DER AGRAR-REBELL

Unter Mitarbeit yon Konrad Liebchen

7. Auflage

Leopold Stocker Verlag Graz - Stuttgart

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ISBN 978-5-902802-28-0 (pyc.) ISBN 3-7020-0970-1 (HeM.)

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10

3,[1eCb >Ke, sa ,[IepeBflHHbIML<1, ,[InL<1HHbIML<1 CTOnaML<1 Y kpenxoro ,[IOMa-cpy6a, L<1nL<1 BHYTpL<1aero, r,[le ne-uca B nonKOMHaTbl L<1CT04ana renno L<1blna 04eHb KpaCL<1BoL;1- C ssr6 cTynaML<1-naB04KaML<1, 06nL<1110BaHHafl paCnL<1CHbiM Ka<j>eneM. Hexoropue nlO,[IL<1ywnL<1 sa ,[10M, rne npflMO Ha osepe crosna Ha csaax nnouianxa - npocreusxaa, C naB04KaML<1,,[IepeBflHHbIML<1 MOCTKaML<1 L<1Y,[leCHbIM BL<1,[10MHd 3TO orpownoe 4 osepo, orutiaiouiee ,[10M C ,[IByX CTOpOH. Dblno Tpy,[lHO nOBepL<1Tb, 4TO BCe 3TO 4y,[l0 - TBOpeHL<1e py« 4enOBe4eCKL<1X. ,[10 nosnuero sevepa 3enn OTBe4an Ha sonpocu scex L<1 Ka>K,[Ioro, OKpY>Kafl nlO,[IeL;1 TaKoL;1 TennOToL;1, 6Y,[lTO ,[IenL<1nCfl 4aCTL<14KoL;1cefia. Mbl ye3>KanL<1 nOCne,[lHL<1ML<1, HanonHeHHble L<1 B,[IOXHOBneHHble, 3apfl>KeHHble HecKoH4aeMoL;1 3HeprL<1eL;1 L<1 04eHb MOLl!HbIM OLl!yLl!eHL<1eM peanssoro oCYLl!eCTBneHL<1fl cBoeL;1 Me4Tbl! - Y sac BCe nonyvarcal - YTBep,[lL<1TenbHO cxaaan 3enn, nooaorpes <j>OTOrpa<j>L<1L<1 HaweL;13eMnL<1 L<1 ucnyuaa Haw nnaa, s - lnaanoe - He C,[IaBaTbCfl L<1 OCTaHaBnL<1BaTbCfl HL<1nepe,[l KaKL<1ML<1PY,[lHe T HOCTflML<1, - rOBOpL<1n OH HaM aanocnenox. B 23.00 Mbl suexana 06paTHo, L<1 pL<14aca exanu OKPblneHHble, T yBL<1,[1eB BOO4L<11O, aK BOnnOLl!aIOTCfl Me4Tbi oeccrpauraoro K -renoaexa, K KOTOPOMY enyr nlO,[IL<1co ecero ML<1pa, Y4aTcfl L<1 esxaor, 4T06bl caenars y 4TO-TO (BOe.

P.S. 3mo noesona 800XH08uno HOC83RmbUI 30 nepeeoo KHU23enno Konusepa. nonY4U8 om He20 paspeiuenue, Mbl pooyeMcR, umo meneps UXMO>KHO npoueans U HO PYCCKOM R3b1Ke. Oneoeeo» cotiumu», npOCUM numamen« 6blmb CHucxooumenbHblM K iuepoX080mocmRM nepeeooa. Mbl cmapanuc» coxpanum» osucn 6eCLjeHHeUWe20 onuma 3enno xoneueoo, HOKonneHH020 nonyeesoeui» mpYOOM HO C80eu 3eMne. Itycm« OH nOMO>Kemece« >KenOlOUjUM8 comeopenuu C80UXCK0304HbiX npocmpantme. ,lJ06p020 80M nymu, opy3bR!

11

ArpapL1M-peBOnlO~L10Hep KaK H BM>Ky 3enna Xonsuepa (6epH.q nell)
« ... A nOMe HAn 0AIi1H YHIi1BepCIi1TeT Ha APyro(;\, YHIi1BepCIi1TeT BIi1CKOHCIi1Haa YHIi1BepCIi1TeT AIi1KO(;\ npaponu», - nacan ,[1>KOHMYli1p (1838-1914) - cosecrs OKpY>KaIOUje(;\ cpeAbl1i1 nponOBeAHIi1K AIi1KO(;\npaponu rorna eUje MOJlOAblX (oeAIi1HeHHblX WTaToB, 0 Ba>KHe(;\weM nosopore B cBoe(;\ >K1i13HIi1. TaK xe Ii1y MeHA npousouren nosopor, korna A B aBrYCTe 1995 rona nOXIi1Tli1n MOIi1X cTYAeHToB 1i13YHIi1Bepcli1TeTa Ii1 notiuaan C HIi1MIi1B «AIi1KO(;\ xynerype» BOIi1HCrseaaoro 3enna Xonsuepa, Ha 6blOUjeM >K1i13HblO-repea Kpa(;\ IO>KHOMCKnOHe, -repes PaMIi1HrwTa(;\H y Tavcsera B Jlyaray, Ha BblCOTe Me>KAY 1000 Ii11500 M. H He AOBepAn caavana paCCKa3aM 0 KpaMeTepxo<j>e, CKenCIi1C- MOA npooecCIi1A. Ecrecraoacnerrarenn MoryT 6blTb 04eHb 3aHOC4Ii1Bbl, «orna OHIi1 npOTIi1BOCTOAT opli1rli1HaJlbHOMY· «Ilpexne 4eM CIi1JlbHOYAIi1BnATbCA,JlY4we A He 6YAY separs», - 3TO YTBepAIi1BwaACA CMeWHaA xapaxarypa euie AO 70-x roAOB aa WKonbHblX npenonaaarenea. npo<j>ecCOP-Ii1CCJleAOBaTenb (AOKTOp PYAonb<j> Xa6Ii1CoH), KOTOpbl(;\ y Xonsuepa Ii1HorAa nocrpenasan KOCYJlb Ii1JlOBIi1Jl pbl6y, n03HaKOMIi1Jl MeHA C MOnHli1eHOCHO pearli1pYIOUjIi1M Ii1ynpAMblM KpeCTbAHIi1HOM. BMecTo roro, 4T06bl >KaJlOBaTbCA, OH 6bln nOJlOH Ii1Ae(;\: orreppaoipoean KPYTO(;\ CKnOH C 6eAHo(;\ n04Bo(;\ Ii1 npeaparun ero B cBepKalOUjYIO JleCTHli1l1Y C npYAaMIi1, 03epaMIi1 Ii1 pBaMIi1 (60Jlee 30), nOCaAIi1Jl nnonosue nepeass BMeCTO enosux nJlaHTallli1(;\, nOCTpOIi1Jl c06cTBeHHYlO 3JleKTpOCTaHIIIi1IO, eenakonenaue Cpy6bl AJlA rocreu, MHO>KeCTBO 3arOHOB AJlA AIi1KIi1X>K1i1BOTHbIX, rennuuy AnA HOBOrBIi1He(;\CKIi1Xnonyraes Ii1cIi1HeJlo6blX aMa30HOB, Ka>KAbl(;\ 1i13KOTOPblX CTOIi1T10 000 WIi1JlJlIi1HroB (727 espo). Xonsuep Ha6JllOAaeT sa npupoAO(;\ C AeTCTBa, Ii13aMeTIi1Jl cpasy, 4TO TOJlbKO MHoro06pa31i1e crpaxyer 61i10nOr1i14eCKylO CIi1CTeMY,a He OAHo06pa3li1e, Ii1Ha 3TOM OH OCHOBan 3KOHOMIi14eCKIi1 snopoeoe X03A(;\CTBO.

A6nOHIi11i1 BIi1WHesue nepesea. Ilepessa A nOTOM nponaio, BHIi13Y, ua BblCOTe 1100 M, BIi1WHIi1COspeeaior B cepenase Ii1IOHA,a esepxy - B KOHlIe ceHTA6pA. V1 TaK y MeHA nocTOAHHO ecre BIi1WHIi1.Me>KAY rpAAaMIi1 - cnapxa, TOn1i1HaM6yp, pa3Hbie copra «aprooens Ii1 BceB03MO>KHble OBOUjIi1. no «necHoMY 3aKOHY» 3TO Ha3blBaeTCA

Xoneuepoacsae reppacei - onycroureaae neca? «KaKO(;\ 3AeCb BIi1A Ha reppacul BenIi1KOJlenHbl(;\! rpYWIi1,

onycroureaaev neca»,
TOJlbKO HOBoe Bblpa>KeHli1e - «AIi1KaA xynsrypa» - aecer B ce6e npOTIi1BOpe41i1e. KaK MO>KeT 3TO 6blTb AIi1KIi1M,eCJlIi106pa6aTblBaeTCA? HY>KHO OTAaTb AOn>KHoe: Xonsuep MY>KeCTBeHHO 60peTCA npOTIi1B MOHoKynbTYPbl (KOTopaA ABnAeTCA «HacneACTBeHHbIM rpexovs II1i1BIi1Jlli130BaHHbix JlIOAe(;\, KaK

12

nOCTOAHHO rosopnn OAYXOTSOpeHHbl1ii Kapn 6YPltlaH). Korna Xonsuep OTKa3anCA SblCa>KltlSaTben04HYIO MOHoKynbTYPY (nOTOMY 4TO ltlrOnKltl OKltlCnRIOTn04SY; enKltl nonaepxeuu SpeAltlTenRM, a VlXncsepxsocraere KOpHVIHe nepxar nO-HaCTORllIeMY KPYTOIliCKnOH; He4ero ecrs 3sepAM, HeT pa3Ho06pa3V1A cpaYHbl, ltl HeT S03MO>KHOCTltl nOCTORHHoro Vlcnonb30saHVlR 3eMnVl, ,LIa>Ke MeCTa, rne roCTVIMornVl6bl Ha6paTbHeT CR CVlnbl VIOT,LIOXHYTb), H nonan no,LI urrpaoe: VIcY,LIe6Hble npoueccu C snaCTRMVI. O OH sucrcsn VlX- ltl cpVlHaHcoso, VIMopanbHo. TaK >KeSOlOeTOH - Vl3-3a crpcarenscraa necHolli nopor« - co MHO>KeCTSOM npe,LInVlCaHVlIIiVI60nbwVlMVI 3aTpaTaMVI, caa-rana OHVI(snacra) cpusaor CKnOH, a noTOM Tpe6YIOT S03BeAeHltlR AOPOrltlX 3alllltlTHbiX cooPY>KeHltllii. Kor,LIa R sacrynanca sa Hero, snaCTVI, xoropue cne,LIYIOT6YKse sakoua, OKa3anViCb B 3aMewaTenbCTBe - TaKoLil rny60KoLil 6blna nponacrs B VlXnpeAcTaBneHVIVI 0 nopanxe s necy. KaK MO>KHO 3alllVllllaTb «raxoro», KOTOPbl1liS MeWKax TaCKaeT uenue MypaBelliHVlKVI Vl3 neca Ha (Bolli Y4acToK VInpVl 3TOM sanaer sonpoc npaseasureay ero K OTBeTYAVinnoMVlpoBaHHoMY VlH>KeHepy neCHVl4eCTBa: - Bbl VlMeeTe B sVI,LIyFormica rufa VlnVlFormica polyctena?, TeM caMblM sse,LIRero B cMYllleHvte. ,aa>Ke BnaCTVI3anOBe,LIHVlKaYAVlBneHHo orpearaposana: KaK R Mory nepesepHYTbl1ii3KcKaBaTopoM naH,LIWacpTHaxoAVlTb eCTeCTBeHHblM, rAe Ha Ka>K,LIOM wary KVIWVlTnOAAenKolli cpnoPbl vt 3K30TvtKVI! l1TOsnecs, B nYHray, norepsna a6pvtKOC, APOK KpacVlnbHbllli, HOB03enaHAcKVlIIi KVlBVI, y6TponVl4ecKVle SO,LIRHblepacreuus, unrpycoc sere, XMenb, Cna,LIKVlIIi aprooens? 3,L1eCb npe,LIHa3Ha4eHo 6bITb enosoay necy?! x xe TaK 4TO >KeVlMen B BvtAY Xonsuep co CSOvtMnpeneCTHblM napaAoKcoM «AvtKOIii KynbTypolli», npexne 4eM eMY CKa3anVl, 4TO OH passan anbnVlllicKvtlli aapnaar «nepMaKynbTypbl» - -repes 60nbwoe pa3Ho06pa3V1e VI B3aVlMonoMolllb BVI,LIOB, V1ono6 rvt4eCKoe caMoperynvtpOBaHvte vt xpyrosopor 6e30cTaHoB04Horo X03RliiCTBoBaHVlR C YAVlBVlTenbHo BblCOKVlMVI OKa3aTenRMVI YPO>KaIliHOCTVI 3TOTnpVlHl\Vln TaCMaHCn (sa KVlIIinpooeccop RK06 CPOH V1KcKlOnbnonysan anbTepHaTVIBY H06eneBcKoili npeMVlVI)? KOHe4Ho xe, XOnbl.\epoBCKVlIIi paVlcKVlIIicaA He RBnReTCfl «,LIVlKVlM». VIHe RBHo nReTCR HacToRllIelli KynbTypolli, C TaKvtMvt MvtHvtManbHblMVI TpYA03aTpaTaMvt. OH CO,LIep>KVlT ce6e see npVlHl.\Vlnbl ycnexa HacToflllleLil ,LIViKOLll3KocVlcTeMbi TOnbKO BblB rnR,LIRllIelli xaOCOM MHoro06pa3V1R 3KonorVl4eCKVlX HVlW,sa KOTOpolli npsverca >KVlBolli nopRAOK: CvtHeprvtA, KOHKypeHl.\VlR,caMOCTOATenbHaA perynRl\VlR vt «pyrosopor. 3TO ynpasnaeaaa cnY4alliHocTb ocrpornasoro Ha6nlO,LIaTenR npupona. - CnY4aLII,6naronpVlRTCTBYlOllIViVI onbKO nO,QroToBneHHoMYAYXOM,- OTKPblTO T BblCKa3anCRnyvt Ilacrep 0 KnlO4e K reHVlanbHOCTVlvt3c06cTBeHHoro onsna ,apyrolli H06eneBcKVlIIi naypear, OTKPblBWVlIIi BVlTaMVlHC, - CeHT-,abepAbVi ,LIyMan: - V1ccneAoBaTb 3Ha4vtT BViAeTb TO, 4TO BvtARTAPyrVle, npvt 3TOM AYMaTb TO, 0 4eM HVlKor,LIaHe ,LIYMan,LIpyroLil. 13

3TO ecna 6bl Bbl 3HanVi 3enna Xonsuepa, VIfl AOn~eH 6bln AOnOnHVlTb 4TO-TO Anfl 06bflCHeHVlfl ero ycnexa, TOfl 6bl ocasan: - Ycnex - 3TO~V1TbHa npO'-1eHTblOTnpV1pOAbl, a He OTKanV1Tana. - Ycnex - 3TO VlATV1nepena csoero BpeMeHV1VITeM He MeHee 6blTb nonas TbIM. V1 ero nOHVlMalOT!MoVi cTYAeHTbl C¢aKynbTeToB HaYKVI0 nV1TaHVIVI VI6V1onorV14eCKoro lIenblMV1AHflMVI Y4V1nVlcbVInOBVlnV1 Ka~Aoe ero cnOBO: - KaK MO~HO Ha kycxax CKanbl AO CV1X He npOAYKTVlBHoro IO~HOro CKnOHa, nop B «(Vl6V1pCKO~ABCTPVlVl»,COcpeAHerOAOBO~ revneparypoa B 4,2°(, a 3V1MO~- AO -25°(, eupauiasan, rennornotiaaue pacreuaa OT a6pVlKocOB VI nepcuxoe AO TblKBbl pexopnsux pa3MepoB; - KaK nnonosue nepeses 6V1onorVl4ecKVlMVIMeTOAaMVIsauiauiaor OT noenaHVifl 3BepbeM, VI3TO npa TaKo~ nnOTHOCTVI aceneHVlfl ~VlBOTHbIX Ha ero Y4acTKe, 0 3 KOTOPOMMoryT ronsxo Me4TaTb npyrae oxoryronaa, - KorAa He06xoAVIMO Py6V1TbnVlcTBeHHVlIIY, 4T06bl Vl3 ee ApeBecVlHbl nenars np04HYIO KpoBenbHYIO ApaHKY VIAa~e npoassonars n04TVI He ropautyio 06WVlBKY Anfl AbIMOXOAOB; - KaK sacenare aopoosuaoro Cb14V1KapOTVlB Mblwe~ VIAa~e nonesoic n - KaK II1CnOnb30BaTb CTBOnbl nepesses Anfl passeneuaa TaKVlX rpVl60B, KaK oneuok oceHHVI~ VI WVlVlTaKe,KOTOPbl~ CTOVITB repMaHVIVI 60nee 31 espo sa 1 Kr, nOToMY 4TO eMY npanacusaor nporasoonyxoneaoe VI xonecrepauonouaxaouiee Ae~cTBVle; - KaK Vl3 onuno«, rpVl6HbiX cnop VI3KcTpaKTa rpae, naxe Ha KVlcnoVi necHoVi n04Be, BblpacTVlTb npexpacuue rpVl6bl CeMeVlCTBanVlcVl4KoBbIX; - KaK yxoseprsy ucnonsaoaare B canosoncree: - KaK no noporaa, Ha CKnOHax supaumeare OBOIl.\VI; - KaK Vl3nepesa BVlWHVIVIKOpHfl rope-raaxa BbirOHflTb lIeHHeVlWVlVIuruanc: - KaK npa nOMoll.\VI skocasaropa C KPYTflll.\VlMCfl KOBWOM oseneasre rOCTVIHVilIbl BblpOCWVlMVIAepeBbflMVI co CKn0HOB Xonsuepa - rpoMaAHeVlwVlVI uraac Anfl cenbx03pa60THVlKOB, «oropue AYMalOT 0 6YAYll.\eM, BeAb Ha TYPVl3M sunenaorCfl MVlnnVlOHbl,TaK 4TO sa OAHO neuusoe nepeso, «oropoe y~e Ha 6YAYIl.\VlVIrOA 6yAeT BblrnflAeTb enevarnaouie, C YAoBonbcTBVleM AaAYT OAHY-ABe Tb1Cfl4V1 espo BMeCTOroro, 4T06bl ~AaTb ronu, noxa Vl3 MeTenKVI supacrer uaxoueu-ro craruaa nVlCTBeHHafl xpoua. 6blnVl ovaposauu nonYAVlKo ~II1BYll.\eVluiepcraaoa cBVlHbeVi MaHranVilla: Bblrnaneno, 6YATO OHa nOHVlMana Ka~Aoe cnOBO csoero rocnonasa. Korna OH BCTpe4an ee BHe sarona, TO pyran, VIOHa 6blCTPO aosepauianace 4epe3 «seneransuyio» AblPKY B saroae Ha3aA. 14

B HaCTOHll1ee

BpeMH OH ncnonesyer

C006pa3L-1TenbHblX

rypanonsckux

CBL-1Hell1,

YXL-1TpHeTUI COAep>KaTb L-1X eCTeCTBeHHblX AnH 3TOrO BL-1AaycnOBL-1HX. B

Xonsuep 0 CBMHfI'IbeM C'IaCTbe M 0 naume « ... H AOn>KeH TOnbKO paCCblnaTb CnaAKOrO ropoxa,
OHL-1xonouiarca, a yTpOM Y>Ke BCe

B nOL-1CKaX KOTOPOro euie napy ropeOHL-1 YA06pL-1(Ha4ana

nepenaxauo, A

nocnesaarpa

WL-1H,CBL-1HbL-1 CHOBa L-1ll1YT ero L-1 3aOAHO 60pOHHT 3eMmo.

nL-1,

BCnaXanL-1, a nOTOM np060pOHL-1nL-1. (OBceM He npL-1XOTnL-1BaHpaca L-13 XOpBaTL-1L-1, 3aBe3eHHaH MHCO L-1 cano. L-1 npOAYKT nonysaerca HaACMOTpll1L-1Ka L-1 «orna TYAa B (BOe BpeKOTOPbl1l1 MapL-1ell1 Tepe301l1. OHL-1npL-1HOCHT npannon,

MH, npeAnOnO>KL-1TenbHO, H Mory nponasars,

Korna
3AOPOBbIM.

>KL-1BOTHOe4YBCTByeT ce6H XopOWO, rorna seepea, nrpan,

R

He

xen a 10 sanapare

pons nopevaoro
111

KOPMII1Tb MOIl1X nneHHL-1KOB B CBL-1HapHII1Ke. OHL-1WyMAT CHapY>KL-1CBeTL-1Tconuue, (KonbKO AOn>KHO 6blTb sanpeuieuo, - 3TO npecrynneune rYT >KanOBaTbCA. 4TO OH ronsko ceronas >KL-1BOTHbIX cerOAHA

KpL-14aT B xnesy,

He BL-1AATconaual Takoe OAHaKo OHL-1MO-

nlOAL-1npu 3TOM CTaHOBHTCA MY4L-1TenAML-1 >KL-1BOTHbIX ell1e WL-1POKOpacnpocrpaueuo. Ha MeHA». ycnewHblM.

A

MHe He Ha 4TO >KanOBaTbCA, KorAa BCe pafioraer He nepenpofioaan - L-1 n04TL-1 BCe B ero pysax noasnanacs

crane

npL-1 3TOM KaK TonbKO y Hero, C on03AaHlI1eM,

KOHKypeHI..\II1A, L-1 BCKOPOCTII1 Y>Ke npyroe, nOCTOAHHO L-1Cnpu-

MHOrL-1e Ha4L-1HanL-1 3aHL-1MaTbCH TeM >Ke, Xonsuep nenan HI..\L-1ncnexa, y KOTOPbl1l1OAHOBpeMeHHO

KaTb HOBYIO HL-1Wy3Ha4L-1T OCTaBaTbCH BHe KOHKypeHlIL-1H - 3TO 3KonorH4eCKHII1 HBnHeTCH ero 3KOHOML-14eCKL-1M cexperov.

Xonsuep 06 M36e)KaHMM KOHKypeHIIMM

«Y

MeHH TaK>Ke ecrs nopona

AHKL-1111 xpynuoporareni

CKOT, K npL-1Mepy, HKH, 6H3004eHb xperuoie

Hbl, womaHACKaH

ropaux

KOPOB -

noponu

AHKL-1X coB 4TO

>KL-1BOTHbIX,L-1, pexne scero, n ceAII1, He nenaio A.

AOMaWHL-1e BL-1Abl>KL-1BOTHbIX,KOTOPblX H ycneun-o MOL-1COCeAL-1.lt1 4TO nenaior ECTb euie TaK MHoro npyroro

pa3BO>Ky. (ell14aC 3TL-1M3aHL-1MaIOTCH uexoropue

R

He X04Y c03AaBaTb

HM KOHKypeHlIHH.

cenbCKOM X03HII1CTBe, 4TO H XOTen 6bl H Ha4HY nenars n03HaBaTb OH HOBOro. 3TO nenaer

cnenars, lt1 KaK

TOJlbKO KTO-TO nOBTOpL-1T, I1HTepeCHbIM». 3y6pbl, HKH,

4TO-TO HHoe. TaK HL-1KOMYHe 6YAeT CKY4HO, H 6YAeT scerna CYll1eCTBOBaHl1e KpeCTbHHHHa

conepxan

JlaHb 11AHKL-1111 pOraTbl1l1 CKOT, TaKOIl1, KaK 6H30Hbl, ropHble

II1JlHnonYAHKlI1e wornaHACKlI1e 6blJlO nonY411Tb xopouiyio

KOPOBbl. TaK KaK MHCO OTCTpeneHHblX BOCT04HOro

B saroyna-

aax 3Bepell1 He nOAne>KI1T caHHTapHOMY

L-1 rl1rL-1eHI14eCKOMY OCMOTPY, sa Hero MO>KHO HMnopTa

l..\eHy. OAHaKO L-13-3aAeWeBOrO

15

na ueaa sa >KL1BylOnaHb - C 12 000 -14 000 WL1nnL1HroB (872 -1017 espo) sa WTyKy AO 2 000 WL1nnL1HroB (145 espo). L1Ha MIKO - AO 20 WL1nnL1HroB sa Kr (1,45 espo). A nocne aBapL1L1 B -lepaotisme ynanL1l1eHbl Ha MRCO AL14L1L1Ha rpL16bl. Ilpauien xoaeu pa3MHO>KeHL11O HYTPL1I1, xorna BOCT04Hbll1 L1MnOpT nywHL1Hbl ynan B nars pas, noA06Hoe np0L130WnO L1C pa3Be,[leHL1eM rnyxapeM, rerepesa-xoca-a L1pR64L1KOB. Ero npeAnpL1HL1MaTenbcKaR Q>aHTa3L1RAOn>KHa L1MeTb 6blCTPYlO peaKIIL110 Ha nOCTORHHoe L13MeHeHL1e ycnoBL1I1, 4T06bl He norepners 3KOHOML14eCKOro Q>L1aCKO. OAL1H L13CTYAeHTOB, n06blBaBwL111 C HaML1 y Xonsuepa, n03>Ke 3aLllL1TL1n B L1HCTL1TYTe aaponnoro X03RMCTBa ,[lL1CCepTallL11O0 KpaMeTepXOQ>e, Ha KPYTOM CKnOHe xoroporo «ne>KL1T» eiue nofipaa AIO>KL1HaAL1CCepTallL111 AnR 6L10nOrOB; rorna 6blnL1 6bl HaY4HO nposepeau L1HTepeCHble Ha6nIOAeHL1R, 3KCnepL1MeHTbl L1YTBep>KAeHL1f1, K npL1Mepy: KaK L136e>KaTb nOe,[laHL1R >KL1BOTHbIML1KOPbl, MonOAblX nooeros nepesses L1 KYCTapHL1KOB, ocrasnna TO, 4TO L1M HY>KHO, L1nL1- KaK npeAOCTaBL1Tb AL1KL1M>KL1BOTHbIM L1npa L1Xpa3BeAeHL1L1 ace He06xOAL1MOe ,[lJlfl L1Xrena (sorna y HL1X KL1We4Hble napasaru, OHIII L1,[lyT K nanOpOTHL1KY L1roPbKOMY nlOnL1HY, K KOTOPblM 06bl4HO He npL1KaCaIOTCR; a TaK>Ke ero nTL14bL1 soneepu, rAe nTL1l1bl CaML16epyT He06xOAL1MOe KOflL14eCTBO AypMaHa, KaMnCL1Ca L1flL1aKOHL1Ta, korna OH ne4L1T L1XOT

napasaros).
OAHL1 ero 3HaHL1f1 0 CO,[leI1CTBL1L1(L1nL1npenflTCTBOBaHL1L1) pa3flL14HblX BL1,[lOB paCTeHL1M,« L1nlll nepBbl11 sucea nOArOTaBflL1BaIOLllL1X paCTeHL1M, KOTOPbIML1 OH B 60nbWL1HCTBe cnyvaes Ha4L1HaeT saceaare Bblpy6KL1 (nlOnL1Hbl, AenbQ>L1HL1YM,KOPL1aH,[lp L1Q>eHxenb), 6blnL1 6bl ,[lOCTOI1Hbl ,[lL1CCepTallL1L1, a TaK>Ke ero L1CKycHble npueMbl, KOTOPbIML1 OH cOAel1CTByeT >KL13He06ecne4eHI<1IO e>Kel1, naCKI<1I<1nl<1op06bL1HOB ro CbI4L1Ka, L1nL1 ero Ha6nlOAeHI<1f13a neCHblMI<1 MypaBbRML1, ero rny6L1HHb1M B3rnR,[l Ha >KL13HbBO Bna>KHbiX 61<10TOnaX- 3TL1BonpOCbl1303HI<1KalOT ronsxo 1<13KL13HL1 npn> B pone, L1HL1Kor,[la - B CTepL1nbHOM arvocoepe na60paTOpL1l11.

AManor Xoneuepa c paCTeHMHMM
«:lTV! paCTeHI<1f1cnoc06CTBYlOT pa3BI<1TI<11O CnaAKL111JlIOn 1<1 «nesep (,[lJlR H, a30Ta), ropox L1nO,[lCOJlHYXI<1. HY>KHO npnpony 3aCTaBI<1Tb pafiorars Ha ce611, Ha6JlIOAaTb, paarosapaears C paCTeHI<1f1MI<1. OHIII CKa>KYT,xopowo JlL1OHL1ce6f1 4YBCTBYIOT. EcnL1 L1MeTb 4YT04KY 4yBCTB, TO MO>KHO nepeMeCTI<1TbCfI B HI<1X,rorna OHL16YAYT paCTL1 Be3,[leo Tor,[la He 6Y,[leT XOPOWI<1X I1JlI1 nnoxax YCJlOBI1M, TOJlbKO 60Jlee L1JlI1MeHee cnocoouue JlIOAL1 6y,[lyT >KL1TbB xoonepauaa C npnponoa, a He B KOHQ>pOHTa1IL1L1 HeM». C Ero pasrosop C paCTeHI111ML1- 3TO cxopee 6e3MOJlBHbll1 Al1aJlor BHL1MaIOLllero TOH4aI1WL1M cescopov T!1Xl1e OTBeTbl paCTeHI1I1. ECJlL16bl ero «AL1KaR xynsrypa» He 6blJla 6bl Y>Ke Ha3BaHa «nepMaKYJlbTYPOI1», fI 6bl ee OKpeCT!1Jl «paMCKOI1 KYJlbTYPOI1» - Be,[lb pal1 ,[lnfl JlIO,[lel1 HL1KOrAa He 6blJl

16

,LlItlKItlM,a 6blfl 3,LleMCKItlM«canov». «,QItlKOCTb(npe>K,Lle 4eM OHa npesparunace B OTMltlpalOLllltle OCTaTKItl)B 60nbWltlHCTBe cnyuaes 6blna CTpaWHOLl!,Aa >KYTKO AnR XOMO cannesc» (<<KynbTypHoe CYLlleCTBO1tl3npnponu». reneH, Jlopeau), EieccnopHO, 4TO XOMOcanaesc 99,9% CBOeLl!3BOnI01I1tl1tl nposen B npltlpO,LlHOLl! cpeae (B ManeHbKIt1X COllltlanbHblx rpynnax). ,Qa>Ke3TO It1MeeTnOCne,LlCTBIt1R. CeronHR B TeXHItl4eCKOM, nltlWeHHOM 04apOBaHItlR 3anaCHOM Mltlpe 1tl3MeraKy60B Itl «bes60>KHb1XnpRMblx», 6e3blMRHHOLl! arnOMepallltl1tl HaceneHHblx nYHKToB Mbl BItl,LlItlM YBenltl41tlBalOLllltlLl!cRHeBp03, WOK norepn npaponu. llocnenaae OCTPOBKItlnpaponu CTaHOBRTCR nltlLlleLl! ,LlnR ,LlyWItl,KaK BItlTaMItlH,LlnR yMa; rautar BeTKItl1tl3,Ll>KYHrfleLl!, onn Hble 3nltl<\>ItlTOB, nycrue 3anbl 61Opo ABOPllOB, ItlLllYTB canosux npYAItlKaX BOcnOMItlB HaHItlR 0 nOTepRHHOM pae. Mbl BItlAItlM 3TO B canax 3nOXItl pOMaHTItl3Ma Itl aHrflltlLl!CKItlXnapxax, «ItlAeanbHblX naHAwa<\>Tax» Itl B paLl!CKItlXkaprauax crapux MaCTepOB - Ha ospaunax BOAoeMOB, B nOLl!MeHHblX nyrax Itl MorY41t1Xnepesssx, B03MO>KHO, BO <\>parMeHTax pyltlH, Itlnltl B MItlPHbIX, He 60R3n1tlBb1X, KaK B 3anOBeAHItlKe, 3K30TItl4eCKItlX>KItlBOTHbIX ... He AItlKOCTb RBnReTCR >KenaHltleM 60nbWItlHCTBa nIOAeLl!, a naHAwa<\>T (<<Landschaft schafft, wer mit dem Land schafft»). «naHAwa<\>T TBOpItlT, KTO Ha 3eMne paooraer», - cxasan TBOp4eCKIt1L1! ponOBeAHIt1K It1Aeltl eCTeCTBeHHoro cana, n ronnaHACKItlLl! XYA0>KHItlKnyltl Jle POLl!(<<BKn104aTbnpnpony, BblKnlO4aTb npupony» - Ha3blBanCR ero ItlpOHItl4eCKItlLl!6ecTcennep). BMecTo neAaHTItl4HOrO MblWneHItlR nopsmca «see no nltlHee4Ke Itl RAOM AnR CnItl3HeLl!» AaTb npapoae CHOBa B03MO>KHOCTb see cnenars CaMOLl!,npacnyurasareca K HeLl!- TOT, KTOX04eT snaners npuPOAOLl!,AOn>KeH cnyurars ee. He AItlKOCTblO, a OAItl4aHItleM Ha3blBaeTCR Tpe6yeMaR BpeMeHeM, sacrpoeaaaa KOHCTPYKlIltlRMItl1I1tlBItlnltl3allltlOHHaR Itl arpapuas nycruus. n03TOMY KOHpaA Jlopeuu OCHOBan co CBOeLl!>KeHOLl!perns (A04epblO canosona), a [ TaK>KeCAPY3bRMIt1,TaKIt1MIt1, aK AHTanb <DecTeTIt1KC EiepHA K Itl pa3BecenblVl 3n1t1THblVl Kny6 «COI03 no np01tl3BoACTBY Itl coxpaueuao nonYAItlKltlx COCTORHItlLl!», nyltl rne Jle POLl!Itl<DpltlAeHCpaLl!xXYHAepTBaccep 06beAItlHltlnltlCb. TaK>Ke Ba>KHa nonsrrka 3enna Xonsuepa cnenars TO >Ke Itl B CTaHAapTHOLl!arpapHoLl!ItlHAYCTpltlltl. KaK xe eLlle MO>KeTCTaTb KpeCTbRHItlH «oneKYHOM, BOCCTaHaBmlBalOLllItlM naHAwa<\>T» B Aecrpaa, rne naHAwa<\>T caenana <\>a6pltl4HblM sanoa, KBaApaTHblMItl KltlnOMeTpaMItl, aKlIeHTaMItl xoroporo RBnRIOTCR sucoxoaonetasre cronou nltlHltl1tl snexrponepenava, pe4ywKItl, 06Ca>KeHHble Tpy6aMItl, MeWKItl passeRHHblX YA06peHItlLl!, ynaKoBaHHblLl! canoe Itl XBOCTnblnltl, nO,LlHRTbILl! OAItlHOKOpuuaIl.\ItlM nOA OTKpblTblM He60M rpaxropov ItlH,LlYCTpltlanbHoro pafio-rero (MonoAoe noKOneHltle KpecTbRH Ha41tlHaeT TO>Ke3aAYMbIBaTbcR)? ,QnR sroro KpecTbRHe ,Llon>KHbl ce6e CHOBacosaan, rsopvecsoe cB060AHoe npocrpaacrso, 3TO senerxo cnenars B >KeCTKItlX3KOHOMItl4eCKItlX kneuiax KOHcynbTlilPYLllItlX cnY>K6 It1xopcerax <\>It1HaHClt1pOBaHltlfl 61OpOKpaTIt11t1 EBponeVlCKoro Coofiiuecrsa. 3enn Xonsuep CBOItlM HItl C 4eM He CpaBHItlMblM npltlMepOM ,LlOn>KeHnpltlAaTb BaM MY>KeCTBa.OH He nO,LlxOAItlTHItl K O,LlHOLl! cxeMe <\>ItlHaHCltlpOBaHltlfl.OH ,LlOn>KeH

ne4,

2

Xcnsuep

17

npOTeCTOBaTb. 3TO 04eHb nOne3HO AnH aauiero «nOCTl!1Mnepl!1am1CTl!14eCKOrOrocyAapCTBa nOA enKaMl!1» (C «npl!1ABOpHbIMl!1 COBeTHl!1KaMl!1» ABOpa, aBTOp CaM HB6e3 nHeTCH TaKl!1M). 3AeCb CKnOHHOCTb K nocneun-ouy nocnyuraamo. Xonsuep, uanpoTl!1B,passan crnne nocneuiaoro aenocnyuraaua, l!1H Bl!1>KY, Hero cpatiarueaer. Y
Xonsuep

06 onexe KpeCTbRH «Ilpucsopfiao, «orna KpeCTbHHl!1H,oneKaeMbl~ TeOpeTl!1KaMl!1,n03BonHeT

l!1Mnpennacuears eMY, KaK oopariaruears 3eMnlO. 3Ta nocnyuraocrs 4l!1HOBHl!1KaM - npotineva, nOToMY 4TO MonOAble xpecrsaae Y>KeBOCnl!1TbIBaIOTCH TaK, 4T06bl C wnHno~ B pyxax l!1ATl!1 BnaCTHM l!1nenars TO, 4TO l!1MCKa>KYT». K 0606Ll1aeMa nl!1 xonsuepoecxan nopora? KpaMeTepxo<j> HeAaBHO npesparunCH l!13np0l!13BOAHLlIero npoAyKIIl!11O B CMOTpOBoe X03H~CTBO, 3KCnepl!1MeHTanbHYIO na60paTOpl!11O ansrepaarasaoro 6YAYLllera B anbnl!1~CKOM cenbCKOM X03H~CTBe. MO>KHOnl!13TO npanucars TBop4eCTBY? Xonsuep HaCTonbKO >Ke 0606Ll1aeM, HaCKonbKO Kl!1CnOeTeCTO l!1nl!1APO>K>Kl!1 MoryT 3aMeHl!1Tb xne6. MHoroe, 4TO Mbl Ha3blBaeM 3KOHOMl!14eCKl!1Ml!1nl!13KOnOrl!14eCKl!1M KPl!13l!1COM, nepeyio osepens HBnHeTCH KPl!13l!1COM B <j>aHTa3l!1l!1, l!13enn AeMOHCTpl!1pyeT 3TO npHMO Ha rnasax. ,[\a>Ke TPYAHO npencrasare, KaK He06xOAl!1Ma ero nOMOLllb pa3Bl!1BaIOLlIl!1MCH CTpaHaM. Ero 3a6l!1palOT C KPYTblX CKnOHOB Jlysray B KonYM6l!11O,KOCTa-Pl!1KO,CKOpo, uasepuoe, noener l!1B A<j>Pl!1KY l!1cnblTaTb CBOl!13HaHl!1HTaM, rne pe4b l!1AeT0 >Kl!13Hl!1l!1 CMepTl!1.rny60Ko TPOHYTbl~ Hl!1Ll1eTO~, TaK>Kel!1MeHnpencrasneaae a 0 B03MO>KHbIXurascax, OH rOBOpl!1T: «Mbl >Kl!1BeM B xonoAHoM peraose ABCTPl!1l!1.CTOneTl!1HMl!1xpecresae AOn>KHbl 6blnl!1 Y4l!1TbCHBbl>Kl!1BaTb.lt1nOTOM H npaesxao B TpOnl!1Kl!1,B Knl!1MaT, rne rpa pasa B raA MO>KHOC06l!1paTb ypO>Ka~, - l!14TO nenaior nIOAl!1?OHl!1YMl!1palOT OT ronoAa B palO ... » APyrl!1e ycnosas: OT Knl!1MaTa HaA nOnO>KeHl!1HB 06naCTl!1 06pa30BaHl!1H, C era rl!16KOCTblO,xorna pe4b l!1AeT0 nOKanbHoi1 npaxraxe. B npl!1HIIl!1ne xe, OH OCTaeTCHeepes ce6e. lt1Y>Kel!1306l!1nYIOTxonbll OBCKl!1e BbICOKl!1eXOnMl!1Crae rpHAbl nl!1TaHl!1eM,l!1y4l!1T >Kl!1Tene~6eAHbix pai1oHo caMOCTOHTenbHO ooecne4l!1BaTb ce6H npoAYKraMl!1, Me4Taer 06 arponecaeix n orpaswax OH - OAHOBpeMeHHO 06Y4aIOLlIl!1i1cH l!1nponoeeayouuoi. 3l!1Mbl B KpaMerepxo<j>e Anl!1HHble, 4TO AnH xonsueposcxoa rno6anbHo~ aKTl!1BHOCTl!1 BnHeTCH npel!1MYLlleCTBOM. 6YAYLllee era <j>epMbl KaK 3KOnOrl!14eCKO~ naH 60paTOpl!1l!1 nOA OTKpblTblM He60M l!1ocpaaoaarensaoro uesrpa ooecneueao. ,[\04Ka KnaYAl!1Hl!13Y4ana 6l!1onorl!110 B lpaue, Bee Al!1nnOMHYIO pa60TY TO>Ke6blnl!1 BKn104eOH npoaauarensao CMOTPl!1THa aticomorso

cnexrpoa l!1CnOnb3yeMblx paCTeHl!1~ AO 4pe3Bbl4a~Horo

t

18

Hbl BblCOKltle XOJlMltlCTble WKOJlbl JleCHltl4ltlX Ll\eCTBO nepen B 3TOM

rpH,Qbl, >KY>KeJlltlllbl C skonoran.

ltl3 BJla,QeHltlH orua.

CblH no OKOH4aHltlltl

TaK>Ke Ha4ltlHaeT

B 4eM
-

06a ltlMelOT

orpoasoe

npeltlMY-

CBOltlMltl KOJlJleraMltl-CTY,QeHTaMltl ltlHTepeCHOM nonepex npouecce. BpeMeHltl.

OHltl C03HaTeJlbHO 3aHltlMaTbCH

Y4aCTBOBaJlltl

aapacraouiea

KTO X04eT

nepaaxynsryHa ,QBe WKO>KltlBOM ne-

POH, TOT ,QOJl>KeH CMOTpeTb Jlbl - YHltlBepCltlTeTa ,QltlaJlore pesecna. C npnponoa B lpaue

OHltl 6Y,QYT onaparsca

ltl CBOltlX ponurenea, V1x MaMa

HaXO,QHCb B nOCTOHHHOM, C caMoro Ha4aJla

n 3KOHOMltlKOH.

see reHltlaJlbHO pltlTM nocne

Co BceH Jl1060BbIO TeM BpeMeHeM

ltl CKPOMHOCTblO osnanena cynpyra npltl

OHa Bbl,Qep>KltlBaeT

cepbe3B TeHltl

HOH 60Jle3Hltl. csoero KOTopaH

KOMnbIOTepOM,

see BpeMH ltlHTepeCe

nepxacs

Xapltl3MaTltl4eCKOro X04eT 3HaTb,

aapacraouiee

06Ll\eCTBeHHOCTltl,

KaK 3TO «4Y,Q0 KpaMeTepxo<j>a»

CTaJlO B03MO>KHO. ,[I>KOHY Myltlpy:

,[Ia,QltlM euie pas CJlOBO nuouepy

3aLl\ltlTbl npltlpO,Qbl AMepltlKltl

«ACTPOHOM BepXHOCTb 3eMJlltl?

rnH,QltlT B He60, KpeCTbHHltlH,

a reonor H ,QyMalO,

B rnytie. -

KTO CMOTpltlT Me>K,Qy, Ha noTOJlbKO OH Bltl,QltlT

HO 3a4aCTYlO

sepua».
3enn Myltlpy

Xonsuep

Bltl,QltlT CYLl\eCTBeHHO

60JlbWee,

4eM TOJlbKO 3epHO ,QltlKOH

-

,[I>KOHY

OH 6bl noapasanca,

a TaK>Ke ero «YHltlBepCltlTeT

npaponu».

2'

19

nepMaKYflbTypa KaKVlM censcxoro 06pa30M

3enna

Xonsuepa:
npauien

rne Bbl3TOMY K 3TO~

HaY4V1flVlcb? oTKYAa 3Ta VlAeR? cpopMe BeAeHVlR ropso-

KpeCTbRHVlH Bonpoc

aflbTepHaTVlBHo~ MHe, 3enny B nocneaaae

X03R~CTBa?

aa sonpoce,

koropue

Xonsuepy,
ronu

My KpeCTbRHVlHY 3aAa1OT.

Vl3 KpaMeTepxocpa

B PaMVlHrWTaVlHe,

BCe 4a~e

3TO~ KHVlro~ Hoe

6flVl3KVlM

no AYxy ee

R xoren

6bl nepeaars,

KaK 4epe3

OTBeTCTBeHB03MO>KHa yc-

oraoureuae

K npnpoae,

neunras sena

VI HanOflHeHHaR

pacrurensaoey VI >KVlBOTHOMY MViPY CMblCflOM >KVl3Hb. Pesynsraru Moero nercxoro oroopaxaer,
B HeKOTopOM CMblCfle

onsrra

npaVI

MeHR K 3TOMY >KVl3HeHHoMY

nYTVI. 3Ta KHVlra, CMeCb Moe VI aBT06V10rpacpVlVl 3KcnpOMTOM,

VlCTOPVlVl KpaMeTepxocpa, flOCOcpVlIO. Moe rViKY Hble C4aCTbe,

MOIO CPVl-

4TO Y MeHR coxpasancs CMOTPIO Ha npnpoay

AeTCKVlVI nap OTKpblTblMVI

npersopars ma3aMVI.Yepe3 nopory

B >KVl3Hb nonOCTORH-

npaponu, H scerna
Ha6fllOAeHVlR

sa >KVlBbIMVI cy~ecTBaMVI

R

orxpereao

K rapMOHVl4HOMY nOHRTb npapony, a

COBMeCTHOMY He 60POTbCR

cy~eCTBOBaHVlIO.

BblCWVlVI npVlHI..\Vln AflR MeHR -

C He~, KaK y4 Vlfl VI MeHR. Ka>KAOe >KVlBOTHOe VI Ka>KAOe B M~p03AaHVlVI. Vlcnoflb3yeT np06fleMa B03HVlKaeT

pacreuae
rorna,

VlMelOT xorna

CBOe npeAHa3Ha4eHVle 4eflOBeK HenpaBVlflbHo Ha4afla

TOflbKO

CBOVI cnoc06HOCTVl. 4TO MOe X03RVlCTBO KpaMeTepxocp CTaacero

C caaoro HeT 6a30Vl HeCKOflbKO

R He nOHVlMafl,

nepMaKYflbTypbl, ner

AeVlCTBVlTeflbHO

CBR3aHHOVI C npVlpOAOVl.

H VI caM

KaK n03HaKOMVlflCR

C nOHRTVIeM nepMaKYflbTypbl. 4aCTVI 4eflOBe4eCTBa,

VI

«orna

MOVI onur

CTaHOBVlTCR VlHTepeCHblM paA. ,[IereHepal..\VlR HVI. CP04HO

AflR BCe 60flbwe~ npVlpOAbl

R 3TOMY, KOHe4HO,
saurero speue3TO TO, 4TO

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RBflRIOTCR npVl3HaKOM npVlpOAbl

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crpaauuax,

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nOMO-

3enn KpaMeTepxocp, MaVi

Xonsuep. 2002 rona,

20

rpJlAKa

aa KaMeHMCTOM
paaaero

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«Kyca"llile "IepBIiI»: AeTCTBO
BocnOMlilHaHlIIJI
OH, TOTny-uue nO~MeT cefia. BcnOM~HalO csoe AeTCTBO,re paHH~e Bne4aTIleH~R, «oropue CBR3aJl~MeHR C MO~M AOMOM ~ npnponoa. 1I103e¢ Y MapTIilHa Iil Maplillil 3R~CTBO npauannexano xa IJlOPIl1R. Hawe X03R~CTBO nexano Ha BblCOTe 1300 MeTpoB Ha/.l ypoBHeM MOpR Iil 6blJlO /.Iocm*IilMo TOJlbKOnoporoa /.IJlRrener, BnOCJleACTB~~ xo-

AeTCTBa

KTo nOMH~T CBOe AeTCTBO,a taiose Tpe60BaH~R IOHOCT~,~ He 3a6blJl, OTKYAa

R

pOA~JlCR 24 ~IOJlR 1942 rona C ~MeHeM Hawe

Xonsuep

B KpaMeTepxo¢e.

aucoxoropuoe

MOIilM pOA~TeJlRM Iil ofipafiarusanocs,

B OCHOBHOM,BPY4-

HYIO. Y MeHR 6blJllil euie ABa crapumx

6paTa, XaHC Iil MapTIilH, Iil ~IJl"QwaR

cecrpeuM pa3-

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50JlbWe 4eM

300

HI1l1a Me*/.IY /.IepeBHe~ B /.IOJl~He ~ HaWI1M MeCTOnOJlo*eH~eM Ha rope. CeroAHR K HaM sener aC¢aJlbT~pOBaHHaR nopora, a rorna 6blJla TOJlbKO/.IJlRrener C BOJlaM~ ~ JlOwa/.lbM~. neWKOM 1113 PaM~HrWTa~Ha HY*HO 6blJlO nO/.lHI1MaTbCRoonee /.IBYX4aCOB. Hawe X03R~CTBO 6blJlO nnotuaneto wa/.lb,

24

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20 VI

6apaHoB, HeCKOJlbKOcB~He~ Iil KYP, MHoro ryce~, B 06111eM,KaK 111ee xos

3R~cTBa B ospyre. 4TO Ba*HO, B TO BpeMR KpeCTbRHIilH, IilMelOllll1~ 3eMeJlbHbl~ Ha/.leJl, 6blJl pa60TO/.laTeJleM: R BcnOMIilHalO 6aTpaKa Vl31il/.lOpa(Vl31il) 11ropHIil4HYIO /.IeBYWKY XPIilCTIl, a TaK*e HaWI1X BpeMeHHblx pa60THIilKOB Iil nOMOlllHIilKOB. Ha pa3BepHYTOM Ha

or

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/.IJlRX03R~CTBOBaHIilR.Ho ecrs ~ CBOIilnpe~MYllleCTBa. OHOCBeTIilTsees ,QeHb Ha/.l KpaMeTepxo¢oM

Korna

R 6blJl euie MaJleHbKIilM, Y Hac He 6blJlO Hlil 6eH30KOCIilJlK~, Hlil reneooxa,

H~ CBeTa. Jlec nl1JlIilJlI1 BPY4HYIO nlilJlaMIil ~ cnYCKaJlI1 B AOJlIilHY Ha caHRX, 3anpR*eHHblX 6blKaMIil IilJlI1JlOwa/.lbM~. paoorax, 1111 pafiore, K

VI

6Y/.IY411euie pe6eHKOM, R novoran

B 3TIilX Iil npyrux

a T04Hee, R /.IOJl*eH 6blJl novorars.

Iorna

BO scex ceMbRX /.IeTe~ npIil06111a-

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He 6blJla I1CKJlI04eHl1eM. HeCMOTpR Ha TO, 4TO Y Hac 6blJlO MHOro BOJlbHbl. Bce cpencrsa K *1il3HIil MOI1ponnrena

paoorer,

Mbl *IilJlIil npocro

Iil 6blJllil 1.10-

nOJlY4aJll1 CY4aCTKa 3eMJllil, KOTOPbl~

I1CnOJlb30BaJll1KOHCepBaTI1BHO.HOBOBBeAeHIilR 6blJll1 Y Hac, eC111il OHIil Bo06111e6blJllil, TO TOJlbKO «orna HOBbie Iil/.lelil np~HIilMaJlIilCb BCeMI1 /.IBOpaMI1 B oKpyre.

R

BCnOMI1-

HalOJle6e/.lKY BMeCTOJlowa/.llil /.I11R BcnaWKIil 3eMJllil, raxoe BblrJlR/.Ie110nplilHlIlilnlilaJlbHOIilHTepeCHblM, HO MOV!oreu B03/.1ep*IilBaJlCR OTnO/.106HOrOnpl1MeHeHIilR. n03TOMY HeY/.ll1BIilTeJlbHO,4TO TOJlbKOB

1955

rony Mbl nposena

snexrpavecrso.
Ka*/.Ioe

Hawa ceMbR 6blJla TPY/.IOJlI06~Ba Iil penaraosaa, BMeCTe Mbl MapWlilpOBaJl~ no nopore

eocxpecease

ace

60JlbWe /.IBYx 4aCOB B /.IOJlI1HY,B

uepxoss. R

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22

eUle xopowo nOMHIO -racossre MOnl1TBbl no cy660TaM 11HaA yconurav, A MOJlI1TBbl nepen 11nocne eAbl 6blfll1 rorna KaK caMO c060i1 pa3YMe1OUleeCR. OAI1H cnY4ai1, Bpe3aBWI1i1cR B MOIO naMRTb, npousouien co MHOi1 B MapTe

1945 rona, fl, ManeHbKI1i13ennl1, XOAl1n no oxpyre C nWeH114HO-6enb1MI1 nOKOHaMI1 sonoc, KOTOPblMI1 see socropranace. Bonocu CTaHOBl1nl1Cbace Anl1HHee, 11OAHa>KAbl MHe cxaaana: - 4TO 3a AeB40HKa, nopa Te6e nOACTpl14b sonocul A MHe sroro KaTerOpl14eCKI1 He XOTenOCb, 3a4eM oopesare TO, 4eM ace TaK ruo60Banl1Cb, AYMan R. B TO BpeMR y Hac >KI1JlI1 11pacorana nsoe soeaaonneaserx nonsxos, OAI1H 113 KOTOPblXnpeAllO>Kl1n nOACTpl14b MeHR. Haumacs crapaa, 3ap>KaBeBWaR MaWI1HKa, He I1MelOUlaR AByX 3y6beB, HO nons« peuinn, 4TO 3TO He CTpaWHO. R COnpOTI1BIlRnCR, KaK TOnbKO Mor, HO MeHR ycaAl1ll11 aa cryn 11xpenxo nepxana. fl Kpl14an 11nnaxan, nOTOMY4TO He XOTen 3TOro, K TOMY xe, 6blfl0 Y>KaCHO60nbHo. MY>KI1KI'ICMeRnI1Cb, 1'1 Aa>KeMOR MaMa cxaaana: - He 6YAb HbITI'IKOM, CTpl14b sonocu He TaK y>K 1'1 60nbHO! TaK 11He 3aKOH411B«CTPI1>KKy»y MOI1X napl1KMaXepOB, connI1Bbli1, 06nl1BaRCb Cne3aMI1, C nopaHeHHoi111 BbIXBa4eHHoi1 KnOKaMI'I sonoc ronosoa, R y6e>Kan K MaMe Ha KyXHIO, I1Ula YTeweHWI. OHa 6blna YAI1BneHa: - 4TO OHI1CT060L4 caenana, 4TO 3TO sa >KI1BOAepbl?! OT sarunxa AO n6a MOIOronosy yxpaurana xpacaere nonocu, MaMe npaumocs TpRnKOL4CMblBaTb HeCKonbKO KpOBaBblX nRTeH. OHa nopyranacs C nOnRKaMI1: - He YAI1BI'ITenbHO, 4TO Manb411WKa TaK Kpl14an. 4TO Bbl HaTBOpl1nl'l? nOnRKI1 TBepAO orserana, 4TO y MaWI1HKI'I He xsarano AByX 3y61..!OB. flocne roro CJlY4aR MHe 4aCTO CHl1nl1Cb nnoxne CHbl, 11AO ceronasuraero AHR R C4I1TalO,4TO HaCl1nl1e HaA AeTbMI'I - 3TO 4TO-TO Y>KaCHoe. C YAOBonbCTBl1eM R BCnOMI1HalO0 npOCTblX AeTCKI1XI1rpYWKax, C KOTOPblMI1 Mbl rorna nrpana. WI'IWKI1, nepesnanue 06pe3KI1, CTpY>KKa113-nOA py6aHKa 60HAapR, npaxonasurero nonpasnare 11 peMOHTl1pOBaTb AepeBRHHbie eMKOCTI'I. OH paooran B HaweVi KOMHaTe, OT uero TaM CTORn CI1JlbHblL41104eHb npl1RTHblVi sanax nl1CTBeHHI'II..!bl.CTpY>KKa noxonana Ha XBOCT neryxa 116blna AJlR Hac, Manb4l1weK, npeKpaCHOL4 I1rpYWKOL4.3TI1 3aBl'lrywKI1 BMeCTe C WI1WKaMI'I npespauianace y Hac B pa3nl14Hbie q,l1rYPKI1 >KI'IBOTHbIX,Hawa q,aHTa3I1R He I'IMena rpaHI'II..!. MolO 6a6YWKY, >KI1BWylOOT Hac npl1MepHO B 40 KM xona TYAa 11Ha3aA, Mbl C MaMOL4noceuiann ABa-Tpl'I pasa B ron, npl14eM npOViTI1sro paCCTORHl1eMbl AOn>KHbl 6blnl1 sa OAI1HAeHb. no nopore OAI1H113AeTeL406R3aTenbHO sacsman, 1'1 nOCJleAHl1e MeTpbl MaMa AOn>KHa 6bllla TRHyTb Hac sa c060L4. OAHaKo raroru nopora He OMpa4anl'l paAocTHoi1 BCTpe411C 6a6YWKOVi, y KOTOPOi1scerna 6blnl1 npanaceuu nonapKI'II1 cnaAOCTI1, a I1HorAa 11napy Wl1nnl1HrOB.

..

23

KpaMemepxotjJ, 1910 20a (ManeHbKuil ManbllUK «a tjJomo ctipaea - Moil omeu).

Mou pooumenu MapmuH u MapUR XOnbL(ep na ux cBaab6e B 19382oay.

24

>Klt13Hb Y HaC 6blJla APyrlt1X CTpaXOBOK, rosuiero spava, nerKlt1e

npocra,

JlIOAlt1 6b1Jllt1 CKPOMHbl,

He lt1MeJllt1 MeAlt1lllt1HCKOCllt1 nOCe~eHlt111 noporoc-

Jle4lt1Jllt1Cb CaMlt1, no B03MO>KHOCTlt1lt136erall

KOTOPblCl >Klt1JlAaJleKO. AOMaWHlt1Mlt1 MeTOAaMlt1. TpaBHlt1Klt1, KOTOPblX ceroa-

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lt1 BTlt1paHlt111. nplt1 rpnnne

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cana C JlYKOM, YKYTblBall

Hac OAellJlOM. rop1l4YIO 3TY 4epenlt1llY, 3aBepHYTYIO B nJlaTOK.

Hasnanuaana
Wlt1M ygoBOJlbCTBlt1eM MHe oc06eHHO,

Ha rpYAb repnen

R

C He 60JlbMeWaJl

npouenypy,

CKOJlb3Klt1Cl >Klt1p Ha MOeM ropne 60Jle3Hb lt1YMeHbwaTb nplt1MeHllJllt1Cb, socnaneane. -

OH AOJl>KeH 6blJl BblTllrlt1BaTb xoropue

Ilpy-

rae AOMaWHlt1e cpencrsa,

TO>Ke perynapao

6b1Jllt1 Ma3lt1 gJlll

uor;

HaCToClKa apHlt1Klt1 lt1APyrlt1e BOA04Hbie

HaCTOClKlt1. C Y3KOCl rOpJlOBlt1HOCl, cB1l3aHHblCl B03MO>KHO, OT 4acToCl Ha-

R

xopowo

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XPlt1CTJl, OT xoroporo CJlY4ae nocne B TO BpeMll 06bl4HbiM

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CHlt1MaHlt111lt1Jllt1OAeBaHlt111 BCe Moe He BbIKlt1AbIBaJllt1Cb, a

nuuo

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nop

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B HerOAHOCTb.

Ilepssre
R >Klt1Jlrorna
6blJla B CJleAYIO~eM:

OnblTbl C 3apO_qb1WaMM paCTeHMVI B MaMMHblX

ropuixax
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B nOCTOllHHOM

crpaxe,

4TO MeHll

B AeTCTBe Hac, AeTeCl, 4aCTO TO Tpy604lt1CTY

nyranu

OTAaTb TO nOJllt1lleClcKOMY, Mil OT BpeMeHlt1, 4T06bl

lt1Jllt14eJlOBeKY,

xacrpapoaars

CBlt1HeCl. TaK 4TO npa

xoro

4eJlOBeKa

II OT crpaxa

lt1 lt13 npeAOCTOpO>KHOCTlt1 cnpoorrs

yfieran,

nocerurenae

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apasanocs. Mlt1, xorna

OHlt1 XOTeJllt1 Hac, AeTeCl, 0 4eM-TO ponarenn pafiorann B none.

lt1Jllt1ompasars

nocsmeuernOTOMY 4TO «acrpnpoaa-

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II 6011JlCll oc06eHHO, 4TO B TO BpeMll npa

CBlt1Hblt1 Y>KaCHO Blt13>KaJllt1. Hlt1lt1He 06e360Jllt1BaJllt1 OgHa>KAbl AJlllTe6ll. napeHb,

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MHe nOHllTHO,

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sroro,
y MeHll 4TO-TO ecrs

3TOT crapn«

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nOAoClAlt1 KO MHe, II refie

cnenao,

Y
AOJllt1Hbl. -

Hero

B pyxax

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HeCKOJlbKO

«aurrauoa, koropsre

OH nplt1HeC C c060Cllt13

3TO refie

AJlll lt1rpbl. II MOJlHlt1eHOCHO YAaJllt1JlCll OT 4eJlOBeKa Ha n04Tlt1TeJlbHOe

CXBaTlt1B KawTaHbl, paCCTOllHlt1e.

25

KaWTaHbl MaJlCR. -

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npIIIRTHoi1l11rpYWKoi1, MaMe.

C KOTOPblMIll

R C YAOBOJlbCTBllleM
4TO aro? AepeBO.

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3TO MeHR 3aIllHTepeCOBaJlO. MaMa na B renne, suceaana 4T06bl B xopsrra Y OKOH paccany nosxe BbicaAIIITb B oropone. nORBJleHIIIR OBOL1!ei1. Ca~eHllbl OHa BblpaL1!IIIBa-la-

TYl1a R III 3aCYHYJl CBOIII ceMeHa. MOIliX nepesees. HeTepneJlIIIBO

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xe

MaMa -

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MOIll TOJlL1!e.

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He YXO,QIIIJl.

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He ,QOJl~Ha 6blJla Y3HaTb.

R plIICKOBaJl
Moei1 nsopa,

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paAOCTIll 6blll0

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4TO OH TaK cyerarcs

soxpyr

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aa-an

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pa, IlIllCTBeHHlIIllbl, MaMe, ner VI OHa nana

eJlKIll III MHorlllX

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4TO-TO rorna aancs

R 6e3y,Qep~HO
KOHllOB

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BCe 3TO Bbl6powy! 3TIt1 yrposu 3aCTaBIt11llt1 MeHR BOIlHOBaTbCR. Mory

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roxe

sanperana Be3,Qe

BblCaAIt1Tb It1X B CBOi1 oropoa:

paCTeHIt1R, «oropue

pacryr,

26

A

,QJlfl MeHfI

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fI pa,QOBaJlCfI

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Ilocne
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3eMJlVl.

Hexoropue Ilposocex xe

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KpeCTHbl~

no nOHe,QeJlbHVlKaM

XO,QVlJlMViMO Hac Ha PblHOK B TaMCBer, VI pa,QVlo rorna He 6bIJlO.

OH Y3HaBaJllleHbi 4TO xorna ,L:\06pbl~

Hd CKOT VInee, TaK KaK ,QeHb! 6paBO

reneeona

BCTpeTVlJl fI ero nonpaeercrayeurs,

Ha 06paTHOM

nYTVI, nO,QaB PYKY. l1 3HaJl, TaK VI

xpecraoro

MO>KHO nOJlY4V1Tb nO,QapOK, 3TO 6blJlVl

CJlY4V1JlOCb B TOT ,QeHb, OH nan pue fI MaJlb4V1WKO~

MHe ,QBa WVlJlJlVlHra.

nepsere

,QeHbrVl, KOTO-

nepxan
PVlrep

B PYKax, 3TY MOHeTY fI pa,QOCTHO KPYTVlJl B PYKax CHOBa

VICHOBa, ,QYMafl, ecnn TO, 3Ha4V1T, VI fI Mory MHe nnary, MHoro

Xaprn

VIneKceH

3enn

apeH,QOBaJlVl

3eMnIO Y Moero

OTlIa,

TO>Ke co CBOVlMVI ,QBYMfI WVlnnVlHraMVI. paa ,QOBO,QVlnOCb BVI,QeTb, KaK MY>KVlKVI K npVlMepy, nnarnn

nnaruna

OTlIY apeH,QHYIO B ro,Q.l1 npVl6e-

Purep Xaprn,
Tbl He 3a6blJl

50

WVlnJlVlHroB 4TO OH

>Kan K OTlIY VI noxasan

WVlJlnVlHrVl, VI nepsoe, CKa3aTb cnacVl60? 6blJlO cavo c060~

(3,60 espo) cnpocun Y MeHfI:
fl6blJl

3TO, KOHe4HO,

pa3YMeIOIl.IVlMCfI,

TaK npVlY4eH.

KpenKo

nepxa
-

,QeHbrVl B PYKe, fI cnpocan: Mory fI

apeunoaare
HeMHoro,

3eMJllO ,QJlfl MOVIX Ca>KeHlIeB OH B3f1Jl ,QeHbrVl, xoropue

sa nsa fI

WVlJlJlVlHra? Y Hero neper; B

YCMeXHYBWVlCb JlVlllOM, VI paspeumn

nepxan

«noxonarsca»

Ha KPYTOM KaMeHVlCTOM He POCJlO.

CYXOM, HaXO,[lflll.leMCfI

CTa MeTpax

OT ,QOMa, CKJlOHe, r,Qe HVl4ero 4epBVI» Ha3blBaJlVl

«Kyca4V1e JlVlCb Ha KaMHflX nonxonauias

Mbl 3TY HeY,Q06V1l1Y, rne

C Y,QOBOJlbCTBVleM

rpeHe-

3MeVl, B JlY4weM

CJlY4ae Mbl KOCVlJlVl TaM pas B ron, (OBepweHHO ~3 crpaxa JlIO,[lVi py6V1JlVl 3Me~ penrVlJlVlVlHa pa3py6JleHHbie snue WTy4KVI, KocaMVI,

,[lJlfl 06pa60TKVI

3eMJlfl.

VlHor,Qa VI y>KVI.

>KepTBaMVI CTaHOBVlJlVlCb cosepureaao MHe 6blJlO VlX 04eHb

6e3sVlHHbie CMOTpeTb

eepereaaust rena, K npVlMepy,

xane,

VI CTpaWHO

C
MeCTax.

Y>Ke y6V1TbIMVI 3MeflMVI ,L:\Jlfl sroro

Mbl nponenusana

nyra-

JlVl ,QeB40HOK.

Mbl nonaeurasana

VlJlVl pacxnanusana

VlX s nO,QXO,QflIl.IVlX

27

He ycnes OT,QaTbOTlIY MOli1Wli1nnli1Hrli1,B3RB MOTbiry li1 Kli1PKy,R 06yCTp0li1n rpR,QKy npli1MepHO B ,QBaKBa,QpaTHblx MeTpa, 06nmKli1n ee KaMHRMli1,li1OHa ofipena Bli1,Q reppacu, KOTOPYIOMO>KHO yBli1,QeTbeLl1e li1cerO,QHR. .A nepeuec ace MOli1pacreHli1l'lli13MaMli1HbIXRLl1li1KOB MaMa co MHOi1 pyranacs, nOToMY 4TO l'l npn 3TOM paccurran sewuo, a BbIHOCli1Tbkopura Ha ynauy l'l He Mor, TaM pOC nruoui, KOTOPblMcpa3y >Kesapocna 6bl BCRKOMHaTa. .A npnopanca, HaCKonbKO 6blno B03MO>KHO,4li1CTO . .A nony-mn XOPOWli1i1 onsrr BblpaLl1li1BaHli1H paCTeHli1i1li13ceMHH, KOTOPblMnons3YlOCbli1cerO,QHH,TaK, K npli1Mepy, B Moei1 KOMHaTe pacrer a¢pli1KaHCKli1i16a06a6.

npe*AeBpeMeHH~~c6opypo*aH
OAHa>KAbl, npli1MepHO B 1948 rOAY, MHe Cli1nbHO3aXOTenOCboopanosars MOIO MaMY, a nonyvanocs ace Ha060poT. Pl'lAOM C 3eneHbIO Y Hac B oropone poena OBOLl1li1, xoropue oceauo HaM, neTHM, paspeuranu BbIAeprli1BaTb, OTpHXli1BaTbOT 3eMnli1 li1YKnaAblBaTb B Pl'lAbl. POAli1renn n03>Ke 04li1Ll1anli1li1XOT 60TBbi li1KopHei1 HO>KaMli1. CTaBWli1CbB BOCKpecHbli1 O ,QeHb 0Ali1H, 4T06bl npuoaorpers sa AOMOM, l'l peunin nOM04b MaMe. 3TO 6bln KOHellli1lOnH, li1AO coopa YP0>KaHocrasanace uenena, OBOLl1li1BblrnHAenli1 C03peBWli1Mli1.npli1CTynli1B K cfiopy, KaK 3TOAenanli1 Mbl B npoumov rOAY, l'l cran eupusare li1Xli1 axkyparao CKnaAbiBaTb. 3Ta pafiora sauana Y MeHH see BpeMH AO 06eAa. YceBWli1Cb nOYA06Hei1, H npli1HHnCl'l 04li1Ll1aTbOBOLl1li1 T60TBbi li1KopHei1. O KaK ronu«; ponarenn sepnynacs li13uepxsa, nonHbli1 ycepAli1H, H XOTen saKOH4li1Tb04 li1Ll1aTb nepayio rpHAKy. Cli1nbHOroponacs, l'l nopaaun YKa3aTenbHbli1 nanell Ha neBoi1 pyxe TaK, 4TO KPOBb 6pbl3rana, li16bln0 04eHb 60nbHo. TH>KenO nopaHeHHbli1, H notiexan HaBcTpe4Y MaMe. YBli1AeBMOi1 nopaHeHHbli1 naneu, OHa Ha4ana pyrars MeHH, a pauy ofipafiorana nli130nOM, 4TO Bbl3blBano HeCTepnli1MOe >K>KeHli1e, 3aTeM 6blCTPO npnrotoauna orsap KOpHH ropevasxa, npovema paay li1nepeeasana crapoa, HO 4li1CT0i1TKaHblO. MaMa xorena 3HaTb, rne H TaK Cli1nbHOnopaaanca, li1H rOPAo nosen ee B oroPOA. KorAa OHa YBli1Aena, 4TO H aarsopan, aa MeHH cnpasa li1cnesa nocunanacs onneyxa. MaMa, a n03>Ke li1oreu Cli1nbHOpyranacs. li1Xrues AnH MeHH 6bln 60nbHee paHbl Ha nansue, TH*enble pa60Tbi Ha

HOBOCTpO~Ke KOHIOWHIII

B TOBpeMH He 6blno B03MO>KHOCTli1 XOAli1TbB AeTCKli1i1 can. Haw ABOP HaxOAli1nCHnanexo Hd OKpali1He, TaK 4TO pe6eHKOM MHe peAKO npli1xOAli1nOCb6blBaTb B AOnli1He, ronsko B uepxoauue npa3AHli1Kli1li1nli1npa l\epeMOHli1li1 ornesaaaa yconwero, li1nli1xoma H Cli1nbHO3a60neBan. TH>Kenble panora H rorna AOn>KeH 6bln aunonaare npa CTpOli1TenbCTBe KOHIOWHli1,KaK li1 ace nera: li1CKaTbli1 cotiapars KaMHli1, xoropue nOTOM Ha renerax YB03li1nli16b1Kli1li1nli1nouiana C nonei1 Ha CTPOi1KY.neCOK li1Ll1e6eHb npli1B03li1nli1 li13 xauana. ,/:lnHsroro Mbl 3anpY>Kli1Banli1ManeHbKYIO pe-ryuncy Kli1pnli14aMli1,li1npli1 pes28

KOM CnYCKaHIt1VlBOAbl Ha AHe OCTaBanGl Ll.\e6eHb. ,[InR HaC 3TOT MeTOA 6bln It1HTepeCHblM Vl BecenblM, C APyroill CTOPOHbl, 3Ta paoora 6blna raxena It1HeYA06Ha, oc06eHHO rorna, «orna Mbl nonesoaanncs CVlnbHblMVl AOIKARMVl, 4T06bl nony-mte nY4WIt1V1pesynsrar, HepeAKO nplt1 3TOM sees AeHb Mbl 6blnlt1 npOMOKWIt1MIIl. ,[IBa rona Anlt1nCR 3TOT npouecc, B KOTOPOMMbl A06blBanlt1 neCOK It1Ll.\e6eHb C BeCHbl AO oceua. He60nbWYlO 4aCTb necxa Mbl AOKynanlt1 It1nOAHIt1Manlt11t13 AOnlt1Hbl K coceAY, KOTOPblV1VlMen ne6eAKY, a OT eocene AOMOIII neCOK HOClt1nlt1 PY4HYIO. 3TO 6blno B rsxeno 111 YTOMIilTenbHO, C pasnero yrpa Vl AO nosaaero sevepa Mbl see AonlKHbl 6blnlll nouorare, 111 Hawa MaMa TOlKe.

Havano Y'fe6HOrO 1950

rona

V1BOTHaKOHell-TO R nouien B uixony, OAHaKO AO It1nocne WKonbl R AonlKeH 6bln BblnOnHRTb npocrue patioru no X03RV1CTBY: OAIt1TbK sononoo IKIt1BOTHbIX,nOAHOB ClIITblIIHCTPYMeHTbl, noaorars Ha noxoce, 3VlM0V1HanonHVlTb KOpMyWKVl ceHOM. Ecnlll 6bl cerOAHR AeTlil VlMenVlCTOnbKO06R3aHHOCTeV1,HaBepHoe, sa raxoe poAVlTeneill 6bl ourrpacosana, a rorna AnR Hac 3TO 6blno snonse HopManbHO. Y4VlTbCR R Ha4an ronsxo C CeMIt1ner, TaK KaK Ha nopory B urxony y MeHR yxoAlt1no ABa 4aca cxoporo wara. B HaweM, CMewaHHOM, Knacce 6blno 38 Y4eHlIIKoB, a Y4It1TenbHIt111YBanlt13MVlnlt1R 5n1OM.V13-3aTRlKenoili 60ne3HIt1 Moero 6paTa - socna3 neHVlR cpensero yxa, no COBeTYspava Mbl CMeHVlnlt1wKony. OH npennonosotn, 4TO AnVlHHaR aopora B PaMIt1HrWTalt1HBAonb peKIt1 Myp nocnyxana nplt141t1HOlil3a60neBaHVlR. Koporxaa IKe nopora, B cocen-uoo AepeBHIO Toaarans, AO WKonbl 3aHIt1Mana scero OAIt1H4ac, HOTaK KaK 3TO6blna uixona B APyroM cene, HaweMY OTlIY npaumocs nnarars. 31t1MOillCHelKHblill nOKpOB nocraran AByX MeTpOB, aexoropue X03RIIICTBeHHble nccrpoax» nponaMblBanlllCb nOA TaKOill TRlKeCTblO. Y4VlTenbHIt111Y TOIIIWKonbl R BcnoMVlHalO CTPYAOM, nOMHIO ronsxo, 4TO OHa 1t13 6blna rpy60111Vl 4aCTO 6Vlna AeTelil It1racxana sa sonocu, Oc06eHHO 60nbwVlM VlcnblTaHlt1eM AnR Hac 6blno neHlt1e. K TOMYIKe, CO BpeMeHeM R COBceM norepsn cnocooHOCTbners, sa KalKAYIO q,anbWIt1BYIOHOTYnonysas 3aTpeLl.\It1HY. 1K 4eMY 3TO npaseV no? R nony-mn CTonbKO nOA3aTblnbHIt1KOB OT Hee, 4TO napy AHeill n04TIt1 HVl4ero He cnsuuan. ,[Ipyrolll cnY4alll 1t13WKonbl B Iovarane: MOIl1 WKonbHblill TOBapVlLl.\ VlOHceH QlpaHlllt13 5YHAWY pasnasan BceM, KOMY XOTen, 4-5-caHTIt1MeTpOBble rllJnb3bl, KOTOpsie, ecna B HIt1XnOAYTb, CBIt1CTenlt1, 4TOAOCTaBnRno HaM BceM 60nbWYlO panocre, Ha caMOM Aene 3TO 6blnlt1 3apRIKeHHbie xancynu, xoropue QlpaHll Hawen ,[IOMa It1npaHec B uixony, R XpaHlt1n CBOIt1 CBIt1CTynbKlIIB Kop06Ke AnR rplllq,eneili. OAHalKAbl Ha nopore «nacca Hac scrperan lKaHAapM C Alt1peKTOpOM urxonu. BblCTPOIt1Bscex B nVlHelilKY, AVlpeKTOp cran C061t1paTb xancynu-neroaaropei, 06b1CKIt1BaRece noproena. OH nonoxan epauca ce6e Ha xoneso Vl scsman 3a4VlHLl.\VlKY no MRrKOMY MeCTY Ha HaWIt1Xrnasax, It1nparposan HaM. Mbl 04eHb ncnyranacs. ,[IVlpexrop 06bRBlt1n, 4TO noxa see neroaaropu He 6YAYT HalilAeHbl, 1t13WKonbl HIt1KTO

29

He BbILiiAeT. He XBaTaIlO euie ABYX n"Ilb3, ,[10 sroro

xoropere,

cnasa

Dory, 6blIll.-1 4epe3 4eIlOBeKOM.

nOIlAHH

HaLliAeHbl, 1.-1 CMOrIll.-1BoLliTI.-1 knacc. Haw crpax Mbl B

co BpeMeHeM

YIleTY4I.-1IlcH. nOLlle41.-1Hbll.-1

cIlY4aH H C41.-1TaIl l.-1peKTOpa KoppeKTHblM A 6paTa oreu

nOA3aTbIIlbHI.-1KItl, ,Qa>KeOT ,QltlpeKTOpa WKOIlbl, C41tlTaIll.-1CbTOr,[la B nOpH,[IKe BeLlleH.

llocne
asaocax,

BbI3,[10pOBIleHI.-1H Moero

peWI.-1Il C3KOHOMI.-1TbHa WKOIlbHblX

1.-1 bl BepHYIlI.-1Cb B CBOIO WKOIlY, I.-1,[1TI.-1 M B KOTOpylO HY>KHO6blno ,[IBa -raca B ' ,[IIlH MeHH He 6blIla TH>KeIla, K TOMY >Ke, Y41.-1TeIlbHI.-1l1a B 4eIlOBeKOM. V1ceronsn xoropue 6blIll.-1 Y MeHH B WKOIle.

O,[lHY CTOPOHY. Ilopora

Pa-

MI.-1HrWTaLliHe6blIla XOpOWI.-1M 1.-1 ,[IyweBHblM 4TO OHa 6blIla Ily4WI.-1M 1.-13enaroros. n

H Mory CKa3aTb,

nepBaJi npOAa>Ka III 06MeH
Y>Ke B rpersev snacce H npOAaBaIlI.-1 MeHHIl Ca>KeHlIbl co csoero Y4aCTKa, pacCKa3blBaH BceM, 4eM H 3aHI.-1MalOCbAOMa. HO, 1.-1 OHI.-1 npl.-1XOAI.-1IlI.-1 nOCMOTpeTb B WKOIlY fionsure

Hexoropue Ha MoLii oropon,

AeTHM CTaHOBI.-1IlOCbI.-1HTepeC-

CDa6pVl4Hbie AeTI.-1,npVlXOAI.-1BWl.-1e AOIlI.-1Hbl, nOIlY4aIll.-1 OT CBOI.-1X 1.-13 pOAVITeIleH AeHer, 4eM H. Ko MHe npauina CTOl.-1noSO rpouief I.-1AeH:MOVI OAHOKIlaCCHI.-1KVI4aCTO eIlI.-1MOpO>KeHOe, koropoe nonasars

(npuaepao 4l1eHTa), 4TO H peAKO Mor

ce6e n03BOIlI.-1Tb, n03TOMY H npeAIlO>KVlIlI.-1M sa npOCMOTP Moero Y4aCTKa n03BOIll.-1Tb I.-1X MOpO>KeHOe, VIY MeHH see nOIlY4I.-1IlOCb. B MoeM orOpOAI.-1Ke KpaCOBaIlI.-1Cb TbIKBa, KIly6HI.-1Ka 1.-1pyrae n H nponasan. Co BpeMeHeM paCTeHVlH, xoropue He KOCI.-1T, rorna

R

3aMeTVlIl, rne

nexar

KaMHI.-1,TaM nana fionuue 1.-1 blCa>KI.-1BaTb B AepeBRHHYIO py4Ky OH, MHe npVlWIlOCb 3AeCb nORBI.-1-

H Ha4aIl TaCKaTb aa CBOH Y4aCTOK KaMHI.-11.-1 opeHbH K CIlOMaB Ha noxoce He 6YAY! pyranca

nOHpaBVlBWVleCR paCTeHI.-1R.OAHa>KAbl oreu, 3TOT CBVlHapHItlK KOCVlTb R 60Ilbwe

KOCbl, He Mor nOHRTb, OTKYAa 3AeCb spas nORBVlIlOCb CTOIlbKO KaMHeH. 6blCTPO CKPblTbCR 1.-13 I.-1Aa,4T06bl OH He noraaanca, B 3TO AaIlO MHe B03MO>KHOCTb 3aCaAI.-1Tbsees CKIlOH. BbICa>KI.-1BaR KIly6HI.-1KY, R 3aMeTI.-1Il, 4TO RrOAbl CTaHOBI.-1IlI.-1Cb0Ilbwe 6 eCIlI.-1B03Ile HViX 6blIll.-1 KaMHVI. Ka, KOTOPYIO Mor nponaaars VI cnauie, KaKI.-1M06pa30M

IlOCb CTOIlbKO KaMHeH, I.-1Ha4e nOCIleACTBI.-1H6blIlO 6bl TPYAHO npeACTaBI.-1Tb. OAHaKO

R

cpasy nan 3TI.-1MRrOAaM VlMR: «KaMeHHaR» KIly6HI.-1XOTeIlI.-1nOIlY4V1Tb

I.-1IlI.-1 06MeHI.-1BaTb B WKOIle. Oc06eHHO

3Ty «KaMeHHYIO KIly6HI.-1KY» AeB40HKI.-1, OTAaBaR MHe B 06MeH CTI.-1paIlbHYIO pe3V1HKY, TeTpa,[lKVI I.-1IlI.-1 npOCTO AeHbrl.-1. >KeHlIbl KIly6HVlKVI. V13onsrra C KIly6HI-1KOH R cnenan Ha COIlHlIe, KaMHI-1 Ha Ka nn 1.-1 lOT renno aa p>KI.-1BaR TeMnepaTYPHblH Ba>KHble AIlR 6YAYLlIero BbIBO,[lbl: aarpesaace 1-1 OTAalOT ero B OKPY>KaIOLlIYIO cpeny, nonaesee 3TO nopaCTeHI.-1R.TaK

R

rorna

Y>Ke nponasan

He TOIlbKO <PPYKTbl, HO 1.-1ac

6aIlaHC; 06pa3YIOLlII.-1L1iCR non KaMHRMI-1 KOHAeHcaT C03AaeT Ha MHOrl.-1e npyrae

finaronpaarnere

YCIlOBI.-1RAIlR 4epBeLli, aKTI.-1BI-131.-1pYR >K1-13Hb3eMIll.-1 -

31.-1TI.-1BHO BIlI-1ReT Ha KIly6HI-1KY 1.-1, CIleAOBaTeIlbHO,

IleCHaR, MeIlKaR, 3eMIlRHI-1Ka crana Y MeHR KPynHoH 1.-1 04eHb CIla,[lKOH; BblCa>KeHHaR B

30

60llbWOM

KOIlL-14eCTBe, Y>Ke 4epe3 R npaxpuaan

roA OHa nponaeanacs

MHOVI KaK c06CTBeHHblVl OHa He

ce-

lleKlIL-10HHb1Vl COpT «KaMeHHaR npL-1 nepecaaxe Oc06eHHO poena,

KJly6HL-1Ka». 3eMJlRHL-1KY JlL-1CTBOVl,4T06bl

ssrcuxana,
R CTaJl

XopOWO OHa npL-1HL-1MaJlaCb TaM, rne poc 6eJlblVl knesep,

n03ToMY

BbICa>KL-1BaTb L-1XBnepeMewKY. BeCHblM yrneM sa n04BoVl, penenars:

B necy R 3aMeTV1Jl, 4TO Ha rapax 3eMJlRHL-1Ka xopowo L-1cnOJlb3YR 3TO orxpsrrae, R BeApaML-1 Ha4aJl HOCL-1Tb30JlY C OCTaBWL-1MCRApeHa CBOL-1 rpRAKL-1. HaCKOJlbKO Ba>KHO Ha6JllOAaTb TO L-1JlL-1 L-1HOepacreBblBOAbl 3TO OAHa 3TO L-1aHaJlL-13L-1pOBaTb. ECJlL-1B03MO>KHO, onnp0L-13paCTaeT

MHe XOTeJlOCb 3TL-1ML-1 pL-1MepaML-1 noxasars, n paCTL-1TeJlbHbIM c006Ll.\eCTBOM n04eMY nJlOXO I'IJlL-1n04eMY xopowo

HL-1e.3TO, KOHe4HO, 3aBL-1CL-1T T YMeHL-1R AeJlaTb O L-13 Ba>KHeVlWIi1X cnocofiaocrea, TBL-1L-1npL-1pOAOVl. (TOL-1T ofiparnrs C TaK L-1 ML-1py JlIOAeVl. n04eMY K >KaJlKOe L-1 60JlbHoe? nOCTORHHble Moero ycnexa, n04eMY

npasansusre

KOTOPYIO 4eJlOBeK AOJl>KeH pa3BIi1Tb BO B3aIi1MOAeVlCCBOVI B30P Ha nnoxoe, 4T06bl nOHRTb, n04eMY a npyroe L-16JleAHoe?

npoL-1CXOAL-1T. 3TO OAL-1HaKOBO npL-1MeHL-1MOKaK K paCTL-1TeJlbHOMY L-1 >KL-1BOTHOMY ML-1PY, OAHO paCTeHL-1e KpaCL-1BOe L-1 snoposoe, a npyroe cnaooe OAHO TeMHO-3eJleHOe,

Ha61lIOAeHL-1R aa MOL-1MI'IrpRAKaML-1 cranu Bce CTaJlO nyvure cnocoecrsoaan,

peWalOLl.\L-1M cpaKTopOM AeHbrL-1. To, 4TO 6Jla-

n03TOMY, C06L-1paR ypO>KaVl, R CMor sapaearueare 6blJlO orpOMHOVl

ronap»
R
sussano

MOL-1MAeVlCTBL-1RM Ha oropone snepsue nOHRJl, 4TO Mory

pa3BL-1BaTbCR L-1paCTL-1, AJlR 3TO

MeHR, pe6eHKa,

paAOCTblO, Aa>Ke eCJlL-1pe4b uina 0 nape Klly6HL-14eK. L-13MeHeHL-1RMB npapoae. cran paCCKa3blBaTb L-1 CeCTpaM, Bbl3blBaR 4TO R 6e3YAep>KHO 06 3TOM B

BO MHe TaKoVl socropr,

WKOJle L-1 AOMa, HaAoeAaR HOKJlaCCHL-1KOB.

pOAL-1TeJlRM, 6paTbRM

HaCMeWKL-1 OA-

Pbl6bl
POWL-1r:inOJlAHL-1K 04eHb

-

MOH

nepsaa

>KHBHOCTb
y>KaCHO~ 6eAHoCTblO. eJlL-1xnef C MaCIlOM

rOAbl BO~Hbl L-1nccneaoeauae HL-1R,O,QHaKO AepeBeHCKL-1e Aem scero

6blJlI'I 0603Ha4eHbi Ha 60JlbWOr:i

XoL-1 ca-

lIeHL-1JlCR, B TO BpeMR MHOrL-1e AeTL-1 CTpaAaJlL-1 OT HeAoeAa-

nepevese

JlOM, cpa6pL-14Hble >Ke ,Qem pe,QKO Kor,Qa L-1MeJlV1C c060r:i WL-1enO,QeJlL-1TbCR,Cbe,QallL-1 CBOr:i nOIl,QHI'IK, saxpuaaacs naorocra, HO 3TO

4TO-TO xopowee B ryanere,

1'1 4aLl.\e

BblnpaWL-1BaJlL-1 y ,QepeBeHCKL-1X KYC04eK cana L-11lL-1 xneoa, >Ka,QL-1Hbl,He

xenas-

B nOJlHor:i 6e30-

npoaonxanocs

He nonro,

noxa Y4L-1TeJlR He HaTblKanL-1Cb Ha sanepCBor:i nOJl,QHL-1K nOJlb30r:i, HeCMOTpR Ha C 4eM e,Qbl, KOTOPYIO MHe nasana C oc06eHHO 60JlbW0L1 KyCOK cana, MOL1

ryo nseps B ryanet H >Ke scerna CTpeML-1nCR I'ICnOJlb30BaTb
TO, 4TO MOe 4YBCTBO ronona scerna c060r:i MOR MaMa. O,QHa>KAbl, xorna WKOnbHblL1 TOBapL-1Ll.\XaHC Aw6aX3p 4TO 3TO? cnpocl'IJl R. R nonyvan

6blJlO 60JlbWe,

npennoxan;

EcnL-1Tbl OT,QaWb MHe 3TOT KyCOK, TO R ,QaM Te6e 6bl4Ka nO,QKaMeHLl.\I!1Ka. 3TO ManeHbKaR pbl6Ka, OTBeTl!1n OH. Pbl6y AO 3TOro R HI!1KOrAa He BI!1Aen.

31

-

Tbl MO>KeWb ee nOCMOTpeTb, -

3aMaHL-1Bal1 OH MeHH. OAeH110M, >KL-111a

3aBepHYB BCH ero ceMbH.

KYCOK CHOBa, Mbl OmpaBL-111L-1CbB MaAl1L-1Hr, rne B MHorOKBapTL-1p-

HOM AOMe >KL-111 Xai«, B OAHOVt KOMHaTe, pa3Ael1eHHOVt wepCTHHblM

Hac HIilKTO He AOl1>KeH 6bl11 BIilAeTb, nOTOMY 4TO Hel1eral1bHblVt 110B Pbl6bl nOBl1eK 6bl sa c060Vt n060L-1 Y4L-1Tel1H,>KaHAapMa L-1 pOAL-1Tel1eVt. Mbl OmpaBL-111I11Cb pexy Myp. Ha ne4eHbH XaHC npsran KylO pbl6y C KpaCHbIML-1T04KaMlil Ha 3TOT MOMeHT 6bl11 npexpacea. Eibl40K Ha AHe 6aHKL-1, a 3TO MHe 3Ta pbl6Ka C KpacHblMIil AaM refie pY4beBaR <jJopel1b, KOTOPYIO R He cofiapanOKOR. IIBeTHble IOCb omasars.

Crapyio,

np06L-1TYIO apMeVtCKYIO 6aHKY 1113-nOA OTKPblB ee, R YBIIIAel1 Mal1eHb>Ke B3r1lHAa R npnuien B BOCTopr,

B YKPOMHOM MeCTe y 6epera.

rene, C nepsoro

A

nRTHbIWKaML-1 He nasana

-}1 T04KIII. -

ca110 III sees nOl1AHL-1Ksaerpa,

eCl1L-1 OTAaWb L-1X Tbl 06eL-1x.

OAHaKO R COMHeBal1CR, He HapL-1COBall 1lL-1XaHC caM 3TL-1xpacasae YBepRIO

Te6R,

3TO OT npL-1pOAbl, -

3aBepRl1 OH. KpaCKY nallblleM, L-1 YBL-1Ael1, nOllY4111Tb XaHC AOl1>KeH 6bl1l sasrpa

B KOHlIe KOHIIOB, R nonpofiosan XOPOWIIIVt KYCOK cana, a R safiapan ECl1l11 OHL-16ellbiM

Aa>Ke orrepers

4TO OHIII He CTlilpaIOTCR. V1 Mbl norosopanace. Pbl6 AOMOVt. nOBepHYTCR «sepxy,

TO Tbl AOl1>KeH nOMeHRTb BOAY, 06bRCH1II11, 4TO «orna Pbl6bl nosep-

KpL-14al1 OH MHe BCl1eA. }1 He nOHRl1. HYTCR saepx -

Torna Xai«

>KL-1BOTOM, AOl1>KeH nOMeHRTb L-1M R BOAY. He nOHL-1MaR, cnpauni-

KYAa R AOl1>KeH BllL-1Tb BOAY, B pOT L-111L-1 B >KL-1BOT? -

san

R. BOAY HY>KHO MeHRTb B 6aHKe, BnYCKaR KIIIC110POA, 4T06bl Pbl6bl He 3aAOXHa rope L-1 IIIMel1 06 3TOM HIilKaKoro He

HYl1L-1Cb. Bce 3TO 6bl110 Al1R MeHR HOBO. }1 supoc ):l0 ):lOMa. YT06bl A06paTbCR AO npoce1104HOVt nopore, onacsoa npe):lCTaBl1eHIIIR. XaHC nOHRl1 3TO L-1 peWL-111,:ll1R 6e30naCHOCTL-1 Pbl6, npOBO):lL-1TbMeHR )

cnenyouiero

BO):lOeMa, HaM npIIIW110Cb 6e>KaTb He no KaK HY>KHOBblnYCKaTb BOAY, 4T06bl III nOACTaBL-1Tbnon eononan, 4T06bl

rne He 6bl110 BO):lbl, a no 6011ee Al1L-1HHOVt, CKal1L-1CTOVt, KPYTOVt III >Ke PY4bR XaHC noxasan, ee ssepx

rpone,

Y nepsoro

pbl6a He ynnsma

-

nOBepHYB 6aHKY KPblWKOVt BHIII3, 4epe3 OTBepCTL-1R KOTOPOVtsona B crana oc06eHHO

AOl1>KHa6bll1a BbIVtTL-1, 3aTeM nepesepayrs Ha3a):l, a R ):lOl1>KeH6bl11 npeononers paoora. 4aca ECl1L-1 cnpasnanca R C noporoa

Ha6paTb CBe>KYIO.Ha nOl1nYTL-1,KorAa nopora

onacuoa,

XaHC nOBepHYl1

ee O):lL-1H nea 4aca, BeAb ):lOMa MeHR >K):lal1aeuie aa sa naa 4aCa,):l1lR pO):lL-1Tel1eVt see 6bl110 B nopsn3TO Y>Ke 6bl110 Ha rpaHL-1; a sa TpL-1 ecrs 11111 KTO-TO B HL-1 MaMa. Y6e-

Ke, L-1 6bl11 M0110):lIlOM; eCl1l11 ABa C n0110BL-1HOVt R sa npL-1):lR ):lOMOVt, R caavana

MeHR HaKa3blBal1L-1,TaCKaR sa B0110Cbl, L-111111 nO):l3aTbll1bHIIIKaMIil. COpllleHTL-1pOBal1CR B 06CTaHOBKe,

30He BIIIAL-1MOCTL-1, HIilKTO He AOl1>KeH 6bl11 Y3HaTb 0

psuiax,

HL-1nana,

32

OOHa U3 peOKUX MOUX oemCKUX dom02pacjJuu (7952200).

~onoanu R uzpan na mpy6e B 0YXOBOMopsecmpe Pamunnumain«: Ha 3mou tiomoepadiuu
1CWKYB uenmpe, noesoxa B IO>KHOmUpOnbCKue .4onoMumbl.

33

,lIL-1BWLKb, 4TO HL-1KOrO Hel, H nonouien lO-caHTL-1MeTpOBbliil JleHbKaA Pbl6bl 6blJll1 BI1,l1Hbl B sone, cnexropov >KaH,lIapMepl1l1 6bl40K

K 4aWe,

Bblpe3aHHOiil

L-13uensuoro

KaMHH,

KYM nOCTOAHHO 6e>KaJla soaa L-13 L-1CT04HL-1Ka, BbIJlL-1JlBCe CO,llep>KL-1MOe6aHKI1. L-1 nO,llKaMeHLljI1K nepeesn. eLl1e >KI1Jl L-1nouren Ha ,lIHO, 11 ManOTOMY 4TO cj>opeJlb TO>Ke Bbl,llep>KaJla

R

CI1JlbHO 6eCnOK0l1JlCA,

a pO,llL-1TeJlI1He ,lIOJl>KHbl 6blJll1 L-1X 06HapY>KL-1Tb. B PaMI1HrWTaiilHe. yrouiana

R

TPAC-

CH, 4TO OHL-1 paCCKa>KYT WYPJle, MY>KY Moeiil ,lIBOJOPO,llHOiil cecrpu, ,lIL-1JlK HaM, L-1 MaMa scerna B KaMepe. 4TO >Ke nenars? uien B cBoiil oropon ,lIJlR pbl6. R npauien MaJleHbKaR 11npl1HeC napy crana pbl6Ka Bce BpeMR nnasana

KOTOPbliil 6blJl I1H-

OH 4aCTO npn naTpYJlL-1pOBaHL-111 saxeMeHR:

ero nOJl,llHL-1KOM. MaJlb411KOM A CI1JlbHO 60RJlCR Mbl oT,lIa,lll1M Te6R WYPJle, OH saxpoer enepea

JlJO,lIeiil B YHI1cj>opMe, nOTOMY 4TO pO,llI1TeJlL-14aCTO nyrann ECJlI1Tbl He 6Y,lIeWb cnytuarsca,

Te6R

11Ha3a,ll, 6e3

COMHeHL-1R,pO,llL-1TeJlL-1e cpasy e

3aMeTRT.

VI TYT

KO MHe npuuina

CJlaBHaR L-1,l1eR. noR

KOpHeiill1 pyrars

KaMHl1, 11nOCTpOL-1Jl B -raure YKpblTL-1e MeHR, a R onpaanueanca, 4TO ynan OHa. He-

Tenepe

R 6blJl cnoxoes

L-1 ,lIa>Ke He 3aMeTL-1Jl, 4TO sees npOMOK. KaK TOJlbKO

,lIOMoiil, MaMa cpasy nepeO,lleHbCR

4aRHHO B sony, KOr,lla nL-1Jl. L-1 npL-1HL-1MaiilcR3a pa60TY, npOKOMMeHTL-1pOBaJla MHe 6blJlO RCHO, 4TO pbl6aM BL-1JlbHOL-1X KOPML-1Tb. Ha cne,llYJOLljL-1iil ,lIeHb BRMI1. Ilocne csecrs, Hy>KHa ena. Ho KaKaR?

R

He 3HaJl, KaK Hy>KHO npaMHe, 4TO Pbl6

Xauc,

nOJlY4L-1B cBoiil nOJl,llHL-1K, nosenan

Hy>KHO KOPML-1Tb KY3He4L-1KaML-1L-1 ,lIpyrL-1ML-1HaceKOMbIML-1, a TaK>Ke ,lIO>K,lIeBbIML-1-iep3TOro R Hac06L-1paJl ,lIllR HI1X CTOJlbKO e,llbl, 4TO OHL-1He CMOrllL-1 see oco6eHHo cj>opeJlb C KpaCI1BblMI1 KpacHblMM T04KaMI1, 4aWM, npL-13TOM Bce oc-

3m
ranssoe -

BO,llRHble cyuiecrsa,

TaK 04apOBaJlL-1 MeHR, 4TO R Mor 4aCaML-1CMOTpeTb B rlly6MHY 3a6blBaR PbI6KL-1 enar, MaMa 4aCTO pyranacs: Kor,lla Tbl oTOiil,lleWb 50ry, 0 pbl6ax OT BO,llbl? OnRTb nbewb?

11,lIa>Ke HM4ero He CJlblwa. MHe XOTeJlOCb TOJlbKO Ha6JlJO,lIaTb, KaK B03bMM 4awKy, M He neiil, OT-

Ky,lla CKOTL-1Ha nser.

Cnasa
WO.

eLl1e HMKTO He

saan,

HecKoJlbKO

He,llenb 6blJlO see XOpOnonou KY3He4MKOB

R

CTaJl paasure -

npL-1XO,llL-1Tb ,lIOMoiil, a Moiil neuan

6blfl scerna

VI 4epBRKoB.

MaMa y,llL-1BflRflaCb, n04eMY npuuien

3TO R cran TaKL-1MnpL-111e>KHbIM. penosanacs OHa. OmpaBL-1flCR K He rOBOnpL-1,l1AK sonu. ,lIOMoiil L-13WKOflbl L-1 cpasy KpOMe 4L-1CToiil, np03pa4Hoiil

OH sees B3MOK, TaK 6blCTPO OH uien ,lIoMoiil, -

O,llHa>K,lIbl R, KaK 06bl4HO, L-1CT04H Ky. Pa304apOBaHHbliil, L-1 pa Y>Ke 0 pbl6Kax. MaMe, R CnpOCL-1fl: 4TO CllY4L-1flOCb? OHa, pyraacs, R noaouren paccxasana,

R He yBL-1,l1eflTaM HL-1 KaMHeiil, HM kopeusea,

R

HL-14erO He Hawefl,

A
nnaua,

4TO KOWKa npasecna

pbl6y

B syfiax.

VI rorna,

Y>Ke

K MaMe L-1 CnpOCL-1fl:

34

- n04eMY ~CT04H~KTaKO~4~CTbl~? OHa orseruna KOPOTKO, KaKorpesana: - ECfl~ Tbl ce~4ac He ycnoxoeuieca, TOnony-unus euie ~ OTOTLla. OTeLl,K C4aCTblO,np~cyTCTB~R Pbl6bl He 3aMer~fl. OH xoren aanoars nourans, HOOHa orxasuaanace nure. -YTO CMYfle~ cnysanoce, n04eMY OHaBOAYHe nser? - cnpocun OTeLl~ cran BH~MaTeflbHOOCMaTp~BaTb~CT04H~K.TYTOH3aMemfl KaMH~ ~ «opeasa. - Be3Ae, rne npoxonnr 3TOTHerOAH~K, TaM nORBflRIOTCR KaMH~ ~ KOpH~! pyranca OH, Y>KeRBHOnOA03peBaR MeHR. B 3aKfl104eH~e OH BblAepHYfl np06KY ~, cnas BOAY,04~CT~fl 4awy, BbIK~AbIBaRsee ~3 Hee. Pbl6bl ynann BTpaBY,a 4awa, BblMblTaR BeH~KOM, 6blfla BHOBb uanonseua 4~CTO~ BOAO~.Jlourane nonouina ~ Teneps Morna cnOKO~HOrurre, OTeLlPbl6 He 3aMeT~fl, ~ 3TO6blflO XopOWO. H 6blfl B rny60KoM WOKe.Yepe3 HeCKOflbKOAHe~ R np~HRfl peuieaae: - Y MeHR06R3aTeflbHO AOfl>KHbl6blTb pbl6bl. B 1952 roAY R nocrpoan CBO~nepBbl~ MafleHbK~~ npYA, ~fl~, ny-uue CKa3aTb, flY>KYAflR pbl6. Pbl6bl crane AflR MeHR BceM. Henanexo OTAOMa, Ha MOKPOMMeCTe R peuinn suxonars ee, MeCTo, no MoeMY MHeH~IO, 6blflO ~AeaflbHblM, nOToMY 4TO 6blflO CKPblTOKycTapH~KoM OT narun-ux rnas. Pac4~cT~B OA~H KBaApaTHbl~ MeTp, R Ha4afl xonars, ~ BAPyr HaAHe flY>K~3a6~fl pOAH~40K. KaMHRM~~ KOpHRM~R 3aMacK~poBafl 3TOMeCTOTaK, 4T06bl H~KTOHe oopauian Ha Hero BH~MaH~R. BOAaBMoeM npYA~Ke nepxanacs xopowo. 06MeH~BaRcb nOflAH~KaM~CXaHcoM ~ ero 6paToM, R BHOBbnpaoopen Pbl6, HOBCKOpOCT~ eCTacrane MaflO, HY>KHO M 6blflO ·pacw~pRTbCR.-lepes sry paoory CMafleHbK~M BOAoeMOMR HaY4~flCR,nosaan MHor~e pa3fl~4Hble ~ CYLl1eCTBeHHble B3a~MOCBR3~ OAbl~ np~pOAbl. B K np~Mepy, R orxpsm onaoro 60flbWOro >KYKa,KOTOPbl~Mor nnasare B BOAe. It1 cerOAHR R 3HalO, 4TO 3TOnnasyueu OKa~MfleHHbl~, KOTOPblMR rorna TaK BOCX~uiancs, K TOMY>Ke,TaM 06~TaflO MHO>KeCTBOM<I>~6~~- RLl1ep~LI,naryuiex ~ >Ka6. a ,LIoMoero C03HaH~RAOWflO,4TOMHor~e B~Abl >K~BOTHbIX6~Ta1OTBOBJ1a>KHbIX 0 MecTax ~ soxpyr H~X. Oc06eHHO ~HTepeCHO6blflO Ha6fllOAaTb sa ronosacraxaaa. 6M3Hec C OAHOKnaCCHMKaMM 060 acex MO~X orxpsrraax AOMa R pacoasuaan B uixone 0AHOKflaCCH~KaM, 4aCTOOH~ MHe He sepana. - Bbl MO>KeTe nOCMOTpeTb,- rosopun R ~M. It1 OH~ np~XOA~fl~ ~ nOATBep>KAafl~ MO~ OTKPbIT~R.Ilocerarenea CTaHOB~flOCbace 60flbwe, ~ R cran 6paTb sa noceuieaue 50 rpowe~ (4 ueara) C Ka>KAOro,~ see xe xenaoutax He y6aBflRflOCb. KTO npaxoaan 6e3 neuer, TOTornaaan >KeBaTeflbHYIO pe3~HKY ~fl~ 4TO-TOnpyroe. BCKOpOCT~ MeHR peKO~ nonanacs roprosna. H nponasan RLl1ep~LI,naryurex, y >Ka6,>KYKOB fl~4~HOK OKa~MfleHHoro nnaaysua, KOTOPblX,pe6eHKOM, R uasuean ~ 6ereMOT~KaM~, nOTOMY4TOOH~ BblrflRAefl~, KaK pe4HO~ 6ereMOT. Co BpeMeHeM R cxonan neuer ~ nony-utn onsrr B roprosne. Hexoropue WKOflbH~K~ ssmpaunreana
3+

35

Y MeHR paCTeHVlR, >KVlBOTHbIX, panVl AeHbrVl B3a~Mbl. nnaTVlTb OHVIHaMepeBanVlCb 6 n03>Ke, KOrAa 6a6ywKa, AeAywKa VlnVlKpeCTHbl~ AaAYT VIMneuer, 4aCTO cnsuuan R VI cornauianca Ha 3TO. OAVlH Vl3MOVIXnY4WVlX noxynareneu, 3M6axep Xaprn, CaM suxonan npYAVlK VI nocaaan oropoa, HaKynVlB Y MeHR MHOro paCTeHVI~ 101 >KVlBOTHbIX. orAa-TO, B rpersK eM xnacce, OH sanonxan MHe 5 WV1nnVlHrOB(36 ueuros), TaK>KeY MeHR 6bln0 MHO>KeCTBOero nVl4HbiX Bel1le~, Ha xoropue OH 06MeHVlBancR co MHO~. OH nonroe speMR ycnoxaaean MeHR, ooeuiaa OTAaTb nonr, HO He ornaean, CHa4ana R Ha3Ha4V1n eMY npoueuru - euie 50 rpouren, C 4eM OH cornaoinCR, HOneser see >KeHe sosepauian, VIkorna MHe aanoeno >KAaTb, R snenun eMY nol1Ie4V1HY,sa 4TO 6bln crporo HaKa3aH Y4V1TenbHVll..\e~,VIAOn>KeH 6bln AO 06eAa CTORTb sa AOCKO~. 06 3TOM cnysae R nosafisrn, nOToMY 4TO 6blno MHO>KeCTBO nOXO>KVlx. eAaBHo H Ha BCTpe4e BblnycKHVlKOB MORY4V1TenbHVll..\a MVlnVlR Mansuep (yp0>KAeHHaR 5moM) 3 HanOMHVlna MHe 06 3TOM cny-rae. 3M6axepa Xaprna, K CO>KaneHV1IO, 6bln0 Ha 3TO~ He BCTpe4e, 101 AeHer OT Hero R TaK VIHe nony-mn AO ceronasun-ero AHR. KCTaTVI,Ha BCTpe4e Y4V1TenbHVll..\a, pVlBeTcTBYR 6blBWVlX Y4eHVlKoB, nO>KVlMan na pYKVI VIBAPyr BHe3anHO cnpoorna: - A 3ennV1 Xonsuep snecs? R CTORnB KOHl..\erpynnu VIucnyranca. LJTOonars cny-nmocs? B 60nbwVlHcTBe cnyvaes, «orna B uncone 060 MHe cnpaurasana. 3Ha4V1T,cny-mnoce 4TO-TO ocofieuHoe,V1 MeHR O>KV1Aana ronOBOMO~Ka. Ho Y4V1TenbHVll..\a 6blna pana BVlAeTb MeHR VIrosopana, 4TO 4V1Tana 060 MHe B raserax 101 BVlAena nepena-ra no TeneBV130py, VIpanesanacs B03MO>KHOCTVI nooecenosan, nVl4HO. 3MV1nVlRManbl..\ep paccxaseraana 060 MHe MHO>KeCTBO VlCTOpVl~APyrVlM AeTRM, 4TO MHe 6blno npV1RTHOcnsuuars, 3TVIVlCTOPVlVl 4aCTO 6blnVl AnR MeHR HeraTV1BHbIM onsrroa, OAHaKOreneps noxasanacs MHe 60nee n03V1TVlBHbIMVI, eM B AeTCTBe. 4

Crpax nepen

ypOKOM pemULU1

Ha ypoxax penVlrVlVl R 3aMemJ1, KaK MHOro 3aBVlCVlTOTJ1IOAe~VIV1X noseAeHV1R. Haw nepsua Y4V1Tenb3aKOHa 50>KVlR 6bln HaCToRl1IV1~rpy6V1RH, KOTOPbl~ He npnnaran HVlKaKV1X yCVlJ1V1~, 4To6bl HaM, AeTRM, 06bRCHVlTb KaTOJ1V14eCKOe 4eHVle - 3aY KOHbl He6a, ana, CMepTHblX rpexos VIT. A. npVl nepsoa >Ke B03MO>KHOCTVI AeTe~ 6V1n VlBOBblM npYTOM no nanbl..\aM BblTRHYTblX snepez; py«, 3TOT cnocoo npenOAaBaHV1R penarua, B KOTOPOM4epT nrpan 60nbWYlO pons, npV1BOAV1n MeHR 101 MOVIXOAHOKnacCHVlKOBB crpax. Oc06eHHO npespauanacs B KOWMap AJ1V1HHaR nopora AOMO~. Bce 3TO 101 ceronsaun-ero AHR OCTanOCbBO MHe HeraTVlBHblM BocnOMVlHaHVleM. BMecAO TO roro 4T06bl nepeaars MonOAblM nlOARM n03V1mBHbl~ B3rnRA Ha >KVl3HbVIeocnnrare MY>KeCTBO, 01M 1 npVlBVlBaeTCRcrpax VIyxac, npVl cneAYlOl1IeM AYXOBHOM orue, Ma~epe, OTHoweHVlR ynY4WVlnVlCb. Mbl C HVIM XopOWO nOHVlManVl apyr npyra. R HaY4V1nCR06R3aHHOCTRM nocnyun-axa, VI Aa>Ke KaKoe-TO BpeMR Me4Tan CTaTb npV1CTaBOM.

36

nponYCKanlJl wKony lJI3-3a pa60Tbi
,[\eTRM ¢epMepOB nplt1XOAlt1nOCb OMa MHOrO paoorars, He pas C ¢anbWIt1BblMIt1 A 1t13BIt1HIt1TenbHblMIt1 3anlt1CKaMIt1OAIt1Tenlt1rnpasnann Hac B wKony, n03TOMY,B HaKa3ap o Hlt1e,Hac OCTaBnRnlt1 nocne YPOKOBHaroHRTb nponyuienaoe. nplt1 3TOMHe pas Mbl 6blnlt1 «saosrru» Y41t1TeneM It1nlt1 orocnosoa B knacce, rorna npaxoaanoce B03Bpa~aTbCR 3ao TeMHO,a nopoa n 0AHOMY,oco6eHHO 3It1M0i16blno TR)KenOA06It1paTbCR,a AOMa MeHR )KAanlt1np06neMbi C on03AaHlt1eM, a B 3aKnlO4eHIt1eR AOn)KeH 6bln e~e paoorars, ,[\0MaWHRRpaoora 6blna AnR MeHR PYTIt1HOi1, nocne Hee MeHR )KAanlt1ypOKIt1. a nocne Y)KIt1HaR wen B nocrens C Tennoi1 4epenlt1l1ei1, 3aBepHYToi1 B nnarox, BMecTO rpenxa, HepeAKO paso yTpOM Ha ere-ax KOMHaTbl 6bln It1Hei1.B nocrenn MeWOK ceua cnY)Klt1nMaTpalleM. 3TOT nbHRHoi1 MeWOK 6bln Ha61t1TconoMoi/1 P)KIt1,Ha «oropoa MO)KHO 6blno cnars TonbKO nocne nplt1MIt1HaHIt1R It106pa30BaHIt1R Yrfly6neHIt1R. YKpblBanlt1Cb TR)KenblM It1TennblM OAeRnOM, Ha61t1TbiM nbHRHoi1 naKnei1. ,[\nR corpesaaas Hor cnY)Klt1na aarperas B ne-rse -repenaua.

Kaaepsa C pa60THlJIKOM

~3lJ1AOPOM

i

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38

na paC41t1CH1Tb, aK ~e, KaK MeCTOAnR APOB It1soxpyr ceuosana, H AOn~eH 6bln BeCT TIt16blKa It1nlt1 KOPOBY,B TO BpeMH KaK aspocnsie 3anOnHHnlt1 CaHIt1CeHOM It1APOBaMIt1. nplt1 BCIlaWKe 6blnO BCe Ha060pOT, Hy~HO 6blno 04eHb T04HO L-lATIt1, ynpH~Ky L-l3AByX 6blKOB L-lnlt1 nowaAeVt nplt1XOAlt1nOCbBeCTIt1TaK, 4T06bl nnyr He BbICK04L-ln 1t13 60P03Abi. EcnL-l60p03Aa It1CKpL-lBnHnaCb, O 3aMe4TaBwerOCH pe6eHKa ~Aana rpenT ka, L-l3TO 6bln0 B nopaase Bell\eVt. Torna HL-lKTOHe nOHL-lMan, 4TO y pe6eHKa MoryT 6blTb CBOL-l blCnL-lL-lMe4Tbi. M Korna npIt1XOAL-lnL-l cOCeACKL-leAeTIt1, see paccnpauiasana APyr npyra, KTO L-l CKonbKO pas nony4L-ln ceroAHR HarOHHVt, L-lecna KTO-TO roaopan: «H HL-lCKOnbKO)}, eMY HL-lKTO sepnn. He OnRTb 0 BCIlaWKe: nocne scnaunoi nom'! BblpaBHIt1BanL-lCb AepeBHHHbIML-l rpa6nHMlt1,KaMHL-lBbITaCKL-lBanlt1-lCKnaAblBanL-lB KOHlIe nons. OAHa~Abl H nonro 1t13-3a L 3TIt1X pa60T He xOAL-lnB wKony, noxa He npuuino nL-lCbMOOTAlt1peKTOpa C yrposon pOAL-lTenHM. 4T06bl onpesnars MOe OTCYTCTBL-le,HaMa3an nnuo KepOCL-lHOM, H OT«oroporo OHO crane KpacHblM.KaK OTCblnL-l.YBL-lAeB3TO,Y4L-lTenbcpasy ornpasan MeHH KBpa4Y, KOTOPblVtnOCTaBL-ln AL-larH03 BHYTpeHHero 3arHOeHIt1H,scaaan MHe HeCKonbKOyxonos L-lnan Ma3b. Ilocne 4ero H nO-HaCTOHll\eMY sabonen L-lnposen B nocrenn HeCKonbKO AHeVt. Kourponsusrx pa60T H scerna 60HncH. OAHa~Abl np0L-l30WnO cnenyiouiee: 6blna 06bHBneHa KOHTponbHaH no MaTeMaTL-lKe.Tpoe cOCeACKL-lX pe6HT It1H peumnn CnOMOll\blO rpoxa L-l36e~aTb ee, pasenpas nepea y4L-lTeneM Clt1nbHYIO3y6HYlO 60nb. Xoxynen nonAnb 6blfl CTapWL-lML-l3Hac It1npeBocxoAHblM npL-lTBOpll\It1KOM.OH TaK saBbln OT60nL-l, a sa HL-lM!I1eccHep Muxene, TOMac L-lH, 4TO Y4L-lTenbcpasy ~e ornpasan Hac K 3y6HOMY Bpa4y nHVtHepy, PHAOM CO WKOnOVt. KorAa Mbl B4eTBepOM nplt1wnl1 TYAa, B KOMHaTe O~I1AaHL-lHHL-lKOrOHe OKa3anOCb. B 3TOTcaMblVt MOMeHT orxpsrnace APyraH nseps, BblWnl1 CTapblVt L-lMonOAOVt AOKTOP It1cnpOCL-lnL-l: - 4TO, petisra, cnY4l1nOCb? Mbl rpoe OAHOBpeMeHHO, KaK 6YATO aucrpenana L-l3nacronera: - Y nonAnH 60nlt1T 3y6! flocne -rero nonAnR ysena B Ka6L-lHeT.A Mbl 06AYMbIBanL-l, 4TO HaM ny-uue CKasars, KorAa nsepe CHOBaOTKpoeTCH, L-lpeWL-lnl1: HaM crane y~e nyvuie. Mbl CTpaWHO 60RnL-lCb supusare 3y6bl. V1 TyT Mbl ycnsuuana Aywepa3AL-lpalOll\I1Vt Kpl1K aauiero npyra nonAnR, KOTOPblVt 6e3 06e360nL-lBaHL-lH xeprsoaan 3AOPOBbiM 3y60M. Tenepe Hac y~e HL-l4TOHe Morno YAep~aTb, Mbl sunerena Ha ynL-lIlY B HanpaBneHL-lL-lAOMa, 60HCb, 4TO AOKTOP 6YAeT npecnenosars Hac. Tonsxo B MaAnL-lHre Mbl OCTaHOBl1nli1Cb, T06bl ornuurars4 CRL-lAO~AaTbCH nonAnH. OH nORBL-lnCRnosxe. nnava, L-lC KPOBblO BO pry, - (J)anbWIi1Bble C06aKL-l,TPYCbl! - BCe, 4TO OH CMor CKa3aTb. Mbl cpasy crana OCMaTpL-lBaTb,CKonbKO 3y60B eupsan AOKTOP y llonnna, no4eMY OH TaK KpIi14L-lT. Ha cneAYIOll\L-lVtAeHb Y4L-lTenb nan Ka~AoMy napy xpenxax nOll\e4I1H. Ieneps CMeHnCHnonAnb:

39

- TaK BaM VlHaAO! B nrore KOHTPOJlbHYIOMbl AOn>KHbl 6blJlVl BblnOJlHVlTb, KOHe4HO >Ke, ace 4eTsepo. nOMHIO ell!e OAVlHcMewHoi1 CJlY4ai1 C nOJl,[lJleM. Y Hac Ha rope n04TV1He 6blJlO <j>PYKTOB, B nonuae, B MaAJlVlHre VlB Tacepae, 6blJlO MHoro <j>PYKTOBbIX a nepeseee: R6nOHVl, BVlWHVlVl cnasu. Hawa WKonbHaR nopora npoxonuna -repes Y4aCTOK nRi1M6axepa, rne pocna cnasa, Mbl 4aCTO CTpRXVlBanL1C Hee RroAbl. O,[lHa>KAbl, «orna HL1>KHL1e eTKVl 6blnL1 HaML1 Y>Ke 0606paHbl, Mbl nonpocnB nL1 nOn,[lnR sanesre Hd nepeso L1nOTpRcTVl. Ilonnns 6bln caMbli1 60nbwoi1 VlcaMbl1ll CL1nbHbli1L13Hac, HO OH scerna nonaaancs Ha aauntx COBeTax, TaK xe 6blno L1B 3TOT pas. HawL1 MeWKVl 6blnL1 Y>KenonHbl cnenux nJlOAOB, KaK BAPyr nORBL1nCRX03RL1H Y4aCTKa, nRi1M6axep. A nOJll1nb CL1l1eJlHa tlepeBe L1KpL14an: - Hy, 4TO, tlOCTaT04Ho? X03RL1HOTBeTL1n: - Ax Tbl Mep3aBelj, 4TO ru nenaeuns uasepxy? npOtlOn>KeHL1eM, YBa>KaeMble 4L1TaTenL1,6blna npL1nL14HaR rpenxa, KOTOpylO Mbl Ha6nlOAanL1 C6e30nacHoro paCCTORHL1R. 6eAHblill nonAnb, eMY npL1nL14HOnocranoes, naxe nyrosaua aa ero urrasax 6b1JlL1 oropsauu, L1eMY npL1xOAL1nOCb nepxare L1XpYKaML1. npL1MepHO B weCTL14acax newero xona OT tlOMa, Ha aaropee, sunacana Mbl CBOL1X 6bI4KOB. Bcero OAL1Hpas oreu B3Rn MeHR C C060lll, 4T06bl R 3anOMHL1n AOPOry. BTOPOi1pas R AOJl>KeH6bln L1ATL1 ,[lL1H,4T06bl npL1HeCH1 KOPMOBYIOCMeCb: BblCyO weHHble uaeryume rpasu, cons, AP06neHblill osec C nWeHL1ljelli. Ka>Ktlble ABe aeneJlL1Hy>KHO6blJl0 CXOI1L1Tb YAa, 4T06bl nposepwrs CKOTL1HY T L1nepeaars eAY naCTYXY. Iloporoa no aaropso 6blJla Y3KaR rpona, npOXOARll!aR -repea ABe ropu, B TaKOIll AeHb MHe HY>KHO6blno BbIIllTL1B 5 4aCOB yrpa L16blTb B nopore AO 22.30. TR>KenylO nOKna>KYR AOn>KeH 6blJl AOHeCTL1AO MeCTa, HaKOpML1TbCBOL1X 6bl4KOB, HalliAR L1XB CTaAe, nposepure, 3AOPOBbi JlL1OHL1,L1Ha 06paTHoM nYTL13a1llTL1K nacryxy, nepenars npL1BeT,cane L1uraanc, 3TO 6blJla TR>KeJlei1waR aarpysxa. Hai1TL1nopory L1sepHYTbCRAOMOIII 6blJlO aenerko, HO crpax He nasan CBaJlL1TbCR YCTaJlOCTL1 1JlL1aOT L3 CHYTb Ha XOAY.Mano KTO MO>KeTceroAHR cnenars TO, aa 4TO Mbl, tlem, 6blnt-l TOrAa cnOC06Hbl.

3101 npeKpaeHblM BKye nbHJlHOrO Maena
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40

n03AHe~ OCeHblO COnOMa nbHa nonxapneanace 1'1 rpenanacs. 3TOT npouecc snevarnan MeHR V13-3asanaxa V1CxoAV1BweroOT Hee, 1'1 pacnporrpasaeuierocs npuRTHOro renna npn nOA>KapV1BaHV1V1. rpense rpyooe BOnOKHOOTAenRnOCb 1'1 npV1 noTOM, MHoroCTyneH4aTO, ofipafiarueanocs Aanbwe. 8 npouecce 06pa60TKV1 nbHa Bbl6pacblBancR n0604Hbl~ npoAYKT - OCTaTKV1 rpyooro enos cTe6nR C Kyc04KaMV1 BonOKHa, KOTOPbIMV1 Mbl, Manb4V1WKV1, 4V1HRnV1 Y 3n06Hbie BbIXOAKV1HaA MonoAblMV1 TllIecnaBHblMV1 AeB40HKaMV1, Ma3anV1 V1MnV1110, 4T06bl npV1Bne4b V1X BHI1MaHV1e. V1110CTaHOBV1nOCb n KpacHblM 1'1 noxpereanocs npullIaMV1,4TO OTTanKV1BanoHa BpeMR scex yxaxepos. OAHaKo npoKa3HV1K 6bln ysepea, 4TO 3TO n03BonV1T eMY nerve sasecra waWHV1C V136paHHV1l1e~.OAHaKo 3TV1Mxe Hac HaKa3blBanV1 sa BOPOBCTBOcnV1BblV1nV1a APyrV1e npOAenKV1. s

nepBble OnblTbl nepeCaAKM nnOAOBblX AepeBbeB
80 BpeMeHa Moe~ IOHOCTV1 Hac BbICa>KV1BanV1 y TaKV1epaCTeHV1R,KaK PO>Kb, nweHV1lW, osec. R4MeHb, neH, 6060Bble, 1'1OHV1poena y Hac Ha BblCOTe 1350 MeTpOB HaA ypOBHeM MOPR C ycnexoa. EAV1HCTBeHHaR CnO>KHOCTb npV13TOM - KocynV1 1'1 onesa, xoropsre HaHOCV1nV1 60nbW0l1 Ylllep6. Ho 1'1 3TV1MMbl ycneun-o cnpasnaC nV1Cb,omyrasas >KV1BOTHbIXrHeM, nyranoe, Ha6V1TbIMconOMO~, V1nV1 YMOM BOARo W soro coopY>KeHV1R,6blOllIero KOHcepBHYIO 6aHKY. MHoro06pa3V1e Bblpallll1BaeMblX rorna paCTeHV1~AOKa3bIBaeT OWV1604HOCTbceronuauraero CY>KAeHV1R, HV14ero 4TO He MO>KeTpacr» 3AeCb, Ha rope. Hanporaa, pacrer VIC03peBaeT 3aMe4aTenbHO. Bosapauiancs AOMO~ 1'13 WKonbl, R 4aCTO cokpauian nyrs, Ilopora sena 4epe3 nons 1'1 nee, R V1cxoAV1nsee BAonb 1'1nonepex, HepeAKO onasnusa» npa TaKV1X(0KpallleHVlRX. OAHaKO 3TV1 AoporV1 4aCTO orspetsana MHe MHoro VlHTepeCHoro: nV1CblO HOPY,3AaHV1ecrapoa 3a6poweHHO~ MenbHV1l1bl B oepare VlnVl pa3nVl4Hbie AVlKopacryurae nepesea. TaM, rne CTORnV1 60nbwVle nnonoeue nepesea, soxpyr poena TaK>Ke Vl ManeHbKVle. 3TVl ManeHbKVle nepesua R 4aCTO sukanuean, 4T06bl nocaAVlTb Y ce6R B ca,[ly. O,[lHa>K,[Ibl B KOHlIe Y4e6Horo rona, npVlMepHo B V1IOHe,R 06HapY>Kl1n ,[IVlKV1e R6noHVl AByxMeTpoBo~ BblCOTbl. OHV1peen» npHMo Ha KaMHRX, Vl MHe nerxo y,l1anoes supears VlXco BceMV1KOpHRMV1.Kor,[la R, sees B3MOKWV1~,npVlHec VlX,[IOMO~, MaMa, pyrasc», cxasana: - 04eHb >KanKO, HO nepesue C nVlCTBOI11'1IIBeTaMVl He npVl>KVlBeTCR.8 nopy IIBeTeHVlR ero HVlKTOHe nepecaxasaer, OHO nponaner. Ho 3TO MeHR HVl4yTb He CMYTV1flO,Vl R BblCa,[lVln ,[IepeBbR K ce6e Ha Y4aCTOK, 060pBaB see nVlCTbRu ueeru, Vl3-3a «oropuxnepesue He AOn>KHO6blflO npVl>KVlTbCR. Ha MoeM Y4aCTKe He 6blno B03MO>KHOCTV1 nonasa, ,[10 V1CT04HVlKa 6blflO ,[IaneKo. XopOWO, KaK ronsko Mor, R sasonan KOPHVl,satipocan J1VlCTBOIi\ Vl060pBaHHO~ TpaBO~, a csepxy nOnO>KV1n KaMHV1,4T06bl nepeso He ynano. nOTOMY 4TO C KaMHRMV1y MeHR 41

Mou nnoooeue oepees» He onpucsueaIOmCR,Heya06pRIOmCR U He oopesaiomCR. n03mOMY BemKU, ycunannue tinoaaMU, onYCKalOmCRna sewuo.

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42

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43

06bl4Hoe ,QltlnJlOMan14eCKOe aocnnraaae R BItl>Ky KaK socrurraaae ,Qpyr npoTItlB npyra. KOTOpOe 4eJlOBeK He BOCnpltlHItlMaeT BHa4aJle, HO BnOCJle,QCTBItlItl scrpaaBaeTCR B 3Ty Ljen04KY Itl caM. 3TO R Ha3blBalO JleMMItlHrOBblM nOBe,QeHltleM. H Mory OTKPblTO C JlIO,QbMItl 06MeHItlBaTbCR onsrroa, Itl rorna 3TItl 6ece,Qbl 060rauiaior, CTaHOBRTCR ItlHTepeCHbIMItl, ,QpY>KeJlI06HbIMItl, 06Y4alOL1!ItlMItl, Itl BpeMR nponeraer He3aMeTHO. A JleMMItlHrOBOe nosenesae npRMo npOTItlBOnOJlO>KHO 3TOMY: JlIO,Q1tl OBopRT 0 HeraTItlBHOM, 0 cnaoux cropouax Itl OWItl6KaX, TaK pacnpocrpaaserr CR JlO>Kb (KaK 3ae3>KeHHaR nnacraaxa). O,QItlH npltlMep: TOprOBeLj noxynaer y ,QByX KpecTbRH no «opose. OH no ceKpery paccxasusaer O,QHOMY, a n03>Ke, B ,QoBepItlTeJlbHO~ 6ece,Qe, Itl npyroay, sa CKOJlbKO xynan KOpOBy. Bcrperusurace O,QHa>K,Qbl, 3TItl xpecrsaue cnpaumeaor, KaK nena. Itl, KOHe4HO, pasrosop 3aXO,QItlT 0 ueue. O,QItlH, 1tl3>KeJlaHItlR npayxpacars, aassrsaer 3aBblweHHYlO ueay, npltl,QR ,QOMO~, ,Qpyro~ KpeCTbRHItlH B xpyry cBoe~ CeMbltl ocyxaaer 06MaHL1!ItlKa: «3Ta «6peXJlItlBaR cofiaxa» .., nOTOMY 4TO 3HaeT HaCTORL1!YIOLjeHY OT roprosua. TaK JlIO,Q1tl COPRTCRMe>K.QYc060~. 3TO He TOJlbKO npnC Mep, 3aTparItlBalOL1!ltl~ KpeCTbRH, HO Itl scex nOBceMeCTHO. TaK TepReTCR ,QOBepltle Me>K,Qy JlIO,QbMItl. Kor,Qa R paccxasuaaio 0 CBOeM onerre 4eCTHO, JlIO,Q1tl4YBCTBYIOT, 4TO R He npayxpaom Hltl4ero, Itl TO>Ke paCKpbIBaIOTCR. TaK sucrpaaaaorca «penkae, APY>KeCKltle B3altlMOOTHOWeHItlR Me>KAY JlIOAbMItl.

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44

3aL1!l!1L1!aTb awy 3eMnIO OT3TOrO wara, B npOTl!1BHOMcnyvae R 6bl norepan BCe CBOI!1 H paCTeHI!1R1!1 CBOIOPOAI!1HY! fI nepecran 06L1!aTbCRCOT40M, pyrancs CMaMO~, He noexan CceMbe~ OCMaTpnsare HOBoe MeCTO. Mo~ CTapWI!1~opar K TOMY BpeMeHI!1 Y>KeHe >Kl!1n HaMI!1. C 3TO 6bln0 TR>KenOe BpeMR Moe~ IOHOCTI!1, Y>KeI!1MenAOBepeHHOCTI!1Ha HeR CKonbKO Y4aCTKOB,OTBeTCTBeHHOCTbsa xoropue OTe4 nepenoxnn Ha MeHR, HO npl!1 3TOM OH He C41!1TanCR MHO~. co ApY3bR OT4a aacrpaaean« ero npOTI!1BMeHR, 4TO euie 60nbwe ycyrytinsno CI!1Tya4111O.3TO npononxanocs 60nbwe rona, npexae 4eM R A061!1nCROTKa3a Moero orua OTnorosopa. Teneps OHAOn>KeH6bln rtnarars 60nbwl!1e urrpacs, 4TO pacrsuynoes Ha MHOrl!1e ronu, HOcaMoe rnasaoe - aauie X03R~CTBO6bln0 cnaceuo.

45

AoporM M 3a6nY>KAeHMSI
OKOH'IaHMe WKOnbl MOe 3a6nY>K.qeHMe Ha'lMHaerCJI B 1957 rony R 3aKOH4t.1n uixony. 3a uiecrs aenene AO OKOH4aHt.1Race AeTt.1 «pecrsau t.1Ment.1 npaso OrnpOCt.1TbCRHa coop ypoxas. H, no ~enaHt.11OMOt.1XPOAt.1renea, Mor nonY4t.1Tb «ypo~a~Hbl~ ornycx», HO MeHR raxoe oCBo6o~AeHt.1e He panosano, nOToMY 4TO sa 3Tt.1MCTORnaTR~enaR pafiora, flocne HapoAHo~ WKonbl R Aon~eH 6bln COKTR6p51AO secau o6Y4aTbc51 B TaK Ha3blBaeMo~ KpeCTbRHcKO~ npo<peCCt.10HanbHo~ uncone B PaMt.1HrWTa~He. HaponHOX0351~CTBeHHbl~KOHcynbTaHT OT KpecTb51HcKO~ flanaru npenonasan HaM nepeAOBO~ onsrr B cenbCKOM X0351~cTBe: KaK YAo6p51Tb t.1onpucxasars, orxapanaaars «pynuoporarua CKOT,BeCTt.1 Mon04Hoe X0351~CTBO, necuoe X0351~CTBO, accxasuaan p o Mt.1HepanbHblx t.1 APyrt.1XYAo6peHt.1Rx. A TaK~e 6bln Y4t.1TenbOTPa~<p<pa~3eHKacCbI. oecnnaTHo pasnasanoce MHoro opouncp t.1rnaauesux npocnesros. H 04eHb panoBanCR 3Tt.1M6YMa~KaM, Ha KOTOPblX noxassraanoce, xaxoro ycnexa MO~HO Ao6t.1TbC51 npt.1MeHeHt.1eMt.1CKycCTBeHHblxYAo6peHt.1~, t.1nt.1 nerxo MO~HO t.136aBt.1TbC51 C KaK npu nOMOLl1t.1npbICKt.1BaHt.151 TCOpH51KOB. npocnexrax npt.1BOAt.1nt.1Cb arn51AHble o O B H npt.1Mepbl, rne YAo6peHHbie rpasu 6blnt.1 B rpn pasa 60nbwe He YAo6peHHblx, cxo~t.1~ 3<p<peKT 6bln y sepaoaux t.1OBOLl1e~. OAHoBpeMeHHo C 3Tt.1MnpOBOAt.1nt.1Cb aKlIt.1t.1npoAa~t.1 YAo6peHt.1~, rne Ka~Abl~ KpeCTb51Ht.1H, noxynas t.1X,nonyxan CKt.1AKY 60 AO 80 npoueuros. Bce Y4aLl1t.1eOT C51 KypCOB nonyvann 6naHK-3aKa3 Ha <pt.1HaHcoBYIO nOMOLl1b,KOTOPbl~ AOMa Aon~eH 6bln nonnacars oreu, KOHe4Ho, n04Tt.1 ace pa60THt.1Kt.1 censcxoro X03R~cTBa npt.1HRnt.1Y4aCTt.1eB 3TO~ aKlIt.1t.1. e, KTOsaxaauaan Mt.1Ht.1MyM T YAo6peHt.1~, BbICMet.1Bant.1Cb KaK caMble orcranue - «nepeseautaaa». nOMHIO, Aa~e BbIBeWt.1Bant.1cnt.1CKt.1, rne 6blno Bt.1AHO, TOCKonbKO saxasan, Hexoropue xpecrsaae saxasana TaK MHoro, 4TO K sonu He MOrnt.1YTaLl1t.1Tb aKYIOTR~eCTb AOMO~. Pa~<p<pa~3eH6aHK t.1MenB PaMt.1HrT WTa~He cKnaA, rne MO~HO 6blno B motioe BpeMR B3RTbYAo6peHt.1R. Hecaorps Ha TO, 4TO Mbl Kynt.1nt.1aefionsuioe KOnt.14eCTBO YAo6peHt.1~, AOCTaBKa AO AOMa t.1pasopaCblBaHt.1eno BceM nonRM t.1nyraM OKa3ant.1Cb4pe3MepHO TR~enbiM TPY,llOMt.16blnt.1 ,lInR Hac, napHe~, «CBt.1HR4be~pa60TO~» - OTonuoro y,l106peHt.1Rxrno pyKt.1,nORBnRnt.1Cb oxora, OTnpyroro Mbl BblrnR,lIent.1, KaK Tpy604t.1CTbl, 6onent.1 rnasa, a sevePOM Ha xypcax Ha,1106blnO OTBe4aTb Ha sonpoc, CKonbKO Mbl y~e paccsmann YAo6peHt.1~, t.1CKonbKO euie c06t.1paeMCR Kynt.1Tb.H CTpeMt.1nCRsurnaners n03t.1Tt.1BHO, t.1, 4To6bl He spars B uisone, y6e~Aan orua B Heo6xo,llt.1MOCTt.1 nOKynKt.1y,l106peHt.1~. B TO BpeMR nponoaenosanca MeToA pa3Be,lleHt.1Rneca Ha 06Ll1eCTBeHHblx nacT6t.1Ll1ax,C ocyweHt.1eM 3eMenb, KOTOPbl~ t.1,lIO ceronasun-ero ,lIHR ocraerca cnopHbIM. Bna~Hble nons ecnaxaaanacs nnyroa t.1no nt.1Hee4Ke, ,lInR YAo6cTBa MaWt.1HHO~ y60PKt.1 BbICa~t.1Bant.1Cb enKt.11 0 000 aa 1 ra. 3Tt.1cnocofia, 6YAY4t.1nepe,llOBbIMt.1, 04eHb xopowo <pt.1HaHCt.1pOBant.1Cb, 80%. no npasne CKa3aTb, TaKt.1Mt.1 Ct.1nt.1RMt.1, ,lIO Y

46

nocne BCnaWKIII 6blJlIII aascerna YHIII4TO>KeHbl YAeCHbie nom! opXIIIAe~, RTPbIWHIIIKa, 4 nYWIt14bl III npyrax 4eHHe~WIIIX paCTeHIII~. AprYMeHTlllpOBaJlIII npOCTO: 3TO HeHY>KHble paCTeHIIIR, xoropue Aa>Ke KOPOBbl He eART, HIIIKTO6e3 HIIIX He nponanet npIII 3TOM ABa pasa B rOA, B Mae III aBrYCTe, Ka>KAaRenxa AOJl>KHa6blJla noJlY41t1Tb 4-6 AeKarpaMM BeHHbie YAo6peHIII~. A eCJlIII Ha nOJlRX np0lt13paCTaJlIII raxae ofionpars JlIIICT-

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47

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49

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50

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51

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52

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X03RVlCTBaB Wapcpnl.1Hre Ha MOHA3ee. R sanacancs Ha 3TOTKYPC1.13 60nbWOrO I.1Hrepeca K 3TOVIreue, Ha CTapOM <DonbKcBareHe «~Y40K», KOTOPblM 04eHb rOPAl.1nCR,R noexan Ha MOHA3ee. HaKneeK 0 TeXOCMOTpeMaWI.1HTOrAa ell\e He 6blfl0 - Cnasa 50ry! B npoTI.1BHOM cny-rae MeHR 6bl Ha nopory aooouie He BbmYCTl.1nl.1 MOI.1MaBTOM06I.1neM. C KaK ronsxo R saexan Ha napKOBKY nepen I.1HCTI.1TYTOM, YBI.1Aen OAHI.1WI.1TO KapHble 5MB, Mepcenec 1.1 A. C HeMellKI.1MI.1,wBeVillapCKI.1MI.11.1 T. BeHCKI.1MI.1 OMeH paMI.1, R cpasy nOHRn, C KeM MHe npl.1AeTCRY4I.1TbCR.R HeMHoro 3aCTeCHRnCRMoero craporo aBTOM06I.1nR,a korna npa perucrpauaa 3aMeTl.1n,4TO Y4acTHI.1KaMI.1 60nbB WI.1HCTBe RBnRIOTCR aKaAeMI.1KaMI.1, O nOAYMan, 4TO He nOAxo~y K 3TOMY06ll\ecTBY, T 1.1 a~e XOTen yexars TyT ~e AOMOVI. A ,[IOKTOP5pyweK, PYKoBoAI.1Tenb KypCOB, npeAno~l.1n HaM no nporpaMMe nocne 06eAa noexars Ha rocYAapcTBeHHYIO pbl60cpepMY, KOTOPYIO HenpeMeHHo XOTen R YBI.1AeTbnepen OTbe3AoM. PYKoBoAI.1Tenb Pbl6HOro X03RVlcTBa Ilaxasrep nosasusan Ha npaKTI.1Ke 1.1 pacCKa3blBan see 04eHb npocTblM j.1AocTynHblM R3bIKOM. 3TO TaK Bne4aTnj.1nO j.1snoxHOBj.1nO MeHR, 4TO R peuntn: R 3TOBbIAep~y! 3anl.1CanCRHa KypCbl j.1nocennnca B I.1Hrepsare npj.1 WKone. Mbl 1.13Y4anj.1 raxae npenveru, KaK rI.1APOnOrj.1R, 0ne3HI.1 Pb16, 6 npaKTI.14eCKOepa3BeAeHI.1e Pbl6bl. Ilaxaarep TaK~e noxasan B03AeVlCTBI.1e XI.1MI.1j.1 Ha BOAY,npoAeMOHCTpj.1pOBaB Ha CMOTPOBOMcrekne, KaK onpbICKj.1BaHj.1ej.1YA06peHj.1e paCTeHI.1V1 nj.1ReTHa ~j.1Bble OpraHI.13Mbi B BOAe. nnaHKToH - 3TO Menb4aVlWj.1e ~j.1B BOTHble, j.1AYll\l.1eHa KOpM ManbKaM ll\YKj.1,cYAaKa j.1COMa. .3Tj.1copra Pbl6 He MoryT 6blTb Bblpall\eHbl Ha cyxax KopMax, OHj.1HY~AaIOTCRB ~I.1BOVIruuue, <Dopenb, uanpoTj.1B,Mo~eT 6blTb Bblpall\eHa Ha cYXj.1XKopMax 1.13 MRca, KPOBj.1j.1Pbl6HOVI MYKj.1. HeBoopy~eHHblM B3rnRAoM 6blno BI.1AHOHa crexne pa3H006pa3j.1e ~I.1BbIX OpraHj.13MOB B BOAe. B npyrax npoonpxax 6blnj.1 nOWOTOBneHbl AO~AeBble 4epBj.1 j.1 KpynHble ~j.1Bble OpraHl.13Mbl, ~I.1BYll\j.1eB BOAe - ~yKI.1 1.1 HaceKOMble. nocne BHeCeHI.1RHe60nbworo KOnl.14eCTBaYA06peHj.1V1,TaKj.1X,KaK Hj.1TpaMOHKanbllj.1V1,Kanj.1V1.1T.A., MO~HO 6blno Bj.1AeTb,KaK Bce ~j.1BOe, YMj.1paR,onycxaercs Ha j AHO, ocotieuso WOKl.1pOBana MeHR Anj.1TenbHaR 60Pb6a aa ~j.13Hb AO~AeBblx 4epBeVi1.1 yKOB. llocne 3TOVIAeMoHCTpalll.1j.1MHOro 4ero np0j.130WnO B Moe VIronose j.1B ~ nepeyio 04epeAb - OC03HaHj.1eroro, 4TO R HaTBOpj.1ny ce6R AOMa, onpblCKj.1BaR Aepesea j.1pasfipacuaaa YA06peHj.1R n04Tj.1 AO npYAa. Moe BOnHeHj.1e6blno aacroneKOCj.1nbHbIM,4TO B 3Ty H04b R He CMor YCHYTb.nOCTeneHHO MHe CTaHOBj.1nOCb CHO, R KaKYIO60nbWYIO OWj.16KYR coaepuian. B03MO~HO, j.13aMep3nl1-TO Y MeHR nnonosue nepeesa orroro, 4TO YA06peHI1R yHI.14TO~l1nl1 ~I1Bble OpraHI13Mbi j.1B n04Be? - 4TO R euie nenaio aenpaaansuo? - cnpaumsan R cefia. Ienepe R suan, 4TO ~1.13HbB BOAe YMl1pana, 113TO npOTI.1BOpe41.1nO MHeHl110 B cneunnreparype, 4TO BOAa B Pbl6HbiX npyaax Morna 6bITb YA06peHa a30ToM, cynepcpoccpaToMI1nl1 Kanblll1eM AnR YBenl.14eHI1Rnpl16blnl1. npl1BOAl1nl1Cb npl1Mepbl onuTOB Ha ceaepe repMaHI.1I1, rne B 041.1CTI1TenbHbiXnpyaax (OTCTOVlHI1Kax) 60nbWI1M C ycnexov pa3BOAI1nl1 xapnos.

53

MoiJ cnoco6 6eaeHUR npya06020 xossiicmea npRMO npOmU60n0J10)f(eH npOcjJeCCUOHaJ1bHOMY MHeHU/o - BHOCUmb cjJoccjJam (diomo eeepxy), a maK)f(e )f(UaKuiJ HaB03 (cjJomo BHU3Y).

54

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55

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R nOJlY41!1JlTpVl AHR ornycxa TBeHHYIO KaHlIeJlRpVlIO.

sa TO, 4TO B cB060AHoe

BpeMR TpeHVlpOBaJlCR Y4e6KVI MeHR nepesena 4epe3

B CKOPOM BpeMeHI!1 oreu 6blJla 60Jle3Hb orua

CeJlbCOBeT PaMVlHrwTaCiHa,

B BOVlHCKYIO 4aCTb 0 HaCJleACTBe VI HaMepeHVle

VI AOCP04HOM nepenars

OKOH4aHVIVI CJlY>K6bl, OCHOBaHVleM R HVl4ero

X03RCicTBO.

nl!1CbMO 6blJlO AJlR MeHR HeO>KVlAaHHOcTblO, TaK KaK 0 60Jle3HVI orua He 3HaJl, a B VlCTOPVlIO 0 -

nepeaave

X03RCicTBa He Mor nosepars. cnpaWVlBaJl R ce6R.

HeY>KeJlVl 3TO B03MO>KHO? -

KOHe4HO, MblCJlb 0 nOJlY4eHVIVI X03RCiCTBa MeHR AHR ornycxa, MapTVlH He WVlM. 4T06bl R Mor Cbe3AVlTb AOMOCi. B pasrosope

saeopaxasana.

MHe AaJlVl ABa MoCi 6paT

C OTlIOM BblRCHVlJlaCb CePbe3HOCTb VlHTepeca KaK oreu

ero HaMepeHVlCi.

suocaaan

K X03RCiCTBY, a MOCi VlHTepec 6blJl, HanpOTVlB, 60JlbCKa3aJl: He Morno, R XOTeJl 6blTb xpecTO R BCe npOAaM!

fI euie
-

He Mor AO KOHlIa noaepurs,

ECJlVl VITbl He X04eWb,

3TVlM 6blJlO BCe CKa3aHO. flocne AOJlrVlX paarosopoa

0 npoaaxe

VI pe4V16blTb

TbRHVlHOM. BepHYBWVlCb B Ka3apMY, R aanucan peuan X03RCicTBO. EiblJla llVlWb oAHa coBepWeHHOJleTHVlM CTaBVlJl norosop,

3aRBJleHVle. 3TO 6blJlO

2 MaR 1962

rona.

AOMa TO TYAa, TO clOAa B VlIOJle R, AeBRTHaAlIaTVIJleTHVlCi, ne-

npotineaa -

npVl3HalOT JlVl HOTapVlYc VICYAbR MeHR 0 nepenaue X03RCicTBa. HOTapVlYc coCTaTb KpeCTbRHVI-

AJ1f1 3aKJl104eHVlR noroaopa

a CYAbR, B3rnRHYB Ha Hero nOBepXHOCTHO, 06paTVlJlCR K OTlIY: Bbl AOJl>KHbl CqMVI 3HaTb, rOAVITCR napeus CTaB COBepWeHHOJleTTbl He CMO>KeWb CKa-

- Ila, Kpawerep,
HVlM, MO>KeT nenars flocne >KAaJla y60pKa

HOM VlJlVl HeT, ecna OH rOTOB, TO nOAnVlWVlCb 3AeCb, a napeas, C X03RCicTBOM BCe, 4TO OH 3aX04eT, VIrorna B peCTopaH4V1K, KaK rorna aars eMY HVI CJlOBa. Moili oreu Mbl 3aBepHYJlVl ceaa. CYAbVl, 4TO R KaK X03RVlH Mory YAOBJleTBOpeHVlR. reppacu. nenars nViBO VIJlY4WVlCi, JlVlBepHblCi, 3aRBJleHVle HaKoHell-To

nOAnVlCaJlCR, VI R TO>Ke, B CYAe 6blJlO BCe 3aKOH4eHO. 6blJlO npVlHRTO, 3aKa3aJlVl

naurrer,

nOTOM noexanu

AOMOCi Ha MOTOllVlKJle, rne Hac BCe, 4TO X04Y, npanasano MeJlbKHYJlO Y MeHR B rOJlOBe, npYAbl VIcaAbl. He TaK npocra, KaK xa-

MHe Ol1!Yl1!eHVle rnyfioxoro OAHaKo nepena-ra

MHoroe

R Mor 3aJlO>KVlTb HaMe4eHHbie R He VlMeJl npasa

X03RCicTBa Ha npaxraxe

oxasanacs

3aJlOCb; no AorOBOPY Mor Aa>Ke npencrasars

BblCTaBJlRTb KaKVlX-JlVl60 YCJlOBVICi AO COBepVInpa 3TOM rosopurs AMVlHb!

WeHHOJleTVlR, Ha BCe AOll>KeH 6blJl cornauiareca nJle4V1; R He VlMeJl npaaa KO 3TOT nYHKT noroaopa 3TO CAep>KVlBaJlO passarae HeraTVlBHblM Ha nOJlY4eHVle

fI He

ce6e BCIO WVlPOTY OTBeTCTBeHHOCTVI, KOTopaR nerna VlHBeCTVllIViCi 6e3 cornacas Ha TO orua rOTOBVlJl MHe B 6YAYl1!eM 60JlbWVle aaurero X03RCicTBa. np061leMbl).

Ha MOVI (TOJlbB

OT roro,

KaKOM HaCTpoeHVIVI HaxOAVlJlCR MOCi oreu, BJlVlRHVleM TaK Ha3blBaeMbiX

3aBVlCeJlO, CKa>KeT OH «Aa» VlJlVl «Hen>, BCe

Oreu

TOrAa el1!e 4aCTVl4HO 6blJl nOA

APY3eCi VI KaPTe>KHbIX roeapauieu.

56

y~e B CKOPOM BpeMeHI1 H TaK~e CMOr np04YBCTBOBaTb nyHKT norosopa 0 npasax, 06H3aTenbCTBaX, nonrax 11aKTI1BaX, K KOTOPblMOTHOCl1nl1CbBCe sanacauHble 11He sanacanuue 06H3aTenbCTBa. Cpa3Y ~e 06bHBI1nl1Cb «,QPY3bH»nanu, cpe,Q11 I1X6blnl111 eocene, 1106bHBI1nl1 06 orxpsrrsrx KapT04HbiX nonrax. ~ nonxeu 6bln H npOTI1BOCTOHTb 3TI1MB3pocnbiM My~I1KaM, 06bHCHHH CBOIOHerOTOBHOCTbnOraCI1Tb 3a,Qon~eHHOCTb, 4TO nO,QTBep,Ql1n 11HOTapI1Yc. no npupone seurea, nOHBl1nl1CbpasHOrnaCI1HMe~,Qy TOBapl1~aMI1 orua 11MHOI1.OHI1 nO,QHa4I1Bam-1 orua, I1Hor,QaCycneXOM, HaCTpal1SaH ero npOTI1B MeHH. n03~e oreu 06pa3YMI1nCH, He,QenHMI1novoraa B pa3nl14HbiX patiorax, nOMOran coceny aa CTpOI1TenbCTBeeononposona, orpafiarueaa CBOI1 nonra, ,[\pyrl1e nonrt-1H,Qon~eH 6bln noraorrs caM - B PaMt-1HrWTaI1He6bln OTKPblTbl11 Kpe,QI1T;,QnHneCOnt-1nbHt-1 H,Qon~eH 6bln npe,QOCTaBt-1Tbee B C4eT noraureuaa ,QomOB, BCIOoceHb t-1 n 311MyBant-1Tbnee 11nowa,QbMI1 BbIB03t-1TbB ,Qont-1Hy.

nepBoe BpeMR MonoAoro KpeCTbRHIIIHa
MOI1 6paT MapTI1H cpasy nocne nepenaxa X03HI1CTBanoexan B fepMaHl110 Ha BanKY neca, 11sapaearuaan xopouine ,QeHbrl1. Iorna MHOrt-1eMonO,Qble nlO,Qt-1 xanu e B coce,QHIOIOCTpaHY aa 3apa60TKI1, ,QeHbrl1 TaM MO~HO 6blno nerxo sapaoorare. 3t-1MOI1 1964-1965 rona H roxe sapatiatusan ,QeHbrl1 ,QnHcsoero X03HI1CTBaaa sanxe neca, K04YH no fepMaHt-1I1.K CO~aneHI1IO, aaura qmpMa, rne paoorano MHoro napHel1 t-13Hawero peruosa, pasopanacs, t-1nonysanocs, 4TO Mbl pa60Tanl1 BnycTYIO. A TaK KaK Mbl paoorana t-1no BocKpeCeHI1HM, TO,nonas O,QHa~,Qblnon nonl1l1el1cKl111KOHTpons, ,Qon~Hbl 6blnltl semnarars urrpao «sa aapyuienae aocxpecaoro CnOKOI1CTBItIH» 1t13 caoero kourenska. ,[\eHbrl1 6blnt-1 He y scex, H sannaran sa aexoropux, 113TI1,QeHbrt-1KOMHe roxe He aepuynacs. B anpene, aa nacxy, H sepsynca ,QOMOI1C 26,40 Wt-1nnt-1HraMI1 (1,92 espo) B KapMaHe. Iorna Me~,Qy MHOI1I1 OTlIOM 6blnltl 60nbwl1e pa3HOrnaCI1H, B Tasicaere H Kynt-1nnonoaauy rexrapa 3eMnl1 t-1Ha4an CTPOI1Tb,QOMHa cnY4al1, xorna ~eHIOCb, a AOMa B03HI1KHYTnp06neMbl, 4T06bl MHe 6blnO KYAa yl1TI1. nOCTOHHHbleBMewaTenbCTBaMoero orua B MOItInena 6blnt-1y~e HeBblHOCI1Mbl.

I
\

I.

HOBaR Aopora - 60nbwllle 3aTpaTbi
B 1964 ro.QY Ha4anOCb CTpOItlTenbCTBo rpY30B0l1 nopora «KOI1Wt-1HrVI». 3TO

orxpaaano nepeno MHOI1MHoro HOBblXB03MO~HOCTel1, A Mor YCKOpltlTbCTpOItITenbCTBOreppac, npY,QOBt-1ca,QOB.CTpOItlTenbCTBOnoporn secno He ronsxo MHOro pa60Tbl, HO 11MHoro paCXO,QOB, 03TOMY H npltlHHn peureaue nponars 5,4 ra nonel1lt1 n Mono,Qblx neconocanox rocynapcrsy fnaBHbl11 necHI141t111 Tavcsera Anerpuxrep npennoxan MHe BHa4ane 8 untnnuaroa (58 lIeHToB) sa KBa,QpaTHbll1MeTp, O,QHaKO rpa rona cnycrs H nonyxan 4yTb 60nbwe 3 WltlnnltlHrOB (22 uesra), - focno,QI1H Xonsuep, 3TO3aBI1CItIT sac, ecna Bbl Hy~,QaeTecb B neuerax, TO OT nO,QnI1CbIBaI1TeCb! feHepanbHaH ,Qt-1peKlII1H 60nbwe BaM He sannanrt

j

57

K

3TOMY BpeMeHLt1 6aHK

npOcj>Lt1HaHCLt1pOBal1 CTpOLt1Tel1bCTBO AOpOrLt1, TaK 4TO Lt1npoaars 3eMl1lO no 6pOCOBO~ lIeHe.

fI BbIHY>KAeH 6bl11 nOAnLt1CaTb AOrOBOp CTepnLt1MO~ 6011blO B nyuie fI nouren

C

He-

Ha 3TY CAel1KY. 5bll1a TOl1bKO OAHa aaxasupxa 6pal1 paasuie MO~ oreu, aesunnaWLt1l1l1Lt1HrOB (901 espo). HecMoTpfl fI 6bl11 BbIHY>KAeH MO~ paccsas,

BCfI 3eMl1fl 6bll1a 3a110>KeHa nOA KpeALt1T, KOTOPbl~ 4eHHbl~ OCTaTOK cocraanan

l Z 400
sevene,

OTKa3al1Lt1 B

nponaxe 5,4 ra

Ha TO, 4TO euie

B Pa~cj>cj>a~3eH6aHKe MHe 20 ra Lt1see X03f1~CTBO
6aHK B raHe Mor noaepure

OCTaBal1Lt1Cb npa

3TOM B 3a110re.

lllnapxaccy,
-

Iorna

nepe~TLt1 B APYro~

rne ALt1peKTOp, eucnyuiae

caavana

xoe, a nOTOM cnpocun,

CKOl1bKO MHe HY>KHO? 3TLt1AeHbrLt1 OT l1eCHLt14eCTBa, CKa3al1 fl. nOl1HOCTblO

12400.

nOTOMY 4TO fI n0l1Y4Y >Ke

A OH cpasy

npennoxun

MHe

20 000
euie

WLt1l1l1Lt1HroB.Teneps fI Mor 3eMl1lO OT 3a110ra,

paCC4Lt1TaTbCfI C Pa~cj>cj>a~3eH6aHKoM, npOAa>KY

oCB060ALt1Tb

oCYllIeCTBLt1Tb MHO-

5,4 ra,

ocrasnas

B X03f1~CTBe

20 ra,

Lt1 B3AOXHYTb C 0611er4eHLt1eM.

rae rOAbl cnycra rseaaue

fI BepHYl1CfI

B Pa~cj>cj>a~3eH6aHK

Tauceera,

nOTOMY 4TO see rocynapc-

KpeALt1Tbl Al1fl KpeCTbflHCKLt1X X03f1~CTB BblAaBal1Lt1Cb Lt1MeHHO B 3TOM 6aHKe.

BblKyn rOCYAapCTBeHHOrO
HeCKOl1bKO >KY, Lt1 rnaBHbl~ rLt1Bafl BpeMfI 06xOAe ner cnycrs npoAaHHbl~ MHOIO Y4acToK MeHfI aa 3aMep. l1eCHLt14Lt1~50K npurnacan see euie

Y'IaCTKa
6bl11 BblCTaBl1eH Ha npoaapacts-

R

npuuren

He cpasy,

06Lt1>Kal1cfI Ha HLt1Xsa TO, KaK OHLt1060Wl1Lt1Cb CO MHO~. npLt1 l1eCHLt14eMY TOl1bKO npLt1MepHble no npLt1rpaHLt14HbIM MHe KaMHflM, rpaHLt1l1bl Y4acTKa 4TO 3TOT Y4aCTOK Lt1 TyT He CO-

fI YKa3al1 rnaauoay Ha3aA. fI onpenenan peal1bHblM n03>Ke

>Ke BepHYl1CfI OTBeTCTBOBal1

rpaHLt1l1aM.

3TO He MeWa110, 4aCTLt1Y4aCTKa

nOTOMY 4TO 6bl110 He B fI nOCTpOLt1l1 nopory, no-

yuiepo, R
nonan

Ha 3TO~, OCTaBwe~CfI

B MOIO n0l1b3Y,

CaALt1l1nepessa,

nOABel1 BOAY, Lt1 cotiapanca Ha BblKyn Moero

pa3BOALt1Tb ropuux Lt1euie OAHOro

al1bnLt1~CKLt1XK03110B. y l1eCHLt14eCTBa 061l1e~ KaK Cl1eACTBLt1e, pa60THLt1KOB

saasnesae

Y4aCTKa npocsoy

n1101llaAbIO fI nepexpun

10,7 ra. K CO>Kal1eHLt1IO,MOIO
B03MO>KHOCTb

He nOAAep>Kal1Lt1.lt1, MO~ Y4acTOK

nepeABLt1>KeHLt1f1 -repea

Al1fl

l1eCHLt14eCTBa, nOTpe60Bal1 Bl1aAel1bllaMLt1,

Lt1cnpaBLt1Tb rpaHLt1l1bl, APyrLt1MLt1 C110BaMLt1, OHLt1OCTal1Lt1Cb

a fI n0l1b30BaTel1eM. (c Lt1CnpaBl1eHLt1f1MLt1)Ha3aA TaK>Ke sa pa3MepoM

R

XOTel1 BblKynLt1Tb CBO~ Y4acToK Lt1cn0l1b3yeMo~

3

WLt1l1B

11 Lt1Hra. A no nOBoAY fI OTMeTLt1l1, 4TO pe4b xorna He nponasan

MHOIO 4aCTLt1Y4acTKa

npLt1MepHO

1 ra

MO>KeT Lt1ATLt1 TOl1bKO 0 3a611Y>KAeHLt1Lt1l1eCHLt14eCTBa, Lt14TO fI HLt1ee Lt1 He cotiupanca.

Octasaace
06paTHo

nOCTOflHHblM

B CBoeM

HaMepeHLt1Lt1, fI B

flBLt1l1aCb B03MO>KHOCTb, B X03f1~CTBO.

BblKynLt1l1 3TOT Y4acToK.

Haxoaeu-ro

1988

rOAY, KaK TOl1bKO nosepuynacs

MOfl 3eMl1fl

Uemnenllllll MeAIIIKIII
OAHa>KAbl pa60THLt1K Al1bcj>OHC Lt1 exanu fI OAHOM Lt13nOBopoTOB Ha MOTOllLt1Kl1e Lt13 TaMcBera HacblnHYIO nopory AOMO~ Lt1 Ha 011eHeM. Al1bCTOl1KHYl1Lt1CbC nepe6eraBWLt1M

58

I

I
I
I,

,

I

CPOHC nOnY4101n nerxae YWIo16bl,a R - TH)Kenble YBe4bH Horlo1101 nOKTH npasoa PYKIo1. o n )KIo1BOTHOMYblno BIo1AHO, 6 HaCKonbKO TH)KenO~ 6blna aaapas, '1T06bl Bbl3BaTb «CKOPYIO»,HaM npaurnoce Io1ATIo1 neWKOM 3 KM AO 6nlo1)Ka~wero reneooaa B MaAnIo1Hr. (neAYIOLl!lo1e uiecrs HeAenb H nposen B 60nbHlo1l..je.(PYKO~ B03HIo1Knlo1 aCTOHLl!lo1e H np06neMbl, MHoroKpaTHaH nepecanxa KO)K101 6eApa Ha noC KOTb He nasana )KenaeMblX pesyneraros, Bpa4101He MOrfllo1OCTaHOBIo1Tb sapaxeaae. MHe npnumocs OCTaBIo1Tb 0nbHIo1I-1Y, 101 BbI3AopOBeB. 6e3ycnewHo H nepenpo6 TaK He 60Ban pa3nlo14Hbie cpencrsa caMone4eHIo1H. nOTOM H eLl!e TPIo1)KAblnexan B 60nbHIo1uax Tawcaera 101anbll6ypra 06Ll!e~ npononxarensaocreo 3 10 HeAenb. Cocroaaue pyKIo1He ynyvuranocs, 101 pa4101npennoxanu aMnYTa1l1011Oe HIo1)KHe~4aCTIo1,4ero R B e HIo1KaK Mor AonYCTIo1Tb.H Y)Ke nonan Ha neHC1011O Io1HBanlo1AHOCTIo1 He no B neHCIo10HHYlO CTpaXOBKY, KaK OAHa)KAbl scrpernn B Taucsere 3HaKOMoro, KOTOPbl~ pacckaaan MHe o cny-rae C 6eH30nlo1no~ 101 CBoeM Clo1nbHOMnOBpe)KAeHIo1Io1 0 roneua. Ero npooneaa onarononyuao paapeuianacs onaronapa 6blCTPOMY 1013ne4eHIo11O y OAHOro TpaBHIo1Ka, KOTOPbl~ novor TaK)Ke MHCHIo1KY, nonaeurevy ronopov ce6e B xoneso. B 060lo1x cny4aHX TpaBHIo1Knovor 1013ne41o1TbCH rHORLl!Io1XCR OT pau. 3TO nlo1Tep 6ay3pH 1013aHKT( llerepa B KaMMepc6epre. H HanonHlo1nCH HaAe)KAO~. B TOT )Ke AeHb H noexan K HeMY 101onpocun 0 nOMOLl!Io1.MY)K4Io1Hanplo1MepHo n 75 ner 6pocIo1n KOpOTKIo1~B3rflRA Ha MOIO pyxy 101xasan: c - Bce 6YAeT B nopsnse, OH npn MHe nparorosan Ma3b 101nan MacnHHlo1cTYIO)KIo1AKOCTb 6YTbln04KY, s B 101 6blno see. BMeCTe CCOBeTaMIo1 TO oooumocs MHe B 20 wlo1nnlo1HroB(1,45 espo), 3TO 3 R nan eMY eLl!e Ha 4a~ 101oexan, 04apoBaHHbl~, AOMO~. n Y)Ke 4epe3 14 AHe~ neueane noxasano HeBepoRTHbl~ pesynsrar - 3arHoeHIo1e Io1C4e3no,101 paua 3a)Klo1na.bnaronapn peKoMeHAoBaHHoMY MaCCa)KYco cnelllo1anbHblM MacnOM pyxa Ha4ana nOHeMHory ABlo1raTbcR, 4epe3 ABa MeCRlIa H Mor nonesoaareca CBoe~ PYKO~ TaK XopOWO, 4TOOTKa3anCR OT Io1HBanIo1AHOCTIo1. MeHH 3TO6blfl HOBbl~ ,[InH 101 eBepOHTHbl~ on biT,reneps TPYAHO naxe npeACTaBIo1Tb,KaKlo1enocneACTBIo1RMOrfllo1 H 6bITb nocne aMnYTa1l1011o1 npennneses. 3HaHIo1Rnplo1pOAbl, Io1X npasravecxoe nplo1MeHeHlo1e 3TIo1M CTapblM 4enOBeKOM 6blnlo1AnR MeHR Hd eec 30nOTa. Crex nop H scerna C4101raio He06xOAIo1MbiM xpaHIo1Tb101 AOKYMeHTlo1pOBaTbraxae 3HaHIo1R npapona. C03AaHille CeMblll

(Moe~ cynpyroa R n03HaKOMIo1nCHB 1967 rony B Taacsere, OHa patiorana TaM ce30HHO~ pa604e~ B OAHOM 1013 03H~CTB. BepOHIo1Ka6blna, 101crs, AnR MeHH csacX e mIo1BO~ HaXOAKO~. Mbl nO)KeHlo1nlo1Cb0 anpens 1968 rona, BeH4an Hac CBHLl!eHHIo1K 2 BaneHTIo1H(J)a~cpeH6eprep B l..\epKBIo1B. Jleouapna B Taucsere, OH 6bln 3HaMeHIo1TbiM ( Ha BCIOoxpyry «Ennrxonou Jlysray». no )KenaHIo1IOee pOAIo1Tene~ POAOM 1013 Ta~epMapKTa, Mbl nO)KeHlo1nlo1Cbo Io1X W n 06b14alO, oc06eHHOCTb KOTOPOro 6blna B TOM, 4TO MY3blKaHTbllo1rpanlo1 aecs AeHb HenpepblBHO AO 4.30 yrpa, 06bl4HO HeBeCTa nepeesxana B AOM )KeHIo1Xa AeHb CBaAbB

59

20 anpens

«e. 3mo tiuno anapmou on» natuezo 06Uje20 ceMeiJH020 otacmbR.

7968 200a R )KeHUnCR na BPOHU, OO'lKe 20PHbiX «peemsn« U3 060axa B lllmaiiepmap-

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BPOHU eceeoa tiuna K020 ycnexa.

onR MeHR men,

na K020 MO)KHO nOnO)KUmbCR, 6e3 Hee R 6bl He

uuen

ma-

60

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nepBblH Tene~OH B KpaMeTepe
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65

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rOCTI1HI1,-\y. HaBCTpe4Y 3aKpbl1l MOI1M nonblTKaM 11MOVi nap« y6paTb 3TOT 10-npoAI1KVlX >KVlBOT-

TaK KaK Ce1lbCOBeT ,-\eHTHbILil Ha1l0r, HbIX. 3aKpblTI1e BeAb 3TO 6bl1l0 weVi oxpyra.

He uren

TO R co BpeMeHeM 3aKYC04HOVi 11 napxa

C B01lbepaMVI

ausaano

pesxyo
cnenan

peaK,-\111O 06ll\eCTBeHHOCTI1, HaHa OC-

O):lHO 113 1i131l106neHHb1X MeCT, 113BeCTHOe Aa1leKO sa npeAe1laMIii 3aKpblTI1R napxa Ce1lbCOBeT MHe

flocne

npeanoxeuae,

HOBaHl111 Moero npl1RTl1eM Moero on sa

3aRBneHI1R,

0 B03Bpall\eHI1I1 113pe1lI1ll\Hble

10 npouearos

(BHOCI1MbIX MOIiIM ripenHa <pI1HaHCl1pOBaHl1e aa cBoeM

«yeecenarensuue

MepOnpIiIRTI1R») Y>Ke yuien»,

npe):lnpI1RTI1R.

Ho A1lR MeHR -

«noesn

OCHOBblBaRCb

srre, R He XOTe1l VlMeTb HVl4ero ofiuiero Ieneps R Mor tionee IiIHTeHCIiIBHO
Y
Hac CHOBa nORBI11l0Cb npl1MepHO 601lbWe

C 3TIiIM. 3aHRTbCR BpeMeHI1. cne,-\Ky1lbTypaMI1 napK 11 pasaeneaa-

eM caAOB. repparopaea K03nOB,

C AI1KI1MI1 >KIiIBOTHbIMI1 C no passene-nuo ropaux

B 30 ra R npesparan

B X03RVicTBO

cepsu,

6naropO):lHblX

01leHeLII, 1laHIii 11T. ):l. 1.000 ra OXOTHI14bl1X yro):lI1L11. Bckope MOI1 >KI1BOTHbIX, a TaK>Ke VI napx C ):lI1KI1-

Iorna
cneuxynsrypu,

B MoeM

Be):leHIiII1 6bl1l0 601lee

OXOTHI14bl1 yrO):lbR 11X03RLIICTBO no pa3Be):leHI1IO npVlHOCI1Tb ):lOXO):l He MeHbWVlVi,

roCTVlHVI,-\a crann MI1 >KI1BOTHbIMIii.

4eM 3aKYC04HaH

3aBIIICTb 3TO 4TO-TO ocotieasoe: 3aBI1CTI1 O):lI1H cocen CHa4a1la OAHa>K):lbl Ha

Y>KaCHbIM
BblCMel1BalOT

rpy3
a nOTOM 3aB(1):lYIOT.lt13 Ha ):lopory 061l0MKIiI Ha-

iii pyraior,

nonsesne

K HaM sucunan

nl11lbHI1KOB ):l1lR 6eH30nl11lbll1
5'

rB03):l11. n04TI1

20 aBTOM06111leVi 113-3a 3TOro nocrpaaa-

67

Jllt1, CpeAlt1 Hlt1X TaK>Ke lt1 MaWlt1Hbl TeXnOMOI1!lt1. XOAlt1Jllt1aHOHlt1MHble >KaJl06bl

Ilapannensao

C 3Tlt1M nOCTOHHHO npunpeesuueuaa OCY>KA€H lt1

Ha HaC, B 60JlbWlt1HCTBe

CJlY4aeB -lt13-3a

TOHHa>KHOCTlt1 Ha nOAbe3AHOV! HaKa3aH. nonpocars 3a ero

nopore,

B urore

Blt1HOBHlt1K 6blJl 06Jllt14€H, 60JlbWe scex.

Bo BceV! 3TOV!lt1CTOplt1lt1 OH caM ce6H HaKa3aJl npouie-me Y Ka>KAOrO nocrpanasurero noeeneaue Hero AaBHO

OH AOJl>KeH 6blJl

lt1B03MeCTlt1Tb y6bITKlt1. npocrnn lt1 Hlt14erO He nOTpe60-

6e306pa3Hoe

san AJlH ce6H sa y6bITKlt1. OH AOJl>KeH 6blJl caM nOHHTb, Blt1TbCH B ce6e.

no COBeCTlt1, KaK C 3Tlt1M cnpa-

nOKynKa
,l:\JlH pacurapeuaa MeJlb lt106MeH. reppac TaK H, K nplt1Mepy, Y4aCTOK.

HOBblX Y'laCTKOB
He06xOAlt1Ma nOJlflHY nokynxa HOBblX 3eIt106MeHHJ1 e€ Ha npanesannarnrs Hd-

lt1caAOB MHe 6blJla Kynlt1Jl B TaMCBere npaBAa, npn

ralOl1!lt1V! K MOlt1M 3eMJlHM nor sa nOKynKy

3TOM MHe npuurnoce

3eMJllt1 ABa>KAbl,

a He OAlt1H pas, KaK 3TO 6blJlO nplt1HHTO npn cneKYJlHTlt1BHO. el1!€ A€WeBO, 06eCne4lt1Jla lt1 06YCTp0lt1n sees

06MeHe,

a BCe nOTOMY, 4TO MOH lt1AeH TaK >Ke H npaoopen cere

surnanena
10 KM,

lt1 POAHlt1Klt1, rorna KOTopaH

BOAHHYIO

0611!eV! npOTH>K€HHOCTblO

MOV! BOAHHOV! Jld+l-

Awa<!>T lt1ABe 3JleKTpOCTaHL\lt1lt1,

lt1CnOnb3yeMble

MHOV!lt1 ceronss.

Pa3BeAeHMeHYTpMM H
acerna 04eHb paso nOHHJl, 4TO AnH MeHH HeT 6YAYL1lerO B TpaAlt1L\lt10HHOM BeAeHlt1lt1censcxoro X03HV!CTBa. n03TOMY, HeCMOTpH Ha see YAapbl lt1 HeraTIt1BHblV! on biT, H B

CHOBa lt1 CHOBa 3aHlt1MaJlCH nOlt1CKOM HOBblX B03MO>KHOCTeV! np0lt13BOACTBa X03HV!CTBe. OAHa>KAbl KynbTyp B H nposaran B censxosrasere

cenbCKOM n04BeHHbiX 3BepbKOB

CTaTblO YHlt1BepClt1TeTa passeneaaa HYTplt1lt1. 3Tlt1X

Bene

0 B03MO>KHOCTlt1 BblrOAHoro AnH MHca lt1Mexa.

MO>KHO pa3BOAlt1Tb

3TO 3BY4aJlO 3aMaH4lt1BO. >Klt1BOTHble 6blnlt1 Ha cB060Ae, rnsnen

B CKOPOM BpeMeHlt1 H 3anYCTlt1Jl OnblTHblV! nOMel1!eHlt1H C npOT04HOV! wno 6e3

npoext

3TI1

nocenesu

B 60JlbWlt1e

BOAOV!I1, 4aCTlt14HO, lt1C6blT BHa4aJle

B canax

Y BOAO€MOB.

Pa3BeAeHlt1e

npoonea,

au-

rapaarapoaaauo.

TOJlbKO HaMHoro

n03>Ke,

«orna

CKOPHHKlt1, nocne

«MeXOBO-

ro nporecra» Ha MoeM nene. nplt1MepHOe

3al1!lt1THlt1KOB >Klt1BOTHbIX, CTOJlKHynlt1Cb C np06neMaMlt1, HeCMOTpH Ha TO, 4TO 3al1!lt1THlt1Klt1

3TO OTpa3lt1J10Cb lt1 nOATBep>KAanlt1 Moe

npaponu

scerna

conepxaxae

>Klt1BOTHbIX, MeXOBOV! PblHOK pa3BaJllt1J1CH. MOlt1 3aKa34I1Klt1HeYAa4Y. HYTplt1eBblV! npoexr 3aKOH4lt1J1CH.

CKOPHHKlt1 pasopanace,

lt1H norepnen

nlienOBOACTBO
MHoro AeHTenbHOCTlt1 pa60TY. cxoro ner 60nee lt1nlt1 MeHee lt1HTeHClt1BHO H 3aHlt1MaJiCH 4aCTO 04eHb n4eJlaMlt1. 3TOT Blt1A OCTaJlbHYIO npexpacao ypasaoaeurasan MO>KHO MHorOMY OHlt1 HanpH>K€HHYIO

K

TOMy

xe,

Y n4eJl

HaY4lt1TbCH. ,l:\nH Moero

BeAeHlt1H cens-

X03HVlCTBa

n4eJlbi

He3aMeHlt1Mbl.

nrpaor

04eHb

Ba>KHYIO pOJIb B

onune-

68

HV1V1 HO~eCTBa paCTeHV1H, n1l0,qOBbIX nepeaees, M nexapcrseuuux rpas 101. n. InasT HOe, 4TO c06paHHblH 1013cero sroro Me,q RBllReTCR 31lV1KCV1POM s ~V13HV1. lloxoxaa CV1TyallV1Rnpoucxonar 101 ,qpyrV1MV1 6V10npo,qYKTaMV1, TaK ~e, KaK 101 C C Me,qOM: B3RTOK 1013cero sroro pa3Ho06pa3V1R paCTeHV1H, K CO~alleHV1IO, He,qOCTaT04s HO oueuea, Haxo,qV1TCR B TaK Ha3blBaeMOH KOHKypeHIIV1V1 C Tpa,qV111V10HHbIMV1 03RHCX TBaMV1. n03TOMY co BpeMeHeM np0V13Bo,qCTBO Me,qa R COKpaTV1ll 101 CTaBV1ll ero llV1Wb O B He601lbWOM KOllV14eCTBe. OT n4ell ~e, V1MelO~V1X orpowsoe 3Ha4eHV1e ,qllR 3K01l0rV1V1, O MHOro pas npeseuuaouiero lIeHHOCTb Me,qa, R He Mory OTKa3aTbCR. B

Pa3Be~eH",epe~K"'X nruu
R scerna V1HTepeCOBallCR KeKllV1KaMV1, pR64V1KaMV1, TeHepKaMV1, rerepesaMV1,a TaK~e nepenenaau, KyponaTKaMV1 101j>a3aHaMV1. Bcex 3TV1XnTV111 pasaonan B < R co6CTBeHHopY4HO CKOHCTpYV1poBaHHblx sonsepax, 101 HV1ycneuiao pa3MHO~allV1Cb, O ,qa~e TaKV1e H04Hbie OXOTHV1KV1, COBbl 101j>V1llV1Hbl. KaK < B HaCTOR~ee BpeMR R pa3MHo~alO B rennnuax CV1Hell060ro aMa30Ha 10101lb6 WV1Xnonyraes. Ha naposxy onaoro 1013 TV1XBV1,qOBR HaTKHYllCR CllY4aHHO 101 3Rll V1X 3 B Ha BpeMeHHoe co,qep~aHV1e y onaoro cenexuaosepa. OHV1 XopOWO npV1~V1llV1Cb y MeHR, 101pV1HOCV1llV1 2 AO 3 nTeHIIOB exeroaso. Caaoe eaxuoe B co,qep~aHV1V13TV1X n OT nTV1l1- C03,qaTb MaKCV1MallbHO npV161lV1~eHHbIH K npV1poAHblM YC1l0BV1RM6V1oTon.

!
t
t'

I

Ilpoexr

«PbICb»

Ha npoTR~eHV1V1 MHorV1X ner R C 601lbWV1M ycnexov 3aHV1MallCR co,qep~aHV1eM eBponeHcKoH pbICV1. MHoro AeTeHblweH nORBV11l0Cb Ha CBeT y MeHR, uexoropux 1013 HV1XR 101eronus BCTpe4alO BpeMR OT BpeMeHV1 B CBOV1Xyronsax. c 3,qeCb puce 06ecne4V1BaeT caMblH llY4WV1H YXOA. OHa OXOTV1TCRHa 601lbHbiX ~V1BOTHbIX, ncnpaanner OWV16KV1OXOTHV1KOB.KTO XOTR 6bl pas Ha61l1O,qall PblCb npa OXOTe see paBHO Ha xoro: Ha MblWb, 3aHlIa 10111101 601lbHYlO KOCYlllO, 6YAeT BOCXV1~eH 3TOH 61laropo,qHOH XV1~HOH KOWKOH. B CBR3V1C 3TV1M XOTe1l0Cb 6bl paccxasars OAV1HV1HTepeCHbIH CllY4aH. B rasere «3allbIl6yprcKV1H KpeCTbRHV1H» R npo-urran 0 nponaxe crapux xyp aecyuiex B 601lbWOM KOllV14eCTBe, no ueae scero 10 WV1llllV1HrOB (73 ueura) sa WTyKy. R noexan K 3TOMy 4e1l0BeKY, xenaa KynV1Tb 100 WTyK, HO, K MoeMY pa304apoBaHV1IO, R yBV1,qeJl nonyronux, conepxauiaxc» B KJleTKaX, xyp. TaK KaK R 6bl1l snece, R ace xe KynV1ll 100 WTyK. 3TV1MV1KypaMV1 R xoren KOPMV1Tb napy pblceH C 4eTblpbMR AeTeHblwaMV1. Ilpaexas AOMOH, R cpasy ~e 3a6poCV1Jl B aonsep K PblCRM rpex KYP, xoropue MOJlHV1eHOCHO 6b1JlV13aAaBlleHbi. C KopMe~KoH B 3TOT ,qeHb AllR MeHR 6blJlO nOKOH4eHO. Cllet1YIO~V1H AeHb R nJlaHV1pOBaJl KaK pa3rpY304HblH ,qJlR ~V1BOTHbIX - B npapone OHV1He Ka~AbIH ,qeHb 101 lOT A06b14Y. 'lepea AeHb nposepan, Me see 11101 cseneHO (HV14ero He AOJl~HO 6bl1l0 nponacrs, OCTaTKV1ecerna MHOH y6V1pallV1Cb). O,qHaKO napa C ,qeTeHblwaMV1 CBOV1MnOBe,qeHV1eM noxaseraana, 4TO OHV16b11lV14epeC4YP roJlO,qHbl. OCMOTpeB sonsep, V1~a OCTaTKV1xyp, KaK MV1HV1MyM, nepsa, R 06HapY~V11l

69

B p03BeaeHUU 3y6pOB, 6U30HOB U RKOBRUMen 60nbwou ycnex U sapatiamuean xopowue beHb2U, HO C omsputnuet« eoanounux zpanuu PblHOKpa3BanU!1CR, uenu ynanu, U R nepecman 3mUM 3aHUMambCR.

Paseeoenue necuux nmu4, masux. KaK memepee, meuepsu, pR64UKU, aOCmaBnR!10 MHe MHO20 paoocmu, HO U xnonotn, nomOMY umo He Bce2aa MO)KHO6blno !1e2KOuaumu a!1Rsmux mpetioeamenenux )KUBOmHbIXnOaXOaRlLWUKOpM.

70

scex rpex xyp B OAHOM MeCTe, npakpsrrux 3eMneCi, nL'lCTBOCi L'ITpaBOCi. npL'l4L'1Ha MHe crana cpasy >Ke HCHa: L'l3-3a nL'lTaHL'lH L'I COAep>KaHL'lH B xnerxax, rne KYPbl HanL'l4KL'lBanL'lCb BceB03MO>KHOCi xL'lML'leCi, OHL'I 6blnL'l HaCTonbKO 6e3BKycHblML'I, 4TO no csoevy npL'lpOAHOMY L'lHCTL'lHKTYPblCb npnsaana L'lX He npL'lrOAHbIML'I B runny, R cpasy >Ke noexan sa eAoCi K MHCHL'lKY B TaMCBer, Ha KOTOpylO pblCb C >KaAHOCTblO Ha6pocL'lnaCb. OCTaBWL'lXCH KYP MHoro aenene H BblKapMnL'lBan B 60nbWL'lX sonsepax CBOL'lML'I,He oTHroll.leHHblML'I xL'lML'leCi, 3epHOBbIML'I OCTaTKaML'I C KYXHL'IL'ITpaBOCi. Ka>KAYIO aenemo H npnaocan PblCHM no OAHOCi xypaue Ha npooy, nouauany npoucxonano TO >Ke caMoe. V1 ronsxo cnYCTH nmb HeAenb snepaue puce csena KYPL'lIlY. BbIHCHL'lnOCb, 4TO He ronsxo puce, HO L'InL'lCbl L'I KYHL'llIbl OTKa3blBalOTCH ecrs L'lHKy6aTOpCKL'lX KYp. >KL'lBOTHble, L'lMeH CL'lnbHbiCi npL'lpOAHblCi L'lHCTL'lHKT,CaML'I BbI6L'1paior ce6e nporurraaae, L'l36eraH scero, 4TO Morno 6bl nOABeprHYTb onaCHOCTL'I L'lX snoposse. OHL'I cxopee nOAOXHYT C ronony, 4eM 6YAYT raxoe xpars. V1 Mbl, nlOAL'I, -repea Ha6nlOAeHL'le sa >KL'lBOTHbIML'IMO>KeM MHOroMY Y HL'lX HaY4L'1TbCH, nOTOMY 4TO Mbl CBOL'lnpnponaue L'lHCTL'lHKTblAaBHbIM-AaBHO norepana, Mbl nposepaev TO, 4TO eAL'lM, see paBHO 4TO He nposepaea BOBce. MoCi onsrr C cypKaML'I, AL'lKL'lML'I3aCillaML'I L'IKocynHML'I noxasan, 4TO >KL'lBOTHble He >KPYT, K npL'lMepy, canar L'l3TpaAL'lIIL'lOHHOrO OBOll.leBOACTBa, OHL'ITaK>Ke npeseoperaior cBeKnoCi, MOPKOBblO L'I xanycroa AO rex nop, noxa L'lMelOT XOTH 6bl ManeCiWYIO B03MO>KHOCTb L'l36e>KaTb raxoro nL'lTaHL'lH. OAHaKo OTXOAbl OT canara L'IAPyrL'lx 6L'1onpoAYKTOB cbeAalOTcH Aa>Ke B COCTOHHL'IL'I a4ana pa3nO>KeHL'lH, BMeCTe CO crefiH nHML'I L'IKOPHHML'I, 6e3 OCTaTKa. npe>KAe 4eM npL'lTpoHYTbCH K oeouav L'l3cynepvapxera, OHL'I 6YAYT KywaTb OTXOAbl canara L'IAPyrL'lx 6L'10nOrL'l4eCKL'lX npoAYKTOB BMecTe C KOpHHML'I L'IcTe6nHML'I. ,L\L'lKOe >KL'lBOTHOe, xoropoe L'lMeeT B03MO>KHOCTb nL'lTaTbCH HaTypanbHoCi nall.IeCi, npL'lnO>KL'lT see YCL'lnL'lH,4T06bl nL'lTaTbCH MaKCL'lManbHO 3AOPOBOCi nL'lll.leCi. KorAa >KL'lBOTHOe He L'lMeeT TaKOCi B03MO>KHOCTL'I, cpasy BL'lAHbl nOCneACTBL'lH. Y nTL'lII, K npL'lMepy, CTaHOBL'lTCH MaTOBblM, 6e3 6neCKa, onepeuae. XL'lIl.IHL'lKL'IeAHT cnaoux L'lnL'l60nbHblX, HO HL'lKOrAa - oTHroll.leHHblX xL'lML'leCi >KL'lBOTHbIX.EcnL'l 3aCTaBnHTb L'lX ecrs HeHaTypanbHYIO nL'lIl.lY, TO OHL'I 60nelOT, 4TO Ha6nlOAaeTCH B soonapxax L'I napkax AnH ssepea, L'I3TO npL'lBOAL'lT K AnL'lTenbHOMY L'lXBbIXa>KL'lBaHL'lIO.

RAOBI.1Tble paCTeHI.1J1 O'leHb AnJi >KI.1BOTHbIX

Ba>KHbl

>KL'lBOTHble MorYT 060CiTL'lCb L'I6e3 4enOBe4eCKL'lX MeAL'lKaMeHTOB. Korna Y 3BepeCi KOpM CTaHOBL'lTCH6eAHblM, a HAOBL'lTble paCTeHL'lH, L'lcnonb3yeMble >KL'lBOTHbIML'I KaK npL'lpOAHble MeAL'lKaMeHTbl, aenocryruu», TO L'lX >KenYA04HO-KL'lwe4HaH CL'lCTeMa nopaxaercs napa3L'1TaML'I. CneACTBL'leM HBnHIOTCH nOHOCbl, uiepcrs repaer 6neCK, CTaHOBL'lTCHMaTOBOCi, >KL'lBOTHOeBblrnHAL'lT 60nbHblM. EcnL'l B sarose y OAHOCi KocynL'l nonce, 3TO 3HaK nopaxeuas napa3L'1TaML'I. B 60nbWL'lHCTBe cny-raes 3TO npoL'lCXOAL'lT CO cna6blML'I OC06HML'I, ecna >KL'lBOTHOe Ha-

71

nonro e,QRT-

nepesecra

B HOBblVt 3arOH, TO npl1 Ha6ntO,QeHI1I1 BI1,QHO,4TO OHI1 nepBblM R,QOBI1TblepaCTeHI1R,

rOpbKI1Vt ntOnl1H, l4I1TOBHI1K, paKI1TY 11TaKl1e ocooo

KaK aKOHI1T. npOXO,QI1TCOBCeM HeMHOrO BpeMeHI1, 11~I1BOTHble CTaHOBRTCRCHOsa 3,QOPOBbIMI1.B a6contOTHO 3,QOPOBOM COCTORHI1I1I1BOTHble ~ MI1 TpaBaMI1.

npeaeoperaor
anreka

3TI111

[113 I1X eCTeCTBeHHoro nOBe,QeHI1RBI1,QHO, TO npaponuaa 4
6e3

pafioraer

peuerrroa

Ho 4TO nenaer Ta6neTKI1.

4enOBeK?! OH l1,QeTK Bpa4Y sa peuerrrov,

a nOTOM B

anrexy, 11rnoraer

Pa3HLIIl"a Me)l(AY AOMaWHMM M AMKMM KpynHoporaTblM
MI1, R 06HapY~l1n

(KOTOM
,L:\oMaWHl1e

Me~,QY ,QoMaWHI1M 11,QI1KI1Mkpynuoporarue CKOTOM,3y6paMI1 1161130Hapa3HI1l1Y B nl1TaHl1l1, 0 KOTOPOVtCTOIt1T paccxasars. ceso KOPOBbl C Y,QoBonbCTBl1eM e,QRTxnesep, nlt1WaVtHI1KI1C nepessea. Ha6ntO,QeHI1I1 noxasanocs

orasu,

rorna

KaK ,QI1Kl1eCynosonsc-

TBl1eM e,QRTCTPYKTypl1pOBaHHoe ceuo C 06e,QHeHHbIX nonea, ManeHbKl1e BeT04KI1, nOBe,QeHl1e 06e3po~eHHblx MHe ocooeaao ~I1BOTHOro, ,QoMaWHI1X ~I1BOTHbIX npl1 HeeCTeCTBeHHbIM.

R

,QYMatO, 4TO pora csoero pona neoTKna,QbIBatOT-

I1MetOT Bnl1RHl1e Ha noseneaae CR spenaue pores, Bel4eCTBa, xoropue

cnyxar,

uaeepaoe,

pe,QaT4I1KaMI1. R Mory ce6e npencraaurs,

4TO B porax

11«onsrrax

He MoryT 6blTb BblBeAeHbl ,Qpyrl1M cnOC060M 113 Kane4eHI1tO ~I1BOTHbIX.

OpraHI13Ma, KpOMe KaK 4epe3 eCTeCTBeHHoe CHaWI1BaHl1e. Me~.QY TeM 06pe3aHI1e a raiose xacrpauaa CBI1HeVtpasuu

Mapxaposaaae

yweVt, no MoeMY pa3YMeHI1tO, B03,QeVtCTByeT,noxoxe, TaK~e HeraTI1BHO. LJpe3MepHO 60nbWI1e YWHble MapKI1 EBpOCOt03a B 060l1x ywax He ronsxo HeraTI1BHO Bnl1RtOT Ha cpenuee resmeparyp neTOM Hd conaue HOCTb TpaBMl1pOBaHI1R 4epe3 npO¢COt03 nporonocosan B raryupoaxax ~I1BOTHbIX. ~I1BOTHbIX TbRHaM Kor,Qa-HI16Y,Qbrajose yxo 113-3a MewatOl4ero HeKpaCI1Bbl, HO 11 pa3HI1l1bl wyMa serpa,

11311MOVt MOP03, K TOMY ~e OHI1 Bbl3blBatOT onacB lIennRHI1R 11,KaK cnencrsae, BblpblBaHl1e. To, 4TO

sa YWHble MapKI1, MHe HenOHRTHO, R 60tOCb, 4TO xpecnOBeCRT raxne YWHble 611pKI1. AnbTepHaTI1BY R BI1~y

JcnewH_oe Q_?3BeAeHl1e 11snopoaee

nexar

B H~nl9,geHI1I1 _I1_Qac-

n03HaBaHI11t1B3al1MOB03);1eVtCTBI1Vt 11B3al1~OC~R3e~. nocne roro, KaK MeHR BCe epeMR CnpaWI1BatOT: KaK_RTO_':lHO onpegenmo B3aIt1Mo,QeVtUBI1R)KI1BUIHbIX.l.:Lp.acLeJ:H1ii1_.._ R Mory ronsxo HIt1R,nonpooya nOBTOpl1Tb !!QfTaBb ce6R Ha I1XMecTo! Tbl RBnReWbCR ~I1BOTHbIM, npOTI1BOnOno~Hoe. V1CXO,QR133TOVtT04KI1 spe1 HeT HI14ero cnO~HOTbl RBnReWbCR paCTeHl1eM. Tbl -

nOHRTb, 4TO refie HpaBI1TCR,a 4TO HeT, 114TO 6bl Tbl 113MeHl1n. npOCTO, nOTOMY4TO B npapoae TO, 4TO nenaer cnO~HbiM caM 4enOBeK, TepRR TaKI1M Ha6ntO,QeHI1R ,QeLilcTBeHeHKaK ,QnR ,QO~,QeBo-

B OCHOBeCBOeVt3TO04eHb
ro, a ecna 11ecrs, TO 3TO ronsxo ro 4epBR, TaK 11 ,QnR nonyras,

06pa30M ,QocTyn K 3TOMy.TaKOVtcnocof

3y6pa I1nl1 PblCI1,a TaK~e ,QJlRlIBeTKa I1nl1R6nOHI1.

72

rOpe'laBKa: YAaliHOe pa3BeAeHHe
MHorl-1e >KI-1BOTHble paCTeHI-1f13aHeCeHbi B KpaCHYIO KHl-1ry,3TO 3Ha41-1T,4TO 1-1 OHI-1Ha rpaua I-1C4e3HOBeHI-1f1. n04eMY? no MoeMY MHeHl-1lO,Mbl pa3Y41-1nl-1Cb >KI-1Tb, cnenya xpyroaopory npl-1pOAbl, 1-1 nonaoueauo I-1CnOnb30BaTb ero. BeAb, B KOHe4HOM I-1TOre,BCe pacrer Anfl -renoaexa 1-1 KI-1BOTHbIX. > 4enOBeK CTOI-1T Bblcwelli CTyHa neHl-1l1enl-1 nI-1TaHI-1f1. 1:ia_nIlliM_epe T04e4Hoili ropesasxa, 3aHeCej-lHQIIi.lLK~K_!:tl-1r}j fI XO~O'" Ka3aTb, Ha KaKOM nO>KHOMnyTI-1HaXOAflTCfI 3a~I-1THI-1KI-1pl-1pOAbl1-1HaYKj'l._ n nflTb neTR"CTapancfI pa3BeCTI-13TO pacreaue B rennaue, pa3nl-14Hble I-1HCTPYKlIl-1li1no pa3BeAeHI-11O He npl-1HeCnl-1HI-1KaKI-1X pesyneraros. 3nflCb, fI Bbl6pocI-1n 1-13 Tennl-1l1bl Ha yn 1-1 AepeBflHHble fI~I-1KI-1C3eMneili 1-1eMeHaMI-1. HeCKonbKO MeCfllIeB lIY c nponexanu OHI-1Ha ynuue, noxa fI He cofipanca ax C>Ke4b.lt1TyT fI YBI-1AenB OAHOM 1-13 fI~I-1KOB ManeHbKl-1e POCT04KI-1.R cran CKpynyne3HO I-1CCneAOBaTbI-1X1-1 BI-1Aen, 4TO y 3TO poena ropexasxa. 4TO xe nponsoumo? 3eMnfl B fI~I-1KaX ocrasanace nonroe BpeMfi nOA OTKpblTblM He6oM, MHOro pas 3aMep3ana 1-1 orraasana, cuer 1-1 O>KAb BblMblnl-1 4aCTb 3eMnl-1, nO-MoeMY, BCe 3TO 1-1 A npoaatimonan, xpyroaopor B npnpone. T04e4Hafi rope-rasxa pacrer B HaweM pernoae ssune rpaHl-1l1bl neCOB, npuMepHO OT 2 TblC. MeTpoB HaA yposnea MOpfi. Korna TaM C03peBaeT ceMfI, fI saan - B ceurabpe. KaK Aenl-1TCfIceMfI, KorAa onaaaer? R onpenennn, 4TO ceMeHa 3TI-1He neTalOT, a AOCTaT04HO nnOTHO onanaior soxpyr MaTepl-1HCKoro paCTeHI-1f1.KonblTaMI-1 KOPOB, K03 1-1 6apaHoB, a TaK>KeHa wKype >KI-1BOTHbIX-1 1 BeTpoM pa3HOCI-1TCfIceMfi B <j>opMenl-1CT04Ka no oxpyre. (KOT sranrusaer ceMeHa B 3eMnlO, rne OHI-1npopacralOT,I-1nl-1, xorna >KI-1BOTHble senaior I-1XBMeCTe C rpasoji, TO 4epe3 HaB03 ropesaasa c auceaaaercs B pasusrx MeCTax. llorona BblCOKOroPbR 04eHb 1-13MeH41-1Ba oceHblO. YTpOM - MOp03, AHeM cyxo 1-1 renno, I-1HorAa AO>KAb, CYXOCTb,cuer 1-1 onsrs cyxo, 1-1 AO rex nop, noxa TaK 31-1MaHe yxpoer BCe CHerOM. BecHolli TaKafi 1-13MeH41-1Bafi norona npononxaercs armors AO I-1IOHfI,xorna Ha xoporxoe BpeMfi 6blBaeT no-aacronuieay Ten110. (eMfi ropeuasxa, TaKI-1M06pa30M, MHoro pas BblMa41-1BaeTCflI-1 CHOBasucaxaer, 3aMep3aer 1-1 orraasaer. 3TO ceMfi MO>KeTnpOpaCTI-1ronsxo TennblM 11eToM,4T06bl YBI-1AeTb ero POCT04KI-1,Hy>KHanyna. Ecnl-1 see 3TI-1<j>aKTopbl B03AellicTBYlOT Ha rope-rasky, TO OHa npopacraer B 60nbwOM KOnI-14eCTBe.Ba>KHYIOpons npa 3TOM TaK>Ke I-1rpalOT conpoaoxnaouiae 3TOT npouecc rpl-16KI-1(MI-1KpOrpI-16KI-1), KI-1By~l-1eaoxpyr MaTepl-1HCKoro paCTeHI-1f1. > BMeCTe C ceMeHaMI-1 >KI-1BOTHble serep 6YAYT pa3HOCI-1Tb1-1 1-1 rpl-16KI-1.Ecnl-11l0r1-14eCKI-1nopasaucnare, TO HanpaWI-1BaeTCfI BbIBOA: ceMfi ropevasxa npopacraer sa C4eT CBeTa 1-1 Mop03a. TaK, 6narOAapfi npl-1pOAHblM B03AellicTBI-1f1M, npol-1CXOAI-1T CTpaTI-1<j>I-1Kalll-1f1 (CTI-1Mynfllll-1f1CeMeHI-1K npopaCTaHI-1IO), 1-1 TOMY>Ke"OHO rtonysaer He06K XOAI-1Mbl1li conpOBO>KAalO~1-111i rp1-160K.

auaaano npopacrasae. bnaronapa 3TOMY cnY4alO fI AOn>KeH 6blll fionee ruiarensao

73

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I 1
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lKenma!l

eopetaesa npouspacmaem monu«: na U3BecmKOBbiX nO'IBaX sscnepmoe. MHOIO eucesuna» eope-taexo, Me)KOY npO'lUM, nopooe 6yoem euiue 'IenOBe'leCK020 pocma.
Ha3blBaeMbiX

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74

K npopacra-unc CeMeHa, ecnu R Y>KeB CeHTR6pe peKoMeHAyeTcR nepxare CeMeHa AO BeCHbl, MOIi1>Ke3KCnepli1MeHTbi noxasann, 4TO TOrAa OHOrepser cnOC06HOCTb K npopacTaHIi1IO.ECllli1>KeXpaHIi1Tb CeMeHa rOpe4aBKIi1 C BOAOLllIi13eMlleLil C MeCTa npouspacTaHIi1R,npa revneparype -10-15°(, B MOP031i11lbHIi1Ke,B nllaCTIi1KOBOM naxere. TO, pa3MOp031i1B ero Ii1 aucess ceMeHa B CKYAHYIO3eMlllO, OHa 6YAeT paCTIi1KaK rpasa. 3TO pesynsrar Moero Ha61lIOAeHIi1R. MHorli1e Y4acTHIi1KIi1 MOIi1XCeMIi1HapOBIi1nocerarenn acnsrrana Cycnexov MOLII MeTOA Ha npaxraxe. TaKIi1Mcnoco6oM MO>KHOpa3MHO>KaTb Ii1MHOrli1e npyrae BIi1Abl paCTeHIi1L111i1 rp1i160B. 3TO CBIi1AeTellbCTBO6eAHOCTIi1HaYKli1,xorna OHa He MO>KeTnpenonars HaWIi1M AeTRM, KaK COXpaHIi1TbpaCTeHIi1RIi1>KIi1BOTHbIX npupone, KaK C03AaTb He06xOAIi1B MblLil 61i10TOn,npli1BHeCTIi1MHoro06pa31i1e B npapony, A 4TO nenaer HaYKa Ii1oprauu BllaCTIi1? OHIi1 opraHIi13YlOT oprasu 3a~Ii1Tbl npaponu, xoropue, B CBOIO osepene, ynOllHOM04eHbi oxpaaars. 3m oxpaaarensuere opraxu npoaepaior xpecrsau, 4TO6bl OHIi1He nepecaxasana K ce6e Ha Y4aCTKIi1Ii1He Ii1CnOllb30Ballli1 naxe 4aCTIi1pacTy~Ii1X Ha CBOIi1X3eMllRX allbnlilLIICKIi1XpaCTeHIi1L11. nplilMepe T04e4HOLil ropevaaxn Ha R Mory AOKa3aTb, 4TO 3TOTsanper He TOllbKO He sauunuaer 3TO pacreane, a, uanpoTIi1B,BpeAIi1T. Iopesasxa B npapone pacrer npli1MepHO 30-40 ner, a nOTOM oruapaet, (06li1parens xopeuses B crapuay scerna ncnoneaoeann caMble 601lbWIi1e KOpHIi1 rope4aBKliI B lle4e6Hbix uensx 1i11llil BblroHKIi1 un-anca. BblKanblBaR crapsui, 601lbWOLil AllR «opens, OHIi1rIly60KO puxnsr sevrno, TeM caMblM AaBaR B03MO>KHOCTb M01l0AOLil nopoena paspacracs, TaK OMOlla>KIi1BaeTCR CeMeLIICTBO ropeuasxa. KTOMY>Ke,Ha cneny1O~1i1L11 ceMeHa onanaor liIliIAeallbHO npli1>KliIBalOTCR nopaHeHHoLil n04Be. 3TIi1M ron B MeToAoM, rne Ka>KAbILilnOllY41i11lcsoe, Ii1saaepuiaerca kpyrosopor B npapone. Ioransuaa 3a~Ii1Ta npaponu, Ha MOLIIB3r1lRA, npoTliIBOAeLIICTByeT 3TOMY, rope-raaxa renepe cofiapaerca aeneransao, ECTb onaCHOCTb, 4TO ee 1i11l1i1 BCIOnosupusaor, liIlllil, He npaxacaacs, He nOMorYT eLil pa3MHO>KliITbCR.KopeHb yn1l0THIi1TCR, Ii1pacreaue YMpeT cavo. 3TO He TOllbKO HIi1KOMYHe nouoraer, HOMO>KeTnp0li130LIITIi1 npouecc, 06paTHbiLil >KenaeMoMY.

KaK >KeR AOll>KeH npasecra

cotiuparo rOpe4aBKY? B cneunureparype

Pa3Be.qeHMe ~eHHeVlWeVi MBbl Cepe6pMCTOVI
Ha nplilMepe peA4aLllweLil cepe6pli1CTOLil Ii1Bbl R xoren 6bl noxasars, KaKIi1M npocTblM MO>KeT6blTb pa3MHO>KeHli1e.Cepeopucras Ii1Ba- 3K01l0rli14eCKIi1lIeHHeLilwee nepeso. (epe>KKIi1 BecHoLil RBllRIOTCRnli1TaHli1eMAllR nven, WMelleLllIi1 6a604eK, K TOMY>Ke,3TO npexpacuoe, xpacaaejiuree AeKOpaTIi1BHOe nepeso. Ero nallbMOBble Cepe>KKIi1 RBllRIOTCRTpaAIi1l1li10HHbiMYKpaweHli1eM B pa31llil4HbiX HapoAHblX 06pRAax. npli1 pacnycKaHli11i1M01l0AbiX cepexe« BeTKIi1nepeseee BMeCTe Cn04KaMIi1 npencrasllRIOT lIeHHeLilwli1Li1KOpM AllR nTIi1l1,B nepsyio ovepens, rerepesanux. MOIi1 rolly6ble aMa30Hbi TaK>KeeART Ii1XC601lbWOLil OXOTOLII.

75

Cepe6pL-1CTaH L-1Ba«noreer» -repes JlL-1CTbH, TAaBaH TaKL-1M06pa30M COK. B JlL-1CO T04KaX L-13COKa 3a6L-1paeTCH 6eJlOK, a 4L-1CTbILit axap BblAeJlHeTCH Ha nOBepXHOCTb. c 3TOT caxap C06L-1pa1OTn4eJlbi L-1 nenaior lIeHHeLltWL-1L1t JlL-1CTBeHHbILitMeA. ,[IepeBo L-1Bblnpespaoro L-1CnOJlb3yeTcH, nocne nosana, AJlH pa3BeAeHL-1H rpa60B - 4epe3 BpaLl.\L-1BaHL-1eB CTBOJl rpL-16HL-1l1.np0L-13paCTalOLl.\L-1e Ha 3TOM CTBOJle rpL-16bl: eeurenxa, oneuox 3L-1MHL-1L1tWL-1L-1TaKe, L-1 B6L-1palOT CJlaAKOBaTbiLit npasxyc nepeea. KOPHL-1L-1Bbl,BblAeJlHH B n04BY BeLl.\eCTBa, cnOC06CTBYlOT pOCTy paCTeHL-1L1t. HaPHAY C 3TL-1ML-1BaOTBJleKaeT 3BepeLit Ha ce6H, HBJlHHCb AJlH HL-1X JlaKOMCTBOM, ssepn eio C YAOBOJlbCTBL-1eM nL-1TaIOTCH,06KYCblBaH BeTKItl Itl 06beAaH xopy. TaKL-1M06pa30M MoryT 6blTb 3aLl.\ltlLl.\eHbl npyrae nepessa, raxae, KaK H6JlOHH, COCHa KeAPOBaH, Ay6, KaWTaH. ,[Ia>Ke CL-1JlbHOnoeneuaa», OHa npexpacso pacrer. IIIBa cepetipacraa 04eHb XopOWO pa3MHO>KaeTCH 4epeHKaML-1. B HaweM peruOHe AJlH store L-1CnOJlb3YIOT4epeHKItl OT 8 AO 10 CM TOJlLl.\ItlHOLitItl AO 2 M AJlL-1HOLlt, 6L-1B BaH L-1X 50 CM B MOKPYIO, 60JlOTItlCTYlO 3eMJlIO. B nepBblLit >Ke ron OHL-1npexpacao Ha paspacraorcs, nOTOM BHe3anHO CTaHOBHTCH 60JlbHbIML-1, 4axHYT L-106JlaMbIBaIOTcH. PaHbwe JlIOAItl AYMaJlL-1, 4TO 3TO nOToMY, 4TO nepesy He nOAOWJla 3eMJlH L-1JlL-1 4TO-TO npyroe, npltl4L-1Hy HItlKTO He ItlCKaJl. y MeHH >Ke npL-1HHTO B CJlY4ae HeYAa41tl, KaK Y>Ke ynOMItlHaJlOCb, 06maTeJlbHO Hai1TL-1npL-14L-1Hy.,[IJlH sroro H ItlCCJleAOBaJl OAHO L-13 6peBHblweK, pacxonas HItl>KHIOIO 4aCTb. Kopa B rny6L-1HY AO 45 CM 6blJla 4epHO-CItlHerO usera Itl oraepuiaa. TOJlbKO 5 CM OT nOBepXHOCTItl 6b1JlL-1euie 3eJleHbIML-1, L-1cnauiae rna3KItl 06pa30BaJlL-1 B 3TOM MeCTe KOpeWKItl. H AYMalO, npL-14ltlHa - nJlOTHOCTb MOKPOLit 3eMJlL-1: BHL-13YHeT nocryna KL-1CJlOpoaa, n03ToMY HItl>KHHe rna3KItl He MoryT AaTb KopeWKOB, «opa B 3TOM MeCTe «3aAblxaeTCH» Itl OTMltlpaeT. OCTaBwaHCH B nepese anara Itl 06pa30BaBWItleCH Ha nosepXHOCTL-1KopeWKH AalOT B03MO>KHOCTb AepeBlIY paCTH napy ner, a nocne roro, KaK HItl>KHHH 4aCTb CrHL-1BaeT,OHO repser onopy L-1 naaaer, TaKL-1M06pa30M, H BblHCHItlJl npltl41tlHy onpOKHAbIBaHL-1H CTBOJlOB H CTaJl paspafiarusars CBOLitMeTOA. Caauana H BbICaAL-1JlHBy Ha pa3JlH4HbiX 6HOTonax: Ha cYXOLlt, KaMeHHCTOLlt, Bna>KHOLitL-1 MOKPOLit novsax, OTBepCTItlH AJlH nOCaAKL-1H nenan HeMHoro 60JlbWe, a 4epeHKL-1 xopo-re 06b14HOro. B Ka>KAOe OTBepCTHe H nOcaAL-1Jl no ABa 4epeuxa: OAHH TOJlCTblLit L-1 nOAJlItlHHee, APyroLit - TOHeHbKL-1i1, nOMeHbwe, 4T06bl OHItl He fiorrranace, H npurorrran 3eMlllO Horoi1. Teneps B orsepcrae nocrynaer AOCTaT04HO KHC1l0pOAa AllH roro, 4T06bl cnaLl.\L-1e rna3KItl MornH nYCTL-1TbKOpeWKL-1. MalleHbKItlLlt 4epeHOK npenorspauiaer nonHoe saxperrae OTBepCTHH L-1 BblnOJlHHeT <PYHKlIL-11O nOACa>KeHHOrO pesepaa. PesynsTaT: nocne 4 HeAellb see rna3KL-1 BbInYCTL-1JlL-1 KOpeWKL-1. 4epeHKL-1 CTpeML-1TellbHO CTallL-1 paCTL-1ssepx, MalleHbKL-1e POCllL-1CL-1llbHee, crapasce noruars csoero crapuiero 6para, Y>Ke nocne 5-7 ner L-1X Hellb3H 6bl1l0 OTJlL-14HTb. 3TOT MeTOA 3apeKoMeHAOBaJl ce6H Ha scex BHAax n04B OAHHaKOBO. HeJlb3H He ynoMHHYTb, 4TO ny-uuee BpeMH AllH cpeaa 4epeHKOB - 3TO sereraraesaa naysa, B AeKa6pe. npL-1 3TOM y nepesa MoryT 6blTb 06pe3aHbi ece BeTKItl Itl ocraeneau nexars.

76

nY4WVI~

CpOK nocaAKVI

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Ha HapO>KAalOl1le~CfI VI TOHeHbKVle, BHVlMaHVle

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B 3aBVlCVlMOCTVI OT AJlVlHbl BeTOK VI TBePAOCTII1 n04Bbi

20 AO 50 CM.
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CYl1leCTByeT 3anCfI HaVlJlY4wVlM.

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CBft3b C npMpOAO.n
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77

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51

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>Ke cpasy

Ha xpansuiero

nOJl,QJlR. HIII>Ke TpOnlt1HKIII 1113 sarona It1BCe CTa,QO C nopocarava 4epe3 orsepcrae B cerxe

60JlbWOrO

Ha «MaKCIII»

1113 oneepa, s

nputiexano

K HaM. no-

pOCRTa npOCKOJlb3HYJllt1 nonars KyKypy3y

It1TyT >Ke CTaJlIt1 C y,QOBOJlbCTBlt1eM paccTORHIIIR,

C ero O,Qe>K,Qbl. Ha6JlIO,QaBWllle

BCe 3TO C 6e30nacHoro

raM6ypn.\bl BOI1!

C Y>KaCOM 3aMeTIt1JlIt1: '-ITO OH nenaer? OH >Ke CKapMJlIt1BaeT pa60THIt1Ka Ka6aHaM! OH >Ke e~e >K1t1-

B ucrepaxe

OHIt1 IIIC4e3JlIt1. >KaHAapMOB 1t13Taacsera, OHIII XOTeJlIII 3HaTb, xopouresexae onaCHOCTIt1

BCKOPOCTIII nORBIt1JlCR narpyns 4TO 3,QeCb CJlY4It1JlOCb. MaCClllpOBaB,

51

06bRCHIt1Jl,

4TO MaJleHbKlt1e, ero,

nopocsra
HIilKaKOI1 HeT.

no-

npo6Y,QIt1JlIII

nOJl,QJlR III He CbeJlIII nouenyes,

llpo-

CHYBWIIICb OT 3BOHKIt1X III CMa4HbiX ,QJlb nPIIIWeJl TOMaTaJlb. B cefia, OTPRXHYJlCR

CO CJlOBaMIt1: «'-ITO npOIIICXO,QIt1T?», nyrs K cJle,QylO~eMy rpaxrapy

IlonB

III npOAOJl>KIIIJl

O,QIIIH 1113 KaH,QapMOB CKa3aJl: >

e~e 4ero

51 TaK

III ,QYMaJl, 4TO 6Y,QeT 4TO-TO nOA06Hoe. MeHR npOI1TIII C HIllM B Y4aCTOK, nOTOMY 4TO >KeH~It1Ha C AeTbMIll HO y MeHR He 6blJlO BpeMeHIt1 ,QJlR 3TOro. DOJlbWe

OH nonpOCIIIJl He ycnoxoanace, He CJlbIWaJl.

R 0 HIt1X HIt1-

Pa3BeAeHMe 3Mev.
HeCMOTpR we 60JlbWIIIHCTBO raJlIIICb, III 06bl4HO Bo BpeMR n03HaKOMIIITbCR KaK MaM6a, Ha MOIO npIIIBR3aHHOCTb JlIO,Qel1, HaTKHYBWIIICb, 3TIt1X 6eAHbiX K npupone K nplllMepy, 3Mel1 R 60RJlCR C ,QeTCTBa. PaHbHa nosoce Ha 3MelO, Y>KaCHO ny>KIIIBOTHbIX 3a61t1BaJlIII.

noe3,QKIt1 B A<jlPIt1KY, B C penTlIIJlIt1RMIll

1978

roM,

Y MeHR nORBIIIJlaCb

B03MO>KHOCTb

n06JlIII>Ke.

(J)epMep

B CBOeM

cany,

conepxa»

TaKYIO R,QOBIllTylO 3MelO, no CTeHaM III 3aXOJlO,QHee,

H~eplllllbi Be4epoM, MeCTe4KO.

It1npyrae

perrrnnnn

nOJl3aJlIII

6111paJlIIICb ,Qa>Ke B CnaJlbHIO. >KIIIBOTHble IIICKaJlIII rennoe

«orna llepea

CTaHOBIIIJlOCb 4YBcTBIIITeJlbHO TeM, KaK III,QTIIIcnars,

Mbl ,QOJl>KHbl 6blJlIII

78

npOKOHTPOJlltlpOBaTb,He sanonsna nl-13Mefl B nocrens. ,[Infl Moe~ >KeHblBpOHl-1l-1 MeHfl 3Ta orryauus 6blfla He 04eHb npl-1flTHO~.3TO 3aMeTl-1nl-1 l-1HaWl-1xosaesa. Mbl nsrranl-1Cbosnaaers c060~, HOnyranacs CHOBal-1CHOBa,xorna 60nbwafl 3Mefl nepecekana nepen HaMl-1nopory, MHe 6blfl0 HenOBKOsa CBOIi1 crpax, Be,Qbfl 3Han, 4TO3Mel-1- none3Hbie l-1«paoiaue, 3TOT crpax nepea 3MeflMl-1 co BpeMeHeM fl uauien nOCTbl,QHbIMl-1peumn y ce6fl ,QOMa,B rennuue, 3aBeCTl-13Me~. H XOTen, 4T06bl l-1Y ,QeTe~ He 6blno crpaxa nepen 3Tl-1Ml-1enrl-1nl-1flMl-1. p Ilocne noe3,QKl-1B A<!>Pl-1KY ornpasanca K serepauapy, ,QOKTOpy <DpaHllY fl P03l-1aH, B Mypay (KOTOPbl~ TO>Kepassonan 3Me~), 4T06bl Kynl-1Tb -rerupex MOnonux rarpoaux .nl-1TOHoB. H 6bln y,Ql-1BneH, xorna yBl-1,Qen pasaepu aspocnax >Kl-1BOTHbIX. Mono,Qble nospaaanace MHe oonuue. TyT uacrynun pewalOLl.!l-1~ MOMeHT. Korna fl nonpocun Bbl6paTb 4eTBepKY Mono,Qblx l-1nOnO>Kl-1Tb MHe B MewoK, <DpaHll OTBeTl-1n: - HeT, caM BbI6l-1pa~. MHe 6blno CTbl,QHOnpasuarsca, 4TO fl He XOTen npaxacarecs K Hl-1M,,QOCl-1X nop fl y6eran OT 3Me~. Iorna fl cxasan Moeli1 ,Q04epl-1 Knay,Ql-1l-1, koropaa COnpOBO>Knana MeHfl B 3TO~ noesnxe: - OHl-16YMT npauannexare TE'6e, BbI6l-1pali1,KaKl-1X X04eWb. - HeT, - OTBeTl-1naOHa, l-1Mefl B Bl-1,Qy, B03bMeT l-1XTonbKO nocne MeHfl. 4TO KaKOBOMHe 6blfl0 C3Tl-1Mcnpaearsca, MO>KeTnpencrasare Ka>K,Qbl~.Ha3a,Qnopora He 6blno. Bnepsue fl ,Qon>KeH6blfl rono~ PYKOVI3ane3Tb B rHe3,Q0 l-1BbITaLl.!l-1Tb ceMl-1,QecflTl-1CaHTl-1MeTpOBO~ ,Qnl-1HblMono,Qblx 3MeVi. ( 60nbWl-1M TPY,QOM,,QByMfl pyKaMl-1fl cnpasanca C 3Tl-1M,,QYMalO,eonocu B 3TOTMOMeHT croana y MeHfl ,QbI60M! Hecaorps Ha see 3TOfl He AOn>KeH6bln nonars l-1Bl-1,Qy. ,Qa>KeHe ycnen ycnenure, H KaK MOfl ,Q04Ka ,QOCTanaocransuux rpex. nocne roro, KaK OHa YBl-1Aena,4TOfl suraLl.!l-1n ,QHy3MelO, y Hee He OCTanOCbcrpaxa, O ( rex nop 3Mel-1crane ee nI06l-1MbIMl-1 >Kl-1BOTHbIMl-1. Aa>Ke6pana l-1X OHa l-13Tennl-111 KOMHaTY,4T06bl 6blna B03MO>KHOCTbnoxasars l-1X6a6ywKe. 5a6ywKa acerB Aa cnacanacs 6erCTBoM, xorna Bl-1Aena3MeVi. ,[IeTl-1scerna panosanacs, Bl-1,Qfl 3Tl-1X rtpexpacuux >Kl-1BOTHbIX rennaue. III ,Qa>KeBpOHl-1 norepsna crpax nepen Hl-1Ml-1. B 3TOT npl-1Mep noxasuaaer, KaK MO>KeT6blTb npocro npeonones crpax Y ,QeTe~ nepe,Q 3MeflMl-1. Mbl ,Qep>Kanl-1nl-1TOHOBB rennuue MHOrl-1e ro,Qbl, OHl-1senaxonenso passenl-1Cbl-1supocna. OAHa>Kbl BeCHO~ Y MeHfl 6blfll-1 noxynarenu BO neope. 3m nlOAl-1 BnaCTHO, 6e3 cnpoca, BOWnl-1B Tennl-111Y, T06bl nocaorpers, 4 l-1nOTOM fl ycnsuuan orryaa y>KaCHbl~ Kpl-1Kl-1WyM pywaLl.!e~Cfl rennnuu. OHl-1TaK l-1cnyranl-1Cb,yBl-1,QeB non KycraMl-1 nexauiax 3Me~, 4TO B naHl-1KeHe CMOrfll-1orxpurs naeps, a crane Bbl6l-1BaTbee HOraMl-1.III, cnacasce 6erCTBOM, ,Q06aBl-1nl-1, TO Hl-1Kor,Qa 4 60nbwe He npa.QYTKOMHe, npl-13HaBWl-1Cb, TO Hl-1Kor,Qa 4 paHbwe He l-1cnbITbIBanl-1 raxoro CMepTenb-

aoro crpaxa.

79

npl'14eM >KI'1BOTHble. BpeMeHI'1

nl'1TOHbl He RAOBI'1Tbl, 1'1npa roro,

npaBI'1JlbHOM

COAep>KaHI'1I'1 6e3061'1AHbie naHI'1Kl'1, a AeTI'1 K TOMY

llocne

KaK 3Mel'1 CTaJlI'1 np1'141'1HO~ TaKO~ nI'1TOHOB.

BblPOCJll'1, R nponan

OnblTHblVi
H BcnoMI'1HalO

npoexr
euie KaK xopowee

«KOMnOCn"lpOBaHMe
xorna B

OTCTOJl»

TO BpeMR,

Tasiceere
Y4aCTKOB

C 041'1CTI'1TeJlbHbiX >KI'1AKI'1~ OTCTO~.

HI'1~ nOCTaBJlRJlI'1 KpeCTbRHaM nponaraanapoaanca

1'1ananensuav

coopyxeIorna OH

OpraHI'14eCKOe

YA06peHl'1e. OTCTO~, 1'1Ha4aJl npOBOAI'1Tb JlI'1CTBO~, COJlOMO~ 1'1 B 3TOM cyticrpanl'1paMI'1ero pasnpe>KAe

H TO>Ke XOTeJl nonpoooears

caM KOMnOCTl'1pOBaTb

onsrru

B rennaue,

rne

B RLl1I'1KaX CMeWI'1BaJl orcroa 4epBe~.

C 3eMJle~,

A06aBJlflJl

TYAa A0>KAeBbIX n03>Ke

PaCTeHI'1f1 TaK >Ke, KaK 1'14epBI'1, cyxo~ OTCTO~ 1'13

re POCJlI'1 xopowo. AaJlbHO, nOA

fI HaCblnaJl

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COCTaB: B

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C 1'13BeCTblO, B Mypay

C MY4HI'1CTO~

noponoa,

ero CMeWI'1BaJlI'1 B COOTHOWeHl'11'1 Ha

1:8 C 3eMJle~,
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rpefiaax

3TI'1X HaCblne~

xopaennon«
oxpyra

scex

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npOAOJl>KaJlCfI

ner, (

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Ha n04BeHHO-61'10JlOrI'14eCBI'1HAl'1wa 06 3TOM OTCTO~ nOAnOABl'1rY4aCT-

KylO nposepxy MeTOAe 6blJll'1

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XOAI'1T Aa>Ke AJlR BblpaLl1I'1BaHI'1f1 61'10npoAYKTOB. ayn ke B MeHR Ha4aTb npoexr «KoMnOCTl'1pOBaHl'1e

pesynsrar

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Taucsere.
OAHaKo fI npuotipen roPbKI'1~ onur MeHfI B 3TOM nene, BblCTPOI'1Tb nOTOMY 4TO npaBI'1TeJlbCTBO nOMeLl1eHl'1e AJlfl 3TI'1X

3eMJll'1

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l..\eJle~ C 6eTOHI'1pOBaHHbiM 3aHI'1MaTbCR 3m

1'11'130Jll'1pOBaHHbiM

OT 3eMJll'1

nokpsrrnea.

H I'1MeJl npaso

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I'1CKJl1041'1TeJlbHO B TaKOM asrape. sa OAI'1H pas paspyumn yCJlOBI'1~ 1'1sererauaa, ace. B KPblTOM, 1'130JlI'1PO-

6blJlO YAapoM,

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MO>KHble Ae~CTBylOLl1l'1e ace pacxonu

npeAnl'1CaHI'1f1

sa npoexraposauae npaKTI'1Ka

1'1I'1CCJleAOBaHI'1f1, 3TI'1M see 1'1 3aKOH4I'1JlOCb. TpaHcnopTl'1pOBKI'1 1'1l..\eHTpaJlI'130BaHHO~

eTCfI JlI'1 ceroAHflwHflR 4eCKO~ nepepacorxa

MeXaHI'1-

OTCTOfi Jly4WI'1M

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R OCTaBJlRIO nOA BonpOCOM. MOMeHT: MO~ MeTOA 6blJl nepenas 4TO 3TOT npoexr

Ho BO BceM 3TOM 6blJl 1'1nOJlO>KI'1TeJlbHbl~ MHOrl'1M 61'10JlOraM-arpapHI'1KaM. BHeApeH 06pa30M C 60JlbWI'1M

V13 V1HAI'1I'1fI nOJly41'1Jl C006Ll1eHl'1e,

ycnexca,
nponaior

TaM He TOJlbKO OTCTO~, HO 1'1OTXOAbl C 60~HI'1 TaKI'1M cyocrpar BHOCflT A0>KAeBbIX 4epBe~ 1'1I'1X

KOMnOCTl'1pylOT.

B nOJlY4eHHbl~

R~l..\a. 3TOT cyricrpar roLl1eHHO~

no BceMY Ml'1py AJlfl pereuepauaa B ABCTpl'1l'1?

MepTBO~

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3eMJlI'1. n04eMY

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80

AllipeKTOp

neCHOrO

X03J1MCTBa cnYllalll

6e3 OXOTHlIIlIberO C OXOTHIIIKaMlII1II

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C AeTCKIIIXner Moe cepnue >Ka>KAanOOXOTbl. Ka>KAbIJlJ OXOTHIIIKC pY>KbeM III y6111Tafi III4b nplIITflrlllBanlll MeHfI, oco6eHHO, «orna fI C APY3bflMIII, IIIAfi no nopore B A uisony, BIIIAen, KaK nocraananacs AIII4b KHfl3JOlllaapueadepry B 1960 rony fI cnan 3K3aMeH no OXOTe.BocxlIIllIeHHblJlJ, fI cpaay scrynan B Mecmoe 061l1eCTBOOXOTHIIIKOB. >KeB 1963 roAY fI nonyxan paspeuieuae nonsaoaareY CfI yroAbflMIII B KOJlJWIIIHreIII BIIIHKne nnouianuo B 500 ra - Anfl eAIIIHoBnacTHoro X03f1J1JCTBOBaHlllfi. nplll4111HOJlJbln Ylllep6, HaHOCIIIMblJlJ 6 apetmaropaa 3TIIIX 3eMenb oneHflMIII, o6beAaBwIIIMIII KOPYnepessea R AOn>KeH 6bln sa ABa rona BblPOBHflTb y6bITOK, III cran eAIIIHCTBeHHblM OXOTHIIIKOM Ha BCeJlJ 3TOJlJ repparopua. 4ro6bl AOCTIII4b ycnexa, fI onpocan nOCTpaAaBWIIIXsnaneneuea 3eMnlll. V1TO,4TO fI 6bln eAIIIHCTBeHHblM BnaAenblleM TaKIIIXyro,QIIIJIJ B cooouiecrse OXOTHIIIKOB, HorlllX He ycrpaasano, noasanacs 3aBIIICTb. M AMpeKTOp neCHM'IeCTBa ce6J1 CaM

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Jleroa 1964 rona, KorAa fI 6bln xoporxoe BpeMfi OXOTHIIIKOM-apeHAaTopOM, He nplllrnaweHHblM noaaanca AlllpeKTOp neCHIII4eCTBa CenbCKOX03f1J1JCTBeHHOJlJ llanaru 3anbll6ypra. 3TOro 4enOBeKa nlll4HO fI He 3Han, HO IIIMfi ero MHe 6blflO 3HaKOMO. OH cxasan; - flpaset 50ra, r-H Xoneuepl V13BIIIHIIITe, TO fI Ha eac TaK BHe3anHO csanan4 CfI, HOMHe cxasana, 4TOy eac MO>KHO xopowo nOOXOTIIITbCfI.He Aa,QIIITenlll paspeureHille Ha OTCTpen OAHOJlJ Kocynlll? Iloceuieaae raxoro aucoxonocraaneaaoro rocra 6blno ,Qnfl MeHfI CJOpnpIII30M III 4eCTbJO.R nan cornacae, III Mbl nouinn Ha OXOTy.B 3aKnJ04eHllle OH y Hac nepeuo4eBan. 4T06bl y Hero 6blno MeCTO,MaMa nparorosana ~y MOJOKOMHaTY,a fI cnan Ha 4epAaKe. Ha cneAYJOllIlIIJIJAeHb OH no,QCTpenWl ,QByxneTHero cavua xocyna, BeCOM16 xr, - MO>KHOfI euie 0AHY AIII4b B03bMY Cco6oJlJ? - nonpocan OH. R nonapwi eMY ellle onaoro K03na. OH no6naroAap14n 14cnpooin, 4TO OH non>KeHsa HOljner 14sa MfiCO. V13npeAOCTOpO>KHOCT14 OTKa3anCfI 4TO-fl1460 6paTb C fI Hero. Ha npouiaane OH paccsasan 0 nparnauieuaax nOOXOT14TbCfI 143MHOr14XMeCT ABCTPIll14,HO OTMeT14n,4TO 3AeCb 04eHb KpaC14BO,14OH XOTen 6bl CHOBa noeusare y Hac III nOOXOTIIITbCfIHa onesa, OH yexan, a fI 3TOTOTCTpen BHec B OT4eT, no 3aKOHY.
81

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OTCTpellL-1Tb KOCYIlIO 4e1l0BeOXOTHL-1nL-1CbMeHHYIO BeAb R HL-1KOK PYKOBOAL-1-

naparpaoy 48 3a1lbll6yprcKoro
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R 6bl1l npL-13HaH BL-1HOBHbIM, L-1 AomKeH
B Te4eHL-1e

06bRCHL-1TellbHYIO ro He npurnauran rens OKPYIKHOro

14 AHeVi. 51

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C 3TL-1M nL-1CbMOM R
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L-1MeeT 1lL-1 AL-1peKTOp OXOTHL-14bL-1 AOKYMeHTbl YAL-1BlleH, BeAb AOKYMeHTa AIlR MeHR

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51
60Vl

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B APyrL-1e oxoryronua, 4T06bl

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51

BHOBb ofipaL-1 nonpocan 4TO 3TO ace 4T06bl

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C AL-1peKTopoM. L-1noofieuian

B AIlL-1TellbHOM npeAOCTaBL-1Tb

AL-1peKTOp cxasan, ansoxara

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51

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MeHR,

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51

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sa 3TO MeHR BblnpOBOAL-1IlL-1 H3 sana

L-1 npHrIlaCL-1IlL-1IlL-1Wb Ha 4TeHL-1e npa-

rosopa,
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B L-1TOre MeHR IlL-1WL-1IlL-1 XOTHL-14berO 6L-1lleTa Ha O ace CYAe6Hbie L-13AepIKKL-1H aABOKaTa, nposecrs

5 ner,

K TOMY IKe, R AOIlIKeH MHe npoAaIKeVi OT 3aBL-1CTHL-1KOB,

6bl1l onnanrrs

4TO 060W1l0Cb

KOpOB. TaKIKe MHe pa3peWHIlL-1 C041lL-1 He HOpMallbHblM, BCe cpasy

nL-1CbMO-IKaIl06y napeas

xoropue

4TO TaKOLil M01l0AOVl

OAL-1HL-1MeeT CTOllbKO

oxoTyrOAL-1V1. MHe

CTa1l0 nOHRTHO.

n01lHblLll31l0CTH

L-1 AocaAbl,

R nocne

TaKOVI HecnpaBeAIlL-1BOCTL-1

CIKer BCe OXOT-

HL-14be 06MYHAL-1pOBaHL-1e B KOCTpe.

82

Tenepe
pexrop

apeunaropaua

B 3TIi1X yronsax C KOTOPbIMIi1f1

CTaJ11i1rllaBHbl~

Bpa4

60J1bHli1l1bl,

AIi11i13-

WKOJ1bl Ii1ABOe coceneu,

He XOTeJ1 Ii1MeTb HIi14erO ofiurero nyru, KaK

sa a<j>ep C MOIi1M OTlIOM. HyTb C HIi1X Moe~

H,

He OTKJ1aAbIBafl,

CTaJ1 Ii1CKaTb 3aKOHHbie HaHeCJ11i1 3a~lIbl,

ssrra-

urrpaou,
3HaJ1 sees MeHfI

noxasuaaa,

KaKli1e y6blTKIi1

KOCYJ11i1Ii1 OJ1eHIi1 CKOPO fI Y>Ke

nepvaxynsrype,

Ii1 Ha4aJ1 y41i1Tb 3TOMY APyrli1x «OXOTHIi141i1~ 3aKOH».

cocenea,

04eHb

npexpacuo -lacro

CTapaJ1Ii1Cb sanets

TeM, 4TO CTpeJ1f1J11i1 n06J11i130CTIi1 BOPOH Ii1 3a~AOMa.

ues 1i1J11i1 cneuaansao BpeMfI OT BpeMeHIi1

npOXOAIi1J11i1C AIi14blO B03J1e Moero B B03AYX, a scxope

Torna

fI CTaJ1 CTpeJ1f1Tb

06HapY>KIi1J1 HeCKOJ1bKO J1e>KaHOK, C KOTOPblX KO MHe >KaHAapMbl CTpeJ1f1Tb B B03AYX. PaMIi1HrWTa~Ha, BceM, MOIi1M Ii1 He HaWJ11i1AOKa3aTeJ1bCTB

sa MHO~ nOACMaTpIi1BaJ1li1. nOCJ1aHHble Moe~ BIi1Hbl, sene OAHa>KAbl, 6blBWIi1M CKa3aJ1: HIi1KTO He sanpeuiaer xorna Mbl

BCTpeTIi1J1Ii1Cb C 6yproMIi1cTpOM MeHfI nOAP06HO 060

Y4Ii1TeJ1eM, OH paccnpocnn

4TO np0Ii130WJ10,

J1aJ1li1!Tbl

- Ila, napess, 3TO aacroauiee xe HaCTOflLl!li1~ OXOTHIi1K!
MHe 6blJ10 04eHb npaarso

CBIi1HCTBO, 4TO OHIi1 B

Oxornanare

C T060~

CAe-

CJ1blWaTb 3TO OT OXOTHIi1Ka Ii16yproMIi1CTpa.

B03Bpa~eHllle npas aa
no peasre

OXOTY
C npocb60~ ne-

npOWeCTBli11i1 nflTIi1 J1eT KO MHe 06paTIi1J1Ii1Cb apesnaropu fI 6blJ1 He B socropre

oxoryronas, Caaxana
3a6blTb

OT Ii1X npeAJ10>KeHIi1f1, HO 3aMeTIi1J1

CYLl!eCTBeHHble C npocb60~ rony nepeasn

1i13MeHeHIi1f1 B Ii1X esrnanax. 06 3TO~ uexopouieu

Ko MHe nOAXOAIi1J11i1Ii1MeHIi1Tble nepCOHbl Ii1CTOPIi1Ii1.H nOCJ1eAOBaJ1Ii1X COBeTY Ii1B 1970

oxoryronaa,

koropsre
MoryT

OCTalOTCfI sa MHO~ Ii1AO ceronusunrero nepeuoorrs HecnpaBeAJ1Ii1BOCTb,

AHfI. BIi1AfI npu KaK

3TOT CJ1Y4a~ HaY41i1J1 MeHfI BCTpe4e Aoporli1 C He~, KaKli1e pbl4arli1

nerve

6blTb BKJ1104eHbl.

Harnsnuo
3BepbeM

CTaJ10 nOHflTHO, KOPMOBblM

MHe MOIi1 cneuxynsrypet, a y6b1TKIi1, HaHeceHHble AJ1f1 fiorarux 4y>KIi1X oxorapeanaropoa

yrone-

flM 1i1J11i1 3epHoBblM, CfI. npli1 cneuxynsrypax, J10Cb 04eHb

np06J1eMO~ Ii1AOKa3aTb

He flBJ1f1IOTYPOH OKa3aHa

KaK MOfl nepvaxynsrypa, npoueccou,

nokasars

TpYAoeMKIi1M

C HenpeABIi1AeHHO

BblCOKIi1MIi1 paCXOAaMIi1

BOCCTaHOBJ1eHli1e. Bce 3TO, KOHe4HO, naropa. TpaHlIbl CAep>KIi1BaeT

xaxnoro

4Y>KOro, a TaK>Ke 60raToro per1i10HOB,

OXOTapeHIi1HOC-

4TO flBJ1f1eTCfI np06J1eMO~ apeHAYIOT oxoryronaa.

aekoropux

rne TOJ1bKO fiorarue

HeraTIIIBHbie
K Ha4aJ1Y 90-x xynsrype BblflBIi1J1CfI yuiepf

nOCne~CTBIIIHMOHoKynbTYP
y HeCKOJ1bKIi1X xpecrsaa no olleHKaM 06J1aCTHafl B eJ104HO~ MOHOOT ssepea, KOMIi1CCIi1Ii1,Ha 13 500 WIi1J1J1Ii1HMHe

B MOIi1X oxoryronaax

rOB (981eBpo).

Ha OCHOBaHli11i1 sroro

aAMIi1HIi1CTpallli1f1

npennucana

npOBeCTIi1 MepOnpli1f1TIi1f1 eJ10K,
6*

no 3aLl!Ii1Te KyJ1bTyp.

H

AOJ1>KeH 6blJ1 60J1ee 4eM AJ1f1 5 000 cesepuov CKJ10He, YCTaHoBIi1Tb Ii1H-

xoropsre

HaXOAIi1J1Ii1Cb Ha 3KCTpeMaJ1bHOM

83

AIIlBIilAyanbHoe nlllHrOB

3all\IIlTHOe

orpaxneuae,

4TO AmI MeHR BblnlllBanOCb

B

1,2 MnH.

uianne-

(87 209 espo),
MeHR 3aAYMaTbcR: n04eMY >KIIlBOTHble 06beAalOT

3Ta cIIlTya411lR sacraaana

pessa? B

3TOM MHe rrovor nepesses,

cnY4aill.

R

Ha4an IIlCKaTb npli14l1lHy, AnR -rero cran XOAIi1Tb cnlllnlllBalO see 06KYR BIi1-

B nee, 111 AHa>KAbl, yCHyB TaM, YBIilAen COH, KaK R 6eH30nlllnoill O caHHble creonu nen nepen a BHIi13 nanaor rouiae

oneua.

,L\a>Ke npocHYBWIIlCb,

c060ill 3TY KapTIIlHY, npu 3TOM X04Y OTMeTIIlTb, 4TO MHorlile IIlX. 3TOT >Ke COH R He Mor cpasy ,QepeBO, R -

IIlAelil npnumu

KO MHe BO CHe, Ii1R peanasoaan 60Ban CBOIilM KIilM 06pa30M

nOHRTb, HO non po3TO scero nlllWb

cnocoooa
cMory

06bRCHIIlTb: R -

>KIIlBOTHOe, MO>KeT 6blTb, ra-

HaillTIil nplll4l1lHy.

Cuauana

R nO,QYMan 0 nepese:

AnlllHHaR nanxa C HeCKonbKIIlMIil 3eneHblMlil xoill, TaKoill, 4TO Aa>Ke rpasa Ha 3aceRHHYIO IIlronKaMIil sars ce6R xopouio: nnoooie MOHoKynbTypa RCHO rpasu noaepxaocraue TaM He pacrer:

BeTKaMIil Ha MaKYWKe; CKnOH KPYToill, CYCBeT CKB03b nlllCTbR n04TIIl He npOXO,QIIlT 3AeCb He MO>KeT 4YBCTBOEn04HaR MHe crane

n04BY. V1 R nOHRn, 4TO nepeso

n04Ba KIi1CnaR, 111 >K1Il3HbB n04Be 6e,QHaR. EnKIIl, K TOMY >Ke, IIlMelOT KOpHIil 111 AnR 3all\IIlTbl neca Mano 4TO MorYT nars. K cuery 111erpav, a KYPbl. 3TIIl nepesea COAep>KaTCR 111

04eHb 4YBcTBlilTenbHa

pa3MHO>KaIOTCR, KaK Ii1HKy6aTopcKlile OHO 4yBCTByeT ce6R nnoxo.

Ieneps,

Ha CTopOHe nepesa,

Ienepe

R BCTan Ha MecTO oneHeill: 3eneHIIl?

KaK OHIil 4YBCTBYlOT ce6R B enbHIIlKe, r,Qe HeT Konlll4eCTBO 3eKaK 6YATO R aaxo-

111lllCTBbl n

R

oKpY>KeH CyXIIlMIi1 BeTKaMIIl, a Manoe ronsxo peuierxa

neHIIl HaxOAIi1TCR BblCOKO HaAO MHOill. 4YBcTBa MOIil pacurapanacs, >KyCb B Y>KacHoill nopsae, r,Qe soxpyr ,QalOT y,QL-1BL-1TenbHbIM 4YBCTBOM npli1pOAHblM

1i13 CTBonOB. >KIIlBoTHble otinaCaMIi1 npexpacso co BceM

L-1HCTL-1HKTOM, OHIi1 CaMIi1 L-1ll\YTce6e enbHIi1Ke, ,Qon>KeH Ii1cnblTaTb

nporurrauae
crpax pessa -

B

npupone,

He HY>KAaIOTCR B eerepnaape,

cnpaBnRIOTCR. KTO nOCTOIi1T B TaKOM MOHoKynbTypHOM TBOBaTb, HeOC03HaHHO

KaK >Ke Bbl>KIi1Tb?>KIi1BOTHble, Ii1MeR npL-1pO,QHblillIi1HCTL-1HKT, Ha41i1HalOT,Qeillc-

peopraausya

cpeny

06Ii1TaHIi1R. OHL-1oorpusaor KOPY, Ii1ne06pa3YR

sacuxaor,

rHli1lOT Ii1 B KOHe4HOM Ii1TOre 06naMbIBaIOTCR, nY4eill. nonY4anOCb, cpeny

nporanaaa
npOHIi1KHO-

B necy, TaK 4TO

npaponuas

BereTa41i1R BHOBb np06Y>K,QaeTCR, finaronapa

BeHli110 conHe4HbiX 4enOBeK paspyunrn (neACTBL-1eM cpenu Ha3Ha4eHIi1e cMepTb.

no MoeMY MHeHIi1IO, 4TO >KIi1BOTHbleotrsena06Ii1TaHIi1R. KaK

lOT ens He 1i13ronona,

a nOTOMY, 4TO enbHIi1K He nO,QXO,QIi1T Ii1Xcpene K

061i1TaHIi1R>K1i1 BOTHblX, TaK L-1 KIi1BOTHbleCTpeMRTCR BOCCTa> ,QepeBbeB RBnReTCR pa3BIi1TIi1e 6naronpli1RTHoill Ba>KHOe ripennlO,Qli1,,QonycKaR co-

HOBIi1Tb paspyureauoe, 06be,QaHIi1R 061i1TaHIi1RAnR >KIi1BOTHbIX, rne OHIi1 CHOBa BblnOnHRIOT csoe B xpyrosopore nycTblHb,

npapoaa. Moill COH 03Ha4an
AeillcTBIi1TenbHO MoryT

3,QaHL-1e en04Hbix

ofipeue

>KIi1BOTHbIXHa rono,QHYIO

Crane nOHRTHO, n04eMY MHe CHL-1nIi1CbIi1CCOXWli1eCR>KIi1BOTHble. R nOHRn TaK>Ke, 4TO xopoener, AonrOHOCL-1KIi1 L-1 nL-1nli1nbll\Ii1KIi1enosue no TaKoill >Ke npL-141i1He HaHOCRT yuiepf Ha nnouiaaax MOHoKynbTypHoro neca, no aHanOrL-11i1 ,QeillCTBYIOT 84

1
Pa3Hoo6pa3ue nepMaK)'nbmYPbl ttY8Cm8UmenbHO omnUttOemCR am enottHoil MOHOK)'nbmyPbl, pacmyiueii na npomU80nOnO>KHOM CKnOHe.

t
I

Cmapue copma 3epH08blX 8 oseiuannux Kynbmypox euspeeaiom B KpoMemepxoljJe U HOBblcome 1460 M HOayooenet« MOpR.

85

cser

L-1 serepl

H OC03Han,

4TO npupona

nsrraercs sempaears xopoenoe,

HaWL-1OWL-16KL-1, KOr-

Aa Mbl L-1X AOnYCKaeM. n03TOMY Mbl AOn>KHbl 60POTbCR He C BHeApL-1nL-1 HaM MOHoKynbTYPY. OTHOCL-1TenbHO Moero 6naropOAHbiLii TaK npoonevy oneue, OTCTpenL-1Tb aexoropux cnY4aR B oxoTyrOAL-1RX R peumn, 4TO 3TO nenaer CTapblLli HO pa3peWeHL-1R Ha ero OTCTpen MHe He AanL-1, a pa3peWL-1nL-1 APyrL-1X >KL-1BOTHbIX. o 3ApaBbiLii CMblcn rOBOpL-1n MHe, 4TO H AonrOHOCL-1KOM L-1nL-1 xonurHbIML-1>KL-1BOTHbIML-1, C 4L-1HOBHL-1KaML-1 a necaoro X03RLlicTBa L-1 Y4L-1TenRML-1, oropue C k

He paspeumrs.

Ilocne

roro,

KaK BL-1HOBHL-1Kanpenenann o

no cneAaM,

TO OTCTpenL-1nL-1 eCKonbKO WTYK roro H spen. ( rex nop 06beAaHL-1e nepeases HaCKonbKO cauo

xe

BL-1Aa>KL-1BOTHbIX, rex nop, noxa MoLii L-1HAO KOTOPblLli AeLliCTBL-1TenbHO HaHOCL-1n L-1 1,2 MnH. WL-1nnL-1HroBOCTa-

CneKTL-1PYlOllIL-1L1i OXOTHL-1K nOACTpenL-1n oneas, He nL-1CbnpOCTO He L-1CTpa4eHHbIML-1.

npexparanocs,

CL-1nbHOMorYT paCXOAL-1TbCRMHeHL-1RcnellL-1anL-1CTOB L-1 3KcnepTOB,

BL-1AHOno 3aRBneHL-11OOT Oxpyra 6e30roBop04HO

Tavcaera

OT 9.09.1991 rona -

MHe 6blno npenna-

06eCne4L-1Tb L-1HAL-1BL-1AyanbHoLii 3alllL-1TOLii 5080 CTBonOB eneLii He3aBL-1CL-1MOrO skcnepra OH npnuien KL-1pxa 5eprepa L-13llens aM 3ee

L-1nL-1 orOpOAL-1Tb BCIO TeppL-1TOpL-1lO.

Torna
nenaer

R nparnacan

YCTaHOBL-1TbnpL-14L-1Hyyuiepfia. rona 3TOMY sxcnepry B T04KY, xorna BeTCTBeHHbl. C03AaBaJ10Cb poaars ene-rarneaae,

K TaKOMY >Ke BbIBOAY, KaK L-1 4TO 3TO R,

OAHO >KL-1BOTHOe,a He HeCKOJ1bKO >KL-1BOTHbIX M0J10AHJ'lKOM. C OTBeTL-1J1 L-1IOHJ'I 1 1992 rona,

2

MapTa

1992

OTBeTL-1nL-1, 4TO ero MHeHL-1e He npo<peCCL-10HaJ1bHO. OH nonan 4TO aAML-1HL-1CTpamBHble npeAnL-1CaHL-1J'1 6e30T-

Ha <poHe HanpR>KeHHOLii CL-1TyallL-1L-1 KpecTbRHCKL-1ML-1X03RI1CTBaML-1 npocro C 4TO 3TO B MeHbweLii CTeneHL-1, -

HeXBaTKa nponpotjeMoHcTpH3alllltlTHbie 3TOro Y4acTKa K CTpO-

<peCCL-10HaJ1bH0I1KBaJ1ltl<pltlKallltlltl, a 60J1bWe MepOnpHJ'lTHJ'I Ha CYMMY BMeCTe C AepeBbRMH roLii

3J10e HaMepeHHe ce6ecToHMoCTb

BJ1aCTb. KaK MO>KHO aa 3TOM CKaJ1ltlCTOM CKJ10He

npennacusars

1,2 MJ1H. WHJ1J1HHrOB, KorAa

COCTaBnReT nltlWb 4aCTb srnx neaer?

Pe4b >Ke HAeT He 0 sanenpeAnHcaHHJ'I

BeAHHKe HJ1H3alllHI1.(alOI1.(eM nece, rAe, nOHJ'lTHO, He06xOAltlMbi

saunrrel
Ellie OAHO nary6Hoe nocnencrsue Bblpal1.(ltlBaHHR MOHOKYJ1bTYPHoro eJ1bHH-

«a. OAHa>KAbl R C006I1.(HJ1 OTlIY, 4TO HH>Ke ssmaca TeJ1RT HCCJ'lKHCT04HHK. Ha 4TO OH OTBeTHn: npyroe 3Toro He MO>KeT 6blTb, OH 6bln TaM scerna. MeCTO, a nOCJ1e AO>KAR BOAa onars OAHaKO nOCJ1e cHnbHoro KapTOWKL-1B 3TOM rony 6blno

Iorna

HY>KHO nepeaecrn

TeJ1RTB a pac-

nORBltlTCR. 6blJ10 Ha4HCTO CMbITO, TaK 4TO C ypoxaera

AO>KAR BOAa B HCT04HHKe TaK H He noasanace. nOKOH4eHO.

n0J10>KeHHOe PRAOM none C xaprocene»

86

H 3aAYMaJlGl,
BOAa BMeCTO roro.

1<1 TaJl Ha6JllOAaTb sa nOTOKaMI<1BOAbl. (KOpO fI onpenenan, C 4T06bl anarusarscs none,

4TO

B 3eMJllO B MOJlOAOM ABaALlaTI<1JleTHeM ensBOAa snu-

HI<1Ke,PY4bflMI<1 CXOAI<1T BHI<13,CMblBafi ace Ha CBoeM nYTI<1.ECJlI<1 paasuie

rsrsanacs

Ha 3epHOBOM

HaXOAI<1BWeMGl 3AeCb KorAa-TO, TO Cel14aC OHa CO

CBI<1CTOM npoxonana AeBaJlCfI POAHI<1K.

CKB03b MOHOKYJlbTYPHbl11 nee.

Teneps

CTaJlO nOHflTHO, KYAa

CnY'faPJI C rOCTHMPJI-OXOTHPJlKaMPJI PJI paKOHbepaMPJI 6
HapfiAY TI<1BHoro. C n031<1mBHblMI<1CJlY4aRMI<1C OXOTHI<1KaMI<1 R

nepexan

1<1 HOro HeraM

I

OAHa}KAbl R nepexotn MeHR HeYMbIWJleHHo.

4YAO C rope-OXOTHI<1KaMI<1,Y KOTOPblX R 6blJl npOBOAHI<1C oPY}Kl<1eM. 50JlbWe ABYX pas BblCTpeJlI<1JlI<1 HI<1 O B APyrol1 npo4YTb He OmpaBI<1JlI<1MeHR Ha np061<1Jl HaCKB03b MOIO umsny,

I
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CBI<1CTeJl MI<1MOyxa. To, n04eMY R 3TI<1X APY3el1, koropue

TOT CBeT, cpasy }Ke OmpaBI<1Jl AOMOI1, AYMalO, nOI1MeT Ka}KAbll1. ,[IJlR APyrl<1x C061<1paTeJlel1 rpocees fI He TOJlbKO AOJl}KeH 6blJl 6blTb npOBOAHI<1KOM, HO 1<1 CTpeJlKOM. MHe scerna 6blJlO 04eHb Henpl<1RTHO B03Harpa}KAaTb BCnOMI<1HalO onaoro OXOTI<1TbCfI a ropsoro H (Ka3aHO «OXOTHI!1Ka» A1<14blO, 06blTOlO MHOI1, Aa euie }KeJlaTb eMY npl<13TOM «OXOTHI<14berO3AOPOBbR». A aKaAeMI<1Ka 1<13 Iepva H1<1 C KOTOPblM Mbl OmpaBI<1JlI<1Cb 1<1, K03Jla. KaK TOJlbKO Mbl YBI<1AeJlI<1 ero, OH urenayn:

(TpeJlRIi1Te sa MeHR, r-H CAeJlaHO. BbICTpeJl. 3a4eM Bbl crpensere, Ax, saaere, r-H

Xonsuep, nee Korna K03eJl nexan

npOMOJl4I<1T, R sannaxy. aa 3eMJle, B03Jle MeHR ABa}KAbl npo-

rpeaen
-

BeAb K03eJl Y}Ke Jle}KI<1T? MOR }KeHa scerna aarnanuaaer B CTBOJl. AOCKO-

Xonsuep,

KorAa Mbl BepHYJlI<1Cb, ero }KeHa Aeli1cTBI!1TeJlbHO B3f1Jla PY}Kbe 1<1rana c HaJlbHO nposepsre, sacrpenan lIaCTo K03Jla? 6blBaJlO, 4TO R cpasy }Ke ornpasnan 3aAaBaR MHe Henpl<1RTHble sonpccu,

Aeli1cTBI!1TeJlbHO JlI<1 My}K ee

roCTeli1-oxOTHI!1KOB AOMOI1. 0,11-

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xpoaensum«

1<13 ,[IlOcCeJlbAop<j>a

ua

A}Kl<1ne, C AByMR

KaK TOJlbKO nepsas I<1HCTpYKTa}K 1<1 onpocan n

cofiaka

BblCK041<1Jla 1<13 MaWI<1Hbl, Ha nOBOAOK, 4TO-

exa.

X03f1I<1H B03HarpaAI<1Jl

ee BKYCHeHbKI<1M 1<1 nOXBaJlI<1Jl. B3f1Tb c06aK CI!1JlbHO pasovaposan-

H,

3aMeTI<1B 3TO, npoaen

6bl 60JlbWe oc06eHHO

HI<14erO nOA06Horo

He CJlY4I<1JlOCb. MOI1 rocrs Bbl

CfI MOI<1MnOBeAeHl<1eM. 3HaeTe JlI<1 Bbl 4TO-TO 0 ApeCCl<1pOBKe c06aK?!,[Ia

naxe

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CTaBJleHI<1R,BeAb nOI1MaTb 1<1aAaBI<1Tb exa 3 xopoume c06aKI<1.

-

3TO pesynerar,

KOTOPbl1i1noxasusaor

87

BapCKYIO -

H 6blJl xopouio 3HaKOM C OXOTHI!14bl!1MI!1 C06aKaMI!1, nOTOMY 4TO CaM I!1MeJl 6aropayo JleraBYIO, n03TOMY pesynsrar repsepa MeHfI MaJlO Bne4aTJlI!1Jl. E>K1!1

MOI!1 Jl1061!1Mbie >KI!1BOTHble, K TOMy nonynauaio

xe, OHI!1 npaaocsr
He BHflJl MHe -

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YJlI!1TOK 1!1 CJlI!13HeVi. BTOpoVi repsep Hac MHOro sa AOMOM

VI
3aAywI!1Jl

see >Ke 3TOT XopOWI!1Vi 4eJlOBeK

KOWKy. 3TO 6blJlO AJlfl MeHfI Y>Ke 4epec4yp.

Y

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KaK CypKI!1, e>Kl!1, KOWKI!1, <j>a3aHbl, yTKI!1, HyTPI!1I!1, onaCHOCTb, 4TO c06aKI!1 HaHeCYT euie

xoropue

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MOVi.

H nOTpe60BaJl OT rocrs ceVi4ac xe BepHYTbCfI flocne KOPOTKOVi 1!16YPHOVi AI!1CKYCCI!1I!1 yexan OH
TaM, a yTpOM BepHYJlCfI, OXOTI!1TbCfI aa OJleHfI. B cBoeM KOHl..\a,

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1

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