei.com .pdffactory.0 Thank You www.com PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

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