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Management_Lesson_From_Mahabharat

Management_Lesson_From_Mahabharat

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‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Second Longest Epic of the World ³What¶s not in Bharata, is not in Bharata´ ³A Buffet of Ideologies.´ Written around 3000 BC. ³Harappan´ Cultre. Urban Way of life. Narrated thrice :
± ± ± ³Jaya´ by Vyasa to Ganesha ³Bharata´ by Vaishampayan to Janamejaya ³Mahabharata´ by Suta/Sauti to the Rishis at Naimisharanya. Astronomy: Existence of Uranus(Shweta) and Neptune(Ksharaka). Geography. Lands as far as Cambodia(Kamboja), Kazakhistan and/or Scandinavia(Uttarakuru), Mathemetics: Nos to the range of 10 raised to powers of 16 and -16. Descriptions of Weapons which resemble modern day weaponry including Nuclear and/or Chemical Weapons. Complex Millitary Formations and Strategies. Philosphy, Psychology, Sociology, Spirituality, Religion, Politics. Even Mangement Lessons.

‡

Has ³mindboggling´ revelations.
± ± ± ± ± ± ±

.

350 foot-soldiers (in a ratio of 1:1:3:5). 21.870 elephants. 65.Logistics ‡ Kauravas :11 Akshouhini ‡ Pandavas : 7 Akshouhini 1 Akshouhini = 21.610 horses and 109. .870 chariots.

Generals Kauravas : ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Bhishma Drona Karna Shalya Kripacharya Ashwatthama Duryodhan Pandavas : ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Arjuna Bhima Dhrshtadyumna Abhimanyu Ghatotkach Shikhandi Satyaki .

The Magadhas and The Chedis.Background Pandavas : Exiled for 13 years. Karna had gone on a nationwide conquering on behalf of Duryodhana. Not only have they the wealth and power of Hastinapur. The Yadavas. Their main strength both in terms of political and financial power depends on their friends and relatives : The Pancalas. They are the national sovereigns . but also that of Indraprastha. Have no kingdom. Kauravas : In power for 13 years. the kingdom that the Pandvas had taken such labors to build and which had surpassed the Hastina of old in all degrees. Theres no guarantee that the Subjects really miss the Pandavas. Duryodhan has been a benevolent king.

They even went as far as making an offer that they will stop the War in exchange of 5 villages.Duryodhna Duryodhana was completely focused on the War. their kingdom taken. But«still they wanted to avoid the War. which he believed to be rightfully his. as dogs over a piece of meat. foul or fair to get the kingdom. He had resorted to any means. . The three elder Pandavas were against the War. will concede not a needle-prick of earth.´-Yudhisthira The Pandavas had been humiliated. Pandavas : ³We fight over a Kingdom.It was his moment of truth. He had usurped a kingdom. and he meant to keep it.´ .Motivation Kauravas : ³Without war. their wife insulted. and he was in no mood to give it up.

Karna and his sons. 1½ Days (Karna) ½ Day (No General). Bhurisrava. Before That : Kauravas : Bhishma. Abhimanyu. Duhsasana and all of Duryodhana¶s brothers. Drona. Bhagadutta. . 10 Days (Bhisma). 1 Night(Ashwatthama) 18th Night of the War : Ashwatthama slaughtered the Pandava camp in sleep. Susharma. 3 Days(Drona).Result War Lasted : 18 Days.1 Day (Shalya). Virat and his sons. Pandavas : Drupad. Ghatotkach and Iravan. Shakuni and Ulooka. Jayadrath. Shalya.

SO HOW DID THE PANDAVAS WIN ????? .

Its said that he had become undefeatable in Dice. lest he was challenged to yet another dice game.Preparation Kauravas : ‡ Karna went on a country-wide military mission. ‡ Bhima met his brother Hanuman and got a blessing of enhanced strength. subdued the different kingdoms and acquired wealth. ‡ Yudhisthira acquired teachings from the various wise rishis. . and also learnt the Game of Dice from Gandharava Chtrasena. Turn your weakness into your Strength. Pandavas : Though in exile they turned their attention to improving over their weakness ‡ Arjuna set out on a mission to acquires Divyastras. But it meant a loss in terms of both men and money and creation of new enemies.

‡ The Rakshasas through marriage of Bhima and Hidimba. . No power of their own. except from old relations from far off places like Gandhara(Shakuni). But powerful allies all over India. ‡ Panchala through Marriage with Darupadi. ‡ Kekaya through marriage of Yudhisthira and Devika. ‡ Dwarka through marriage with Arjuna and Subhadra. The greatest empire of the time. ‡ The Nagas through marriage of Arjuna and Uloopi.Bhagadutt) Pandavas : No wealth.Allies Kauravas : Centralized power system. Sindhu(Jayadrath) and Kambodia(Camboja . ‡ Kasi through marriage of Bhima and Balandhara. But not many powerful allies. Make Powerful Allies. ‡ Chedi through marriage of Nakula and Karenmayi. ‡ Magadh through marriage of Shadeva and Vijaya. ‡ Matsya through marriage of Abhimanyu and Uttara.

Bhishma. Share your responsibilities. ‡ Sahadeva(King of Magadha). ‡ Virat (King of Matsya). Pandavas : Distributed leadership. Dhrshtadymna ± Commander in Chief. ‡ Drupad (King of Pancala). . ‡ Satyaki (Only warrior from Dwarka). Karna. who has supreme authority of 11 akshouhini of army. Seven commanders for the seven divisions.Leadership Kauravas : Centralized leadership. Drona. Arjuna ±Supreme Commander. Krishna ± Arjuna¶s charioteer and counselor. One Head of Army at a time. ‡ Shikhandi (Prince of Pancala). ‡ Dhrshtaketu (King of Chedi).(1 man command 1 akshouhini each). Shalya and Ashwatthama.

They didn¶t gel well with each other. Karna nd Shakuni. father-in-laws. While as warriors they were in complete awe of Bhima and Arjuna. They all fought their individual wars. hornets and mosquitoes put together in a jar. ‡ Karna : To prove his mantle against Arjuna. It was their ³common´ war. More than that they all were part of the decision-making process. One Goal. Was originally a Pandava ally. . Karna and Shalya. Bhishma and Karna. Most of them were close relatives ± cousins. Shalya and Bhishma.Team Spirit Kauravas : No team spirit. ‡ Bhishma : For his Vow to protect the throne Hastinapur. ‡ Drona and Kripa : They owed allegiance to the throne. As men. It was like a bees. Bhisma and Shakuni. brother-in-laws. Teamwork succeeds where Individual effort fails. Pandavas : One team. ‡ Shalya : Simply cheated by Duryodhana to be there. Friendship for Duryodhana. they all had huge respect for Krishna and Yudhisthira.

‡ Shikhandi : Bhisma. ‡ Bhishma(grandchildern) ± Wont kill the panadavas. ‡ Arjuna ± Karna. ‡ Drona (students) ± Wont kill the Pandavas. ‡ Nakula ±Karna¶s sons. Get the right man for the right job. Will kill a thousand soldiers each day. ‡ Satayaki ± Bhurisravas. All the 4 main generals had strong ties with the Pandavas. Pandavas : Common goal. Will capture them only. . ‡ Dhratsadyumna : Drona. which just became one with the teams¶ agenda. But the individuals had their individual targets. ‡ Bhima ± Duryodhana and his brothers. Their own agenda.Individual Motives Kauravas : Except for Duryodhana nobody wanted the War. ‡ Shalya (Nakula-Shadeva¶s maternal uncle) : Loved the Pandavas and covertly helped them by humiliating Karna ‡ Karna (brother to the Pandavas) : Promised not to kill any of the other Pandavas save Arjuna. The Right team is made by selecting the Right Individuals. A Team of Traitors. ‡ Sahadeva ± Shakuni and his sons.

‡ Karna did not kill Yudhisthira and BHima when he got the chance. . ‡ Yudhisthira. ‡ Krishna took up arms twice and almost entered the War. only to be stopped by Arjuna. He did not fight a warrior like Shikhandi because of his personal bias. The interests of the Individual should never exceed the Team interest. Karna fled innumerous times from the War when he was hurt. took with him almost half the army. by saying he was invulnerable as long as he held a weapon. ‡ Ghatotkach even in death. Looking further on their commitment. Yudhitshira didn't hesitate to tell a lie or a twisted truth when faced with the decision of whether to stick to his personal integrity or welfare of the team. a 16 year old kid.He prolonged the War by killing only inconsequential soldiers. This was suicide mission but he still went in and took a great part of the army down with him. ‡ Drona too indirectly gave away his secret. The best man for a Job is not the one with the best capabilities but one with the greatest commitment. He gave away his Kavac and Kundala prior to his War.Commitment Kauravas : Already said the Big 4 had big emotional attachment with the 5 Pandavas. he knew he couldn¶t face Karna in War. Moreover he abandoned weapons as soon as he knew his son had died. Ventured beyond enemy lines alone. Pandavas : ‡ Abhimanyu . but still went in to set an example. It took the combined effort of 7 Maharathis to take him down. He didn¶t save Duhsasana when Bhima was killing him. ‡ Bhisma himself gave away the secret of killing him to the Pandavas. inspite of his promise. ‡ Shalya kept on insulting Karna while in Battle.

In reality he made a covert deal with them. Yuyutsu. Yudhisthira : Low-key strategist. he played a Master game. counsel your own team in moments of need. Inspire. This exposed the weakness of the Kauravas for all to see. Take Calculated risks. He made an offer to all the assembled people to change sides if they wanted to.Right Managers Krishna : The Greatest Crisis Manager the world has seen. He knew well of the lack of cohesiveness among the Kauravas. Know your enemies weaknesses and exploit them. wherein all of them agreed to help him and unfolded the secrets of defeating them. son of Dhrtarashtra crossed over to the Pandavas. Went over to the Enemy side to seek blessings from Elders. he took a calculated risk. . ‡ On the first day of the War. ‡ While coming back. invigorate.

A sense of Brotherhood. Bengal etc. Pandavas : ‡ Spent the greater part of their lives in Poverty. 12 years of Vanvas and 1 year of Agyatvas. ‡ Different races of people. Contact with people from various strata of the society. Gandharavas. Know ground realities. Share. ‡ Experinced with the ground reality. Sannyasis (celibate monks).The Roots Kauravas : Princes brought up in the comfort of the Royal Palace. Rakshasas. Courage and Valor. matured on romanticized ideals of Power. poor Brahmanas. Childhood in the Himalayan foothills among Rishis. Nagas. ‡ A Sense of Sharing. No experience of ground reality. Apsaras. lower-class Potter. . Acharyas(Householders. People from different regions Uttarkuru. teachers). Fame. One year exile among the poor people of Kuru-Panchala. Know different ideologies.

Karna. Shakuni. Nobody listened to her. Vidur. . Any team which doesn't have women is unbalanced. Dhratarashtra. Drona. Women = Better Half. No women in the decision making process.Women Empowerment Kauravas : Patriarchal structure. Duryodhana. Duhsasana. for the Masculine traits of Aggression and Dominance should be balanced by the Feminine traits of Harmony and Sustenance. ‡ Even the younger Pandavas : Ghatotkach. Abhimnanyu and Iravan were brought up by their mothers. Gandhari retreated to the Inner Chambers. So the female influence was huge. Pandavas : Matriarchal Structure. Without her the Pandavas would have most probably reclined to the forests. Bhishma. ‡ Draupadi was a companion in whatever the Pandavas did. She had a big role in all the decision making. ‡ Kunti was the authority supreme for the Pandavas. Kripa. ³Whatever my mother says is Dharma to me´ : Yudhisthira.

Turn enemies into allies. invigorate. ‡ The Right Managers : To inspire. counsel in crisis . The right man for the right job. Team interests over Individual interests. Right Team = Right set of Individuals. Accept different ideologies. ‡ Empower Women. ‡ Know Ground realities.Recap ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Turn your weaknesses into strengths. Exploit its weaknesses. . The Gender Balance is required for stability and administration. Commitment scores over Competence. Know your enemy/challenges. Teamwork scores over Individual Effort.. Cooperate. Share your responsibilities. Take calculated risks.

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