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Evil and God

Evil and God

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Volnei Ramos Martins on Feb 10, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Page 21

(though, of course, not responsibility) for the action inappropriate." 26 I intend to suggest an adequate morally sufficient
reason for the existence of evil, one which, given what we know about God and the world, is plausible and seems true.
Of course, even if I am unsuccessful in Chapters 3 through 5, this would not prove the atheologian's case, for it must be
remembered that he still has not shown that there is an inconsistency. Failure of any particular (or every) theodicy will
not in itself rescue the atheologian's argument. There is no necessity that God reveal all his purposes to mankindthough
in a revelatory religion it is reasonable to expect that he might reveal some important ones. Thus, even if any theodicy
be defective, there exists the possibility that God has another morally sufficient reason for evil.

Repeated failure by theists to provide a morally sufficient reason for evil might suggest that possibly such a reason is
not to be found. This in itself does not occasion any difficulty with respect to the rationality of belief in God if one
already has independent grounds for knowing the truth of (1a) and (2). If they are true, it would be reasonable for the
theist to reply that God must have a morally sufficient reason for evil, though in fact we do not know what it is.27 It
requires independent grounds, however, for knowing the truth of (1a) and (2). The atheologian presumably does not
possess such grounds. Rather, the incredible amount of suffering endured by men and animals, the mass catastrophes,
and the unjust distribution of pain and suffering, coupled with the repeated failure to discover a viable morally sufficient
reason, will for him constitute adequate grounds for denying God's existence or his possession of traditionally ascribed
properties. That is, the amount and distribution of evil in the world, though not incompatible with God's existence, make
it unlikely

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