Sound Velocity Chart

All velocities are approximations:
Material
Air
Aluminum
Alumina Oxide
Beryllium
Boron Carbide
Brass
Cadmium
Copper
Glass(crown)
Glycerin
Gold
Ice
Inconel
Iron
Iron (cast)
Lead
Magnesium
Mercury
Molybdenum
Monel
Neoprene
Nickel
Nylon, 6.6
Oil (SAE 30)
Platinum
Plexiglass
Polyethylene
Polystyrene
Polyurethane
Quartz
Rubber, Butyl
Silver
Steel, Mild
Steel, Stainless
Teflon
Tin
Titanium
Tungsten
Uranium
Water
Zinc

Sound Velocity
Inch/µS
M/s
0.01
330
0.25
6300
0.39
9900
0.51
12900
0.43
11000
0.17
4300
0.11
2800
0.18
4700
0.21
5300
0.08
1900
0.13
3200
0.16
4000
0.22
5700
0.23
5900
0.18
4600
0.09
2200
0.23
5800
0.06
1400
0.25
6300
0.21
5400
0.06
1600
0.22
5600
0.1
2600
0.07
1700
0.13
3300
0.11
1700
0.07
1900
0.09
2400
0.07
1900
0.23
5800
0.07
1800
0.14
3600
0.23
5900
0.23
5800
0.06
1400
0.13
3300
0.24
6100
0.2
5200
0.13
3400
0.58
1480
0.17
4200

Acoustical Properties Of Common Materials

Material
METALS
Aluminum 1100-0
Aluminum 2024-T4
Aluminum 6061-T6
Beryllium
Brass (70% Cu - 30% Zn
Bronze (Phosphor 5%)
Copper (CP)
Gold
Hastelloy C
Hastelloy X
Inconel (Wrought)
Iron (Cast), Various Alloys
Lead (94Pb-6Sb)
Magnesium, Various Alloys
Monel
Nickel (CP)
Silver (0.99 Fine)
Steel 1020
Steel 4340
Steel , CRES 300 Series
Steel , CRES 400 Series
Titanium, 6AI-4V
Zircaloy
Zirconium
POLYMERS
Acrylics
Cellulose Acetate
Nylon
Phenolic
Polycarbonate
Polyethylene
Polystyrene
Rubber (Natural)
Rubber (Carbon Filter)
Rubber (Silicone)
Teflon
MISCELLANEOUS SOLIDS
Alumina (Al2O3)
Concrete
Glass (Plate)
Granite
Ice ( -16C)
Quartz, Natural
Quartz, Fused
Sapphire
Tungsten Carbide
COMPOSITE MATERIALS
Fiberglass (50 v/o)
Graphite/Epoxy (60 v/o)
Boron/Epoxy (50v/o)
LIQUIDS
Ethylene Glycol
Glycerin
Oil (SAE 20)
Water (20C)
Gases
Air (20ºC)
Nitrogen (20ºC)
Oxygen (20ºC)

Ultrasonic Velocity
Longitudinal

Transverse (Shear)

Impedanc
e

in / us

mm / us

in / us

mm / us

Z

0.25
0.25
0.25
0.51
0.17
0.14
0.19
0.13
0.23
0.23
0.31
0.1380.220
0.09
0.2150.228
0.21
0.22
0.14
0.23
0.23
0.2210.226
0.2120.237
0.24
0.19
0.18

6.23
6.38
6.3
12.88
4.37
3.53
4.75
3.25
5.84
5.79
7.82
3.5055.588
2.16
5.4615.791
5.36
5.64
3.61
5.89
5.84
5.6135.740
5.3856.020
6.17
4.72
4.65

0.12
0.12
0.12
0.35
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.05
0.11
0.11
0.12
0.0870.126
0.03
0.1190.122
0.11
0.12
0.06
0.13
0.13
0.120-.
0123
0.1180.132
0.13
0.09
0.09

3.07
3.15
3.15
8.89
2.11
2.24
2.34
1.19
2.9
2.74
3.02
2.2103.200
0.81
3.0233.099
2.72
2.97
1.6
3.25
3.25
3.0483.124
2.9973.353
3.3
2.36
2.26

17.1
17.6
17
23.5
37.1
31.3
42.5
62.6
52.2
47.7
64.5
24.341.2
23.5
9.2410.6
47.2
50
37.8
45.4
45.6
44.645.4
41.346.3
27.3
44.2
30.1

0.1050.109
0.1
0.02
0.06
0.09
0.11
0.09
0.06
0.07
0.04
0.05

2.6672.769
2.44
2.69
1.42
2.29
2.67
2.39
1.55
1.68
0.94
1.37

0.044-

1.118-

3.153.51
3.19
 -----------1.9
2.71
2.94
2.52
1.74
 -----------1.4
3

0.43
0.1670.207
0.23
0.16
0.15
0.23
0.22
0.47
0.26

10.85
4.2425.258
5.77
3.96
3.81
5.74
5.56
11.91
6.66

0.12
0.12
0.13

3.15
2.97
3.33

0.06
0.08
0.07
0.06

1.63
1.93
1.75
1.47

No Shear Component

0.01
0.01
0.01

0.36
0.36
0.33

No Shear Component

No
Shear Component
0.057
1.448
No Shear Component
No Shear Component
No Shear Component
No Shear Component

0.05

1.14

No Shear Component
No Shear Component
No Shear Component

0.25

6.35

No Shear Component

0.14

3.43

No Shear Component

0.08

1.93

No Shear Component

0.14
0.3
0.16

3.53
7.67
3.99

No Shear Component

0.07
0.08
0.07

1.73
1.96
1.83

No Shear Component
No Shear Component
No Shear Component

No Shear Component
No Shear Component

43.1
12.4
14.5
10.9
3.6
15.2
14.5
47.2
67.6
6.04
4.65
6.38
1.8
2.42
1.51
1.48
0
0
0