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indian history

indian history

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(Syllabus) Indian History - Optional History Syllabus for Preliminary Examination Section-A 1. Prehistoric cultures in India 2.

Indus Civilization. Origins. The Mature Phase: extent, society, economy and culture. Contacts with other cultures.Problems of decline. 3. Geographical distribution and characteristics of pastoral and farming communities outside the Indus region, from the neolithic to early iron phases. 4. Vedic society. The Vedic texts; changefrom Rigvedic to later Vedic phases. Religion; Upanishadic thought. Political and social organisation; evolutuion of monarchy and varna system. 5. State formation and urbanization, from the mahajanapadas to the Nandas. Jainism and Buddhism. Factors for the spread of Buddhism. 6. The Mauryan Empire. Chandragupta; Megasthenes. Asoka and his inscriptions; his dhamma, administration, culture and art. The Arthasastra. 7. Post-Mauryan India, BC 200- AD 300. Society: Evolution of jatis. The Satavahanas and state formation in Peninsula. Sangam texts and society. Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Parthians, Kushanas; Kanishka. Contacts with the outside world. Religion : Saivism, Bhagavatism, Hinayana and Mahayana Buddhism; Jainism; Culture and art. 8. The Guptas and their successors (to c. 750 AD). Changes in political organisation of empire. Economy and society. Literature and science. Arts. Section-B 9. Early Medieval India. Major dynasties; the Chola Empire. Agrarian and political structures. The Rajaputras. Extent of social mobility. Postition of women. The Arabs in Sind and the Ghaznavides. 10. Cultural trends, 750-1200, Religious conditions : importance of temples and monastic institutions; Sankaracharya; Islam; Sufism. Literature and Science. Alberuni’s "India". Art and architecture. 11-12. Thirteenth and fourteenth Centuries: Ghorian invasions causes and consequences. Delhi Sultanate under the "Slave" Rulers. Alauddin Khalji : Conquests; administrative, agrarian and economic measures. Muhammad Tughlug's innovations. Firuz Tughluq and the decline of the Delhi Sultanate. Growth of commerce and urbanization. Mystic movements in Hinduism and Islam. Literature. Architecture, Technological changes. 13. The fifteenth and early 16th Century : major Provinicial dynasties; Vijaya-nagara Empire. The Lodis, First phase of the Mughal Empire: Babur, Humayun. The Sur empire and administration. The Portuguese. Montheistic movements: Kabir; Guru Nanak and Sikhism; Bhakti. Growth of regional literatures. Art and Culture. 14-15. The Mughal Empire , 1556-1707. Akbar: conquests, administrative measures, jagir and mansab systems; policy of sulh-i-kul. Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb : expansion in the Deccan; religious policies. Shivaji. Culture: Persian and regional literatures. Religious thought: Abul Fazl; Maharashtra dharma. Painting. Architecture.

21.. Mysore and its resitance to British expansion: The three Anglo-Maratha Wars. Separatist Trends in Indian nationalist politics. ryotwari. Foreign policy of Non-alignment.C. 16. socialist society. The Indus Civilization: its origins. Social reforms measures before 1857.the policy of Divide and Rule. 2. Deindustrialisation. A parliamentary. Partition and Independence. Cultural encounter and social changes: Introduction of western education and modern ideas. Swadeshi Movement.Khilafat and Non Cooperation Movement. 5. Conquest of Bengal. 24. Causes behind decline. The 1857 Revolt. Gandhian techniques of mass mobilisation. Jawaharlal Nehru's vision of a developed. 2000 to 500 B. land revenue settlements (zamindari. Patterns of settlement. Civil Disobedience and Quit India Movement. Early phase of state . The Act of 1909 . Decline of Mughal Empire. Establishment of the Indian National Congress and its Moderate phase. Early pastoral and agricultural communities. Gandhi and his thought. Maratha power under the Peshwas. Major elements of composite culture. The growth of "Extremism" and the 1907 split in Congress. Other strands in the National Movement-Revolutionaries. the Left. Agrarian reforms.causes. 22. nature and decline. Economic Impact of the British Raj : Drain of Wealth (Tribute). social organization and religion in India (c. Indian Renaissance. Contemporary society. 6. Resistance to British rule : Early uprisings. Teachings of Mahavira and Buddha. 1707-61. Formation of Associations. astronomer. History Syllabus for Main Examination Paper-I Section-A 1. The archaeological evidence. Social stratification and status of women. social and religious reform movements. Indian Freedom struggle-the first phase: Growth of national consciousness. mahalwari). commerce with Europe. Section-C 17.Economy: conditions of peasants and artisans. Congress-League Pact of 1916. nature. course and consequences. Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army. Sources and approaches to study of early Indian history. 19. economy. 4. Sawai Jai Singh. 20. democratic (republic the 1950 Constitution). Growth of landless labour. Rise of Urdu language. 18.the Muslim League and the Hindu Mahasabha. secular. The Afghans. Railways and commercialisation of agriculture. Regional states. Evolution of north Indian society and culture: evidence of Vedic texts (Samhitas to Sutras). growth of Indian middle class. 3. Early structure of British raj: Regulating and Pitt's India Acts. India independent to 1964. Planning and state-controlled industrialization. The post -1945 developments. 23. Border conflict with China and Chinese aggression. The press and its impact: rise of modern literature in Indian languages. British expansion : The Carnatic Wars.) : archaeological perspectives.Economic Nationalism. growth in trade.

"The Khalji Revolution". Bhakti Movements: Chaitanya. 10-11 India in the Gupta and post-Gupta period (to c. Monotheistic movements: Kabir and Guru Nank. Malwa. . Nature of the Mauryan state. India. Early Sultanate architecture. Economic. Sultanate architecture. thinker and historian. Themes in early Indian cultural history: languages and texts. 19. Rise of Rajputs. 12. 15. Economy societyand culture in the 13th and 14th centureis. " Indian feudalism". The 14th Century. [persian literature: Amir Khusrau. culture. Major dynasties and political structurs in North India. Humayun. Religious thought and institutions: Sankaracharya's vedanta. Decline of the Sultante. culture. The Portuguese colonial enterprise. Regional cultures and literatures. Islam and its arrival in India. Akbar: His conquests and consolidation of empire. 17. Historiography. Court patronage of art and technology. The 15th and early16th Century (Political History). Lingayats. Tehnological changes. Arab conquest of Sind. provincial architectural styles. Literature. Society. Kalhana. Muhammad Tughluq's major "projects". The Vijayanagra Empire. literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire. Section-B 13. major philosphical thinkers and schools. religion. Balban. Conditions fof women. Foundation of Delhi Sultanate. agrarian and economic measures. Problem of coinage. 8-9 Post-Mauryan period in northern and peninsular India: Political and administrative history. 18. Sufism in North India. The 13th Century. Ziya Barani. economy. Samanta system and changes in political structure. Lodis. Sufism. Agrarian structures. First phase : Babur. culture and religion. major stages in the evolution of art and architecture. Mughal Empire. Commerce mercantile groups and guilds.. historian. The "slave" Dynasty. 750-1200: Culture. The Sur Empire : Sher Shah's administration. IItutmish. The 15th and early 16th Century (society. Establishment of jagir and mansab systems. His Rajput policy. Alberuni and his study of Indian science and civilization. Caste and slavery under sultanate. Villagle communities in the South. his dhamma. Styles of temple architecture. Evolution of a composite culture. Theory of Sulh-ikul and religious policy. Ashoka's inscriptions. economy and culture). Indian science. The Ghorian invasions. sculpture. the Mauryan empire. the Ghaznavide empire. social structure. Bahmanids. Tamilaham and its society: the Sangam texts. 16. ideas in science and mathematics. society and economy. social and cultural consequences. The Imperial Cholas and their contemporaries in Peninsular India. India. Factors behind Ghorian success. economy.formation and urbanization. Growth of Bhakti. 20. Ramanuja. Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal. 750-1200 : Polity. Firuz Tughluq's concessions and public works. Rise of Magadha. Abul Fazl. Alauddin Khalji's conquests. Evolution of religious and social outlook. 750) : Political histroy of northern and peninsular India. Gujarat. towns. Kashmir (Zainul Abedin). 14. Foreing contacts: Ibn Battuta. 7. Bhakti schools in the south. Society. Sufism in its pantheistic phase.

Condition of Women. 3. 23. Provincial schools of architecture and painting. Indian mercantile classes. Internal weakness. 5. Women as focus of social reform. Peasant and tribal uprising during the early nationalist era. 2. The Ahom kingdom. Colonial Economy : Tribute system. Mughal architecture. The regional principalities (Nizam's Deccan. commerce with Europe through Dutch. Social and religious reform movements in Bengal and other areas. English and French companies. on eve of the British conquest. astronomer. The Moderate phase of the Congress. famines. Hindi and relgious literatures. Culture during Mughal Empire. The Empire and the Zamindars. 1931. Christian missionary activities. Fiscal pressures and revenue settlements (Zamindari. Drain of wealth and "deindustrialisation". Mahrasthra Dharma. First half of 18th Century: Factors behind decline of the Mughal Empire. Ottawa agreements and Discriminatory Protection. Classical music. Famines. Agricultural distress. . Policy of subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse.a "trade revolution".Bengal Renaissance. Nature of the Mughal state. Formation of national associations. Reorganisation of the Raj. Growth of Extremism. Customs removal. 6. 22. Mughal painting. The economic programme of the Congress' Karachi resolution. Rise of Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas. Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. 1858 and after. Bengal. Causes. 7. Ryotwari and Mahalwari settlements). Resistance to colonia rule : Early uprisings. Economy 1858-1914: Railways. Structure of the British raj up to 1857 (including the Acts of 1773 and 1784 and administrative organisation). Economy and society. Persian literature (including historical works). 1761. Socio-cultural impact of colonial rule: Official social reform measures (1828-57). Panipat. The Maratha fiscal and financial system. Vaishnav Bhakti. coming of English education and the press. Banking. Population. Late 17th Century crisis: Revolts. Foundation of the Indian National Congress.21. Mystic eclecticism : Dara Shukoh. Limited growth of modern industry. Home Rule Movement. India as market for British industry. The Government of India Act of 1919. Conditions of peasants. political cultural and economic. Major policies (administrative and religious) of Jahangir. Mughal empire in the 17th Century. Shivaji and the early maratha kingdom. Emergency of Afghan Power. Agricultural and craft production. the Great Depression. 4. Maratha Con federacy and the Punjab as major powers in resistance. 16th and 17th Centuries. Sawai Jai Singh. Establishment of British rule in India: Factors behind British success against Indian powers-Mysore. 24. Commercialisation of Indian agriculture. exchange and countervailing excise. the growth of trade unions. Science and technology. The Indian Council Act of 1909. The Kisan Movement. Early Indian Nationalism: Social background. insurance and credit systems. Towns. Awadh). nature and impact of the Revolt of 1857. Inter-War economy of India: Industries and problem of Protection. Evolution of the Sikh community (Khalsa). Growth of landless labourers and rural indebtedness. Orientalist-Anglicist controversy. Paper-II Section-A 1.

17. Towards Freedom: The Act of 1935. (b) Constitutional politics. Japan #3. chartists.. Premchand. Rousseau #3. 9. Telangana uprising etc. (c) Ideas of Jawharlal Nehru. thought and methods of mass mobilisation. Tribute . First phase of Independence (1947-64): Facing the consequences of Partition. Parliamentary Reformers. Writers' Organisations and Theatre Associations. (e) Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army. #3. Germany. 10. Colonial System (Exploitation of New World. American Revolution and the Constitution. 1940 Satyagraha and Quit India Movement. Gandhiji's murder. English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society #2. Congress Ministries. British Democratic Politics. Consititutional negotiations and the Transfer of Power. Foreign policy of Non-alignment. Rowlatt Satyagraha. 15. #4. 1937-1939.). Nationalism : state-building in Germany and Italy #3. Industriatization #1. Enlightenment and Modern ideas #1. Rise of Nationalism in 19th century #2. 1950. 12. Origins of Modern Politics #1. Other strands of the National Movement: a) Revolutionary movements since 1905. Integration of States. Section-B 13. Responsive Cooperation. Building an industrial welfare state. European States System #2. Nation-State System #1. Imperialism and Colonialism #1. Post-1945 upsurge (RIN Mutiny. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Planning and industrialisation. Subramanyam Bharati. 1789-1815.Non Cooperation Movement. Spread of Enlightenment outside Europe #4. Nationalism under Gandhi's leadership: Gandhi's career. State People's Movement. 1815-1850. (d) The Left (Socialists and Communists). Liberals. Industrialization in other countries: USA. economic dislocation. Civil Disobedience Movement. Iqbal as examples only. Disintegration of Empires through the emergence of nationalities. Socialist Industrialization: Soviet and Chinese. Khilafat. Agrarian reforms. Free Traders. Relations with neighbours. (f) Communal strands: Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha. 15 August 1947. Swarajists.8. Major Ideas of Enlightenment: Kant. The Pakistan Movement. (g) Women in the National Movement. 16. New trends in art. The democratic constitution. French revolution and after math. Literary and cultural lmovements: Tagore. Film industry. Renaissance Background #2. Rise of socialist ideas (to Marx) 14. 11. Russia.

Consolidation and Expansion of European Community/European Union. Duth #2. Arab World-Egypt #3. Factors constraining Development : Latin America.from Asian Conquests) #2. Communist East Europe #3. Emergence of Third World and Non-Alignment 4. Soviety Disintegration and the Unipolar World #1. Factors in the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union. Colonial Liberation #1. World War II : Political Consequence 20. The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921 #3. Decolonization: Break up of colonial Empires: British. Unification of Europe #1. Imperialism and Free Trade: The New Imperialism 18. UN and Dispute Resolution 21. French. Africa-Apartheid to Democracy #4. Globalization . South Africa. 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal Implications #2. Cold War #1. Fascist Counter-Revolution. Revolution and Counter-Revolution #1. World Wars #1. Types of Empire: of settlement and non-settlement: Latin America. Latin America-Bolivar #2. 1985-1991 #2. #4. Indonesia. World War I : Causes and Consequences #3. Australia. Italy and Germany. Integration of West Europe and US Strategy. 19th Century European revolutions #2. Post War Foundations : NATO and European Community #2. South-East Asia-Vietnam 22. Emergence of Two Blocs #2. Political Changes in East Europe 1989-1992 #3. The Chinese Revolution of 1949 19. #3. Africa 23. End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the World #4. 24. Decolonization and Underdevelopment #1.

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