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English Irregular Verbs

Infinitive Past Past participle Arabic


awake awoke awoken ‫استيقظ‬
be was/were been ‫كان‬
become became become ‫ صار‬/‫أصبح‬
begin began begun ‫ شرع‬/‫بدأ‬
bite bit bitten ّ ‫ع‬
‫ض‬
blow blew blown ‫نفخ‬/‫عصف‬
break broke broken ‫تكسر‬/‫كسر‬
bring brought brought ‫جلب‬/‫أحضر‬
build built built ‫شّيد‬/‫بنى‬
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned ‫يحترق‬/‫أحرق‬
buy bought bought ‫اشترى‬
can could been able to ‫تمّكن‬/‫استطاع‬
catch caught caught ‫إلتحق بـ‬/ ‫أمسك بـ‬
choose chose chosen ‫اختار‬
come came come ‫قدم‬/‫أتى‬/‫جاء‬
cost cost/costed cost/costed ‫ثّمن‬/‫ساوىفي السعر‬
cut cut cut ّ ‫ق‬/‫قطع‬
‫ص‬
do did done ‫فعل‬
draw drew drawn ‫جّر‬/‫سحب‬/‫رسم‬
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed ‫حلم‬
drink drank drunk ‫شرب‬
drive drove driven ‫ساق‬/‫قاد‬
eat ate eaten ‫أكل‬
fall fell fallen ‫وقع‬/‫سقط‬
feel felt felt ‫شعر‬/‫س‬ ّ ‫أح‬
fight fought fought ‫نازل‬/‫قاتل‬/‫قاوم‬
find found found ‫وجد‬
fly flew flown ‫حلق‬/‫طار‬
forbid forbade forbidden ‫منع‬/‫نهى‬
forget forgot forgotten ‫نسي‬
forgive forgave forgiven ‫سامح‬
get got got ‫أحرز‬/‫حصل على‬
give gave given ‫أعطى‬
go went gone ‫راح‬/‫ذهب‬
have had had ‫كسب‬/‫ملك‬
hear heard heard ‫سمع‬
hide hid hidden ‫تخّبأ‬/‫خّبأ‬
hold held held ‫قبض‬/‫مسك‬
hurt hurt hurt ‫وجع‬/‫جرح‬/‫أضربـ‬
keep kept kept ‫استمر‬/‫ربى‬/‫ملك‬
know knew known ‫عرف‬/‫علم‬
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned ‫تعّلم‬
leave left left ‫هاجر‬/‫غادر‬/‫ترك‬
let let let ‫ ترك‬/‫سمح‬
lose lost lost ‫فقد‬/‫ضّيع‬
make made made ‫صنع‬/‫أنجز‬/‫فعل‬
mean meant meant ‫قصد‬/‫دّل على‬/‫عنى‬
meet met met ‫لقي‬/‫التقى‬
melt melted melted ‫انحّل‬/‫حّل‬/‫ذاب‬

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Infinitive Past Past participle Arabic
overcome overcame overcome ‫انتصر‬/‫تغّلب على‬
oversee oversaw overseen ‫راقب‬/‫اشرف على‬
pay paid paid ‫سّدد‬/‫دفع‬
prove proved proved ‫برهن‬/‫أثبت‬
put put put ‫وضع‬
read /r i:d/ read /red/ read /red/ ‫قرأ‬
ring rang rung ّ ‫د‬/‫ن‬
‫ق‬ ّ‫ر‬
rise rose risen ‫ارتفع‬/‫طلع‬
run ran run ‫جرى‬/‫ركض‬
say said said ‫قال‬
see saw seen ‫رأى‬
seek sought sought ‫فـتش‬/‫بحث‬
sell sold sold ‫باع‬
send sent sent ‫أرسل‬
shake shook shaken ‫زعزع‬/‫ج‬ ّ ‫ر‬/‫هّز‬
shine shone/shined shone/shined ‫برق‬/‫لِمع‬/‫لّمع‬
shoe shod shod (‫حذاءا( إنتعل‬
shoot shot shot ‫سّدد‬/‫رمى‬/‫قذف‬
show showed shown ‫عرض‬/‫أظهر‬
shut shut shut ‫غلق‬
sing sang sung ‫غّنى‬
sink sank sunk ‫غرق‬
sit sat sat ‫قعد‬/‫جلس‬
sleep slept slept ‫رقد‬/‫نام‬
smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled ‫راح‬/‫شّم‬
speak spoke spoken ‫تحّدث‬/‫تكلم‬
speed sped/speeded sped/speeded ‫جل‬
ّ ‫ع‬/‫أسرع‬
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled (‫كتب‬/‫إملئيا( هجى‬
spend spent spent (‫قضى‬/‫وقتا أو مال( نفق‬
spoil spoilt/spoiled spoilt/spoiled ‫أتلف‬/‫أفسد‬
stand stood stood ‫وقف‬
steal stole stolen ‫اختلس‬/‫سرق‬
swear swore sworn ‫حلف‬/‫أقسم‬
sweep swept swept ‫ظف‬ ّ ‫ن‬/‫كنس‬
swim swam swum ‫سبح‬
take took taken ‫أخذ‬
teach taught taught ‫درس‬/‫عّلم‬
tear tore torn ‫طع‬
ّ ‫ق‬/‫مّزق‬
tell tod told ‫حكى‬/‫روى‬/‫قال‬
think thought thought ‫فّكر‬
throw threw thrown ‫قذف‬/‫رمى‬
understand understood understood ‫استوعب‬/‫فهم‬
wake woke/waked woke/waked/woken ‫استيقظ‬/‫أيقظ‬
wear wore worn ‫لبس‬/‫إرتدى‬
weep wept wept ‫ناح‬/‫بكى‬
wet wet wet ‫طب‬ ّ ‫ر‬/‫بلذ‬
win won won ‫كسب‬/‫ربح‬/‫فاز‬
write wrote written ‫كتب‬