andrew albert Analogies in electricity to thermal (inductor) I (current)−→q (heatow) V(potential dierence




basic equation for inductor

V (t) = L
analogous thermal equation

di(t) dt

T (t) = Υ
We just need to nd

dq(t) dt


equation for heat change is:

∆E = mC∆T
E is energy input (change in system's energy) , m is mass thats being heated, C is specic heat capacity, T is change in temperature, divide both sides change in time.

∆T (t) ∆E = mC ∆t ∆t
m and C are not dependent in time.If limit go to zero→

dT (t) dE = q = mC dt dt

dq dt is

d2 T (t) dq = mc dt dt2
so inductor analogy:

T (t) = Υ.mC

d2 T (t) dt

it's obvious that T(t) is a sinusoid, because sin(t) twice dierentiateded is equal to itself. so assume

T (t) = T sin(t) T sin(t) = Υ.mC.

d2 (T sin(t)) dt


−1 mC


mC still:- Υ= so integrating element is - −1 mC T (t) = −1 dq(t) mC dt ˆt q = (−mC) ∞ T dt there is an analogue when you are changing the temperature sinusoidally.because T=-Tsin(t) or we can assume T (t) = T cos(t) d2 (T cos(t)) dt T cos(t) = Υ. 2 .

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