Presented By: Virendra Kadam Anurag Kale Mitali Kapadia Nikhil Kawde Bhakti Khanna

286% of data embedded in application program logic which is largely responsible for the integrity and synchronization problem currently being encountered´.REVIEW ´ ´ ´ Assumption : A company ABC corp. . has encountered a problem with its application portfolios and has consulted a consultant firm for the same. approximately 93. The consultant firm replied: ´In my investigation of your application portfolios.

SOLUTION SUGGESTED BY THE CONSULTANT ´ ´ Recommendation for the design of a master database each of which would employ relational technology to reduce the database to third normal form. . Elimination of all the possibilities of semantic disintegrity upon querying the database.

THE HIDDEN JARGON ´ The consultant applied the concept of NORMALIZATION to the logical data structures .


it is the assurance that data is consistent. In business terms. certified and can be reconciled. In database terms data integrity refers to the process of ensuring that a database remains an accurate. . Data Integrity is the mechanisms for eliminating data corruption that can happen in the process of applications reading and writing data to and from storage devices.DATA INTEGRITY ´ ´ ´ ´ ´ Data is susceptible to errors As systems become more complex when these vulnerabilities grow.

Laptop to PC.DATA SYNCHRONIZATION ´ ´ ´ ´ Synchronization is basically used to update your data timely and keep them identical between multiple devices like PC to PC. iPhone to PC or Laptop and vice versa. . The data synchronization process transfers the updated information to different network platforms. Database synchronization is a service that helps you in delivering up-to-date information between different networks. It is quite effective in managing your mass files. no matters where they are located.

DATABASE & DATA STRUCTURES ´ ´ ´ ´ Database: It is a system intended to organize. and retrieve large amounts of data easily It consists of an organized collection of data for one or more uses Data Structure: It·s a particular way of storing & organizing data in a computer so that it can be used efficiently Its almost used in every program or s/w system . store.

THE CONCEPT OF NORMALIZATION ´ ´ ´ ´ Normalization is the process of efficiently organizing data in a database. Ensuring to store only related data. . Eliminating redundant data (storing the same data in more than one table) 2. There are two goals of the normalization process: 1. Both of these are worthy goals as they reduce the amount of space a database consumes and ensure that data is logically stored Normalization ensures that you get the benefits relational databases offer.

Fourth Normal Form (4NF) 5. Third Normal Form (3NF) 4. First Normal Form (1NF) 2.THE NORMAL FORM (NF) The database community has developed a series of guidelines for ensuring that databases are normalized. Fifth Normal Form (5NF) ´ . ´ They are as follows: 1. Second Normal Form (2NF) 3.

2. 3. Eliminate duplicative columns from the same table. Meet all the requirements of the first normal form. Second normal form (2NF) rules: further addresses the concept of removing duplicative data 1. Create relationships between these new tables and their predecessors through the use of foreign keys.´ First normal form (1NF) rules : 1. Create separate tables for each group of related data and identify each row with a unique column or set of columns (the primary key). 2. ´ . Remove subsets of data that apply to multiple rows of a table and place them in separate tables.

Remove columns that are not dependent upon the primary key. Meet all the requirements of the second normal form. .´ Third normal form (3NF) rule : 1. 2.

Avoids redundant fields. normalization is a formal process for determining which fields belong in which tables in a relational database.RUNDOWN ´ ´ ´ ´ ´ ´ Simply put. More flexible database structure. . Easier to maintain database structure. Better understanding of your data. Ensures that distinct tables exist when necessary.


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