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Case is the form of the noun built up by means of ending, which shows the relation of the noun to the other words in the sentence. English nouns have TWO case forms – the common case & the possessive case (the genitive case). IT’S CURIOUS. In the earlier stages English had a more developed system of cases. In Old English there were the following four cases: nominative, genitive, dative and accusative. When a noun was used a subjected of a sentence, it was in the nominative case, the indirect object was in the dative; certain adverbial relations were indicated by means of the accusative case, while others required the genitive. But in the course of time the original nominative, dative and accusative merged into one form with no ending, the common case, except some pronouns which have still preserved distinct forms for nominative and objective. In Modern English there are two cases left and some of the meanings expressed in other languages by means of cases are rendered with the help of prepositions and the fixed word order. Nouns in the common case in English are characterized by no ending. e.g. a girl, a boy, a garden, a tree, etc. The common case of nouns has a very general and indefinite meaning. The noun in the common case may have various functions in the sentence, which are defined syntactically by means of word order and prepositions. Here are the main examples of case-relations expressed by means of prepositions in English. Russian Именительный падеж (кто? что?) Родительный падеж (кого? чего?) Дательный падеж (кому? чему?) Винительный падеж (кого? что?) Творительный падеж (кем? чем?) Предложный падеж (о ком? о чем?) Preposition – of to – by with about of English This boy reads well. The lesson begins at 9 o'clock. The book of the librarian is on the table. He gave this book to Mary. The teacher asked the boy many questions. This article is written by the professor. I write with a fountain-pen. I'm fond of reading about animals. She spoke of art, literature and music.
§2. THE POSSESSIVE CASE. §2.1 The possessive case represents in Modern English the Old English genitive case but it is much narrower in its meaning and function and cannot render all the meanings of the genitive case. The possessive case expresses possession with various shades of meaning depending on the lexical meaning of the words & restricted chiefly to nouns denoting living beings. Its syntactical function is exclusively that of an attribute. e.g. The teacher’s desk is in the middle of the class-room.
e. THE USE OF THE POSSESSIVE CASE §3. e.1. the child’s toys –игрушки ребенка § 2. The suffix –‘s is pronounced: [z] after voiced consonants and vowels: girl’s. [iz] after sibilants: prince’s. men’s work women’s clothes children’s room 3) proper names ending in – s can take –‘s or the apostrophe alone –‘. e. judge’s. Mr.g. e. The roof of this house is new.g.2.g. Henry the Eighth’s wives. [s] after voiceless consonants: student’s. e.2 With nouns denoting inanimate things and abstract nouns the possessive case relation is rendered by the of-phrase. a woman’s intuition . the students’ hostel the eagles’ nest 2) Classical proper names.g. e. the Prince of Wales’s helicopter 6) –‘s can be added to the initials. boy’s. his sister-in-law’s car her mother-in-law’s jewellery the editor-in-chief’s orders 5) names consisting of several words also take the –‘s. The apostrophe –‘ alone is added to: 1) plural nouns ending in – s. animals). e.3. the VIP’s escort the MP’s decision § 2. The possessive case is mainly used with nouns denoting living beings (people. The possessive case is formed by means of the suffix –‘s or the apostrophe –‘ alone. The noun in the possessive case precedes the noun which it modifies.g. e. The possessive case suffix –‘s is added: 1) to the stem of the noun in the singular. e. 4) with compounds. the pupil’s exercise the actress’s voice the child’s mother 2) to the stem of plural nouns not ending in – S. the last word takes the –‘s.g.g.g. wife’s. e. e. Jones’ house Yeats’s / Yeats’ poems In both cases suffix is pronounced [iz].g.g. Jones’s / Mr. Pythagoras’ Theorem Archimedes’ Law Sophocles’ Plays §3.g.
world). ten roubles’ worth of stamp thirty thousand pounds’ worth of jewellery 6) with for + noun + sake.3 the people’s choice the crew’s quarters §3.g. Europe’s future the island’s outline Russia’s exports 3) with ships and boats. ! REMEMBER THEM A stone’s throw For pity’s sake At death’s door To one’s heart’s content At one’s wit’s end At one’s finger’s ends To a hair’s breadth Out of harm’s way For old acquaintance’s sake For appearance’s sake A pin’s head The needle’s eye/point For goodness’ sake For heaven’s sake In one’s mind’s eye Duty’s call 8) with the names of newspapers and nouns denoting different kinds of organizations. e. e.g.2. city. trains.g. country.g. e. e. In the following instances the possessive case may be used with names denoting inanimate nouns (lifeless things): 1) with nouns expressing time or distance. e.g. water. e. the ship’s bell the yacht’s mast 4) with planes. the Tribune’s role the government’s policy . e.g. cars and other vehicles ! (though here the of construction is better). the train’s heating system or the heating system of the train 5) in expressions of money + worth. ocean. river.g. for his mother’s sake for her family’s sake 7) in set-expressions. a few days’ trip a mile’s distance a moment’s pause 2) with the geographical notions (town.
. §4.g. She is the sister of the girl with whom we were at school together.g. the walls of the room the roof of the house the handle of the door However. I heard a voice. It was not John’s brother. We find various patterns here: e.SOME SPECIAL CASES OF THE POSSESSIVE CASE. The possessive case suffix –‘s/ –‘ may be added not only to a single noun but to a whole group of words. it is often possible to replace noun X + of + noun Y by noun Y + noun X in that order: e.g. it may be omitted to avoid repetition. the town walls the house roof the door handle The first noun becomes a sort of adjective and is not made plural.1. I took the advice of a couple I met on the train and hired a car.g. but Mary’s.g.g.POSSESSIVE”. OF + noun is used for possessions: 1) with inanimate nouns. It’s called “group-possessive”. THE ABSOLUTE POSSESSIVE. today’s newspaper a winter’s day or winter day Autumn’s return §3. “GROUP . e. e.4 the party’s appeal 9) sometimes with names of seasons. Smith and Brown’s office Jack and Ann’s children (two people possess something in common) the Prime Minister of England’s residence the Prince of Denmark’s tragedy (the residence is not of England but of the Prime Minister) (the tragedy is not of Denmark but of the Prince) somebody else’s umbrella an hour or two’s time (in these examples the last element of the group is not a noun) the man we saw yesterday’s son (this example can puzzle anybody but the fact is the son belongs to the man but not to yesterday) §4.3.g. e. e. .2. If the noun which is modified by the possessive case has already been mentioned and is clear from the text. §4. it was my brother’s. days when they are personified. the roofs of the houses = the house roofs 2) when the “possessor” noun is followed by a phrase or a clause. 1. except those listed above in § 3. months. e.2.
e. the latter by the possessive case. Sotheby’s Claridge’s §4. without an article and with "last" placed after the possessive (otherwise "the" and last' would refer to the proper name).g. He is an old friend of my father’s. e. e. Since no articles or pronouns can be used after a possessive form. pleasure. We had lunch at Bill’s (place). e.3. THE USE OF ARTICLES AND ATTRIBUTES WITH NOUNS IN THE POSSESSIVE CASE When the Possessive is used in the meaning of belonging (possession). The ceremony took place at St. an Absolute possessive is used if we need some determiner before the head-noun: "a friend of Peter's". The wedding of Brown's sister. while "the" refers to "man". the former is expressed in English by the of-phrase.) or becomes purely descriptive. James’s (palace). (Dickens. In this . That is also the reason why we say "Pushkin's' last poems". That cottage of my friend’s is surrounded by a beautiful orchard. Note also "yesterday's sad news". Note "the great Pushkin's poems". shop. Go to the baker’s (shop). all that stands before the possessive noun refers to this noun (and not to the following head noun): "the young man's companion" denotes that the man is young (not his companion). must be placed after the possessive: "the man's young companion" denotes "the young companion'..” . etc) or institutions. "that friend of Peter's". I saw him at my father’s (house). §4. where "the" and "great" both refer to the proper name (the article appears due to the use of an attribute with the proper noun). where the possessive is usually a saint’s name. A POSSESSIVE GOVERNING ANOTHER POSSESSIVE If a possessive governs another possessive. § 5. Names of the owners of some businesses can be used similarly.. e. etc. cathedral.g. where the absence of article is due to the peculiarities of the word 'yesterday'.5 2. (Он один из старых друзей моего отца.g.4. The room of my brother's wife.) My son's wife's family are old people. Whatever refers to the head noun. The noun modified by the possessive case is also often omitted when it denotes place (house.g. Paul’s (Cathedral).) But sometimes the partitive meaning is lost and the construction acquires emotional force (denoting praise.g. The combination “of + possessive case” (a friend of my brother’s) or “of + possessive pronoun” (a friend of mine) has usually a partitive meaning. as we see in Russian in: комната жены моего брата. We all admired that clever remark of your father’s. "some child's cries" = "the cries of some child" (not "some cries"). The picture is quite different when the possessive is used in its qualitative meaning. denoting “one of …. "some friends of Peter's". expressed the same opinion.. You can buy it at the chemist’s (shop). The use of the possessive of both nouns is rare: Scrooge's niece's sister. THE COMBINATION “OF + POSSESSIVE”. They went to St. displeasure.
Note also a change of number forms in phrases like "a woman's hat" (= for a woman. for one woman) – but: "two women's hats" (= two hats for women. we say: "a women's magazine" (for women as a class. which may mean either 'the hat belonging to another woman' or "one more hat designed to be worn by a woman".6 case all that stands before the possessive. In phrases like "goat's (cow's) milk" no article is used as no individual animal is meant (the possible spelling is "cows" milk).e. the attribute 'good' may be referred either to "sleep" or to "night". Note also ambiguous cases in "another woman's hat". In this meaning no attribute can be placed after the possessive. The article in such phrases can also be omitted ("after two hours" walk"). "an hour’s work" = work for one hour. Naturally. Sometimes. In real speech such ambiguous phrases are usually avoided. On the other hand. when the article means "one". "a childish joke"). In all other cases the article refers to the head noun. not for one woman). the homonymous character of such structures makes it difficult to determine the precise relationship. in "a goat’s head appeared in the window" we mean one particular individual animal ("the head of a goat"). where the article and attribute both "jump over" the possessive noun to refer to the head word. This happens because 'children's' here is very much like a qualitative adjective (cf. As different from that. i. . thus. as does the attribute: "a pleasant two hours" walk" = a pleasant walk for two hours. hence "a new children's shop" (= a new shop for children). not for one person as with personal belongings like "hat". refers to the following head noun (not to the possessive noun): "a children's shop" = "a shop for children". it refers to the possessive noun denoting a measure: "a mile’s distance" = one mile's distance. in "Now you must have a good night's sleep". "coat"). however. so there is no need to take great pains to analyse this.
(The aim/these men) is to get promotion. (babies) The ___________________ toys are in their cribs. grandson. Smith) Mrs. . 1. Exercise 1 . She needs it herself. 4. (sisters) Do you know my ___________________ husbands? 18. (Mrs. 15. niece. (wives) Tom and Bob are married. Model: One can see the village from (the top/the mountain). 10. 5. respectively. 6. Your father's or mother's brother is called your uncle. (boys) The ___________________________ hats are red.. (children) The _________________ toys are all over the floor. (month) It would cost me a_____________________salary to buy that refrigerator. 5. 9. (woman) This is a _____________________________ purse. – These engineers’ plan is…… . father-in-law. (today) There are many problems in _____________ world. (The idea/the article) seems interesting to me. (The country house/the Blacks) is not very large. uncle. (The mayor/the town) meets reporters once a month. (Sally) _________________________ last name is White.. 13. This is (the business/my father). (child) I fixed the _________________________ bicycle. 14. (wife) That is my ___________________________ coat. Join the two (or three) nouns. He doesn't want me to interfere. daughter-in-law. I like (the bag/this woman). Complete the sentences with the possessive form of the nouns in parentheses. (The plan/these engineers) is quite original. 20. Use either -'s (-s1) or. And they do their best to achieve it.. nephew. 16. 8. of.. But it's very expensive. The Bank of England is in (the centre/London) 12. (yesterday Did you read _____________________ newspaper? 19. 8. 9. cousin. There is something wrong with (the hands/the clock). 4. (The house/our friends) is in the suburbs. (sister) Do you know my ____________________ husband? 17. Their _____________ names are Cindy and Jane. 11. (boss) That's my ____________________________ office. (Phyllis) _________________________ last name is Young. Let them decide their problems themselves. 11. (women) That store sells _______________________ clothes. He says (the cause/the fire) is carelessness. That is (the book/ Bess). 12. 2. 3. What is the word for each of these? your father's or mother's sister your brother's or sister's son your uncle's son or daughter your wife's or husband's father your brother's or sister's daughter your brother's wife your uncle's wife your sister's husband your son's wife Prompts: aunt. sister-inlaw. Exercise 2 . (baby) The _____________________ toys are in her crib. These are (the problems/Steve and James). (bosses) Those are my ________________________ offices. Smith’ s husband often gives her flowers. 1. 6. 2. Do you want to discuss it? 7. 3.7 EXERCISES. Exercise 3. mother-in-law. 10. – … the top of the mountain. 7. (boy) The _____________________________ hat is red.
14) the new headmaster/the school. 8) a flat of my father-in-law. 6. My parents live on a farm. 2) the influence of the sun. 10. It's not very good. 16) the name/ the man I saw you with yesterday. 14. 4) a toy of the baby. 3) the works of Rembrandt. 7) the orders of our boss. 3. The management has made a new offer. 10) oil wells of Saudi Arabia. 16. It's too low. 4) the operation which lasted four hours. 18) the cottage/my aunt and uncle. – The Dickenses' house is very large 1. 10) a telephone conversation which lasts three minutes. I am tired of (the initiatives/these people). 7) the policy of the company. 6) the bags of those women. Brown uses a computer. It's near the Canadian border. 4) the top/the page. It saves him a lot of time. They're on Mondays. 10) the name/this street. It can do 180 kph. (The teacher/those students) has deep knowledge of the subject. 6) icy mountains of Greenland. 4) the gun of the commander-in-chief. 6) a semester of eight weeks. She's really beautiful. Example: the door/the room mother/Ann – – the door of the room Ann's mother 1) the daughter/Charles. Example: . 15) the economic policy/the government. Example: The Dickenses have a house. 8. My dentist has got a new receptionist. 2) work which takes two hours. This is (The tape/the cousin/Tom). B 1) coal deposits of the world. 8) gold reserves of Ukraine. 8) a play of three acts. I don't think (The answer/this student) is above average. 13) the birthday/my mother. Alice Benson has written a novel.Why don't they just do their work? 17. 18. It woke me up. Whose toys are these? • These are (the toys/the daughters/Mrs Black). 9) the cottage of my parents. 12) the children/Don and Jane. 3) the paintings of Picasso and Dali. Why do you want to put the table in (the middle/the room). 8) the books of the children. 9) the gravitation of the planet. 17) the husband/the woman talking to Max. 2) a doll of the girls. 7) the correspondent of the Herald Tribune. It is very large. 5) the mate/ glasses. Smith. 15. 7) the rest which lasted an hour. 7) the name/your wife. 8) the new manager/the company. 2. 19. 9) the wives of Henry the Eighth. The girls have music lessons. 3) the eyes/ the cat. 6) the speech of the Minister of Foreign Trade. 6) the newspaper/yesterday. It seems to be very interesting. Mr. Paraphrase the following using the possessive case. Jake has got a new job. 11) the car/Mike's parents. Exercise 4. 4) the joys and grieves of life. (the computer/Fred Clark) is of the latest model. Paraphrase the following using the possessive case. 5) the times of Ivan the Terrible. (The bicycle/those children) is very old.8 13. 10) a garage of her cousin. 2) the children of my aunt Ann. Exercise 7. Still they enjoy riding it. Exercise 6. 3) the atmosphere of the earth. 4. 20) the garden/our neighbours. 7. Example: the son of our manager – our manager’s son A 1) the house of Mr. 5) a meeting of the employees. 5) the flight which took three hours. Phil has a sports car. sometimes you have to use the of-phrase. 3) a distance of five kilometres. The dogs were barking last night. Join two nouns to express possession. Exercise 5. The children have got a room on the first floor. It's always in a mess. Sometimes you have to use an apostrophe (') with or without s. 5. 9. 20. Join the sentences using a possessive 's or s'. 10) the decisions of the commission. 2) the camera/Kate. D 1) a cruise which lasts three weeks. so we're going to strike. 9) a football match which lasts ninety minutes. 21) the toys/the children. C 1) the mother of Kate and Mary. 5) the arrival of the ship. 9) the result/the football match. I've got to return it. 19) the ground floor/the building.
No one could explain the young girl’s behaviour at yesterday’s supper. 8... She dropped in at the chemist’s to buy some aspirin. People ... was a film producer. The walk to the station was short. 14. There will be a big crowd at the football match this evening. and that is Peter’s.. The only cinema in the town has been closed down.. 10. A month . If you want to get there. 2. When Friday came.50 and walk to . 10. Exercise 9.. Example: My house is very near here.. 9. If I leave my house at 8. 1. Tourism is the main industry in the region. 12. My sister-in-law . If I leave my house at 9 o'clock and drive to London.. 16.. It was four and a half hours’ ride. The school.. is in danger. I don’t like cow’s milk. Exercise 10 .. Don’t take a training course that lasts a week.. is over.. 11. The Negroes . 8. Choose the singular or plural nouns from the given list and fill in the blanks using the possessive forms.. After an hour’s break we resumed our work. The holiday was terrific. I can’t understand why he is so tired. I slept only five hours yesterday because my train came late. he was at his wit’s ends. New York . 5. The men . are healthy. 2. Carol is leaving on holiday on the 13th. are hard. 1. 4. is posh. 10. Every day at noon we have a break.. The oil riches in certain Arab states are known to all. Last Sunday’s rugby match was disappointing. 5.. If you want to have a voyage round Europe. – Today's newspapers are full of interesting news. 8. 7. Exercise 8. He was puzzled by Ann and Peter’s visit. 3. Last year we spent two weeks in Greece. are beautiful. 3... 13. 6. Using the information given. 15. (walk). The meeting tomorrow has been cancelled. are full of interesting news.. It won’t do you any good.. 7. 12. I went to sleep at 3 o'clock this morning and woke up an hour later at 4 o'clock. Mike's parents . I arrive at about 12 o'clock. – A man's home is his castle.. 7. a trip will take you only five hours. is long. 10. The only thing she wanted was to see her parents’ house again. Crime is the product of social order in a country..9 I must sleep 9 hours a day to feel well.– So it's only 5 minute's walk far from here. are dangerous at night. holiday climate environment parks cottage problems history rays health teeth newspapers blues wife name jobs car Example: A .. is unknown. (sleep) 2. The country.. are interesting to a writer. Change each sentence into a new one using ‘s with the words given in the bold type. The distance he covered is a mile only. The hero . you will need at least three weeks. My workweek lasts five days. 11.. The boy was looking through a children’s magazine. is different. The sun . 4. The patients . 2.. The storm last week caused a lot of damage. 9. (holiday) 4. 5. Today . home is his castle. 4. are very strong in the South. Exports from Britain to the United States have fallen recently. 9. He was still thinking of the papers to come next morning. – He always takes books of his brothers. – I must have nine-hours’ sleep to feel well. Yesterday our lesson lasted thirty minutes because our teacher was to leave at 12 o’clock. 3. 7. The relations between the banks and industry in Germany have not always been conducive to success in export markets. It takes us only 5 minutes to get it.. Exercise 11. The earth ... 2. 8. 6. This is John’s coat. 6. 1. make sentences with nouns denoting periods of time and distance. which lasts fifteen minutes. 6. At that time he lived in a little flat for economy’s sake.. 1. (drive) 3. The child . is new. 4. She has to come back at work on the 27th. Our team lost.. is in danger. 3. Replace the nouns in the possessive case by the prepositional groups where possible. Example: He always takes his brothers’ books. It took us ten minutes. Example: The newspapers today are full of interesting news. Charles . 9. 1. 5...
30. 13. and landed at 10 a. 2. Pegotty's in Yarmouth. Would you like a cup of milk? 4. restaurants. The lion was now (within) a stone's throw from us. It had taken him three hours. Who was the discoverer of the ancient Greek City of Troy in the 19th century? Exercise 17. Suddenly he started twisting and wriggling. 3. in the butcher's shop. they say he's a nephew of Kaiser Wilhelm's. Well. What do they sell at the green-grocer's and what at the ' haberdasher's? 6. I get to work at 9 o'clock. The laming of animals requires great patience and self-possession. We are going to stay in the house of the Wiggins until Christmas. from one of Jane's friends. That morning he had already done a good work. Replace the of-phrases by the possessive where possible. We had already met a few cousins of Jolion's earlier. The tides of the ocean are caused by the movement of the Moon. We started travelling round the region six days ago. Don't try to go into any debate with him: he always has all the arguments at his fingers' ends. I want you to go to the chemist's to buy some pills and shampoo. Paraphrase the following set-phrases. Translate the following sentences into your own language. 8. Exercise 13. 5. Use the Absolute possessive. We walked a little along the bank of the river. 10. 9. 2. Corporal punishment of children has long been prohibited in schools. 5. 11. I saw her in one of the chain-stores of Simons. Comment on the use of the Absolute possessive case and translate from English into Russian. which are near Trafalgar square. 9. Your treatment of my younger brother is something shameful. 5. 14. try to keep out of harm's way. Exercise 16. Five-star hotels provide the customers with cocktail lounges. What will mankind do when the resources of the world are all exhausted? 15. Let's climb onto the roof of the house and lie in the rays of the sun. 3. When did you last see that new friend of Peter? 6. 2. Helen was sitting on the veranda of Buckmaster's. We bought these roses in a florist's shop in High street. Who did you hear that from? – Well. All those stories are written by Updike. The window of her room faces that of Peter's room. Is this your textbook or your teacher's? 2." 4. Mind the use of the possessive case. 4. 3. to buy some meat. 7. We were rather tired after a walk for an hour. We examined the places of interest of London. beauty parlours. David spent two weeks at Mr. 1. 5. He lifted his strange lowering eyes to Derek's. There at last we could talk to our hearts' content. 4. For Goodness' sake. We met just by chance at the hair-dresser's this morning. 1. (trip) 8. 6. The school is at a distance of two miles from the Town Hall. and the car slid to the kerb and stopped. Today we are coming back home. I spent Christmas at my aunt Emily's. 12. 1. There never was such an eye for carved stone as Rodin's. 5. . barber's and shoemaker's shops etc. let's say. (visit) 7. ballrooms. Exercise 15. The delegation arrived in Stockholm on the 5th and left it on the 8th.m. 3. Paraphrase the possessive so as to explain its meaning and determine to which word the dependent elements refer. "Where are the children?" .m. "Breakfast at Tiffany's" is a novel by Truman Capote. Exercise 14." 4. and his body moved just like the body of a worm. What is the height of this old oak-tree? 8.10 work. 10. 2. How great is the population of our country now? 7. (walk) 5. (flight) 6. 3. And the dog disappeared. They delayed in the house for an instant and then they went at once to the river's edge to go aboard a steamer. 6. Can I buy any posters at the bookseller's? 8. Rex decided to walk to the railway station which was two miles far from the village. 1."I sent them to mother's. comment on cases where it is not possible. (walk) 10. (work)." "Where?" "Just there. Exercise 12. "I went to the butcher's shop this morning. Which room is your brother-in-law's? 7. He was at his wit's end what to say. His hands were as smooth and gentle as the hands of a woman. I flew from Heathrow to Paris. 1. 7. 9. (delay) 9. A man stepped out from a tobacconist's and waved to them. There was a heap of books under the table. The plane took off at 9 a.
even at twenty years' distance. 11. This is a labourer's shirt I got in Sardinia. Нас удивляют результаты эксперимента. The sociological ideas of Spencer are close to the 1859 work of Charles Darwin "On the origin of species". The best minds of Russia have always stood up for democracy and human rights. One of the friends of my elder brother told us a funny story the other day. Such was the poet's famous motto. 12. 10. 5.11 a) 1. 1. Her eyes are as green as the eyes of a cat. 4. Put the adjectives given in brackets in the right place. I hate that awful habit of my brother Peter to make fun of everybody. my neighbour's help (new. Это кольцо бабушки Элис. 5. I found my papers after a confused five minutes' search. Дети Бесс и Вильяма – студенты. 6. After two weeks of rest we resumed our work. unexpected). "This seems to be a wedding-ring usually worn by a woman. 3. 12." the detective said. What a pretty child's cap! 7. Mike's brother (younger). Это коллекция его тестя. We visited the best-known museums of London. Those were the words of Young Jolion's father. 3. There were several nice caps for children and a dress for a woman on the counter. You need a baby's nursing-bottle for that. 6. 2. What's this famous poet's best-known book? 8. Exercise 18. 4. The gardener gathered and burned the dry leaves of last year. I'll be seeing you in the house of my grandfather tomorrow. A big children's store has been built there. He wore an elegant officer's uniform. it is a good day's work. 4. Exercise 19. which at the time. Use the possessive instead of the "of-phrases" where possible. "Yesterday" is probably the most popular song of the Beatles. Когда у твоей сестры день рождения? 2. 6. The school was at a distance of a mile and a half (half a mile) from the village. Отец Фрэнка сейчас в Англии. a baby's pram (blue). 13. 3. 13. 12. 9. 7. 5. Translate the sentences given below into English. He said more than I can bear to remember. Here is the new flat of my beloved . 6. the Prime Minister's arrival (former. 8. 9. 8. 4. I'll return in a week's time. 9. I still remember the kind smile of my old teacher when he heard that. 2. The great Byron's success came to him with his first book. . 5. 10. 11. unexpected). the elder brother of my friend Mary had already left. not a man. b) 1. This popular song of Chaikovsky is written on the lyrics of the 19th century poet Maikov. Mind the use of the possessive case. a children's song (well-known). the father's words (old. How did you like the stormy meeting of yesterday? 10. She bought a pair of nice new shoes for children. The order of the commander-in-chief was announced on the radio. Фасад (the front) дома очень красивый. We were discussing last year's entrance exains. 8. 7. mother-in-law. Идеи Чарльза кажутся мне интересными. When we arrived. 4. Exercise 21. And now you have a good night's sleep. 1. 2. 10. I wish you had seen today's magnificent sunrise! 11. 2. 9. That was what Young Jolion's old father said to him. a woman's dress (beautiful).1 wonder if you'll be back in two weeks' time. Вы продаете детскую одежду? 8. He was capable of actions. 3. Use the possessive instead of the of-phrases. 7. The very last year's exams at college are called "finals". 11. 5. She writes articles for a very fashionable magazine for women. 9. After waiting for two days he thought he had had enough. 6. They chose two nice children's caps of the same colour for their baby-twins. 10. 7. This year's last exam will be in July. Byron's great success came to him with his first book. Exercise 20. 1. That's a popular children's song. first). I thought. were only a very young man's whims. 3. PRACTICE YOUR TRANSLATIONAL SKILLS. Those were the words of Jolion's old father. I decided to stay for a few more minutes for the sake of politeness. It is not just an hour's work. Such was the famous poet's motto. Это машина наших родственников.
7. Джон хотел подстричься. новые книги моей дочери. модный женский журнал. Это было очень дорогое женское обручальное кольцо. 2. Translate the sentences given below into English. лучшие вина Франции. Ума не приложу. 12. Мой босс был в недельной командировке. Экспорт Британии в США значительно снизился. Мать Нины и Коли – официантка. несколько красивых женских шляпок. Сад Дэвидсонов очень красивый. новая женская школа. 6. По-моему. громкий голос прохожего. Exercise 24. это Питер. 4. мне кажется. Мне совсем не нравятся эти шуточки твоей тетушки. большой детский магазин. 18. Ты не помнишь. они полезны для здоровья. неожиданный приезд разгневанного отца. 9. новая песня наших студентов. 17. Летние каникулы я провел у дедушки в деревне. 6. 13. Хоть он и стар. Mind the use of the possessive case. Родительский дом милее всего на свете. 15. Ешьте фрукты вволю. Нелегко было посадить космический корабль на твердую поверхность Луны. Я недавно видел ее фото в одном модном дамском журнале. Это портфели тех школьниц. новые птичьи гнезда. красивая женская шляпка. коровье молоко вкуснее козьего. несколько новых друзей моего старшего брата. лучшие бегуны мира. Эта коробка в углу комнаты. 19. Свадьба Кэт и Макса праздновалась только родственниками молодых. Я ненавижу эту ужасную привычку Петра над всеми смеяться. 8. приятная получасовая прогулка. самая известная песня Дунаевского. Зарплата этих полицейских довольно высокая. Большинство населения страны недовольно экономической политикой правительства. старший сын этой старой дамы. а английского премьер-министра Маргарет Тэтчер. новое гнездо этой птицы. но парикмахерская была закрыта. недавняя речь министра образования. Translate the sentences given below into English. бурные события прошлой недели. что лучи солнца через нее не проникали. после двухдневного отсутствия.12 11. Каково население Большого Лондона? 13. Мне не нравится ее новый цвет волос. Exercise 25. Ты слушал речь министра образования? 7. 1. 14. самая известная песня этой поп-группы. Листва дерева была такая ' густая. 3. 13. Покрой (the cut) костюма очень модный. Это мнение моих учителей. 3. самое лучшее произведение Байрона. новая квартира моего брата Петра. дом моей любимой тещи. Эта компания отца Теда Майрса. прекрасная музыка Чайковского. 5. птичье гнездо. 12. первые игрушки моего сына. Дом моей тещи отсюда в двух шагах. Я купила это платье в магазине Маркса и Спенсера. новая студенческая песня. папа"? 4. 11. как зовут ту леди. 9. Почему первые слова ребенка это всегда что-то вроде "мама. 11. 20. Мне нравится прическа этой женщины. брат моей подруги Мэри уже был там. 9. 1. 10. 5. новые стихи одного молодого поэта. На кресле я заметил шелковый шарфик моей старшей сестры. что мне делать. игрушки моего младшего сына. 16. с которой мы вчера разговаривали? 8. 5. – в десяти минутах ходьбы. 8. 14. 1. Мама попросила купить буханку хлеба. Exercise 23. волк в овечьей шкуре. Mind the use of the possessive case. 12. 14. 6. В канун Нового года мы собрались в новой квартире моей любимой тещи. 2. Translate the sentences given below into English. родственник дяди Альберта. полное собрание сочинений Маркса и Энгельса. Выступление (speech) президента Банка Англии было очень коротким. тяжелое двухминутное молчание. мы посетили почти все лучшие музеи Парижа. где я учусь. Exercise 22. Это не мои слова. Translate the sentences given below into English. 2. Одна талантливая мамина ученица завоевала приз в прошлогоднем конкурсе. Mind the use of the possessive case. Прекрасные книги Диккенса. Когда мы были во Франции. интересные вчерашние известия. 4. Mind the use of the possessive case. На прилавке лежало несколько маленьких детских шапочек и красивая женская кофточка. но глаза у него как у молодого. . 10. Когда мы пришли к Браунам. Как тебе понравилась шумная вчерашняя вечеринка? 11. После приятного двухдневного путешествия мы прибыли в дом моих родителей. "Vogue" – название наиболее известного журнала женских мод. 10. Моя квартира находится недалеко от университета. Давайте заберемся на вершину горы завтра. 7. 3. книги великого Диккенса. новые детские книги. Это. Познакомься.
“Утечка мозгов” – острая проблема развивающихся стран. Президент прибыл в страну с трехдневным визитом (2 варианта). Проблемы. на столе лежали остатки вчерашнего ужина. Мне нужно купить туфли. 6. 10. 2.13 Exercise 26. Приезд Поля и Кет был неожиданностью для тети Энн. 9. 8. Самые богатые залежи нефти находятся в Арабских Эмиратах. Эта дорога закрыта. После двухчасовой прогулки все захотели есть (2 варианта). . а также “ парниковый эффект”. Никто не знал. что сказать и наступило минутное молчание. с которыми человечество столкнулось в конце ХХ века. 7. Ты не знаешь.12. Translate into English using noun structures. 4. Ведутся дорожные работы. что проблема “отцов и детей” – вечная проблема. воздуха и воды. – это загрязнение почвы. 11. Доклад главнокомандующего был краток. Портрет жены Рембрандта – одна из самых известных картин художника. 5. Этому замку триста лет. Когда утром он спустился в столовую. Мне кажется. 14. 13. 1. где здесь обувной отдел? 3.
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