Basic Kanji Book vol. 1 & 2

Lesson 1

Iirti I
I..::z.= ''/ "
3t fJ) b -r ~

1

r-I

---~*0)'1~ ~ (Lectures

on Kanji)

t~~* 1 -

(Kanji made from pictures - 1 - )

The ancient Chinese drew pictures of various things around them. These pictures have gradually been simplified and have taken on a square shape to make them easier to write. made. This is how the present Kanji characters were Each Kanji, therefore, carries a specific meaning.

Look at the following picture.

-8--

<, ) /

/ I"

Guess the meanings of the Kanji characters below.

1. 8.

L1J

2. 9.

J[f

3. 10.

Hl

4.

0

iff

r~

*

5.

B

6.

JJ

7.

A

Lesson 1

These Kanji characters Usually YOMI' (Japanese reading) Picture
,J./
I

were made from very primitive and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading). Kanji 'KUN'

pictures

as follows. 'KUN

each Kanji has at least

two ways of being read; the so-called

-

'ON'

Meaning

-6---8-./ I '

e-

B

[NICHI]

sun day

~- *- LL:K~-~i- ((I
~-D-D-

~-~-~-

[GETSU]

moon month

*
}II
t:.

[MOKU] [BOKU] [SAN]

tree

mountain

-m-EE-

)II -

( [SEN] )

river

[DEN]

rice field

~-}_-)_-A

[JIN] [NIN]

man person mouth

of-'-'with other

0

[KOU]

[SHA]

car

lJntD- [fJ~ - ~~-

[MON]

gate is rarely used.

* ( ) reading

When a single Kanji is used alone as a word, we usually read it by its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) which gives its meaning. When Kanji are used together we often read them by their 'ON YOMI' speaking, however, the way of reading Kanji should Kanji to make a word,

(Chinese reading) . Generally

be decided according to each individual word.

Lesson 1

2- 1.

~*(J)iJ') ~ iJ') t;:.
,1"-,1,,
in a square.

(Kanji Writings)

< ~ 'I A, O)JI.t-JI.t

(Basic Rules)

>

1 : Make every Kanji the same size and put them

,1"-,1,, 2
(1)

: Follow the basic stroke order. Write from left to right.

(2) Write downward.

I~

=::!:1 ~2 ___.,3

(3) Draw strokes from the top to the bottom as follows.

lr·

e:_

(4) Draw strokes from the left to the right in the following order.

(5) Draw a square in the following way.
123

Hfl

H

(6) When there is a figure in the square, the line which closes the square is drawn last.
1

r1l bJ
3

c.f. When a stroke line passes through a square, draw that stroke last.
1,

U

r1l

2

nn m E8 --.4

5

I t

12

11

I,

I=;!

~

J. ~r» .Je ~+-ro t-tt

,1"-,1,, 3

: There are three basic ways to end a stroke.

® Stretch

elf;',

® Hook

Lesson 1

~*
1

" , l-J. sun day

<Iv~l-J. t»/ -(.J'

*:"-3~

(~" < T -?)
(4)

8
\

=-1-/=( -:J'J)

-~"

nR8
8 ('(}) the sun, a day 8*0:· ~ilv/~:-:>· ~;rlv) Japan 8 Bl8 (~: i? . ~ -? • Lf) Sunday 3 8 (l-J. -:>. ~,,) the 3rd day
IT'J -jf'J

2

f1
J

n 11 f!
tree
~

moon month

"::)~

(4 )

R ("? ~) the moon, a month R Bl8 (~f"? . J: -? • Lf) Monday 3

1 R ("'i? . ~{"::) January 1 (,,' -:» ~"R Of"::) one month

;t\.
*(~) *Bl8

- t :t I~
(~< .
a tree

.;c7 ~7

(4 )

J: -? . (}') Thursday ~i

*tt

(~ .

v G)

Japanese name

4

L1
1 J_

mountain

-lj-:.--

(3)

tL
L1JT (~i . L t::.) Japanese name j(LIJ (~" . ~~Iv) a volcano

LIJ(~ i) a mountain 'M±LIJ (k . t: . ~ Iv) Mt. Fuji

Lesson 1

5

}' I
)

il*

It \ h.

<A.,.t.J.J..
ipb/ -iJ~b

:t/3~

(ip

<-"9 -))
(3 )

river

(~/)

]I

J"

)11(iJ~b) a river 1 )v) II (~\t ~.Q

-r

iJ~ ) the Nile River b t::./-t':'

6

, nm
ill

rice field

-r'./
(5)

FA 83
EB (t::. . ~iJ~) Japanese name ~
(fj.7j(

EH (t::.) Iv,;r a rice field JlJ EB(~ i . t.:.) Japanese name 7

(r'A,

T(. l)

c<-y-ro?

'-;:;;;-0'.(

','/' er-C '- ';y"/

A

man person

U-c

:J'./
=-'./

(2 )

) }..._
.A to c) man, a person 3 .A ( ~ Iv . Iv) three people
B *.A

,=

0= . 'ilv

. t.1v) a Japanese

8

0
\

mouth

< i?/-

<"i?

::I?
(3 )

n

0
an exit .A D (t.1v . -: -)) population

D ( < i?) a mouth AD (\t~ ~ . <"i?) an entrance

te D (-r- • <"i?)

Lesson 1

~~

", J.J..
car

<lvt-J.J..

:t/3~

(~~< T -? )
(7)

9

- - ---ri A a \

*
J.I[ (
§

<~i
9

~""

*
~J.I[ (-e Iv . L ~) a train

JlJ.

< ~ i)
(t .

a car

c' -? .

L ~ ) a car, an automobile

10

f9
J

gate

rr

p pI

P1

r, r9

(~~c')

.:c/
(8)

-wr~

r~(b Iv)

a gate (-ttlv • b Iv) a speciality

Lesson 1

2 - 2.

J: h nA L ~?, (Reading Exercises)
~I "-,_ ~~~~-.:---;-~~-:_----.

I.cr'!

-'"

I.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.
2 .•

1.* 6. A 11. A D

3. A 8. ill

4.

r~

5. 8 10. B3

7. D

9. )11

12. ill B3 ~Iv

n.

Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. l.8Bi8
2. A

,J:?

.t?

IIil 8

3.

* Bi 8
.t?

4. 8

*
11'"

5. ~ J:

-7 Ii

3 A 1 5 8 -e'T

0

Today is the 15th of March.

6. j;O)AliLiJ)1I ~1v-e'To

That man over there is Mr. Yamakawa.

7. LlJ)11 ~lvli8*A

11'"

-c+,

Mr. Yamakawa is a Japanese.

8. j;O)LiJli$tietLiJ-e'To
?(

If

That mountain over there is Mt. Tsukuba.

9. .:. 0))11liflJ~)II-e'T
c
t.l

0

This river is the Tone River.

10. )11 B3~

1v00-wr~ it'"

li.-e'To

Mr. Kawada's specialty

is cars.

Lesson 1

2 - 3.

1J~~

nA L, ~?

(Writing Exercises)

I.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate

Kanji.

1. a tree

2. a man

3. a mouth

4. the sun

5. the moon

D
~

D
O-c
7. a mountain

D
(-;

D
0-

D
-:)~

6. a river

8. a rice field

9. a car

10. a gate

D
1J~b

D
~!

D
t:

D

(:Q!

D
tlv

Lesson 1

n.

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.

1. January

2. February

3. March

4. April

20
5. May 6. June
7. July 8. August

9. September

10. October

11. November

12. December

13. a train

14. Sunday

15. Monday

16. Thursday

17. Mt. Tsukuba

18. Mt. Fuji

19. population

20. a speciality

$A
'?

rltO
If
~A,

<

CD
22. Mr. Yamada 23. Miss Yamakawa 24. the Tone River

21. a Japanese

2 - Look at the following picture.. ~Iiw ~. ~~O' . 3.) Each drawing indicates a certain meaning. 1:. * 2.Lesson 2 I~2il I. 1.:::z.) / /----.. tJ:. )( 8.H1~ ~ (Lectures on Kanji) ( Kanji made from pictures -2.. 5.:~* . )t . = 'Y ~ 1 I ~*(1. xjJ')i:. --- Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below. -r-~ t. ~ 4. -=f 7. ± 9 .

± [DO] [SHIJ [JO] woman female study ~<. Therefore.' ~ . . If -+ [SUI] water gold money metal ground earth soil child ".Lesson 2 These Remember Kanji characters that each Kanji were made from very primitive has its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese pictures reading) as follows.. I > [GAKU] Usually Katakana kana as soon as possible 1=---B:_ )G - [SEI] live birth foregoing previous usmg Kata- [SEN] the 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading) of Kanji will be written are expected to learn in a Kanji dictionary.II ill \J fire <:>.+:' -~ [KIN] _±- ±. and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese Picture reading). students after mastering Hiragana. -+ Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning [KA] I" » .

L hit).t." 2.c-. (5) a long hook t ~:"0 "- hit).1.i - <~i (3) a slanting line (}t hit). A -:::>~ ~ (4) a short hook * JK ~~-) iJ~tl h-T hit). (2) a vertical -It) ~ . ( Kanji Writings) < ~ '~AQ)OO (Basic Strokes) line > -:::>i? (1) a horizontal hit). ~ ~ -?i ".t_ -:::>i? line hit). (6) a corner tc <~ 2~ 1L -?i I~ i3A-1j ~ vt::. 21 0) IJ>< ~=~O) ~ '~A~* (Basic Kanji) ~* 71) ~ 71) f:::. 0 LL r+ iJ{< (7) a dot and various short lines t~ -tZ-1t ) hit). ~ iJ~tl it .Lesson 2 l_l=~:. )tJ iJ~v . * o t .

) Japanese name i:!Iff B (~Iv .f 12 1]( J 7J .f) water 7..l' 1F i~ J3i: (/'ptl) money i: (~Iv) gold 14 i:83 (lJ'P . rj') Wednesday B 13 -r: Iv) -1'"/ a rice field i/ gold. :t/3~ (/.k (J.. -J . (1vt. rJ') Friday -::>i? ±t ground earth.>. money metal IPP (8) /"--- J.. -J .J.k83 (TV) . t. 2"1v) a volcano )( (V') fire )(!Iff B UP .p( T-J) V' 7J (4 ) 'J/ 'J(_ )(LlJ Up .. -J . t3. t. c-: . -J .k1l{f (TV) . *- 7~* fire \/ V) J.<) civil engineering . en Saturday (c' .:A 1 (4 ) 1Y' 1K 7. t...Lesson 2 11 . 'i. soil P' (3) ± ±* ± (-::> i? ) the ground ±!Iff B (c' . 7. t. rf') Tuesday water J.

.0 .. 7.v.* 15 v' J.: ~(. study ("1 ~-~) .t31vtj: :/3 (3) IJ.:) C'b a child ~.J: .t31v~)0).- V'.)>: -::> • .:r ._ '- :t/3~ :".. (7.)~(J) • t.y 7f7/7f.)>:<) a university ¥~ (7..'I I ~ f-? ~3 ~ t A¥(t:. child <1vJ:ch.t31v tj:) a woman 1Jf~ (7.)>: < .:r¥~ ( t.)>: < • -t!-v') a student ¥~ (7.5t~ to live (it Iv . -t!-p) a teacher ~ ( -7 ) "1 n. woman female .Lesson 2 iW.')(8) " .)>: < • -t!-v') a student ~ (v. -t!-v') a girl student 16 c:) a girl -k .)~ < T -7 ) (3) "1 f .t3Ivtj:)(J)A ~ (. L . ...0 .) ~. ..:r(.J:) she 17 tt» c) a woman ~ 1. 7. ) f ~(. -i.: -7 ) a school 18 i } live birth J.~ ~ -7 -"1 n~ -t1 (5) t tf 1to be born ¥~ (7.

<) a private university .f :f :{L- tb.l.~. -ttV)) 20 . ~_ . '..l. IJ ":::> • t!./ bt:.' :-::) 7t <1vJ:J. ~~ OJ.t~3~ (]j.Lesson 2 i~* 19 V)J./ private ')' t) :.. < t.(~~) ahead a teacher ~f":)) last month )'[.jJ (-ttlv· )'[. ]j<.tc )'[.rr*~ (l . I f.(b i: l/ b t: < L) I f..J. L bt:. ~ (7) .v) ..f~ .!t (-tt Iv .J. previous foregoing '. < T -)) (6 ) -l:~ r »I } )- *" 11:- 1..'.. -f .

. 2b (J)17:. J] B{l B . * 10. 5. 17:. ± 8.J:? 9.!Jc ~ II.Lesson 2 2 . J: h nit. . Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 6. ± B{l B 14.2. fl(J)~iFJ] ~~ B Li 1 9 6 0 iF 3 J] lIB ~~ -eTo My date of birth is the 11 th of March 1960. {fi: B{l B J:? 13. Write the reading 2. ~ ~ 16 . * 6. o: J:? J:? B{l B * B{l B J:? 11. L ~? (Reading Exercises) I. 3.-=f~~ Ii 2 1 -(:'T 0 That girl student is 21 years old. -=f of the following Kanji in Hiragana. B B{l B J:? 15. *B{l J:? B 12. 7. 4. {fi: 7.

a student 3.. the ground CD -tf Iv -tf t \ 6. G ~? (Writing Exercises) Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. nit. money 7. water 8. tJ'~ ~ I.Lesson 2 2 .t D ~ 9. a teacher D bt:L [IJ 'b~< -tfl \ D .3.f D 0- D -::>1j D ~Iv . gold i3D D 'b'. fire 10. a child 5.b'Iv/. I 2. a woman 4.Q ..

Wednesday 4. Monday 2. Sunday 8. Kaneda 19. Mr. a gold car . a woman OHiO OHiO OHiO O(})O Oc 9. my teacher 17. the date of one's birth 14. Miss Tsuchida 20.Lesson 2 IT. a girl 10. a fire 13. 18.. Tuesday 3. a girl student 11.L. Thursday 5. a rice field OJ 15. 1. Friday 6. a university 12. a private university 16. ahead bt::. Saturday 7. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.

"? -r ~\ "9 iJ') II·I. 2 Al7 B l.j (a calendar) * -C-' ~ * 9 tJ) Lesson 2 ~= (Do you know these words? Can you use them?) < 7J t.:/ 9'- > ---------------------------------------------- B Fl 2 'k 3 7}( 4 11 * ~ 6 13 20 27 ± 7 14 21 28 5 8 15 22 9 16 23 10 17 24 12 19 26 18 25 [Questi onsl 3.L.tfllJlIfl B "'C-tlJ'o .

-c -~+: I~-.+ -. [ICHI] one t:--::) [NI] two J.::..::. -::> --::) [SAN] three J:. -.Lesson 3 I~3~ I t:_t \ ~ Iv 1]'> I~=\:. "--::) " is the Hiragana 'KUN' Sign -------~W2+2-..(!) --::) [KYUU] [KU] DIne c:B [JUU] ten . --::) [ROKU] SIX ~~ tj tj--::) [SHICHI] seven -? -::> --::) [HACHI] eight .()g -ff -. 'ON' and other Abstract Look at the following signs. -=t -.j2 -.. -::> --::) [SHI] four p -::)--::) [GO] five ~ )\._ __I__.}L -~".+ -~ ~ ~ ~ = ~+2-\ ~-.. ( Numbers) ideas like numbers are indicated with the fingers ending. ~ 1 I 5l*0) 'i fd: G ( Lectures on Kanji) ti:* -t? ~ signs../J~~ J'" -.33_ -.1i --~W3+.~-- - Kanji Meaning t» c --::) Js. /\ tr --:.)\ /~~L -.

Lesson 3 21 22 - -= one ( 1) one (thing) -Jj (Pi::>· iJ{-::» January two . --.to (:)-::> . --. I)) one (person) -:~q:q\t)i::> ..-(J.J • iJ~) the 3rd day ~_Jj_(_~_Iv '_iJ_{-::>_ ) __ _ ~__(~__Iv_. __ t_hr_e_e_y_e_ar_s __Iv_) _j ..A ([} (: .._tJ..J) -::> three (things) __ M_a_rc_h B (J.1v) one year -(obt::) -::> two (things) =Jj 0: . tJ. iJ{-::» February (2 ) 23 - three (3) .

1L J :f five (4 ) n(\.o->--=:» May 26 _.o--=:» AprIl -> 11m~(L .. J: -:J ---=:> J:1v/J: */32. (.~(L ~hlv) 7 afios ---t. four <1vJ:J..-----.----------------------~------- 1m B (J: -:J • 11') .) J.1v) .!> .)--=:»--=:> five (things) n~ (.. < T -])l (5 ) [9 \ n TTl vq \I9 --- 1m(J:-:J)--=:> four (things) .Lesson 3 ?~* 24 \.or--=:» June 27 ~ seven r------+---t--i----t-----t----t--t---+--t----+---If-----+----t--+----+--t----- ---t. (4 ) /\ (U -:J) --=:> six (things) /\~ (6 < • .= h) the 5th day five years '5" pE ..------------. .LSIX n B (\.jj (L ~.0. (::".. /' (.a (ftO).6~--'-)) julio ---t.)--=:> • 11') E)___ nif.::' • ..::' tJ..(ftft/))--'-) 7 cosas ---t. . J -. the 4th day 25 .6'» 70 dia ---t.So.A(ftft~~Iv/L~~~Iv) 7 personas ..

. alv) A A (~~ 1::> • ./ . 200 -130.t3) + A (t: 31 19> + ten t.. 'Y .'/ .~ ~ the 9th day < ) 900 P"'..:2../ '. 30 -+ +(t..-::?.."':) J\ (~ -:J ) "':) eight (things) J\A (.0-\='<) :t\13(./ .:Y~0-\='<) 7" 600 r. '/ - (2) ten (things) -? • iJ~"':)) October +$ (t: ~ -? • + B (t.'/ (2) 1l nine (things) . iJ~)) August r.t3 ._) .--.. (J) • iJ'» ~ -? • u. . A (~-7"=-h) n B (.t"?V-0~ ( ~oo * J\ B ( J: -) the 8th day eight years S' -p-e.. ~ -:J-"':) */3~ J\7. (J)) "':) . iJ~"':)) September n(. iJ'» the 10th day alv) 10 years 8 ~ hundred ~ -\'7 /-t::'-\' 7 -l!-\'7 (6) .:.:..-s C>'- c.-r: T 11 A 8 .:.Lesson 3 ~* 28 I.:. nA « 17. ~ 29 fL ) nme 7 :f-.t3 :/. . (J) . <1vJ:J..:.t' J./ J\ (ip < v: T -?) (2) J'" J eight J"• 1J» J\$U±i? .± i? . " _13(~IvV-\='<) 130d:0 0-\='<) 300 800 .<5:o'-'e-<.:2..' '.:2.:.ffi '(~. nEf (~ .

-=- -:of: d... .. -{i. yen :Z Iv) 5. 33 34 (3) -75Pi ( It) -l.Iv .. viejo/ a 2:" J: • tllv) afio pasado 4'~C:::-· ~ L) *~( G v \ .. -tf'Iv) ten thousand all.Lesson 3 32 +Jj thousand (3) -=fPi (-{i.• ':J 7500 Of'1v .000 yen -=f~ (~ . 000 yen year age ) (6 ) ~ J:::C~ L·'5.-cJ".Jc_ ~--~--------------~----------------------------------- P1 circle yen (4) 1 nrJPi Iv) 1i-=ff1ii : Pl (:Z . every a thousand 3.Iv a circle.z_1v ten thousan d yen all countries ) =t: Ilf.. L1') Chiba pre£.(-2 Iv .\t /J ~ (" (j: It· <. tllv) afio pasado este afio .t) ~~( persona mayor. <) I rv ' ·. :Z Iv) -=r. -\-") I It L<.

J: Jj nA G ~ oj (Reading Exercises) of the following Kanj i in Hiragana. 1 'i * 0) ill )I[. The 5th of May is Children's 7. ¥600 6. ~ 0) 'i B 0) < ~= 0 f:l J: )\ n f:l B d0 A /\ 'i B B -C' 'i -'A c" <b n f:l n B 'i s: ~ [g B -'/\ 'i - ill 'i d0 -tt Iv 'i i V) + 7J G 0) 0) . + -'/\ 0 f:l n" . ~ n. One year has 365 days. ¥100 2. +: 3t el: ~ J f:l '- s. the year 1985 5..000. 0) I )\ -. -- 0 n I -'/\ )\ ~ )\ B fIJ -'/\ =: I. Day.000 meters high.) II )\ . . the 3rd of March 2. is about 60. The population of this country . -. 3. 3. 4 months Yamada's age is 49. 1. -t. Professor 8. '- -l: . ~ J -.900 5. II. Today is Wednesday 6. [g . 03-3469-8251 the 9th of September.000.2.. -'/\ .K el: ~ J 0 [g -'/\ f:l -'/\ -c v) 0 T -C' T B -C' + [g B T -C' r }v 0 T -C' + n T -C' 0 [g 'i i: . That mountain is 2. the 24th of June 4.Lesson 3 2 . 000. ¥6. -. =:. 1. ~ EE -t 7J B fIJ =: 7J fIJ + [g 0) + fIJ ~ -. ¥17. [g -8 n fIJ -. <" 0 T 0 B -C' 7. +.. 10. This car costs ¥450. Ii B + T 0 + :J.000 7.. (Read vertically from W ri te the reading the right. 9. 8 years 4. =.

. 12. Iv ~ ~ V' '5 8.t D~ D~ Dc D7 Dt Dx DL D=" D~ D~ Dt D< 10. II. 5. 8I 9. 13. Iv 14.3.Lesson 3 2 . t1~8! 13.t I:_j~ 14.t Iv 7.Z_ i 6. I.t < '\' (= t: '5 ~ . 8. '5 <- < t: '5 ~ . 2. 1= V' t: '5 Iv ~ . L\ 5. 11.t 'i Iv ~ ~ -tt 'i Iv Iv Iv Iv . ~ Iv . 2. <- l. Ii 8: 11. 3. < --r" '\' 3.t -tt Iv . Iv If . J:: -s . l. 4. --r. lJ~ ~ tt A L ~? (Writing Exercises) Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. -tt 7. Ii -:J Iv r. Iv Iv 4. < tl Iv '\' 9.t ~ Iv < '\' 6.J Dt~ iJ~ E-l: D~' 10. 12.

the 2. Ii 19. I: . one person 13. 100 years II. the 5th of May 20. ¥300 6. two people 10. December . ¥47. 18.J 25. 15. three people 15. ¥20 5. p '5 7J~ -:J /j: (f) '5 -:J -:J 7J~ -:J 7J' t: '5 t ~ t. ~ Iv -:J '5 '- < 11~ -:J 7" < 7"" I: -:J 11' U 11' tl Iv -:J 11' '7" (f) '- P . four people 14.000 4. ¥6. '5 t ~ 23. the 21.lj_ -:> I 11' 11' 11' 1. November 10th of October 26. 20. t ~ 22. the 24. ¥850 3. the 2nd of February 1st of January 17. 10 years 12. the 3rd of March 4th of April 19. the 6th of June 7th of July 22.000 7.Lesson 3 t. il' -:J D~ (J) -It p 27. t. ¥80. the 18. the 8th of August 23. '5 '5 7J' -:> I: T -r: 0 '5 r. '5 7J~ -:J t ~ 21. t. one month 16.000 9. 6 17. to 7J' C= J: -:> P tl Iv 11' 7J' t::. 24. 7"" 16. ¥520 8.± -It Iv ~ ~ 0 ~ '5 '5 '- ---:J p '5 -:J -:J 11' J: '5 11' -:J 11' p 11' 7J' b -:J -:J '5 11' 11' 6 t ~ < < 26. the 9th of September 25.

~" -*v1< -~V' t±~ < t?--C'TiJ'o 10. J. ~ 7. .b' '(' (Greengrocer) l.. :::t--t~Y (una col) i'i~ ~")v\<G-C-T.Lesson 3 (Do you know these words? '(> Can you use them?) I. /{-j--j- I±~ -~ I±~ I±~ V' < t? -C-TiJ~o (an orange) (a grape) -~v)< t?--C'TiJ'o -~V> < t?--C'TiJ'o -~v'< (v'-::J'i"Iv) (a watermelon) (a banana) I±~ -* I±~ I±~ t?--C'TiJ'o V1 < t?--C'TiJ'o t? -C-TiJ'o 6. V)J -7 ~ (a cucumber) l. t-=1h.6)o .iJ'lv 3. TV1iJ. ~C"-7 4. )\ sl¥. ~=lvtlv 9. 5. < < ~7 I±~ -~V' I±~ t?--C'TiJ'o t?--C'TiJ'o 8. ~ Iv:::_' (an apple) 2.(a tomato) (a carrot) (an onion) -*v.

') noodles hot soup with some fried vegetables and prawns. -t '. served in . . noodles with fried bean curd. means 'moon-viewing. served In hot (t.~ ~ means 'a badger.Lesson 3 ll. -t--) ~ ~ Ji -t--) ~ 7(... 'fA1m L:f'A1m c~ -t--) tJ.:.f~ '(> (Japanese Noodle Shop) ~ "'_:) -t--) b IJ 1P c~ -t--) ~t t. £ -t--) ~ ~ Lf'A:Ii c~ c~ 'fA:Ii LfA-'- c~ it B :Ii -'/\ 'fA- c" B f=q B f=q B f=q B f=q /\ B f=q -JL B f=q + f=q b IJ -t- .:. served in hot soup that fried bean curd IS (~ "'_:) tJ.') noodles with an egg._L. served In hot soup (Ji Ji!.~r thin buckwheat noodles served on a bamboo tray -) c"A1)"~t - thick white noodles served on a bamboo tray noodles in hot soup ~ "'_:) tJ. means 'a fox' and it is believed food of the fox') the favorite t: ~ ~ - noodles soup with bits of deep-fried tempura batter.

= 'Y ~ ="7 " 1I j~*O) . Iv 1J) 1.L -+ _l j.Lesson 4 Im4~ I t:t ' J:. Sign ( Kanji made from signs) are indicated with the ideas which are impossible to illustrate -+ -+ Look at the followings. ~* * o -+ 0 /J \ -+ IJ\ * :B:B-~'" [DAIJ [SHOU] [HON] ~\.:Z_ '> '> [JOU] above up under down middle inside big -+ T ~ T -+ Lt~ ~fp [GE] [CHUU] $ -+ -+ cp -+ *** W -+ -+ -+ 0 -+ .:1.)-~v) small root ongll1 book half -+ -+ t~ (~ I?'-li') ~ff =* f -1'~1J' 71'" -+ -+ -+ -+ ~ [HAN] -+ 7t b-H6 [FUN] [BUN] divide power d!J~o -+ /J -+ ~I?' G [RYOKU] .1..j.t ~ (Lectures on Kanji) ~c~tpS c·~t~jl* Abstract help of points and lines. Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning • • -+ l_ .

L t.) . above.t.J. to go down L~)-t~ to get off t \ middle inside 7-.-':' ~-~f~ 7J JT (3) 1F'F (c L . to rise • -9) ~ skillful . L ~ -? ) r:pJL~(t ~ -? .t. llv) all day long the center .::J.L x..B r:p (It \ t .'7 (4 ) n p l' J r:p (~iJ") inside .:) 38 l' under down. on ./~-iJ~':'/o)'i'"-':' ~-~f~ :/3'7 (3) r . on up.T -"F T (It... (~) iJ~~ .. :t/'3~ (ip < -t -? ) .l. inferior L.::J. 1 _t(-? -? x. superior <1vJ:J.J.:/~-iJ~~/ < t!.~ ( t J: above.I.1 .:) under 'r (~) iI~~ younger r1f!Of· ~iJ).Lesson 4 2 .l.. ~: t . (0) 'i'") ~ to go up 37 -? to go up. 51*0) t)'~ tJ) t: (Writing Kanji) ~ ?~* 36 v \ J.'7 -:/.

large great ~~1 ~1 :k(.( ~ Iv . (~7b".~ ./. -tt-:::» ~ important :k?if.f') a primary school * Ij"A(':' a brook.Lf) (5) '/ ~ . < 1v·J:h.(~7b") If halfway.Lesson 4 ?~* 39 I/)h. (Ii Iv . small • . main i>t *:/ (5) the main office 42 f .J:3. t: -:::» a Japanese this day surname . middle -f-if.KI~ Ilpf((-?~ .- t -f-7t(lilv . j lJ small. half Ii Iv) 3 : 30 1 ._j. origin true.$:rn Ollv a book .:.t t . little Y3? (3) J J.H. 7b{. . half '..$:Ollv) . i> t) .J:3-§v) :.$: B Ullv .J:3. t L) half a year . t: -f. -) ) Ij" ( i::J v-) ~ v' = Ij" ~ ~ Ij"?if-tx ( L J: -) • 7b{-:::> Ij.(t:.J:3) § V)=:k§ ~ big :k-tm (t:: v) . £Iv) .+ t. 40 k big. "C Iv) }'\:/ root.V) .J:3t~) an adult i?v)-~v) .. 7b{<) a university *:kA(.J:3 ) J -.:. a stream t" i> ) a child 41 7.f-f..J:3 .)11 (.t:/3~ (7b" < T -)) (3) .

1r. ~:Iv) how many people {PI (~ Iv) --e-t ~~o {PI iF ( 7'j /: • tllv) What is it? what year . ~Iv) five minutes 44 -h 7 tJ power. IJ J: <) one's real ability ~or } {PI (~~:) {PIA(~1v what ~t:/~Iv ('}] ) (7) 1 1." J 7'/ /7" 7//-7°/ /"-. b-~~n~/b-~~~ b.. ~'f < ) dynamics 45 ~1J ( L-J . /7' 11' 7t (b) ~~~ to understand ~7t(~ -? .:f 7J-(b)~t~ to divide Ii7t(. part minute <1vJ:J-._ division. force ability -7 (2) 1J (i? ~~i?) power 1J~ (IJ ~ .:~ .~t~ */3~ (~~ < -t -) (4 ) 1.in.Lesson 4 ~* 43 v' J.111 10J what . ~Iv) six minutes i? ~~i? 1) 3 1) .

L.kJ>? (Reading Ex~rcise~) I.* 2. . 3.~-.. -:::> < . {llJ 1J 4. ::.O)*-C'T0 -..'7 - -t.2.Z_ 0) 1::~:.n'±{llJO)*-c-Tipo 3. B *~:g. 1. Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana.Lesson 4 2 . ttA. q:t 12. We divided a big cake in two. {llJ~ II. 1.. 1:: 5. *-5t 13.J31i£iJ{~ V) iTo There is some money on the desk. *-¥ 14. T 6. Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana. *. q:t¥ 15. J: Jj.~ \. -t5t 16. 5.¥-5tt:5t~t i L ts .

Lesson 4 2 .3 . under i. to understand 9.b'.f. what book 6.J:-7 small 0~ .iJ) ~ ttA L ~? (Writing Exercises) I.' V) 4. t:t. power D 8. on Kanji. five minutes D 10. to divide it in half OJ . what 5.r: 2. Fill in the blanks with appropriate 1. big 0 L. a small university 7. large tJ i?~-7 medium 3.

--------1 ~ l::f G CJ 11' te~ North Gate Subway AD West Gate 11111 [[I[[ 11111 11111 East Gate teo South Gate '" AD 1m CJ 11' I Exit I AD Entrance ill CJ ticket gate = .Lesson 4 (Do you know these words? <qR~'hQ)i* x.1! Can you use them?) (Kanji at a Station» ...

Lesson 4 II. one third. a half.r. 10. water power 3. a Japanese 8. for counting long slender objects Da~CD 7.. Mr. a junior high school 13. 3/4 17. what time 6. half past nine D t. down train .. 7J~ CD TP I) J: < CD 7)' I)J:< 5. heat power 4. the middle of July 14. Yamamoto's specialty is dynamics. three quarters. 1/2 15. inside 2. all day long 18. Fill in the blanks withappr9PtiateJ(anji. . 1. up train 9. 1/3 CD(J)D~~r 16. an adult CD 11: a primary school 12.

~ (\rd) <"i:.. J:..Lesson 4 J:lJ 11$ 1 o 0 9 up train -7_* *-1.. r~ ( < t!.. ~tD 9. AD 4. ~) *0 (v..--.) (O)t..iI{ L <"i? ) (~::L <"i?) (~t-: <"i?) 7.. ~D 8... iI"""("'J) .. 6. P T lJ m!l! o 0 -0 0 platform o U 1 1. t:t.l7.f ~) 5.<"i? ) 10. :l&ri~ (i:.--. T¥iD (h..---' down train Exercise What do the following Kanji mean? 3.

8.. ~ Fs9 * Look at the following examples and see how each character combined and made into a new meaning.. 1* 2.:5~=. 4. the body the origin of a man is 'the body' 17: woman -=f child . was 'ON' [MEl] Meaning bright B sun + + + + }j moon - ~ both the sun and the moon are 'bright' -\=> A man tree A man OrIgm .~ It.~t T-~ [KOU] love.ts [KYUU] beside a tree [TAl] rest a man is 'resting' 7)' G t3.:J. what do you think the Kanji Now. ih l.Lesson 5 Imsi I I. h 1 1f-----5l=. ~t 5·1* 6. 1ft 3.1* * * . l. ~ 7. ( Kanji made from a combination of the meanings) l}j J mean? means? It means 'the moon.' What does the Then.F0) '11.g.b-tt tr 6 What does the Kanji Kanji I~J I -r:' ~ t. (Lectures on Kanji) ~~O)*-lih. guess the meaning of the following Kanji..' It means 'bright'! Some Kanji are made by combining rather simple characters.F BJ mean? It means 'the sun..1* -t.. Combination Kanji 'KUN' ~7P. = 'Y ~ < t. like a woman 'loves' a child .

g.:G)(a ~(Ph L)(a sardine) .** ** + + * * *. There- fore. a man' is powerful in the rice field Lt~L [RIN] tree tree two trees make 'a wood' a wood a grove ~ IJ [SHIN] tree tree three trees make 'a forest' d.Be::' [DAN] a man.' 1 burn up the field and make 'a cultivated field' ph llJ mountain D stone - J-. ~(t. For example.LI ~ [GAN] a rock a big stone in the mountain is 'a rock' "* Most Kanji were transmitted in Japan.im a cultivated field . from China.:G) mt( c -7 tf) cod) < (a mountain pass) are of Japanese Reading). there are some Kanji that originated (to work). iHI(lit.:tt). they do not have 'ON YOMI' (Chinese to express Many Kanji used origin. origin.ra' H3 + 1J ~ power .- ).Lesson 5 Combination Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning rice field tree + . .** r~ + . the names of fish and plant are of Japanese e. male . -mwUit. however. p t: a forest a jungle B [KAN] between gate sun the sun can be seen 'between' the doors Lt t: ~t )( fire + + H3 field .

1t 1t 1i 1*(~T)ha break. cheerful (dawn) to break .:z. to be absent 1*B(~1<»0' t-J) a holiday 48 12 / body ~~Gt':_ :$'1 (7 ) ~ 1 1- 1t 1* 1*-1* 1*1f (t:. \._ <1v~J.1\ 1* (~~G t.'v) ..Lesson 5 2 .rJ (6 ) 47 i*'/ 1 1._ :t/3~ (il"<T0) (8) 8~ 1 bright light n A 8 8) an 811 B}1 ~T-tJ ~-~t~ ~il"-~ It\ _)(1 1¥1 (~~~) a)H~) Q It\ ~tQ rest bright.'v) .1.:t-.. f) J: <) physical strength <) physical exercises .F0) tJ~ tJ') t: (Kanji Writings) ~ i:l* 46 It \ J. 5l=.:..) a body {*11 (t:.. a holiday 1*(~T)U to rest.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~/ (12) * . ~'J: -J) forestry 52 I*-+ ~(~ forest jungle . .Lesson 5 ?~* 49 It> Ji. L . t:J Japanese name ~~*t.) O)-r (..J._ T-~ 1j T-< :t/3~ ::Ir] (7J"<T-J) ~f ( love.) 1) :/ a boy • -ttlt» a boy student 51 t*. Iv .:.) ~-r~j:_ a man (t.:. . ~ Iv) ( ~) . like favorite (6) k ~ -t_"7 ~3 &f H(T) ~ 1j H(T)ir'n~ 50 ~ \ favorite to be loved He':' ?'~/ man male T/ FR 93 (7 ) nm 7 EEl 'i ~ (13 ~(13e.f t t J.. -/J'f < e :. - wood grove Ii -? L (8) t t t ~-*t ift t* IJ"~* (.=/.:. l. <lvJ.ft t~ a forest woods and forests ~IE (~ ~ .f-? L) Japanese name f*Ui-?l) a wood f*~ ( ~ Iv .

J :t/3~ T -)) (9 ) cultivated r 'v) 1.._ <1vJ:J.h 'v ) t!..Ll-' -r a. -Y> i ) a rocky mountain L. 'v) iIH Oi 't) cultivated t: EBiIH U: . -It ~) rocks and st~nes .t) b ._ field Ii t: it/ Ii t: Fa' (.1\ rn *m 1m fEB field of rice and crops <1vJ:h.t F r 'v) pI P1 r1 r9 Mj rni rAi raj a year <1vJ:J.(.W T \J-J ..~ between • tllv .h 'v) t!.Lesson 5 i~* 53 'v) J._ .f) E :fillJ (\.lJ rock b L1.1. ~)Iv) -) to be on time time (~) < 54 Jill \ i~* ..._ :t/3~ (~) < T -)) (8 ) E I L._ Fa' (i H=-@.) -1f: Fa' (v.lJ :fi(v)b) :fiE (~{Iv a rock . ~)Iv) J.h) a~Fa' (t .J 71~/ a. :t/3~ (~) < T -)) (12) FBi 1 r between interval 71/ .. Ii t:_) fields i~* 55 J..

. -itch-iT 1l. Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. Write the reading of the following 3.:!J3:tz: IT. :!J3-=t-~1: t :tz:-=t-~1: male students and female students 3. 2. It takes about one hour to that small mountain. :E 6. :!J3 A t :tz:0) A 0) men and women There is a river between the forests. :!J3 5. Mr. m 9. 1* Kanji in Hiragana. There are cultivated fields on the top of the mountain. ~ 4. We took a rest in a light forest.Lesson 5 ( Reading Exercises) I. Iwata is a cheerful man. ~f~ 10. Lilt 2.

sun + moon = light + tree = to rest () 7. Fill in the blanks 1. man 5. mountain + stone = a rock 11. fire + field t: = cultivated field 10. body's power = physical strength ib t \ t: 9. woman DX3==D like 4.Lesson 5 2 . gate + sun = between 8. a tree (Writing Exercises) with an appropriate Kanji. rice field = a forest + child = + power = a man DcD==D t: 6. iJ) ~ nA G ~? I. 2. a boy 12.3. man and woman CD . a tree X3 X 2 = a wood DX2==D 3.

physical exercises OJ 11. Iwata. for six years DJ)!l [J 7. forests and woods - __ 8. a holiday 9. Fill in the blanks 1. I1 ht::. for five months 6.Lesson 5 II. Oc .. Those men are Mr. for two hours 4. for four weeks 5.L. for three days 2. Kobayashi and Mr. for one minute with an appropriate Kanji. Oc 12. 3. I like cheerful people. an inactive volcano OJ 10.

Fill in the blanks with an approriate Kanji. II. ~ ? 11111111111111111111111111111111 Review L. Make 5 sentences by using the Kanji above. Sat. 0 * !J[ . )'G J\ 11 B T 7J Pi .L T 7t 1J {PI tL l¥J 1* 1* ~t *t ~ ~ * Fa' IJ'\ + J-LI iHl * D 55+ I.~.Lesson 5 11111111111111111111111111111111 . DDC_lDDDD B Sun. < L. r~ ± LlJ ~ J II EE ~ =f- 1i /'\ -t q=t ~ 1:.5 B Jj A -=f »: 7]( (IQ 17:. Fri. .---------------------------_--------------. J + B t l][jO[J[jDD IJ~J J l J [j [j . Tue.c: :ili: __r__. Wed. Mon. Thu. 1. B . .

Read the following story. *wp~ (itlv~lv) speciality day of the week I like - Hi B (J:: -7 '(}') .\.~B. -C'T 1*1f (t.-.: \./){H 2.(::'_") ~ a language )t.Lesson 5 ill .~ (it Iv L 19> -7 ) various last week tlJ:i? We \'-'0 \'-'0 ~ -f'-:::> (J) . < ) physical exercises .-.for each i? /» < "C' near - .

. ~ 6. /1"'- * § 4 .(Kanji made from pictures .3 . Look at the following picture. 10. Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below.Jt .JE 8·m 9. 71' . 5.:!L.~ 7.Lesson 6 I _:z_ = ':J i' 1 1----)l*0)'j:~ L (Lectures on Kanji) xiJ'lS -r~ t: )1* - 3 .) Each drawing indicates a certain meaning. I·E 2·ft 3.

..t L.tI: \ .ttT %D. Kanji 'KUN' pictures as follows.§"" . 'KUN each Kanji has at least the so-called YOMI' (Japanese Picture ~ 'ON' Meaning ..~W2 ~ * Jt ::_~ [MAIJ [BEl] ([BAIJ ) rice America shellfish -jp It) It) L [SEKl] stone *' It) C [SHIJ thread . [JI] ear [SHU] hand J0L J0~ t: ~t [SOKU] leg " [U] ram [CHIKU] bamboo O t/ .rn /_. ..l'A" .A:_ .1D ~-A .f3 tjJ .Lesson 6 These Usually Kanji characters reading) were made from very primitive two ways of being read./[4 .t_.f-.t .~. and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading)..J..m #-/\/'.* <0> ~ r-- [MOKU] eye J.ff tt .

:f-*~ ("'( . iJ{ h-) T.:f..l.".:f.:c7 n A <.) fj a letter unskillful . (¥:> • ~.("'" . [J' • 1P) 58 study of the nose and ears "'( t . (4 ) .f:/3~ (i./ * .-t .H (t: .:L .( t: J: -? • f) fj skillful * ./ hand ~.(-c) a hand .t) § (¥:» §~d~ an eye one s superiors .-' 57 Jt -I (6 ) r ~ :g: It (otorhinology) It (h-h-) an ear It.:f. ear ~ § § .Lesson 6 ilt* 56 v\h- <1vJ:.h- . t:) a table of contents h-h':/ .p < T ~) (5) § 1 eye item ¥:> .I. . t::..

. ::_ <) U. pair suffice 'J7 o l' Jr- Jt JE..n ifJ fli m ifJ iSfu.:t. t!...A. ram • "( Iv) rainy weather f:f:j ( ~ &>') ) f:f:j.~~ t':-T ~ . .Lesson 6 59 Jl \ ~* rt "\ J.:. ram ~&>') '7 (8) - 1 . 0: . (~ l) a leg =JE.: £t .:) ~ ~ to be enough JE.f/3~ (if' < T -)) (7 ) leg.< ) two pairs 60 rf1 . America * (::_&>'») rice !f1* (i? 19> ~ • «It») Central .R (~ 61 Jrl[ } bamboo t: £t 1-7 (6) r t . ~ l/t.S..:£t) a bamboo tTB3 (t.) Japanese (t.: £t) O)-f- a bamboo shoot 62 *\ rice (for America) 71 «1 (6) \/ !L- t * **00 (<<It\ .-' t)- tr tT name ::_&>') tT(t. (t. <fvJ:J.

t ~ t tr ~ ::§:/{d ~t..~ • t-9» petroleum.. I 64 7Q stone It'L -l!-t(5) ./ J! (~. a shell COt\e...T T .f1 kJ a stone :firm (-tt. < T ~) (7 ) 13 1 (J'c'n n A ~ § § .~O\./. § .(At"\ ~(O I J! (~..Lesson 6 iJt* 63 /' It.t') ~~ ... ~ . shellfish <lvlJ-J. -tt.~ ) a fossil ~ name 65 ~ thread string It' C (6 ) I.t.) a shellfish VY-<i. oil 15 (It' L) 15 J II (It' L .b) Japanese 1t15 (~ . J-J.. ~ .It' */3~ (~ . :/(dlt' c) thread It\ c) woollen yarn ...

1• r. fl . *' 6. I am not so good at Japanese yet.:p ~]j'> . days. It) i L t: 0 2.1 2. ':3 A -7 'J 7J ._. .:p 8. I bought a pair of shoes and 4 pairs of socks.. * II.E 1"1'.. Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.Lesson 6 ( Reading Exercises) I.I: ~ 0) -) -I}]. J! 3. § 4..: ~ ~ iTo Costa Rica is in Central America.15 9. It 7. Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.. it 10. .JE 5.I: 9=J* ..

Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. Ishikawa .r. 'iJ>? (Writing Exercises) Kanji. Miss Itoyama ~ t'l. I . a bamboo shoot ~ ?*- (U: ~ l. . t: ot t:lt 7. Mr. 1)) ~ ttA L. rice 5. one's superiors and one's inferiors 6.3.Lesson 6 2 . a rainy day 3. ~ 1J)V t't -'(:>1 . a shell 4. 8. hands and legs 2.r.

Central -r ~D rn America 16. rain water CD 12. Ishikawa Prefecture 18.Lesson 6 n. t: 9.. shortage A. unskillful 7. an assistant 8. a table of contents 5. 3. thread 17. a purpose Kanji. North America CD 14. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. South America 15. a stamp 2. a light rain 11. America CD 13. Takeda D . a heavy rain 10. skillful 6. a letter 4. Mr.

( iJ'>t.:) (-?i ~ t) (-? i Lt-:) (~O) Lt-:) family names. fr . J:. 26. ( -) .Lesson 6 (Do you know these words? Can you use them?) <A.t (i. ~* ~EE ~-=t:. *T 6.r/J' ) (-? it.!f 15.1v6'>t \ (Kanji used in Japanese family names) > family names. )11J:.:) (iJ'>t.. 9. 27.t (i. ~ 22. !=fJLlJ 11. LlJT 5.. The following Kanji are commonly used in Japanese EB * :f'f EE!=fJ 2. (~trt:» (tr t:> t-:) (tr G lpJ-. !=fJ!f 13..z tD 30. 17.0)11 *:. (-). 20.f'-? L) ('::-?i) (J3iJfb) (J3 0)) (~ IJ) (~IJ~t) 19. . (\{ L iJ'>b ) \ (J3J3\{\ L) (J3 J3 t: ~t) 28. LlJEE 3. *fr 7.t (i._) ( i. 14.:: . *tt ttEE tt!=fJ ttT (t-:~ttD (t-: ~t. ** (Ii -? L) IJ"** IJ" LlJ IJ.~0)51* t. (tr t:> a village) Jf (0) a field): See the following Japanese (t:.i. 18. LlJ* 4.0 23. !=fJ)11 12.t iJ'» i (t: ~ L t-:) t .EE 1. J:.ZO)) 29. 16.::) iJ'>tr t:> ) iJ'>-? i) iJ'>iJfb) iJ'>O)) 25.. !=fJfr 10.)II IJ"!f ( . 24.I. frEE 8.t 21. t.

b t: td:«) (~ ~ ~) ~J21 *~*IJ J@i.i__ /\ rz -sIi'iJ rt 7.. 0 ffi U zx r [!9 1i :7L T -I:: ____j Address Telephone I.----Tit le --------... and Department Name of Company Department and Section .IT0 ){_ ~ T- = ~p r:p I I J! ~*¥G!JJ* * 105 LLj T ~ 6 § $* $ ". -... ~-----Name--------~ g9: T v ~ 740 ~ ~ LIJ lffi 0 0 ~ )\ LlJ r=::p 0 .~* #_l {~4* (pO) '3 .t) {~Jii (~c:'3) (.bt-=) <> Other common family names: (Tf~) Ex.LlJ I I m I 0 * - }( ~ T ~ lffi .7 l:3:3 J!tt ~ J ¥G it A - 11.) DDJii {jtJii (iPc:'3) (p c: '3) (6')1" q... Name of University. I~ 9<: \ -I:: /\ J- l: !l7 fH~ : I. (t: ip Ii l.::.l a name card used for business) .Lesson 6 Notice the phonetic changes as in the following..JII ill (n~..

~m 6.~ 10. :/Jlc:_. 4. * 3. 1.tf=. 2.~ 9.4 . Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below.4 - Look at the following picture and guess what it means. ~ (Lectures on Kanji) (Kanji made from pictures . -r'~t.) j•.Lesson 7 Iiftli I I_:I_= 'Y ~ 11 ~ ---~ 51*(7)(1 fJ.~. 5. ~ X ...:)l* ..

. (: <) 4-~ chicken ~1* ((: < • t: 1. meat (6) ~ n r1 fl rR ~] U: < ) meat J~~ U: ~ ..f.. li~ (tP<T~) 1G ~ flower 7J - 4- ++- r 1 oW- r (7 ) .\) (e.. +-I- ~ (9) i3?F. ~ .1..:> ~ ) green tea n1i~ ~ .s. il!:f: 66 5l=F0) tJ) ~ tJ) t: I. U) fireworks 1K- -\:f- tea 7-"r B -\- +t Y tea j( ~ ..1r.. (1:.) =-7 a coffee shop black tea 68 rt1 ) flesh. a vase 67 ~*('i~· .:> *~0: .fG -H- ~(Ii~) a flower ~ (~~) {fA..: <) beef the body ..? . '~A. 19> ~ • . .. ~ ~) (.: e. -c A. <A. ~) Ig@~f~{ 1:.tJ..Lesson 7 2. Jf. \ (Kanji Writings) */3~ J..

cow bull.letters ~cry * (~~A. (kJi.) • t) a letter -* (t) .) */3~ (~~(T?) (4) /". ~ .: *~ (~...19>? . a character t) Kanji 71 ~tJ J J. . (8 ) t ~ ~I t7 ~~ t~ it . pattern letter..) cattle *~ ( ~.:c".Lesson 7 69 :5c_ ./ ... .~ (6) . f«!* (t) a letter.t ?) 70 ~ the Ministry of Education :/ ...) a sentence :t$~ (~ A.t.-. I.. thing /-:.? (4 ) I- . ~~ ) literature ( :t(~A. letter character ~ .. ~cry ) (~~" fpj~ (£: . . ox ?L.\~ \ ./ .Ji.. t q: :t* (~ (A.: ( ) 19> ?) beef cow's milk .. L.:c-:. . 19>?. . ~"::) a thing !E~ (1tv\ • ~"?) a living creature 72 ~ (~cry) shopping a baggage 4I cattle.:l.. ~ il* " \Ji. 7 ~ • :t~(~A.. sentence (A.4J- *(? L.::f..

~1J (.H I... ..f· L ~) a carnage 74 I~ / .~ I~ I~ .~ < T -? ) (10) horse 1 r. • ~.> l -?) .. \. ..f.~ .Lesson 7 ~* 73 I~ P# <A.. IJ ~) horsepower (h.p.:¥s roast chicken a wild bird iB . 1:.~(-? ~) a horse .~lt! U.~ ) 1j: a fish shop 1i:~.J:.~1j: (c IJ) If..# ' -....~ (~ .~ I~ I~ \~ ...~1j: m (~) ~~.~ -?) a swan ~ .. */3~ /\ (. F f3 ~ ~ .rr Ff ~ if.( ~ A.' I /1 fish -?i3 (11) f f1 ff1 'fA fish • ~) {B (h j I I' I" 1B lS I'" grilled fish a goldfish 1M ( ~ .t 75 a bird 1:..> l i!t (~) ~. l ) .f.~ (c IJ) B . (~'.) bird C IJ 7-s'7 (11) ( r <.~ 1j: ) fM~ (~ .. .

"'\11""o ft. )c n. ~J~\:J~~] ~ip". !f:.. 5 .A. )c~ 1O.Lesson 7 ( Reading Exercises) I.:o ~ I bought some chicken at the butcher's. *!?f:\:':'Q)~~~1j:t:. I • 2. ?f.. Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. ~ 6. 7.~ 12.. ~!t! 6. . 8 *A.j:~. ~. ~ 8.\ 1 Lt. I learn these Kanji at the university. 3. 7 . • 1t 4. 1. 10. ~*~{~\:1"" ~ 0 Japanese people like fish and rice and so on.!f:.

a sentence IT] D . L.Lesson 7 2 . I. a goldfish 9.. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. a small bird 3. $? (Writing Exercises) Kanji.3. beef 2. biology (=study of livingcreature) tea IT] 8. cherry blossoms 10. Japanese 6. literature IT] IT] IT] 7. a letter IT] 5. a horse carriage 4. tJ) ~ nit.

a flower shop 2.Lesson 7 IT. a butcher shop 4. t/II 5. fireworks rn lif. beef rn ~t:_D rn rn rn i~~D ~ ~. a real thing rn riA. roast meat 10.t.! 13.t. chicken 7. a fish shop 3. 19. 12. a pony rn ?* 18. 1. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. pork 6. cow's milk D$L I. Kanji to) fJ\A. 15. a vase DU'1v CJ . -r l: fJ' 16. fish meat 9. horse meat 8. the body oj I:t/II oj rn < tzi> 14. grilled fish I: < i~~D ~ I: 11. roast chicken ~fJ\f. horsepower rn rJ~ 17.

'?~A. t: ?"&. > The following Kanji are the name of the animals below. ~ ~ 10. ~ . Match the Kanji h ~ 9.lesson 7 (Do you know these words? Can you use them?) (Kanji Zoo) < )l*O)lb~liJ with the pictures.

b-o c. t )l!:F0) '1 tt...1 .~ ".1 . h t:IJ' v' v' v' __.. Kanji + L.1 lJ'o * v' V'~ ]l[ v' '? IJ' ~ ~ .~ ~ t.__ t:. 2. Kanj i + others : *~v) t-is. t-is. *'fLv' ~Lv' t:. ~"t (.Lesson 8 1----. L.(Kanji for Adjectives .) Japanese '-i' ending adjectives can be Look at the following adjectives.J.·t m .!IIi ~~.P -o t: . 3. (Lectures on Kanji) ffjg~O))l!:F It~'J:? L .. v' l:t~ etc. Present Present Affirmative Negative : (old) ~It' *.(J) iE Lv' t:.o ~ 0'( v' v' ~ I:t IJ\ ~ v' v' v' ~P uz. 1. divided into three groups according to the types of the Hiragana endings. IJ\ ~ v) a~ ~v) 1f'~Vl '?l \ ~IJ' "t( etc. ~ s.v?-:>( tt t. It \ ~t:.t-i !f. Kanji + It' 1:5 . The Hiragana endings change as follows. (big) :~ < ~'" Past Affirmative Past Negative : ~1.IJ' ~ v' It.vl '-E-IJ\ etc.

oj] ~ Put the proper Hiragana endings to the following Kanji.Lesson 8 Remember when the following Hiragana endings are used with nouns. ~ LI"lltL a new car ::k~I"l* a big letter "i5<7j:p* ti"iP"? t.:ltL ::k~ < 7j:I"l* ::k~ I)""? t: * fff L < 7j:iP"? t. : ti"<7j:tJiT become old ::k ~ < tJ~~ i T wri te in a big character Adjective ti" < "ell: I"l old and cheap ffrL<""(~np~ new and pretty ::k~ < -c ajj J. verbs or the other adjectives.:* Wi" L < tJ~I"li T newly buy + Verb: + Adj.:* ti" < 7j:iP"? t. Adjective + Noun: ti"I"l* an old book .:ltL ::k ~ < 7j:IP"? t.. * . I"\ big and bright [nil. (_.:* Adjective ffiL<7j:pltL ~ LiP"? t.

~(cbt. . L ~) a new car a newspaper ~1f ( LA. A. A..· b.. 0)) Nagano Prefecture -R~ (i? J: ~-R (iii < -) • ~ ..) a used book R F__..: G) Lv.. . chief (8) ~ (~ilf) v~ long ~mt (~ilf .new ~lf[ (LA. ~A.) the eldest son i? J: -)) a president . t. long eldest.: 78 • L ~) il*(~~ a second-hand car .Lesson 8 new (13) .) a new year *jfPfJ (LA.iA...) (5) il(~~) v~ old Ji:lillf[ (i? I9l -) • .

t?~)i" ~ to fall. t?~Iv) 80 m(J.. .Lesson 8 short (12) } m~ra'(t.: t?~• Ii l) Japanese name 81 ~ ~tx:(.: t?~)It ~ high. -7 ) (. -tf Iv) Ij safe 821~ low 71 (7 ) ) 1 1/ 1C 1f ffl: (U' < ) It\ low ffl:ili! (--r It \ • j:) Iv) {~1 ~ ffl:T (--r It\ . -7) ~ bargain sale $:~ (2b/: . .. ~ high expensive ~ t: t?~-It ~ ::It] .f'l (t.: Iv • t.:Iv· t~p) ajuniorcollege a short time >t:J 101 ..-7 • J(.\- f"'1 -a- . ~ (t. llv) i" ~ to be relieved $:% (-'\-'i" .-t:i n .::. safe cheap (6 ) $:(-?i")It\ cheap $:/L' (a.. expensive ~..\- (10) -G" TIl rffl r6] t:l ..::. to go down a low temperature .7 ~j! • ..).t..\- ... Iv ...::.< ) a high school high-speed ~ . ..t?~)It~ short ~II*(t.

Lesson 8 83 8i ) i~* dark It) J.) many.. BtL I n Bf arz. • t J: ) a few a girl .J_J. L -:J ) B~ at"" at BtL B!z.oj:It) ~3'7 (4 ) -t'::'-L JJ )J' Jy' little a boy :J-' (-t < ) . J few little -t<-. (i:3i:3) t_.) L 9-':9. :J-'iF ( L J: -) • tJ.tt (t::_ • -t -) ) a large number 85 L J: -)) more or less }J "' :. */3~ (ip < -t -)) (l3) < G-p 7/ n A 8 8' BfH< G)v) dark Bi (cit) Iv ...:y (t::_ • tp. ( L J: -) a little. 8 * a dark room i:3iS-\t) 84 ~ / many much -7 (6 ) /} 9 ~ ~ y tp. <A.oj: It ) few..::. Iv) 9-'(-t. much tp.

5. ~ffi: IT. 0""tj]j{n~o Water flows from the higher place to the lower place.. a junior high school. Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 3. 13.Lesson 8 2 .O)A'. 0]j~t?f5:It' C:.:.:. a senior high school and a university . a primary school.t~It' C:. of this junior That boy has long arms and legs.t':'O)~JI*O)~ffi:-C'To That man is the president college.. a.2. J::hnA ~ ~? (Reading Exercises) I. *'.

. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. a lot of people 7. long <Gi 1)1Ql7 '- ~ l~ [IJO)CD t:. cheap fish 11. a dark forest 9. jJ') ~ :h A L. a boy 2. an old car. < 1)J:7 t5"IJ' 6. 3.t: C:J 3. a new year car s. short DV) /j. a few people 8. liP? (Writing Exercises) Kanji.Lesson 8 2 .I. (I) have a little money. 2. of the university DV) tt.3. a second-hand Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. expensive meat 10. CD IT] . a girl Kanji. to go down II. a president cl llv blv bG 4."IJ{ 5. I.:t' "IJ{< i.

the eldest daughter IT] 15. ancient writing 11. a high school . a high mountain 5. a cheap thing 6. safe 16. a used book 7. a short sentence IT] 13. a junior college 17. for a long time 9. new tea IT] 10. the eldest son 14. a long sentence 12.Lesson 8 4. a short string 8.

The one who collects the most cards is the winner. The others look for the matching picture cards scattered finds the appropriate How to play (B) : "LJdtlt)TIt) on the table. / ~ / (jI -Ic. The one who collects the most cards is the winner. he gets to keep it. Each person turns over two cards at a time in turn.. When a player card. If those cards match.'~ \ I fl000 b It6S"OO b .Lesson 8 (Do you know these words? Can you use them?) jl!:f!T-A How to play (A) : "-jp ~ t:" (1) <ff~~~iiJ> Itt'~ -j L One person reads the letter cards. he can keep the pair. t~ <" (Concentration) Put all the cards face down up on the table.

\ ) sA L .. I I I I~ L ~ 116v I ~ .Q n:n ~I ~ ~ i:l ) ) .Lesson 8 /~ / I \ .J__}"/c:f l) ...

let's make some sentences. (Kanji for Verbs .2=':1 " c---j L ll--l---)l*0)'1t:t.) Each Kanji has its own meaning. Kanji can not be used alone as an adjecendings always follow and they are called tive or a verb. My book is not new. It can function as a noun. i~ J functions as an adjective and (to buy) as a verb. However. Please buy me a book.Lesson 9 1.G (Lectures on Kanji) th~ii]O))l*. adjective.1 etc. I bought a new book. verb What do you think is the function of the following kanji? ifkJ iJtJ and i*J are nouns.1 . . in sentences. 'OKURIGANA Some Hiragana (inflectional endings)'. new to buy Using the above four Kanji.

Lesson 9 Japanese verbs can be divided into 3 groups according to their way of conjugation.: 1 Classify the following Kanji into nouns. 1st Group: a verb stem ends with a consonant iT < ~5T =--±v pn {tv 1ifI< :."b T.:< ."b [tabe-ru] [oshie-ru] [mi-ru] verb it-"<iT ~x_iT ~iT [tabe-masu] [oshie-masu] [mi-masu] to eat to teach to see 3rd Group: an irregular *.1.:~iT ~5LiT ~JCJ? i T {tJ?iT . adjectives and verbs. * * B .w~ iT JtIt\iT iT~ iT [ik-imasu] [kik-imasu] [kak-imasu] [hanas-imasu] [yom-imasu] [yasum-imasu] [kaer-imasu] [ka (wi-imasu] to to to to to to to to go hear write speak read rest go back buy 2nd Group: a verb stem ends with a vowel ~x_~ it-"<~ ~."b [ku-ru] [su-ru] *iT LiT [ki-rnasu] to come to do [shi-masu] 17 -1 .w~ [ik-u] [kik-u] [kak-u] [hanas-u] [yom-u] [yasum-u] [kaer-u] Jt-? [ka (wl-u] lifI~iT :.

Q to visit Japan *$(.0\ .Z) . conduct line <1vJ:h v)- :t/3~ (1.: 71 (7 ) .Q -t(10) \) \J' \} :=f II. . 'J.P<T-7) (6 ) 86 1T / /- < ::Iry .1 • 5l*0) 11') ~ 11') t~ (Kanji Writings) '~-=f=fv) cl7go.v)' ~f-::) next month 88 return go (come) back -.1T 1T(.Q/ ':'-~v) ~ -iT / ~-t..:¥' 3 ry / / 1 -1 / /- 1.1v) next year * B (.v)' -jp.B-::'~) -7 to carry out -1T (~" J: -7) .Q to travel !.3 \}f.: -t?) T. -7) T .Q to go/come back 1ffi'OO (~ • .Q to come *JJ (.Lesson 9 2 . \)3 \) =a If" ·m 1~ 1m (.: < ) T ~ to return to one's country . I)' \ --\/ come next < -.lines /- /- 1T(V))< 1*1T (IJ 87 to go J: • -::.0- f ** b. v) .B':'~--7 .Z *«).

Lesson 9 il* 89 ~ v \ J.:Z "6 / J. 7-/ (14) fjfj(~)< ~I*J (Liv to hear..:Z'6 r. to listen to .-tt "6 ~ Jt 1 see..(!jo/J ( ~ (Yit(vp-) (f)) ..l7 1r jk J.1'- 1"- ~ ~ it (t:.. p. t: -.::. look View 7/ (7 ) n A F\ €I Jl :f:~(v\ .) .-'6 J. LJ: <) food a dinner ~k J drink .) .( "6 to eat it$ (L J: < .::.l:::- (f)-v 1/ r- 1 t 1" !f ~) j...r.......!jo/J ( ~ (f) (12) ~((f)v ~rj!!j(v\Iv' 91 to drink L~) ~ ((f)) a beverage drinking J.("6 ~37 I /'- 4i... to see ~ (J.)-tt "6 to show ...:Z"6 ~-. ~"J) -t '6 to do sightseeing Iv ~(J. rl r-. r·l~ &1 M 1*J(~)'::'....... ~tlv) an opinion ~!jo/J (~t .)'6 to look at..r. ~Iv) a newspaper can be heard .. hear ~-< rrr F' f1 r-r=.. 92 rlt' .... t) a meal 90 it (t:.. eat ~ ~ -t <1vJ:J. :t/3~ (n~ < -t -)) (9 ) &.r.-.

J (1J~v) • ~ 17)) .f..-.._ J:_-tr .~-t.~~ 01 tl tl -- (13) g1._ read ~ ~ <1vJ:_J..).. 6'iC ~"7 (14) ~ - ...~:!: ~~ -I 5 - il 0 tJ ~:l::' ~:!: ~:l:: -. ". 1 - ~ n ~ 6 >. talk ~ ~ I±~-T '±~L ry . L J:) reading books 94 ~JC(J:_ ) J. document 1J~- < (10) It (1J~) < to write 1fj1f! ( L J: .(Iv) a book shop tt . buy nrnnT1OXJtIOwww~ww I shopping (12) / /' ffit (1J~) ~ to buy ffit!fo/. L -? ) a reader 1t 8 wri te book.. a talk ~~iS (--c' /: • :b) a telephone W /.Ji5(LJ: . C:' ~ ) calligraphy 95 . > ~ n > -00 >/ >/ ....Lesson 9 il~ 93 v) J. t1 of' o~ ~JC( J:_) tr to read ~JCIt (C:' < ... b) conversation 96 ~iS(I±~ L) a story. ~t ~iS(I± ~) T to speak ~~iS(1J~v) . ~.> .P<T~) ~} .._ reading ~JCff ( C:' < .f/3~ (i.

J!~ 6.Q to teach ft ~ (~ J: -) . ~Jr. 1. ~ -) 10. i!f < 4.J:h- :t/3~ (j'j)< -t-)) i)L-x. j'j) It\) a church to educate a classroom 2 . it~. Wri te the reading of the following Kanj i in Hiragana.. ftx. iktJ 11.f-3'7 (11) - -"" . 1w.. *~ 8. iT < 7. ~i5-t 2.tt~ G~ ? ( Reading Exercises) I. . Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.. Iifj < 3.Lesson 9 il* 97 ~~ It\ J. ~ IT. L"':)) ft (i) L) x.tJ 5.~ .Q 12. educate.Q 9. ~Jj.2. teach religion <A.i:: 1- * ~ ~ f) f~~Jt~ ftW(~J:-) ·It\<)-t~ ft~ (~ J: -) .

. 3. to speak 9.. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. to eat 5. to go back 0< ~.I:~%.. O~ O~ O«~ Ov 1J' j. C jj1(1ij'j'H ~ -C'T 0 Tv t:' .3. fl". to hear 8. to write O~ h 0< ~ OT Ov 0 Ii/j: < J: 1J' . to drink I ._ < t: (J) 6. to come 4. w= ~ ttA L. to see 7.Lesson 9 6.I: b i ~ i -tt A-o c J! I)Jc 2 . to read 10. ~? (Writing Exercises) Kanji. to go 2..

a telephone IT] 15. next year 12. cherry blossom viewing rn 19. 13. next month rn 11. reading matter 4. a restaurant 13. a drink 3. a supper 16. food 2. next week 10. reading books rn Kanji.H' t(J) 6. to go back to one's country DOOT~ 9. to drink Japanese tea . shopping t: 5. to buy flowers 21. a trip (J) t. to do sightseeing 12. a bank 7. a breakfast 14. to visit for study 18. education 20. the 3rd line 8. a lunch 17. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1.Lesson 9 11. a newspaper rn IT.

75 to play (A): "lPGt::" <.Lesson 9 (Do you know these words? Can you use them?) jl*T-A (2) <1JJ~iiJ> and (B):"L. .Iv'tPTPt.~ C"') L See p.".

Lesson 9 I < .

&]t (-\=.. LJ: <) '::'.:1. (1~) 12:00 j:£~ Meal: ~JHar_.t Iv snack supper lit (i. L J: <) breakfast :Y(~-))'::"..----)l*0)~! ( Kanji for Time) (Lectures on Kanji) "0'" -"I \ .~) ':_"I.tlv = = :Y]t(~-).= ':.f' Iv) .Lesson 10 ImYoil 1. • L J: <) midnight .tlv = ~~]t(i? J: -) . " 111-.

:> • tl) a nap. -v (8 ) A. a siesta {i-1* ( . ~ ii a - ~ ~J ~n~flWi ~AB(a.i.' <T -) ) morning 73'/ (12) + t .~·'(}) the morning sun %Jj(a.~) morning %Jjit (-l? J: -) • L J: <) breakfast 99 - noon daytime ? r r.11t ( ::.(.(}:6 • ~ T) J7.(}:6) noon.J4( t» 1. a.:> 7:1. A.Lesson 10 2 .:6) >- r: r f 11 17 1t night • ~) t.- 1~ . 11t(t..1. J}. </vt.:> t.(}1. {i.'" .~ :t/32. ..1... (7.. midday {i-it (-l? ~ -) • L J: <) lunch night {i-.J7.'/ (9 ) ~ !~ J}. a lunch break 100 J. jl*(7)\f ~ 15 (Kanji Writings) 98 *~ ~ -1 i~+ It) J7. ~it(~· tonight LJ:<) a midnight meal .

:t/'3~ }'{ (.fIv) Il$E (I.:.) evening -11 Upt.j{t. last night * --tY' (t. B~ sa.j~< T~) BJt I night /' (12) n A 8 a' a-7 at' s{Z. L J: <) supper.:. .~~) a method noon (4 ) !./ -1/~t.:.::.) -1*11 (~i 111!(t:l ~ . .. p.) direction way. dinner Star Festival 1Pt. sJ' at 4"1l$E('::'Iv·I.flv) night 85M~~ (I.) c/o Mr. lE!.:.:.:p ( L J: ~ • ..:piW (..~rt.flv .m.Lesson 10 ?~* 101 It \ J. means 103 /j 104 -¥J how to 5'11 (~~ .:. . a.j~t. :::: .~ • -t!Iv) morning.:. Ii Iv) 102 tonight supper.~) afternoon.m. . dinner 9 / evening (3) 75' Y'1t(~ ~ .::..:pf& c: . <1vJ:J.~) high noon !. tj . (4 ) 5' (~ ~ ) « evening. . .::. .

~ ( -tt Iv • next week last week ~*(L ~ -) .years before 106 lW-=¥--If Iv .).years after 107 every J- f~(-) l)6 behind.J.. later back. i -:::» -~rEl'(v\ -? • the weekend . before. front -iFlW (tllv . .:: -) . ~ ~ ~ -e/ (9 ) '/ . :. n~lv) a week L ~ -) .u: ~ .. i iZ. front previous <1v.t. v \ J-.? (11) 108 it!! n ) week F\ fl ~ m JWl Jil ~1fl ~fi1~ *~(G v\ • L ~ -))) L ~ -) . back f~-=¥-(.) before.~ I] 11 ij 11\ ij'l lW(iiZ.. later -iFf~ (tllv . Li Iv ) ( the first half 1i / after.L.) .!.t. 71 (6) t 4 OJ ~ 4ij: B (i V\'~:-G) every day 4ij:}3 (i v\ • ~f-:::>/i v\ • -:::>~) 4ij::i)!l ( i v \ • L ~ -) ) every week every month ~.Lesson 10 i~* 105 .:') . 1± Iv) the last half ~ .2.l. iiZ. behind ~l:/O)-G -)l-6 /~ :::f :J? (9 ) / 1 / ~( 1 1 if 1~ ~i /~ f~(~l:) after. :t/3~ (n~< T -)) ~ 'J .

%. I.8ft 8ff BJ ~~ ~. 1&0 II.. ~ ? ( Reading Exercises) Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 51] 6. ~1Ifl 13. l:fWI 7.. 4r¥8 16.Lesson 10 109 al at lkllfl8 il* v'hluminary day of the week <Iv. L.& 5. Write the reading of the following Kanji -in Hiragana. -) ... *1Ii 12.%.. -) Tuesday [J') Thursday 2 . AR In. -) .2. *1Ifl 10.%. ¥~ fjllfl 2.%. • [J') • . {J 3. ~h nit.} A iii 8 o-y-::::> • (Tv' .%. -) • • as!1 ~51 B~4B~~BJ 81 Brr Br. lkllfl 11. w_R . ±1Ifl 14. 1. 9. l:f1& 8. IIi 4.h- */3~ 37 (iO~ < T -)) (18) 1 n A B B1 84 B~ . [J') en Monday Wednesday *Ili *Ili 8 (iO~ • 8 (b < .. 7f':n . WI 17. 811fl 15.

breakfast 2. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. L.m. iI~ nA. -.3. 3. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate 1. L ~ oj (Writing Exercises) I. supper 4. ~Q CD ~-) iJ~t:.l:'A. . mormng Kanji.~7 -tfA.Lesson 10 2 . 3. evemng 2. 7.: "S ~-) rJ' II. 8. lunch Kanji.p IT] -. every week D OQ 6. p. a midnight meal IT] IT] IT] IT] . Sunday IT] j. night 4.' IT] -. daytime D ib~ 5. D==D 1. a.m.

how to eat 25. 18. how to speak IT] . how to write 23..19J-) 1J'iv ip I:tJ IT] i p-') ~ IT] ipe:l. midnight 6. I9J -) 9. every week IT] J: t...IP IT] -tt Iv IT] GP L I9J -) IT] ip l. IT] :. before 16. two weeks 10. every month 12. every year IT] I: l.. 19. the first half D ix. every night 15./b. every day 11. how to read D~D D~D D~D 24. last week 7.. behind D ?L 6 IT] {fA.? 22.. how to see. 17. a viewpoint 21. every morning 14.19J-) t. the last half D ~c ItA.1v /'1-') 13.. after IT] i l' ~~ IT] i l' l:fA.. next week 8.. ItA.Lesson 10 5. how to hear 20.

.g..± ~ pJC w. 6-10 I. --L.¥...~ it: 1:. Others) Bi Make sentences using the following Kanj i. ~ _lL.\" ~ 15<. ~ (f" 0) t::. 11.b ¥)j 1& 8jB Jf -¥ JE 1* {8 ~. Nouns) L. * 1J 1~ ---H- tt §Ij 1& --L. ff~~~ Utv) J: -J L. l& 4.t.~ ~X If 4fJ ~ i 1"""1... Verbs) ~JI Bir II=iJ r::::t 1t\: 17: J! 515 'lJ Jl!:Y. * _4L )f" X ll.::.fPI ~ ~ fPI~':*~""'1T 1. ___. n=rJ <=I 3.~ . *JT it =--± {E J ~ \' pJL jJfJ 5.) L..Lesson 10 11111111111111111111111111111111 ~s'< Review (N'JI_. 1* ~ * . ~ IJ' '_Y iT itt s /.~: § ~: f" 0)1m : ~m n +m " 4 .1"0 * --+ 1m it tix ffi! t::J:I:l . 11J~ (c: -J L. Adjectives) *Jf t!J ffi: m._ ~Jj ~ o:c 2. liP ? 11111111111111111111111111111111 L. -r O)'f& e. . ht /'f..

6. I.' fEJ <=> ) ) ) ) ( ) ) ( ( ) ) ) -. E 13jj ~ ~ j. -. -.!:JEiJfffi:\. 3.' ) m E . -. e. -. ~ffi: 5. -. ffi: (i?J:-?) ) ( ( ) ) ) -. j. II. -. Write the 'ON' reading of the following Kanji and make a word. ffi: \. 4. ig. 8. -.g. 9. 4. 5. 0) A L. 7. Fill in the blanks as in the following example. -. 1. -.t\ tjiJf-\. 6.g. 12. 7. 77: 2. e. -. 10. 8.Lesson 10 [ff~~ ~iiJ0) )l!:FJ I.t\ 0 *IJ~ ~ 2. 77: m ll. 3. ~ ~ fEJ <=> *j.t\ ) -. -.

8.~ 0 0 *~/'-..iT) ) 6.. 0 8*8ft~ 0 7. itS: [111 ~iijO))l*] 1. Complete sentences using the following Kanji as in the example..i T 0 1. 1T n.i T 1. 6. T * e. TV~'~ 0 5. """ ffiI. ~ ikcl7. "-± pJl: * ~ fit 1: T 5.g. Give an adjective of the opposite meaning. Jt*~ 0 2. *~-r: *~~ ~. Fill in the blanks with appropriate e. 10. Y:: 1.g. 3. ~ ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) 7. 1* cl7. * f1)3 * ~ 6. r+-- -araJ 4. Hiragana. 4.g.. 0 0 . ( -?T-cl7. 3. 5.Lesson 10 III. 9. if 2. if~~ 3. 1m ( ) ) ( ( ) ) 2. 4. ~ ~ )1. 8. e.

Lesson 11 I~lliI 1. iu . ( 1) . ~ . groups the following belong.'It ..») .. 4) eft. the ways the components 1) r.. JE . < ~) (right) L. *. *. (the bottom) 1 . l} . *ffi . it (~) .. ~ 11 Guess 1) 3) to which of the seven radical ~·OO·~·~·~·~·~·~·~·R·M·~·~·~·OO or 2) or 4) ~f 1t 6) 7) 5) . human beings: A (f ) • tx .2= 'Y ~ l-1Qo ~ 1 11-------5l*0)~5 (Lectures (the radicals -1 -) on Kanji) $~ -1 - Most Kanji are formed by more than two components. . There are many radicals which can not be used as Kanji by themselves.... ( •~ ( t ) . ± .. 71<. jj . I tLA. ::q m . life and tool: F~ . ~ . The Kanj i made from We call these components pictures (or their simplified "Bushu (the radicals)". 1=1 J~ • @ animals and plants: : ~ .(the enclosure) 7) t-= J: '5 (lower left) the components the meaning of the Kanji. forms) can be the radicals. ffi:! • * .!) . L.~Il t~h(the upper left) ()) . ./v (left) 2) --:::> The followings are are formed. § . L:j=: • (J) nature (. )11 • ffi··· ) are simplified forms Jl[ .'i Ii rCD 1 arc where na express J~ • *.6:.

v ( left) (1* fPI f'F 1* (1T f~) 1~ 1~) with the meaning components located on the left the The largest Kanji group IS of the seven groups. 1 = A = man 1= /_ step ~ .= I * = water : Guess the meaning of the common components ) below..Lesson 11 1) ~f. 2) "':) < ~) ( right) I!J!:i!. which carry the meanings can be located on the I *Jf !j!)j fT )j ax ~ ~ moon fix X ~== hit .~ The components right.

zlt\) swirnrmng 112 ~ill ......p( -t-j) 1~ J -+T7 -+T (7) 1 l' 1}-. . :3)( ... ~A.. swim .J.1t 11= K~ ( ) J.Lesson l l 2 . " I . I ~~ is J. 5l*0)i! ~ 15 ( Kanji Writings) ~+ 110 v \ h.. . ~l .. .1 ..." oi I &?~C? ::L (8) ...J.... ~) ... <- .....t/3~ (i.h. to make f'F (-:> f'F~ (~( 111 .1 (8) ~ff )'7]( 711< (H J....... make produce (A.z) an oil painting nE(1b~G) ~nE (-tt ~ oil ..) 71<711< (-tv\ <" to swim .) ..... (JA.) a piece of work ftx (-~ < Ibf'F(c: -j .. I .:r. .. ~n5th ~FR~rn nE*~(&?~ C? • petroleum I . -:> ( ...1 . . ..... . ~) composition action .. .

t.: J I :J. ifii7~(n' v l oversea ifiJ:7k(n>v) . -)rl- 711 . .~ v) to invite • L -:» a waiting room 116..:..) 114 . l i~~ ¥~(~~t) liquor a liq uo r shop '1 k .. J ... ~ (10) ~~ )@ S *¥~ (I: .l1- . L.\) sea water • :/.:. I the sea.~) r*¥~ (J:') ..."~ .5fl )pt1 :n ._ ...J.t-)) a school principal ..> en 1~1t~ (i t . ~~t . 1"\.. ~ ._ . 19» (~il~ . * t' t_\. ~ . I .h. • n>v)) the Japan Sea rice wine liquor . -e v \) a high school student t:_)...l> ) Japanese wine foreign liq uors wait hospi tali ty (9) 1~ -:> to wait fB1~(L. '1 A. ~ I ~L.:.j. -) (10) 5) a school rWJ~1: (..t -) .f~ school -tt ¥~ (il~0 • :. .... . the ocean ~L$:YiU: . . 'J-..Lesson 11 ~~I 113 i v ll1sea (A.t/3~ (ip ( T -) (9 ) ~-If):: ...tt t~1'i:~ ~*(.. . ... J ~I . ~q~1g ~ Yi(~..:v)1"J. L V. n\p) .

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