# 1.

4 PHYSICAL QUANTITIES & THEIR UNITS

PHYSICAL QUANTITIES
Quantities that can be measured Examples:
Length Length of a ribbon can be measures with a metre ruler Temperature We can measure the temperature of boiling water with a thermometer

PHYSICAL QUANTITIES
y Physical

quantities are not just important in scientific investigation but also in our daily life. Examples: Buying and selling

SI Units
y Physical

quantities are measured in

SI UNIT y French terms Le Système International d·Unités = International System of Units y Standard unit that being used in the whole world (United states being notable exception)

Physical Quantities & SI Units
Physical Quantity Length Mass Time Temperature Electric current SI Unit Metre Kilogram Second Kelvin Ampere Symbol of Unit m kg s K A

PREFIXES
yA

prefix is added to a unit to change the value of the unit. y Prefixes are used in SI unit to state a very small or a very big value

centi, milli, micro, nano: small quantities

Giga, Mega, kilo: big quantities

PREFIXES
Prefix Symbol Value of prefix Giga Mega Kilo Centi Milli Micro G M K c m µ 1,000,000 100,000 1,000 1/100 1/1,000 1/100,000 Example
1 Gigabytes = 1,000,000 bytes 1 megabytes = 100,000 bytes 1 kilogram = 1,000 gram 1 centimetre = 0.01 metre 1 milligram = 0.001 gram 1 micrometre = 0.00001 metre

TEST YOURSELF
Raziq s mother asks him to go to Pak Aji market to buy 2 kilograms of sugar, 500 centimetres of blue ribbon and 1,000 millilitres of milk. Raziq have to walk about 1.5 kilometres to reach Pak Aji shop.

From the statement, identify all the prefixes that being used.

Convert
y2 kilograms = ________ grams y500 centimetres = ______metres y1,000 millilitres = ________litre y1.5 kilometres = _______metres

Convert . 2 kilogram = ________ gram? yKilo = 1000 y2 x 1000gram = 2000 gram

Convert
500 centimeter = _____ metres
ycenti = 1/100 y500 x 1/100 meter = 0.05 meter

HOMEWORK .
TEXTBOOK PAGE 21 (EXERCISE 1.4)