P. 1
MPLS

MPLS

|Views: 68|Likes:
Published by Sachin Anand

More info:

Published by: Sachin Anand on Feb 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/30/2011

pdf

text

original

MULTIPROTOCOL LABEL SWITCHING (MPLS

)

Presented By: Sachin Anand 893113 M.Tech 2nd Sem

HOW ROUTER FORWARD PACKETS
1. PROCESS SWITCHING

ROUTING TABLE

PC1

PC2

DATA

PR

IP

MAC

HOW ROUTER FORWARD PACKETS
2. FAST SWITCHING

ROUTING TABLE

PC1

PC2

CACHE MEMORY

CEF PC1 CACHE MEMORY FIB Table If it is send from this network Send it to this hop This Hop ADJ Table Has this MAC address PC2 .HOW ROUTER FORWARD PACKETS 3.

MPLS ‡ Industry standard mechanism ‡ Forwarding decisions based on layer 2 labels ‡ Labels can corresponds to : Destination network QoS Outgoing interface ‡ MPLS is service provider technique. .

WHERE DOES THE LABEL GO? DATA PR IP MAC MPLS LABEL LABEL BITS: 0-19 EXP 20-22 BS 23 TTL 24-31 DATA PR IP L3 L2 L1 MAC .

Then each SP router build Action table CLIENT2 CLIENT1 . Routing table build.0. A label is assigned and distributed to 12.0 each SP router 3. 2. Each SP router build LIB 4.0.HOW MPLS WORKS 32 A 50 32 12 28 50 LIB B 32 28 Action table 28 C SERVICE PROVIDER 1.

Sends data based on L3 or L2 information -.Where L3 routing protocol exist -.Where Label exchange protocols exist ‡ DATA PLANE -.Take care of label swapping .Also known as forwarding plane -.ROUTER ARCHITECTURE WITH MPLS ‡ CONTROL PLANE -.

MPLS TERMINOLOGY ‡ Label Switch Router (LSR)/Provider Router ‡ Edge LSR/Provider Edge(PE) Router ‡ Label Switch Path(LSP) ‡ Label Distribution Protocol(LDP) ‡ Label Information Base(LIB) Labels match to a network ‡ Label Forwarding Information Base(LFIB) What labels should go which directions .

VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK (MPLS VPN) 2.HOW DOES MPLS USED? 1. TRAFFIC ENGINEERING (MPLS TE) 3. QUALITY OF SERVICE (MPLS QoS) .

.

MPLS VPNs . Network-based: VPN configured on SP equipment .IPSec. 2. Customer-based: VPN configured on customer located equipment .MPLS VPN ‡ A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a private network service delivered over a public (shared) network. ‡ Two broad categories: 1.

HOW MPLS VPN WORKS 64-bit RD Customer 1 Customer 1 PE Customer 2 VRF PE Customer 2 P SERVICE PROVIDER INTERNET .

ADVANTAGES ‡ Provide security by separating address space and routing information of customers ‡ Spoofing is very difficult to accomplish since LSPs have local significance only ‡ Used to provide a fully meshed network architecture ‡ Provide significant cost savings and increased scalability .

.

Apply CBSPF for the traffic flows. . using RSVP.Avoid congestion .Provide ISPs better to deliver QoS and CoS ‡ Implementation of TE requires end-to-end virtual paths across the network ‡ MPLS TE automatically establishes and maintains the tunnel across the backbone.MPLS TE ‡ The task of engineering the traffic flows in the backbone network ‡ The key characteristics of Traffic Engineering are: . .

MPLSMPLS-TE ROUTER ARCHITECTURE .

requests CSPF module for computing the complete explicit route (LSP) from R1 to R7 c)LSP MM then triggers the Signaling protocol (RSVP) for establishment of the complete explicit route (LSP) from R1 to R7. . Flood ‡ 3. MPLS-TE enabled feature on all the routers in the backbone network ‡ 2. d) On successful establishment LSP MM updates the LIB with the Label bindings. Identifying the congested links.MPLS TRAFFIC ENGINEERING OPERATION ‡ 1. At Router R1 a)Resource requirements for establishing LSP is send to LSP Management Module b) LSP MM. ‡ 4.

CONGESTION CONTROL ‡ Two mechanisms: FATE mechanism FATE+ mechanism ‡ FATE provide rebalancing flows during congestion periods by using priority buffers in LSP routers ‡ In FATE+ mechanism. the congested LSR makes decision to solve congestion .

.

MPLS QOS ‡ MPLS¶s connection-oriented nature provides the framework necessary to give quality guarantees to IP traffic ‡ While QoS and Class of Service (CoS) are not fundamental features of MPLS. they can be applied in MPLS networks where TE is used. ‡ Two mechanisms: IntServ(Integrated Services) DiffServ(Differentiated Services) .

Operates on the principle of traffic classification. where each data packet is placed into a limited number of traffic classes Does not provide guarantees RSVP was developed to signal QoS requirements across a network Offers traffic bandwidth guarantees Not very scalable or practical to DiffServ architecture is a operate across large networks scalable .INTSERV(INTEGRATED SERVICES) Fine-grained. class-based mechanism for traffic management. flow-based mechanism DIFFSERV(DIFFERENTIAT ED SERVICES) Coarse-grained.

.

Live 24X7 news and video streaming feeds from virtually any location in India . which operates an independent news agency with bureaus and studios throughout the country ‡ Uses MPLS VPNs as: .Lower operational costs .Ample capacity for future expansion .INDIA TV DELIVERS THE NEWS WITH TATA COMMUNICATIONS MPLS SERVICE ‡ A major broadcaster in India.Connectivity difficult reach areas of the country .Increased reliability over previous solution .

Connection to various offices through MPLS VPN .

.

ATM are bidirectional .COMPARISON OF MPLS VERSUS ATM ‡ Both MPLS and ATM provide a connection-oriented service ‡ MPLS is able to work with variable length packets while ATM transports fixed-length cells. ‡ An MPLS connection is unidirectional. ‡ ATM network adds significant complexity and overhead to the data stream.2 LSPs are required for connectivity on the other hand.

.WILL MPLS REPLACE ATM? ‡ MPLS was not designed to replace ATM ‡ SPs migrate their ATM networks to one based on MPLS ‡ MPLS can co-exist with ATM switches and eliminate complexity by mapping IP addressing and routing information directly into ATM switching tables ‡ MPLS provides the control component for IP on both the ATM switches and routers.

EXAMLE OF MPLS VPN over ATM .

‡ Makes router as efficient as switch.CONCLUSION ‡ MPLS is packet forwarding technique . ATM ‡ Research is going on IPSec based MPLS VPN to increase data security . ‡ Easily used with technologies like Frame relay. ‡ Most commonly used as VPN.

2004. ³Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Conformance and Performance Testing´. ‡ Cisco Systems Whitepaper.2008.IETF Joint Working Team Dave Ward. Malcolm Betts. ³Analysis Of Mpls-based Ip Vpn Security: Comparison To Traditional L2vpns Such As Atm And Frame Relay.REFRENCES ‡ XIXIA Whitepaper. And Deployment Guidelines´. ³MPLS Security Overview´. ‡ Tata Communication Whitepaper. ‡ IRM research Whitepaper Thorsten Fischer. . ³MPLS Architectural Considerations for a Transport Profile´.2007. ed.2007. ‡ ITU-T . ³Major TV Broadcaster Delivers the News with Tata Communications MPLS Service´.2008.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->