The history of human resource management The foundation of modern HRM emerged from several interrelated sources.

These include conflict management associated with the tensions and contradictions which are inherent in the employment relationship, the increased specialization of labour related to the growth in the scale of work organizations, the scientific approach of management to managing people, the 'empire building' activities of the specialists, and the employment-related law of the last three decades.
The genesis of personnel management

The history of human resource management has reflected prevailing beliefs and attitudes held in society about employees, the response of employers to public policy (for example, health and safety and employment standards legislation) and reactions to trade union growth. In the early stages of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, the extraordinary codes of discipline and fines imposed by factory owners were, in part, a response to the serious problem of imposing standards of discipline and regularity on an untrained workforce (Mathias, 1969). In the 1840s common humanity and political pressure began to combine with enlightened self-interest among a few of the larger employers to make them aware of alternative ways of managing their workforce, other than coercion, sanctions, or monetary reward.

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