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Actions > inhibits activation of plasminogen
Indications > used for the treatment of severe localized bleeding secondary to hyperfibrinolysis, including epistaxis, hyphema, or hypermenorrhea (menorrhagia) and hemorrhage following certain surgical procedures, such as conization of the cervix > used for the management of hemophilic patients >used for the treatment of hereditary angioedema
Contraindications > acquired defective color vision,
since this prohibits measuring one endpoint that should be followed as a measure of toxicity. > Subarachnoid hemorrhage. Anecdotal experience indicates that cerebral edema and cerebral infarction ma y be caused by CYKLOKAPRON in such patients. > Active intravascular clotting.
Nursing Responsibilities >assess baseline BP and pulse before starting IV. >anticipate reduced dosage in patients with impaired renal function. >observe patient with signs and symptoms of thrombosis
Indications > used for treatment of respiratory affections characterized by thick and viscous hypersecretions. >renal impairment Nursing Responsibilities >monitor effectiveness of therapy and advent of adverse effects. pulmonary emphysema. chronic bronchitis and exacerbation. >severe hypertension >Coronary artery disease. >instruct patient in appropriate use and adverse effects to report. Contraindications >MAO inhibitor therapy within 14days initiating therapy. hypersensitivity due to pseudoedephrine.Name of Drug Brand Name: FLUIMUCIL Generic Name: ACETYLCYSTEINE Actions > exerts an intense mucolytic action on mucous and mucopurulent secretions. by depolymerizing the mucoproteic complexes and the nucleic acids which confer viscosity to the vitreous and purulent component of the sputum and of other secretions. >assess the patients vital signs >bronchial tapping >monitor for bronchospasm . acrivastine or any component. mucoviscidosis and bronchiectasis.
sit upright and take several deep breaths before attempting. . >Instruct patient to cough effectively. Contraindications ∙ Hypersensitivity to drug Nursing Responsibilities > Assess cough type and frequency. >Assess sleep patterns. >Advice patient to minimize cough to prevent irritants. Indications ∙ used for acute cough of any etiology.Name of Drug Brand Name: SINECOD FORTE Generic Name: BUTAMIRATE CITRATE Actions ∙ acts centrally on brain (vagus nerve) or locally on the respiratory tract to suppress the cough reflex. >Caution patient to avoid any activities requiring alertness until response to medication is known. >Assess patients’ vital signs. ∙ used for pre and post op cough sodation for surgical procedures and brochoscopy. >Monitor the adverse reactions.
>patient with COPD on a regular inhaled bronchospasm and who required a bronchodilator Contraindications >hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy or tachyarrythmia >hypersensitivity to atropine and its derivatives Nursing Responsibilities >drugs should be given only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. >position patient on high back rest position >do back tapping after you nebulizer the patient >do not give a food immediately. it can cause vomiting .Name of Drug Brand Name: DUAVENT Generic Name: IPRATROPIUM SALBUTAMOL Actions >treatment of obstructive airway diseases >bronchodilator Indications >management of reversible bronchospasm associated obstructive airway disease.
Report any significant changes. causing cell death. gonorrhea. pregnancy lactation. nausea. migraine and abdominal pain if tolerated. Nursing Responsibilities >determine history of hypersensitivity reactions to cephalosporins. bronchitis. skin and soft tissue infections. otitis media. headache. pharyngitis. Indications >it is effective for the treatment of penicillinase. >monitor I&O rates and pattern. >effectively treats bone and joint infections. urinary tract infections and is used for surgical prophylaxis or eliminating infections. Contraindications >hypersensitivity to cephalosporins and related antibiotics. >report onset of loose stools or diarrhea.Name of Drug Brand Name: CEFTIN Generic Name: CEFUROXIME Actions > inhibits synthesis of bacterial cell wall. >can cause diarrhea. . particularly to drugs before therapy is initiated. especially important in severely ill patients receiving high doses. >inspect IM and IV injection sites frequently for signs of phlebitis. vomiting. lower respiratory tract infections. meningitis. penicillins and history of allergies.
Nursing Responsibilities >may be taken with or without food. >in nursing mothers. >patient with acute myocardial infarction and hypotension. >store at room temperature not exceeding 30∙C . Contraindications >individuals who have shown to hypersensitivity to Ansimar and its components.Name of Drug Brand Name: ANSIMAR TAB Generic Name: DOXOFYLLIN Actions >bronchodilator Indications >treatment of bronchial asthma and pulmonary disease with spastic bronchial component.
with meals at the same time each day. >maintain regular dietary intake and exercise routine and always carry quick source of sugar with you. >avoid alcohol while taking this medication.Name of Drug Brand Name: DIAMICRON Generic Name: GLICLAZIDE Actions >works mainly by stimulating the cells in the pancreas that produces insulin. Nursing Responsibilities >take exactly as directed. >causes the beta cells to produce more insulin. . >do not change dose or discontinue without consulting the prescriber. Indications >control of hyperglycemia in gliclazide responsive diabetes mellitus of stable Contraindications >used with caution in elder people. decreased kidney function and decreased liver function. >do not introduce new medication without consulting the prescriber.
>allergy to tartrazine. untreated Addison's disease. or. aspirin (tartrazine is found in some preparations marketed as Kaon-Cl. acute dehydration. anuria. produce diarrhea or cramps. in buffer solutions. azotemia. hyperkalemia. and in fertilizers and explosives. heat cramps. hyper adynamia episodica hereditaria. Contraindications >Renal insufficiency. docusate sodium. This is especially important if the patient is also taking diuretics and/or digitalis preparations. > inform patients that this product contains as a dispersing agent the stool softener. >Prophylaxis during treatment w/ diuretics. this may change stool consistency. severe renal impairment with oliguria. rarely. Use cautiously with cardiac disorders.Name of Drug Brand Name: KALIUM DURULE Generic Name: POTASSIUM CHLORIDE Actions > Supplemental potassium in the form of high potassium food or potassium chloride may be able to restore normal potassium levels. especially if treated with digitalis Nursing Responsibilities > take each dose with meals mixed in water or other suitable liquid. Indications > used as an electrolyte replenisher. constriction of the esophagus &/or obstructive changes in the alimentary tract. in the treatment of hypokalemia. > take this medicine following the frequency and amount prescribed by the physician. Klor-Con). > check with the physician at once if tarry stools or other evidence of gastrointestinal . GI disorders that delay passage in the GI tract.
bleeding is noticed. .
>Review use and preparation of tablets for oral suspension. commonly the skin Contraindications >history of allergies. lactation and liver disease. severe hepatic impairment. >monitor bowel function >advice the patient to report the signs of any super infection. Indications >Abdominal infections >Animal bites >infections of the organs associated with breathing. sinuses. It kills bacteria. >infections of the sex organs and other organs associated with urination. including nasal passages.Name of Drug Brand Name: AMOXCIL Generic Name: COAMOXICLAV Actions >is an antibiotic that is a combination of a penicillin (amoxicillin) and a substance called clavulanic acid. Nursing Responsibilities >assess for infection >obtain specimens for culture and sensitivity prior to therapy. >Review use and preparation of tablets for oral suspension . pregnancy. geriatric patient. The bacteria therefore break up and die. >instruct the patient to take the medication around the clock and to finish the drug completely as directed. aoric stenosis. trachea and lungs. by interfering with their ability to form cell walls. >inflammation of the connective tissue.
Name of Drug Actions Indications Contraindications Nursing Responsibilities .
>Treatment of dyspnea and other symptoms due to the following airway obstructions: Bronchial asthma. chronic bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema. insignificant hemodynamic effect. marked antiallergic action.Brand Name: MEPTIN Generic Name: PROCATEROL HCI >bronchodilator >prompt onset and long duration of action. >history of hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients of this drug. > . high selectivity for the β 2-adrenergic receptors of the bronchial smooth muscle.
Pyrazinamide. >Isoniazid: is readily absorbed from the GIT. The plasma half-life for isoniazid ranges from about 1-6 hrs. The rate and extent of absorption of isoniazid is reduced by food. >check hepatic function before and during treatment. Food may reduce and delay absorption. >Pyrazinamide: Liver damage. although there may be considerable interindividual variation. >caution when assessing visual acuity in patients with cataracts to make sure that changes are not due to the underlying causes . It is widely distributed in body tissues and fluids and diffusion into the CSF is increased when the meninges are inflamed. Contraindications >Rifampicin: Patients w/ jaundice. those who are fast acetylators having shorter half-lives. Ethambutol Actions >Rifampicin: is readily absorbed from the GIT and peak plasma concentrations of about 710 mcg/mL have been reported 2-4 hrs after a dose of 600 mg. >Ethambutol: Optic neuritis. acute gout or hyperuricemia. Peak concentrations of about 3-8 mcg/mL appear in blood 1-2 hrs after a fasting dose of 300 mg by mouth. Isoniazid . . >monitor liver function and serum uric acid regularly. >Pyrazinamide: is readily absorbed from the GIT. including the CSF. Isoniazid is not considered to be bound appreciably to plasma proteins and diffuses into all body tissues and fluids. Peak serum concentrations occur about 2 hrs after a dose by mouth and have Indications >Treatment of pulmonary & extrapulmonary TB.Name of Drug Brand Name: FIXCOM Generic Name: Rifampicin . Nursing Responsibilities >careful monitoring of hepatic function. Rifampicin is approximately 80% bound to plasma proteins.
>Ethambutol: s distributed to most tissues. It diffuses into the CSF when the meninges are inflamed. It is metabolized primarily in the liver by hydrolysis to the major active metabolite pyrazinoic acid which is subsequently hydroxylated to the major excretory product 5hydroxypyrazinoic acid. .5 g and 66 mcg/mL after 3 g.been reported to be about 35 mcg/mL after 1. Pyrazinamide is widely distributed in the body fluids and tissues and diffuses into the CSF. including the lungs. kidneys and erythrocytes. The half-life has been reported to be about 9-10 hrs. It has been reported to cross the placenta and is distributed into breast milk. The elimination halflife following oral administration is about 3-4 hrs.
. Indications >malnutrition.Name of Drug Brand Name: MORIAMIN FORTE Generic Name: CALCIUM PANTOTHENIC Actions > Restoration and maintenance of body resistance. >determine frequency of consumption of vitamin rich foods. >assess nutritional status through 24hour diet recall. anemia. protein and vitamin deficiencies. concalascence. Contraindications >patients with malabsorption syndrome Nursing Responsibilities >assess patient for signs of vitamin deficiency before and periodically throughout therapy.
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