LIGHT TRANSMITTING CONCRETE
LETTING THE LIGHT IN
Under the guidance of: Shri N S Ananda Rao Additional Professor MIT, MANIPAL
Presented by: H K Sugandhini Reg. No.100914001 MIT,MANIPAL
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INTRODUCTION HISRORY TRADENAMES/BRANDNAMES FEW EARLY APPLICATIONS PRINCIPLE/CONCEPT PRODUCTION PROCESS TECHNICAL DETAILS APPLICATIONS ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES CONCLUSION
LiTraCon ("light transmitting concrete") is a translucent concrete building material. Made of fine concrete embedded with 4% by weight of optical glass fibers Litracon presents the concept of light transmitting concrete in the form of a widely applicable new building material.
This product was invented by a 27 year old. Losonczi attributes his idea to a work of art he saw in Budapest.
. The art installation was made of glass and ordinary concrete. and the idea of combining the two struck him and therefore decided to experiment by combining the two. He came up with the concept while studying at the Royal University College of Fine Arts in Stockholm. Hungarian architect by the name Áron Losonczi. It was developed in 2001 by him working with scientists at the Technical University of Budapest.
LiTraCon is manufactured by the inventor's company.
The head office and workshop is located 160 km from the Hungarian capital city of Budapest near the town of Csongrád. LiTraCon Bt. As of 2006 all LiTraCon products have been produced by LiTraCon Bt. which was founded in spring 2004. presumably derived from the term ³light transmitting concrete´.The company marketing ³translucent concrete´ is a German based company called ³LiTraCon´.
TRANSLUCENT CONCRETE :
Old Concept / New Technology
STOREY HALL ENTRANCE
ENTRANCEMELBOURNE CITY FOOTPATHS Swanston Street
Even the colours remain the same.´
. grey concrete could be about to
end. A Hungarian architect has combined the world¶s most popular building material with optical fiber from Schott to create a new type of concrete that transmits light.´ explained its inventor Áron Losonczi.The days of dull. This special effect creates the general impression that the thickness and weight of a concrete wall will disappear.
³Thousands of optical glass fibers form a matrix
and run parallel to each other between the two main surfaces of every block.
³Shadows on the lighter side will appear with sharp
outlines on the darker one.
approximately 4%. become a structural component. otherwise it looses the ability to transmit. The concrete is embedded with
The fibres make up only a small proportion of the total volume of the block.thousands of optical glass fibres. before layers of fibre optic strands and more concrete are added until the mould is full. optic strands make contact with both surfaces. effectively assuring the strands span the length of the block.
The most important requirement for the success of the product is assurance the fibre
They are able to achieve this by using long moulds. and because of their size. The surface of the material therefore retains the appearance of homogeneous concrete. These fibres mingle within the concrete. the product can be removed. and then cut to length accordingly. An uninterrupted passage through the concrete is paramount.
. similar to a conventional aggregate. From the long moulds.
It is manufactured as a prefabricated block. These fibres form a matrix and run parallel between the two main surfaces. which are filled with a thin
layer of concrete.
The light transmitting properties are solely dependant upon contact being made with both surfaces. LiTraCon designers can achieve different illumination effects.
situated in front of it and when light is shone from behind. weather influential.
The fiber diameters range from 2 microns to 2 millimeters. or an
. and the fibers transmit light the entire length. someone or something must be
The complexity in ensuring fibre strands span the length of the block from surface to surface eliminates the possibility of it being used as an in situ material. By using fibers of
The product is able to have a very consistent finish like ordinary concrete.
In order for this product to become translucent. LiTraCon has made continuous concrete beams up to 20 meters long. doesn¶t change the effect. Varying the size of the blocks. So far. a shadow can be seen clearly on the other side. however. ephemeral quality.different diameters.
The application technique for this product is solely in prefabricated block form. ever changing.
optical fibre Fibre Ratio : max 5%vol Density : 2100 ± 2400 kg/m3 Compressive strength : a) 49 N/mm2 : b) 31 N/mm2 : c) 56 N/mm2 Bending Strength : 7.7 N/mm2 Block Size Thickness : 25 ± 500 mm Width : max 600 mm Height : max 300 mm Finish : polished Heat Insulation : possibility
.Technical Specifications Form : prefabricated blocks / panels Components : concrete.
while translucent ones cannot be seen through clearly. transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through a material.
. Glass is very brittle in nature and does not have tensile strength as that of optical fibres. Transparent materials are clear.DIFFERENCE B/W TRANSPARENT AND TRANSLUCENT In the field of optics. The opposite property is opacity. However use of glass has become inherent in today¶s world because of its pleasing appearance and improved aesthetics. translucency (also called translucence or translucidity) only allows light to pass through diffusely.
. as it works in conjunction with a visual lighting display.In fact. and is interactive. to date the largest project exhibiting the technology is an artistic installation. called the ³European Gate´ (2004) which was designed to mark the celebration of Hungary joining the European Union (EU). This is a most impressive piece. It is located at the public entrance of Fortress Monostor in the Hungarian town of Komárom by the River Danube.
the mesh would remain invisible within the concrete. The fibre optic strands are flexible and can bend around the reinforcing mesh. and the
It is possible for the product to be used as
As light only travels from one end of the
. It can be used in both interior and exterior situations and impregnations upon the surface are possible. both sides.
Used in this form.The intended application for this product
is in the building industry for walls. a load bearing structure. It can therefore contain reinforcement. fibre through to the other.
thickness are visible.
. it could potentially become a highly sought after product in arid climates.weather conditions.
It is able to withstand all
to concrete¶s excellent insulating properties. whilst letting through some sunshine.
where it could protect against
HUNGARYLiTraCon WAS FIRST USED AS THE SURFACE OF A SQUARE IN INNERSTOCKHOLM
The first project .during the day the blocks appear as concrete pavement.
. Aringed light pattern took shape around the main square as dark came. but at sunset they start to shine thank to the light sources placed under them.
THE FIRST REAL APPLICATION OF LiTraCon WAS IN A PRIVATE HOUSE IN BUDAPEST DURING SUMMER 2004
It would be interesting to see if someone dared to use it to build a whole house though. This would be one see-through buidling to look forward to!
.Litracon could be suitable for internal partitions or artistic enhancements. This new material would definitely add to overall enhancement of architecture or interior design.
Litracon (Light Transmitting Concrete) which can be used for residential and commercial As the glass fibres are precisely parallel with each other there is no loss of light.
. most people need an enclosed space for personal living and privacy. The distinct shadow of a person can be seen. against conventional practices. However. As the wall is as tough as a normal concrete wall there are security advantages in its use. Unless it is an office space or workstation.The fundamental basics of buildings is to provide shelter and protection to people. Their movement is clear to see.
. About 4% of the wall is the glass fibres.
of being almost unbreakable yet
HEAT INSULATION and saving of day light make
this product more popular. and the wall
could be be up to 20 metres long! A four metre high Europe Gate was built from the stuff in 2004 in the Hungarian town of Komarom.
However. conventional colour and textures are still available in their original context. But textures varies in design requirements.
.Colours and textures can be customised and further develop in accordance to the demand of the market.
It would be extremely important for the company to ensure the
their online site. it is a precision material and the correct procedures need to be followed.
integrity of the optic strands. is a limiting
Samples of the product can be obtained from the company via
. This would deliver a standard concrete appearance. If they were to break within the product the light transmitting capability would almost certainly be void.The fact the product can not be poured in situ. however.
possible to request a non-series quotation from them. It is however.
How much of the world adopts these new types of concrete depends on numerous factors.
company has only been manufacturing the product for few years. and maintains that until it is industrially manufactured they are unable to provide an official quotation. how much they cost. Costing of this product is extremely difficult. and whether big-time architects and designers adopt them. including whether the materials meet technical needs.
The pursuit of improved concrete materials continues.
-/pcs. The costing for each piece is EUR 315. as a lamp.y LitraconT Building Blocks come in a size of 600 by 300
by 100mm. That¶s a long time isn¶t it? y A problem is that the material is very expensive to make in quantities big enough for a building. At present the LitraCube is available. Lead time for delivery is 9 months earliest. Perhaps it could be used also as a ³window´ for an interior room. for 595 Euros. It consists of four interlocking panels forming a hollow cube.
and can even be polished to a highly glossed finish. how much they cost. however. is almost certain to transform the traditional perception of concrete as a cold. The efforts to bring concrete to new heights of function and form. Considering the product uses conventional concrete. low-tech material. however its properties make it a very attractive material for all designers alike. Its use is likely to extend as far into the future as it reaches into the past. including whether the materials meet technical needs. How much of the world adopts these new types of concrete depends on numerous factors.The product is intended to be primarily used in the building and construction industry. particularly artist.
. and whether big-time architects and designers adopt them. it has the same variety of finishes. drab. It can be prefabricated in a range of colours by addives.
.Perhaps this is a product whose day will come if the cost of optical fibres is able to come down drastically.
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