INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.

E 2000

1. Provisions of Municipal Law are enforceable in international -relations if they are not in
conflict with international law; .

2.

both Public and Private International organizations are subjects of International Law.

3. Foreign diplomatic envoys enjoy absolute immunity from local jurisdiction in; both
civil and criminal matters. Not in property cases.

4. The Right of innocent passage is available to all foreign vehicles. 5. Non-permanent members of the U.N. Security Council are elected for a period’ of two
years.

6. A successor state is legally bound to only selected obligations;. 7. A lower riparian state Has right to share water on an equitable basis. 8. The Charter of the U.N. was drawn up by San Francisco Conference 1945. 9. Universal Declaration on Human Rights was adopted in 1948. 10. The judges of the I.C.J. are elected by the U.N. Security Council and the U.N. General
Assembly, both .

11. Territorial Waters are Waters within the territorial limits of a state;. 12. A state is admitted to the membership of the’ U.N. by the Security Council and the
General Assembly; Both.

13. Advisory opinion from the I.C.J. can be sought by the U.N. 14. A state is exempted from the jurisdiction of the local courts in another state by virtue of
its sovereign status;

15. The offence of piracy is subject to the jurisdiction of all the states. 16. A Continental Shelf is situated beneath the sea level at the approximate depth of 200
meters .

17. Foreign sovereign ships sailing/anchoring in the coastal waters of another state are
subject to the law of coastal and flag states.

18. In case an alien is injured in a foreign state, it is the right of the state of the nationality
of the injured alien;

19. Extradition is the process of handing over a person accused or convict of a crime by a
state to the demanding state.

20. The Economic and Social Council is an organ of the U.N.

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2001

1. 2. 3. 4.

Subject of International Law are States , Individuals, IPO’s and NGOs. The General Assembly is The Principle Organ of UNO. League of Nations was not joined by USA . Judges of the ICJ are Elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council.

5. Under the Convention of the Law of the Sea, the breadth of the
Territorial Sea is 12 nautical miles .

6. 7. 8. 9.

A state can use force In its own defence. Diplomatic relations are established by Mutual agreement. Rights of hand-locked states are governed by Convention on the Law of Sea. Vienna Congress took place in 1815 .

10. Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed in 1948 . 11. The United Nation is A Supra-State organization. 12. Territorial asylum is An exercise of territorial sovereignty. 13. A state is Not bound to recognize a new state. 14. Minquires and Ecrehos case was decided by ICJ. 15. The eruption of war can be terminated Only by political treaties. 16. International Law can Furnish legal substance to an issue in
dispute.

17. The concept of State immunity is A derogation-form the
sovereignty of state.

18. The Continuity of states us International Legal Persons is Affected
by change of government.

19. Harmon Doctrine is Was renounced before it could take roots in
International Law.

20. Vital change of circumstances Terminates the treaty.

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2002

1. 2.

In Pakistan the limit of the territorial waters is 12 nautical miles. A diplomatic agent is immune from local jurisdiction In criminal cases and civil casese except In cases involving personal property. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948.

3.

4. Contiguous Zone in Pakistan is adjacent to and beyond the
territorial waters and extending seawards to a time 24 Nautical Miles.

5. The width of the maritime belt is generally recognized to be 3
miles.

6. The Estrada Doctrine relates to Recognition of a government. 7. The term of judges of the International Court of Justice is 9 years. 8. 9.
Extradition is normally granted In criminal cases. Foreign ships have the right of innocent passage in the Territorial Waters.

10. A State has the right to use force for for defense. 11. International Court of Justice was established in 1945. 12. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations was adopted in:
1961 and Vienna convention on consular relations in 1963.

13. The father of International Law is considered to be Hage Grotius. 14. A State has complete immunity from the jurisdiction of foreign
courts in All cases .

15. International Law Commission is a body to Codify International
Law .

16. The first case taken up by the International Court of Justice was:
Corfu Channel (by UK against Albania).

17. A state Can nationalize foreign property after paying
compensation.

18. Diplomatic Asylum means Asylum provided by a diplomatic
mission.

19. Minister Resident (diplomatic agent) is Lower in rank than that of
the Minister Plenipotentiary.

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2003

1. A State has the right to exploit in the Continental Shelf Both
living and non-living resources.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

The principle of rebus sie steatibus means Fundamental change of circumstances (In treaties make it inapplicable). The Schooner Exchange case dealt with the principle of A State’s right of reprisals in case of violation of rights . Hague Convention of 1970 dealt in properly with the crimes relating to Hijacking . The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948 . Contiguous Zone in Pakistan is adjacent to and beyond the territorial waters and extending seawards to a line 24 Nautical Miles. De facto Recognition is Circumstantial Recognition. The limit of the Territorial Waters of Pakistan is 12 nautical miles .

7. 8. 9.

Continental Shelf of Pakistan may extend upto a distance of 200 nautical miles.

10. Exclusive Economic Zone of Pakistan is an area beyond and
adjacent to the territorial waters the limit of which is 200 nautical miles .

11. According to the “Floating island Theory”, a floating island is A
ship bearing the national flag of a State.

12. In procedural matters the decisions of the Security Council are
made by an affirmative votes of any 9 members.

13. Extradition is normally granted In criminal cases. 14. What is Contrabands? Goods which may assist an enemy in the
conduct of war.

15. A state has the right to use force in case of Armed attack . 16. Diplomatic Asylum means Asylum provided by a diplomatic
mission.

17. The International Law Commission is a body to Codify
International Law .

18. The width of the maritime belt is generally recognize to be 3
miles.

19. Foreign ships Have the right of innocent passage in the territorial
waters.

20. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations was adopted in
1961.

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2004

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

The term of judges of International Court of Justice is Nine years. When was the Charter of Human Rights adopted 1948. Tobar Doctrine is related to The recognition of a government. Conference of Bogota was held in 1948 . Vienna Conference of 1961 is related to Diplomatic inter course and immunities. Hago Grotius is called ‘the father of International Law’. Foreign warships have The right of innocent passage in the territorial waters. A landlocked state is Surrounded by land from all sides. Contiguous Zone is limited to a maximum of 24 nautical miles. The Alabama Claims Arbitration case was decided in 1872. The Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer was done on March 22, 1985.

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Culvo Clause means An alien agrees not to seek the diplomatic protection of his own state . Diplomatic relations are established by Mutual consent. Eruption of war terminates Only political treaties. Foreign ships sailing and anchoring in the coastal waters of another state are Subject to the law of both the States . Piracy is an offence within the jurisdiction of the All the States. Territorial Waters are Waters Adjacent to the contiguous Zone. Non-Permanent members of the Security Council are elected for a period of 2 years . The Montreal Convention for the safety of Civil Aviation was signed in 1971 . Diplomatic staff enjoys complete immunity from Civil Jurisdiction and Criminal Jurisdiction , Both.

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2005 (1) Number of Judges of International Court of Justice is Fifteen (2) Permanent Court of International Justice was established under League of Nations (3) Pacta Sunt Servanda means International Law must be honoured (4):Headquarters of International Court of Justice is in Hague (5) Persona Non Gruta means an unwelcome person" or unacceptable diplomatic agent) (6) Father of the Law of Nations is Grotics (7) Principles Jus Soli means Grant of nationality on the basis of place birth (8) Much of international law is derived through analogy from Roman law

(9) Vienna Convention on Law of Treaties was signed in

22, May 1969)

(10) Truce mean A temporary arrangement between the belligerent parties for cessation of hostilities (11) Declaration is a treaty between the contracting parties which is not needed to be ratified (12) Diplomatic Protection means a protection and security granted by Council or an embassy (13) Kellog Briand Pact or Paris Peace Treaty was signed in 1928 (14) Recognition of new States is a matter of Policy of the State

(15) Grant of extra-territorial asylum in a legation is a part of customary

international law (16) To get asylum in a foreign state by an individual is his basic right (17) Diplomatic envoys in the receiving state are given immunity from Both criminal and civil jurisdiction (18) Territorial sea of a State is under its total control (19) Genocide Convention was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948) (20) Bynkershock principle is related to Measurement of maritime belt

TERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2006
(1) principal of “double criminality” means that that the offence for which a person is extradited must be an offence in both the states

(2) principal of “specialty” means that the person extradited must be punished only for the offence for which he has been extradited (3) features of international law include (a) there is no single legislative source of international law (b) there is no world executive branch that can enforce international laws except (c) there is no single world court for interpreting international law (4)All of these are sources of international law? (a) treaties and conventions custom (c) judicial decisions and teachings (b)

(5)the United Nations is governed by all except which of the following the general assembly and the secretariat (6)the group of European countries created to promote peace, security, economic and social unity is called the European union (7)GATT is a multilateral treaty that establishes trade agreements and limited tariffs and trade restrictions , old name of WTO (8) the oldest principal of international law is the doctrine of religious freedom

(9) diplomatic envoys are absolutely immuned from the jurisdictions of both criminal jurisdiction and civil jurisdiction (10) An example of Extra-Territorial Asylum is asylum granted in an embassy

(11) universal declaration of human rights was passed in Palais de Chaillot,

Paris)
(12) “Continental Shelf” means submerged bed of sea contiguous to a continental land mass (13) Vatican city is is an independent state (14) the jurisdiction of the international court of justice is not binding on all the members of the UNO (15) a “Vassal State” is the one which is under the suzerainty of another state (16) Confederation means union between some states (17) “Littoral State” means situated on the sea coast (18) “Contiguous Zone” means that portion of sea which is adjacent to territorial waters (19) “Maritime Belt” means that portion of sea which is adjacent to the territory of a coastal state (20) “ Economic and Social Council” is an organ of UNO

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2007
1. A state has the right to exploit in the Continental Shelf on living resources and non-living resources 2. The principle of rabus sic stantibus means fundamental change of circumstances 3. The Schooner Exchange case dealt with the principle of a state's right of reprisals in case of violation of rights 4. Hague convention of 1970 dealt in properly with the crimes realting to hijacking 5. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in: 1948 6. Contiguous Zone in Pakistan is adjacent to and beyond the territorial waters and extending seawards to a line 24 nautical miles 7. De facto recognition is circumstantial recognition 8. The limit of territorial waters of Pakistan is 12 nautical miles

9. Continental shelf of Pakistan may extend up to a distance of200 nautical miles 10. Exclusive Economic Zone of Pakistan is an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial waters, the limit of which is 200 nautical miles 11.Select the correct one every state has the right to sail ships under its flag on

the high seas 12. Convention on the Law os the Sea was signed at Jamaica in 1982 13. Statutes of International Courts of Justice were drawn up by San Francisco Conference in 1945 14. According to the "floating island" theory, a "floating island" is a ship bearing the national flag os a state 15.The Security Council is Principle organ of the U.N 16. In procedural matters, the decisions of the Security Council are made by the affirmative votes of any 9 members 17. Extradition is normally granted: in criminal cases only 18. What is CONTRABAND? Goods which may assist an enemy in the conduct of war 19. The term of Judges of the International Court of Justice is 9 years 20. A diplomatic agent is immune from local jurisdiction in criminal cases

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2008 1) Dipolomatic Protection is Protection which Gives to All Diplomatic enoys on its own Territory 2) Pacta Sum Servanda means With reference to international agreements, "every treaty in force is binding upon the parties to it and must be performed by them in good faith."[2] Pacta sunt servanda is based on good faith. This entitles states to require that obligations be respected and to rely upon the obligations being respected.) 3)Briand-Kellogg Pact was meant to Establish Peace in Europe 4) Treaty of wesphalia was signed between May and October of 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic.) 5) Permanent court of international Justice was established in 1922 but by a resolution by the League of Nations on 18 April 1946, the Court ceased to exist. 6) Sir Lankan High commissioner if found involved in a serious crime in Pakistan, can be Asked to leave country by local authorities. 7) Law of War and Peace was written by Hugo Grotius in 1625 (7) Perminant court of Arbitration was an outcome of Hague conference 1907 * The PCA was established by the 1899 Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, concluded at The Hague during the first Hague Peace Conference. The 1899 Convention was revised in 1907 at the second Hague Peace Conference.

(8) Albania claims Arbitration Award 1872 established certain principles of neutrality * Claims by USA that Britain had violated neutrality by allowing the Alabama(screw sloop warship) to be constructed, knowing that it would enter into service with the Confederacy.[ The Confederate States of America (CSA or Confederacy) was an unrecognized state set up from 1861-65 by eleven southern slave states of the United States of America that had declared their secession from the U.S. (9) The leader of positivist school of thought was Cornelius van Bynkershoek (10) Contraband means Things usable in war by one party against another. (11) In the continental Shelf the coastal has exclusive right over its all resources * Articles 77 to 81 of UNCLOS define the rights of a country over its continental shelf. A coastal nation has control of all resources on or under its continental shelf, living or not. (12) Vienna convention on Law of treaties was signed in 1969 (13) Territorial Sea of a coastal State is Open for innocent passage of all foreign ships (14) Cabotage is Intercourse by sea between two ports of same state * Cabotage is "trade or navigation in coastal waters, or, the exclusive right of a country to operate the air traffic within its territory." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. (15) Princple Jus Soli is Granting nationality on the basis of place of birth (16) UN Declaration of Human Rights was passed in 1948 (17) Re Meunier and Re Castioni Cases are test for Extradition -Political offenders (18) All international Treaties signed by US President are subject to ratification by the US senate with 2/3 majority
* Although belligerents are operating under the rules of international law (Convention Relative to the Creation of an International Prize Court, was made at the Hague on October 18, 1907.) when conducting seizures, the prize courts themselves are national instrumentalities. Their structures, rules of procedure, and means of disposition of the prizes emanate from national law. They may apply the principles of international law to determine the validity of seizures and the liability to condemnation, but in many cases the rules of international law are applied by virtue of their adoption by the national legal system or incorporation into it. Domestic enactments and regulations may also modify prize courts.

(20) Prize Courts are Muncipal courts

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2009
1. One of the modes of acquiring state territory is occupation 2. The name of the present secretary general of the UN is Ban ke Mon 3. The preamble to the universal declariation on human rights was adopted on 10 Dec 1948 4. The right of innocent passage means right of a foreign merchant ship to pass un-hindered through the territorial sea of the cost 5. The basic frame work for the nature and characteristics of treaties was defined

in the Vinnea convention on the law of treaties 1969 6. With drawal of recognition is more easily achieved with respect to Defacto recognition 7. The father of International Law is Hugo Grotius 8. Internal waters of a state are, such waters which are found on the land-ward side of base line from which the territorial sea is measured. 9. The doctrine of open sea was eloborated by Grotius 10. According to article 3 of the 1982 convention on the law of the sea the breadth of the territorial sea is 12 miles 11. 12. 13. 14. The term Men of War signifies A warship The number of judges constituting the international court of justice are 15 Terra Nullius means Territory belonging to no state The Acroniyum WMD stands for Weapons of mass distruction

15. Hot pursuit is the principle designed to ensure Vessels violating rules of coastal state cannot escape punishment by fleeing to high sea's 16. Piracy, according to law of sea convention 1982 is An illegal act by crew of private ship on the high sea's. 17. The general assembly of the UN is A supervisory body 18. The charter of the UN is a comprehensive document having 111 articles 19. One of the amicable means of settling state disputes is Conciliation 20. The bulk of the rules of International law are derived from Customs

INTERNATIONAL LAW MCQs C.E 2010
1) Consuls, in receiving state are considered representative of The government *

But An ambassador, who is, technically, a representative from one head of state to another.
2) International law is not a true law but a positive international morality John Austin 3) Who is known as father of International law Grotious 4) Albama claim arbritation determines the principles of Neutrality 5) Decision of arbitration is Binding on parties 6) Indo-Pakistan conflict in 1965 was a War 7) Nationality of a women as a result of marriage with a foreigner is does not change her nationality 8) Tashkent declaration between india and pakistan in 1966 by USSR was a Mediation

9) Geneva convention for POWs was signed in 1949 10) Armed attack on enemy fall under Reprisal 11) Briand-Kellog pact was signed in Paris in 1928 12) Universal declaration of Human rights was passed by UN General Assembly in 1948 13) Truce is Agreement of ceasefire 14) Concept of state will was first time given by Grotious 15) If a pakistani citizen is involved in counterfeiting US currency, US can claim jurisdiction over him on the basis of principle of Objective Territoriality 16) Charge' d Affairs, appointed in a foreign state has to report to Head of government 17) Charter of international crimincal court was adopted in Rome conference 1998 18) Genocide Convention 1951 protects the smaller minority groups 19) Extradition means Exchange of criminals to other states 20) International court of justice can exercise its jurisdiction on With concent of all parties

Question 1: What does Jus ad bellum mean? Correct Answer: d) Laws of war governing when it is legal to use force or wage war. Feedback: The legal concept of "jus ad bellum" refers to those laws that determine when it is legally permitted to use force or wage war. For instance, Chapter 7 of the UN Charter restricts the legitimate use of force to international peace enforcement actions authorized by the Security Council and individual and collective self-defence. Question 2: What is necessary before a rule can be considered customary international law? Correct Answer: d) Both a and c. b) That it is enshrined in a treaty. c) Evidence that states accept such practice as law. Feedback: Evidence of general practice means that states habitually act in a manner consistent with the rule. The Opinio juris claim implies that states are convinced that they act according to a law when they carry out this practice. In that case, customary law is binding upon all states. Question 3: What are the three levels of institutions in modern international society? Correct Answer: b) Constitutional institutions, fundamental institutions, and regimes.

Feedback: In modern international society, states have created these three levels of institutions. Constitutional institutions are deep institutions, such as the principle of sovereignty; fundamental institutions provide the basic rules and practices of states; regimes (or issue-specific institutions) enact fundamental institutional practices in particular realms. Question 4: What are the distinctive characteristics of the modern institution of international law? Correct Answer: d) All of the options given are correct. Feedback: Contemporary international law is structured by the social and political conditions of modernity and contains imprints of its revolution for social thought. Hence, the language of reasoning and argument, a distinct multilateralism in lawmaking and a discourse of institutional autonomy are some of its characterising features. Question 5:How has the nature and scope of international society been conditioned by international legal instruments? Correct Answer: d) a and c. a) They have defined the nature of legitimate statehood. c) They have clarified the bounds of rightful state action, international and domestic. Feedback:Referring to the constitutional dimension of international law, some legal instruments in history have been decisive in defining the nature and scope of international society, such as the Treaties of Westphalia. This helped to define the nature of legitimate statehood and the Charter of the United Nations clarifying the bounds of legitimate action towards other states. Question 6: What are the distinctive characteristics of international legal arguments? Correct Answer: d) b and c. b) They are limited to the scope of the legislation at hand. c) They are rhetorical as well as logical. Feedback: International law is characterised by a peculiar language and practice of justification or legal arguments. As interpretation plays a central role in determining which rule applies, its meaning and the nature of the case at hand, legal arguments are logical as well as rhetorical.

Question 7: What is legal positivism? Correct Answer: d) a and c. a) The idea that legal rules have legitimacy from their logical and practical derivation from a fundamental "grundnorm". c) The idea that authority of legal rules comes from their status as the commands of a sovereign authority. Feedback:Legal positivism has dominated international legal theory in the 20th century. It assumes the authority of the law lies in the legal rules themselves and thus can be derived from either their status as commands of a sovereign authority or from their derivation from a fundamental "grundnorm". Question 8:How is the neo-liberal approach to international law limited? Correct Answer:d) None of the options given is correct. Feedback:The neo-liberal approach emphasizes the domestic origin of state preferences as, in turn, international law. Hence, its principal limitation is that it neglects the role international law can play in constituting the domestic realm. Question 9:What can be said about the New Haven School?

Your Answer: b) It is also known as the policy approach. Feedback:The New Haven School is one attempt to move beyond legal positivism in international legal theory. It is a "policy-oriented" approach that assumes that the authority of international law rests upon an empirically derived normative philosophy of human justice. Question 10: What is the "New Stream" critique of Liberalism? Correct Answer: d) All of the options given are correct. Feedback: The "New Stream" critique of Liberalism (also termed "Critical Legal Studies") challenges the inherent Liberalism of modern international legal thought. The propositions a), b) and c) refer to the claim that traditional legal theory is somewhere stuck between "apology" (a rationalization of the status quo) and "utopia" (a naïve image that international law can civilize the world of states).

1.

The IGOs that have been more successful are global in scope.( F)

2. According to the UN Charter, states are equal under international law. (T) 3.The current secretary-general of the UN is Ban Ki-moon. (T) 4. All UN members are represented in the Economic and Social Council. .( F) 5. States have not agreed in a comprehensive way to obey the decisions of the World
Court. (T)

6. An embassy is considered the territory of the host country. .( F) 7. A just war can be waged to change another state's government, if it is violating
human rights. .( F)

8. Only states can be parties to cases before the World Court. (T) 9.UN peacekeeping forces are able to serve in a country even if the government does
not want them there. .( F)

10. The UN General Assembly's main power lies in its control of finances for UN
programs and operations, including peacekeeping. (T)

11. Treaties and other international obligations such as debts are binding on successor
governments no matter how the new government takes power. (T)

12. Under international law, diplomats forfeit their diplomatic immunity when they
leave the embassy grounds. .( F)

13. The World Court (ICJ) hears cases involving both states and individuals. .( F) 14. The provision that soldiers must visually separate themselves from civilians is
often violated in guerilla warfare. (T)

15. Even in irregular warfare, states usually issue a declaration of war, setting out
whom they are warring against and the cause of their action. .( F)

16. An isolationist streak has formed in the U.S. toward the UN because participation
in the UN has always diluted U.S. power. .( F)

17. The U.S. withheld its dues from the United Nations to show its displeasure with
the lack of approved peacekeeping operations. .( F)

18. If Germany and Japan were to join the Security Council as permanent members,
then the body of permanent members would be unfairly weighted towards Europe. (T)

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