This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
SDS/2 Steel Detailing System Version 7.0 is a product of Design Data Corporation. Design Data grants permission to licensed users of SDS/2 to make reproductions of this manual for educational purposes. Otherwise no part of this manual may be reproduced in any manner without written permission from Design Data. © 2005 Design Data Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Revision: 10/5/06
SDS/2 Detailing Basics
SDS/2 Detailing Basics & Step-by-Step Instructions
Welcome to the SDS/2 Steel Detailing System. This manual gives you a quick overview of how to set up and develop an SDS/2 Job. All information contained in this manual is also included in SDS/2's context-sensitive help, under "Topics" (help/topic.htm) and "Step-by-Step Instructions" (help/overview.htm). For best results when using SDS/2's context-sensitive help, employ a browser such as Navigator or Internet Explorer or Mozilla. You can do this by setting the User Options option "Help Browser" to 'System' instead of 'Built in.' To get to SDS/2's help, press the "Documentation" button on SDS/2's Main Menu. Or press the "Help" button at the bottom of almost any entry window in SDS/2.
Table of Contents
SDS/2 Detailing Basics
SDS/2 Detailing Basics
A One-Page Tour of SDS/2 .................................................................................... 4 Items Found on Toolbars ....................................................................................... 5 Items Found in Modeling Erection Views ............................................................ 7 Selecting items in SDS/2 ......................................................................................... 9 Making Entries to SDS/2 Windows .................................................................... 10 Entering Dates, Distances, etc. ............................................................................ 11 Special Keys in SDS/2........................................................................................... 13 The 3D Model ........................................................................................................ 15 Working in Three Dimensions
Tools for working in 3D ......................................................................................................... 17 SDS/2's global coordinate system ........................................................................................... 20 Member coordinates ............................................................................................................... 21 Determining a member's near side and left end ...................................................................... 22 Screen axes ............................................................................................................................. 25
Applying Connections to Individual Members.................................................. 26 Auto Standard Connections ................................................................................ 27 User Defined Connections.................................................................................... 29
Tips for Making Job Development Faster ......................................................... 30 Step 1: Beginning a Job ....................................................................................... 31 Step 2: Double Checking Setup Options ............................................................ 35 Step 3: Constructing a 3D Model
Adding Columns ..................................................................................................................... 48 Adding Beams ........................................................................................................................ 49 Adding Horizontal Braces ...................................................................................................... 51 Adding Vertical Braces ........................................................................................................... 53 Adding Miscellaneous Members ............................................................................................ 55 Adding Stairs .......................................................................................................................... 57
SDS/2 Detailing Basics
Table of Contents
Step 4: Process and Create Solids
What happens during Process and Create Solids.................................................................... 59 When SDS/2 automatically marks members for Processing .................................................. 61 Prioritization in connection design ......................................................................................... 61 Things you should do before Process and Create Solids ........................................................ 63 Things you can do after Process and Create Solids ................................................................ 63
Step 5: Reviewing the 3D Model
Two ways of reviewing the 3D model .................................................................................... 65 Tips for visually examining the 3D model ............................................................................. 65 Searches to review member edit windows ............................................................................. 69
Step 6: Modifying/Revising Connections ........................................................... 70 Step 7: Automatic Detailing
Member Detailing with Adaptive Details ............................................................................... 72 Creating and Modifying Member Details ............................................................................... 76 Creating and Modifying Submaterial Details ......................................................................... 79 Creating and Modifying Erection View Details ..................................................................... 82
Creating and Applying Job Standard Details.......................................................................... 85 Creating and Applying Global Standard Details .................................................................... 86
Step 9: Setting Up Sheet Outlines ....................................................................... 87 Step 10: From Drawings to Sheets
Step 10a: Placing Details onto Detail Sheets.......................................................................... 91 Step 10b: Placing Submaterials onto Gather Sheets ............................................................... 94 Step 10c: Erection Views on Erection Sheets ......................................................................... 96
Step 11: Plotting Sheets
Plotting Sheets in Linux ......................................................................................................... 98 Plotting Sheets (Windows Operating Systems) .................................................................... 100
A One-Page Tour of SDS/2
SDS/2 Detailing Basics
A One-Page Tour of SDS/2
he SDS/2 Steel Detailing System consists of a 3D modeling program called Modeling, a 2D CAD program called the Drawing Editor, a 3D scripting program called Parametric Modeling, and various other supporting programs. When you start up the Drawing Editor or Modeling, SDS/2 will look to User Options to determine which toolbar configuration to load and whether or not, for example, scroll bars will be displayed. SDS/2 Main Menu - the menu that appears when you first start SDS/2. Certain Utility functions, Parametric Modeling, and the Material File Editor can be started from this menu but not from Modeling or the Drawing Editor. Other things you can do only from this menu is Change Jobs and start Modeling. Modeling - SDS/2's 3D modeling program. To start Modeling: 1. Click "Modeling" on the SDS/2 Main Menu. 2. Either you will be shown a list of erection views of the 3D model. Select the view you want to open, then press the "OK" button. Or, if erection views have not yet been created in your current Job, SDS/2 will prompt you to enter the name and elevation of a new plan view. 3. Now that you are in a Modeling view, you can begin to construct a 3D model by creating new views and laying out members. The model is the database from which member, submaterial and erection view details are automatically generated. 4. When you are ready to exit Modeling, choose File > Exit. Drawing Editor - SDS/2's CAD (computer-aided drawing) program. Start up this program after you have automatically detailed members or submaterials or erection views modeled in Modeling. To open a drawing/sheet file: 1. Click "Drawing Editor" on the SDS/2 Main Menu. 2. A selection dialog will appear on screen with a list of member details that have been automatically detailed (if any have been generated). Either select one of the member details. Or create a new detail (by pressing the "Create New" button), or change to a different type of drawing/sheet (job standard details, submaterial details, detail sheets, etc.) and either create a new drawing/sheet of the type selected or choose one of the drawings/sheets that are listed. 3. To change to a different drawing in the Drawing Editor, choose File > Open. 4. When you are ready to exit the Drawing Editor, choose File > Exit. Other parts of SDS/2 can be started from Modeling and the Drawing Editor as well as from the SDS/2 Main Menu. 4
Left-click (which corresponds to the mouse binding Locate) locates a point. select an object. For instance. at the beginning of an operation it may tell you what operation is being performed (see example below). middle mouse button U description left mouse button right button The status line displays system prompts and other information relevant to the operation being performed. status line Tool icons are an alternative to choosing a command on a drop-down menu or using a keyboard shortcut. You can even (using User Options) cause it to display information about what mouse button will invoke what command. the Ruler tool is used to measure the distance between two points. bring up a menu. Mouse bindings tell you which mouse button to click in order to. Once you have configured a toolbar. During the operation. it will prompt you to perform specific tasks in order to complete the operation. When you click on the ruler tool icon. Following are some examples of particular items or types of items that you will find on your default toolbar. or locate a point. you can use User Options to set that toolbar to be loaded each time you start up Modeling or the Drawing Editor. you activate that tool. For example. activate a tool.SDS/2 Detailing Basics Items Found on Toolbars Items Found on Toolbars sers of SDS/2 can place items on their toolbars in Modeling or the Drawing Editor by choosing Options > Toolbar Configuration on the drop-down menu. SDS/2 will prompt you (in the status line) to locate two points. In Select Items Mode. it will tell you the name of the icon your mouse pointer is over. for example. When you click on a tool icon. ruler tool icon mouse bindings activated when you click on the ruler tool icon 5 . much like the mouse binding reporter does.
One set shows text. it is highlighed in another color -. Depth check controls (Modeling only) set the distance that you can see into or out of a particular view. The other is pictorial. Status display toggle (Modeling only) lets you turn on/off the color coding or masking of members according to their status (detailed. you can change the drawing layer on the edit window that appears during the operation. etc. To set multiple categories. choose 'Custom.for example. etc.' This is especially useful if you select items by area box. Increasing the "In" distance lets you see farther into the screen. Two types of Locate icons can be placed on toolbars (using Options > Toolbar Configuration). selection count Selection filter limits selectability to classes such as 'Beams. To tell how many items are selected.Items Found on Toolbars SDS/2 Detailing Basics Locate icons are special types of icons that are used for locating member work points and drawing lines. green. When an item is selected. Increasing the "Out" distance lets you see farther out from the screen. fabricated. 'No filter' means all classes but 'Con lines' 'Con circles' and 'Polygons' are selectable Layer selection tool (Drawing Editor only) lets you select the layer that will be written to (by default) when you draw an object in your current drawing. erection views. selected icons are indented blue when active selected icons are backlit selectable (not grayed out) not selectable (grayed out) Selection count tells you the number of items that you have selected.). You can also do this by choosing Model > Status Display and pressing "OK" (to turn status display on) or "Cancel" (to turn it off).' etc. you can either count them or look at this decoration. 6 . construction lines. Dimension Add. During most Add operations (Label Add. other categories).
or double-click on its main material (in a solid form). purlins. double-click on its stick work line (in stick). girts. To edit a member. members in stick form members in solid opaque form 7 . holes and welds that make up a member can be seen when that member is displayed in a solid form. You can add or edit items of any of these types. Also. green for vertical braces. column beam brace Members can be displayed in stick form or a solid form. materials. When you Detail Members. holes. columns. members in a solid form may be color-coded according to their type. brown for beams. This section of this manual provides an introduction to these items. The default member colors are blue for columns.SDS/2 Detailing Basics Items Found in Modeling Erection Views Items Found in Modeling Erection Views S ome of the items that can be displayed in a Modeling erection view are members. bolts. The materials. bolts and welds. stairs and miscellaneous members. vertical braces. Many members can have the same member piecemark (major mark). a single member detail will be drawn to represent all of the members with the same major mark. construction lines and circles. yellow for connection materials. welds. erection views (grid lines). Members are made up of materials. holes and bolts. horizontal braces. Member types in SDS/2 include beams.
You can edit holes. materials. bolts and welds are generated automatically during Process and Create Solids. You can also edit holes. you can change members to these forms using the rightclick menu. yellow. Bolts can be added through holes using Model > Bolt > Add. Connection materials are. bolts and welds using revise & review options on member edit windows. solid opaque (opaque main material & connection) solid transparent (transparent main material & connection) solid trans main (transparent main material. Specifications for materials other than plates or bar stock are set in the material file for your current Job (the "local material file"). bolts and welds independently (double-click on them). Member main material may be different colors (brown for beams. "Section size" changes the member main material. and revise & review options can change connection materials. connection material connection material member main material Holes. Details for materials are generated when you Process > Detail Submaterial. You can edit each material independently (double-click on them). Erection views (grid lines) and construction lines and the point location target are other items that you might see in erection views in Modeling. After members have undergone Process and Create Solids. These items and members.Items found in Modeling Erection Views SDS/2 Detailing Basics SDS/2 can display members in three solid forms. or tool icons on your toolbar. For example. etc. opaque connection) Materials are shown when a member is displayed in one of the three solid forms. System materials can be generated automatically during Process and Create Solids. You can add user materials to members using Model > Material > Add. blue for columns. by default. solid transparent. The names of these forms are solid opaque. will be discussed in greater detail in the step-by-step instructions that are included in this manual. 8 . There are also ways to change a material on a member edit window.). etc. or the View drop-down menu. Holes and welds can also be added to materials by users using Model > Hole > Add or Model > Weld > Add. and solid transparent main.
Hold down the Ctrl key and drag your mouse pointer to deselect items within an area. SDS/2 shows a member is selected by changing its color from red to green. The mouse bindings that are active when you are in Select Items Mode depend on whether you are pressing the Ctrl key or the Shift key or the Ctrl key or no key. In these examples. Right-click (Menu) with the mouse pointer over an item. Selecting items by area box: Hold down the left mouse button (Select) and drag your mouse pointer diagonally across the screen to select items within an area. On the right-click menu choose Select Other. Example 2: An area box drawn from right-to-left selects items even if they are only partially in the area. For example. Ctrl and left-click (Select-) to deselect the item your mouse pointer is over. Step 3. Shift and left-click (Select+) to select more than one item. Step 2. Selecting items on the right-click menu: Step 1. then click on the appropriate icon to display the selected members in solid opaque form. SDS/2 brings you into Select Items Mode and prompts you to make an appropriate selection. 9 . Press the Shift key and hold down the left mouse button (Select+) to do the same.SDS/2 Detailing Basics Selecting Items in SDS/2 Selecting items in SDS/2 S electing items is done so that you can perform an operation on those items. To deselect all items. If you make no selection or an inappropriate selection then activate a tool. left-click (Select) with your mouse pointer in empty space. you can select members. Shown below are the default mouse bindings for Select Items Mode in Modeling. Example 1: An area box drawn from left-to-right only selects items that are entirely within the area. no key pressed Shift Ctrl Selecting items by clicking on them: Left-click (Select) to select the item your mouse pointer is over. The item (a material) is now selected (green) in the model. Items are listed in order of nearest to farthest. Select Items Mode is the mode that is operative when you select items in SDS/2.
Following is an example of a text entry field: Single choice among many options fields let you pull down a menu to enter a single option among many to a particular field. SDS/2 automatically calculates the value when the box for AUTO is checked. Check boxes are also used to turn options on or off. checked = on). you can select (instead of type in) the entry you want to make.Making Entries to SDS/2 Windows SDS/2 Detailing Basics Making Entries to SDS/2 Windows Text entry fields require that you enter a specific date or file name or etc. you can use up/down arrow keys to open the menu and select items on it. 10 . If a browse button ( ) is next to the text entry field. Multiple options to the same field are handled in SDS/2 by check boxes (not checked = off. Just type the characters you want. In the following example from the "Thru Plate" revise & review window. click on a field with this symbol to get a menu of options A special case: Bolt diameter entry fields let you optionally type in any diameter or select a particular bolt from the menu. A variant on the single entry per field is the radio button. Only one radio button can be selected for a particular field at a time. Press the Enter key to apply the selection to the field. In this example. Checking a different check box has no effect on any check boxes that are currently checked or are not checked. If the box for AUTO is not checked. the value that you enter is the value SDS/2 applies when designing the shear thru plate. entries of either type can be made only when the box for AUTO is checked. Tip: Instead of using your mouse pointer. then press the Tab key to go to the next field.
The text will be pasted to the right of the text insertion bar or over selected text. members. etc. Ctrl+v . as is any punctuation within the name.deletes all characters in an entry field.selects all characters in the entry field (if the option to 'Place the cursor where I clicked' is selected in User Options).moves the insertion bar to the right of all characters in the field. sheet outlines. detail drawings. * on keypad .inserts a space to the left of the text insertion bar.deletes the character to the right of the insertion bar. Entering Dates."cuts" text that is selected so that it can later be "pasted" into another entry field (using Ctrl+v). Distances. Ctrl+h or Back Space .deletes all text to the right of the insertion bar. are all given individual file names in SDS/2. Text entry widgets (apply when a text insertion bar is in an entry field): To move from one entry widget to the next on a window (from cell to cell in a setup table). Ctrl+a or Home or Ctrl+left arrow . Ctrl+c .moves the text insertion bar to the left of all characters in the entry field. F10 . job standard details. Ctrl+b or left arrow .SDS/2 Detailing Basics Entering Dates. F11 . Ctrl+k or Page Down or F8 ."transposes" the letters to either side of the text insertion bar so that the character on the right becomes the character on the left and vise-versa.inserts "L" to the left of the text insertion bar. global standard details. 11 . Ctrl+x . Jobs.length of an SDS/2 file name is typically limited to 61 characters. etc.moves the text insertion bar one character to the right. Distances. Typing in file names .moves the text insertion bar one character to the left."pastes" text that has been "cut" (using Ctrl+x) or "copied" (using Ctrl+c). F12 . Typing any character when a group of characters is selected replaces that group of characters with the character you type in.inserts "W" to the left of the text insertion bar. Page Up ."copies" text that is selected so that it can later be "pasted" into another entry field (using Ctrl+v).inserts "PL" to the left of the text insertion bar. etc. Erection views. Ctrl+d or Delete . Ctrl+t . Drag and release .selects a group of characters. + on keypad . Double-click .deletes the character to the left of the text insertion bar. use Tab or Shift+Tab.inserts "x" to the left of the text insertion bar. submaterials. Remember when typing in the name of a file that capital and lower case letters are critical. Ctrl+f or right arrow . Fabricators. Ctrl+e or End .
and space. if you have set the "Dimension precision" to 1/16. An entry of '0' is recorded as '**NOT SET**. SDS/2 will round up your entry to 1-0 1/16. /. The month can be numeric (1-12) or a threeletter abbreviation (jan. 12 . 12.5' to a field. Dec 23 2005. Note: The "Dimension precision" entered in Drawing Cosmetics sets the precision of entries that you can make when entering distances to member and material specification fields.). Entering dates: SDS/2 Detailing Basics Typing 'now' or 'today' or double-clicking or making the field blank enters today's date. If you are using imperial units as in the example below. then right-click will cause the stored value (in inches) to be displayed as shown below: If you are using metric units. If you are using imperial units. mar. entries of distances must be made in millimeters and decimals thereof (example: 100 = 100 millimeters. only numerical entry is allowed for entering distances in SDS/2. Negative degrees designates a clockwise rotation from zero degrees (from horizontal). Any character or a blank space can be used to separate the month day and year. then try to enter a material length of 1-0 1/32.23.' and you enter '14. Entering angles: 0 degrees designates no rotation. the current year is used. in Drawing Cosmetics) are always in millimeters. etc. For example. character heights (for instance. entering a distance in inches and decimal inches then tabbing out will cause the program to display in the entry field the dimensional equivalent. An unrotated item is horizontal across the screen. The "Dimensioning units" used on detail drawings is set under Dimensioning Criteria in Fabricator Options. . etc. Positive degrees designates a counterclockwise rotation from zero degrees. 1.' Dates must be entered in the order of month day year with the year optional. Entering distances: Other than the special characters -.11 millimeters). If the year is not entered. Exception: No matter what dimensioning units are used. Distances. that entry will read '1-2 1/2' after you Tab out of the field. feb.11 = 1. Dec 23. Examples: 12/23/05.05.Entering Dates. and 12 23 2005 are all viewed as equivalent entries by SDS/2 so long as the current year is 2005. Example: If "Dimensioning units" is set to 'Imperial (ft-in xx/16).
Arrow keys . Alt+F9 turns a window into an icon (if it can be turned into an icon). On windows with tabs (for example.simply hold down the Alt key and press a key to go to whichever field has that key underlined. number) to the left of the text insertion bar. you should be aware of what these keys do. 13 . In Select Items Mode with items selected. you can hold down the Ctrl key and left-click. key moves you to the "End elevation" field under "Bottom end settings. The left/right arrow keys can be used to select tabs in a window with tabs. you can Ctrl+x to "cut" (or Ctrl+c to "copy") text from one entry field so that it can later be "pasted" into another entry field (using Ctrl+v). To achieve maximum productivity with SDS/2. Ctrl is also used for various "text entry widgets" (page 11) and in Select Items Mode (page 9).used to traverse from cell to cell on SDS/2 tables or to move within a tex entry field on a window.the comma key on your keyboard. Delete deletes that text. . Back Space . End moves the text insertion bar to the right of all characters in a text entry field.when making a text entry to a field. Alt+F4 does the same thing as clicking on the "x" in the upper." pressing the . The functionality of up/down arrow keys depends on the selection made to "The up and down arrow keys" in User Options. even if you do not intend to use them on a routine basis. Back Space deletes the text.it closes the window. This same principle applies to fields on entry windows -. Ctrl . for example.holding down the Ctrl key while certain mouse bindings are active gets you additional (previously hidden) mouse bindings. End ." Alt . .SDS/2 Detailing Basics Special Keys in SDS/2 Special Keys in SDS/2 S pecial keys are keys on your keyboard with special SDS/2 applications. pressing the Back Space key deletes the character (letter. Delete . If you are. middle-click or right-click to tear off a tab. the User Options window). You can then traverse the drop-down menu using arrow keys and invoke the selected command by hitting Enter.this key appears on expanded keyboards. pressing the Delete key deletes the selected items. on the Column Edit window and have changed the "End elevation" under "Top end settings. Within any SDS/2 window or from one window to another.holding down the Alt key and pressing any letter on your keyboard that matches an underlined letter on one of the labels on the Modeling or the Drawing Editor menu bar opens the drop-down menu which that label identifies. If text is selected (highlighted) in an entry field.this key appears on an expanded keyboard. right corner of a window -. If no text is selected' Delete erases the character to the right of the insertion bar. If text is selected (highlighted) in an entry field.
the keyboard shortcut will be written on a drop-down menu next to the command it invokes.any key or series of keys can be made into a keyboard shortcut in Modeling or the Drawing Editor using Options > Keyboard Configuration. Keys on numerical keypad .with Num Lock on.Special Keys in SDS/2 SDS/2 Detailing Basics Enter . If you are performing an operation where you are prompted to select multiple items and you are done selecting items. holding down the Shift key lets you select a group of items that are next to one another on the list. It is an alternative to choosing Cancel on the right-click menu. 2. When typing in a "Label text" field. Esc closes the window. Shift with left-click in Select Items Mode can be used for selecting more than one item at a time. F11 inserts "PL" to the left of the text insertion bar. insert the associated number. you can press Enter on your keyboard instead of pressing the "OK" button at the bottom of that window. Keyboard shortcuts . F10 inserts "W" to the left of the text insertion bar. You can use the keyboard shortcut instead of the drop-down menu to invoke the command. etc. Page Up deletes all characters in an entry field. if you press the Esc key on the Beam Edit window. you can press Enter to create a paragraph break." Shift . the Esc key is bound to the "Cancel" button. Tab+Shift moves focus back one widget on an entry window. it may bring up a warning and/or prevent you from going on to the next option on the window. For example. Tab+Shift moves focus back one widget. Alt+F9 turns a window into an icon (if it can be turned into an icon). On most SDS/2 entry windows. pressing Enter can be used (instead of choosing OK on the right-click menu) to log in your selections and continue to the next step of that operation. Once you have defined a keyboard shortcut. Tab moves focus from one widget to the next on an entry window. F12 inserts "L" to the left of the text insertion bar. On other SDS/2 windows. you will close the window without applying any changes you might have made on the window. the program will validate that entry. number keys such as 1. Alt+F4 closes the window that is active. Page Up & Page Down appear on expanded keyboards.F8 deletes all text to the right of the insertion bar. When you press Tab after making an entry to a field on a window. If it finds the entry to not be valid. Page Down deletes all characters in an entry field that are to the right of the text insertion bar. 14 .this key is Return on some keyboards.holding down the Shift key while certain mouse bindings are active gets you additional (previously hidden) mouse bindings.pressing Esc cancels an operation. With Num Lock on or off. Esc . + inserts a space. In Select Items Mode in the Drawing Editor. * inserts "x. Function keys . On a warning window (which does not have a "Cancel" button). On selection dialogs that list multiple items that can be selected. pressing Shift while holding down the left mouse button with the mouse pointer over a dimension label or a dimension line grabs the object so that you can move it.
For instance. Q. sometimes referred to in this documentation as SDS/2's global coordinate system. The model. It is created by you. plan view isometric view elevation view looks down on the model looks from an angle looks at the model from the side By going into different erection views. columns and braces in 3D space. Each member or material work point is assigned unique X. It is also a database of information about members that make up the steel structure. You can create three different types of erection views in SDS/2. Why is it called three-dimensional? A. you can use the Member Add tool to lay out beams. 15 . which is a 2D window into the 3D model. For more information on 3D modeling.SDS/2 Detailing Basics The 3D Model The 3D Model Q. The 3D model is a computer representation of the actual steel framework of a building. using options available on the Model menu in Modeling. after all. each end of each member exists at a particular elevation. Q. The obvious answer is that you can look at it on your computer screen. exists in three dimensions. Every member in the 3D model has actual physical dimensions that can be measured on screen. Because it is three-dimensional. while your computer screen is flat and therefore can only represent 3D space in two dimensions. However. tower or other steel structure. things are actually more complicated than this. What is the 3D model? A. each of which will provide you with information about the various members that make up the 3D model. An alternative to creating a model yourself is to import it from another program using Design Data's DesignLINK program. It exists in a 3D mathematical matrix. Y and Z coordinates within a 3D mathematical matrix. the user. see "Constructing a 3D Model" beginning on page 40. Where does the 3D model come from? A. you will be able to look at the model from different perspectives. SDS/2 therefore allows you to create something called an erection view. Q How can I look at the model? A.
then regenerate the detail drawing. It will save you time by ensuring that all who depend on information from the model are provided with the same information (because that information ultimately comes from the same source – the model). then all of the information that you derive from the 3D model will be accurate and up to date. Doesn't 3D modeling take longer? A. the way to fix it is to correct the problem in the 3D model. etc. Q. you are also doing the ground work for creating detail drawings – which can be generated automatically (and therefore very quickly). How does 3D modeling benefit actual construction of a structure? A. warehouse personnel. – will all be getting information that is crucial to their job performance from the same source. Q. All detail drawings that are automatically generated in SDS/2 derive their information from the 3D model. With 3D modeling. It will save you time by helping you to visualize potential problems before they become real problems at the actual construction site. Therefore. This greatly aids in your ability to troubleshoot potential problems before they become real problems. If a beam is too short. conflicting information is minimized and the people who depend on SDS/2 – engineers. What is the importance of the 3D model? SDS/2 Detailing Basics A. SDS/2 will also save you the time and hassle and money associated with the back charges that 3D modeling can help to prevent. but member bills of material are themselves derived from the 3D model. 3D modeling helps to ensure that all members will be designed and fabricated to precise specifications so that members fit together exactly the way they are supposed to and actual erection of a structure at its construction site is greatly facilitated. If you think that there is a problem with the way that a particular member end connection is designed. Many reports that can be generated in SDS/2 also derive their information from the 3D model.The 3D Model Q. shop personnel. you can go to the model and look at that end connection to see how it will actually appear in real life. if there is a structural problem with a SDS/2-generated detail drawing. 16 . SDS/2 will save you time in troubleshooting and revisions. Because all information that comes from SDS/2 is ultimately derived from a single 3D model. the program will quickly begin to save your organization a lot of time. you will be able to see on your computer screen that it is too short. detailers. While learning SDS/2 initially requires an investment of your time. When you do 3D modeling in SDS/2. The basic theory behind SDS/2 is that if you construct the 3D model properly. Some reports are derived from member bills of material. you can actually see a structural framework before the structure is built. Not really.
Section View and Isometric View) can be used in SDS/2 to change the location of a view to give you a different perspective of the 3D model. These views appear as grid lines when you are in other views.SDS/2 Detailing Basics Working in Three Dimensions Working in Three Dimensions Tools for working in 3D The New View and Save Area tools can be used to create new views of the 3D model. 3 17 . you will have created a new view. If you then Save that new perspective (File > Save). 1 2 1. 3. 2. The Ruler window reports the distance between the two points. A number of other tools (including Plan View. Left-click (Locate) the 2nd point. The Ruler tool (Model > Ruler in Modeling) lets you measure any threedimensional distance by locating two points on screen. Left-click (Locate) the 1st point.
18 . In a plan view when the "Z" field reads '0'. exact point for which coordinates are displayed coordinates feedback line (X. Choose Locate > Auto Configuration." "Reference location Y. Z display) Rulers around the borders of views can be turned on in Modeling to provide you with a quick way to approximate distances and visualize global coordinates.Working in Three Dimensions SDS/2 Detailing Basics The X-Y-Z display tells you the position of specific points within SDS/2's global coordinate system. Y. all points translate to the reference elevation of the plan view." which can be used to change a material's location in the 3D model." and "Reference elevation. Z filtering in a Modeling snaps points you locate a specific distance (Z screen axis location) in/out from your view's work plane. The General Information window has fields "Reference location X.
but in one view depth checking is on. for example. The example below shows the same plan view of the same model. and in the other view depth checking is off. depth checking on depth checking off 19 . help you determine which end of a member is its left end in an elevation view.SDS/2 Detailing Basics Working in Three Dimensions An axes box can. Notice that there are two beams which can be seen in the view with depth checking off. but cannot be seen in the view with depth checking on. left left left left Depth checking controls how far into and out of a screen you can see.
To get to this window.. the X axis is horizontal with respect to the screen (+ is right. and at other times along the X global axis. • The "Reference location X. Sometimes you will be looking at it from the north.is left). When you are in Modeling. Z" reported on the General Information window is the location of the material's reference point with respect to global axes. depending on which side the structure is being viewed from. 20 . then press on the "General Information" button on the material's edit window. In a plan view.is down). and sometimes from the west." ". the Y axis is vertical with respect to the screen (+ is up. As you walk around a building.. south. . The only thing that changes is your position. parallel to the Y axis The Z axis is the elevation axis in whatever view you are in. the coordinate system we call north. Y" and ". Operations that relate to global axes: • All operations used to construct a 3D model in Modeling relate directly to global axes since all materials in the 3D model have precise global coordinates that position their work points with respect to global axes. axes boxes in elevation views that were cut in a plan view. They position a member's reference point within the 3D model. the Z axis (elevation) will be vertical. • When you set up an isometric view (View > Isometric View).. the axes box will inform you of the position of that view with respect to the global coordinate system. parallel to the X axis global axes box in an unrotated plan view axes boxes in elevation views that were cut in a plan view. In an elevation view. As you move around the 3D model. and the Z axis (elevation) is toward you out of the screen (+). An axes box can optionally be added to your toolbar by choosing Options > Toolbar Configuration. looking at it from different views. double-click on a material.. . east and west does not change. and either the Y axis or the X axis will be horizontal. the => and <= options (or your mouse wheel) rotate the view. at other times along the Y global axis. This is analogous to walking around the perimeter of a building.Working in Three Dimensions SDS/2 Detailing Basics SDS/2's global coordinate system Global coordinates are fixed. or away from you into the screen (-). you may sometimes be looking at the model along the Z global axis. sometimes from the south.
"Determining a member's near side and left end"). the global axes coordinates of individual members in your 3D model do not change. its coordinate system will remain the same. Its Y axis is perpendicular to the X axis along the left end of the member.SDS/2 Detailing Basics Working in Three Dimensions • When you change the Reference Elevation (View > Reference Elevation) of a view or its Relative Depth (View > Relative Depth). The left end is the column's bottom end. 0 point of the member coordinate system). it also gives the distance from the first point along the X. 0. • When you Rotate View (Navigate > Rotate View). Y and Z global axes to the second point. • When you create a structure in SDS/2 from a neutral file using DesignLINK (a program you can purchase from Design Data). 0 point Each member has its own coordinate system. which includes the point of origin for the three axes (the 0. Positive and negative directions within this coordinate system are determined with respect to the left end of the member. Only the view changes. members are positioned according to the global coordinates specified in the neutral file. A force whose direction is from left to right along the X axis is assigned a positive value. Its Z axis is perpendicular to both the X and Y axes. It is possible to create views in Modeling that show the left end of a member on your right. the intersection of the three axes would be at the top flange of the member. 0. not from the viewer's perspective (see page 22. If this were a wide flange beam. The member's X axis is always along the length of the member from left to right. If relevant. 0 point. • When the Ruler tool is used (Model > Ruler). 0. The axes intersect at the 0. The left end of a member is defined by that member's location in the global coordinate system. SDS/2 gives the actual distance between the points being measured. 0. Member coordinates The illustration below shows the X. 21 . Y and Z member coordinates for a wide flange column. This means that if you rotate that member. you are changing that view's position (moving its work plane) with respect to the 3D model's global coordinate system.
far side near side top flange web NS web near side web NS web NS bottom flange center line near side far side Web near side is the face shown in the main view on the member detail. 22 . The left end of a column is the end that is at the lower elevation. The left end of a member (other than a column) is on the left on its detail. its left end is to your left and its right end is to your right. • When you do a Material Rotate operation (Model > Material > Rotate). but for the main material of a non-miscellaneous member the material coordinates match the member coordinates. the reference point (0. The near side of a column (columns in SDS/2 are perfectly vertical) is always face B. the near side web of a beam. 0 member coordinate) of the member is shown on the member's left end. you can optionally rotate the material with respect to member axes (you also have the option to rotate with respect to material axes). When looking at the near side of a non-vertical member. When viewing a plan view in Modeling. 0. Determining a member's near side and left end Knowing a member's left end can help you determine its near side.Working in Three Dimensions Operations that relate to member axes: SDS/2 Detailing Basics • When you double-click on a member to bring up its edit window. • SDS/2's Parametric Modeling program uses member coordinates to record the location of the work points of a material added to a member. column or brace is the face that looks to the bottom or the right of the screen. • SDS/2's CNC program uses material coordinates.
SDS/2 Detailing Basics Working in Three Dimensions The piecemark of a member not shown as a cross section in Modeling is on the left end of the member (exception: if the member is relatively short or you have "Swapped member ends. SDS/2 determines which end is the left end of a member as follows: • If an X global coordinate for one work point of a member is less than the X global coordinate for the other work point. each member work point is assigned global coordinates. 0 member coordinate." this will not hold true). This reference point is centered over the 0. 23 . Hence a column's bottom end is its left end. piecemark piecemark piecemark Doing a Member Edit (double-click member main material in Select Items Mode) causes the reference point of the member to be displayed. • If both the X and Y global coordinates of both work points of a member are the same (this would be the case for a column). then the work point with the smallest Z global coordinate (lowest elevation) is the left end of the member. • If the X global coordinate for both work points of the member are the same (this would be the case for a beam shown vertical in a plan view). then the work point with the smallest Y global coordinate is the left end of the member. left end (member is in isolation mode) As members are input to the 3D model. which is on the member's left end. with its left end on the left (bottom in the case of a column) and its near side facing toward you. 0. then the lesser X coordinate is the left end of the member. the main member view is the same as that member's main view on its member detail. member reference point symbol shows which end is the left end In Isolate Member Mode.
• To keep their views consistent. determining which end of a member is its left end can be a bit more tricky. This is because erection views have directions. In an elevation view. left end left end left end • The left end of a member that is horizontal in a plan view is on the left of the member.SDS/2 Detailing Basics The left end of members in a plan view can be determined by observing how the members are oriented with respect to the computer screen. then in an elevation view facing the opposite direction the left end of that same member will appear on its right. • For a member that is vertical in a plan view. the most left end is the left end. the left end is the lower end. detailers usually lay out grid lines in a plan view so they look bottom up and right in. 24 . left end left end left end left end • If in one elevation view the left end of a member appears on its left. • For a member that is diagonal in a plan view.
toward the left). X-axis and Y-axis dimensioning are determined with respect to screen axes. Operations that relate to screen axes: • Locate > Dx Dy Offset (DXDY) lets you locate a point by specifying a distance from a first point or a reference point along the X. No matter what view you are in: • The X screen axis is horizontal (+ is to the right. is done with respect to screen axes. . The same applies to Edit > Copy Objects in the Drawing Editor. 25 . etc.down). • Rotation for Model > Load Assembly is done with respect to screen axes. screen axes directly correspond to global axes. • XYZ Filters (Locate > Auto Point Configuration) work with respect to screen axes. weld symbols. with 0 degrees being horizontal across the screen. These axes are oriented with respect to your computer screen. . • For the Member Copy function (Model > Member > Copy). • The Y axis is vertical (+ is up. In a plan view. . • Rotation of graphic objects such as construction lines. • Depth checking (Navigate > Display Options) controls how far into and out of a screen you can see. • The Z axis is perpendicular to the surface of the screen and goes into and out of the screen (+ is toward you up from the screen.SDS/2 Detailing Basics Screen axes Working in Three Dimensions Screen axes are yet another coordinate system that is sometimes used in SDS/2.is away from you). Y and/or Z screen axes. • Locate > Center of Screen (CNTR) finds the point the exact center of your screen.
While in Modeling. In the design of connections.' 'End plate. vertical brace. Note: Once you have generated a connection on the end of a member. If you are on a Beam Edit window and the "Input connection type" you select is a 'Clip angle. 2d.' you can optionally press the "Moment" button and add moment options.Applying Connections to Members SDS/2 Detailing Basics Applying Connections to Individual Members 1. "Do you want to change all (members with this piecemark). If you select a connection type other than 'Auto standard' or 'User defined' press the "Conn Spec" button and fill out additional design specifications. 2e. you can modify that connection by making it 'User' or by adding materials. Remember that most SDS/2 connections are always applied on the left or right end of the supported member – this goes even for connections that are detailed with (and therefore shop attached to) the supporting member. Or press 'No' to change only the one member you just edited. On the member edit window. and choices made in Job Options and Fabricator Options. AISC guidelines. If you select 'Auto standard' as the "Input connection type" then go to step 2e." 2.' 'Shear' or 'Beam splice plate. Choose Process > Process and Create Solids to cause SDS/2 to actually design the connection you have specified. choose either Model > Member > Add or double-click on a member to bring up a beam. particular framing conditions. horizontal brace or joist edit window. Press the "OK" button to exit the member edit window. 26 . a yes-no dialog will appear on screen with the question. select the specific connection type for the field "Input connection type. holes." Either press the 'Yes' button to change all members with the same piecemark so that they have the same specifications as the member you just edited. 2a." then enter the file name of the user defined connection that you want to the "User defined connection" field. SDS/2 will take into account loading conditions. SDS/2 will automatically assign a connection for you based on the member's framing situation and the choices made to "Auto Standard Connections" setup in Job Options. column. 4. 3. If in step 2 you made changes to an existing member and the 3D model contains other members with the same piecemark. 2b. press the "Conn Type" button and. etc. 2c. for the appropriate end of the member. If you select 'User defined' as the "Input connection type.
the more time auto standard connections are likely to save. 27 . Examples of framing conditions: plan views all column rotations = 0° When to use auto standard connections: It is strongly recommended that users of SDS/2 apply auto standard connections wherever possible. You CANNOT define the following types of connections as auto standard: • moment connections • vertical brace gusset plates • horizontal brace gusset plates • beam-to-beam splice plates Auto standard connections save time: • It's usually a lot faster to define auto standard connections than to define connections on each end of a member independently." They are defined so that SDS/2 will automatically design similar connections for similar framing conditions. as this will save time.SDS/2 Detailing Basics Auto Standard Connections Auto Standard Connections What are auto standard connections? Auto standard connections are system connections that have been defined according to particular framing conditions under the Job Options category "Auto Standard Connections. The larger the Job. minimize the total number of shop drawings that are required in a Job. and ensure consistency of design.
Model > Member > Add or edit (double-click on) an existing beam or column to open the Beam Edit or Column Edit window of the member you want to apply the auto standard connection to. Choose Options > Job Options > Auto Standard Connections to define the SDS/2 connection type (clip angle. splice plate. 28 . bent plate. While on the appropriate edit window. • As with other automatically generated connections. Remember that beam connections are applied on the left or right end of the supported member – this goes even for connections that are detailed with (and therefore shop attached to) the supporting member.Auto Standard Connections Auto standard connections ensure design consistency: SDS/2 Detailing Basics • The total number of different connection designs needed to complete a job is minimized. base/ cap plate) for particular framing conditions (in the example below. • This also means that the total number of detail drawings required is minimized and shop activity is thus streamlined. 2. 4. seated beam." Press "OK" to exit the edit window. SDS/2 designs auto standard connections to meet AISC specifications and any user-defined loading specifications or Job/Fabricator Preference specifications. press the "Conn Type" button and. end plate. To generate an auto standard connection: 1. 3. for the appropriate end of the member. SDS/2 looks to the choices you made to Job Options in step 1 in order to assign the auto standard connection that is appropriate for that framing condition. the condition is a wide flange beam perpendicular to the flange of a wide flange beam). select 'Auto Standard' as the "Input connection type. During Process and Create Solids. shear.
and the web rotation (example: btb_shr_wv for a beam-to-beam shear connection where the main material of the supported beam is wide flange material with a vertical web). 29 . However. Process and Create Solids to cause SDS/2 to attempt to design the connection. it may be that you have set up the user defined connection for a member that has different member type specifications. Under "User Defined Connections" in Job Options. 2. 2a. • User defined connections can be copied into your current Job from other Jobs by choosing Utility Functions > Copy Job Items from the SDS/2 Main Menu. column or brace to bring up the edit window on which you want to apply the connection that you defined in step 1. To create a user defined connection: 1. the framing situation. set up the user defined connection and give it a file name up to 61 characters in length. Press the "OK" button at the bottom of the member edit window to save your changes and exit the window.SDS/2 Detailing Basics User Defined Connections User Defined Connections What is a user defined connection? • User defined connections are connections that have been given specific file names and can be applied to the ends of as many members as you like." A troubleshooting tip: • Usually a user defined connection will be designed by SDS/2 exactly as you have specified. They allow you. 2b. If a user defined connection is altered by SDS/2 when applied to a particular member." To the field "User defined connection. the material type. this is not always true. Press the "Conn Type" button and. select 'User defined' as the "Input connection type. You can delete user defined connections from your current Job using the SDS/2 Utilities option "Purge Job Items." enter the name you gave this user defined connection when it was originally set up in step 1. to enter specifications that may or may not follow AISC guidelines. or a different web rotation than the member to which you actually applied the connection. the user. 3. for the appropriate end of the member. Give it a name that will help you remember the connection type. material type specifications. Use Model > Member > Add or edit (double-click on) an existing beam. 2c. Confirm that the "Section size" on the edit window is material of the same type as the "Material type" selected when you defined the connection in step 1.
One thing you can do in Modeling to help you track your work and ensure quality results is to use Model > Status Display and Model > Update Status. If you are not sure what a particular option on a window does in SDS/2. Tip #4: Users can customize the look and performance of SDS/2 in a variety of ways. Tip #3: There's usually more than one way to do something in SDS/2. submission and revisions. try using SDS/2's context-sensitive help. especially if you are a new user. 30 . When you let SDS/2 design connections for you. For example. It's a lot easier and quicker to use Status or the Search options. you can double-check the model and drawings to see if SDS/2 has altered a connection during Process and Create Solids. or you can perform a Search for altered connections (Edit > Search > Connections Changed by System). press that window's "Help" button. Status options can also help you keep track of drawing development. or you can use Model > Status to display in another color all members with connections that SDS/2 has changed. Tip #6: If you don't understand something in SDS/2. you are likely to make mistakes that will later need to be corrected. There are usually architectural and engineering changes that will make you have to redo some of your work. Pay especially close attention to options that affect connection design. Tip # 2: The best way to save time when developing a Job is to use Job Options and Fabricator Options to your advantage. Tip #5: Productivity can potentially be dramatically increased using macros created in SDS/2's Parametric Modeling program or by applying adaptive details when you Process > Detail Members. SDS/2 will start your browser and brings you to the part of the manual that discusses that window. then you are working with the program and letting it do your most difficult work for you. you can set up keyboard shortcuts (Options > Keyboard Configuration) or add or remove icons on your tool bars (Options > Toolbar Configuration). Also. Reports generated using options on the Reports drop-down menu are another useful way to track members and materials through the development of a Job. The Configuration Files tab in Options > User Options lets you set which configuration files (containing toolbars and keyboard shortcuts) you want to be automatically loaded when you start up Modeling or the Drawing Editor. The Search options found on the Edit drop-down menu are useful for finding potential problems with connections. For example.Tips for Making Job Development Faster Step by Step Instructions SDS/2 Detailing Basics Step-by-Step Detailing Instructions Tips for Making Job Development Faster Tip #1: The development of a Job in SDS/2 usually doesn't go as planned.
31 . press "Cancel. double-click on its name (or select its name and press "OK). You can use different Fabricator Options with different Jobs. Go to step 4. left corner of the SDS/2 Main Menu. existing Fabricator and Job. Skip steps 3 and 5 if all you want to do is change to a different.Step-by-Step Instructions Beginning a Job Step 1: Beginning a Job What is a Job/Fabricator? A Job is a file folder used by your current version of SDS/2 to store information about all members that you lay out when you build a structure (a 3D model) in SDS/2. Do one of the following: Alternative 1: To select a different Fabricator. 1. To begin changing a Job and/or Fabricator: Method 1: On the upper. just to the right of the "Change" button. Creating/starting up a Job The following instructions may be used to start up a Fabricator/Job that is not the last Fabricator/ Job you were working on or for creating an entirely new Fabricator/Job. A Fabricator is a file that contains Fabricator Options. you change to a different 3D model. When you change to a different Job. press "Create New. A selection dialog will appear on screen with a list of the Fabricator Options files that are stored in the current version of SDS/2." Go to step 3.' this routine will start up automatically when you start up SDS/2. Method 2: If the "Job/Fab selection method" in User Options is 'Prompt. 2. What is my current Job/Fabricator? You can tell which Job is your current Job by looking at the upper. press the "Change" button. A single set of Job Options is a part of a particular Job and cannot be used with a different Jobs (although they can be copied into different Jobs). The current Job and Fabricator will be listed." Go to step 4. Alternative 3: To create a new Fabricator. Alternative 2: To keep your current Fabricator. left corner of the SDS/2 Main Menu. Also listed will be the "Repository" (file folder) where your current Job is stored.
32 . Step-by-Step Instructions Skip this step if it does not apply. then double-click on its name (or select its name and press "OK"). press the "Cancel" button. Go to step 6. Do one (1) of the following: Alternative 1: If the Job you want is on the list.the file name (up to 64 characters) of the new Fabricator you want to create.the file name of the Fabricator data you want to copy to the "New Fabricator" file whose name you entered above. Copy from (reference 2) .Beginning a Job 3. You will be able to use this Fabricator with any Job that is stored in your current version of SDS/2. Alternative 3: To create a new Job to be your current Job. If you don't know the Fabricator's name. Or press "Cancel" (reference 4) to go back to step 2. SDS/2 will assign default setup data based on common practices in the fabrication industry. Go to step 4. If you pressed "Create New. You can change to a different Job repository (file folder) and so get a different list of Jobs if you so choose. A selection dialog will appear on screen with a list of all Jobs in the file folder in which your current Job is located. Alternative 2: If you want to keep working in your current Job. Either press the "OK" button (reference 3) to cause SDS/2 to create the new Fabricator. press the browse button ( ) and select the name you want from the list." the Create New Fabricator dialog will appear on screen: New Fabricator (reference 1) . press "Create New" and go to step 5. then go to step 6. If you leave this field blank. 4.
user defined connections. Beginning a Job Skip this step if it does not apply. SDS/2 will create default Job setup data for your new Job. but will not copy sheet outlines or user defined connections. The program will calculate how much memory it needs for the number of members you have specified and will allocate space on the hard drive accordingly.a whole number that represents the estimated number of members you expect to have in this Job plus an extra 10% for good measure. If necessary.Step-by-Step Instructions 5. setup data from another Job to the new Job) Repository (reference 4) ." Job name (reference 2) . 33 . the Job information will be copied FROM the name you enter here TO the new "Job name" entered above.no entry or the file name of the Job you want to copy Job information from. (the following fields let you optionally copy sheet outlines.e." the Create New Job dialog will appear on screen. You can add new repositories by using the SDS/2 Utility option "Job Repository Management. you can later increase your estimate using the "Change File Sizes" utility. leave it blank).the file folder into which the "New Job" you are creating will be stored.the file folder from which you want to select the "Job name" below. Approximate number of members (reference 3) . If you enter a valid 'file name' of a Job. If you don't know the Job's name. If you make 'no entry' to this field (i. If you pressed "Create New. press the browse button ( ) to select a name from the list. Job name (reference 5) . Repository (reference 1) .the file name (up to 64 characters) that you want to give the new Job.
left corner of this menu. 6a.select one of the following options for copying an existing material file for use as the local material file in the Job you are creating. user defined connections.. from other Jobs. Tip 1: At this time you will probably want to double-check your Job/Fabricator Option files as described in the next section. Use other material file source (reference 6) .selects the material file for the "Job name" entered under "Copy job information" to be copied as the local material file of the new Job you are creating. The material file will be copied as the local material file for the new Job. These files are automatically updated with each new version of SDS/2.a file path to any material file on your network.Beginning a Job Step-by-Step Instructions (step 5 continued -. You should now be back at the SDS/2 Main Menu." button to select a file instead of manually typing in the file path. default Canadian (dcan_mtrl) and default All (dall_mtrl) material files. Users may update these files as they please. 34 . * = file path to the current version of SDS/2. 6.. sheet outlines. SDS/2 does not overwrite these files when you update your current version of SDS/2. Use the job in "Copy job information" (reference 6) . /*/conf_mtrl/default /*/conf_mtrl/usa_mtrl /*/conf_mtrl/can_mtrl /*/conf_mtrl/all_mtrl Either press the "OK" button (reference 7) to cause SDS/2 to create the new Job. Or press the "Cancel" button (reference 8) to end the Change operation without creating a new Job. You can use the "Browse. Following are examples of some of the file paths you might enter: Examples of file paths: /*/main/job_mtrl * = file path to a Job.the following field lets you select the material file to be stored in the Job you are creating) Material file source (reference 6) ." Tip 2: You may at this time want to use the Copy Job Items utility to copy standard details. This file folder contains the default USA (dusa_mtrl). * = file path to the current version of SDS/2. "Double Checking Setup Options. This is the path to the local material file in that Job. assemblies or etc. Canadian and All material files. These are the USA. Note that the new Job and Fabricator you selected (or created if you did steps 3 or 5) are now listed in the upper.
Please note. then Process > Process and Create Solids. which should be changed as your Job is revised). You can use SDS/2 Utilities to copy "Job Setup Info" or "Fabricator Setup Info" from other Jobs to your current Job. Job Options generally relate to the engineering standards defined for a particular construction project. while others affect Process and Create Solids. 35 . Tip: To print a report on selected Fabricator Options. Key #5: Fabricator Preference and Job Preference files are stored on disk (your hard drive or server). Key #2: Setup information is divided into two sections: Job Options & Fabricator Options. however. Another way to do this is to choose Model > Member > Mark for Processing and select the members you want changed. You can also import Job and Fabricator Options as you create a new Job or Fabricator (see "Beginning a Job." In Modeling or the Drawing Editor. Still other setup options are applied during Detail Members. usually when you start a Job (an exception is the current revision level. A little time spent setting up Job/Fabricator Options can save you a great deal of time inputting a Job. you only need to Process > Detail Members to see your setup changes applied. Certain setup options affect member input. for many Fabricator Options. One way to do this is to choose Process > Process Members Only. Key #4: Ideally you set Job and Fabricator Options one time per Job. then select all members that you want redesigned according to the your new setup choices. then Process and Create Solids or Detail selected members to make changes to those members or to their details while other members do not change." For a report on selected Job Options. select "Print Job Data. Fabricator Options generally have to do with the shop practices of fabricators." Key concepts for understanding setup: Key #1: You can get to setup options from the SDS/2 Main Menu by clicking on "Setup Job or Fabricator Options.Step-by-Step Instructions Setup Options Step 2: Double Checking Setup Options S etup options (Job/Fabricator Options) let you customize SDS/2 to meet the special needs of particular fabricators or of particular construction projects. you may need to Process members again. Key #3: Setup options affect different parts of SDS/2. select "Print Fabricator Data. Key #6: If you change Job/Fabricator Options. that Processing is not necessary for all setup options. These options also help speed the input of a Job and ensure consistency in the use of materials and the application of design principles." steps 3 and/or 5). Please note. however. that you can make setup changes. choose Options > Job Options or Options > Fabricator Options.
Please note that the first line on many setup tables sets the default selection that will be applied to the first members or materials that are added after you first start up Modeling. Setup Options that Affect Field Entry on SDS/2 Windows Option "Units" Location Drawing Cosmetics in Fabricator Ops Drawing Cosmetics in Fabricator Ops separate tables in Job Options Revision Level. T. Affect selection options that users can choose from during Status Review or Status Update.Setup Options Step-by-Step Instructions Options to look at before entering member and material specifications: Many of the options in Job Options and Fabricator Options directly set up menus and selection lists that appear as options on specification windows for members and materials in Modeling. these sequences are numerical (1. for example. columns or braces by selecting 'User Defined' as the "Input connection type. etc. Sets the names of sequences on the selection list that appears when you press the browse button to assign a sequence to a member. Sets the bolt types that are available for selection while adding or editing beams. Zone and Sequence in Job Options Revision Level. Sets the number of sequences your Job is to be divided into. Set the steel grades that will be selectable on menus in "Steel Grade" fields on. pipe & tube material "Maximum Sequences" Sequence Names User Defined Bolt Schedule Plate Definition Schedule User Defined Connections Stair Tread Definition Schedule User Routing Definitions Job Options Fabricator Options Fabricator Options 36 . Sets base/cap plates that the SDS/2 user can apply to columns. Specific connections users can apply to beams. "Dimension precision" steel grades for W. material edit windows. Zone and Sequence in Job Options Job Options Job Options Effect on Specification Entry Sets units of measure for entry of distances to fields in SDS/2.)." Sets stair treads that users can apply when adding stairs. 2. C. The table that follows lists some of the setup options that you can use to customize selection lists and menus. Sets precision for entry of distances to fields in SDS/2. the sequences will appear as numbers. plates. By default. L. 3. columns or braces. If you don't set up names. but you can give them names if you choose.
Set field clearances for connections that are not applied using the "auto standard" method. flats Mark Locations and Material Marking Member and Material Piecemarking Minimums for Structural Members Minimums for Single-Plate Shear Connections Design Criteria Location Job Options Effect on Process & Create Solids Set up connection specifications according to particular framing situations. Job Options Fabricator Options Standard Fabricator Connections Fabricator Options Fabricator Options Job Options Job Options Job Options Washer Criteria Weld Design Criteria Plate Design Criteria Job Options Job Options Job Options 37 . number of rows and plate thicknesses for shear tab connections on wide flange and channel beams. Affect where CNC marks are placed on members during Process & Create Solids. bent plate. Specifications for the design of welded connections. List connection materials that may be applied to certain types of connections duringProcess & Create Solids. A few (not all) of these options are listed on this table: Setup Options that Affect Process & Create Solids Option Auto Standard Connections Non Auto Standard Field Clearances Standard Fabricator Connections lists of tees. Set hole spacing and gages that are applied during Process & Create Solids. For example. Dramatically affect connection design. welded moment flange plates.' Define the number and types of washers assigned to particular bolt types applied in the shop or field.Step-by-Step Instructions Job/Fabricator Options to look at before Process and Create Solids: Setup Options You can control events that take place during Process and Create Solids using various setup options. Set bolt diameter. end plate and beam-to-beam splice plate connections on wide flange and channel beams. Apply to the design of column web doublers. Set the number of rows of holes on clip angle. beam stiffener plates and brace gusset plates. angles. you can set the "Connection design method" to 'ASD' or 'LRFD. Affect the naming of member and submaterial piecemarks that takes place during Solids Creation. including welds on base/cap plates and moment connections.
Setup Options Job/Fabricator Options to look at before automatic detailing: Step-by-Step Instructions Automatic detailing is the automatic production of member details. Setup Options that Affect Automatic Detailing Option Dimensioning Criteria Drawing Cosmetics "Units" Location Fabricator Options Fabricator Options Drawing Cosmetics Standard Fabricator Connections Job Options Fabricator Options Fabricator Options Effect on Automatic Detailing Set the types of dimensions to be drawn on beam. Let you choose how materials will be designated on member details and how submaterial details will be named. Set how and where bolt information will be identified on member details. For this reason. without your ever having to manually draw a line. Let you define the general appearance of items such as weld symbols and bevel symbols. column and brace details. when you make changes to members in Modeling. Define the scale of details and affect the appearance of details in other ways. The "Units" for primary dimensions affect not just details but all specifications related to dimensions reported on details. Give you options for the automatic dimensioning and labeling of members in erection view details. Set the sizes of characters and the plotter pen numbers of graphic objects that appear on details. SDS/2 users can produce these three types of drawings automatically. Sets the direction the A face on a column detail is marked to face. SDS/2 bases its drawings on the physical dimensions of actual members. Options are categorized by member type and include options for including end elevations and load information on details. you will need to auto detail the affected members again so that the new set of drawings accurately reflects the model. You will also have to auto detail again if you make changes to drawing options in Fabricator Options (for instance. Control over the appearance of these drawings is accomplished mostly through Fabricator Options. to options under Drawing Cosmetics). materials and erection views in the Modeling 3D model. submaterial details and erection view details. General Detailing Options Job North Bolt Detailing Options Member and Material Piecemarking Options Member Detailing/ Fabricaton Options Erection View Detailing Options Detailing Symbol Options Fabricator Options Fabricator Options Fabricator Options 38 .
Setup Options for Special Applications Option Drawing Pen Setup ABM Report Criteria Location Fabricator Options Fabricator Options Effect Sets the line thickness (width) and color for HP-GL/2 plotter pens. Can be applied to members on their Status Review windows and later used as categories for organizing the Advance Bill of Material or the Sheet Loading Report. ABM Add Report. Sets the layout of the member bill of material that is plotted on detail sheets. Can be applied to members on their Status Review windows and later used as categories for organizing the Advance Bill of Material or the Sheet Loading Report. etc.Step-by-Step Instructions Options for special cases: Setup Options Data that is output from an SDS/2 Job is usually derived from the 3D model or from member bills of material (which are derived from the 3D model but can be modified by the user). Lets you set whether you want the weights of materials that are reported in a member bill of material to be based on the actual member shipping weight or the weight of the raw material before copes. Sets the defaults for which member details will be grouped together on detail sheet during Detail Sheet Autoloading. Sets whether field bolts are listed for the supported member or the supporting member. the SDS/2 user can plot sheets or print reports or use special programs for exporting files (such as DXF Interface.This applies during Processing to field bolt reports and member details (if field bolts are listed in the member bill). Set the defaults for which types of materials will be listed in the database that an Advance Bill of Material (ABM) is derived from. Current ABM. Design Link and Kiss Export). ABM Drop Report. To output information from a Job. Lets you configure the appearance of the following reports: Original ABM. ABM Report Layout Bill of Material Layout Fabricator Options Fabricator Options General Detailing Options in Fabricator Options Bolt Detailing Options in Fabricator Options Fabricator Options "Shop bill weight" "Field bolts listed on which members" Category Definitions Member and Material Piecemarking Options Sheet Loading Criteria Fabricator Options Fabricator Options 39 . The following table lists a few of the options in Fabricator Options that can be used to customize the form and content of information that is derived from an SDS/2 Job. ABM Material Information Report.
To start up Modeling from the SDS/2 Main Menu. General instructions: Laying out members is a three-step process (a four-step process for miscellaneous members): 1 . Lay out a grid of erection views (grid lines) to guide you in the placement of members in plan views." If you are in a newly created Job. Note that an intersecting pair of construction lines will cross at the 0.work point layout 3 .then no erection views will have been created. 0. Beams.member type selection 2 . name the plan view for the floor at a hundred feet "100-0"). then bring you into a plan view at that elevation. Grid lines are preferred for member layout over construction lines because they are permanent features of a view (unless erased).specification input 4 . These can be used to base other construction lines off of. 40 . 0 global coordinate in this view. click on "Modeling.Constructing a 3D Model Step-by-Step Instructions Step 3: Constructing a 3D Model A dding members to the 3D model is done in Modeling. whereas construction lines will disappear from a view after you exit Modeling.member rotation (optional for miscellaneous members) Before laying out members: Create a plan view of every floor in the structure that you are modeling. You can create plan views by using View > Plan View. The top flange of a beam laid out using INCL (intersection construction line) in a plan view will be at the elevation of that view. columns and horizontal braces are easiest to lay out in a plan view. SDS/2 will prompt you to enter the name and elevation of a new erection view. Use File > New View to do this. Generally it is a good idea to name plan views for the elevation they are at (for example.
beam-tocolumn shear plates are welded to. direction the view will face Erection views should be laid out in a consistent way. girts. SDS/2 designs brace connections according to the brace's framing situation. Be aware. In SDS/2. those members will be assigned different piecemarks). horizontal braces. that connections may be shop attached to the supporting member or the supported member. When you start a new Job and first enter Modeling.Step-by-Step Instructions Constructing a 3D Model A grid line should be laid out along each column line. depending on the type of connection (e. This ensures that members that are horizontal in the view will be oriented with their left ends on the left. Notice when you are laying out erection views (grid lines) that an arrowhead appears. 41 . connections other than column end connections are applied on the supported member (e. SDS/2 assigns all exactly alike members the same member piecemark and details them together on the same drawing (Exception: If members that are otherwise exactly the same are in different sequences and the user has checked the box for "Break major marks apart by sequence" in Member and Material Piecemarking Options.g. the column). however. SDS/2 member types are beams. Most users prefer to lay out erection views (grid lines) in a plan view so that they face either upward or toward the left. Member selection: Members are individual shipping pieces typically consisting of a single piece of member main material to which connection materials are welded or bolted in the shop. Use the Locate options INCL (intersection construction line) and BSGL (base grid line) to lay out these grid lines. stairs and miscellaneous members. Beams and columns have a specific set of connection types which you can specify for SDS/2 to design. and therefore detailed on. SDS/2 automatically generates a pair of construction lines that you can use to create grid lines at regular intervals. beam-to-column shear plates are added on the end of the beam). columns. purlins.g. vertical braces. This arrowhead points in the direction that the view will be facing when you Open that view (by selecting File > Open then selecting that view on the list).
A beam is a structural member whose primary function is to carry loads transverse to its longitudinal axis. For example. end plate. skewed or sloping. A larger number of connection types can be applied to beams than to other types of members. you can also apply moment options.' 'Shear' or 'Splice plate' as your "Connection Type" for the end of a beam. welded plate box.a column is a relatively long vertical member whose primary function is to carry compression loads parallel to its longitudinal axis.' 'End plate. SDS/2 can automatically design column splice or auto base/cap plate or user base/ cap plate connections on a column. S shape. beam seat or beam splice connections can be applied by the user to the ends of supported beams.typically the most commonly used member in a structural model. pipe or tube columns. 42 . clip angle. columns must be perfectly vertical in order for automatic connections to be designed. S shape and channel beams.Constructing a 3D Model Members of the following types may be added to the 3D model: Step-by-Step Instructions Beam . welded plate wide flange. However. In SDS/2. shear. tube. columns: Column main material can be any section that is listed in the local material file of your current Job. If you select 'Clip angle. bent plate. beams: Beams in SDS/2 may be horizontal. SDS/2 is able to generate connections for wide flange. welded plate wide flange. SDS/2 is only able to generate connections for wide flange. Column .
W tee or S tee material.a brace that is perfectly horizontal or sloping and whose gusset plates are parallel with the flanges of the beam being framed to. tube. pipe. Horizontal Brace . A vertical brace can be made of angle. S tee. SDS/2 uses the AISC definition of a brace for determining the specific set of connections that can be designed for a brace. wide flange. welded plate wide flange (with equal flanges). pipe. 43 . vertical braces: Shown above are two vertical braces. W tee. SDS/2 allows you to enter double angles (back to back or in star configurations) or double channels (back to back only) to provide additional bracing strength. wide flange or S shape horizontal braces. S shape. go to a view in the plane of the beams you want to frame the brace to. Vertical braces can be perfectly vertical or perfectly horizontal as well as sloping. To lay out a sloping horizontal brace. Vertical braces in any of these orientations can share a gusset with another vertical brace. tube. channel.Step-by-Step Instructions Constructing a 3D Model Vertical Brace . SDS/2 can design connections for angle. You can later adjust the work points' elevations using the left/right "End Elevation" fields on the Horizontal Brace Edit window (both elevations must be the same).a brace that is sloping and whose gusset plates are vertical. Locate work points for non-sloping horizontal bracing while in a plan view. then use View > Relative Depth if you want to move the work plane of the view to another position parallel with the beam's flange. Example: Use Navigate > Snap to Surface and click on the top flange of a beam. horizontal braces: Horizontal braces handle torsional or twisting loads on the structure. A horizontal brace that is sloping may slope up to 30 degrees.
These connections will appear on the detail for the supporting column or beam. 44 .any type of material that you can add to a member as a submaterial can also be added as member (a miscellaneous member). Work point layout is different for different material types. one of the types of material you can add to the model as a miscellaneous member. SDS/2 is able to automatically design joist seats and top chord supports for joists. Shown below is decking.choose this member type to establish work points for a stair. joists bolted to a beam flange You can generate a Joist Report to serve as a bill of material for ordering joists. Automatic connections are not yet supported for these member types. Stair . As with other member types. Specifications for joists are entered on the Joist Edit window. miscellaneous members are assigned member piecemarks. Connections are NOT automatically designed on miscellaneous members. joists can only be represented in stick form. Users need to Model > Material > Add or Model > Load Assembly or Model > Parametric > Run to add connection materials to a miscellaneous member. Specifications for stairs are entered on the Stair Edit window.Constructing a 3D Model Step-by-Step Instructions Joist .0. and SDS/2 does not automatically generate details for joists. Miscellaneous .member types that are new to SDS/2 v7. on which you can also designate whether the stair will have a bottom and/or top return.SDS/2 assumes that a joists is ordered from a joist manufacturer and will not be shop fabricated. Girts and purlins . For this reason.
The exact points of the beam illustrated below are on columns displayed in stick form. Lay out columns that are exactly the same as one another first. laying out like members together facilitates the use of the Repeat mouse binding (middle-click).Step-by-Step Instructions Lay out members of the same type at the same time Constructing a 3D Model For example. then to other columns that are slightly different still. this means that its top flange is at the elevation of the plan view. The Locate option INCM (intersection of a construction line and member) can be used to frame a beam into a sloping beam in a plan view. For a non-sloping beam. The beam's material is set back from the columns' work lines because the beam frames to column flanges. framing situation. expt expt 45 . that same specification is applied to each subsequently added member of the same type until you change that specification (or until you exit and restart Modeling). incm a sloping beam construction line The Locate option EXPT (exact point) finds member work points. begin with columns. then go on to columns that are slightly different. elevation. It finds points at intersections of construction lines and/or construction circles and/or grid lines. These points define the spatial geometry (work line. the work point will be at the elevation of the top flange of the sloping beam. This saves time because once you enter a particular specification to a member's edit window.) of members in the 3D model. So long as Z filtering is off. Also. Locating work points: Use Locate options when locating work points. the Locate option that is selected these options are selectable this grayed-out button cannot be selected for this routine INCL (intersection of construction lines) is the most commonly used Locate option. the elevation of the work points you locate is the reference elevation of the plan view. etc. If you lay out members in a plan view using INCL (with Z filtering off).
Enter the beam's specifications. Z filtering: If you are adding members to an already developed 3D model.Constructing a 3D Model Step-by-Step Instructions The Locate option DXDY is an excellent choice for laying out sloping members such as vertical braces or sloping beams in a plan view. Y & Z distances from the beam's first work point to its second work point. Z filtering snaps any point you locate to a specific location with respect to the Z screen axis. The sloped beam appears in your current view. The point location target snaps to locatable points as you move your mouse pointer. Because of the entry made to "Z distance" in step 2b. Left-click (Locate) when the target is where you want the member's work point. then designate the top and bottom end elevations of the column on its specification window. Work points for a column: You can lay out a column in a plan view with a single work point. Press "OK. column layout requires two points. In an elevation view." 3. then left-click (Locate) anywhere on screen. Place your mouse pointer so that the point location target snaps to where you want the first work point of the beam. The third coordinate (the Z coordinate) is the elevation of the point. then press "OK. 46 . You can set Z filtering using Locate > Auto Configuration while in Modeling. you may want to use Z filtering. point location target The X-Y-Z display is a decoration on your toolbar that shows you the global coordinates of whatever point the point location target has snapped to. DXDY to add a sloping beam: 1. Choose DXDY. 2b. then left-click (Locate). Enter the X. the left work point of this beam is 1-0 foot lower than the right work point." 2c. 2a.
After the member appears in the view: • Middle-click (Repeat) to lay out duplicate members.Step-by-Step Instructions Specification input: Constructing a 3D Model • Enter specifications for both the left and right ends of the member (bottom and top end for a column). • To quickly lay out members that are reverses of the last member you laid out. If columns laid out earlier pass through this elevation. • When done laying out members on one floor. The point snapped to when you middle-click is the first work point of the repeated member. • After you have laid out several floors. be sure to define the end elevations for both the top and bottom ends of the column. • The Locate options selected for placement of the first member work point and second work point are automatically activated in the same order the next time you lay out a member of that same type (unless you exit and restart Modeling in the meantime). • Moment connections may be specified on Beam Edit windows. use Member Move/Stretch to relocate an entire line of columns and simultaneously lengthen or shorten beams framing to those columns. 47 . they cannot be applied as auto standard. Also note: • Model > Member > Copy is as an alternative to Model > Member > Add for laying out the structural model. you will see cross sections of them in the view. use View > Isometric View to create an isometric view of the entire structure. use the "Swap member ends" option. Use View > Save to give this new view a name (for example. name it "iso"). File > Open to go to a plan view of the next highest floor. In other words. • Model > Member > Move/Stretch lets you reposition members instead of having to delete them then add them again. • Sloping members may be laid out by specifying different elevations at the two ends of the member. you can change the elevations of work points on a member's edit window even after you have physically laid out those work points. • When entering a column that has been laid out as a cross section (by locating a single work point). For example. Add more members in this view as needed.
Newly added columns are not assigned piecemarks and cannot be displayed in a solid form until after Process and Create Solids. 3. The following instructions assume you are using a 3-button mouse. left-click (Locate) when the point location target is at the point where you want the other end of the column.Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Columns Step-by-Step Instructions Adding Columns B 1. 48 . Alternative 2: Repeat this procedure beginning with step 2 to add a column that is slightly different than the one you just added. Note: Column work lines (stick form member lines) are drawn through the neutral axis of a wide flange. 4. and whose work point(s) you located in step 2 will be shown in stick form on screen (as a cross-section in a plan view). depending on whether you begin the operation from a plan view or an elevation view. This second work point must designate a perfectly vertical column (in other words. Do one (1) of the following: Alternative 1: Move your mouse pointer and middle-click (Repeat) to generate a new column (like the one you just added) at the point where the point location target is at. Choose Model > Member > Add > Column. Most users find it easiest to add columns in a plan view. 2. Column specs such as "Column rotation" and "Section size" pertain to the physical geometry of the column and must be set properly. go to step 3. Click on the Locate icon you want (if it's not selected already). The column whose specs you entered in step 3. Press the "OK" button when you are done making entries to the window. Various Locate options will be active along with Locate-Repeat-Return mouse bindings. then designate different end elevations for each column in step 4. The work point layout phase of a Column Add operation varies slightly. then left-click (Locate). it should have a different Z coordinate and the same X-Y coordinates as the first work point). You therefore only have to change those specs which are different for this column. 3a. If you are in an elevation view. then move the mouse pointer so the point location target snaps to where you want the work line of the column. If you are in a plan view. If you located the column in a plan view (using a single work point). you need to enter the correct "End elevation" for the top end and bottom end of the column. 3b. The default specs on this window are those of the last column added or edited. pipe or tube column. The Column Edit window for the column whose work point(s) you defined will appear on screen. Alternative 3: Right-click (Return) if you are done adding columns. 3c. lay out grid lines or construction lines. efore beginning the Column Add operation.
then left-click (Locate). The program can automatically design connections for wide flange S shape. Moment options can be added to clip angle. It's a good idea to reference the elevation (Z coordinate) reported on the X-Y-Z display while locating beam work points. move the mouse pointer so the point location target snaps to the column or beam you want to frame to. SDS/2 automatically sets back the beam you have added from the center of the beam/column you are framing to so that the members do not overlap and appropriate field clearances are applied. (procedure continues on next page) 49 . for example. EXPT would be an excellent choice. Tip 3: EXPT (exact point) selects a work point at the end of a member. For work points added using INCL with Z filtering off. The following instructions assume that you are using a 3-button mouse.Step-by-Step Instructions Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Beams Adding Beams I 1. Clip angle. Tip 1: It is usually easier to locate the work points for a non-sloping beam while in a plan view. "Locate second point:" Position the point location target on the column or beam that you want the other end of the beam to frame to. Beam work lines (stick form member lines) are drawn across the top flange center line of a wide flange or welded plate wide flange or S shape or tube beam. Click on a Locate icon (e. n SDS/2. beams can be horizontal or sloping. you may wish to open an elevation view (or you can specify different end elevations for the beam in step 4). For a channel beam. Tip 2: The Locate option INCM (intersection of a construction line and member) is good for laying out an intermediate beam between sloping beams in a plan view. 3b. beam seat or beam splice connections can be applied to the ends of beams. 2. welded plate wide flange and tube beams. you want the top flange of a beam to line up with the top of a column. the work line is along the heel of the top flange of the channel. Tip 4: During Processing and Create Solids. 3a. Locate-Repeat-Return mouse bindings will be active so that you can place the beam work line.g. 3. end plate. end plate. If. Tip 1: DXDY (Dx Dy offset) is a good Locate option for laying out the work points of sloping beams in a plan view. INCL). shear or splice plate connections. Choose Model > Member > Add > Beam. then left-click (Locate). shear. Tip 2: To lay out a sloping beam. Start the Beam Add operation in Modeling with grid lines or construction lines/circles already laid out. channel. The status line will prompt. bent plate. the top flange of the beam will be at the elevation of the plan view in which you are adding the beam.
Do one of the following: Alternative 1: Position the mouse pointer and middle-click (Repeat) to add a new beam just like the one you specified above from the point where the point location target is at. Note 2: Wherever possible. You therefore only have to make changes to those specifications which are different for this beam. holes and end connections will be designed and a member piecemark will be assigned. 4a. Note: An unique member number [num] is assigned to a beam when it is added. This will ensure that similar connections are designed for similar beams in similar framing situations." "Web rotation. bolts." To get a proper system connection on the end of a beam. will be shown on screen in stick form. You must enter specifications for the left end and the right end of the beam separately. During Process and Create Solids.Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Beams 4. You will then be able to display the beam in any of the three solid forms. Alternative 2: Follow these instructions beginning with step 3 to add a beam with different specifications than the one you just laid out. Note 3: Certain beam specifications pertain to the physical geometry of the beam. rather than the beam as a whole. To go on to the next step after you have finished specification entry. press the "OK" button at the bottom of the Beam Edit window. 4b. After you close the Beam Edit window. 5. and the beam will appear in your view in stick form. Even if all you did was doubleclick a beam and press "OK. Alternative 3: Right-click (Return) if you are done laying out beams. "Section size. and whose work points you located in step 3." that beam's specifications are now the defaults for this beam. be sure that these fields are set properly. For example. The default specifications that appear on the Beam Edit window are those of the last beam you added or edited in this session of Modeling. But first please note the following: Note 1: Many of the specifications on the Beam Edit window apply to ends of the beam. 50 . it is recommended that you apply auto standard connections to the ends of beams. You can also apply user defined connections and moment connections on the Beam Edit window." "End elevation. the member line (work line) of the beam whose specifications you entered in step 4. Step-by-Step Instructions The Beam Edit window for the beam whose work points you located in step 3 will appear on screen.
open a view whose work plane is parallel to the flanges of the beams the brace frames to. "Locate second point:" Position the point location target where you want the other end of the horizontal brace. Lay out any construction lines needed for locating points. then left-click (Locate) Please note the following before going on to step 4: 2. then use View > Relative Depth if you want to lower the work plane. The type of gusset plate that SDS/2 designs depends on the framing situation. For a sloping beam.column juncture). INCL). For a non-sloping horizontal brace. position the point location target on the beam (or beam to beam . then left-click (Locate).Step-by-Step Instructions Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Horizontal Braces Adding Horizontal Braces T he examples below show the basic framing situations for which SDS/2 is able to design connections on horizontal braces. A HBrc work point should be located on the work line of a column (for a beam to beam . Before starting the Horizontal Brace Add operation. Locate options will become active along with Locate-Repeat-Return mouse bindings so that you can locate the work points of the brace. 1. The status line will prompt. These instructions assume you are using a 3-button mouse. Choose Model > Member > Add > Horizontal Brace. Click on a Locate icon (e. 3b.g. use Navigate > Snap to Surface to get a view in the plane of the beam flanges. The horizontal braces shown above are angle braces. 3. Examples of Horizontal Brace Connections: intersection shared gusset beam web plate bm to bm corner beam flange perp to beam beam to beam . 51 . 3a. OR anywhere on the top/bottom flange of a beam (when the gusset fastens to the top/ bottom flange). OR below the top flange (when the gusset fastens to the beam web). this means a plan view.column juncture) you want to frame to.column NOTE: The horizontal brace at left is a Wtee brace.
bolts. press the "OK" button on the bottom of the Horizontal Brace Edit window. 4a. pipe. tube. The default specifications that appear on the Horizontal Brace Edit window are those of the last horizontal brace you laid out or altered by editing (unless you exited and restarted Modeling between adding braces). holes and end connections will be designed and a member piecemark will be assigned. S tee. If two or three braces frame together into a shared gusset plate. be sure to enter compatible material types for all of the braces. For a tube or pipe horizontal brace. During Process and Create Solids. However. the brace must slope 20 degrees). For a non-sloping angle or tee horizontal brace. the Z coordinate tells you the elevation of the brace surface that fastens to the gusset. To continue on to the next step after you have finished specification entry. you may be able to 'Force' a connection on such a brace. Note 3: SDS/2 cannot design a horizontal brace gusset plate on a brace with a slope of greater than 30 degrees. Alternative 2: Follow these instructions from step 3 to add a horizontal brace with different specifications. wide flange or S shape "Section sizes. and the brace will appear in your view in stick form. SDS/2 can generate system connections on horizontal braces with angle.Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Horizontal Braces Step-by-Step Instructions Note 1: When placing work points. You will then be able to display the brace in any of the three solid forms. 52 ." 4b. The brace must be in the same plane as the beam (for a roof that slopes 20 degrees. 4. will be shown on screen. Note 2: Normally SDS/2 is not able to design a horizontal brace gusset plate on a brace with an angle to a beam of less than 20 degrees. the Z coordinate is the brace's neutral axis. 5. Alternative 3: Right-click (Return) if you are done adding braces. The horizontal brace whose specifications you entered in step 4. look at the X-Y-Z display. Note: An unique member number [num] will be assigned to a horizontal brace as it is added. You therefore only have to make changes to those specifications which are different for this brace. Do one (1) of the following: Alternative 1: Position the mouse pointer and middle-click (Repeat) to add a new horizontal brace just like the one you specified above from the point where the point location target is at. The Horizontal Brace Edit window for the horizontal brace whose work points you located in step 3 will appear on screen. W tee. and whose work points you located in step 3.
The examples below are all tube vertical braces that have a single erection bolt per end. the work line is at the half-depth of the heel of the channel (the channel web is vertical). 3a. then left-click (Locate). For a W tee or S tee vertical brace.g. the work line is optionally along the gage line of the angle or aligns with the neutral axis. The work line drawn between the two work points will be along the neutral axis of a wide flange. The type of gusset plate that is designed depends on the framing situation. the work line is along the top flange center line (the top flange is vertical). pipe or tube vertical brace.Step-by-Step Instructions Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Vertical Braces Adding Vertical Braces T he following illustration shows the basic framing situations for which SDS/2 is able to design connections on vertical braces. Examples of Vertical Brace Connections (all examples are tube braces) beam only column only beam and column brace intersection plate shared "k" connection column and base plate 1. For a single angle vertical brace. 53 . INCL). 3. 2. For a channel vertical brace. Vertical braces should be added in an elevation view. place your mouse pointer so that the point location target snaps to the center of the column or is on the beam you want the vertical brace to frame to. Click on a Locate icon (e. S shape. welded plate W. Locate options will be active along with Locate-Repeat-Return mouse bindings so that you can place the work points of the brace. Choose Model > Member > Add > Vertical Brace. Start the Vertical Brace Add operation with grid lines or construction lines already laid out. then left-click (Locate). 3b. Reposition the point location target where you want the work point for the opposite end of the brace.
W. S shape. and whose work points you located in step 3.Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Vertical Braces Step-by-Step Instructions Note 1: SDS/2 supports automatic connections on vertical braces in X. Note 3: SDS/2 is not able to design a vertical brace gusset plate on a vertical brace with an angle to a beam or column of less than 20 degrees. The vertical brace whose specifications you entered in step 4. Also. 54 . both braces must have the same "Web orientation. The default specifications that appear on the Vertical Brace Edit window are those of the last vertical brace you added or altered by editing (unless you exited and restarted Modeling between adding braces). and the brace will appear in your view in stick form. press the "OK" button. the braces should be similar in size. You will then be able to display the brace in any of the three solid forms. The Vertical Brace Edit window for the vertical brace whose work points you defined in step 3 will appear on screen. 4a. During Process and Create Solids. Welded plate wide flange braces must have equal flanges. bolts. In order to get a connection on the end of a vertical brace. You therefore only have to make changes to those specifications which are different for this vertical brace. 4. 5. Be sure that if two or three braces share a gusset plate that you enter compatible material types for the braces. C. Do one (1) of the following: Alternative 1: Move the mouse pointer and middle-click (Repeat) to add a new vertical brace just like the one you specified above from wherever the point location target is positioned. S. For wide flange braces sharing a gusset. To continue on to the next step after entering specifications. Alternative 3: Right-click (Return) when you're done adding vertical braces. Note 2: Work points for vertical brace-to-column connections must be at the work line (center) of the column. pipe." 4b. the "Section size" must be between W6 and W30 (S6 and S30). For a wide flange (or S shape) vertical brace. W tee or S tee material. welded plate W. tube. will be shown in stick form on screen. Note: An unique member number [num] is assigned to a vertical brace as it is created. Alternative 2: Follow these instructions beginning with step 3 to add a vertical brace whose specifications or orientation is different than the one you just added. This is not true for vertical brace-to-beam connections. K and W configurations. holes and end connections will be designed and a member piecemark will be assigned. the "Section size" must be L. Three point bracing can be designed if the center brace is perpendicular to the supporting member.
bent plate layout. Start the Misc Member Add operation with construction lines laid out. Where xxx = rolled section. grating. Work point layout for miscellaneous members depends on the material type of the miscellaneous member (material type is selected in step 2). select the member then rightclick and choose the material on the right-click menu. assembly. round plate. Locate-Pan-Return mouse bindings will be activated so that you can place the work points of the brace.xxx. rectangular plate. square bar. For 'Flat Plate Layout' or 'Bent Plate Layout.users need to create the connections. Click on a Locate icon (e. flat plate layout. To edit the specifications of a miscellaneous members's main material. 3. decking. Unlike other members. and the second point sets the default length and rotation of the member.' continue to locate points then middle-click (Done) when you are ready to go to step 4. grating tread.' go to step 4. then left-click (Locate). Choose Model > Member > Add > Miscellaneous . miscellaneous members are assigned member piecemarks. shear stud or etc. 3b. rolled plate. bent plate. laid out from left to right in a plan view at 100 ft wkpt 1 wkpt 2 laid out from right to left in a plan view at 100 ft wkpt 2 wkpt 1 55 . flat bar. INCL) and place the mouse pointer so the point location target snaps to where you want the first work point of the miscellaneous member.Step-by-Step Instructions Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Miscellaneous Members Adding Miscellaneous Members A 1. then left-click (Locate). Position the point location target where you want the miscellaneous member's second work point. SDS/2 does not create connections for miscellaneous members -. 2. For miscellaneous member types other than 'Flat Plate Layout' or 'Bent Plate Layout. the first point defines the material's left end (which may or may not be the member's left end). round bar.g. Note: For miscellaneous members placed with two points. you do not have to Process and Create Solids after adding miscellaneous members. s with other member types. 3a.
6.). C. Please note that you can double-click on the member main material at a later time to change these specifications. Or press the "Cancel" button if you are done adding miscellaneous members. 5. The Rotate Material window will appear on screen along with the miscellaneous member. Under the heading "Miscellaneous Member Settings. Alternative 2: Rotate the material around one or more axes (one axis at a time). Go to step 3. Change the material's specifications as needed. Do one (1) of the following: Either follow these instructions from step 3 to add another miscellaneous member.Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Miscellaneous Members Step-by-Step Instructions Also note: Locating the two work points at the same location causes the material to be input as a cross section in a plan view (as illustrated below). etc. 4c. L." specify the "Member sequence" and "Member description" that you want. Go to step 5. be sure to enter the "Section size" that you want. Do one (1) of the following: Alternative 1: If the material is orientated the way you want it and therefore does not need to be rotated. Note the on-screen orientation of the material with respect to the 3D model. 56 . The Material Type Selection window will appear on screen. press the "OK" button and go to step 6. You have now added a miscellaneous member. A material origin reference point symbol (cross hairs within a circle) identifies the pivot point on the material around which subsequent rotation of the material can optionally take place. For a rolled section (W. Alternative 3: Press the "Cancel" button to undo the last two steps of this Miscellaneous Member Add operation. WT. After you have finished specification entry for the miscellaneous member. To revise other specifications on this window. you can select the member then choose the material on the right-click menu. S. Go to step 6. 4a. then press the "OK" button. press the "OK" button at the bottom of the window. An edit window for the material you selected in step 2 will appear on screen. 4b. laid out by locating two points at same location in a plan view at 100 ft plan view elevation view 4.
The width of the stair tread will be centered along the same work line that positions the tops of the risers of the stair. 1. position the mouse pointer so the point location target snaps to where you want the first work point of the stair. This work line is drawn along the tops of the risers of the stair (the nosing line). This sketch will help you to determine where you want to position the work points for your stair and what specifications you want to enter on the Stair Edit window. then left-click (Locate). draw a sketch showing how many steps you want on your stair and the rise and run of each step. Choose Model > Member > Add > Stair while in an elevation view with grid lines or construction lines already laid out. B 2b. "Locate second point:" Reposition your mouse pointer so that the point location target snaps to where you want the opposite end of the stair work line.Step-by-Step Instructions Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Stairs Adding Stairs efore beginning. Also. then left-click (Locate). left end work point rig wo rk ht lin en e dw or kp oin t 57 . Select an appropriate Locate option. Locate-Pan-Return mouse bindings will be active so that you can place two work points to define the work line of the stair. 2. 2a. define any bent plate or bolted grating stair tread configurations that you want to apply in Options > Fabricator Options > Stair Tread Definition Schedule. The status line will prompt.
The stair will be generated on screen in solids form and will automatically be assigned a piecemark. but height of the risers is automatically adjusted. When you are done entering stair specifications. 3b. there is a near side stringer and far side stringer. A time-saving tip: If you find when adding a stair that the work points of the stair are not positioned precisely as you want them. Press "FS Stringer" to access fields for the far side stringer. Note that the number of stairs (risers) does not change. and these too must be filled out separately. For each side of the stair. Get to the specifications for the near side stringer by pressing the "NS Stringer" button.Constructing a 3D Model: Adding Stairs 3. The fields under "General Settings" and "General Stringer Settings" and "General Tread Settings" should be filled out first. 3c. The Stair Edit window will appear on screen. As is the case for miscellaneous members. Step-by-Step Instructions 3a. The above illustration shows the same stair before and after the elevation of its left end work point has been changed. 4. you can double-click on the near-side or far-side stringer to bring up the Stair Edit window so that you can change the elevation of one or both work points. press the "OK" button." be sure to select the stair tread (1 through 8) that you want from the "Tread schedule" menu. Under "General Tread Settings. 58 . there is no need to Process and Create Solids after you add a stair.
SDS/2 uses node matching to calculate the geometry of materials. Member lengths will be considered in the calculation of member end reactions. SDS/2 may reassign the deleted member's number to that new member. 59 A . Designing connections for member . The phases are as follows: Deleting members . and so on . Information about the way that individual connections have actually been designed is provided in the Design Calculations Report.during this phase of Processing.during this phase of Processing. each member in the 3D model undergoes the phases of Processing and/or Solids Creation that are required for it. The member number. thus enabling members to be displayed in any of the three solid forms. The first phases of the operation are referred to as Processing. however. SDS/2 will look at "Auto Standard Connections" as defined in Job Options (if 'Auto standard'' was specified on the member edit window) or "User Defined Connections" as defined in Job Options (if a user defined connection was specified for the member). It will continue to be assigned to the member as long as that member exists. These calculations are based on the work points you entered in Modeling when you laid out the members and also on any "Setbacks" applied to the member edit window. Only if a member has been erased can its member number be assigned to a different member. Other connections marked 'System' go through the design routines as many times as necessary to design a connection that stands up to the load. the last phases are called Solids Creation. Before solids are created. and generate solids. SDS/2 will look to Design Criteria settings in Job Options to calculate the load. . is not replaced in SDS/2. When a new member is Added. For a connection marked 'System' on the member edit window. a member's member number [num] is used to identify that member on screen (in Modeling). the connection will fail. choose Process > Process and Create Solids to cause SDS/2 to automatically design system connections. SDS/2 adjusts the strength of the connection based on the end reactions (loads) set on that same member edit window. SDS/2 looks at member edit windows and defines end connections according to the specifications on those windows. What happens during Process and Create Solids: During Process and Create Solids. If by adjusting material thicknesses and dimensions and increasing the bolt size where necessary SDS/2 still cannot design a connection that stands up to the load. They are also based on cross referencing user-entered section size information with section size data in the local material file. Calculating lengths for member .during this phase of Processing. User defined connections only go through SDS/2 design routines once. after Solids Creation. which in turn determine the strength of connections that are required.Step-by-Step Instructions Process and Create Solids Step 4: Process and Create Solids fter you are done constructing a 3D Model. assign piecemarks to members and submaterials. . SDS/2 deletes the member numbers of members that a user deleted in Modeling. a member's piecemark identifies that member on screen. When 'AUTO' is set for a load on a member edit window.
(At this point Solids Creation begins. Material thicknesses derived from the local material file along with the "Maximum bolt stick-thru" set in Bolt Design Criteria under Job Options are used to calculate the bolt lengths. SDS/2 verifies that the member piecemark assigned to each unique member is unique and that members that are exactly the same receive the same mark.during this phase of Solids Creation. Checking material marks for member . thus allowing the affected members to be displayed in any of the three solid forms. Consequently. Beam-to-beam and beam-tocolumn framing situations will be checked. the last phase of Processing. Submaterial details on sheets are deleted from the sheets if their count goes to zero. If connections designed in previous phases of Processing exhibit interference problems. The program does not. Solids are created for each member's main material and its connection materials.during this phase of Solids Creation. SDS/2 does this checking based on data fields and node matching (at this point no graphics the user can see have yet been created). 60 . SDS/2 double checks to make sure that the submaterial piecemarks associated with particular materials are correct. SDS/2 generates holes in the main material of members so that they exactly match the hole patterns on connections that fasten to those members. web thickness. flange thickness.during this phase of Solids Creation.Process and Create Solids Step-by-Step Instructions Checking framing situation for member . SDS/2 may send the connection back through the design phase of Processing to rectify this problem and will fail the connection if it can't find a design that works.during this. SDS/2 derives specifications such as a material's weight. SDS/2 creates bolts wherever there are matching holes in materials that fasten together. column or brace main material. Members that have not yet received a piecemark will receive a member piecemark at this time. The program does not do this for miscellaneous members. This phase ensures that holes are properly aligned when the bolts go through them. depth.during this phase of Solids Creation. you need to Hole Match and Bolt Add.during this phase of Solids Creation. SDS/2 creates 3D material.) Creating 3D material for member . Member details on detail sheets will be deleted from those sheets if their member count goes to zero. SDS/2 checks opposing members in order to design connections without material interferences. SDS/2 automatically copies those holes to the member main material and inserts bolts through the matching holes. however. from the local material file. Matching holes in member . Generating bolts for member . SDS/2 automatically marks for detailing materials whose quantities change. etc. it is important that the user review the 3D model after Process and Create Solids to double check what SDS/2 has designed. For miscellaneous members. Bolts will be inserted through holes that were automatically matched (in the previous step) as well as through holes interactively matched using Model > Hole Match. If the box is checked for "Show submaterial quantity on details" in Member and Material Piecemarking. Assigning piecemark to member . Tip: If you have holes in user-added materials that are face-to-face with beam. check braces.
Use revise and review buttons to review the connection specs. from member edit windows as well as from built-in routines based on AISC guidelines in order to design connections. it may happen that members framing into members acted on during the operation are marked for Processing. In such a case. If this happens. a connection will be designed as closely as possible to choices you have made on its edit window and using revise & review buttons. as you may get results that are physically impossible or ill advised from an engineering standpoint. 61 . choose Model > Status and set a display color for "Needs to be processed. You should do this if. either Create Solids for Selected Members or Process and Create Solids. • Members that have undergone Processing only are automatically marked for Solids Creation. then press the "Re-Design Connection" button. check the box for 'Force' on its edit window. • Members that have undergone Design only (that is. Sometimes member specifications are in conflict. then Process and Create Solids to actually generate the connection. Users have considerable control over the way that SDS/2 prioritizes how it will sort information used during Process and Create Solids. for instance. To create solids for those members.Step-by-Step Instructions When SDS/2 automatically marks members for Processing: Process and Create Solids • Members that have not yet undergone Process and Create Solids (ALL members if you have just finished adding members for the first time in a new Job) are automatically marked for Processing. To force a connection. • Members that have undergone Process and Create Solids but have since been altered are automatically marked for Processing. Tip 1: To tell which members in a view have been marked for Process and Create Solids. members which have been redesigned using the "Re-Design Connection" button found on member edit windows) are marked for the 'checking framing situation' phase of Processing. You can override SDS/2's normal procedure of designing connections according to AISC guidelines by generating a forced connection. Care should be taken doing this. you can mark it yourself using Model > Member > Mark for Processing. Prioritization in connection design: During Process and Create Solids. you have changed certain Job Options or Fabricator Options that you want applied to specific members. SDS/2 determines what specifications are to be used when designing members and their connections in an orderly manner. • If you Process Selected Members. from member work points laid out in Modeling. SDS/2 uses information from Job Options and Fabricator Options." Tip 2: If SDS/2 has not automatically marked a member for Process and Create Solids. you should Process and Create Solids to bring those newly marked members up to date.
Tip: For a list of the formulas that SDS/2 uses during Process in order to design and test a connection. then check the box for "Cover Sheet" to print out a copy of the Design Calculations Cover Sheet.g. User connections may be defined on a member's edit window after Process and Create Solids has taken place at least once. you enter a minimum bolt diameter on a member edit window in Modeling. column. SDS/2 looks to Job Options or Fabricator Options to determine the specification it needs. then the Job Options value is the minimum bolt diameter SDS/2 will attempt to use. User connections and user defined connections are designed as the user specifies (disregarding conflicting Job Options or Fabricator Options) and will not be changed by SDS/2 unless there are conflicts with AISC guidelines discovered as these types of connections go through the design routines the first time. Tip: Automatic Search options are available for Bolt Diameters Changed by System and Connections Changed by System to help you quickly find members whose connections SDS/2 has in some way changed. SDS/2 design routines may increase bolt diameter or material thickness so that a connection meets particular loading conditions. SDS/2 gives highest priority to specifications entered to a beam. Example: In Job Options. on a member edit window or a window for defining auto standard connections). Method 3: Uncheck the box for "Graphical" on the member's edit window. These types of connections go through the design routines only once. SDS/2 will automatically increase the bolt diameter as needed to make the connection work. Assigning of piecemarks: SDS/2 automatically assigns system piecemarks to members unless user piecemarks have been assigned to those members. User defined connections are defined under Job Options and applied on member edit windows. System connections are marked as 'System' on their member edit windows.Process and Create Solids Step-by-Step Instructions SDS/2 will not alter graphical connections during Process and Create Solids. If. choose Reports > Design Calculations. If during Processing SDS/2 calculates that the connection will fail if it uses a bolt diameter of the size specified. vertical brace or horizontal brace edit window and next highest priority to specifications entered in Job Options or Fabricator Options. on the other hand. If in Modeling you check the box for 'AUTO' on bolt diameter fields. Three methods are available for clearing the graphical flag so that a system connection can be designed: Method 1: Choose Change > Graphically altered to System Connections and select the member(s) you want. you can specify the default bolt diameter for non moment bolts. Method 2: Press the "Re-Design Connection" button on a member's edit window. 62 . SDS/2 may adjust the design of a system connection in order to comply with AISC guidelines and meet specific "Design Criteria" entered to Job Options. SDS/2 does NOT combine or break apart user piecemarks. SDS/2 will attempt to use that size. Where there are conflicts in specifications entered for a particular member. Wherever 'Automatic' is entered to a window with higher priority (e.
Although it is not required.Print Current Report). • Outputting a Check Plot and a Check Report before you Process and Create Solids can help you review member specifications to make certain that they are set the way you want them to be set.g. that some reports are based on member bills of material. Things you can do after Process and Create Solids: • Generate 2D detail drawings ("Detail Members" or "Detail Submaterial" on the SDS/2 Main Menu). and therefore cannot be generated until after you have detailed members.Generate New File. open its edit window. • Use revise & review buttons (which are found on member edit windows) to create user connections. You can do this only if "CNC" appears as an option on the SDS/2 Main Menu. you can designate these members as existing members and include them in the 3D model. then choose Reports > ABM . • Conduct searches (Edit > Search) for members whose connections have specific characteristics (e. however. Please note. Reports and details will not be generated on existing members. Please note that in order to use revise and review buttons you do not necessarily have to first create solids. • Print a Design Calculations Report (choose Reports > Design Calculations. • The downloading of CNC information is also made possible by Process and Create Solids. • You can also print various other reports that list members and material or are organized by piecemark. To designate a member as an existing member. failed connections or connections that SDS/2 has changed). Please note that in order to conduct searches you do not necessarily have to first create solids. 63 . you may also want to create details before generating CNC downloads. • If there are members that are already erected on the site for which you are constructing a 3D model. Completion of the "Design" phase of Process and Create Solids is all that is required. • Print an Advance Bill of Material (choose Reports > ABM . Completion of the "Design" phase of Processing is all that is required. then select the members whose design calculations you want included in the report).Step-by-Step Instructions Things you should do before Process and Create Solids: Process and Create Solids • It is crucial that you set certain Job Options and Fabricator Options before Process and Create Solids since changing these options after Process and Create Solids may necessitate your having to interactively mark for Processing those members to which you want your newly changed options to apply. then press the "Status" button and check the box for "Existing member.
" "Minus dimension" & "Material setback"). • Add material and fasten it to a member using Modeling operations such as Model > Material > Add or Model > Hole > Add or Model > Bolt > Add. • View structural members in any of the three solid forms (for example. Do this in order to check connections or add material that is face-to-face with the surface or to add holes to the surface. vertical brace or horizontal brace edit window and assign the changes to all members with the same member piecemark. 64 . • Use Model > Status Display (in Modeling) to display members with connection design failures in different colors.g. Members must be displayed in one of the solid forms in order for their associated materials to be shown in the model.Process and Create Solids Step-by-Step Instructions • Find the calculated values for items on beam. Usually you would do this in order to inspect the member/material or make modifications. • Use Model > Material > Find Material to isolate members that include a particular material. column. members with plain ends. • Make changes on a single beam. for instance. "Shear load. • Use Model > Member > Isolate Member to create preset member views and user member views that you want to appear on the member's detail. choose View > Change All to Solid Opaque) in order to visually inspect framing conditions and assess the validity of connection design. • Do a clash report (Reports > Clash Report) in order to find materials that are too close together (under a specified tolerance). vertical brace or horizontal brace edit windows that are marked 'AUTO' (e. • Use Navigate > Snap to Surface to get to a view whose work plane is on the surface of the material that you click on. column. • Use Save Assembly (Model > Save Assembly) and Load Assembly (Model > Load Assembly) to copy a connection from one member and add it to.
"failed connections" or "indeterminate ends. Two ways of reviewing the 3D model Visual inspection: One way to review how SDS/2 has designed connections is to enter Modeling to view the 3D model in a solid form. The framing situation checking that SDS/2 performs during Process and Create Solids is designed to handle most cases of beam-to-beam and beam-to-column connections and will prevent material interferences for these connections while at the same time ensuring that the connections are designed according to AISC practices. That is why reviewing specifications and visually inspecting the 3D model is so important. as this type of view allows you to see more surfaces than you would be able to see in a plan view or elevation view. column or brace) to open its edit window and review that member's connection specifications. Specification review: Much information about the 3D model can be obtained from various specification windows. Tips for visually examining the 3D model Reviewing the 3D model is easiest in an isometric view. you would have had to actually physically construct the structure in order to gain the kind of perspective on your detailing work that you are able to gain in SDS/2. Consequently.Step-by-Step Instructions Reviewing the 3D Model Step 5: Reviewing the 3D Model A n important part of developing a Job in SDS/2 is double-checking the model to confirm that SDS/2 has designed connections to your liking." The most detailed of connection specifications are reviewed using revise & review buttons. there are always going to be situations where the user must exercise his/her judgment in how to handle multiple interacting connections. Before 3D computer modeling became available. Shown below is an isometric view of a model displayed in stick form and solid opaque form: stick solid opaque 65 . for instance. You can also open individual member edit windows by performing searches (Edit > Search) for members with. double-click on a member (beam. Framing checking is limited for vertical and horizontal braces since the possible combinations are so numerous. Visually examining the 3D model is an excellent way to catch glaring errors as well as to see subtleties of design that would otherwise be difficult to visualize. For example.
you can use File > Save View As. hold down the mouse button for Rotate (middle mouse button). thus causing the view to rotate around the column. use the scroll bars around the Modeling drawing area. The mouse pointer will change its appearance ( ). To undo view changes. use your mouse wheel. In this example. solid opaque (opaque main material & connection) solid transparent (transparent main material & connection) solid trans main (transparent main material. Navigate > Snap to Farside. You can see into the main material of members when the members are displayed is transparent or transparent main form. use File > Open. To rotate around a member. To zoom in and zoom out of views.Reviewing the 3D Model Step-by-Step Instructions Changing between stick and various solid forms can be done using options on the View drop-down menu in Modeling. other zoom options are available on the Navigate drop-down menu. the mouse pointer is dragged horizontally. Navigate > Snap to Surface. or use Pan. you can use View > Undo or File > Revert. opaque connection) To switch from view to view while you are in Modeling. Any of the three solid forms show connections. To scroll across the screen. To save view changes as permanent erection views. 66 . If you don't have a mouse wheel. or Navigate > Snap to Adjacent. Drag the mouse pointer in any direction (horizontally or vertically or diagonally). You'll get best results saving view transformations made using View > Isometric or View > Plan or View > Section or Navigate > Rotate View.
67 . these beams' top flanges are in the work plane of the view An excellent way to check connections is to Navigate > Snap to Surface. surfaces that are in the work plane of a view are displayed in a lighter color. or to a far-side or adjacent surface not visible in your current view. 2. depth checking 2. then lower the elevation so that your perspective is from underneath the beam's top flange. left-click (Locate) on the top flange of the beam whose connection you want to look at. 1. SDS/2 adjusts depth checking according to User Options.Step-by-Step Instructions Reviewing the 3D Model Surface tools can bring you to a particular surface that can be seen in your current view (as shown below). Choose Navigate > Snap to Surface and leftclick (Locate) on the top flange of the beam. Left-click (Locate) while the mouse pointer is on the surface that you want to go to. When you are on a surface. Select View > Reference Elevation and lower the elevation 6 inches to get a view of the connection from under the flange of the beam. 1. scroll bar over to above the connection. The surface you clicked on fills your view.
Status was used to display W16x31 sections in a different color (cyan) than the other members: Find Material lets you easily locate material by its submaterial piecemark. Choose Model > Member > Isolate Member. In the example below.Reviewing the 3D Model Step-by-Step Instructions Doing a Clash Report (Reports > Clash Report) identifies materials that overlap as much or more than a specific tolerance that you specify. The area where the two materials "clash" is circled by the program as shown below: Status can help you find items such as members with failed connections. The submaterial specified will be displayed in the color cyan. main view of a beam in isolation 68 . Simply choose Model > Material > Find Material. the specified submaterial is an angle: Isolating a member lets you view a member separately from other members in the model. All members containing the material whose submaterial piecemark you select will be isolated from other members in your current view. In the example below. If you create additional views. Choose Model > Status to set status display options. Available views of the isolated member correspond to views shown on the member's detail. those views will also be shown on the member detail.
On the beam.a search for members for which the program was unable to design a connection that will stand up to the specified or calculated load. column connection failure messages.' Tip: Connection design can be quickly reviewed on member edit windows by clicking on individual revise & review buttons. Beam connection failure messages. To change a revise & review specification.a search for beams on which the number of bolt rows are less than the minimum number of bolt rows that are specified under Job Options in the Structural Members Schedule of Minimums for a beam with that particular nominal depth. 69 . press the "Re-Design Connection" button.) for a particular member that has been found in this search. horizontal brace connection failure messages and vertical brace connection failure messages can give you clues about steps you can take to generate a connection that will not fail.Step-by-Step Instructions Searches to review member edit windows Reviewing the 3D Model After Process and Create Solids. mark the connection as 'User. Indeterminate Ends . then press the revise & review button again to see the results of the change you have made. Some of these searches are listed below: Failed Connections . The program also will look for welds that are less than the "Minimum weld size for this job" in Job Options.a search for members with connections whose bolt diameters have been increased by SDS/2 in order to design a connection that would stand up to the specified or calculated loading conditions. SDS/2 Detailing provides a number of searches. Toward this end. you will find that the field "System designed connection" for at least one end of the member will read 'Plain end. When you go to the member edit window (Beam Edit window or Column Edit window or HBrc Edit window or VBrc Edit window or etc. column. Beam web shear capacity failed Connections Below Minimum Setup . vertical brace or horizontal brace edit window for that member. you will want to make sure that SDS/2 has designed all system connections the way you want them to be designed. These searches may be done in Modeling or Drawing Editor by choosing Process > Search. you will find a connection failure message such as that shown below.a search for members with ends that do not frame into anything (plain ends).' click on the revise & review button and make your change. Bolt Diameters Changed by System .
SDS/2 will redesign the connections on all those members you marked according to the revised choices you have made in Job Options or Fabricator Options. the "Force" button on the member's edit window (followed by Process and Create Solids) lets you force SDS/2 to design the connection anyway.' 2. Press a revise & review button and make the specification changes you want. vertical brace or horizontal brace edit windows. you can create new connections or modify existing connections using one of the following methods: Change the "Input connection type" that was originally entered on the beam. column.. should be done with caution since the forced connection had most likely failed for a good reason. The newly selected system connection will be designed the next time you Process and Create Solids. 70 . See page 29 for more information. Change Job or Fabricator Options that govern the design of connections. You should then choose Model > Member > Mark for Processing to mark the members you want to be affected by the changes you have made to Job Options or Fabricator Options.Modifying/Revising Connections Step-by-Step Instructions Step 6: Modifying/Revising Connections O nce you have identified members that have failed or are not designed to your precise specifications. Press the "Re-Design Connection" button or close the window and Process and Create Solids. On the member edit window: 1. Create user connections to more precisely define parameters such as the number of rows of bolts. thus instructing the program to override Job Options or Fabricator Options. This. When you choose Process > Process and Create Solids. of course. Change the connection to 'User. revise & review buttons Create user defined connections: A user defined connection is basically a 'User' connection that you set up once and apply on different members. Create a forced connection: If SDS/2 has failed a connection during Process and Create Solids because the connection "as designed" does not comply with AISC guidelines or stand up the loads placed on it. This will automatically mark the member for Processing. etc. 3.
Step-by-Step Instructions Modifying/Revising Connections Create connections using options like Material Add. Hole Add. These macros are created in SDS/2's Parametric Modeling program. 71 . If you want a connection that you have created to be used in a number of different places in the model. and Bolt Add to add material to system connections or to create a connection from scratch. Creating connections in this way should be done as a last resort. To run a parametric macro in Modeling. Replace a graphical connection with a system connection by unchecking the "Graphical" check box for that connection on the member's edit window From: To: During Process and Create Solids." Use Save/Load Assembly instead of options like Material Add and Hole Add. then "Load" them onto other members using Model > Load Assembly. You can save connections using Model > Save Assembly. Create graphical connections by modifying system generated connection materials or holes. choose Model > Parametric > Run. Use parametric macros instead of manually adding materials and fasteners. this is a useful way to apply the connection. It is a lot more work for you to create a connection than to have SDS/2 do it for you. The disadvantage of connections created from user-added materials is that they DO NOT undergo the checking against AISC guidelines that system-generated connections undergo during Process and Create Solids. Graphical connections will not be changed during Process and Create Solids. Tip: A Status Display option is available for tracking "User created material. all graphical modifications to system-generated connection materials will be replaced by system connections according to specifications entered on their edit windows.
Select the dimensions that you want to delete. Now that the selected member detail is your current drawing: 2a. They are applied when you Detail Members and check the box for "Apply adaptive details. The detail on the left (without an adaptive detail) dimensions the brace from its work points. left end. etc.Adaptive Details Step-by-Step Instructions Step 7a: Member Detailing with Adaptive Details t this point you may want to copy adaptive details from other Jobs for use in your current Job. the same material type (channel. etc. How to create. and the same "Material usage definition" (always the same if none has not been applied). column. Adaptive details are created from member details." What is an adaptive detail? An adaptive detail is a special drawing created by the user that will cause dimensions and other annotations to be added to or deleted from a member detail when you Detail Members.).). 2.). File > Open a system-generated member detail. 2b. modify & apply adaptive details: 1. The detail on the right (with an adaptive detail) dimensions the brace from the ends of the material. You can do this using the Utility function "Copy Job Items. angle. While in Drawing Editor: 1a." If you have not yet created any adaptive details. SDS/2 applies an adaptive detail only to member details with the same member type (beam. 2c (optional). Choose File > Create Adaptive Detail. A The above illustration shows two details of a horizontal brace that was broken apart in Modeling (using "Break Member Apart") so that its gusset plate and main material were detailed separately. the same view (main view. then you will need to do step 7b (create member details) before this step. 72 . etc. Select the materials you want to include in the adaptive detail.
to those member details as they are generated. Check the box for "Apply adaptive details" 4d (optional). 73 . select at least one member of the same type as the member whose detail you created the adaptive detail from in step 2. The adaptive details you selected in step 4f will be applied. check these boxes. To have SDS/2 draw at least some dimensions and annotations. that does not necessarily mean those details will be applied to all of the members you selected in step 4b. 3b (optional). where appropriate. File > Open the adaptive detail that you named in step 2e. 4e. To delete an adaptive detail: Use the Utility function Delete Job Items. give the adaptive detail a name then press "OK. 2e. 5a. On the selection dialog that appears. SDS/2 will generate member details for all of the selected members. On the Annotations and Dimensioning window: 4c. To apply the adaptive detail to a member detail: 4a. 4. File > Save your changes to the adaptive detail. Press the Enter key or right-click (Menu) and choose Return on the right-click menu when the items that you want included in the adaptive detail have been selected. 5. SDS/2 automatically sorts which adaptive details to apply to which member details based on the member type. Uncheck the boxes for "System-generated dimensions" and "System-generated annotations" if you want the detail to strictly conform to the adaptive detail. Choose Process > Detail Members. 3c (if you did 3b)." 3. Objects > Dimensions > Add dimensions. In the Save Adaptive Detail window. material type and other categories.Step-by-Step Instructions Adaptive Details 2d. select the adaptive details that you want to be applied to the member details that you selected in step 4b. Tip: An adaptive detail's dimensions and annotations are placed on a single drawing layer that is named after the adaptive detail. A preview of the adaptive detail will be shown on screen. 4b. Press "OK" to continue. The member must also have material that is the same type as the material you selected for inclusion in the adaptive detail. File > Open the details of the members selected in step 4b and review the results. The "Adaptive detailing repeat type" and special dimension labels can be applied on the Dimension Edit window. Press "OK" to close the Annotations and Dimensioning window. On the member selection dialog. then press "OK. To review and modify the adaptive detail you created: 3a. 4f." Note: If you select particular adaptive details in step 4f.
Adaptive Details Special dimension labels for adaptive details: adaptive detail With no special dimension label. a single dimension in the adaptive detail applies to all columns of holes in the hole group." This is translated to "5@2-0=10-0" in the member detail. $H holds the dimension to keep it from applying to other columns of holes in the group. The text for the dimension between the two outside shear studs in this example of an adaptive detail is "$N@$D=$T. You can use these special dimension labels for repeated hole groups as well as repeated materials. member detail Step-by-Step Instructions adaptive detail member detail adaptive detail member detail $T or $N expands a dimension to the first and last columns or rows of a hole group. an adaptive detail part of a member detail that the adaptive detail has been applied to Special Dimension Label $N spa @ $D = $T $N $D $T $H Meaning number of spaces @ dimension of each space = total dimension number of spaces dimension of each space total dimension "holds" a dimension After Detailing 5 spa @ 2-0 = 10-0 5 2-0 10-0 see example above 74 .
Example: For the primary dimension text (upper) you could enter "$N@$D=" while entering "$T" to the secondary dimension text (lower)." This label is translated to "1-L4x4x5/8x3-0 (A36)" in the member detail. • You can use Utility Functions > Copy Job Items from the SDS/2 Main Menu to copy adaptive details from one Job to another. • Use EXPT to Dimension Add to vertex points instead of cardinal points if you want dimensions on your adaptive detail to be restricted to a lesser number of member details -. member and material work points and setbacks.that is. You can also apply these as regular labels with pointers. • You can dimension to cardinal points. 75 . the more member details that adaptive detail will likely apply to. These will tell you the type of point you are dimensioning to.Step-by-Step Instructions Special dimension labels or labels for adaptive details The main dimension on the adaptive detail incorporates the special dimension label "1-$Sx$L ($G). hole group reference points and member framing points. Adaptive Details an adaptive detail part of a member detail that the adaptive detail has been applied to Dimension Label or Label $Q-$Sx$L ($G) $Q $S $L $G $P Meaning quantity-material section size x material length (material grade) material quantity material section size material length material grade material piecemark After Detailing 1-L4x4x5/8x3-0 (A36) 1 L4x4x5/8 3-0 A36 a1 Tips for adaptive detailing: • It's generally good practice to limit the number of materials you select when you File > Create Adaptive Detail. • You can enter any combination of $D. to member details with particular copes. use the Locate option Exact Point (EXPT). vertex points. To Dimension Add to these points. $T in the primary and secondary dimension text. The fewer materials in an adaptive detail. • Look at your mouse binding reporter or the status line when using Dimension Add in an adaptive detail. $N. The dimension end points must go to the same material for this to work.
and it is time to generate shop drawings. • Details of members that are not in the 3D model can be user created in the Drawing Editor. etc. must have undergone Process and Create Solids at least once before they can be auto detailed. • Also. A single member detail is a drawing representing all members in your current Job with the same major piecemark. select 'Details' ( ) then press "Create New." • Details can be copied into your current Job from another Job using Utility Functions > Copy Job Items > Details (from the SDS/2 Main Menu). Beams.Member Details Step-by-Step Instructions Step 7b: Creating and Modifying Member Details A t this point you have designed. Choose File > Open. Creating member details: • On the Main Menu click "Detail Members" (or choose Process > Detail Members in Modeling or the Drawing Editor). Fortunately for you. 76 . SDS/2 cannot generate details for joists since joists can never be represented in solids form in the model. or modify it in the Drawing Editor if the Detail Complete flag for that detail has been set. braces. SDS/2 will automatically generate detail drawings of any member that you select. reviewed and revised a complete 3D model. SDS/2 can automatically detail complete and accurate shop drawings of members without your ever having to manually draw a line. only one beam in the 3D model has that piecemark. The example below is a member detail for all beams with the piecemark B_9. It's all done automatically. In this case. You can set this flag when you File > Exit (or File > Open) after having made a change to a Drawing Editor drawing. and very fast. • Please note that you cannot regenerate a member detail (using Detail Members). columns.
in this way the quantity on the detail will be changed during Detail Members. Even the piecemarks of details on sheets will be changed. that member is marked for detailing. B_ for a beam). Members are also marked for detailing if they are changed in some way. This info is automatically compiled into the bill of material on a sheet as member details are placed onto that sheet. • Members can be marked for detailing interactively by using Model > Member > Mark for Detailing. for example. SDS/2 assigns members the "System Piecemark Prefix" listed in Material Descriptions that identifies the type of the member (e. Piecemark changes even apply to current member bills of material and current erection view details. A unique characteristic of SDS/2 detail drawings: • Each system-generated member detail has complete bill of material information which can be updated using Objects > Bill of Material > Edit Bill in the Drawing Editor.g. This is true even if the new member receives the same member piecemark as existing members -. SDS/2 automatically marks members for detailing • Members that have been marked for detailing are automatically selected on the selection dialog for Process > Detail Members. Changing detail file names (major marks): • SDS/2 provides three different tools you can use to change all references to members and their details throughout your current Job. SDS/2 keeps track of which members need detailing so that you don't have to keep track yourself. or if one member is deleted while other members with that same piecemark remain. You might want to do this.Step-by-Step Instructions How system-generated member details are named: Member Details • A member detail is identified by the piecemark of the member(s) the drawing depicts. In other words. 77 . Objects > Sheet Composition > Change Marks (Drawing Editor). • When the member first undergoes Process and Create Solids (or is first created in the case of a stair or miscellaneous member). Utilities > Modify Drawing Names (from the SDS/2 Main Menu). • When solids are generated for a new member. if you have made some changes to Fabricator Options and you want those changes applied to specific members that are already detailed. These are: Objects > Sheet Composition > Detail Sheet Autoloading (Drawing Editor).
then the Detail Members option to "Save drawing annotations" may not work properly. BSCL.Member Details Automatic detailing of members: Step-by-Step Instructions • SDS/2 will automatically generate different views of members as required to present necessary fabrication information. 78 . Also. • Symbols are generated according to choices made to Options > Fabricator Options > Detailing Symbol Options. circles. then select the drawing that you want to view. • While viewing a drawing. For instance. if necessary. pointers. tools that measure distances (Ruler. • If you have created views in member isolation (Model > Member > Isolate). choose Process > Detail Members then select "Save drawing annotations" to keep any user-added changes you have made. Dimension Add) may not always measure those distances properly in a Shortened view. • Model > Hole > Set Ref Pt in Modeling lets you set the point/direction from which SDS/2 dimensions a group of 3D holes. labels. On a member detail. you can add weld symbols. etc. • If you have used the Drawing Editor to add graphic objects to a member detail and now want SDS/2 to regenerate that drawing. the dimensioning reference point of a material. this should be done in an Unshortened view. click "Drawing Editor" on the SDS/2 Main Menu. • You can also add job standard details or global standard details to drawings. • Labels are sized according to settings under Options > Fabricator Options > Drawing Cosmetics. • Be sure to add graphic objects to member details in an Unshortened view. • Each member detail is identified by a member piecemark. SDS/2 prompts you to save changes to a drawing if you have made changes. Reviewing and editing member details: • To start the Drawing Editor. or create new job standard details from drawings. you can add new drawing entities (objects). If you fail to do this. • Dimensioning of members is done automatically according to choices made to Options > Fabricator Options > Dimensioning Criteria. these will automatically be incorporated into the detail. Standard details are usually simple drawings that you use repeatedly on different drawings or on sheets. • Model > Material > Set Ref Pt in Modeling lets you change. • Use File > Open after you are done reviewing one detail and want to look at another.
deleting members will delete that member from the sheet. 79 . on many different members. • Submaterial details can be modified in the Drawing Editor. Step 7c: Creating and Modifying Submaterial Details A submaterial detail is a drawing of single piece of material. Submaterial details can only be created by SDS/2. If the member detail has been placed on a sheet. use Model > Member > Erase by Piecemark in Modeling to erase all members with that piecemark. • A way to remove member details without deleting members is to use Remove Piecemarks (Edit > Edit Piecemarks > Remove Piecemarks). However. You can do this any time after Process and Create Solids has taken place. The submaterial detail shown below is a drawing of a plate. then choose Process > Process and Create Solids. They cannot be created by the user. How submaterial details are created: • Choose Process > Detail Submaterials (or choose Detail Submaterial on the SDS/2 Main Menu) to have SDS/2 create submaterial details. but new submaterial files can only be created automatically by SDS/2. choose Utility Functions > Delete Job Items from the SDS/2 Main Menu. • To delete an SDS/2-generated member detail and the member represented on it. You cannot create them yourself.Step-by-Step Instructions Removing member details from a Job: Submaterial Details • To remove user-created member details. you can save copies of them as standard details. That one piece of material may be used many times in the SDS/2 model.
Submaterial Details How submaterial details are named:
• The name of a submaterial is its submaterial mark. A single submaterial mark is assigned to all submaterial pieces that have the same dimensions, holes, steel grade, end cuts, etc. • During Process and Create Solids, or when solids are generated after a material is added or edited, like submaterials are assigned their submaterial mark according to choices made on the Submaterial Piecemarking Prefixes list found on the Member and Material Piecemarking Options window in Fabricator Options. • Submaterials can optionally be "Broken apart by sequence" so that submaterials that are otherwise exactly alike will receive different piecemarks if they are in different sequences. SDS/2 even gives you the option to "Include the sequence in the submaterial's name." These setup options are found under Options > Fabricator Options > Member and Material Piecemarking Options. Changing submaterial detail file names (minor marks): • Two different tools can be used to change the file names (minor marks) of submaterial details along with all references to those files throughout your current Job. These tools are Objects > Sheet Composition > Change Marks (Drawing Editor) and Utility Functions > Rename Job Items (from the Main Menu). They change the piecemarks of submaterials placed on gather sheets along with the submaterial piecemarks in Modeling and on currently generated member details and member bills of material and on subsequently generated reports. Automatic detailing of submaterials: • Submaterials are automatically detailed using Options > Detail Submaterial in Modeling or the Drawing Editor (or click "Detail Submaterials" on the SDS/2 Main Menu). • Like member details, submaterial details are generated according to Fabricator Options such as Dimensioning Criteria or Detailing Symbol Options or Member and Material Piecemarking Options. • Model > Hole > Set Reference Point in Modeling lets you set the point/direction from which SDS/2 will dimension a group of 3D holes on a particular piece of material. • Model > Material > Set Reference Point in Modeling lets you change, if necessary, the dimensioning reference point of a material. • Submaterial details must be placed onto gather sheets before they can be plotted. To output a report on which submaterials have been placed on which sheets, choose Reports > Sheet List, Select by Sheet.
Step-by-Step Instructions Creating a rolled-out template:
• If you want a rolled-out template of a cut material in the submaterial detail, cut the material using one of the Model > Material > Fit options in Modeling. For pipe you will get an interior and exterior cut surface. Non-fit cutting operations will not generate a rolled-out material template. Below is an example of a rolled-out template:
Reviewing and editing submaterial details: • To start up the Drawing Editor so that you can review and edit submaterial details, click "Drawing Editor" on the SDS/2 Main Menu. By default, the selection dialog that appears shows you a list of member details. Select 'Submaterial' to make the selection dialog list submaterials, then double-click on the drawing that you want to view. • Once you have reviewed one submaterial detail, choose File > Open to review another. Note that the selection dialog that appears now lists submaterial details. It will continue to list submaterials every time you File > Open until you change to a different drawing type. • If you add new information (graphic objects such as pointers or labels or etc.) or move or change objects on a submaterial detail, SDS/2 will give you the option to save your changes when you File > Open. Also, you can optionally set a "Detail complete date" to prevent the submaterial detail from being changed. • If you set the "Detail complete date" for a submaterial detail (or for that matter, any other type of drawing), you will be notified of such the next time you File > Open that drawing. • There is no bill of material information on a submaterial detail. The drawing itself shows the material type and (if the appropriate box is checked in Member and Material Piecemarking Options) the material quantity. 81
Erection View Details
Step 7d: Creating and Modifying Erection View Details
rection view details are drawings of individual erection views that you have created in Modeling. Erection view details can only be created by SDS/2. They cannot be drawn by the user. As shown in the illustration below, members in erection view details can be displayed in solid, stick + solid, wire, stick + wire, stick, or combinations of forms (set manually).
solid stick + solid
stick + wire
Creating erection view details: • The creation of erection view details begins in Modeling, when you create isometric views, plan views or elevation views. • Click "Detail Erection Views" on the SDS/2 Main Menu (or choose Process > Detail Erection Views while in the Drawing Editor or Modeling) to detail whichever plan views, isometric views and elevation views you select. • Only one 2D erection view detail can be created per 3D erection view. Each time an erection view is detailed, the previous detail (if one exists) is replaced. However, changes to the positions of piecemarks and section sizes can be retained. • Members in an erection view can be detailed in stick, solid, or wire frame form. • A variety of hide/show options are available for detailing erection views. If you don't, for example, want section sizes for cross sections, you can set them to be hidden on the detail. This can save you the trouble of having to hide or show them manually. 82
then redetail it. its name will be changed on any sheets onto which the erection view detail has been placed and on the corresponding grid line in Modeling. • True erection view details can only be created from erection views. Erection views can be copied into your current Job from another Job (using Utility Functions > Copy Job Items > Erection Views). you can rotate the view in Modeling. For example. you can use File > Open to view it in the Drawing Editor. • You give an erection view a name when you create it in Modeling using View > New. This utility will change all references to that erection view throughout your current Job. • If you make changes to an erection view detail and then decide to redetail it. • You can also create a new erection view and give it a name by using View > Save View As after having performed an operation in your current view that changes the view's location with respect to the 3D model. • The default sizes of piecemarks and section sizes is set in Drawing Cosmetics. its scale will be the "Drawing scale" entered on the Display Options window in Modeling (View > Display Options). • If the erection view you open in the Drawing Editor is an isometric view that is not shown from the angle you want. Viewing the erection view detail: • After an erection view has been detailed. Changing erection view file names: • You can change the name of an existing erection view by choosing Utility Functions > Rename Job Items from the SDS/2 Main Menu. you can change its "Drawing scale" on the Drawing Data window in the Drawing Editor (File > Drawing Data). the scale of the resulting erection view detail will be the "Drawing scale" on the Drawing Data window. any graphic enhancements made to the current detail may optionally be retained in the new detail. How erection view details are named: • Erection view details have the same name as the erection view they are a drawing of. Scaling erection view details: • When an erection view is detailed for the first time.Step-by-Step Instructions Erection View Details • Erection view details can be modified in the Drawing Editor. • Once an erection view detail has been created. 83 . but you cannot use the Drawing Editor to create true erection view details from scratch. • If you detail the erection view again.
• Standard details added to an erection sheet can be resized as they are placed. • You CANNOT use Save As to save copies of an erection view detail in different files (for other types of Drawing Editor drawings you can). the Drawing Editor can be used to improve its appearance. use File > Add Standard Detail to place that standard detail onto a sheet. labels. To create a duplicate of the same erection view detail.. > Add while in the Drawing Editor. etc. by using Save Area View). • To move section sizes and piecemarks. 84 . to erection view details by choosing Objects > . drag and drop while in Select Items Mode. • You can choose Edit > Clip while in the Drawing Editor to create an inset of a solids or wire frame erection view detail with a border around it. size. DO NOT save your changes as you exit the file unless you want the clipped drawing to be the permanent detail stored in that file. This is an excellent way to create an inset of a close-up view of a particular portion of a drawing. • If you have saved part of an erection view detail as a job standard detail. of piecemarks or section sizes or elevation or camber notations on the erection view detail. etc. Or you can change their scale when they are created (using Edit > Save Standard Detail). • Choose Edit > Save Standard Detail while in the Drawing Editor to save a portion of an erection view detail as a job standard detail. You can then use Edit > Save Standard Detail as described above to save the clipped drawing as a job standard detail. you will need to create duplicate erection views in Modeling (for instance. double-click on the item while in Select Items Mode. then make the desired change on the Erection View Cleanup window. • To change the visibility. • You can add objects such as pointers.Erection View Details Modifying the erection view detail in the Drawing Editor: Step-by-Step Instructions • When you are sure that an erection view is detailed the way you want it to be. • You can change the scale of an erection view detail on the Drawing Data window (opened using File > Drawing Data). or on the Drawing Data window (opened using File > Drawing Data). then choose Process > Detail Erection Views to detail the duplicate view..
then Process and Detail that member.dxf graphics file into SDS/2 as a job standard detail." then enter a file name. 85 . choose Utility Functions > Delete Job Items from the SDS/2 Main Menu. then enter a file name. • You can apply a standard detail to the end of a member in Modeling so that standard detail will automatically be applied to the member's detail drawing during automatic detailing.Step-by-Step Instructions Job Standard Details Step 8a: Creating and Applying Job Standard Details T o copy part of one Drawing Editor drawing to a different drawing. select the items you want copied and locate a reference point. • To create a job standard detail from another drawing. Or you can save the portion you want of the first drawing as a job standard detail (using Edit > Save Standard Detail). File > Open that other drawing. select Utility Functions > Copy Job Items from the SDS/2 Main Menu. Placing job standard details: • To place job standard details onto member details or any other type of Drawing Editor drawing. • To copy job standard details from other Jobs into your current SDS/2 version. Removing/renaming job standard details: • To remove a job standard detail from any Job. choose File > Open. • Use Design Data's DXF Interface program to import a . then place it on the second drawing using File > Add Standard Detail. choose Utility Functions > Rename Job Items from the SDS/2 Main Menu. choose Edit > Save Standard Detail. EXAMPLE: Type in the name of the detail to the field "Standard detail" on the Beam Edit window. • To rename a job standard detail. choose File > Add Standard Detail. examples of job standard details Creating job standard details: • To create a job standard details from scratch. you can Edit > Cut then Edit > Paste. then select 'Job standard details' ( ) and press "Create New.
use the Delete Job Items utility. choose File > Verify Reference Point while accessing that standard detail in the Drawing Editor. choose Utility Functions > Copy Job Standards to Global Standards on the SDS/2 Main Menu. examples of global standard details Both global and job standard details have reference points: • To verify and/or relocate the standard detail's reference point. except that they are stored in your current version of SDS/2 rather than in a particular Job. To rename global standard details use the Rename Job Items utility. • The reference point of a job/global standard detail is important because it determines how the standard detail will be oriented when the standard detail is placed into a different Drawing Editor drawing file using File > Add Standard Detail.Global Standard Details Step-by-Step Instructions Step 8b: Creating and Applying Global Standard Details G lobal standard details are the same as job standard details. then press the "Create New" button and enter a file name. A single global standard detail can be placed in many different drawings and many times within the same drawing. then choose File > Save As. choose File > Open. by using File > Add Standard Detail or by applying it to the end of a member in Modeling. This means that the same global standard details can be opened. • To create global standard details from existing job standard details. placed or modified while you are working in any Job within the same version of SDS/2. File > Open the existing global standard detail. Creating global standard details: • To create new global standard details in the Drawing Editor. Removing/renaming global standard details: • To remove global standard details from SDS/2. Placing global standard details: • A global standard detail is placed in the same way as a job standard detail. • To create a new global standard detail from an existing global standard detail. 86 . select the radio button for "Global standards" ( ). This characteristic of global standards makes them ideal for adding special symbols or annotations to multiple drawings.
To save a permanent copy of your changes. and you can place a bill of material on it (if it is to be used for a detail sheet) or place other items onto it. 4. Select a "Paper size. Shown below is an example of a sheet outline: actual sheet limit border digitized bill of material AISC logo title block The fastest way to add a sheet outline: • To copy sheet outlines from one Job to another. File > Save the sheet outline. This helps to ensure that your details are presented in a consistent manner. type in the sheet outline name and press "OK. Different sheet outlines should be used for detail sheets. Select the radio button for "Sheet outlines" ( ) then press the "Create New" button. Another fast way to create a sheet outline: • After you have added standard details to an existing sheet outline (in the Drawing Editor). you can quickly create duplicates of the sheet outline using File > Save As. gather sheets and erection sheets. thus saving you the effort of having to repeatedly place the same graphics on different sheets. 5. choose Utility Functions > Copy Job Items > Sheet Outlines from the SDS/2 Main Menu. You can then modify these duplicates (for instance. 87 . While in the Drawing Editor.Step-by-Step Instructions Sheet Outlines Step 9: Setting Up Sheet Outlines S heet outlines are set up in the Drawing Editor to be used as templates for sheets. Creating a sheet outline using "Create New": 1." then press the "OK" button at the bottom of the dialog box. Many sheets can be based on the same sheet outline. you can add a bill of material to a sheet outline that does not have one). 2. choose File > Open. The sheet outline will appear on screen." 3. In the dialog box that appears.
• If you don't want a bill of material to appear on your detail sheet. A 24x26 sheet outline without a bill of material (to be used for erection sheets) might be named E24x36. If you are using metric dimensioning. Detail sheets. The bill information will be automatically compiled into this bill in the order in which details are placed on sheets (unless you change this order using Objects > Sheet Composition > Sheet Bill Reorder). 50 & 60 lines). You can name the sheet outlines accordingly. Standard practice is to do this only for detail sheets. Tips for naming sheet outlines: • You should create sheet outlines for detail sheets with bills of material of different lengths (e. • For example. you will probably want to place a bill of material (Objects > Bill of Material > Place Bill). call a 24x36 sheet outline with a 50-line digitized bill D24x36x50. but call a 24x36 sheet outline with a 60-line bill of material D24x36x60. of 40. you can generate a Bill of Material Report instead. In other words. • You may place up to three bills of material onto a sheet if they are needed. gather sheets and erection sheets. but not erection sheets or gather sheets. its scale will be 10. if you are using imperial dimensioning. If you have these items saved as standard details.Sheet Outlines Create different sheet outlines for different sheet types Step-by-Step Instructions • Different sheet outlines should be used for detail sheets. • Please note that the digitized bill of material will be represented on the computer screen as a series of lines. The scale of a sheet outline • The scale of a sheet outline is always 1:1. its scale will be 12. you can add them using File > Add Standard Detail.g. Placing a bill on a sheet outline for a detail sheet: • A bill of material may be placed onto a sheet outline for a detail sheet using Objects > Bill of Material > Place Bill. gather sheets and erection sheets also have a scale of 1:1. 88 . The same sheet outline for a gather sheet might be called G24x36. you may want to draw that detail at a scale of 1:1. • On detail sheets. • Sheet outlines can be renamed using the Rename Job Items utility. • If you are drawing a standard detail such as a logo specifically for placement on sheet outlines. • For all types of sheets you may want to include a title block and perhaps a border and a company logo.
it will make the appropriate substitution. If you type in "$NAME" to the title block on your sheet outline (using Label Add).Step-by-Step Instructions Placing special labels on a sheet outline: Sheet Outlines • Special labels are character strings that can be entered as labels. Labels are added using Objects > Labels > Add. Embedded strings such as "Plot time is $TIME" will NOT be substituted. • DO NOT try to embed a special label. 89 . SDS/2 will automatically replace $NAME with the name of the detail sheet on each detail sheet it creates. The six characters of a special label must stand alone. • The current time or date or source information will be plotted on a sheet if you place a label with one of the following character strings on the sheet outline: Character String $TIME1 $TIME2 $DATE1 $DATE2 $JOB $FAB $USER $HOST Plot Format HH:MM:SS HH:MM:SS DD MM YY MM DD YY alphanumeric alphanumeric alphanumeric alphanumeric Example 14:12:05 2:12:05 16 07 98 07 16 98 jobname fabname Joe station_1 Explanation 24 hour time 12 hour time day month year month day year current Job current Fab login name work station plotted from • Each detail sheet is given an unique name as it is created using Objects > Sheet Composition > Detail Sheet Autoloading. • A "total weight line" is a special label that you can add using Objects > Bill of Material > Place Total Weight. The actual size of the substituted label will be the size you specify when you add the label. When the program sees the character string.
your changes will NOT be automatically updated on the detail sheet. it will prevent that sheet outline from being used in your current Job for the creation of additional detail sheets. then enter zero (0) to the field "Lines in bill:_. title blocks or borders) can be traced onto a sheet outline by using Objects > Sheet Lines > Add. Use CNTR again when you later import that standard detail onto the sheet using the option Add Standard Detail. a north arrow. logos. gather sheets or erection sheets that were created using the deleted sheet outline. • To erase a digitized bill of material. select the appropriate bill. • If these items are stored as standard details. Sheet lines created in this manner will let you know where preprinted areas are. revision charts. you can place them onto sheet outlines in the Drawing Editor using File > Add Standard Detail. you can create a representation of the preprinted bill of material on your sheet outline using sheet lines (Objects > Bill of Material > Place Bill via Plotter)." Then delete the physical representation of the bill. However. you will have to erase the old bill of material and then redigitize the bill of material (Objects > Bill of Material > Place Bill) on the sheet outline. a border with a title block). • You can use Objects > Bill of Material > Edit Bill to enter bill data on a sheet outline. • Other graphic elements that appear on preprinted sheets (for instance. gather sheets or erection sheets. Please note: • If you modify a sheet outline after it has been used for a detail sheet. so you can avoid placing details or other items in those areas. but are shown on screen only. • Use the Locate option CNTR to locate the reference point of a full page standard detail (for example. a border. • If you make changes to the Fabricator Options option Bill of Material Layout after you have digitized a bill on a sheet outline. disclaimers. The data will be placed at the top of the digitized bill on the sheet outline and will also appear on the top of sheets created using that sheet outline.Sheet Outlines Tips for placing "other items" onto a sheet outline: Step-by-Step Instructions • Examples of these "other items" are a title block. 90 . Only newly created detail sheets based on that sheet outline will show the changes you made to the outline. Deleting a sheet outline will NOT affect the appearance or functionality of any detail sheets. Sheet lines are not plotted. notes. • You can delete sheet outlines using the Delete Job Items utility. Using sheet outlines for preprinted sheets: • If you are plotting on preprinted sheets which include a preprinted bill of material. This will ensure that the standard detail is properly positioned on the page. choose Objects > Bill of Material > Place Bill.
Type in the "Drawing name" that you want to give the sheet. 4. Please note that member details will NOT be copied to the new detail sheet file you create in this manner. Double-click on the sheet outline you want. select the "Detail Sheets" radio button ( ). 2. 91 . it will also automatically place details onto the sheet. Creating a detail sheet using "Create New": 1. you can use File > Save Reuse to exit and save your current sheet and create a new detail sheet based on it. Following is an example of a detail sheet onto which a single member detail has been placed. then press the "Create New" button. If you want a bill of material on the sheet. In Drawing Editor. and it can also be configured to automatically change the piecemarks of those details. Your new detail sheet will appear on screen. then press "OK. and its bill of material will therefore be much larger than the bill of material shown on this sheet. choose File > Open.Step-by-Step Instructions Detail Sheets Step 10a: Placing Details onto Detail Sheets D etail sheets are used to place member detail drawings on. be sure to select a sheet outline that has a bill with the appropriate number of lines. Another fast way of creating a detail sheet: • If you are accessing a detail sheet onto which you have already placed details." 3. Member details are placed onto detail sheets in order to be plotted. Typically a detail sheet will have several details placed on it. Not only will this create the detail sheet. This example is unusual. See the next section for information on how to place details on your new sheet. a detail sheet with a member detail on it: The fastest way of creating a detail sheet: • The fastest way to create a detail sheet is to choose Objects > Sheet Composition > Detail Sheet Autoloading while in the Drawing Editor (or click "Detail Sheet Autoloading" on the SDS/2 Main Menu).
the bill of material information will be compiled into Bill 1 first. in a bill of material by using Objects > Sheet Composition > Sheet Bill Reorder. if they so choose. • While viewing a detail sheet in the Drawing Editor. Data added in this way is placed at the top of the digitized bill on the sheet. If there isn't enough room. etc. then SDS/2 will separate material information for members by as few as two lines." and other characteristics of the text used for the data that is compiled into the bill of material is set up in Drawing Cosmetics. etc. you can identify what details you have placed on that sheet by their piecemarks or their appearance. 92 . you may wish to run a Sheet Loading Report in order to sort SDS/2-generated details by categories that you can configure using Sheet Loading Report Criteria in Fabricator Options. then Bill 2. • SDS/2 users can use Objects > Bill of Material > Edit Bill to enter bill data to the sheet.Detail Sheets Manually placing details on sheets: Step-by-Step Instructions • Before manually placing member detail drawings onto sheets. To output a report that tells you which members have been placed on which sheets or have not yet been placed. • If more than one bill of material exists on the sheet you are placing details on. • You can change which detail is listed first. • The "Bill items character height. • If more lines exist in the compiled bill of material than were allocated when the bill was digitized." "Bill items width/height ratio. • Material information for different members is separated in the bill of material by five lines if there is room. • Member details must be placed onto detail sheets before they can be plotted. The report will serve as a guide for grouping similar details together on the same sheet. Select by Detail. second. You can use Model > Status to graphically display in a color of your choosing those members in Modeling whose details have (or have not) been placed onto sheets. choose Reports > Sheet List. Keeping track of detail placement: • SDS/2 automatically tracks which member details have been placed onto sheets. How SDS/2 compiles bill information: • Bill data from member details is complied into the bill in the order in which details are placed onto the sheet. then the extra lines will be plotted below the bill. • Manual placement of details on sheets is done in the Drawing Editor using Objects > Sheet Composition > Add.
however. however. • If you change member piecemarks in either of these ways. • You can place a detail on more than one sheet using Objects > Sheet Composition > Sheet Composition Add. the piecemark will be changed globally throughout your current Job (in both Modeling and the Drawing Editor). • Utilities > Rename Job Items (from the SDS/2 Main Menu) can also be used to change the piecemarks of members and their details. • You can track the "Plotted" status of individual members in Modeling using Model > Status Display to color-code members that are on sheets which have been plotted. • SDS/2 automatically marks for plotting any sheet that has never been plotted or which has been altered since it was last plotted or which has a detail placed on it which has been altered since the sheet was last plotted. • Member details already placed on detail sheets will be deleted from those sheets if their member count goes to zero. The new piecemark will be used for all references to that piece in subsequently generated reports as well as in currently generated member details and currently generated erection view details. • You can delete detail sheets using Utility Functions > Delete Job Items from the SDS/2 Main Menu. remove the "placed on sheet flag" from any member details that were placed on the detail sheet. Deleting details sheets will NOT erase the member details placed on the sheets.Step-by-Step Instructions After placing details onto detail sheets: Detail Sheets • File > Change Marks can be used in the Drawing Editor to change the piecemarks of members whose details have been placed on sheets. It will. that drawing will automatically be updated on the sheet. 93 . You cannot. place the same detail on the same sheet twice. • If you interactively alter a member detail that has been placed on a sheet. Please also note: • You can change the names of system piecemarks or user piecemarks automatically as details are loaded using Detail Sheet Autoloading.
You will probably want to use a sheet outline that doesn't have a bill of material. Unlike detail sheets. and is especially useful if you plan to send the report to the shop along with the gather sheets.Gather Sheets Step-by-Step Instructions Step 10b: Placing Submaterials onto Gather Sheets G ather sheets are used to place submaterial details on." 3. Type in the "Drawing name" that you want to give the sheet. 94 . gather sheets do not have the capability of compiling the bill of material information of the details added to them. Submaterial details must be placed onto gather sheets before they can be plotted. Or click "Gather Sheet Autoloading" if you are on the SDS/2 Main Menu. Another fast way of creating a gather sheet: • If in the Drawing Editor you are accessing a gather sheet onto which you have already placed submaterial details. See the next section for information on how to place submaterial details onto the sheet. Manually placing submaterial details onto gather sheets: • The Subassembly Piecemark List is a report which itemizes submaterials associated with particular details and lists the section size. • Not only will Gather Sheet Autoloading create one or more new sheets for you. Creating a gather sheet using "Create New": 1. Your new gather sheet will appear on screen. The fastest way of creating a gather sheet: • The quickest way to place submaterials onto gather sheets is to use Objects > Sheet Composition > Gather Sheet Autoloading. 4. choose File > Open. The sheet outline for a gather sheet will typically NOT include a bill of material. This report may be useful for determining which submaterial details you want to place on which gather sheets. Double-click on the sheet outline you want to serve as a template for the sheet. then press the "Create select the radio button for "Gather sheets" ( New" button. use Objects > Sheet Composition > Add. • To manually place details on sheets in the Drawing Editor. use File > Save Reuse to exit and save your current sheet and create a new gather sheet based on the same sheet outline. While accessing any Drawing Editor drawing or sheet file. it will also place submaterial details onto the sheets it creates. ). Please note that the submaterial details saved on the original gather sheet will NOT be copied to the new gather sheet file that is created from the original. 2. steel grade and length of material required for a single submaterial. then press "OK.
95 . as well as in the 3D model and in currently generated submaterial details. you change the material and retain the same piecemark. To tell which submaterials are marked for detailing. Please also note: • You can place a submaterial detail on more than one gather sheet using Sheet Composition Add. • Submaterial details already placed on gather sheets will be deleted from those sheets if their material count goes to zero during Process and Create Solids. The new submaterial mark will be used for all references to that piece of material in subsequently generated reports. however.Step-by-Step Instructions After placing submaterial details onto sheets: Gather Sheets • You can use File > Change Marks in the Drawing Editor to change submaterial marks. however. for example. You cannot. remove the "placed on sheet flag" from any submaterial details placed on the gather sheet. Deleting gather sheets does NOT erase the submaterial details placed on them. place the same detail on the same gather sheet twice. SDS/2 will automatically mark that submaterial for detailing. • If the quantity of a submaterial changes in the model (and the box for "Show submaterial quantity" is checked in Member and Material Piecemarking Options).those materials that are automatically selected on the selection dialog are the materials that are marked for detailing. in currently generated member details and member bills of material. • Gather sheets as well as submaterial marks can be renamed using Utility Functions > Rename Job Items (from the SDS/2 Main Menu). choose Process > Detail Submaterial -. • If you change marks in either of these ways. • You can delete gather sheets using Utility Functions > Delete Job Items (from the SDS/2 Main Menu). SDS/2 also marks submaterials for detailing if. the submaterial mark will be changed globally throughout your current Job. that drawing will automatically be updated on the gather sheet. add a pointer or label). It will. • If you interactively alter a submaterial detail that has already been placed onto a gather sheet (for instance.
Developing an erection sheet outline: You will probably want to develop an unique sheet outline for use as a template for your erection sheets. You may want logos and a border on your erection sheet outline. Erection view details must be placed on erection sheets before they can be plotted. you cannot plot details directly. like member and submaterial details. placed using Sheet Composition Add 96 .Erection Sheets Step-by-Step Instructions Step 10c: Erection Views on Erection Sheets E rection sheets are used to place erection view details on. They must first be placed onto sheets. The illustration below shows an erection view detail that has been placed in this way. but not a bill of material. border actual sheet limit company logo Using Sheet Composition Add to add an erection view detail: Erection view details. In SDS/2. can be placed onto sheets using Objects > Sheet Composition > Sheet Composition Add in the Drawing Editor.
You can do this by using Edit > Save Standard Detail (again. Adding an erection view as a job standard detail: Another way to add erection view details to erection sheets is to add them as job standard details. placed as a standard detail The main advantage of placing an erection view detail as a standard detail is that you can easily use drawing functions to edit the drawing on the erection sheet. 97 . then using Edit > Save Standard Detail to save them as job standard details.Step-by-Step Instructions Erection Sheets The big advantage of placing an actual erection view detail instead of a standard detail of an erection view detail is that any changes made to the erection view detail (including its regeneration or changes in its scale) will result in its automatically being updated on the sheet. in the Drawing Editor) to create a job standard detail of an erection view detail and then place it on the erection sheet using File > Add Standard Detail. The insets with the frames around them in the illustration above were created by using Edit > Clip.
" The Plot Sheet Options window will again be active." Methods 2. 98 . On the Plotter Configuration window. Press "OK. 2. 4.Plotting Sheets (Linux) Step-by-Step Instructions Step 11a: Plotting Sheets in Linux 1. Note that the name of the plotter is listed at the top of this window next to the words "Current Plotter. You should now be on the Plot Sheet Options window. choose Interface > Plotting or use a keyboard shortcut or click on the Plot Sheets icon." If this is the plotter you want to plot your sheets on. click "Plot Sheets. if you have a HP-GL/2 plotter and want to plot at a scale other than 100% or adjust the margins on a sheet. go to step 3. Either go to step 5 if you want to plot at 100% without adjusting sheet margins. Or. Use any one (1) of the following methods to begin the Plot Sheets operation: Method 1: On the SDS/2 Main Menu. 2a. click "Available Plotters. 3 & 4: In Modeling or the Drawing Editor. enter the plotting specifications you want. then press "OK" to reactivate the Plot Sheet Options window. 3. Go to step 3." select the plotter you want. 2b." Go to step 4. The Plot Sheet Options window will appear on screen. click "Plotter Configuration. (if applicable) To change plotters.
Press "OK" when you are done selecting sheets." "Gather sheets" and "Erection sheets. If you deselected sheets that SDS/2 automatically selected in step 7. "Sheets automatically selected for plotting have been deselected? Would you like to retain automatic selections for next time?" Either press "No" to cause the plot flags to be permanently cleared. To deselect sheets (so they will not be plotted). SDS/2 will plot each sheet selected in step 6 with the margins and scale entered in step 4 as many times as you specified in step 8. SDS/2 will bring up a dialog with options for "Number of copies" and "Layers to plot. simply click on their names. A selection dialog for sheets will appear on screen. Sheets not yet plotted or which were modified since last plotted are automatically selected to be plotted. 9. You should be on the Plot Sheet Options window. 6c." Either type in the number of copies and choose whether or not to plot comment layers.Step-by-Step Instructions 5. 5a. Do not continue. 6b. 8. Near the bottom of the window are three radio buttons: "Detail sheets. SDS/2 will bring up a dialog box with the message. 7." 6. Plotting Sheets (Linux) 6a. Or press "Yes" to cause the items you deselected in step 6 to be automatically selected (highlighted) the next time you plot a sheet. All sheets of the selected type that are in your current Job are listed on the left half of the window." Select the type of sheet that you want to plot. then press "OK. To select additional sheets. Click "Print. The sheets will be plotted on the plotter that is listed next to "Current Plotter" at the top of the Plot Sheet Options window. simply click on them. 99 . Or press the "Cancel" button." Go to step 9.
then press the "OK" button. Or press "No" to plot only non-comment layers. the Choose Path dialog will appear on screen so you can select the file folder you want to place the file in (press "Help" on this dialog box for additional instructions).g. To "Orientation" select either 'Landscape' (long side horizontal) or 'Portrait' (long side vertical). To "Name" select the name of the printer driver for the plotter you are outputting to. Or go to step 6. Go to step 5. 4a. click "Plot Sheets. 7. 2a. Press the "OK" button on the bottom of the window. To "Number of copies" enter the quantity of each sheet to be plotted. A yes-no dialog will appear on screen with the question. The information on this window may be different for different drivers. 2b. 6.Plotting Sheets (Windows Operating Systems) Step-by-Step Instructions Step 11b: Plotting Sheets (Windows Operating Systems) 1. 4. To "Application page size" select the page size for the sheet (e. the sheets you selected will be output to the designated plotter. 5a. The Properties dialog for the printer driver you selected will appear on screen. Arch D . A selection dialog will appear on screen. Either press the "Properties" button. 6b. If the "Print to file" check box was checked in step 6. 3. "Plot comment layers?" Either press the "Yes" button to plot both comment and non-comment layers. (optional) Select the "Print to file" option if you want to output the sheet(s) to a file instead of the plotter. (optional) Check the box for "Scale Plots" if you want SDS/2 to automatically adjust the plot size (up or down) so that it fits onto the actual sheet. 5c." Methods 2. 3 & 4: In Modeling or Drawing Editor. The Windows Print dialog will appear on screen. 4b. choose Interface > Plotting or use a keyboard shortcut or click on the Plot Sheets icon. 2. Use any one (1) of the following methods to begin the Plot Sheets operation: Method 1: On the SDS/2 Main Menu. Select 'Detail sheets' or 'Erection sheets' or 'Gather sheets' then select the name(s) of the sheets you want to plot. 5b. If the "Print to file" check box was not checked in step 6.24 x 36). Press the "OK" button. The Print dialog (which first appeared in step 3) will again be active. 100 . 5. 6a.