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Psittacula Krameri Status in Israel - Ohad Hazofe 2001-1

Psittacula Krameri Status in Israel - Ohad Hazofe 2001-1

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➀❽ ➆❼ ❸❷❸ ❷➂➆➂

❸➈❹s❸ ❷❸×
µw➂➂❹ ➆❷➂ na❽❼❻
¬a➂a❹➄ zcc1
➁➀❹➆a ❸a❻¬❸ n❽➆a❼❸ ❸s❹➈n❸ ➀➆a ❽❿❹n❸ ❹➄❽❸ ❸¬¬❷❸ . ❸¬¬❷❸ ➀w ➃❽➂ ❽nn ❸➆a¬×
Psittacula krameri ❝➁➀❹➆a ➁❽¬❿❹➂
(Scopoli 1769) P. k. krameri ❸❷➄❶❹× a¬➆➂➀ ❷➆ ❸❻¬❺➂ ,❸❽➄❼❽¬❹×➂ ,➀❶➄➅ ,❸×➄❽❶a ❹ns❹➈nw
➃×❷❹➅ ➁❹¬❷❹ . nn - ➁❽➀❹❻❿❹ ➁❽a❹❸s ➁❽➄❹❹❶ ➁➆ µ❹¬❽ ➆asa ➃❽❽➈❹×➂ ❸❺ ➃❽➂ . ❹➀❹❷❽❶ n❽a
n❽➅❻❽ ➁❽wa❽ ➁❽➈❹➄❹ ❸➄×❹❹➅ ➀➀❹❿ .
(Souanc 1856) P. k. parvirostris ➃❹➈s ❝ - ❸❽➈❹❽n×❹ ➃×❷❹➅➂ µ➀❻ ,❸❽➀➂❹➅ a¬➆➂ . ❹➀❹❷❽❶ n❽a
❑❽a¬➆➂❑❸ ❽×µ❽¬➈×❸ ➃❽➂❸ nn➀ ❸➂❹❷ .
(Neumann 1915) P. k. borealis ❸➂¬❹a ❺❿¬➂❹ ➀×➈➄❹ ❹❷❹❸ ➃❹➈s ,➃×❼➅❽µ➈ a¬➆➂➂ ❝ . nn - ❸❺ ➃❽➂
a ׬➈n❸❹ ➉➈❹❸ :- n❹¬n❹➄❸ n❹wa❽❸ .
(Bechstein 1800) P. k. manillensis ➁➀❹➆❸ ❽a❻¬a ➉➈❹❸❹ ➃❹➀❽❽s❹ ❹❷❹❸ ➁❹¬❷ ❝ .
❙ ➁❷µ ❽➂❽➂ ❷❹➆ a❹➀❿ ¬❹➈❽s ❸w➂❽w ❸¬¬❷❸ .
❙ ➃❹❷µ❹➂ ¬❷➄➅❿➀× ➀w ❹❽➂❽a ❸❽¬❷➄➅❿➀×➀ ❹❷❹❸➂ ❸×a❹❽ . ❸n➀❷a ❺×➂ ❸s❹➈➄ ❸׬➄❸ ➀❿❿❹
➅❹➀❽➄❸ µ➂➆ ❾¬❹×➀❹ .
❙ ➂ ➆❹❷❽ ➁❽¬s➂➀ ➇➅❹➄ ×❹a❽ .1❜1z-
❙ ¬aa ❺× ❸n❽❽❻ ➁× ¬❹¬a ×➀ ❾× n❽❼➄❺❽a❸❹ n❽➂❹¬❸ ❸➈❹µn❸➂ ➁❽➅➈❽➅➈ ➀➆ ➀׬w❽a ❸➆❽➈❹➂ .
❙ ❸ n❹➄w n❽w׬a ➆a❼a n❹¬¬❷ ❸➄❹w׬➀ ◗❹❸❹❺❘ ❹➈s➄ ➀׬w❽a ec- ➃➂❺ ,n➂❷❹µ❸ ❸×➂❸ ➀w
➃¬❽×➂ ❷➂❻➂ n❹❽❻❿ ❸s¬× ❹×a❹❸w ¬❻×➀ ¬sµ . ❸❽aw➂ ❹❻¬a ❿❑❻× ¬sµ ➃➂❺ z ¬❹❺×a n❹❶❹❺
◗❸❽➀s¬❸❹ ➀❹×w n❽¬❽µ❘ ➃❷ w❹❶ . a 1❜e:-+- ❸¬¬❷ ➀w ◗n❹❽➈sn❸➂ ×❑❿a❘ ❷❽❻❽ ❼¬➈ ❸➈s➄
w¬❹❻❸ ➃❽➆a❹ ➀❼ nw¬❹❻a ,➀❽➀❶❸ ➃n➅❹aa . a 1❜❛:- ❿a ¬aa n❹¬¬❷❸ n❽❽➅❹➀❿❹× ❸❿¬➆❹❸ 1:c-
➁❽❼¬➈ . ❝➁❽❽➄❹➈s❸ ➁❽µ➂➆❸,➃❹➂¬❻❸ n❹❷¬❹➂➂ ❝➉¬×❸ ❽µ➀❻ ➀❿a ➆aµ ❾¬❷ n❹¬¬❷ n❹➈s➄ ❺×➂
❿❘ ➃❹➆a❼ ,◗❸➀❹➈➆ ,❸➀❹❻❸ n¬❹➂w ,➀❼ nw¬❹❻❘ 1:- ➁❽a❹❸s ➁❽➄❹❹❶ ➁➆ ❷❻× ➀➀❹❿ ,➁❽❼¬➈
❿❘ ❸❽¬❸➄ ,◗❸➅❹➄➂ ❽➂❹µ➂ ¬➈s ❽❑➈➆ a❼❽❸ ❷¬❹ww 1c- n❹a❹❻¬❘ ➇❹❻❸ ¬❹w❽➂ ,◗n❹❶❹❺ - ,n❹¬w➆
❿ ➃❶❷ n❽a :c- ❘ ➁❽➀w❹¬❽ ,◗ zc-:c ¬×a ¬❹❺× ,◗➁¬ n➆❶a ❸¬❽❶❷ ➀➀❹❿ ➁❽❼¬➈ - ❸❽❽➅❹➀❿❹×❸❘ ➆aw
❿ ❽❷❿➀ ❸➂s➂❼s❸ 1z- ❷➆ ❸a¬➆❸❹ ❽❷❶ ➃❽➆ ,➃❷¬❽❸ µ➂➆ ,◗¬➂❹➆a ¬µ❽➆a ➁❽×s➂➄ ,➁❽❼¬➈
❿❘ n➀❽× 1c- ➁❹❽❿ ¬❽➆a ➁❽❼¬➈ . µ¬ ➁❽➄❹➂w❸ n❹➄w ➆s➂×a z-1 ◗ .
❙ ❸➄❽➀➀ n❹❺❿¬n❸a ❸¬❽➈➅a ❝➇❹❻❸ ¬❹w❽➂a❹ ➃❹¬wa ,➃❷¬❽❸ µ➂➆a ❹➄❽❸ ❸❽❽➅❹➀❿❹×❸ ¬µ❽➆
a ,➃❹µ¬❽❸ µ¬×➈a 1:.11.zcc1- ➀➆➂ ❷❻× a¬➆a ❹¬➈➅➄ :+c ❸➄❽➀➀ ➁❽➆❽❶➂ ➁❽❼¬➈ . ❹❺ ❸¬❽➈➅
➃❹➈s❹ ➃❹➈s ,❷❻× ➃❹❹❽❿➂ µ¬ ❸➆❶❸a ❸n❽❸ - ◗❸a¬❸a ❸❹a❶ ❹➄❽❸ ➀➀❹❿❸ ¬➈➅➂❸w ❾❿ ,❻¬❺➂
❙ ,➛❹ ➁❹❽a ❜.11.zcc1 ❿ ❸➀➂¬a ❑➁❽¬❹➈❽s❸ µ❹w❑a ❹¬❿➂➄ , +cc- ❸❷❽❿➀➂ ❸׬➄❿ ➃a❹¬ ,n❹¬¬❷
➆a❼a .
❙ ➀➆➂ ,➁❽➅❹➄➂ ➁❽¬➈s ❑➆ n❿➂n➄❸ ,❽n❿¬➆❸ ❽❑➈➆ ❹➄❽❸ ➀׬w❽a n❹¬¬❷❸ ¬➈➅➂ :cc , 1 ➁❽❼¬➈ .
n¬❽❷❻ ➀w n❹¬w➈× ➀❹➀w➀ ➃n❽➄ ×➀ ❾× n❹a¬n ❽❼❽➀➈ ➃➄❽❸ ➀׬w❽a n❹¬¬❷❸➂ ¬❿❽➄ µ➀❻
➁❽➄wa ❝➃❷¬❽➂ ❹× ➅❹➀❽➄❸ ➀w ❸n➀❷❸➂ ➃❽➂❸ 1❜❛¯-❛❛ ➃×❼➅❽µ➈➂ ➃❷¬❽➀ ❹×a❹❸ z:c , zz
❏n❹¬¬❷
❙ ➃❹❿❽n❸ ❻¬❺➂❸ n❹➄❽❷➂ ➀❿a a❽s❽ ➃❽➂❸ .
❙ ➁❽➀µ❷❹ ➁❽➅❹❼➈❽➀µ× ,➁❽➄❹w ❽❹➄ ❽s➆ ➀➆ ➃❹➄❽µ➀ ➁❷×❸ ❽a❹w❽ n× n❹➀s➄➂ ➀׬w❽a n❹¬¬❷❸ .
❙ n❹n ,w❹¬a n❹¬❽➈ ,➁❽➄µ➈ ,µ➅w ,➁❽¬❷❸ ❝➉¬×a ❸n➄❹❺na n➄❹❹❶➂ ❷×➂ ❸¬¬❷❸ - ,❸➂µw ,➉➆
➁❽➄❶❷ ❽➀❹aw ➇×❹ ➁❽❻¬➈ ,➁❽➆¬❺ ,➁❽¬➂n ,➃❹➀× ,n❿¬❷❺× .
❙ ❸ n❹➄w n❽s❻➂a ¯c- ❸❹µ➂a ❹× ❸❽➀s¬❸a ➃❹➄❽µ❸ ¬❹❺❽×a ¬µa➀ ❸❽❸ ❾❽¬s n❹¬¬❷a n❹➈s➀ ❽❷❿ ,
➀׬w❽ . n➄❽❻a➂ ➃❸❹ ❸s❹➈n❸ ➁❹❻n n➄❽❻a➂ ➃❸ ,❹ns❹➈na n❹❼w➈n❸a ×s➂➄ ➃❽➂❸ ❺×➂ ❾×
➃❹❺➂ ¬❹µ➂❿❹ ➃❹➄❽µ➀ ➁❽➂❽×n➂❸ ❽❹➄ ❽s➆ ❑n❹¬❶an❸❑➂ ➁❽➆➈w❹➂❸ ,➁❽❼¬➈❸ ¬➈➅➂ . ➇➅❹➄a
❘ ❸a¬➆a ➃❷¬❽➂ ➀׬w❽ ➀❹a❶ n× n❹s❹❻❸ n❹¬¬❷ ➀w n❹❽➈sn w❽ ,➉¬×a ❸s❹➈n➀ zc ➛➂µ
n❼w➈n➂❸ ➃❷¬❽a ❸❽❽➅❹➀❿❹×❸ ➁➆ ➆❶➂❹ ❸¬❽❶❸ n❹❽❹¬w➈× ➀➆ ❷❽➆➂❸ ¬a❷ ,◗n➀❽×➀ n❽➄❹➈s
×❽❸ ➇× . ➀❷❹❶a ❸❽❽➀➆➀ ➁❽➆❽❽➅➂ ➁❽a¬ ➁❽a❹w❽a n❹¬❷wa ➁❽➀µ❷❿ ➁❽s➆ ➀w ❸➆❽❼➄ ,❽❿ ❸׬➄
❸❽➅❹➀❿❹×❸ .
❙ ➆a❼❸➂ n❹¬¬❷ n❹➀µa ➁❽❷❿❹➀❸ ➁❽¬❻❹➅➀ ❷➆❽ ❸➄❽❸ ❸¬¬❷❸ ,➁❷×➀ ❸na¬❽µ❹ ❸n❹❻❽❿w ➀wa
◗➁➄❽µa ➁❽➀❺❹❶ ❹× ➁❽¬❶❹a❘ . ❸❹µ➂a w❻¬n❸ ➀׬w❽a ❷➆❹n➂❸ ➃❹w׬❸ ❸¬¬❷❸ ➃µ ❷❹w
n➄wa ¬a❿ ➀׬w❽ .1❜❛:
❙ ➁❽➄❹w µ❹¬❽ ❽➄❹❹❶a ➁❽❼¬➈a ➆a❼a n❹➈s➀ ➃n❽➄ ➁❹❽❿ .
nn ➀w ➆➈❹➂ ×➀× ❸❽s❼❹➂ ❸➄❽× ➀❶➄➅➂ ❑❸➀❹❻❿❸ ❸¬¬❷❑❸ - ➃❽➂❸ .P. k. krameri ❸¬¬❷ ❶w❹➂❸
➁❽¬❻❹➅❹ ➁❽➀❷❶➂ ➀w ❹➄❽❸ ➀❶➄➅➂ ❸➀❹❻❿ . n❹❽❻ n❹➂❹µ➂➀ n❹➂×n❹➂ ❹➀× ➁❽¬❹❺×➂ n❹¬¬❷❸
❑➁❽❼➄❼❹➂❑➀ n❹❷❽¬w ➀w ❸❽➆a ❸❽❹➈s ×➀ ❸➂❻❸❹ ❸wa❽❸ ➀׬w❽a ➁❶w ❾❿ , ◗n❹➄×❹❹➅❘ ➁❽wa❽
➁❽a❹❸s❸ ❹× ➁❽➀❹❻❿❸ ◗➀❹❿❽a❿❘ . µ❹¬❽❸➂ ➁❽➄❹w❸ ➆as ➀w ➁❽❼➄×❽¬❹ ➆a❼a ➁❶ ➁❽➈s➄ ➀׬w❽a
❽➅×➀µ❸ - a❹❸s ❽➄❹❹❶ ➀w ❷❻× ❸¬µ➂ n❹❻➈➀❹ ➁❽¬❽❸a µ❹¬❽ ❽➄❹❹❶a ❷❻❹❽➂a .
➁❽❽➆a❼ ➁❽a❽❽❹× ➁❽➂❽❽µ❹ ➃❿n❽ ,➃×s❹➂ n❹s¬×a ,n❹¬¬❷ n❹❽❻ ➃❸a n❹❽➆a❼❸ n❹➂❼➅❽➅❹µ×a
µ❹¬❽➂ ➁❽➄❹w❸ ➆as ❽➆➈❹➂ ❽➀➆a ➁❽❼¬➈ n❹❷❽¬w n× ➁❽➀❽a❶➂❸ . ➁❽a❽❽❹× ➀➆ ➆❹❷❽ ×➀ ➀׬w❽a
❸❻❽¬➈ ¬❻×➀ ➁❽➀❺❹❶a n➂❽❽❹➅➂ ❸❷❽➂a ➁❽➆❶❹➈❸ ➁❽¬❹➈× ➁❽a¬❹➆ ❼➆➂➀ ,n❹¬¬❷➀ ➁❽❽➆a❼ .
➉¬×a n❹¬¬❷ ➀w ➁❽❽➄❹➆as ➁❽➆➈❹➂ ➀w n❹❷❽¬w❸ n➀❹❿❽ ❽a❶➀ n❹s¬❻➄ ➆❹aµ➀ n➀❹❿❽ ❹➄❽❷❽a ➃❽×
➉¬×a n❹➂❼➅❽➅❹µ×❸ ➀➆ ➁n➆➈w❸ ❽a❶➀❹ . ➉¬×a n❹➈❹➆ ➀w n❹❽sµ❹❷❹¬❼➄❽× ➁➆ ➆¬❸ ❹➄➄❹❽➅❽➄➂
❹➄❽➀➆ n➀❼❹➂❹ ➁❽❸❹a❶ ➁➄❽❸ ➉¬×a ➆a❼a ➁❽❽❼❹❺µ× n❹➈❹➆ ❽➄❽➂ ➀w n❹❷❽¬w❸ ❽❽❹❿❽➅ ❽❿ ,❸➀❹➆
❸ na❹❻ ❶❹➂❸ ❹❽❸❺ ➃❹❿❽➅❹ ❸➆❽❶➈ ❽➂¬❹❶ n❽➆a❼❸ n❿¬➆➂❸➂ µ❽❻¬❸➀ a¬❸ ❽w❹µ❸ aµ➆ , .
n❹¬❹µ➂ ❝
❸ ❾¬❷ ➁❽¬➈s ➀w n❹❽➈sn - Israbirdnet : ,➇➅❹❽ ➃a❹׬ ,➁❽¬❹s ❹❷❽➆ ,➃➂➀¬➈ ➃❹➆❷❶ ,❺❹¬❽➂ ➇➅×
➁❽¬❻×❹ ➃❶❷ ❸➄❽❽➆ ,¬❺a ➃❹¬❽ ,➉➄❶ ❽❷➆ ,➅❶¬❹a ➅➂❽➛❶ . ➀w ¬n×❸ ❾¬❷ ➁❽¬➈s n❹❽➈sn OSME
.(Ornithological Society of the Meadl East)
.➆ ,¬❽a❷ .1❜❛: ❸¬¬❷❸ - ➀׬w❽a ¬a ❽❿❹n . n❽➈❹s : ❝ e:-+1
.➆ ,❺➈ .1❜❛e ❾¬❿ .➀׬w❽-➉¬× ➀w ❻➂❹s❸❹ ❽❻❸ e ❷¬w➂❹ ➆a❼❸ n➄❶❸➀ ❸¬a❻❸ .n❹➈❹➆ ❝
.¬❹×➀ ❸×s❹❸❸ ➃❹❻❼a❸
Ian J Andrews. 1995. The Birds of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
Richard Porter, S Christensen and P Schiermacker-Hansen. 2000. Field Guide to the Birds of
the Middle East.

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