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Published by Mar Jerome Tomas
COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT MULCHING MATERIALS FOR GROWING EGGPLANT (Solanum melongena L.)

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INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study Statement of the Problem Hypotheses Significance of the Study Scope and Limitations Research Paradigm

METHODOLOGY RESULTS AND DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONS RECOMMENDATIONS

Background of the Study Nowadays, farmers are facing problems on how they can minimize the use of synthetic chemicals. They are also dealing with the problem on
COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT MULCHING MATERIALS FOR GROWING EGGPLANT (Solanum melongena L.)

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INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study Statement of the Problem Hypotheses Significance of the Study Scope and Limitations Research Paradigm

METHODOLOGY RESULTS AND DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONS RECOMMENDATIONS

Background of the Study Nowadays, farmers are facing problems on how they can minimize the use of synthetic chemicals. They are also dealing with the problem on

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Published by: Mar Jerome Tomas on Feb 14, 2011
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02/06/2013

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COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT MULCHING MATERIALS FOR GROWING EGGPLANT (Solanum melongena L.

)

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INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study Statement of the Problem Hypotheses Significance of the Study Scope and Limitations Research Paradigm

METHODOLOGY RESULTS AND DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONS RECOMMENDATIONS

Background of the Study Nowadays, farmers are facing problems on how they can minimize the use of synthetic chemicals. They are also dealing with the problem on how they can prevent the growth of the weeds and the occurrence of pests. By this, the researchers found out some alternative solutions on these problems. Mulching is one of that way. Mulching is a method in which a layer of material is placed on the soil surface around the plant. This study was conducted to determine the most effective mulch namely rice straw(hay), black plastic, and white old sack were compared. The test plant that was used in this study is the Domino F1.

Statement of the Problem This research paper generally aimed to compare the three different mulching materials namely rice straw, black plastic and white old sack as mulch for growing eggplant. The researchers sought answers the following specific questions: 1. Which treatment is the most effective mulch for growing eggplant in terms of: a. Controlling weeds b. Insect Count c. Number of damaged and undamaged fruits d. Weight of damaged and undamaged fruits

2. Is there any significant difference among the treatments in

terms of: a. Controlling weeds b. Insect Count c. Number of damaged and undamaged fruits d. Weight of damaged and undamaged fruits 3. Which treatment is the most effective for growing eggplant in terms of producing undamaged fruits?

Hypotheses

1. Treatment 2 (black plastic mulch) was the most effective mulch for growing eggplant in terms of: a. Controlling weeds b. Insect Count c. Number of damaged and undamaged fruits d. Weight of damaged and undamaged fruits

2. There was a significant difference among the treatments in terms of: a. Controlling weeds b. Insect Count c. Number of damaged and undamaged fruits d. Weight of damaged and undamaged fruits
3. Treatment 2 (black plastic mulch) was the most effective mulch

for growing eggplant in terms of producing undamaged fruits.

Significance of the Study Gives excellent growth and development to plants The farmers will have a comprehensive information about the different mulching materials Can help the farmers to lessen the use the chemical products Will have a minimal costs and environment friendly Help the country¶s aim in harnessing the full potential in its natural resources

Scope and Limitations 

Comparing the three different mulching materials for growing eggplants Three harvestings were done to gather the data Conducted at the vicinity of Lupao, Nueva Ecija in the months of May to July There were four Treatments and were replicated four times There were fifteen(15) eggplants in each plot Domino is the variety of eggplant that was used in this study

Research Paradigm
Independent Variable Dependent Variable Effectivity in Growing Eggplants in terms of:
ycontrolling weeds yinsect count ynumber of damaged and undamaged fruits yweight of damaged and undamaged fruits

Different Mulching Materials (rice straw, white old sack and black plastic)

Extraneous Variables Frequency of watering the test plants Variety of eggplant(Domino F1) Amount of organic fertilizer (goat manure) Type of soil (Loam)

Methodology

Collecting and Selecting ofEggplant seeds

Land Preparation

Preparing and Setting the Mulching Materials Treatment 1- Rice Straw

Treatment 2-Black Plastic

Treatment 3-White Old Sack

Treatment 4-Control(Unmulched)

Transplanting of Eggplants on the Prepared Plots

Treatment 1- Rice Straw

Treatment 2-Black Plastic

Treatment 4-Control(Unmulched)

Data Gathering

Results and Discussions Table 1. Population of weeds per plot as affected by different treatments. OBSERVATIONS DATES TREATMENTS T1-Rice Straw T2-Black Plastic T3-White Oldsack T4-Control 14 DAT 8c 31b 34b 257a 28 DAT 41b 12c 51b 645a 42 DAT 66b 41b 67b 56 DAT 55b 42b 53b 70 DAT 54b 35b 51b CUMULATIVE POPULATION 224 161 256 5318

1574a 1398a 1444a

Means in column having the common letter are not significant DAT- Days after Transplanting

Table 2. Population of insects based from 10 sample plants per plot as affected by different treatments. TREATMENTS T1-Rice Straw T2-Black Plastic T3-White Oldsack T4-Control OBSERVATIONS DATES 21 DAT 35 DAT 49 DAT 10b 10b 8b 4c 9b 15a 4c 9b 23a 4c 8b 31a CUMULATIVE POPULATION 28 12 27 69

Means in column having the common letter are not significant. DAT- Days after Transplanting

Table 3. Number and weight of damaged and undamaged fruits based from 10 sample plants per plot as affected by different treatments.

TREATMENTS T1-Rice Straw T2-Black Plastic T3-White Oldsack T4-Control

No. of Undamaged Fruits 29b 56a 29b 21c

Weight of Undamaged Fruits 1471b 2415a 1225c 986d

No. of Damaged Fruits 12a 6b 14a 15a

Weight of Damaged Fruits 384b 221c 561a 630 a

Means in column having the common letter are not significant. DAT- Days after Transplanting

Conclusions 

The Treatment 2-Black plastic was the most effective mulch for growing eggplant in terms of controlling of weeds, insect count, number of damaged and undamaged fruits and weight of damaged and undamaged fruits. Treatment 1-Rice Straw and Treatment 3-White Old Sack were not significantly different in terms of controlling of weeds, insect count, number of damaged and undamaged fruits and weight of damaged and undamaged fruits. Treatment 2-Black Plastic was the most effective mulch for growing eggplant in terms of producing undamaged fruits.

Recommendations 

Use of other mulching materials such as barks, leaves and sawdust. As much as possible, conduct this study on warm season. Use of other test plants such tomatoes. Since only four kinds of data were gathered, include the data in gathering the soil moisture.

JOHN BRIAN CALI
LEADER
JEREMY PALADA

MAR JEROME TOMAS

PRINCESS BELGICA

GLYZA DE GRACIA

ROSE ANNE DOMINGO

IRENE JOYCE MALIGAYA

SHEILA MARIE NAVARRO

PROPONENTS

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