# Knee point calculation for 765kV CT's CT Ratio :3000-2000-1000-500/lA CT Class :PS Secondary Winding Resistance: · 15 ohm

at 3000 tap · 10 ohm at 2000 tap . 5 ohm at 1000 tap . 2.5 ohm at 500 tap Length of line assumed =25 kms.

Where IF= Max. secondary fault current at zone-l reachpoint. X/R = Primary system reactance/resistance ratio System short circuit Fault Calculations System Impedance,Zs =Vs/ IF 765xl03 - ,J3x40x 103 =11.042 ohms IF = 40 kA(Fault Level)

-.

Line parameters are
Rr. = 1.9513 X 10-6 Pu/kM/Ckt

XL= 4.475 X 10-5pu/kM/ckt

]

On a 100 MVA ,765 kV Base

XL _ 4.475xlO-s RL -1.9513x10-6

= 22.93
=23

e=tan-I

4.475XlO-S

( 1.953

x 1O-{i

)

= 87.5°

Page 1 of 4

481 = 0.5° = 11.2619 X 20 = 5.2284 ohms XL'= 0.481 ohms Zs = 0.475 X 10-5pu/kM/ckt : On a 100 MVA .25 = 0.999 = 11.25 = 0.269 Z = 16.765 kV Base Therefore Base Impedance =765 X 765/100 = 5852.031 ohms Rs = Zs cos 87.042 X 0.2619 ohmslkM For a Line length of25 kMs (zone-1 reach=20 kMs) Rr.2284+0.0436 = 0.238 = 16.031+ 5.01142 ohmslkM XL= 4.238 ohms Therefore Total Fault Impedance upto zone-1 reach point R= Rr.481 + j11.' = 0.J3 x16.284 ohms Therefore Fault current at zone-1 reach = IF' 765x103 .042 X 0.25 ohms Rr.Knee point calculation for 765kV CT's Therefore (' Xs = Zs sin 87.475 X 10-5X 5852.7094 + j 16.9513 X 10-6X 5852.'+ Rs = 0.5° = 11.9513 X 10-6 pulkM/ckt.01142 X 20 = 0.: XL= 4. = 1.7902 ohms X=Xs+ XL' = 11.031 Line Impedance: Rr. = 1.284 = 27123.12 kA (fault level at zone-1 reach point) Page 2 of 4 .269 ohms Z = 0.12 A IF'= 27.

Knee point calculation for 765kV CT's Lead Burden: Cable Length= 800 m Lead resistance = 8.5 mm2 copper cable is used) Therefore 2R L = 2x 800 x 8.6IF( 1 +.0) 2000 = 3319. It is intended to use only 3000/1 A or 000/1 A taps for 765 kV line protection.)Rcr +RL) Relay burden is negligible . 27120 VK~ 0.5 V Selected knee point voltage for 2000/1 A tap = 4000V(same as that for 400 kV CTs) Note: 1.00hm Imag < 20mAatVK "For 2000 A tap. 27120 VK(2000)=0.Therefore Rrelay =0.71 ohms/kM ( x 2.71 = 6.6x-(1 +23)(15 +7.00 at 3000/1 A tap Knee point voltage requirement VK~0.the selected knee point voltage for 3000/1 A tap is 6000V.87Vat30001lTap Selected knee point voltage for 3000/1 A tap =6000 V(plese see note below) RCf ~15.This is in line with the knee point voltage requirement being specified for 400 kV CT's .0ohms CT secondaryresistance.0) 3000 For 3000/1 A tap VK~ 2863.6x-x(I+23)(10+7. Rcr = 15. Since the requirement at 2000/1 A tap is 2V per turn. 2. Page 3 of4 .968 2 1000 = 7.

CT requirement for busbar protection IF = 40 kA VK~2IF(RCT+RL) For 3000 A tap Rcr = 15.0) 3000 Selected VK at 3000/1 A tap = 3000V For 2000 A tap Rcr = 10.0) 1000 Selected VK at 1000/1 A tap = 1000V Note: 1.0 ohms 40000 VK~2x-x(IO.0) 2000 Selected VK at 2000/1 A tap = 2000V VK~ 680V For 1000 A tap Rcr = 5.= 7.= 7. 500/1 A tap shall not be used for bus-bar protection.= 7. 500/1 A tap shall be used for Generator circuit protection(Overall Differential.0+7. 2.0 ohms 40000 VK~2x-x(5.0ohms Rr. 1000/1 A and 500/1 A taps shall be used for Generator circuits (Protection Overall Differential.0+7.Knee point calculation for 765kV CT's 3.0 ohms Rr.Overhead Line Differential).0 ohms 40000 VK~2x-x(15.0 ohms Rr.0+7. Overhead Line Differential) Page 4 of 4 l .