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Korea 1950

Korea 1950

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Map 1

KOREA—1950

Center of Military History

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

Facsimile Reprint, 1989, 1997

CMH PUB 21–1

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, US. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402

FOREWORD

To the 1997 Edition

The fiftieth anniversary of the Korean War gives both the Army and the nation an oppor-
tunity to honor those veterans who served in that conflict, one whose results are still very
much on the minds of American soldiers today. This work, first completed when that strug-
gle was unresolved is an overview of the extremely difficult first six months of the Korean
War. Through its text, photographs, maps, and other graphics, it provides a new generation of
soldiers with a sense of what that conflict was all about and of the heroism and sacrifice that
were needed to turn a series of initial setbacks into victory. I am thus pleased to release this
new printing of a classic photographic collection.

Since the source of every photograph is noted at the back of this book, it is the Center of
Military History’s hope that various commands and offices throughout the Army will find
this work useful also as a catalog of available photographs as they develop their own projects
commemorating the anniversary of the war. Finally, I am mindful of the fact that as we honor
those who served in the Korean conflict, we are also recognizing by extension those soldiers
who continue to serve in Korea today, doing their own part in preserving freedom in a sig-
nificant part of the world.

Washington, D.C.

JOHN W. MOUNTCASTLE

11 Oct 1996

Brigadier General, USA
Chief of Military History

FOREWORD

By its participation in the Korean conflict the Army of the United

States, in a determined effort to restore international peace and security,

has been for the first time committed to battle under the flag of the

United Nations. Confronted by most arduous conditions, the American

soldier has fought with traditional bravery and skill against communist

aggression in Korea. He has met every test with honor.

This volume briefly records, by text and photograph, the first six months

of the conflict that began in Korea on 25 June 1950. It is dedicated to

the American soldier and his comrades in arms who have endured the

hardships of battle with unfailing devotion to duty.

J. LAWTON COLLINS

Chief of Staff

CONTENTS

I.PRELUDE TO NORTH KOREAN AGGRESSION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

II.WITHDRAWAL TO THE PUSAN PERIMETER: 25 JUNE–
31 JULY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Illustrations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

III.DEFENSE OF THE PUSAN PERIMETER: 1 AUGUST–14
SEPTEMBER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Illustrations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

IV.UNITED NATIONS COUNTEROFFENSIVE : 15 SEPTEMBER–
24 NOVEMBER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Illustrations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

V.WITHDRAWAL FROM THE YALU: 25 NOVEMBER–31
DECEMBER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Illustrations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238

Maps

No.

Page

1.Strategic Map of Far East. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inside front cover

2.Situation 28 June 1950. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

3.Situation 1 August 1950. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

4.Situation 14–15 September 1950. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146

5.Situation 25 November 1950. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

6.Situation 31 December 1950. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279

7.Map of Korea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inside back cover

Illustrations are from the Department of Defense files.

In this volume, the place names are spelled in accordance
with the Army Map Service spellings. The breve mark,
however, has been omitted.

Chapter

Page

KOREA—1950

1

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