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in SI units.

Conversion of prefixes Prefixes to Normal Number Example 1 The frequency of the radio wave is 350M Hz. What is the frequency of the radio wave in Hz? Answer Mega (M) = 1,000,000 or 106 Therefore, 350MHz = 250 x 106Hz Example 2 The thickness of a film is 25nm. What is the thickness in unit meter? Answer nano (n) = 0.000000001 or 10-9 Therefore 25nm = 25 x 10 10-9nm Normal number to Prefixes Example 3 0.255 s is equal to how many ms. Answer

500. 2.000 ÷ 109 = 0. .0255 ÷ 10-3 = 25. Precision is the ability of an instrument in measuring a quantity in a consistent manner with only a small relative deviation between readings. we divide the number with the value of the prefixes 0. 2. Table above shows that the micrometer screw gauge is more accurate than the other measuring instruments. 3.001 or 10-3 To write a normal number with prefixes.500.000. Answer Gega (G) = 1.0255 s = 0.000.5 ms Example 4 Convert 265.000 W into GW.000 W = 265. The measurement is more accurate if its number of significant figures increases.000 or 109 Therefore 265. The accuracy of a measurement is the approximation of the measurement to the actual value for a certain quantity of Physics.500.2655GW Precision 1.mili (m) = 0. The relative deviation is the percentage of mean deviation for a set of measurements and it is defined by the following formula: Accuracy 1. The precision of a reading can be indicated by its relative deviation. 3.

taking into account the zero and parallax errors. 5. avoiding the end errors or zero errors.4. Sensitivity 1. The sensitivity of an instrument is its ability to detect small . using more sensitive equipment such as a vernier caliper to replace a ruler. The accuracy of a measurement can be increased by • • • • taking a number of repeat readings to calculate the mean value of the reading. The difference between precision and accuracy can be shown by the spread of shooting of a tar-get (as shown in Diagram below).

2. Sensitive instruments need not necessarily be accurate. 3.changes in the quantity that is being measured. a sensitive instrument can quickly detect a small change in measurement. 4. Thus. . Measuring instruments that have smaller scale parts are more sensitive.

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