Classification of Organic Compounds Functional Class Alkane General Formula CnH2n+2 Functional Group None

C C

Example
CH3CH2CH2CH3

(Butane)

Alkene

CnH2n

H2C

CH2

(Ethylene)

Alkyne

CnH2n-2

H
C C

C

C

H

(Acetylene) CH3Br (Methyl bromide)

Alkyl Halide Alcohols

RX

C

X

ROH

C

OH

CH3OH (Methanol)

Ether

ROR’

C

O

C

CH3OCH3 (Dimethyl ether) CH3SH (Methyl thiol)

Thiol

RSH

C

SH

Sulfide Amine

RSR’ RNH2, RNHR’, RNHR2’

C

S

C

CH3SCH3 (Dimethyl sulfide)

C

N

CH3NH2 (methyl amine)

Nitrile

RC≡ N

C

N

CH3C≡ N (Acetonitrile)

- - 1

RCONHR. RCONR2 O C N CH3 O C NH2 (Acetamide) .2 .Classification of Organic Compounds (Continuation…) Aldehyde R O C H O C O O H H C H (Formaldehyde) O C Ketone R O C R C C C H3C CH3 (Acetone) Carboxylic Acid RCOOH O C OH H3C O C OH (Acetic acid) Acid Halide O R C X O O C R O C O C X O O C O H3C O H3C C O C Cl O C CH3 (Acetyl chloride) Acid anhydride O R C (Acetic anhydride) Ester RCOOR O C C O CH3 O C OCH2CH3 (Ethyl acetate) Amides RCONH2..

2-bis(pchlorophenyl)ethane Cl Cl O Cl Cl Cl 9.. Menthol O O O OH O OH OH O O O O O OH 3. Tetrahydrocannabinol OH 8. DDT or 1. O 8.3 . TAXOL O NH O Functional Groups in Organic Molecules 2. .Vanillin. Benzo[a]pyrene 6. Ethyl alcohol.β -Carotene 5.1-Trichloro-2.1. CH3CH2OH Glycerol or glycerin HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH 7.1. Methyl salicylate (flavor for wintergreen) OH COOCH3 OCH3 OH . Vitamin A OH 4.

Diazepam (valium) 12. Dynemecin A NH N O H OH O HN O OCH3 CH3 COOH OH O 13.Functional Groups in Organic Molecules (continuation) 11.. RCOHN S 18. Ascorbic Acid OH O O OH N HO OH 17.4 . N. Nicotine N CH3 16. RCOHN S N O COOH N O COOH R' Cephalothin Penicillin G R= C6H5CH2Penicillin V R=C6H5OCH2Ampicillin R=C6H5CH(NH2)Amoxycillin R=p-HOC6H4CH(NH2)- R= C4H3SCH2R'=CH3COOCH2R=C6H5CH(NH2)R'=CH3R=C6H5CH(NH2)R'=Cl- Cephalexin Cefaclor . Cocaine H3C N O O O H3C O 15.N-Diethyl-m-toluamide O C N(CH2CH3)2 14.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful