EMBARG OED F O R RELEASE UNTIL 12:30 a.m. MONDAY, OCT.

18, 2010

American H eart Associ at ion: S teps for Adult CP R *
Based on 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care, Supplement to Circulation The following summarizes the steps general public for adult CPR given by a nonprofessional rescuer: 1. Make sure the scene is safe. 2. Shake the victim’s shoulders and shout to see if they respond. 3. If the victim does not respond, and the victim is not breathing or not breathing normally, yell for someone to call 9-1-1 and get an AED, if available. • If you’re alone, call 9-1-1 and get an AED if available. Follow the AED’s voice prompts. • If no AED is available, immediately start CPR, beginning with compressions. COMPRESSIONS 4. Push hard and fast on the center of the chest 30 times, at a rate of at least 100 compressions a minute. Push down at least 2 inches with each compression. If you haven’t been trained in CPR, continue to give compressions until an AED arrives or trained help takes over. AIRWAY 5. If you have been trained in CPR, continue CPR by opening the airway with a head tilt–chin lift. BREATHING 6. Pinch the victim’s nose closed. Take a normal breath a cover the victim’s mouth with your mouth, creating an airtight seal. Give two breaths (one second each). Watch for chest rise as you give each breath. 7. Keep giving sets of 30 compressions and two breaths until the AED arrives or trained help takes over.

not for healthcare professionals.* These steps are for the general public. .

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