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C A I 'J 7 l . "Let's
(1988)

i::: 'b ~

im L -ev'

#Htl~fflT

~;: i::: -IJ~-r: ~ Q

VIII

Preface
In the field of Japanese been entrusted and persistence standably to the students' language education, efforts. memorrzmg Kanji has largely saying that a and it takes time have underThese Kanji both

individual

It goes without

good command of Kanji is necessary ly. Until now, due to inadequacies been discouraged and effectively. two volumes have been designed systematically

to read and write Japanese,

to reach the level where students

can read and write Kanji fluentmany students learning process.

in teaching materials,

by a slow and inefficient

with this in mind and aim to teach

In these texts, Kanji are examined according 1) Kanji with complicated 2) Kanj i comprised 3) independent an important 5) characters systematic Instead characters shapes components which both express of several

to the following five features.

a meaning by themselves in written

and play

role in forming other words of Kanji and Hiragana different of difficulty or Katakana outlined language to give with several readings and meanings. above, it is necessary and to set an attainable to memorize.

4) the combination

To deal with the areas explanations

of Kanji as they are presented Kanji merely

goal by selecting

a minimum number of basic Kanji for students and show how these characters will be able to learn

of memorizing

as they show up, these books introduce are used in combination to read and write the

their origin systematically The expectation

with other Kanji to form words often seen in daily life. that students

basic 500 Kanji by the end of this course is reflected 1) to give a broad explanation ings of independent 2) to help students characters, 'ON-KUN

in the following aims: of (i.e. origin, meanradicals, etc.); ability to incalligraphy, analyzing

of what Kanji are comprised readings, in reading

achieve competence

Kanji (including

fer the meaning of a Kanji from its construction, to arrive at their meanings, etc.); 3)to teach effective only perceptive ways of memorizing for beginners

Kanji compounds can make not on the

Kanji so that students have been chosen

but also productive

use of their knowledge. primarily above. The follow-

The 500 basic characters basis of how effectively

they can achieve the aims described

IX

ing five points have also been important 1) Kanj i that clearly been selected represent (e.g. pictographs,

in the selection

process.
In

one concept ideographs

being introduced and logograms)

the class have and nominal

2)To achieve competence
chosen.

in reading,

verb-Kanji,

adjective-Kanji

Kanji which are frequently

found in texts of radicals,

and used in daily life have been to some extent, each Kanji with a

3) In order

to teach the concept

radical has been grouped 4) Frequently-used Kanji

with others

of the same type. which are highly useful in formof Kanji Usage by Gakken, Used in 90 Recent in everyday-

Kanji and those characters Newspapers Institute

ing new words are included. (d. A New Dictionary Used in Recent

and Words and Kanji of Japanese Language)

Magazines by the National 5) Personal life are introduced

and place names, and Kanji that are often confronted in addition to the basic 500 characters.

We must note here that these 500 cha racters

include some Kanj i which themthey work as elements are some explanations of a cer-

sel ves are not so freq ueotly used but are hel pful, because of many other Kanj i, We al so must mention that there given in this material tain Kanji or radical. planations in memorizing Kanji.

which are in fact differ from the actual derivation We have taken this liberty because

we feel that these exas aids

will be more easily understood

by students

and more effective

x

How to use these books
The structure of each lesson is as follows:

,-------

--------------,-----------------------------------------------,

1----- ----------------f-----------

Unit 1

About Kanji in each lesson)

Unit 2

Basic Kanji (10~ 12 characters 2-1 Writing Kanji

2-2 Reading Exercises 2-3 Writing Exercises
Unit 3 Kanji in Daily Life Reading Material

-----------------------(From Lesson
11)

Do you know these words?

Can you use them?

[init

D
"About Kanj i" introduces you to the explanations (parts of speech, (derivations, structures, and the ets.), the classifications (compounds, affixes) meanings, each lesson situations) of Kanj i, Before you can pre-read

radicals, structures

from this section the classroom. ters in class.

and have some idea about the Kanji you are about to study in if you read these again after covering the charac-

It is even better

1 Unit 21
Unit 2 consi sts of three parts: Wri ting Kanj i, Read ing Exercises Exercises. In "Writing character. Kanji" each column introduces the following information about a and W ri ting

(See example next page.)

XI

entry number

meanmg
1,-\.1,0.

pronuncia tion 'KUN' reading in Hiragana 'ON' reading in Katakana

j

<,

i)t*

<

,I

,J:.1,o.

3~

k' _- t
-::k:(j3j3)

<.
~¥1

stroke count

*:;"-3,2.

(ii'

<i

-))

big, large great

B:t::>-~I,-\

:91

(3)

-k_
big important ::k~(t':I,-'

entry Cha,ra,cter Lstroke order usage examples

II L

I

-

~\i'=*~1j: :*:W(1..:\i\· -tt-:::» IJ:

. ;tj~O a university
an adult

*::kA U:> t 7J-)

Inflectional adjectives uncommon reading. immediately after

words '-' Kanji.

are

given

In

their

dictionary

forms.

However,

na-

are given in their noun modifying forms as Adjconnects box, respective readings

t;:. '(

)'

shows an

the stems and their inflectional are enclosed marks a special way of reading.

endings. in parentheses indicates

In the usage example the Kanji boundaries. Firstly memorize

'*'

the meanings,

'ON-KUN'

readings

and usage examples.

It

may help you to copy the stroke are ready to read those

order several you can

times as you memorize. move on to "Reading

When you Exercises". In Exto write This will

Kanji,

Exercise ercise

I

contains

essential

readings

which you must be able to read. It is advisable to check them.

n,

you can practice

reading

Kanji in sentences.

the readings stimulate

down in a notebook

and ask your teacher

not only your audio memory but also your visual memory.

XII

After In Exercise

"Reading I,

Exercises"

you can practice

writing

In

"Writing

Exercises".

only basic vocabulary to associate

which you can wri te using the Kanj i you the meaning and the reading with each

have studied character

is listed. Try

as you write it.

In Exercise Exercise

D.

you will come across

characters

you have not yet studied

in

I.

Exercise

0

has been deliberately

organized

in this way to accus-

tom you to the structure

of Kanj i compounds.

Here you may need your teacher's

help to check that you are writing the Kanji correctly.

IUnit

31
Material" starts from Lesson

"Reading

11. The aim of this is to get you to
First you will read easy paragraphs several times until you can material will into

read Kanji you learned containing

in the passages. Practice

only learned characters. and answer

reading

read correctly

the questions.

Gradually

the reading

clude more variations

(tasks and games). In the later lessons, or to ex tract only necessary

you are expected

grasp the con tents faster cated contexts. The readings feel confident

information

from cornpl i-

have been arranged

so that by the end of these lessons, many Kanji.

you will

reading passages

containing

I Kanji
It

in Daily Life
IS

I
to go through these sections with the same speed that req uire. You can take your time to read these. These conversation.

not necessary of the lessons

other parts

can also be used as topics for classroom

After every five lessons there are review sections.

You can also practice

these 500 basic Kanji using computers. INDUSTRY CORP. published the Let's Learn Nihongo

NIPPON INFORMATION series
In

1988.
In

The Kanji

these

books correspond

to the Kanji

In

Basic Kanji 500 and

Kanji Dictionary with Writing Practice of that series. X III

INTRODUCTION
THE JAPANESE

TO
SYSTEM

WRITING

There Kanji. however, Japanese

are three

kinds of characters

in Japanese;

Hiragana,

Katakana sounds. also

and Kanji,

Hiragana are

and Katakana which

are characters express either not

which represent only sounds but

characters

meanings. only, but

sentences

can be written

using Hiragana

or Katakana

this is not the case with Kanji. Look at the following sentences.
1) 2) 3) ;b t: '7 7

U:n:'I
~./l''::''

fl.{;!: B

*A ""("1"

* /'y' /' T'
0

A.,

LJ,.., ""("1"

0

A. 0

The above three sentences

sentences

express used.

the same meaning: "I am a Japanese", Sentence

but

1) and 2) are rarely

I) might be used in children's is the one most commonly

books and sentence written in Japanese.

2) in a telegram.

Sentence:3)

The Kanj i "I".. 'B:$:

'fb' carries
[NIHONJIN]

not only the sound
IS In

[W AT ASHI]

but also the meaning

A.. ,

the Kanji compound Japanese sentences

which means "a Japanese". carry certai n concepts and

Roughly

speak ing, the Kanj i the grammatical

Hiraganaadd Japanese

detai Is to the concepts.

It is possi ble to read the main concepts of

very quickly by picking out the Kanji, thus getting Of course, Hi ragana are also important

each sentence. ing of the details Katakana

in providing

understand-

of the sentence. words of foreign origin as in the following.

are used to represent

Sentence Katakana.

4) means "I am an American." Look at the following examples

and the part "America" and notice

is written

in

that the original

English

XIV

pron u ncia ti ons are

pa rt Iy eh anged sin ee the J a pan ese la ngu age has a d i He ren t

sound system from that of English.

747.7
r]1A~TV!::'"

I) -J.,..

[AIS UKU RUM uJ [UISUKIIJ

lee cream whisky television radio computer France India Smith

[TEREBI]
[RAJIOJ [KONPYUUTA] [FURANSU] [INDO] [SUMISU]

'7:J:t
::J/f!.:l.-:$' 77/A

4/ 1< 7.~7

Kanji were introduced Katakana syllabary. and Katakana

from China

nearly

2,000 years

ago.

Hiragana

and

were made up from certai n Kanj i in order
Hiragana

to represent

the Japanese Kanji

were formed by simplifying

the whole shape of certain

were formed from a single part of a Kanji. (see below) Kanji ,_'

T)
Hiragana

/~
Katakana

no."-

[KA] / [KUWA(-ERU)]

"to add"

-,
h
[KA)

tJ '\
[KA]

xv

t(

EI
~ L 1

~

L:

(Table of Contents)

I

P9
Contents

1!¥
B f:I

rJ:
Kanji

* each for
LlJ
)11

p.
Lesson EEl A 0
!j[

Kanji made from Pictures
-1-

*
~

r,
10
10

1

Kanji made from
2

1<. 71<

±. ~

1;(

= 'i. 7t: fl ==f1fi: ±

Pictures

-2B -

lO
19

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Calendar Numbers

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Prices/Menu

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Kani i made from Signs

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10

30 37 39

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At a Station
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Kanji made from a Combination Review Lessons Kanji made from

1*

H~

*f: ~

rl'l'

;fi

10 1-5
§

Ll- L5 (1) iJ:* / a short story It =f. )E
. i'f:j

(55) 47 :0 fr10
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6

Pictures

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Family Names

Kanji made from Pictures -4-

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Kanji Zoo
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Kanji for Adjectives

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10

67
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Kanji Game 1

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~~( :n'Mi=tl'J : adjectives)

75

XVII

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Contents

~

i~

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p..

Kanji for each Lesson -I-

Kanji for Verbs 9

tT
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12

77 85 87

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Kanji Game 2

V b~*:iJ-

VUli1J~iilVerbs)
(y

Kanji for Time

'11
~ 6-10

:& I!i'e

1]

9~ 'M' f~ tf
12

Ilfl
L6- LIOO)i~* (Adj. and Verb)
i5

Review Lessons Radicals 11 -1-

( 109) 94

ft ilk 1m i~ tilli ffl: ;f£ Il;J
~1i
ll:ll

~t
12

( left and right)

@

98 107

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12

Radical Game I

r..........+ lvJ

r-:J
~

<

fJJ

If-}_,.,
A

Radicals

-2-

::t ?it .s:;:: -=
&2"@.

( top and bottom)

7G

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(pi]

~

n

4-

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~ -=

12
LJ

108

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Radical Game 2 -3etc.)

r 1J'1v

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116
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Radicals ( enclosure,

tt: 15 Jt ·Im IUJ
~,~

r~

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12

117
125

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14

Shop names

r:l:j~
'±-

Radicals (meaning

-4-

jft

J8,

:it :i!! Ji

+ sound)
map

1i1f

~ DnfL

I=J

~r,g
n)lf

ii!li~fj M#

c"
~ 12

126

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15

Weather

<
£l

~

l?

JlR

~fjc'/M~
5f}

134

Kanji for Human Relationships Review Lessons 11-15 -2-

1i..
3:-

x:
~

£ Ji$

tit

x*

it
12

135

Lll- L150)i~*/

[Radicals)

(169) 144 147 156

Kanji for Adjectives

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if

:g om W 1£ flJ ;r: 15
12

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At the Hospital

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. :9i-H . IH~141j:-c</~

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,-

,. ..
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.
I)..j

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-2-

--

I-

----.-

- .-~ --~..... _

..

1

Contents Kanj i for Verbs

i'JJ. Kanji for each Lesson

:y

. - .. _---

1-'! p.
11:.
12 158
167

m

A

17

Movement

jJJ tIE

"*
*
I

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ill

jj

71::

*

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18

Road Signs

1I:;t tL . f;y,{'T . jj~'T~ll:.

.
~j..

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J*J

Kanji for Position

£

s:

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]$j

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12

H: I!JE
~'-~ooms Suffixes for ~ent -1- : Places

168 176

*1t . ~Hr.
.it!!
j.\l(
?
<=J

. tL3lZlJ: c'/ftiJilTi'!1f¥!l
:I"~ [ZJ

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12

19 Affixes -1-: Places

I'

179
188

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20

Reading a Map

---

*~'*~·~·R~~·I.·Mtl~~

Admin istrati ve

m
16-20 -3~ ~

lIlT

H

[R

4:~ R'f ~lf-. Ifli

'___---_.

Divisions

*

t~
-10

190

Review Lessons Kanj i for Verbs 21 SURU Verbs

U6 - L200) i~:.f/( Word Structure]
>J?l W11

I ))(227) 198 ~ 12 201 211

~i M
"/ :7;j\1l

?'e '1L

M IE

'Bi. p",

fa

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22

Radical Game 3 i& tk

iW;!f:7' 0
tEl ~

h..ll. ""('7 - t.
fIt

Kanji Compounds -1-

*I i~

se W it

JJ. til12

212 221

© ! At the Bookstore
(_l:.~ffD "* 1f~11~ < \" iHlil ~ < "* i~!f: I'-ry'Iv JIIJi
It \

M~·H~·$.·I$~~O)ft~.~
Reading Index (for Vols.l) Kanji Index with ON·KUN Readings

223 229

Iv

XIX

Lesson 1

Im\'i I
j..::I..=

,;t"

1

r-I

---)i*(])';t~ L., (About Kanji)
(Kanjl made from Picturesof various things around them. and have taken on a square a specific meaning. Kanji characters

;t fJ) E> 7:' ~

t.:)1* - 1 Chinese

1 -)
These de-

The ancient pictures

drew pictures been simplified carries

have gradually

shape to

make them easier

to write .. This

is how the present

veloped. Each Kanji, therefore,

Look at the following picture.

Guess the meanings of the Kanji characters

below.

1. 8.

LlJ
0

2 . )II
9.

3.

EEl

4.

10.

F~
~l~

*

5.

B

6.

}j

7.

A

lesson

1

These Usually

Kanji characters reading)

were made from very primitive two ways of being read; reading). and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese Kanji

pictures

as follows. 'KUN

each

Kanji has at least

the so-called

YOMI' (Japanese Picture

-6,/ I '

,

-...

'KUN'

'ON'

Meaning

J

/'

.......

-8--

I

e -A

B

[NICHI]

sun day

~

*cCbi
~
--->

26

-- L~

--

11

-:::>~

[GETSU]

moon month

LL --

t- ..........

*
LlJ )II
EB

[MOKU] [BaKU]

tree

~i n'n
t:
V't

[SAN]

mountain

-

.......

s. -g
.......

m
A
0

(((

..........

) II EE

( [SEN])

river

[DEN] [JIN] [NIN]
[KOU]

rice field

-- )_ -...........

A
D -$

man person mouth

at f
[)~~~ YOMI' (Japanese with other Kanji (Chinese reading).

-

,
0

--

<i? <~i
(iJ' C:')
0(

[SHAJ

car

-- ~l1 -reading)

r,
we often

[MaN]

gate

reading is rarely used.

When a single Kanji is used alone as a word, we usually read it by its 'KUN which gives its meaning. When Kanj i are used together read them by their 'ON YOMI' Kanji should speaking, however, word. the way of reading to make a word, Generally to each individual

be decided according

-2-

Lesson 1

2- 1•

jl*(]) ,/)) iJ) t: ~

(Writing Kanji)

< ~ 'lA.Q)Jlt-Jlt

(Basic Rules)

>

Rule 1 : Make every Kanji the same size and balanced

within a square.

Example.

X

[a

[$-.I"§} 0 [B 1~I~fl
1~

Rule 2:
(J)

Follow the basic stroke order. Wri te from left to right.

~l ~3

(2)

W ri te downward.

(3) Draw strokes

from the top to the bottom as follows. ~2 in the following

(4)

Draw strokes order.

from the left to the right

Jlh
in the following way.
I

(5) Draw a square

U
(6) When there the square is drawn last.
I

r1t

2

[J
the line which closes

3

is a figure in the square,

cf. When a stroke stroke last.
1

U

line passes

n+ rm
2 3
2

FA
a square,
3 4

4

EEl
~

through

draw that

-

5

q
Stretch

nl 9

Rule 3:

There are three basic ways to end a stroke. Stop

CD

®
-3-

:-*.:

®

Hook

Lesson 1

iW;*

t,,1;,..

<lvlh

:t>3~ =-1-/=( :/'.1)

(7.1'

< T -J )
(4 )

I
I

8
\

sun day

ip

o r-i»

lin

R8
,

I
:1

8 (U') the sun, a day 3 8 (J.,..? • 7),) the 3rd day
I

88M 8 U: t;,
B

* 0: .

l-')

(J:

Iv/ (: <> . Iflv) Japan
Y'J if")

(n Sunday

2

F!
)

moon month

I

0~

(4)

n JJ
tree

~

I

,

I

JI (0~) the moon, a month JHfig (lf0 . J:0 rn Monday
3

1 (t,,'?)1.l'H

(If":))

1 ~ (t,,>1::, • 1.l'0)

one month January

;K - t t liK
*tt(e
*(~)

e:
I
,

-r:?
I (4) .-

I

:

1
a tree

I

tr '?) a Japanese surname
. . I

*8~B ('b

< . J:0
--

if) Thursday
--

4

J.J

..

--

in mo u n t au

~1

-It>/--If>
(3)

I

J_JJ
L!J (~:t)
LllT{'\-'

a mountain

I" . Lt..:) a Japanese

surname

1i±LlJ (...;... t . ~ Mt. Fu] i k) :k.LlJ(f.I'· ~"A..) a volcano

-

4 --

Lesson

1

i~+
5

\, 'h.

()"_J:.h.

:;f:/3

..,

(1.)'(9-))

)I
)

I

river

1.)' ;h/ ~ill' h
( 3)
,

)I )I

I
+JlI (J:>
i.J{:b ) the Nile River il'h) a brook, a stream
.~

J'II (il'h)

a river

-j- -( )J... J II

( ~ \; \ 7.:>

6

ill
1

rice field

,I

t:./ - t: T-~
(5)

I

n m Ff1 H3
surname t.:.) a Japanese surname l1J EI3 ( '? 1 lkffi (Tv" 1.',4.,) a rice field y'/
.::..'/

I

EI3 (t.:) A_, (1" a rice field EE q:. (t.: ~i.J,) a Japanese 7

I

A
JdLtc)

man person

Ltc

(2)

) A._

I
man, a person *lA(ot·l)) one person mouth [Pt;:A
3A(t}A..
... -_. -_. --.- ~~- ,----~.--~~-~~~-r_

I
I

U.: . l;l A..
-._

tk) a Japanese I.: A.) three people
--- -- -.-----. -.----.--

i

8

,

0

n
< -t?)

0

:0(

a mouth
I') •

lilo (""(' (t)) .

an exit

AU (I.t'
'--~~~~~~~~--

<.1?) an entrance A LJ ( t k . .; 1) population ---~- ~--

-5-

Lesson 1

9

-\

*

i~*

1,.' ;;.

<A,t.J.J.
(Qi

;:f/32.

(1)'(1'1)

car

:/;-

nA

(7)

§

g

~
I:

I
I

.«.~i) a car EI lei;]Ji: (t. . c" .:; Li\'»
10

~:$: (--c:a car, an automobile

A, •

L ?) a train

F9
}

gate

-'C:.-( 8)

rr

p ,pI P1 P1 r9
I'
I'

r9 ( 'b !..,) a gate Wr, (1t!.., . 'b A)

a specialty

-6-

Lesson

1

2 - 2.

J:h:hA,

G·kP? (Reading Exercises)

I. 1-

Write the readings

of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 3. Jj

-+:
A

2.

!Ii

4.

r,

5.

8

6.

7. 0

8.

W

9 .. )11

10.

rn

11. A 0

12.

ill 83 ~A

ll .
1.

Write the readings

of the following Kanji in Hiragana, 8

8 R! 8
J:~

2.

.F-J

~

l~

3.

* 11M
J:~

H

4. B 2js:
Ill..

5. E!-

J:

-J fj: 3.F-J I 5

E:1

-z'"-t

0

Today is the

15th of March.

6.

ihO) A·fj: il))11 ~ 1v""E-t

0

That man over there is Mr .. Yamakawa.

7. WJII·~ Iv Ii B*A ""E-t
II;"

0

Mr. Yamakawa is a Japanese.

8. j;O)Wfisni&:w"""C-t
-><
It

0

That mountain over there is

Mt. Tsukuba.
9 .. ..: 0))11L±fIHIVII"""C-t
t
b

0

This river is the Tone River.

10. )I·IEB~

1v00~r'
't!I..

fi !Ii"""CT

0

Mr. Kawacla's specialty

is cars.

-7-

Lesson 1

2 - 3.

1Jl ~

nit.. G ~?

(Writing Exercises)

I.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate

Kanji.

1. a tree

2. a man

3. a mouth

4.

D
1!f

D Oc
7. a mountain

D
<-is
8. a rice field

[J
0
(.01

the sun

5. the moon

D
"?~

6. a river

9. a car

10. a gate

D
1vn

D
~i

D
t:

D

D
tA.

-8-

Lesson 1

Il . Fill in the blanks with appropriate

Kanji.

1. January

2. February

3. March

4. April

10
5. May

2
{.:

0
t.r("?

3
if. Iv

0
trt"?

4
L-

;0
n{"?

6. June

7. July

8. August

6
Q(

0
n{"?

7
L-fS

0
n("?

8
1;1: t>

0
n("?

9. September

10. October

11. November

12. December

10
15i917

0
:I.l1"?

11
15$

'j \>:t;

0

12
15$? I:

hI"?

0
1)1 "?

13. a. train

14. Sunday

15. Monday

16. Thursday

17. Mt. Tsukuba

18. Mt. Fuji

19. population

20. a. specialty

$A
'? (

¥~O
r! ~Iv

[TI,
22. Mr. Yamada 23. Miss Yamakawa
24. the Tone River

21. a Japanese

-9-

Lesson 2

.ttJ~f:, r'~t.:51* -

-2-

(Kanji made from Pictures- 2 -)
Each drawing indicates a certain meaning.

Look at the following picture.

Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters

below.

1 8

1<
71<

2

i;c
)t

3

~

4

&:

5

r

6.~ ~

7.

±

9

-

10-

Lesson 2

These Remember

Kanji characters that each Kanji reading).

were made from very primitive has its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese

pictures reading)

as follows. and 'ON

YOMI' (Chinese Picture

\/J/
~
<>.qP
·1
<7

_...

<:
..._ I
J

't

?
5

_...

Kanji

'KUN'

'ON'

Meaning fire

,J

~,
.,! '"

'\

-----

p b

--- )J<__
~ ~

*

---

1<

[KAJ

~

~

.

·f .....

.....

*
111:

.l;i..i"

[SUIl

water gold money metal ground earth soil child

iJ'b.

[KIN]

±- --

±

± --- ±
-::t..... .....

--:>i?

[DOJ

+
~

€P

--.....

8- .... 3-

......

-

[SHIJ

-Jl: --- 1:(I)

!7:
~

i>A-~

[JO]

woman female study

-....
.....
Usually

~

---

~,) !~

(£ ~-£)

[GAKU]

x_
~ ~
<;:)'vn

=t --

1

~

v\-.~ .0
-,)-i;f1..':'

[SEll

live birth foregoing
prevrous

J:t: --- 2±. .... )G _)u
the 'ON YOMI' a Kanji dictionary.

7t
reading)

~~

[SEN]

(Chinese

of Kanji will be written are expected

using

Katakana

In

Therefore,

students

to learn Kata-

kana as soon as possible after mastering

Hiragana,

~Il-

Lesson 2

I~= 'Y

"

21
i'J'

m=~o)~'~A.5I*
<

(Basic Kanji)

2 - 1 • 51*0) 11) ~ 11) i: (Writing Kanji)

< ~ '~A(7)iii

(Basic Strokes)

>
-?1?

(1) a horizontal line

e.g.

(2) a vertical line

-1t'1?
lJ'h

;t_
""?1?

e.g,

)IJ
rIc

±
~ ~

~~

-'LL
~

<J.>~

(3) a slanting line

n';f;l

e.g,

A
-?t!-

~

(4) a short hook

e.g.

F]
ts~

JK
~~-?

h-T

'-

(5) a long hook

t
':::':::7:> (~

e.g. (6) a corner

tc 1L
<1?
~:t

i:JA-fj

bt.:.L

e.g,

0

t.L
il:f(

--9:
n'b

(7) a dot and various short lines

fA.
-tt'" '
~

e.g,

*
~ 12-

o

P:P j-

M

ill.

Lesson 2

i~~
11

V\J?.

<A..J.J?.
If

*/3

...

(n' < T 0)
(4 )
I

i.
\

fire

n
,I
I

\/

y/ 'J(
fire
Lf)

,

:k(lf)

:kH.1 B (i.p . J;0

Tuesday

:kJlJ()'j' :k$(;Q'

~·'k) .. C.)

a volcano a fire

12

1K
J 7J
;I< (.77."9)

water

J?.f

.7-1
(4)

1Y 1K
A<EH(TIIl l:' A..)

water J;-j ;rf<.BlHl(Til' 13

a rice field

(f) Wednesday
)'j>;tJ.

iJ
I

J
(8 )

gold, money metal
.~

::t-/

.r-: c-: 0- 1" J:::..... ~

i1fr:(~A..)

J3ft (;Q,;tJ.) money
,

gold
t},)

~E13

(;Q,tl .

t!) a Japanese surname
-:Ji::,

2t:1IM B (~ A.. .. .t-':l
)-'

Friday

14

_±_

-

I

ground earth, soil

(3)

t

.±.
the ground

:t(-:J i:_;.)

±ij1 [:1 (c'· . J;-')

. (f) Saturday

±;t(.t' . {l'o civil engineering

- 13-

Lesson

2

i~*
15

v,JJ_
child (3)

....,

=r

_.."

)

f
1;('::fg:1=_ ( t..: J: • L .. ;'.l'

-=f-(":')

c'iJ a child 1;( CB Iv Ij:: ) 0) T (..:.) a gi rl
woman female

< . -tt v,)

a gi rl student

16..J._

->Z.

(3)

j
fr(;BA_Ij::) 1;((l:iA-Ij::)O)A a woman (U c) a woman

lltfr

(;'.l'0)

t..:

J:)

she

17, ~.,
1 ~

study

jf7/jl·~(8 )

,

$~b?{< . -lil.-') :k$ (t.:l.- \ ;'.l' <)

a student a university

*tt(;'.lf-::>.":'

-J)

a school

lsi

i_

live birth

Vh~.Q

-j - i;fLQ

(5)

1£(1.-\)

~.Q

to live

7'i:;1=_(-ttA.. . it!"') a teacher

tt. ( J ) i tL Q to be born

$'£ (il"

<.

-tt

v,)

a student

-

14-

Lesson 2

j;(~

\" .h.
previous foregoing

(A-.l.h. ~e

:;f/'3~

(7),

< T -j)
( 6)

19

7t
}

--C/'
I

J.-

*
private

.!:i:-

f- k
a teacher

jlt(~e) ahead 7t~ (-tt A- .1t\,,)

7t~ (-ttl\. . If--:»

last month

20

~L~
./

-f
./

ht:.l hI:. < l

:/

(7)

;f {

JL {~
I

fJ. (;b t: l/.:b t: ( L) I fJ.JL*~( L . !)-::>. t!.\,\ . iJf

<)

a private

university

-

15-

lesson 2

2 - 2.

J:hftlt. L.. lIP?

(Reading Exercises)

I.

Write the readings

of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 3. fr:
4. )(

1.fJ..

2. f"

5.

*B

6.

iii

7.

±

8.

fJ 11M 8 .1;'>

9.

:k .1;-; 8 III

10.

*-

ijl
.1;"

II.

* III B
.1;..,

12. ~

.I;~

Ui B

13.

±

I1fl B
to'>

14. B ,art B
.1;)

15.

/'E.

'T

!:t

16. $t

t:j;_

II. Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

6. ~ O)fr:-=f$!:t Ii 2 1 1:T

0

That girl student

is

21 years old.

7.

l.L.O)!i.1FfI B Ii 1 9 6 0 ~A 3 fJ -'¥ nA

lIB

1:To

My date of birth is the 11 th of March 1960.

-16 -

Lesson 2

2 - 3. 1J)~tLA ~ ij>?
I. Fill in the blanks with appropriate

(Writing Exercises)
Kanji.

1.

I

2. a student

3. a woman

4. a child

5. a teacher

D
;bt..::l

CD
7';1{< ~L'

D
8. fire

.},.A- t;;

D
9. the ground

CD
iTA-ttt,

6. money

jSD D
n'U ;;...1'

7. water

10. gold

D
(}

D
-?-;

D
~A-

-17-

Lesson 2

II. Fill in the blanks with appropriate
1. Monday 2. Tuesday

Kanji. 3. Wednesday
4. Thursday

OHiO OHiOOBiO
9"t, 5. Friday 6. Saturday
.J:? U'·

OH1iO
8. a woman

7. Sunday

9. a girl

10. a gi rl student

11. a. university

12. a fire

13. the date of one's birth

14. a rice field

CD
15. a private university 16. my teacher 17. ahead

O~:
18. Mr. Kaneda 19. Miss Tsuchida 20. a gold car

- 18-

c-·_u.:··_J L, -::> l ~*9" fJ) [ ,
(Do you know these words?

I-C-' ~

*9

Lesson 2

t» ,--I

_--1

Can you use them?)

< jJ

v::""

92

(A Calendar)
PJ

>

.. ~... ~ - - ~

-----

--~- .t
7

u
8 15

n
2

;I(

J}:. q 11

3

*

~
6
13

5

9

10 17 24

12
19

14
21 28

16 23

18

20 27

22

25

25

Questions

3.

2 !lI7 B

1±1iiJOH B ""('."t 7J'o

-

19-

Lesson 3

Im~3i I
1.:1.
T?

ft*
l:

=

'Y "

1 --'51*0:> ,;t fJ: L,
1--1

(About Kanji)

(Numbers)
ideas like numbers are indicated with the fingers ending. and other

Abstract signs.

Look at the following signs.

"--:::>"

is the Hiragana

Sign

-+

Kanji

'KUN'

'ON'

Meaning

[ICHI]

one

[NIJ

two

-+

[SAN)

three

[SHI]

four

~t2-

ff

-+

3L

1i

[GO]

five

~tuS3t: cJ2 - i: ~.-; --t: t

/~- L- }L

1\;44~-/ -,

)\

f.t f,t--:::>

[SHICHI]

seven

-+

~?

--:::>

[HACHIJ

eight

~.;+- + -

-

.:: .:: (J)--:::>

[KYUU] [KU]

nine

+
- 20-

c .B

[JUU]

ten

lesson

3

21

22
,I

-

f~*
one

I,,\h.

<A-J::h.

:;t/'32:

(;6> < T -))

l.J't -0

l.J'c

17(1)

-(1ft)0 -A(1ft

IJ )
two

one (thing)
one (person) ht':-0 ht.:

-A
-1f:

(I,,)f::, . i.J>0) January
(1,,\

i? • nA.)

one year

-

-

(2)

-= (hI.:) 0

I

23

- --I
= (Ji, ?)"::) =S(J.J..?

-

two (things) =A (bt.: .1')) two (people) three
,I

=A (~:. iJ>0) =:If (~_:.bA-) .
h. ? ---:J -1;!-/'

February two years

(3)

I
= rl (~Iv =1f:(~A.,. .

1
i.J> "::) )
tllv) March three years

three (things) . i.J') the 3rd day, three days

-21-

Lesson 3

i~+
24
~ four

I; \ J;.

(A-lJ;.

*:/32. '/

(il'(T-?)

J: -:l-"::) J:A-/J:

(5)

\

n TTl v-q
tm(l-:l)"::) ~B(l-:l'i)')

t!:9

four (things) the 4th day 1;\"::)-0
\..'0

Illi:$(l'

talA-)

I1!Lf.I (L. . 7?~"::)
-::::f

four years April

25

]i

five

-T

(4)

fI

]i
.li}j C:: . 7?"0) .li:¥ (.:. . tal Iv ) V9 -"':)

.li(\t\-:::»0
liB

five (things) (11'0 . 7?') the 5th day six
_l.-.

May five years
0";1-

26 J\

J -,
_l...-

07/

(4 )
_)....

I

J"

~(v9)0 *I'\B(vP'

six (things) 7?') the 6th day seven ~ 7J:'--:J

~JJ (0 ( . 7?{"::) • ;j-;;).A..) 1'\:$(7:>(
;""-f-

June six years

27

--

--t

~7d:

(2)

-t
seven (things) i)') the 7th day t:JJ

t:(iJ:7J:')"::) *t:B{iJ:O)'

-t:rr: (L -s . tlA..)

( L. -S' 7?{0)

July seven years

-

22-

Lesson 3

il~
2.8

1,.\#

(A,J:# "'\'-::0-0

*/32.
/\1--/1\.;;-

(i.J'( -to))

J\..
/

eight

(2)

1'-.

!

)\("'\'-::»0 *J\8(J:-':l

eight (things) • 1),) the 8th day
':'::0)-0 ':':0)

J\A (li-!? .1.lf0) )\$ U± -!? 'pA,) .7
:f.;L'/

August eight years

29

fL
)

nine

(2)

1L

I

I
I

jL(':: .: (7)) 0 nine (things) 7L 8 (.: ::._ . 1.t') the 9th day 0)

jLJ'J ( jL.A(~

<

. 1.l>-::J)
~

J

· o~ ()

September 900

30

-+
+(c1:)) ten (things) + B (.t i3 . 1.t') the 10th day

+

ten

c1:)

:;.:LrJ ~)"Y -/:J.:L

')-

(2)

· 1.l>0) i-A(t~Jj +.if- ( t~ -) · tlA-)
I::: '\"'

October 10 years

31

8

-

hundred

7/-e""'1'7/-\!'\"'.7

-r:

r nA 8
<>
. if",()

=8(4: . o~
=Ef(ts-A,

200 300

/'\8(0-::> )\ Ef (Ii-?

. lY~

<) '(f~<)

600 800

-

23-

Lesson

3

32

+,./
./
I

i~*

It>J).

<A-l.J).
t;>

i":--3~

(ii' < T -))
(3)

thousand

.t:--/--e/

+

,I

1

I I 1
. if/..)

+~(i? . tf) Chiba Prefecture +fIl(-ltk' ;_A,) a thousand yen 33

--1-(~A,

3,000

I
7/

- - 7j J
-JJfIl (v> t;,
aJJA([)-? 34

Jj

ten thousand all, every

(3)

I
I

I
t

iA,·
<

;_ Iv) I: Iv)

l,z,·

ten thousand yen one million people

Pl
1

circle yen

3..:-(4)

n rJ F9
EffI!(O?< 5. 000 yen
;_ Iv)

a circle, yen li-f-fIH'::, -Itk . ;_ A,) 35

fI!(i.k)

100 yen

Il
)

year age

tL

:i'. ;.(6 )

J--

t::

t::

.J.-

t=

if*iF (~
*1f:(r:,v"
J:

:¥(tl) a year, an age 1F..t.(tL-· -) .:t) elder

. bA..) bk)

last year next year

-

24-

Lesson 3

2 - 2.
Write

J:: h tL It.. Ldij) oj ( Reading Exercises)
of the following Kanji in Hiragana. (Read vertically from

the readings

the r ight.)

)\
)j

-t:
'-

(J)

-

........ /, ,

IT
1i ~
,

I

+,
A B

iL
ih Li
(J)

)\

t: t:

-t
~j:

B

I:
(J)

<

A

;;,

J:

~ J:

A
0

-?

Ii
...J...

r c<
b
!J)

B ~i

iL
A 1L
B
(1)

Ii

1i ~

)\

7L

~

LlJ

8
..L


(J)

'-

-

-t
llJ IE :it

(1)

1m

1.;1:

-e'
I? i

B

1m,

-,
/\

ih -It
j..._
0

+ 75
A
G
('

/\

T

-e
0

8

7](

J:
B

-?

0 1m

-'-

}j

T

B --Co

+ Ii.
0

/,

-+ ~
T

-e
0

)1..-

r

I

Ji

+

L:l: 1m

-t

75

B fIJ
-,

+
Pi 1i 1m -/» A
-'-/\

~

75
p:j
0

,,;I:

T

-e'

-e
0

-r: T
0

1,,'

T

+ 1m
B

T

-e
0

+ lL

1m

7L B
fIl

-+

_,_ /,

-.J_.

7L

/,

...J...

,

I J\

)\

~

/'

B
p:J

Ii.

I.

1. ¥100 4. ¥17,OOO

2, ¥6,900
5. 4 months

3. ¥600

6. 8 years

7. Professor 8.

Yamada's age is 49.

This car costs ¥450,OOO.

9. That mountain is 2,000 meters high.
10. One year has 365 days.

IT.

1. the 3rd of March 3. the year 1985 5. Today is Wednesday 7. The population

2. the 24th of June
4. 03-3469-8251

the 9th of September. Day.

6. The 5th of May is Children's

of this country is about 60,000.000. is not Friday.

8. The 7th of February

-

25-

Lesson 3

2 - 3.

fJ) ~

nit, L, ~,?

(Writing Exercises)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate

Kanji.

8; at
12.

II. S.

I.

8.

_. ~
<

1.
I: 15
!III oj

vI: 15
It)l

D~ D~
Dz Dt
II.

10.

1.

'i"

.it A-

DI: Df
3.

2.

8~8~
13.
9.

-7 .it A-

2.
~ AIf

12.

6.
l;t
'?

Iv

.it

<

~

DL
t'

4.

13. 15 it

i.J

a: o~ a~
D'~
iJ'>
14.
10.
11.
i:

~

< _.
15

'i"

3.
.:,

<

A.i_

D='
6.

5.

It)l

t!Iv Iv

A-

-7 .it A7. AiJ;

.it H. -It
Iv

o?
7.

4.
l;t t;,

J:.

A~ ~ -It A.it A-

A.it A-

iJ;

o
Iv

~ ~ -7

D~ D~
8.

IJ

< tl.

~

0<

9.

-

26-

lesson 3

t.
tJl -?

0
0)

27.
h

24.
t;
1(1)

21. ~
tJl
"?

18..
L
tJl
"?

15.
i'

t:.
L

L

?
tJl -?

Ts

tJl
"? "?

I: t;

-tt

p

ki
i)'

~

a:
"h'

Id:

J:
-")

li

?

~

:b. Aill
-")

"h'

t:
Ts

Ts

L

(::

-e

is

!!

25 ..
t;

22.
Ii

19.
7'

16.
I:. ill
"?

9
0


-tt A"! t»

~ ?

Ts

'-

"
Ts
ill
"?

1.11

ill
"?

"?

J:: ?
ii'

I'
"?

b
"?

~ ?
'i"'

:/J'

.:/J'

< :s <
?
'-

t:

26.
!:
I4)J

23.

20.
-?

~

?
I: ill
"?

<
tit
"?

<

17. ;; A"hI
-? .1;l.
-")

~,

1.11

"?

:b. A-

::.
'-

(})

-

P :/J'

iU'

tJ,

ii'

1. ¥20
5. ¥520

2. ¥300
6, ¥850

3. ¥6,OOO

4.

¥80,000

7. ¥47,000
10. one person

8. 10 years
12. three people
15. the 1st of January 18. the 4th of April 21.

9. 100 years

11. two people

]3. four people 16. the 2nd of February 19. the 5th of May 22.

14. one month

17. the 3rd of March
20. 23.

the 6th of June the 9th of September

the 7th of July

the 8th of August 1965.

24. the 10th of October

25 .. November

26. December

27. My date of birth is the 27th of April

-

27-

Lesson 3

(Do you know these words?
<:>

Can you use them?)

I,

}\

am
.t> <:>

(At the Greengrocer's)

1.

I')

k::..· (an apple)
A,

t±, --:) V"

< <

t? "C'T ;)'0

2, J.;..;)'
3, 4,

(an orange) (grapes)

I;L --:)
I;L --:)1.1'

V"

<

t? "C"t-;)'0

~.!::"'J

G"CT;)'o

Tv';)'

(a watermelon) (a banana)
tl,

!i, --:)v" < t? "C'T ;)'0
-;f: (P-::;> 'i"k) Ii,

5. I"TT
6, ~ 7.
19> -)

v'

<

t?"CTi.1"o

I?

(a cucumber)

-;;>js:.v,

<

f9"("Til'o

r"7

l- (a tomato)

1;1:., --:) Ii,

8. ~: k t. A, (a carrot) 9, t: itl:g 10. (an on ion) (a cabbage)

-t

1" X. 'Y

< !? "("Til'o Ii, --:) .. ; "C'T 11'0 \, < Ii, --:) < t? -z'"T11'0
I_, ,

-*""

v' ( G -C-T i.1'0

- 28-

Lesson

3

]]. -t'ili

~

(In a Japanese 71'

Noodle Shop)

t

-t--?

I')

If A!ill

t:

-t--j

~t

fiA!ill

c"

-:J :tJ
--C-7

e

tb

r:

IfA-

c"

-t-)

e

-t--)

jt

A

~

:R
t;,

..:<E

l;fA.

e'

liA/~

c'

-t--?
7L

jt

"fA-

e'

......

B

P"~

B

~q

s: B

II]

s: B

......

II]

fIl

B

~

B

s: +
IIJ

B

/~

~ iJ -{-If'

thin buckwheat

noodles served on a bamboo tray

-?
i.Ht-

c"f,_,

thick white noodles served on a bamboo tray noodles in hot soup noodles with fried bean curd, served in hot soup (e -:J:tJ means 'a fox' and it is believed the favorite food of the fox.) batter, served hot that fried bean curd is

e -:JtJ.-

i: Ih

e-

noodles soup (t:..1h

with bits of deep-fried

ternpura

In

e

means 'a badger.') noodles
'moon -v

with an egg, served iewi ng. ')

In

hot soup

(A

Ji means

noodles with fried vegetables soup

and prawns,

served

in hot

'iE it (L" ~i

L

J:

<)

the daily special,

usually served

with a bowl of rice, soy-

bean soup and some pickled vegetables
29-

Lesson 4

1.:1.=·Y. ~
~ =")

1I t;:.~*

~*0)'j.1d:

L- (About Kanji)

~c.~1J\S T'~
Abstract

(Kanji made from Signs)
to illustrate are indicated with the

ideas which are impossible

help of points and Jines. Sign

Look at the following. Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning

-~

.l

-...........

J:_

----+

J:.

-J:Z.
L. t:
~:b>

[JOU]

above up under down middle inside
big

r -- ? - --r $ - 9 9 -- q:t

~~

[GEl
[CHUU]

,
W
~ ~

* *- * -'
....
0
-+

;IS;I3- 20·

1,,>

[DAr]

00

,j\

Ij\

~lr'-~v'

[SHOU]

small root orlgm book half

.... ....

::y;_ ;\Y

.... 1;' ....

* - '4-*' *
7;'....

....
---

* ¥5t

tt
( IJ: 7.1' - tl:)

[HON]

[HAN]

/J --

;b-It ~

[FUN] [BUN]

divide

1J

~ 7J'1?

[RYOKU]

power

-30-

Lesson 4

2- 1.
i~~
!

51!:f!Q) tJ)~· tJ) tz;
1,,' };,

(Writing Kanji)
*:/3"::' o)I;r-~

< )",J.};,
-j.i

(7'J' < T?)
(3)

36

:

_t_
)

above, on up, superior

a;r7'Jf~
ih-tf~

::3 ry
,

J- .L
L(o)lf)~

J:. (-j iJ above, on J:. «(b) 7'J{~ to go up, to rise
37

1:.-=f. ( t
Lt.:

J: -j

to go up f) Ij: skillful 7J

- T l'
T ( L t.:)
T( ~ )1J{~

T

under down, inferior

~-7'J{.:6 ~-'f.:6

< t.! - .:6

Y

(3)

under to go down
Ij: 1)'

~T(t;.,

:I)')

T!Ii(!f· L~)T~

under ground to get off

38

t
\
r:p~(

middle inside

-7:1-7/':;:1-'/
(4 )

n
J "p ( Ij: iJ')

p

l'
< ) = "p ~tt (t:, $ -j
--Elt:p(1.t't;_,
iJ{-?

II
:: -j )

t;_, $

inside ? tJ{

:.: t;., t $ -j ) all day long a junior high school

- 31-

Lesson 4

i~*
39

1,;\# big, large great

(lvJ.h
i:i}J-~I,;\

*/3~

(1)'(-9-)

- t K:I
*
40
J

k

¥1 7'1

(3)

I

1
1;,:"f: (t:1,; \ . iJf ( ) Al;l] it: I,;\ ·it-:)~
~I,;\-~I,;\

i

big (iLiS) e:1,;\=*~~ **J\(jSt~) an adult

a university important
,

J
J

-,

small, little

.....

.,..

Y3'7
;f:l

(3)

}J

IJ,
~I,;\=+~~

+(~I,;\)

* 'J, J\( .: t' t )

small a child

+)1] (jS
IJ'~~y:: (ll -)

. i.lfb)

a brook, a stream
-) )

iJc:J

.::.

a primary school

41

I~

- t If *-I~
llpf>: (~1 ;$:.niA.)

root, origin true, main

be
1

*/

(5)

I
,

. t t)
a book

a Japanese

surname

;$:.80;fA. :<f:)6 Hi A.

. -c A.)
),

t.: -:) )

this day the main office

42

half

;,-

,

~

'/

~

-t
':.J.

(5)

1

J

*8 Ui/",

-'¥-:If. (Ii Iv tl)

half a year

-¥]t(li Iv . ~Jv)

half 3

I:~) half a day

=:8##-( 2' Iv

t.: ·~iIv)

30

-

32-

Lesson 4

i§!t*
43

)., \ J,A.

< I"

J.. J:I.. h-7;'~

:;f:'-3~ 7>:'-

Cn' < T -])
(4 )

7;"
J

/, )1' 7;'

division, part minute

:b-7pn_Q

:b-It 1>

7

:'-/-7:'-

7t(b)lt1>

5J' (:b) 1.1' Q
44

to divide to understand

1£7t (:::. . .b A., )

~7t
t;,tJ'G

(7_:,-?

. ~A.)

five minutes six minutes '7
( 2)

i:
7

power, force ability

I} 3 I)
I

of

tJ
)(1J

lJ ( is 7;' G ) power 11J:$(1) ~ . 7'Jt < ) dynamics
45

lk1J (1"\,' .

I')

J:

(1), . I') J:

< ) water power < ) heat power
(7)

·~or
J

what

~v:
t:t.Jv
. [1

1 1- 1·1- 10 -f01
,

I
1PJ Jdt:t. k . I:k)
filJ1f{lJ.:k . bk)
how many people what year

lPJ (t:t. ,:) M ( 7J: ),_)

what
1"-97;'0

What is it?

- 33-

Lesson 4

2 -2.

J::htLA L.1i>?

(Reading Exercises)

I.

Write the readings
1.;:f:

of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 3.)]
4. _t

2.

fiJI

5. T

6. t'fl

12.

'*5f

13. :*~

14.

q:r~

15.

-t5t

16.

1iiI:q:.

II.

Write the readings

of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

3. '?

< .:t 0) _t I: il fti1.r~Jt.>

~1 T"

There

is some money on the desk.

5. :* ~"'7

-.of ~ ¥5J'I: 53'lt 1 L tz;

We divided a big cake in two.

::h.Wf li:-ht -e T o
L:

-

34-

Lesson

4

2 - 3.

tJ) ~ tL~

L.,

iCP?

(Writing Exercises)

I.

Fill in the blanks

with appropriate

Kanji.

I.

?;t on
tj; -I)'

0

in

under

2.

o
1?",,-'J
medium L.t1 small

3. big

o
s·s·

~V)

4. what

5. what book

6. a sma 1I universi ty

7. power

D
8. to understand 9. five minutes 10. to divide

D
it in half

- 35-

Lesson

4

n.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate
I. inside

Kanji. 3. heat power
4. half past nine

2. water power

D
5. what time

IT]
6. for counting long slender

DB;rD
<
obj ects

\;

-:>

11"A..

7. a Japanese

8. up train

9. down train

10. an adult

IT]
< t:
11. a primary school 12. a junior high school

13. the middle of July

14. a half,

1/2

15. one third,

1/3

IT]O)D Lf'
16. three quarters,

3/4

17. all day long

18. Mr. Yamamoto's

specialty

is dynamics.

-

36-

Lesson 4

(Do you know these words?

Can you use them?)

<~-r'h .Q)l*

.t~

(Kanji at a Station)

>

-l-j::ft:CJ

It
IflD

North

Gate Subway

AD
West Gate
(-

teD

III i I IIIII

IIIII IIIII

AD

(-

~ ~

~

AD

teo
East Gate

~

South

Gate

I I~
.J,

teo

CJ

It

AD

I
Ex it

I
CJ

I t:I::1 CJ j l;A_

I Ent ranee

ticket

EJ

gate

- 37-

Lesson 4

1: t) ~$
·0

*- A
Po
T t) ~~
0

o

9

up train -) ]fL"f.!

pIa Horm
u

I I ~. t___.,..v....-·

----.0..,...·

__j

down train

o

I

Exercise

What do the following Kanji mean?

4. J:~ (o)~.f'?) 5. T ~

« r: IJ )

8.

:It; D

(~t.:

<" -;)

- 38-

Lesson 5

I.:z. ='/ ~
l'

1
if.>

1-1 ---)~$O)

'1 f.I. L. (About Kanji)

.~

£, ""Co ~ i: ( K 'j m d e tro . f f· rvanjr ma rrorn a com blmanon .oe th
0)
What does the Kanji

11-

MJi. itt> it jJ)

<

~*

M .' .eanmgs )
What does the

rBJ

mean?

It means 'the sun.'

Kanji

r}j J mean?
means?

It means 'the moon.'

Then, what do you think the Kanji simple characters. Now,

rSflJ

It means 'bright'!

Some Kanji are made by combining rather guess the meanings of the following Kanji.

1. 5.

it 1$:

2.

6. ~

**

3. ~
7.

4. 8.

Fa'

Look at the following examples

and see how each character

*

~t
was

combined and made into a new meaning. Combination Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' [MEl] Meaning bright

B
sun

+ + + +

}j
moon

- SjJ

~:zp-~ v'
~T-tr

both the sun and the moon are 'bright' [KYUU] beside a tree [TAl] the body rest

A
man

tree

- it *

a man is 'resting'

A
man

2$:
ongm

1;(
woman

r
child

- 1$: - ~f

7)'

G i:

the origin of a man is 'the body'

T-§

a woman 'loves

. a child

[KOU]

love, like

- 39-

Lesson 5 Combination Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' [DAN] in the rice field [RIN] a wood a grove Meaning a man, male

EB
rice field

+ +

)]
power

-

~ 'a man' is powerful

;Be-=.

tree

* * + + - ** *** r~ + 13 - Fa' - ~m *- +
tree tree tree tree gate sun

two trees make 'a wood'

'h

!)

[SHIN]

three trees make 'a forest' ;hlt·t!.. [KAN]

a forest a jungle

between the doors a cultivated field field'

the sun can be seen 'between'
Ii t: It

EB

fire

field

burn up the field and make 'a cultivated

W
mountain

+

E
stone

were

15

I-U

v'v
In

[CAN]

a rock

a big stone

the mountain is 'a rock'

*

Most

Kanji

adopted in Japan.

from

China,

however,

there origin. origin.

are

some

Kanji that originated (to work), to express

For example, i[]1(fU.:ft),
Reading).

fttl(lll..:0)
There-

<

!lJt(

t ? If) (a mountain pass) are of Japanese

fore, they do not have 'ON YOMI' (Chinese e.g. ~(t..: 0 )(a cod) .~( ~'P L)(a sardine)

Many Kanji used

the names of fish and plant are of Japanese

- 40-

Lesson 5

46

8f!
I

i~*
n
R

I;

>J.J..

<A.,J:J.J..
.:tr.Jn'-:bi;> .:tr.J-lt~
I

;:f/'3';

(n'

< T -)
(8)

bright light

71

B

8)

an Bfl Bfi
~9-tt

IljJ(.:tr.Jtp),t,\;,
EljJ(ib)lt~

bright, cheerful to break (to dawn)

* IljJ B (if) T / ib L t: I Jt. J: -) -t; ~)
~l1jJ (-tt"?

tomorrow

·16\")-f~

to explain

47

1t
J

rest

q:._27
(6)

1

~-t ~t4i 1
tr
h-

{*(~T)

48

/

1*
{i!..:(

1*(~9)

to rest, to be absent a break, a holiday

1*B(~I9>-)

. l>":-J )

a holiday

body

1J' t? t:

~1
(7)

1 1- 1t 1*11~
a body

1*{<t;:w U.: v'
. \,-, <)
physical education

n' C:, t_:)

1*/J (t-: I; ,

I')

,I:

<)

physical strength

-

41-

Lesson 5

i~*
49

v \ JJ.
love, like favorite

<lvt.JJ.

::t;"-3~

(iJ'

< l' -J )
(6)
I

~f
4}(1')

T-~

':37

l y. 1 1(' ~3 iz:f
I'

,

i

I

~ t:t favorite H~C: -J . S-:J) one's

favorite food

50
~ \

man male

J:3c':
~

1';"·T;,,-

(7)

n rn

EEl

IE

J

~

~(BC::') a man ~(j3c: ':)O)=f(':)

a boy
,j:~

:I't!13 ( t::>
L

~-=r*.1:. (t_:' A-.
J:

L ·iJr
ij: Iv)

-J

< . -It\",)
I) ;..-

a boy student the eldest son

51

52

t*,

wood grove

(8 )

tt

;f ;f-

tt It*t
1*#l ( I? .A- . gJ:-J)
surname forestry

, #(lj:~

IH'f(':

L) a wood . Lf{> L) a Japanese

t~ +
:m(b~)

forest jungle

tl?

~;..(12)

*

*' ~ I

i

,1

?f::

t 1f- It
surname

~

t-f..
woods and forests

~83(<b1?

a forest . t.:) a Japanese

~~*( LIv . I? Iv)

-

42-

Lesson 5

i~~
53

Iv ,.;.,..

<Iv),,';""

*:/;3'::

(il'(T~)

Fal
I

between interval

~v,t~
1

7J:/
(12)

r

F

r
v'';''''

pI

P1 PI Pi'n, Fni rAj Pa9
i

rl3~(Ji:J v' t.:')
i~~ 54

between r:"'(1)I-::fr(~) -) to be on time <A.,l';"" field l:it..:~t i:it..:

-iFPdJ ( v 'i? . J:t Iv· -tJ' A., )
U;'frd] (

t

a yea]'

. irA)

time
*:/3'::'

(ii'

< T -)
(9 )

I}:83
\

cultivated

,J

t

*
v ,;".

11 :kn im *m jE8
I

·~Ill t: It) (Ii

iEJill (11 ~ ·I.ft..:lt)

a cultivated field a flower garden (1vt.J.J-

E8 'J:Hl it: . lit..:)

fields of rice and crops

i9'.!;*
55 LlJ

*:/;3~ if/"

(i),(T-J)

E
I
i.l-

rock

v'v

u...

- r :r- iM E
L.l-I
L..lJ \J.J L.lJ

(8)

:'5(v'v)

a rock a Japanese surname

!5EB(v'v·· t..:)

!5 E (7;' Iv· -tt ~ ) rocks and stones 'l(LiJ15 (7), . ~'Iv . 7i" Iv ) volcanic rock

- 43-

Lesson 5

( Reading Exercises)
I, Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.1* 2, ~
3.

t4i:

4., ~

S. E

6. :tm

7,

rJJ

9.

H~

II,

Write the readings

of the following Kanji in Hiragana,

2,

~T*!£ t 3I:T~l'.

male students

and female students

3. ~

rJ) At

tr:.(J) A

men and women

There

is a river between the forests.

We took a rest in a light forest.

It takes about one hour to that small mountain.

Mr. Iwata is a cheerful

man,

There

are cultivated

fields

on the

top

of the mountain.

-44 -

Lesson 5

2 - 3.
I.

tJ) ~ tt It. L,

14> oj

(Writing Exercises)
Kanji. 2. a tree X 3 = a forest

Fill in the blanks with appropriate 1. a tree

X 2 = a wood

Oxz-o
3. woman

+ child

'--- like

4. rice field

+ power

~ a man

5. sun

+ moon

'- light

6. man

+ tree

~ to rest

7. gate

+ sun

'- between

8. body's power = physical strength

9. fire

+ field

---: cui tiva ted field

10. mountain

Oco=o
!H::li 11. a boy

00):0=0
12. man and woman

+ stone

= a rock

OJ
45-

lesson 5

n.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate 1.. for one minute

Kanji. 3. for three days
..

.2. for two hours

I
h.-;
4. for four weeks
IJ' 1J'h-

5. for five months

6. for six years

DipIT]
-.
7. forests and woods 8. a holiday 9. an inactive volcano

IT]
10. physical education

IT]
11. I like cheerful people.

12. Those men are Mr. Kobayashi

and Mr. Iwata.

:'li

't> L

-

46-

Lesson 5

1111I1111I1111I111111111I1II111I

.s- <
~

~~?
~

II

i 1111111111111

! 111111111111I11

Review Lesson 1 - 5

8 A
-=¥-

r

1< t:
]j t:JjJ

7,1<

-~ -

D
[I9

* 1J
1i

r~

± LlJ
T I=j=l
~

) II

EB

_L.

/'\

-t )\ 1L
jc

!:t )t

1f-

B -T

II]

it
I.

5t 1J

~

1jjJ fl 1* ft: ~f

.L

T

IJ'\

-t
I-U

~

Fa' :tm

*

::0

55+

Make 5 sentences

by using the Kanji above.

II. Fill in the blanks with appropriate

Kanji.

_.~~~. ..

__J

-

47-

Lesson 5

lll . Read the following story.

)t;~

0)

±~

B I: fiJ..:: t::d±EE1 q:.:7t~ C: III -"'..l.t, ~ i L t:

0

l.t' 7:> l.t) ;S7:t ~ #::. ,o1:l.t'"? L

,t

f: l.t'

~ lJ..:o !lFr*'i:tP:T~!£f.r~=-A-r":yeLt..:o i

fiJ..:i?'±EE8~A.o)"-C·l.t\~

i Lt..:o

*:wr,
lila 8
fl,J..:S

(-ttA-{;A.)
(J:

specialty

{t:f-l' (t.: i.t' v' <)
7\:;lm (-It A. L~1 )

P,E"

physical education

-J 'if) day of the week -1J{~f-2;. -z'"i" I like We

-g~ (.::) - a language
last week

i.t,ryi.t,ry7J:
near-

various

-i'''?

- for each

-O)S1J'<"Z"

-

48-

Lesson 6

Iit6'"
I.:I. = 'Y
~

1

1--1

~-----'~*(1)

'1

7ll., (About Kanji)

7i..tJ"c;, -r-~ i:

~*- 3 -

(Kanji made from Pictures- 3-)
Each drawing indicates a certain meaning.

Look at the following picture.

Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters

1. 8.

E

2. 9.

it

3. 10.

m

**
4.

below.

5.

_f;!

6.

=¥-

7.

JE

It

§

-

49-

Lesson 6 These Kanji characters Picture developed from very primitive Kanji 'KUN' pictures 'ON' as follows. Meaning

---+

<0>
~

~

--

~

~~

i_- )t -r--

t/{4
O

g-

f3 -~

[MOKU]

eye

--

If

~~

[JI]

ear

f

-+


JE
Jmj ~
;Y;l
;y;o')

[SHU]

hand

[SOKU]

leg

n-/'I/'- ~T
%D~-tf

<ll- r/:\CJQ

m
"-

-+

[0]

rain

t'r

t~lt

[CHIKU]

bamboo

%-);

---..

J

--

fr,

--- f3 " lD --~

**
&
ti

::0')

[MAIl [BEIl ([BAI])

rice America shellfish

i,PIt '

v-t,

[SEKI]

stone

*

\",1::

[SHI]

thread

-

50-

Lesson 6

i~~ 56
I

J.,IJ;,!.

(All-;.

;f/3~

(:1.1'

< T -J)
(5)

§
1

eye item

t/J

-'£:-:7

n
(&':J

A Fl
-) ;t)

§

EIT (It) . L t.:)
57

ELt

one's superiors one's inferiors
J.;..J;,!.

EPX( b (

e o»

an eye

t) :;

a table of contents

Jt - ,- r
ear
,

(6)

~

J: lt '
study of the nose and ears
'"(

It (l-;. h.) an ear lr~·¥j.( t . ir i)')

(otorb inology)
;"-.:1.

58

t....

hand

--t
.; /
I

(4 )

.f.ffA (l

~('n

a hand
. :I.I~ l1-)

~~(iJ'

.

a letter

* .l.~(

L 19l)
.J::

t

-J

. -9)

a smger 1J: skillful, clever

~51-

Lesson 6

il*
59

Iv) J;.

<A.J:.J;. cf;l

:t/3~

(7.1'<1"1)
(7 )

Jt
\

leg, pair suffice

t:- '? :6 t.:.-1"

')7

n

0

9 9- )'1-

It
)E(.f;l) a leg

)E (t.:.) fJ :6 to be enough )E(t.:.) 1" to add

=J'E
~6')

(I: .

-f" < )
t)

two pairs

60

F:fu
,

ram

-

1

- n if:J m m if.] ~ . 6')

( 8)

ffi (2b

ram heavy rain t..:~t

mJC(1·-CIv)

rainy weather

:kf:F:i(i::>1:> . ;b6'))
61

1T
}

bamboo

(-r 7) (6)

J..

t t' tJ- t'r
t'r tt: ~t) 0)7surname
::_6')

'it (t..: ~t) bamboo
t'rB3(t.:.lt· t,::) 62
a Japanese

a bamboo shoot

*
\

rice America ~

"7'1 ~1

(6)

\/

t
l)

*(::_ ~*(l.tv
6')

*

**00(--<1.-"

nee . i I.-

new rice

r:f:1*

::_ <) U.S.A. (f:, ~"? . --<1.-') Central America

-

52-

Lesson

6

iJ~
63

v' s;
shellfish

(kJ:h-

*/3~

(7?'

< T "3 )
(7)

/,

§

7?'I.')

I

n

A F\

§

./

13

/,

§
-

9l (7?' v')

Jt (7?'" \) 7?f G
64

a shellfish a shell
,

E

stone

\t'L

-t~
(5 )

- T ;r
~

_fi

kJ

I I

I
petroleum, oil

,

E (v, L) a stone :0)JI (v' L- • 7?'.:b) a Japanese
thread string
~

:firm (-It ~
surname

.~)

ft:o (7?' • it ~) a fossil
(y)

65

v'

.!:::

(6)

c

R

t

~

~

I

#-dv'.!:::)

thread woollen yarn

_=.b,y.(ft·l,'.!:::)

- 53-

Lesson 6

2 - 2.

J::hflA. L., ~?

(Reading Exercises)

I.

Write the readings 1. f:I'i 8. 2. E

of the following Kanji in Hiragana, 3. §

4.

JE

5.

"*

6.

If

7. ~

t'r

9. ~

10.

*

II.

Write the readings 1. ;fJ,,'i~i7)-)W~~t.)')..\i ~.~

of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

Lt-.:o

2.

::J 7.. $' I)

tJ li"P

*= I.::GbI)

iTo

Costa Rica is in Central

America.

3. B*Ij:777'ipl?Ei!l3~i.)'V\iTo
01>

Japan buys oil from Arabia.

4. f:l'ii7)BIj:""~-r:~*Jt~ip~
~';"

iTo

I write letters
days.

in my room on rainy

5. *L,Ii

it.:: B *~~i.JfGbi

I)

J:.~-C',j:Ji., IJ i -tt" /,._O

I am not so good at
Japanese yet.

6. <-:J~ 1 JEt: < -:JT~

4 JEip\_,'i

Lt-.:o

I bought a pail' of shoes
and 4 pairs of socks.

-

54-

Lesson 6

2I.

3.

tJ\ ~

nit.. L., ij) oj

(Writing Exercises)
Kanji.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate

1. hands and legs

2. a rainy day

3. a shell

4. rice

5. one's superiors

and one's inferiors

6. a bam boo shoot

t: ~t
7. Mr. Ishikawa

8. Miss Itoyama

-

55-

Lesson 6

II.

Fill

in the blanks

with appropriate

Kanji.

1. a purpose

2. a table

of contents

3. a letter

4. a stamp

tv 1--_j
1

5. skillful

6. unski llfu

I

7. an assistant

8. shortage

/G[J
9 .. heavy rain

10.. light rain

11. a bamboo shoot

[IJ .. OJ
12. America
13. North America 14. South America 15. Central America

16. thread

17. Ish ikawa Prefecture

l8. Mr. Takeda

[J
t::(i

t:

- 56-

Lesson 6

(Do you know these words?

Can you use them?)

< A~o))~*

\.:Ad>l'

(Kanji used in Japanese Family Names)

>

The following Kanji are commonly used in Japanese

JII

~
1'1" (tr
I? a village) Study the following Japanese

15

*

family names.

Jf (0)

a field)

surnames.

1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
8. 9.

EEIfr WEB
LLp$:

(t.: t;.:1)') (~it.:)

16.

t-t

((;J: -t-' L.) (,:: Lf'~ L...)

(-t-'i

b t)

*T
*:tiltEB

LlJT

(-t-';t LJ.:)
(e: (J) Lt.:) (e: trG) (tJ

17. IJ"tt 18. IJ"LlJ 19. 11,,)11
20.

(,:.~~n (i3iJ,'b)
(};(J)) (b i?)

IJ" lI!T

21. ~ 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

G t.:)

It...t
Ifrlt
If! ill
Ji:l)!1

(tr c;'iJ'J7.) (t;.:1:J'tJ-G)
(7'jil'~

10. 11.
12.

i)

~EE ~-=f D")11

~*
*D"

(bi?tt) (iJ'.P. t!) (iJ>'p' ,:. )
(li \

L iJ'v)

(t;.: iJ'iJ~';b)
(t;.:iJ'(J))

(HE li' L) (H};

13.
14 .

If!ti' )11...t ...tti' ...tEE

(iJ' tJ7?' J7.)
(-)x.(J))

15.

(-) x. tD

::kYr t'rEE t'r If! t'rT

t: ~t)

(t.: IttD (t.:

It 7'j iJ')

(t.:lt Lt.::)

- 57-

Lesson 6 Notice the phonetic changes as in the following.

) II (;i.p:b )
~ (tj: 7,)')

+ B3 ( t.:.) + )11

- ) II B3 (ip b tD

(i.p;fJ) - ~ )11 (~7,)')'j{b)

o Other
Ex.

n*

common family names:

(t"-r~)

ftI:Jii

~m Ii'U m (
(n It \

(~ t "5 )
t.: 1H;i L-)

1: ftI:4*
lJIJjji

*

(PO)?

-t)

(~~~)
(;f»

(vt.:iCcA>:)

t ?)

ftt~

(pt?)

"'tr;:f; ,.IJ

L

Name cards used for business.)

Title ------, Name
II

li: LlJ ~0 o y¥!"
J\

T75:~ -0000

~j

ffl
q.-:J+i

W
0
jc
.2.

TI03 -0000
~ ~
0 ~'f,
:::

~ ~
-

UJ

I I

1 ~ ff tI /'
..;!...

m

0

* ~~.-.

T-

• ~*
1m
I-fl

~ ~

;$:

B

It 13

"$I:.
.8-

gr)
I

F

_ I

L1J

¥m
~

!WJ

ij[

.

~

nrs

-~ I n EE 0/\

..L.

IR

~

77
:/:::::1

J:t. tt ~ It
~

l"L'"

t1

~

[113

li

I Address Telephone

'"

T

I
Name of Unive rsity and Department

1L t

Name of Company Department and
Sec tion

I

L-

-

58-

Lesson 7

Im]il
I.~=
'Y ..--- .. 1

1

1-1 ~---'.)I*(]) ~

,j. fJ;. L., (About Kanji)

5t1JH~-r-'~ t.:j~¥-

4 - (Kanji made from Pictures - 4 -)

Look at the following picture.

Now guess the meaning of the Kanji characters

below..

I . {B
~.

'III .....

2 9

,~

3 .. ~ 10.

.

4

tf::

5 ..

~m

6.

~

7

--ft.

-H--

8

fk

+.t--

*

X
59-

Lesson 7

~*
66

V \;,..

<.4...1::;'" 'i 7'd:

;t/'3~

(1.)'<T?)

1G

-H-

flower

tJ (7)

-

-\-

4+

Y

1

+t-

r

.{(.
I' I'

++-

:(E (Ii7'd: )

1E.* ( Ii tj:
67

a flower . lY) fireworks

1E.(1.)') rY'.4.. a vase

_$_

8

It"

tea -\4+

T-'r

;+ 7t. ~

q:_ ;t_ 1tif jf,
green tea
~;tJ;5(~-?

+r

(9)

:J':)fk(-t;,~)

*~

tea 0--= • (i.4.. • -t;, 't» flesh, meat

U;t C: -J . S 't> )
~.

black tea -C.4..) a coffee shop

68

rt1
I
.~ ~ U:

::"'7
(6)

n r1 f1 rh ~.
meat IJ . ~--=<)

~ (I,: <)

4~ (~. -J . (,: $
chicken ~1$

n: < .

<)

t..:It\)

beef the body

- 60-

lesson 7

i;lq:
69
~

I" \ J,I,

<A-J.J.;.

*;'-3~

(i.I'<-9?)

,

pattern letter, sentence
~

7'";'"£-;,-

(4 )

-)-

x:_
-;t~(S;A·iJ{

I

:t*B~.t*~' 1.> Iv .S; (
letter character
I' ~ ~

Jt(S;lv)

literature 7) iJ" i.I{ < LJ: the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
~j

a sentence

<)

I

70
~

,

,t cf

(6)
I

a letter, a character *(t) i!(* (tJ'iv t) Kanji

x*( 'b
to)

I
t/'b Iv
t)

a letter

~:f:(T 7

t) a number
7"/ t/

71

~?o
)

thing

( 8)

J0-

t

~

~I

~7~7].t~l
~E~to I" \ £0) a living creature (it .f,iT!fto ( 1= 'b "'? ) baggage, luggage
-)

I
~('b0))

a thing

Ji~(il'I,,'
72

'b 0))

shopping

4I

cattle, cow

L

-¥.:>.'J (4)

bull, ox JJ-

- 4I
cattle

I
,

I

~(? L)

-1-4- ( =-

!.t-~(~'$-)

?

L)

a calf

tj:·1t

(eo· $ -)

. ~::~ ? )

. 1:0

beef , cow s milk

~ 61-

Lesson 7

ijt::f:
73

" \J;..

<A-;tJ;..

:t/3~
/\

(ii'

< T -? )
(10)

l@g
\

horse

-?i
~

r-

Tf If

If;

I~

I~

,~

\~

.~(-?i)
.~!j[U;f·

a horse

,~1J (Lf'· I? ~)
a carriage .~~(!;f.

L ~)

I: <)

horsepower (h.p.) horsemeat

74
l~
/

bird

t fJ

7-S?
(11)

(

rr

f3

~

~

,~ ,~

,tt ,~
B.~ (Ii < . i? J:. -? ) a swan If.~ (~ . i? J:. -? ) a wild bird
,:¥s (11)

.~ (c 1') a bird ~Jl;( ~) ~.~ (c 1')

roast chicken ~ 1;'7'd:

75

I'"

'IE
I /1

fish

f 11 ffJ fH i ,~ fa 1E
I'

1'\

~

1'"

~ (~1;'~) fish ~~ ( ~ 1;' ~ . ~)

:l;ii (~) a fish shop

itf:i.t ( ~

~~, (~'1;'7'd:) grilled fish A., • ~. J:) a goldfish

- 62-

Lesson 7

2 - 2. J: h tt It. L., I¢l ?

( Reading

Exercises)

I.

Write the readings 1. 1~ 2. ~.

of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 3.

1t.

4. "JF.

5 .. ~

6. !j:

7 ..

%

9. !:E!tfJ.J

10. !j;'~J

12. )(

]].

Write the readings
1 .. ~J4[

of the following Kanji in Hiragana.

3. ~1th~
J

5. ::jEtFA..

~:?t "'n;l: To ~

I put some flowers

in a vase.

6. ~J~-r:.~ I~ ~ i)'v' 1 Lt..::o I bought some chicken at the butcher's.
0;>

7.

*~-c·.:.O)~*~t.tI?"'1To ~,t...

I learn these Kanji at the university.

9.

~O)':j:q:/J'.~iI~"'1To

There

are small birds in the forest.

10.

B*A'j:~.~*1J~He.-r:To

Japanese so on.

people like fish and rice and

- 63-

Lesson

7

2 - 3.
I.

11)~

nit.. L. liP?

(Writing, Exercises)
Kanji.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate

V'

»

1. beef

2.. a small bird

3. a horse carriage

4. a letter

OJ
5.. literature

OJ

OJ

OJ
7. Japanese

6. biology (~ Study of living creatures)

tea

OJ
8.

a goldfish

9. cherry

blossoms

10. a sentence

OJ

litt

D

- 64-

lesson 7
II. Fill in the blanks with appropriate 1. a flower shop Kanji. 3. a butcher shop

2. a fish shop

4. beef

5. pork

6. chicken

7. horse meat

8. fish meat

[I]
9. roast meat

£

i:

D [I] [I]
11. roast chicken

10. gri lied fish

12. cow's milk

13. the body

14. a real th ing

15. Kanji

D:¥L
16. horsepower

[I]
I:( t::v 18. fireworks

17. a pony

19. a vase

[I]

[I]

[I]

- 65-

Lesson 7

(Do you know these words?

Can you use them?)

The following

Kanj i are the names of the animals pictured

below. Match

the Kanji with the pictures.

~

10.

~

-

66-

Lesson 8

I.:z.=
Itt'.!:?

'Y (...
L.

1 r-I---)1*0)'1

t.;. L." (About Kanji)
- 1 -)
ending adjectives can be

:tf~~~~O))i* - 1Look at the following

(Kanji for Adjectives
adjectives. Japanese'-i'

divided into three groups according
1. Kanji

to the types of the Hiragana

endings.

+

\..l

il
J.,Q

v\ v' v
1

:m:.
f.J:lll

v\ v'
V\

bl:n'

~H v'
VI

~ tzt»

\;\

Y; v\
"\"1'

f~ 0< Yi 1;,;/)'
2. Kanji +
L\..l

Rtf < r:,
-, ~ ~ t -b'

.fi ;;"

~

]I[ v'
-b't

$£ v'
Il'Q

n-5

!IIi V \ .Il~.r~

!f. Vl It."\"
~ Lv'
-j0(

etc .

tfffLv\
~t~;

~ Lvl r.o:
etc ..

IE Lv' tzt:

{. 'iC-IJ(

'tt L \;\
*~Vl
-b'-b'

3. Kanji + others

Ij\ ~ Vl
1;" '

13J3 ~ v'
~'h>

j,," Ij:- It \
-t<

etc ..

The Hiragana endings change as follows.
Present Present

Affi rrnati ve
Negative

:

-tilt (old)
l

1::. ~

\..1

(big)

: -6"

< 1J'\..l
t:

Past Affirmative Past Negative

: -~n'0

- 67-

Lesson 8 Hiragana endings are used with nouns, verbs or other adjectives as follows:

Adjective

+ Noun

3v'*
an old book 3< ~v':;$:

WrLv '.§i!
a new car $fr

::*:~v4:
a big letter

L

< ~v']j[

::*:~ < ~v4': ::*:~ 71'-:J t.:::f:

oiJ> .. :d.:* :

~JTL 7)' -:J t:lJ

15 <
Adjective (=adverbial

~

ii' -:J t.::;$: fjf L...

<~

iJ'

-:J

t.:!I! :k ~ < ~ iJ' ? t: A~

r.':-

+ Verb

o<~~i9
become old

WrL<7'.N'i-r
newly buy

< ii'~

iT

form)

write in a big character

Adjective Adjective

+

il < L~V'
old and cheap Hiragana

$frL...<l~n\'\~
new and pretty

*~< lS)'3:Q\'\
big and bright

[nA L,,~ -5]
~

Add the proper

endings to the following Kanji.

Ji'U

1;(
fJjJ

il
1~

*
~

~e
~

*fi
~

*

IJ\

- 68-

Lesson 8

1.2=-/
2- 1.
:
I

i' 2 ~~-,m)\~a)~'~A)I*
1-1

(Basic Kanji)

~*(7)'IJ) ~
It) J.,..

'IJ) t~ (Writing Kanji)

il*
new

<AJ:~
I

;t/3~ It)
~/

en' < T -J)
(13)

76
'~~

ib t: ~- L

,

.Jo,.

..\I

Ti

jJ.

~

:fj.
,I ,

f

~

~

~I

~f Ilf- ~fr
a newspaper a new year

I

:¥JT (~t.: ~) L It) :Wr1J(LA- . L~) 77

new a new car ..$, ¢ -I,,)

:¥JT1*l(LJ",' ~k) Wf1F ( LA- • tlA..)
::J

J
(5)

- -J- -t\

-6

old

*

-5
9=' r5 111 (i?
a used book ~i!';-\,o) T';lrJ (8) ~
19> ~

ti(..$,l.:J)\,0\

-r!l+(~¢
:

old . IiJ",)

.

'--

-

L~)

a second-hand

car

78

-&
1
:§: ( 7j:

long eldest, chief

r

f

F _E...

+ -&
:§:~

I I
7j:

~:lit (il~ <

ilt) \,0,

long

i?,t-J)

a (university,

(1;:, J: ~ school) president

A-)

the eldest son

~

69 ~

Lesson B

i~:r
79

'v'};..

<A..J:l,I.
J;. tip-I.tl

:t/3~
~/

(7.)'(-9-))

*11
}

short

(12) !;:.

,r:

f

I

*
~
CI

~-}l ~fi
J

~o ·tP *6 ~Ji
JilL)c ( t: Iv
t.:.I.t')

I
a junior college

m: (J;. t n')
_)....

~R~r,"' (t.:.k

v'

short t . n' A..)

a short time t::.n'-I.tI
I

80

rOJ
,
~

t:J

high expensive
~
1 ..J-

::J7
(0)
>~
..J-

r-r

I

if

n rn
....)-

-6

TO]

'CJ

~ (t::. il') 1.t'

~ttU ..t» .
81

high, expensive Ii Ll a Japanese

~';;;'itl(,:_ surname ~-t-I.t\
ii:j~ (,:

? ?

,:_? ) a high school

.:cO
7'/

high speed

r,-,
~.

,

safe cheap
I

"

I~ t 1Z !f
o)
cheap
~)

(6)

$:(~-t)I.t\

'k.' '/t; ( -to -t 82

a bargain sale
l}

Lk) T.:b to be relieved 'k' /.F: ( », A.. .-tfA..)~ safe 7'"1 (7)
,

1:2,c, (ihk

16\
) il\(V'

low

< -1.t'

1 1/ 1( 1~{C\ 1~
< ) ~,
low a low temperature fl\;T(,(I.t'
1.)') -9" J.J

to fall, to go down

fRifu1 (-c I.t' i:l A.)

-70 -

Lesson

8

i!A;q:
83

1,.' ;,..

().,_J:Jt. ( .f? -It,

*:"-32. 7:"-

(;0> (

T -))
(13)

8.1-lB
I

.s-

dark

n

A

E .8 " 8.).. at"" a')
~

,I

'B).L
~

atL Btl. aft. etL nA8
I

< C:» 1,.' dark U(f"';qihA... . L -:J)
H~(

a dark room
j:;$:)-It,

84 ~
/

many much

11 (6)

-7

9

8

~

Y

i

I

I

$-(J':iJ':i)It\ f9-~(I:..

many, much -t -)) a large number

$-j-' (I:. •

L

J: -))

more or less

85

)J" J
J ;J

few little

T (-~v' + c- L

:--3'7 (4)

)1,

lJt
,

I j,' (T () j,'

7d: v , few, little (1-.:) L a little, a few

j,'_if. ( L J: -) j,'tc

(L

J: -)

. tJ:l

t.l .4..)

a boy a girl

- 71-

Lesson 8

2 - 2. J: h tt A L 1fP?

(Reading Exercises)

I.

Write the readings
1.

of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 3.

~It\

1i'\,

I

4. {H'

13. ~:&

It.

Write the readings

of the foJlowing Kanji in Hiragana,

2. ~O)J:I:Ijj:n~:I"I1:'T

0

It is dark in the forest.

3. ih 0) )Uj:

.:

O)%!*O)*~ 't'"T

0

That man is the president college.

of this junior

That boy has long arms and legs.

5. 7lUj: Mit'

e: .: .:s iJ' I? 15;\".e: .: :s """ t<.: iJ~n~
Water

0

flows from a higher

place

to a

lower place.

a primary school, a junior high school, a senior high school and a university

-

72-

Lesson 8

2 - 3., tJ) ~ tt It. L, 19>?
I.

(Writi,ng Exercises)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate
1. a new year

Kanji. 2. an old car, a second-hand car

3. a president

of the university

4. long

5. short

6. a lot of people

7. a few people

8. a dark forest

9. expensive

meat

10. cheap fish

11. to go down

Dv~D
Kanji. 3. (I) have a little money,
2. a girl

II. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate
1. a boy

-73-

Lesson 8

4. a high mountain

5. a cheap thing

6. a used book

CD
7. a short string

CD
8. for a long time 9. new tea

CD
10. ancient writing 11. a long sentence 12. a short sentence

CD
13. the eldest son

CD
14. the eldest daughter

CD
15. safe

CD
16. a junior college 17. a high school

CD
t:,J",

t:.l'

-74 -

Lesson 8

(Do you know these words? )J;$Jj~- A (1)
How to play (A) :
"-jp J.:,

Can you use them?)

< ff~~~iij>
the Kanji cards cards scattered aloud. The others look on the table. When a

Itl'.1:1

L-

t.::."
reads picture

One person for the matching who collects

player finds the appropriate

card, he gets to keep it. The one (Concentration)

the most cards is the winner.
'{>

How to play (B):

"L A.. 1;- 1,.' -t It' t
turns over two cards the winner.

<"

Put all the cards

face down up on the table. Each person at a time in turn. If the two cards match, the most cards is

he can keep the pair .. The one who collects

/
l 1tooo 6. lt6!jO() b

-75-

Lesson

8

"

I

\

..

16v
~

)

r§l 551
~\ C)

-

76-

Lesson 9

11J~(7))~* - 1 etc. in sentences.

t:'J L.

(Kan]t for Verbs - 1 - )
verb,

Each Kanji has its own meaning. It can function as a noun, adjective, What do you think is the function of the following

kanji?

r ;flu rJiJ or verbs.

and

r

*J

are nouns. endings

r

wr J

f unc t ions as an adj ecti veand

(to buy) as a verb. However, Some Hiragana endings)'.

Kanji can not be used alone as adjectives always follow and they are called 'OKUR-

IGANA (inflectional

new
to buy

Using the above four Kanji, let's make some sentences. I bought a new book. My book is not new. Please buy me a book.

-77-

Lesson

9

Japanese jugation.

verbs can be divided into 3 groups according

to their con-

1st Group: the verb stem ends with a consonant
{'T

<

:Jif,~

tntr 1*tr
;[1

f3fl< it"< ~i5T

[ik-u] [k ik-u]
[kak-u]

1T§ iT

[hanas-u]

[yom-u] [yasum-u] lkaer-u] [ka (w}-ul

~e-iT ~~iT ~i!fli-t ~Ji-i-t 1;f;Ji-i-t :Jif,~ iT Jillv'iT

[ik-imasuJ [kik-imasuJ [kak-imasu] [hanas-imasu] [yom-imasu] '[yasum - imasu] [kaer-imasu] [ka (w}-imasuJ

to to to to to to to to

go hear write speak read rest go back buy

2nd Group: the verb stem ends with a vowel

1t«~
~f.~

ltabe-rul
[oshie-ru]

Jlt« iT
$'X;tiT Jl!.i-t

Ji.o .

[mi-ru] verbs

[tabe-masul [osh ie- rnasu] [mi-masul

to eat to teach to see

3rd Group; irregular

[ku-ru] [su-ru]

[ki-rnasu] [shi-masu]

to come to do and verbs.

17

l'

:;(1 Classify

the following Kanji into nouns, adjectives

1t

~

Yt
~

I:J:Q

fb 1* ffi
$: W
~~1f.I
(i16
I_.. \

*
~
'l:3

-+--P

~

t;
~

a~
B .$

=:Is

Iln

1T

/.-

J' \ \,

fEr

*
:

AA

:;$:

L, Nouns):

*

fIfI·

1'JJ~1f.I U':::1 l, Verbs)

- 78-

Lesson 9

i~*
86

v,J:i..
go, conduct line
~

<Al~
v'_
j3 ,:

:t/3~

(tJ'<T-J)
(6)

1T
./

/-

<
7d: -

/

~

~1 1 1- iT
,- ,_
I

-J

::J"J

-t~3'/

1f(v') < to go t'f (J:;,: tj:) -) to carry out 87

Jilfi1f ( ~ J:

:'-))1"7.:>
~~ -) . li)) 1

=tf§

(I:

to travel the 2nd line

t ,_
,

-

come next

< -7.:>
~-iT

:'-~I.-'

"71
( 7)

\

v

~if 3f

~

*()J.:,

*A

to come
• ~f-?)

(GIt'

next month

*$(1;1:' . tlA) B (I; Ii' . I: i::»

=*
7'J~;t~ J.:,

T

next year J.:, to visit Japan

88

1Ft
\

return go (come) back

;Q~x.-1"

-t
(0)

I}

IJII{=i {::l 'J?3 IJf!, \}~ .'Jg Yrf 'r;1
, ,

1m (7'J~~_) J.:, to go/come back 1m 00 ( 2; ,: Ot"J.:, 1m (7'J,.z) T to let someone go! come back

.

to return

to one's country

-79 -

Lesson

9

iJJt=f:
89

\r'h.
eat

("'-J:h.
t':'-"""Q

*:"-3~

(1'.1'

('t" -))
(9)

h-.
/

r<-r-: ;:::....

:/37

,0...
1

-11- 1"-

l'

~

~

it (t.:.)""" Q to eat it (t.:.) «!tm( b (J))
90

it$(L
food

J:

<.

7it(~ -) .
O)-ty

t) a meal L J: <) a dinner

,r.--h
)

R'J\.

drink

4:"-

r- s-

/:1

~

l'

~

~

~}

jn

tr 'ix
drinking

(12)

iX((J))tr ~ ((J))

to drink

~i~ (It \ "'- • L~)
a beverage

h.!ftiJ (b (J))
see, look
vrew

91

JL
I

h.-~

JJ---tt ~

7:"-

A- X. ~

(7)

n

A F\

§

~

Jt
~Jt.(,_.) . ftk)
.. an opirnon to go sightseeing

~(h)Q

Ji!. (h) -tt Q
hear

to look at, to see to show

M!tm(ltk'

~--:J)TQ

92

rlf'
I

rrr
to hear,

pl

e-( e-,::x.~

?1 rl r-9 PI' Fr-j
to

r,

~, M
//

(14)

&j

Rll(~)<
fI{J(e)'::;z'Q

to listen

ifTrlil'l ( L;,_ . ~;,_)

a newspaper

can be heard

- 80-

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