gif 14.52.49

NOMENCLATURE REQUIREMENTS FOR INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY Elements aluminum antimony argon arsenic barium beryllium bismuth boron bromine cadmium calcium carbon cesium chlorine chromium cobalt copper fluorine gallium germanium gold hafnium helium hydrogen Al Sb Ar As Ba Be Bi B Br Cd Ca C Cs Cl Cr Co Cu F Ga Ge Au Hf He H indium In iodine I iridium Ir iron Fe krypton Kr lanthanum La lead Pb lithium Li magnesium Mg manganese Mn mercury Hg molybdenum Mo neon Ne nickel Ni niobium Nb nitrogen N osmium Os oxygen O palladium Pd phosphorus P platinum Pt potassium K radon Rn rhenium Re rubidium ruthenium rhodium scandium selenium silicon silver sodium strontium sulfur technetium tellurium thallium tin titanium tungsten uranium vanadium xenon yttrium zinc zirconium Rb Ru Rh Sc Se Si Ag Na Sr S Tc Te Tl Sn Ti W U V Xe Y Zn Zr

Naturally Occurring Multiatomic Elements bromine chlorine fluorine hydrogen Br2 Cl2 F2 H2 iodine nitrogen oxygen phosphorus I2 N2 O2 P4 sulfur S8

Monoatomic Anions hydride fluoride chloride bromide iodide HFClBrIoxide sulfide nitride phosphide carbide O2S2N3P3C4-

Polyatomic Anions ammonium acetate carbonate hydrogen carbonate perchlorate chlorate chlorite hypochlorite perbromate bromate bromite hypobromite periodate iodate iodite hypoiodite permanganate NH4 + - nitrate nitrite chromate dichromate cyanide hydrogen sulfate sulfate sulfite hydrogen sulfite hydroxide phosphate hydrogen phosphate dihydrogen phosphate phosphite hydrogen phosphite dihydrogen phosphite - NO3 NO2 22- C2H3O2 CO3 2- HCO3 ClO4 ClO3 ClO2 ClO - - CrO4 CN - Cr2O7 HSO4 SO4 SO3 OH - - 22- BrO4 BrO3 BrO2 BrO IO4 IO3 IO2 IO - - HSO3 PO4 32- HPO4 PO3 H2PO4 3- HPO3 2- H2PO3 MnO4 Binary Acids hydrofluoric acid hydrochloric acid hydrobromic acid HF HCl HBr hydroiodic acid hydrosulfuric acid HI H 2S Oxyacids acetic acid carbonic acid nitric acid nitrous acid perchloric acid chloric acid chlorous acid hypochlorous acid HC2H3O2 H2CO3 HNO3 HNO2 HClO4 HClO3 HClO2 HClO permanganic acid chromic acid phosphoric acid phosphorous acid sulfuric acid sulfurous acid hydrocyanic acid HMnO4 H2CrO4 H3PO4 H3PO3 H2SO4 H2SO3 HCN Also include all other halogen acids in this list. .

Metals with fixed oxidation states aluminum cadmium calcium lithium magnesium potassium silver sodium zinc Al 3+ 2+ 2+ Al Cd Ca Li Mg K Ag Na Zn Cd Ca Li K + 2+ Mg + Ag Zn + + Na 2+ Metals with variable oxidation states chromium cobalt copper gold iron lead manganese mercury nickel tin uranium Cr 2+ 2+ + Cr 3+ Cr 6+ Cr(II) Cr(III) Cr(VI) Co(II) Co(III) Cu(I) Cu(II) Au(I) Au(III) Fe(II) Fe(III) Pb(II) Pb(IV) Co Cu Au Fe Pb Co Cu Au Fe Pb 3+ 2+ 3+ + 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 4+ 3+ Mn Ni U Mn Ni Mn 4+ Mn 7+ Mn(II) Mn(III) Mn(IV) Mn(VII) Hg(I) Hg(II) Ni(II) Ni(III) Sn(II) Sn(IV) Hg2 Sn Hg 3+ 2+ 2+ 2+ Sn U 4+ 4+ 3+ U 5+ U 6+ U(III) U(IV) U(V) U(VI) .Greek Prefixes 1 mono 2 di 3 tri 4 tetra 5 penta 6 hexa 7 hepta 8 octa 9 nona 10 deca Oxides of the Main Group Elements dinitrogen monoxide nitrogen monoxide dinitrogen trioxide nitrogen dioxide dinitrogen tetraoxide dinitrogen pentoxide N2O NO N2O3 NO2 N2O4 N2O5 sulfur trioxide diphosphorus pentoxide carbon monoxide carbon dioxide silicon dioxide chlorine dioxide SO3 P2O5 CO CO2 SiO2 ClO2 This is only a representation of this type of nomenclature.

Hydrates Use the Greek prefixes when naming hydrates to indicate the number of water molecules associated with each compound. CoSO4 • H2O BaI2 • 2 H2O Au(CN)3 • 3 H2O FeI2 • 4 H2O MnSO4 • 5 H2O Cd(MnO4)2 • 6 H2O ZnSO4 • 7 H2O Mg3(PO4)2 • 8 H2O Al(BrO3)3 • 9 H2O Pb(C2H3O2)2 • 10 H2O cobalt(II) sulfate monohydrate barium iodide dihydrate gold(III) cyanide trihydrate iron(II) iodide tetrahydrate manganese(II) sulfate pentahydrate cadmium permanganate hexahydrate zinc sulfate heptahydrate magnesium phosphate octahydrate aluminum bromate nonahydrate lead(II) acetate decahydrate .

we would name the compounds accordingly: Ca3P2 MgSe Na2O Calcium phosphide Magnesium selenide Sodium oxide To write a formula from a given name. you simply take the symbols for the named elements and combine them in a ratio that gives you a neutral ionic compound. so you need to work on this on your own or in groups. you should at least be able to use the periodic table to determine that O forms a -2 ion. and then write the name. you need 2 Br for every 1 Ca The formula would be CaBr2 You must know the names and charges of all monatomic ions listed on the separate handout!  Compounds with metals that can form more than one ion Several transition metals can form more than one ion. For example: Fe2O3 If you can't remember what ions iron can form. Note that this will NOT be covered in any detail in lecture. For systematically named compounds for the metals that can form more than one ion. That means that the charges must balance. You should also read about this in Chapter 2 of your text. The number of each element present is shown as a subscript after the element symbol. Thus given the following formulas. You should note that the cation is always the metal and the anion the nonmetal. Example: Calcium bromide: Ca would form a +2 ion. See me for clarification and assistance. an example of a compound of the +3 ion is given below: Iron(III) chloride FeCl3 If given the formula of such an ionic compound. the negative ion takes the first part of its element name plus an -ide ending. YOU MUST LEARN THESE RULES or you will find yourself lost and hurting for the entire term. and Br a -1 ion. there are 3 O present for a total of a -6 charge. iron can form either a +2 or a +3 ion. The name for this compound is iron(III) oxide . The positive ion takes the same name as its element. Summarized below are the basic rules you should learn for naming chemical compounds. thus we need a +6 charge to balance this. Thus to have a neutral compound. the charge on the metal will be indicated in the given name by a Roman numeral in parentheses.Chem 127 Dr. Gragson Chemical Nomenclature Nomenclature is essential to our understanding and use of chemistry. For example. so each must have a charge of +3. Thus you can easily determine the corresponding formula.Ionic compounds are formed between metal and nonmetal Ionic compounds are named by first identifying the positive ion (the cation) and then the negative ion (the anion). you'll have to use your memorized knowledge of the cation's charge or use the charge on the anion to determine the charge on the cation. Naming Ionic Compounds . there are two Fe. so you have to do a little figuring as to what ions the elements will form and how many of each you'll need to balance out positive and negative charges.

is bonded to one or more oxygen atoms. ClO2. Gragson Sometimes you will encounter the common name of compounds that contain metals that can form more than one ion. ClO3. Ion with two fewer oxygens has just the root and the suffix -ite.Most of the polyatomic ions you need to know are oxoanions. SO3-2 is named sulfite and SO4-2 is named sulfate. However.Chem 127 Dr. Ion with one fewer oxygen has just the root and the suffix -ate. now the ions involved are more complicated. in which an element. Ion with fewest oxygens has the prefix hypo-. so make sure you’re aware of them. The polyatomic ions you need to know the chlorate. meaning containing more than one atom. If there are two oxoanions in the family. the ion with more oxygens takes the nonmetal root name with an -ate suffix. according to the convention described above. while the ion with fewer oxygens takes the nonmetal root name with an -ite suffix.these are ionic compounds that have a specific number of water molecules associated with each formula chlorite. Commit them to memory now as you’ll need them throughout the term and following terms. If there are four oxoanions in the family. while the higher-charged ion will get the -ic suffix. There are families of oxoanions in which the nonmetal is bonded to oxygen in several combinations. This is one of the times in chemistry when you just have to memorize. the nonmetal root and the suffix -ate. so you need to be aware of these! An easy way to remember these is that the lowercharged ion will get the -ous suffix.  Compounds formed from Polyatomic Ions. The Greek prefix tells how many waters are associated with each formula unit of the compound. For example: magnesium sulfate MgSO4 Mg+2 is the magnesium hypochlorite. You should be able to name such compounds in this manner given a formula or write a formula for such compounds given a name. the root. SO4-2 is sulfate. Thus FeCl3 would commonly be known as ferric chloride and FeCl2 would be commonly known as ferrous chloride. Compounds formed from polyatomic ions are named in the same way as binary ionic compounds: First the cation is identified and then the anion. perchlorate. formulas and charges for are on a separate handout. you should know that iron can form a +2 ion or a +3 ion. For example: Sulfur combines with oxygen to form both SO3-2 and SO4-2. For example Cl forms four oxoanions: ClO4. For example. Thus. The only naming convention in these families is the following. and there is no systematic way of naming polyatomic ions. We will not focus on the common names. this is Oxoanions . and suffix -ite.these are ionic compounds in which one or both of the ions are polyatomic. differing only in number of oxygens. For example: MgSO4 •7H2O Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate .  Hydrated Ionic Compounds . the ion with the most oxygen atoms has the prefix per-. usually a nonmetal. the +2 ion will get the -ous suffix and the +3 ion will get the -ic suffix. Hydrates are named by attaching the word hydrate with a Greek numerical prefix to the systematic name of the ionic compound. but its good to know them for use in lab and life.

These are basically a single nonmetal. except for the suffixes. given the following formulas we name these two compounds of carbon and oxygen as follows: CO CO2 Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide The front of the first atom present is omitted from the name. For example Dinitrogen tetroxide Sulfur tetrafluorideSF4 You need to memorize the prefixes mono through deca.these are formed when certain gaseous compounds dissolve in water.These are formed between hydrogen and an oxoanion. With this type of compound its MUCH easier to write the formula from the name. Since nonmetals often combine in different proportions to form a number of different compounds. combined with hydrogen. the corresponding acid has an -ous suffix. add an -ic suffix and end with separate word acid. If your anion has the -ite suffix. Naming Covalent Compounds .to the nonmetal root. since the numbers of each atom present are indicated in the name. NOTE that neither species in a covalent compound forms an ion. When hydrogen chloride dissolves in water.Acids are important hydrogen containing compounds When naming acids.Covlanet compounds are formed between two nonmetals These compounds are named by giving the element name to the first species listed in the formula. There are two major types of acids to consider. need only one H+ ion to make a neutral compound. electrons are shared here. To name such compounds. we're treating one species as more cation-like and the other as more anion-like. so the formula or name is your explicit guide to arriving at the name or formula. you attach the prefix hydro. The names of oxoacids are similar to those for the corresponding oxoanion.  Binary acids . For the perchlorate anion. N 2 O4 .and per-. You keep any prefixes to the anions like hypo. This is perchloric acid. and by giving the other species the beginning of the element name plus an -ide ending. the corresponding acid has an -ic suffix. For example: HCl formed. There are only two elements present as the name implies.Chem 127 Dr. we consider them as anions connected to the number of hydrogen ions (H+) needed to make the compound neutral. and naming as we did with ionic compounds. we have to include prefixes in the names to indicate the numbers of each kind of atom present. hydrochloric acid is  Oxoacids . If your anion has the -ate suffix. Gragson Naming Acids . So for example: HClO4 ClO4. Essentially.

formulas. Co. 53. nonmetal. . Nonmetals are elements which accept electrons taking on a negative charge in compounds. carbonate. You can't write a correct formula without following this rule. isn't it? Recommended Skills for Naming Compounds 1. 6. Cu. so most do not even categorize it with others. identify any element as a metal. Note that a compound which has a polyatomic ion must have more than two elements (examples: sulfate. That's pretty clear. 56. Using the periodic table. 2. Cr. Acid with one more oxygen atom than most common acid HClO4 PER+ stem+ IC+ ACID MOST COMMON ACID HClO3 stem + IC + ACID Acid with one less oxygen atom than most common acid HClO2 stem + OUS + ACID Acid with two less oxygen atoms than most common acid HClO HYPO+ stem +OUS+ACID perchloric acid chloric acid chlorous acid hypochlorous acid Salt of an acid with Salt of most one more oxygen common than most common acid acid. Hydrogen acts as a postive. cyanide. Most common to learn are sulfate. acetate.) 7. NaClO4 NaClO3 PER + stem + ATE stem + ATE sodium perchlorate sodium chlorate Salt of acid with one less oxygen than most common acid. NaClO HYPO + stem + ITE sodium hypochlorite 5. chlorate.) 3. depending on the circumstances. Au are commonly used in introductory classes like this one. 4. ammonium. 50. phosphate. Hg. Using the periodic table. NaClO2 stem + ITE sodium chlorite Salt of an acid with two less oxygens than most common acid. Metalloids are elements which accept or donate electrons. (1 . 24 . iodate). Learn the rules for deriving the names and oxidation numbers of related polyatomic ions which differ in the number of oxygen atoms. 82 are recommended for your study.30. 35. Learn the correct spelling of names and symbols of selected elements. 79. determine the most probable charge of non-transition elements. chlorate. 47.20. Learn a list of selected common metals which have more than one oxidation number. Learn the names. or metalloid. Determine the oxidation number of the elements from the formula of the compound. It can also form a –1 charge. nitrate. (Fe. Learn the connection between the polyatomics and their related acids. (Metals are elements which donate electrons assuming a positive charge in compounds. phosphate. nitrate. 80. Sn. Here it is: The sum of all positive and negative charges in the formula MUST equal zero. Think of it as a category of one. Pb.Nomenclature Information There is one really major rule to remember when trying to write a formula. and oxidation numbers of selected polyatomic ions. hydroxide. but all other properties label it a non-metal.

but 4 distinct oxygen atoms. 2. Also greater than diatomic gases exist. Notice that the number of oxygens is not limited to two in these compounds: CO NO2 HNO3 H2SO4 P2O5 Note that the 2 in NO2 DOES NOT mean that there is a diatomic oxygen molecule involved. “Bromine” or “bromine gas” means Br2.8. Because some of the diatomic elements are gases that all gaseous elements (or even molecules) must be diatomic. Br–1 is also called “bromide ion. I Others like to use the mnemonic HONClBrIF and pretend it is the name of a famous chemist. Because a given element is diatomic. it means that there are two oxygen atoms. P4 and S8. Or in H2SO4. They are: Names hydrogen oxygen nitrogen chlorine bromine iodine fluorine Formulas H2 O2 N2 Cl2 Br2 I2 F2 On the periodic table. Learn the seven diatomic gases. that the same element will always be diatomic when combined with some other element in a compound. Bromine is liquid and iodine is a solid at room temperature. hydrogen. there are not two oxygen molecules. six of them are located in the upper right portion of the table. Only five of the diatomic molecules are gases at room temperature. All noble gases are monoatomic. sometimes called diatomic elements. write its formula as above. NOT Br2. N O F Notice that these six make a block number 7 and that the top bar Cl of the 7 points (sort-of) in the direction of the seventh diatomic Br element. However “bromide” means Br–1. . Whenever you see the name of one of there.” Common Misconceptions 1.

Symbol H+ Li+ Na+ K+ Rb+ Cs+ Be2+ Mg2+ Ca2+ Sr2+ Ba2+ Ra2+ Zn2+ Symbol Cu+ Cu2+ Fe2+ Fe3+ Sn2+ Sn4+ Cr2+ Cr3+ Mn2+ Mn3+ Formula NO3¯ NO2¯ CrO42¯ Cr2O72¯ CN¯ MnO 4¯ OH¯ O22¯ NH2¯ CO32¯ SO42¯ SO32¯ C2O42¯ PO43¯ PO33¯ Symbols and Charges for Monoatomic Ions Name Symbol Name hydrogen ion H¯ hydride lithium ion F¯ fluoride Note that the sodium ion Cl¯ chloride letters in an ion’s potassium ion Br¯ bromide name before the rubidium ion I¯ iodide -ide ending is 2¯ cesium ion O oxide the stem. strontium ion barium ion Ag + silver ion N 3¯ nitride radium ion Ni2+ nickel ion P 3¯ phosphide 3+ 3¯ zinc ion Al aluminum ion As arsenide Systematic name (Stock system) copper(I) copper(II) iron(II) iron(III) tin(II) tin(IV) chromium(II) chromium(III) manganese(II) manganese(III) Common name cuprous cupric ferrous ferric stannous stannic chromous chromic manganous manganic Symbol Hg22+ Hg2+ Pb2+ Pb4+ Co2+ Co3+ Au + Au 3+ Systematic name (Stock system) mercury(I) mercury(II) lead(II) lead(IV) cobalt(II) cobalt(III) gold(I) gold(III) Common name mercurous mercuric plumbous plumbic cobaltous cobaltic aurous auric Symbols and Charges for Polyatomic Ions Name Formula Name nitrate ClO4¯ perchlorate nitrite ClO3¯ chlorate chromate ClO2¯ chlorite dichromate ClO¯ hypochlorite cyanide IO 4¯ periodate permanganate IO 3¯ iodate hydroxide IO¯ hypoiodite peroxide BrO3¯ bromate amide BrO¯ hypobromite carbonate HCO3¯ hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate) sulfate sulfite oxalate phosphate phosphite HSO4¯ HSO3¯ HC2O4¯ HPO42¯ H2PO4¯ hydrogen sulfate (bisulfate) hydrogen sulfite (bisulfite) hydrogen oxalate (binoxalate) hydrogen phosphate dihydrogen phosphate . the stem magnesium ion Se2¯ selenide for bromide is calcium ion Te2¯ telluride brom-. For 2¯ beryllium ion S sulfide example.

BiCl3. C. I. SiO2. As4O6 is tetrarsenic hexoxide. Cl. SO2. H. Te. It is NH4+ and is called the ammonium ion. NO. Si.) (also written CH3COOH) . Examples include UF6. N2O5. O. Kr. PCl3. Acid Names – add the word acid to each name when saying or writing. CO is carbon monoxide. There is a preferred order of the nonmetals when writing them in a formula. S. Sometimes metal ions are involved in a Greek prefix name. F. Br. Xe. P. Cl2O. NOT hydrogen sulfuride. B. NO2. NOT carbon monooxide. PCl5. OsO4. Prefixes Used to Indicate Number in a Name Involving Two Non-Metals mono– 1 hexa– 6 di– 2 hepta– 7 tri– 3 octa– 8 tetra– 4 nona– 9 penta– 5 deca– 10 These prefixes are used in naming binary compounds involving two non–metals. N2O.S2O32¯ AsO43¯ SeO42¯ SiO32¯ C4H4O62¯ C2H3O2¯ More Symbols and Charges for Polyatomic Ions thiosulfate HS¯ hydrogen sulfide arsenate BO33¯ borate 2¯ selenate B4O7 tetraborate silicate SiF62¯ hexafluorosilicate tartrate SCN¯ thiocyanate acetate (an alternate way to write acetate is CH3COO¯) There is one positive polyatomic ion. NOT tetraarsenic hexaoxide. SbCl3. SbCl5. Se. N. Sb. Example include P2O5. SO3. Non–oxygen containing Oxygen containing (oxyacids) Name when disName when a pure Formula solved in water compound Formula Name HF hydrofluoric acid hydrogen fluoride HNO3 nitric acid HCl hydrochloric acid hydrogen chloride HNO2 nitrous acid HBr hydrobromic acid hydrogen bromide H2SO4 sulfuric acid HI hydroiodic acid hydrogen iodide H2SO3 sulfurous acid HCN hydrocyanic acid hydrogen cyanide H3PO4 phosphoric acid H2S hydrosulfuic acid hydrogen sulfide H2CO3 carbonic acid HC2H3O2 acetic acid (Note that it is hydrogen sulfide. but these are less common. It is: Rn. As.

(b) older rule (but still used) . but that is a monoatomic ion. Comment: Hydrogen will take on a negative one charge (see monoatomic anions for naming. Hg2+ is mercury(II).Cations (Positive Ions) Monoatomic Only One Ion Possible Rule: Name of element + "ion" Examples: Na+ Mg2+ H+ K+ Sr2+ Cs+ Ca2+ sodium ion magnesium ion hydrogen ion potassium ion strontium ion cesium ion calcium ion Examples: Fe2+ Fe3+ Cu+ Cu2+ iron(II) ion iron(III) ion copper(I) ion copper(II) ion More Than One Ion Possible Rule: (a) newer rule .Latin stem + "ous" for the lesser charge. like this: Hg+—Hg+ However. therefore mercury(I) ion is Hg22+ (Also. Latin stem + "ic" for the greater charge. Examples: Fe2+ Fe3+ Cu+ Cu2+ Sn2+ Sn4+ ferrous ion ferric ion cuprous ion cupric ion stannous ion stannic ion .positive charges indicated by a Roman numeral Rule: ?? Examples: NH4+ Hg22+ ammonium mercury(I) ion or mercurous ion Polyatomic Comment: Hg22+ is two Hg+ ions bonded together. These ions NEVER take on two possible positive charges. Hg+ by itself does not exist.) Comment: The number of positive charges is NOT indictated in the name because it is not necessary.

Examples: OH¯ CN¯ SCN¯ OCN¯ O22¯ O2¯ MnO42¯ MnO 4¯ C2H3O2¯ Cr2O72¯ C2O42¯ Oxyanions which contain hydrogen Rule: H plus oxyanion: "hydrogen" + name of oxyanion H2 plus oxyanion: "dihydrogen" + name of oxyanion Examples: HCO3¯ hydrogen carbonate ion or bicarbonate ion HSO4¯ hydrogen sulfate ion or bisulfate ion HPO42¯ hydrogen phosphate ion or biphosphate ion H2PO4¯ dihydrogen phosphate ion Rule: Stem of the element name + "ide" Examples: H¯ hydride ion F¯ fluoride ion 2¯ O oxide ion 3¯ N nitride ion C 4¯ carbide ion hypo ___ ite ion ___ ite ion ___ ate ion per ___ ate ion hypochlorite ion chlorite ion chlorate ion perchlorate ion sulfite ion sulfate ion Comment: Halogens (except F) form all four ions. the left. they must be memorized. hydroxide ion cyanide ion thiocyanate ion cyanate ion peroxide ion superoxide ion manganate ion permanganate ion acetate ion dicromate ion oxalate ion Comment: H2CO3 is not named using this rule because it is a compound see comment just to and not an ion.Anions (negative ions) Monoatomic Oxyanions (containing oxygen) Rule: least oxygen less oxygen more oxygen most oxygen Examples: ClO¯ ClO2¯ ClO3¯ ClO4¯ SO32¯ SO42¯ Others and Exceptions Rule: These items do not follow any rules. . they are the -ite and -ate ions. The rules referred to are those in the box just to the left. When only two of the four exist.

acids is often omitted when it is H2SO3 sulfurous acid H-containing compounds do not obvious from the context that H2SO4 sulfuric acid follow a rule concerning the order they are acids. beginning is dropped. compounds. Examples: HClO hypochlorous acid Comment: HClO2 chlorous acid a) These H-containing compounds HClO3 chloric acid Covalent Comment: are named as if they were ionic HClO4 perchloric acid Tetraoxide becomes tetroxide. b) Number of atoms of each kind specified by Greek prefixes. exception: when one of the elements is hydrogen.). etc. Prefixes: 1 = mono 2 = di 3 = tri 4 = tetra 5 = penta Covalent (Two Nonmetals) sodium chloride magnesium chloride iron(II) nitride ammonium sulfide sodium carbonate sodium perchlorate sodium hydride calcium hydride hydrogen hydrogen hydrogen hydrogen chloride bromide fluoride sulfide Rule 2: (when dissolved in H2O) hydro _____ic acid Examples: HCl(aq) hydrochloric acid HF(aq) hydrofluoric acid H2S(aq) hydrosulfuric acid Comment: The name does not indicate the numbers of cations and anions because there is only one possibility for the ions to combine to form a compound. in which the elements are written and should be memorized (H2O. b) The (aq) in the formulas of the HNO3 nitric acid so that the name sounds better. NH3. . c) The prefix mono.Compounds Ionic (Cation–Anion) H–metal Rule: Name of cation + name of anion (word ion dropped) Examples: NaCl MgCl2 Fe3N2 (NH4)2S Na2CO3 NaClO4 NaH CaH2 H–nonmetal Rule 1: (without the presence of H2O) hydrogen _____ide Examples: HCl HBr HF H2S Compounds with hydrogen H–oxyanion Rule 1: (without the presence of H2O) like ionic compounds: cation + anion hydrogen hypo ___ite hydrogen ___ite hydrogen ___ate hydrogen per ___ate Rule 2: (when dissolved in H2O) hypo ___ous acid ___ous acid ___ic acid per ___ic acid Rule: a) Less electronegative element first. 6 = hexa 7 = hepta 8 = octa 9 = nona 10 = deca Examples: N2O4 dinitrogen tetroxide CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide PCl3 phosphorous trichloride N2O dinitrogen monoxide See covalent comment in the far left corner of the page. HNO2 nitrous acid monooxide becomes monoxide.

Pb. Add the word acid. Hg. Add the word acid. The compound has the same name as the element.) Yes No It is the diatomic gas hydrogen. then the second element with -ide ending. then the second. then the polyatomic ion. then the polyatomic ion.). (If two elements are present.) Are both elements nonmetals? No Yes Name the polyatomic first. (Roman numeral) Name the polyatomic ion. Au No Yes Does the polyatomic end in -ate or -ite? -ate -ite Name the first element followed by its oxidation number. name the first. Name the first element. Sn. then name the element second. replacing -ite with -ous. Does it begin with a metal which has more than one oxidation number? Fe. Are both elements the same? No Yes It is a diatomic element. If there are two polyatomics. replacing -ate with -ic. Name the second element with the proper prefix (including mono) and the -ide ending. Cu. Does the formula begin with H? No Yes Are there two atoms. but never mono. . Add the word acid. Cr. Does the formula contain a polyatomic ion? (More than two elements. Ni. 131-132 of the February 1983 issue of the Journal of Chemical Education.Flow Chart for Naming Simple Inorganic Compounds The flowchart is adapted from p. name both. tri. Co. Does the acid contain a polyatomic ion? (More than two elements. Name the first element using the proper prefix (di. both the same? Yes No It is an acid. then the name of the second element with the -ic ending.) No Yes Is the polyatomic written first? No Yes Name the first element. etc. Write the prefix hydro. Name the polyatomic ion. Name the binary ionic compounds indicated by the following formulas: a) AgCl: ans b) ZnO: ans c) CaBr22: ans d) SrF2 ans e) BaO: ans f) CaCl2: ans 3.48 . Write the formulas for the binary ionic compounds formed between the following elements: a) potassium and iodine: ans d) aluminum and sulfur: ans b) magnesium and chlorine: ans c) sodium and sulfur: ans 2. Write formulas for the following ionic compounds: a) sodium iodide: ans e) copper (II) sulfate: ans b) calcium chloride: ans f) sodium carbonate: ans c) potassium sulfide: ans g) calcium nitrite: ans d) lithium nitrate: ans h) potassium perchlorate ans 5.prepchem. Write the formula and give the name for the compounds formed between the following ions: a) Cu2+and Br1-: ans ans b) Fe2+and O2-: ans ans c) Pb2+ and Cl1-: ans ans d) Hg2+ and S2-: ans ans e) Sn2+ and F1-: ans ans f) Fe3+ and O2.PREPCHEM Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds 1.html (1 of 4)14/09/2006 12.: ans ans 4. Give the names for the following compounds: http://www.

48 .34. Write the formulas for the following compounds: a) carbon tetraiodide:ans b) phosphorus trichloride: ans c) dinitrogen trioxide: ans 8.html (2 of 4)14/09/2006 12. Name the following binary molecular compounds: a) SO3: ans b) ICl3: ans c) PBr5: ans 7. Write formula for the compounds formed between the following: a) aluminum and bromine: ans b) sodium and oxygen: ans c) magnesium and iodine: ans d) Pb2+ and O2-:ans e) Sn2+ and I1-:ans f) Fe3+ and S2-: ans g) Cu2+ and NO31-: ans h) NH41+ and SO42-: ans 9.PREPCHEM Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds a) Ag2O: ans b) Ca(OH)2: ans c) KClO3: ans d) NH4OH: ans e) FeCrO4: ans f) KClO: ans 6. Name the following compounds using the Stock system where appropriate: a) NaI:ans b) MgS: ans c) CaO: ans d) K2S: ans

Assign oxidation numbers to each atom in the following compounds or ions: a) HCl: H: _____. F: _____ c) PCl3 P: _____. O: _____ h) HClO3 H: _____. Cl: _____ 12. O: _____ i) N2O5 N: _____. Cl: _____ b) CF4 C: (3 of 4)14/09/2006 12. Cl: _____ d) SO2 S: _____. ********** i) acetic acid: __________ j) chloric acid: __________ k) sulfurous acid: __________ l) phosphoric acid: __________ 11.prepchem. H: _____ g) P4O10 P: _____. O: _____ j) GeCl2 Ge: _____.PREPCHEM Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds e) CuBr: ans f) FeCl2: ans 10. Cl: _____.34. Write the formulas for each of the following compounds: a) barium sulfide: ans b) sodium hydroxide: ans c) lead (II) nitrate: ans d) potassium permanganate: ans e) iron (II) sulfate: ans f) diphosphorus trioxide: ans g) disulfur dichloride: ans h) carbon diselenide: ans **********Physical Science students may stop at this point. N: _____. Assign oxidation numbers to each atom in the following compounds or ions: http://www. O: _____ e) HNO3 H: _____.48 . O: _____ f) KH K: _____.

48 .org/formulasandnamesofcpds. F: _____ b) CI4 C: _____.prepchem. O: _____ h) NO21-N: _____. S: ______ f) Na2O2 Na: _____.html (4 of 4)14/09/2006 12. I: _____ c) H2O H: _____. O: _____ j) ClO21-Cl: _____. I: ______ e) CS2 C: _____. O: _____ http://www.34. O: _____ k) IO31-I: _____. O: _____ i) SO42. O: _____ d) PI3 P: _____. O: _____ g) H2CO3 H: _____.PREPCHEM Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds a) HF H: _____.S: _____. C: _____.

ammonium sulfide 2. cobaltous sulfate 110. mercury(I) hydrogen phosphate 145. acetic acid (diff. nickel nitrate 12. cupric bromide 4. sulfuric acid 89. copper(I) sulfate 90. ammonium sulfite 14. phosphorus pentabromide 141. mercurous hydrogen phosphate 148. sodium hypochlorite 113. mercuric perchlorate 125. ferrous chlorite 45. chromic acetate 37. silver cyanide 13. ferric hydrogen carbonate 140. nickel iodide 27. calcium chloride dihydrate 102. lead(II) chlorite 29. cobalt(III) hydrogen sulfate 139. acetic acid (see #128) 129. zinc sulfate 15. ammonium aluminum sulfate 143. calcium fluoride 11. cupric hydroxide 97. zinc permanganate 84. calcium bicarbonate 61. chromium(II) bicarbonate 133. sodium nitrate 3. ammonium dichromate 68. silver oxide 122. lead(II) nitrite 58. nickel bromide 123. cobaltic chlorate . from 79) 79. zinc sulfite 53. silver bicarbonate 54. perchloric acid 98. lead(II) oxide 100. hydrocyanic acid 87. silver perchlorate 25. ammonium chromate 65. sodium chromate 22. sulfur trioxide 67. potassium dichromate 59. calcium chlorate 38. plumbic hydrogen carbonate 146. nickel chloride hexahydrate 142. mercurous chromate 57. lithium hypochlorite 126. cobaltic acetate 71. potassium phosphate 26. mercuric hydrogen carbonate 147. magnesium hydroxide 19. lithium chromate 48. cupric hydroxide 10. tin(IV) bromide 47. tin(II) chloride 16. barium carbonate 94. silver hypochlorite 43. cuprous carbonate 36. barium chloride dihydrate 105. chromic bisulfate 23. zinc bicarbonate 41. iron(II) chromate 34. aluminum acetate 101. cobalt(II) hydrogen sulfate 128. diphosphorus pentoxide 9. sodium acetate 52. zinc phosphate 120. aluminum bisulfite 138. calcium sulfate dihydrate Inorganic Nomenclature Worksheet 51. potassium iodide 55. ferric carbonate 119. hydrobromic acid 86. iron(II) bisulfite 31. barium hypochlorite 130. nitric acid 81. ferric phosphate 99. iron(III) bicarbonate 69. calcium sulfide 82. ferrous phosphate 50.1. hydrogen iodide 30. ammonium perchlorate 70. copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate 149. potassium nitrate 6. lead(IV) chlorite 56. potassium permanganate 24. ferric oxide 111. potassium sulfide 46. barium bisulfite 80. zinc bisulfite 108. zinc sulfate 75. silver sulfide 18. aluminum hydroxide 62. silver phosphate 112. sulfurous acid 106. nitrogen triiodide 66. cupric sulfate 117. aluminum oxide 92. potassium hydroxide 107. cobaltous hydroxide 72. sodium nitrite 121. aluminum perchlorate 40. silver nitrate 135. mercury(II) nitrate 136. iron(II) chromate 73. mercuric chloride 95. ammonium phosphate 44. cobaltous bisulfate 93. ferric permanganate 64. copper(II) hydroxide 35. chromium(III) oxide 91. magnesium oxide 124. sodium phosphate 42. cobalt(II) iodide 132. cuprous chloride 118. ammonium oxide 39. ammonium chromate 114. oxygen difluoride 127. copper(I) bisulfate 83. calcium iodide 116. cobaltous oxide 63. iron(III) hydrogen carbonate 144. aluminum sulfate 5. magnesium nitrate 32. sodium hydroxide 134. ferric bromide 74. ferric carbonate 85. mercurous oxide 28. hydrogen cyanide 88. antimony(III) chloride 17. ferric bicarbonate 77. sodium sulfite 109. barium carbonate 115. barium chromate 103. magnesium carbonate 60. ferrous chromate 96. cobaltic chloride 104. ammonium hydroxide 131. boron phosphide 76. hydrochloric acid 137. cupric bisulfate 78. iron(III) chromate 33. magnesium bisulfate 49. ammonium carbonate 20. ferrous carbonate 7. lead(II) phosphate 8. chromic dihydrogen phosphate 150. nickel acetate 21.

NaH2PO4 . CaCO3 198. NaH 343. Cr2(SO3)3 161. Ag2O 206. KCl 192. XeF4 328. Na2HPO4 157. SnCrO4 272. NH4F 227.If a formula can be named more than one correct way. Be(ClO4)2 152. Cl2O 249. Al2(SO4)3 173. NaH2PO4 185. KAl(SO4)2 318. 5 H2O 221. XeF6 228. CuSO3 159. 9 H2O 267. Al2O3 273. gold(I) cyanide 254. Ba(BrO3)2 154. HBr 174. SF6 285. HClO2 162. NaHSO4 204. FePO4 212. The second way would be best. NaMgPO4 189. CO2 302. trisulfur dinitride 307. H3PO4 177. P4S10 224. NaBr 338. KF 231. FeCl3 241. PbSO4 243. xenon trioxide 252. 6 H2O 321. ClO2 275. ZnO 195. Pb(CH3COO)2 . Hg2Cl2 186. CoS 333. Ba(OH)2 240. CaSO4 232. P4O6 211. Na2CrO4 . 6 H2O 322. Li2CrO4 339. potassium chlorate 256. Fe(NO2)2 187. Pb(ClO2)2 207. XeF2 345. Hg2O2 225. chromium(III) hydrogen phosphate . Hg2(OH)2 226. SnI4 286. Hg(OH)2 329. K2SO4 203. H2SO4 289. AuCl3 155. Na2CO3 180. 3 H2O 269. HClO3 164. KH 214. CO 298. sodium oxide 255. stannous hypochlorite 325. NaC2H3O2 310. H2O 265. Ca(ClO4)2 170. Cl2O3 296. LiH 284. Ca(C2H3O2)2 309. Al(C2H3O2)3 317. KAl(C2O4)2 160. NH4Cl 236. BrF5 210. KrF2 244. iron(III) hydrogen carbonate. Ba3(PO4)2 199. mercurous nitrite 257. NH4OH 230. ICl 340. Sn3(PO4)2 219. PF5 205. OsO4 344. Fe2(HPO4)3 179. CoF3 201. P3N5 293. rubidium carbonate 263. Hg2(ClO)2 175. 4 H2O 268. ferric bicarbonate. NaMnO4 208. Sr(HCO3)2 261. CuCO3 274. Hg3N2 280. Cr(OH)3 308. lithium oxide 251. PCl3 304. N2O 217. Ni(ClO4)2 314. HClO4 165. NI3 291. H3BO3 335. Mg3(PO4)2 158. manganese dioxide 260. N2O5 271. As4O10 235. IF5 238. Al(MnO4)3 319. Mn(IO3)2 166. Fe2O3 200. Be(OH)2 222. HNO3 183. Mg(HCO3)2 181. tellurium hexafluoride 326. NH4NO3 237. SbCl5 301. KOH 287. sodium hydrogen sulfate monohydrate 270. (NH4)3PO4 320. They are iron(III) bicarbonate. SO3 341. P2O5 246. Cu2CrO4 169. Al(OH)3 311. AlBr3 247. Ba(NO3)2 209. KHCO3 300. NaHS . NaCN 279. LiI 172. I2O5 336. Ba(OH)2 196. osmium tetrachloride 262. Li2HPO4 312. PBr5 305. CuS 276. CsF 297. Sn3(PO4)4 182. HgF2 191. Al2S3 156. CCl4 250. lanthanum(III) phosphate 327. nickel(II) fluoride 258. CrCl3 176. MgI2 277. HgO 303. KMnO4 193. (NH4)3PO4 248. Hg2O 342. K2O 288. Mn(NO3)2 315. BN 332. HF 242. CoCl3 278. 9 H2O 266. Fe(HCO3)3 can be named four different ways. HClO 202. MgSO4 . NBr3 295. CoSO4 . and ferric hydrogen carbonate. Au(H2PO4)3 316. SiF4 282. CuNH4PO4 188. Sb2O5 283. SbCl3 234. LiMnO4 178. KBrO3 167. MgCl2 . For example. NaCl 245. Hg2SO4 213. potassium cyanide 259. UF6 294. Cu2S 299. CaH2 330. KClO4 194. H2O2 220. NH4MnO4 197. ClF3 292. Sn(HCO3)4 190. PbO 337. Fe(NO2)3 218. CuSO4 . nitrogen trichloride 264. NaHCO3 239. HCl 233. Fe(ClO4)3 168. K2Cr2O7 229. ZnCl2 184. Sr(OH)2 223. H2CO3 163. (NH4)2Cr2O7 153. BrO3 281. HC2H3O2 171. gold(I) chloride 253. vanadium(V) oxide 323. IF7 306. then give all. Ca(NO3)2 313. selenium tetrafluoride 324. As4O6 331. NaOH 290. N2O3 216. 151. N2O4 334. Co2(SO3)3 215.

The first two are done for you. nitrate sodium NaNO3 sulfate Na2SO4 carbonate phosphate hydroxide chromate silver ammonium mercury(I) zinc calcium magnesium copper(I) lead(II) aluminum manganese(III) cobalt(III) cupric ferric plumbous potassium barium .Write correct formulas of the compounds formed when the positive ions in the vertical column combine with the negative ions listed across the top row.

hydrogen carbonate sodium NaHCO3 dichromate Na2Cr2O7 acetate sulfide chloride sulfite silver ammonium mercury(II) tin(II) calcium magnesium copper(II) lead(II) aluminum manganese(III) cobalt(III) cuprous ferrous plumbic potassium barium . How many protons. Give the systematic names for thses substances. 63Ni i. Milk of magnesia e. 59Co3+ e. and electrons are in the nuclei of 98Tc and 99Tc? What is the formula of ammonium pertechnenate? 2.33. California.widener. 59Co2+ d. 79Se2h.E. Elemental technetium is produced from ammonium pertechnetate. Technetium (Tc) was the first synthetically produced element. Blue vitrol c. neutrons. 59Ni2+ 3.57 . 24Mg2+ c.html (1 of 3)14/09/2006 12. Gypsum Chemical Formula Pb(C2H3O2)2 CuSO4 MgSO4 Mg(OH)2 CaSO4 http://science. 24Mg b. The formulas and common names for several substances are given below. 79Se g. by bombarding a molybedenum plate with 2H nuclei. and electrons are present in each of the following atoms or ions? a. Common Name a. neutrons. Sugar of lead b. Van Bramer for Chemistry 145 at Widener University. Technetium (the word comes from the Greek word for artificial) was first produced by Perries and Serge in 1937 in Berkely. How many protons. Epsom salts d. 59Co f.Chemical Nomenclature Problem Set Chemical Nomenclature Problem Set This problem set was developed by S.

H3PO3 p. h. g. Where appropriate give both common and systematic names. b. HNO2 n. e. Name each of the following compounds.widener. b. d. c. k. a. NaCl RbBr CsF AlI3 e. Write the formula for each of the following compounds: a. N2F4 i. SiF4 k. N2Cl2 j. l. i. NO g. d.html (2 of 3)14/09/2006 12. j. f. HNO3 m. NaHSO4 http://science. NF3 h.33. c. H2Se l. HI f. Laughing gas N2O 4. H3PO4 o.Chemical Nomenclature Problem Set f.57 .edu/svb/pset/nomen_a. Sulfur difluoride Sulfur hexafluoride Sodium dihydrogen phosphate Lithium nitride Chromium (III) carbonate Tin (II) fluoride Ammonium acetate Ammonium hydrogen sulfate Cobalt (III) nitrate Mercury (I) chloride Potassium chlorate Sodium hydride 5.

Chemical Nomenclature Problem Set q.html Please send comments or suggestions to svanbram@science.57 On the blank periodic table attached fill out as much as possible.widener. V2O5 Scott Van Bramer Department of Chemistry Widener University Chester. S. Ru(NO3)3 s. c. Including: a.html (3 of 3)14/09/2006 12. etc. Symbols for elements Charge for ions Names of groups (ie: halogens and noble gases. Van Bramer This page has been accessed 42723 times since 1/5 /96 . May 18.widener. Last Updated: Saturday. PA 19013 © copyright 1996. Ca(HSO3)2 r.) What else? /svb/pset/nom_a_an. b. 1996 http://science.33. d.

Nomenclature and Formula Practice Sheet Write formulas for each of the following: barium chloride ________________________ copper (II) hydroxide ____________________ hypochlorous acid _______________________ tin (IV) oxide ___________________________ sodium acetate __________________________ lead (II) sulfate __________________________ ammonium carbonate _____________________ silver nitrate ____________________________ calcium chlorate _________________________ magnesium phosphate ____________________ hydrofluoric acid ________________________ aluminum sulfate ________________________ potassium nitrite _________________________ iron (III) sulfide _________________________ lithium sulfite ___________________________ sodium permanganate ____________________ potassium cyanide _______________________ sodium bicarbonate ______________________ mercury (II) bromide _____________________ periodic acid ____________________________ nitrogen triiodide_________________________ potassium dichromate_____________________ sulfur hexafluoride _______________________ manganese(IV) oxide _____________________ calcium iodate___________________________ Chemistry 115 Give unambiguous names for the following: CuSO4 ________________________________ HgBr2 _________________________________ PbO2 __________________________________ HBrO__________________________________ NH4Cl _________________________________ KHSO4 ________________________________ KClO3 _________________________________ MgCO3 ________________________________ Ca(HCO3)2 _____________________________ Na2CrO4 _______________________________ Bi(OH)3 _______________________________ H2C2O4 ________________________________ LiH2PO4 _______________________________ Na2HPO4 _______________________________ KMnO4 ________________________________ CaF2 __________________________________ BaO2 __________________________________ SnCl2 _________________________________ FeO ___________________________________ LiClO4 ________________________________ NiO2 __________________________________ Hg2Cl2 _________________________________ ZnS ___________________________________ SF4 ___________________________________ Co(C2H3O2)2 ____________________________ .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful