Samaila Consultant Limited

SAMAILA CONSULTANT LIMITED
Consulting Engineers & Planners 1c Collage Road Kaduna

CULVERT No. LOCATION DATE

CV 9 (2 x 2 Single Box Culvert) 15 + 548 June.04

DESIGN CODES: 1. BS 8110 : Part 1, 1985 2. BS 5400 : Part 2, 1989

SOIL PARAMETER: Allowable Bearing Capacity DESIGN DATA: Strength of Concrete, Fcu Strength of Steel, Weight of Concrete Weight of Soil (Filling) Weight of Asphalt Fy gconc gsoil gasph 25 410 24 18 23 N/mm2 N/mm2 kN/m3 kN/m3 kN/m3 200 kN/m2

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28 kN/m2 8.= .00 For Self Weight of Culvert For Earthfill For HA Vehicle For HB Vehicle For Asphalt gf5 (Ta gasph) .= gf2 (f gsoil) .4.= 8.= .2.30 kN/m2 Total Dead Load = 226 kN/m2 2000 2300 300 1.50 1.76 kN/m2 2 . sHA P=100 kN 2:1 340 7200 2300 2300 Contact Length = 7540 mm sHA = .= TOTAL =226.= gf1 (2 t Hgconc) .= .2.= .76 kN/m2 1.Samaila Consultant Limited Ta= 100 f= 7200 d= 300 2300 .= P/ (Contact Area) sHA = 1.74 kN/m2 194.28 kN/m2 12.1.50 1.= gf1 (b gconc) .5 6.40 kN/m2 2.00 kN/m2 IMPOSED LOAD BS 5400: Part 2 Clauses 6.=h H= 2000 b= 300 t= 300 B= BS 5400: Part 2 LOADINGS Table 1 gf1 = gf2 = gf3 = gf4 = gf5 = DEAD LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 For Top Slab For Bottom Slab For Walls Weight of Fill Weight of Asphalt .= gf1 (d gconc) .15 1.5 1 Stresses due to HA Vehicle.30 1.6 and 6.

then the Load Per Axle is 450 kN Contact Width = Contact Length = 7561 mm 10561 mm BS 5400: Part 2 Clause 6. sHB 1.64 kN/m2 5.2.2 and 6.64 kN/m2 > gf4 sHB .= 450 / (Contact Area) sHB = 5.33 deg 3 .8m A 7200 2:1 361 6m 1.3 2 Stresses due to HB Vehicle.= 7.3.3.33 kN/m2 EARTH PRESSURE ON WALLS BS 5400: Part 2 Clause 5.1 6.8m 2300 2300 A P 1m P 1m P 1m P 7200 2300 SECTION A-A Assuming 45 Units HB Vehicle.= 0.sinf 1 + sinf .7 HB Loading sHB = .3.33 HA Loading Design Load = kN/m2 Design Load = 7.Samaila Consultant Limited BS 5400: Part 2 Clauses 6.8.1 f= Ka = 30 1 .

= 67.24 kN/m2 q3 = ### kN/m2 CHECKING SOIL BEARING CAPACITY Allowable Soil Bearing Capacity = Total Load on the Soil = .5 kN/m2 q2 = 85.5 kN/m2 q1 = KaH2gsoilgf2 .= HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE Pw = gw h = SURCHARGE PRESSURE 20 kN/m2 64.8 kN/m2 H1 = 9500 q3 q3 = Ka(Load due to Vehicle + Fill) .8 kN/m2 q1 = 64.= 200 kN/m2 (Dead Load + Imposed Load) 233.Samaila Consultant Limited H2 = 7200 q1 H1 = 9500 2300 q2 2300 At the Bottom of the Culvert q2 = KaH1gsoilgf2 .32 kN/m2 4 .= 85.

3 m 0.32 h= L= 2.Samaila Consultant Limited ANALYSIS OF FORCES Total Bending Pressure on Members Top Slab = Bottom Slab = Side Walls.3 m ts = tw = 0.31 132.74 kN/m2 q2 = [ q2 + Surchage Pressure] = 212.3 m C 152. q1 = [ Slab Wt + Fill + Asphalt + HB] = [ Top Slab Wt + Base Wt + Walls Wt] = [ q1 + Surchage Pressure] = 212.74 233.04 D 152.74 N = [h/L] [ts/tw]3 = N1 = N + 1 = N2 = N + 2 = N3 = N + 3 = N4 = 4N + 9 = N5 = 2N + 3 = N6 = N + 6 = N7 = 2N + 7 = N8 = 3N + 8 = 1 2 3 4 13 5 7 9 11 5 .04 kN/m2 152.3 m 2.32 kN/m2 132.04 A B 132.31 kN/m2 233.

31 kN/m2] -46.15 kN/m2 1.96 kNm -73.Samaila Consultant Limited Moments due to roof loads [q= 212.42 kNm 20 kN/m2] Moments due to excessive hydrostatic internal pressure[ q = MA = MB = q[h2NN3+L2N5]/[12N1N3] = MC = MD = qN[h2N3-L2]/[12N1N3] = 9.80 kNm MA = MB = MC = MD = [ -qL2/12N1] = Moments due to weight of walls q = [2G]/[1 + tw] = MA = MB = [ +qL2N/12N1N3] = MC = MD = [ -N5/N]MA = Moments due to earth pressure MA = MB = [ -qh2NN7/60N1N3] = MC = MC = [N8/N7]MA = Moments due to surcharge pressure[ q = MA = MB = MC = MD = [ -qh2N/12N1] = Moments due to hydrostatic pressure[ q = MA = MB = q[h2NN7/60N1N3] = MC = MD = [N8/N7]MA = [q= 22.82 kNm 20.35 kNm SUMMATION OF MOMENTS Case 1: culvert empty MA = MB = MC = MD = Case 1: culvert empty MA = MB = MC = MD = -58.92 kNm 4.37 kNm 67.00 kN/m2] 1.73 kNm -68.88 kNm -78.48 kNm -10.09 kNm 6 .50 kN/m2] -8.98 kNm 2.24 kN/m2] -14.10 kNm 85.22 kNm -6.

38 76.09 7 .38 kNm (From C) 9 A.88 B RA = RB = x= Mmax = 244.B Bending Moment Diagram 68.64 m 7.7 9x 132.38 7.32 kN 1.73 2.04 D.C 73.61 kN 0.15 kN 1.31 A 68.20 kNm (iii) Spans AD & BC 20.15 kN 244.Samaila Consultant Limited Moments At The Spans (i) Spans AB 212.15 m 71.51 7.32 C 78.51 kNm (Ii) Spans CD 233.88 2.3 68.09 2.3 68.88 68.20 78.3 78.89 kN 165.32 kN 268.09 D RC = RD = x= Mmax = 268.88 71.15 m 76.88 y= RA = RF = x= Mmax = 161.

45 z= 7.02 382.01 215.50 921.12 R20 @ 200mm (1571mm2) 40 mm 250 mm 8 .50 813.Samaila Consultant Limited DESIGN OF WINGWALLS C 1400 1900 300 300 F C 300 5700 L= 6000 Force due to Earth Pressure on the Walls is given by: F = gf[0.04 237.4 kNm 237.5Kagsoil h2] = 23.47 R20 @ 200mm (1571mm2) cover = d= Midspan 71.50 844.51 0.09 0. (kNm) K Z AS 78.05 237. M is given by M = F(h/3) = 18.05 237. (kNm) K Z AS 68.2 kN/m2 32.50 899.5 mm Provide R16 @ 200mm c/c (1005mm2) DESIGN OF REINFORCEMENT TOP SLAB REINFORCEMENT Support Moment M.5 mm z= 237.05 237. As = 0.03 R20 @ 200mm (1571mm2) BOTTOM SLAB REINFORCEMENT Support Moment M.43 Provide R16 @ 200mm c/c (1005mm2) Base Slabs of Wing Walls The upward Pressure at the base slab is: q = (self wt of the slab) = Midspan Moment = ql2/8 = K= As = 0.81 kN h/3 q This Force is acting at h/3 from the base of the wall Design Moment.74 R20 @ 200mm (1571mm2) Distribution Bars Area of steel required.88 0.20 0.25 kNm K= As = 0.13%bh = Provide R16 @ 200mm c/c 390 mm2 Midspan 76.