Definisi

‡ Kejang atau seizure merupakan kejadian paroksismal karena adanya pengeluaran yang abnormal, berlebihan dari kumpulan saraf-saraf pada CNS. ‡ Epilepsi adalah kelainan otak yang ditandai dengan kecenderungan untuk terjadinya kejang epileptik ‡ a brain disorder characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate epileptic seizures and by the neurobiologic, cognitive, psychological, and social consequences of this condition

electrolyte abnormalities. hipoglikemia) Alzheimer¶s disease and other degenerative CNS disease Idiopathic Adolescents (12-18 thn) Young adults (18-35thn) Older adults (>35 thn) . piridoxin deficiency) Drug withdrawal Developmental disorders Genetic disorders Febrile seizures Genetic disorders (metabolic. hipomagnesemia.Neonatus (<1 bln) Infants and children (>1 bln dan < 12 thn) Tabel penyebab dari Epilepsi berdasarkan dari usia Perinatal hypoxia and ischemia Intracranial hemorrhage and trauma Acute CNS infection Metabolic disturbances (hipoglycemia. degenerative primary epilepsy syndromes) CNS infection Developmental disorders Trauma Idiopathic Trauma Genetic disorders Infection Brain tumor Illicit drug use Idiopathic Trauma Alcohol withdrawal Illicit drug use Brain tumor Idiopathic Cerebrovascular disease Brain tumor Alcohol withdrawal Metabolic disorders (uremia. hepatic failure. hipokalsemi.

Etiologi dan Faktor Resiko Primary CNS dysfunction ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Stroke Idiopathic Lesi berupa massa Kejang demam Infeksi CNS Trauma kepala Cerebral disgenesis Systemic disease ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Hipoglikemia Hiponatremia Hipocalcemia Hyperosmolar state Drug overdose Drug withdrawal Iskemia Hipertensi Eklampsia .

Faktor Presipitasi ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Stress Stimulus cahaya Stimulus suara Makan Membaca Stimulus lainnya Stress Kurang tidur Air panas Kejutan .

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