001

10011000

1010100
10001111100
1011100101011100
101100011101001
1011110100011010
00001010010110010
1001010101100111
1111010101000101
1101001101010011
001010010101010
1010101000110010
010101001011000
110101100011010
11010100001011
001010100110
1001010010

IP Addressing
and
Subnetting
Workbook
Version 1.1

11111110

10010101

00011011

11010011

10000110

IP Address Classes
Class A

1 – 127

(Network 127 is reserved for loopback and internal testing)
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000000
Leading bit pattern
0
Network .
Host
.
Host
.
Host

Class B

128 – 191

Leading bit pattern

10

10000000.00000000.00000000.00000000

Class C

192 – 223

Leading bit pattern

110

11000000.00000000.00000000.00000000

Class D

224 – 239

(Reserved for multicast)

Class E

240 – 255

(Reserved for experimental, used for research)

Network .

Network .

Network .

Network

Private Address Space
Class A

10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255

Class B

172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255

Class C

192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255

Default Subnet Masks
Class A

255.0.0.0

Class B

255.255.0.0

Class C

255.255.255.0

Produced by: Robb Jones
jonesr@careertech.net
Frederick County Career & Technology Center
Cisco Networking Academy
Frederick County Public Schools
Frederick, Maryland, USA
Special Thanks to Melvin Baker and Jim Dorsch
for taking the time to check this workbook for errors.
Inside Cover

Host

. Network

.

.

Host

Host

Binary To Decimal Conversion
128 64

32

16

8

4

2

1

Answers

1

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

146

0

1

1

1

0

1

1

1

119

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

1

0

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

1

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1

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1

1

0

0

0

0

0

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1

0

0

1

1

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0

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1

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0

0

0

0

0

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1

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1

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

Scratch Area

128
16
2
146

64
32
16
4
2
1
119

00011011
10101010
01101111
11111000
00100000
01010101
00111110
00000011
11101101
11000000
1

Decimal To Binary Conversion
Use all 8 bits for each problem

128 64

32

16

8

4

2

1 = 255

1
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
_________________________________________
238
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
_________________________________________
34
_________________________________________ 123
_________________________________________ 50
_________________________________________ 255
_________________________________________ 200
_________________________________________ 10
_________________________________________ 138
_________________________________________ 1
_________________________________________ 13
_________________________________________ 250
_________________________________________ 107
_________________________________________ 224
_________________________________________ 114
_________________________________________ 192
_________________________________________ 172
_________________________________________ 100
_________________________________________ 119
_________________________________________ 57
_________________________________________ 98
_________________________________________ 179
_________________________________________ 2
2

Scratch Area

238
-128
110
-64
46
-32
14
-8
6
-4
2
-2
0

34
-32
2
-2
0

Address Class Identification
Address

Class

10.250.1.1

A
_____

150.10.15.0

B
_____

192.14.2.0

_____

148.17.9.1

_____

193.42.1.1

_____

126.8.156.0

_____

220.200.23.1

_____

230.230.45.58

_____

177.100.18.4

_____

119.18.45.0

_____

249.240.80.78

_____

199.155.77.56

_____

117.89.56.45

_____

215.45.45.0

_____

199.200.15.0

_____

95.0.21.90

_____

33.0.0.0

_____

158.98.80.0

_____

219.21.56.0

_____

3

200.155 10.80.35.1.21.250.5 126.41.0 171.2 158.1 4 .31 209.17.98.201.56.169.125.0.155.0 195.45.250.Network & Host Identification Circle the network portion of these addresses: Circle the host portion of these addresses: 177.45.1 171.45 17.87.135.18.46 148.240.1 150.56.9.10.18.0 148.200.15.14.4 10.2.254 217.15.23.98 192.8.250.89.0 191.17.156.0 126.77.222.112 95.45.45 215.123.9.1 55.50 119.25.155.21.45.80.227 33.250.77 193.222 117.231 192.250.0.21.54.14 220.199.0 218.15.200.0 123.155.102.1.0.0 25.1.77.0 192.42.78 198.1 100.25.1.56 223.90 155.5.177 199.230.102.1 10.0.100.15.45.2.

254 _____________________________ 193.251.91.125.250.4 255 . 0 _____________________________ 119. 0 .105 _____________________________ 77.250.1 _____________________________ 88.35 _____________________________ 128.77.10.23.35.123.Default Subnet Masks Write the correct default subnet mask for each of the following addresses: 177.250 _____________________________ 192.100.50 _____________________________ 220.90.250.99 _____________________________ 5 .1 _____________________________ 223.23.69.0 255 .51 _____________________________ 189.1 _____________________________ 126.212.223.18.249.45 _____________________________ 134.10.50.45.200.1 _____________________________ 1. 0 .250.34.191 _____________________________ 223. 255 .230.83 _____________________________ 125.1. 0 _____________________________ 191.45.125.9 _____________________________ 95.12.210.234.18.130.100.65. 0 .109 _____________________________ 10.

33 In order for you computer to get the same information it must AND the IP address with the subnet mask in binary. Network Host IP Address: 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 10 . 100 .ANDING With Default subnet masks Every IP address must be accompanied by a subnet mask.. 0) ANDING with the default subnet mask allows your computer to figure out the network portion of the address. 100 . 10 . 100 . Address Class: Network Portion: Host Portion: C 192 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (192 . 6 .255. 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 . By now you should be able to look at an IP address and tell what class it is.0. IP Address: 192 .255. Unfortunately your computer doesn’t think that way. 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 .0 Class B 255. 33 What you can figure out in your head.. 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 .255. 0) (192 ..0 ANDING Equations: 1 AND 1 = 1 1 AND 0 = 0 0 AND 1 = 0 0 AND 0 = 0 Sample: What you see. Default Subnet Masks: Class A 255. 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 . 100 . 100 . 10 . 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 Default Subnet Mask: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . For your computer to determine the network and subnet portion of an IP address it must “AND” the IP address with the subnet mask. 10 . 33 192 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 33) (255 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 AND: 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .0. 255 .0.0 Class C 255. 10 . 255 .

1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 AND: 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .10.143 192.240 to 192.100.191 192. In this example each range has 14 usable addresses in it. 100 . 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 . In the next set of problems you will determine the necessary information to determine the correct subnet mask for a variety of IP addresses.100.207 192. 192.240 192.31 (1st Usable Range) 192.10. 100 . 7 .100.159 192.128 to 192.112 to 192. The computer must still AND the IP address against the custom subnet mask to see what the network portion is and which subnetwork it belongs to. 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 . 255 .10.255.100. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .10.10.100.10.95 192.10.144 to 192.10.10.224 to 192.100.10.100.100.10.100.ANDING With Custom subnet masks When you take a single network such as 192. 100 .100. 192.127 192.32 to 192.10.100. 240) (192 .64.10.100.10.10.0.10. A custom subnet mask borrows bits from the host portion of the address to create a subnetwork address between the network and host portions of an IP address. 192.100.100.10.100.255.100.100.10.10.10.0 to 192.16.100.208 to 192.100.63 192.10.10.100.10.192 to 192.100. 33) (255 .239 192.16 to 192.100.96 to 192.10.10.100. Each independent of the other. 255 .223 192.10.10.100. 192. 32) Four bits borrowed from the host portion of the address for the custom subnet mask.10.10.255 (Invalid Range) Sub Network Host Network IP Address: 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .10. 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 Custom Subnet Mask: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 10 .48. 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 .111 192. 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 (192 .48 to 192.100.10.10.10.10.10.100.10. but the internal computers and routers see five smaller subnetworks.0 and divide it into five smaller networks (192.47 (Range in the sample below) 192.100.100.100.64 to 192.100.10.79 192.100. IP Address: Custom Subnet Mask: Address Ranges: 192 .10. The ANDING process of the four borrowed bits shows which range of IP addresses this particular address will fall into.32.10.100.10. 0 255.100. 10 .80) the outside world still sees the network as 192. 10 .80 to 192.100.100.175 192. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .100.100.160 to 192.176 to 192.100.15 (Invalid Range) 192. This can only be accomplished by using a custom subnet mask. 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 .

0 C Address class __________ 255 . 240 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 16 Total number of subnets ___________________ 14 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 16 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 14 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 4 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 1 in the space below.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 1 Number of needed usable subnets 14 Number of needed usable hosts 14 Network Address 192. Number of Subnets 192 . 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 Add the binary value numbers to the left of the line to create the custom subnet mask. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 . 10 . 255 . 255 . 255 . 10 . 0 0 0 8 32 64 128 256 8 0 4 0 128 64 32 +16 240 Subtract 2 for the total number of subnets to get the usable number of subnets. 8 16 4 2 0 16 -2 14 16 -2 14 2 1 0 - Number of Hosts . .10.10. Subtract 2 for the number of usable hosts. 255 .Binary values Observe the total number of hosts.

Subtract 2 for the total number of subnets to get the usable number of subnets. 2 1 . 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1.0 8 204 128 64 32 16 Add the binary value numbers to the left of the line to 8 create the custom subnet mask. 1024 -2 1. 9 . 255 . 0 64 -2 62 0 0 0 0 0 4 2 2 1 536 65.022 84 16. 4 2 +1 255 0 8 128 256.0 8 96 4.0 4 2 8. 256 128 64 32 16 512 0 16 32 64 512 165 .0 B Address class __________ 255 .100. Number of Hosts - 0 0 Observe the total number of hosts.0.3 - 768 32.19 128 +64 192 0 4 8 96 4.3 0 2 8. 0 4 1.02 Binary values . Number of Subnets 536 65. 4 102 0 16 . 255 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 2 Number of needed usable subnets 1000 Number of needed usable hosts 60 Network Address 165.128 64 32 48 2. 768 32.19 2 84 16. 128 64 32 16 8 4 0 0 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1. 255 . 100 . 0 .022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 2 in the space below. Subtract 2 for the number of usable hosts.

Number of Subnets 536 65. 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1. 0 4 1. 0 4 2 2 1 536 65. 256 128 64 32 16 512 0 16 32 64 512 148 .024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1. 128 64 32 16 8 4 0 0 . 255 . Number of Hosts - 0 0 . 0 64 -2 62 0 0 0 0 Observe the total number of hosts. Subtract 2 for the total number of subnets to get the usable number of subnets.19 2 84 16. 4 102 0 16 . 255 .0 8 204 128 64 32 16 Add the binary value numbers to the left of the line to 8 create the custom subnet mask. 1024 -2 1.022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 3 in the space below.0 4 2 8.0 8 96 4. Subtract 2 for the number of usable hosts.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 3 Network Address 148.3 - 768 32.128 64 32 48 2.19 10 0 4 8 96 4.0 /26 B Address class __________ /26 indicates the total number of bits used for the network and subnetwork portion of the address.3 128 +64 192 0 2 8.022 84 16. 2 1 . 0 . 255 . 255 . 768 32.0. 75 . 4 2 +1 255 0 8 128 256. All bits remaining belong to the host portion of the address.02 Binary values . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .75.

256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 0 0 0 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 1 0 . 100 .56.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 4 Number of needed usable subnets 6 Number of needed usable hosts 30 Network Address 210. 56 .0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 4 in the space below.Binary values 11 . Number of Subnets 210 .100.

12 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 0 0 0 0 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 1 0 .Binary values . 85 . Number of Subnets 195 . 8 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 5 Number of needed usable subnets 6 Number of needed usable hosts 30 Network Address 195.0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 5 in the space below.85.8.

07 131 36 65.57 1.15 2.144 262 2 .2 52 .19 64 128 256 .144 262 88 4.07 131 - .57 1.7 4 512 2 36 65.19 1 96 4. 256 128 64 32 88 4.04 2 7.070 Network Address 118.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 6 Number of needed usable subnets 126 Number of needed usable hosts 131. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .04 2 .09 Number of Subnets 4 4.30 4.02 8 68 32.0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 6 in the space below.7 8 4 1.3 16 48 2.0. 512 1 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .19 Number of Hosts .0 4 2 8. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 .15 2.0 2 96 4.30 4. 128 64 32 2 8.5 4 68 32.0.5 - Binary values -128 64 32 2 .2 52 6 8.19 2 7.3 16 32 16 4 1.02 84 16.09 6 8.0 . 48 2.0 8 84 16. 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 118. 16 8 4 2 4 4.

100 . 256 128 64 32 16 512 14 0 16 512 178 . 128 64 32 16 8 4 0 0 . Number of Subnets 536 65.0 4 2 8.0 8 96 4.100. Number of Hosts - 0 0 . 84 16. 1 . 0 16 32 64 4 1.02 Binary values .19 2 84 16. 768 32.3 - 768 32. 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 2 2 1 536 65.3 0 2 8.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 7 in the space below.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 7 Number of needed usable subnets 2000 Number of needed usable hosts 15 Network Address 178.0 8 204 0 4 128 256.128 64 32 48 2.0. 4 102 0 8 .19 0 2 8 96 4.

14.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 8 Number of needed usable subnets 1 Number of needed usable hosts 45 Network Address 200. 15 .175.0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 8 in the space below.

16 .000 Network Address 128.0.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 9 Number of needed usable subnets 60 Number of needed usable hosts 1.77.0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 9 in the space below.

17 .0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 10 in the space below.100.10.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 10 Number of needed usable hosts 60 Network Address 198.

0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 11 in the space below.0. 18 .Custom Subnet Masks Problem 11 Number of needed usable subnets 250 Network Address 101.0.

0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 12 in the space below.50.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 12 Number of needed usable subnets 5 Network Address 218. 19 .35.

35.50.0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 13 in the space below.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 13 Number of needed usable hosts 25 Network Address 218. 20 .

Custom Subnet Masks Problem 14 Number of needed usable subnets 10 Network Address 172.0.0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 14 in the space below. 21 .59.

Custom Subnet Masks Problem 15 Number of needed usable hosts 50 Network Address 172.59. 22 .0.0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 15 in the space below.

0 Address class _______ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ Show your work for Problem 16 in the space below.0.Custom Subnet Masks Problem 16 Number of needed usable hosts 29 Network Address 23. 23 .0.

0 C Address class __________ 255 . 207 the 12th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 8th 192. 255 .129 to 192. 10 .63 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 192 . 255 .10.10.10. 10 .142 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 24 . 255 . 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .10.10. 240 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 16 Total number of subnets ___________________ 14 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 16 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 14 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 4 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 3rd usable 192.Subnetting Problem 1 Number of needed usable subnets 14 Number of needed usable hosts 14 Network Address 192. 10 .10.10.10.10. 10 .10. 112 for the 7th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 192 . 255 .48 to 192.

48 192.10.80 192.10.10.10.10.255 Usable hosts 16 -2 14 The binary value of the last bit borrowed is the range.95 192.10.10.10. 10 .143 192.207 192. The first usable range of addresses is: 192.10.47 192.10.191 192.144 192. The last address in each subnet range is the subnet broadcast address.15 192.Show your work for Problem 1 in the space below.10.208 192.10.10.31.10.10.10.10. In this problem the range is 16. Number of Subnets 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 16 32 128 64 32 16 192.31 192.10.63 192.159 192.79 192.10.10.Binary values 192.10.0 192.10.10.10.127 192. 0 0 0 0 (Invalid range) 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (Invalid range) 1 Custom subnet mask 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 128 64 32 +16 240 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 1 0 .10.10.175 192.10. The first and last range of addresses are not usable.10.16 192.10.96 192.111 192.10.10.10.176 192.10.112 192.10.10.10. The first address in each subnet range is the subnet number.10.32 192.10. 25 .10.10.160 192.10.10.223 192.10.10.10.10.240 Usable subnets 16 -2 14 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 192.10.10.10.10.128 192.10.64 192.192 192.10. 10 .10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.224 192.16 to 192.10.239 192.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.

100 . 1 . 127 the 5th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 8th 165. 100 .100.1 to 165. 0 Default subnet mask _______________________________ 255 .0 B Address class __________ 255 . 255 .191 subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number 165 . 0 .100.100.100.0.128 to 165. 192 Custom subnet mask _______________________________ 1.2. 64 for the 5th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for 165 .022 Number of usable subnets ___________________ 64 Total number of host addresses ___________________ 62 Number of usable addresses ___________________ 10 Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 14th usable 165. 255 .Subnetting Problem 2 Number of needed usable subnets 1000 Number of needed usable hosts 60 Network Address 165.3.024 Total number of subnets ___________________ 1. 1 .3.100.62 usable subnet? ______________________________________ 26 .0. 255 .

022 8 4 128 2 Custom +1 subnet mask +64 192 255 64 Usable -2 hosts 62 165 .255 165.191 165.0 8 204 4 102 16 2 8. 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 .192 165.128 165.0 165.0 2 4 1.63 165. 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to to 0 1 165.191 165.100.128 to (Invalid range) 165.0.3.100.0 165.100. The binary value of the last bit borrowed is the range.3.0.0.0 4 48 2.255 165.100. 0 .1.127 The first and last range of addresses are not usable.255.128 165.100.100.100.191 165.127 165.64 165. 100 .100. 27 .1.191 165.63 165. 1 .100.64 to 165. 1 .0.100.100. 1 .63 165.2.0.1.3.100.0.0. 128 64 1024 32 Usable -2 16 subnets 1.84 16. 768 32.100.255.0.100. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 4 8 1 .2.100.100.19 128 256.192 165.0. 0 .100.1.255 165.1.63 165. 0 .100.100.128 165.100.100.3 .3.3 536 65.2.100.255.100. 0 0 2 0 . 1 .100.100.192 to 0 1 0 1 .0.100.64 165.3. 128 64 32 16 .100. 0 .100.128 64 32 16 32 64 2 8.3.255 165. 768 32.100.0.1. 0 .0.64 165.192 0 2 2 165.127 165.2. Binary values .128 165.100.0. (Invalid range) 0 4 512 8 96 4.0 165.0.255.100.192 165.3.19 8 96 4.100.02 - 8 84 16.127 165.100.0 165.1.3. The first address in each subnet range is the subnet number. 256 128 64 32 16 512 Number of Subnets Number of Hosts - Show your work for Problem 2 in the space below. The first usable range of addresses is: 165.1.100.127 165.100. 0 0 0 0 The last address in each subnet range is the subnet broadcast address. 0 .191 165.100. In this problem the range is 64.64 165.255 Down to 165.100. 4 536 65.100.

Subnetting Problem 3 Number of needed usable subnets 1 Network Address 195.223.50.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 2nd usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 1st usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 1st usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 2nd usable subnet? ______________________________________ 28 .

223 . 50 . 0 0 0 0 16 32 8 0 8 4 2 - Number of Hosts 64 128 256 4 0 2 0 1 0 . Number of Subnets 256 128 64 32 - 2 4 8 16 128 64 32 16 195.Show your work for Problem 3 in the space below.Binary values 29 .

Subnetting Problem 4 Number of needed usable subnets 750 Network Address 190.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 14th usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 12th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 9th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 5th usable subnet? ______________________________________ 30 .0.35.

Show your work for Problem 4 in the space below. 31 .

0.0.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 1st usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 4th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 6th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 9th usable subnet? ______________________________________ 32 .Subnetting Problem 5 Number of needed usable hosts 6 Network Address 126.

Show your work for Problem 5 in the space below. 33 .

70.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 8th usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 3rd usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 11th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 9th usable subnet? ______________________________________ 34 .Subnetting Problem 6 Number of needed usable subnets 10 Network Address 192.10.

Show your work for Problem 6 in the space below. 35 .

0.Subnetting Problem 7 Network Address 10.0.0 /16 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 10th usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 5th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 1st usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 8th usable subnet? _____________________________________ 36 .

Show your work for Problem 7 in the space below. 37 .

0.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 3rd usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 4th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 5th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 2nd usable subnet? ______________________________________ 38 .50.Subnetting Problem 8 Number of needed usable subnets 4 Network Address 172.

Show your work for Problem 8 in the space below. 39 .

0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 1st usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 9th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 3rd usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 5th usable subnet? ______________________________________ 40 .0.50.Subnetting Problem 9 Number of needed usable hosts 28 Network Address 172.

41 .Show your work for Problem 9 in the space below.

0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 4th usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 3rd usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 12th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 11th usable subnet? ______________________________________ 42 .Subnetting Problem 10 Number of needed usable subnets 45 Network Address 220.100.100.

Show your work for Problem 10 in the space below. 43 .

000 Network Address 135.Subnetting Problem 11 Number of needed usable hosts 8.0.70.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 5th usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 6th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 2nd usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 4th usable subnet? ______________________________________ 44 .

45 .Show your work for Problem 11 in the space below.

Subnetting Problem 12 Number of needed usable hosts 45 Network Address 198.125.50.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 1st usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 1st usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 2nd usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 2nd usable subnet? ______________________________________ 46 .

47 .Show your work for Problem 12 in the space below.

Subnetting Problem 13 Network Address 165.0 /26 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 9th usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 10th usable ________________________ subnet? What is the subnet broadcast address for ________________________ the 1022nd usable subnet? What are the assignable ______________________________________ addresses for the 1021st usable subnet? 48 .200.0.

Show your work for Problem 13 in the space below. 49 .

Subnetting Problem 14 Number of needed usable hosts 16 Network Address 200.10.0 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 6th usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 4th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 3rd usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 5th usable subnet? ______________________________________ 50 .10.

Show your work for Problem 14 in the space below. 51 .

0 \19 Address class __________ Default subnet mask _______________________________ Custom subnet mask _______________________________ Total number of subnets ___________________ Number of usable subnets ___________________ Total number of host addresses ___________________ Number of usable addresses ___________________ Number of bits borrowed ___________________ What is the 14th usable subnet range? _______________________________________________ What is the subnet number for the 8th usable subnet? ________________________ What is the subnet broadcast address for the 6th usable subnet? ________________________ What are the assignable addresses for the 11th usable subnet? ______________________________________ 52 .0.Subnetting Problem 15 Network Address 93.0.

53 .Show your work for Problem 15 in the space below.

191.70.192 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 190.192 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 218.10 Subnet Mask: 255.0 ________________________________ The network ID cannot be 0. IP Address: 0.255.255.0.255.0 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 200.0.10.0.70.189 Subnet Mask: 255.100.100.255.10.50.224 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 165.255.0 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 93. If they are not usable addresses explain why.255.150.10 Subnet Mask: 255.35. ________________________________ IP Address: 192.255.0.255.0 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 200.255.255 Subnet Mask: 255.192 Subnet Mask: 255.0 ________________________________ ________________________________ 54 .35.0.10.255.224.255 Subnet Mask: 255.0 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 135.255.0 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 127.0.224.10.128.255.175 /22 ________________________________ ________________________________ IP Address: 135.254.Valid and Non-Valid IP Addresses Using the material in this workbook identify which of the addresses below are correct and usable.128 Subnet Mask: 255.10.10.190.0 ________________________________ OK ________________________________ IP Address: 245.1 Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0.10 Subnet Mask: 255.190.230.100.195 Subnet Mask: 255.255.1 Subnet Mask: 255.255.

0 255.192 16.0.048 4.0 255.255.022 2.255.0.382 Class C Addressing Guide Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 Inside Cover .070 262.094 8.255.286 262.048.255.144 524.255.142 524.194.048 1.192 4.190 16.0 255.768 16.574 524.190 16.024 2.255.255.096 2.0 255.254.255.255.255.194.046 4.097.255.255.144 131.0 255.248.194.255.224.255.302 2.384 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 126 254 510 1.0.384 8.255.224 255.192 255.248.224.255.288 262.255.0 255.254.255.0.255.072 262.150 1.536 32.Class A Addressing Guide # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Subnet Mask 255.255.574 2.255.534 32.255.255.048.150 4.576 524.255.048.0 255.097.128.255.0.255.252.046 1.286 1.252 Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1.192 255.0 255.0 255.255.255.240 255.022 510 254 126 62 30 14 6 2 Total # of Hosts 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 62 30 14 6 2 Class B Addressing Guide # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Subnet Mask 255.766 16.255.766 65.024 512 256 128 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 4.255.0 255.304 2.255.224 255.0 255.255.240 255.0.240 255.0 255.252.048 4.0 255.255.096 8.224.768 65.024 512 256 128 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 16.097.192.152 1.192 4.192.224 255.576 2.0 255.382 8.192 16.128 255.0 255.048 1.255.255.255.382 8.255.0 255.255.255.255.070 65.0 255.0 255.384 32.240.094 2.254.302 Total # of Hosts 4.128 255.255.192 255.255.097.255.252 # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 Subnet Mask 255.248 255.0 255.194.384 8.255.255.255.536 131.096 8.255.240.072 65.024 2.252.022 510 254 126 62 30 14 6 2 Total # of Hosts 16.022 2.190 4.046 1.152 4.240.248 255.255.255.252 Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1.142 131.255.0 255.0 255.382 32.048.288 1.255.534 131.248 255.094 8.190 4.0.096 2.0 255.304 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 126 254 510 1.248.094 2.192.046 4.255.

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