The Neuron: Information Superhighway

Unit Two – Biology & Psychology
Please complete each of the following activities by referring to pages 54 through 61 of your textbook to gain a better understanding of the basic parts, functions, and processes of your nerve cells (neurons). 1a. In the space provided below, draw and label a detailed diagram of a neuron, including the axon, axon terminals, cell body (soma), dendrites, and myelin sheathing.

b. Now describe the basic functions of each part of a neuron. Axon – Axon terminal – Cell body – Dendrites – Myelin sheath – 2. Describe in great detail each step of a neural impulse in detail, beginning with when the surface of the neuron is stimulated by a neighboring neuron and ending with the refractory period.

3. Fill in the blanks on the left with the corresponding letter on diagram of a synapse on the right. ____ Axon Terminal ____ Synaptic Cleft ____ Dendrite or Cell Body ____ Neurotransmitters ____ Receptor Sites

E C D B A

4. Explain in great detail the role of neurotransmitters in communication between your body’s neurons (consider synaptic vesicles, receptor cites, reuptake, excitatory vs. inhibitory, etc).

5. Please identify the functions/effects of each of the following neurotransmitters: a. Acetylcholine

b. Dopamine

c. Norepinephrine

d. Serotonin

e. Gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA)

f. Endorphins

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