Dynamic Breaking Resistor

Although the AC motor does not have a permanent magnet in the rotor, it does have an induced magnetic field in the rotor, created by the rotating magnetic field in the stator. The energy lost in the difference between the stator and rotor speeds backfeeds into the VFD, which raises the voltage on the DC bus in the VFD. The greater the difference between the output of the VFD and the rotor's actual speed, the more energy will be backfed into the VFD. This means that if the VFD tries to dynamically brake the motor too quickly, the voltage on the DC bus will raise too high and damage the VFD. Most VFDs will shut down as a safety feature before this happens, and the motor will coast to a stop by friction alone. This is where the braking resistors come in. The braking resistors act as an additional load on the DC bus, which helps to drain the excess voltage and keep it within safe tolerances. With appropriately sized braking resistors, the motor can be brought to a stop much more quickly without raising the voltage on the DC bus to unsafe levels

Dynamic Breaking Resistor : Dynamic braking resistors (DBRs) produce braking torque and absorb the high amounts of energy generated by stopping electric motors. They are used in variable-speed drive systems such as elevators, cranes, and trains. Some DBRs are also used in related devices with high inertial loads. When a system load is decelerated, the kinetic energy is converted into electrical energy. Dynamic braking resistors absorb this energy and convert it to heat