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Architecture in a Climate of Change

Architecture in a Climate of Change

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Published by Anshul Rawat

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Published by: Anshul Rawat on Feb 07, 2011
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04/15/2012

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Open plan installations which offer occupant satisfaction and energy
efficiency usually satisfy four conditions:

The design is straightforward and comprehensible, avoiding over-
complexity.

They have intelligible local controls with clear user interfaces.

The system is robust and reliable.

There is responsive and intelligent office and services management.

It is still comparatively rare to encounter an open plan office which
achieves low lighting energy consumption combined with high daylight
use and which produces a high level of occupant satisfaction.

ARCHITECTURE IN A CLIMATE OF CHANGE

192

AIAC-Ch15.qxd 03/25/2005 17:28 Page 192

LIGHTING – AND HUMAN FAILINGS

193

Those that achieve low lighting energy consumption tend to
display the following characteristics.

There is an assertive client who has formulated the system’s
requirements clearly and insisted from the outset on effective light-
ing controls.

Following commissioning there is intelligent management of the
system combined with responsive management at office level.

Glare is reduced to a minimum by means of light shelves, overhangs,
splayed reveals and deeply recessed windows.

The interior layouts position most desks at right angles to windows.

Control systems are capable of responding to individual require-
ments with good switching design (often infra-red) and controls
which are user friendly and take account both of daylight levels and
workstation layout.

There should be efficient lighting throughout with high frequency
control gear and good optics.

Design luminance should be set to achieve about 400 lux with lower
levels in circulation areas.

It is an advantage to have variety in lighting but without excessive
contrast or the ‘oppressive feel’ generated by installations with
100per cent Category 1 luminaires.

There will be good levels of daylight in perimeter work areas with-
out causing excessive glare in interior spaces.

Blinds will be easy to operate with a good range of adjustment and
which need to be fully closed only in exceptional circumstances.

Interior fittings and furnishings are light in colour and tonal value
with tall fittings kept to a minimum.

VDUs can be easily moved to avoid glare.

Circulation lighting is low energy and well planned and controlled
with full account taken of contributions from daylight. An important
added advantage in corridors etc. is the occasional external view.

Daylight within circulation spaces has the effect of putting a brake
on the use of artificial lighting in the office areas.

The system has a high degree of inherent flexibility so that it can be
finely tuned and retuned to user needs.

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