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RAVI KUMAR Special Training program, IEG 1/1/2009
1. Earth Some Important Facts 2. Indian States International Boundaries 3. Important Crops India 4. Important National Highways 5. Important Rivers India 6. Important River Valley Projects 7. Important Indian Town Rivers 8. Hill Stations India 9. Sanctuaries and Parks in India 10. Mineral Resources of India ********** 1. Important Days 2. Books and Authors 3. Independence Days of Various Countries 4. First in the World 5. Epithets 6. Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World 7. Worlds Highest Mountain Peaks 8. Inventions and Discoveries 9. National Emblems 10. Worlds Prominent Scientists *****************
1. Nick Names of Important Indian Places 2. Recipients of Bharat Ratna 3. Important Sites in India 4. First in India Men 5. First in India Women 6. Persons & Places
INDIA IN SCIENCE & TECH 1. Elements Symbols and Atomic Numbers 2. Indias Dream Launch PSLV C7 3. Some Important Facts of Human Body 4. Milestones in Medicine 5. Science Terminology 6. National Surveys and Other Institutions in India 7. Noice Scale
1. Buddhism 2. Newspaper Journals 3. Constitutional Development 4. Jainism 5. Governor Generals of India 6. Important National Activities 7. Venue, Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC) WORLD 1. 2. 3. 4. Famous towns in world Famous places in world Mountains,peaks of the world Some highest waterfalls
5. Largest lakes of the world 6. Solar system 7. Cities situated on river sides
1 INDIA-I .
Dec.024 km 14C About 152 million km About 147 million km 23 hrs. 23 (Autumnal Equinox) June 21 (Summer Solstice). 5hrs & 45.083 x 10 litres 5.755 km 12.550 million years 5. 56 min & 40.852 m) Dead Sea (396 m) Mariana Trench (11.2% of the total surface area 70.976 x 10kg 1.51 sec Mar.712 km 11.2 km/sec Mount Everest (8.91 sec 365 days. Sept.8% of the total surface area 12.Earth Some Important Facts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Age Mass Volume Mean Density Total Surface Area Land Area Water Area Equatorial Diameter Polar Diameter Escape Velocity Highest Land Point Lowest Land Point Greatest Ocean Depth Equatorial Circumference Polar Circumference Mean Surface Temperature Maximum distance from sun (Aphelion) Minimum distance from sun (Perihelion) Rotation Speed Revolution Speed Dates when days & nights are equal Dates of longest days and shortest nights 4. 22 (Winter Solstice) .518 kg/lt 510 million sq.km 29.21 (Vernal Equinox).033 m) 40.076 km 40.
Punjab. Manipur. Assam West Bengal. UP. Sikkim. Meghalaya. Punjab. Andhra Pradesh. UP 7 8 9 MP. Tripura. UP UP. Uttaranchal. AP Maharashtra. Jammu and Kashmir. UP. Himachal Pradesh. Gujarat. Arunachal Pradesh. Uttaranchal. Karnataka. UP Maharashtra. Rajasthan. Sikkim. Karnataka. Gujarat. Mizoram. Andhra Pradesh . West Bengal Gujarat. Tamil Nadu. Mizoram 7 Bordering Afghanistan Jammu and Kashmir (Pakistan . Nagaland.occupied area) Important Crops India ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 3 4 5 6 Rice Wheat Maize Bajra Jowar TOTAL COARSE CEREALS TOTAL PULSES TOTAL FOOD GRAINS Groundnut West Bengal. Bihar. MP. Arunachal Pradesh. Punjab. Karnataka Rajasthan. Punjab. Haryana Madhya Pradesh. Sikkim. Assam 5 Bordering Bhutan 6 Bordering Myanmar Arunachal Pradesh. West Bengal West Bengal. Maharashtra UP.Indian States International Boundaries --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 Bordering Pakistan 2 Bordering China 3 Bordering Nepal 4 Bordering Bangladesh Jammu and Kashmir.
while tussar is mainly found in Bihar. Karnataka Maharashtra. West Bengal.Vijaywada Delhi .Allahabad .10 Rapeseed And Mustard Rajasthan. tussar. Kerala. Maharashtra MP. Haryana Madhya Pradesh.Dhule Varanasi .Ambala . Maharashtra.Jalandhar .Kolkata Agra . Karnataka Karnataka. Kolkata . In India all 4 varieties of silk are available. Tamil Nadu.Fazilka .Mumbai (Via Jaipur. Rajasthan Karnataka.Agra . Tamil Nadu Kerala. Karnataka Important National Highways 11 Soyabean 12 Sunflower 13 TOTAL OIL SEEDS 14 Sugarcane 15 Cotton 16 Jute and Mesta 17 Tea 18 Coffee 19 Rubber 20 Silk 21 Tobacco --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo National Highways 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NH 1 NH 2 NH 3 NH 4 NH 5 NH 6 NH 7 NH 8 NH 9 NH 10 Connects New Delhi . Rajasthan UP.Chennai Kolkata .Amritsar. Mulberry. eri and muga. UP.Mumbai Thane and Chennai via Pune and Belgaun. Himachal Pradesh Karnataka. Mulberry is the main variety. Assam Assam. Bihar.Kanpur . Andhra Pradesh. Gujarat. Delhi . Jammu and Kashmir.Gwalior . Maharashtra. Andhra Pradesh. Gujarat.Nasik . Andhra Pradesh WB.Varanasi . Baroda and Ahmedabad) Mumbai . Andhra Pradesh.Mathura .Kanyakumari Delhi . Maharashtra.
Important Rivers India -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo 23 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Name Origin From Falls into Krishna river Bay of Bengal Chenab Arabian Sea Chenab Satluj Chenab Ganga Yamuna Ganga Ganga Yamuna Ganga Bay of Bengal Length (km) 640 2525 1050 2880 720 470 725 1375 1050 1080 730 480 780 2900 Tungabhadra Western Ghats Ganges Satluj Indus Ravi Beas Jhelum Yamuna Chambal Ghagra Kosi Betwa Son Combined Sources Mansarovar Rakas Lakes Near Mansarovar Lake Kullu Hills near Rohtang Pass Near Rohtang Pass Verinag in Kashmir Yamunotri M. In Chhatisgarh Aravallis Himalayas Aravallis Western Ghats Nasik Distt. Matsatung Glacier Near Gosain Dham Peak Vindhyanchal Amarkantak Brahmaputra Near Mansarovar Lake Narmada Tapti Mahanadi Luni Ghaggar Sabarmati Krishna Godavari Cauvery Amarkantak Betul Distt.P. In Maharashtra Gulf of Khambat 1057 Gulf of Khambat 724 Bay of Bengal 858 Rann of Kuchchh 450 Near Fatehabad 494 Gulf of Khambat 416 Bay of Bengal Bay of Bengal 0 1465 805 Brahmagir Range of Western Ghats Bay of Bengal .P. Raipur Distt. In M.
Bihar. Highest in India. On Beas in HP On Chambal in MP & Rajasthan. On Tapti in Gujarat On Mahi in Gujarat . Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Jawahar Sagar Dam. Based on Tennessee Valley Project. World's longest dam: 4801m On Son in Mirzapur. On Damodar in Bihar. On Kosi in N. Reservoir is called Gobind Sagar Lake. Reservoir is called Govind Vallabh Pant reservoir. It is the oldest river valley project of India. USA. On Krishna in AP On Tungabhadra in AP & Karnataka On Cauvery in Karnataka. Apart from power and irrigation it helps to remove silt for easy navigation. On Manjra in AP. Ht 226 m. On Bhima in Maharashtra On Jog Falls in Karnataka In TN On Ganga in WB. On Tapi in Gujarat. On Mahanadi in Orissa.Important River Valley Projects --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sno 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Project Name Bhakra Nangal Project Mandi Project Chambal Valley Project Damodar Valley Project Hirakud Project Rihand Project Kosi Project Mayurkashi Project Kakrapara Project Nizamsagar Project Nagarjuna Sagar Project Tungabhadra Project Shivasamudram Project Tata Hydel Scheme Sharavathi Hydel Project Kundah & Periyar Project Farakka Project Ukai Project Mahi Project River Name On Sutlaj in Punjab. On Mayrukashi in WB. 3 dams are there: Gandhi Sagar Dam.
Important Indian Town Rivers ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Town Allahabad Patna Varanasi Kanpur Hardwar Badrinath Agra Delhi Mathura Ferozpur Ludhiana Srinagar Lucknow Jaunpur Ayodhya Bareilly Ahmedabad Kota River At the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna Ganga Ganga Ganga Ganga Alaknanda Yamuna Yamuna Yamuna Satluj Satluj Jhelum Gomti Gomti Saryu Ram Ganga Sabarmati Chambal . Uttaranchal Sardar Sarovar Project On Narmada. Gujarat/MP. Punjab On Bhgirathi.20 21 22 23 24 25 Salal Project Mata Tila Multipurpose Project Thein Project Pong Dam Tehri Project On Chenab in J & K On Betwa in UP & MP On Ravi. Punjab On Beas.
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Jabalpur Panji Ujjain Surat Jamshedpur Dibrugarh Guwahati Kolkata Sambalpur Cuttack Serirangapatnam Hyderabad Nasik Vijayvada Curnool Tiruchirapalli Narmada Mandavi Kshipra Tapti Swarnarekha Brahmaputra Brahmaputra Hooghly Mahanadi Mahanadi Cauvery Musi Godavari Krishna Tungabhadra Cauvery Hill Stations India -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hill Stations Almora (Kumaon hills) Cherrapunji (Shillong) Coonoor (Nilgiri hills) Dalhousie Darjeeling Gulmarg Kasauli (Shimla) Kodaikanal Uttar Pradesh Meghalaya Tamil Nadu Himachal Pradesh West Bengal Kashmir (Highest) Himachal Pradesh Tamil Nadu State Name .
sambar. bear. water birds Bandhavgarh National Park Bandipur Sanctuary Banarghatta National Park Bhadra Sancturary Bhimabandh Sanctuary Monghyr. Karnataka Reserves for Tiger. sambar. wild bear. gray Partridges. panther. chital.Mahabaleshwar Mt. Madhya Pradesh Border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu Bangalore Karnataka Chikmagalur. wild bear Elephant. sambar. chital. panther. tigers. green pigeon Elephant. wild bear Tiger. Bihar . leopard. bison Tiger. nilgai. chital. panther. Abu Mussoorie Nainital Ootacamund Pachmarhi Ranchi Shillong (Khasi hills) Shimla Srinagar Maharashtra Rajasthan Uttaranchal Uttaranchal Tamil Nadu Madhya Pradesh Jharkhand Meghalaya Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Sanctuaries and Parks in India -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Name Achanakmar Sanctuary Location Bilaspur. chital. deer. Chhattisgarh Shahdol. chital. sambar. deer. birds Elephant.
leopard. wild bear. langur. sambar. barking deer. wild buffalo. Garampani Sanctuary Diphu. nilgai. Assam Ghana Bird Sanctuary Bharatpur. sambar. wild boar. Kashmir Singbhum. Madhya Pradesh Tiger. sambar.Bori Sanctuary Hoshangabad. leopard. famous sportsman Dachigam Sanctuary Near Varanasi Uttar Pradesh Nainital.P. panther. leopards. sambar. leopard. Datma Sanctuary Dandeli Sanctuary Dudhwa National Park Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary Mandsaur. chinkara Famous for Gir lions. Uttaranchal Dachigam. Karnataka Lakhimpurkheri U. chital. elephants. chital. Rajasthan Gir Forest Junagarh. Gujarat Gautam Buddha Sanctuary Gaya. barking deer Chital. langur Water birds. chital and sambar Tiger.P. sambar. sambar. elephant. chital. barking deer Tiger. blackbuck. chinkara. sambar India's biggest wild life sanctuary famous for Gir lions Tiger. Uttaranchal Dharwar. wild boar. panther. wild bear Tiger. sambar Kashmiri stag Elephants. M. chital. barking deer Borivli National Park Mumbai Chandraprabha Sanctuary Corbett National Park named in memory of Jim Corbett. wild birds Elephant. panther. barking deer Panther. Bihar . chital.
panther. tiger. sambar. chital. bear. leopard. panther. Arunachal Pradesh Bhandara. gaur. sambar.P.Hazaribagh Sanctuary Hazaribagh. gaur. . chital. wild buffalo Snow leopard. tiger. sambar. elephant. sambar. Sikkim Kinnersani Sanctuary Khamrsan. Maharashtra Hoshangabad. chital Elephant. Nagaland barking deer. nilgai Pelicans. panther. barking deer Tiger. wild bear Horned rhinoceros. Kolleru Pelicanary Elluru A. Rhinoceros Tiger. nilgai Jaldapara Sanctuary Kawal Sanctuary Kaziranga National Park Jorhat. Himalayan bear Tiger. Assam Khangchandzendra National Park Gangtok. Kohima. panther.P. panther. chital. A. Karnataka Namdafa Sanctuary Tirap.P. painted stork Elephant. Nawegaon National Park Pachmarhi Sanctuary Pakhal Sanctuary Warangal A. chital. king cobra Tiger. tiger. Nagerhole National Park Coorg. wild cat Intangki Sanctuary Elephant.P. nilgai Tiger.P. panther. sambar. nilgai. gaur. nilgai. sambar. chital. leopard. chital. wild boar West Bengal Adilabad. M. musk deer. A. Jharkhand Tiger. sambar. panther. gaur. panther.
wild South 24 parganas. panther. West Bengal Gangetic dolphin . gaur chital. wild bear Black bear. leopard. snow cock. sambar. elephant. leopard. chital Tiger. Orissa Canara. panther. wild boar. Sariska Sanctuary Alwar. chital. hyena. deer. gaur. H. Karnataka Shikari Devi Sanctuary Mandi. Maharashtra Periyar Sanctuary Idukki. sambar. panther. snow pigeon Tiger. chital Tiger.Parambikulam Sanctuary Palghat. panther. nilgai.P. panther. leopard. gaur. sloth bear. chital. sambar. chinkara Elephant. hyena. wild bear Pench National Park Nagpur. panther. sambar. gaur.P. tiger. Shivpuri National Park Shivpuri. Kerala Tiger. nilgai.P. gaur. nilgai. musk deer. nilgai Elephant. brown bear. Karnataka Someshwara Sanctuary Sunderban Tiger Reserve Tiger. crocodile. Kerala Ranganthittoo Bird Sanctuary Islands in Cauvery Important bird river in Karnataka sanctuary Snow leopard. panther. partridge Tiger. nilgai Elephant. Rajasthan Sharaswathy Valley Sanctuary Shimoga. sambar. H. leopard Rohla National Park Kulu. tiger. boar. tiger. Similipal Sanctuary Mayurbhanj. M. musk deer.
Naharkatiya. Karnataka (Bababudan hills. There are 18 refineries in India. Masinpur and Pallharia). Bolangir. In Orissa (Kalahandi. Palamau). cement industry. Bokaro. Andhra Pradesh (Guntur. Betul). Sundargarh. Giridih. Kalahandi). Naomundi). Andhra Pradesh (Ramgiri and 1 Coal 2 Manganese 3 Copper 4 Mica 5 Petroleum 6 Oil Refineries 7 Iron 8 Bauxite 9 Gold . Tamil Nadu Karnataka (Kolar. Rajasthan (Bhilwara. Maharashtra (Nagpur. Joint sector refinery is at Mangalore. Barauni. Bonai. Chikmagalur. Panipat. Krishna and Godawari basin. Raichur). Orissa. Badarpur. Madhya Pradesh and Chhatisgarh (Rewa. Jalpaigudi. India possesses Haematite. Kanha valley. Jabalpur). Karnataka (Keonjhar. Guwahati. Birbhum. Madhya Pradesh (Jabalpur. Pench valley. Jaipur) Assam (Digboi. Hospet). Garibadi). Karnataka (Chitradurg. Ratnagiri). Bhagalpur). Rampur. Katni. Purulia. Mandla. The private sector refinery of Reliance Limited is at Jamnagar. Bankura. Maharashtra. Chief ore for producing aluminium. Korba. Andhra Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh (Balaghat). Shahdol. Bhandara. Sambhal). Jharkhand (Singhbhum. Jharkhand (Singhbhum. Andhra Pradesh. Mumbai (2). In Madhya Pradesh (Bailadila. etc. Kharhawadi. Bihar (Gaya. Kharmbat basin. one in joint sector and one in private sector. Hussan) Jharkhand (Hazaribagh. Mumbai High. Orissa (Rampur. Bassein (south of Mumbai High). Gumla). Darjeeling) Jharkhand (Jharia. Numanigarh and Tatipaka. a very high-grade iron ore. 16 in public sector. Bongaigaon. Hazaribagh. Haldia. Marmagao and Mangalore. Rajasthan (Khetri). Umaria. Madhya Pradesh (Balaghat. Narimanam. Giridih. Burdwan. Recently oil has been discovered in Cauvery basin. Jharkhand (Lohardaga. Gujarat. Surda). Khambat. Hindgir. Hutti. Udaipur. Koraput. Japan is the biggest buyer accounting for about 3/4th of India's total exports. Paradip. Gujarat (Ankleshwar. etc. etc. Vishakhapatnam. Sohagpur. Kodarma. Balaghat). Chennai. Kalol). Kurnool). Power sector is the largest consumer of coal in India followed by steel industry. Chhindawara). Talcher.Mineral Resources of India -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------West Bengal (Raniganj. Public sector refineries are located at Digboi. Major ports handling iron ore export are Vishakhapatnam. Masobani. Vizag. Goa (North Goa). Orissa India is the fifth largest exporter of Iron ore in the world. Sambalpur). Mand river area. Koyali. Karnapura. Andhra Pradesh (Kadur. etc. Kochi. Mathura.
Andhra Pradesh (Mysore. Chitradurg).Yeppamanna goldfields in Chittor and Anantapur districts 10 Silver. rocks of Aravallis in Rajasthan 11 Uranium 12 Thorium . Nalgonda). Karnataka (Gulbarga) Kerala coast (From Monazite sand). Karnataka (Kolar mines) Jharkhand (Jaduguda). Rajasthan (Ajmer). Zinc and Lead Rajasthan (Zawar mines near Udaipur). Andhra Pradesh (Nellore.
2 INDIA-II .
Important Days Important Days National Youth Day Army Day Desh Prem Diwas International Customs Day Republic Day Martyrs' Day Valentine's Day Arunachal Day Central Excise Day National Science Day International Women's Day World Consumers Rights Day World Disabled Day International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Racial Discrimination World Forestry Day World Day for Water World Meteorological Day Bangladesh Day National Maritime Day Samta Diwas World Health Day Railway week World Aviation and Cosmonautics Day Jallianwala Day World Heritage Day Earth Day World Book Day Days January 12 January 21 January 23 January 26 January 26 January 30 February 14 February 20 February 24 February 28 March 8 March 15 March 15 March 21 March 21 March 22 March 23 March 26 April 5 April 5 April 7 April 10-16 April 12 April 13 April 18 April 22 April 23 .
Manav Ekta Divas May Day (Workers' Day. International Labour Day) World Press Freedom Day V-E Day World Red Cross Day Mothers' Day National Solidarity Day Anti-terrorism Day Commonwealth Day International Day of Families World Telecommunication Day Everest Day Mount Everest Day No-Tobacco Day International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression World Environment Day Goa Liberation Day UN Charter Signing Day Anti-Emergency Day International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking World Diabetes Day Poors' Day Doctors Day World Population Day World Breast Feeding Day Breast Feeding Week Hiroshima Day Nagasaki Day Quit India Day Independence Day April 24 May 1 May 3 May 8 May 8 May 9 May 13 May 21 May 24 May 15 May 17 May 29 May 29 May 31 June 4 June 15 June 18 June 25 June 26 June 26 June 27 June 28 July 1 July 11 August 1 August 1-7 August 6 August 9 August 9 August 15 .
Naipaul Stephen Hawking John Kenneth Galbraith Immanuel Kant Ibsen Ernest Hemingway Rohinton Mistry Evelyn Waugh .Sadhbhavana Divas National Sports Day Teachers' Day World Literacy Day World Ozone Day World Tourism Day International Day for the Elderly World Vegetarian Day World Habitat Day International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction Air Force Day Post Office Day World Post Day World Standards Day World Food Day Police Commemoration Day UN Day August 20 August 29 September 5 September 8 September 16 September 27 October 1 October 2 October 5 October 7 October 8 October 9 October 9 October 14 October 16 October 21 October 24 Books and Authors 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A Bend in the River A Brief History of Time A China Passage A Critique of Pure Reason A Doll`s House A Farewell to Arms A Fine Balance A Handful of Dust V.S.
Schlesinger Dominique Lappierre Anita Desai Nayantara Sehgal Louis Fischer David Baldacci P.K. Biswas A Million Mutinies Now A Midsummer Night`s Dream A Passage to England A Passage to India A Prisoner`s Scrapbook A Strange and Sublime Address A Streetcar Named Desire A Study of History A Suitable Boy A Tale of Two Cities A Thousand Days A Thousand Suns A Village by the Sea A Voice for Freedom A Week with Gandhi Absolute Power Adonis Adventures of Tom Sawyer Afternoon Raag Agni Veena Alice in Wonderland All the King`s Men All the President`s Men All Things Bright and Beautiful All`s Well that Ends Well Amar Kosh An American Dilemma An American Tragedy An area of Darkness V.9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 A House for Mr. Naipul William Shakespeare Nirad C. Naipaul V. Shelley Mark Twain Amit Chaudhari Kazi Nazrul Islam Lewis Carroll Robert Penn Warren Carl Bernstein & Bob Woodward James Herriot William Shakspeare Amar Singh Gunnar Myrdal Theodore Dreiser V. Foster L. Advani Amit Chaudhari Tennesse Williams Arnold J.B. Naipaul . Choudhari E.S.S.M.S. Toynbee Vikram Seth Charles Dickens Arthur M.
S. Brain and Beer Born Free Brave New World Bread. Radhakrishnan Bankin Chandra Chatterjee George Orwell Leo Tolstoy William Shakespeare Jules Verne Sinclair Lewis William Shakespeare K. Choudhari Bhagwan Sri. Beauty and Revolution Breakthrough Bubble. The Business @ the Speed of Thought Caesar and Cleopatra Candide Catch . Moshe Dayan Mulk Raj Anand Bill Gates George Bernard Shaw Voltaire Joseph Heller Anton Chekov .M. Panikkar Gunnar Myrdal Nirad C.39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 58 59 60 61 62 64 65 66 67 68 70 71 73 An Autobiography An Equal Music An Idealist View of Life Anandmath Animal Farm Anna Karenina Antony and Cleopatra Around the World in Eighty Days Arrowsmith As You Like it Asia and Western Dominace Asian Drama Autobiography of an Unknown Indian Beginning of the Beginning Beloved Ben Hur Beyond the Horizon Bharat Bharati Black Holes and Baby Universes Blood.22 Cherry Orchard Jawaharlal Nehru Vikram Seth Dr. Rajneesh Toni Morrison Lewis Wallance Eugene O` Neill Maithili Saran Gupta Stephen Hawking David Ogilvy Joy Adamson Aldous Huxley Khwaja Ahmad Abbas Gen.
M.E. Eliot Mahatma Gandhi Mulk Raj Anand Rabindra Nath Tagore Feodor Dostoyevsky E.S.S. William Shakespeare Arthur Koestler Karl Marx Charles Dickens Arthur Ashe & Arnold Rampersad Thomas Mann Amrita Pritam R. Namboodiripad.J. Harrington Arthur Miller Emile Zola Charles Darwin Sharat Chandra Chatterjee 100 Debacle 101 Descent of Man 102 Devdas .74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Chidambara Chitra Chronicle of a Death Foretold Circle of Reason Circles of Silence City of Joy City of Djinns Coming of Age in Samoa Common Sense Communist Manifesto Confessions Confidential Clerk Conquest of Self Coolie Crescent Moon Crime and Punishment Crisis into Chaos Comedy of Errors Darkness at Noon Das Kapital David Copperfield Days of Grace Death in Venice Death of a City Death of a patriot Death of a Salesman Sumitranandan Pant Rabindra Nath Tagore Gabriel Garcia Marquez Amitav Ghosh Preeti Singh Dominique Lapierre William Dalrymple Margaret Mead Thomas Paine Karl Marx J. Rousseau T.
P.103 Dilemma of our Time 104 Diplomacy 105 Discovery of India 106 Distant Drums 107 Divine Comedy 108 Divine Life 109 Doctor Zhivago 110 Doctor`s Dilemma 111 Don Juan 112 Don Quixote 113 Dr.P. Hyde 114 Durgesh Nandini 115 Down Under 116 Earth 117 Eminent Victorians 118 Emma 119 Ends and Means 120 English August 121 Envoy to Nehru 122 Essays of Elia 123 Essays on Gita 124 Eternal Himalayas 125 Ethics for New Millennium 126 Expanding Universe 127 Faces of Everest 128 Family Matters 129 Family Renuion 130 Far from the Madding Crowd 131 Farewell the Trumpets 132 Farewell to Arms Harold Joseph Laski Henry Kissinger Jawaharlal Nehru Manohar Malgaonkar Dante Alighieri Swami Sivananda Boris Pastemak George Bernard Shaw Lord Byron Miguel de Cervantes Robert Louis Stevenson Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bill Bryson Emile Zola Lytton Strachey Jane Austen Aldous Huxley Upamanyu Chatterjee Escott Reid Charles Lamp Sri.S. Ahluwalia Rohinton Mistry T.S. Aurobindo Ghosh Major H. Eliot Thomas Hardy James Morris Ernest Hemingway .Jekyil and Mr.S. Ahluwalia The Dalai Lama Arthur Stanley Eddington Major H.
133 Fasting Feasting 134 Father and Sons 135 Final Days. The 136 First Circle 137 For Whom the Bell Tolls 138 Forsyth Saga 139 Fortynine Days 140 Freedom at Midnight 141 French Revolution 142 Friends and Foes 143 From Here to Elernity 144 Ganadevata 145 Gandhi and Stalin 146 Gardener 147 Gathering Storm 148 Ghasiram Kotwal 149 Gitanjali 150 Glimpses of World History 151 Godan 152 Golden Threshold 153 Gone With The Wind 154 Good Earth 155 Good Times.K. Buck Harold Evans James Hilton Harold Joseph Laski Charles Dickens R. Mr. Bad Times 156 Goodbye.Chips 157 Grammar of Politics 158 Great Expectations 159 Guide 160 Gulliver`sTravels 161 Gypsi Masala Anita Desai Ivan Turgenev Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein Alexander Solzhermitsyn Ernest Hemingway John Galsworthy Amrita Pritam Larry Collins and Domonique Lapierre Thomas Carlyle Sheikh Mujibur Rahman James Hones Tara Shankar Bandopadhyaya Louis Fisher Rabindra Nath Tagore Winston Churchill Vijay Tendulkar Rabindra Nath Tagore Jawaharlal Nehru Prem Chand Sarojini Naidu Margaret Mitchell Pearl S. Narayan Janathan Swift Preethi Nair .
Shakespeare Manjula Padmanabhan J.S. Choudhuri George Orwell Deepak Chopra Graham Green Rabindra Nath Tagore Albert Einstein George Bernard Shaw K. Munshi Sunil Gavaskar Z. Rowling J.A. Radhakrishnan Nirad C.162 Half a Life 163 Hamlet 164 Harvest 165 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix 166 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire 167 Heritage 168 Heroes and Hero Worship 169 Himalayan Blunder 170 Hindu View of Life 171 Hinduism 172 Homage to Catalonia 173 How to Know God 174 Human Factor 175 Hungry stones 176 Ideas and Opinions 69 Candida V.P.K Rowling Anthony West Thomas Carlyle Brigadier J.C.J Abdul Kalam Gabriel Garcia Marques Alfred Lord Tennyson Richard Attenborough Dr.Another Millennium .M. Bhutto Geri Halliwell A.K. Dalvi Dr.P. P. Alexander Taya Zinkin John Keay Rajendra Prasad Stephen Philip Cohen Romila Thapar 177 I follow the Mahatma 178 Idols 179 If I am Assassinated 180 If only 181 Ignited Minds 182 In Evil Hour 183 In Memoriam 184 In Search of Gandhi 185 India in the New Millennium 186 India Changes 187 India Discovered 188 India Divided 189 India Emerging power 190 India . S. Naipaul W.
Radhakrishnan Katherine Frank Anurag Mathur John Gunther Jhumpa Lahiri Jean Paul Sartre H.M Munshi William Shakespeare Rudyard Kipling Ginu Kamani Michael Crichton Anil Padmanabhan Vatsyayana Jeffrey Archer Raja Rao Tavleen Singh Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai Sir Walter Scott . Inside Europe. Palkhivala Dr.191 India Unbound 192 India of Our Dreams 193 India Remembered 194 India Wins Freedom 195 India`s Priceless Hertiage 196 Indian Philosophy 197 Indira: The Life of Indira Nehru Gandhi 198 Inscrutable Americans 199 Inside Asia.A. S.A Life 213 Kamasutra 214 Kane and Abel 215 Kanthapura 216 Kasmir : A Tragedy of Errors 217 Kayar 218 Kenilworth Gurcharan Das M.V.G. Inside Africa etc 200 Interpreter of Maladies 201 Intimacy 202 Invisible Man 203 Is Paris Burning 204 Isabella 205 Islamic Bomb 206 It was Five Past Midnight in Bhopal 207 Jai Somnath 208 Julius Caeser 209 Jungle Book 210 Junglee Girl 211 Jurassic Park 212 Kalpana Chawla . Kamath Percival & Margaret Spear Abul Kalam Azad N. Wells Larry Collins & Dominique Lapierre John Keats Stev Weissman & Herbert Krouney Dominique Lapierre and Javier Moro K.
219 Kidnapped 220 Kim 221 King Lear 222 Kubla Khan 223 Ladies Coupe 224 Lady Chatterley`s Lover 225 Lajja 226 Last Burden 227 Last Things 228 Le Contract (Social Contract) 229 Leaders 230 Leaves of Grass 231 Less Miserables 232 Life Divine 233 Life is Elsewhere 234 Life of Samuel Johnson 235 Living History 236 Lolita 237 Loneliness of the Long Distance Runnner 238 Long Day`s Journey into Night 239 Long Walk to freedom 240 Look Back in Anger 241 Lord of the Files 242 Love Story 243 Macbeth 244 Magic Mountain 245 Mahatma Gandhi and his Apostles 246 Mahatma Gandhi 247 Main Street 248 Malgudi Days
Robert Louis Stevenson Rudyard Kipling William Shakespeare Samuel Taylor Coleridge Anita Nair D.H. Lawerence Taslima Nasreen Upamanyu Chatterjee C.P Snow J.J. Rousseau Richard Nixon Walt Whitman Victor Hugo Sri Aurobindo Milan Kundera James Boswell Hillary Clinton Vladimir Nobakov Allan Sillitoe Eugene O` Neill Nelson Mandela John Osborne William Golding Erich Segal W. Shakespeare Thomas Mann Ved Mehta Romain Rolland Sinclair Lewis R.K Narayan
249 Man and Superman 250 Man of Property 251 Man, Beast and Virtue 252 Man - eaters of Kumaon 253 Managing for the Furture 254 Managing for Results 255 Mankind for Mother Earth 256 Many worlds 257 Mayor of Casterbridge 258 Mein Kampf 259 Memories of Hope 260 Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus 261 Middle March 262 Midnight `s Children 263 Mill on the Floss 264 Moby Dick 265 Moonwalk 266 Mother India 267 Mother 268 Much Ado about Nothing 269 Murder in the Cathedral 270 My Days 271 My India 272 My Life and Times 273 My Music , My Life 274 My Own Boswell 275 My Presidential Years 276 Mystic River 277 My Truth 278 My Son`s father
George Bernard Shaw John Galsworthy Luigi Pirandello Jim Corbett Peter Drucker Peter Drucker Arnold Toynbee K.P.S Menon Thomas Hardy Adolf Hitler Ge. Charles de Gaulle John Gray George Eliot Salman Rushdie George Eliot Hermann Melville Michael Jackson Katherine Mayo Maxim Gorky William Shakespeare T.S. Eliot R.K Narayan S. Nihal Singh V.V. Giri Pt. Ravi Shankar M.Hidayatullah R. Venkataraman Dennis Lehane Indira Gandhi Dom Moraes
279 Nana 280 Never At Home 281 New Dimensions of India`s Foreign Policy 282 Nice Guys Finish Second 283 Nineteen Eighty Four 284 No Full Stops in India 285 O` Jerusalem 286 Oliver Twist 287 On The Threshold of Hope 288 One Hundred Years of Solitude 289 One World and India 290 One world 291 Operation Bluestar : The True Story 292 Operation Shylock 293 Othello 294 Our Films, Their Films 295 Out of Africa 296 Painter of Signs 297 Pakistan: The Gathering Storm 298 Pale Blue Dot 299 Panchatantra 300 Paradise Lost 301 Pather Panchali 302 People Like Us 303 Plain Speaking 304 Pleading Guilty 305 Portrait of India 306 Post Office 307 Prelude
Emile Zola Dom Moraes A.B. Vajpayee B.K. Nehru George Orwell Mark Tully Larry Collins & Dominique Lapierre Charles Dickens Pope John Paul II Gabriel Garcia Marquez Arnold Toynbee Wendelll Wilkie Lt. Gen. K.S. Brar Philip Roth William Shakespeare Satyajit Ray Isak Dinesen R.K. Narayan Benazir Bhutto Carl Sagan Vishnu Sharma John Milton Bibhuti Bhushan Pavan Varma N. Chandrababu Naidu Scott Turow Ved Mehta Rabindra Nath Tagore William WordsWorth
Clark Gloria Steinem Harold MacMillan Shashi Tharoor William L. The : Who Won. The 321 Red Badge of Courage 322 Red Earth and Pouring Rain 323 Red Star Over China 324 Reflections on the French Revolution 325 Remembering Babylon 326 Rendezvous with Rama 327 Revolution from Within 328 Riding the Storm 329 Riot: A Novel 330 Rise and Fall of the Third Reich 331 Robinson Crusoe 332 Romeo and Juliet 333 Room at the Top 334 Saket 335 Sanctuary 336 Scam.308 Preoccupations 309 Present at the Creation 310 Pride and Prejudice 311 Prince 312 Prison Diary 313 Private Lives 314 Profiles in Courage 315 Pygmalion 316 Rabbit. Who Lost. Who Got away 337 Scarlet Letter Seamus Heaney Dean Acheson Jane Austen Niccolo Machiavelli Jayaprakash Narayan Noel Coward John F. Shierer Daniel Defoe William Shakespeare John Braine Maithili Sharan Gupta William Faulkner Debashis Basu and Sucheta Dalal Nathaniel Hawthome . Kennedy George Bernard Shaw John Updike Prem Chand Anthony Mascarenhas Kiran Nagarkar Albert Camus Stephen Crane Vikram Chandra Edgar Snow Edmund Burke David Malouf Arthur C. Run 317 Rangbhoomi 318 Rape of Bangladesh 319 Ravan & Eddie 320 Rebel.
G. Wells Oliver Goldsmith Hermann Hesse Rachel Carson Ernst Schumacher Gita Mehta Yasunari Kawabata Mathew Arnold D.G. Lawrence Michael Moore Octavio Paz Sunil Gavaskar R.K. Wodehouse Arthur Conan Doyle John Kenneth Galbraith Jean Paul Sartre Bob Woodward Irving Stone Henry James Hugh Tinker David Halberstam Anita Nair 346 Snakes and Ladders: Essays on India 347 Snow Country 348 Sohrab and Rustam 349 Sons and Lovers 350 Stupid White Men 351 Sun Stone 352 Sunny Days 353 Swami and Friends 354 Talisman 355 Tarzan of the Apes 356 Tempest 357 Thank You. Narayan Sir Walter Scott Edgar Rice Burroughs William Shakespeare P.H. Jeeves 358 The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes 359 The Affluent Society 360 The age of Reason 361 The Agenda 362 The Agony and the Ecstasy 363 The Ambassadors 364 The Banyan Tree 365 The Best and the Brightest 366 The Better Man .338 Seven Lamps of Architecture 339 Seven Summers 340 Shadow from Ladakh 341 Shape of Things to Come 342 She Stoops to Conquer 343 Siddharta 344 Silent Spring 345 Small is Beautiful : A Study of Economics as if People Mattered John Ruskin Mulk Raj Anand Bhavani Bhattacharya H.
P.367 The Bride`s Book of Beauty 368 The Cancer Ward 369 The Call of the Wild 370 The Canterbury Tales 371 The Captive of the Caucasus 372 The Cardinal 373 The Caretaker 374 The Changing World of the Executive 375 The Civil War 376 The Clown 377 The Coup 378 The Court Dancer 379 The Crucible 380 The Death of Vishnu 381 The Degeneration of India 382 The Diary of a Young Girl 383 The Double Helix 384 The End of a Beautiful era 385 The End of History and the Last Man 386 The Executioner`s Song 387 The Eye of the Storm 388 The Castle 389 The Far Pavilions 390 The Feminine Mystique 391 The Fifth Horseman 392 The Fire Next Time 393 The Forbidden Sea 394 The Fury 395 The Ginger Man Mulk Raj Anand Alexander Solzhenitsyn Jack London Geoffrey Chaucer Alexander Pushkin Henry Morton Robinson Harold Pinters Peter Drucker Shelby Foote Heinrich Boll John Updike Rabindra Nath Tagore Arthur Miller Manil Suri T. Seshan Anne Frank James D.N. Watson Joseph Brodsky Francis Fukuyama Norman Mailer Patrick White Franz Kafka M.M Kaye Betty Friedan Larry Collins and Domnique Lapierre James Baldwin Tara Ali Baig Salman Rushdie J. Donleavy .
V. Vijayan David Selboume C.P. Snow Simon de Beavoir Manohar Malgaonkar William Shakespeare Margaret Drabble Jeffrey E. Michener Carson McCullers Douglas Adams Nicholas Evans Iris Murdoch Graham Greene Oscar Wilde Jhumpa Lahiri Wole Soyinka Ralph Ellison Steve Martini Kuldip Nayar Kazant Zakis O.396 The Glass Palace 397 The God of Small Things 398 The Godfather 399 The Golden gate 400 The Grapes and the Wind 401 The Grapes of Wrath 402 The Great Challenge 403 The Great Indian Novel 404 The Guns of August 72 Centennial Amitav Ghosh Arundhati Roy Mario Puzo Vikram Seth Pablo Neruda John Steinbeck Louis Fischer Shashi Tharoor Barbara Tuchman James A.E.Garten 405 The Heart is a Lonely Hunter 406 The Hitchhiker`s Guide to the Galaxy 407 The Horse Whisperer 408 The Green Knight 409 The Heart of the Matter 410 The Importance of Being Earnest 411 The Interpreter of Maladies 412 The Interpreters 413 The Invisible Man 414 The Judge 415 The Judgement 416 The Last Temptation of Christ 417 The Legends of Khasak 418 The Making of a Midsummer Night`s Dream 419 The Masters 420 The Mandarin 421 The Men Who Killed Gandhi 422 The Merchant of Venice 423 The Middle Ground 424 The Mind of the C.O .
Douglas Alex Haley Salman Rushdie Winston Churchill Deepak Chopra Rousseau Sarojini Naidu William Faulker Mahatma Gandhi Lech Walesa Nelson Mandela Mulk Raj Anand John Grisham Alvin Tofler Martina Navaratilova .425 The Minister`s Wife 426 The Miser 427 The Moor`s Last Sigh 428 The Old Man and the Sea 429 The Origin of Species 430 The Pickwick Papers 431 The Pilgrim`s Progress 432 The Power and the Glory 433 The Power of Positive Thinking 434 The Private Life of Chairman Mao 435 The Proper Study of Mankind 436 The Rain King 437 The Rape of the Lock 438 The Return of the Native 439 The Road Ahead 440 The Robe 441 The Roots 442 The Satanic Verses 443 The Second World War 444 The Seven Spiritual Laws of Success 445 The Social Contract 446 The Songs of India 447 The Sound and the Fury 448 The Story of My Experiments with Truth 449 The Struggle and the Triumph 450 The Struggle in My Life 451 The Sword and the Sickle 452 The Treatment 453 The Third Wave 454 The Total Zone Amaresh Mishra Moliere Salman Rushdie Ernest Hemingway Charles Darwin Charles Dickens John Bunyan Graham Greene Norman Vincent Peale Dr. Li Zhisui Isaiah Berlin Saul Bellow Alexander Pope Thomas Hardy Bill Gates Lloyd C.
K. Shakespeare Mulk Raj Anand Amit Chaudhari James Joyce Iris Murdoch Ralph Nader John Ruskin General B. The 463 Thom Birds 464 Thousand Cranes 465 Time Machine 466 Tin Drum 467 Tinker. Eliot Adam Smith John Brady Amrita Pritam Collen McCullough Yasunari Kawabata H. Tailor Soldier 468 Tom Jones 469 To the Lighthouse 470 Train to Pakistan 471 Treasure Island 472 Tropic of Cancer 473 Tryst with Destiny 474 Twelfth Night 475 Two Leaves and a Bud 476 The Strange and Sublime Address 477 Ulysses 478 Under the Net 479 Unsafe at Any Speed 480 Unto The Last 481 Untold Story 482 Up from Slavery 483 Utopia 484 Valley of the Dolls Patrick White Franz Kafka Nizzim Ezekiel R.S.G.455 The Tree of Man 456 The Trial 457 The Unfurnished Man 458 The Vendor of Sweets 459 The Wasteland 460 The Wealth of Nations 461 Theory of War 462 Thirteeth Sun. Washington Thomas Moore Jacqueline Susann . Kaul Booker T. Wells Gunther Grass John Le .Came Henry Fielding Virginia Woolf Khushwant Singh Robert Louis Stevenson Henry Miller S.M. Gopalan W. Narayan T.
P.S.P.J. Lawrence Stephen Spender Emily Bronte V.S.Mc Cormak R. Narayan Annie Besant Leo Tolstoy Charles Kingsley Mark H. Bangladesh Belgium Country 19th August 28th May 4th January 4th July 16th December 21st July Date .485 Vanity Fair 486 Waiting for Godot 487 Waiting for the Mahatma 488 Wake Up India 489 War and Peace 490 Westward Ho 491 What they don`t teach you at Harvard Business School William Thackeray Samuel Beckett R.Khandekar Henry Kissinger K.K.Ramanathan Dr.S Menon Shiv Khera 492 who is Kalam ? 493 Who moved my cheese ? 494 Wings of Fire 495 Winter Solstice 496 Witness to an Era 497 Women in Love 498 World Within Worlds 499 Wuthering Heights 500 Yayati 501 Year of the Upheaval 502 Yesterday and Today 503 You Can Win Independence Days of Various Countries SNo 1 2 3 4 5 6 Afghanistan Armenia Australia U.H. abdul Kalam Rosamunde Pilcher Frank Moraes D.A. Spencer Johnson A.
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Brazil Canada China Chile Colombia Finland France Greece India Indonesia Israel Italy Japan Korea Mexico Myanmar Maldives Norway Philippines Peru Poland Portugal Pakistan Rwanda Sri Lanka Switzerland Spain Thailand Turkey Uzbekistan 7th September 1st July 10th October 18th September 20th July 6th December 14th July 25th March 15th August 17th August 3rd April 26th March 29th April 15th August 16th September 4th January 26th July 17th May 12th June 28th July 3rd May 5th October 14th August 5th July 4th February 1st August 10th April 24th June 1st November 1st September .
S.A.8 (U. Vladimir Komarov Gordon Cooper (U.A.A.S.II (U.S.Col.S.S.) Apollo .) Dennis Tito (U. Amstrong (U.A.Eileen Marie Collin (US) Alexei Leonav (Russia) Edward White Late Col.S.S.7 (U.) .S.A.S. Late Maj.) Apollo .R.S.A.R. Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5 (U.A.37 38 39 Ukraine Uganda Zimbabwe 24th August 9th October 18th April First in the World Field The First person to land on the moon The First to launch search Satellite or "artificial moon" The first man to enter space The first woman cosmonaut in the world The first Woman Astronant pilot The first person to float in space The first American astronaut (2nd in world) to floatin space The first Russian cosmonaut to make two space flights The first American astronaut to make two space flights The first manned space ship longest stay in space for 11 days The first manned spaceship to space flight round the moon The first space craft to leave solar system The first country to launch a cosmic space rocket towards moon First crew transfer between orbiting space ships The first man to stay long in space The first space shuttle The first woman to command a space shuttle mission (Columbia) The first tourist to space Person Neil A.S.) Eileen Collins (U.) Valery Ryumin Columbia (U.S.S.S. Yuri Gagarin (USSR) Valentina Tereshkova Lt.R.) Pioneer .) U.A) U.
Scotland Broadway.Scrapers City of Seven Hills City of Palaces China's Sorrow Cockpit of Europe Dark Continent Eternal City Emerald Island Empire City Forbidden City Garden of England Gate of Tears Garden City Gateway of India Gift of the Nile Granite City Great Whiteway Granery of South India Hearing Pond Hermit Kingdom Holy Land Island Continent Island of Cloves Damodar River Nilgiri Hills New Zealand San Francisco (USA) Oxford (UK) Washington. U. USA New York Rome Kolkata Howang-Ho Belgium Africa Rome Ireland New York. DC. Jerusalem Chicago Mumbai Egypt Aberdeen. New York Tanjore Atlantic Ocean Korea Palestine Australia Zanzibar . Tibet Kent. Lhasa. England Bab-el-mandeb.S.Epithets 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Bengal's Sorrow Blue Mountains Britain of the South City of the Golden Gate City of Dreaming Spires City of Magnificent Distance City of Sky .A.
Italy Kochi Pamirs. Venice. India Japan Norway Finland Canada Thailand Tippu Sultan Mumbai Coimbatore Prairies of N.30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 Island of Pearls Key to Mediterannean Lady with a lamp Land of Lakes Land of Golden Fleece Land of Golden Pagoda Land of Kangaroo Land of Lilies Land of Morning Calm Land of Thunderbolt Land of Five Rivers Land of Rising Sun Land of Midnight Sun Land of Thousand Lakes Land of Maples Land of White Elephant Mysore Tiger Manchester of India Manchester of Tamil Nadu Never Never Land Pearl of the Pacific Playground of Europe Playground of India Pearl of the Antilles Pillar of Hercules Pink City Quaker City Queen of the Adraitic Queen of Arabian Sea Roof of the World Bahrain Gibraltar Florence Nightangle Scotland Australia Myanmar Australia Canada Korea Bhutan Punjab. Australia Guyayaquil Port of Ecuador Switzerland Kashmir Cuba Gibraltar Jaipur Philadelphia. Central Asia . U.A.S.
S. Longest Capital. Louisiana (U. Smallest Giraffe Indonesia Swift Ostrich Humming Bird Bridge.America Tristanda Cuntra Howang Ho Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World Animal. U. Taiwan The Kalakumsky canal Suez canal La Paz (Bolivia) Mount Isa (Australia) Tokyo Tokyo .S. Costliest Teipei 101. India Stockholm. Tallest in the world Canal. Longest Irrigational Canal. Longest Railway Huey P. Largest in population City.Long Bridge. Tallest Archipelago Largest Bird. Highest City.60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 Saint of the Gutters Sickman of Europe Spice Garden of India Sugar Bowl of the World Venice of the East Venice of the North White City Windy City White Man's Grave World's Bread Basket World's Loneliest Island Yellow River Mother Terasa Turkey Kerala Cuba Alappuzha. Guinea Coast Prairies of N.) Building. Fastest Bird.A. Yugoslavia Chicago. Sweden Belgrade. Biggest in area City. Largest Bird.A.
A. Washington D.) The Cullinan Astrodome. Largest (Salt water) Library.C.S. in Housten (U. Deepest Van Chuan (China) Asia Australia Russia China India Blue Whale Sunderban (Bangladesh & India) Sahara (Africa) Gobi Grand Coulee Dam (U. Largest Island. Largest Mountain Peak. Largest Sea.) Hoover Dam (U. Largest Dam. Highest Lake. Highest Continent.S. Largest Dome. Largest Delta. Largest (World) Desert. Largest Continent. Largest Lake.S. America) . Largest (population) Country. Sukkhur (Pakistan) Greenland Mediterranean Sea Baikal (Siberia) Lake. Highest Diamond. Largest Epic. Largest Desert. Largest (Asia) Dam. Smallest Country. Largest Irrigation Scheme. Largest (Fresh Water) Lake. Biggest (Area) Country.City. Everest (Nepal) Andes (S. Largest (electorate) Creature. Titicaca (Bolivia) Superior Caspian United States Library of Congress.) Mahabharat Lloyd Barrage.A.A. Largest (Artificial) Lake Mead (Boulder Dam) Lake. Highest Mountain Range.
A. Highest Volcano.A.A.) River. India) Jupiter Venus Pluto Pamir (Tibet) Kharagpur (India) Trans-Siberian railway Railway Station. Largest Place. Rainiest Planet. World's first Tunnel. Ecuador) Maunaloa (Hawaii . Longest British Museum. Highest Platform. Most Active New York Tanna (Japan) Mont Blanc Tunnel between France and Italy Ojos del Salado (Andes. London Pacific Vatican (Italy) Yellow Stone National Park (U. Dryest Place. Largest Grand Central Terminal.) .Longest Museum. Chicago (U.S. Longest River. Brightest Statue.S. Biggest Planet.U. Largest Radio New Mexico (U. Smallest Plateau.) Tramway. Largest Peninsula. Largest Sea-bird. Largest Ocean.S. Longest (Railway) Tunnel. Coldest (Habitated) Place. Biggest Park. Volgagrad (Russia) Telescope. America) Albatross Sirius Statue of Motherland. Largest Palace. Chile) Azizia (Libya.) Arabia Verkhoyansk (Siberia) Iqique (in Atacama Desert.A. Tallest Nile (Africa) Amazon (S. Africa) Mausinram (Meghalaya. Largest Star.S. Longest (road) Volcano. Hottest Place. Longest Railway. Brightest Planet.
611 8. Lowest Body Zoo.633 4.888 5.817 6. Largest Great Wall of China Angel (Venezuela) Dead Sea Kruger National Park. Highest Water. South Africa Related Web Pages Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World | Genera Worlds Highest Mountain Peaks Country Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia South America North America Africa Europe Europe Antartica Oceania Peaks Everest (Himalaya-Nepal/Tibet) Godwin Austen (Karakoram-India) Kanchenjunga (Himalaya India / Nepal) Lhotse (Himalaya-Nepal-China) Makalu (Himalaya-Nepal) Dhaulagiri (Himalaya-Nepal) Nanga Parvat (Himalaya-Nepal) Gasherbrum (Karakoram-Tibet) Gosainthan (Himalaya-Tibet) Nanda Devi (Himalaya-India) Aconcagua (Andes-Argentina) McKinley (Alaska-USA) Kilimanjaro (Solitary-Tanzania) Elborus (Caucasus-CIS) Mont Blanc (Alp-France) Vinson Massif Caestensz (Nassau Range-New Guinea) Height in metre 8.501 8.Wall.126 8.013 7.194 5.139 5.810 5.598 8.172 8.000 .470 8. Longest Waterfall.848 8.960 6.068 8.
Bose Boyle Louis Braille Breaking up the Nucleus of an Rutherford atom Celluloid Chloroform Cholera Bacillus Cinematography Coloured Photography Cosmic Rays Crescograph Crystal Dynamics Cyclotron Parkes James Harrison and James Young Simpson Robert Koch Thomas Alva Edison Lippman R.V.Millikan J.A.C.Beri Bicycle Blood Circulation Boson Boyle's law Braille George Westinghouse Hoffman Lord Joseph Lister Archimedies Avogadro Mosley Dalton Bohr and Rutherford Daimler Montgolfier Torricelli Eijkman Macmillian Harvey S.Bose C.Inventions and Discoveries 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Air Brake Aniline Dyes Antiseptic Surgery Archimedean Screw Avogadro's Hypothesis Atomic Number Atomic Theory Atomic Structure Automobile Balloon Barometer Beri .Raman Lawrence .N.
Philip Drinker Alfred Nobel Faraday Lord Kelvin Dr.J.C.Paul Muller H.D.28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 D.Hargobiad Khorana J.Urey Rudolf Diesel Robert Peary (1909) Amundson (1912) Columbus (1492) Copernicus (1540) Kepler Archimedes Dr.Thomson Volta Edison Faraday Bohr Maxwell Heitz Gauss Meghnad Saha Fahrenheit Kodak Fundamental Laws of Electric Coulomb Attraction Fountain Pen Waterman .T. Deuterium (Heavy Water) Diesel Oil Engine Discovery of North Pole Discovery of South Pole Discovery of West Indies Discovery of Solar System Discovery of Laws of Planetary Motion Discovery of Specific Gravity Drinker's Chamber of Iron Lung Dynamite Dynamo Dynamical theory of Heat Deciphering the genetic code Discovery of Electrons Electric Battery Electric Lamp Electricity Electron Theory Electromagnetic Theory Electrical Waves Electric Measurement Effect of Pressure on trough bodies Fahrenheit Scale Film & Photographic goods Dr.
Banting Binet Ramanujam Frank Whittle U.N.Brahmachari Priestley Henry Great Head Otis Benjamin Franklin Mergenthaler Plimsoll Ohm Faraday Gay Lussac Newton Gregory Mandel John Napier .55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 Geometry Gun powder Gramophone Helicopter Helium Gas Heavy Hydrogen Homoeopathy Hovercraft Hydrogen Hydrophobia Induction of Electric Current Incandescent Bulb Induction Coil Insulin Intelligence test In Number Theory Jet Propulsion Kala-azar Fever Laughing Gas Life Boat Lift (Elevators) Lightning Conductor Linotype Line of demarcation (ship) Laws of Electrical Resistance Law of Electrolysis Law of gases Laws of Gravitation Laws of Heredity Logarithms Euclid Rogei Bacon Thomas Alva Edison Broquett Lockyer Urey Hahnemann Cockrell Cavendish Louis Pasteur Faraday Edison Rohm Korff F.
James Prescoft Perkin Dr. Travers Chadwick Otto Hahn.85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Laws of Motion Laws of Natural Selections Laws of Multiple Proportion Liquid Oxygen Mathematical Astro Physics Measurement of Electrical Energy Mauve dye Machine Gun Malarial Parasite Mechanical Equivalent of Heat Meson Microphone Microscope Montessori Method Molecular Scattering of light in fluid Newton Darwin Dalton Dewar Chandrasekhar Joule. Bohr and Fermi Carothers Charles Darwin Priestly Shalimar Fleming Mendeleef Edison Pitman Dauguerre Archimedes 100 Neon Gas 101 Neutron 102 Nuclear Fission 103 Nylon Plastic 104 Origin of Species 105 Oxygen 106 Paints 107 Penicillin 108 Periodic Law 109 Phonograph 110 Phonographic Shorthand 111 Photograph 112 Principle for lever .Gatting Ronald Ross Joules Hideki Yakawa Berliner Janes Maria Montessori Ramanathan Ramsay.
(S.Raman Madame Curie Stephenson Alexanderson Cavandish Christian Barnard Colt Davy Gillet Salk Roberts Mallet Hippalus Elias Howe Hadley Braun.Wernher Von Fulton James Watt Parsons Bunsen .Finsen Anderson Cartwright Dunlop Braille Caxton John Guttenberg Dr. Dr.P.Gravity) 113 Phototherapy 114 Positive Electrons 115 Powerloom 116 Pneumatic Tyre 117 Printing for the Blind 118 Printing Press 119 Printing Types 120 Psycho-analysis 121 Quantum Theory 122 Radio-activity of Uranium 123 Raman effect 124 Radium 125 Railway Engine 126 Radio transmitter 127 Rare Gas 128 Replacing human heart 129 Revolver 130 Safety Lamp 131 Safety Razor 132 Salk Vaccine 133 Seismograph 134 Scientific astronomy 135 Sewing Machine 136 Sextant 137 Space flying 138 Steam boat 139 Steam Engine 140 Steam Turbine 141 Spectroscope N.R.V.Sigmund Freud Max plank Henry Becquerel C.
142 Steel Melting Process 143 Stethoscope 144 Submarine 145 Sulpha Drugs 146 Theory of Relativity 147 Theory of Evolution 148 Theory of conditioned reflex 149 Talkies 150 Tank 151 Telegraphic Code 152 Telephone 153 Telescope 154 Television 155 Thermometer 156 Thermos Flasks 157 T.N.Rays 168 Zip Fastener Bessemer Laennec Bushwell Domagk Einstein Darwin Pavlov Lee-de-Frost Swinton Samuel Morse Graham Bell Galileo Baird Galileo Dewar llly Brandt Shockley Sholes Oho Hahn Herschel William Jenner Funk Lablanc Oliver Lodge Marcony Roentgen W.L. 158 Transistor 159 Typewriter 160 Uranium fusion 161 Uranus (Planet) 162 Vaccination 163 Vitamins 164 Washing Soda 165 Wireless Communication 166 Wireless Telegraphy 167 X .T.Judson .
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Worlds Prominent Scientists Ryle, Sir Martin: U.K. (1974) Nobal Prize winner in Physics for the development of "aperture synthesis" technique designed to identify stellar objects through radio signals. Sarabhai, Dr. Vikram A: Former Chairman of India's Atomic Energy Commission and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) died on December 30, 1971. Dr. Sarabhai was an eminent physicist mainly interested in the astro-physical implications of Cosmic Ray Time Variations Sanger, Dr. Frederick (b.1918): First Scientist to receive two Nobel Prizes for Chemistry in 1958 (composition of the insulin molecule) and in 1980 (molecular structures for nucleic acids) Sen, P.K. (Dr.): is the Indian surgeon who performed Asia's first heart transplant operation in Mumbai. Simpson, Sir James Young (1811 - 1870): British physicist to introduce chloroform as an anaesthetic in 1847 Soddy, Frederick (1877 - 1956): British radio chemist pioneer to research in the atomic disintegration, discovered "isotopes"; for which he received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1921. Solvay, Earnest (1838 - 1922): Belgian chemist devised a process for manufacture of sodium carbonate Sutherland, Dr. Earl W: Recipient of the Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1971, credited with the discovery, "that the hormones in the human body produce another substance known as cyclic A.M.P., can influence its disease-resisting capacity in the body".
Teller, Edward (Dr.): U.S. nuclear scientist developed the hydrogen bomb. Thomson, Sir J.J. (1856 - 1940): British physicist discovered the electron which inaugurated the electrical theory of the atom. Tsiolkovsky (1857 - 1940): Russian pioneer who developed the basic theory of rocketry. Verne, jules (1828 - 1905): French science-fiction writer; author of the book "From the Earth to the Moon". The book carried a more or less accurate prediction of the launching and flight of Apollo-8. Volta, A. (1745 - 1827): Italian physicist and pioneer of electrical science; invented voltaic cell, the electrophorus and electroscope. Voronoff, S: Russian scientist known for grafting healthy animal glands, into the human body. Watson and Crick:Known for DNA double helix. Watson-Watt, Sir Robert:British physicist. He developed radar. Watt, James (1736 - 1819):Scottish engineer who invented steam engine Yukawa, Dr. H: (born 1907) Predicted a new particle meson which holds the protons and neutrons of the atomic nucleus, first Japanese to win the Nobel Prize in Physics (1949). Alvares, Luis W: An American Won the Nobel Prize for elementary physics in 1960 when he discovered a new resonance particle - a discovery that shattered the then prevailing notions as to how matter was built. Anfinsen, Dr. Christian B: U.S.A. 's one of the three co-winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1972. Archimedes: Greek mathematician who lived about 250 B.C. discovery of the Archimedes' principle Archimedean Screw, a cylindrical device for raising water Arrow, Kenneth, J: Harvard University, U.S.A. is co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics, 1972 with Sir John Richard Hicks of Oxford University. The two men are known for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium and welfare theories. Aryabhatta: (476 - 520 A.D.) after whom India's first scientific satellite has been named, was a great Indian astronomer and mathematician. Among his important contributions are the recognition of the importance of the movement of the earth round the Sun, determination of the physical parameters of various celestial bodies, such as diameter of the earth and the moon. He laid the foundations of algebra and was responsible for pointing out importance of "zero". Avogadro, Amedeo: Italian physicist; founder of Avogadro's hypothesis. He also defined a
Bohr. He lived between 1776 and 1856. Neils: (born 1885) Danish Physicist awarded Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. one of the founders of modern chemistry and Boyle's law.J: Indian scientist. He lived between 1731 and 1810 Chadwick. the first indications of radio-activity. Beadle. Director. Sir Henry: English engineer invented the process for the manufacture of steel. J. Bhabha. He lived between 1779 and 1848 Bessemer. Leon N. Dr. Barnard. He lived between 1862 and 1942. Jacques Alexander Cesar: A French scientist first to make a balloon ascension with hydrogen.Cooper and Prof. Bardeen. He published important papers on Cosmic Rays and Quantum Theory. John: U.S. He shared Nobel Prize for Physics with the Curies in 1903. Charles. Prof. Henry: English physicist and chemist. Christian South African surgeon who did the first heart transplant operation on Louis Washkansky in 1967. President.molecule. because it has no electric charge.A.'s co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics. Becquerel. Sir James: British physicist discovered the particle in an atomic nucleus known as the neutron. Indian Science Congress in 1951 and presided at the Atoms for Peace Conference held at Geneva in 1956. G: American scientist awarded Nobel Prize for medicine in 1958 for the actual basis of heredity. He has worked on the effect of temperature on the volume of gases. Atomic Energy Commission.J: Swedish Chemist. Bragg. discovered properties of hydrogen in 1766. He lived between 1627 and 1691. John Robert Schrieffer) for researches into the "theory of superconductivity" called BCS theory. He lived between 1852 and 1908. He lived between . He was professor at the Indian Science Institute. Robert: Irish natural philosopher. Henri: French physicist discovered in 1896 of Becquerel rays. He lived between 1891 and 1974. known for chemical shorthand symbols and atomic weights. Chairman. 1972 (with Prof. Dr. Bangalore. later named gamma rays. H. He extended the theory of atomic structure of devising an atomic model in 1913 Boyle. Cavendish. Berzelius. He lived between 1813 and 1898. Sir William: British physicist researched on the behaviour of crystals with regard to Xrays incident upon them. He had many significant researches in structure of atom and contributed largely to the setting up of atomic reactors at Trombay (Mumbai).
Colour Blindness. 1972 found out "the chemical structure of blood-proteins or antibodies which shield the human body against infection". Einstein. Gerard: 1983 Nobel memorial prize in economics. lived between 1867 and 1934. Albert: German-Swiss. Claude. Gerald Maurice: Of U. He lived between 1766 and 1844. . Dalton.A. First to apply electric current for the isolation of metals. Clark Maxwell. Thomas Alva: American inventor of phonograph. John: British scientist. Dr. Darwin. Edison. Prof.S. Matter and Motion. Christopher: Italian navigator discovered West Indies Islands. Debreu. an early form of cinematography etc. Dr. Columbus. He lived between 1879 and 1955. Cuba.S. Charles: British scientist who discovered the principle of natural selection. one of the three co-winners of the Nobel prize in Physics. Leon N: Of U. was one of the three American co-winners of the Nobel Prize for Medicine. Davy. Delbrueck. Electricity and Magnetism. the incandescent lamp. Max: American doctor. He lived between 1809 and 1882. Theory of Heat. 1972 for theory of superconductivity Copernicus: Astronomer of Poland who discovered the "Solar System". James: British physicist worked wireless telegraphy and telephony. His field of research relates to causes and treatment of cancer. He lived between 1831 and 1879. Cooper. is co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine. He lived between 1446 to 1506. Bahamas. discovered radium awarded Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1911 and Prize in physics in 1903. is known for his research on market equilibrium incorporated "new analytical methods into economic theory". Madame Marie: Polish physicist and chemist.A.1746 and 1823. His principal works include : Perception of Colour. Sir Humphrey: British chemist. He lived between 1771 and 1829. He lived between 1413 and 1543. Albert: A Biologist shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Medicine. 1969 for discoveries in molecular genetics Edelman. Curie. famous scientist known for his theory of relativity. He lived between 1847 and 1931. a new type of storage battery. founder of the Atomic Theory and law of Multiple Proportions. South America in 1498.
Sigmund: Psycho-analysist. Charles Martin: American chemist discovered the modern method of extraction of aluminium by electrolysis of bauxite in 1886. The Ego and the Id. Thomas: Scottish chemist called the "father of colloidal chemistry". Graham. Robert: Nobel Prize winner for Medicine. prominent in the field of electro-magnetism. Murray: Recipient of the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physics. Dr. Goddard. Galileo: Italian scientist viewed that all falling bodies. He lived between 1791 and 1867 Fleming. He lived between 1863 and 1914. discovered the laws of electrolysis. Prof. great or small. particularly free radicals. Sir Frederick Gowland: English biochemist worked on proteins and vitamins.Gebard: The 1971 Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry. Dr Dennis: 1971 Nobel Prize award for Physics for his "invention in development of the holographic method" . Hahn. Gell-Mann. He lived between 1578 and 1675 Herzberg. Freud. Works: The Interpretation of Dreams. He lived between 1849 and 1945. Robert H: An American pioneer of space research who mentioned the possibility of shooting a rocket to the moon in a paper entitled "A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes" published by him in 1919. Michael: English scientist. He worked on diffusion of substances in solution. won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1944. He . for his researches in atomic and molecular structures. He lived between 1805 and 1914. He lived between 1856 and 1939 Gabor. Otto: German pioneer of nuclear research. William: English physician who discovered the circulation of blood. electric light and radio. Hall. 1968. Harvey. He lived between 1564 and 1642. proved in 1938 that atomic fission can be achieved by bombarding uranium with neutrons. Sir John Ambrose: British physicist and engineer pioneer in the development of the telephone. Fraunhofer: German physicist researched on 'Light' while performing spectrum-analysis of Sunlight. the genetic code and its function in building protein led to the discovery of "the complete structure of a transfer of RNA molecule" Hopkins.three dimensional photography. for his "classification of elementary particles and their interactions".Faraday. Holley. The Psychopathology of Every-day Life. descend with equal velocity. invented telescope and became the first man to see the satellites of Jupiter. discovered 'Fraunhofer Lines'. Civilization and Its Discontents.
He lived between 1571 and 1630. K. introduced antiseptic surgery. Max Planck: German theoretical physicist who formulated the quantum theory. 1949. He lived between 1743 and 1794. Jenner. Fred: A British scientist and science-fiction writer who won the £ 1. Johannes: German astronomer discovered 3 laws of planetary motion (1) The orbit of each planet is an ellipse with the Sun at one of the foci. Josephson Dr.000 Kalinga Prize in 1968.Raman in the discovery of "Raman Effect". He lived between 1827 and 1912. Joseph: British surgeon who used antiseptic treatment for wounds. He lived between 1874 and 1937. James Prescott: English physicist who first demonstrated the mechanical energy can be converted into heat. Sir Oliver Joseph: British physicist. He lived between 1851 and 1940. Barbara: 1983 Nobel Prize winner in Medicine for her discovery of mobile genetic. Kepler. (3) The squares of the periods of the planets are proportional to the cubes of their mean distances from the Sun.L: French chemist. President. McClintock. Lysenko: Soviet geneticist declared the "Mendelian theory obsolete and erroneous" in 1948.V. New Delhi.received the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1929 for the discovery of Vitamin D. Composition of Water and Air". known as Josephson effects". Edward: English physician discovered the vaccination system of alleviating small pox. Lavoisier A. Indian Science Congress. Director. Hoyle. Khorana. (2) the Radius vector of each planet describes equal areas in equal times. Lister. established "law of Indestructibility of Matter. He deciphered the genetic code and later created an artificial gene. Krishnan. Joule. Brian: British scientist who co-shared the 1973 Nobel Prize for physics for his "theoretical predictions of the properties of a super-current through a tunnel barrier. National Physical Laboratory. known for his researches on radiation. He was awarded . and the relation between matter and ether. delegate to several international scientific conferences. Dr. Marconi: Italian scientist pioneer in wireless telegraphy and radio. Lodge. He lived between 1749 and 1823. Hargobind: Who shared with two other the 1968 Nobel Prize for Medicine is an Indian by birth and an American by domicile.S: (born 1898) collaborated with Sir C. He lived between 1873 and 1937.
Lars: U. Henry G: British physicist worked on atomic structure. He . Porter. Pauling.S. Morley. Nirenberg. Mendel. the differential and integral calculus and the universal law of gravitation". Moseley. discovered the law known as Ohm's Law. Mendeleef. Joseph: British Chemist. Professor who became a Nobel laureate of 1968 for Chemistry the discovery of "the reciprocal relations bearing his name which are fundamental for the thermodynamics of irreversible processes". D. Onsager. Pasteur. George Simon: Physicist and mathematician. He lived between 1822 and 1895. devised the series of atomic numbers. discovered oxygen and methods of collecting gases. He lived between 1834 and 1901.the Nobel Prize in 1918. Ohm.I: Russian chemist. Dr. Marshall: U. He received (1975) Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He lived between 1822 and 1884.S. He lived in 1818 and 1923. Edward William: American chemist and physicist known for his work in determining the composition of water by weight. molecular biologist 1968 Nobel Prize winner for Medicine with Dr. Johann Gregory: Austrian monk and naturalist discovered certain principles of inheritance of heredity. Victor: Discovered a method to determine the molecular weights of volatile substances. Dr. and in 1913. Vladimir: Yugoslavian stereo-chemistry-research of organic molecules and reactions. Linus: American bio-chemist applied the quantum theory to chemistry received Nobel Prize (1954) for his contribution to the electrochemical theory of valency. Newton. Prelog. Sir Isaac: British natural philosopher discovered "binomial theorem. He lived between 1787 and 1854. Louis: French chemist discovered the causes of fermentation in alcohol and milk and founded the Pasteur Institute in 1888. he was the first to employ laudanum and antimony in Pharmacy. Meyer. He lived between 1642 and 1727. Robert Holley and Dr. He lived between 1887 and 1915. Priestley. He lived between 1493 and 1541. Hargobind Khorana. Rodney Robert: Biochemist known for his discoveries relating to the chemical structure of antibodies. He lived between 1848 and 1897. founder of periodic law and the development of petroleum and other industries in Russia. Paraceisus: Swiss mystic and chemist.
discovered X-rays. or Rontgen rays for which he was awarded the first Nobel Prize for Physics in 1901. Rao. T. James: U. He lived between 1845 and 1923. Rutherford. Ross. Rainwater.Konrad: German physicist.S.Ramachandra: Is the Director of Indian Scientific Satellite Project (ISSP) at Peenya near Bangalore. He lived between 1857 and 1932. Roger Bacon: Inventor of Gun Powder and founder of experimental science. awarded Nobel Prize for medicine in 1902. Daniel: Scottish scientist discovered nitrogen. . Rontgen. Ronald: British physician discovered the cause of Malaria. Lord: Won a Nobel Prize for his work on structure of atom and radio-activity. Prof. U. (1975) Nobel Prize winner in Physics for the development of the theory that atomic nucleus is not always spherical bet can also be egg-shaped which has no immediate practical meaning but is extremely essential to scientists Richards. W.lived between 1733 and 1804. He lived between 1871 and 1937.W: He worked for the accurate determination of atomic weights and was awarded Nobel Prize in 1916. Rutherford.A. He lived between 1749 and 1819. He lived between 1214 and 1294.
3 INDIA-III .
Sikandarabad Madurai Pune Kolkata Godavari Godavari Andhra Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Coimbatore Lucknow Cochin Damodar river Kosi river Nilgiri Mussoorie (Uttaranchal) Ganga Mumbai Place .Nick Names of Important Indian Places SNo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Golden City Manchester of India City of Seven islands Queen of Arabian Sea Space City Garden City of India Silicon Valley of India Electronic city of India Pink city Gateway of India Twin city City of festivals Deccan Queen City of Buildings Dakshin Ganga Old Ganga Egg bowls of Asia Soya region Manchester of the South City of Nawabs Venice of the east Sorrow of Bengal Sorrow of Bihar Blue Mountains Queen of the Mountains Sacred river Hollywood of India Nick name Amritsar Ahmedabad Mumbai Cochin Bangalore Bangalore Bangalore Bangalore Jaipur Mumbai Hyderabad .
Zakir Hussian (1897 .1970) Dr.1975) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1878 .1962) Purushotham Das Tandon (1882 .Bhagwan Das (1869 .1972) Dr.Bidhan Chandra Roy (1882 .28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 City of Castles State of five rivers City of weavers City of lakes Steel city of India City of temples Manchester of the north City of Rallies Heaven of India Boston of India Garden of spices of India Switzerland of India Abode of the God Pittsburg of India Kolkata Punjab Panipat Srinagar Jamshedpur (Called Tatanagar) Varanasi Kanpur New Delhi Jammu & Kashmir Ahmedabad Kerala Kashmir Prayag (Allahabad) Jamshedpur Recipients of Bharat Ratna Name Awarded in 1954 1954 1954 1955 1955 1955 1957 1958 1961 1961 1962 1963 Dr.1969) .1962) Dr.Mokshagundam Viswesvaraya (1861 .1962) Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 .1958) Dr.Chandrasekhar Venkatraman (1888 .Rajendra Prasad (1884 .1962) Dr.1963) Dr.1961) Dr.1964) Govind Vallabh Pant (1887 .Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888 .Dhondo Keshav Karve (1858 .
1984) Varaha Giri Venkata Giri (1884 .J.1995) Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous) (1944 .P.1972) Dr.1996) Gulzarilal Nanda (Posthumous) (1898 .R. Abdul Kalam (1931) M.S.1991) Sardar Vallab Bhai Patel (Posthumous) (1875 .Subbulakshmi (1916 .1966) Indira Gandhi (1917 .R.1975) Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu (Mother Teresa) (1910-1997) Acharya Vinoba Bhave (Posthumous) (1895-1982) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890 .1980) Kumaraswami Kamaraj (Posthumous) (1903 .1956) Dr.Nelson Mandela (1918) Morarji Desai (1896 .Ramachandra (Posthumous) (1917 .B. Tata (1904 .Subramaniam (1910 .Amartiya Sen (1933) Pandit Ravi Shankar (1920) Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous) (1890 .Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous) (1904 .1979) Dr.Dr.D.1987) Dr.G.1993) Satyajit Ray (1922 .1958) Aruna Asaf All (Posthumus) (1909 .1997) A.2004) C.2000) Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous) (1902 .1988) M.1950) Latha Mangeshkar Bismilla Khan 1963 1966 1971 1975 1976 1980 1983 1987 1988 1990 1990 1991 1991 1991 1992 1992 1992 1997 1997 1997 1998 1998 1999 1999 1999 1999 2001 2001 .1950) J.Ambedkar (Posthumous) (1891 .Pandurang Vamman Kane (1880 .1992) Moulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous) (1888 .
Important Sites in India ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sno 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Ajanta Akbar's Tomb Ambernath Cave Amber Palace Anand Bhavan Bhakra Dam Birla Planetarium Black Pagoda Bodhisattva Brihadeeswara Temple Brindavan Gardens Buland Darwaza Charminar Chenna Kesava Temple Chilka Lame Dal Lake Dilwara Temples Elephanta Caves Golden Temple Gol Gumbaz Hanging Gardens Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds) Howrah Bridge Island Palace Itmad-ud-Daulah's Tomb Jagannath Temple Place City/State Aurangabad Sikandara Kashmir Jaipur Allahabad Punjab Kolkata Konark (Orissa) Ajanta Caves Tanjore Mysore (Karnataka) Fatepur Sikri Hyderabad Belur Near Bhubaneswar Srinagar Mt. Abu Mumbai Amirtsar Bijapur Mumbai Jaipur Kolkata Udaipur Agra Puri .
S.C. Ldr. (I. now IAS) First Indian to get Nobel Prize First Indian in Space (first Indian cosmonaut) First British Governor General First Governor General of Free India First and the last Governor General of free India . Rakesh Sharma Warren Hastings Lord Mountbatten C.C.27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 Jama Masjid Jantar Mantar Jog (Geresoppa) Falls Kailasanath Temples Kanyakumari Temples Khajuraho Konark Lal Bagh Gardens Mahakaleeswar Temple Mahesuramurthi (Trimurti) Malabar Hills Manmandir Palace Marble Rocks Marina Beach Meenakshi Temple Padmanabha Temple Panch Mahal Tower of Fame First in India Men Field Delhi Delhi Mysore Ellora Cape Comorin Bhopal Puri Bangalore Ujjain Elephanta Caves Mumbai Gwalior Fort Jabalpur Chennai Madurai Trivandrum Fatepur Sikri Chittorgarh Person Mihir Sen Tenzing Norgay Phy Dorjee Satyendra Nath Tagore Rabindra Nath Tagore Sqn. Rajagopalachari First Indian to swim across the English Channel First to Climb Mount Everest First to climb Mount Everest without Oxygen First Indian to join I.S.
J. Radhakrishnan (1952 62) K.D. Radhakrishnan Dr.P.K. Bhist (250 wpm) .M. Bannerjee Lord S. Katari Subroto Mukherjee Dada Bhai Nauroji Khudada Khan Lt.First President of India First Vice-President of India First Muslim President of India First Sikh President of India First Prime Minister First Speaker of Lok Sabha First Chief Justice of India First President of Indian National Congress First Indian to become member of Viceroy's Executive Council Dr. G.S. Bajaj (1989) JRD Tata Raja Rammohan Roy (1832) Lord S.D.M. Jawahar Lal Nehru G. Nagendra Singh First Emperor of Moghul Dynasty First Field Marshal First Indian Commander-in-Chief of India First Chief of the Army Staff (Indian) First Chief of the Naval Staff (Indian) First Chief of the Air Force Staff (India) First Indian in British Parliament First Indian recipient of Victoria Cross (highest award before independence) First Indian to circumnavigate the globe First Indian to reach the South Pole First Indian to make a solo air flight First Indian to visit England First Indian Member of House of Lords (British) First Bar-at-Law First Chairman of Rajya Sabha First Indian Test Cricketer First Air Marshall First Judge to face impeachment in the Lock Sabha Fastest Shorthand writer Babar S. S. Sinha First Indian to become President of International Court of Justice Dr. Cariappa Sinhji Vice Admiral R.L. K. S. Tagore Dr. Rao Col J. Mavlankar Justice H.S. Kania W.P. Zakir Hussain Giani Zail Singh Pt.C. Col K. Sinha J. Rajendra Prasad Dr. Ranjitsingh Arjan Singh Justice V. Manekshaw Gen.V.Ramaswami (1993) Dr.H.F.
Sarojini Naidu Mrs. Indira Gandhi Mrs.1993 Mrs. Leila Seth Kadambini Ganguli Dina Vakil Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit Razia Sultan Mrs. Fathima Beevi Ms.K.1993 Santosh Yadav (ITBF Officer) . Shanno Devi Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani Mrs.First in India Women Field First Prime Minister First Chief Minister of State First Minister First Central Minister First Speaker of Lok Sabha First Governor of a State First President of Indian National Congress First Indian President of Indian National Congress First President of UN General Assembly First Muslim to sit on the throne of Delhi First to swim across the English Channel First to climb Mount Everest First to circumnavigate (sail round the world) First IAS Officer First IPS Officer First Advocate First Judge of a High Court First Judge of Supreme Court First Chief Justice of a High Court First Doctor First editor of English newspaper First Chief Engineer First to receive a Sena Medal Youngest to Climb Mount Everest First to climb Mount Everest two times First Magistrate Mrs. Annie Besant Mrs.. Sarojini Naidu Dr. P. Omana Kunjamma Person . Arti Shah Bachhendri Pal Ujwala Rai Anna George Malhotra Kiran Bedi Cornelia Sorabji Anna Chandi Ms M. Vijayalakshmi Pandit Rajkumari Amrit Kaur Mrs. Thresia Constable Bimla Devi (88 BN of CRPF) 1990 Dicky Doima (19) from Manali .
Rajghat.P. Sabarmathi Srirangapattinam Sriperumpudur Shakti Sthal Shanti Van Sardar Patel Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Lord Krishna Rana Pratap Napoleon Akbar the Great Jesus Christ Buddha C. Haldighat Corsica.Annadurai Alexander. Lumbini Kanchipuram Macedonia Maniyachi Mecca Paunar Pondicherry Porbandar.First to win Nobel Prize First to be crowned Miss India First to be crowned Miss Universe First to be crowned Miss World First DGP Mother Theresa Reita Fariq Sushmita Sen Reita Faria Kanchan Chowdhry Bhattacharya Persons & Places ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Bardoli Belur Brindaban (U. Wateriloo Fathepur Sikri Jerusalem Kapilavastu. Elba.N. the Great Vanchinathan Mohammed the Prophet Acharya Vinoba Bhave Aurobindo Ghosh Mahatma Gandhi Tipu Sultan Rajiv Gandhi Indira Gandhi Jawaharlal Nehru .) Chittor.
O.Trafalgar Tuticorin Ujjain Vedaranyam Vijay Ghat Nelson V.Chidambaram Pillai Mahavira C.Rajagopalachari Lal Bahadur Shastri .
4 INDIANHISTROY .
· Attained ‘Enlightenment’ at 35 at Gaya in Magadha (Bihar) under the Pipal tree. · Born in 563 BC on the Vaishakha Poornima Day at Lumbini (near Kapilavastu) in Nepal. of Kosala dynastry) died after 7 days of his birth. Enjoyed the married life for 13years and had a son named Rahula. he decided to become a wanderer. · Left his palace at 29 in search of truth (also called ‘Mahabhinishkramana’ or The Great Renunication) and wandered for 6 years. His first sermon is called ‘Dharmachakrapracartan’ or ‘Turning of the Wheel of Law’.Buddhism The Buddha: · The Buddha also known as Sakyamuni or Tathagata. · Married at 16 to Yoshodhara. · After seeing an old man. · His mother (Mahamaya. a sick man. Attained Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar (identical with village Kasia in Deoria district . · His father Suddhodana was the Saka ruler. Brought up by stepmother Gautami. a corpse and an ascetic. · · Delivered the first sermon at Sarnath where his five disciples had settled.
Buddhist Councils: · First Council: At Rajgriha. in 383 BC under Sabakami (King was Kalasoka). Divided Buddhism into Mahayana and Hinayana sects.Followers divided into Sthavirmadins and Mahasanghikas. Sutta Pitaka: Largest. Vinaya Pitaka: Rules of discipline in the Buddhist monasteries. · Fourth council: At Kashmir (Kundalvan).K. Divided the teachings of Buddha into two Pitakas-Vinaya Pitaka and Sutta Pitaka.G. · Second Council: At Vaishali.Hikki B.of UP) in 483 BC at the age of 80 in the Malla republic. · Third Council: At Pataliputra.Tilak B. in 483 BC under the Chairmanship of Mehakassaapa (king was Ajatshatru). in 72 AD under Vasumitra (King was Kanishka. the third part of the Tripitaka was coded in the Pali language. Vice-Chairman was Ashwaghosha).G. contains collection of Buddha’s sermons. Abhidhamma Pitaka: Explanation of the philosophical principles of the Buddhist religion Newspaper Journals Newspaper/Journal Bengal Gazette(1780) (India’s first newspaper) Kesari Maharatta J.Tilak Founder/Editor . in 250 BC under Mogaliputta Tissa (King was Ashoka) In this. Buddist Literature: In Pali language.
G.Ambedkar Mohammed Ali Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan Abdul Kalam Azad Abdul Kalam Azad Motilal Nehru Lala Lajpat Rai Annie Besant Annie Besant Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi M.S.Mandalik Bhartendu Harishchandra Dadabhai Naoroji Bipin Chandra Pal Robert Knight Vir Raghavacharya and G.M.N.Sudharak Amrita Bazar Patrika Vande Mataram Native Opinion Kavivachan Sudha Rast Goftar (First newspaper in Gujarati) New India (Weekly) Statesman Hindu Sandhya Vichar Lahiri Hindu Patriot Som Prakash Yugantar Bombay Chronicle Hindustan Mooknayak Comrade Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq Al-Hilal Al-Balagh Independent Punjabi New India (Daily) Commonweal Pratap Essays in Indian Economics Samvad Kaumudi (Bengali) G.Aiyar B.Upadhyaya Krishnashastri Chiplunkar Girish Chandra Ghosh (later Harish Chandra Mukherji) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Bhupendranath Datta and Barinder Kumar Ghosh Firoze Shah Mehta M.Ranade Ram Mohan Roy .Gokhale Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh Aurobindo Ghosh V.R.B.Malviya B.K.
M.K. Joglekar. On Nov.K. Lord Mayo (1869 – 1872): · Started the process of financial decentralization in India. The Universities of Calcutta. Created the Indian Forest department.Gandhi M. Ghate Viceroys Of India Lord Canning (1856 – 1862): · · · · · · The last Governor General and the first Viceroy. High Courts were established at Calcutta. 1858. Indian Councils Act was passed in 1861.Gandhi M. . Mutiny took place in his time.Pannikar Mirajkar.K. the rule passed on to the crown. Bombay and Madras in 1865. Withdrew Doctrine of Lapse.Gandhi Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda Shyamji Krishna Verma Birendra Nath Chattopadhyaya Tarak Nath Das K.Mirat-ul-Akhbar Indian Mirror Nav Jeevan Young India Harijan Prabudha Bharat Udbodhana Indian Socialist Talwar (in Berlin) Free Hindustan (in Vancouver) Hindustan Times Kranti Ram Mohan Roy (first Persian newspaper) Devendra Nath Tagore M. Expanded canal works and railways. Bombay and Madras were established in 1857. Lord Elgin (1862 – 1863) Lord Lawrence (1864 – 1869): · · · · Telegraphic communication was opened with Europe.
who sympathized with Indians. a census was held in 1871. Lord Lansdowne (1888 – 1894): · · · · II Factory Act (1891) granted a weekly holiday and stipulated working hours for women and children. The I Factory Act. Organised the Statistical Survey of India. although it failed to address concerns such as work hours for men. Was the only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in the Andamans in 1872. Passed the libert Bill (1883) which enabled Indian district magistrates to try European criminals. aimed at prohibiting child labour. Lord Dufferin (1884 – 1888): · Indian National Congress was formed during his tenure. Lyall Commission was appointed. Organised the Grand ‘Delhi Durbar’ in 1877 to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of ‘Kaiser – I – Hind’. Categorization of Civil Services into Imperial. Provincial and Subordinate. . But this was withdrawn later. Lord Elgin II (1894 – 1899): · Great famine of 1896 – 1897. Lord Ripon (1880 – 1884): · · · · · · Liberal person. Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act (1878). Repeated the Vernacular Press Act (1882) Passed the local self – government Act (1882) Took steps to improve primary & secondary education (on William Hunter Commission’s recommendations). For the first time in Indian history. Lord Northbrook (1872 – 1876): Lord Lytton (1876 – 1880): · · · · Known as the Viceroy to reverse characters. Indian Council Act of 1892 was passed.· · · · Established the Rajkot college at Kathiarwar and Mayo College at Ajmer for the Indian princes. Appointment of Durand Commission to define the line between British India and Afghanistan. 1881. Arms Act(1878) made it mandatory for Indians to acquire license for arms.
Appointed a Police Commission under Sir Andrew Frazer to enquire into the police administration of every province. Partitioned Bengal (October 16.Africa (1915). A bomb was thrown at him. but he escaped unhurt (Dec 23. 1908) were sent to Mandalay jail in Burma. Lord Hardinge (1910 – 1916): · · · · · Held a durbar in dec. Thus the Archaeological Survey of India was established. Bengal (proper). capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi (1911). The risings of the frontier tribes in 1897 – 98 led him to create the North Western Frontier Province(NWFP). Non – Cooperation Movement.East Bengal & Assam. Extended railways to a great extent. Extremists like Lala Laipat Rai and Ajit Singh (in May. Annie Besant announced the Home Rule Movement. Saddler Commission was appointed in 1917 to envisage new educational policy. Gandhiji came back to India from S. Passed the Indian Coinage and Paper Currency Act (1899) and put India on a gold standard. whereby control over the Indian government would be gradually transferred to the Indian people. Rowlatt Act of 1919. . Passed the Ancient Monuments Protection Act (1904).Lord Curzon (1899 – 1905): · · · · · · · Passed the Indian Universities Act (1904) in which official control over the Universities was increased. The Indian Council Act of 1909 or the Morley – Minto Reforms was passed. Lord Minto (1905 – 1910): · · There was great political unrest in India.P. Lord Chelmsford (1916 – 1921): · · · · · · · August Declaration of 1917. 2. Various acts were passed to curb the revolutionary activities. 1919).Sinha was appointed the Governor of Bengal. 1907) and Bal Gangadhar Tilak (in July. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13. 1912). A Women’s university was founded at Poona in 1916. to restore India’s cultural heritage. The government of India Act in 1919 (Montague – Chelmsford reforms) was passed. An Indian Sir S. 1911 to celebrate the coronation of King George V. 1905) into two provinces 1. Partition of Bengal was cancelled (1911). Lord Reading (1921 – 1926): · Rowlatt act was repeated along with the Press act of 1910.
Delhi. The Muslim League observed the days as ‘Deliverance Say’ (22 December) Churchill became the British PM in May. Vishwabharati University started functioning in 1922.N. when they gave up offices on the issue of India having been dragged into the II World War. Quit India Movement (August 8. Prince of Wales visited India in Nov. Martydorm of Jatin Das after 64 days hunger strike (1929). was murdered in communal orgy. a great nationalist and a leader of the Arya Samajists. He declared that the Atlantic Charter (issued jointly by the UK and US. 1940. Lord Irwin (1926 – 1931): · · · · · · · Simon Commission visited India in 1928. Kakory Train Robbery on Aug 9. Amritsar. Gandhiji went on a epic fast in protest against this division. Formation of Swaraj Party. Poona Pact was signed.Roy. On his return Gandhiji was again arrested and Civil Disobedience Movement was resumed in Jan 1932. Gandhi – Irwin Pact (Mar 5. Swami Shraddhanand. Communist part was founded in 1921 by M. 1942). Cripps Mission in 1942. Moplah rebellion (1921) took place in Kerala. 1925. First Round Table Conference held in England in 1930. Civil Disobedience Movement (1930). of India Act enforced in the provinces. 1930). etc. Third Round Table conference in 1932.1921. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces. Dandi March (Mar 12. Lord Linlithgow (1936 – 1944): · · · · · Govt. Ahmedabad session of 1921. Outbreak of World War II in 1939.· · · · · · · · · · Suppressed non-cooperation movement. Communal riots of 1923 – 25 in Multan. Lord Willington (1931 – 1936): · · · · · · Second Round Table conference in London in 1931. Congress passed the Indian Resolution in 1929. Government of India Act (1935) was passed. 1932) assigned seats to different religious communities. 1931) was signed and Civil Disobediance Movement was withdrawn. stating to give sovereign rights to those who have been forcibly deprived of them) does not apply to India. Communal Awards (Aug 16. . They remained in power for about 2 years till Oct 1939.
was appointed under Nehru. by which India became independent on August 15. · Establishment of Supreme Court in Calcutta. In fact.1947 – Aug. failed. Charter Act of 1793: . Indian Independence Act passed by the British parliament on July 4. 1773: · End of Dual govt. Constitutional Development Regulating Act.Rajagopalachari (the first and the last Indian Governor General of free India). 1947. Partition of India decided by the June 3 Plan.Lord Wavell (1944 – 1947): · · · · Arranged the Shimla Conference on June 25. 1945 with Indian National Congress and Muslim League. Retried in June 1948 and was succeeded by C.1947): · · · · Last Viceroy of British India and the first Governor General of free India. 1947. Act of 1786: · Governor General given the power to over-ride the Council and was made the Commander-in-chief also. 1946). Cabinet Mission Plan (May 16. the company became a subordinate department of the State. First meeting of the constituent assembly was held on Dec. Elections to the constituent assembly were held and an Interim Govt. · Governor of Bengal to be the Governor – General of British territories of India. Pitts Act of 1784: This Act gave the British Government a measure of control over the company’s affairs. Lord Mountbatten (Mar. 1946. 9.
· Recruitment to Civil Services was based on open annual competition examination (excluding Indians). which consisted of high officials of the Govt. Charter Act of 1813: · Company deprived of its trade monopoly in India except in tea and trade with China. He was to exercise the powers of the Crown. Charter Act of 1833: · · End of Company’s monopoly even in tea and trade with China. · Secretary of State governed India through the Governor General. Company was asked to close its business at the earliest. 1858: · Rule of Company in India ended and that of the Crown began. . It laid the foundation of govt. He represented Secretary of State and was assisted by an Executive Council. interpreted by courts. by written laws.· · Company given monopoly of trade for 20 more years. Governor General of Bengal to be Governor General of India (1st Governor General of India was Lord William Bentinck). Government of India Act. · Governor General received the title of Viceroy. Charter Act of 1853: · The Act renewed the powers of the Company and allowed it to retain the possession of Indian territories in trust of the British crown. · A post of Secretary of State (a member of the British cabinet) for India created. 1861: · The Executive Council was now to be called Central Legislative Council. Indian Council Act.
· Dyarchy was introduced at the Centre (Eg. They were granted separate legal identify. 1909 or Morley-Minto Act: It envisaged a separate electorate for Muslims. Government of India Act. all Kshatriyas. Provincial autonomy replaced Dyarchy in provinces. 1892: · Indians found their way in the Provincial Legislative Councils. The Provincial subjects of administration were to be divided into 2 categories: Transferred and Reserved. 1935: · Provided for the establishment of All-India Federation consisting of the British Provinces and the Princely States. The joining of Princely States was voluntary and as a result the federation did not come into existence. Government of India Act. Jainism · Jainism founded by Rishabha. · There were 24 Tirthankaras (Prophets or Gurus). it actually happened after 1935 Act. Department of Foreign Affairs and Defence were reserved for the Governor General). The Governor and the Executive Council were to administer the reserved subjects without any responsibility to the legislature. . Indian legislature became bicameral for the first time. The Transferred subjects were to be administrated by the Governor with the aid of ministers responsible to the Legislative Council. First was Rishabhnath (Emblem: Bull). 1919 Or Montague-Chelmsford Reforms: · · Dyarchy system introduced in the provinces. · Burma (now Myanmar) separated from India. Indian Council Act.Indian Council Act.
in 527 BC. · In the 13th year of his asceticism (on the 10th of Vaishakha). He was born in kundagram (Distt Muzaffarpur. outside the town of Jrimbhikgrama. sister of Lichchavi Prince Chetak of Vaishali. he attained death at Pava. · Married to Yashoda. Bihar) in 599 BC. after the death of his parents. · His father Siddhartha was the head of Jnatrika clan. near Patna. he attained supreme knowledge (kaivalya). . i. · Mahavira was related to Bimbisara. · The 24th and the last Tirthankar was Vardhman Mahavira (Emblem: Lion). He also got the title of Arihant. whose husband Jamali became his first disciple. and his followers were named Jains. · His mother was Trishla. worthy. he became an ascetic. had a daughter named Priyadarsena.. · From now on he was called Jaina or Jitendriya and Mahavira.· The 23rd Tirthankar Parshwanath (Emblem: Snake) was the son of King Ashvasena of Banaras. · At 30.e. · At the age of 72.
Lord Ellenborough (1842 – 1844) Lord Hardinge I (1844 – 1848) Lord Dalhousie (1848 – 1856): · Opened the first Indian Railway in 1853 (from Bombay to Thane). · Charter Act of 1833 was passed. Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835 – 1836): Abolished all restrictions on vernacular press (called Liberator of the Press). made him the first Governor General of India. . · Laid out the telegraph lines in 1853 (First was from Calcutta to Agra). the designation was Governor General of Bengal. Governor Generals of India Lord William Bentinck (1828 – 1835): · Carried out the social reforms like Prohibition of Sati (1829) and elimination of thugs (1830). Before him. Brahmcharya (celibacy) to it. which proved to be a disaster for the English. · Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice. · Made English the Medium of higher education in the country (After the recommendations of Macaulay).· Mahavira preached almost the same message as Parshvanath and added one more. Lord Auckland (1836 – 1842): The most important event of his reign was the First Afghan War.
forestry. Udaipur (1852). · Made Shimla the summer capital.· Introduced the Doctrine of Lapse and captured Satara (1848). Many bridges were constructed and the work on Grand Trunk Road was started. 1856). The harbors of Karachi. · Started the Public Works Department. Bombay and Calcutta were also developed. mineralogy and industry. Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849). · Established the postal system on the modern lines through the length and breadth of the country. · Started Engineering College at Roorkee. which made communication easier. · Due to Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s efforts. “Wood’s Dispatch’ was passed. . · Encouraged science. which provided for the properly articulated system of education from the primary school to the university. · In 1854. remarriage of widows was legalized by Widow Remarriage Act. commerce. Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854).
demanded special safeguards to its community and a separate electorate for Muslims. Pal). National movement found real expression in the movement against the partition of Bengal in 1905. In the first two decades (1885 – 1905). Swadeshi Movement (1905): · · · Lal.C. But the repressive measures of the British gave rise to extremists within Congress like Bipin Chandra Pal.Hume. 1905.O. Bal.K.Gokhale. Partition of Bengal: · · · By Lord Curzon on Oct 16.Gokhale. The objective was to set up a communal gulf between Hindus and Muslims. Pal. Indian Councils Act or Minto Morley Reforms (1909): . the INC under Dadabhai Naoroji adopted ‘Swaraj’ (Self-govt) as the goal of Indian people. It was a loyalist.Important National Activities The Indian National Congress: · · · · Formed in 1885 by A. communal and conservative political organization which supported the partition of Bengal.Banerjee in 1885 (72 delegates attended it). Lal while the moderates by G. Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai (Lal. INC took the Swadeshi call first at the Banaras Session. an Englishman and a retired civil servant. Demand for Swaraj: · In Dec 1906 at Calcutta. Bal. and Aurobindo Ghosh played the important role. opposed the Swadeshi movement. at the Surat session in 1907. Bonfires of foreign goods were conducted at various places. quite moderate in its approach and confided in British justice and generosity. Pal. Surat Session of Indian National Congress (1907): · The INC split into two groups – The extremists and The moderates. First session in Bombay under W. Nawab Salimullah of Dhaka and Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk.K. Formation of Muslim League (1906): · · Setup in 1906 under the leadership of Aga Khan. A mighty upsurge swept the country against the partition. 1905 presided over by G. Extremists were led by Bal. reducing the old province of Bengal in size by creating East Bengal and Assam out of rest of Bengal. through a royal Proclamation.
1916) at Poona and Annie Besant and S. to arrest and imprison suspects without trial for two years maximum.· · Besides other constitutional measures. Kitchlu and Dr. Home Rule Movement (1916): · · · Started by B.Tilak(April. General O’ Dyer fires at people who assembled in the Jallianwala Bagh. which had been the foundation of civil liberties in Britain. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13.Subramania Iyer at Adyar. Lucknow Pact (1916): · · Happened following a war between Britain and Turkey leading to anti-British feelings among Muslims. It was the first country-wide agitation by Gandhiji and marked the foundation of the Non Cooperation Movement. Caused a wave of anger in all sections. it envisaged a separate electorate for Muslims. August Declaration (1917): · After the Lucknow Pact. Satyapal on April 10. Amritsar. This law enabled the Government to suspend the right of Habeas Corpus. As a result hundreds of men. near Madras (Sept. 1916).G. Taraknath Das and Sohan Singh Bhakna. Both INC and Muslim League concluded this (Congress accepted the separate electorates and both jointly demanded for a representative government and dominion status for the country). Ghadar Party (1913): · · Formed by Lala Hardayal. Objective: Self – government for India in the British Empire. Aimed at dividing the nationalist ranks and at rallying the Moderates and the Muslims to the Government’s side. Rowlatt Act (March 18. Tilak linked up the question of Swaraj with the demand for the formation of Linguistic States and education in vernacular language. 1919): · · This gave unbridled powers to the govt. This came to be called the August Declaration. . 1919. He gave the slogan: Swaraj is my birth right and I will have it. women and children were killed and thousands injured. 1919): · · · People were agitated over the arrest of Dr. HQ was at San Francisco. a British policy was announced which aimed at “increasing association of Indians in every branch of the administration for progressive realization of responsible government in India as an integral part of the British empire”.
The Government used brutal repression and police attacks to break the popular opposition. Chauri –Chaura Incident (1922): · · A mob of people at Chauri – Chaura (near Gorakhpur) clashed with police and burnt 22 policemen on February 5. Sardar Udham Singh killed O’Dyer when the later was addressing a meeting in Caxton Hall. Hunter Commission was appointed to enquire into it. Non-cooperation Movement (1920): · · It was the first mass-based political movement under Gandhiji. 1930 was fixed as the First Independence Day. 1928.19. the newly adopted tri-colour flag was unfurled and an. President of the Plague Commission. declared Poorna Swaraj (Complete independence) as its ultimate goal. On Dec. the INC. At Lahore.Ayerst was accidentally shot. to review the political situation in India and to introduce further reforms and extension of parliamentary democracy. In 1907.30. London. was to be celebrated every year. 1929 under the President ship of J. at its Lahore Session.· · · Rabindranath Tagore returned his Knighthood in protest.31. Their target was Mr. but Lt. Khilafat Movement (1920): · · Muslims were agitated by the treatment done with Turkey by the British in the treaty that followed the First World War.12. On March 13. Two brothers.L.26. Lala Lajpat Rai was severely beaten in a lathi-charge. Congress passed the resolution in its Calcutta session in Sept 1920. .Nehru. Indian leaders opposed the commission. Revolutionary Activities: · · The first political murder of a European was committed in 1897 at Poona by the Chapekar brothers. Sir Shankaran Nair resigned from Viceroy’s Executive Council after this. 1922. Simon Commission (1927): · · · Constituted under John Simon. as there were no Indians in it. 1940. Lahore Session (1929): · · On Dec. a Parsi revolutionary unfurled the flag of India at Stuttgart Congress (of Second international).Rand. Damodar and Balkishan. Mohd. 1929. This compelled Gandhiji to withdraw the Non Cooperation movement on Feb. 1922. Madam Bhikaiji Cama. He succumbed to his injuries on Oct.Ali and Shaukat Ali started this movement.
Thus. Surya Sen. a meeting of revolutionaries from all parts of India was called at Kanpur. 1929. Liberals and some others were there. Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged on March. Boycotted by INC. It was held on Nov. 23. he masterminded the raid on Chittagong armoury.· · · · · · · · · · In 1908. 9. the unpopular judge of Muzaffapur. The two (government represented by Irwin and INC by Gandhiji) signed a pact on March 5. (Delhi Conspiracy Case). formed the Indian Republic Army in Bengal. Jaikar and Srinivas Shastri initiated efforts to break the ice between Gandhiji and the government. Muslim League.6. Dandi March (1930): · · · · Also called the Salt Satyagraha. Sapru.William Curzon Whyllie. In 1931.12. In 1930. 1931.P.17. In 1929 only Jatin Das died in Lahore jail after 63 days fast to protest against horrible conditions in jail. he. 1925.1931 at Lahore Jall (Lahore Conspiracy Case) and their bodies cremated at Hussainiwala near Ferozepur. who ordered lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai) on Dec. Khudiram. Kanhaiyalal Dutt and Satyendranath Bose were hanged. The government on its part released the political prisoners and conceded the right to . with his colleagues. Khudiram Bose and Prafulla chaki threw a bomb on the carriage of kingford. M L Dhingra shot dead Col. Rasbihari Bose and Sachindra Nath Sanyal threw a bomb and Lord Hardinge at Delhi. Chandrashekhar Azad shot himself at Alfred Park in Allahabad. (Alipur Case). First Round Table conference (1930): · · It was the first conference arranged between the British and Indians as equals. Bhagat Singh. shot dead Saunders (Asst. 1930. S. 1924. a revolutionary of Bengal. Gandhi Irwin Pact (1931): · · · · Moderate Statesman. the political advisor of “India Office” in London. Along with 78 followers. In this the INC called off the civil disobedience movement and agreed to join the second round table conference. He reached the seashore on Apr. Gandhiji started his march from Sabarmati Ashram on March 12. They carried out a dacoity on the Kakori bound train on the Saharanpur-Lucknow railway line on Aug. He was hanged in 1933. Then Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb in the Central Assembly on Apr 8. 1930 in London to discuss Simon commission. of Lahore. In 1912. He picked a handful of salt and inaugurated the Civil Disobedience Movement. Hindu Mahasabha. 1928. In Oct. They setup Hindustan Socialist Republic Association/Army (HSRA). 1930 for the small village Dandhi to break the salt law. In 1909.
Baluchistan. 1932). The Cripps Mission – 1942: · In Dec. the session was soon deadlocked on the minorities issue and this time separate electorates was demanded not only by Muslims but also by Depressed Classes. but seats reserved to them in the provincial legislature were increased. Indian Christians and Anglo – Indians. In this.C. Political leaders like Madan Mohan Malviya. 1942. Sindh and Kashmir be made the Muslim State within the federation. Rangoon fell and Japan occupied the entire S E Asia. Gandhiji. Eventually Poona pact was reached and Gandhiji broke his fact on the sixth day (Sept 25. Poona Pact (September 25. Indian Christians. Ramsay Macdonald. B. Demand For Pakistan: · · · · In 1930. The discussions led to the passing of the Government of India Act. .1932): · · · Announced by Ramsay McDonald. However. the idea of separate electorate for the depressed classes was abandoned.M. 1935. Muslim League first passed the proposal of separate Pakistan in its Lahore session in 1940. mass meeting took place almost everywhere.R. 1932): · · · · After the announcement of communal award and subsequent fast of Gandhiji. The Communal Award (Aug 16. Mohd. Sikhs. Iqbal suggested that the Frontier Province.make salt for consumption for villages along the coast. Third Round Table Conference (1932): · Proved fruitless as most of the national leaders were in prison. started a fast unto death against it. Japan entered the World War – II and advanced towards Indian borders. women and even Backward classes.Rajah became active.Ambedkar and M. who was in Yeravada jail at that time. 1941. Anglo Indians. Envisaged representation of Muslims. Chaudhary Rehmat Ali gave the term Pakistan in 1923. Second Round Table Conference (1931): · · Gandhiji represented the INC and went to London to meet British P. By March 7. It showed divide and rule policy of the British. Ali Jinnah of Bombay gave it practicality.
The new Labour Party PM. On May 16. It rejected the demand for separate Pakistan and instead a federal union consisting of British India and the Princely States was suggested. J.C.2. at Bombay. Azad and Nehru. INA had three fighting brigades named after Gandhiji. with a view to getting co-operation from Indians sent Sir Stafford Cripps. 1946. In July 1943. The mission held talks with the INC and ML to bring about acceptance of their proposals. Sir Stafford Cripps and A. Both Congress and Muslims League accepted it. 1946): · Based on Cabinet Mission Plan. 1946. On Aug 9. leader of the House of Commons to settle terms with the Indian leaders. S.Nehru was its Vice-President and the Governor-General remained as its President. Violence spread throughout the country. there being no program of action. The movement was however crushed. The Revolt of 1942 & The Quit India Movement: · · · · · · · · · · Called the Vardha Proposal and Leaderless Revolt. he joined the INA at Singapore. Formation of Interim Government (Sept 2. 1942. Gandhiji termed it as a post dated cheque in a crashing bank.L.Alexander) will visit India.Lord Attlee.8. Two INA head quarters were Rangoon and Singapore (formed in Singapore). Rasbehari Bose handed over the leadership to him. The soldiers were mostly raised from Indian soldiers of the British army who had been taken prisoners by the Japanese after they conquered S.E. made a declaration on March 15. There. He offered a draft which proposed dominion status to be granted after the war. the mission put towards its proposals. an interim government consisting of Congress nominees was formed on Sept. Rani Jhansi Brigade was an exclusive women force.Bose secretly escaped from India in Jain 1941.Asia. The arrests provoked indignation among the masses and. Gandhiji gave the slogan ‘Do or Die’.V. The Indian National Army: Founded by Rasbehari Bose with Captain Mohan Singh. Jinnah’s Direct Action Resolution (Aug 16. The Cabinet Mission Plan (1946): · · · · The struggle for freedom entered a decisive phase in the year 1945-46. 1946): . The resolution was passed on Aug. Rejected by the Congress as it didn’t want to rely upon future promises. that British Cabinet Mission (comprising of Lord Pethick Lawrence as Chairman. the movement became spontaneous and violent.· · · · The British govt. and reached Berlin. the Congress was banned and its important leaders were arrested. 1946.
Formation of Constituent Assembly (Dec 9. It resulted in heavy communal riots. the first home minister. 1946). Jinnah celebrated Pakistan Day on Mar 27. passed the Indian Independence Act of 1947 in July 1947. Hyderabad and Junagarh had signed the Instrument of Accession. 1947. The outlines of the Plan were: India to be divided into India and Pakistan. all the States. Aug.15. Therefore. which condemned both the British Government and the Congress (Aug 16. By August 15. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. The Princely states would enjoy the liberty to join either India or Pakistan or even remain independent. Partition and Independence (Aug 1947): · · · All political parties accepted the Mountbatten plan. Goa was with the Portuguese and Pondicherry with the French.· · · · Jinnah was alarmed at the results of the elections because the Muslim League was in danger of being totally eclipsed in the constituent assembly. At the time of independence. 1946 and Dr. 1947. used iron hand in this regard. there were 562 small and big Princely States in India. There would be a separate constitutional assembly for Pakistan to frame its constitution. It passed a ‘Direct action’ resolution. Lord Mountbatten put forward his plan which outlined the steps for the solution of India’s political problem. The British govt. with a few exceptions like Kashmir. which contained the major provisions put forward by the Mountbatten plan. 1946): · The Constituent assembly met on Dec 9. 1946. Mountbatten Plan (June 3. Bengal and Punjab will be partitioned and a referendum in NEFP and Sylhet district of Assam would be held. 1947. 1947 was the date fixed for handing over power to India and Pakistan.Rajendra Prasad was elected as its president. Muslim League withdrew its acceptance of the Cabinet Mission Plan on July 29. . 1947): · · · · · · · On June 3.
C.Venue.Gandhi Sarojini Naidu (first Indian woman President) Motilal Nehru (first All India Youth Congress Formed) J.R. Ahmedabad Banaras Surat.C. Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC) Year 1885. 1882 1886 1893 1906 1887 1888 1889 1890 1895.Gokhale Rasbehari Ghosh M. resolution on Fundamental rightsand President .Nehru (Poorna Swaraj resolution was passed) Vallabhbhai Patel (Here.session) Ahmedabad. Madras Lahore Lucknow Calcutta Amritsar Calcutta (sp.L. Allahabad Calcutta Lahore Calcutta Madras Allahabad Bombay Calcutta Poona.K. 1908 1909 1916 1917 1919 1920 1921.Mehta S.Malviya A.1922 1923 1924 1925 1928 1929 1931 Venue Bombay.M.Banerjee G.Das Abdul Kalam Azad (youngest President) M. 1902 1905 1907. Gaya Delhi (sp.Bannerji Dadabhai Naoroji " " Badruddin Tyyabji (fist Muslim President) George Yule (first English President) Sir William Wedderburn Sir Feroze S.N.Majumdar (Re-union of the Congress) Annie Besant (first woman President) Motilal Nehru Lala Lajpat Rai C.session) Belgaon Kanpur Calcutta Lahore Karachi W.K.
N.the National Economic Program was passed) 1932. Ahmedabad Banaras Surat. 1939 1940 1946 1948 Tripuri Ramgarh Meerut Jaipur Venue.Banerjee G.Gokhale Rasbehari Ghosh M.Mehta S.C.Nehru J.Bose was re-elected but had to resign due to protestby Gandhiji (as Gandhiji supported Dr.B.C.M. Allahabad Calcutta Lahore Calcutta Madras Allahabad Bombay Calcutta Poona.L.L.Nehru).Nehru (first session in a village) S.L.Kriplani Dr.Bose (a National Planning Committed set-up underJ. 1882 1886 1893 1906 1887 1888 1889 1890 1895. 1908 1909 Venue Bombay.Pattabhi Sitaramayya). 1933 1934 1936 1937 1938 Delhi. Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC) Year 1885.Pattabhi Sitaramayya.K. 1902 1905 1907.Malviya President . S. Calcutta (Session Banned) Bombay Lucknow Faizpur Haripura Rajendra Prasad J. Madras Lahore W.Bannerji Dadabhai Naoroji " " Badruddin Tyyabji (fist Muslim President) George Yule (first English President) Sir William Wedderburn Sir Feroze S.C. Abdul Kalam Azad Acharya J. Rajendra Prasadwas appointed in his place.
session) Belgaon Kanpur Calcutta Lahore Karachi A.Nehru (Poorna Swaraj resolution was passed) Vallabhbhai Patel (Here.Nehru (first session in a village) S.K.Nehru J.Kriplani Dr. Calcutta (Session Banned) Bombay Lucknow Faizpur Haripura Rajendra Prasad J. resolution on Fundamental rightsand the National Economic Program was passed) Delhi.L.C.C.1916 1917 1919 1920 1921.B.Pattabhi Sitaramayya.Das Abdul Kalam Azad (youngest President) M.Pattabhi Sitaramayya). Abdul Kalam Azad Acharya J.L.L.Bose (a National Planning Committed set-up underJ.C.Nehru).1922 1923 1924 1925 1928 1929 1931 1932. 1933 1934 1936 1937 1938 Lucknow Calcutta Amritsar Calcutta (sp. Gaya Delhi (sp.Majumdar (Re-union of the Congress) Annie Besant (first woman President) Motilal Nehru Lala Lajpat Rai C.session) Ahmedabad.L.Gandhi Sarojini Naidu (first Indian woman President) Motilal Nehru (first All India Youth Congress Formed) J. S.Bose was re-elected but had to resign due to protestby Gandhiji (as Gandhiji supported Dr. Rajendra Prasadwas appointed in his place. 1939 1940 1946 1948 Tripuri Ramgarh Meerut Jaipur .R.
5 INDIANSCI & TECH .
Elements Symbols and Atomic Numbers Name Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Flourine Neon Sodium (Natrium) Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorous Sulphur Chlorine Argon H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar Symbol 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Atomic Number .
Potassium (Kalium) Calcium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron (Ferum) Cobalt Nickel Copper (Cuprum) Zinc Germenium Bromine Krypton Zirconium Silver Tin (Stannum) Antimony (Stabnium) Iodine K Ca Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ge Br Kr Zr Ag Sn Sb I 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 35 36 40 47 50 51 53 .
Barium Gold (Aurum) Mercury (Hydragerm) Lead (Plumbum) Bismuth Radium Thorium Uranium Plutonium Curium Ba Au Hg Pb Bi Ra U U Pu Cm 56 79 80 82 83 88 90 92 94 96 National Surveys and Other Institutions in India Institution Atomic Energy Commission Bhabha Atomic Research Center Botanical Survey of India Birbal Sahni Indtitute for Palaeobotanoy Bose Research Institute Indian Association for the Cultivation of science Place Bombay Trombay (Bombay) Calcutta Lucknow Calcutta Calcutta .
1 2 3 4 5 6 Breathing Wind in the trees Whisper Ticking Clock House in a quiet street Radio Music 10 db 20 db 20-30 db 30 db 35 db 50-60 db . Typical sound levels in decibels: Note: 130 db causes damage to hearing.Indian National Science Academy Indian National Science Congress Association National Atlas Organisation Raman Research Institute Survey of India Wadia Institute of Himalayan Zoology Zoological Survey of India New Delhi Calcutta Calcutta Bangalore Dehra Dun Delhi Calcutta Noice Scale Sounds are tiny vibrations that can travel through air and other materials. The loudness of a sound is measured in decibels (db).
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Loud Conversation Office Noise Children Playing Lawn mower Vacuum cleaner Traffic Noise Sports Car Heavy truck traffic Loud Radio Motor Cycle Pneumatic drill Thunder storm Rock Music Aircraft Noise Jet takeoff(at 100 meter distance) Jet Engine(at 25 meter distance) Space Vehicle launch (from a short distance) 60 db 60 db 60-80 db 60-80 db 80 db 60-90 db 80-95 db 90-100 db 100 db 105 db 110 db 110 db 120 db 90-120 db 120 db 140 db 140-170 db .
Mr. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC). 2007. Director. said.23 a.Indias Dream Launch PSLV C7 India’s Dream Launch of PSLV-C7 The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) added yet another achievement to its list by the successful launch of the PSLV-C7 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota on January 10. 2007. Dr. The 555 kilogram SRE is coated with thermal tiles to prevent it from burning up when it reenters the earth’s atmosphere.m. ISRO`s Cartosat-2 is for mapping purposes and its SRE will be a forerunner to the ISRO mastering the re-entry. After it re-enters the atmosphere. from its beachside launch pad and injected four satellites into precise orbit. Of the four satellites two satellites belong to India and two are from abroad. I feel that my job has just started.N. three parachutes in the SRE will open up one after another. During its stay in orbit the two payloads on board the SRE will help conduct experiments in micro-gravity. 2007 morning when the SRE will be recovered”. about 5 km above the Bay of Bengal. B. This challenging job will be headed by Project Director. which built PSLV-C7. The satellites from abroad are LAPAN-TUBSAT. 44 metre tall Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C7) which weighs 295 tonnes took off on the dot at 9.Suresh. Mr. I am looking forward to January 22. This is the PSLV`s ninth consecutive successful launch. The satellite called the Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE) will stay in orbit for 11 days and thereafter fall into the Bay of Bengal from where it will be recovered. recoverable and re-usable launch vehicle technologies. First.Subramoniam. Thiruvananthapuram. Subramoniam said. “Right now. “Four satellites being injected into orbit with the same vehicle is a unique experience for us”. the pilot chute will pull . The four-stage. A. a joint venture of Indonesia and the Technical University of Berlin and the PEHUENSAT-1 of Argentina. This multi-mission launch is going to be a technological challenge for ISRO as it attempts to deorbit one of the satellites and bring it back to earth on January 22.
The Missile Technology Control Regime embargo on India’s space and military rocket programmes debars an Indian rocket to launch any American satellite. It could also be used in studying the passage of communication lines. The main chute will slow down the descent of the SRE and it will ultimately splash down into the Bay of Bengal. But so . about 140 km east of Sriharikota island. a device to launch four satellites for the first time.out the drogue chute. After the setback in July 2006 when Geosynchronous Space Launch Vehicle (GSLV) failed. However. The PSLV-C7 has been built at a cost of Rs. it goes without saying that India has a long way to go before it finds itself a place in the world space launch market. and then the main chute will deploy. It should re-enter the atmosphere without burning up. Moreover. A floatation system will keep it afloat and dye markers will make it visible.80 crore. It also used for the first time a video-imaging system on board to take pictures of the separation of the first three satellites from the fourth stage of the rocket. the satellite`s images could be used in town and rural planning as well as in road and drainage alignment. Project Director. countries like Russia. Mr. the European Union or Japan are far more developed in space launch vehicle technology. The entire process involves a lot of precision as the SRE should be de-orbited in the right direction and should be given the right incremental velocity. which will deploy. According to an official dealing with the issue a joint working group would hold a meeting in Washington in February.000 kms. We compare well with the Chinese Long March CZ4B series when it comes to hoisting satellites to a Low Earth Orbit to about 2. G. the success of PSLV is a great morale booster. The Cartosat-2 cost Rs. According to the ISRO Chairman. 2007 to get this embargo lifted under the Next Steps in Strategic Partnership negotiations. Madhavan Nair.30 crore. the United States.180 crore and the SRE Rs. Besides the technology of bringing to the SRE back to earth in a sequential manner. the PSLVC7 has also used Dual Launch Adopter (DLA). Krishnaswamy. According to Mr. “There are a lot of technological challenges in bringing back an orbiting satellite because we are doing it for the first time”. or one with US components. M. The Coast Guard will recover it. Cartosat-2.
far as geosynchronous orbits of 36. 1993 Oct. 12. 2005 Jan.000 kms used for communication satellites for beaming. 20. 10. Some Important Facts of Human Body Length of alimentary canal Approximately 8 meters . 2001 Sept. 2002 Oct. 17. 21. PSLV Chronology Launch Vehicle Date of Launch PSLV-D1 PSLV-D2 PSLV-D3 PSLV-C1 PSLV-C2 PSLV-C3 PSLV-C4 PSLV-C5 PSLV-C6 PSLV-C7 Sept. 2003 May 5. 1997 May 26. 1999 Oct. 29. 15. 22. The success of PSLV cannot fill the void created by the failure of GSLV. 1996 Sept. 2007 TV programmes or relaying telephone calls are concerned we are far behind. 1994 Mar.
C Life span of R.8 litres (in 70 kg body) 120/80 mm Hg (a) In male: 4.B.B.C (Differential leucocyte count) Blood platelets count Haemoglobin Hb content in body Universal blood donor .00.c of blood (b) In female: 11-14 gm/100 c.P Number of R.5 million/cubic mm 120 days 5000-10000/cubic mm 3-4 days (a) Basophils-0.C Normal W.00.5-5.0 million/cubic mm (b) In female: 4.cal/day 75 trillion Femur (thigh bone) Ear ossicle. stapes 1400 gms 6.C count Life span of W.000/cubic mm (a) In male: 14-15.6 gm/100 c.B.L.C 1600 K.0-4.000-4.BMR (Basal metabolic rate) Number calls in body Longest bone Smallest bone Weight of brain Blood volume Normal B.5-1% (b) Eosinophils-1-3% (c) Monocytes-3-8% (d) Neutrophils-40-70% (e) Lymphocytes-2-25% 2.c of blood 500-700 gm O Rh-ve D.B.
C 16-20 minutes adult:2123/2123=32 child: 2120/2120=22 milk teeth 12 pairs 31 pairs Thyroid 9 months (253-266 days) 72-75/ minutes Liver Gluteus maximus (Buttock muscle) Uterus of pregnant women Stapedius Abdominal aorta Inferior venacava Monocyte Lymphocyte .F or 37.4.C AB 2-5 minutes 70 kg 98.Universal blood recipient Blood clotting time Average body weight Normal body temperature Breathing rate Dental formula Number of cranial nerves Number of spinal nerves Largest endocrine gland Gestation period Normal heart beat Largest gland Largest muscles in the body Largest smooth muscle Smallest muscles in the body Largest artery Largest vein Largest W.B.B.C Smallest W.
4 6.45 Milestones in Medicine SNo Discovery / Invention Year Discoverer / Inventor Country .10 min/hour Conjunctiva 1.Greatest regeneration power Longest nerve Longest cell Menstrual cycle Menopause age Minimum regeneration power Minimum distance for proper vision Type of placenta Pulse rate Volume of semen Normal sperm count ESR (normal Erythrocyte sedimentation rate) Thinnest skin pH of gastric juice pH of urine pH of blood In liver Sciatic Neuron (nerve cell) 28 days 45-50 years In brain cell 25 cm Haemochorial (Chorioallantoic) 72/minute 2-4 ml/ejaculation 200-350 million/ejaculation 4.0 7.35-7.
S.S.B germs Circulation of blood 1889 2000-1000 BC 1683 1872 1648 1940 1625 1932 1968 1493-1541 1847 1947 1877 1628 Leeuwenhock Ferdinand Cohn Jan Baptista Van Helmont Drew Jean-Baptiste Denys A.S. Japan Germany India Anti-toxins (Science of Immunity) 1890 Aspirin Ayurveda Bacteria Bacteriology Biochemistry Blood Plasma storage (Blood bank) Blood Transfusion Cardiac Pacemaker CAT Scanner Chemotherapy Chloroform as anaesthetic Chloromycetin Cholera T.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Adrenaline Anesthesia. Local Anesthesia. Spinal 1894 1885 1898 Schafer and Oliver Koller Bier Behring and Kitasato Dreser Britain Austria Germany Germany.A Britain Switzerland Britain U.A Germany Britain .A France U.S Hyman Godfrey Hounsfield Paracelsus James Simpson Burkholder Robert Koch William Harvey Netherlands Germany Belgium U.
S.S.A U.A .A S.19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Cryo-Surgery Diphtheria germs Electro-Cardiograph Electro-encephalogram Embryology Endocrinology First Test Tube Baby Gene Therapy on humans Genes associated with cancer Heart Transplant Surgery Histology Hypodermic syringe Kidney Machine Leprosy Bacillus LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) Malaria Germs Morphine Neurology Nuclear magnetic resonance 1953 1883-84 1903 1929 1792-1896 1902 1978 1980 1982 1967 1771-1802 1853 1944 1873 1943 1880 1805 1758-1828 1971 Henry Swan Klebs and Loffler Willem Einthoven Hand Berger Kari Ernest Van Baer Bayliss and Starling Steptoe and Edwards Martin Clive Robert Weinberg and others Christian Barnard Marie Bichat Alexander wood Kolf Hansen Hoffman Laveran Friderich Sertumer Franz Joseph Gall Raymond Damadian U.S. Africa France Britain Netherlands Norway Switzerland France Germany Germany U.A Germany Netherlands Germany Estonia Britain Britain U.S.
A France . Rock Alexander Fleming Albrecht Von Haller Louis Sokoloff Louis Pasteur Paul Berg.S.A France U.S.A India U.S.S.H. Nicolle U.A U.S.S.A U. H.S.W.S Cohen Jal Vakil Karl Landsteiner Paul Ehrlich Eugen Steinach W.A U.O Declaration Rene Laennec Selman Waksmann Landsteiner Finlay and Others Edward Calvin-Kendall J.A U.imaging 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 Open Heart Surgery Oral Contraceptive Pills Penicillin Physiology Positron emission Tomography Rabies Vaccine Recombinant-DNA technology Reserpine Rh-factor Serology Sex hormones Small Pox eradicated Stethoscope Streptomycin Synthetic Antigens Terramycin Thyroxin Typhus Vaccine 1953 1955 1928 1757-66 1978 1860 1972-73 1949 1940 1884-1915 1910 1980 1819 1944 1917 1950 1919 1909 Walton Lillehel Gregory Pincus.S.S.A Germany Australia UN France U.A Britain Switzerland U. Boyer.
Connaught Lab Jonas Salk Albert Sabin Louis Pasteur Jenner Ivanovski and Bajernick Mc Collum and M.S. Rabies Vaccine. Polio Vaccine. Davis Minot and Murphy Froelich Holst Mc Collum Doisy Dam Hippocrates Patanjali Britain U. Netherlands U. Meningitis Vaccine.A France Britain USSR.A U.A U.A U.S.S. Polio-orai Vaccine.S. Smallpox Virology Vitamin A Vitamin B1 Vitamin C Vitamin D Vitamin K Western Scientific Therapy Yoga 1796 1963 1987 1954 1960 1885 1776 1892 1913 1936 1919 1925 1938 460-370 BC 200-100 BC Edward Jenner Enders Gardon.S. Measles Vaccine.S.A U.56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 Vaccination Vaccine.S.A Norway U. et al.A U.S.A Greece India .
AGRONOMY:The science of soil management and the production of field crops. ACROBATICS:The art of performing acrobatic feats (gymnastics). ANTHROPOLOGY:The science that deals with the origins. physical and cultural development of mankind.SCIENCE TERMINOLOGY Science is knowledge. ALCHEMY:Chemistry in ancient times. too. ACOUSTICSThe study of sound (or the science of sound). AEROSTATICS:The branch of statics that deals with gases in equilibrium and with gases and bodies in them. .. systematized knowledge derived from observation. plants or human body. study and experimentation carried on in order to determine the nature or principles of what is being studied. often as opposed to intuition. etc. in air AERONAUTICS: The Science or art of flight. AGROBIOLOGY:The science of plant life and plant nutrition. In each science. belief. There are many sciences. (ii) The study of the motion and control of solid bodies like aircraft. AERODYNAMICS: (i) The branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of air and other gases. AGROSTOLOGY:The study of grasses. In each science measurement plays an important part. in fact. each concerned with a particular field of study. AETIOLOGY:The science of causation. missiles. ANATOMY:The science dealing with the structure of animals. AGRONOMICS:The science of managing land or crops. AESTHETICS:The philosophy of fine arts. a study is made of the laws according to which objects react. It is. etc. Here are some sciences.
ARBORICULTURE:Cultivation of trees and vegetables. ASTROPHYSICS:The branch of astronomy concerned with the physical nature of heavenly bodies. ASTRONOMY: . ASTROLOGY:The ancient art of predicting the course of human destinies with the help of indications deduced from the position and movement of the heavenly bodies. etc. ASTRONAUTICS:The science of space travel. CHEMISTRY:The study of elementary and their laws of combination and behaviour. ARCHAEOLOGY:The study of antiquities. CHEMOTHERAPY:The treatment of disease by using chemical substances. BIONOMY:The science of the laws of life. (Pottery).The study of the heavenly bodies. characteristics and phenomena observed in the living world and the application of this knowledge to the world of machines. CALISTHENICS:The systematic exercises for attaining strength and gracefulness. . BIONOMICS:The study of the relation of an organism to its environments. CARTOGRAPHY:Science of Map Making. BIOMETRY:The application of mathematics to the study of living things. BOTANY:The study of plants. BIOCHEMISTRY: The study of chemical processes of living things. BIONICS:The study of functions. BIOPHYSICS:The physics of vital processes (living things). CERAMICS:The art and technology of making objects from clay. BACTERIOLOGY: The study of bacteria. BIOLOGY: The study of living things.
distribution and consumption of goods and services. CYTOGENETICS:The branch of biology dealing with the study of heredity from the point of view of cytology and genetics. CRYTOGRAPHY:The study of ciphers (secret writings). ECOLOGY:The study of the relation of animals and plants to their surroundings. forms and properties of crystals. COSMOLOGY:The science of the nature. . EMBRYOLOGY:The study of development of embryos. origin and history of the universe. CRYGENICS:The science dealing with the production. control and application of very low temperatures.CHRONOBIOLOGY:The study of the duration of life. CRIMINOLOGY:The study of crime and criminals. CONCHOLOGY:The branch of zoology dealing with the shells of mollusks. ECONOMICS:The science dealing with the production. COSMOGRAPHY: The science that describes and maps the main feature of the universe. structure and functions. It is generally used by the deaf. DACTYLOGRAPHY:The study of fingerprints for the purpose of identification. CYTOLOGY:The study of cells. ECONOMETRICS: The application of mathematics in testing economic theories. especially their formation. COSMOGONY:The science of the nature of heavenly bodies. animate and inanimate. CHRONOLOGY:The science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past events. CYTOCHEMISTRY:The branch of cytology dealing with the chemistry of cells. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY:The study of the structure. DACTYLIOLOGY:The technique of communication by signs made with the fingers.
GENEALOGY:The study of family ancestries and histories. physical features. ETHICS:Psychological study of moral principles. GEOLOGY:The science that deals with the physical history of the earth. climate. etc. EUGENICS:The study of the production of better offspring by the careful selection of parents. GEOCHEMISTRY:The study of the chemical composition of the earth's crust and the changes which take place within it. GENETICS:The branch of biology dealing with the phenomena of heredity and the laws governing it. ETHNOLOGY:A branch of anthropology that deals with the origin. ETYMOLOGY:The study of origin and history of words. . ETHOLOGY:The study of animal behaviour. GENECOLOGY:The study of genetical composition of plant population in relation to their habitats. EPIDEMIOLOGY:The branch of medicine dealing with epidemic diseases. distribution and distinguishing characteristics of the races of mankind. population. GEOGRAPHY:The development of science of the earth's surface. ETHNOGRAPHY:A branch of anthropology dealing with the scientific description of individual cultures. GEOBOTANY:The branch of botany dealing with all aspects of relations between plants and the earth's surface.ENTOMOLOGY:The study of insects. GEOMEDICINE:The branch of medicine dealing with the influence of climate and environmental conditions on health. GEOBIOLOGY:The biology of terrestrial life. GENESIOLOGY:The science of generation. EPIGRAPHY:The study of inscriptions.
etc.GEOMORPHOLOGY:The study of the characteristics. LCONOLOGY:The study of symbolic representations. HYGIENE:The science of health and its preservation. HYDROGRAPHY:The science of water measurements of the earth with special reference of their use for navigation. HYDROLOGY:The study of water with reference to its occurrence and properties in the hydrosphere and atmosphere. HYDROMETALLURGY:The process of extracting metals at ordinary temperature by bleaching ore with liquids. GERONTOLOGY:The study of old age. HYDROPATHY:The treatment of disease by the internal and external use of water. GEOPHYSICS:The physics of the earth. energy and pressure of liquid in motion. HORTICULTURE:The cultivation of flowers. fruits. vegetables and ornamental plants. JURISPRUDENCE:The science of law. MAMMOGRAPHY:Radiography of the mammary glands. LCONOGRAPHY:Teaching with the aid of pictures and models. . HISTOLOGY:The study of tissues. origin and development of land forms. HYDROSTATICS: The mathematical study of forces and pressure in liquids. HELIOTHEARPY: The sun cure. HYDRODYNAMICS:The mathematical study of the forces. its phenomena. diseases. HYDROPONICS:The cultivation of plants by placing the roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in soil. LEXICOGRAPHY:The writing or compiling of dictionaries.
METALLURGY:The process of extracting metals from their ores. METEOROLOGY:The science of the atmosphere and its phenomena. ODONTOLOGY:The scientific study of the teeth. The study of the date and year of one's birth and to determine the influence on one's future life. MORPHOLOGY:The science of organic forms and structures. MOLECCULAR BIOLOGY:The study of the structure of the molecules which are of importance in biology. OPTICS:The study of nature and properties of light. NUMEROLOGY:The study of numbers. MICROBIOLOGY:The study of minute living organisms. NUMISMATICS:The study of coins and medals. . ORTHOEPY:The study of correct pronunciation. including bacteria. ORTHOPEDICS:The science of prevention. NEUROLOGY:The study of the nervous system.METALLOGRAPHY:The study of the crystalline structures of metals and alloys. METROLOGY:The scientific study of weights and measures. diagnosis and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of musculoskeletal systems. ODONTOGRAPHY:A description of the teeth. ORNITHOLOGY:The study of birds. molds and pathogenic protozoa. MYCOLOGY:The study of fungi and fungus diseases. its functions and its disorders. NEUROPATHOLOGY:The study of diseases of the nervous system. OSTEOLOGY:The study of the bones.
OSTEOPATHOLOGY:Any disease of bones. PEDAGOGY:The art or method of teaching. PHONETICS:The study of speech sounds and the production. PALEOBOTANY:The study of fossil plants. PHYCOLOGY:The study of algae. OSTEOPATHY:A therapeutic system based upon detecting and correcting faulty structure. etc. etc. PHILOLOGY:The study of written records. PHENOLOGY:The study of periodicity phenomena of plants. PHILATELY:The collection and study of postage stamps. PHOTOBIOLOGY:The branch of biology dealing with the effect of light on organisms. PHYSIOGRAPHY:The science of physical geography. PHTHISIOLOGY:The scientific study of tuberculosis. PHYSICS:The study of the properties of matter. PHENOLOGY:The study of the faculties and qualities of minds from the shape of the skull. PATHOLOGY:The study of diseases. . PHYTOGENY:Origin and growth of plants. PHARYNGOLOGY:The science of the pharynx and its diseases. PALEONTOLOGY:The study of fossils. PHYSICAL SCIENCE:The study of natural laws and processes other than those peculiar to living matters. their authenticity. PALYNOLOGY:The pollen analysis. chemistry and astronomy. transmission. PHYSIOLOGY:The study of the functioning of the various organs of living beings. revenue stamps. as in physics. reception. etc.
RADIOLOGY:The study of X-rays and radioactivity. RADIO ASTRONOMY:The study of heavenly bodies by the reception and analysis of the radio frequency electromagnetic radiations which they emit or reflect. movements.POMOLOGY:The science that deals with fruits and fruit growing. TELEPATHY:Communication between minds by some means other than sensory perception. ZOOLOGY:The study of animal life. SELENOLOGY:The scientific study of moon. TELEOLOGY:These study of the evidences of design or purpose in nature. SERICULTURE:The raising of silk worms for the production of raw silk. etc. SEISMOLOGY:The study of earthquakes and the phenomena associated with it. RADIOBIOLOGY:The branch of biology which deals with the effects of radiations on living organisms. SPECTROSCOPE:The study of matter and energy by the use of spectroscope. origin. . SOCIOLOGY:The study of human society. its nature. VIROLOGY:The study of viruses. THERAPEUTICS:The science and art of healing. PSYCHOLOGY:The study of human and animal behaviour. TOPOGRAPHY:A special description of a part or region TAXICOLOGY:The study of poisons. RHEOLOGY:The study of the deformation and flow of matter.
6 SPORTS .
Sports Field The first Indian woman to swim across the English Channel The first Indian to win world Billiards Trophy The first to cross the Damelles by swimming The first to conquer Everest The first to sail round the world The first person to win Wimbledon title five times The first woman who conquered Everest The first person to reach North Pole First woman Olympic Medallist (Weight Lifting) The first person to reach South Pole The first Indian to win All England Badminton Championship The first Indian woman to conquer Everest The first an to climb Everest twice Person Miss. Arati Shah Wilson Jones Mihir Sen Sherpa Tenzing (1953) Megellan Bjorn Borg Jungo Table (Japan) Robert Peary Karnam Malleswari (2000) Amundsen Prakash Padukone Bichendri Pal Nawang Gombu The first person to complete solo walk to magnetic North pole David Hempleman Adam (UK) The first woman to reach North pole The first woman to sail non stop around the world alone The first deaf & dumb to cross the strait of Gibraltar Ann Bancroft Kaycottee Taranath Shenoy (India) .
The first woman to climb Mt. Everest twice
Santosh Yadav (India)
The first black player to win the Wimbledon men's singles title Arthur Ashe (US) The first person to win the Palk Strait ocean swimming contest Baidyanath
S. where first hydrogen bomb was tested by U. In Ladakh. It is near Canada City and sea-port of Egypt. Signposts of ancient oriental civilisation.FAMOUS TOWNS in WORLD Name Famous For No 10.S. Famous for gold mines. A town Palestine. Handles about 80% of the country's exports.A. Abadan(Iran) Alaska (U. It was a Jail in Paris. An atoll of the Marshall Islands. Ruined temple in Cambodia.A.S. Oilfields of Azerbaijan. highest airfield in the world. founded by Alexander the Great. London residence of the British monarch. Chinese troops attacked it in 1962. A dam in Egypt across the River Nile. A town in Czechoslovakia on Czech-Russian border. In Pacific Ocean. Atomb Bomb was dropped here experimentally in 1948. Destroyed during the French Revolution.A.) Alexandria Angkor Wat Aswam Dam Baku Bastille Beding (Australia) Bethlehem Bikini Atoll Bikini Bratislava Buckingham Palace Chushul Famous for oil refinery In 1958 it was declared as 49th State of U. Downing Street Official residence of the British Prime Minister. . the birth place of Christ.
manufactures motor cars. Bundelkhand in Madhya Pradesh. Situated in an island 15 miles from Bombay.) Lusaka .) Hyde Park Jerusalem Khajuraho Khorkov Lop Nor Los Angeles A part of California (U.A) Elephanta Caves (India) Fleet Street Gaza Strip An island where Napoleon was born. constructed by Guru Ram Dass.A. was seat of United nations Emergency Force till 1957. Famous for the statues of Siva and Parvati. fortress and novel base situated on rock in the extreme South of Spain. Famous for film industry A huge park in London. Now under Israeli occupation. The famous film industry of Hollywood is established here.S. Gibraltar Golden Temple (India) Hiroshima Hollywood (California. Press Center in London. Key to Mediterranean. Capital of Zambia.S.A. The biggest car manufacturing town in the world. It is famous for Mahadev Temple. An industrial center of Japan which was destroyed by atom bomb in 1945. Important town of Ukraine.S. Famous temple of the Sikhs at Amritsar. City in Israel. Jesus Christ was crucified here (now capital of Israel) It is the State of chattarpur. In Egypt near Israeli border.Corsica Detroit (U. tractors and agricultural machinery. U. Palace in Sinkiang (Red China). Venue of non-aligned nations summit in September 1970. It is famous as Cinima City of the world. site for atomic tests.
Dalai Lama's palace at Lhasa (Tibet). at the head of Red Sea. It is sometimes called the Venice of Japan. In Israel. the lowest point on earth. Famous for iron and steel works and motor car factories. Island in Indian Ocean. Official residence of the Pope of Rome.) Cotton manufacturing city. Sacred place of the Muslims because Prophet Mohammed was born here. Atom was dropped here during World War II. It is noted for its iron and steel industries. Famous for silk. olive soap. 1976.A. In Italy. Longest city of Canada.K. one of the seven wonders of the world. wine. Venue in Geneva for holding international conferences.S. An important port on the Tyne in England. famous for coal industry. margarine and candles. It is one of the world's biggest cloth manufacturing center. Headquarters of American Defence Forces. City and Seaport of Southern France. famous for Leaning Tower. Marseilles Mecca (Saudi Arabia) Montreal Nagasaki (Japan) New Castle New Orleans (U. got freedom on June 28.Manchester (U. It is the greatest cotton and wheat exporting center in the world. Capital of Cambodia.) Osaka (Japan) Pisa Pentagon Phnom-Penh Plais Des Nations Potala Sinai Seychelles Sodom Vatican . Peninsula of Egypt between the Gulfs of Suez and Aquba. Known as the Manchester of Japan.
Spring with medicinal properties.S. is regarded by both Jews and Moslems as one of special sanctity. Capital of Austria. viz.Versaillers (France) Vienna Famous for the treaty of Versailles which ended World War I in 1918. Legent has is that was constructed by Lord Rama when he was in invade Lanka of Ravana. Walling Wall Wall Street White House Zurich (Switzerland) FAMOUS PLACES IN WORLD Place Famous For UNESCO sponsored world's first international town near Pondichery in Tamil Nadu named after Aurobindo Ghose. Sand and rock bridge between Sri Lanka and India.A. The venue of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) between Russia and U.000 will be a self-supporting township having gour zones. New York..A. The town with an area of 15sq. AUROVILLE ABU SIMBAL (U. industrial. in Washington D. The official residence of the President of U.S. Part of the Western Wall of the Temple Court in Jerusalem. probably dates from the time of Solomon. In Manhattan. residential and international.S. UNSCO has reconstructed it at a cost of 36 million dollars and was inaugurated on 12th Sept. 1968. cultural.) ADAM'S BRIDGE ALICE SPRINGS . Famous for the manufacture of cotton and silk and for its lenses. Part of the wall.C. A monument executed by UNSCO in Egypt. the famous temple at Nybia (Egypt) was facing submergence as result of the construction of Aswan Dam. It was inaugurated on February 28.A. famous for American's stock exchange market. miles and a population of 50.1963.
As a term.(Australia) BIG BEN Name given to the big clock of the British Parliament building. 985 feet high tower in Paris build by Gustav Effel in 1887-89 at a cost of 2. It has 103 storeys and a height of 1200 feet.S.000 An isolated island in the Meduterranean Sea.D. One of the longest palaces in Spain. . Famous for rock-pruned Kailash Temple (Aurangabad) in Maharashtra. ELLORA ELYSEE PALACE EMPIRE STATE BUILDING (U. Ellora cave temples. it means foul language. where Napoleon was exiled in 1841. present a blend of caves representing Buddhism and Jainism constructed in 8th century A. An exquisite piece of Dravidian art. Official residence of the President of France.A) ESCURIAL World's one of the loftiest structures.00. It was the venue of Paris Peace parleys on Vietnam. 34 in number. DODOMA EIFFEL TOWER ELBA This is going to be the new capital of Tanzania in place of Dar-es-Salam. BILLING'S GATE London fish market.
078 8. 1953 July 31.047 RANGE Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Karakoram Karakoram CONQUERED ON May 29.848 8. 1955 May 18.167 8. 1960 May 9.481 8. 1958 June 9.124 8.597 8. 1954 July 3. 1957 .156 8. 1955 May 13. 1956 Oct 19. 1954 May 25.068 8.511 8. 1956 May 15. 1950 July 5.153 8.PEAKS OF THE WORLD MOUNTAIN Mount Everest K-2 (Godwin Austin) Kanchenjunga Lhotse Makalu I Dhaulagiri I Manaslu Cho Uyo Nanga Parbat Annapurna I Gasherbrum I Broad Peak I HEIGHT IN METERS 8.611 8. 1953 June 3.MOUNTAINS.
937 7. 1988 July 30.780 7. 1964 May 26. 1936 Oct 30. 1958 Apr 10.884 7. 1960 Aug 26. 1976 Unclimbed July 19.816 7.923 7.902 7.952 7.013 7.785 7.821 7.Gasherbrum II Shisha Pangma (Gasainthan) Gasherbrum III Annapurna II Gasherbrum IV Cyachug Kang Kangbachen Disteghil Sar I Himal Chuli Khinyang Chchish Nuptse Gasherbrum East Nanda Devi Chomo Lonzo Ngojumba Ri I Rakaposhi Batura Muztagh I Zemu Gap Peak Kanjut Sar 8.805 7.864 7. 1965 June 25.760 Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Karakoram Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram July 7. 1971 Oct 1970 July 5. 1960 Aug 29.788 7. 1954 May 5. 1939 .921 7.852 7. 1975 May 17. 1964 Aug 11. 1956 May 2.815 7. 1960 May 24.841 7. 1960 Aug 6. 1974 June 9.034 8.
756 Himalayas June 21.Kamet 7. South Africa Venezuela South Island.Z British Columbia California California South-West France Norway California Switzerland California Guyana India Location 807 410 610 589 503 491 436 421 366 357 300 227 259 253 Height in Metres . N. 1931 SOME HIGHEST WATERFALLS Name Angel Tugela Kukenaam Sutnerland Takkakaw Ribbon (Yoesmite) Upper Yosemite Gavarnie Vettifoss Widows' Tears (Yosemite) Stubbach Middle Cascade (Yosemite) King Edward VIII Gersoppa Venezuela Natal.
Kaieteur Skykje Kalambo Fairy (Mt.Rainier Park) Trummelbach Aniene (Teverpne) Cascata delle Marmore Maradalsfos Feather Maletsunyane Bridalveli (Yosemite) Multnomah Voringsfos Nevada (Yosemite) Skjeggedal Marina Guyana Norway Trnzania-Zambia Washington Switzerland Italy Italy Norway California Lesotho California Oregon Norway California Norway Guyana 251 250 426 213 213 207 198 196 195 192 189 189 182 181 160 152 .
Chad-Niger-Nigeria.533 19.719 23. Cameroon Erie.LARGEST LAKES OF THE WORLD Name and Location Caspian Sea.S. Zambia 4 Baikal. Canada Michigan. Canada Nyanza. Kenya Aral Russia Huron.477 .080 30. 393.044 28.S. Canada Chad.500 31.930 25.S. Russia Great Bear.A.898 82.S. U.S. U.485 66. Malawi-Mozambique-Tanzania Great Salve.016 38.A.A.814 69.-Canada Area in Sq. Tanzania-Zaire.760 25.-Canada Winnipeg. Tansania-Uganda.A. U. U.Km. Russia Superior. U. Canada Nyasa.A.457 59.893 31. Canada Ontario.596 58.
Russia Urmia.428 18.216 6.545 5. Russia Onega Titicaca. Nicaragua Athabaska.S.698 5.843 4. Canada Nipigon. Canada Great Salt. U. Sweden Winnipegosis.662 . Canada Rudolf. Kenya.200 6. Canada Manitoba. 18.403 5.330 6.001 5.001 7. Iran Torrens.051 4. Ethiopia Reindeer. Canada Mobutu Sese Seko. Uganda Nettilling.Balkash. Canada Eyre. Bolivia-Peru Nicaragua.706 4. SouthAustralia Issyk-Kul.920 6.891 8. Baffin Island.299 5. South Australia Vanern.405 6.130 9.135 8.A. Russia Ladoga.
the coldest and arguably the strangest. NASA used a new infra-red telescope. China 4.appears like a bi-planet. .5 million KM 248 Years o o Facts o o This Planet is the farthest.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun Facts 49.497 million KM 165 Years o It is denser & little smaller than Uranus.403 4. Nitrogen makes 78% of the air.Kiogo.000 Kilometer 8 4. is nearly half its size .not methane as once thought. the darkest. has learned that Pluto is shrouded in frozen nitrogen. It follows the most elongated and tilted orbit in the solar system.222 SOLAR SYSTEM Diameter Moons Avg. Charon.865.040 Kilometer 1 5. Diameter Moons Neptune Avg. the smallest.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun Pluto 3. Uganda Koko-Nor. Its moon.
compact rings around the planet and a corkscrew-shaped magnetic field that stretches millions of kilometers. Long ago it was active.Distance to Sun Mars Time to Orbit the Sun 6.3 times more energy than it receives from the sun and the Aurora phenomenon was noticed by Voyager II. than the other. Diameter Moons Avg. Diameter Moons Avg. with quickly changing white clouds often suspended high above an apparent surface.852. It Emits about 2. Venus Diameter 12. covered with pink soil and boulders. Mars is barren.032 Kilometer .755.o o o Its Atmosphere appear blue. faces the Sun as it orbits.2 Kilometer 2 225. Atmosphere constituents are mostly hydrocarbon compounds. the surface is marked with dormant volcanoes and deep chasms where water once freely flowed.8 million KM 84 Years o o o Facts Waterly Uranus is the only planet that lies on its side. One pole.6 million KM 687 Days o o o Facts The Viking probes failed to Beneath its thin atmosphere.096 Kilometer 17 2.Distance to Sun Uranus Time to Orbit the Sun 52. Voyager-I found nine dark.
frigid. slightly larger than Earth's moon. Diameter Moons Avg.000 kilometer per hour. 4.Moons Avg.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun Mercury 4. The crated planet has no atmosphere.849.6 Kilometer None 57.52 million KM 225 Days o Facts o Earth's twin in size and mass. Uniquely moderate temperature and the presence of oxygen and copious water maker Earth the only planet in the solar system to support life.2 Kilometer 1 148.732. Tiny Mercury.6 million KM 88 Days 1. rocky plains & signs of volcanic activity. A speed that keeps it from being drawn into the Sun's gravity field. Probes and radar mapping have pierced the clouds and carbon-dioxide environment to reveal flat.76.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun None 107. 2. Facts .Distance to Sun Earth Time to Orbit the Sun 12.8 million KM 365 Days 1. Races along its elliptical orbital 1. 3. sparingly hot Venus is perpetually veiled behind reflective sulfuric-acid clouds. days are scorching hot and nights. Facts Diameter Moons Avg.
000 Kilometer 9 Planets 4. Two Pioneer space probes photographed the Great Red Spot on the Solar system's largest planet.6 million KM 29. three new moons and volcanoes on the Moon. some radio waves will be disturbed and the . spiraling bands just 100 feets thick.5 billion years 1. Voyagers I and II later showed it is an enormous eddy in the turbulent cloud cover.417.Distance to Sun Saturn Time to Orbit the Sun 1. 2. a period marked by frequent sunspots and flares.84. 2.8 million KM 11.5 Years 1. A rather ordinary.41.9 Years 1. 3. They also spotted dusty rings. On Earth. Facts Diameter Statellites Age Sun Facts 13. middle age star.296 Kilometer 20 or more 1.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun Jupiter 1. Facts Diameter Moons Avg.Diameter Moons Avg. 2. 3. Voyager I found that the celebrated rings of the golden giant Saturn are composed of thousands of rippling.968 Kilometer 16 772. The moon Titan has a nitrogen atmosphere and hydrocarbons. Its 11 years cycle is now approaching a solar maximum.19. Earth the only planet in the solar system to support life. the gaseous sun may reach a temperature of 27-millon degrees Celsius at its core.
A.S. Cities Situated on River Sides CITY Alexandria Amsterdam Antwerp Baghded Bangkok Belgrade Berlin Bonn Budapest Cairo Canton Glasgow Hamburg RIVER Nile Amsel Scheidt Tigris Menam Danube Spree Rhine Danube Nile Canton Clyde Elbe COUNTRY Egypt Netherlands Belgium Iraq Thailand Yugoslavia Germany Germany Hungary Egypt China Scotland Germany Karachi Lahore London Montreal Moscow New York Paris Quebec Rangoon Rome Tokyo Vienna Warswa Delhi Indus Ravi Thames Ottawa Moskow Hudson Seine St.Lawrence Irrawadi Tiber Sumida Danube Vistula Yamuna Pakistan Pakistan England Canada Russia U.amazing sky streamers called Northern Lights will appear. France Canada Mayanmar Italy Japan Austria Poland India .
GOOD LUCK……… “Good Fence Makes Good Friends” By Murali Krishna .
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