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Espiritu, Sarah C. BSN 2-6
Akapulko or Acapulco in English is a shrub found throughout the Philippines. A
medicinal herb that contains chrysophanic acid, a fungicide used to treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies and eczema. Akapulko also contains saponin, a laxative that is useful in expelling intestinal parasites. The extracts from the Akapulko plant is commonly used as an ingredient for lotions, soaps and shampoos. Uses of Akapulko: • Treatment of skin diseases: Tinea infections, insect bites, ringworms, eczema, scabies and itchiness. • Internal: Expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea, mouthwash in stomatitis, alleviation of asthma symptoms, used as diuretic and purgative, for cough & fever, as a laxative to expel intestinal parasites and other stomach problems. A strong decoction of the leaves is an abortifacient. Preparation: • For external use, pound the leaves of the Akapulko plant, squeeze the juice and apply on affected areas. • For internal use: cut the plant parts into a manageable size then soak and boil for 10 to 15 minutes let cool and use as soon as possible. Note: The decoction looses its potency if not used for a long time. Dispose leftovers after one day.
Ampalaya (Bitter Melon) or it's scientific name, Momordica charantia has been a folkloric
cure for generations but has now been proven to be an effective herbal medicine for many aliments. Most significant of which is for Diabetes. The Philippine variety has proven to be most potent. Ampalaya contains a mixture of flavanoids and alkaloids make the Pancreas produce more insulin that controls the blood sugar in diabetics. Aside from Ampalaya's medicinal value, it is good source of vitamins A, B and C, iron, folic acid, phosphorous and calcium. Ampalaya has been for used even by the Chinese for centuries. The effectively of Ampalaya as an herbal medicine has been tried and tested by many research clinics and laboratories worldwide. In the Philippines, the Department of Health has endorsed Ampalaya as an alternative medicine to help alleviate various ailments including diabetes, liver problems and even HIV. Herbal Benefits of Ampalaya: • Good for rheumatism and gout • And diseases of the spleen and liver • Aids in lowering blood sugar levels • Helps in lowering blood pressure
• Relives headaches • Disinfects and heals wounds & burns • Can be used as a cough & fever remedy • Treatment of intestinal worms, diarrhea • Helps prevent some types of cancer • Enhances immune system to fight infection • Is an antioxidant, parasiticide, antibacterial & antipyretic Preparation of Ampalaya: • For coughs, fever, worms, diarrhea, diabetes, juice the Ampalaya leaves and drink a spoonful every day. • For other ailments, the fruit and leaves can both be juiced and taken orally. • For headaches wounds, burns and skin diseases, apply warmed leaves to afflicted area. Note: In large dozes, pure Ampalaya juice can be a purgative and abortifacient.
Bawang or Garlic (scientific name: Allium sativum) is one of the most widely used herbal
medicine in the Philippines. The Philippine bawang variety is more pungent than the imported ones. It's medicinal properties has been known for a long time and has been specially proven during World War II. Because of Bawang's antibacterial compound known as Allicin, lives were saved by preventing wounds from having infection and later develop into gangrene when the juice of Bawang or garlic was applied to the wounds. Bawang/garlic is known as nature's antibiotic. It's juices inhibits the growth of fungi and viruses thus prevents viral, yeast and viral infections. Preliminary test also shows some positive results in the treatment of AIDS. Several clinical test and published studies have shown the efficacy of bawang in lowering cholesterol in the blood and is beneficial to the circulatory system of the body. Today as more research is done with bawang, more medicinal and therapeutic properties become more evident. After thorough research and test, the Philippine Department of Health has endorsed bawang as one of the ten Philippine herbs with therapeutic value and recommends it's use as an alternative herbal medicine. Benefits of Bawang: • Good for the heart • Helps lower bad cholesterol levels (LDL) • Aids in lowering blood pressure • Remedy for arteriosclerosis • May help prevent certain types of cancer • Boosts immune system to fight infection • With antioxidant properties • Cough and cold remedy • Relives sore throat, toothache
• Aids in the treatment of tuberculosis • With anticoagulant properties Preparation of Bawang: • For disinfecting wound, crush and juice the garlic bulb and apply. You may cover the afflicted area with a gauze and bandage. • For sore throat and toothache, peal the skin and chew. Swallow the juice. • Aside from being an herbal medicine for hypertension, arteriosclerosis and other ailments, garlic is also recommended for maintaining good health - eat raw garlic bulb, and include bawang regularly in the food you eat. It's healthy and taste good in a variety of dishes.
Bayabas or guava is one of the most popular therapeutic plants in the Philippines.
Bayabas is a small tree that can grow up to 3 meters tall with greenish-brownish smooth bark. The round globular bayabas fruit starts as a flower and is usually harvested and eaten while still green. The fruit turns yellowish-green and soft when ripe. As a herbal medicine, the bayabas fruit, bark and leaves are used. The bark and leaves can be used as astringent. The most common use of the leaves is for cleaning and disinfecting wounds by rinsing the afflicted area with a decoction of the leaves. The fruit, aside form being delicious, contains a very high concentration of vitamin C. Uses of Bayabas: • Antiseptic, astringent & anthelminthic • Kills bacteria, fungi and ameba • Used to treat diarrhea in children • For Hypertension, diabetes and Asthma • Promotes menstruation The fresh leaves are used to facilitate the healing of wounds and cuts. A decoction or infusion of fresh leaves can be used for wound cleaning to prevent infection. Bayabas is also effective for toothaches. Preparation: • Boil one cup of Bayabas leaves in three cups of water for 8 to 10 minutes. Let cool. • To use as mouthwash, gargle. • To use as wound disinfectant, wash affected areas 2 to 3 times a day. • For toothaches, chew the leaves in your mouth. Note: Bayabas can cause constipation when consumed in excess.
Lagundi (scientific name: Vitex negundo) is a shrub that grows in the Philippines. It is
one of the ten herbal medicines endorsed by the Philippine Department of Health as an effective herbal medicine with proven therapeutic value. Lagundi has been clinically tested to be effective in the treatment of colds, flu, bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and pharyngitis. Studies have shown that Lagundi can prevent the body's production of leukotrienes which are released during an asthma attack. Lagundi contains Chrysoplenol D. A substance with anti-histamine properties and muscle relaxant. The leaves, flowers, seeds and root of Lagundi can all be used as herbal medicine. A decoction is made by boiling the parts of the plant and taken orally. Today, Lagundi is available in capsule form and syrup for cough. Plant Description: The Lagundi plant can grow up to five meters tall. It can be described as a cross between a shrub and a tree with a single woody stem (trunk). Lagundi's distinctive feature are the pointed leaves with five leaflets set like a hand. Lagundi tablets (300 mg) are available from the Department of Health's Philippine Institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care (PITAHC) Telephone # (632) 727-6199. Benefits: • Relief of asthma & pharyngitis • Recommended relief of rheumatism, dyspepsia, boils, diarrhea • Treatment of cough, colds, fever and flu and other bronchopulmonary disorders • Alleviate symptoms of Chicken Pox • Removal of worms, and boils Preparation: • Boil half cup of chopped fresh or dried leaves in 2 cups of water for 10 to 15 minutes. Drink half cup three times a day. • The lagundi flowers are also good for diarrhea and fever. Boil as with the leaves. • The root is specially good for treating dyspepsia, worms, boils, colic and rheumatism.
Sambong (scientific name: Blumea balsamifera) is a amazing medicinal plant. It is a
antiurolithiasis and work as a diuretic. it is used to aid the treatment of kidney disorders. The Sambong leaves can also be used to treat colds and mild hypertension. Since it is a diuretic, it helps dispose of excess water and sodium (salt) in the body. Sambong is one herbal medicine (of ten) approved by the Philippine Department of Health (DOH) in treating particular disorders.
Powdered Sambong leaves are available in 250 mg tablets at the DOH's Philippine Institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care (PITAHC) Telephone # (632) 727-6199. Benefits: • Good as a diuretic agent • Effective in the dissolving kidney stones • Aids in treating hypertension & rheumatism • Treatment of colds & fever • Anti-diarrheic & Anti-gastralgic properties • Helps remove worms, boils • Treats dysentery, sore throat Preparation: • Boil the leaves as like tea and drink 3 or more times a day. • The leaves can also be crushed or pounded and mixed with coconut oil.
Tsaang Gubat is one of the 10 herbs that is endorsed the Philippine Department of
Health (DOH) as an antispasmodic for abdominal (stomach) pains. And is registered as a herbal medicine at the Philippine Bureau of Food & Drug (BFAD). Tsaang Gubat is a shrub (small tree) that grows (from 1 to 5 meters) abundantly in the Philippines. In folkloric medicine, the leaves has been used as a disinfectant wash during child birth, as cure for diarrhea, as tea for general good heath and because Tsaang Gubat has high fluoride content, it is used as a mouth gargle for preventing tooth decay. Research and test now prove it's efficacy as an herbal medicine. Aside from the traditional way of taking Tsaag Gubat, it is now available commercially in capsules, tablets and tea bags. Tsaang Gubat is also knows as: Wild Tea, Forest Tea, Alibungog (Visayas Region), Putputai (Bicol Region) and Maragued (Ilocos Region). Scientific name: Ehretia Microphylla Lam. Benefits & Treatment of : • Stomach pains • Gastroenteritis • Intestinal motility • Dysentery • Diarrhea or Loose Bowel Movement (LBM) • Mouth gargle • Body cleanser/wash Preparation & Use • Thoroughly wash the leaves in running water. Chop to a desirable size and boil 1 cup of chopped leaves in 2 cups of water. Boil in low heat for 15 to 20 minutes and drain.
• Take a cupful every 4 hours for diarrhea, gastroenteritis and stomach pains. • Gargle for stronger teeth and prevention of cavities. • Drink as tea daily for general good health.
Pansit-pansitan (family: Piperaceae) is an herbal medicine also known as Ulasimanbato, olasiman-ihalas & tangon-tangon in the Philippines. English name: peperomia. Pansit-pansitan is a small herb that grows from 1 to 1 1/2 feet. It can be found wild on lightly shaded and damp areas such as nooks, walls, yards and even roofs. Pansit-pansitan has heart shaped leaves, succulent stems with tiny flowers on a spike. When matured, the small fruits bear one seed which fall of the ground and propagate. The leaves and stalk of pansit-pansitan are edible. It can be harvested, washed and eaten as fresh salad. Taken as a salad, pansit-pansitan helps relive rheumatic pains and gout. An infusion or decoction (boil 1 cup of leaves/stem in 2 cups of water) can also be made and taken orally - 1 cup in the morning and another cup in the evening. For the herbal treatment of skin disorders like abscesses, pimples and boils, pound the leaves and/or the stalks and make a poultice (boil in water for a minute or two then pounded) then applied directly to the afflicted area. Likewise a decoction can be used as a rinse to treat skin disorders. For headaches, heat a couple of leaves in hot water, bruise the surface and apply on the forehead. The decoction of leaves and stalks is also good for abdominal pains and kidney problems. Like any herbal medicine it is not advisable to take any other medication in combination with any herbs. Consult with a medical practitioner knowledgeable in herbal medicine before any treatment. Pansit-pansitan is used as an herbal medicine for the treatment of: • Arthritis • Gout • Skin boils, abscesses, pimples • Headache • Abdominal pains • kidney problems
Yerba Buena is a herb of the mint family. It is an aromatic plant used as herbal medicine worldwide. It has elongated leaves and in summer bears small whitish or purplish flowers. The word Yerba Buena is Spanish for "good herb" and was the former name of the California city of San Francisco. Yerba Buena has been consumed for centuries as tea and herbal medicine as a pain reliever (analgesic). Native American Indians used it even before the "white men"
colonized the Americas. Today, this folk medicine's efficacy has been validated by scientific research. In the Philippines, Yerba Buena is one of the 10 herbs endorsed by the Department of Heath (DOH) as an effective alternative medicine for aches and pains. As an herbal medicine, a decoction (boil leaves then strain) of Yerba Buena is effective for minor ailments such as headaches, toothaches and joint pains. It can also relive stomach aches due to gas buildup and indigestion. The fresh and dried leaves can both be used for the decoction. And because Yerba Buena belongs to the mint family, soaking fresh leaves in a glass of water (30 to 45 minutes) makes for a good mouth wash for a clean, fresh smelling breath. Benefits & Treatment of : • Arthritis • Head aches • Tooth aches • Mouth wash • Relief of intestinal gas • Stomach aches • Indigestion • Drink as tea for general good health.
Preparation & Use • Wash fresh Yerba Buena leaves in running water. Chop to size for dried leaves, crush) and boil 2 teaspoons of leaves in a glass of water. Boil in medium heat for 15 to 20 minutes. • As analgesic, take a cupful every 3 hours. • For tooth aches, pound the fresh leaves, squeeze juice out and apply on a cotton ball then bite on to the aching tooth. • Leaves may be heated over fire and placed over the forehead for headaches.