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**Lee Kian Keong & L
**

A

T

E

X

akeong@gmail.com

http://www.facebook.com/akeong

Last Edited by January 12, 2011

Abstract

This is a document which shows all the STPM questions from year 2002 to year 2010 using

L

A

T

E

X. Students should use this document as reference and try all the questions if possible.

Students are encourage to contact me via email

1

or facebook

2

if there is any problem of the

questions. Students also encourage to send me your collection of papers or questions by email

because i am collecting various type of papers. All papers are welcomed.

Contents

1 PAPER 1 QUESTIONS 2

STPM 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

STPM 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

STPM 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

STPM 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

STPM 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

STPM 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

STPM 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

STPM 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

STPM 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

2 PAPER 2 QUESTIONS 23

STPM 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

STPM 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

STPM 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

STPM 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

STPM 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

STPM 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

STPM 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

STPM 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

STPM 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

1

akeong@gmail.com

2

http://www.facebook.com/akeong

1

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong

1 PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

2

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

STPM 2002

1. Simplify the statement p ∨ (∼ p ∨ q) ∨ (∼ p∧ ∼ q). [4 marks]

2. Find the exact value of x that satisﬁes the equation 5 sech x −12 tanh x = 13. [4 marks]

3. Solve the recurrence relation x

n+1

= x

n+1

+x

n

with x

0

= 0, x

1

= 1. [5 marks]

4. Point P is represented by the complex number z = cos θ + i sin θ, where 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π, in

Argand diagram. Show that the locus of the point Q that is represented by ω = 3z

2

is a

circle, and ﬁnd its centre and radius. Find the minimum and maximum distance between

the point P and Q, and state the corresponding value of θ. [6 marks]

5. If I

n

=

π

2

0

x

n

cos x dx, show that, for n ≥ 2,

I

n

=

π

2

n

−n(n −1)I

n−2

.

[4 marks]

Hence, evaluate

π

2

0

x

4

cos x dx. [2 marks]

6. The function f is deﬁned by

f(x) =

a +bx +x

2

, x > 1,

1 −x, x ≤ 1,

with a and b are constants. Determine the values of a and b such that f is diﬀerentiable at

x = 1. [7 marks]

7. Find the particular solution for the diﬀerential equation

dy

dx

+

x −2

x(x −1)

y = −

1

x

2

(x −1)

.

that satisﬁes the boundary condition y =

3

4

when x = 2. [8 marks]

8. Using mathematical induction, prove that

n

¸

r=1

cos 2rθ =

sin(2n + 1)θ

2 sin θ

−

1

2

.

[7 marks]

If sin θ =

1

2

2 −

√

3, ﬁnd sin 5θ. [3 marks]

9. Show that cos nθ =

1

2

(e

inθ

+e

−inθ

). [3 marks]

3

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

Hence, show that, for x ∈ R and |x| < 1,

∞

¸

n=1

x

n

cos(2n + 1)θ =

(1 −x) cos θ

1 −2xcos 2θ +x

2

.

Deduce that

∞

¸

n=0

cos

n

2θ cos(2n + 1)θ =

1

2

sec θ

for θ =

1

2

kπ, where k is integer. [7 marks]

10. If x

n

= x

n−1

+ h and y

n

= y(x

n

), with h

3

and higher powers of h can be neglected, show

that the recurrence relation for diﬀerential equation y

n

−2y

n

+ 2y

n

= 0 is

(1 −h)y

n+1

−2(1 −h

2

)y

n

+ (1 +h)y

n−1

= 0.

[7 marks]

If y

0

= 0, y

1

= 0.5, and h = 0.1, calculate y

4

correct to three decimal places. [3 marks]

11. Matrix A is given by

A =

¸

−2 1 3

−3 2 3

−1 1 2

¸

.

Find the eigenvalue λ

1

, λ

2

, and λ

3

, where λ

1

< λ

2

< λ

3

of matrix A. Find also the

eigenvectors e

1

, e

2

, and e

3

where e

i

corresponding to λ

i

for i = 1, 2, 3. [8 marks]

Matrix P is a 3 ×3 matrix where its columns are e

1

, e

2

and e

3

in sequence. Show that

P

−1

AP =

¸

λ

1

0 0

0 λ

2

0

0 0 λ

3

¸

.

[5 marks]

Deduce the relationship between determinant of A and its eigen values. [2 marks]

12. If y = sin

−1

x, show that

d

2

y

dx

2

= x

dy

dx

3

and

d

3

y

dx

3

=

dy

dx

3

+ 3x

2

dy

dx

5

. [4 marks]

Using Maclaurin theorem, express sin

−1

x as a series of ascending powers of x up to the

term in x

5

. State the range of values of x for the expansion valid. [7 marks]

Hence,

(a) taking x = 0.5, ﬁnd the approximation of π correct to two decimal places, [2 marks]

(b) ﬁnd lim

x→0

x −sin

−1

x

x −sin x

. [2 marks]

4

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

STPM 2003

1. Determine whether each of the following propositions is true or false.

(a) If |2x −3| > 9, where x is an integer, then |x| > 2. [2 marks]

(b) If A ∩ B = φ, where A and B are non-empty sets, then x / ∈ B, ∀x ∈ A, or x / ∈ A,

∀x ∈ B. [2 marks]

2. Find the integral

dx

√

4x

2

−4x + 3

.

[4 marks]

3. Using Cramer’s rule, determine the set of values of k such that the following system of linear

equations has integer solutions.

2x − y + 3z = k,

2x + y − z = 1,

6x − 3y + z = 3k,

[6 marks]

4. Complex numbers z and w are such that |z|

2

+ 2Re wz = c, where c > −|w|

2

. Show that

the locus of the point P which represents z in the Argand diagram is a circle, and state the

centre and radius of the circle in terms of w and c. [6 marks]

5. Use the expansion of

1

1 +x

2

to express tan

−1

x as a series of ascending powers of x up to

the term in x

7

. [4 marks]

Hence ﬁnd, in terms of π, the sum of the inﬁnite series

1

3 ×3

−

1

5 ×3

2

+

1

7 ×3

3

−. . .

[2 marks]

6. Let I

n

=

π

0

sin

n

x dx, where n ≥ 2. Show that

I

n

=

n −1

n

I

n−2

.

[4 marks] Express I

n

in terms of I

1

, for odd integers n ≥ 3. Hence ﬁnd the value of

π

0

sin

7

xcos

2

x dx.

[3 marks]

7. A loan of P ringgit is to be paid oﬀ over a period of N years. The loan carries a compound

interest of 100k% a year. The yearly repayment is B ringgit. The balance after r years is

5

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

a

r

ringgit, where a

0

= P. The interest is charged on the balance at the beginning of the

year. Write down a recurrence relation that involves a

r+1

and a

r

and show that

a

r

=

P −

B

k

(1 +k)

r

+

B

k

.

[6 marks]

Calculate the yearly repayment if a loan of RM1OO 000 that carries a compound interest

of 8% a year is to be paid oﬀ over a period of 10 years. [3 marks]

8. Matrix M is given by

M =

3 −1

4 −1

.

Use mathematical induction to prove that

M

n

=

2n + 1 −n

4n 1 −2n

, n = 1, 2, . . .

[5 marks]

Show that M and M

n

have the same eigenvalues. [4 marks]

9. If y = (sin

−1

x)

2

, show that, for −1 < x < 1,

(1 −x

2

)

d

2

y

dx

2

−x

dy

dx

−2 = 0.

[3 marks]

Find the Maclaurin series for (sin

−1

x)

2

up to the term in x

6

. [6 marks]

10. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation

d

2

y

dx

2

+ 2

dy

dx

+y = cos 2x −7 sin 2x.

[7 marks]

Find the solution of the diﬀerential equation for which y =

dy

dx

= 2 when x = 0. Determine

whether this solution is ﬁnite as x →∞. [5 marks]

11. Let a cosh x +b sinh x = r sinh(x +k), where a, b, and r are positive real numbers. Express

k and r in terms of a and b, and determine the condition in order that k and r exist.[7 marks]

Find the coordinates of the point on the curve y = cosh x +3 sinh x which has a gradient of

√

8 at that point. [6 marks]

12. Obtain all the roots of the equation z

5

= 1 in the form e

iθ

, where 0 < θ ≤ 2π. Hence show

that the roots of the equation

(ω −1)

5

= ω

5

are

1

2

+

1

2

i cot

k

5

π, where k = 1, 2, 3, 4. [8 marks]

6

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

Deduce the roots of the equation

(ω −i)

5

= ω

5

.

[2 marks]

Write down the roots of the equations (ω −1)

5

= ω

5

and (ω −i)

5

= ω

5

in the form a +bi,

with a and b in one decimal place. Describe and compare the positions of the roots of these

two equations in the Argand diagram. [5 marks]

7

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

STPM 2004

1. Show that the following pair of propositions are equivalent.

(p ↔q); [∼ (p∧ ∼ q)] ∧ [∼ (∼ p ∧ q)].

[3 marks]

2. Show that

x + sin

−1

(cos x) =

1

2

π,

for 0 ≤ x ≤ π. [3 marks]

3. Using mathematical induction, prove that

n

¸

p=1

p(p!) = (n + 1)! −1.

[5 marks]

4. Solve the recurrence relation x

n+1

= kx

n

+ 4, where x

0

= 7, x

1

= 25 and k is a constant.

[7 marks]

5. Show that tanh

−1

x =

1

2

ln

1 +x

1 −x

**for −1 < x < 1 and ﬁnd
**

d

dx

(tanh

−1

x). [7 marks]

6. Find the exact value of

2

1

x

x

4

−1 dx.

[7 marks]

7. Show that the general solution of the recurrence relation a

n+2

= 6a

n+1

−25a

n

is

a

n

= 5

n

(αcos nθ +iβ sin nθ),

where α and β are arbitrary complex constants and θ = tan

−1

4

3

. [6 marks]

If a

0

= a

1

= 1, ﬁnd the particular solution of the above recurrence relation. [2 marks]

8. If I

n

=

x

n

√

x

2

+a

2

dx, where n > 1 and a is a non-zero constant, show that

nI

n

+ (n −1)a

2

I

n−2

= x

n−1

x

2

+a

2

.

[4 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the exact value of

1

0

x

3

+x

2

√

x

2

+ 1

dx. [6 marks]

8

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

9. Using Taylor’s theorem, ﬁnd the series expansion of sin

1

6

π +h

**in ascending powers of h
**

up to the term in h

3

. [3 marks]

If 0 < h <

1

6

π, show that the remainder term R is given by

1

48

h

4

< R <

√

3

48

h

4

.

[4 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the bounds for sin

1

5

π correct to seven decimal places. [3 marks]

10. For each of the following cases, ﬁnd the equation of the locus of the complex number z and

show the locus in an Argand diagram.

(a)

z −(1 +i)

z −(1 −i)

= 2 [5 marks]

(b) arg

z −(1 +i)

z −(1 −i)

=

1

2

π [6 marks]

11. The matrix A is given by

A =

¸

2 −3 2

−3 3 3

2 3 2

¸

.

Show that the eigenvalues of A are -3, 4 and 6. Find the corresponding eigenvectors.[8 marks]

Write down a matrix P such that P

T

AP is a diagonal matrix. Find this diagonal matrix

and its inverse. [6 marks]

12. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation

d

2

y

dt

2

+ 4

dy

dt

+−12y = 8 cos 2t.

[8 marks]

(a) Find the approximate values of y when t = nπ and when t =

n +

1

2

π, where n is a

large positive integer. [3 marks]

(b) Show that, whatever the initial conditions, the limiting solution as t → ∞ may be

expressed in the form

y = k sin(2t +α),

where k is a positive integer and α an acute angle which are to be determined. [4 marks]

9

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005

STPM 2005

1. Write down the negation, the converse and the contrapositive of the following implication

If a = 0 and b = 0, then ab = 0

Which of your answers is equivalent to the given implication? [4 marks]

2. The function f is deﬁned by

f =

x

2

−1, x ≤ 1,

k(x + 1), x > 1.

(a) If f is continuous, ﬁnd the value of k. [2 marks]

(b) Determine, for this value of k, whether f is diﬀerentiate at x = 1. [3 marks]

3. Find the general solution of each of the following recurrence relations.

(a) u

r+1

= αu

r

+β2

r

, where α and β are arbitrary constants and α = 2. [3 marks]

(b) u

r+1

= 2u

r

+γ2

r

, where γ is an arbitrary constant. [3 marks]

4. A diﬀerential equation has y = e

3x

and y = xe

3x

as solutions.

(a) Find the diﬀerential equation. [2 marks]

(b) Write down the general solution of the diﬀerential equation and determine the partic-

ular solution satisfying the initial conditions y = 1 and

dy

dx

= 0 when x = 0. [4 marks]

5. A circular disc is partitioned into n equal sectors. Each sector is to be coloured with one of

the four diﬀerent colours provided and no two adjacent sectors are to be of the same colour.

It a

n

is the number of ways to colour the disc with n sectors, ﬁnd a

2

, a

3

and a

4

. [3 marks]

Given that a

n

= 2a

n−1

+ 3a

n−2

, where n ≥ 4, ﬁnd an explicit formula for a

n

. [4 marks]

6. Find the Maclaurin expansion of x

√

cos x up to the term in x

3

. State the range of values ot

x for which the expansion is valid. [7 marks]

7. If P is the point on an Argand diagram representing the complex number z and |z − 2 +

|z + 2| = 5, ﬁnd the cartesian equation of the locus of P and sketch this locus. [4 marks]

Find the points on this locus which satisfy the equation

|z| =

z −

3

10

+

3

10

i

.

[4 marks]

8. Show that, for |x| > 1,

coth

−1

x =

1

2

ln

x + 1

x −1

.

10

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005

[4 marks]

If coth 2y =

5

4

, ﬁnd the value of coth y. [4 marks]

9. The matrix A is given by

A =

¸

k 1 5

2 k 8

8 −3 2

¸

.

Determine all values of k for which the equation AX = B, where B is a 3 ×1 matrix, does

not have a unique solution. [3 marks]

For each of these values of k, ﬁnd the solution, if any, of the equation

AX =

¸

1

−2

4

¸

.

[7 marks]

10. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation

x

dy

dx

−3y = x

3

.

[4 marks]

Find the particular solution given that y has a minimum value when x = 1. [3 marks]

Sketch the graph of this particular solution. [3 marks]

11. A curve has equation y = 1 −ln tanh

1

2

x, where x > 0.

(a) Show that, for this curve, y > 1. [2 marks]

(b) Show that

dy

dx

= −cosech x. [3 marks]

(c) Sketch the curve. [2 marks]

(d) Show that the length of the curve between the points where x = 1 and x = 4 is

ln(e

6

+e

4

+e

2

+ 1) −3. [6 marks]

12. Prove de Moivre’s theorem for positive integer exponents. [5 marks]

Using de Moivre theorem, show that

sin 5θ = a sin

5

θ +b cos

2

sin

3

θ +c cos

4

θ sin θ

where a, b and c are integers to be determined. Express

sin 5θ

sin θ

in terms of cos θ, where θ is

not a multiple of π. [5 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the roots of the equation 16x

4

− 12x

2

+ 1 = 0 in trigonometric form. Deduce

the value of cos

2

π

5

+ cos

2

2π

5

. [6 marks]

11

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

STPM 2006

1. The matrix M is given by

M =

¸

−3 1 2

−6 2 3

0 2 1

¸

.

By using Cayley Hamilton theorem, show that

M

−1

=

1

6

(7I −M

2

),

where I is the 3 ×3 identity matrix. [4 marks]

2. Prove that

tanh

−1

x + tanh

−1

y = tanh

−1

x +y

1 +xy

.

[2 marks]

Hence, solve the equation

tanh

−1

3x + tanh

−1

x = tanh

−1

8

13

.

[3 marks]

3. Let A = {a, a + d, a + 2d} and B = {a, ar, ar

2

}, with a = 0, d = 0 and r = 1. Show that

A = B if and only if r = −

1

2

and d = −

3

4

a. [7 marks]

4. Consider the system of equations

λx + y + pz = q,

3x − y − 2z = 1,

6x + 2y + z = 4,

for the two cases: p = 2, q = 1 and p = 1, q = 2.

For each case, ﬁnd the unique solution if it exists or determine the consistency of the system

if there is no unique solution. [7 marks]

5. Find the domain and the range of the function f deﬁned by

f(x) = sin

−1

2(x −1)

x + 1

.

[4 marks]

Sketch the graph of f. [3 marks]

6. Show that

1

0

x −1

√

x

2

+ 2x + 3

dx =

√

6 −

√

2 −2 ln

2 +

√

6

1 +

√

3

.

[7 marks]

12

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

7. If y = e

x

cos x, prove by mathematical induction that

d

n

y

dx

n

= 2

1

2

n

e

x

x +

1

4

nπ

,

for every positive integer n. [8 marks]

8. Determine the number of root(s) of the equation x − tanh ax = 0 for each of the following

cases.

(a) a < 1

(b) a = 1

(c) a > 1

[8 marks]

9. Let a

n

be the number of ways (where the order is signiﬁcant) the natural number n can be

written as a sum of l’s, 2’s or both. Find a

1

, a

2

, a

3

and a

4

. [2 marks]

Explain why the recurrence relation for a

n

, in terms of a

n−1

and a

n−2

is

a

n

= a

n−1

+a

n−2

, n > 2.

[2 marks]

Find an explicit formula for a

n

. [6 marks]

10. Using the substitution x = z

1

2

, transform the diﬀerential equation

d

2

y

dx

2

+

4x −

1

x

dy

dx

+ 4x

2

y = 0

into one relating y and z. [5 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd y in terms of x given that y = 2 and

dy

dx

= −2 when x = 1. [5 marks]

State the limiting value of y as x →∞. [1 marks]

11. Let z

l

= 1, z

2

= x +iy, z

3

= y +ix, where x, y ∈ R, x > O and i =

√

−1. If z

1

, z

2

, . . ., z

n

is a geometric progression,

(a) ﬁnd x and y, [3 marks]

(b) express z

2

and z

3

in the polar form, [2 marks]

(c) ﬁnd the smallest positive integer n such that z

1

+z

2

+. . . +z

n

= 0, [5 marks]

(d) ﬁnd the product z

1

z

2

z

3

. . . z

n

, for the value of n in (c). [3 marks]

12. Derive the Taylor series for e

x

expanded at x = 0 and show that 2 < e < 3. [6 marks]

Write the above series up to the term in x

n

together with the remainder term. Hence,

determine the smallest integer n to ensure that the estimated value of e is correct to four

decimal places and ﬁnd the estimated value. [7 marks]

13

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

STPM 2007

1. If z = cos θ +i sin θ, show that

1

1 +z

2

=

1

2

(1 −i tan θ) and express

1

1 −z

2

in a similar form.

[4 marks]

2. Show that

π

4

0

sec x(sec x + tan x)

2

dx = 1 +

√

2. [4 marks]

3. Using the substitution x = e

2

, show that the diﬀerential equation

x

2

d

2

y

dx

2

+px

dy

dx

+qy = 0,

where p and q are constants, can be transformed into the diﬀerential equation

d

2

y

dz

2

+r

dy

dz

+sy = 0,

where r and s are constants to be determined in terms of p and q. [5 marks]

4. The matrices A and B are given by

A =

¸

¸

¸

1 2 3 4

5 1 1 3

2 0 8 0

−1 −1 3 9

¸

, B =

¸

¸

¸

4 2 3 4

5 4 1 3

2 0 11 0

−1 −1 3 12

¸

.

Given that

¸

¸

¸

1

1

1

1

¸

**is an eigenvector of the matrix A, ﬁnd its corresponding eigenvalue.[3 marks]
**

Hence, ﬁnd the eigenvalue of the matrix B corresponding to the eigenvector

¸

¸

¸

1

1

1

1

¸

. [3 marks]

5. Show that

sec

−1

x + cosec

−1

x =

1

2

π,

where 0 ≤ sec

−1

x ≤ π, sec

−1

x =

1

2

π, −

1

2

π ≤ cosec

−1

x ≤

1

2

π and cosec

−1

x = 0. [3 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the value of x such that

sec

−1

xcosec

−1

x = −

3

2

.

[3 marks]

6. A sequence a

0

, a

1

, a

2

, . . . is deﬁned by a

0

= 1 and a

r+1

= 2a

r

+b for r ≥ 0, where b ∈ R.

Express a

r

in terms of r and b, and verify your result by using mathematical induction.

[7 marks]

14

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

7. Solve the recurrence relation

a

r

−a

r−1

−a

r−2

= (−2)

r

,

where a

0

= 0 and a

1

= 2. [8 marks]

8. Consider the system of equations

λx + y + z = 1,

x + λy + z = λ,

x + y + λz = λ

2

,

where λ is a constant.

(a) Determine the values of λ for which this system has a unique solution, inﬁnitely many

solutions and no solution. [5 marks]

(b) Find the unique solution in terms of λ. [5 marks]

9. Solve the diﬀerential equation

dy

dx

+y sinh x = sinh x,

given that y = 0 when x = 0. [5 marks]

Show that 0 ≤ y < 1 for all real values of x, and sketch the graph of the solution of the

diﬀerential equation. [5 marks]

10. Find the constants A, B, C and D such that

e

2x

+e

−2x

−2e

x

−2e

−x

−1 = Acosh

2

x +Bcosh x +C sinh

2

x +Dsinh x.

[5 marks]

Hence, solve the equation

e

2x

+e

−2x

−2e

x

−2e

−x

−1 = 0.

[5 marks]

11. Show that the Maclaurin series for (1 +x)

r

is

1 +

∞

¸

k=1

r(r −1) . . . (r −k + 1)

k!

x

k

,

where r is a rational number. Write down the Maclaurin series for (1+x

2

)

−1

and (1+x

2

)

−

1

2

.

[8 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the Maclaurin series for tan

−1

x and sinh

−1

x. [5 marks]

Show that lim

x→0

x −tan

−1

x

x

2

sinh

−1

x

=

1

3

. [2 marks]

12. Find the roots of the equation (z −iα)

3

= i

3

, where α is a real constant. [3 marks]

15

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

(a) Show that the points representing the roots of the above equation form an equilateral

triangle. [2 marks]

(b) Solve the equation [z −(1 +i)]

3

= (2i)

3

. [5 marks]

(c) If ω is a root of the equation ax

2

+bx +c = 0, where a, b, c ∈ R and a = 0, show that

its conjugate ω

∗

is also a root of this equation. Hence, obtain a polynomial equation

of degree six with three of its roots also the roots of the equation (z −i)

3

= i

3

.[5 marks]

16

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

STPM 2008

1. If p ⇒q, r ⇒∼ q and ∼ s ⇒r, show that p ⇒s. [3 marks]

2. Using the result that tan

−1

x =

x

0

1

1 +t

2

dt, show that

tan

−1

x = x −

x

3

3

+

x

5

5

−

x

7

7

+. . .

where |x| < 1. [2 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd lim

x→0

tan

−1

x

sin x

. [2 marks]

3. If −

π

2

< tan

−1

(sinh x) <

π

2

, show that

cos(tan

−1

(sinh x)) = sech x.

[5 marks]

4. Use Taylor series to ﬁnd the ﬁrst four terms in the expansion of

1

(2x + 1)

3

at x = 1.[5 marks]

5. Let x

1

= a and x

r+1

= x

r

+ d, where a and d are positive constants and r is a positive

integer. Prove, by mathematical induction, that

k

¸

i=1

1

x

i

x

i+1

=

k

x

1

x

k+1

,

for k ≥ 2. [6 marks]

6. Sketch, on an Argand diagram, the region in which 1 ≤ |z +2−2i| ≤ 3, where z is a complex

number. [3 marks]

Determine the range of values of |z|. [4 marks]

7. The equation z

4

−2z

3

+kz

2

−18z + 45 = 0 has an imaginary root. Obtain all the roots of

the equation and the value of the real constant k. [8 marks]

8. Let I

m,n

=

0

−1

x

m

(1 +x)

n

dx, where m, n ≥ 0. Show that, for m ≥ 0, n ≥ 1,

I

m,n

= −

n

m+ 1

I

m+1,n−1

.

[3 marks]

Hence, show that I

m,n

=

(−1)

m

m!n!

(m+n + 1)

. [6 marks]

17

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

9. The cooling system of an engine has a capacity of 10 litres. It leaks at a rate of 100 ml

per week. At time 0. it is full and contains water only. Every week (at times 1, 2, 3. ...).

the cooling system is topped up with 100 ml of a coolant mixture of concentration 20% (a

mixture of 80 ml of water and 20 ml of coolant).

Let v

n

, be the volume in millilitres and c

n

the concentration of the coolant in the cooling

system immediately after the top up at time n.

(a) Express v

n+1

in terms of v

n

, [3 marks]

(b) Show that c

n+1

= 0.99c

n

+ 0.002, and solve this recurrence relation. [8 marks]

(c) What is the concentration of the coolant as n becomes very large? [1 marks]

10. Find the solution of the diﬀerential equation

3

d

2

y

dx

2

−2

dy

dx

−y = 4e

−

1

3

x

−x

2

+ 24

for which y = 0 and

dy

dx

= 1 at x = 0. [12 marks]

11. A curve is deﬁned by x = cos θ(1 + cos θ) , y = sin θ(1 + cos θ).

(a) Show that

dx

dθ

2

+

dy

dθ

2

= 2(1 + cos θ).

[4 marks]

(b) Calculate the length of the arc of the cUrve between the points where θ = 0 and θ = π.

[5 marks]

(c) Calculate the surface area generated when the arc is rotated completely about the

x-axis. [4 marks]

12. Find the eigenvalues of the matrix A given by

A =

¸

4 4 3

−1 −1 −1

−4 −4 −3

¸

**and an eigenvector corresponding to each eigenvalue. [8 marks]
**

Write down a matrix P and a diagonal matrix D such that A = PDP

−1

. [2 marks]

Hence, show that A

n

= A when n is an odd positive integer, and ﬁnd A

n

when n is an even

positive integer. [6 marks]

18

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

STPM 2009

1. Prove that, if x > k, then x

3

−kx

2

+ax −ak > 0 for every real number a > 0. [2 marks]

Write down the converse and contrapositive of the above statement. [2 marks]

2. The real matrix A is given

A =

¸

a 0 −a

0 b 0

−c 0 c

¸

.

where 0 < a < b < c. Show that all the eigenvalues of matrix A are distinct. [4 marks]

3. Solve the recurrence relation u

n+1

= 3u

n

+ 1, where n ≥ 1 and u

1

= 3. [5 marks]

4. Let a = a(2t +sinh 2t) and y = b tanh t, where a, b > 0 are constants and t ∈ R. Show that

0 <

dy

dx

≤

b

4a

. [5 marks]

5. Show that tanh

−1

x =

1

2

ln

1 +x

1 −x

for |x| < 1. [4 marks]

Hence, solve the equation

2 tanh

−1

3

x

= ln x.

where x > 0. [3 marks]

6. If tan y =

x

1 +x

, where −

π

4

< y <

π

4

, expand y in ascending powers of (x − 1) up to the

term in (x −1)

2

. [5 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the approximate value of tan

−1

1

2

−tan

−1

1

3

. [2 marks]

7. The matrix A is given by

A =

¸

1 1 c

1 2 3

1 c 1

¸

and B is a 3 ×1 matrix.

(a) Find the values of c for which the equation AX = B does not have a unique solution.

[3 marks]

(b) For each value of c, ﬁnd the solutions, if any, of the equation

AX =

¸

1

−3

−11

¸

.

[5 marks]

8. (a) Show that sin(x+iy) = sin xcosh y +i cos xsinh y, nnd hence, ﬁnd the values of x and

y if the imaginary part of sin(x +iy) is zero, where x ≥ 0 and y ≤

π

2

. [4 marks]

19

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

(b) Find the roots of ω

4

= −16i, and sketch the roots on an Argand diagram. [5 marks]

9. A curve has parametric equations

x = t + ln | sinh t| and y = cosech t,

where t = 0.

(a) Find

dy

dx

. [3 marks]

(b) Show that

d

2

y

dx

2

= −e

−2t

(cosh t + cosech t). [2 marks]

(c) Show that the curve has a point of inﬂexion where t =

1

2

ln(

√

5 −2). [5 marks]

10. Using the substitution z =

1

y

, show that the diﬀerential equation

dy

dx

−

2y

x

= y

2

may be reduced to

dz

dx

+

2z

x

= −1.

[2 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the particular solution y in terms of x for the diﬀerential equation given that

y = 3 when x = 1. [6 marks]

Sketch the graph y. [3 marks]

11. Find the values of p and q so that −1, −1 and 2 are the characteristic roots of the recurrence

relation a

n

+pa

n−2

+qa

n−3

= 0. [3 marks]

Using the values of p and q, solve the recurrence relation

a

n

+pa

n−2

+qa

n−3

= −1 +

b

n−1

,

where n ≥ 3, a

0

=

1

4

, a

1

=

3

2

, a

2

=

15

4

, and b

m

satisﬁes the relation

b

m+1

=

m+ 1

m

2

b

m

,

where m ≥ 1 and b

1

= 9. [11 marks]

12. If x(t) and y(t) are variables satisfying the diﬀerential equations

dy

dt

+ 2

dx

dt

= 2x + 5 and

dy

dt

−

dx

dt

= 2y +t.

(a) show that 3

d

2

y

dx

2

−6

dy

dt

+ 4y = 2 −2t. [4 marks]

(b) ﬁnd the solution x in terms of t for the second order of diﬀerential equation given that

y(0) = y

(0) = π. [12 marks]

20

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

STPM 2010

1. Find the contrapositive, converse, inverse and negation of the quantiﬁer proposition

∀x ∈ R, if x(x + 1) > 0, then x > 0 or x < −1.

[4 marks]

2. Using mathematical induction, show that 2

2n

−1 is a multiple of 3 for all positive integers

n. [4 marks]

3. Solve the recurrence relations

(a) a

n

= 2

2n

a

n−1

, where a

0

= 1, [3 marks]

(b) a

n

= a

n−1

+ 3

n−1

+ 2, where a

0

= 0. [3 marks]

4. Show that

tan

−1

1

x −1

−tan

−1

1

x

= cot

−1

(x

2

−x + 1), x > 1.

[3 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the value of x such that

tan

−1

1

x −1

= tan

−1

1

x

+ tan

−1

1

x + 1

.

[3 marks]

[The principal values of each angle are to be considered.]

5. Given that y = x −cos

−1

x, where −1 < x < 1.

(a) Show that

d

2

y

dx

2

= x

dy

dx

−1

3

. [2 marks]

(b) Find the Maclaurin series for y in ascending powers of x up to the term in x

5

.[5 marks]

6. The diﬀerential equation

R

dQ

dt

+

Q

C

= V

describes the charge Q on a capacitor of capacitance C during a charging process involving

a resistance R and electromotive force V .

(a) Given that Q = 0 when t = 0, express Q as a function of t. [5 marks]

(b) What happens to Q over a long period of time when R = 10Ω, V = 5 V and C= 2 F?

[2 marks]

7. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix

¸

1 0 4

0 2 0

3 1 −3

¸

. [8 marks]

21

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

8. A curve is deﬁned parametrically by

x = 2 cosech

3

t, y = 3 coth

2

t.

(a) Show that

dx

dt

2

+

dy

dt

2

= 36 cosech

4

t coth

4

t. [5 marks]

(b) The points A and B in the curve are deﬁned by t = ln 2 and t = ln 3 respectively. Show

that the length of the arc AB is

4625

864

. [3 marks]

9. Show that

coth

−1

x =

1

2

ln

x + 1

x −1

,

where |x| > 1. [3 marks]

Hence, solve the equation coth

−1

1 +y

y

+ coth

−1

y

1 −y

=

1

2

ln 2y. [6 marks]

10. A particle moves in a horizontal straight line. The displacement a

r

of the particle from a

ﬁxed point at the r-th second (r ≥ 2) satisﬁes the recurrence relation

a

r

= 9a

r−2

+b

r

,

where

b

r

= b

r−1

+ 6b

r−2

,

with a

0

= 0, a

1

= 4, b

0

= 0, and b

1

= 10.

(a) Show that b

r

= 2(3

r

) + (−2)

r+1

. [4 marks]

(b) Find a

r

in terms of r. [8 marks]

11. Find the general solution of the ﬁrst order diﬀerential equation

dy

dx

+ 5y = sinh 2x + 2x.

[6 marks]

Hence, solve the second order diﬀerential equation

d

2

y

dx

2

+ 5

dy

dx

= 4 cosh

2

x,

given that x = 0, y = 1 and

dy

dx

= 3. [7 marks]

12. (a) Find the ﬁfth roots of unity in the form cos θ +i sin θ, where −π < θ ≤ π. [4 marks]

(b) By writing the equation (z − 2i)

5

= (z + 2i)

5

in the form

z −2i

z + 2i

5

= 1, show that

its roots are ±2 cot

π

5

and ±2 cot

2π

5

. [7 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the values of cot

2

π

5

+ cot

2

2π

5

and cot

2

π

5

cot

2

2π

5

. [5 marks]

22

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong

2 PAPER 2 QUESTIONS

23

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

STPM 2002

1. State the relationship between the sum of degree of vertices and the number of edges in

a simple graph. Deduce that a simple graph with ﬁve vertices of degree 1, 1, 2, 3, 4 is

impossible. [4 marks]

2. Given that points O, P , and Q non-colinear, R lies on the line PQ. Position vector of P,

Q, and R respect to O are p, q, and r respectively. Show that r = µp + (1 −µ)q, where µ

is a real number. [2 marks]

If R is the perpendicular foot form O to PQ, show that

r =

|q|

2

−p · q

|p −q|

2

p +

|p|

2

−p · q

|p −q|

2

q.

[4 marks]

3. Prove that the planes ax + by + cz = d and a

x + b

y + c

z = d

**are parallel if and only
**

if a : b : c = a

: b

: c

**. Find the equation of the plane π that is parallel to the plane
**

3x + 2y −5z = 2 and contains the point (-1, 1, 3). [5 marks]

Find the perpendicular distance between the plan π and the plane 3x+2y −5z = 2.[2 marks]

4. Draw a connected graph with eight vertices, with no degree 1, if the graph is

(a) Eulerian and Hamiltonian, [2 marks]

(b) not Eulerian but Hamiltonian, [2 marks]

(c) Eulerian but not Hamiltonian, [2 marks]

(d) not Eulerian and not Hamiltonian. [2 marks]

5. Transformation P is deﬁned by

P :

x

y

→

1 1

0 −1

x

y

**(a) Find the invariant line that passes through origin under transformation P. [6 marks]
**

(b) Find the area of the image of triangle ABC with points A(0, −2), B(3, 0), and C(1, 4)

under the transformation P. [3 marks]

6. Let n ∈ N and n ≥ 2.

(a) If n = 6k + 1 or n = 6k + 5, with k integer, prove that 2

n

+n

2

≡ 0(mod 3). [9 marks]

(b) If 2

n

+n

2

is a prime number, prove that n ≡ 3(mod 6). [4 marks]

7. Continuous random variable Z is standard normal random variable. State the exact name

of the distribution Z

2

, and state the mean and variance. [3 marks]

8. A survey carried out in an area to estimate the proportion of people who have more than

one house. This proportion is estimated using 95% conﬁdence interval. If the estimated

24

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

proportion is 0.35, determine the smallest sample size required so that estimation error did

not exceed 0.03 and deduce the smallest sample size required so that the estimation error

did not exceed 0.01. [7 marks]

9. A random sample of 12 randomly selected apples from a box of apples. The mass of apples,

in g, is summarized by

¸

x = 956.2 and

¸

x

2

= 81175.82. Find a 95% conﬁdence interval

for the mean mass of apples in the box. State any assumptions you make. [7 marks]

10. Random variable X is normally distributed with mean µ and variance 36. The signiﬁcance

tests performed on the null hypothesis H

0

: µ = 70 versus the alternative hypothesis H

1

:

µ = 70 with a probability of type I error equal to 0.01. A random sample of 30 observations

of X are taken and sample mean barX taken as the test statistic. Find the range of the test

statistic lies in the critical region. [8 marks]

11. State common conditions apply to the distribution of test statistics in the test of goodness

of ﬁt, χ

2

is approximated to χ

2

distribution. [2 marks]

A study was conducted in a factory on the number of accidents that happen on 100 factory

workers in a period of time. The following data were obtained.

Number of accident 0 1 2 3 4 5

Number of workers 25 31 23 13 5 3

Test, at 1% signiﬁcant level, whether the data above is a sample from the Poisson distribution

with parameter 1.5. [10 marks]

12. Explain the least squares method to obtain equation of regression line, using diagram.

[3 marks]

Five pairs of value of variable x and y are given by

x 30 40 50 60 70

y 90 84 82 77 68

(a) Obtain the equation of the least squares regression line of y on x in the form y = a+bx,

by giving the values of a and b correct to one decimal places. [7 marks]

(b) When the sixth pair (x

6

, y

6

) is combined with the ﬁve pairs of values above, the

equation of the least squares regression line of y on x from the six pairs of values is

y = 105 −

1

2

x. Find x

6

and y

6

. [6 marks]

25

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

STPM 2003

1. Let T : R

2

→R

2

be a linear transformation such that

T :

1

1

→

2

−3

, T :

0

0

→

1

2

.

Show that

T :

a

b

→

a +b

−5a + 2b

.

[4 marks]

2. Solve the pair of congruences

x ≡ 1 (mod 6),

x ≡ 5 (mod 11).

[5 marks]

3. The vector equations of two intersecting lines are given by r = 2i + j + λ(i + j + 2k) and

r = 2i + 2j −k +µ(i + 2j +k).

(a) Determine the coordinates of the point of intersection of the two lines. [3 marks]

(b) Find the acute angle between the two lines. [4 marks]

4. Find the greatest common divisor of 2501 and 2173 and express it in the form 2501m +

2173n, where m and n are integers which are to be determined. [6 marks]

Find the smallest positive integer p such that 9977 +p = 2501x +2173y, where x and y are

integers. [3 marks]

5. Let G be a simple graph with n vertices and m edges. Prove that m ≤

1

2

n(n −1). [4 marks]

If n = 11 and m = 46, show that G is connected. [7 marks]

6. Describe the transformation in the xy-plane represented by the matrix

¸

¸

√

5

3

2

3

2

3

−

√

5

3

¸

.

[3 marks]

(a) Show that the equation of the invariant line which contains the invariant points is

y =

3 −

√

5

2

**x, and ﬁnd the equation of the other invariant line which passes through
**

the origin. [7 marks]

(b) The points P and Q are (2, −1) and (3, 0) respectively. Find the coordinates of the

point T which lies on the invariant line y =

3 −

√

5

2

**x such that the sum of the
**

distance between P and T and the distance between Q and T is minimum. [4 marks]

26

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

7. A random sample X

1

, X

2

, . . . , X

n

is taken from a normal population with mean µ and

variance 1. Determine the smallest sample size which is required so that the probability

that

¯

X lies within 0.2 of µ is at least 0.90. [5 marks]

8. In a chi-square test, the test statistic is given by χ

2

=

k

¸

i=1

(O

i

−E

i

)

2

E

i

, where O

i

is the

observed frequency, E

i

the expected frequency, and k > 2. Show that

k

¸

i=1

(O

i

−E

i

)

2

E

i

=

k

¸

i=1

O

2

i

E

i

−N,

where N =

k

¸

i=1

O

i

=

k

¸

i=1

E

i

. [2 marks]

A car model has four colours: white, red, blue, and green. From a random sample of 60

cars of that model in Kuala Lumpur, 13 are white, 14 are red, 16 are blue, and 17 are green.

Test, at the 5% signiﬁcance level, whether the number of cars of each colour of that model

in Kuala Lumpur is the same. [5 marks]

9. Explain what a least square regression line means. [3 marks]

The life (x thousand hours) and charge (y amperes) of a type of battery may be related by

the least square regression line y = 7.80 −1.72x.

(a) Determine, on the average, the reduction in the charge of the batteries after they have

been used for 1000 hours. [2 marks]

(b) Find the mean charge of the batteries after they have been used for 3000 hours.[2 marks]

10. The mean and standard deviation of the yield of a type of rice in Malaysia are 960 kg per

hectare and 192 kg per hectare respectively. From a random sample of 30 farmers in Kedah

who plant this rice, the mean yield of rice is 996 kg per hectare. Test, at the 5% signiﬁcance

level, the hypothesis that the mean yield of rice in Kedah is more than the mean yield of

rice in Malaysia. Give any assumptions that need to be made in the test of this hypothesis.

[8 marks]

11. Let Pearson’s correlation coeﬃcient between variables x and y for a random sample be r.

(a) If all the points on the scatter diagram lie on the line y = c, where c is a constant,

comment on the values of r. [2 marks]

(b) If all the points on the scatter diagram lie on the line y = a + bx, where a and b are

constants and b = 0, show that r =

b

√

b

2

and deduce the possible values of r. [6 marks]

12. Out of 100 com seeds of type A which are planted in a certain area, 24 seeds fail to germinate.

Out of 50 corn seeds of type B which are planted in that area, 4 seeds fail to germinate.

(a) Find a 90% conﬁdence interval for the proportion of corn seeds of type A which fail to

germinate in that area. [5 marks]

27

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

(b) By considering an appropriate 2 × 2 contingency table, test, at the 5% signiﬁcance

level, the hypothesis that the proportions of corn seeds of type A and of type B which

fail to germinate in that area arc the same. [10 marks]

28

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

STPM 2004

1. Write down an incidence matrix for the graph given below. What can be said about the

sum of the entries in any row and the sum of the entries in any column of this incidence

matrix? [4 marks]

v

1

v

2 e

1

v

3

v

4

v

5

e

2

e

3

e

4

e

5

e

6

2. The straight line joining the points (0, 0, 1) and (1, 0, 0) intersects the plane x+y+2z+2 = 0.

Find the coordinates of the point of intersection. [5 marks]

3. Deﬁne a simple graph. [1 marks]

State whether there exists a simple graph with

(a) eight vertices of degrees 7, 7, 7, 5,4, 4, 4,4;

(b) ﬁve vertices of degrees 2, 3, 4,4, 5.

For each case, construct a simple graph if it exists, or give a reason if there does not exist

a simple graph. [5 marks]

4. The point P lies on the line r =

¸

1

3

3

¸

+ t

¸

3

4

8

¸

**and the point Q lies on the plane whose
**

equation is r · (3i + 6j + 2k) = −22 such that PQ is perpendicular to the plane.

(a) Find the coordinates of P and Q in terms of t. [6 marks]

(b) Find the vector equation of the locus of the midpoint of PQ. [3 marks]

5. T : R

2

→R

2

is a linear transformation such that the images of the points (1, 2) and (−1, 0)

are the points (3, −2) and (−1, 0) respectively.

(a) Find the matrix which represents T. [4 marks]

(b) Find the equation of the line which is the image of the line y = mx+c under T.[6 marks]

6. Deﬁne the congruence a ≡ b(mod m). [1 marks]

Solve each of the congruences x

3

≡ 2(mod 3) and x

3

≡ 2(mod 5). Deduce the set of positive

integers which satisfy both the congruences. [9 marks]

29

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

Hence, ﬁnd the positive integers x and y which satisfy the equation x

3

+ 5xy = 12152.

[5 marks]

7. The Pearson correlation coeﬃcient between two variables X and Y for a random sample is

0.

(a) State whether this means that there is no linear relation between X and Y . Sketch a

scatter diagram for X and Y . [2 marks]

(b) State whether this means that X and Y are independent. Give a reason for your

answer. [2 marks]

8. A normal population has mean µ and variance σ

2

.

(a) Explain brieﬂy what a 95% conﬁdence interval for µ means. [2 marks]

(b) From a random sample, it is found that the 95% conﬁdence interval for µ is (−1.5, 3.8).

State whether it is true that the probability that µ lies in the interval is 0.95. Give a

reason. [2 marks]

(c) A total of 120 random samples of size 50 are taken from the population and for each

sample a 95% conﬁdence interval for µ is calculated. Find the number of 95% conﬁdence

intervals which are expected to contain µ. [1 marks]

9. The equation of the regression line of the variable X on variable Y is x = −2y + 11. The

Pearson correlation coeﬃcient between X and Y is −

2

√

5

. The means of X and Y are 5 and

3 respectively. Find the equation of the regression line of Y on X. [6 marks]

10. In order to investigate whether the level of education and the opinion on a social issue

are independent, 1300 adults are interviewed. The following table shows the results of the

interviews.

Level of education

Opinion on the social issue

Total

Agree Disagree

University 450 18 468

College 547 30 577

High school 230 25 255

Total 1227 73 1300

Determine, at the 1% signiﬁcance level, whether the level of education and the opinion on

the social issue are independent. [9 marks]

11. A petroleum company claims that its petrol has a RON rating of at least 97. From a random

sample of 15 petrol stations selling the petrol, the mean RON rating is found to be 96.30.

Assuming that the RON rating of the petrol of the petroleum company has a normal dis-

tribution with standard deviation 3.21,

(a) test the claim of the petroleum company at the 2.5% signiﬁcance level, [6 marks]

(b) determine the smallest sample size required so that the null hypothesis in the test of

the petroleum company’s claim is rejected at the 5% signiﬁcance level. [6 marks]

30

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

12. In a survey on the quality of service provided by a bank, 12 out of 150 customers think that

the service is unsatisfactory while the other 138 customers think otherwise.

Test the hypothesis that the proportion of customers who think that the service is unsatis-

factory is 0.10

(a) by using a 99% conﬁdence interval, [7 marks]

(b) by carrying out a signiﬁcance test at the 1% signiﬁcance level. [6 marks]

Comment on methods (a) and (b) used in the test of the hypothesis. [2 marks]

31

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005

STPM 2005

1. What is a graph and what does the degree of a vertex of a graph mean? [3 marks]

2. Show that (x, 12) = 1 and (x, 15) = 1 if and only if (x, 30) = 1, where (a, b) denotes the

greatest common divisor of a and b. Hence, ﬁnd all integers x such that (x, 12) = 1 and

(x, 15) = 1. [6 marks]

3. Four schools P, Q, R and S each has team A and team B in a tournament. The teams from

the same school do not play against each other. At a certain stage of the tournament, the

numbers of games played by the teams, except team A of school P, are distinct. Determine

the number of games played by team B of school P. [7 marks]

4. Using the deﬁnition of congruence, prove that if x, r and q are integers and x ≡ r(mod q),

then x

n

≡ r

n

(mod q) where n is a positive integer. [4 marks]

Hence, show that 19

n

+ 39

n

≡ 2(mod 8) for every integer n ≥ 1. [6 marks]

5. T : R

2

→R

2

is a linear transformation such that

T :

1

1

→

3

4

, and T :

2

1

→

6

4

.

(a) By expressing

1

0

as a linear combination of

1

1

and

2

1

, show that T

1

0

=

3

0

.

Find also T

0

1

**. Hence, write down the matrix representing T. [6 marks]
**

(b) Find the image of the circle x

2

+y

2

= 1 under T. [4 marks]

6. The line l has equation r = 2i +j +λ(2i +k) and the plane π has equation r = i +3j −k +

µ(2i +k) +v(−i + 4j).

(a) The points P and Q lie on l and π respectively. The point R lies on the line PQ, where

PR = 2RQ. If P and Q move on l and π respectively, ﬁnd the equation of the locus

of R. [6 marks]

(b) The points L and M have coordinates (0, 1, −1) and (1, −5, −2) respectively. Show

that L lies on l and M lies on π. [3 marks]

Determine the sine of the acute angle between the line LM and the plane π and the shortest

distance from L to π. [6 marks]

7. In a study on the petrol consumption of cars, it is found that the mean mileage per litre of

petrol for 24 cars of the same engine capacity is 15.2 km with a standard deviation of 4.2

km. Calculate the standard error of the mean mileage and interpret this standard error.

[3 marks]

8. The mass of a particular type of steel sheet produced by a factory has a normal distribution.

The mean mass of a random sample of 14 sheets is 72.5 kg and the standard deviation is

32

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005

3.2 kg. Calculate a 95% conﬁdence interval for the mean mass of the steel sheets produced

by the factory. [4 marks]

9. Explain what is meant by signiﬁcance level in the context of hypothesis testing. [2 marks]

In a goodness-of-ﬁt test for the null hypothesis that the binomial distribution is an adequate

model for the data, the test statistic is found to have the value 19.38 with 7 degrees of

freedom. Find the smallest signiﬁcance level at which the null hypothesis is rejected.[2 marks]

10. The lifespan of a type of bulb is known to be normally distributed with standard deviation

150 hours. The supplier of the bulbs claims that the mean lifespan is more than 5500 hours.

The lifespans, in hours, of a random sample of 15 bulbs are as follows.

5260 5400 5820 5530 5380 5460 5510 5520

5600 5780 5520 5500 5360 5620 5430

(a) State the appropriate hypotheses to test the supplier’s claim and carry out the hypoth-

esis test at the 5% signiﬁcance level. [8 marks]

(b) If the true mean lifespan is 5550 hours, ﬁnd the probability that the test gives a correct

decision. [4 marks]

11. The following table shows the frequency distribution of passengers (excluding the driver) per

in a town for a particular period. The data could be a sample from a Poisson distribution.

Number of passengers 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Frequency 241 211 104 35 7 0 2

(a) Find all the expected frequencies for the distribution correct to two decimal places.

[3 marks]

(b) Calculate the values of the χ

2

goodness-of-ﬁt statistic

i. without combining any frequency classes,

ii. with the last three frequency classes being combined.

Comment on the values obtained and explain any diﬀerences. [6 marks]

(c) Using the value of the statistic in (b)(ii), test for goodness of ﬁt at the 5% signiﬁcance

level. [3 marks]

12. The following table shows the values of the variable y corresponding to seven accurately

speciﬁed values of the variable x.

y 800 920 1280 1500 4020 6200 6800

x 2 3 5 5 8 10 12

(a) Plot a scatter diagram of log

e

y against log

e

x. [3 marks]

(b) Find the equation of the least squares regression line of the form log

e

y = β

0

+β

1

log

e

x,

with β

0

and β

1

correct to two decimal places. [5 marks]

(c) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient r between log

e

y and log

e

x. Interpret your

value of r and comment on this value with respect to the scatter diagram in (a).[6 marks]

33

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

STPM 2006

1. The points A, B and C are three collinear points on a cartesian plane and T(A) = A

1

,

T(B) = B

1

and T(C) = C

1

, where T : R

2

→ R

2

is a linear transformation. If AB : BC =

m : n, ﬁnd A

1

B

1

: B

1

C

1

. [3 marks]

2. Using congruence properties, prove that 2

mn

− 1 is divisible by 2

m

− 1 for all integers m,

n ≥ l. [3 marks]

Deduce that, if 2

p

−1 is a prime number, then p is a prime number. [3 marks]

3. The matrix M represents an anticlockwise rotation in the xy-plane about the origin through

an angle θ. The matrix N =

**cos θ 2 cos θ −sin θ
**

sin θ 2 sin θ + cos θ

**represents the combined eﬀect of the
**

transformation represented by a matrix K followed by the transformation represented by

M. Find K and describe the transformation represented by K. [7 marks]

4. Graphs G

1

, G

2

and G

3

are given as follows.

(a) Draw an eulerian circuit for the graph which is eulerian. [3 marks]

(b) Draw a hamiltonian cycle for each of the graphs which is hamiltonian. [3 marks]

(c) For the graph which is not hamiltonian, determine how it could be made into a hamil-

tonian 10graph by adding an edge. [1 marks]

(d) For each of the graphs which is not eulerian, determine how it could be made into an

eulerian graph by deleting or adding an edge. [2 marks]

5. Using Euclid’s algorithm, ﬁnd g.c.d.(6893, 11 639). [3 marks]

If n is an integer between 20 O0O and 700 000 such that the remainder is 6893 when n is

divided by 11 639, ﬁnd g.c.d.(6893, n). [7 marks]

6. The planes π

1

and π

2

with equations x−y +2z = 1 and 2x+y −z = 0 respectively intersect

in the line l. The point A has coordinates (1,0, 1).

(a) Calculate the acute angle between π

1

and π

2

. [2 marks]

(b) Explain why the vector

¸

1

−1

2

¸

×

¸

2

1

−1

¸

**is in the direction of l. Hence, show that the
**

equation of l is

r =

¸

0

1

1

¸

+t

¸

−1

5

3

¸

.

34

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

where t is a parameter. [5 marks]

(c) Find the equation of the plane passing through A and containing l. [3 marks]

(d) Find the equation of the plane passing through A and perpendicular to l. [2 marks]

(e) Determine the distance from A to l. [3 marks]

7. The length of a species of ﬁsh is normally distributed with mean µ and standard deviation

10 cm. If the sample mean of 50 ﬁsh is greater than 35 cm, the null hypothesis µ = 32.5

cm is rejected in favour of the alternative hypothesis µ > 32.5 cm. Find the probability of

making a type I error. Find also the probability of making a type II error when µ = 34 cm.

[5 marks]

8. A property agent believes that the price of a house in a certain district depends principally

on its built-up area. The prices (p thousand ringgit) of eight houses in diﬀerent parts of the

district and their built-up areas (a square metres) are summarised as follows:

¸

a = 2855,

¸

p = 1689,

¸

ap = 827550,

¸

a

2

= 1400925,

¸

p

2

= 489181.

(a) Find the equation of the regression line in the form p = β

0

+ β

1

a, with p as the

dependent variable and a the independent variable. [5 marks]

(b) Give a reason why it is not suitable to use your regression equation to make predictions

when a = 0. [1 marks]

9. The average duration of an electronic device to retain information after the power is switched

oﬀ is normally distributed with a mean of µ

0

and an unknown variance.

It is of interest to determine whether there is an improvement in the performance of this

device when a component is added. A random sample of n such duration yields mean ¯ x and

variance s

2

.

(a) State the appropriate null and alternative hypotheses. Explain brieﬂy your choice of

the alternative hypothesis. [2 marks]

(b) Write down the test statistic and the critical region at the 5% signiﬁcant level for each

of the following cases.

i. n = 100

ii. n = 16

[5 marks]

10. A survey is to be carried out to estimate the proportion p of households having personal

computers. This estimate must be within 0.02 of the population proportion at a conﬁdence

level of 95%.

(a) If p is estimated to be 0.12, ﬁnd the smallest sample size required. [4 marks]

(b) If the value of p is unknown, determine whether a sample size of 2500 is suﬃcient.

[4 marks]

11. The following table shows the annual salary and experience of nine randomly selected engi-

neers.

35

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

Salary (thousand of riggit) 88 48 60 70 62 78 100 52 110

Experience (year) 12 4 6 7 5 10 18 5 19

(a) Plot a scatter diagram. What do you expect of the relationship between the salary

and experience based on the scatter diagram? [4 marks]

(b) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient between the salary and experience. Ex-

plain whether the value of the correlation coeﬃcient is consistent with what you expect

in part (a). [7 marks]

12. What is meant by a contingency table? [1 marks]

A survey is carried out on a random sample of 820 persons who are asked whether students

who break school rules should be caned. The results of the survey are as follows.

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

h

hh

Opinion

Education level

Yes No Not sure

High school 125 65 100

College 98 68 64

University 100 80 120

Carry out chi-squared tests to determine whether educational level is related to the opinion

on caning at the signiﬁcance levels of 1% and 2%. [10 marks]

Comment on the conclusions of these tests. [2 marks]

36

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

STPM 2007

1. Two graphs G

1

and G

2

are shown below.

(a) State, with reasons, which is an eulerian graph and which is not. [3 marks]

(b) Find an eulerian circuit for the eulerian graph. [2 marks]

2. If a simple graph has n vertices where n ≥ 2, show that at least two vertices are of the same

degree. [4 marks]

Give a counter example to show that the result is not true for a graph which is not a simple

graph. [2 marks]

3. The line which passes through the points A(−6, −1, −7) and B(6, 3, 1) cuts the plane 3x −

y + 2z = 5 at the point P. Show that the points A and B are on the opposite sides of the

plane, and ﬁnd the ratio AP : BP. [6 marks]

4. (a) Find all integers x that satisfy the congruence

2x ≡ 0 (mod 6).

[3 marks]

(b) Find all integers x and y that satisfy the pair of congruences

2x +y ≡ 1 (mod 6),

x + 3y ≡ 3 (mod 6).

[6 marks]

5. A linear transformation f : R

2

→ R

2

is deﬁned by f(u) = v, where u =

x

y

and v =

x +y

x −y

.

(a) If f(u) = Au, where A is a 2 ×2 matrix, ﬁnd A. [2 marks]

(b) If f

2

(u) = Bu, where f

2

(u) = (f ◦ f)(u) and B is a 2 ×2 matrix, ﬁnd B and verify that

B = A

2

. [3 marks]

(c) By using mathematical induction, show that f

n

(u) = A

n

u, where f

n

(u) = (f ◦f

n−1

)(u),

for all integers n > 1. [4 marks]

37

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

(d) The points P

, Q

and R

**are the images of the vertices P, Q and R respectively of a
**

triangle under the transformation f

n

. If the area of the triangle PQR is 8 units

2

, ﬁnd

the area of the triangle P

Q

R

. [3 marks]

6. Two straight lines l

1

and l

2

have equations −2x+4 = 2y−4 = z −4 and 2x = y+1 = −z +3

respectively. Determine whether l

1

and l

2

intersect. [7 marks]

The points P and Q lie on l

1

and l

2

respectively, and the point R divides PQ in the ratio

2:3. Find the equation of the locus of R. [6 marks]

7. (a) Explain brieﬂy why it is advisable to plot a scatter diagram before interpreting a

Pearson correlation coeﬃcient for a sample of bivariate distribution. [2 marks]

(b) Sketch a scatter diagram with ﬁve data-points for each of the following cases.

i. The Pearson correlation coeﬃcient of two variables is close to 0 but there is an

obvious relation between them. [1 marks]

ii. The Pearson correlation coeﬃcient of two variables is close to 1 but there is no

linear relation between them. [1 marks]

8. The lengths of petals taken from a particular species of ﬂowers have mean 80 cm and variance

30 cm

2

. Determine the sampling distribution of the sample mean if 100 petals are chosen

at random. [3 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the probability that the sample mean is at least two standard deviations from

the mean. [3 marks]

9. It is found that 5% of doctors in a particular country play golf. Find, to three decimal

places, the probability that, in a random sample of 50 doctors, two play golf. [2 marks]

Hence, state the sampling distribution of the proportion of the doctors who play golf, and

construct a 98% conﬁdence interval for the proportion. [5 marks]

10. A farmer wishes to ﬁnd out the eﬀect of a new feed on his calves. The average weight gain

of a calf on the original feed in a month is normally distributed with mean 10 kg. In a

particular month, the farmer gives the new feed to 16 calves. It is found that the average

weight gain of a calf on the new feed is 11.5 kg with a standard deviation of 2.5 kg.

(a) State appropriate hypotheses for a signiﬁcant test. [2 marks]

(b) Carry out the test at the 5% signiﬁcance level. [7 marks]

11. In a psychological study, 50 persons are asked to answer four multiple-choice questions. The

answers obtained are compared with the predetermined answers. The data is recorded as a

frequency distribution as follows:

Number of matched answers 0 1 2 3 4

Frequency 10 15 8 5 12

A psychologist suggests that the data ﬁts the following probability distribution.

Number of matched answers 0 1 2 3 4

Frequency 0.08 0.10 0.15 0.25 0.42

38

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

(a) Calculate the expected frequencies based on the probability distribution. [2 marks]

(b) Determine whether there is signiﬁcant evidence, at the 5% signiﬁcant level, to reject

the suggestion. [8 marks]

12. A study is carried out to determine the eﬀect of exercise frequency on lung capacity. The

exercise frequency in weeks is denoted by X and the percentage increase in lung capacity

by Y . The data obtained from 10 volunteers are summarised as follows:

¸

x = 319,

¸

x

2

= 11053,

¸

y = 530,

¸

y

2

= 30600,

¸

xy = 18055.

(a) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient and describe the relationship between X

and Y . [5 marks]

(b) Calculate the coeﬃcient of determination and interpret its value. [2 marks]

(c) Find the equation of the regression line in the form y = a + bx, where a and b are

correct to two decimal places. [4 marks]

(d) Predict the mean value of the percentage increase in lung capacity if the exercise

frequency is 25 weeks. State your assumption in obtaining the predicted value.[2 marks]

39

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

STPM 2008

1. If n is an odd integer, prove that x

2

−y

2

= 2n has no solution in the set of integers.[4 marks]

2. The adjacency matrix of a graph G is

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

0 1 0 1 1

1 0 1 0 0

0 1 0 1 1

1 0 1 0 0

1 0 1 0 0

¸

.

(a) Draw the graph G. [2 marks]

(b) Distinguish the vertices of the graph G using minimum number ofc olours such that

vertices of the same colour are not adjacent. [2 marks]

(c) State the type of the graph G. [1 marks]

3. Find the equation of the plane which is parallel to the plane 3x + +2y − 6z − 24 = 0 and

passes through the point (1, 0, 0). Hence, determine the distance between these two planes.

[6 marks]

4. A graph is given as follows:

a

b

(a) Find the total number of paths with the end vertices a and b. [3 marks]

(b) Write down the degree sequence of the graph, (d

1

, d

2

, . . . , d

9

), in ascending order.

[2 marks]

(c) Show that the total number of paths consisting of three vertices is

9

¸

i=2

d

i

2

and de-

termine its value. [4 marks]

5. The points A and B lie on the line r =

¸

0

3

6

¸

+λ

¸

1

−1

−4

¸

**, and the distance of each point is
**

three units from the origin O.

(a) Determine the coordinates of A and B. [6 marks]

(b) Find the area of the triangle OAB. [3 marks]

40

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

6. A linear transformation T : R

2

→ R

2

maps

0

−1

into

2

2

,

1

1

into

3

6

and

1

0

into

3

5

.

(a) Find the matrices A and C such that

T

x

y

= A

x

y

+C.

[6 marks]

(b) The transformation T is equivalent to a transformation U followed by a transformation

V. Determine the images of the points P

1

(0, 0), P

2

(0, 2), P

3

(1, 2) and P

4

(1, 0) under T,

and hence describe U and V. [6 marks]

(c) Determine the image of the straight line y = 2x under T. [3 marks]

7. A set of sample data for two random variables X and Y gives the results

¸

(x − ¯ x)

2

= 72,

¸

(y − ¯ y)

2

= 57,

¸

(x −barx)(x −bary) = −36.

(a) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient r between X and Y , and interpret the

value of r obtained. [3 marks]

(b) What is the value of r if each value of x is increased by 0.3 whereas the value of y

remain unchanged? Give a reason. [2 marks]

8. A machine is regulated to dispense a chocolate drink into cups. From a random sample of

100 cups of the chocolate drink dispensed, it is found that the cocoa content in one cup of

the chocolate drink has mean 5 g and standard deviation 0.5 g. The owner of the machine

uses the conﬁdence interval (4.900 g, 5.100 g) to estimate the mean cocoa content in one

cup of the chocolate drink.

(a) Identify the population parameter under study. [1 marks]

(b) Determine the conﬁdence level for the conﬁdence interval used. [5 marks]

9. The masses of watermelon produced by a farmer are normally distributed with mean 3 kg.

The farmer decides to use a new organic fertiliser for his crop if the mean mass of a random

sample of 10 watermelons using the new organic fertiliser exceeds k kg. For this random

sample of 10 watermelons, the standard deviation is 0.65 kg. The farmer uses a probability

of Type I error equal to 0.01 in making his decision.

(a) State what is meant by a Type I error. [1 marks]

(b) Determine the value of k. [5 marks]

10. For a set of data, the least-squares regression line of y on x is

y = 100.15 + 0.25x.

(a) Explain the method used to estimate the coeﬃcient of x and the constant in the

equation of the regression line. State an appropriate assumption. [4 marks]

41

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

(b) What is the percentage error in the estimation of value of y when x = 2500 using the

regression line, given that the actual value of y is 850? [4 marks]

11. Two hundred patients with a certain skin disorder are treated for ﬁve days either with cream

A or cream B. The following table shows the number of patients recorded as no recovery,

partial recovery or complete recovery.

Type of cream

Number of patients

No recovery Partial recovery Complete recovery

A 25 30 45

B 10 25 65

(a) Calculate the percentage of patients with improvement for each type of cream used

and comment on your answers. [2 marks]

(b) Determine, at the 5% signiﬁcance level, whether the condition of a patient is indepen-

dent of the type of cream used. [9 marks]

(c) What conclusion can be made based on the results in (a) and (b)? [1 marks]

12. A manufacturer produces a new type of paint. He claims that the paint has lead content by

weight. A random sample of 25 tins (1 kg per tin) of the paint is analysed to determine the

lead content. Sample mean and standard deviation of the lead content in a kilogramme of

paint are 0.38 g and 0.1 g respectively.

(a) Construct a 99% conﬁdence interval for the mean lead content in a kilogramme of

paint. State your assumption. [5 marks]

(b) What is the eﬀect on the conﬁdence interval obtained in (a) if the sample size is

increased to 100? [2 marks]

(c) Carry out a test, at the 1% signiﬁcance level, to test the manufacturers claim.[6 marks]

(d) Relate the conﬁdence interval obtained in (a) with the result of the test in (c).[2 marks]

42

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

STPM 2009

1. Let K

rs

be a complete bipartite graph, where r ≤ s. Each of the r vertices in a partite set

is connected to each of the s vertices in another partite set. If K

rs

has 36 edges and 15

vertices. ﬁnd r and s. [4 marks]

2. T : R

2

→ R

2

is a linear transformation represented by a matrix

a b

−3 a

. If the images

of the points (a, −1) and (−2, a) are (a + 2, 2b) and (2b, 7) respectively under T, ﬁnd the

values of a and b. [6 marks]

3. For any integers a and b, prove that if a divides b then a

3

divides b

3

. [3 marks]

Hence, determine whether 64 divides [(5n+1)

2

−(3n+5)

2

]

3

, where n is an integer.[4 marks]

4. (a) Deﬁne a walk of a graph. [2 marks]

(b) Graph G is given as follows:

V

1

V

2

V

3

V

4

V

5

i. Find all walks of length two from vertex V

2

to vertex V

i

where i = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and

represent them by a row matrix. [2 marks]

ii. Find all walks of length two from vertex V

r

. where r = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, to vertex V

4

,

and represent them by a column matrix. [1 marks]

iii. Find the total number of possible walks of length four from vertex V

2

to vertex V

4

.

[3 marks]

5. (a) If g.c.d.(a, m)=1, show that there exists a solution for ax ≡ b (mod m). [3 marks]

(b) Deduce that, if g.c.d.(ad − bc, n)=1, then a solution exists for the system of linear

congruences

ax +by ≡ k (mod n),

cx +dy ≡ l (mod n).

Hence, solve the system of linear congruences

7x + 3y ≡ 10 (mod 16),

2x + 5y ≡ 9 (mod 16).

[7 marks]

6. (a) Find the equation of line l

1

, passing through points A and B. where the position

vectors of points A and B are a and b respectively. [1 marks]

(b) R is a point on the line l

1

in (a). If point C has position vector c,

i. ﬁnd

−→

CR in terms of vectors a, b and c. [1 marks]

43

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

ii. prove that →CR ×

−−→

AB = a ×b +b ×c +c ×a, [3 marks]

iii. deduce the shortest distance of the point C from the line l

1

. [3 marks]

(c) i. Find the distance of point T(1+3k, −2+k, 5−2k) to line l

2

passing through points

P(4, 4, 4) and Q(3, 2, 1) in terms of k. [3 marks]

ii. Deduce the distance between skew lines l

2

and l

3

, where the equation of line l

3

, is

given by

t =

¸

1

−2

5

¸

+k

¸

3

1

−2

¸

.

[4 marks]

7. A local automobile manufacturing company studies the relationship between the age (x

years) and the price (y thousand RM) of one of its car models. The data obtained from a

random sample often cars of this model are as follows:

(1, 70), (2, 65), (3, 60), (4, 55), (5, 50), (6, 45), (7, 40), (8, 35), (9, 30) and (10, 20)

Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient between the age and the price of this car model,

and interpret the value obtained. [5 marks]

8. A medical researcher wishes to study whether the severity of a certain lung ailment is related

to the smoking habit of a patient. A patient who smokes more than 20 cigarettes a day on

the average is classiﬁed as a heavy smoker. A random sample of 96 patients was taken. It is

found that from 43 patients with mild lung ailment, 23 are light smokers while the rest are

heavy smokers. The remaining 53 patients with severe lung ailment, 39 patients are heavy

smokers.

(a) Tabulate the data in an appropriate contingency table. [1 marks]

(b) Determine, at 5% signiﬁcance level, whether the severity of the lung ailment and the

smoking habit are independent. [5 marks]

9. Tte monthly salary of engineers working in a town has a normal distribution. The mean

monthly salary of a random sample of 16 engineers is RM5280 and the standard deviation

is RM480.

(a) Construct a 95% conﬁdence interval for the mean monthly salary of an engineer in the

town. Interpret your answer. [4 marks]

(b) A statistician ﬁnds that the conﬁdence interval obtained in (a) is too wide. Suggest,

with reasons a method for reducing the width of the conﬁdence interval but maintaining

the conﬁdence level. [3 marks]

10. An electronic component produced by a factory is found to have at most ﬁve defects. A

supervisor at the factory conducts a study on the number of defects found in the elec-

tronic components. One thousand electronic components have been selected at random and

inspected. The number of defects found and their respective frequency arc given as follows:

Number of defects 0 1 2 3 4 5

Frequency 33 145 337 286 174 25

44

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

(a) Test, at 5% and 20% signiﬁcance levels, whether the binomial distribution with prob-

ability of defect p = 0.5 ﬁts the data. [7 marks]

(b) Recommend, with a reason, an appropriate conclusion for part (a). [2 marks]

11. The lifespan (in kilometres) of a tyre is deﬁned as the distance travelled before wearing out.

A tyre manufacturer claims that the mean lifespan µ of its tyre is at least 50 000 km. In

order to test this claim, a consumer association takes a random sample of 121 tyres. The

mean and standard deviation of the lifespan for the sample are 49 200 km and 2500 km

respectively.

(a) Determine the distribution of the sample mean lifespan of the tyres if the lifespan of

the tyres is assumed to have

i. a normal distribution, [1 marks]

ii. an unknown distribution. [1 marks]

(b) Assuming that the lifespan of the tyres has a normal distribution, state the appropriate

hypotheses to test the manufacturer’s claim, and carry out the hypothesis test at the

1% signiﬁcance level. [5 marks]

(c) If the true mean lifespan of a tyre is 49 400 km. determine the probability of type II

error in (b). [3 marks]

12. A study on the relationship between amount of time spent on revision X (in hours) and

performance in a ﬁnal examination Y (scores of 0 to 100) for 10 female undergraduates are

summarised as follows:

¸

s = 725,

¸

x

2

= 54625,

¸

y = 696,

¸

y

2

= 49376,

¸

xy = 51705

(a) Find the equation of the regression line in the form y = β

0

+ β

1

x, where y is the

dependent variable and x the independent variable. Interpret the value of β

1

obtained.

[7 marks]

(b) Using the regression line obtained, predict the mean value of y when x = 70, and state

your assumption. [2 marks]

(c) Find the coeﬃcient of determination D between the amount of time spent on revision

and the performance in a ﬁnal examination of the undergraduates. Hence, interpret

the value of D. [4 marks]

45

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

STPM 2010

1. Show that 9

n

−1 is divisible by 8 for every positive integer n. [3 marks]

2. Find the coordinates of the point P on the line

x

5

=

y −1

1

=

z −3

−2

which is closest to the

point Q(9, 4, −3). [6 marks]

3. T : R

2

→R

2

is a linear transformation such that the matrix which represents T is

4 2

−1 2

.

Find and describe the image of the circle x

2

+y

2

= 1 under the transformation T. [5 marks]

Hence, determine the area of the image. [2 marks]

4. The transformation M is a rotation 45

◦

anticlockwise about the origin. The transformation

N is an enlargement with the origin as the centre of enlargement and scale factor k. The

transformation NM maps the points (0, 1) and (3, −1) into the points (−1, 1) and (4, 2)

respectively.

(a) Find the matrix representing the transformation M. [2 marks]

(b) Find the matrix representing the transformation NM. [4 marks]

(c) Determine the value of k. [2 marks]

5. The line l has the equation

x + 7

1

=

y −4

−3

=

z −5

2

and the plane π has the equation

4x −2y −5z = 8.

(a) Determine whether the line l is parallel to the plane π. [5 marks]

(b) Find the equation of the plane that is perpendicular to the plane π and contains the

points Q(−2, 0, 3) and R(2, 1, 7). [6 marks]

6. The simple graph G with its vertex set V (G) = {a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j} is shown below.

(a) State, with a reason, whether G is an Eulerian graph. [2 marks]

(b) Find the largest cycle in G, and determine whether G is a Hamiltonian graph.[4 marks]

(c) The subgraph S of G is obtained by removing the vertex g together with all the edges

adjacent to it.

i. Draw the subgraph S. [2 marks]

46

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

ii. Determine whether S is a connected graph. [2 marks]

iii. Determine whether S is a bipartite graph. [3 marks]

7. The mean mark of an English test for a random sample of 50 form ﬁve students in a particular

state is 47.7. A hypothesis test is to be carried out to determine whether the mean mark

for all the form ﬁve students in the state is greater than 45.0. Using a population standard

deviation of 13 marks, carry out the hypothesis test at the 10% signiﬁcance level. [6 marks]

8. The relationships between two variables x and y are shown in the graphs below.

Suggest a value for Pearson correlation coeﬃcient r if the outlier is not taken into account,

and comment on the eﬀect of the outlier on the value of r in each of the above graphs.

[6 marks]

9. A doctor claims that doctors in government hospitals work at least 12 extra hours in a

week. A random sample of 25 doctors is taken and it is found that the mean and standard

deviation are 10.9 hours and 2.3 hours respectively.

State the appropriate hypotheses to test the doctor’s claim, and carry out the test at the

5% signiﬁcance level. [7 marks]

10. A food company carries out a market survey in a state on its new ﬂavoured yoghurt. Three

hundred randomly chosen consumers taste the yoghurt. Their responses are shown in the

table below.

Response Like Dislike Neutral

Number of consumers 195 70 35

(a) Estimate the proportion of consumers in the state who like the yoghurt. Hence, calcu-

late the probability that the proportion of consumers who like the yoghurt is at least

47

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

0.70. [5 marks]

(b) Construct a 95% conﬁdence interval for the proportion of consumers in the state who

like the yoghurt. [4 marks]

11. In developing a new drug for an allergy, an experiment is carried out to study how diﬀerent

dosages of the drug aﬀect the duration of relief from the allergic symptoms. A random

sample of eight patients is taken and each patient is given a speciﬁed dosage of the drug.

The duration of relief for the patients is shown in the table below.

Dosage (mg) Duration of relief (hours)

3 9

4 10

5 12

6 14

6 16

7 18

8 22

9 24

hline

(a) State the independent and dependent variables. [1 marks]

(b) Find the equation of the least-squares regression line in the form y = a + bx, where

x and y are the independent and dependent variables respectively. Write down your

answers correct to two decimal places. [6 marks]

(c) Calculate the coeﬃcient of determination for the regression line, and comment on the

adequacy of the straight line ﬁt. [4 marks]

12. A thread always breaks during the weaving of cloth in a factory. The number of breaks per

thread which occur for 100 threads of equal length are tabulated as follows:

Number of breaks per thread 0 1 2 3 4 5

Number of threads 15 22 31 18 8 6

(a) Calculate the expected number of threads with respect to the number of breaks based

on a Poisson distribution having the same mean as the observed distribution. [6 marks]

(b) Carry out a χ

2

test, at the 5% signiﬁcance level, to determine whether the data ﬁts

the proposed model in (a). [7 marks]

48

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

Lee Kian Keong

1

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

2

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

Lee Kian Keong

STPM 2002

STPM 2002

1. Simplify the statement p ∨ (∼ p ∨ q) ∨ (∼ p∧ ∼ q). 2. Find the exact value of x that satisﬁes the equation 5 sech x − 12 tanh x = 13. 3. Solve the recurrence relation xn+1 = xn+1 + xn with x0 = 0, x1 = 1.

[4 marks]

[4 marks]

[5 marks]

4. Point P is represented by the complex number z = cos θ + i sin θ, where 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π, in Argand diagram. Show that the locus of the point Q that is represented by ω = 3z 2 is a circle, and ﬁnd its centre and radius. Find the minimum and maximum distance between the point P and Q, and state the corresponding value of θ. [6 marks]

π 2

5. If In =

0

**xn cos x dx, show that, for n ≥ 2, In =
**

π 2

π 2

n

− n(n − 1)In−2 .

[4 marks]

Hence, evaluate

0

x4 cos x dx.

[2 marks]

6. The function f is deﬁned by f (x) = a + bx + x2 , x > 1, 1 − x, x ≤ 1,

with a and b are constants. Determine the values of a and b such that f is diﬀerentiable at x = 1. [7 marks] 7. Find the particular solution for the diﬀerential equation dy x−2 1 + y=− 2 . dx x(x − 1) x (x − 1) that satisﬁes the boundary condition y = 8. Using mathematical induction, prove that

n

3 when x = 2. 4

[8 marks]

cos 2rθ =

r=1

sin(2n + 1)θ 1 − . 2 sin θ 2

[7 marks]

If sin θ =

1 2

2−

√

3, ﬁnd sin 5θ.

[3 marks]

1 9. Show that cos nθ = (einθ + e−inθ ). 2 3

[3 marks]

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

Lee Kian Keong

STPM 2002

**Hence, show that, for x ∈ R and |x| < 1,
**

∞

xn cos(2n + 1)θ =

n=1

(1 − x) cos θ . 1 − 2x cos 2θ + x2

Deduce that

∞

cosn 2θ cos(2n + 1)θ =

n=0

1 sec θ 2

[7 marks]

1 for θ = kπ, where k is integer. 2

10. If xn = xn−1 + h and yn = y(xn ), with h3 and higher powers of h can be neglected, show that the recurrence relation for diﬀerential equation yn − 2yn + 2yn = 0 is (1 − h)yn+1 − 2(1 − h2 )yn + (1 + h)yn−1 = 0.

[7 marks]

If y0 = 0, y1 = 0.5, and h = 0.1, calculate y4 correct to three decimal places. 11. Matrix A is given by −2 1 3 A = −3 2 3 . −1 1 2

[3 marks]

Find the eigenvalue λ1 , λ2 , and λ3 , where λ1 < λ2 < λ3 of matrix A. Find also the eigenvectors e1 , e2 , and e3 where ei corresponding to λi for i = 1, 2, 3. [8 marks] Matrix P is a 3 × 3 matrix where its columns are e1 , e2 and e3 in sequence. Show that λ1 0 0 P−1 AP = 0 λ2 0 . 0 0 λ3

[5 marks]

Deduce the relationship between determinant of A and its eigen values.

[2 marks]

12. If y = sin−1 x, show that

d2 y d3 y dy 5 dy 3 dy 3 =x and = + 3x2 . [4 marks] dx2 dx dx3 dx dx Using Maclaurin theorem, express sin−1 x as a series of ascending powers of x up to the term in x5 . State the range of values of x for the expansion valid. [7 marks] Hence, (a) taking x = 0.5, ﬁnd the approximation of π correct to two decimal places, (b) ﬁnd lim x − sin−1 x . x→0 x − sin x

[2 marks] [2 marks]

4

Hence ﬁnd the value of π sin7 x cos2 x dx. where x is an integer. The yearly repayment is B ringgit. 2x + y − z = 1. (a) If |2x − 3| > 9. ∀x ∈ A. Using Cramer’s rule. [6 marks] 4. Determine whether each of the following propositions is true or false. Complex numbers z and w are such that |z|2 + 2Re wz = c. and state the centre and radius of the circle in terms of w and c. where c > −|w|2 . [2 marks] 2. 6x − 3y + z = 3k. then |x| > 2.. A loan of P ringgit is to be paid oﬀ over a period of N years. 4x2 − 4x + 3 [4 marks] 3.. 0 [3 marks] 7. determine the set of values of k such that the following system of linear equations has integer solutions. Use the expansion of the term in x7 . Show that In = [4 marks] n−1 In−2 . The loan carries a compound interest of 100k% a year. then x ∈ B. [2 marks] (b) If A ∩ B = φ. Let In = 0 sinn x dx. the sum of the inﬁnite series 1 1 1 − + − . [6 marks] 1 to express tan−1 x as a series of ascending powers of x up to 1 + x2 [4 marks] 5. / / ∀x ∈ B. Find the integral √ dx .PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 STPM 2003 1. or x ∈ A. n Express In in terms of I1 . in terms of π. The balance after r years is 5 . 2x − y + 3z = k. Show that the locus of the point P which represents z in the Argand diagram is a circle. for odd integers n ≥ 3. where n ≥ 2. Hence ﬁnd. where A and B are non-empty sets. 2 3×3 5×3 7 × 33 [2 marks] π 6.

k [6 marks] Calculate the yearly repayment if a loan of RM1OO 000 that carries a compound interest of 8% a year is to be paid oﬀ over a period of 10 years. Write down a recurrence relation that involves ar+1 and ar and show that ar = P− B k (1 + k)r + B . [5 marks] 11. . show that. where 0 < θ ≤ 2π. 9. where a0 = P . 4n 1 − 2n [5 marks] 3 −1 . If y = (sin−1 x)2 . and determine the condition in order that k and r exist. The interest is charged on the balance at the beginning of the year. . Hence show that the roots of the equation (ω − 1)5 = ω 5 are 1 1 k + i cot π.[7 marks] Find the coordinates of the point on the curve y = cosh x + 3 sinh x which has a gradient of √ 8 at that point. b. and r are positive real numbers. [3 marks] 8. where a. where k = 1. 2 6 [6 marks] 10. Express k and r in terms of a and b. Matrix M is given by M= Use mathematical induction to prove that Mn = 2n + 1 −n . n = 1. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation d2 y dy +2 + y = cos 2x − 7 sin 2x. . 4. (1 − x2 ) dy d2 y −x − 2 = 0. 2 2 5 6 [8 marks] . Determine dx whether this solution is ﬁnite as x → ∞. 2. [6 marks] 12. 2 dx dx n [4 marks] [3 marks] Find the Maclaurin series for (sin −1 x) up to the term in x . 2.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 ar ringgit. 4 −1 Show that M and M have the same eigenvalues. Obtain all the roots of the equation z 5 = 1 in the form eiθ . for −1 < x < 1. 3. Let a cosh x + b sinh x = r sinh(x + k). 2 dx dx [7 marks] dy Find the solution of the diﬀerential equation for which y = = 2 when x = 0.

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Deduce the roots of the equation Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 (ω − i)5 = ω 5 . [2 marks] Write down the roots of the equations (ω − 1) = ω and (ω − i) = ω in the form a + bi. [5 marks] 5 5 5 5 7 . Describe and compare the positions of the roots of these two equations in the Argand diagram. with a and b in one decimal place.

4 where α and β are arbitrary complex constants and θ = tan−1 . Show that tanh−1 x = 1 ln 2 1+x 1−x for −1 < x < 1 and ﬁnd d (tanh−1 x). [4 marks] Hence. Show that the following pair of propositions are equivalent. where x0 = 7. Solve the recurrence relation xn+1 = kxn + 4. Find the exact value of 1 2 x x4 − 1 dx. 2 [3 marks] for 0 ≤ x ≤ π. ﬁnd the particular solution of the above recurrence relation. [3 marks] 2. Using mathematical induction. x1 = 25 and k is a constant. ﬁnd the exact value of 0 √ x3 + dx. x2 + 1 x2 [6 marks] 8 . where n > 1 and a is a non-zero constant. 3 If a0 = a1 = 1. dx [7 marks] 6. (p ↔ q). [7 marks] 5. Show that the general solution of the recurrence relation an+2 = 6an+1 − 25an is an = 5n (α cos nθ + iβ sin nθ). [∼ (p∧ ∼ q)] ∧ [∼ (∼ p ∧ q)]. 8. prove that n p(p!) = (n + 1)! − 1. p=1 [5 marks] 4. If In = √ xn dx.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 STPM 2004 1. Show that 1 x + sin−1 (cos x) = π. 3. show that x2 + a2 nIn + (n − 1)a2 In−2 = xn−1 1 [6 marks] [2 marks] x2 + a2 . [7 marks] 7.

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong 1 π+h 6 STPM 2004 9. For each of the following cases. 5 [4 marks] [3 marks] 10. [6 marks] 12. The matrix A is given by 2 −3 2 A = −3 3 3 . ﬁnd the equation of the locus of the complex number z and show the locus in an Argand diagram. 48 48 1 Hence. Using Taylor’s theorem. 1 If 0 < h < π. 2 dt dt [8 marks] [5 marks] [6 marks] (a) Find the approximate values of y when t = nπ and when t = large positive integer. where k is a positive integer and α an acute angle which are to be determined. Find the corresponding eigenvectors. where n is a [3 marks] (b) Show that. ﬁnd the series expansion of sin in ascending powers of h [3 marks] up to the term in h3 . Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation d2 y dy + 4 + −12y = 8 cos 2t. show that the remainder term R is given by 6 √ 3 4 1 4 h <R< h . n+ 1 2 π. ﬁnd the bounds for sin π correct to seven decimal places. z − (1 + i) =2 z − (1 − i) 1 z − (1 + i) = π (b) arg z − (1 − i) 2 (a) 11. Find this diagonal matrix and its inverse. whatever the initial conditions. 4 and 6. [4 marks] 9 .[8 marks] Write down a matrix P such that PT AP is a diagonal matrix. 2 3 2 Show that the eigenvalues of A are -3. the limiting solution as t → ∞ may be expressed in the form y = k sin(2t + α).

(b) Determine. A diﬀerential equation has y = e3x and y = xe3x as solutions. A circular disc is partitioned into n equal sectors. Show that. [4 marks] √ 6. [4 marks] Find the points on this locus which satisfy the equation |z| = z − 3 3 + i . ﬁnd the cartesian equation of the locus of P and sketch this locus. [3 marks] Given that an = 2an−1 + 3an−2 . 4. [4 marks] ular solution satisfying the initial conditions y = 1 and dx 5. If P is the point on an Argand diagram representing the complex number z and |z − 2 + |z + 2| = 5. x ≤ 1. k(x + 1). ﬁnd the value of k. where n ≥ 4. The function f is deﬁned by f= x2 − 1. for this value of k. coth−1 x = 10 1 ln 2 x+1 x−1 . [2 marks] [3 marks] [4 marks] (a) If f is continuous. 3. State the range of values ot x for which the expansion is valid. Write down the negation. whether f is diﬀerentiate at x = 1. where α and β are arbitrary constants and α = 2. the converse and the contrapositive of the following implication If a = 0 and b = 0. Find the Maclaurin expansion of x cos x up to the term in x3 . . ﬁnd a2 . (b) ur+1 = 2ur + γ2 . [7 marks] 7. (a) ur+1 = αur + β2r . It an is the number of ways to colour the disc with n sectors. Each sector is to be coloured with one of the four diﬀerent colours provided and no two adjacent sectors are to be of the same colour. Find the general solution of each of the following recurrence relations. x > 1. ﬁnd an explicit formula for an . r [3 marks] [3 marks] [2 marks] (b) Write down the general solution of the diﬀerential equation and determine the particdy = 0 when x = 0. for |x| > 1. a3 and a4 . 10 10 [4 marks] 8. (a) Find the diﬀerential equation.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005 STPM 2005 1. then ab = 0 Which of your answers is equivalent to the given implication? 2. where γ is an arbitrary constant.

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005 [4 marks] 5 If coth 2y = . where B is a 3 × 1 matrix. 1 11. dx [4 marks] [3 marks] [3 marks] Find the particular solution given that y has a minimum value when x = 1. [2 marks] [3 marks] [2 marks] (d) Show that the length of the curve between the points where x = 1 and x = 4 is ln(e6 + e4 + e2 + 1) − 3. show that sin 5θ = a sin5 θ + b cos2 sin3 θ + c cos4 θ sin θ sin 5θ where a. ﬁnd the solution. 8 −3 2 [4 marks] Determine all values of k for which the equation AX = B. Prove de Moivre’s theorem for positive integer exponents. [6 marks] 5 5 [5 marks] 11 . Express in terms of cos θ. b and c are integers to be determined. does not have a unique solution. A curve has equation y = 1 − ln tanh x. where x > 0. where θ is sin θ not a multiple of π. ﬁnd the value of coth y. (b) Show that dx (c) Sketch the curve. 4 [7 marks] 10. ﬁnd the roots of the equation 16x4 − 12x2 + 1 = 0 in trigonometric form. for this curve. 4 9. if any. Sketch the graph of this particular solution. [6 marks] 12. 2 (a) Show that. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation x dy − 3y = x3 . [5 marks] Hence. y > 1. [3 marks] For each of these values of k. The matrix A is given by k 1 5 A = 2 k 8 . of the equation 1 AX = −2 . Using de Moivre theorem. dy = − cosech x. Deduce π 2π the value of cos2 + cos2 .

Let A = {a. For each case. ar2 }. 6 where I is the 3 × 3 identity matrix. q = 1 and p = 1. solve the equation tanh−1 3x + tanh−1 x = tanh−1 8 . ar. with a = 0. Find the domain and the range of the function f deﬁned by f (x) = sin−1 2(x − 1) . 2 4 4. 2. q = 2. a + d. for the two cases: p = 2. d = 0 and r = 1. The matrix M is given by −3 1 2 M = −6 2 3 . show that 1 M−1 = (7I − M2 ). ﬁnd the unique solution if it exists or determine the consistency of the system if there is no unique solution. Prove that tanh−1 x + tanh−1 y = tanh−1 [4 marks] x+y 1 + xy . 6x + 2y + z = 4. Consider the system of equations λx + y + pz = q. a + 2d} and B = {a. [7 marks] 12 . [2 marks] Hence. [7 marks] 5. 0 2 1 By using Cayley Hamilton theorem. 3x − y − 2z = 1. Show that 1 0 [3 marks] √ √ x−1 √ dx = 6 − 2 − 2 ln x2 + 2x + 3 √ 2+ 6 √ 1+ 3 . 6. x+1 [4 marks] Sketch the graph of f . Show that 3 1 [7 marks] A = B if and only if r = − and d = − a.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006 STPM 2006 1. 13 [3 marks] 3.

. zn [3 marks] [2 marks] [5 marks] [3 marks] [6 marks] Write the above series up to the term in x together with the remainder term. Find a1 . . n > 2. 12. in terms of an−1 and an−2 is an = an−1 + an−2 . If z1 . [8 marks] 8. . (a) ﬁnd x and y. Let an be the number of ways (where the order is signiﬁcant) the natural number n can be written as a sum of l’s. 10. x > O and i = is a geometric progression. [7 marks] 13 . . [2 marks] Explain why the recurrence relation for an . prove by mathematical induction that 1 1 dn y = 2 2 n ex x + nπ . Let zl = 1. (d) ﬁnd the product z1 z2 z3 . . (c) ﬁnd the smallest positive integer n such that z1 + z2 + . where x. + zn = 0. (b) express z2 and z3 in the polar form. 11. a3 and a4 . n dx 4 for every positive integer n. y ∈ R. for the value of n in (c). . Derive the Taylor series for ex expanded at x = 0 and show that 2 < e < 3. n 1 [6 marks] dy + 4x2 y = 0 dx [5 marks] dy = −2 when x = 1. transform the diﬀerential equation d2 y 1 + 4x − 2 dx x into one relating y and z.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006 7. determine the smallest integer n to ensure that the estimated value of e is correct to four decimal places and ﬁnd the estimated value. 2’s or both. z2 = x + iy. Hence.. (a) a < 1 (b) a = 1 (c) a > 1 [8 marks] 9. Hence. ﬁnd y in terms of x given that y = 2 and State the limiting value of y as x → ∞. zn . Using the substitution x = z 2 . If y = ex cos x. z2 . [2 marks] Find an explicit formula for an . dx √ [5 marks] [1 marks] −1. z3 = y + ix. . Determine the number of root(s) of the equation x − tanh ax = 0 for each of the following cases. a2 .

ﬁnd the eigenvalue of the matrix B corresponding to the eigenvector . can be transformed into the diﬀerential equation 3 1 8 3 4 4 2 3 4 3 4 1 3 . [4 marks] 3. Show that 1 sec−1 x + cosec−1 x = π. . Express ar in terms of r and b. A sequence a0 . − π ≤ cosec−1 x ≤ π and cosec−1 x = 0. dx2 dx d2 y dy +r + sy = 0.B = 5 . is deﬁned by a0 = 1 and ar+1 = 2ar + b for r ≥ 0. [7 marks] 14 . a1 . The matrices A and B are given by 1 2 5 1 A= 2 0 −1 −1 [5 marks] where p and q are constants. sec−1 x = π. show that the diﬀerential equation x2 d2 y dy + px + qy = 0. Show that 0 sec x(sec x + tan x)2 dx = 1 + √ 2. and verify your result by using mathematical induction. ﬁnd the value of x such that 3 sec−1 x cosec−1 x = − . ﬁnd its corresponding eigenvalue. where b ∈ R. 2 0 0 11 0 9 −1 −1 3 12 1 1 Given that is an eigenvector of the matrix A. If z = cos θ + i sin θ. [3 marks] 1 1 5. .[3 marks] 1 1 1 1 Hence. Using the substitution x = e2 . 2 2 2 Hence. 2 1 1 1 where 0 ≤ sec−1 x ≤ π. . 2 1+z 2 1 − z2 [4 marks] π 4 2. show that 1 1 1 = (1 − i tan θ) and express in a similar form. 2 dz dz where r and s are constants to be determined in terms of p and q. a2 .PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 STPM 2007 1. 4. 2 [3 marks] [3 marks] 6.

where a0 = 0 and a1 = 2. (a) Determine the values of λ for which this system has a unique solution. ﬁnd the Maclaurin series for tan x − tan−1 x 1 Show that lim 2 = . 8. C and D such that e2x + e−2x − 2ex − 2e−x − 1 = A cosh2 x + B cosh x + C sinh2 x + D sinh x. 15 [3 marks] . B. solve the equation e2x + e−2x − 2ex − 2e−x − 1 = 0. x + λy + z = λ.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS 7. Write down the Maclaurin series for (1+x2 )−1 and (1+x2 )− 2 . where λ is a constant. Solve the recurrence relation Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 ar − ar−1 − ar−2 = (−2)r . dx given that y = 0 when x = 0. inﬁnitely many solutions and no solution. k! 1 where r is a rational number. . x + y + λz = λ2 . [5 marks] 10. Show that the Maclaurin series for (1 + x)r is ∞ 1+ k=1 r(r − 1) . Find the constants A. [5 marks] [5 marks] [8 marks] Show that 0 ≤ y < 1 for all real values of x. [5 marks] Hence. [5 marks] [2 marks] 12. 9. (r − k + 1) k x . . and sketch the graph of the solution of the diﬀerential equation. x→0 x sinh−1 x 3 −1 x and sinh −1 x. Find the roots of the equation (z − iα)3 = i3 . Solve the diﬀerential equation dy + y sinh x = sinh x. [8 marks] Hence. where α is a real constant. [5 marks] 11. [5 marks] (b) Find the unique solution in terms of λ. Consider the system of equations λx + y + z = 1.

obtain a polynomial equation of degree six with three of its roots also the roots of the equation (z − i)3 = i3 . b.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 (a) Show that the points representing the roots of the above equation form an equilateral triangle. [5 marks] (c) If ω is a root of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0. Hence. c ∈ R and a = 0.[5 marks] 16 . show that its conjugate ω ∗ is also a root of this equation. [2 marks] (b) Solve the equation [z − (1 + i)]3 = (2i)3 . where a.

where m. Obtain all the roots of the equation and the value of the real constant k. where a and d are positive constants and r is a positive integer. show that p ⇒ s. Let x1 = a and xr+1 = xr + d. ﬁnd lim tan−1 x sin x x→0 . xi xi+1 x1 xk+1 [6 marks] for k ≥ 2. [3 marks] Determine the range of values of |z|. Show that. [5 marks] 4. for m ≥ 0. 2.. the region in which 1 ≤ |z + 2 − 2i| ≤ 3.n (−1)m m!n! = . show that 1 + t2 x3 x5 x7 + − + . Im. n ≥ 0. show that Im. 3 5 7 [2 marks] tan−1 x = x − where |x| < 1. on an Argand diagram. that k i=1 k 1 = . Hence.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 STPM 2008 1. (m + n + 1) [6 marks] 17 .n−1 .n = − n Im+1. Use Taylor series to ﬁnd the ﬁrst four terms in the expansion of 1 at x = 1.[5 marks] (2x + 1)3 5. [8 marks] 0 8. Prove.. 6. r ⇒∼ q and ∼ s ⇒ r.n = −1 xm (1 + x)n dx. Let Im. where z is a complex number. by mathematical induction. show that 2 2 cos(tan−1 (sinh x)) = sech x. n ≥ 1. Sketch. [4 marks] 7. The equation z 4 − 2z 3 + kz 2 − 18z + 45 = 0 has an imaginary root. Using the result that tan−1 x = 0 x [3 marks] 1 dt. If p ⇒ q. m+1 [3 marks] Hence. [2 marks] 3. If − π π < tan−1 (sinh x) < .

Find the eigenvalues of the matrix A given by 4 4 3 A = −1 −1 −1 −4 −4 −3 and an eigenvector corresponding to each eigenvalue. be the volume in millilitres and cn the concentration of the coolant in the cooling system immediately after the top up at time n.002. [2 marks] Hence.). [6 marks] 18 . dx [12 marks] 11. it is full and contains water only. . It leaks at a rate of 100 ml per week.99cn + 0. [5 marks] (c) Calculate the surface area generated when the arc is rotated completely about the x-axis. and solve this recurrence relation. Let vn . [4 marks] (b) Calculate the length of the arc of the cUrve between the points where θ = 0 and θ = π. y = sin θ(1 + cos θ). 3. and ﬁnd A when n is an even positive integer.. Find the solution of the diﬀerential equation 3 for which y = 0 and 1 d2 y dy −2 − y = 4e− 3 x − x2 + 24 2 dx dx [3 marks] [8 marks] [1 marks] dy = 1 at x = 0.. the cooling system is topped up with 100 ml of a coolant mixture of concentration 20% (a mixture of 80 ml of water and 20 ml of coolant). The cooling system of an engine has a capacity of 10 litres. show that A = A when n is an odd positive integer. 2. Write down a matrix P and a diagonal matrix D such that A = PDP n −1 n [8 marks] . Every week (at times 1. (b) Show that cn+1 = 0. (a) Show that dx dθ 2 2 + dy dθ = 2(1 + cos θ).PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 9. (c) What is the concentration of the coolant as n becomes very large? 10. At time 0. (a) Express vn+1 in terms of vn . [4 marks] 12. A curve is deﬁned by x = cos θ(1 + cos θ) .

6. [4 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] [5 marks] 4. solve the equation 1+x 1−x for |x| < 1. ﬁnd the solutions. −11 [5 marks] 8. expand y in ascending powers of (x − 1) up to the 1+x 4 4 term in (x − 1)2 . if any. −c 0 c where 0 < a < b < c. [2 marks] 2 3 7. Let a = a(2t + sinh 2t) and y = b tanh t. [3 marks] (b) For each value of c. Prove that. Show that all the eigenvalues of matrix A are distinct. [5 marks] 1 1 Hence. The real matrix A is given a 0 −a A = 0 b 0 . [4 marks] 2 19 . Show that tanh−1 x = 1 ln 2 Hence. where − < y < . where a. 2. ﬁnd the values of x and π y if the imaginary part of sin(x + iy) is zero. of the equation 1 AX = −3 . The matrix A is given by 1 1 c A = 1 2 3 1 c 1 and B is a 3 × 1 matrix. Write down the converse and contrapositive of the above statement. 3 x [4 marks] 2 tanh−1 where x > 0.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 STPM 2009 1. Show that b dy ≤ . (a) Show that sin(x + iy) = sin x cosh y + i cos x sinh y. 3. ﬁnd the approximate value of tan−1 − tan−1 . b > 0 are constants and t ∈ R. [5 marks] 0< dx 4a 5. then x3 − kx2 + ax − ak > 0 for every real number a > 0. If tan y = = ln x. nnd hence. [3 marks] x π π . (a) Find the values of c for which the equation AX = B does not have a unique solution. if x > k. where x ≥ 0 and y ≤ . where n ≥ 1 and u1 = 3. Solve the recurrence relation un+1 = 3un + 1.

A curve has parametric equations x = t + ln | sinh t| and y = cosech t. 2 [3 marks] [2 marks] [5 marks] (b) Show that (c) Show that the curve has a point of inﬂexion where t = 10. solve the recurrence relation an + pan−2 + qan−3 = −1 + bn−1 . dx x [2 marks] Hence. [6 marks] Sketch the graph y. [4 marks] 2 dx dt (b) ﬁnd the solution x in terms of t for the second order of diﬀerential equation given that y(0) = y (0) = π. [3 marks] Using the values of p and q. a1 = . and sketch the roots on an Argand diagram. dt dt dt dt d2 y dy − 6 + 4y = 2 − 2t. If x(t) and y(t) are variables satisfying the diﬀerential equations dy dx dy dx +2 = 2x + 5 and − = 2y + t. 12. 9. [12 marks] (a) show that 3 m+1 m 2 bm . ﬁnd the particular solution y in terms of x for the diﬀerential equation given that y = 3 when x = 1. dx2 1 √ ln( 5 − 2). a0 = . [3 marks] 11. where t = 0. [11 marks] 20 .PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 [5 marks] (b) Find the roots of ω 4 = −16i. and bm satisﬁes the relation 4 2 4 bm+1 = where m ≥ 1 and b1 = 9. Find the values of p and q so that −1. 3 15 1 where n ≥ 3. (a) Find dy . Using the substitution z = 1 . −1 and 2 are the characteristic roots of the recurrence relation an + pan−2 + qan−3 = 0. a2 = . show that the diﬀerential equation y dy 2y − = y2 dx x may be reduced to dz 2z + = −1. dx d2 y = −e−2t (cosh t + cosech t).

] 5. Using mathematical induction. converse. express Q as a function of t. R (a) Given that Q = 0 when t = 0. The diﬀerential equation dQ Q + =V dt C describes the charge Q on a capacitor of capacitance C during a charging process involving a resistance R and electromotive force V . [3 marks] [The principal values of each angle are to be considered. 1 x−1 − tan−1 1 x = cot−1 (x2 − x + 1).[5 marks] 6. (b) an = an−1 + 3 4. Show that tan−1 n−1 [3 marks] [3 marks] + 2. 3 1 −3 [8 marks] 21 . Given that y = x − cos−1 x. (a) Show that d2 y =x dx2 dy −1 dx 3 . then x > 0 or x < −1. show that 22n − 1 is a multiple of 3 for all positive integers n.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 STPM 2010 1. if x(x + 1) > 0. [4 marks] 3. V = 5 V and C= 2 F? [2 marks] 1 0 4 7. [2 marks] (b) Find the Maclaurin series for y in ascending powers of x up to the term in x5 . [3 marks] Hence. where −1 < x < 1. x > 1. inverse and negation of the quantiﬁer proposition ∀x ∈ R. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix 0 2 0 . Find the contrapositive. [5 marks] (b) What happens to Q over a long period of time when R = 10Ω. where a0 = 1. [4 marks] 2. ﬁnd the value of x such that tan−1 1 x−1 = tan−1 1 x + tan−1 1 x+1 . Solve the recurrence relations (a) an = 22n an−1 . where a0 = 0.

ﬁnd the values of cot2 2π . A particle moves in a horizontal straight line. [5 marks] dt dt (b) The points A and B in the curve are deﬁned by t = ln 2 and t = ln 3 respectively. solve the equation coth−1 1+y y + coth−1 y 1−y = 1 ln 2y. dx 2 dy 2 + = 36 cosech4 t coth4 t. show that [7 marks] Hence. The displacement ar of the particle from a ﬁxed point at the r-th second (r ≥ 2) satisﬁes the recurrence relation ar = 9ar−2 + br .PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 8. (a) Show that br = 2(3r ) + (−2)r+1 . b0 = 0. Hence. where −π < θ ≤ π. y = 1 and dy = 3. A curve is deﬁned parametrically by x = 2 cosech3 t. dx [6 marks] [4 marks] [8 marks] Hence. 11. 2 dx dx given that x = 0. where br = br−1 + 6br−2 . solve the second order diﬀerential equation d2 y dy +5 = 4 cosh2 x. [3 marks] that the length of the arc AB is 864 (a) Show that 9. (b) Find ar in terms of r. dx [7 marks] 12. 5 [5 marks] 22 . Show 4625 . and b1 = 10. (a) Find the ﬁfth roots of unity in the form cos θ + i sin θ. (b) By writing the equation (z − 2i)5 = (z + 2i)5 in the form its roots are ±2 cot π 5 and ±2 cot π + cot2 5 z − 2i z + 2i 5 [4 marks] = 1. y = 3 coth2 t. Show that coth−1 x = where |x| > 1. [3 marks] [6 marks] 10. 5 2π π and cot2 cot2 5 5 2π . a1 = 4. 2 1 ln 2 x+1 x−1 . with a0 = 0. Find the general solution of the ﬁrst order diﬀerential equation dy + 5y = sinh 2x + 2x.

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong 2 PAPER 2 QUESTIONS 23 .

Find the equation of the plane π that is parallel to the plane 3x + 2y − 5z = 2 and contains the point (-1. [2 marks] If R is the perpendicular foot form O to P Q. and R respect to O are p. and state the mean and variance. (a) If n = 6k + 1 or n = 6k + 5. 3). (b) If 2n + n2 is a prime number.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002 STPM 2002 1. Q. Position vector of P . A survey carried out in an area to estimate the proportion of people who have more than one house. 1. if the graph is (a) Eulerian and Hamiltonian. and Q non-colinear. State the exact name of the distribution Z 2 . R lies on the line P Q. 5. Prove that the planes ax + by + cz = d and a x + b y + c z = d are parallel if and only if a : b : c = a : b : c . Show that r = µp + (1 − µ)q. Given that points O. State the relationship between the sum of degree of vertices and the number of edges in a simple graph. [4 marks] 2. where µ is a real number.[2 marks] 4. with no degree 1. −2). (b) not Eulerian but Hamiltonian. 2. Transformation P is deﬁned by P : x y → 1 1 0 −1 x y [6 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] (a) Find the invariant line that passes through origin under transformation P . (d) not Eulerian and not Hamiltonian. 4 is impossible. Let n ∈ N and n ≥ 2. B(3. and C(1. 0). Continuous random variable Z is standard normal random variable. [3 marks] 6. [5 marks] Find the perpendicular distance between the plan π and the plane 3x + 2y − 5z = 2. and r respectively. prove that 2n + n2 ≡ 0(mod 3). This proportion is estimated using 95% conﬁdence interval. If the estimated 24 . |p − q|2 |p − q|2 [4 marks] 3. 1. Draw a connected graph with eight vertices. (b) Find the area of the image of triangle ABC with points A(0. with k integer. q. 3. prove that n ≡ 3(mod 6). Deduce that a simple graph with ﬁve vertices of degree 1. 4) under the transformation P . [9 marks] [4 marks] 7. show that r= |q|2 − p · q |p|2 − p · q p+ q. (c) Eulerian but not Hamiltonian. [3 marks] 8. P .

A random sample of 30 observations of X are taken and sample mean barX taken as the test statistic.03 and deduce the smallest sample size required so that the estimation error did not exceed 0. y6 ) is combined with the ﬁve pairs of values above. determine the smallest sample size required so that estimation error did not exceed 0. The signiﬁcance tests performed on the null hypothesis H0 : µ = 70 versus the alternative hypothesis H1 : µ = 70 with a probability of type I error equal to 0. Find the range of the test statistic lies in the critical region. [2 marks] A study was conducted in a factory on the number of accidents that happen on 100 factory workers in a period of time. using diagram.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002 proportion is 0. [8 marks] 11. Find a 95% conﬁdence interval for the mean mass of apples in the box. The following data were obtained. [10 marks] 12.2 and x2 = 81175.01. The mass of apples. [7 marks] (b) When the sixth pair (x6 . Find x6 and y6 . Random variable X is normally distributed with mean µ and variance 36. by giving the values of a and b correct to one decimal places. State any assumptions you make. [7 marks] 9. State common conditions apply to the distribution of test statistics in the test of goodness of ﬁt. Explain the least squares method to obtain equation of regression line.5. at 1% signiﬁcant level. [6 marks] 2 25 . [3 marks] Five pairs of value of variable x and y are given by x y 30 90 40 84 50 82 60 77 70 68 (a) Obtain the equation of the least squares regression line of y on x in the form y = a+bx. whether the data above is a sample from the Poisson distribution with parameter 1. Number of accident Number of workers 0 25 1 31 2 23 3 13 4 5 5 3 Test.01. [7 marks] 10.35. is summarized by x = 956.82. A random sample of 12 randomly selected apples from a box of apples. in g. the equation of the least squares regression line of y on x from the six pairs of values is 1 y = 105 − x. χ2 is approximated to χ2 distribution.

[6 marks] Find the smallest positive integer p such that 9977 + p = 2501x + 2173y. [3 marks] [4 marks] 4. Let T : R2 → R2 be a linear transformation such that T: Show that T: a b → a+b . show that G is connected. The vector equations of two intersecting lines are given by r = 2i + j + λ(i + j + 2k) and r = 2i + 2j − k + µ(i + 2j + k). Prove that m ≤ n(n − 1). (a) Determine the coordinates of the point of intersection of the two lines. (b) Find the acute angle between the two lines. [5 marks] 3. [4 marks] 2 If n = 11 and m = 46.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 STPM 2003 1. [7 marks] (b) The points P and Q are (2. [3 marks] 1 5. where m and n are integers which are to be determined. T: −3 0 0 → 1 . Let G be a simple graph with n vertices and m edges. −1) and (3. −5a + 2b [4 marks] 1 1 → 2 . Describe the transformation in the xy-plane represented by the matrix √ 2 5 3 3 √ . and ﬁnd the equation of the other invariant line which passes through 2 the origin. Find the coordinates of the √ 3− 5 point T which lies on the invariant line y = x such that the sum of the 2 distance between P and T and the distance between Q and T is minimum. [4 marks] 26 . 2 2. Find the greatest common divisor of 2501 and 2173 and express it in the form 2501m + 2173n. Solve the pair of congruences x ≡ 1 (mod 6). where x and y are integers. 0) respectively. 2 5 − 3 3 [3 marks] (a) Show that the equation of the invariant line which contains the invariant points is √ 3− 5 y= x. [7 marks] 6. x ≡ 5 (mod 11).

where c is a constant. at the 5% signiﬁcance level. X2 . whether the number of cars of each colour of that model in Kuala Lumpur is the same. Out of 50 corn seeds of type B which are planted in that area. and 17 are green. [6 marks] b2 12. 24 seeds fail to germinate. From a random sample of 30 farmers in Kedah who plant this rice. (a) Determine. (a) Find a 90% conﬁdence interval for the proportion of corn seeds of type A which fail to germinate in that area. on the average. In a chi-square test.72x.90. 4 seeds fail to germinate. Ei where N = i=1 Oi = i=1 Ei . the test statistic is given by χ2 = (Oi − Ei )2 = Ei k i=1 2 Oi − N. . A random sample X1 . Test. 13 are white. the reduction in the charge of the batteries after they have been used for 1000 hours. Give any assumptions that need to be made in the test of this hypothesis. comment on the values of r. where Oi is the Ei i=1 observed frequency. [5 marks] 9. [3 marks] The life (x thousand hours) and charge (y amperes) of a type of battery may be related by the least square regression line y = 7. Show that k i=1 k k k 8. and k > 2.[2 marks] 10. (a) If all the points on the scatter diagram lie on the line y = c. [2 marks] (b) Find the mean charge of the batteries after they have been used for 3000 hours.80 − 1.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 7. red. . Test. 16 are blue. show that r = √ and deduce the possible values of r. Let Pearson’s correlation coeﬃcient between variables x and y for a random sample be r. the hypothesis that the mean yield of rice in Kedah is more than the mean yield of rice in Malaysia. [5 marks] 27 . From a random sample of 60 cars of that model in Kuala Lumpur. Xn is taken from a normal population with mean µ and variance 1. Out of 100 com seeds of type A which are planted in a certain area. [2 marks] (b) If all the points on the scatter diagram lie on the line y = a + bx. [2 marks] A car model has four colours: white.2 of µ is at least 0. and green. [8 marks] 11. 14 are red. The mean and standard deviation of the yield of a type of rice in Malaysia are 960 kg per hectare and 192 kg per hectare respectively. the mean yield of rice is 996 kg per hectare. Determine the smallest sample size which is required so that the probability ¯ that X lies within 0. where a and b are b constants and b = 0. Explain what a least square regression line means. blue. . at the 5% signiﬁcance level. . Ei the expected frequency. [5 marks] (Oi − Ei )2 .

the hypothesis that the proportions of corn seeds of type A and of type B which fail to germinate in that area arc the same.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 (b) By considering an appropriate 2 × 2 contingency table. [10 marks] 28 . test. at the 5% signiﬁcance level.

Find the coordinates of the point of intersection. 7. The straight line joining the points (0. Write down an incidence matrix for the graph given below. 0. 0) respectively. 4. 0) are the points (3. (b) Find the vector equation of the locus of the midpoint of P Q.4. 3. 0) intersects the plane x+y+2z+2 = 0. 0. 4. 5. [9 marks] 29 . Deduce the set of positive integers which satisfy both the congruences. (a) Find the matrix which represents T.4. T : R2 → R2 is a linear transformation such that the images of the points (1. For each case. or give a reason if there does not exist a simple graph. 1) and (1. [4 marks] (b) Find the equation of the line which is the image of the line y = mx + c under T. (a) Find the coordinates of P and Q in terms of t. The point P lies on the line r = 3 8 equation is r · (3i + 6j + 2k) = −22 such that P Q is perpendicular to the plane. [5 marks] 1 3 3 + t 4 and the point Q lies on the plane whose 4. 3 3 [1 marks] Solve each of the congruences x ≡ 2(mod 3) and x ≡ 2(mod 5). 4. (b) ﬁve vertices of degrees 2. Deﬁne a simple graph. construct a simple graph if it exists.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 STPM 2004 1.4. −2) and (−1. Deﬁne the congruence a ≡ b(mod m). What can be said about the sum of the entries in any row and the sum of the entries in any column of this incidence matrix? [4 marks] v1 e1 e6 v2 e2 e3 v4 v3 e5 e4 v5 2.[6 marks] 6. 5. 7. State whether there exists a simple graph with (a) eight vertices of degrees 7. [6 marks] [3 marks] [1 marks] 5. 2) and (−1. [5 marks] 3.

Find the equation of the regression line of Y on X. [2 marks] (b) From a random sample. Give a reason answer. [6 marks] (b) determine the smallest sample size required so that the null hypothesis in the test of the petroleum company’s claim is rejected at the 5% signiﬁcance level. scatter diagram for X and Y . the mean RON rating is found to be 96.30.95. Give a reason. [6 marks] 10. 8. ﬁnd the positive integers x and y which satisfy the equation x3 + 5xy = 12152. Find the number of 95% conﬁdence intervals which are expected to contain µ. The following table shows the results of the interviews. The Pearson correlation coeﬃcient between two variables X and Y for a random sample is 0. Assuming that the RON rating of the petrol of the petroleum company has a normal distribution with standard deviation 3. whether the level of education and the opinion on the social issue are independent. [2 marks] (c) A total of 120 random samples of size 50 are taken from the population and for each sample a 95% conﬁdence interval for µ is calculated. (a) test the claim of the petroleum company at the 2. A normal population has mean µ and variance σ 2 . at the 1% signiﬁcance level. The means of X and Y are 5 and 5 3 respectively. [1 marks] 9. The equation of the regression line of the variable X on variable Y is x = −2y + 11. [9 marks] 11.21. State whether it is true that the probability that µ lies in the interval is 0. From a random sample of 15 petrol stations selling the petrol.5. (a) State whether this means that there is no linear relation between X and Y . The 2 Pearson correlation coeﬃcient between X and Y is − √ . 3. (a) Explain brieﬂy what a 95% conﬁdence interval for µ means. [5 marks] 7. 1300 adults are interviewed.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 Hence. (b) State whether this means that X and Y are independent.8). A petroleum company claims that its petrol has a RON rating of at least 97.5% signiﬁcance level. In order to investigate whether the level of education and the opinion on a social issue are independent. [6 marks] 30 . it is found that the 95% conﬁdence interval for µ is (−1. Level of education University College High school Total Opinion on the social issue Agree Disagree 450 18 547 30 230 25 1227 73 Total 468 577 255 1300 Sketch a [2 marks] for your [2 marks] Determine.

(b) by carrying out a signiﬁcance test at the 1% signiﬁcance level.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 12. In a survey on the quality of service provided by a bank. Comment on methods (a) and (b) used in the test of the hypothesis. [7 marks] [6 marks] [2 marks] 31 . 12 out of 150 customers think that the service is unsatisfactory while the other 138 customers think otherwise.10 (a) by using a 99% conﬁdence interval. Test the hypothesis that the proportion of customers who think that the service is unsatisfactory is 0.

[6 marks] 3. Hence. r and q are integers and x ≡ r(mod q). 1 [6 marks] [4 marks] (b) Find the image of the circle x2 + y 2 = 1 under T. Calculate the standard error of the mean mileage and interpret this standard error. −5. 30) = 1. 12) = 1 and (x. where P R = 2RQ. Q. −1) and (1. are distinct. [4 marks] Hence. −2) respectively. ﬁnd all integers x such that (x. Show that L lies on l and M lies on π. The point R lies on the line P Q. Four schools P . The mean mass of a random sample of 14 sheets is 72. prove that if x. show that T 0 1 = 3 . 15) = 1 if and only if (x. What is a graph and what does the degree of a vertex of a graph mean? [3 marks] 2. Show that (x. Determine the number of games played by team B of school P . the numbers of games played by the teams. [7 marks] 4. 1. 0 [6 marks] (a) By expressing Find also T as a linear combination of and 0 . T : R2 → R2 is a linear transformation such that T: 1 0 1 1 → 3 .5 kg and the standard deviation is 32 . where (a. [3 marks] Determine the sine of the acute angle between the line LM and the plane π and the shortest distance from L to π. 4 1 2 . At a certain stage of the tournament. 6. and T : 4 2 1 1 1 → 6 . [3 marks] 8. 5. ﬁnd the equation of the locus of R. The line l has equation r = 2i + j + λ(2i + k) and the plane π has equation r = i + 3j − k + µ(2i + k) + v(−i + 4j). 15) = 1. except team A of school P .PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005 STPM 2005 1. If P and Q move on l and π respectively. The mass of a particular type of steel sheet produced by a factory has a normal distribution. R and S each has team A and team B in a tournament. [6 marks] (b) The points L and M have coordinates (0. show that 19n + 39n ≡ 2(mod 8) for every integer n ≥ 1. In a study on the petrol consumption of cars.2 km. then xn ≡ rn (mod q) where n is a positive integer. b) denotes the greatest common divisor of a and b. 12) = 1 and (x. Hence. write down the matrix representing T. [6 marks] 7. (a) The points P and Q lie on l and π respectively.2 km with a standard deviation of 4. The teams from the same school do not play against each other. Using the deﬁnition of congruence. it is found that the mean mileage per litre of petrol for 24 cars of the same engine capacity is 15.

Number of passengers Frequency 0 241 1 211 2 104 3 35 4 7 5 0 6 2 (a) Find all the expected frequencies for the distribution correct to two decimal places. in hours. [6 marks] 2 (c) Using the value of the statistic in (b)(ii). without combining any frequency classes. the test statistic is found to have the value 19. The following table shows the frequency distribution of passengers (excluding the driver) per in a town for a particular period. [3 marks] 12. [4 marks] 11. [3 marks] (b) Calculate the values of the χ goodness-of-ﬁt statistic i. The lifespans. ii. Calculate a 95% conﬁdence interval for the mean mass of the steel sheets produced by the factory.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005 3. The data could be a sample from a Poisson distribution. Find the smallest signiﬁcance level at which the null hypothesis is rejected. The following table shows the values of the variable y corresponding to seven accurately speciﬁed values of the variable x. 5260 5600 5400 5780 5820 5520 5530 5500 5380 5360 5460 5620 5510 5430 5520 (a) State the appropriate hypotheses to test the supplier’s claim and carry out the hypothesis test at the 5% signiﬁcance level. ﬁnd the probability that the test gives a correct decision. [8 marks] (b) If the true mean lifespan is 5550 hours. Explain what is meant by signiﬁcance level in the context of hypothesis testing. [2 marks] In a goodness-of-ﬁt test for the null hypothesis that the binomial distribution is an adequate model for the data. y x 800 2 920 3 1280 5 1500 5 4020 8 6200 10 6800 12 [3 marks] (a) Plot a scatter diagram of loge y against loge x. with the last three frequency classes being combined. The lifespan of a type of bulb is known to be normally distributed with standard deviation 150 hours.[2 marks] 10.[6 marks] 33 . Interpret your value of r and comment on this value with respect to the scatter diagram in (a). of a random sample of 15 bulbs are as follows. (b) Find the equation of the least squares regression line of the form loge y = β0 + β1 loge x. [5 marks] (c) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient r between loge y and loge x.38 with 7 degrees of freedom. test for goodness of ﬁt at the 5% signiﬁcance level.2 kg. Comment on the values obtained and explain any diﬀerences. [4 marks] 9. The supplier of the bulbs claims that the mean lifespan is more than 5500 hours. with β0 and β1 correct to two decimal places.

The matrix M represents an anticlockwise rotation in the xy-plane about the origin through cos θ 2 cos θ − sin θ an angle θ. The point A has coordinates (1.(6893. [3 marks] 2. Using congruence properties. n ≥ l. T(B) = B1 and T(C) = C1 . prove that 2mn − 1 is divisible by 2m − 1 for all integers m. [3 marks] 3. ﬁnd A1 B1 : B1 C1 .d.d. 1 3 34 . where T : R2 → R2 is a linear transformation. [2 marks] 1 2 (b) Explain why the vector −1 × 1 is in the direction of l. (b) Draw a hamiltonian cycle for each of the graphs which is hamiltonian. 11 639). [3 marks] [3 marks] (c) For the graph which is not hamiltonian. Graphs G1 . [3 marks] If n is an integer between 20 O0O and 700 000 such that the remainder is 6893 when n is divided by 11 639.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006 STPM 2006 1. If AB : BC = m : n. ﬁnd g. [1 marks] (d) For each of the graphs which is not eulerian. [7 marks] 4. [7 marks] 6. determine how it could be made into an eulerian graph by deleting or adding an edge. The matrix N = represents the combined eﬀect of the sin θ 2 sin θ + cos θ transformation represented by a matrix K followed by the transformation represented by M. G2 and G3 are given as follows. 1). B and C are three collinear points on a cartesian plane and T(A) = A1 . ﬁnd g.c. if 2p − 1 is a prime number.0. determine how it could be made into a hamiltonian 10graph by adding an edge. (a) Calculate the acute angle between π1 and π2 . Find K and describe the transformation represented by K. [3 marks] Deduce that. show that the 2 −1 equation of l is 0 −1 r = 1 + t 5 . The planes π1 and π2 with equations x − y + 2z = 1 and 2x + y − z = 0 respectively intersect in the line l. n).(6893. The points A. Hence. then p is a prime number.c. [2 marks] 5. (a) Draw an eulerian circuit for the graph which is eulerian. Using Euclid’s algorithm.

[2 marks] (b) Write down the test statistic and the critical region at the 5% signiﬁcant level for each of the following cases.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS where t is a parameter. p = 1689. Find also the probability of making a type II error when µ = 34 cm. ap = 827550. [4 marks] 11. ﬁnd the smallest sample size required. [5 marks] (b) Give a reason why it is not suitable to use your regression equation to make predictions when a = 0.02 of the population proportion at a conﬁdence level of 95%. [1 marks] 9. (a) Find the equation of the regression line in the form p = β0 + β1 a. determine whether a sample size of 2500 is suﬃcient. A property agent believes that the price of a house in a certain district depends principally on its built-up area. p2 = 489181. This estimate must be within 0. (e) Determine the distance from A to l. 35 . the null hypothesis µ = 32. i. (a) If p is estimated to be 0. [4 marks] (b) If the value of p is unknown. The prices (p thousand ringgit) of eight houses in diﬀerent parts of the district and their built-up areas (a square metres) are summarised as follows: a = 2855. If the sample mean of 50 ﬁsh is greater than 35 cm. Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006 [5 marks] [3 marks] [2 marks] [3 marks] (c) Find the equation of the plane passing through A and containing l. with p as the dependent variable and a the independent variable. [5 marks] 8. n = 100 ii. (d) Find the equation of the plane passing through A and perpendicular to l. The average duration of an electronic device to retain information after the power is switched oﬀ is normally distributed with a mean of µ0 and an unknown variance.12. Find the probability of making a type I error. The length of a species of ﬁsh is normally distributed with mean µ and standard deviation 10 cm.5 cm is rejected in favour of the alternative hypothesis µ > 32.5 cm. a2 = 1400925. It is of interest to determine whether there is an improvement in the performance of this device when a component is added. The following table shows the annual salary and experience of nine randomly selected engineers. A random sample of n such duration yields mean x and ¯ variance s2 . A survey is to be carried out to estimate the proportion p of households having personal computers. n = 16 [5 marks] 10. 7. Explain brieﬂy your choice of the alternative hypothesis. (a) State the appropriate null and alternative hypotheses.

Explain whether the value of the correlation coeﬃcient is consistent with what you expect in part (a). The results of the survey are as follows. What do you expect of the relationship between the salary and experience based on the scatter diagram? [4 marks] (b) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient between the salary and experience. [7 marks] 12. What is meant by a contingency table? [1 marks] A survey is carried out on a random sample of 820 persons who are asked whether students who break school rules should be caned. [2 marks] 36 . hhh hh hhh Education level hhhh Yes hhh Opinion h h No 65 68 80 Not sure 100 64 120 High school College University 125 98 100 Carry out chi-squared tests to determine whether educational level is related to the opinion on caning at the signiﬁcance levels of 1% and 2%.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong 88 12 48 4 60 6 70 7 62 5 78 10 100 18 52 5 STPM 2006 110 19 Salary (thousand of riggit) Experience (year) (a) Plot a scatter diagram. [10 marks] Comment on the conclusions of these tests.

[6 marks] 5. −7) and B(6. Two graphs G1 and G2 are shown below. [3 marks] (b) Find all integers x and y that satisfy the pair of congruences 2x + y ≡ 1 (mod 6). show that fn (u) = An u. ﬁnd B and verify that B = A2 . 2 2 x y and v = [2 marks] (b) If f (u) = Bu. for all integers n > 1. show that at least two vertices are of the same degree.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 STPM 2007 1. [2 marks] 3. [4 marks] Give a counter example to show that the result is not true for a graph which is not a simple graph. where f (u) = (f ◦ f)(u) and B is a 2 × 2 matrix. (b) Find an eulerian circuit for the eulerian graph. (a) State. and ﬁnd the ratio AP : BP . If a simple graph has n vertices where n ≥ 2. 1) cuts the plane 3x − y + 2z = 5 at the point P . [6 marks] 4. −1. 3. ﬁnd A. where fn (u) = (f ◦ fn−1 )(u). The line which passes through the points A(−6. where u = x+y . [3 marks] [2 marks] 2. where A is a 2 × 2 matrix. x + 3y ≡ 3 (mod 6). [4 marks] 37 . which is an eulerian graph and which is not. Show that the points A and B are on the opposite sides of the plane. (a) Find all integers x that satisfy the congruence 2x ≡ 0 (mod 6). x−y (a) If f(u) = Au. with reasons. A linear transformation f : R2 → R2 is deﬁned by f(u) = v. [3 marks] (c) By using mathematical induction.

in a random sample of 50 doctors. Q and R respectively of a triangle under the transformation fn . Determine the sampling distribution of the sample mean if 100 petals are chosen at random. and the point R divides P Q in the ratio 2:3. In a psychological study.10 2 0. Find. the probability that. [6 marks] 7. It is found that the average weight gain of a calf on the new feed is 11. Determine whether l1 and l2 intersect.42 . [3 marks] 6. i. The lengths of petals taken from a particular species of ﬂowers have mean 80 cm and variance 30 cm2 . [3 marks] 9. (a) State appropriate hypotheses for a signiﬁcant test. The average weight gain of a calf on the original feed in a month is normally distributed with mean 10 kg. the farmer gives the new feed to 16 calves. [2 marks] (b) Sketch a scatter diagram with ﬁve data-points for each of the following cases. to three decimal places.08 1 0. The answers obtained are compared with the predetermined answers. and construct a 98% conﬁdence interval for the proportion. Number of matched answers Frequency 38 0 0. Find the equation of the locus of R. (a) Explain brieﬂy why it is advisable to plot a scatter diagram before interpreting a Pearson correlation coeﬃcient for a sample of bivariate distribution. two play golf. state the sampling distribution of the proportion of the doctors who play golf. Q and R are the images of the vertices P .PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 (d) The points P . In a particular month. A farmer wishes to ﬁnd out the eﬀect of a new feed on his calves. (b) Carry out the test at the 5% signiﬁcance level. ﬁnd the area of the triangle P Q R .5 kg.5 kg with a standard deviation of 2. It is found that 5% of doctors in a particular country play golf. [1 marks] ii. If the area of the triangle P QR is 8 units2 .15 3 0. [3 marks] Hence. The data is recorded as a frequency distribution as follows: Number of matched answers Frequency 0 10 1 15 2 8 3 5 4 12 A psychologist suggests that the data ﬁts the following probability distribution.25 4 0. 50 persons are asked to answer four multiple-choice questions. The Pearson correlation coeﬃcient of two variables is close to 1 but there is no linear relation between them. ﬁnd the probability that the sample mean is at least two standard deviations from the mean. [7 marks] The points P and Q lie on l1 and l2 respectively. [5 marks] 10. The Pearson correlation coeﬃcient of two variables is close to 0 but there is an obvious relation between them. [1 marks] 8. [2 marks] Hence. [2 marks] [7 marks] 11. Two straight lines l1 and l2 have equations −2x+4 = 2y −4 = z −4 and 2x = y +1 = −z +3 respectively.

where a and b are correct to two decimal places. (a) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient and describe the relationship between X and Y . y 2 = 30600.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 [2 marks] (a) Calculate the expected frequencies based on the probability distribution. [8 marks] 12. The exercise frequency in weeks is denoted by X and the percentage increase in lung capacity by Y . x2 = 11053. State your assumption in obtaining the predicted value. The data obtained from 10 volunteers are summarised as follows: x = 319. [2 marks] (c) Find the equation of the regression line in the form y = a + bx. y = 530. A study is carried out to determine the eﬀect of exercise frequency on lung capacity. [5 marks] (b) Calculate the coeﬃcient of determination and interpret its value. at the 5% signiﬁcant level.[2 marks] 39 . to reject the suggestion. [4 marks] (d) Predict the mean value of the percentage increase in lung capacity if the exercise frequency is 25 weeks. xy = 18055. (b) Determine whether there is signiﬁcant evidence.

(d1 . (b) Find the area of the triangle OAB. 0). (b) Distinguish the vertices of the graph G using minimum number ofc olours such that vertices of the same colour are not adjacent. 0 0 [2 marks] (a) Draw the graph G. (a) Determine the coordinates of A and B. . determine the distance between these two planes. d9 ). prove that x2 − y 2 = 2n has no solution in the set of integers. A graph is given as follows: a b (a) Find the total number of paths with the end vertices a and b. Hence. If n is an odd integer. [2 marks] (c) State the type of the graph G. d2 . and the distance of each point is 6 −4 three units from the origin O. Find the equation of the plane which is parallel to the plane 3x + +2y − 6z − 24 = 0 and passes through the point (1.[4 marks] 2. [3 marks] (b) Write down the degree sequence of the graph.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 STPM 2008 1. The adjacency matrix of a graph G is 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 . The points A and B lie on the line r = 3 + λ −1. 0 1 5. [6 marks] 4. [2 marks] 9 (c) Show that the total number of paths consisting of three vertices is i=2 di 2 and de[4 marks] termine its value. . . . [1 marks] 3. in ascending order. 0. [6 marks] [3 marks] 40 .

¯ (y − y )2 = 57. A linear transformation T : R2 → R2 maps 3 . [3 marks] (a) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient r between X and Y .01 in making his decision. and interpret the value of r obtained. [6 marks] (c) Determine the image of the straight line y = 2x under T. [2 marks] 8. For this random sample of 10 watermelons. (b) Determine the conﬁdence level for the conﬁdence interval used. (a) Identify the population parameter under study. [1 marks] [5 marks] 9. it is found that the cocoa content in one cup of the chocolate drink has mean 5 g and standard deviation 0. 5 (a) Find the matrices A and C such that T x y into into and into =A x + C. [3 marks] (b) What is the value of r if each value of x is increased by 0. 2) and P4 (1. The masses of watermelon produced by a farmer are normally distributed with mean 3 kg. the standard deviation is 0.900 g. ¯ (x − barx)(x − bary) = −36.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong 0 −1 2 .25x.15 + 0. 7. State an appropriate assumption. Determine the images of the points P1 (0. The farmer uses a probability of Type I error equal to 0. 5. and hence describe U and V. A set of sample data for two random variables X and Y gives the results (x − x)2 = 72. (a) State what is meant by a Type I error. P3 (1. y [6 marks] (b) The transformation T is equivalent to a transformation U followed by a transformation V. 0) under T.65 kg. (b) Determine the value of k. The farmer decides to use a new organic fertiliser for his crop if the mean mass of a random sample of 10 watermelons using the new organic fertiliser exceeds k kg. 2 1 1 3 6 STPM 2008 1 0 6.3 whereas the value of y remain unchanged? Give a reason. 10. The owner of the machine uses the conﬁdence interval (4. For a set of data. the least-squares regression line of y on x is y = 100. (a) Explain the method used to estimate the coeﬃcient of x and the constant in the equation of the regression line. [4 marks] 41 [1 marks] [5 marks] . From a random sample of 100 cups of the chocolate drink dispensed.5 g. A machine is regulated to dispense a chocolate drink into cups. 2).100 g) to estimate the mean cocoa content in one cup of the chocolate drink. P2 (0. 0).

State your assumption.1 g respectively.38 g and 0. Two hundred patients with a certain skin disorder are treated for ﬁve days either with cream A or cream B. whether the condition of a patient is independent of the type of cream used. A manufacturer produces a new type of paint. [9 marks] (c) What conclusion can be made based on the results in (a) and (b)? [1 marks] 12. (a) Construct a 99% conﬁdence interval for the mean lead content in a kilogramme of paint. given that the actual value of y is 850? [4 marks] 11.[2 marks] 42 . [5 marks] (b) What is the eﬀect on the conﬁdence interval obtained in (a) if the sample size is increased to 100? [2 marks] (c) Carry out a test. Type of cream A B Number of patients Partial recovery Complete recovery 30 45 25 65 No recovery 25 10 (a) Calculate the percentage of patients with improvement for each type of cream used and comment on your answers. The following table shows the number of patients recorded as no recovery. [2 marks] (b) Determine. A random sample of 25 tins (1 kg per tin) of the paint is analysed to determine the lead content.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 (b) What is the percentage error in the estimation of value of y when x = 2500 using the regression line. at the 5% signiﬁcance level. at the 1% signiﬁcance level. He claims that the paint has lead content by weight. partial recovery or complete recovery.[6 marks] (d) Relate the conﬁdence interval obtained in (a) with the result of the test in (c). to test the manufacturers claim. Sample mean and standard deviation of the lead content in a kilogramme of paint are 0.

ﬁnd CR in terms of vectors a. and represent them by a column matrix. ﬁnd r and s. solve the system of linear congruences 7x + 3y ≡ 10 (mod 16). b and c.c. and represent them by a row matrix. 4. 7) respectively under T. where n is an integer. [4 marks] 2. cx + dy ≡ l (mod n). T : R2 → R2 is a linear transformation represented by a matrix a b . Find the total number of possible walks of length four from vertex V2 to vertex V4 . [2 marks] ii. (a) If g.d. a) are (a + 2.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 STPM 2009 1. 2x + 5y ≡ 9 (mod 16). (a) Deﬁne a walk of a graph. If point C has position vector c. if g. 5. Find all walks of length two from vertex V2 to vertex Vi where i = 1. 4. [1 marks] iii. 5. 2. 3. ﬁnd the values of a and b. 2. determine whether 64 divides [(5n + 1) − (3n + 5) ] . show that there exists a solution for ax ≡ b (mod m). [3 marks] (b) Deduce that. where r ≤ s. 3. If the images −3 a of the points (a. Find all walks of length two from vertex Vr .c. n)=1. passing through points A and B. (a) Find the equation of line l1 . Hence. to vertex V4 . then a solution exists for the system of linear congruences ax + by ≡ k (mod n). 2 2 3 Hence. 2b) and (2b. For any integers a and b. − → i. m)=1. 43 [1 marks] . Each of the r vertices in a partite set is connected to each of the s vertices in another partite set. [3 marks] 5.(ad − bc.(a. If Krs has 36 edges and 15 vertices. where the position vectors of points A and B are a and b respectively. (b) Graph G is given as follows: V5 V4 [2 marks] V1 V2 V3 i. Let Krs be a complete bipartite graph. −1) and (−2.d. [1 marks] (b) R is a point on the line l1 in (a).[4 marks] 4. [6 marks] [3 marks] 3. where r = 1. [7 marks] 6. prove that if a divides b then a3 divides b3 .

It is found that from 43 patients with mild lung ailment. whether the severity of the lung ailment and the smoking habit are independent. Interpret your answer. iii. 50). (5. 45). (9. (8. The mean monthly salary of a random sample of 16 engineers is RM5280 and the standard deviation is RM480. [4 marks] (b) A statistician ﬁnds that the conﬁdence interval obtained in (a) is too wide. where the equation of line l3 . A supervisor at the factory conducts a study on the number of defects found in the electronic components. 60). The remaining 53 patients with severe lung ailment. (3. 20) Calculate the Pearson correlation coeﬃcient between the age and the price of this car model.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 [3 marks] [3 marks] − − → ii. The number of defects found and their respective frequency arc given as follows: Number of defects Frequency 0 33 44 1 145 2 337 3 286 4 174 5 25 . (4. [1 marks] (b) Determine. and interpret the value obtained. The data obtained from a random sample often cars of this model are as follows: (1. 30) and (10. 5−2k) to line l2 passing through points P (4. (6. (7. −2+k. Tte monthly salary of engineers working in a town has a normal distribution. 1) in terms of k. 5 −2 [4 marks] 7. (a) Tabulate the data in an appropriate contingency table. deduce the shortest distance of the point C from the line l1 . [5 marks] 9. A local automobile manufacturing company studies the relationship between the age (x years) and the price (y thousand RM) of one of its car models. Suggest. Deduce the distance between skew lines l2 and l3 . (c) i. Find the distance of point T (1+3k. (2. An electronic component produced by a factory is found to have at most ﬁve defects. [3 marks] ii. 35). [3 marks] 10. 55). 23 are light smokers while the rest are heavy smokers. (a) Construct a 95% conﬁdence interval for the mean monthly salary of an engineer in the town. A medical researcher wishes to study whether the severity of a certain lung ailment is related to the smoking habit of a patient. 4. A patient who smokes more than 20 cigarettes a day on the average is classiﬁed as a heavy smoker. A random sample of 96 patients was taken. 39 patients are heavy smokers. with reasons a method for reducing the width of the conﬁdence interval but maintaining the conﬁdence level. One thousand electronic components have been selected at random and inspected. [5 marks] 8. 4) and Q(3. is given by 1 3 t = −2 + k 1 . 40). at 5% signiﬁcance level. 2. prove that → CR × AB = a × b + b × c + c × a. 70). 65).

whether the binomial distribution with probability of defect p = 0. at 5% and 20% signiﬁcance levels. with a reason. a normal distribution. [7 marks] (b) Using the regression line obtained. [2 marks] 11. [3 marks] 12.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 (a) Test. interpret the value of D. y = 696.5 ﬁts the data. where y is the dependent variable and x the independent variable. x2 = 54625. and state your assumption. a consumer association takes a random sample of 121 tyres. and carry out the hypothesis test at the 1% signiﬁcance level. In order to test this claim. [5 marks] (c) If the true mean lifespan of a tyre is 49 400 km. y 2 = 49376. [1 marks] [1 marks] (b) Assuming that the lifespan of the tyres has a normal distribution. A study on the relationship between amount of time spent on revision X (in hours) and performance in a ﬁnal examination Y (scores of 0 to 100) for 10 female undergraduates are summarised as follows: s = 725. [4 marks] 45 . determine the probability of type II error in (b). A tyre manufacturer claims that the mean lifespan µ of its tyre is at least 50 000 km. Interpret the value of β1 obtained. [2 marks] (c) Find the coeﬃcient of determination D between the amount of time spent on revision and the performance in a ﬁnal examination of the undergraduates. ii. an unknown distribution. an appropriate conclusion for part (a). The lifespan (in kilometres) of a tyre is deﬁned as the distance travelled before wearing out. predict the mean value of y when x = 70. The mean and standard deviation of the lifespan for the sample are 49 200 km and 2500 km respectively. (a) Determine the distribution of the sample mean lifespan of the tyres if the lifespan of the tyres is assumed to have i. Hence. xy = 51705 (a) Find the equation of the regression line in the form y = β0 + β1 x. state the appropriate hypotheses to test the manufacturer’s claim. [7 marks] (b) Recommend.

0. −1 2 [2 marks] Find and describe the image of the circle x2 + y 2 = 1 under the transformation T. (c) Determine the value of k. determine the area of the image. 1) and (4. (b) Find the matrix representing the transformation NM. The line l has the equation 4x − 2y − 5z = 8. 7). and determine whether G is a Hamiltonian graph. i. h. [3 marks] 2. Find the coordinates of the point P on the line point Q(9. e.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 STPM 2010 1. The transformation NM maps the points (0. (a) Find the matrix representing the transformation M. 1. j} is shown below. x y−1 z−3 = = which is closest to the 5 1 −2 [6 marks] 3. f. x+7 y−4 z−5 = = and the plane π has the equation 1 −3 2 [5 marks] (a) Determine whether the line l is parallel to the plane π. [2 marks] [4 marks] [2 marks] 5. (a) State. g. Show that 9n − 1 is divisible by 8 for every positive integer n. 3) and R(2. T : R2 → R2 is a linear transformation such that the matrix which represents T is Hence. c. 2) respectively. Draw the subgraph S. 4. i. b. d. −1) into the points (−1.[4 marks] (c) The subgraph S of G is obtained by removing the vertex g together with all the edges adjacent to it. whether G is an Eulerian graph. −3). The simple graph G with its vertex set V (G) = {a. The transformation N is an enlargement with the origin as the centre of enlargement and scale factor k. [6 marks] 6. [5 marks] 4. with a reason. [2 marks] (b) Find the largest cycle in G. 1) and (3. 46 [2 marks] . (b) Find the equation of the plane that is perpendicular to the plane π and contains the points Q(−2. The transformation M is a rotation 45◦ anticlockwise about the origin. 4 2 .

Their responses are shown in the table below. Hence.9 hours and 2. 7. iii. A doctor claims that doctors in government hospitals work at least 12 extra hours in a week. carry out the hypothesis test at the 10% signiﬁcance level. Suggest a value for Pearson correlation coeﬃcient r if the outlier is not taken into account. Using a population standard deviation of 13 marks. [6 marks] 9. [7 marks] 10. and carry out the test at the 5% signiﬁcance level. Three hundred randomly chosen consumers taste the yoghurt. Determine whether S is a bipartite graph. A hypothesis test is to be carried out to determine whether the mean mark for all the form ﬁve students in the state is greater than 45. [6 marks] 8. Response Number of consumers Like 195 Dislike 70 Neutral 35 (a) Estimate the proportion of consumers in the state who like the yoghurt. and comment on the eﬀect of the outlier on the value of r in each of the above graphs. The mean mark of an English test for a random sample of 50 form ﬁve students in a particular state is 47.7. Determine whether S is a connected graph.3 hours respectively. A food company carries out a market survey in a state on its new ﬂavoured yoghurt. State the appropriate hypotheses to test the doctor’s claim.0. calculate the probability that the proportion of consumers who like the yoghurt is at least 47 . The relationships between two variables x and y are shown in the graphs below.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 [2 marks] [3 marks] ii. A random sample of 25 doctors is taken and it is found that the mean and standard deviation are 10.

Write down your answers correct to two decimal places. at the 5% signiﬁcance level.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS 0. and comment on the adequacy of the straight line ﬁt. Dosage (mg) 3 4 5 6 6 7 8 9 hline Duration of relief (hours) 9 10 12 14 16 18 22 24 (a) State the independent and dependent variables. [4 marks] 12. an experiment is carried out to study how diﬀerent dosages of the drug aﬀect the duration of relief from the allergic symptoms. [7 marks] 48 . Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 [5 marks] (b) Construct a 95% conﬁdence interval for the proportion of consumers in the state who like the yoghurt. where x and y are the independent and dependent variables respectively. In developing a new drug for an allergy. The number of breaks per thread which occur for 100 threads of equal length are tabulated as follows: Number of breaks per thread Number of threads 0 15 1 22 2 31 3 18 4 8 5 6 (a) Calculate the expected number of threads with respect to the number of breaks based on a Poisson distribution having the same mean as the observed distribution. [6 marks] (b) Carry out a χ2 test.70. The duration of relief for the patients is shown in the table below. to determine whether the data ﬁts the proposed model in (a). A thread always breaks during the weaving of cloth in a factory. [6 marks] (c) Calculate the coeﬃcient of determination for the regression line. [4 marks] 11. [1 marks] (b) Find the equation of the least-squares regression line in the form y = a + bx. A random sample of eight patients is taken and each patient is given a speciﬁed dosage of the drug.

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