The following example illustrates the

Example Building
design
methods
presented
in the article
Page 1 of 14
TIME SAVING
DESIGN
AIDS
“Timesaving Design Aids for Reinforced
Below is a partial plan of a typical floor in a
Concrete,
Two-Way Part
Slabs 2: Two-way Slabs,” by
cast-in-place reinforced concrete building. In
David A. Fanella, which appeared in the
this example, an interior strip of a flat
October
2001 edition of Structural
plate infloor
system
is designed
and- detailed
The following example illustrates the design methods presented
the PCA
book “Simplified
Design
Engineer
Unless
otherwise
Reinforced magazine.
Concrete Buildings
of Moderate
Size and Height”
otherwiseloads
noted, according
all
for third
the edition.
effectsUnless
of gravity
referenced
table,
figure,
and
equation
numbers
are
from
that
book.
noted, all referenced table, figure, and
to ACI 318-99.
equation
are from that article.
Example numbers
Building
Below is a partial plan of a typical floor in a cast-in-place reinforced concrete building. In this example,
an interior strip of a flat plate floor system is designed and detailed for the effects of gravity loads
according to ACI 318-05.

20?-0I

20?-0I

24?-0I

Design strip

24?-0I

20?-0I

20Ix 20I (typ.)

24Ix 24I (typ.)

Design Data
Materials
• Concrete: normal weight (150 pcf), 3/4-in. maximum aggregate, f’c = 4,000 psi
• Mild reinforcing steel: Grade 60 (fy = 60,000 psi)
Loads
• Superimposed dead loads = 30 psf
• Live load = 50 psf

6(50) = 251. • Rectangular panels with long-to-short span ratio = 24/20 = 1.5 ft .251 × 24 × 18. Division of the total panel moment Mo into negative and positive moments.K. 1-8. Use Fig. 1-8 to determine h based on shear requirements at interior column assuming a 9 in.25 = 6.1672 = 8 8 = 248.02 = 8 8 = 244 ft .55 in. • L/D = 50/(112.K.22 x 24 = 5.kips For simplicity. Try preliminary h = 9 in. and then column and middle strip moments. more than 3 in the other O.3 + 1.33 ft From Fig. Total panel moment Mo in end span: Mo = qul 2l2n 0.TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS Page 2 of 14 Two-Way Slabs Minimum Slab Thickness Longest clear span ln = 24 – (20/12) = 22. • Slab system has no beams N.35 < 2 O.5 + 30) = 0. 13.0 psf A = 24 x 20 = 480 ft2 A/c12 = 480/22 = 120 From Fig.2 < 2 O. Design for Flexure Use Fig.22 d = 0.5 ft-kips for all spans.5(c) = ln/30 = 8.K. use Mo = 248. involves the direct application of the moment coefficients in Table 4-2.9 in. h = 5.5 + 30) + 1. • Successive span lengths in each direction are equal O.3 in. • No offset columns O.6 can be utilized to compute the bending moments due to the gravity loads: • 3 continuous spans in one direction.A. d/c1 ≈ 0.kips Total panel moment Mo in interior span: Mo = qul 2l2n 0. 4-3. . minimum thickness h per ACI Table 9.K. the Direct Design Method can be used. Since all requirements are satisfied.251 × 24 × 18. slab: qu = 1.K. 4-4 to determine if the Direct Design Method of ACI Sect.2(112.

86 From Fig. neg.48 4.5.2) Min.75 7.75 7. 64.75 2. Middle strip width b = (24 x 12) – 120 = 168 in. 4-16. neg. neg. Neg.3 spaces. 4 34. 4 52.25 = 7. b2 = 20 + 7. .25 --1.75 in.2 34. As = 0.2) Reinforcement+ 64. Interior Span Column Positive Strip Middle Positive Strip Column Strip * Column strip width b = (20 x 12)/2 = 120 in. 4 End Span Ext. 4 22-No. ** Use average d = 9 – 1.75/2) = 23.7 0.94 10-No.72 2.75 7.94 1. Max.0 52.08 2.75 1.) As† (in. † As = Mu /4d where Mu is in ft-kips and d is in inches ‡ Min.2 120 120 120 168 168 168 7.68 1.3. Portion of total unbalanced moment transferred by flexure = γfMu b1 = 20 + (7.875 in.3 may be utilized.75 in.0 52.7 42.72 2. 13.72 14-No.6 77.2 120 7. As‡ (in. say 8 bars 168/18 = 9.TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS Page 3 of 14 Two-Way Slabs Slab Moments (ft-kips) Total Moment Column Strip Middle Strip End Spans Positive 129.0 52. 173.0162b.3. they are not in this example. 13. 4 13-No.2 77. Span Location Mu (ft-kips) b* (in.6 0 Int. s = 2h = 18 in. Required slab reinforcement.) d** (in. 4 14-No.72 11-No.2 42.8 168 7.0 131.36 1. 4 14-No.75 7.8 Note: All negative moments are at face of support.0018bh = 0. or 18 in.75 = 27.2 Int.2 Ext.7 spaces.75 1. Ext.2) + For maximum spacing:120/18 = 6. neg. γf = 0. (Sect.68 1. Positive Int.94 1.94 2. Neg.62* * The provisions of Sect.12 2. however. Middle Positive Strip Int.75 7. Check slab reinforcement at exterior column for moment transfer between slab and column. 4 14-No. say 11 bars * Design for Shear Check slab shear and flexural strength at edge column due to direct shear and unbalanced moment transfer. Span Positive 87.6 64. b1 /b2 = 0.9 131.

4 bars = 1.25 in.7 in.6 = 40 ft-kips Required As = 40/(4 x 7. O. > 18 in.2 = 6. Add 1 additional bar on each side of the 47 in.TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS Page 4 of 14 Two-Way Slabs γfMu = 0. 4) within the 47 in.5. say 7 bars Must provide 7-No. Reinforcement details at this location are shown in the figure on the next page. < 18 in. Provide the required 7-No. Check bar spacing: For 7-No. < 18 in. slab width over the column. 4 bars within an effective slab width = 3h + c2 = (3 x 9) + 20 = 47 in.62 x 64.2 in. .29 in. 4 within 120 – 47 = 73 in.K. For 4-No.K. strip. 4 bars by concentrating 7 of the column strip bars (11-No.29/0. width: 73/4 = 18. O. width: 47/7 = 6. the spacing becomes 73/6 = 12.2 Number of No. 4 within 47 in. Check the combined shear stress at the inside face of the critical transfer section.75) = 1.

6 + 57.141 vu = vu = 109.2 = [2b1d(b1 + 2b2) + d3(2b1 + b2)/b1]/6 = 5.2 psi Determine allowable shear stress φvc from Fig.62 = 0.0 c1 /d = 20/7.75 = 2.2 psi OK 9” slab is OK Reinforcement Details The figures below show the reinforcement details for the column and middle strips.7 psi > vu = 168.251[(24 x 10.8 of ACI 318-05.141 in.75 = 9.6 = 167.58 From Table 4. 4-13: bo /d = (2b1 + b2)/d bo /d = [(2 x 23.5 = 74.3 64.1 kips When the end span moments are determined from the Direct Design Method.38 c2 /c1 = 1.TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS Page 5 of 14 Two-Way Slabs vu = Vu + γ vMu Ac J/c Factored shear force at edge column: Vu = 0.1 5.99 x 2.3Mo = 0.3 x 248.6). The bar lengths are determined from Fig.75]/7. 105 0. 13.3. γv = 1 – γf = 1 – 0. 13. the fraction of unbalanced moment transferred by eccentricity of shear must be 0.1 in.3.38 × 64.875) + 27.31)] = 64.6 ft-kips (Sect. .9 Ac Jc = (2b1 + b2) d = 585. 000 + 585.83) – (1. 6 × 12.6.74 βc =1 φvc = 189.

The program covers wide range of two-way slab systems and can be used for more complex slab layouts. Please note that the Equivalent Frame Method is used by the pcaSlab program. .TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS Page 6 of 14 Two-Way Slabs The PCA computer program pcaSlab can be used to expedite the design of different slab systems. The output of the program for the slab in the example is shown in the following pages.

00. License ID: 12345-1234567-4-2D2DE-2C8D0 File: C:\Data\Time Saving Design Aid\Two-Way Slabs.slb Project: Time Saving Design Aids Frame: Two-Way Slab Engineer: PCA .TIME SAVING DESIGN AID Page 7 of 14 Two-Way Slabs X Z Y pcaSlab v2. Licensed to: pcaStructurePoint.

0)c 14-#4(73.9) 16-#4(240.3) 10-#4(240.TIME SAVING DESIGN AID Page 8 of 14 14-#4(240.0)c 10-#4(81.9) 11-#4(55.6) 12-#4(83.2) 12-#4(83.0)c 14-#4(73.9) Middle Strip Flexural Reinforcement Column Strip Flexural Reinforcement pcaSlab v2.3) 11-#4(55.5) 14-#4(82.2) 12-#4(83.0)c 11-#4(55. Licensed to: pcaStructurePoint.5) 14-#4(240.0)c 14-#4(240.0)c 11-#4(55.00.4) 14-#4(82.4) Two-Way Slabs 10-#4(81.slb Project: Time Saving Design Aids Frame: Two-Way Slab Engineer: PCA .6) 12-#4(83.9) 16-#4(240. License ID: 12345-1234567-4-2D2DE-2C8D0 File: C:\Data\Time Saving Design Aid\Two-Way Slabs.

Licensed to: pcaStructurePoint.00. License ID: 12345-1234567-4-2D2DE-2C8D0 File: C:\Data\Time Saving Design Aid\Two-Way Slabs.0 LEGEND: Envelope Curve Capacity Curve Support Centerline Face of Support 300.slb Project: Time Saving Design Aids Frame: Two-Way Slab Engineer: PCA .k-ft -300.TIME SAVING DESIGN AID Page 9 of 14 Two-Way Slabs Middle Strip Moment Capacity .k-ft -300.0 300.0 Column Strip Moment Capacity .0 pcaSlab v2.

and Investigation of Reinforced Concrete Beams. PCA disclaims all responsibility in contract. Furthermore. The final and only responsibility for analysis.3 0.-------.-------. 0% of live load is sustained.47434 lb/ft3 ksi ksi ksi 60 ksi. Compression reinforcement calculations NOT selected. ============================================================================================= [1] INPUT ECHO ============================================================================================= General Information: ==================== File name: c:\Work\Time Saving Design Aids\318-05\Rev 2\Data\Two-Way Slabs.----------.slb ooooooo oooooooo oo oo oo oo oooooooo ooooooo oo oo oo oooooo oooooooo oo oooo oooooo oooo oo oooooooo oooooo oooooo oooooooo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oo oooooooo oooooo o oo oo oo oo oo oo oo o ooo ooooo ooooooo oo oo oo oo ooooooo ooooooo oo oo oo oo oo oo ooooo o oo o oo oooooo oo oo oo oo oo oo ooooo o ooooo ooooo o oo oo oo oooooo oo oo oo oo oo oo ooooo ============================================================================= pcaSlab v2. Ab (in^2).TIME SAVING DESIGN AID Page 10 of 14 Two-Way Slabs pcaSlab v2. Portland Cement Association All rights reserved Licensee stated above acknowledges that Portland Cement Association (PCA) is not and cannot be responsible for either the accuracy or adequacy of the material supplied as input for processing by the pcaSlab computer program. Although PCA has endeavored to produce pcaSlab error free the program is not and cannot be certified infallible. Bars are not epoxy-coated 60 ksi 29000 ksi Reinforcement Database: =============== Units: Db (in). License ID: 12345-1234567-4-2D2DE-2C8D0 c:\Work\Time Saving Design Aids\318-05\Rev 2\Data\Two-Way Slabs.-------. 11:27:26 AM Page 1 .47434 fy fyv Es = = = Columns -----------150 4 3834. design and engineering documents is the licensees.3 fr = 0. In negative moment regions. Material Properties: ==================== Slabs|Beams -----------wc = 150 f'c = 4 Ec = 3834. design or engineering documents prepared in connection with the use of the pcaSlab program. PCA neither makes any warranty expressed nor implied with respect to the correctness of the output prepared by the pcaSlab program.-------- 05-03-2007. Accordingly. Design.-------. negligence or other tort for any analysis. One-way and Two-way Slab Systems ============================================================================= Copyright © 2003-2006.slb Project: Time Saving Design Aids Frame: Two-Way Slab Engineer: PCA Code: ACI 318-02 Reinforcement Database: ASTM A615 Mode: Design Number of supports = 4 Floor System: Two-Way Live load pattern ratio = 75% Minimum free edge for punching shear = 10 times slab thickness Deflections are based on cracked section properties. Ig and Mcr DO NOT include flange/slab contribution (if available) Long-term deflections are calculated for load duration of 60 months. Wb (lb/ft) Size Db Ab Wb Size Db Ab Wb ---.00 (TM) A Computer Program for Analysis.00 © Portland Cement Association Licensed to: pcaStructurePoint.

00 10.400 0.00 20.000 U9 1.--------.00 12. My (k-ft): Supp Case Fz My ---.000 U7 0.00 12.20 0.900 0.-----------Loads .00 20.TIME SAVING DESIGN AID Page 11 of 14 Two-Way Slabs pcaSlab v2.26 0.00 10.200 1.200 1.75 1.27 2.-------.000 U8 0.000 24.00 20.38 1. Kry (kip-in/rad) Supp Spring Kz Spring Kry Far End A Far End B ---. c2b (in).---.000 20. Hmin (in) Span Loc L1 t wL wR Hmin ---.000 7.25 0.-------.00 24.69 0.600 U5 1.56 4.200 1.900 0. Hb (ft) Supp c1a c2a Ha c1b c2b Hb ---.11 0.-----------.-----------.Fz (kip).000 24.00 24.-------.50 0.000 Span Span ---Area 1 2 3 1 2 3 Loads: Case Wa -------.000 U2 1.200 1.600 U3 1.000 9.200 1.41 2.600 U4 1.900 0.000 U11 0.00 © Portland Cement Association Licensed to: pcaStructurePoint.000 9.000 12. wL.200 1.--------1 0 0 Fixed Fixed 2 0 0 Fixed Fixed 3 0 0 Fixed Fixed 4 0 0 Fixed Fixed Load Data: ========== Load Cases and Combinations: Case SELF Dead Live Type DEAD DEAD LIVE U1 1.60 1. c1b.000 6. t.00 1.000 2 24.-----------.00 10.200 1.44 0.900 0.-------.-----------1 SELF 0 0 2 SELF 0 0 3 SELF 0 0 4 SELF 0 0 1 Live 0 0 2 Live 0 0 3 Live 0 0 4 Live 0 0 Support Displacements .50 2.00 10.200 1.000 7.00 12.04 3. wR (ft). Ha.00 10. 11:27:26 AM Page 2 .67 1.00 20.000 12.65 Span Data: ========== Slabs: L1.000 9.79 1.900 0.40 5.000 4 20.27 1.000 12.63 0.200 1.-------.200 1.00 10.30 7.--------------.88 1.200 1.38 0.00 0.-------.000 U12 0.200 1.55 3 Int 20.000 U6 1. c2a.31 0.-------.000 Boundary Conditions: Kz (kip/in).200 1.-------1 20. R (rad): Supp Case D R ---.200 1.-----------1 SELF 0 0 2 SELF 0 0 3 SELF 0 0 4 SELF 0 0 1 Live 0 0 2 Live 0 0 3 Live 0 0 4 Live 0 0 Red% ---100 100 100 100 05-03-2007.27 2 Int 20.slb #3 #5 #7 #9 #11 #18 0.04 2.000 20. License ID: 12345-1234567-4-2D2DE-2C8D0 c:\Work\Time Saving Design Aids\318-05\Rev 2\Data\Two-Way Slabs.31 13.000 3 24.-------.900 0.27 Support Data: ============= Columns: c1a.-----------.00 10.000 U10 1.00 24.900 0.Wa (lb/ft2): Dead 30 Dead 30 Dead 30 Live 50 Live 50 Live 50 Support Loads .-------1 Int 20.D (in).00 1.00 10.60 #4 #6 #8 #10 #14 0.900 0.13 1.-------.67 4.00 24.400 1.

73 8.217 0.000 14-#4 ----- Top Bar Details: ================ Units: Length (ft) _____________Left______________ Span Strip Bars Length Bars Length ---.000 1.00 2 #5 18. License ID: 12345-1234567-4-2D2DE-2C8D0 c:\Work\Time Saving Design Aids\318-05\Rev 2\Data\Two-Way Slabs.00 05-03-2007.00 14.982 16-#4 14-#4 Bottom Bar Details: =================== 4.083 19.944 0.00 6.-------.14 1.000 22.89 35.714 5.-----.00 11-#4 4.----------- _____________Right_____________ Bars Length Bars Length ------.917 19.00 14.00 14.-------.00 in 5.000 0.00 6.268 0.-------.714 15.000 15.217 3.-----------.58 0.000 0.00 142.944 15.944 0.944 15.00 40.00 95.649 1.-------.217 4.000 10.12 11-#4 --- 4.000 19.722 0.000 12.714 15.-------.701 11.83 --Middle ----- ___Continuous__ Bars Length ------.72 19.722 15.000 0.------- #4 1.00 14.00 47.000 10.000 1.714 7.------1 Column 10-#4 6.00 % in #5 1.00 10.000 0.000 12.50 1.000 2.000 3.000 0.000 12.000 --Right 10.00 -0.000 1.191 23-#4 --10-#4 Middle Left Middle Right 14.00 52.714 22.000 0.000 0.917 0.000 2.00 95.000 3.-------.98 1.00 © Portland Cement Association Licensed to: pcaStructurePoint.12 --- 2 Column Middle 12-#4 14-#4 6.00 40.00 10.87 11-#4 --- 3 Column Middle 12-#4 14-#4 7.023 16-#4 Middle 14.167 2.00 122.00 10.50 1.000 5.500 3.268 14-#4 --14-#4 3 Column Left Middle Right 10.00 14.00 14.982 14-#4 2 Column Middle 10. Xmax (ft).00 1.000 12.87 11-#4 --- 4.58 0.-------.00 0.-------. of legs #5 1.000 12.000 1.191 10-#4 Middle 10. No.------Slabs and Ribs: Bar Size #4 #8 Bar spacing 1.714 5.000 1.474 ----14-#4 2 Column Left Middle Right 10.944 2.00 0.000 2.000 12.722 15.-------.714 15.26 10.83 ----- Bottom Reinforcement: ===================== Units: Width (ft).59 8.99 0.94 6. Top Reinforcement: ================== Units: Width (ft).00 5.slb Reinforcement Criteria: ======================= _____Top bars___ Min Max ------.000 1.944 2.588 23-#4 Middle Left Middle Right 14.833 1.14 1.000 1.000 0.63 14-#4 6.000 0.089 10-#4 14-#4 3 Column Middle 10.------.------.22 1.000 10.72 0.TIME SAVING DESIGN AID Page 12 of 14 Two-Way Slabs pcaSlab v2.000 0. As (in^2).000 22.000 10.00 63.000 12.000 22. 11:27:26 AM Page 3 ____Stirrups____ Min Max ------.00 9.000 1.167 1.94 6.------.500 12.588 0.00 47.000 0.000 22. Sp (in) Span Strip Width Mmax Xmax AsMin AsMax SpReq AsReq Bars ---.00 142.000 0.714 12.00 122.-----.-----.701 1. Mmax (k-ft).00 % in in in #3 6.-----.714 5.------- #8 18.00 14.60 .98 0.000 22.000 0.944 15.299 2.00 0.000 0. Sp (in) Span Strip Zone Width Mmax Xmax AsMin AsMax SpReq AsReq Bars ---.023 1.714 15.22 0.00 14.00 10.------12-#4 7.474 0.63 ----- 10-#4 --- 6.00 0.00 18.000 22.00 Cover 1.000 22.-------.714 0.------.722 22.00 -0.299 1.14 5.14 1.50 #8 18.944 15.00 ___Bottom bars__ Min Max ------. As (in^2).722 22.50 Beams: Bar Size Bar spacing Reinf ratio Cover Side cover Layer dist.-----------.50 1.00 #8 18.00 6.00 Reinf ratio 0. all results are in the direction of analysis only.083 19.000 1.000 1.-------.00 5. Xmax (ft).-------.714 22. Mmax (k-ft).000 7.833 9.------.60 ----- 12-#4 14-#4 6.------1 Column Left 10.00 0.000 4. Another analysis in the perpendicular direction has to be carried out for two-way slab systems.73 11.722 22.000 10.926 23-#4 --23-#4 Middle Left Middle Right 14.926 0.722 0.000 1.000 12.59 63.944 15.99 1.------1 Column 10.217 0.50 1.000 19.00 in 6 ============================================================================================= [2] DESIGN RESULTS* ============================================================================================= *Unless otherwise noted.

00 0.50 -89.93 63.000 0.39 0.00 2.00 2.-----------1 Column 0.TIME SAVING DESIGN AID Page 13 of 14 Two-Way Slabs pcaSlab v2.50 89.50 89.20 0.00 0.39 -76. PhiMn (k-ft) Span Strip x AsTop AsBot PhiMnPhiMn+ ---.00 2.20 0.07 -143.80 -89.000 4.00 2.00 20.80 -143.50 89.50 20.000 0.40 0.80 0.60 2.00 0.366 2.00 2.20 3.50 -89.20 -63.93 101.00 -89.80 2.000 1.50 89.39 101.93 63.01 12.50 89.875 6.000 4.60 2.80 2.125 14.50 -89.00 20.00 3.00 0.20 -63.20 3.20 2.80 2.39 -143.20 3.00 --Middle 14-#4 0.80 0.00 2.40 2.000 3.------.40 3.601 4.50 89.00 101.50 2 Column Middle 3 Column Middle 0.80 2.50 89.01 19.07 -143.80 2.50 14.01 101.80 -143.-----.00 20.01 13.----.60 4.20 3.808 13.00 0.39 101.366 4.00 3.833 0.80 0.00 2.50 0.20 0.20 3.------.50 -89.80 2.80 0.000 0.940 6.000 12.80 2.00 101.-----------.01 14.60 3.80 2.slb Units: Start (ft).20 -76.171 19.20 3.00 2.40 2.50 89.01 15.00 2.00 0.01 89.07 101.80 2.000 20.40 2.60 3.60 4.01 101.000 4.00 2.700 13.80 2.01 101.93 63.93 63.00 0.00 20.883 2.00 3.00 2.00 0.00 ----- Flexural Capacity: ================== Units: x (ft).80 2.60 4.995 7.00 101.01 101. License ID: 12345-1234567-4-2D2DE-2C8D0 c:\Work\Time Saving Design Aids\318-05\Rev 2\Data\Two-Way Slabs.20 -76.50 13.00 89.80 2.00 0.93 -63.20 0.00 0.80 0.000 1.00 3.00 89.00 101.01 Middle 0.01 101. Length (ft) _______Long Bars_______ ______Short Bars_______ Span Strip Bars Start Length Bars Start Length ---.00 2.300 10.01 101.------.50 89.00 2.------.20 3.01 101.000 0.50 89.93 -89.00 2.000 2.50 89.00 0.700 13.80 2.00 0.00 3.80 2.50 19.50 89.00 0.39 -76.50 89.93 63.------.93 63.00 0.50 -89.00 0.07 -143.50 89.20 3.60 3.50 89.00 0.000 5.07 -143.80 -89.00 0.07 -76.50 12.20 -143.80 2.80 0.60 4.634 4.50 0.00 2.00 89.01 16.01 10.00 0.00 20.00 0.39 0.50 89.000 2.00 0. 11:27:27 AM Page 4 .00 0.117 7.00 2.80 2.01 101.20 -63.00 3.07 -143.00 2.00 101.995 6.00 0.358 10.80 2.00 89.93 63.07 -89.117 6.00 2.00 3.00 89.000 2.00 3.000 12.01 20.00 -63.00 --2 Column Middle 10-#4 14-#4 0.883 0.80 2.01 101.01 6.00 © Portland Cement Association Licensed to: pcaStructurePoint.20 0.93 63.93 63.80 2.000 4.000 0.192 0.399 16.833 2.00 2.000 1.634 5.07 -143.642 0.00 20.93 89.829 2.000 5.125 19.50 10.171 14.07 -76.93 63.00 89.80 -89.000 20.300 10.829 0.000 1.01 7.00 0.358 10.20 3.80 2.00 3.00 0.60 2.--------.000 3.50 63.20 -143.00 2.00 0.50 -89.00 2.00 2.060 15.93 63.80 0.940 7.50 0.01 101.00 2.00 2.40 4.00 0.60 4.642 0.80 2.40 0.601 5.00 0.399 19.80 0.80 2.80 2.000 12.----.00 -76.01 0.93 -63.------.00 0.07 101.00 2.192 0.40 3.50 89.167 20.80 2.60 4.00 2. As (in^2).00 2.50 0.20 3.93 101.005 0.93 63.00 0.00 101.875 7.01 101.00 ----- 3 Column Middle 16-#4 14-#4 0.93 63.50 89.------1 Column 16-#4 0.50 05-03-2007.01 101.060 14.93 101.39 -76.80 2.20 -143.50 7.00 0.20 3.005 2.07 101.93 63.20 3.01 5.

261 0.955 --4 47.000 Units: D (in) ___________________Column Strip____________________ ____________________Middle Strip___________________ Span Dsust Lambda Dcs Dcs+lu Dcs+l Dtotal Dsust Lambda Dcs Dcs+lu Dcs+l Dtotal ---.69 45.009 0.TIME SAVING DESIGN AID Page 14 of 14 Two-Way Slabs pcaSlab v2.451 0.----------1 17496 16272 Middle 17496 1816 153.80 2.-----------1 48.-------.Direction of Analysis ----------------------------------------------------Time dependant factor for sustained loads = 2.26 1.-------.022 0.-------.051 Middle 10206 0.770 0.44 U2 Odd 1.262 0.-------1 0.64 13567 Middle 17496 1494 153.00 33.00 2.09 61.032 0.80 2.-------.320 134. Ig (in^4) ___________Frame__________ ____________________________Strips___________________________ Span Ddead Dlive Dtotal Strip Ig LDF Ratio Ddead Dlive Dtotal ---.081 0.000 0.7 189.-------.-------1 0.086 0.-----------.00 7.738 1.-----------.60 Flexural Transfer of Negative Unbalanced Moment at Supports: ============================================================ Units: Width (in).000 0.2 37.-----.106 Column 7290 0. 11:27:27 AM 89.0 lb <=> 0.115 2 0.320 0.19 17496 Maximum Instantaneous Deflections .-----.00 33.034 0.024 0.056 0.-----------1 288.005 0.00 © Portland Cement Association Licensed to: pcaStructurePoint.-------.20 2 129.slb 12.-----.23 U2 All 0.Direction of Analysis --------------------------------------------------------Units: D (in).69 -146.-----------.034 2.-------. Mcr.avg_________ _________Dead_______ ______Dead+Live_____ Span Dead Dead+Live Zone Ig Icr Mcr Mmax Ie Mmax Ie ---.03 9336 Middle 17496 1816 153.115 Material Takeoff: ================= Reinforcement in the Direction of Analysis -----------------------------------------Top Bars: 693.03 9336 2 17496 16317 Left 17496 2174 153. Munb (k-ft). License ID: 12345-1234567-4-2D2DE-2C8D0 c:\Work\Time Saving Design Aids\318-05\Rev 2\Data\Two-Way Slabs. d (in).-------.081 0.49 149.-------.59 17496 -198. Xu (ft).7 189.056 0.59 17496 -198.950 0.000 0.808 19.132 0.557 0.000 198.032 0.45 17496 122.70 lb/ft Stirrups: 0.69 -125.106 Column 7290 0.-------.---.92 129.012 0.955 --3 51.000 0.-------.-----------.7 Deflections: ============ Section properties -----------------Units: Ig.01 4 48.950 0. Vu(kip) Span b d Vratio PhiVc Vu Xu ---.00 0.0 ft^3 <=> 18.-------.000 0.26 18.-------.20 Phi*vc (psi) Comb Pat GammaV vu Phi*vc ---.40 3 288.122 0.19 17496 Right 17496 2174 153.450 0.69 90.44 U2 Odd 1.25 1. Supp Vu vu Munb ---.400 168.012 2.------.09 61.048 2 0.014 0. vu (psi).4 lb <=> 11.770 0.00 30.400 168. Ie (in^4).50 Slab Shear Capacity: ==================== Units: b.074 0.-------U2 All 0. Mmax (k-ft) ________________Load Level_______________ ________Ie.750 lb/ft^2 lb/ft^2 lb/ft^2 lb/ft^2 ft^3/ft^2 Page 5 .58 18.----------.92 129.00 0.-----.7 U2 All 0.69 -125.00 0.264 0.000 0. PhiVc.320 134.---.6 189.783 1-#4 2 51.----------.23 U2 All 0.00 05-03-2007.00 0.081 0.081 0.675 1.01 3 129.-----------.36 17496 Right 17496 2174 153.000 198.067 0.-----.-------.-------.-------.26 lb/ft Concrete: 1080.325 0.451 0.45 17496 122.50 89.7 U2 All 0.014 0.188 Middle 10206 0.-------.167 20.80 0.051 1. Munb (k-ft).048 Maximum Long-term Deflections .188 Middle 10206 0.---.481 0.450 0. Icr.00 lb/ft Total Steel: 1815.042 3 0.64 13567 3 17496 16272 Left 17496 2174 153.-------.----------.-------.00 7.4 3.132 2.030 0.69 90.2 -37.015 0.034 2.2 lb <=> 18.074 0.132 2.017 3 0.40 2 288.25 1.000 198.50 89.-----.-------.051 1.00 ft^3/ft <=> <=> <=> <=> <=> 0.320 0.49 149.779 0.----------.7 U2 All 0.58 17496 -169.320 0.262 0.071 0.132 0.264 0.56 lb/ft Bottom Bars: 1122.000 1.09 50.-------.-------.036 2.-------.58 17496 -169. As (in^2) Supp Width GammaF*Munb Comb Pat AsReq AsProv Additional Bars ---.6 lb <=> 30.----------.067 0.25 1.036 0.320 0.-------.031 Column 7290 0.620 0.42 17496 61.--------------1 47.00 30.738 1.00 7.4 -3.000 0.-------.6 189.69 -146.086 0.783 1-#4 Punching Shear Around Columns: ============================== Units: Vu (kip).030 0.034 0.

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