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Cat Muscles - Origin, Insertion, Action

Cat Muscles - Origin, Insertion, Action

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Published by Harvey Domingo
A Table of Origin, Insertion and Action of the Skeletal Muscles of the Cat body
A Table of Origin, Insertion and Action of the Skeletal Muscles of the Cat body

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Published by: Harvey Domingo on Feb 13, 2011
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04/19/2014

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CAT MUSCULAR SYSTEM

Origin, Insertion and Action Table

Muscles of the Abdominal Wall Origin External Oblique Internal oblique Transversus Rectus abdominis lumbodorsal fascia and posterior ribs second sheet of the lumbodorsal fascia; border of the pelvic girdle anterior end of the pubic symphysis Insertion extensive neurosis passing through the linea alba linea alba (through extensive aponeurosis) sternum and costal cartilages Action constrictor of the abdomen compressor of the abdomen retracts ribs and sternum; compressor of the abdomen

Muscles of the Chest Origin Pectoantibrachialis Pectoralis major Pectoralis minor Xiphihumeralis manubrium sternum; median ventral raphe sternum sternum Insertion flat tendon on the fascia of the forearm humerus humerus humerus draws arms towards the chest Action

Muscles of the Neck and Throat Origin Sternomastoid Sternohyoid Sternothyroid Thyrohyoid median raphe and manubrium sternum sternum thyroid cartilage * mastoid process of temporal clavicle; fibers of clavotrapezius Insertion lambdoidal ridge into mastoid process basihyal thyroid cartilage of the larynx posterior horn of the hyoid * clavicle Action turn head; draw head to neck draws hyoid posteriorly pulls larynx posteriorly raises the larynx pulls clavicle craniad or turns head; draw head to neck flexor of the arm

Cleidomastoid

Clavobrachialis 1

ulna

* Interchangeable 1 Clavobrachialis + Clavotrapezius = Cephalobrachial

Masseter

zygomatic arch superior nuchal line to zygromatic process; part of the zygomatic arch jugular and mastoid process of skull mandible

posterior half of lateral surface of mandible coronoid process of mandible mandible

elevator of lower jaw

Temporal

elevator of lower jaw

Digastric

depressor of mandible raises floor of the mouth; brings hyoid forward draws hyoid forward

Mylohyoid

median raphe

Geniohyoid

mandible near symphysis

body of the hyoid

Muscles of the Back and Shoulder Origin neural spine of last thoracic and most lumbars; lumbodorsal fascia transverse process of atlas and occipital bone superior nuchal line; median dorsal line of the neck neural spines of cervical and first thoracic spines of the thoracic vertebrae neural spines of vertebrae and adjacent ligaments superior nuchal line middorsal line and fascia whole surface of supraspinous fossa whole surface of infraspinous fossa subscapular fossa Insertion tendon on medial surface of humerus metacromion process and neighboring fascia clavicle metacromion process and spine of scapula; fascia of clavotrapezius fascia of scapula vertebral column of scapula scapula superior nuchal line greater tuberosity of humerus greater tuberosity of humerus lesser tuberosity of humerus Action pulls forelimb dorsally and caudally draws the scapula craniad draws clavicle dorsad and craniad draws scapula dorsad and holds two scapula together draws scapula dorsad and caudad draws scapula dorsad draws scapula craniad; rotates scapula raises or turns the head extends the humerus rotates the humerus pulls the humerus medially

Latissimus dorsi

Levator scapulae ventralis Clavotrapezius

Acromiotrapezius

Spinotrapezius Rhomboideus Rhomboideus capitis Splenius Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Subscapularis

Clavodeltoid (also Clavobrachial) Acromiodeltoid Spinodeltoid Teres major Teres minor Serratus ventralis

clavicle and fibers of the clavotrapezius acromion of scapula spine of scapula axillary border of scapula; fascia of neighboring muscles axillary border of scapula slips from first 9 or 10 ribs; transverse process of last 5 cervical vertebrae aponeurosis from medial dorsal line ribs posterior margin of the rib anterior margin of the rib lumbar pleurapophyses various parts of more posterior sacral, lumbar, thoracic and cervical vertebrae

ulna surface of other deltoids deltoid ridge of humerus tendon on medial surface of humerus greater tuberosity scapula near vertebral border last ribs transverse process of cervical vertebra anterior margin of adjacent posterior rib posterior margin of adjacent posterior rib neural spine of the vertebra neural processes of more anterior vertebrae rotates the humerus and lowers the humerus assists the infraspinatus draws the scapula craniad; ventrad and against thoracic wall draws the ribs forward draws rib forward, bend the neck bring ribs forward draw ribs back extends vertebral column extends and flexes vertebral column raises and rotates the humerus

Serratus dorsalis Scalenes External intercostals Internal intercostals Multifidus spinae Sacrospinalis a) Semispinalis b) Longissimus c) Iliocostalis

Muscles of the Upper Arm Origin Triceps brachii (anconeus) Epitrochlearis/ Extensor antibrachii Biceps brachii Brachialis distal end of the humerus latissimus dorsi glenoid fossa lateral surface of humerus Insertion lateral surface of ulna olecranon radius ulna Action strengthens elbow joint; rotates ulna rotate the ulna flexor of the forearm

Muscles of the Forearm Origin Extensor carpi ulnaris lateral epicondyle of humerus; semilunar notch of ulna Insertion proximal end of fifth (5th) metacarpal Action extends 5th digit and ulnar side of wrist

External digitorum lateralis External digitorum communis Supinator longus/ Brachioradialis Extensor carpi radialis Pronator teres Flexor carpi radialis Palmaris longus Flexor profundus digitorum Flexor carpi ulnaris

lateral surface of humerus above the lateral epicondyle middle of humerus humerus

tendons internal to wrist ligaments lower end of radius and adjacent ligaments second and third metacarpals radius

extends 3 or 4 digits

rotates hand to supine position extends hand rotates radius to prone position flexes second and third metacarpals flexor of digits general flexor of fingers flexes ulnar side of wrist

medial epicondyle of humerus

second and third metacarpals tendons passing through wrist ligaments basal phalanges pisiform bone of wrist

ulna and humerus medial epicondyle of humerus; olecranon

Muscles of the Thigh Origin adjacent fascia; crest of ilium, lateral surface of ilium, transverse process of last sacral and first caudal vertebra fascia and transverse processes of last sacral and first caudal vertebra transverse processes of 2nd and 3rd caudal vertebra crest and ventral border of ilium ilium and neighboring fascia tuberosity of ischium greater trochanter and surface of femur ilium near acetabulum femur surface of femur patella and adjacent ligaments extensor of the shank Insertion Action

Gluteus medius

greater trochanter of femur

abduct thigh

Gluteus maximus Caudofemoralis Sartorius Tensor fascia latae Biceps femoris Quadriceps femoris a) Vastus lateralis b) Rectus femoris c) Vastus medialis d) Vastus intermedius

fascia patella proximal end of the tibia & patella and fascia & ligaments between fascia lata patella and tibia; fascia of shank

abduct thigh abduct thigh; extends shank adductor and rotator of the thigh;extensor of shank tightens the fascia latae abduct thigh; flexes shank

Gracilis Adductor longus and Adductor femoris Semimembranosus Semitendinosus

ischial and pubic symphysis pubis ischium transverse process of second caudal vertebrae

aponeurosis which passes to tibia femur medial epicondyle of femur, proximal end of tibia fascia of shank

adducts leg adduct thigh extends thigh extends thigh

Muscles of the Shank Origin Tibialis anterior Extensor digitorum longus Peroneus proximal parts of tibia and fibula lateral epicondyle of femur fibula surface fascia; femur, tendon, and fascia of plantaris fibula patella and femur tibia, fibula, adjacent fascia tibia, fibula, fascia phalanges scaphoid and medial cuneiform of ankle
st

Insertion first (1 ) metatarsal tendon inserted on each digit metatarsals and digits

Action flexor of foot extensor of digits extensor and flexor of foot extensor of foot

Gastrocnemius Soleus Plantaris Flexor digitorum longus Tibialis posterior

calcaneus extensor of foot flexor of digits flexor of digits extensor of foot

References: Hyman, LH. 1965. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. Chicago, USA: The University of Chicago Press. Sia, AJ. n.d. Cat Muscular System. Manila, Philippines: Department of Biology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines Manila

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